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—plectognathic, plectognathous /plek tog"neuh theuhs/, adj. /plek"tog nath'/, adj. 1. belonging to the Plectognathi, a group or order of fishes having the teeth fused into a ...
/plek"tron/, n., pl. plectra /-treuh/. plectrum. * * *
/plek"treuhm/, n., pl. plectra /-treuh/, plectrums. 1. a small piece of plastic, metal, ivory, etc., for plucking the strings of a guitar, lyre, mandolin, etc. 2. Anat., Zool. an ...
/pled/, v. a pt. and pp. of plead. * * *
—pledgeable, adj. —pledger, n. —pledgeless, adj. /plej/, n., v., pledged, pledging. n. 1. a solemn promise or agreement to do or refrain from doing something: a pledge of ...
Pledge of Allegiance
a solemn oath of allegiance or fidelity to the U.S., beginning, "I pledge allegiance to the flag," and forming part of many flag-saluting ceremonies in the U.S. * * *
Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America
      pledge to the flag of the United States. It was first published in the juvenile periodical The Youth's Companion on September 8, 1892, in the following form: “I ...
/plej ee"/, n. a person to whom a pledge is made or with whom something is deposited as a pledge. [1760-70; PLEDGE + -EE] * * *
pledger [plej′ər] n. a person who pledges * * * pledg·er (plĕjʹər) n. One who makes or gives a pledge. * * *
/plej"it/, n. a small, flat mass of lint, absorbent cotton, or the like, for use on a wound, sore, etc. [1530-40; orig. uncert.] * * *
/plej awr"/, n. Law. a person who deposits personal property as a pledge. [PLEDGE + -OR2] * * *
Plehve, Vyacheslav (Konstantinovich)
born April 20, 1846, Kaluga province, Russia died July 28, 1904, St. Petersburg Russian government administrator. In 1881 he was appointed director of the secret police in the ...
Plehve, Vyacheslav Konstantinovich
▪ Russian statesman Plehve also spelled  Pleve   born April 20 [April 8, old style], 1846, Kaluga province, Russia died July 28 [July 15, O.S.], 1904, St. ...
/plee"euhd, pluy"euhd/, n. 1. any of the Pleiades. 2. French, Pléiade /play yannd"/. a group of seven French poets of the latter half of the 16th century. 3. (usually l.c.) any ...
Pléiade [plā yȧd′] n. 〚Fr: see PLEIADES the〛 1. a group of seven French poets of the 16th cent. who favored the use of classical forms 2. a small group, usually seven, ...
Pléiade, La
▪ French writers       group of seven French writers of the 16th century, led by Pierre de Ronsard (Ronsard, Pierre de), whose aim was to elevate the French language to ...
/plee"euh deez', pluy"-/, n.pl. 1. Class. Myth. seven daughters of Atlas and half sisters of the Hyades, placed among the stars to save them from the pursuit of Orion. One of ...
▪ Vietnam Vietnamese  Play Ku         town, central Vietnam, located in the central highlands. The town has a hospital, a commercial airfield, and several airbases ...
plein air
/playn" air"/; Fr. /ple nerdd"/ 1. the open air, esp. the daylight of outdoors. 2. Fine Arts. the quality of light and atmosphere out of doors, esp. this quality as rendered in ...
—plein-airism, —plein-airist, n. /playn'air"/; Fr. /ple nerdd"/, adj. 1. pertaining to a manner or style of painting developed chiefly in France in the mid-19th century, ...
plein-air painting
 in its strictest sense, the practice of painting landscape pictures out-of-doors; more loosely, the achievement of an intense impression of the open air (French: plein air) in ...
plein air or plein-air (plān'ârʹ, plĕ-nĕrʹ) adj. 1. Of or being a style of painting produced out of doors in natural light. 2. Taking place outdoors: plein air ...
var. of pleo-. * * *
Pleiocene [plī′ə sēn΄] adj. [sometimes p-] rare alt. sp. of PLIOCENE * * *
▪ star       star in the Pleiades, thought to be typical of the shell stars, so called because in their rapid rotation they throw off shells of gas. In 1938 sudden ...
/pluy"euh tak'see/, n. Bot. an increase in the normal number of parts. Also, pleiotaxis. [1885-90; PLEIO- + -TAXY] * * *
See pleiotropism. * * *
See pleiotropic. * * *
plei·ot·ro·pism (plī-ŏtʹrə-pĭz'əm) also plei·ot·ro·py (-pē) n. The control by a single gene of several distinct and seemingly unrelated phenotypic ...
—pleiotropic /pluy'euh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. —pleiotropically, adv. /pluy o"treuh pee/, n. Genetics. the phenomenon of one gene being responsible for or affecting more ...
/pluy"steuh seen'/, Geol. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to the epoch forming the earlier half of the Quaternary Period, beginning about two million years ago and ending 10,000 ...
Pleistocene Epoch
Earlier and longer of the two epochs that constitute the Quaternary Period. The Pleistocene began с 1.8 million years ago and ended с 10,000 years ago. It was preceded by the ...
