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organic compound
Substance whose molecules contain one or more (often many more) carbon atoms (excluding carbonates, cyanides, carbides, and a few others; see inorganic compound). Until 1828 ...
organic disease
Pathol. a disease in which there is a structural alteration (opposed to functional disease). [1835-45] * * *
organic farming
or organic gardening System of crop cultivation that uses biological methods of fertilization and pest control as substitutes for chemical fertilizers and pesticides, which are ...
organic form
▪ literature       the structure of a work that has grown naturally from the author's subject and materials as opposed to that of a work shaped by and conforming to ...
organic solidarity
Sociol. social cohesiveness that is based on division of labor and interdependence and is characteristic of complex, industrial societies. Cf. MECHANICAL SOLIDARITY. * * *
organic unity
▪ literature       in literature, a structural principle, first discussed by Plato (in Phaedrus, Gorgias, and The Republic) and later described and defined by Aristotle. ...
/awr gan"ik lee/, adv. 1. in an organic manner. 2. by or with organs. 3. with reference to organic structure. [1675-85; ORGANIC + -AL1 + -LY] * * *
organicbrain syndrome
organic brain syndrome n. Any of various disorders of cognition caused by permanent or temporary brain dysfunction and characterized especially by dementia. * * *
organic chemistry n. The chemistry of carbon compounds. * * *
—organicismal, —organicistic, adj. —organicist, n. /awr gan"euh siz'euhm/, n. 1. Philos. the view that some systems resemble organisms in having parts that function in ...
See organicism. * * *
See organically. * * *
—organismic, organismal, adj. —organismically, adv. /awr"geuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. a form of life composed of mutually interdependent parts that maintain various vital ...
See organism. * * *
See organismal. * * *
See organismal. * * *
/awr"geuh nist/, n. a person who plays the organ. [1585-95; < ML organista; equiv. to organ (um) ORGAN + -ista -IST] * * *
—organizational, adj. —organizationally, adv. /awr'geuh neuh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of organizing. 2. the state or manner of being organized. 3. something that ...
organization chart
a diagrammatic representation showing how departments or divisions in an organization, as a large corporation, are related to one another along lines of authority. [1940-45] * * *
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
an organization formed in 1966, succeeding the Organization for European Economic Cooperation, to promote economic growth and global trade. Abbr.: OECD * * *
Organization for European Economic Cooperation
the predecessor organization (1948-66) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Abbr.: OEEC * * *
organization man
☆ organization man n. an employee, esp. of a large corporation, who has adapted so completely to what is expected in attitudes, ideas, behavior, etc. by the corporation as to ...
Organization of African Unity
an organization of African nations formed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (1963), for the purpose of coordinating policy and promoting unity among African peoples. Abbr.: OAU, O.A.U. * ...
Organization of African Unity (OAU)
African intergovernmental organization. It was established in 1963 to promote unity and solidarity of African states and eliminate vestiges of colonialism. Membership has varied ...
Organization of American States
an organization formed in 1948 for the purpose of coordinated action in economic, political, and military matters: members are Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, ...
Organization of American States (OAS)
International organization formed in 1948 to replace the Pan-American Union. It promotes economic, military, and cultural cooperation among its members, which include almost all ...
Organization of Pan Asian American Women
▪ American organization also called  Pan Asia        oldest public-policy organization devoted to concerns of Asian Pacific-American women, founded in 1976 to ...
See organization. * * * (as used in expressions) industrial organizational psychology industrial and organizational relations organizational relations * * *
organizational analysis
▪ management science Introduction       in management science, the study of the processes that characterize all kinds of organizations, including business firms, ...
See organizational. * * *
—organizable, adj. —organizability, n. /awr"geuh nuyz'/, v., organized, organizing. v.t. 1. to form as or into a whole consisting of interdependent or coordinated parts, esp. ...
/awr"geuh nuyzd'/, adj. 1. affiliated in an organization, esp. a union: organized dockworkers. 2. having a formal organization or structure, esp. to coordinate or carry out for ...
organized crime
organized crime n. a system or organization of people and groups engaged in criminal activities * * * Crime committed on a national or international scale by a criminal ...
organized ferment
ferment (def. 1). * * *
organized labor
1. all workers who are organized in labor unions. 2. these unions considered as a political force. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
organized labour
Introduction also called  trade unionism,        association and activities of workers in a trade or industry for the purpose of obtaining or assuring improvements in ...
organized militia
a former military organization functioning under both state and federal authority. * * *
organized crime n. 1. Widespread criminal activities, such as prostitution, interstate theft, or illegal gambling, that occur within a centrally controlled formal structure. 2. ...
/awr"geuh nuy'zeuhr/, n. 1. a person who organizes, esp. one who forms and organizes a group. 2. a person whse job is to enlist employees into membership in a union. 3. a person ...
a combining form of Greek origin used, with the meaning "organ (of the body)," 'musical instrument,' or as a combining form of organic in the formation of compound words: ...
organochlorine [ôr΄gə nō klôr′ēn΄, ôr gan΄ōklôr′ēn] n. any of a class of organic chemical compounds containing chlorinated hydrocarbons, including dioxins, PCBs, ...
organof Corti
organ of Cor·ti (kôrʹtē) n. A specialized structure located on the inner surface of the basilar membrane of the cochlea containing hair cells that transmit sound vibrations ...
