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Porter,Rodney Robert
Porter, Rodney Robert. 1917-1985. British biochemist. He shared a 1972 Nobel Prize for research on the chemical structure and nature of antibodies. * * *
Porter,William Sydney
Porter, William Sydney. Pen name O. Henry 1862-1910. American writer whose short stories are collected in a number of volumes, including Cabbages and Kings (1904) and The Four ...
porterage
/pawr"teuhr ij, pohr"-/, n. 1. the work of a porter or carrier. 2. the charge for such work. [1400-50; late ME; see PORTER1, -AGE] * * *
porteress
/pawr"teuhr is, pohr"-/, n. portress. Usage. See -ess. * * *
porterhouse
/pawr"teuhr hows', pohr"-/, n., pl. porterhouses /-how'ziz/. 1. Also called porterhouse steak. a choice cut of beef from between the prime ribs and the sirloin. 2. Archaic. a ...
Porterville
/pawr"teuhr vil', pohr"-/, n. a town in central California. 19,707. * * *
Portes Gil, Emilio
▪ president of Mexico born Oct. 3, 1891, Ciudad Victoria, Mex. died Dec. 10, 1978, Mexico City  Mexican political leader and diplomat who was provisional president of Mexico ...
portfolio
/pawrt foh"lee oh', pohrt-/, n., pl. portfolios. 1. a flat, portable case for carrying loose papers, drawings, etc. 2. such a case for carrying documents of a government ...
PortHarcourt
Port Har·court (härʹkərt) A city of southern Nigeria in the Niger River delta southeast of Ibadan. Population: 288,900. * * *
Porthcawl
▪ Wales, United Kingdom       coastal resort, Bridgend county borough, historic county of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), Wales. Situated on a low limestone headland ...
porthole
/pawrt"hohl', pohrt"-/, n. 1. a round, windowlike opening with a hinged, watertight glass cover in the side of a vessel for admitting air and light. Cf. port4 (def. 1). 2. an ...
porthole die
Metalworking. a die having several openings for the extrusion of separate parts of an object later formed by the welding or fusing together of these parts. * * *
PortHuron
Port Huron A city of southeast Michigan on Lake Huron at the mouth of the St. Clair River north-northeast of Detroit. First settled as a French fort in 1686, it grew as a ...
Portia
/pawr"sheuh, -shee euh, pohr"-/, n. 1. the heroine of Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, who, in one scene, disguises herself as a lawyer. 2. a woman lawyer. 3. a female given ...
Portici
Por·ti·ci (pôrʹtē-chē') A city of south-central Italy, a residential and resort suburb of Naples on the Bay of Naples. Population: 79,259. * * * ▪ ...
portico
/pawr"ti koh', pohr"-/, n., pl. porticoes, porticos. a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns or piers, usually attached to a building as a porch. [1595-1605; < It < ...
porticoed
/pawr"ti kohd', pohr"-/, adj. provided with a portico or porticoes. [1655-65; PORTICO + -ED3] * * *
portiere
—portiered, adj. /pawr tyair", -tear", pohr-, pawr'tee air", pohr'-/, n. a curtain hung in a doorway, either to replace the door or for decoration. Also, portière. [1835-45; < ...
Portinari
/pawrdd tee nah"rddee/, n. Cândido /kahonn"dee doo/, 1903-62, Brazilian painter. * * *
porting
/pawr"ting, pohr"-/, n. Auto., Mach. the changing of the size, shape, or location of the intake and exhaust ports in an internal-combustion engine, generally to improve ...
portion
—portionable, adj. —portionless, adj. /pawr"sheuhn, pohr"-/, n. 1. a part of any whole, either separated from or integrated with it: I read a portion of the manuscript. 2. an ...
Portion of the periodic table of elements related to semiconductors
▪ Table Portion of the periodic table of elements related to ...
portion-controlled
/pawr"sheuhn keuhn trohld', pohr"-/, adj. being a standardized portion of food: The restaurant uses frozen, portion-controlled entrées. * * *
portionable
See portion. * * *
portioner
/pawr"sheuh neuhr, pohr"-/, n. a person who receives or holds a portion, or who divides something into portions. [1545-55; PORTION + -ER1] * * *
portionless
See portionable. * * *
Portishead
a British pop group formed in 1993. Their songs are particularly slow and sad, dealing with pain and loss, as on their first album, Dummy (1994). * * *
Portland
/pawrt"leuhnd, pohrt"-/, n. 1. a seaport in NW Oregon, at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers. 366,383. 2. a seaport in SW Maine, on Casco Bay. 61,572. 3. a town ...
Portland cement
a type of hydraulic cement usually made by burning a mixture of limestone and clay in a kiln. Also, portland cement. [1815-25; named after the Isle of Portland, Dorsetshire, ...
Portland Inlet
▪ inlet, Canada       arm of the Pacific Ocean, indenting western British Columbia, Canada; it is an extension of Dixon Entrance and Chatham Sound, north of Prince ...
