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Слова на букву pius-ramp (15990)

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Pius XI
(Achille Ratti) 1857-1939, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1922-39. * * * ▪ pope original name  Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti   born May 31, 1857, Desio, Lombardy, Austrian ...
Pius XII
(Eugenio Pacelli) 1876-1958, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1939-58. * * * orig. Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli born March 2, 1876, Rome, Italy died Oct. 9, 1958, Castel ...
Pi·us II (pīʹəs), Originally Enea Silvio de Piccolomini. 1405-1464. Pope (1458-1464) noted for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusade against the Turks. * * *
Pius IX, Originally Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti. 1792-1878. Pope (1846-1878) who summoned the First Vatican Council (1869-1870). * * *
Pius VII, Originally Barnaba Gregorio Chiaramonti. 1742-1823. Pope (1800-1823) who crowned Napoleon emperor in 1804. * * *
Pius XI, Originally Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti. 1857-1939. Pope (1922-1939) who signed a treaty with Benito Mussolini granting papal sovereignty over Vatican City. * * *
Pius XII, Originally Eugenio Pacelli. 1876-1958. Pope (1939-1958) who maintained neutrality during World War II. He was later severely criticized for not taking forceful measures ...
/puy ooht", puy"ooht/, n., pl. Piutes, (esp. collectively) Piute. Paiute. * * *
/piv"euht/, n. 1. a pin, point, or short shaft on the end of which something rests and turns, or upon and about which something rotates or oscillates. 2. the end of a shaft or ...
pivot joint
▪ skeleton also called  Rotary Joint, or Trochoid Joint,         in vertebrate anatomy, a joint that allows only rotary movement. It is exemplified by the joint ...
pivot tooth
Dentistry. (formerly) an artificial crown attached to the root of a tooth by pivoting. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
See pivot. * * *
—pivotally, adv. /piv"euh tl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or serving as a pivot. 2. of vital or critical importance: a pivotal event. [1835-45; PIVOT + -AL1] * * *
See pivotal. * * *
/piv"euh ting/, n. Dentistry. (formerly) the attaching of an artificial crown to the root of a tooth with a metal dowel. [1850-55; PIVOT (v.) + -ING1] * * *
pivot joint n. A joint in which a bone rotates around another; a joint permitting only rotating movement. * * *
/piv"euht man'/, n., pl. pivotmen /-men'/. Basketball. a pivot (def. 7b). [1810-15; PIVOT + MAN1] * * *
pix1 /piks/, n. pyx. pix2 /piks/, n., pl. pix for 2. 1. a pl. of pic1. 2. pic2. * * *
/pik"seuhl, -sel/, n. Computers, Television. the smallest element of an image that can be individually processed in a video display system. [1965-70; PIX2 (def. 1) + EL(EMENT)] * ...
Pixérécourt, Guilbert de
▪ French dramatist born Jan. 22, 1773, Nancy, Fr. died July 27, 1844, Nancy       astonishingly prolific dramatist who delighted popular audiences in Paris with a ...
/pik"see/, n. 1. a fairy or sprite, esp. a mischievous one. 2. a small, pert, or mischievous person. adj. 3. Also, pixieish, pixyish. playfully impish or mischievous; prankish: ...
Pixies, the
▪ American band  American band whose unique blend of punk rock's aggression and pop music's infectious melodies helped establish the sound that would define alternative rock ...
/pik"seuh lay'tid/, adj. 1. slightly eccentric or mentally disordered. 2. amusingly whimsical, prankish, silly, or the like. [1840-50, Amer.; PIX(IE) + (TIT)ILLATED] * * *
/pik'seuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the state or quality of being pixilated. 2. Motion Pictures. animation of people, where performers change their positions slightly between exposures ...
/pik"see/, n., pl. pixies, adj. pixie. * * *
See pixie. * * *
▪ king of Cush formerly called  Piankhi  flourished 8th century BC       king of Cush (Kush) (or Kush, in the Sudan) from about 750 to about 719 BC. He invaded Egypt ...
Seph. Heb. /pee yooht"/; Ashk. Heb. /pee"yoot/, n., pl. Piyyutim Seph. Heb. /pee yooh teem"/; Ashk. Heb. /pi yooh"tim/. Judaism. a liturgical poem included in the services on ...
/pee"zayn/, n. Armor. a mail collar of the 14th century, worn with a hauberk. [1895-1900; appar. < OF, equiv. to piz breast ( < L pectus) + -aine n. suffix < L ana -AN] * * *
/pi zahr"oh/; Sp. /pee thahrdd"rddaw, -sahrdd"-/, n. Francisco /fran sis"koh/; Sp. /frddahn thees"kaw, -sees"-/, c1470-1541, Spanish conqueror of Peru. * * *
Pizarro, Francisco
born с 1475, Trujillo, Extremadura, Castile died June 26, 1541, Lima Conquistador who seized the Inca empire for Spain. In 1510 he enrolled in an expedition of exploration in ...
