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Powell, Bud
orig. Earl Powell born Sept. 27, 1924, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 1, 1966, New York City U.S. jazz pianist and composer. Powell played in Cootie Williams's big band ...
Powell, Cecil Frank
▪ British physicist born Dec. 5, 1903, Tonbridge, Kent, Eng. died Aug. 9, 1969, near Milan, Italy       British physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in ...
Powell, Colin
▪ United States general and statesman in full  Colin Luther Powell   born April 5, 1937, New York, New York, U.S.    U.S. general and statesman. He was chairman of the ...
Powell, Colin (Luther)
born April 5, 1937, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. general and statesman. The son of Jamaican immigrants, he entered the U.S. Army after college and served in the Vietnam War ...
Powell, Colin Luther
▪ 2002       On Jan. 20, 2001, the engaging former chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Colin Powell—whose leadership role in the 1991 Persian Gulf War had ...
Powell, Dilys
▪ 1996       British motion-picture critic (b. July 20, 1901—d. June 3, 1995, London, England), as the outspoken film critic for The Sunday Times (1939-79) and Punch ...
Powell, Eleanor
▪ American dancer and actress in full  Eleanor Torrey Powell  born November 21, 1912, Springfield, Mass., U.S. died February 11, 1982, Beverly Hills, ...
Powell, Enoch
▪ 1999       British scholar and politician (b. June 16, 1912, Birmingham, Eng.—d. Feb. 8, 1998, London, Eng.), was an ardent nationalist noted for his early ...
Powell, John Wesley
born March 24, 1834, Mount Morris, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 23, 1902, Haven, Maine U.S. geologist and ethnologist. Powell took many expeditions (1871–79) down the Colorado ...
Powell, Lewis F(ranklin), Jr.
born Sept. 19, 1907, Suffolk, Va., U.S. died Aug. 25, 1998, Richmond, Va. U.S. jurist. After studying law at Washington and Lee University and Harvard University, he returned ...
Powell, Lewis F., Jr.
▪ United States jurist in full  Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr.   born Sept. 19, 1907, Suffolk, Va., U.S. died August 25, 1998, Richmond, Va.  associate justice of the Supreme ...
Powell, Lewis Franklin, Jr.
▪ 1999       American lawyer and judge (b. Sept. 19, 1907, Suffolk, Va.—d. Aug. 25, 1998, Richmond, Va.), served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court for ...
Powell, Lewis Franklin,Jr.
Powell, Lewis Franklin, Jr. 1907-1998. American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1971-1987). * * *
Powell, Maud
▪ American violinist born Aug. 22, 1868, Peru, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 8, 1920, Uniontown, Pa.       American virtuoso violinist, recognized in Europe and the United ...
Powell, Michael
▪ British director born Sept. 30, 1905, Bekesbourne, Kent, Eng. died Feb. 19, 1990, Avening, Gloucestershire       British director of innovative, visually vivid motion ...
Powell, Michael (Latham)
born Sept. 30, 1905, Bekesbourne, Kent, Eng. died Feb. 19, 1990, Avening, Gloucestershire British film director. He directed his first movie, Two Crowded Hours, in 1931 and ...
Powell, Sir Philip
▪ 2004       British architect (b. March 15, 1921, Bedford, Eng.—d. May 5, 2003, London, Eng.), with his American-born longtime partner, Hidalgo Moya, designed some of ...
Powell, Vavasor
▪ Welsh preacher born 1617, Knucklas, Radnorshire, Wales died Oct. 27, 1670, London       Welsh preacher and Fifth Monarchist during the English Civil Wars and ...
Powell, William
born July 29, 1892, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died March 5, 1984, Palm Springs, Calif. U.S. film actor. He acted on Broadway from 1912 and made his screen debut in Sherlock Holmes ...
Powell, Anthony. Born 1905. British writer best known for A Dance to the Music of Time (1951-1975), a cycle of 12 satirical novels. * * *
Powell,Cecil Frank
Powell, Cecil Frank. 1903-1969. British physicist. He won a 1950 Nobel Prize for discovering methods of photographing atomic nuclei and for his study of mesons. * * *
Powell,Colin Luther
Powell, Colin Luther. Born 1937. American general who served as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989-1996) and was influential in planning U.S. strategy during the Persian ...
Powell, Earl. Known as “Bud.” 1924-1966. American jazz pianist and composer who was a key figure in the bop movement. * * *
Powell,John Wesley
Powell, John Wesley. 1834-1902. American geologist and ethnologist who directed the U.S. Geological Survey (1881-1894) and classified many Native American languages. * * *
Powell, Lake A reservoir of southern Utah and north-central Arizona formed by the Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River. It is the second-largest (after Lake Mead) artificial ...
