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Слова на букву pius-ramp (15990)

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/po stree'moh jen"i cheuhr, -choor'/, n. Law. a system of inheritance under which the estate of a deceased person goes to his youngest son. Also called ultimogeniture. Cf. ...
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/pohst"ruy'deuhr/, n. (formerly) a person who rode post; a mounted mail carrier. [1695-1705; POST3 + RIDER] * * *
Postromantic music
      musical style typical of the last decades of the 19th century and first decades of the 20th century and characterized by exaggeration of certain elements of the ...
/pos"trawrs, po strawrs"/, adj. directed backward. [1885-90; < L post(erus) behind + (RET)RORSE] * * *
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/pohst"skript', pohs"-/, n. 1. a paragraph, phrase, etc., added to a letter that has already been concluded and signed by the writer. 2. any addition or supplement, as one ...
/pohst"skript', pohs"-/, Trademark. a page description language using scalable fonts that can be printed on a variety of appropriately equipped devices, including laser printers ...
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postsecondary [pōst΄sek′ən der΄ē] adj. of or relating to education taking place following graduation from a high school * * *
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post·struc·tur·al·ism (pōst'strŭkʹchər-ə-lĭz'əm) n. Any of various theories or methods of analysis, including deconstruction and some psychoanalytic theories, that ...
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/pohst'si nap"tik/, adj. Physiol. being or occurring on the receiving end of a discharge across the synapse. [1905-10; POST- + SYNAPTIC] * * *
postsynaptic potential
▪ biology       a temporary change in the electric polarization of the membrane of a nerve cell ( neuron). The result of chemical transmission of a nerve impulse at the ...
See postsynaptic. * * *
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/pohst ten"sheuhn/, v.t. 1. (in prestressed-concrete construction) to apply tension to (reinforcing strands) after the concrete has set. Cf. pretension2 (def. 1). 2. to make (a ...
post·test (pōstʹtĕst') n. A test given after a lesson or a period of instruction to determine what the students have learned. * * *
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post time n. Sports The time set immediately before the official start of a race after which point no further betting is allowed. * * *
/pohst ton"ik/, adj. immediately following a stressed syllable: a posttonic syllable; a posttonic vowel. [1880-85] * * *
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/pohst'tran skrip"sheuh nl/, n. Genetics, Biochem. occurring after the formation of RNA from DNA but before the RNA strand leaves the nucleus. [1965-70; POST- + ...
post·trans·fu·sion (pōst'trăns-fyo͞oʹzhən) adj. Occurring after or as a consequence of blood transfusion. * * *
/pohst'trans lay"sheuh nl, -tranz-/, n. Genetics, Biochem. occurring after the synthesis of a polypeptide chain. [1970-75; POST- + TRANSLATIONAL] * * *
adj. * * *
/pohst'treuh mat"ik, -traw-, -trow-/, adj. occurring after physical or psychological trauma. [1900-05; POST- + TRAUMATIC] * * *
posttraumatic stress disorder
Psychiatry. a mental disorder, as battle fatigue, occurring after a traumatic event outside the range of usual human experience, and characterized by symptoms such as reliving ...
posttraumaticstress disorder
posttraumatic stress disorder n. Abbr. PTSD A psychological disorder affecting individuals who have experienced or witnessed profoundly traumatic events, such as torture, murder, ...
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/pohst tuy"foyd/, adj. Pathol. occurring as a sequela of typhoid fever. [POST- + TYPHOID] * * *
/pos"cheuh leuhn see/, n., pl. postulancies. the period or state of being a postulant, esp. in a religious order. Also, postulance. [1880-85; POSTUL(ANT) + -ANCY] * * *
—postulantship, n. /pos"cheuh leuhnt/, n. 1. a candidate, esp. for admission into a religious order. 2. a person who asks or applies for something. [1750-60; < F < L postulant- ...
See postulancy. * * *
—postulation, n. —postulational, adj. v. /pos"cheuh layt'/; n. /pos"cheuh lit, -layt'/, v., postulated, postulating, n. v.t. 1. to ask, demand, or claim. 2. to claim or ...