Portland State University
▪ university, Portland, Oregon, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Portland, Oregon, U.S. It is part of the Oregon University ...
Portland stone
➡ Portland cement * * *
Portland Vase
Roman vase (1st century AD) of dark-blue glass decorated with white figures, the finest surviving Roman example of cameo glass. It came into the possession of the duke of ...
Portland, Isle of
▪ peninsula, England, United Kingdom       craggy peninsula of the English Channel coast, in the county of Dorset, England. Its greatest length is 4 miles (6 km) and ...
Portland, William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of, Marquess Of Titchfield, Earl Of Portland, Viscount Woodstock, Baron Of Cirencester
▪ prime minister of Great Britain born April 14, 1738, Bulstrode, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died Oct. 30, 1809, Bulstrode  British prime minister from April 2 to Dec. 19, 1783, ...
Portlandcement
Portland cement or portland cement n. A hydraulic cement made by heating a limestone and clay mixture in a kiln and pulverizing the resulting material.   [After Portland, an ...
Portlander
See Portland. * * *
Portlaoise
▪ Laoighis, Ireland also called  Port Laoise (“Fort of the Descendants of Laois”)  or  Port Laoighise , formerly  Maryborough        county town (seat) of ...
portliness
See portly. * * *
PortLouis
Port Lou·is (lo͞oʹĭs, lo͞oʹē, lo͞o-ēʹ) The capital and largest city of Mauritius, in the northwest part of the island on the Indian Ocean. It was founded c. 1735. ...
portly
—portliness, n. /pawrt"lee, pohrt"-/, adj., portlier, portliest. 1. rather heavy or fat; stout; corpulent. 2. Archaic. stately, dignified, or imposing. [1520-30; PORT5 (n.) + ...
portmanteau
/pawrt man"toh, pohrt-; pawrt'man toh", pohrt'-/, n., pl. portmanteaus, portmanteaux /-tohz, -toh, -tohz", -toh"/. Chiefly Brit. a case or bag to carry clothing in while ...
portmanteau word
blend (def. 9). [1880-85] * * * ▪ linguistics       a word composed of parts of two or more words, such as chortle from chuckle and snort and motel from motor and ...
portmanteaumorph
portmanteau morph n. A word or part of a word that is analyzable as consisting of more than one morpheme without a clear boundary between them, as French du “of the” from de ...
portmanteauword
portmanteau word n. A word formed by merging the sounds and meanings of two different words, as chortle, from chuckle and snort. * * *
PortMoresby
Port Mores·by (môrzʹbē, mōrzʹ-) The capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea, on southeast New Guinea and the Gulf of Papua. It was named for the British explorer ...
Portneuf River
▪ river, Idaho, United States       watercourse, southeastern Idaho, U.S., rising in the Fort Hall Indian Reservation, southeast of Blackfoot. The Portneuf flows south ...
Pôrto
/pawrdd"too/, n. Portuguese name of Oporto. * * * Portuguese Oporto Seaport city (pop., 2001 prelim.: 262,928), northwestern Portugal. On the right (north) bank of the Douro ...
Pôrto Alegre
/pawrdd"too ah le"grddeuh/ a seaport in S Brazil. 1,158,709. * * * Port and city (pop., 2002: city, 1,342,900; metro. area, 3,765,500), southern Brazil. Located along the ...
Pôrto Amélia
Port. /pawrdd"too euh me"lyeuh/ former name of Pemba (def. 2). * * *
Porto Novo
/pawr"toh noh"voh, pohr"-/ a seaport in and the capital of Benin. 120,000. * * *
Porto Rico
—Porto Rican. /pawr"teuh ree"koh, pohr"-/ former official name (until 1932) of Puerto Rico. * * *
Porto Torres
▪ Italy Latin  Turris Libisonis,         town, northwestern Sardinia, Italy. It lies along the Gulf of Asinara (an inlet of the Mediterranean) at the mouth of the ...
Pôrto Velho
/pawrdd"too ve"lyoo/ a city in and the capital of Rondônia, in W Brazil, on the Madeira River. 83,178. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, capital of Rondônia estado (state), ...
porto-
porto- [pôr′tə] combining form var. of PORTA- [portophone]: also sp. port-o- * * *
Porto-Novo
Por·to-No·vo (pôrʹtō-nōʹvō, pōrʹ-) The capital of Benin, in the southeast part of the country on an inlet of the Gulf of Guinea. Probably founded in the 16th century, ...
Porto-Riche, Georges de
▪ French writer born May 20, 1849, Bordeaux, Fr. died Sept. 5, 1930, Paris  French playwright who began as a writer of historical dramas but made his most original ...
PôrtoAlegre
Pôrto A·le·gre (ə-lĕʹgrə) A city of southeast Brazil at the northern end of a large lagoon near the Atlantic Ocean. It was founded c. 1742 by emigrants from the Azores. ...
