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plate rail
a rail or narrow shelf fixed along a wall to hold plates, esp. for ornament or display. [1815-25] * * *
plate resistance
Electronics. See anode resistance. * * *
plate shop
Shipbuilding. a shop for cold-forming metal plates. Also called structural shop. * * *
plate tectonics
—plate-tectonic, adj. Geol. a theory of global tectonics in which the lithosphere is divided into a number of crustal plates, each of which moves on the plastic asthenosphere ...
plate tracery
tracery, as in early Gothic architecture, formed of cut or pierced slabs of stone set on edge with the flat side outward. Also called perforated tracery. [1850-55] * * *
plate-dog
/playt"dawg', -dog'/, n. Print. a heavy metal plate on which plates, stereos, etc., are locked into position for printing on a rotary press. * * *
plate-tectonic
See plate tectonics. * * *
platea
▪ medieval theatre       in medieval theatre, the neutral acting area of a stage. In medieval staging, a number of mansions, or booths, representing specific locations, ...
plateau
/pla toh"/ or, esp. Brit., /plat"oh/, n., pl. plateaus, plateaux /-tohz", -tohz/, v., plateaued, plateauing. n. 1. a land area having a relatively level surface considerably ...
Plateau Indian
Any member of various North American Indian peoples that inhabited the high plateau between the Rocky Mountains on the east and the Cascade Range on the west. The Plateau ...
Plateau's problem
/pla tohz"/, Math. the problem in the calculus of variations of finding the surface with the least area bounded by a given closed curve in space. [1910-15; named after J. A. F. ...
plated
/play"tid/, adj. 1. coated with a thin film of gold, silver, etc., as for ornamental purposes. 2. covered or overlaid with metal plates for protection. 3. (of a knitted fabric) ...
plateful
/playt"fool/, n., pl. platefuls. 1. the amount that a plate will hold. 2. a large portion or quantity: a plateful of contracts to negotiate. [1760-70; PLATE1 + -FUL] Usage. See ...
plateglass
plate glass n. A strong rolled and polished glass containing few impurities, used for mirrors and large windows. * * *
plateholder
/playt"hohl'deuhr/, n. a lightproof container for a photographic plate, loaded into the camera with the plate and having a slide that is removed before exposing. [1870-75; PLATE1 ...
platelet
/playt"lit/, n. Cell Biol. a small platelike body, esp. a blood platelet. [1890-95; PLATE1 + -LET] * * * or thrombocyte Small, colourless, irregular blood cell crucial in ...
platemaker
/playt"may'keuhr/, n. Print. 1. a machine that makes plates used for reproducing illustrations or printed matter, esp. halftone or etched illustrations. 2. the operator of such a ...
platen
/plat"n/, n. 1. a flat plate in a printing press for pressing the paper against the inked type or plate to produce an impression. 2. a rotating cylinder used for the same ...
Platen, August, Graf von (count of)
▪ German writer in full  August, Graf von Platen-Hallermünde , Hallermünde also spelled  Hallermund   born Oct. 24, 1796, Ansbach, principality of Ansbach [Germany] died ...
Plateosaurus
▪ dinosaur genus  dinosaurs known from extensive fossil material found in Europe dating to the Late Triassic Period (228 million to 200 million years ago) that were ...
plateproof
plate proof n. Printing A proof taken from a master plate. * * *
plater
/play"teuhr/; for 2 also /plat"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that plates. 2. an inferior race horse. [1710-20; PLATE1 + -ER1] * * *
plateresque
/plat'euh resk"/, adj. (sometimes cap.) noting or pertaining to a 16th-century style of Spanish architecture characterized by profuse applications of delicate low-relief ...
platetectonics
plate tectonics n. 1. (used with a sing. verb) A theory that explains the global distribution of geological phenomena such as seismicity, volcanism, continental drift, and ...
plateware
/playt"wair'/, n. household dishes, esp. ones made of or plated with gold or silver. [PLATE1 + WARE1] * * *
platform
—platformless, adj. /plat"fawrm/, n. 1. a horizontal surface or structure with a horizontal surface raised above the level of the surrounding area. 2. a raised flooring or ...
platform bed
a bed, originating in Scandinavia in the 1930s, consisting of a simple shallow box for holding a mattress situated on a slightly recessed pedestal. * * *
platform car
a railroad freight car having no enclosing sides or top; a flatcar. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
platform frame
Carpentry. a building frame having studs only one story high, regardless of the number of stories built, each story having a box sill. Also called western frame. * * *
platform rocker
☆ platform rocker n. a rocking chair that rocks atop an attached, stationary base * * * ▪ furniture also called  swing rocking chair         rocking chair with ...
platform scale
a scale with a platform for holding the items to be weighed. Also called platform balance. * * *
platform shoe
a shoe with a platform. [1965-70] * * *
platform tennis
a variation of tennis played on a wooden platform enclosed with chicken wire in which the players hit a rubber ball with wooden paddles following the same basic rules as tennis ...
platform ticket
Brit. a pass allowing a visitor to enter upon a railroad platform from which those not traveling are ordinarily excluded. [1900-05] * * *
platformbed
platform bed n. A bed consisting of a mattress on a solid platform raised off the floor by legs or framing, with the floor space beneath the platform used for living space or ...
platformscale
platform scale n. An industrial weighing instrument consisting of a platform coupled to an automatic system of levers and adjustable weights, used to weigh large or heavy ...
platformtennis
platform tennis n. A variation of tennis played with paddles and a rubber ball on a raised wooden floor that is fenced with a wire screen, in which balls that have landed once ...