—organogenetic /awr'geuh noh jeuh net"ik, awr gan'oh-/, adj. —organogenetically, adv. /awr'geuh noh jen"euh sis, awr gan'oh-/, n. Biol. the origin and development of an ...
See organogenesis. * * *
See organogenetic. * * *
See organography. * * *
See organographic. * * *
—organographic /awr'geuh neuh graf"ik, awr gan'euh-/, organographical, adj. —organographist, n. /awr'geuh nog"reuh fee/, n., pl. organographies. Biol., Med. the description ...
organohalogen compound
Introduction  any of a class of organic compounds (organic compound) that contain at least one halogen (halogen element) ( fluorine [F], chlorine [Cl], bromine [Br], or ...
/awr'geuh nl ep"tik, awr gan'l ep"-/, adj. 1. perceived by a sense organ. 2. capable of detecting a sensory stimulus. [1850-55; ORGANO- + -leptic < Gk leptikós disposed to ...
See organoleptic. * * *
See organology. * * *
See organologic. * * *
—organologic /awr'geuh nl oj"ik, awr gan'l oj"-/, organological, adj. —organologist, n. /awr'geuh nol"euh jee/, n. the branch of biology that deals with the structure and ...
/awr'geuh noh mag nee"zee euhm, -zheuhm, -shee euhm, awr gan'oh-/, adj. Chem. pertaining to or noting an organic compound, esp. an organic halide, containing magnesium linked to ...
or·gan·o·mer·cu·ri·al (ôr-găn'ō-mər-kyo͝orʹē-əl) n. An organic compound that contains mercury.   or·gan·o·mer·cuʹri·al adj. * * *
/awr'geuh noh meuh tal"ik, awr gan'oh-/, adj. pertaining to or noting an organic compound containing a metal or a metalloid linked to carbon. Also, metallo-organic. [1850-55; ...
organometallic compound
▪ chemical compound Introduction  any member of a class of substances containing at least one metal-to- carbon bond in which the carbon is part of an organic group. ...
/awr"geuh non'/, n., pl. organa /-neuh/, organons. 1. an instrument of thought or knowledge. 2. Philos. a system of rules or principles of demonstration or ...
/awr'geuh noh fos"fayt, awr gan'euh-/, n. Biochem. any of a variety of organic compounds that contain phosphorus and often have intense neurotoxic activity: originally developed ...
See organophosphorus. * * *
organophosphorus [ôr΄gə nō fäs′fə rəs, ôr gan΄ōfäs′fə rəs] adj. of an organic compound containing phosphorus * * * or·gan·o·phos·pho·rus ...
/awr'geuh noh sil"i keuhn, -kon', awr gan'oh-/, adj. Chem. pertaining to or noting an organic compound containing silicon, esp. where attached directly to a carbon ...
/awr'geuh noh si lok"sayn, awr gan'oh-/, adj. Chem. a siloxane containing an organic group. [1945-50; ORGANO- + SILOXANE] * * *
organosol [ôr gan′ə säl΄] n. a colloid consisting of a solid within an organic liquid: see PLASTISOL * * *
organosulfur compound
▪ chemical compound Introduction also spelled  organosulphur compound , also called  organic sulfur compound   a subclass of organic substances that contain sulfur and ...
See organotherapy. * * *
/awr'geuh noh ther"euh pee, awr gan'oh-/, n. the branch of therapeutics that deals with the use of remedies prepared from the organs of animals, as from the thyroid gland, the ...
organotropic [ôr΄gə nō träp′ik, ôr gan΄əträp′ik] adj. 〚 ORGANO- + -TROPIC〛 1. designating or of a substance or virus that travels predominantly to a specific ...
See organotropic. * * *
—organotropic /awr'geuh neuh trop"ik, -troh"pik, awr gan'euh-/, adj. /awr'geuh no"treuh piz'euhm/, n. Physiol. the attraction of microorganisms or chemical substances to ...
organ point n. See pedal point. * * *
Organs affected by steroid hormones
▪ Table Organs affected by steroid hormones hormone class target organs glucocorticoids liver, retina, kidney, oviduct, pituitary estrogens oviduct, ...
/awr"geuh neuhm/, n., pl. organa /-neuh/, organums. 1. an organon. 2. Music. a. the doubling, or simultaneous singing, of a melody at an interval of either a fourth, a fifth, or ...
/awr gan"zeuh/, n., pl. organzas. a sheer rayon, nylon, or silk fabric constructed in plain weave and with a crisp finish, used in the manufacture of evening dresses, trimmings, ...
/awr"geuhn zeen'/, n. silk that has been additionally twisted in opposite directions, used warpwise in weaving silk fabrics. Cf. TRAM. [1690-1700; < F organsin < It organizino] * ...
—orgasmic, orgastic, adj. /awr"gaz euhm/, n. 1. the physical and emotional sensation experienced at the peak of sexual excitation, usually resulting from stimulation of the ...