Pleistocene glacial and interglacial episodes in central North America and Alpine Europe
▪ Table Pleistocene glacial and interglacial episodes in central North America and Alpine Europe epochs stages approximate date (years before present) North America Alpine ...
Pleistocene Series
▪ geology       worldwide division of rocks deposited during the Pleistocene Epoch (1,600,000 to 10,000 years ago). It overlies rocks from the Pliocene Epoch (5.3 to 1.6 ...
To plait. Extension of pel-2. Oldest form *plek̑-, becoming *plek- in centum languages. Derivatives include flax, pliant, and perplex. 1. Suffixed o-grade form *plok-so-. flax, ...
/pli kah"nawf, -nof/; Russ. /plyi khah"neuhf/, n. Georgi (or Georgy) Valentinovich /gyi awrdd"gyee veuh lyin tyee"neuh vyich/, 1857-1918, Russian philosopher and leader of the ...
Plekhanov, Georgy (Valentinovich)
born Dec. 11, 1856, Gudalovka, Russia died May 30, 1918, Terioki, Fin. Russian Marxist theorist. From 1874 he was active in the Populist movement and became a leader of the ...
Plekhanov, Georgy Valentinovich
▪ Russian revolutionary Introduction born November 29 [December 11, New Style], 1856, Gudalovka, Russia died May 17 [May 30], 1918, Terioki, Finland [now Zelenogorsk, ...
Plekhanov,Georgi Valentinovich
Ple·kha·nov (plĭ-käʹnôf', -KHäʹnəf), Georgi Valentinovich. 1857-1918. Russian revolutionary and political philosopher. The founder of the Marxist movement in Russia, he ...
ple·na (plēʹnə, plĕnʹə) n. A plural of plenum. * * *
See plenary. * * *
See plenarily. * * *
—plenarily, adv. /plee"neuh ree, plen"euh-/, adj, n., pl. plenaries. adj. 1. full; complete; entire; absolute; unqualified: plenary powers. 2. attended by all qualified ...
plenary indulgence
Rom. Cath. Ch. a remission of the total temporal punishment that is still due to sin after absolution. Cf. indulgence (def. 6). [1665-75] * * *
plenary indulgence n. Roman Catholic Church An indulgence that remits the full temporal punishment incurred by a sinner. * * *
/plench/, n. a tool combining pliers and wrench: used esp. by astronauts. [PL(IERS) + (WR)ENCH] * * *
/pleuh nip"euh teuhnt/, adj. invested with or possessing full power. [1650-60; < ML plenipotent- (s. of plenipotens). See PLENUM, -I-, POTENT] * * *
/plen'euh peuh ten"shee er'ee, -sheuh ree/, n., pl. plenipotentiaries, adj. n. 1. a person, esp. a diplomatic agent, invested with full power or authority to transact business on ...
—plenisher, n. —plenishment, n. /plen"ish/, v.t. Chiefly Scot. to fill up; stock; furnish. [1425-75; late ME plenyss < MF pleniss-, long s. of plenir to fill, ult. < L plenus ...
/plen"i toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. 1. fullness or adequacy in quantity, measure, or degree; abundance: a plenitude of food, air, and sunlight. 2. state of being full or ...
/plen'i toohd"n euhs, -tyoohd"-/, adj. 1. characterized or marked by plenitude. 2. stout or portly. [1805-15; < L plenitudin- (s. of plenitudo PLENITUDE) + -OUS] * * *
pleno jure
/play"noh yooh"rdde/; Eng. /plee"noh joor"ee/, Latin. with full authority. * * *
—plenteously, adv. —plenteousness, n. /plen"tee euhs/, adj. 1. plentiful; copious; abundant: a plenteous supply of food. 2. yielding abundantly; fruitful: a plenteous ...
See plenteous. * * *
See plenteously. * * *
—plentifully, adv. —plentifulness, n. /plen"ti feuhl/, adj. 1. existing in great plenty: Coal was plentiful, and therefore cheap, in that region. 2. yielding abundantly: a ...
See plentiful. * * *
See plentifully. * * *
/plen"tee/, n., pl. plenties, adj., adv. n. 1. a full or abundant supply or amount: There is plenty of time. 2. the state or quality of being plentiful; abundance: resources in ...
Plenty, Bay of
▪ bay, New Zealand       bay of the South Pacific Ocean, eastern North Island, New Zealand. About 100 miles (160 km) wide, it extends along a narrow lowland strip from ...
/plee"neuhm, plen"euhm/, n., pl. plenums, plena /plee"neuh, plen"euh/. 1. the state or a space in which a gas, usually air, is contained at a pressure greater than atmospheric ...
plenum ventilation
a system of mechanical ventilation in which fresh air is forced into the spaces to be ventilated from a chamber (plenum chamber) at a pressure slightly higher than atmospheric ...
a combining form meaning "more," used in the formation of compound words: pleomorphism. Also, pleio-, plio-. [comb. form repr. Gk pleíon more (comp. of polýs; see POLY-); see ...