Plath
/plath/, n. Sylvia, 1932-63, U.S. poet. * * *
Plath, Sylvia
born Oct. 27, 1932, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 11, 1963, London, Eng. U.S. poet. The daughter of an entomologist, Plath was driven to excel as a writer from an early age and ...
Plath,Sylvia
Plath (plăth), Sylvia. 1932-1963. American writer. Her poems, collected in Colossus (1960) and Ariel (1965), are noted for their technical excellence and their disturbing ...
platin-
platin- pref. Variant of platino-. * * *
platina
/plat"n euh, pleuh tee"neuh/, n. a native alloy of platinum with palladium, iridium, osmium, etc. [1740-50; < Sp: lit., silverlike element, equiv. to plat(a) silver ( < Pr: lit., ...
platinate
platinate1 /plat"n ayt'/, n. Chem. a salt of platinic acid. [1855-60; PLATIN(IC ACID) + -ATE2] platinate2 /plat"n ayt'/, v.t., platinated, platinating. to platinize. [1885-90; ...
plating
/play"ting/, n. 1. a thin coating of gold, silver, etc. 2. an external layer of metal plates. 3. the act of a person or thing that plates. [1535-45; PLATE1 + -ING1] * * ...
platini-
platini- pref. Variant of platino-. * * *
platinic
/pleuh tin"ik/, adj. Chem. of or containing platinum, esp. in the tetravalent state. [1835-45; PLATIN(UM) + -IC] * * *
platinic acid
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble powder, H2PtO3, used chiefly in platinization. * * *
platinic chloride
Chem. See chloroplatinic acid. [1865-70] * * *
platiniridium
/plat'n i rid"ee euhm, -uy rid"-/, n. a natural alloy composed chiefly of platinum and iridium. [1865-70; PLATIN(UM) + IRIDIUM] * * *
Platinite
/plat"n uyt'/, Trademark. a brand name for an alloy of about 55 percent iron and 45 percent nickel, having the same coefficient of expansion as platinum and used as a substitute ...
platinize
—platinization, n. /plat"n uyz'/, v.t., platinized, platinizing. to coat or plate with metallic platinum. Also, esp. Brit., platinise. [1815-25; PLATIN(UM) + -IZE] * * *
platino-
platino- or platini- or platin- pref. Platinum: platinotype.   [From platinum.] * * *
platinocyanic
/plat'n oh suy an"ik/, adj. Chem. of or derived from platinocyanic acid. [PLATIN(UM) + -O- + -CYANIC] * * *
platinocyanic acid
Chem. the hypothetical acid containing platinum and the cyano group, H2Pt(CN)4. * * *
platinocyanide
/plat'n oh suy"euh nuyd', -nid/, n. Chem. a salt of platinocyanic acid. Also called cyanoplatinite. [1835-45; PLATINOCYAN(IC ACID) + -IDE] * * *
platinoid
/plat"n oyd'/, adj. 1. resembling platinum: the platinoid elements. n. 2. any of the metals, as palladium or iridium, with which platinum is commonly associated. 3. an alloy of ...
platinotype
/plat"n oh tuyp'/, n. Photog. 1. a process of printing positives in which a platinum salt is used, rather than the usual silver salts, in order to make a more permanent print. 2. ...
platinous
/plat"n euhs/, adj. Chem. containing bivalent platinum. [1835-45; PLATIN(UM) + -OUS] * * *
platinum
/plat"n euhm, plat"neuhm/, n. 1. Chem. a heavy, grayish-white, highly malleable and ductile metallic element, resistant to most chemicals, practically unoxidizable except in the ...
platinum black
Chem. a black powder consisting of very finely divided metallic platinum, used as a catalyst, esp. in organic synthesis. [1850-55] * * *
platinum blonde
1. a person, esp. a girl or woman, whose hair is of a pale blond or silver color, usually colored artificially by bleaching or dyeing. 2. a pale blond or silver ...
platinum group
▪ chemical element group Introduction       six metals, in order of increasing atomic weight, ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), iridium ...
platinum metal
platinum metal n. any of a group of similar metals, including ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum * * *
platinumblack
platinum black n. A fine black powder of metallic platinum, used as a catalyst and as a gas absorbent. * * *
platinumblond
platinum blond n. 1. A very light silver-blond hair color, especially when artificially produced. 2. A person having hair of this color. * * *
platitude
/plat"i toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. 1. a flat, dull, or trite remark, esp. one uttered as if it were fresh or profound. 2. the quality or state of being flat, dull, or trite: the ...