Portobello
/pawr'toh bel"oh, pohr'-/, n. a small seaport on the Caribbean coast of Panama, NE of Colón: harbor discovered and named by Columbus 1502; a principal city of Spanish colonial ...
Portobello Film Festival
a film festival which started in 1996 and takes place every year in Portobello in London. It give free showings of films, especially ones by new film makers, in places such as ...
portobello mushroom
portobello mushroom n. pl. portobellos [pôr΄tə bel′ō] n. a dark mushroom, strong in flavor, having a broad, flat cap that is often grilled and eaten: also portobello n. ...
Portobello Road
a street in the Notting Hill district of west London. It is well known for its market, which sells food, clothes and second-hand goods. On Saturdays the second-hand area of the ...
Portobelo
▪ Panama also spelled  Puerto Bello        village situated along the Caribbean coast of east-central Panama. The name Portobelo, meaning “beautiful harbour,” ...
portof call
port of call n. pl. ports of call A port where ships dock in the course of voyages to load or unload cargo, obtain supplies, or undergo repairs. * * *
portof entry
port of entry n. pl. ports of entry A place where travelers or goods may enter or leave a country under official supervision. * * *
Portof Spain
Port of Spain or Port-of-Spain (pôrtʹəv-spānʹ, pōrtʹ-) The capital of Trinidad and Tobago, on the northwest coast of Trinidad on an arm of the Atlantic Ocean. It is a ...
Portofino
/pawr'teuh fee"noh, pohr'-/; It. /pawr'taw fee"naw/, n. a village in NW Italy, SE of Genoa: tourist resort. 923. * * * ▪ Italy       village, Liguria regione, ...
Portogruaro
▪ Italy       town, Veneto regione, northeastern Italy, on the Lemene River. The town has old houses (dating from the 14th century), ancient gates and arcades, and a ...
Portolá, Gaspar de
▪ Spanish military officer born c. 1723, , Balaguer, Spain died c. 1784, , Mexico or Spain       Spanish military officer, first governor of Upper California, and ...
portolan chart
also called  Harbour-finding Chart, Compass Chart, or Rhumb Chart,         navigational chart of the European Middle Ages (1300–1500). The earliest dated navigational ...
portolano
/pawr'tl ah"noh, pohr'-/, n., pl. portolanos, portolani /-nee/. a descriptive atlas of the Middle Ages, giving sailing directions and providing charts showing rhumb lines and the ...
Porton Down
the usual name for the Centre for Applied Microbiology and Research at Porton, near Salisbury in southern England. It is a British government centre for studying chemical and ...
PortOrange
Port Orange A city of northeast Florida on the Atlantic coast south-southeast of Daytona Beach. It is in a citrus-growing area. Population: 35,317. * * *
PortOrford cedar
Port Or·ford cedar (ôrʹfərd) n. A tall evergreen coniferous tree (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) native to southwest Oregon and northwest California, having drooping flattened ...
PôrtoVelho
Pôrto Vel·ho (vĕlʹyo͝o) A city of northwest Brazil on the Madeira River near the Bolivian border. Its economy is based on rubber and Brazil nuts. Population: 286,471. * * *
Portoviejo
Por·to·vie·jo (pôr'tō-vyāʹhō, -vyĕʹ-) A city of western Ecuador north-northwest of Guayaquil. Founded c. 1535 near the Atlantic coast, it was moved to its present ...
PortPhillip Bay
Port Phil·lip Bay (fĭlʹəp) A large deep-water inlet of Bass Strait on the southeast coast of Australia. It was first explored in 1835. * * *
portrait
—portraitlike, adj. /pawr"trit, -trayt, pohr"-/, n. 1. a likeness of a person, esp. of the face, as a painting, drawing, or photograph: a gallery of family portraits. 2. a ...
portrait flask
a glass flask of the 19th century having a portrait molded onto the side. * * *
portrait lens
Photog. a lens of moderately long focal length that is used, esp. in portrait photography, to produce soft-focus images. [1860-65] * * *
Portrait of a Lady, The
a novel (1881) by Henry James. * * *
Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
a novel (1916) by James Joyce. * * *
portraitist
/pawr"tri tist, -tray-, pohr"-/, n. a person who makes portraits. [1865-70; PORTRAIT + -IST] * * *
portraiture
/pawr"tri cheuhr, pohr"-/, n. 1. the art or an instance of making portraits. 2. a pictorial representation; portrait. 3. a verbal picture. [1325-75; ME < MF; see PORTRAIT, ...
portray
—portrayable, adj. —portrayer, n. /pawr tray", pohr-/, v.t. 1. to make a likeness of by drawing, painting, carving, or the like. 2. to depict in words; describe ...
portrayable
See portray. * * *
portrayal
/pawr tray"euhl, pohr-/, n. 1. the act of portraying. 2. a portrait. [1840-50; PORTRAY + -AL2] * * *
portrayer
See portrayable. * * *
portress
/pawr"tris, pohr"-/, n. a woman who has charge of a door or gate; a female doorkeeper. Also, porteress. [1375-1425; late ME; see PORTER2, -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
PortRoyal
Port Royal See Annapolis Royal. * * *
portrunner
See port running. * * *
portrunning
port running n. The practice of openly evading a customs inspection at a port of entry by refusing to stop one's vehicle when requested.   port runner n. * * *
Portrush
▪ Coleraine, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Irish  Port Rois        town, Coleraine district, northern Northern Ireland, lying at the northwestern end of the ...