/pow"euhr/, n. 1. ability to do or act; capability of doing or accomplishing something. 2. political or national strength: the balance of power in Europe. 3. great or marked ...
power alley
power alley n. Baseball either of the two areas in the outfield between the outfielders * * *
power amplifier
Elect. an amplifier for increasing the power of a signal. [1915-20] * * *
Power and the Glory
a novel (1940) by Graham Greene. It tells the story of a Roman Catholic priest trying to escape from Mexico at a time when his religion has been made illegal. He is caught and ...
power assist
—power-assisted, power-assist, adj. a procedure for supplementing or replacing the manual effort needed to operate a device or system, often by hydraulic, electrical, or ...
power base
a source of authority or influence, esp. in politics, founded on support by an organized body of voters, ethnic minority, economic class, etc.: His election as governor gives him ...
power brake
an automotive brake set by pressure from some power source, as a compressed-air reservoir, in proportion to a smaller amount of pressure on the brake pedal. [1895-1900] * * *
power broker
power broker n. a person who has power and influence, esp. one who operates unofficially or behind the scenes as an intermediary: also written powerbroker n. * * *
power cable
Elect. cable for conducting electric power. [1900-05] * * *
power chain
an endless chain for transmitting motion and power between sprockets on shafts with parallel axes. Also called pitch chain. Cf. roller chain. * * *
power dive
Aeron. a dive, esp. a steep dive, by an aircraft in which the engine or engines are delivering thrust at or near full power. [1925-30] * * *
power drill
a drill operated by a motor. [1960-65] * * *
power elite
a closely knit alliance of military, government, and corporate officials perceived as the center of wealth and political power in the U.S. [1950-55] * * *
power forward
Basketball. a forward valued chiefly for aggressive rebounding capability, rather than scoring, and thus a big, physically strong player. * * *
power line
Elect. a line for conducting electric power. [1890-95] * * *
power loading
Aeron. See under loading (def. 4). [1915-20] * * *
power mower
a lawn mower that is powered and propelled by an electric motor or gasoline engine (distinguished from hand mower). [1935-40] * * *
power of appointment
Law. the authority granted by a donor to a donee to select the person or persons who are to enjoy property rights or income upon the death of the donor or of the donee or after ...
power of attorney
Law. a written document given by one person or party to another authorizing the latter to act for the former. [1740-50] * * *
power pack
Electronics. a device for converting the voltage from a power line or battery to the various voltages required by the components of an electronic circuit. [1935-40] * * *
power plant
1. a plant, including engines, dynamos, etc., and the building or buildings necessary for the generation of power, as electric or nuclear power. 2. the machinery for supplying ...
power play
1. Football. an aggressive running play in which numerous offensive players converge and forge ahead to block and clear a path for the ball carrier. 2. Ice Hockey. a. a situation ...
power politics
1. political action characterized by the exercise or pursuit of power as a means of coercion. 2. international diplomacy based on the use or threatened use of military or ...
power press
a press operated by a mechanical, hydraulic, or pneumatic device. [1835-45] * * *
power saw
a saw driven by a motor. [1955-60] * * *
power series
Math. an infinite series in which the terms are coefficients times successive powers of a given variable, or times products of powers of two or more variables. [1890-95] * * ...
power set
Math. the collection of all subsets of a given set. [1950-55] * * *
power shovel
any self-propelled shovel for excavating earth, ore, or coal with a dipper that is powered by a diesel engine or electric motor. Cf. shovel (def. 2). [1905-10] * * * ▪ ...
power station
Elect. a generating station. [1900-05] * * *
power steering
Auto. an automotive steering system in which the engine's power is used to supplement the driver's effort in turning the steering wheel. [1930-35] * * *       system to ...
power structure
1. the system of authority or influence in government, politics, education, etc.: The state elections threatened to upset the existing power structure. 2. the people who ...
power supply
a device that provides power to electric machines, generators, etc. * * *
power takeoff
an accessory unit or apparatus attached to an engine-powered machine and powered by the engine. Abbr.: PTO [1925-30] * * *
power tool
a tool powered by an electric motor or a gasoline engine. [1955-60] * * *
power train
a train of gears and shafting transmitting power from an engine, motor, etc., to a mechanism being driven. [1940-45] * * *
power tripper
See power-trip. * * *
power, balance of
▪ international relations       in international relations, the posture and policy of a nation or group of nations protecting itself against another nation or group of ...