Pizarro, Gonzalo
born 1502?, Trujillo, Spain died April 10, 1548, Cuzco, Peru Spanish explorer and conqueror. With his half brother Francisco Pizarro, he took part in the conquest of Peru ...
Pi·zar·ro (pĭ-zärʹō, pē-thärʹō, -särʹ-), Francisco. 1475?-1541. Spanish explorer and conqueror of the Inca Empire of Peru (1531-1533). He founded the city of Lima in ...
—pizazzy, adj. /peuh zaz"/, n. Informal. 1. energy; vitality; vigor. 2. attractive style; dash; flair. Also, pizzazz. [1935-40, Amer.; orig. obscure] * * *
pizz abbrev. Musical Direction pizzicato * * *
Music. pizzicato. * * *
/peet"seuh/, n. a flat, open-faced baked pie of Italian origin, consisting of a thin layer of bread dough topped with spiced tomato sauce and cheese, often garnished with ...
Pizza Hut
a US company, owned by PepsiCo Inc, with a large number of restaurants in the US, Britain and other countries that serve pizzas and other food. * * *
piz·zazz or pi·zazz or piz·zaz (pĭ-zăzʹ) n. Informal 1. Dazzling style; flamboyance; flair. 2. Vigorous spirit; energy or excitement.   [Origin unknown.] * * *
pizzelle [pit sel′, pitzel′; pētsel′, pētzel′] n. an Italian cookie like a thin, crisp waffle, usually flavored with anise * * *
/peet'seuh ree"euh/, n. a restaurant, bakery, or the like, where pizzas are made and sold. [1940-45; < It, equiv. to pizz(a) PIZZA + -eria -ERY] * * *
/pit'si kah"toh/; It. /peet'tsee kah"taw/, adj., n., pl. pizzicati /-tee/. Music. adj. 1. played by plucking the strings with the finger instead of using the bow, as on a ...
/piz"euhl/, n. 1. the penis of an animal, esp. a bull. 2. a whip made from a bull's pizzle. [1515-25; prob. < dial. D pezel or LG pesel, equiv. to MD, MLG pes(e) (D pees) tendon, ...
▪ Poland German  Schneidemühl        city, Wielkopolskie województwo (province), west-central Poland, on the Gwda River. Its economic growth has been steady since ...
Piłsudski, Józef
▪ Polish revolutionary and statesman Introduction in full  Józef Klemens Piłsudski  born Dec. 5, 1867, Żułów, Pol., Russian Empire [now in Lithuania] died May 12, 1935, ...
Piłsudski, Józef (Klemens)
born Dec. 5, 1867, Żułów, Pol., Russian Empire died May 12, 1935, Warsaw, Pol. Polish revolutionary leader. Reared with a hatred for Russian oppression, he was politically ...
☆ pj's [pē′jāz΄ ] pl.n. 〚
PJs or PJ's or pj's (pēʹjāzʹ) pl.n. Informal Pajamas.   [p(a)j(ama)s, pl. of pajama.] * * *
1. personal knowledge 2. psychokinesis. * * *
peck; pecks. * * *
pl. pks. 1. pack. 2. park. 3. peak. 4. peck. * * *
pKa's of representative acids and bases
▪ Table pKa's of representative acids and bases pKa Inorganic acids boric acid 9.1 (20 °C) hypochlorous acid 7.53 (18 °C) hydrogen sulfide 7.0, 11.9 (18 °C) carbonic ...
pkg abbrev. package(s) * * *
pl. pkgs. package. * * *
pkt abbrev. packet * * *
1. packet. 2. pocket. * * *
phenylketonuria. * * *
Pkwy or Pky abbrev. Parkway * * * Pkwy or Pky abbr. parkway. * * *
parkway. * * *
▪ software        data compression computer software, used for all types of digital files.       In the 1980s the American software company System Enhancement ...
Public Law: PL #480. * * *
PL Kyodan
in full Perfect Liberty Kyodan. Religious group founded in Japan by Miki Tokuchika in 1946 as a revival of his father's group, Hito-no-michi. Unaffiliated with any of the major ...
1. place. 2. plate. 3. plural. * * *
/pee"el'wun"/ n. Computers. a high-level programming language that is designed for solving problems in science and engineering as well as in business data ...
See People's Liberation Army. * * *
Plaatje, Solomon Tshekiso
▪ South African writer born 1877, Boshof, Orange Free State, S.Af. died June 19, 1932, Kimberley?       linguist, journalist, politician, statesman, and writer whose ...