See orgasm. * * *
See orgasmic. * * *
See orgasmic. * * *
See orgasmic. * * *
OR gate n. A logic gate that simulates the function of the logical operator OR.   [From or1.] * * *
/awr"zhat/; Fr. /awrdd zhann"/, n. a syrup or drink made originally from barley but later from almonds, prepared with sugar and an extract of orange flowers. [1745-55; < F < Pr. ...
/awr jet"euh riks/, n. fl. c60 B.C., Helvetian chieftain. * * *
orgiast [ôr jē ast΄] n. a person who participates in an orgy * * * See orgiastic. * * *
/awr'jee as"tik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or having the nature of an orgy. 2. tending to arouse or excite unrestrained emotion: orgiastic rhythms. 3. Sociol. (of an expressive ...
See orgiast. * * *
☆ orgone [ôr′gōn΄ ] n. 〚coined by W. Reich (1897-1957), Austrian psychiatrist in the U.S., prob.
orgone box
/awr"gohn/ a cabinetlike device constructed of layers of wood and other materials, as tin, claimed by its inventor, Wilhelm Reich, to restore orgone energy to persons sitting in ...
orgone energy
(in Wilhelm Reich's theory) a vital, primal, nonmaterial element believed to permeate the universe. Also called orgone. [1945-50] * * *
Orgueil meteorite
▪ astronomy        meteorite that fell on the village of Orgueil, near Toulouse, France, in May 1864 and that is often used to infer the relative proportions of elements ...
—orgulously, adv. /awr"gyeuh leuhs, -geuh-/, adj. Archaic. haughty; proud. [1200-50; ME orguillous, orguilleus < OF orgueillos equiv. orgueil pride (earlier orgoil < Gmc ...
/awr"jee/, n., pl. orgies. 1. wild, drunken or licentious festivity or revelry. 2. any actions or proceedings marked by unbridled indulgence of passions: an orgy of killing. 3. ...
▪ Ottoman sultan also called  Orhan Gazi, Orhan  also spelled  Orkhan  born 1288 died 1360       the second ruler of the Ottoman dynasty, which had been founded by ...
Orhon inscriptions
▪ epigraphy Orhon also spelled  Orkhon,         oldest extant Turkish writings, discovered in the valley of the Orhon River, northern Mongolia, in 1889 and ...
Orhon River
or Orkhon River River, northern Mongolia. It is 698 mi (1,123 km) long and rises from the slopes of the Hangayn Mountains. It flows east, then north past Karakorum. The ...
Oribe ware
▪ Japanese ceramics  type of Japanese ceramics, usually glazed in blue or green and first appearing during the Keichō and Genna eras (1596–1624). The name Oribe is derived ...
Oribe, Manuel Ceferino
▪ Uruguayan politician born Aug. 27, 1792, Montevideo, Río de la Plata [now in Uruguay] died Nov. 12, 1857, Montevideo       second president of Uruguay (1835–38), a ...
/awr"euh bee, or"-/, n., pl. oribis. a small tan-colored antelope, Ourebia ourebi, of south and east Africa, with spikelike horns. [1785-95; < Afrik < Khoikhoi, perh. to be ...
/awr'i kal"keuhm/, n. a brass rich in zinc, prepared by the ancients. [1640-50; < L < Gk oreíchalkos lit., mountain-copper, equiv. to orei-, comb. form of óros mountain + ...
/awr"ee euhl, ohr"-/, n. 1. a bay window, esp. one cantilevered or corbeled out from a wall. 2. (in medieval architecture) a large bay window of a hall or chamber. [1350-1400; ME ...
—orienter, n. n., adj. /awr"ee euhnt, -ee ent', ohr"-/; v. /awr"ee ent', ohr"-/, n. 1. the Orient, a. the countries of Asia, esp. East Asia. b. (formerly) the countries to the ...
Orient Express
an express passenger train in service between Paris and Istanbul from 1883 until 1977, using various routes. Some or parts of the routes continue to be served by regular service ...
▪ train also called (1919–77)  Simplon–Orient-Express        luxury train that ran from Paris to Constantinople ( Istanbul) for more than 80 years (1883–1977). ...
—orientally, adv. /awr'ee en"tl, ohr'-/, adj. 1. (usu. cap.) of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Orient, or East; Eastern. 2. of the orient or east; eastern. 3. (cap.) ...
Oriental alabaster
alabaster (def. 2). [1750-60] * * *
oriental beetle
a scarab beetle, Anomala orientalis, introduced into the U.S. from the Orient, the larvae of which feed on the roots of sugarcane and other grasses. Also called Asiatic beetle. * ...
Oriental carpet.
See Oriental rug. [1865-70] * * *
Oriental cat's-eye
Jewelry. a chatoyant variety of chrysoberyl, used as a gem. * * *
oriental cockroach
a dark-brown cockroach, Blatta orientalis, thought to have originated in the Orient but now nearly cosmopolitan in distribution. Also called oriental roach, blackbeetle. * * *
Oriental fruit moth
a moth, Grapholitha molesta, introduced into the U.S. from the Orient, the larvae of which infest and feed on the twigs and fruits of peach, plum, and related trees. Also called ...