Power, Charles Gavan
(1888–1968) Canadian politician. Born in Sillery, Quebec, he was seriously wounded in World War I. He served in the Canadian House of Commons 1917–55. In W.L. Mackenzie ...
Power, Tyrone
▪ American actor born May 5, 1914, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 15, 1958, Madrid, Spain       American actor, best-known for his motion-picture action-adventure ...
Power, Tyrone (Edmund)
born May 5, 1914, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 15, 1958, Madrid, Spain U.S. actor. The descendant of a long line of actors, he toured with a Shakespearean repertory company ...
/pow"euhr duyv'/, v.t., v.i., power-dived or power-dove, power-dived, power-diving. Aeron. to cause to perform or to perform a power dive. [1935-40] * * *
/pow"euhr loohm'/, n. a loom operated by mechanical or electrical power. [1800-10] * * *
/pow"euhr saw'/, v.t., power-sawed, power-sawed or power-sawn, power-sawing. to cut with a power saw. * * *
See power trip. * * *
Trademark. a brand of bar-shaped food intended for use esp. by athletes, having a high carbohydrate and low fat content with protein and vitamin supplements. * * *
—powerboating, n. /pow"euhr boht'/, n. 1. a boat propelled by mechanical power. 2. motorboat. [1905-10; POWER + BOAT] * * *
/pow"euhr boh'teuhr/, n. a powerboat owner or operator. [1950-55; POWERBOAT + -ER1] * * *
power brake n. A motor vehicle brake assisted by a power mechanism operated by the engine that amplifies pressure applied to the brake pedal. * * *
/pow"euhr broh'keuhr/, n. a person who wields great political, governmental, or financial power. [1960-65, Amer.; POWER + BROKER] * * *
power dive n. A downward plunge of an aircraft accelerated by both gravity and engine power.   powʹer-dive' (pouʹər-dīv') v. * * *
power drill n. 1. A portable electric drill. 2. A large drilling machine having a vertical motorized drill set in a table stand. * * *
/pow"euhrd/, adj. (of a machine, vehicle, etc.) having a specified fuel or prime mover: a gasoline-powered engine; an engine-powered pump. [1875-80; POWER + -ED2] * * *
—powerfully, adv. —powerfulness, n. /pow"euhr feuhl/, adj. 1. having or exerting great power or force. 2. physically strong, as a person: a large, powerful athlete. 3. ...
See powerful. * * *
See powerfully. * * *
/pow"euhr hows'/, n., pl. powerhouses /-how'ziz/. 1. Elect. a generating station. 2. a person, group, team, or the like, having great energy, strength, or potential for ...
—powerlessly, adv. —powerlessness, n. /pow"euhr lis/, adj. 1. unable to produce an effect: a disease against which modern medicine is virtually powerless. 2. lacking power to ...
See powerless. * * *
See powerlessly. * * *
powerlifting [pou′ər lift΄iŋ] n. a type of competitive weight lifting involving the performance of the bench press, dead lift, and squat powerlifter n. * * ...
power mower n. A lawn mower that is powered by a gasoline or electric motor. * * *
powerof appointment
power of appointment n. pl. powers of appointment Authority granted to one person by another to transfer property upon the death of the latter. * * *
powerof attorney
power of attorney n. pl. powers of attorney Abbr. PA or P/A A legal instrument authorizing one to act as another's attorney or agent. * * *
power pack n. A usually compact, portable device that converts supply current to direct or alternating current as required by specific equipment. * * *
power plant n. 1. All the equipment, including structural members, that constitutes a unit power source: the power plant of a truck. 2. A complex of structures, machinery, and ...
power play n. 1. Sports. a. An offensive maneuver in a team game, especially in football, in which a massive concentration of players is applied in a certain area. b. A ...
power politics n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) International diplomacy in which each nation uses or threatens to use military or economic power to further its own interests: ...
Powerpuff Girls
▪ American television series       American animated television series starring a trio of preschool-age girls who possess superpowers.       The Powerpuff Girls, ...
/pow"euhrz/, n. Hiram, 1805-73, U.S. sculptor. * * *
powers, delegation of
▪ law       in law, the transfer of authority by one person or group to another person or group. For example, the U.S. Congress may create government agencies to which ...
Powers, Francis Gary
▪ United States military officer born Aug. 17, 1929, Jenkins, Ky., U.S. died Aug. 1, 1977, Encino, Calif.       pilot who was captured on May 1, 1960, while on a ...
