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n. * * *
adj.; previgilantly, adv. * * *
Previn, André (George)
orig. Andreas Ludwig Priwin born April 6, 1929, Berlin, Ger. German-born U.S. pianist, composer, and conductor. He fled Nazi persecution with his family and moved to Los ...
Previn, Sir André
▪ American composer and musician in full  Sir André George Previn , original name  Andreas Ludwig Priwin   born April 6, 1929, Berlin, Ger.    German-born American ...
v.t., previolated, previolating. * * *
n. * * *
—previously, adv. —previousness, n. /pree"vee euhs/, adj. 1. coming or occurring before something else; prior: the previous owner. 2. Informal. done, occurring, etc., before ...
previous question
Parl. Proc. a move that a vote be taken at once on a main question, used esp. as a means of cutting off further debate. [1690-1700] * * *
See previous. * * *
See previously. * * *
previous question n. The motion in parliamentary procedure to take an immediate vote on the main question being considered or on any other questions so designated. * * *
previous to prep. Prior to; before. * * *
—previsor, n. /pri vuyz"/, v.t., prevised, prevising. 1. to foresee. 2. to forewarn. [1425-75; late ME < L praevisus ptp. of praevidere to foresee. See PRE-, VISA] * * *
adj.; previsibly, adv. * * *
—previsional, adj. /pri vizh"euhn/, n. 1. foresight, foreknowledge, or prescience. 2. a prophetic or anticipatory vision or perception. [1605-15; PRE- + VISION] * * *
See prevision. * * *
See previsional. * * *
n., v. * * *
n. * * *
See previse. * * *
—prevocalically, adv. /pree'voh kal"ik/, adj. Phonet. immediately preceding a vowel. [1905-10; PRE- + VOCALIC] * * *
/pree'voh kay"sheuh nl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or constituting preliminary vocational training. [1910-15; PRE- + VOCATIONAL] * * *
n. * * *
v.t. * * *
n. * * *
adj. * * *
n., v. * * *
/prdday voh"/, n. Marcel /mannrdd sel"/, 1862-1941, French novelist and dramatist. * * *
Prévost d'Exiles
/prdday voh" deg zeel"/ Antoine François /ahonn twannn" frddahonn swann"/, ("Abbé Prévost"), 1697-1763, French novelist. * * *
Prévost d'Exiles, Antoine Françoise
Pré·vost d'Ex·iles (prā-vōʹ dĕg-zēlʹ), Antoine Françoise. Known as “Abbé Prévost.” 1697-1763. French writer and cleric who left the religious life to pursue ...
Prévost d'Exiles, Antoine-François, Abbé
known as Abbé Prévost born April 1, 1697, Hesdin, France died Nov. 25, 1763, Chantilly French novelist. From an early age Prévost alternated between enlistments in the army ...
Prévost, Françoise
▪ French ballerina born c. 1680, Paris, Fr. died 1741, Paris       French ballerina, the leading dancer of her generation. Her precision, lightness, and grace helped ...
Prevost, Sir George, 1st Baronet
▪ British governor in chief of Canada born May 19, 1767, New Jersey [U.S.] died Jan. 5, 1816, London, Eng.       soldier in the service of Great Britain, who was ...
n., v., prevoted, prevoting. * * *
/pree"vyooh'/, n., v.t., prevued, prevuing. preview. * * *
/pree"wawr"/, adj. before the war: prewar prices. [1905-10; PRE- + WAR1] * * *
v.t. * * *
v.t. * * *
n., v.t. * * *
n., v.t. * * *
/pree"wosht", -wawsht"/, adj. being washed before sale, esp. to produce a soft texture or a worn look: prewashed blue jeans. [PRE- + WASHED] * * *
adj. * * *
v.t. * * *
n., v.t., prewelcomed, prewelcoming. * * *
v.t., prewhipped, prewhipping. * * *
adj.; prewillingly, adv.; prewillingness, n. * * *
v.t., prewired, prewiring. * * *
adj. * * *
n., v.t. * * *
v., preworked or prewrought, working. n., adj. * * *
adj. * * *
n., v., preworshiped, preworshiping or (esp. Brit.) preworshipped, preworshipping. * * *
adv. * * *
adj. * * *
n., v.t. * * *
v.t., prewrapped, prewrapping. n. * * *
pre·writ·ing (prēʹrī'tĭng) n. The creation and arrangement of ideas preliminary to writing. * * *
adj. * * *
/prek"see/, n., pl. prexies. Slang. a president, esp. of a college or university. Also, prex. [1855-60; prex (by shortening and alter. of president) + -Y2] * * *
—preyer, n. /pray/, n. 1. an animal hunted or seized for food, esp. by a carnivorous animal. 2. a person or thing that is the victim of an enemy, a swindler, a disease, etc.; ...