Oriental Jews
▪ people Hebrew plural  Bene Ha-Mizraḥ (“Sons of the East”)         the approximately 1,500,000 Diaspora Jews who lived for several centuries in North Africa ...
Oriental lacquer
▪ varnish resin       varnish resin derived from a tree indigenous to China, species Rhus vernicifera, commonly known as the varnish tree (q.v.). The manufacturing ...
Oriental poppy
a poppy, Papaver orientale, of Asia, having bristly stems and leaves and showy scarlet, pink, or white flowers, cultivated as an ornamental. [1725-35] * * *
Oriental rug
a rug or carpet woven usually in Asia and characterized by hand-knotted pile. Also called Oriental carpet. Cf. Persian carpet, Turkish rug, Turkoman rug. [1880-85] * * *
Oriental scops owl.
See under scops owl. * * *
Oriental shorthair
Oriental shorthair n. any of a breed of domestic cat, similar to the Siamese but with greenish eyes and often a coat of a solid color * * *
Oriental sore
▪ pathology       infectious disease that is a type of leishmaniasis (q.v.). * * *
Orientalblack mushroom
Oriental black mushroom n. See shiitake. * * *
Oriental garlic n. See Chinese chive. * * *
/awr'ee euhn tay"lee euh, -tayl"yeuh, ohr'-/, n.pl. books, manuscripts, and other objects pertaining to the Orient and Oriental art, culture, history, folklore, or the ...
—Orientalist, n. /awr'ee en"tl iz'euhm, ohr'-/, n. (often l.c.) 1. a peculiarity or idiosyncrasy of the Oriental peoples. 2. the character or characteristics of the Oriental ...
See Orientalism. * * *
—Orientalization, n. /awr'ee en"tl uyz', ohr'-/, v.t., v.i., Orientalized, Orientalizing. (often l.c.) to make or become Oriental. Also, esp. Brit., Orientalise. [1815-25; ...
See oriental. * * *
Oriental poppy n. A southwest Asian plant (Papaver orientale) widely cultivated for its brilliant scarlet and black flowers. * * *
Oriental radish n. See daikon. * * *
Oriental rug n. A rug made of wool that is knotted or woven by hand, often in complex and highly stylized designs, and produced in the Middle East and in many other parts of ...
/awr"ee euhn tayt', -en-, ohr"-/, v.t., v.i., orientated, orientating. to orient. [1840-50; < F orient(er) to ORIENT + -ATE1] * * *
—orientative, adj. /awr'ee euhn tay"sheuhn, -en-, ohr'-/, n. 1. the act or process of orienting. 2. the state of being oriented. 3. an introduction, as to guide one in ...
/aw'rddee en"te/, n. 1. a region in Ecuador, E of the Andes: the border long disputed by Peru. 2. a province in E Cuba. 2,998,972; 14,132 sq. mi. (36,600 sq. km). Cap.: Santiago ...
See orienteering. * * *
/awr'ee en tear"ing, ohr'-/, n. a competitive sport, originating in Sweden, that tests the skills of map reading and cross-country running, in which competitors race through an ...
—orificial /awr'euh fish"euhl, or'-/, adj. /awr"euh fis, or"-/, n. an opening or aperture, as of a tube or pipe; a mouthlike opening or hole; mouth; vent. [1535-45; < MF < LL ...
See orifice. * * *
/awr"euh flam', or"-/, n. 1. the red banner of St. Denis, near Paris, carried before the early kings of France as a military ensign. 2. any ensign, banner, or standard, esp. one ...
orig abbrev. 1. origin 2. original 3. originally * * *
1. origin. 2. original. 3. originally. * * *
/awr'i gah"mee/, n., pl. origamis for 2. 1. the traditional Japanese art or technique of folding paper into a variety of decorative or representational forms, as of animals or ...
/awr"i geuhn, or"-/, n. an aromatic herb, esp. oregano. [1375-1425; late ME < L origanum < Gk oríganon; derivation and further etym. uncert.] * * *
—Origenian, adj., n. —Origenism, n. —Origenist, n. —Origenistic, adj. /awr"i jen', -jeuhn, or"-/, n. (Origenes Admantius) A.D. 185?-254?, Alexandrian writer, Christian ...
/awr"i jin, or"-/, n. 1. something from which anything arises or is derived; source; fountainhead: to follow a stream to its origin. 2. rise or derivation from a particular ...
Origin of Species
the short title which many people use to refer to On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859) by Charles Darwin. In it he explained his theory of evolution (= ...
Origin of Species, The
(On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life) a treatise (1859) by Charles Darwin setting forth his ...
/euh rij"euh nl/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the origin or beginning of something, or to a thing at its beginning: The book still has its original binding. 2. new; fresh; ...
original equipment manufacturer
1. a firm that purchases complex equipment, as computers, from manufacturers and modifies or combines different components for resale. 2. a firm that manufactures components or ...
original gum
Philately. See o.g. (def. 1). * * *
original sin
1. Theol. a. a depravity, or tendency to evil, held to be innate in humankind and transmitted from Adam to the race in consequence of his sin. b. inclination to evil, inherent in ...
originalequipment manufacturer
original equipment manufacturer n. Abbr. OEM A company that purchases computers or other complex components from manufacturers, adds other hardware or software, and sells the ...
o·rig·i·nal·ism (ə-rĭjʹə-nə-lĭz'əm) n. The belief that the U.S. Constitution should be interpreted according to the intent of those who composed and adopted ...