See placable. * * *
—placability, placableness, n. /plak"euh beuhl, play"keuh-/, adj. capable of being placated, pacified, or appeased; forgiving. [1490-1500; < OF < L placabilis. See PLACATE1, ...
See placability. * * *
/plak"ij/, n. a thin facing on a building. [1765-75; < F; see PLAQUE, -AGE] * * *
—placarder, n. /plak"ahrd, -euhrd/, n. 1. a paperboard sign or notice, as one posted in a public place or carried by a demonstrator or picketer. 2. Armor. placate2. v.t. 3. to ...
See placard. * * *
/plah"keuhz/; Sp. /plah"kahs/, n.pl., sing. placa /-keuh/; Sp. /-kah/. (esp. in the southwestern U.S.) graffiti, as of initials or slogans, spray-painted on an outdoor wall, esp. ...
placate1 —placater, n. —placation /play kay"sheuhn/, n. /play"kayt, plak"ayt/, v.t., placated, placating. to appease or pacify, esp. by concessions or conciliatory gestures: ...
See placate. * * *
See placater. * * *
/play"kay tiv, -keuh-, plak"ay tiv, plak"euh-/, adj. placatory. [1930-35; PLACATE1 + -IVE] * * *
/play"keuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, plak"euh-/, adj. serving, tending, or intended to placate: a placatory reply. [1630-40; < LL placatorius. See PLACATE1, -TORY1] * * *
—placeable, adj. —placeless, adj. —placelessly, adv. /plays/, n., v., placed, placing. n. 1. a particular portion of space, whether of definite or indefinite extent. 2. ...
place card
a small card with the name of a guest on it, placed on the table, to indicate where he or she is to sit. [1920-25] * * *
place kick
Football. a kick in which the ball is held nearly upright on the ground either by means of a tee or by a teammate, as in a kickoff, an attempt at a field goal, etc. Cf. drop ...
place mat
a mat set on a dining table beneath a place setting. [1950-55] * * *
place of arms
1. an area in a fortress or a fortified town where troops could assemble for defense. 2. an enlarged part of the covered way in a fortification. [1590-1600] * * *
place of articulation
Phonet. the location at which two speech organs approach or come together in producing a speech sound, as in the contact of the tongue and the teeth to form a dental sound. Also ...
Place Pigalle
/planns pee gannl"/ a square in Paris, France: noted for its night clubs. Also called Pigalle. * * *
place setting
1. the group of dishes, silverware, glasses, etc., set at the place of each person at a meal. 2. a single group of such dishes or eating utensils sold as a unit. [1945-50] * * *
place value
place value n. Math. the value assigned to each PLACE (n. 20) in a numeral, depending on the BASE1 (n. 16a) of the number system * * *
Place, Francis
▪ British politician born Nov. 3, 1771, London died Jan. 1, 1854, London  British radical reformer, best-known for his successful campaign for the repeal in 1824 of the ...
—place-kicker, placekicker, n. /plays"kik'/, Football. v.t. 1. to make (a field goal or point after touchdown) by a place kick. 2. to kick (the ball) as held for a place ...
See place. * * *
/pleuh see"boh/ for 1; /plah chay"boh/ for 2, n., pl. placebos, placeboes. 1. Med., Pharm. a. a substance having no pharmacological effect but given merely to satisfy a patient ...
placebo effect
/pleuh see"boh/ a reaction to a placebo manifested by a lessening of symptoms or the production of anticipated side effects. [1945-50] * * *
placebo effect n. The beneficial effect in a patient following a particular treatment that arises from the patient's expectations concerning the treatment rather than from the ...
/plays"hohl'deuhr/, n. 1. Math, Logic. a symbol in an expression that may be replaced by the name of any element of the set. 2. a person who holds a government office, esp. one ...
placekick [plās′kik΄] Football, Rugby, etc.Football Rugby n. a kick made while the ball is in place, often held in place, on the ground, as in kicking off or in attempting a ...
placekick [plās′kik΄] Football, Rugby, etc.Football Rugby n. a kick made while the ball is in place, often held in place, on the ground, as in kicking off or in attempting a ...