Powers, Hiram
born June 29, 1805, Woodstock, Vt., U.S. died June 27, 1873, Florence, Italy U.S.-born Italian sculptor. He worked as an artist-assistant in a waxworks museum in Cincinnati, ...
powers, separation of
▪ political science       division of the legislative, executive, and judicial (judiciary) functions of government among separate and independent bodies. Such a ...
Pow·ers (pouʹərz), Hiram. 1805-1873. American sculptor whose important works, all in the neoclassical style, include Greek Slave (1843) and busts of American leaders. * * *
power series n. A sum of successively higher integral powers of a variable or combination of variables, each multiplied by a constant coefficient. * * *
power shovel n. A large, usually mobile earthmoving machine having a boom and a hinged bucket for excavating. Also called steam shovel. * * *
power station n. See power plant. * * *
power steering n. A device driven by the engine of a vehicle that facilitates the turning of the steering wheel by the driver. * * *
power structure n. 1. An elite group constituted by people holding influential positions within a government, society, or organization. 2. A hierarchy of managerial ...
power takeoff n. Abbr. PTO A mechanism attached to a motor vehicle engine that supplies power to a nonvehicular device, such as a pump or pneumatic hammer. * * *
powertrain [pou′ər trān΄] n. DRIVETRAIN * * * power train n. An assembly of gears and associated parts by which power is transmitted from an engine to a driving axle. * * *
power trip n. Slang An action undertaken chiefly for the gratification associated with the exercise of power over another or others: “He was giving orders, and people were ...
/pow"euh tan', -hat'n/, n., pl. Powhatans, (esp. collectively) Powhatan for 1. 1. a member of any of the Indian tribes belonging to the Powhatan Confederacy. 2. the Eastern ...
Powhatan Confederacy
a network of Algonquian-speaking Indian settlements in Virginia that was ruled by Powhatan. * * *
Powhatan War
▪ North American history       (1622–44), relentless struggle between the Powhatan Indian confederacy and early English settlers in the tidewater section of Virginia ...
POWs and the Global War on Terrorism
▪ 2005 Introduction by Peter Saracino       The conduct of the parties in the global war on terrorism declared by the United States and the war in Iraq stirred up ...
/pow"wow'/, n. 1. (among North American Indians) a ceremony, esp. one accompanied by magic, feasting, and dancing, performed for the cure of disease, success in a hunt, etc. 2. a ...
/poh"is/, n. 1. John Cowper, 1872-1963, English author. 2. his brother, Llewelyn, 1884-1939, English author. 3. his brother, Theodore Francis, 1875-1953, English author. 4. a ...
Powys, John Cowper
▪ British author born October 8, 1872, Shirley, Derbyshire, England died June 17, 1963, Blaenau Ffestiniog, Merioneth, Wales  Welsh novelist, essayist, and poet, known ...
/poks/, n. Pathol. 1. a disease characterized by multiple skin pustules, as smallpox. 2. syphilis. 3. Also called soil rot. Plant Pathol. a disease of sweet potatoes, ...
pox disease
▪ pathology       any of a complex of viral diseases in human beings and domestic animals, marked chiefly by eruptions of the skin and mucous membranes. Sheep pox and ...
/poks"vuy'reuhs/, n. pl. poxviruses. any of a group of large, brick-shaped DNA-containing viruses that infect humans and other animals, including the viruses of smallpox and ...
/paw"yahng"/, n. a lake in E China, in Kiangsi province. 90 mi. (145 km) long. * * *
Poyang Hu
Poyang Hu [pō̂′yäŋ′ ho͞o′] lake in N Jiangxi province, SE China: c. 1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km) * * *
Poyang, Lake
▪ lake, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Poyang Hu  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  P'o-yang Hu        largest freshwater lake in China, located in northern Jiangxi ...
Poyet, Guillaume
▪ French official born c. 1473, , Angers, France died April 1548, Paris       chancellor of France (from 1538) who sought to reform legal procedures in France during ...
Poynings, Sir Edward
born 1459, Southwark?, near London, Eng. died October 1521, Westenhanger, Kent English soldier and administrator. A supporter of Henry Tudor (later Henry VII), he served as the ...
/poyn"tel/, n. pointel. Also, poyntill /poyn"til/. * * *
Poynting vector
▪ physics       a quantity describing the magnitude and direction of the flow of energy in electromagnetic waves. It is named after English physicist John Henry Poynting ...
Poynting, John Henry
▪ British physicist born Sept. 9, 1852, Monton, Lancashire, Eng. died March 30, 1914, Birmingham, Warwickshire       British physicist who introduced a theorem that ...