See originalism. * * *
/euh rij'euh nal"i tee/, n. 1. the quality or state of being original. 2. ability to think or express oneself in an independent and individual manner; creative ability. 3. ...
/euh rij"euh nl ee/, adv. 1. with respect to origin; by origin: Originally he came from California. 2. at the origin; at first: Originally this was to be in three volumes. 3. in ...
original sin n. In Christian theology, the condition of sin that marks all humans as a result of Adam's first act of disobedience. * * *
—originable /euh rij"euh neuh beuhl/, adj. —origination, n. —originator, n. /euh rij"euh nayt'/, v., originated, originating. v.i. 1. to take its origin or rise; begin; ...
See originate. * * *
origination fee n. A fee, often a percentage of the total principal of a loan, charged by a lender to a borrower on initiation of the loan. * * *
—originatively, adv. /euh rij"euh nay'tiv/, adj. having or characterized by the power of originating; creative. [1820-30; ORIGINATE + -IVE] * * *
See origination. * * *
See origination. * * *
Origins of the Olympic Winter Games
      The first organized international competition involving winter sports was introduced just five years after the birth of the modern Olympics in 1896. This ...
/awr"ee hon', ohr"-/, n. 1. a manuscript scroll having columns running across the width, folded in accordion fashion along the separating margins. 2. a book consisting of leaves, ...
▪ Spain       city, Alicante provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Valencia, southeastern Spain. Orihuela lies in the fertile ...
/aw ril"yeuh, oh ril"-/, n. a city in SE Ontario, in S Canada. 23,955. * * * ▪ Ontario, Canada       city, Simcoe county, southeastern Ontario, Canada, 60 miles (100 ...
—orinasally, adv. /awr'euh nay"zeuhl, ohr'-/, Phonet. adj. 1. pronounced with the voice issuing through the mouth and the nose simultaneously, as in the nasalized vowels of ...
/euh rin"deuh, aw rin"-, oh rin"-/, n. a town in W California. 16,825. * * *
/awr'euh noh"koh, ohr'-/; Sp. /aw'rddee naw"kaw/, n. a river in N South America, flowing N from the border of Brazil, along the E border of Colombia, and NE through Venezuela to ...
Orinoco River
Major river, South America. It rises on the western slopes of the Parima Mountains along the border between Venezuela and Brazil. It flows in a giant arc through Venezuela for ...
/awr"ee ohl', ohr"-/, n. 1. any of several usually brightly colored, passerine birds of the family Oriolidae, of the Old World. Cf. golden oriole. 2. any of several brightly ...
Orioles, the
▪ American music group       American vocal group of the late 1940s and early 1950s. The members were Sonny Til (byname of Earlington Carl Tilghman; b. Aug. 18, 1925, ...
/euh ruy"euhn/, n., gen. Orionis /awr'ee oh"nis, or'-, euh ruy"euh nis/ for 2. 1. Class. Myth. a giant hunter who pursued the Pleiades, was eventually slain by Artemis, and was ...
Orion Nebula
Astron. a luminous nebula in the constellation Orion, in the center of Orion's sword. Also called Great Nebula of Orion. * * * Bright nebula, faintly visible to the unaided eye ...
/euh ruy"euh nidz, awr'ee oh"-, ohr'-/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Astron. a collection of meteors comprising a meteor shower (Orionid meteor shower) visible during October, and ...
—Oriskanian /awr'is kay"nee euhn, or'-/, adj., n. /aw ris"keuh nee, oh ris"-/, n. a village in central New York, near Utica: battle 1777. 1707. * * *
Oriskany, Battle of
▪ United States history       (August 6, 1777), in the American Revolution, battle between British troops and American defenders of the Mohawk Valley, which contributed ...
/awr'iz mol"euh jee, or'-/, n. the science of defining the technical or special terms of a particular subject or field of study. [1810-20; < Gk horism(ós) definition, lit, ...
/awr"euh zeuhn, or"-/, n. a prayer. [1125-75; ME < OF < LL oration- (s. of oratio) plea, prayer, ORATION] * * *
/aw ris"euh, oh ris"euh/, n. a state in E India. 24,870,000; 60,136 sq. mi. (155,752 sq. km). Cap.: Bhubaneswar. * * * State (pop., 2001 prelim: 36,706,920), eastern India. It ...
▪ dance       one of the principal classical dance styles of India; others include bhārata-nāṭya, kuchipudi, kathak, kathākali, and manipuri. It is indigenous to ...
▪ Italy       town and archiepiscopal see, western Sardinia, Italy, near the mouth of the Tirso River, northwest of the city of Cagliari. It was founded in the 11th ...