See postulate. * * *
/pos"cheuh lay'teuhr/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. a priest who presents a plea for a beatification or the canonization of a beatus. Cf. devil's advocate (def. 2). [1860-65; < L postulator ...
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Postumus, Marcus Cassianius Latinius
▪ Roman general died 268       Roman general who, by setting himself up as an independent emperor in Gaul about 258–268 became a rival to the emperor ...
See posture. * * *
postural drainage
a therapy for clearing congested lungs by placing the patient in a position for drainage by gravity, often accompanied by percussion with hollowed hands. * * *
postural hypotension.
See orthostatic hypotension. * * *
—postural, adj. —posturer, n. /pos"cheuhr/, n., v., postured, posturing. n. 1. the relative disposition of the parts of something. 2. the position of the limbs or the ...
See postural. * * *
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See postural. * * *
/pos"cheuh ruyz'/, v.i., posturized, posturizing. to posture; pose. Also, esp. Brit., posturise. [1700-10; POSTURE + -IZE] * * *
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—postvocalically, adv. /pohst'voh kal"ik/, adj. Phonet. immediately following a vowel. [1890-95; POST- + VOCALIC] * * *
/pohst"wawr"/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a period following a war: postwar problems; postwar removal of rationing. [1905-10; POST- + WAR1] * * *
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/poh"zee/, n., pl. posies. 1. a flower, nosegay, or bouquet. 2. Archaic. a brief motto or the like, as one inscribed within a ring. [1400-50; late ME; syncopated var. of POESY] * ...
Posy Simmonds
➡ Simmonds * * *
pot1 —potlike, adj. /pot/, n., v., potted, potting. n. 1. a container of earthenware, metal, etc., usually round and deep and having a handle or handles and often a lid, used ...
pot arch
Ceram. an auxiliary furnace in which pots used in melting frit are preheated. [1830-40] * * *
pot cheese
Chiefly Hudson Valley. See cottage cheese. [1805-15, Amer.] Regional Variation. See cottage cheese. * * *
pot liquor
Midland and Southern U.S. the broth in which meat or vegetables, as salt pork or greens, have been cooked. Also, pot-liquor. [1735-45] * * *
pot marigold
calendula (def. 1). [1805-15] * * *
pot marjoram
oregano. [1630-40] * * *
pot metal
1. an alloy of copper and lead, formerly used for making plumbing fixtures, bearings, etc. 2. cast iron of a quality suitable for making pots. 3. a low-grade nonferrous alloy ...
Pot Noodle{™}
n a type of food, usually sold in plastic cups, which consists of dried noodles (= long thin strips of mixed flour and water that become soft when cooked), meat and vegetables, ...
pot of gold
1. the realization of all one's hopes and dreams; ultimate success, fulfillment, or happiness: to find the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. 2. a sudden, huge windfall; ...
pot roast
a dish of meat, usually brisket of beef or chuck roast, stewed in one piece in a covered pot and served in its own gravy. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
pot spinning
the spinning of rayon filaments in a centrifugal box. Also called centrifugal spinning. * * *
pot still
a simple and sometimes primitive type of still, used esp. in the making of cognac, corn liquor, and malt Scotch whisky. Also, pot-still. [1790-1800] * * *
/paw toh fue"/, n. French Cookery. a dish of boiled meat and vegetables, the broth of which is usually served separately. [1785-95; < F: lit., pot on the fire] * * *
pot-bound [pät′bound΄] adj. Bot. having roots so crowded and tangled as to have outgrown its container: said of a potted plant * * *
—pot-valiantly, adv. —pot-valor /pot"val'euhr/, pot-valiancy /pot"val'yeuhn see/, n. /pot"val'yeuhnt/, adj. brave only as a result of being drunk. [1635-45] * * *
pot-walloper [pät′wäl΄əp ər] n. 〚altered (infl. by wallop, to boil) < potwaller, lit., a pot boiler WALK〛 Eng. History a man considered a householder by virtue of ...