Poynting-Robertson effect
/poyn"ting rob"euhrt seuhn/, Astron. the slowing down and consequent spiraling inward of small particles orbiting the sun, due to their interaction with solar ...
Poza Rica
▪ Mexico in full  Poza Rica de Hidalgo         city, north-central Veracruz estado (state), east-central Mexico. Northeast of Mexico City, Poza Rica lies on the ...
Poza Rica de Hidalgo
/paw'sah rddee"kah dhe ee dhahl"gaw/ a city in N Veracruz, in E Mexico. 160,682. * * *
PozaRica de Hidalgo
Po·za Ri·ca de Hi·dal·go (pōʹzə rēʹkə dā hĭ-dälʹgō, pōʹsä rēʹkä dĕ ē-dälʹgō) A city of east-central Mexico south of Tampico near the Bay of Campeche. ...
/pohz"nan, -nahn/; Pol. /pawz"nahn'yeu/, n. a city in W Poland, on the Warta River. 516,000. German, Posen. * * * German Posen City (pop., 2000 est.: 574,896), west-central ...
Poznań Riots
▪ Polish history       (June 1956), uprising of Polish industrial workers that caused a crisis among the Polish Communist leadership as well as in the Soviet bloc and ...
Pozo Colorado
▪ Paraguay       town, west-central Paraguay, just south of an economically important forest zone. The town is the centre of the region's livestock activity and ...
/paw"zhawn'yeu/, n. Hungarian name of Bratislava. * * *
Pozzo di Borgo, Charles-André, Count
▪ Corsican noble (comte), original Italian  Carlo Andrea Pozzo Di Borgo   born March 8, 1768, Alata, Corsica died Feb. 15, 1842, Paris, France       Corsican ...
poz·zo·lan (pŏt'sə-länʹ) also poz·zo·la·na (-sə-läʹnə) or poz·zuo·la·na (-swə-) n. 1. A siliceous volcanic ash used to produce hydraulic cement. 2. Any of ...
/pot'seuh lah"neuh/; It. /pawt'tsaw lah"nah/, n. a porous variety of volcanic tuff or ash used in making hydraulic cement. Also, pozzolan /pot"seuh leuhn/, pozzuolana /pot'sweuh ...
/pot'seuh lan"ik, -lah"nik/, adj. (of a cement admixture) having properties similar to those of pozzolana. Also, pozzuolanic /pot'sweuh lah"nik/. [1925-30; POZZOLAN(A) + -IC] * * ...
pozzuolana [pät΄sōlä′nəpät΄swō lä′nə] n. 〚It < L puteolana (pulvie), (powder of) Puteoli (now It Pozzuoli), site of the quarries〛 1. a volcanic rock, powdered ...
/pot swoh"lee/; It. /pawt tswaw"lee/, n. a seaport in SW Italy, near Naples: Roman ruins. 67,787. * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Puteoli,         town and episcopal see, ...
prepositional phrase. * * *
Radio. push-pull. * * *
1. pages. 2. past participle. 3. pianissimo. 4. privately printed. * * *
Pharm. phenylpropanolamine. * * *
(in publishing) paper, printing, and binding. Also, P.P.B. * * *
1. (in publishing) paper, printing, and binding. 2. parts per billion. Also, p.p.b. * * *
ppd abbrev. 1. postpaid 2. prepaid * * *
1. postpaid. 2. prepaid. * * *
Brit. philosophy, politics, and economics. * * *
PPG Industries, Inc.
▪ American company formerly  (1883–1968) Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company,         a leading American and international producer of coatings, flat glass, chemicals, ...
paid personal holidays. Also, P.P.H. * * *
pamphlet. * * *
1. patient package insert: a leaflet included with a prescription medication indicating its proper use. 2. plan position indicator. 3. producer price index. * * *
participle. * * *
See pleuropneumonialike organism. * * *
1. parts per million. 2. pulse per minute. * * *
See preferred-provider organization. * * *
Music. pianississimo; double pianissimo. * * *
ppr abbrev. present participle * * *
present participle. Also, p.pr. * * *
pulse per second. * * *
ppt abbr. 1. parts per thousand. 2. parts per trillion. 3. precipitate. * * *
Chem. precipitate. * * *
Television. pay-per-view. Also, p.p.v., PPV, P.P.V. * * *
Quebec, Canada (approved for postal use). * * *
West Semitic, to long for. fakir, from Arabic faqīr, poor, from faqura, to be(come) poor. * * *
1. payroll. 2. percentile rank. 3. public relations. 4. Slang (often disparaging and offensive). Puerto Rican. 5. Puerto Rico (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * *
Provençal. Symbol, Chem. praseodymium. * * *
1. (of stock) preferred. 2. Priest. 3. Prince. 4. Provençal. * * *
1. pair; pairs. 2. paper. 3. power. 4. preference. 5. (of stock) preferred. 6. present. 7. price. 8. priest. 9. Computers. printer. 10. printing. 11. pronoun. * * *
Public Roads Administration. * * * ▪ river, Ghana       river of southern Ghana. The Pra River rises in the Kwahu Plateau near Mpraeso and flows 150 miles (240 km) ...