/aw ree"yeuh/, n. an Indic language spoken in Orissa. [1795-1805] * * *
Oṛiyā language
      Indo-Aryan language of the eastern group spoken mainly in the state of Orissa, India. Oṛiyā is one of the 14 regional languages recognized by the Indian ...
/awr'euh zah"beuh, ohr'-/; Sp. /aw'rddee sah"vah/, n. 1. Also called Citlaltepetl. an inactive volcano in SE Mexico, in Veracruz state. 18,546 ft. (5653 m). 2. a city near this ...
Orizaba, Mount See Citlaltépetl. * * *
/awr'jon i kid"zeuh/; Russ. /urdd jeuh nyi kyee"dzyi/, n. Ordzhonikidze (def. 1). * * *
Orkan, Władysław
▪ Polish writer pseudonym of  Franciszek Smreczyński   born November 27, 1875, Poręba Wielka, Austria-Hungary [now in Poland] died May 14, 1930, Kraków, ...
/awr"kon/, n. a river in E central Asia, flowing E, N, and then NE from the N central Mongolian People's Republic to the Selenga River. ab. 400 mi. (645 km) long. * * *
➡ Orkney Islands * * *
Orkney Islands
/awrk"nee/ an island group off the NE tip of Scotland. 17,675; 340 sq. mi. (880 sq. km). * * * Island group (pop., 2001: 19,245), Scotland. Lying north of the Scottish ...
Ork·ney Islands (ôrkʹnē) An archipelago comprising about 70 islands in the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea off the northeast coast of Scotland. Originally settled by ...
➡ Orkney Islands * * *
Orland Park
/awr"leuhnd/ a town in NE Illinois. 23,045. * * *
/awr lan"doh/; also, for 1, It. /awrdd lahn"daw/, n. 1. Vittorio Emanuele /veet taw"rddyaw e'mah nooh e"le/, 1860-1952, Italian statesman. 2. a city in central Florida: resort. ...
Orlando Gibbons
➡ Gibbons (II) * * *
Orlando, Vittorio Emanuele
born May 19, 1860, Palermo, Italy died Dec. 1, 1952, Rome Italian politician and prime minister (1917–19). He was elected to Italy's Chamber of Deputies in 1897 and served in ...
Orlando,Vittorio Emanuele
Or·lan·do (ôr-lănʹdō, -länʹ-), Vittorio Emanuele. 1860-1952. Italian politician who served as prime minister of Italy (1917-1919) and was the Italian delegate at the ...
Or·land Park (ôrʹlənd) A village of northeast Illinois, a residential and manufacturing suburb of Chicago. Population: 35,720. * * *
/awrl/, n. 1. Heraldry. a. a charge in the form of a narrow band following the form of the escutcheon within the edge, so that the extreme outer edge of the escutcheon is of the ...
/awrdd lay ann ne"/, n. a former province in N France. Cap.: Orléans. * * * ▪ historical region, France       one of the généralités (“generalities”) into which ...
—Orleanism, n. /awr"lee euh nist/, n. a supporter of the Orléans branch of the former French royal family and of its claim to the throne of France through descent from the ...
/awr"lee euhnz/; Fr. /awrdd lay ahonn"/, n. a city in and the capital of Loiret, in central France, SSW of Paris: English siege of the city raised by Joan of Arc 1428. 109,956. * ...
Orléans, Charles, duc d'
▪ French duke and poet born Nov. 24, 1394, Paris died Jan. 4, 1465, Amboise, Fr.       last, and one of the greatest, of the courtly poets of France, who during exile ...
Orléans, d'
/dawrdd lay ahonn"/, n. Louis Philippe Joseph /lwee fee leep" zhaw zef"/, Duc (Philippe Égalité), 1747-93, French political leader. * * *
Orléans, Ferdinand-Louis-Philippe-Charles-Henri, duc d'
▪ French duke born Sept. 3, 1810, Palermo died July 13, 1842, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Fr.       son of Louis-Philippe of France, who succeeded to the title of duc d'Orléans ...
Orléans, Gaston, duc d', duc d'Anjou
▪ French prince byname  Gaston de France , or  Monsieur   born April 25, 1608, Fontainebleau, Fr. died Feb. 2, 1660, Blois       prince who readily lent his ...
Orleans, Henri-Robert-Ferdinand-Marie-Louis-Philippe, Count d'
▪ 2000       French aristocrat who, as the great grandson of Louis-Philippe, the last king of France, sought to reestablish an elective French monarchy and claim the ...
Orléans, house of
Name of the cadet or junior branch of the Valois and Bourbon houses of France. Of the four dynasties of princes, Philippe I (1336–75) died without an heir. Descendants of the ...
Orléans, Louis I, duc d'
▪ French duke born March 13, 1372, Paris died Nov. 23, 1407, Paris       younger brother of King Charles VI and first in the second dynasty of dukes of Orléans. He ...
Orléans, Louis, duc d'
▪ French duke born Aug. 4, 1703, Versailles, Fr. died Feb. 4, 1752, Paris       son of Philippe II, duc d'Orléans; he became governor of Dauphiné (1719), commander of ...