PortSaid
Port Sa·id (sä-ēdʹ) A city of northeast Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea at the northern entrance to the Suez Canal. It was founded in 1859 by the builders of the canal and ...
PortSalut
Port Sa·lut (pôr' să-lo͞oʹ, -lüʹ) also Port du Sa·lut (pôrt' də să-lo͞oʹ, pōrt', pôr dü să-lüʹ) n. A semihard fermented cheese, made originally by Trappist ...
portside
port·side (pôrtʹsīd', pōrt'-) adv. & adj. 1. On the waterfront of a port: taking a stroll portside; a portside restaurant. 2. Nautical. On the port side of a ship or ...
Portsmouth
/pawrts"meuhth, pohrts"-/, n. 1. a seaport in S Hampshire, in S England, on the English Channel: chief British naval station. 200,900. 2. a seaport in SE Virginia: navy yard. ...
Portsmouth, Louise-Renée de Kéroualle, Duchess of, Countess Of Fareham, Baroness Petersfield, Duchess D'aubigny
▪ French noble born September 1649, near Brest, Brittany, France died Nov. 14, 1734, Paris       French mistress of Charles II of Great Britain, the least popular with ...
Portsmouth, Treaty of
(1905) Peace settlement that ended the Russo-Japanese War. It was mediated by Pres. Theodore Roosevelt and signed at the U.S. naval base near Portsmouth, N.H. By its terms, ...
PortStanley
Port Stanley See Stanley. * * *
PortSudan
Port Sudan A city of northeast Sudan on the Red Sea northeast of Khartoum. It was established after 1905 as a railroad terminus. Population: 305,385. * * *
Portugal
/pawr"cheuh geuhl, pohr"-/; Port. /pawrdd'too gahl"/, n. a republic in SW Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula, W of Spain. (Including the Azores and the Madeira Islands) 9,867,654; ...
Portugal, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically divided green-red national flag with a coat of arms (arms, coat of) centred on the line between the two colours. The width-to-length ...
Portugalete
▪ Spain       town, Vizcaya provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of the Basque Country, northern Spain. The town, a northwestern ...
Portuguesa
▪ state, Venezuela       estado (state), northwestern Venezuela, bordered by the states of Lara (north), Cojedes (east), Barinas (south), and Trujillo (west). The ...
Portuguese
/pawr'cheuh geez", -gees", pohr'-; pawr"cheuh geez', -gees', pohr"-/, adj., n., pl. Portuguese. adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Portugal, its inhabitants, or ...
Portuguese East Africa
former name of Mozambique (def. 1). * * *
Portuguese Guinea
former name of Guinea-Bissau. * * *
Portuguese India
a former Portuguese overseas territory on the W coast of India, consisting of the districts of Gôa, Daman, and Diu: annexed by India December 1961. Cap.: Gôa. * * *
Portuguese language
Romance language spoken by about 170 million people in Portugal, Brazil, and other former Portuguese colonies. The first literary works in Portuguese date from the 13th–14th ...
Portuguese literature
Introduction       the body of writing in the Portuguese language produced by the peoples of Portugal, which includes the Madeira Islands and the ...
Portuguese man-of-war
any of several large, oceanic hydrozoans of the genus Physalia, having a large, bladderlike structure with a saillike crest by which they are buoyed up and from which dangle ...
Portuguese Timor
Portuguese Timor former (1914-75) Portuguese territory in the Malay Archipelago: now EAST TIMOR * * *
Portuguese water dog
one of a breed of medium-sized dogs originally developed to assist Portuguese fishermen and having a profuse black or brown coat with or without white markings and webbed feet. * ...
Portuguese West Africa
former name of Angola (def. 1). * * *
Portugueseman-of-war
Portuguese man-of-war n. A complex colonial siphonophore of the genus Physalia, of warm seas, having a bluish bladderlike float with a broad saillike crest from which hang ...
Portugueseoyster
Portuguese oyster n. See Pacific oyster. * * *
Portuguesewater dog
Portuguese water dog n. Any of a breed of strong, medium-sized dog developed in Portugal that is able to swim long distances and is characterized by webbed feet and a curved ...
portulaca
/pawr'cheuh lak"euh, pohr'-/, n. any of various fleshy-leaved plants of the genus Portulaca, esp. P. grandiflora, widely cultivated for its showy, variously colored ...