▪ 2009 Pushpa Kamal Dahal  born Dec. 11, 1954, Lewadi, Nepal  On Aug. 15, 2008, Prachanda, former leader of the 11-year Maoist insurgency, was elected the first prime ...
Prachin Buri
▪ Thailand also called  Pachim, or Prachim,         town, south-central Thailand. Prachin Buri lies along the Bang Pakong River and is a collecting centre for rice ...
/prak"tik/, adj. practical. [1375-1425; late ME practik < L practicus < Gk praktikós, equiv. to prak- (verbid s. of prássein to do; see PRAGMATIC, PRAXIS) + -tikos -TIC] * * *
See practicable. * * *
—practicability, practicableness, n. —practicably, adv. /prak"ti keuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being done, effected, or put into practice, with the available means; ...
See practicability. * * *
—practicality, practicalness, n. /prak"ti keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to practice or action: practical mathematics. 2. consisting of, involving, or resulting from practice ...
practical art
an art or craft, as woodworking or needlework, that serves a utilitarian purpose. [1920-25] * * *
practical imperative
(in Kantian ethics) the dictum that one should treat oneself and all humanity as an end and never as a means. * * *
practical joke
—practical joker. a playful trick, often involving some physical agent or means, in which the victim is placed in an embarrassing or disadvantageous position. [1840-50] * * *
Practical Learning School
or Silhak School of thought that arose in 18th-century Korea, dedicated to a practical approach to statecraft. It attacked Neo-Confucianism, particularly its formalism and ...
practical nurse
a person who has not graduated from an accredited school of nursing but whose vocation is caring for the sick. Cf. licensed practical nurse. [1920-25] * * *
practical reason
(in Kantian ethics) reason applied to the problem of action and choice, esp. in ethical matters. [1895-1900] * * * Rational capacity by which (rational) agents guide their ...
—practicalist, n. /prak"ti keuh liz'euhm/, n. devotion to practical matters. [1835-45; PRACTICAL + -ISM] * * *
See practical. * * *
practical joke n. A mischievous trick played on a person, especially one that causes the victim to experience embarrassment, indignity, or discomfort.   practical joker n. * * *
See practical joke. * * *
/prak"tik lee/, adv. 1. in effect; virtually: It is practically useless to protest. 2. in a practical manner: to think practically. 3. from a practical point of view: Practically ...
See practicality. * * *
practical nurse n. 1. A licensed practical nurse. 2. A person who has had practical experience in nursing care but who is not a graduate of a degree program in nursing. * * *
➡ higher education * * *
—practicer, n. /prak"tis/, n., v., practiced, practicing. n. 1. habitual or customary performance; operation: office practice. 2. habit; custom: It is not the practice here for ...
practice teacher
See student teacher. * * *
practice teaching
See practice-teach. * * *
/prak"tis teech'/, v.i., practice-taught, practice-teaching. to work as a practice teacher. [1950-55] * * *
/prak"tist/, adj. 1. skilled or expert; proficient through practice or experience: a practiced hand at politics. 2. acquired or perfected through practice: a practiced English ...
See practice. * * *
practice teacher n. See student teacher.   pracʹtice-teach' (prăkʹtĭs-tēch') v. practice teaching n. * * *
/prak"ti sing/, adj. 1. actively working at a profession, esp. medicine or law. 2. actively following a specific way of life, religion, philosophy, etc.: a practicing ...
/prak"ti keuhm/, n. (in a college or university) the part of a course consisting of practical work in a particular field. [1900-05; < L, neut. of practicus PRACTIC] * * *
/prak"tis/, v.t., v.i., practised, practising. Brit. practice. * * *
See practise. * * *
/prak tish"euh neuhr/, n. 1. a person engaged in the practice of a profession, occupation, etc.: a medical practitioner. 2. a person who practices something specified. 3. ...
/prad/, n. Australian Informal. horse. [1790-1800; metathetic var. of D paard horse (c. G Pferd)
Prada, Miuccia
▪ 2003       Though retail analysts predicted a plunge in the sale of luxury goods following the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the U.S., Italian designer Miuccia ...