Orléans, Louis-Philippe, duc d'
▪ French duke also called  duc de Chartres   born May 12, 1725, Versailles, Fr. died Nov. 18, 1785, Sainte-Assise, Brie       son of Duke Louis; he was appointed ...
Orléans, Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duc d'
▪ French prince also called (1752–85)  duc de Chartres,  byname  Philippe Égalité  born April 13, 1747, Saint-Cloud, Fr. died Nov. 6, 1793, Paris       Bourbon ...
Orléans, Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duke d'
known as Philippe Égalité born April 13, 1747, Saint-Cloud, France died Nov. 6, 1793, Paris French Bourbon prince who supported popular democracy in the French Revolution. A ...
Orléans, Louis-Philippe-Robert, duc d'
▪ French pretender born Feb. 6, 1869, Twickenham, Middlesex, Eng. died March 28, 1926, Palermo       pretender to the French throne during the Third ...
Orléans, Philippe I de France, duc d'
▪ French duke (duke of),also called  (until 1660) Duc D'anjou,  byname  Monsieur  born Sept. 21, 1640, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Fr. died June 9, 1701, ...
Orléans, Philippe I, duc d'
▪ French duke born July 1, 1336 died Sept. 1, 1375       the only member of the first dynasty of dukes of Orléans.       Philippe was the younger son of King ...
Orléans, Philippe II, duc d'
▪ French duke and regent also called (until 1701)  duc de Chartres  born Aug. 2, 1674, Saint-Cloud, Fr. died Dec. 2, 1723, Versailles  regent of France for the young King ...
Orléans, Siege of
▪ European history       (Oct. 12, 1428–May 8, 1429), siege of the French city of Orléans by English forces, the military turning point of the Hundred Years' War ...
Orley, Bernard van
▪ Flemish painter Bernard also spelled  Bernaert  or  Barend   born 1492?, Brussels [now in Belgium] died 1542, Brussels       Flemish painter of religious subjects ...
/awrl"fluy'/, n., pl. orlflies. Brit. an alderfly, Sialis lutaria. Also, orl fly. [1740-50; orl, dial. var. of ALDER + FLY2] * * *
Orlice Mountains
▪ mountains, Czech Republic Czech  Orlické Hory , German  Adlergebirge        mountain range, a subgroup of the Sudeten mountains in northeastern Bohemia, Czech ...
/awr"lich/; Sp. /awrdd"leech/, n. Francisco J. /frddahn sees"kaw/, 1906-69, Costa Rican engineer and statesman: president 1962-66. * * *
/awr"loh/, n., pl. orlos. Archit. 1. a plinth supporting the base of a column. 2. orle (def. 3). [1605-15; < It: border, deriv. of orlare to hem < VL; see ORLE] * * *
/awr"lon/, Trademark. a brand of synthetic, acrylic textile fiber of light weight, wrinkle resistance, and resistance to weathering and many chemicals. * * *
/awr"lop/, n. Naut. the lowermost of four or more decks above the space at the bottom of a hull. Also called orlop deck. [1375-1425; late ME overloppe < MD over-loop covering, ...
Orlov diamond
▪ gem       rose-cut gem from India, one of the Romanov crown jewels; it is shaped like half an egg, with facets covering its domed surface, and the underside is nearly ...
Orlov, Aleksey (Grigoryevich), Count
born Oct. 5, 1737, Lyutkino, Tver province, Russia died Jan. 5, 1808, Moscow Russian military officer. He became an officer in the Russian guards and adviser to his brother ...
Orlov, Aleksey Fyodorovich, Prince
▪ Russian prince born Oct. 8 [Oct. 19, New Style], 1786, Moscow, Russia died May 9 [May 21], 1861, St. Petersburg       military officer and statesman who was an ...
Orlov, Aleksey Grigoryevich, Count
▪ Russian count born Oct. 5 [Sept. 24, Old Style], 1737, Lyutkino, Tver province, Russia died Jan. 5, 1808, [Dec. 24, 1807], Moscow       military officer who played a ...
Orlov, Fyodor Grigoryevich, Graf
▪ Russian count born Feb. 19 [Feb. 8, Old Style], 1741, Lyutkino, Tver Province, Russia died May 28 [May 17], 1796, Moscow       Russian army officer and statesman, the ...
Orlov, Grigory (Grigoryevich), Count
born Oct. 17, 1734, Lyutkino, Tver Province, Russia died April 24, 1783, Neskuchnoye, near Moscow Russian military officer and lover of Catherine II. An artillery officer, he ...
Orlov, Grigory Grigoryevich, Graf
▪ Russian military officer born Oct. 17 [Oct. 6, Old Style], 1734, Lyutkino, Tver Province, Russia died April 24 [April 13], 1783, Neskuchnoye, near ...
Orlov, Nikolay Alekseyevich, Knyaz
▪ Russian prince born May 9 [April 27, Old Style], 1827, St. Petersburg, Russia died March 29 [March 17], 1885, Fontainebleau, Fr.       Russian diplomat notable for ...
/awr"lee/; Fr. /awrdd lee"/, n. a suburb SE of Paris, France: international airport. 26,244. * * *
▪ English scholar also called  Ormin   flourished c. 1200       Augustinian canon, author of an early Middle English book of metrical homilies on the Gospels, to ...