Prêy Veng
▪ province, Cambodia       town, southern Cambodia. Prêy Veng is linked to Phnom Penh, the national capital, by a national highway. The former (prior to 1975) rubber ...
Prey, Hermann
▪ 1999       German opera and concert singer (b. July 11, 1929, Berlin, Ger.—d. July 23, 1998, Berg, near Munich, Ger.), was a celebrated baritone who was one of the ...
See prey. * * *
adj. * * *
/prez/, n. Informal. president. [by shortening and resp.] * * *
adj. * * *
1. Puerto Rican female. 2. Telecommunications. pulse repetition frequency. * * *
proof. * * *
Ethiopic root, to fear, revere. Rastafarianism, from Amharic täfäri, feared, respected, participle of täfärra, to be feared, respected, derived stem of färra, to fear, ...
To love. Contracted from *priə- (becoming *priy- before vowels). Derivatives include filibuster, friend, and Friday. 1. Suffixed form *priy-o-. a. free, from Old English frēo, ...
Priabonian Stage
▪ paleontology       the uppermost division of Eocene (Eocene Epoch) rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the Priabonian Age (37.2 million to 33.9 ...
/pruy"euhm/, n. Class. Myth. 1. a king of Troy, the son of Laomedon, husband of Hecuba, and father of Paris, Cassandra, Hector, Polyxena, and many others. He was killed during ...
▪ Latin poems also spelled  Priapeia        poems in honour of the the god of fertility Priapus. Although there are ancient Greek poems addressed to him, the name ...
/pruy'euh pee"euhn/, adj. priapic. [ < F priapéen < L Priape(us) ( < Gk Priápeios) + -AN. See PRIAPUS, -AN] * * *
/pruy ap"ik/, adj. 1. (sometimes cap.) of or pertaining to Priapus; phallic. 2. characterized by or emphasizing a phallus: priapic figurines. 3. (of an image) suggestive of or ...
—priapismic, adj. /pruy"euh piz'euhm/, n. 1. Pathol. continuous, usually nonsexual erection of the penis, esp. due to disease. 2. prurient behavior or display. [1580-90; ...
/pruy'euh puy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the penis. [PRIAP(US) + -ITIS] * * *
▪ invertebrate       (phylum Priapulida), any of some 15 species of predatory, marine, mud-inhabiting, unsegmented worms. Once considered a class of the former phylum ...
/pruy ay"peuhs/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a god of male procreative power, the son of Dionysus and Aphrodite. 2. (l.c.) a phallus. * * * Greek god of animal and vegetable ...
Pribićević, Svetozar
▪ Yugoslavian politician born Oct. 26, 1875, Karlovac, Croatia, Austria-Hungary died Sept. 15, 1936, Prague, Czech.       Yugoslav politician, leader of the Serbs ...
Pribilof Canyon
▪ submarine canyon, Bering Sea       a long submarine canyon rising from the Bering Abyssal Plain on the floor of the Bering Sea southeast of the Pribilof Islands, ...
Pribilof Islands
/prib"euh lawf', -lof'/ a group of islands in the Bering Sea, SW of Alaska, and belonging to the U.S.: the breeding ground of fur seals. * * * Group of islands, southeastern ...
Prib·i·lof Islands (prĭbʹə-lôf') A group of islands off southwest Alaska in the Bering Sea. First visited and named by a Russian explorer in 1786, they are noted as a ...
▪ Czech Republic       mining city, north-central Czech Republic. Located 37 miles (59 km) southwest of Prague, on the Litavka River, it is situated in the hilly and ...
—priceable, adj. /pruys/, n., v., priced, pricing. n. 1. the sum or amount of money or its equivalent for which anything is bought, sold, or offered for sale. 2. a sum offered ...
/pruys/, n. 1. Bruce, 1845-1903, U.S. architect. 2. (Edward) Reynolds, born 1933, U.S. novelist. 3. (Mary) Leontyne /lee"euhn teen'/, born 1927, U.S. soprano. 4. a male given ...
price control
government regulation of prices by establishing maximum price levels for goods or services, as during a period of inflation. [1910-15] * * *
price cutting
selling an article at a price under the usual or advertised price. Also, price-cutting. [1895-1900] * * *
price discrimination
the practice of offering identical goods to different buyers at different prices, when the goods cost the same. [1955-60] * * * Practice of selling goods or services at ...
price fixing
the establishing of prices at a determined level, either by a government or by mutual consent among producers or sellers of a commodity. Also, price-fixing. [1945-50] * * *
price index
an index of the changes in the prices of goods and services, based on the prices of the same goods and services at a period arbitrarily selected as a base, usually expressed as ...