Elect. 1. potential. 2. potentiometer. * * *
See potable. * * *
—potability, potableness, n. /poh"teuh beuhl/, adj. 1. fit or suitable for drinking: potable water. n. 2. Usually, potables. drinkable liquids; beverages. [1565-75; < LL ...
See potability. * * *
/poh tahzh"/; Fr. /paw tannzh"/, n. French Cookery. soup, esp. any thick soup made with cream. [ < F; see POTTAGE] * * *
Potagos, Panayotis
▪ Greek physician and explorer born July 1839, Vytina, Greece died 1903       physician and traveler attached to the Egyptian Service who explored the Uele River system ...
Potala Palace
Religious and administrative complex, near Lhasa, Tibet, China. It covers 5 sq mi (13 sq km) atop a hill 425 ft (130 m) above the Lhasa River valley. Potrang Karpo (the White ...
/poh tam"ik, peuh-/, adj. of or pertaining to rivers. [1880-85; < Gk potam(ós) river + -IC] * * *
/pot'euh mog"euh lee/, n. See otter shrew. [1875-80; < NL < Gk potamó(s) river + galê weasel] * * *
pot·a·mol·o·gy (pŏtʹə-mŏlʹə-jē) n. The scientific study of rivers.   [Greek potamos, river; See pet- in Indo-European Roots + -logy.] * * *
/pot'euh moh plangk"teuhn/, n. plankton living in freshwater streams. [1900-05; < Gk potamó(s) river + PLANKTON] * * *
Po·ta·ro (pə-tärʹō, pō-) A river, about 161 km (100 mi) long, of central Guyana. It has gold deposits and is known for its Kaieteur Falls. * * *
/pot"ash'/, n. 1. potassium carbonate, esp. the crude impure form obtained from wood ashes. 2. potassium hydroxide. 3. the oxide of potassium, K2O. 4. potassium, as carbonate of ...
potash alum
Chem. alum1 (def. 1). [1830-40] * * *
potash feldspar
any of the feldspar minerals having the composition KAlSi3O8, as orthoclase. [1860-65] * * *
potash feldspar n. See orthoclase. * * *
potash mu·ri·ate (myo͝orʹē-ĭt, -āt') n. See potassium chloride. * * *
/pot"as'/, n. 1. potash. 2. potassium. [1790-1800; < F potasse < D potasch (now pronounced and spelled potas) POTASH] * * *
/peuh tas"euh/, n. Chem. potash [1805-15; < NL; see POTASS] * * *
/peuh tas"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or containing potassium. [1855-60; POTASS(IUM) + -IC] * * *
/peuh tas"ee euhm/, n. Chem. a silvery-white metallic element that oxidizes rapidly in the air and whose compounds are used as fertilizer and in special hard glasses. Symbol: K; ...
potassium acetate
Chem. a white, crystalline, deliquescent, water-soluble powder, KC2H3O2, used chiefly as a reagent in analytical chemistry. * * *
potassium acid tartrate
Chem. See cream of tartar. * * *
potassium alum
Chem. alum1 (def. 1). * * *
potassium antimonate
Chem. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, KSbO3, used chiefly as a pigment in paints. * * *
potassium antimonyl tartrate
Chem. See tartar emetic. * * *
potassium bicarbonate
Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline, slightly alkaline, salty-tasting, water-soluble powder, KHCO3, produced by the passage of carbon dioxide through an aqueous potassium ...
potassium bichromate
Chem. See potassium dichromate. * * *
potassium binoxalate
Chem. a white, crystalline, hygroscopic, poisonous solid, KHC2O4, that is usually hydrated: used chiefly for removing ink stains, cleaning metal and wood, and in photography. ...
potassium bisulfate
Chem. a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble solid, KHSO4, used chiefly in the conversion of tartrates to bitartrates. Also called potassium acid sulfate. * * *
potassium bitartrate
Chem. See cream of tartar. * * *
potassium bromate
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble powder, KBrO3, used chiefly as an oxidizing agent and as an analytical reagent. * * *
potassium bromide
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble powder, KBr, having a bitter saline taste: used chiefly in the manufacture of photographic papers and plates, in engraving, and in ...