/plee'euh kroh"ik/, adj. (of a biaxial crystal) characterized by pleochroism. [1860-65; PLEO- + -CHROIC] * * *
pleochroic halo
pleochroic halo n. a dark-colored, microscopic ring around a minute radioactive particle in certain mineral crystals, used in estimating the age of the rocks containing these ...
/plee ok"roh iz'euhm/, n. the property of certain crystals of exhibiting different colors when viewed from different directions under transmitted light. Cf. dichroism (def. 1), ...
/plee'euh mawr"fik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characterized by pleomorphism; polymorphous. Also, pleomorphous. [1885-90; PLEOMORPH(ISM) + -IC] * * *
/plee'euh mawr"fiz euhm/, n. Biol. existence of an organism in two or more distinct forms during the life cycle; polymorphism. Also, pleomorphy. [1860-65; PLEO- + -MORPH + ...
—pleonal /plee"euh nl/, pleonic, adj. /plee"on/, n. the abdomen of a crustacean. [1850-55; n. use of Gk pléon, prp. of pleîn to swim, sail; see PLEOPOD] * * *
—pleonastic, adj. —pleonastically, adv. /plee"euh naz'euhm/, n. 1. the use of more words than are necessary to express an idea; redundancy. 2. an instance of this, as free ...
See pleonasm. * * *
See pleonastic. * * *
/plee"euh pod'/, n. Zool. a swimmeret. [1850-55; PLEO(N) + -POD] * * *
/plee op"tiks/ n. (used with a singular v.) Ophthalmol. the practice of treating the vision defect amblyopia. [ < G Pleoptik (1953), equiv. to ple(o)- PLEO- + Optik OPTICS] * * *
/plear'oh serr"koyd/, n. Zool. the wormlike larval stage of some tapeworms, intermediate between the first parasitic larval stage and adult. Cf. procercoid. [1905-10; < Gk ...
Pleshette, Suzanne
▪ 2009       American actress born Jan. 31, 1937, New York, N.Y. died Jan. 19, 2008, Los Angeles, Calif. was a brunette beauty whose throaty voice became her trademark ...
—plesiosauroid, adj. /plee"see euh sawr'/, n. any marine reptile of the extinct genus Plesiosaurus, from the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, having a small head, a long neck, ...
Plessner, Helmuth
▪ German philosopher born Sept. 4, 1892, Wiesbaden, Ger. died June 12, 1985, Göttingen, W.Ger.       German philosopher credited with establishing European ...
/ples"euhr/, n. Med. plexor. [ < Gk pléss(ein) to strike + -OR2] * * *
Plessy v Ferguson
a court case in 1896 which was decided by the US Supreme Court. It stated that segregation on trains was legal if black and white people received equal services. Southern states ...
Plessy v. Ferguson
(1896) U.S. Supreme Court decision that established the legality of racial segregation so long as facilities were "separate but equal. " The case involved a challenge to ...
/pleth"euhr euh/, n. 1. overabundance; excess: a plethora of advice and a paucity of assistance. 2. Pathol. Archaic. a morbid condition due to excess of red corpuscles in the ...
—plethorically, adv. /ple thawr"ik, -thor"-, pleth"euh rik/, adj. 1. overfull; turgid; inflated: a plethoric, pompous speech. 2. of, pertaining to, or characterized by ...
See plethoric. * * *
/pleuh thiz"meuh gram'/, n. the recording of a plethysmograph. [1890-95; see PLETHYSMOGRAPH, -GRAM1] * * *
—plethysmographic /pleuh thiz'meuh graf"ik/, adj. —plethysmography /pleth'iz mog"reuh fee/, n. /pleuh thiz"meuh graf', -grahf'/, n. a device for measuring and recording ...
See plethysmograph. * * *
See plethysmographic. * * *
See plethysmographic. * * *
See plat-. * * *
To flow. Derivatives include pulmonary, Pluto, flow, fowl, flutter, and fluster. I. Basic form *pleu-. 1. plover, pluvial, pluvious, from Latin pluere, to rain. 2. pleuston, ...
var. of pleuro- before a vowel: pleurite. * * *
/ploor"euh/, n., pl. pleurae /ploor"ee/ for 1. 1. Anat., Zool. a delicate serous membrane investing each lung in mammals and folded back as a lining of the corresponding side of ...
pleu·rae (plo͝orʹē) n. Plural of pleura1. * * *
/ploor"euhl/, adj. 1. Anat. of or pertaining to the pleura. 2. Entomol. of or pertaining to a pleuron. [1835-45; PLEUR(A), PLEUR(ON) + -AL1] * * *
pleural cavity
a narrow, fluid-filled space between the pleural membranes of the lung and the inner chest wall. [1835-45] * * *
pleural effusion
▪ pathology also called  hydrothorax        accumulation of watery fluid in the pleural cavity, between the membrane lining the thoracic cage and the membrane ...