See placekick. * * *
—placemanship, n. /plays"meuhn/, n., pl. placemen. Brit. a person appointed to a position, esp. one in the government, as a reward for political support of an elected ...
place mat n. A protective table mat for a single setting of dishes and flatware. * * *
/plays"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of placing. 2. the state of being placed. 3. the act of an employment office or employer in filling a position. 4. location; arrangement: the ...
placement test
Educ. a test to determine a student's level of ability in one or more subjects in order to place the student with others of the same approximate ability. [1925-30] * * *
➡ further education * * *
/plays"naym'/, n. the name given to or held by a geographical location, as a town, city, village, etc. Also, place-name, place name. [1865-70; PLACE + NAME] * * *
—placental, placentary /plas"euhn ter'ee, pleuh sen"teuh ree/, adj. /pleuh sen"teuh/, n., pl. placentas, placentae /-tee/. 1. Anat., Zool. the organ in most mammals, formed in ...
placenta accreta
▪ pathology       abnormal adherence of the placenta to the wall of the uterus, so that it remains in the uterus after the baby has been delivered. Although uncommon, ...
placenta praevia
▪ pathology       implantation of the placenta at a point so low in the uterus that the placenta is close to the opening into the cervix or covers the opening, either ...
placentae abruptio
▪ pathology       premature separation of the placenta from its normal implantation site in the uterus. The placenta is the temporary organ that develops during ...
See placenta. * * *
placental infarction
▪ pathology       formation of yellowish white or bloodstained deposits of fibrin (a fibrous protein) on the surface or in the substance of the placenta, the temporary ...
placental mammal
▪ animal       any member of the mammalian group (cohort Placentalia) characterized by the presence of a placenta, which facilitates exchange of nutrients and wastes ...
/pleuh sen"tayt/, adj. having a placenta. [1885-90; PLACENT(A) + -ATE1] * * *
/plas'euhn tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. Anat., Zool. a. the formation of a placenta. b. the manner of placement or construction of a placenta. 2. Bot. the disposition or arrangement of a ...
/pleuh sen"sheuh, -shee euh/, n. 1. a town in S California. 35,041. 2. ancient name of Piacenza. * * * ▪ Newfoundland, Canada       town, southeastern Newfoundland, ...
Placentia Bay An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean in southeast Newfoundland, Canada. On August 14, 1941, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill signed the Atlantic Charter, ...
placer1 /plas"euhr/, n. Mining. 1. a surficial mineral deposit formed by the concentration of small particles of heavy minerals, as gold, rutile, or platinum, in gravel or small ...
placer deposit
Natural concentration of heavy minerals caused by the effect of gravity on moving particles. When heavy, stable minerals are freed from their matrix by weathering processes, ...
placer mining
☆ placer mining [plas′ər ] n. mining of placer deposits by washing, dredging, or other hydraulic methods * * * Oldest method of recovering gold from alluvial deposits. It ...
See placer mining. * * *
placer mining n. The obtaining of minerals from placers by washing or dredging.   placer miner n. * * *
/plas"euhr vil'/, n. a town in central California; 19th-century gold-mining center. 6739. * * *
place setting n. A table service for one person. * * *
/play"sit/, n. an expression or vote of assent or sanction, indicated by the use of the Latin word placet (it pleases). [1580-90] * * *
▪ Cuba       city, central Cuba. Placetas is a commercial and manufacturing centre for the rich agricultural and pastoral hinterland. Tobacco, sugarcane, fruits, and ...
—placidity /pleuh sid"i tee/, placidness, n. —placidly, adv. /plas"id/, adj. pleasantly calm or peaceful; unruffled; tranquil; serenely quiet or undisturbed: placid ...
Plac·id (plăsʹĭd), Lake A lake of northeast New York in the Adirondack Mountains. It is a noted winter sports center. * * *
Placide, Alexander
▪ French entertainer born 1750, France died July 26, 1812, New York City       French-born U.S. dancer, mime, acrobat, and impresario who produced in the U.S. such ...
Placidia, Aelia Galla
▪ Roman empress born c. 390 died Nov. 27, 450       Roman empress, the daughter of the emperor Theodosius I (ruled 379–395), sister of the Western emperor Flavius ...
See placid. * * *
See placidity. * * *
See placidity. * * *
Plácido's disk
/plah"si dohz'/, Ophthalm. a device marked with concentric black rings, used to detect corneal irregularities. [after A. Plácido da Costa (1848-1916), Portuguese ...
/plas"i dil, plah"si-/, Pharm. Trademark. a brand of ethchlorvynol. * * *
/plak/, n. a very small copper coin used in Scotland in the 15th and 16th centuries as a four-penny piece. [1425-75; late ME placke < MD: name of a coin] * * *
/plak"euhrt/, n. Armor. placate2. * * *
/plak"it/, n. 1. the opening or slit at the top of a skirt, or in a dress or blouse, that facilitates putting it on and taking it off. 2. a pocket, esp. one in a woman's ...
/plak"ohd/, n. Embryol. a local thickening of the endoderm in the embryo, that usually constitutes the primordium of a specific structure or organ. [1905-10; < Gk plak- (s. of ...