platitudinal
/plat'i toohd"n euhl, -tyoohd"-/, adj. platitudinous. [1865-70; PLATITUDE + -inal (see -AL1), on the model of L derivatives of abstract nouns in -tudo, s. -tudin- (cf. ...
platitudinarian
/plat'i toohd'n air"ee euhn, -tyoohd'-/, n. a person who frequently or habitually utters platitudes. [1850-55; PLATITUDIN(OUS) + -ARIAN, perh. on the model of LATITUDINARIAN] * * ...
platitudinize
—platitudinization, n. —platitudinizer, n. /plat'i toohd"n uyz, -tyoohd"-/, v.i., platitudinized, platitudinizing. to utter platitudes. Also, esp. Brit., ...
platitudinous
—platitudinously, adv. —platitudinousness, n. /plat'i toohd"n euhs, -tyoohd"-/, adj. 1. characterized by or given to platitudes. 2. of the nature of or resembling a ...
platitudinously
See platitudinous. * * *
Plato
/play"toh/, n. 1. 427-347 B.C., Greek philosopher. 2. a walled plain in the second quadrant of the face of the moon, having a dark floor: about 60 miles (96 km) in diameter. * * ...
Platonic
—Platonically, adv. /pleuh ton"ik, play-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Plato or his doctrines: the Platonic philosophy of ideal forms. 2. pertaining to, ...
Platonic Academy
▪ Italian scholars Italian  Accademia Platonica,         a group of scholars in mid-15th-century Florence who met under the leadership of the outstanding translator ...
Platonic love
1. Platonism. love of the Idea of beauty, seen as terminating an evolution from the desire for an individual and the love of physical beauty to the love and contemplation of ...
Platonic solid
Geom. one of the five regular polyhedrons: tetrahedron, octahedron, hexahedron, icosahedron, or dodecahedron. [1950-55] * * * also known as regular polyhedron Geometric solid ...
Platonic year
Astron. a period of about 26,000 years, equal to the time required for a complete revolution of the equinoxes. Also called great year. Cf. precession of the ...
Platonically
See Platonic. * * *
Platonism
—Platonist, n., adj. /playt"n iz'euhm/, n. 1. the philosophy or doctrines of Plato or his followers. 2. a Platonic doctrine or saying. 3. the belief that physical objects are ...
Platonist
See Platonism. * * *
Platonistic
See Platonist. * * *
Platonize
—Platonization, n. —Platonizer, n. /playt"n uyz'/, v., Platonized, Platonizing. v.i. 1. to follow or adopt the doctrines of Plato. 2. to think or reason in the manner of ...
Platonov, Sergey Fyodorovich
▪ Russian historian born June 28 [June 16, Old Style], 1860, Chernigov, Russia died Jan. 10, 1933, Samara, Russia, U.S.S.R.       leading Russian historian of the early ...
platoon
/pleuh toohn"/, n. 1. a military unit consisting of two or more squads or sections and a headquarters. 2. a small unit of a police force. 3. a company or group of persons: a ...
platoon sergeant
platoon sergeant n. U.S. Army the senior noncommissioned officer in a platoon, equal in grade to a sergeant first class * * *
platoonsergeant
platoon sergeant n. The senior noncommissioned officer in an army platoon or comparable unit. * * *
Platt Amendment
(1901) Rider appended to a U.S. Army appropriations bill stipulating conditions for withdrawing of U.S. troops remaining in Cuba after the Spanish-American War. The amendment, ...
Platt, Orville Hitchcock
born July 19, 1827, Washington, Conn., U.S. died April 21, 1905, Washington U.S. politician. He served in the Connecticut legislature (1861–62, 1864, 1869) and later in the ...
Platt, Thomas Collier
▪ United States senator born July 15, 1833, Owego, N.Y., U.S. died March 6, 1910, New York City  U.S. representative and senator from New York, who unwillingly furthered the ...
Plattdeutsch
/plaht"doych'/, n. the Low German vernacular dialects spoken in northern Germany. Also called Low German. [1825-35; < G: lit., flat (i.e., lowland) German] * * *
Platte
/plat/, n. a river flowing E from the junction of the North and South Platte rivers in central Nebraska to the Missouri River S of Omaha. 310 mi. (500 km) long. * * * (as used ...
Platte River
River, central Nebraska, U.S. Formed by the confluence of the North Platte and South Platte rivers, it is 310 mi (500 km) long. It flows southeast into a big bend at Kearney, ...
Plattensee
/plaht"n zay'/, n. German name of Balaton. * * *
platter
/plat"euhr/, n. 1. a large, shallow dish, usually elliptical in shape, for holding and serving food, esp. meat or fish. 2. a course of a meal, usually consisting of a variety of ...