potassium carbonate
Chem. a white, granular, water-soluble powder, K2CO3, used chiefly in the manufacture of soap, glass, and potassium salts. [1880-85] * * *
potassium chlorate
Chem. a white or colorless, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous solid, KClO3, used chiefly as an oxidizing agent in the manufacture of explosives, fireworks, matches, bleaches, ...
potassium chloride
Chem. a white or colorless, crystalline, water-soluble solid, KCl, used chiefly in the manufacture of fertilizers and mineral water, and as a source of other potassium ...
potassium cobaltinitrite
/koh'bawl teuh nuy"truyt/, Chem. a yellow, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, K3Co(NO2)6, used as a pigment in oil and watercolor paints, and for coloring surfaces of ...
potassium cyanide
Chem. a white, granular, water-soluble, poisonous powder, KCN, having a faint almondlike odor, used chiefly in metallurgy and photography. [1880-85] * * *
potassium deficiency
▪ pathology also called  hypokalemia        condition in which potassium is insufficient or is not utilized properly. Potassium is a mineral that forms positive ions ...
potassium dichromate
Chem. an orange-red, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous powder, K2Cr2O7, used chiefly in dyeing, photography, and as a laboratory reagent. Also called potassium ...
potassium diphosphate
Chem. See under potassium phosphate. Also called monobasic potassium phosphate. * * *
potassium ferricyanide
Chem. a bright-red, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous solid, K3Fe(CN)6, used chiefly in the manufacture of pigments, as Prussian blue, and of paper, esp. blueprint paper. ...
potassium ferrocyanide
Chem. a lemon-yellow, crystalline, water-soluble solid, K4Fe(CN)6·3H2O, used chiefly in casehardening alloys having an iron base and in dyeing wool and silk. Also called yellow ...
potassium fluoride
Chem. a white, crystalline, hygroscopic, toxic powder, KF, used chiefly as an insecticide, a disinfectant, and in etching glass. * * *
potassium hydroxide
Chem. a white, deliquescent, water-soluble solid, KOH, usually in the form of lumps, sticks, or pellets, that upon solution in water generates heat: used chiefly in the ...
potassium iodide
Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline, water-soluble powder, KI, having a bitter saline taste: used chiefly in the manufacture of photographic emulsions, as a laboratory reagent, in ...
potassium monophosphate
/mon'euh fos"fayt/, Chem. See under potassium phosphate. Also called dibasic potassium phosphate. * * *
potassium myronate
/muy"reuh nayt'/, Chem. sinigrin. [1895-1900; < Gk mýron perfume + -ATE2] * * *
potassium nitrate
Chem. a crystalline compound, KNO3, produced by nitrification in soil, and used in gunpowders, fertilizers, and preservatives; saltpeter; niter. [1880-85] * * *
potassium oxalate
Chem. a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous solid, K2C2O4·H2O, used chiefly as a bleaching agent and in medical tests as an anticoagulant. * * *
potassium permanganate
Chem. a very dark purple, crystalline, water-soluble solid, KMnO4, used chiefly as an oxidizing agent, disinfectant, laboratory reagent, and in medicine as an astringent and ...
potassium phosphate
Chem. any of the three orthophosphates of potassium (potassium monophosphate (K2HPO4), potassium diphosphate (KH2PO4), and tripotassium phosphate (K3PO4)). [1880-85] * * *
potassium sodium tartrate
Chem. See Rochelle salt. * * *
potassium sulfate
Chem. a crystalline, water-soluble solid, K2SO4, used chiefly in the manufacture of fertilizers, alums, and mineral water, and as a reagent in analytical chemistry. [1880-85] * * ...
potassium thiocyanate
Chem. a colorless, crystalline, hygroscopic, water-soluble solid, KSCN, used chiefly in the manufacture of chemicals, dyes, and drugs. Also called potassium rhodanide /rohd"n ...