Portulacaceae
▪ plant family  the purslane family of flowering plants, in the order Caryophyllales, with about 15 genera and 500 species of herbs or small shrubs, native primarily to the ...
portulacaceous
/pawr'cheuh leuh kay"sheuhs, pohr'-/, adj. belonging to the Portulacaceae, the purslane family of plants. Cf. purslane family. [ < NL Portulacace(ae) family name (see PORTULACA, ...
Portus
▪ ancient Rome       harbour town of imperial Rome. The artificial harbour at Portus, constructed by the emperor Claudius I (AD 41–54) to replace Ostia (q.v.), was ...
Porus
▪ Indian prince flourished 4th century BC       Indian prince who ruled the region between the Hydaspes (Jhelum) and Acesines (Chenāb) rivers at the time of Alexander ...
Porvoo
▪ Finland Swedish  Borgå,    city, southern Finland, at the mouth of the Porvoo River on the Gulf of Finland (Finland, Gulf of), northeast of Helsinki. About one-third of ...
POS
POS abbrev. point-of-sale * * * POS abbr. point-of-sale. * * *
pos.
1. position. 2. positive. 3. possession. 4. possessive. * * *
posable
See pose1. * * *
posada
/poh sah"deuh/; Sp. /paw sah"dhah/, n., pl. posadas /-deuhz/; Sp. /-dhahs/. n. (in some Spanish-speaking countries) a government-operated or -approved inn offering moderately ...
Posada, José Guadalupe
▪ Mexican printmaker born Feb. 2, 1851, Aguascalientes, Mex. died Jan. 20, 1913, Mexico City       printmaker whose works, often expressionistic in content and style, ...
Posadas
/paw sah"dhahs/, n. a city in NE Argentina, on the Paraná River. 97,514. * * * ▪ Argentina  city, capital of Misiones provincia (province), northeastern Argentina. ...
pose
pose1 —posingly, adv. /pohz/, v., posed, posing, n. v.i. 1. to assume a particular attitude or stance, esp. with the hope of impressing others: He likes to pose as an authority ...
posé
/poh zay"/; Fr. /paw zay"/, n., pl. posés /-zayz"/; Fr. /-zay"/. Ballet. a movement in which the dancer steps, in any desired position, from one foot to the other with a ...
Poseidon
/poh suyd"n, peuh-/, n. 1. the ancient Greek god of the sea, with the power to cause earthquakes, identified by the Romans with Neptune. 2. Mil. a 34-foot (10-m), ...
Poseidon missile
▪ military technology       U.S. submarine-launched (submarine) ballistic missile introduced in 1971 to replace the Polaris missile. The two-stage Poseidon had about the ...
Poseidonius
▪ Greek philosopher also spelled Posidonius born c. 135 BC died c. 51 BC       Greek philosopher, considered the most learned man of his time and, possibly, of the ...
Posen
/poh"zeuhn/, n. German name of Poznan. * * *
poser
poser1 /poh"zeuhr/, n. a person who poses. [1885-90; POSE1 + -ER1] poser2 /poh"zeuhr/, n. a question or problem that is puzzling or confusing. [1580-90; POSE2 + -ER1] * * *
poseur
/poh zerr"/; Fr. /paw zuerdd"/, n., pl. poseurs /-zerrz"/; Fr. /-zuerdd"/. a person who attempts to impress others by assuming or affecting a manner, degree of elegance, ...
posh
posh1 /posh/, adj. sumptuously furnished or appointed; luxurious: a posh apartment. [1915-20; of obscure orig.; cf. posh a dandy (recorded as British slang in 1890); the popular ...
Posh and Becks
a famous British couple, Victoria (1975– ) and David Beckham (1975– ). ‘Posh’ refers to Victoria Beckham of the Spice Girls, and ‘Becks’ is a nickname for David ...
poshly
See posh. * * *
poshness
See poshly. * * *
posigrade
pos·i·grade (pŏzʹĭ-grād') adj. Of, relating to, or being an auxiliary rocket on a multistage spacecraft that is fired in the direction of the spacecraft's motion to ...
posigrade rocket
/poz"i grayd'/, Rocketry. an auxiliary rocket used to separate the sections of a multistage rocket, fired in the direction of flight. [1960-65; POSI(TIVE) + -GRADE (perh. modeled ...
posit
/poz"it/, v.t. 1. to place, put, or set. 2. to lay down or assume as a fact or principle; postulate. n. 3. something that is posited; an assumption; postulate. [1640-50; < L ...
position
—positional, adj. —positionless, adj. /peuh zish"euhn/, n. 1. condition with reference to place; location; situation. 2. a place occupied or to be occupied; site: a fortified ...