/plak"euh derrm'/, n. any of various extinct jawed fishes of the class Placodermi, dominant in seas and rivers during the Devonian Period and characterized by bony armored plates ...
/plak"oyd/, adj. platelike, as the scales or dermal investments of sharks. [1835-45; < Gk plak- (s. of pláx) something flat, tablet + -OID] * * *
/pleuh fon"/; Fr. /plann fawonn"/, n., pl. plafonds /-fonz"/; Fr. /-fawonn"/. Archit. a ceiling, whether flat or arched, esp. one of decorative character. [1655-65; < F; MF ...
/play"geuhl/, adj. Music. (of a Gregorian mode) having the final in the middle of the compass. Cf. authentic (def. 5a). [1590-1600; < ML plagalis, equiv. to plag(a) plagal mode ...
plagal cadence
Music. a cadence in which the chord of the tonic is preceded by that of the subdominant. [1870-75] * * *
plagal cadence n. A cadence with the subdominant chord immediately preceding the tonic chord. Also called amen cadence. * * *
/plahzh/, n. 1. a sandy bathing beach at a seashore resort. 2. Astron. a luminous area in the sun's chromosphere that appears in the vicinity of a sunspot. [1885-90; < F < It ...
plagi- [plā′jə] combining form PLAGIO- * * *
—plagiarist, n. —plagiaristic, adj. /play"jeuh riz'euhm, -jee euh riz'-/, n. 1. the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the ...
See plagiarism. * * *
See plagiarist. * * *
—plagiarizer, n. /play"jeuh ruyz', -jee euh ruyz'/, v., plagiarized, plagiarizing. v.t. 1. to take and use by plagiarism. 2. to take and use ideas, passages, etc., from ...
See plagiarize. * * *
/play"jeuh ree, -jee euh ree/, n., pl. plagiaries. 1. plagiarism. 2. a plagiarist. [1590-1600; < L plagiarius kidnapper, equiv. to plagi(um) kidnapping (akin to plaga snare) + ...
a combining form meaning "oblique," used in the formation of compound words: plagioclase. [comb. form repr. Gk plágios slanting, sideways, equiv. to plág(os) side + -ios adj. ...
—plagiocephalic /play'jee oh seuh fal"ik/, plagiocephalous, adj. /play'jee euh sef"euh lee/, n. Med. a deformity of the skull in which one side is more developed in the front, ...
—plagioclastic /play'jee euh klas"tik/, adj. /play"jee euh klays'/, n. any of the feldspar minerals varying in composition from acidic albite, NaAlSi3O8, to basic anorthite, ...
plagioclase series
▪ Table The plagioclase series mineral     percent albite     percent ...
▪ plant family       a small family of ferns (fern) in the division Pteridophyta (the lower vascular plants (plant)). The single genus, Plagiogyria (15 species), is ...
/play'jee euh hee"dreuhl/, adj. (of a crystal) having faces arranged obliquely in a helix. Also, plagihedral /play'jeuh hee"dreuhl/. [PLAGIO- + -HEDRAL] * * *
—plagiotropically, adv. /play'jee euh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. Bot. growing more or less divergent from the vertical. [1880-85; PLAGIO- + -TROPIC] * * *
/play'jee o"treuh piz'euhm/, n. Bot. plagiotropic tendency or growth. [1885-90; PLAGIOTROP(IC) + -ISM] * * *
—plaguer, n. /playg/, n., v., plagued, plaguing. n. 1. an epidemic disease that causes high mortality; pestilence. 2. an infectious, epidemic disease caused by a bacterium, ...
Plague, The
(French, La Peste), a novel (1947) by Albert Camus. * * *
See plague. * * *
—plaguesomeness, n. /playg"seuhm/, adj. vexatious or troublesome. [1820-30; PLAGUE + -SOME1] * * *
See plaguy. * * *
/play"gee/, Chiefly Northern U.S. adj. 1. such as to plague, torment, or annoy; vexatious: a plaguy pile of debts. adv. 2. vexatiously or excessively: The room is plaguy ...
/plays/, n., pl. plaice. 1. a European flatfish, Pleuronectes platessa, used for food. 2. any of various American flatfishes or flounders. [1250-1300; ME, var. of plais < OF < LL ...
/plad/, n. 1. any fabric woven of differently colored yarns in a crossbarred pattern. 2. a pattern of this kind. 3. a long, rectangular piece of cloth, usually with such a ...
Plaid Cymru
the Welsh nationalist political party, started in 1925 with the aim of making Wales an independent country, separate from the rest of the United Kingdom. It carries out campaigns ...