po·tas·si·um-ar·gon (pə-tăs'ē-əm-ärʹgŏn') adj. Of, relating to, or being a geologic dating method relying on the percentage of potassium in a specimen that has ...
potassium-argon dating
/peuh tas"ee euhm ahr'gon/, Geol. a method for estimating the age of a mineral or rock, based on measurement of the rate of decay of radioactive potassium into argon. [1965-70] * ...
potassium bicarbonate n. A compound, KHCO3, in the form of a white powder or colorless crystals, used in baking powder and as an antacid medicine. * * *
potassium bitartrate n. A white, acid, crystalline solid or powder, KHC4H4O6, used in baking powder, in the tinning of metals, and as a component of laxatives. Also called cream ...
potassium bromide n. A white crystalline solid or powder, KBr, used as a sedative, in photographic emulsion, and in lithography. * * *
potassium carbonate n. A transparent, white, deliquescent, granular powder, K2CO3, used in making glass, enamels, and soaps. Also called potash. * * *
potassium chlorate n. A poisonous crystalline compound, KClO3, used as an oxidizing agent, a bleach, and a disinfectant and in making explosives, matches, and fireworks. * * *
potassium chloride n. A colorless crystalline solid or powder, KCl, used widely in fertilizers and in the preparation of most potassium compounds. Also called potash muriate, ...
potassium cyanide n. An extremely poisonous white compound, KCN, used in the extraction of gold and silver from ores, in electroplating, and in photography, and as a fumigant and ...
potassium dichromate n. A bright yellowish-red crystalline compound, K2Cr2O7, used as an oxidizing agent, and in pyrotechnics, explosives, and safety matches. * * *
potassium hydroxide n. A caustic white solid, KOH, used as a bleach and in the manufacture of soaps, dyes, alkaline batteries, and many potassium compounds. Also called caustic ...
potassium iodide n. A white crystalline compound, KI, used in photography and medicine and as an analytical reagent. * * *
potassium mu·ri·ate (myo͝orʹē-ĭt, -āt') n. See potassium chloride. * * *
potassium nitrate n. A transparent white crystalline compound, KNO3, used to pickle meat and in the manufacture of pyrotechnics, explosives, matches, rocket propellants, and ...
potassium permanganate n. A dark purple crystalline compound, KMnO4, used as an oxidizing agent and disinfectant and in deodorizers and dyes. * * *
potassiumsodium tartrate
potassium sodium tartrate n. A colorless efflorescent crystalline compound, KNaC4H4O6·4H2O, used in making mirrors, in electronics, and as a laxative. Also called Rochelle ...
potassium sulfate n. A colorless or white crystalline compound, K2SO4, used in glassmaking and fertilizers and as a reagent in analytical chemistry. * * *
/poh tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of drinking. 2. a drink or draft, esp. of an alcoholic beverage. [1400-50; late ME potacion < L potation- (s. of potatio) a drinking, equiv. to ...
/peuh tay"toh, -teuh/, n., pl. potatoes. 1. Also called Irish potato, white potato. the edible tuber of a cultivated plant, Solanum tuberosum, of the nightshade family. 2. the ...
potato apple
the green berry of the potato. [1790-1800] * * *
potato bean
groundnut (def. 1). [1795-1805] * * *
potato beetle
☆ potato beetle or potato bug n. COLORADO BEETLE * * * Destructive species (Lema trilineata) of leaf beetle (family Chrysomelidae). Less than 0.25 in. (6 mm) long, it is ...
potato chip
a thin slice of potato fried until crisp and usually salted. Also called Saratoga chip. [1835-45] * * *
potato crisp
Brit. See potato chip. [1925-30] * * *
Potato Eaters, The
a painting (1885) by Vincent Van Gogh. * * *
potato famine
a disaster that happened in Ireland between 1845 and 1847 when most of the potato crop was destroyed by a plant disease. Potatoes were the main food of the poor in Ireland then, ...
potato leafhopper
1. any of various leafhoppers that are serious pests, damaging a wide variety of cultivated and wild plants, esp. potatoes. 2. a small, light green, white-spotted leafhopper, ...