Platter, Thomas
▪ Swiss author born Feb. 10, 1499, Grächen, Switz. died Jan. 26, 1582, Basel       Swiss writer and humanist known for his autobiography.       After years of ...
Platters, the
▪ American music group  American vocal ensemble, one of the foremost singing groups of the early days of rock and roll and also often associated with the doo-wop style. The ...
Plattsburgh
/plats"berrg/, n. a city in NE New York, on Lake Champlain: battle, 1814. 21,057. * * * City (pop., 2000: 18,816), northeastern New York, U.S. Situated on the western shore of ...
Plattsmouth
▪ Nebraska, United States       city, seat (1855) of Cass county, eastern Nebraska, U.S., near the confluence of the Platte and Missouri rivers, about 20 miles (32 km) ...
platy
platy1 /play"tee/, adj., platier, platiest. (of an igneous rock) split into thin, flat sheets, often resembling strata, as a result of uneven cooling. [1525-35; PLATE1 + ...
platy-
a combining form meaning "flat," "broad," used in the formation of compound words: platyhelminth. Also, plat-. [comb. form repr. Gk platýs; see FLAT1] * * *
platycephalic
/plat'ee seuh fal"ik/, adj. Cephalom. having a head whose cranial vault is broad or flat. Also, platycephalous /plat'i sef"euh leuhs/. [1860-65; PLATY- + -CEPHALIC] * * *
Platyceras
▪ fossil snail genus       genus of extinct gastropods (snails) that occurs as fossils in rocks of Silurian to Permian age (444 million to 251 million years ago). Its ...
platycnemia
/plat'ik nee"mee euh, plat'i nee"-/, n. (in the shinbone) the state of being laterally flattened. [1875-80; < NL; see PLATY-, CNEMIS, -IA] * * *
Platycrinites
▪ echinoderm genus       genus of extinct crinoids, or sea lilies, especially characteristic as fossils of Early Carboniferous marine deposits (360 to 320 million years ...
platyfish
/plat"ee fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) platyfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) platyfishes. any of several small, yellow-gray freshwater fishes of the ...
platyhelminth
—platyhelminthic, adj. /plat'i hel"minth/, n. any worm of the phylum Platyhelminthes; a flatworm. [1875-80; < NL Platyhelmintha flatworm. See PLATY-, HELMINTH] * * *
Platyhelminthes
/plat'ee hel min"theez/, n. a phylum of worms having bilateral symmetry and a soft, usually flattened body, comprising the flatworms. [1900-05; < NL (pl.); see PLATYHELMINTH] * * ...
platyhelminthic
See platyhelminth. * * *
platykurtic
/plat'i kerr"tik/, adj. Statistics. 1. (of a frequency distribution) less concentrated about the mean than the corresponding normal distribution. 2. (of a frequency distribution ...
platykurtosis
/plat'ee kerr toh"sis/, n. Statistics. the state of being platykurtic. [1935-40; PLATYKURT(IC) + -OSIS] * * *
platypod
/plat"i pod'/, adj. 1. Also, platypodous /pleuh tip"euh deuhs/. having a broad foot, as certain gastropod mollusks. n. 2. a platypod animal. [1840-50; PLATY- + -POD] * * *
platypus
/plat"i peuhs, -poos'/, n., pl. platypuses, platypi /-puy'/. a small, aquatic, egg-laying monotreme, Ornithorhynchus anatinus, of Australia and Tasmania, having webbed feet, a ...
platyrrhine
/plat"i ruyn', -rin/, adj. 1. Anthropol. having a broad, flat-bridged nose. 2. belonging or pertaining to the primate group or superfamily Platyrrhini, comprising the New World ...
platyrrhiny
See platyrrhine. * * *
platysma
/pleuh tiz"meuh/, n., pl. platysmas, platysmata /-meuh teuh/, Anat. a broad, thin muscle on each side of the neck, extending from the upper part of the shoulder to the corner of ...
Platystrophia
▪ fossil genus       genus of extinct brachiopods (lamp shells) occurring as fossils in marine rocks of the Middle Ordovician epoch to about the middle of the Silurian ...
plaudit
/plaw"dit/, n. Usually, plaudits. 1. an enthusiastic expression of approval: Her portrayal of Juliet won the plaudits of the critics. 2. a demonstration or round of applause, as ...
Plauen
/plow"euhn/, n. a city in E Germany. 78,632. * * *
plausibility
See plausible. * * *
plausible
—plausibility, plausibleness, n. —plausibly, adv. /plaw"zeuh beuhl/, adj. 1. having an appearance of truth or reason; seemingly worthy of approval or acceptance; credible; ...
plausibleness
See plausibility. * * *
plausibly
See plausibility. * * *
plausive
/plaw"ziv, -siv/, adj. 1. applauding. 2. Obs. plausible. [1590-1600; < L plaus(us) (ptp. of plaudere to APPLAUD) + -IVE] * * *
Plautus
/plaw"teuhs/, n. Titus Maccius /tuy"teuhs mak"see euhs/, c254-c184 B.C., Roman dramatist. * * * born с 254, Sarsina, Umbria? died 184 BC Roman comic playwright. Little is ...