/plad"id/, adj. 1. made of plaid, or having a similar pattern. 2. wearing a plaid. [1795-1805; PLAID + -ED3] * * *
plain1 —plainly, adv. —plainness, n. /playn/, adj., plainer, plainest, adv., n. adj. 1. clear or distinct to the eye or ear: a plain trail to the river; to stand in plain ...
plain bearing
Mach. any of various bearings, not containing rolling elements, that present to the shaft or axle they support broad areas of corresponding form, usually segments of a cylinder. ...
plain clothes
—plain-clothes, adj. clothing other than one's uniform, esp. civilian clothes worn on duty by a police officer. Also, plainclothes. [1815-25] * * *
plain dealing
direct and honest conduct in one's relations and transactions with others. [1560-70] * * *
plain English
➡ Plain English Campaign * * *
Plain English Campaign
an organization started in 1979 which encourages the use of clear language in public information so that it can be easily understood. Their symbol, the Crystal Mark, can be used ...
plain Jane
Informal. a drab, unattractive, and generally uninteresting girl or woman. [1910-15] * * *
plain knit
the simplest knitted construction, consisting of vertical ribs visible on the front of the fabric and horizontal rows of stitches visible on the back, used in the production of ...
plain lap.
See lap joint. * * *
Plain People
members of the Amish, the Mennonites, or the Dunkers: so named because they stress simple living. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
plain rail
(in a double-hung window) a meeting rail equal in thickness to its sash. Cf. check rail. * * *
plain sail
Naut. 1. any of the ordinary working sails of a vessel. 2. all these sails, taken collectively. [1820-30] * * *
plain sailing
1. Navig. sailing on waters that are free of hazards or obstructions. Cf. plane sailing. 2. an easy and unobstructed way, course, or plan: As an heir to a large fortune, he ...
plain stitch
▪ textiles also called  Jersey Stitch, Flat Stitch, or Stockinette Stitch,         basic knitting stitch in which each loop is drawn through other loops to the right ...
plain suit
Cards. a suit other than the trump suit. Also called side suit. * * *
plain table
Survey. See plane table. * * *
plain tripe
the fatty, inner lining of the first stomach (the rumen) of a steer, calf, hog, or sheep, having a bland taste and used as a food, esp. in the preparation of such dishes as ...
plain weave
the most common and tightest of basic weave structures in which the filling threads pass over and under successive warp threads and repeat the same pattern with alternate threads ...
Plain, the
French la Plaine In the French Revolution, the centrist deputies in the National Convention. They formed the majority of the assembly's members and were essential to the ...
/playn"jayn"/, adj. Informal. simple and modest; unadorned; basic: a plain-Jane car dressed up with leather upholstery. Also, plain-jane. [1935-40] * * *
/playn"layd"/, adj. Ropemaking. noting a rope laid right-handed with three left-handed strands, without a heart; hawser-laid. [1885-90] * * *
/playn"saw'/, v.t., plain-sawed, plain-sawed or plain-sawn, plain-sawing. to reduce (a squared log) to boards with evenly spaced parallel cuts; bastard-saw. [1950-55] * * *
/playn"spoh"keuhn/, adj. 1. candid; frank; blunt. 2. using simple, direct language: a plain-spoken politician. [1670-80] Syn. direct, open, forthright. * * *
/playn"veuh nil"euh/, adj. Informal. having no embellishments, extra equipment, elaborate packaging, etc.; plain; simple; down-to-earth: I want a plain-vanilla car without a lot ...
plain-wo·ven (plānʹwōʹvən) adj. Made in plain weave. * * *
/playn"rap"/, adj. packaged in a plain wrapper, esp. one displaying no brand name; no-frills: the growing popularity of plain-wrap products. * * *
/playn"chant', -chahnt'/, n. plainsong (defs. 1, 2). [1720-30; PLAIN1 + CHANT, modeled on F plain-chant] * * *
plain·clothes or plain-clothes (plānʹklōzʹ, -klōthzʹ-) adj. Wearing civilian clothes while on duty to avoid being identified as police or security: a plainclothes ...
plainclothes man
plainclothes man [plān′klōthz΄mən, plān′klōz΄mən] n. pl. plainclothesmen [plān′klōthz΄mən, plān′klōz΄mənplān′klōthz΄, plān′klōz΄] n. a detective ...
/playn"klohz"meuhn, -man', -klohdhz"-/, n., pl. plainclothesmen /-meuhn, -men'/. a police officer, esp. a detective, who wears ordinary civilian clothes while on duty. Also, ...
/playn"feeld'/, n. 1. a city in N New Jersey. 45,555. 2. a town in NE Connecticut. 12,774. * * * ▪ New Jersey, United States       city, Union county, northern New ...