potato moth
a gelechiid moth, Phthorimaea operculella, the larvae of which feed on the leaves and bore into the tubers of potatoes and other solanaceous plants. [1890-95] * * *
potato psyllid
a tiny homopterous insect, Paratrioza cockerelli, occurring in some areas of the western U.S., western Canada, and Mexico: a serious pest to potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants, and ...
potato race
a novelty race in which each contestant must move a number of potatoes from one place to another, usually in a spoon, carrying one potato at a time. [1880-85] * * *
potato tuberworm
/tooh"beuhr werrm', tyooh"-/ the larva of the potato moth. [1935-40, Amer.; TUBER + WORM] * * *
potato vine
1. a tender, woody Brazilian vine, Solanum jasminoides, of the nightshade family, having starlike, blue-tinged white flowers in clusters, grown as an ornamental. 2. See paradise ...
potato worm.
See tomato hornworm. [1835-45] * * *
potato beetle n. The Colorado potato beetle. * * *
potato blight n. Any of various highly destructive fungus diseases of the potato. * * *
/peuh tay"toh bug', -tay"teuh-/, n. See Colorado potato beetle. Also, potato bug. Also called potato beetle. [1790-1800, Amer.] * * *
potato chip n. A thin slice of potato fried in deep fat until crisp and then usually seasoned. Often used in the plural. * * *
/poh"teuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. of, pertaining to, or given to drinking. [1820-30; < L potatorius. See POTATION, -TORY1] * * *
potato skin n. An appetizer made of a piece of baked potato skin spread with a topping and broiled or baked. Often used in the plural. * * *
potato yam n. See air potato. * * *
/pot'euh wot"euh mee/, n., pl. Potawatomis, (esp. collectively) Potawatomi. a member of an Algonquian Indian people originally of Michigan and Wisconsin. * * * ▪ ...
potbellied [pät′bel΄ēd] adj. 1. having a potbelly 2. having rounded, bulging sides [a potbellied stove] * * * See potbelly. * * *
potbellied pig n. A small domesticated pig native to Vietnam, often raised as a house pet, having a saddle-shaped back and usually dark coloration. * * *
potbellied stove n. See potbelly stove. * * *
—potbellied, adj. /pot"bel'ee/, n., pl. potbellies. 1. a distended or protuberant belly. 2. See potbelly stove. 3. See potbelly wood. [1705-15; POT1 + BELLY] * * *
potbelly stove
a usually cast-iron wood- or coal-burning stove having a large, rounded chamber. Also, potbellied stove. [1930-35] * * *
potbelly wood
a load of firewood, approximately half a cord, cut in lengths of 16 in. (40 cm) or less for use in a potbelly stove. * * *
potbelly stove n. A short rounded stove in which wood or coal is burned. Also called potbellied stove. * * *
/pot"boyl'/, v.i. to create potboilers. [1865-70; back formation from POTBOILER] * * *
/pot"boy'leuhr/, n. a mediocre work of literature or art produced merely for financial gain. [1860-65; POT1 + BOILER] * * *
/pot"bownd'/, adj. Hort. (of a plant) having the roots so densely grown as to fill the container and require repotting. [1840-50; POT1 + -BOUND1] * * *
potboy [pät′boi΄] n. Brit. a boy or man who serves pots of beer, ale, etc. in a public house or tavern * * * pot·boy (pŏtʹboi') n. Chiefly British A boy or man who works ...
pot cheese n. See cottage cheese. * * *
▪ South Africa       town, North-West province, South Africa, on the Mooi River, southwest of Johannesburg. It was founded in 1838 as the first capital of the Transvaal ...
/peuh teen", -cheen", -theen", poh-/, n. 1. the first distillation of a fermented mash in the making of whiskey. 2. illicitly distilled whiskey. Also, potheen. [1805-15; < Ir ...
/poh tem"kin, peuh-/; Russ. /pu tyawm"kyin/, n. Prince Grigori Aleksandrovich /gri gawr"ee al'ig zan"dreuh vich, -zahn"-/; Russ. /grddyi gaw"rddyee u lyi ksahn"drddeuh vyich/, ...