Plautus,Titus Maccius
Plau·tus (plôʹtəs), Titus Maccius. 254?-184B.C. Roman comic playwright whose works influenced Shakespeare and Molière. * * *
play
—playingly, adv. —playless, adj. —playlike, adj. /play/, n. 1. a dramatic composition or piece; drama. 2. a dramatic performance, as on the stage. 3. exercise or activity ...
play agent
a broker representing a playwright in dealings with theater managers, producers, etc. Also called playbroker. * * *
play date
an appointment made by several parents to have their young children play together. [1985-90] * * *
play doctor
Theat. a person, usually a professional playwright, employed to improve a script, esp. shortly before the play's opening. [1920-25] * * *
play dough{™}
(also Play-Doh™) n [U] a soft substance, similar to clay, which is sold in a range of bright colours for children to play with by shaping it. It was first invented in the US in ...
play hooky
☆ play hooky or play hookey n. see HOOKY * * *
play money
1. paper that is cut and printed to resemble paper money, often used in playing board games. 2. Informal. worthless or counterfeit currency: The bankrupt government was putting ...
play on words
a pun or the act of punning. * * *
play the ponies
➡ racing * * *
play therapy
a form of psychotherapy used chiefly with children, in which patients act out situations in play that are expressive of their emotional problems, conflicts, etc. [1935-40] * * *
play-act
play-act (plāʹăkt') intr.v. play-·act·ed, play-·act·ing, play-·acts 1. To play a role in a dramatic performance. 2. To play a pretended role; make believe. 3. To behave ...
play-action pass
/play"ak'sheuhn/, Football. a pass play designed to deceive the defense by appearing to be a running play, in which the quarterback fakes a hand-off to a back before throwing a ...
play-actionpass
play-ac·tion pass (plāʹăk'shən) n. Football A pass play in which the quarterback fakes a handoff to a running back before throwing the ball. * * *
play-by-play
/play"buy play"/, adj. 1. pertaining to or being a detailed account of each incident or act of an event, as in sports: a play-by-play broadcast of a baseball game. n. 2. a ...
Play-Doh
/play"doh'/, Trademark. a brand name for a soft, nontoxic modeling compound made in bright colors and marketed for children. * * *
Play-Doh{™}
➡ play dough * * *
play-off
/play"awf', -of'/, n. 1. (in competitive sports) the playing of an extra game, rounds, innings, etc., in order to settle a tie. 2. a series of games or matches, as between the ...
playa
/pluy"euh/, n. Western U.S. the sandy, salty, or mud-caked flat floor of a desert basin having interior drainage, usually occupied by a shallow lake during or after prolonged, ...
playability
See play. * * *
playable
—playability, n. /play"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of or suitable for being played. 2. (of ground) fit to be played on, as for a soccer game. [1475-85; PLAY + -ABLE] * * *
playact
—playacting, n. —playactor, n. /play"akt'/, v.i. 1. to engage in make-believe. 2. to be insincere or affected in speech, manner, etc.: It's hard to get away with playacting ...
playback
/play"bak'/, n. 1. the act of reproducing a sound or video recording, esp. in order to check a recording that is newly made. 2. (in a recording device) the apparatus used in ...
playback head
the part of a tape recorder that is used to pick up the magnetic pattern on tape in order to play back material previously recorded. Also called reproduce head. [1945-50] * * *
playbill
/play"bil'/, n. a program or announcement of a play. [1665-75; PLAY + BILL1] * * *
playbook
/play"book'/, n. 1. (in Elizabethan drama) the script of a play, used by the actors as an acting text. 2. a book containing the scripts of one or more plays. 3. Football. a ...
playboy
/play"boy'/, n. a man who pursues a life of pleasure without responsibility or attachments, esp. one who is of comfortable means. [1620-30; PLAY + BOY] * * *
Playboy of the Western World, The
a satiric comedy (1907) by John Millington Synge. * * *
playbroker
/play"broh'keuhr/, n. See play agent. [1905-10, Amer.; PLAY + BROKER] * * *
playclothes
/play"klohz', -klohdhz'/, n. pl. casual, functional clothing worn for sports, games, and other recreational activities, when relaxing at home, for informal occasions, etc. Also ...
playday
/play"day'/, n. a day for relaxation or for participation in sports contests; a holiday. [1595-1605; PLAY + DAY] * * *
playdown
/play"down'/, n. Chiefly Canadian. a play-off. Also, play-down. [1935-40; PLAY + DOWN1] * * *
player
/play"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that plays. 2. a person who takes part or is skilled in some game or sport. 3. a person who plays parts on the stage; an actor. 4. a ...