pleural cavity n. The potential space between the two layers of the pleura. Also called pleural space. * * *
—pleuritic /ploo rit"ik/, adj. /ploor"euh see/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the pleura, with or without a liquid effusion in the pleural cavity, characterized by a dry cough and ...
pleurisy root
1. a North American milkweed, Asclepias tuberosa, whose root was used as a remedy for pleurisy. 2. the root. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
pleurisy root n. See butterfly weed. * * *
See pleurisy. * * *
a combining form meaning "side," "rib," "lateral," "pleura," used in the formation of compound words: pleuropneumonia. Also, esp. before a vowel, pleur-. [see PLEURA, -O-] * * *
/ploor'euh kahr"peuhs/, adj. (of certain mosses) bearing the fructifications along the main stem or lateral branches. Also, pleurocarpic. [1860-65; PLEURO- + -CARPOUS] * * *
▪ algae also called  Protococcus,        genus of green algae. Pleurococcus sometimes forms a thin green covering on the moist, shaded side of trees, rocks, and soil. ...
/ploor"euh dont'/, adj. 1. fused or attached to the inner edge of the jaw, as a tooth. 2. having teeth so fused or attached, as certain lizards. n. 3. a pleurodont ...
/ploor'euh din"ee euh/, n. Pathol. 1. pain in the chest or side. 2. Also called epidemic pleurodynia, devil's grip. an epidemic disease caused by a coxsackievirus, characterized ...
/ploo roj"euh neuhs/, adj. 1. Anat. pertaining to or originating from the pleura. 2. Bot. occurring on the side of a structure or body. [1890-95; PLEURO- + -GENOUS] * * *
▪ fossil plant genus       genus of extinct lycopsid plants (plant) from the Triassic Period (about 250 to 200 million years ago) and characterized by an unbranched ...
/ploor"on/, n., pl. pleura /ploor"euh/. Entomol. the lateral plate or plates of a thoracic segment of an insect. [1700-10; < Gk pleurón rib, (pl.) side] * * *
▪ fish order Introduction also called  flatfish,         any member of the order Pleuronectiformes, which includes about 600 species of bony, oval-shaped, flattened ...
—pleuropneumonic /ploor'oh nooh mon"ik, -nyooh-/, adj. /ploor'oh noo mohn"yeuh, -moh"nee euh, -nyoo-/, n. Pathol. pleurisy conjoined with pneumonia. [1715-25; PLEURO- + ...
pleu·ro·pneu·mo·nia-like organism (plo͝or'ō-no͝o-mōnʹyə-līk', -nyo͝o-) n. Abbr. PPLO See mycoplasma. * * *
pleuropneumonialike organism
/ploor"oh noo mohn"yeuh luyk', -moh"nee euh-, -nyoo-, ploor'-/ any antibiotic-resistant mycoplasma causing a form of pneumonia in humans. Abbr.: PPLO [1930-35] * * *
▪ plant genus       genus of more than 1,000 species of tropical American orchids, family Orchidaceae, that grow on other plants and range greatly in size. The flowers ...
pleurotomy [ploo rät′ə mē] n. pl. pleurotomies 〚 PLEURO- + -TOMY〛 surgical incision of the pleura to permit drainage of exuded liquids * * * pleu·rot·o·my ...
—pleustonic /plooh ston"ik/, adj. /plooh"steuhn, -ston/, n. Biol. a buoyant mat of weeds, algae, and associated organisms that floats on or near the surface of a lake, river, ...
See pleuston. * * *
/plev"en/, n. a city in N Bulgaria: siege of 143 days 1877. 108,180. Also, Plevna /plev"nah/. * * * ▪ Bulgaria       town, northern Bulgaria. It lies a few miles east ...
Pleven, René
born April 13 or 15, 1901, Rennes, France died Jan. 13, 1993, Paris French politician and premier (1950–51, 1951–52). A lawyer and industrial executive, he served in ...
Pleven, Siege of
▪ Russo-Turkish War also called  Siege Of Plevna        (July 20–Dec. 10, 1877), in the Russo-Turkish War (Russo-Turkish wars) of 1877–78, the Russian siege of ...
/plooh/, n. Older Use (in Western U.S. and Canada) a beaver skin, esp. one of prime quality. Also, plu. [1790-1800; < CanF pelu; F: n. use of pelu haired, hairy (now obs. or ...
/plek"seuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to a plexus. [1885-90; PLEX(US) + -AL1] * * *
/plek"seuh fawrm'/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a plexus. 2. intricate; complex. [1820-30; PLEX(US) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
/plek"si glas', -glahs'/, Trademark. a brand name for a thermoplastic polymer of methyl methacrylate that is light in weight, resistant to weathering, capable of being bent when ...
plexiglass [plek′si glas΄] n. 〚
n [U] a US make of strong transparent plastic that looks like glass. It is used in many products, e.g. car windows. * * *
—pleximetric /plek'seuh me"trik/, adj. —pleximetry, n. /plek sim"i teuhr/, n. Med. a small, thin plate, as of ivory, placed against the body to mediate the blow of a ...