▪ Hindu rite       in Hinduism and Buddhism, the rite of circumambulating in a clockwise direction an image, relic, shrine, or other sacred object. The worshiper, by ...
(as used in expressions) Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Uttar Pradesh * * *
Prado [prä′dō] n. Spanish national museum of art in Madrid * * *
Prado Museum
Spain's national art museum, housing the world's greatest collection of Spanish painting as well as other European works. Founded in Madrid in 1818 by Ferdinand VII, it was ...
var. of pre-. * * *
/pree"seuh pee', pres"euh-/, n. Law. 1. any of various legal writs commanding a defendant to do something or to appear and show why it should not be done. 2. a written order ...
/pree sip'i tay"shee oh'/, n. Meteorol. precipitation from a cloud that reaches the surface of the earth (distinguished from virga). [ < L; see PRECIPITATION] * * *
Praed, Winthrop Mackworth
▪ British politician and poet born July 26, 1802, London, Eng. died July 15, 1839, London  English writer and politician remembered for his humorous verse.       After ...
—praediality, n. /pree"dee euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or consisting of land or its products; real; landed. 2. arising from or consequent upon the occupation of land. 3. ...
/pree"fekt/, n. prefect. * * *
/pri lekt"/, v.i. prelect. * * *
/pree'myooh nuy"ree/, n. Eng. Law. 1. a writ charging the offense of resorting to a foreign court or authority, as that of the pope, and thus calling in question the supremacy of ...
/pree nes"tee/, n. ancient name of Palestrina. * * * modern Palestrina Ancient city, Latium, central Italy. Praeneste was located on a spur of the Apennines. Founded before ...
/pree nes"tin/, adj. of or pertaining to the ancient town of Praeneste in Italy, or to the Latin dialect spoken there. [1875-80; < L Praenestinus. See PRAENESTE, -INE1] * * *
—praenominal /pree nom"euh nl/, adj. /pree noh"meuhn/, n., pl. praenomina /-nom"euh neuh, -noh"meuh-/, praenomens. the first or personal name of a Roman citizen, as "Gaius" in ...
See praenomen. * * *
—praepostorial /pree'po stawr"ee euhl, -stohr"-/, adj. /pree pos"teuhr/, n. a senior student at an English public school who is given authority over other students. Also, ...
/pri see"pee, pruy"seuh pee'/, n. Astron. an open star cluster in the center of the constellation Cancer, visible to the naked eye. Also called Beehive cluster, Manger. [1650-60; ...
/pree tek"steuh/, n., pl. praetextae /-tek"stee/. 1. (in ancient Rome) a white toga with a broad purple border, worn by priests and magistrates as an official costume, and by ...
—praetorial /pree tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. /pree"teuhr/, n. (in the ancient Roman republic) one of a number of elected magistrates charged chiefly with the administration ...
See praetor. * * *
/pree tawr"ee euhn, -tohr"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a praetor. 2. (often cap.) noting or pertaining to the Praetorian Guard. n. 3. a person having the rank of praetor or ...
Praetorian Guard
Rom. Hist. the bodyguard of a military commander, esp. the imperial guard stationed in Rome. * * * (Latin, cohors praetoria) Household troops of the Roman emperors. In the 2nd ...
Praetorian Guard n. 1. The elite bodyguard of a Roman emperor, approximately the size of a legion. 2. A member of this bodyguard.   [Originally the bodyguard of a praetor or a ...
/pree tawr"ee euh niz'euhm, -tohr"-/, n. the control of a society by force or fraud, esp. when exercised through titular officials and by a powerful minority. [1865-70; ...
/pree tawr"ee euhs, -tohr"-/, n. Michael (Michael Schultheiss) , 1571-1621, German composer, organist, and theorist. * * *
Praetorius, Michael
▪ German musician original name  Michael Schultheiss   born Feb. 15?, 1571, Kreuzberg, Silesia died Feb. 15, 1621, Wolfenbüttel, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel       German ...
/pree"teuhr ship'/, n. the office of a praetor. Also, pretorship. [1535-45; PRAETOR + -SHIP] * * *
/prddahk/, n. German name of Prague. * * *
Pragian Stage
▪ geology       second of the three standard worldwide divisions of Early Devonian (Devonian Period) rocks and time. Pragian time spans the interval between 411.2 ...
—pragmaticality, pragmaticalness, n. —pragmatically, adv. /prag mat"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a practical point of view or practical considerations. 2. Philos. of or ...
pragmatic sanction
1. any one of various imperial decrees with the effect of fundamental law. 2. (caps.) Hist. a. any of several imperial or royal decrees limiting the power or privilege of the ...
Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges
(July 7, 1438) Decree issued by King Charles VII of France after the Council of Basel, confirming the supremacy of a council over the pope. The decree also confirmed the ...
Pragmatic Sanction of Emperor Charles VI
▪ Holy Roman Empire       (April 19, 1713), decree promulgated by the Holy Roman emperor Charles VI with the intent that all his Habsburg (Habsburg, House of) kingdoms ...
Pragmatic Sanction of King Ferdinand VII
▪ Spanish history       (March 29, 1830), decree of Ferdinand VII of Spain, which promulgated his predecessor Charles IV's (Charles IV) unpublished decision of 1789 ...
pragmatic theory
Philos. the theory of truth that the truth of a statement consists in its practical consequences, esp. in its agreement with subsequent experience. Cf. coherence theory, ...
See pragmatic. * * *
See pragmatical. * * *
/prag mat"euh siz'euhm/, n. the pragmatist philosophy of C. S. Peirce, chiefly a theory of meaning: so called by him to distinguish it from the pragmatism of William ...
/prag mat"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Logic, Philos. the branch of semiotics dealing with the causal and other relations between words, expressions, or symbols and their ...
pragmatic sanction n. An edict or decree issued by a sovereign that becomes part of the fundamental law of the land.   [Translation of Late Latin prāgmatica sānctiō, imperial ...
—pragmatistic, adj. /prag"meuh tiz'euhm/, n. 1. character or conduct that emphasizes practicality. 2. a philosophical movement or system having various forms, but generally ...
/prag"meuh tist/, n. 1. a person who is oriented toward the success or failure of a particular line of action, thought, etc.; a practical person. 2. an advocate or adherent of ...
See pragmatist. * * *
/prahg/, n. a city in and the capital of the Czech Republic, in the W central part, on the Vltava: formerly capital of Czechoslovakia. 1,211,000. Czech, Praha /prddah"hah/. ...
Prague School
a school of linguistics emphasizing structure, active in the 1920s and 1930s. * * * ▪ linguistics       school of linguistic thought and analysis established in Prague ...
Prague Spring
(1968) Brief period of liberalization in Czechoslovakia under Alexander Dubček. In April 1968 he instituted agricultural and industrial reforms, a revised constitution to ...
Prague Zoological Garden
▪ zoo, Prague, Czech Republic also called  Prague Zoo , Czech  Zoologicka Zahrada Praha        zoological garden 4 km (2.5 miles) from downtown Prague, noted for ...
Prague, Defenestration of
(May 23, 1618) Incident of Bohemian resistance to Habsburg authority. In 1617 Catholic officials in Bohemia closed Protestant chapels in violation of the religious-liberty ...
▪ French revolt       revolt of princes and other nobles against Charles VII of France in 1440, named in allusion to similar contemporary movements in Prague and ...
▪ county, Romania       judeţ (county), south-central Romania. The forested Bucegi, Ciucaş, and Buzău mountain ranges, part of the Eastern Carpathians, and the ...
pra·hu (präʹo͞o) n. Variant of proa. * * *
Port. /prdduy"ah/; Eng. /pruy"euh/, n. the capital of Cape Verde, in the S Atlantic Ocean, on S São Tiago Island. 39,000. * * * City (pop., 2000: 94,757), port, and capital of ...
—prairielike, adj. /prair"ee/, n. 1. an extensive, level or slightly undulating, mostly treeless tract of land in the Mississippi valley, characterized by a highly fertile soil ...
prairie breaker
breaker1 (def. 6). [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
prairie button snakeroot
a stout composite plant, Liatris pycnostachya, of prairies in the central U.S., having showy, rose-purple flower heads in dense spikes. Also called Kansas gay-feather. * * *
prairie chicken
1. either of two North American gallinaceous birds of western prairies, Tympanuchus cupido (greater prairie chicken), or T. pallidicinctus (lesser prairie chicken), having ...
prairie clover
any plant belonging to the genus Petalostemon, of the legume family, common in western North America, having pinnately compound leaves and spikes of white, purple, or pink ...
prairie crab apple
a tree, Malus ioensis, of the rose family, native to the central U.S., having downy branchlets, white or rose-tinted flowers, and round, waxy, greenish fruit. * * *
prairie dog
any of several burrowing rodents of the genus Cynomys, of North American prairies, having a barklike cry: some are endangered. [1765-75, Amer.] * * * Any of five species (genus ...

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