Potemkin village
a pretentiously showy or imposing façade intended to mask or divert attention from an embarrassing or shabby fact or condition. Also, Potemkin Village. [1935-40; after Prince ...
Potemkin, Grigory (Aleksandrovich)
born Sept. 24, 1739, Chizovo, Russia died Oct. 16, 1791, near Iaşi, Moldavia Russian army officer. He entered the horseguards (1755) and helped bring Catherine II to power ...
Potemkin, Grigory Aleksandrovich, Prince Tavrichesky, Imperial Prince
▪ Russian statesman born Sept. 13 [Sept. 24, New Style], 1739, Chizovo, Russia died Oct. 5 [Oct. 16], 1791, near Iaşi [now in Romania]  Russian army officer and statesman, ...
Potemkin,Grigori Aleksandrovich
Po·tem·kin (pō-tĕmʹkĭn, pə-, pə-tyômʹ-), Grigori Aleksandrovich. 1739-1791. Russian army officer and politician. The lover of Catherine II, he helped her seize power ...
Potemkin village n. Something that appears elaborate and impressive but in actual fact lacks substance: “the Potemkin village of this country's borrowed prosperity” (Lewis H. ...
/poht"ns/, n. potency. [1375-1425; late ME < OF < L potentia POTENCY] * * *
/poht"n see/, n., pl. potencies for 4-6. 1. the state or quality of being potent. 2. power; authority. 3. efficacy; effectiveness; strength. 4. capacity to be, become, or ...
potent1 —potently, adv. —potentness, n. /poht"nt/, adj. 1. powerful; mighty: a potent fighting force. 2. cogent; persuasive: Several potent arguments were in his favor. 3. ...
/poht"n tayt'/, n. a person who possesses great power, as a sovereign, monarch, or ruler. [1350-1400; ME < LL potentatus potentate, L: power, dominion. See POTENT1, -ATE3] * * *
/peuh ten"sheuhl/, adj. 1. possible, as opposed to actual: the potential uses of nuclear energy. 2. capable of being or becoming: a potential danger to safety. 3. Gram. ...
potential difference
Elect. the difference between the potentials of two points in an electric field. [1895-1900] * * *
potential divider
Elect. See voltage divider. * * *
potential energy
Physics. the energy of a body or a system with respect to the position of the body or the arrangement of the particles of the system. Cf. kinetic energy. [1850-55] * * * Energy ...
potential gradient
Elect. the rate of change of potential with respect to distance in the direction of greatest change. [1890-95] * * *
potential difference n. Symbol V The amount of energy per unit charge needed to move a charged particle from a reference point to a designated point in a static electric field; ...
potential energy n. The energy of a particle or system of particles derived from position, or condition, rather than motion. A raised weight, coiled spring, or charged battery ...
/peuh ten'shee al"i tee/, n., pl. potentialities for 2. 1. the state or quality of being potential. 2. something potential; a possibility: Atomic destruction is a grim ...
/peuh ten"sheuh lee/, adv. possibly but not yet actually: potentially useful information. [1400-50; late ME; see POTENTIAL, -LY] * * *
—potentiation, n. —potentiator, n. /peuh ten"shee ayt'/, v.t., potentiated, potentiating. 1. to cause to be potent; make powerful. 2. to increase the effectiveness of; ...
See potentiate. * * *
potentilla [pō΄tən til′ə] n. 〚ModL, name of the genus < ML, valerian, dim. of L potens: see POTENT〛 CINQUEFOIL (sense 1) * * * po·ten·til·la ...
—potentiometric /peuh ten'shee euh me"trik/, adj. /peuh ten'shee om"i teuhr/, n. Elect. 1. a device for measuring electromotive force or potential difference by comparison with ...
See potentiometer. * * *
potentiometric titration
Chem. titration in which the end point is determined by measuring the voltage of an electric current of given amperage passed through the solution. [1925-30] * * *
See potent. * * *

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