/plek"seuhr/, n. Med. a small hammer with a soft rubber head or the like, used in percussion for diagnostic purposes. Also, percussor, plessor. [1835-45; < Gk plêx(is) stroke, ...
/plek"seuhs/, n., pl. plexuses, plexus. 1. a network, as of nerves or blood vessels. 2. any complex structure containing an intricate network of parts: the plexus of ...
/pluy"euhl/; Fr. /ple yel"/, n. Ignaz Josef /ig"nahts yoh"zef/, 1757-1831, Austrian composer and piano manufacturer. * * *
Pleyel, Ignace Joseph
or Ignaz Josef Pleyel born June 18, 1757, Ruppersthal, Austria died Nov. 14, 1831, Paris, France Austrian-French music publisher, piano maker, and composer. He studied with ...
Pleyel, Marie-Félicité-Denise
▪ French musician née  Marie-Félicité-Denise Moke  born September 4, 1811, Paris, France died March 30, 1875, St.-Josse-ten-Noode, near Brussels, ...
pounds per linear foot. * * *
plaintiff. Also, plff. * * *
Central Semitic, to cleave, till, work. fellah, from Arabic fallāḥ, peasant, farmer, from falaḥa, to cleave, cultivate, till. * * *
pounds per linear inch. * * *
See pliable. * * *
—pliability, pliableness, n. —pliably, adv. /pluy"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. easily bent; flexible; supple: pliable leather. 2. easily influenced or persuaded; yielding: the pliable ...
See pliability. * * *
See pliability. * * *
See pliant. * * *
—pliancy, pliantness, n. —pliantly, adv. /pluy"euhnt/, adj. 1. bending readily; flexible; supple; adaptable: She manipulated the pliant clay. 2. easily influenced; yielding ...
See pliancy. * * *
See pliancy. * * *
—plical, adj. /pluy"keuh/, n., pl. plicae /pluy"see, -kee/. 1. Zool., Anat. a fold or folding. 2. Also called plica polonica /peuh lon"i keuh/. Pathol. a matted, filthy ...
See plica. * * *
—plicately, adv. —plicateness, n. adj. /pluy"kayt, -kit/; v. /pluy"kayt/, adj., v., plicated, plicating. adj. 1. Also, plicated. folded like a fan; pleated. v.t. 2. Surg. to ...
See plicate. * * *
See plicately. * * *
/pluy kay"sheuhn, pli-/, n. 1. the act or procedure of folding. 2. the state or quality of being folded; a fold. 3. Surg. a. the folding in and suturing of tucks, so as to ...
plicature [plik′ə chər] n. PLICATION (senses 1 & 2) * * *
/plee ay"/, n., pl. pliés /plee ayz"/; Fr. /plee ay"/. Ballet. a movement in which the knees are bent while the back is held straight. [1890-95; < F, n. use of ptp. of plier to ...
I. plied1 (plīd) v. Past tense and past participle of ply1.   II. plied2 (plīd) v. Past tense and past participle of ply2. * * *
Pliensbachian Stage
▪ geology       third of the four divisions of the Lower Jurassic Series, representing all rocks formed worldwide during the Pliensbachian Age, which occurred between ...
/pluy"euhr/, n. 1. pliers, (sometimes used with a sing. v.) small pincers with long jaws, for bending wire, holding small objects, etc. (usually used with pair of). 2. a person ...
pliers [plī′ərz] pl.n. 〚
I. plies1 (plīz) v. Third person singular present tense of ply1. n. Plural of ply1.   II. plies2 (plīz) v. Third person singular present tense of ply2. * * *
Plievier, Theodor
▪ German author pseudonym (until 1933)  Theodor Plivier   born Feb. 12, 1892, Berlin, Ger. died March 12, 1955, Avegno, near Locarno, Switz.       German war novelist ...
plight1 /pluyt/, n. a condition, state, or situation, esp. an unfavorable or unfortunate one: to find oneself in a sorry plight. [1350-1400; ME plit fold, condition, bad ...
See plight2. * * *
Plimpton, George Ames
▪ 2004       American writer and editor (b. March 18, 1927, New York, N.Y.—d. Sept. 25/26, 2003, New York City), served as editor of the Paris Review from its first ...
/plim"seuhl, -sohl/, n. Brit. a canvas shoe with a rubber sole; gym shoe; sneaker. Also, plimsol, plimsole. [1905-10; perh. so called from fancied resemblance of the sole to a ...
Plimsoll line
/plim"seuhl, -sohl/, Naut. See load line (def. 1). [1890-95; see PLIMSOLL MARK] * * * ▪ international reference line also called  Plimsoll mark , official name ...
Plimsoll mark
Naut. See load-line mark. Also called Plimsoll. [1880-85; named after Samuel Plimsoll (1824-98), English member of Parliament who brought about its adoption] * * *
Plimsoll, Samuel
born Feb. 10, 1824, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died June 3, 1898, Folkestone, Kent British reformer. A London coal merchant, he served in Parliament (1868–80). With his ...