position effect
Genetics. the alteration in the expression of a gene or genetic region due to its relocation within the genome as a result of inversion or translocation. [1925-30] * * *
position isomer
Chem. any of two or more isomers that differ only in the position occupied by a substituent. * * *
position line
Navig. See line of position. [1860-65] * * *
position paper
a formal, usually detailed written statement, esp. regarding a single issue, that articulates a position, viewpoint, or policy, as of a government, organization, or political ...
position vector
▪ mechanics       straight line having one end fixed to a body and the other end attached to a moving point and used to describe the position of the point relative to ...
positional
See position. * * *
positional astronomy
astrometry. * * *
positional notation
a type of numeration in which the position of a digit affects its value. [1940-45] * * *
positionally
See positional. * * *
positionalnotation
positional notation n. A system of writing numbers in which the position of a digit affects its value. * * *
positioneffect
position effect n. Variation in the expression of a gene resulting from changes in its location within a chromosome. * * *
positioner
/peuh zish"euh neuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that positions. 2. Orthodontics. a removable device of resilient plastic material worn in the mouth usually during sleep to produce ...
positionpaper
position paper n. 1. A detailed policy report that usually explains, justifies, or recommends a particular course of action. 2. See aide-mémoire. * * *
positive
—positiveness, n. /poz"i tiv/, adj. 1. explicitly stated, stipulated, or expressed: a positive acceptance of the agreement. 2. admitting of no question: positive proof. 3. ...
positive caster
Auto. See under caster (def. 6). * * *
positive column
Physics. the luminous region between the Faraday dark space and the anode glow in a vacuum tube, occurring when the pressure is low. * * *
positive crankcase ventilation
Auto. a means of reducing air pollution by directing the fumes from the crankcase of an engine into the intake manifold, so that they will be channeled into the cylinders and ...
positive definite
—positive definiteness. Math. 1. (of a quadratic form) positive for all real values of the variables, where the values are not all zero. 2. (of a matrix) displaying the ...
positive electricity
Elect. the electricity present in a body or substance that has a deficiency of electrons, as the electricity developed on glass when rubbed with silk. Cf. negative electricity. * ...
positive electron
Physics. positron. [1895-1900] * * *
positive eugenics.
See under eugenics. [1905-10] * * *
positive feedback
Electronics. See under feedback (def. 1). * * *
positive ion
Physics, Chem. See under ion (def. 1). * * *
positive law
customary law or law enacted by governmental authority (as distinguished from natural law). [1350-1400; ME] * * *
positive lens
Optics. See converging lens. * * *
positive organ
1. a small pipe organ of the Middle Ages. 2. a section of a pipe organ having mostly flue stops. [1720-30] * * * ▪ musical instrument       (from Latin ponere: “to ...
positive ray
Physics. a stream of positive ions traveling from a metallic anode to the cathode in a gas-discharge tube. Also called anode ray, canal ray. [1900-05] * * *
positive sign
positive sign n. the sign (+) used to indicate a positive quantity * * *
positivefeedback
positive feedback n. Feedback that results in amplification or growth of the output signal. * * *
positively
/poz"i tiv lee/ or, esp. for 3, /poz'i tiv"lee/, adv. 1. with certainty; absolutely: The statement is positively true. 2. decidedly; unquestionably; definitely: His conduct is ...
positiveness
See positively. * * *
positiveprescription
positive prescription n. Law See prescription. * * *
positivism
—positivist, adj., n. —positivistic, adj. —positivistically, adv. /poz"i teuh viz'euhm/, n. 1. the state or quality of being positive; definiteness; assurance. 2. a ...
positivist
See positivism. * * *
positivistic
See positivist. * * *
positivity
/poz'i tiv"i tee/, n., pl. positivities. 1. the state or character of being positive: a positivity that accepts the world as it is. 2. something positive. [1650-60; POSITIVE + ...
positron
/poz"i tron'/, n. Physics. an elementary particle having the same mass and spin as an electron but having a positive charge equal in magnitude to that of the electron's negative ...
positron emission tomography
the process of producing a PET scan. Cf. PET scanner. * * * ▪ imaging technique       imaging technique used in diagnosis and biomedical research. It has proved ...
positron emission tomography (PET)
Imaging technique used in diagnosis and biomedical research. A chemical compound labeled with a radioactive isotope (see radioactivity) that emits positrons is injected into the ...
positronemission tomography
positron emission tomography n. Abbr. PET Tomography in which a computer-generated image of a biological activity within the body is produced through the detection of gamma rays ...
positronium
/poz'i troh"nee euhm/, n. Physics. a short-lived atomic system consisting of a positron and an electron bound together. [1945; POSITRON + -IUM, coined by A. E. Ruark (b. 1899), ...
posole
/poh soh"lay, po-/; Sp. /paw saw"le/, n. Mexican Cookery. a thick, stewlike soup of pork or chicken, hominy, mild chili peppers, and coriander leaves: traditionally served at ...
posology
—posologic /pos'euh loj"ik/, posological, adj. —posologist, n. /peuh sol"euh jee, poh-/, n. the branch of pharmacology dealing with the determination of dosage. [1805-15; < ...
poss
poss abbrev. 1. possession 2. possessive 3. possibly * * *
poss.