See plain. * * *
See plainly. * * *
Plain People (plān) pl.n. Members of the Mennonites, Amish, or Dunkers, noted for their plain dress and simple style of life. * * *
▪ Georgia, United States       city, Sumter county, southwest-central Georgia, U.S., 10 miles (16 km) west-southwest of Americus. A post office was established there ...
plains grasshopper
a large, destructive short-horned grasshopper, Brachystola magna, of the western U.S., marked by pinkish hind wings. Also called lubber grasshopper. * * *
Plains Indian
a member of any of the American Indian tribes, as those of the Algonquian, Athabascan, Caddoan, Kiowa, Siouan, or Uto-Aztecan linguistic families, that formerly inhabited the ...
Plains Indians
n the traditional name for the Native-American peoples who once lived on the Great Plains in the western central US. They often fought each other and the white people who settled ...
Plains of Abraham
a high plain adjoining the city of Quebec, Canada: battlefield where the English under Wolfe defeated the French under Montcalm in 1759. * * *
Plains States
the 10 states in the Great Plains region of the western central US. They are, from north to south, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, Iowa, Nebraska, Colorado, Kansas, ...
plains wanderer
▪ bird also called  Collared Hemipode        (species Pedionomus torquatus), Australian bird resembling a tiny quail. It has a mottled reddish brown body and a collar ...
Plains Indian (plānz) n. A member of any of the Native American peoples inhabiting the Great Plains of the United States and Canada. The Plains Indians spoke a variety of ...
/playnz"meuhn/, n., pl. plainsmen. an inhabitant of the plains. [1795-1805; PLAIN1 + -S3 + -MAN] * * *
/playn"sawng', -song'/, n. 1. the unisonous vocal music used in the Christian church from the earliest times. 2. modal liturgical music; Gregorian chant. 3. a cantus firmus or ...
plain·spo·ken (plānʹspōʹkən) adj. Frank; straightforward; blunt.   plainʹspoʹken·ness n. * * *
See plainspoken. * * *
/playn"stohnz'/, n.pl. Scot. 1. flagstones. 2. (used with a sing. v.) a flagstone walk or passageway. Also, plainstanes /playn"staynz'/. [1765-75; PLAIN1 + STONE + -S3] * * *
/playnt/, n. 1. a complaint. 2. Law. a statement of grievance made to a court for the purpose of asking redress. 3. a lament; lamentation. [1175-1225; ME < MF < L planctus a ...
/playn"tekst'/, n. the intelligible original message of a cryptogram, as opposed to the coded or enciphered version. Also called clear text. Cf. cryptography. [1915-20; PLAIN1 + ...
—plaintiffship, n. /playn"tif/, n. Law. a person who brings suit in a court (opposed to defendant). [1350-1400; ME plaintif complaining person, n. use of the adj.: PLAINTIVE] * ...
—plaintively, adv. —plaintiveness, n. /playn"tiv/, adj. expressing sorrow or melancholy; mournful: a plaintive melody. [1350-1400; PLAINT + -IVE; r. ME plaintif < MF] Syn. ...
See plaintive. * * *
See plaintively. * * *
plain vanilla adj. Informal Lacking adornments or special features; basic or ordinary: plain vanilla stock options; a plain vanilla wardrobe. * * *
/playn"vyooh'/, n. 1. a town on W Long Island, in SE New York. 28,037. 2. a city in N Texas. 22,187. * * * ▪ Texas, United States       city, seat (1888) of Hale ...
/playn"vil/, n. a town in N Connecticut. 16,401. * * *
plain weave Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. A weave in which the filling threads and the warp threads interlace alternately, forming a checkerboard pattern. Also called taffeta ...
/play"steuhr/, n., v.t. Archaic. plaster. * * *
/playt, plat/, n. 1. a braid, esp. of hair or straw. 2. a pleat or fold, as of cloth. v.t. 3. to braid, as hair or straw. 4. to make, as a mat, by braiding. 5. to ...
See plait. * * *
/play"ting, plat"ing/, n. 1. anything that is braided or pleated. 2. plaits collectively. [1375-1425; late ME pleyting. See PLAIT, -ING1] * * *
See plāk-. * * *
I. plāk-1 Also plak-. To be flat. Earliest form *pleə₂k-, colored to *plaə₂k-, contracted to *plāk-. Extension of pelə-2. Derivatives include fluke1, flaw1, plead, ...
—planless, adj. —planlessly, adv. —planlessness, n. /plan/, n., v., planned, planning. n. 1. a scheme or method of acting, doing, proceeding, making, etc., developed in ...
plan position indicator
a radarscope on which an object reflecting radar waves shows its bearing and distance from the radar detector by causing a spot of light to appear on a screen that represents a ...
plan view
plan (def. 4). [1840-50] * * *
var. of plano-1 before a vowel: planate. * * *
—planarity /pleuh nair"i tee/, n. /play"neuhr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a geometric plane. 2. flat or level. [1840-50; < LL planaris flat, of a level surface, equiv. to L ...