Plim·soll mark (plĭmʹsəl, -sôl') n. Any of a set of lines on the hull of a merchant ship that indicate the depth to which it may be legally loaded under specified ...
plimsolls [plim′sōlz΄plim′səlz] pl.n. 〚prob. from some fancied resemblance to PLIMSOLL MARK〛 Brit. lightweight canvas shoes with rubber soles; sneakers: also plimsoles ...
—plinker, n. /plingk/, v.i. 1. to shoot, as with a rifle, at targets selected at whim: to plink at coins tossed in the air. 2. to make a series of short, light, ringing ...
See plink. * * *
—plinthless, adj. —plinthlike, adj. /plinth/, n. Archit. 1. a slablike member beneath the base of a column or pier. See diag. under column. 2. a square base or a lower block, ...
plinth block
a plinth interrupting a door or window architrave at the floor or ground level. [1890-95] * * *
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Plinthosols form under a variety of climatic ...
—Plinian, adj. /plin"ee/, n. 1. ("the Elder," Gaius Plinius Secundus)A.D. 23-79, Roman naturalist, encyclopedist, and writer. 2. his nephew ("the Younger," Gaius Plinius ...
Pliny the Elder
Latin Gaius Plinius Secundus born AD 23, Novum Comum, Transpadane Gaul died Aug. 24, 79, Stabiae, near Mt. Vesuvius Roman scholar. Descended from a prosperous family, Pliny ...
Pliny the Younger
Latin Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus born AD 61/62, Comum died с 113, Bithynia, Asia Minor Roman author and administrator. The nephew of Pliny the Elder, he practiced law ...
var. of pleo-. * * *
/pluy"euh seen'/, Geol. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to an epoch of the Tertiary Period, occurring from 10 to 2 million years ago, and characterized by increased size and numbers ...
Pliocene Epoch
Last and shortest epoch of the Tertiary Period, from с 5. 3 to с 1.8 million years ago. It follows the Miocene Epoch and precedes the Pleistocene Epoch of the Quaternary ...
/pluy"euh film'/, Trademark. a brand of resinlike rubber hydrochloride that forms a clear, flexible, water-resistant, heat-sealable plastic, used for packaging, raincoats, etc. * ...
▪ paleontology   extinct genus of horses (horse) that inhabited North America during the Pliocene Epoch (5.3–1.8 million years ago). Pliohippus, the earliest one-toed ...
/pluy"euh tron'/, n. Electronics. any hot-cathode vacuum tube having an anode and one or more grids. [1910-15; formerly a trademark] * * *
/pleek"ah zhoor"/; Fr. /plee kann zhoohrdd"/, Fine Arts. an enameling technique in which unbacked wirework is filled with transparent enamel, resulting in a stained-glass ...
/pli set"skah yeuh/; Russ. /plyi syet"skeuh yeuh/, n. Maya (Mikhailovna) /mah"yeuh myi khuy"leuhv neuh/, born 1925, Soviet ballet dancer. * * *
Plisetskaya, Maya
▪ Russian ballerina born Nov. 20, 1925, Moscow       prima ballerina of the Bolshoi Ballet of Moscow, admired particularly for her technical virtuosity, expressive use ...
Plisetskaya, Maya (Mikhaylovna)
born Nov. 20, 1925, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian prima ballerina. She studied at the Bolshoi Ballet's school in Moscow and joined the company as a soloist in 1943. Noted ...
/plis"kee/, n., pl. pliskies, adj. Scot. and North Eng. n. 1. a mischievous trick; practical joke; prank. adj. 2. mischievous; playful. Also, pliskie. [1780-90; orig. uncert.] * ...
Plisnier, Charles
▪ Belgian author born December 13, 1896, Ghlin-les-Mons, Belgium died July 17, 1952, Brussels       Belgian novelist, short-story writer, poet, and essayist noted for ...
/plee say", pli-/, n. 1. a textile finish characterized by a puckered or blistered effect, produced by chemical treatment. 2. a usually lightweight fabric having this ...
Plitvice Lakes
▪ lakes, Croatia Serbo-Croatian  Plitvička Jezera        continuous chain of 16 lakes and many waterfalls in western Croatia. The chain, 5 mi (8 km) in length, ...
To watch over, judge, intercede. tefillin, from Mishnaic Hebrew təpillîn, plural of təpillâ, prayer, from Hebrew hitpallēl, to pray, akin to pillēl, to mediate, judge, both ...
See Palestine Liberation Organization. * * *
/ploh"see/, n. Rhet. the repetition of a word or phrase to gain special emphasis or to indicate an extension of meaning, as in Ex. 3:14: "I am that I am." [1580-90; earlier ...
▪ bird family       songbird family, order Passeriformes, including the bishop, weaver, and whydah groups and Old World sparrows. The 135 to 155 species are native ...