Orman, Suze
▪ 2000       In 1999 American financial adviser Suze Orman released her latest material-spiritual tome, The Courage to Be Rich, in which she described money's “energy ...
/awr"meuhn dee/, n. Eugene, 1899-1985, U.S. conductor and violinist, born in Hungary. * * *
Ormandy, Eugene
orig. Jenö Ormandy Blau born Nov. 18, 1899, Budapest, Austria-Hungary died March 12, 1985, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. Hungarian-born U.S. conductor. A violin prodigy, he became ...
Or·man·dy (ôrʹmən-dē), Eugene. 1899-1985. Hungarian-born American conductor who directed the Philadelphia Orchestra from 1938 to 1980. * * *
/awr"meuhzd/, n. See Ahura Mazda. Also, Ormuzd. * * *
Ormea, Carlo Vincenzo Ferrero di Roasio, marchese d'
▪ Piedmontese statesman born April 5, 1680, Mondovì, Italy died May 29, 1745, Turin       Piedmontese statesman who as minister under both Victor Amadeus II and ...
/awr"meuhr/, n. 1. an abalone, Haliotis tuberculata, living in waters of the Channel Islands. 2. any abalone. [1665-75; < F ormier < L auris maris ear of the sea] * * *
▪ Philippines       chartered city, western Leyte, Philippines. The city lies at the head of Ormoc Bay, an inlet of the Camotes Sea. It serves the only commercial ...
/awr"meuh looh'/, n. 1. Also called mosaic gold. an alloy of copper and zinc used to imitate gold. 2. Also called bronze doré, gilt bronze. gilded metal, esp. cast brass or ...
Ormond Beach
/awr"meuhnd/ a town in NE Florida. 21,378. * * * ▪ Florida, United States       city, Volusia county, northeastern Florida, U.S. It lies on the Atlantic Ocean and the ...
Ormonde, James Butler, 12th earl and 1st duke of
born Oct. 19, 1610, London, Eng. died July 21, 1688, Kingston Lacy, Dorset Anglo-Irish statesman. Born into the prominent Butler family of Ireland, he succeeded to the earldom ...
Ormonde, James Butler, 2nd duke of
▪ Irish general born April 29, 1665, Dublin died Nov. 16, 1745, Avignon, Fr.       Irish general, one of the most powerful men in the Tory administration that governed ...
Ormonde, Piers Butler, 8th earl of, Earl Of Ossory
▪ Irish noble Piers also spelled  Pierce , byname  The Red Earl  born c. 1467 died August 21/26, 1539       leading member of the Butler family in Ireland; he ...
Ormonde, Thomas Butler, 10th earl of
▪ Irish noble byname  The Black Earl   born 1531/32 died Nov. 22, 1614       Irish nobleman who sided with the English in the rebellions in the mid-16th ...
Ormsby-Gore, William George Arthur, 4th Baron Harlech
▪ British politician and scholar born April 11, 1885, London died Feb. 14, 1964, London       British politician and scholar who was active in promoting education in ...
/awr moohz", awr"muz/, n. Strait of. See Hormuz, Strait of. * * *
Ormuz,Strait of
Or·muz (ôrʹmŭz', ôr-mo͞ozʹ), Strait of See Hormuz, Strait of. * * *
Or·muzd (ôrʹməzd, ôr-mŭzdʹ) n. Variant of Ohrmazd.   [Persian Hormazd, from Middle Persian Ohrmazd. See Ohrmazd.] * * *
—ornamenter, n. n. /awr"neuh meuhnt/; v. /awr"neuh ment', -meuhnt/, n. 1. an accessory, article, or detail used to beautify the appearance of something to which it is added or ...
—ornamentality, n. —ornamentally, adv. /awr'neuh men"tl/, adj. 1. used or grown for ornament: ornamental plants. 2. providing ornament; decorative. 3. of or pertaining to ...
/awr'neuh men"tl iz'euhm/, n. the desire or tendency to feature ornament in the design of buildings, interiors, furnishings, etc. [1860-65; ORNAMENTAL + -ISM] * * *
See ornamental. * * *
/awr'neuh men tay"sheuhn, -meuhn-/, n. 1. the act of ornamenting. 2. the state of being ornamented. 3. something with which a thing is ornamented; embellishment. 4. ornaments ...
/awr"neuh men'tid, -meuhn-/, adj. Typography. (of a character) highly embellished or ornate; altered by embellishment. [1730-40; ORNAMENT + -ED2] * * *
See ornament. * * *
—ornately, adv. —ornateness, n. /awr nayt"/, adj. 1. elaborately or sumptuously adorned, often excessively or showily so: They bought an ornate Louis XIV sofa. 2. embellished ...
See ornate. * * *
See ornately. * * *
/awrddn/, n. a department in NW France. 293,523; 2372 sq. mi. (6145 sq. km). Cap.: Alençon. * * *
Orne River
River, northwestern France. It is 94 mi (152 km) long and flows through the Orne and Calvados departments past Caen into the English Channel. Its bridges were seized by the ...

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