Player
/play"euhr/, n. Gary, born 1935, South African golfer. * * * (as used in expressions) record player player piano Player Gary Jim * * *
player piano
a piano that can play automatically when the keys are actuated electronically or by a pneumatic device controlled by a piano roll. [1900-05, Amer.] * * * Piano that mechanically ...
Player, Gary
▪ South African athlete in full  Gary Jim Player , byname  the Black Knight  born Nov. 1, 1935, Johannesburg, S.Af.    South African who was one of the world's best ...
Player, Gary (Jim)
born Nov. 1, 1935, Johannesburg, S.Af. South African golfer. Player entered the U.S. PGA circuit in 1957. He won the British Open three times (1959, 1968, 1974), the Masters ...
playerpiano
player piano n. A mechanically operated piano, especially a pedal-operated or motor-driven piano using pneumatic suction to move the keys in correspondence to the perforations on ...
Playfair, John
▪ Scottish geologist and mathematician born March 10, 1748, Benvie, Forfarshire, Scot. died July 20, 1819, Burntisland, Fife       Scottish geologist and mathematician ...
playfellow
/play"fel'oh/, n. a playmate. [1505-15; PLAY + FELLOW] * * *
Playford, John
▪ English music publisher born 1623, Norwich, Norfolk, Eng. died November 1686?, London  English music publisher and bookseller whose popular and frequently expanded ...
playful
—playfully, adv. —playfulness, n. /play"feuhl/, adj. 1. full of play or fun; sportive; frolicsome. 2. pleasantly humorous or jesting: a playful remark. [1200-50; ME pleiful. ...
playfully
See playful. * * *
playfulness
See playfully. * * *
playgirl
/play"gerrl'/, n. a woman who pursues a life of pleasure without responsibility or attachments, esp. one who is of comfortable means. [1930-35; PLAY + GIRL] * * *
playgoer
/play"goh'euhr/, n. a person who attends the theater often or habitually. [1815-25; PLAY + GOER] * * *
playgoing
See playgoer. * * *
playground
/play"grownd'/, n. 1. an area used for outdoor play or recreation, esp. by children, and often containing recreational equipment such as slides and swings. 2. Informal. any ...
playgrounds
➡ toys and games * * *
playgroup
/play"groohp'/, n. a group of small children, esp. preschoolers, organized for play or play activities and supervised by adult volunteers. [1905-10; PLAY + GROUP] * * *
playgroups
➡ nursery school * * *
playhouse
/play"hows'/, n., pl. playhouses /-how'ziz/. 1. a theater. 2. a small house for children to play in. 3. a toy house. [1590-1600; PLAY + HOUSE; cf. OE pleghus, as gloss of L ...
playing card
1. one of the conventional set of 52 cards in four suits, as diamonds, hearts, spades, and clubs, used in playing various games of chance and skill. 2. one of any set or pack of ...
playing cards
playing cards n. cards used in playing various games, arranged in decks of four suits (spades, hearts, diamonds, and clubs): a standard deck has 52 cards * * * Small rectangular ...
Playing Cards, Master of the
▪ German artist flourished c. 1430–50       anonymous German artist who is one of the most important of the early engravers in the Rhineland. He is known for a set of ...
playing field
an expanse of level ground, as in a park or stadium, where athletic events are held. [1575-85] * * *
playing trick
Bridge. a card in a hand considered as likely to take a trick, assuming that the player who holds the hand or that player's partner is the declarer. [1955-60] * * *
playingcard
play·ing card (plāʹĭng) n. A card marked with its rank and suit and belonging to any of several decks used in playing various games. * * *
playingfield
playing field n. 1. A field for games such as football and soccer. 2. The conditions or circumstances in which competition takes place: a level playing field for all ...
playland
/play"land'/, n. 1. an area used for recreation or amusement; playground or amusement park. 2. a town or city that relies heavily on its tourist trade to bolster its ...
playlet
/play"lit/, n. a short play. [1880-85; PLAY + -LET] * * *
playlist
/play"list'/, n. a list of the recordings to be played on the radio during a particular program or time period, often including their sequence, duration, etc. [1960-65; PLAY + ...
playmaker
—playmaking, n. /play"may'keuhr/, n. Sports. 1. an offensive player, as in basketball or ice hockey, who executes plays designed to put one or more teammates in a position to ...
playmaking
See playmaker. * * *
playmate
/play"mayt'/, n. 1. a companion, esp. of a child, in play or recreation. 2. Informal. a social companion or lover; girlfriend or boyfriend: He showed up at the nightclub with his ...
playoff
playoff [plā′ôf΄] n. 1. a contest or series of contests played to break a tie 2. a contest played to decide a championship, as between the top finishers in the divisions of ...
playpen
/play"pen'/, n. 1. a small enclosure, usually portable, in which a young child can play safely alone without constant supervision. 2. playground (defs. 2, 3). [1930-35; PLAY + ...
playreader
/play"ree'deuhr/, n. a person who reads and evaluates plays, as for a publisher, producer, or theatrical company. Also called script reader. [PLAY + READER] * * *
playroom
/play"roohm', -room'/, n. a room set aside for children's play or adult recreation. [1810-20; PLAY + ROOM] * * *
playscript
/play"skript'/, n. the manuscript of a play, esp. as prepared for use by actors in rehearsals. [PLAY + SCRIPT] * * *
PlayStation
a small electronic games machine that uses CDs. It is made by Sony and was first sold in 1994. PlayStation 2, also known as PS2, was launched in 2000 and uses both CDs and DVDs. ...