Plock (pwôtsk) A city of central Poland on the Vistula River west-southwest of Warsaw. Known since the tenth century, it passed to Prussia in 1793 and to Russia in 1815. It ...
—plodder, n. —ploddingly, adv. —ploddingness, n. /plod/, v., plodded, plodding, n. v.i. 1. to walk heavily or move laboriously; trudge: to plod under the weight of a ...
See plod. * * *
See plodder. * * *
/plaw yesht"/, n. a city in S Rumania: center of a rich oil-producing region. 207,009. Also, Ploiesti. * * *
/ploy"dee/, n. Biol. the number of homologous chromosome sets present in a cell or organism. [1935-40; see -PLOID, -Y3] * * * Number of sets of chromosomes in the nucleus of a ...
Plo·ieş·ti or Plo·eş·ti (plô-yĕshtʹ, -yĕshʹtē) A city of southeast-central Romania north of Bucharest. Founded in 1596, it is the center of a major oil-producing ...
Plo·ieş·ti or Plo·eş·ti (plô-yĕshtʹ, -yĕshʹtē) A city of southeast-central Romania north of Bucharest. Founded in 1596, it is the center of a major oil-producing ...
/plum/, n. Surg. any inert material inserted into a body cavity for therapeutic purposes. [1900-05; var. of PLUMB] * * *
Plomer, William
▪ South African writer born Dec. 10, 1903, Transvaal, S.Af. died Sept. 21, 1973, Lewes, East Sussex, Eng.  South African-born British man of letters, whose writing covered ...
/plongk/, n. Chiefly Brit. inferior or cheap wine. [1925-30; perh. alter. of F (vin) blanc white (wine)] * * *
/plop/, v., plopped, plopping, n., adv. v.i. 1. to make a sound like that of something falling or dropping into water: A frog plopped into the pond. 2. to fall with such a sound: ...
/ploh"zheuhn/, n. Phonet. the forced release of the occlusive phase of a plosive, whether voiceless or unvoiced, either audible due to frication or inaudible due to a contiguous ...
/ploh"siv/, Phonet. adj. 1. (of a stop consonant or occlusive) characterized by release in a plosion; explosive. n. 2. Also called explosive. a plosive speech sound. [1895-1900; ...
—plotful, adj. —plotless, adj. —plotlessness, n. /plot/, n., v., plotted, plotting. n. 1. a secret plan or scheme to accomplish some purpose, esp. a hostile, unlawful, or ...
plot line
Usually, plot lines. dialogue that advances the plot, as in a play or motion-picture script. [1955-60] * * *
Plotina, Pompeia
▪ Roman aristocrat died c. AD 123       wife of the Roman emperor Trajan. She earned great respect in her lifetime by her virtue and her advocation of the people's ...
/ploh tin"ee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or in accordance with Plotinus or his philosophy. [1785-95; PLOTIN(US) + -IAN] * * *
—Plotinist, n., adj. /ploh tuy"niz euhm, ploht"n iz'-/, n. the Neoplatonism of Plotinus. [PLOTIN(US) + -ISM] * * *
/ploh tuy"neuhs/, n. A.D. 205?-270?, Roman philosopher, born in Egypt. * * * born AD 205, Lyco, or Lycopolis, Egypt? died 270, Campania Egyptian-Roman philosopher. At age 27 ...
See plot. * * *
See plotless. * * *
plotline [plät′līn΄] n. a PLOT (n. 4) or subplot * * * plot line or plot·line (plŏtʹlīn') n. 1. A literary or dramatic plot; a story line. 2. Dialogue essential to the ...
Plott hound
/plot/ an American hound having a brindled coat, used esp. in hunting bears and wild boars. [prob. named after J. Plott, 18th-century American who bred dogs] * * *
/plot"ij/, n. the area within or comprising a plot of land. [1935-40; PLOT + -AGE] * * *
/plot"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that plots. 2. an instrument, as a protractor, for plotting lines and measuring angles on a chart. 3. Computers. an output device that ...
plotting board
1. Navig. a transparent table on a ship, used as a plotting sheet. 2. Mil. a device based on a map or other scale representation of a region against which artillery fire is to be ...
plotting sheet
Navig. a blank chart having only a compass rose and latitude lines, longitude lines, or both, marked and annotated, as required, by a navigator. [1925-30] * * *
—plottiness, n. /plot"ee/, adj., plottier, plottiest. characterized by the intricacies or complications of a plot or intrigue: a plotty novel whose narrative is hard to ...
/plots/, v.i. Slang. to collapse or faint, as from surprise, excitement, or exhaustion. [1940-45, Amer.; < Yiddish platsn lit., to crack, split, burst < MHG blatzen, platzen] * * ...
/plotst/, adj. Slang. 1. drunk; intoxicated. 2. exhausted; worn out. [1960-65, Amer.; PLOTZ + -ED2] * * *
/plow/, n., v.t., v.i. Chiefly Brit. plow. * * *
ploughman's lunch
Brit. a light lunch consisting of bread and cheese, and sometimes pickled onions. * * *
➡ ploughman’s lunch * * *
ploughman’s lunch
(also infml ploughman’s) n (BrE) a light meal often served in pubs and usually eaten in the middle of the day. It consists of cheese (or sometimes cold cooked meat), bread and ...