/pleuh nair"ee euhn/, n. Zool. any of various free-swimming, mostly freshwater flatworms of the class Turbellaria, having an undulating or sluglike motion: popular in laboratory ...
See planar. * * *
/play"nayt/, adj. having a plane or flat surface. [ < LL planatus, ptp. of planare to make smooth. See PLANE2, -ATE1] * * *
/play nay"sheuhn, pleuh-/, n. Geol. the process whereby an irregular land surface is made flat or level by erosion. [1875-80; PLANE1 + -ATION] * * *
planation surface
▪ geology Introduction       any low-relief plain cutting across varied rocks and structures. Among the most common landscapes on Earth, planation surfaces include ...
/plan"seuhr/, n. the soffit of a cornice, esp. one of wood. Also, planceer /plan sear"/, plancher /plan"cheuhr/, plancier /plan sear"/, plansheer. [1655-65; < obs. F, equiv. to ...
/planch, plahnch/, n. 1. a flat piece of metal, stone, or baked clay, used as a tray in an enameling oven. 2. Brit. Dial. a. a floor. b. a plank. Also, planche. [1300-50; ME ...
/plan"chit/, n. a flat piece of metal for stamping as a coin; a coin blank. [1605-15; PLANCH + -ET] * * *
/plan shet", -chet"/, n. a small, heart-shaped board supported by two casters and a pencil or stylus that, when moved across a surface by the light, unguided pressure of the ...
/plahngk/, n. Max Karl Ernst /mahks kahrddl erddnst/, 1858-1947, German physicist: Nobel prize 1918. * * * ▪ European Space Agency satellite       a European Space ...
Planck's constant
Physics. the fundamental constant of quantum mechanics, expressing the ratio of the energy of one quantum of radiation to the frequency of the radiation and approximately equal ...
Planck's radiation law
Physics. 1. the law that energy associated with electromagnetic radiation, as light, is composed of discrete quanta of energy, each quantum equal to Planck's constant times the ...
Planck's constant (plängks) n. Symbol h The constant of proportionality relating the energy of a photon to the frequency of that photon. Its value is approximately 6.626 × ...
Planck, Max
▪ German physicist Introduction in full  Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck   born April 23, 1858, Kiel, Schleswig [Germany] died Oct. 4, 1947, Göttingen, W.Ger.  theoretical ...
Planck, Max (Karl Ernst Ludwig)
born April 23, 1858, Kiel, Schleswig died Oct. 4, 1947, Göttingen, W.Ger. German physicist. He studied at the Universities of Munich and Kiel, then became professor of ...
Planck,Max Karl Ernst Ludwig
Planck (plängk), Max Karl Ernst Ludwig. 1858-1947. German physicist. He won a 1918 Nobel Prize for discoveries in connection with quantum theory. * * *
plane1 —planeness, n. /playn/, n., adj., v., planed, planing. n. 1. a flat or level surface. 2. Geom. a surface generated by a straight line moving at a constant velocity with ...
plane angle
Math. an angle between two intersecting lines. [1820-30] * * *
plane geometry
Math. the geometry of figures whose parts all lie in one plane. [1740-50] * * *
plane iron
Carpentry. the blade of a plane. [1575-85] * * *
plane of incidence
Optics. a plane determined by a given ray, incident on a surface, and the normal at the point where the incident ray strikes the surface. [1825-35] * * *
plane polarization
—plane-polarized /playn"poh"leuh ruyzd'/, adj. Optics. polarization of light in which the vibrations are confined to a single plane, that of the wave front. Also called linear ...
plane sailing
Navig. sailing on a course plotted without reference to the curvature of the earth. Cf. plain sailing, spherical sailing. [1690-1700] * * *
plane table
Survey. a drawing board mounted on a tripod, used in the field, with an alidade, for surveying tracts of land. Also, plain table. [1600-10] * * *
plane tree
any tree of the genus Platanus, esp. P. occidentalis, the buttonwood or sycamore of North America, having palmately lobed leaves and bark that sheds. [1400-50; late ME] * * ...
plane trigonometry
Math. the branch of trigonometry dealing with plane triangles. [1800-10] * * *
/playn"tay'beuhl/, v.t., v.i., plane-tabled, plane-tabling. to survey with a plane table. [1870-75] * * *
plane-tree [plān′trē΄] adj. designating a family (Platanaceae, order Hamamelidales), of deciduous, dicotyledonous trees, consisting of the plane trees * * *
plane angle n. An angle formed by two straight lines in the same plane. * * *

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