1. possession. 2. possessive. 3. possible. 4. possibly. * * *
posse
/pos"ee/, n. 1. See posse comitatus. 2. a body or force armed with legal authority. [1575-85; < ML posse power, force, n. use of L inf.: to be able, have power, equiv. to pot- ...
posse comitatus
/pos"ee kom'i tah"teuhs, -tay"-/ 1. the body of persons that a peace officer of a county is empowered to call upon for assistance in preserving the peace, making arrests, and ...
possess
—possessor, n. —possessorship, n. /peuh zes"/, v.t. 1. to have as belonging to one; have as property; own: to possess a house and a car. 2. to have as a faculty, quality, or ...
possessed
—possessedly /peuh zes"id lee, -zest"lee/, adv. —possessedness, n. /peuh zest"/, adj. 1. spurred or moved by a strong feeling, madness, or a supernatural power (often fol. by ...
Possessed, The
a novel (1871) by Dostoevsky. * * *
possession
/peuh zesh"euhn/, n. 1. the act or fact of possessing. 2. the state of being possessed. 3. ownership. 4. Law. actual holding or occupancy, either with or without rights of ...
possessional
See possession. * * *
possessive
—possessively, adv. —possessiveness, n. /peuh zes"iv/, adj. 1. jealously opposed to the personal independence of, or to any influence other than one's own upon, a child, ...
possessiveadjective
possessive adjective n. A pronominal adjective expressing possession. * * *
possessively
See possessive. * * *
possessiveness
See possessively. * * *
possessivepronoun
possessive pronoun n. One of several pronouns designating possession and capable of substituting for noun phrases. * * *
possessor
See possess. * * *
possessory
—possessoriness, n. /peuh zes"euh ree/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a possessor or to possession. 2. arising from possession: a possessory interest. 3. having ...
posset
/pos"it/, n. a drink made of hot milk curdled with ale, wine, or the like, often sweetened and spiced. [1400-50; late ME poshote, possot < ?] * * *
possibility
/pos'euh bil"i tee/, n., pl. possibilities for 2. 1. the state or fact of being possible: the possibility of error. 2. something possible: He had exhausted every possibility but ...
possible
/pos"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. that may or can be, exist, happen, be done, be used, etc.: a disease with no possible cure. 2. that may be true or may be the case, as something ...
possible world
Conception of a total way the universe might have been. It is often contrasted with the way things actually are. In his Theodicy (1710), G.W. Leibniz used the concept of a ...
possibly
/pos"euh blee/, adv. 1. perhaps; maybe: It may possibly rain today. 2. in a possible manner: She has all the money she can possibly use. 3. by any possibility: Could you possibly ...
possie
/pos"ee/, n. Australian. a job; position. Also, possy. [1915-20; shortening and alter. of POSITION] * * *
POSSLQ
/pos"euhl kyooh'/, n., pl. POSSLQs, POSSLQ's. either of two persons, one of each sex, who share living quarters but are not related by blood, marriage, or adoption: a ...
Possony, Stefan Thomas
▪ 1996       Austrian-born U.S. military theorist who conceived the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative, known as "Star Wars" (b. March 15, 1913—d. April 26, 1995). * * ...
possum
/pos"euhm/, n. 1. opossum. 2. play possum, Informal. a. to feign sleep or death. b. to dissemble or pretend ignorance: The baseball broke the window, but the children played ...
possum haw
a shrub, Ilex decidua, of the southeastern U.S., having leaves that are hairy on the upper surface and glossy, red fruit. Also called bearberry. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
possumhaw
possum haw n. 1. A deciduous holly (Ilex decidua) of the southeast United States, having bright red fruit and dull green toothed leaves. 2. A deciduous shrub (Viburnum nudum) of ...
possy
/pos"ee/, n., pl. possies. Australian. possie. * * *
post
post1 —postless, adv. —postlike, adj. /pohst/, n. 1. a strong piece of timber, metal, or the like, set upright as a support, a point of attachment, a place for displaying ...