/plawv"dif/, n. a city in S Bulgaria, on the Maritsa River. 309,242. Greek, Philippopolis. * * * City (pop., 2001: 340,638), south-central Bulgaria. It is situated on the ...
/pluv"euhr, ploh"veuhr/, n. 1. any of various shorebirds of the family Charadriidae. Cf. dotterel (def. 1), killdeer, lapwing. 2. any of various similar shorebirds, as the upland ...
—plowable, adj. —plowability, n. —plower, n. /plow/, n. 1. an agricultural implement used for cutting, lifting, turning over, and partly pulverizing soil. 2. any of various ...
plow steel
steel that contains 0.5 to 0.95 percent carbon. [perh. from the quality of the strong wire rope made from it, used to attach a plow to a steam engine] * * *
plow wind
/wind/, Informal. a wind squall with a narrow, straight path of advance. * * *
See plow. * * *
/plow"bak'/, n. 1. a reinvestment of earnings or profits in a business enterprise. 2. the money thus reinvested. [1945-50; n. use of v. phrase plow back] * * *
/plow"boy'/, n. 1. a boy who leads or guides a team drawing a plow. 2. a country boy. [1560-70; PLOW + BOY] * * *
See plowable. * * *
—plowmanship, n. /plow"meuhn/, n., pl. plowmen. 1. a man who plows. 2. a farm laborer or a rustic. [1225-75; ME; see PLOW, -MAN] * * *
(1929– ) an English actor in films and the theatre. She was married to Laurence Olivier from 1961 and appeared in many plays at the Old Vic and the National Theatre. * * *
Plowright, Joan
▪ English actress in full  Joan Anne Plowright  born October 28, 1929, Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire, England    English dramatic actress.       Plowright received her ...
/plow"shair'/, n. the cutting part of the moldboard of a plow; share. [1350-1400; ME plowghschare. See PLOW, SHARE2] * * *
plow steel n. A high-strength steel having a carbon content of 0.5 to 0.95 percent and used primarily to make wire rope. * * *
/ploy/, n. 1. a maneuver or stratagem, as in conversation, to gain the advantage. v.t. 2. Mil. Archaic. to move (troops) from a line into a column. Cf. deploy. v.i. 3. Mil. ...
Public Lending Right. * * *
To break through, pass through. Falasha, from Amharic fälaša, from fälaš, migrant, active participle of fälläsä, to migrate. * * *
portable life support system. * * *
/plooh/, n. plew. * * *
plural. * * *
—plucker, n. /pluk/, v.t. 1. to pull off or out from the place of growth, as fruit, flowers, feathers, etc.: to pluck feathers from a chicken. 2. to give a pull at; grasp: to ...
See pluck. * * *
Plücker, Julius
▪ German mathematician and physicist born June 16, 1801, Elberfeld, Duchy of Berg [Germany] died May 22, 1868, Bonn       German mathematician and physicist who made ...
See plucky. * * *
See pluckily. * * *
—pluckily, adv. —pluckiness, n. /pluk"ee/, adj., pluckier, pluckiest. having or showing pluck or courage; brave: The drowning swimmer was rescued by a plucky ...
—pluggable, adj. —pluggingly, adv. —plugless, adj. —pluglike, adj. /plug/, n., v., plugged, plugging. n. 1. a piece of wood or other material used to stop up a hole or ...
plug and feathers
an apparatus for splitting stone, consisting of two tapered bars (feathers), inserted into a hole drilled into the stone, between which a narrow wedge (plug) is hammered to ...
Plug and Play
(sometimes l.c.) a standard for the production of compatible computers, peripherals, and software that facilitates device installation and enables automatic configuration of the ...
plug casting
Angling. bait casting in which a plug is used as the lure. * * *
plug hat
plug (def. 19). * * *
plug-and-play [plug′ən plā′] adj. 〚 PLUG IN (see phrase under PLUG)〛 of or being a computer component or peripheral designed to work with little or no setting up by the ...
/plug"keuhm pat'euh beuhl/, adj. Computers. of or relating to computers or peripheral devices that are functionally equivalent to, and may be substituted for, other models. * * *
/plug"in'/, adj. 1. capable of or designed for being connected to an electrical power source by plugging in or inserting: a plug-in hair dryer; a plug-in transistor. n. 2. plug ...
☆ plug-ugly [plug′ug′lē ] n. pl. plug-uglies 〚see PLUG, vt. 6〛 [Old Slang] a city ruffian or gangster; rowdy * * * plug-ug·ly (plŭgʹŭg'lē) n. Slang pl. ...
/plug"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. Elect. an electric switchboard with plugs for telephones and the like. 2. Also called control panel. Computers. a removable panel containing ...

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