PlayStation 2
➡ PlayStation * * *
playstreet
/play"street'/, n. an urban street closed to traffic during specified times and sometimes equipped with recreational facilities, for use by children as a play area. [1935-40; ...
playsuit
/play"sooht'/, n. a sports costume for women and children, usually consisting of shorts and a shirt, worn as beachwear, for tennis, etc. [1905-10; PLAY + SUIT] * * *
Playtex{™}
the product name of a range of women’s underwear, including Wonderbra. * * *
playtherapist
See play therapy. * * *
playtherapy
play therapy n. A form of psychotherapy used with children to help them express or act out their experiences, feelings, and problems by playing with dolls, toys, and other play ...
plaything
/play"thing'/, n. 1. a thing to play with; toy. 2. a person who is used capriciously and selfishly by another. [1665-75; PLAY + THING1] * * *
playtime
/play"tuym'/, n. time for play or recreation. [1610-20; PLAY + TIME] * * *
playwear
/play"wair'/, n. playclothes. [1960-65; PLAY + WEAR] * * *
playwright
/play"ruyt'/, n. a writer of plays; dramatist. [1680-90; PLAY + WRIGHT] * * *
playwriting
/play"ruy'ting/, n. the art or technique of writing plays; the work or profession of a playwright. [1895-1900; PLAY + WRITING] * * *
plaza
/plah"zeuh, plaz"euh/, n. 1. a public square or open space in a city or town. 2. See shopping plaza. 3. an area along an expressway where public facilities, as service stations ...
plaza de toros
Sp. /plah"sah dhe taw"rddaws, plah"thah/; Eng. /plah"zeuh day tawr"ohs, tohr"-, plaz"euh/, pl. plazas de toros Sp. /plah"sahs dhe taw"rddaws, plah"thahs/; Eng. /plah"zeuhz day ...
Plaza Lasso
/plah"sah lah"saw/ Galo /gah"law/, 1906-87, Ecuadorian statesman and diplomat, born in the U.S.: president 1948-52. * * *
PLC
Brit. public limited company. * * * (as used in expressions) Guinness PLC Imperial Chemical Industries PLC Rolls Royce PLC BP PLC British Petroleum Co. PLC British American ...
plea
/plee/, n. 1. an appeal or entreaty: a plea for mercy. 2. something that is alleged, urged, or pleaded in defense or justification. 3. an excuse; pretext: He begged off on the ...
plea bargain
plea bargain n. an agreement arrived at by plea bargaining * * *
plea bargaining
an agreement between a prosecutor and a defendant whereby the defendant is allowed to plead guilty to a lesser charge rather than risk conviction for a graver crime in order to ...
plea-bargain
—plea-bargainer, n. /plee"bahr'gin/, v.i. 1. to engage in plea bargaining. v.t. 2. to deal with or achieve by plea bargaining: to plea-bargain a reduced sentence. n. 3. the ...
plea-bargaining
See pleabargain. * * *
pleabargain
See plea-bargain. * * *
pleach
/pleech/, v.t. 1. to interweave (branches, vines, etc.), as for a hedge or arbor. 2. to make or renew (a hedge, arbor, etc.) by such interweaving. 3. to braid (hair). [1350-1400; ...
pleached alley
▪ garden path       garden path, on each side of which living branches have been intertwined in such a way that a wall of self-supporting living foliage has grown up. To ...
plead
/pleed/, v., pleaded or pled; pleading. v.i. 1. to appeal or entreat earnestly: to plead for time. 2. to use arguments or persuasions, as with a person, for or against something: ...
pleadable
/plee"deuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being pleaded, as a case in court. [1250-1300; ME < AF pledable. See PLEAD, -ABLE] * * *
pleader
/plee"deuhr/, n. a person who pleads, esp. at law. [1225-75; ME pleder, plaidour; see PLEAD, -ER1] * * *
pleading
—pleadingly, adv. —pleadingness, n. /plee"ding/, n. 1. the act of a person who pleads. 2. Law. a. the advocating of a cause in a court of law. b. the art or science of ...
pleadingly
See pleadable. * * *
pleadings
pleadings [plēd′iŋz] pl.n. the statements setting forth to the court the claims of the plaintiff and the answer of the defendant * * *
pleasance
/plez"euhns/, n. 1. a place laid out as a pleasure garden or promenade. 2. Archaic. pleasure. [1300-50; ME plesaunce < MF plaisance. See PLEASANT, -ANCE] * * *
pleasant
—pleasantly, adv. —pleasantness, n. /plez"euhnt/, adj. 1. pleasing, agreeable, or enjoyable; giving pleasure: pleasant news. 2. (of persons, manners, disposition, etc.) ...