Post
/pohst/, n. 1. Charles William, 1854-1914, U.S. businessman: developed breakfast foods. 2. Emily Price, 1873?-1960, U.S. writer on social etiquette. 3. George Browne, 1837-1913, ...
post chaise
a four-wheeled coach for rapid transportation of passengers and mail, used in the 18th and early 19th centuries. [1705-15] * * * ▪ carriage  four-wheeled, closed carriage, ...
post entry
a late entry, as a horse in a horse show or race. [1655-65] * * *
post exchange
U.S. Army. a retail store on an army installation that sells goods and services to military personnel and their dependents and to certain authorized civilian personnel. Abbr.: ...
post factum
/pohst fak"teuhm/ after the fact; ex post facto: She will announce her decision and then give us a post factum statement of the reasons for it. [1685-95; < L: after (the) deed] * ...
post hoc
/pohst" hohk"/; Eng. /pohst" hok"/, Latin. after this; afterward. * * *
post hoc, ergo propter hoc
/pohst" hohk", erdd"goh prddohp"terdd hohk'/; Eng. /pohst" hok", err"goh prop"teuhr hok' er"goh/, Latin. after this, therefore because of it: a formula designating an error in ...
post horn
n. a straight or coiled copper or brass horn with no valves or slide, originally used to announce mail coaches. [1665-75] * * * ▪ musical instrument       brass musical ...
post horse
a horse kept, as at a station on a post road, for the use of persons riding post or for hire by travelers. Also called poster. [1520-30] * * *
post house
a house or inn keeping post horses. [1625-35] * * *
post meridiem
/pohst" meuh rid"ee euhm, -em'/. See p.m. * * *
post oak
any of several American oaks, esp. Quercus stellata, the wood of which is used for posts. [1755-65, Amer.] * * *
post obitum
/pohst" oh"bi toom'/; Eng. /pohst" ob"i teuhm, oh"bi-/, Latin. after death. * * *
post race
Horse Racing. a race in which each owner is allowed to list a number of possible entries and, at a stipulated time before the race, specify which horse will actually compete. * * ...
post road
1. (formerly) a road with stations for furnishing horses for postriders, mail coaches, or travelers. 2. a road or route over which mail is carried. [1650-60] * * *
post time
Horse Racing. the time at which the entries in a race are required to be at the starting post. [1835-45] * * *
Post, C W
▪ American industrialist born Oct. 26, 1854, Springfield, Ill., U.S. died May 9, 1914, Santa Barbara, Calif.       American manufacturer noted for his development of ...
Post, C(harles) W(illiam)
born Oct. 26, 1854, Springfield, Ill., U.S. died May 9, 1914, Santa Barbara, Calif. U.S. manufacturer of breakfast cereals. In the 1880s Post became a patient of John H. ...
Post, Emily
orig. Emily Price born Oct. 27, 1872 or Oct. 3, 1873, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Sept. 25, 1960, New York, N.Y. U.S. authority on etiquette. She was educated in private schools ...
Post, Pieter
▪ Dutch architect born 1608, Haarlem, Holland died 1669, The Hague       architect who, along with Jacob van Campen (Campen, Jacob van), created the sober, ...
Post, Sir Laurens Jan van der
▪ 1997       South African-born writer whose novels and autobiographical reminiscences explored mysticism, spirituality, the Jungian concept of the collective ...
Post, Wiley
▪ American pilot born Nov. 22, 1899, near Grand Saline, Texas, U.S. died Aug. 15, 1935, near Point Barrow, Alaska  one of the most colourful figures of the early years of ...
Post,Charles William
Post (pōst), Charles William. 1854-1914. American manufacturer of breakfast cereals and the coffee-substitute Postum. * * *
Post,Emily Price
Post, Emily Price. 1872-1960. American etiquette authority. She wrote Etiquette: The Blue Book of Social Usage (1922) and a popular syndicated newspaper column. * * *
Post,Wiley
Post, Wiley. 1899-1935. American aviator who made the first solo flight around the world (1933). * * *
post-
a prefix, meaning "behind," "after," "later," "subsequent to," "posterior to," occurring originally in loanwords from Latin (postscript), but now used freely in the formation of ...
post-actinide
post-actinide [pōst ak′tə nīd΄] n. TRANSACTINIDE: also called post-actinide element * * *
post-Adamic
adj. * * *
post-Advent
adj. * * *
post-and-beam construction
/pohst"euhn beem"/, Building Trades. wall construction in which beams rather than studs are used to support heavy posts. * * *
post-and-beam system
In building construction, a system in which two upright members, the posts, hold up a third member, the beam, laid horizontally across their top surfaces. In Britain it is ...
post-and-lintel system
▪ architecture       in building construction, a system in which two upright members, the posts, hold up a third member, the lintel, laid horizontally across their top ...
post-Augustan
adj. * * *
post-Aztec
adj. * * *
post-Babylonian
adj. * * *
post-bag
/pohst"bag'/, n. Brit. 1. mailbag. 2. a batch of mail from a single delivery. [1805-15] * * *
post-bellum
post-bellum [pōstbel′əm] adj. 〚L post bellum, lit., after the war〛 occurring after the war, specif. after the American Civil War * * *
post-Biblical
adj. * * *
post-boat
/pohst"boht'/, n. Brit. mailboat. [1590-1600] * * *
post-boostphase
post-boost phase (pōstʹbo͞ostʹ) n. The period during which warheads and decoys are released from the last stage of a ballistic missile. * * *
post-Caesarean
adj. * * *

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