Pleasant Grove
a town in central Utah. 10,669. * * *
Pleasant Hill
a city in W California, near San Francisco Bay. 25,124. * * *
Pleasant Island
former name of Nauru. * * *
PleasantIsland
Pleas·ant Island (plĕzʹənt) See Nauru. * * *
pleasantly
See pleasant. * * *
pleasantness
See pleasantly. * * *
Pleasanton
/plez"euhn teuhn/, n. a town in W California. 35,160. * * *
pleasantry
/plez"euhn tree/, n., pl. pleasantries. 1. good-humored teasing; banter. 2. a humorous or jesting remark. 3. a courteous social remark used to initiate or facilitate a ...
Pleasantville
/plez"euhnt vil'/, n. a city in SE New Jersey. 13,435. * * *
please
—pleasable, adj. —pleasedly /plee"zid lee, pleezd"-/, adv. —pleasedness, n. —pleaser, n. /pleez/, adv., v., pleased, pleasing. adv. 1. (used as a polite addition to ...
Pleasence, Donald
▪ 1996       British actor (b. Oct. 5, 1919, Worksop, Nottinghamshire, England—d. Feb. 2, 1995, St.-Paul-de-Vence, France), was one of Britain's most enduring ...
pleaser
See please. * * *
pleasing
—pleasingly, adv. —pleasingness, n. /plee"zing/, adj. giving pleasure; agreeable; gratifying: a pleasing performance. [1350-1400; ME plesing. See PLEASE, -ING2] Syn. ...
pleasing fungus beetle
      any of some 1,400 species of widely distributed, mostly tropical beetles (beetle) (insect order Coleoptera (coleopteran)) that feed on fungi such as mushrooms and ...
pleasingly
See pleasing. * * *
pleasingness
See pleasingly. * * *
pleasurability
See pleasurable. * * *
pleasurable
—pleasurableness, n. —pleasurably, adv. /plezh"euhr euh beuhl/, adj. such as to give pleasure; enjoyable; agreeable; pleasant: a pleasurable experience. [1570-80; PLEASURE + ...
pleasurableness
See pleasurability. * * *
pleasurably
See pleasurability. * * *
pleasure
—pleasureful, adj. —pleasureless, adj. —pleasurelessly, adv. /plezh"euhr/, n., v., pleasured, pleasuring. n. 1. the state or feeling of being pleased. 2. enjoyment or ...
pleasure dome
a large building, facility, or place used for recreation. [1797; phrase appar. coined by S. T. Coleridge in his poem "Kubla Khan"] * * *
pleasure principle
Psychoanal. an automatic mental drive or instinct seeking to avoid pain and to obtain pleasure. [1910-15] * * *
pleasureless
See pleasure. * * *
pleasureprinciple
pleasure principle n. In psychoanalysis, the tendency or drive to achieve pleasure and avoid pain as the chief motivating force in behavior. * * *
pleat
—pleater, n. —pleatless, adj. /pleet/, n. 1. a fold of definite, even width made by doubling cloth or the like upon itself and pressing or stitching it in place. v.t. 2. to ...
pleatedsheet
pleated sheet n. See beta structure. * * *
pleater
pleater [plēt′ər] n. a person or thing that pleats; specif., a sewing machine attachment for making pleats * * * See pleat. * * *
pleb
/pleb/, n. 1. a member of the plebs; a plebeian or commoner. 2. plebe (def. 1). [1850-55, Amer.; short for PLEBEIAN] * * *
plebe
/pleeb/, n. 1. Also, pleb. (at the U.S. Military and Naval academies) a member of the freshman class. 2. Obs. plebeian (def. 4). [1605-15; short for PLEBEIAN] * * *
plebeian
—plebeianism, n. —plebeianly, adv. —plebeianness, n. /pli bee"euhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the common people. 2. of, pertaining to, or belonging to the ancient ...
plebeianism
See plebeian. * * *
plebeianly
See plebeianism. * * *
plebes
ple·bes (plēʹbēz) n. Plural of plebs. * * *
plebiscitary
See plebiscite. * * *
plebiscite
/pleb"euh suyt', -sit/, n. 1. a direct vote of the qualified voters of a state in regard to some important public question. 2. the vote by which the people of a political unit ...
plebs
/plebz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. (in ancient Rome) the common people, as contrasted with the patricians and later with the senatorial nobility or the equestrian order. 2. the ...
plecopteran
/pli kop"teuhr euhn/, adj. 1. Also, plecopterous. belonging or pertaining to the insect order Plecoptera, comprising the stoneflies. n. 2. a plecopteran insect; ...
Plectoceras
▪ fossil cephalopod       extinct genus of small marine nautiloid cephalopods, forms related to the modern pearly nautilus, that had a coiled shell composed of a series ...

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