Price is Right
a television game show in which competitors try to guess the price of products, and the one with the closest guess wins. It began in the US in 1956 and is now called The New ...
price list
a list giving the prices of items for sale. [1870-75] * * *
price maintenance
▪ economics also called  resale price maintenance        measures taken by manufacturers or distributors to control the resale prices of their products charged by ...
Price Mars, Jean
▪ Haitian physician and diplomat born Oct. 15, 1876, Grande Rivière-du-Nord, Haiti died March 2, 1969, Port-au-Prince, Haiti       Haitian physician, public official, ...
price point
n. the price for which something is sold on the retail market, esp. in contrast to competitive prices. * * *
price range
the highest and lowest price of a commodity, security, etc., over a given period of time. * * *
Price River
▪ river, Utah, United States       river that rises in the Wasatch Range near Scofield, central Utah, U.S. It flows generally southeastward through Carbon and ...
price support
the maintenance of the price of a commodity, product, etc., esp. by means of a public subsidy or government purchase of surpluses. [1945-50] * * *
price system
▪ economics Introduction       a means of organizing economic activity. It does this primarily by coordinating the decisions of consumers, producers, and owners of ...
price tag
a label or tag that shows the price of the item to which it is attached. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
price war
intensive competition, esp. among retailers, in which prices are repeatedly cut in order to undersell competitors or sometimes to force smaller competitors out of ...
Price, (Mary Violet) Leontyne
born Feb. 10, 1927, Laurel, Miss., U.S. U.S. soprano. She was trained at the Juilliard School. After her debut in a revival of Four Saints in Three Acts in 1952, she made her ...
Price, (Mary)Leontyne
Price (prīs), (Mary) Leontyne. Born 1927. American operatic soprano who performed with the New York Metropolitan Opera (1961-1985), earning greatest praise for her roles in ...
Price, George
▪ 1996       U.S. cartoonist (b. June 9, 1901, Coytesville, N.J.—d. Jan. 12, 1995, Englewood, N.J.), as a longtime contributor (1926-95) to The New Yorker magazine, ...
Price, H.H.
▪ British philosopher in full  Henry Habberley Price   born 1899, Neath, Glamorgan, Wales died Nov. 26, 1985       British philosopher noted for his study of ...
Price, Leontyne
▪ American opera singer in full  Mary Violet Leontyne Price  born Feb. 10, 1927, Laurel, Miss., U.S.    American lyric soprano, the first African American singer to ...
Price, Lloyd
▪ American singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur born March 9, 1933, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.       American singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur. Price made his ...
Price, Nick
▪ 1995       In 1982, 26-year-old Nick Price held a three-stroke lead with six holes left to play in one of golf's premier events, the British Open. But then he ...
Price, Reynolds
▪ American writer , in full  Edward Reynolds Price   born Feb. 1, 1933, Macon, N.C., U.S.       American writer whose stories are set in the southern U.S. state of ...
Price, Richard
▪ British philosopher born Feb. 23, 1723, Tynton, Glamorgan, Wales died April 19, 1791, Hackney, near London  British moral philosopher, expert on insurance and finance, and ...
Price, Sammy
▪ American musician in full  Samuel Blythe Price   born Oct. 6, 1908, Honey Grove, Texas, U.S. died April 14, 1992, New York, N.Y.  American pianist and bandleader, a jazz ...
Price, Sir Uvedale, 1st Baronet
▪ British landscape designer born , 1747 died Sept. 14, 1829, Foxley, Herefordshire, Eng.  British landscape designer and, with the writer-artist William Gilpin and Richard ...
Price, Sterling
▪ American politician born Sept. 20, 1809, Prince Edward County, Va., U.S. died Sept. 29, 1867, St. Louis, Mo.       antebellum governor of Missouri, and Confederate ...
Price, Thomas
▪ Australian statesman born Jan. 19, 1852, Brymbo, Denbighshire, Wales died May 31, 1909, Hawthorn, South Australia, Australia       Australian (Australian Labor Party) ...
Price, Vincent
▪ 1994       U.S. actor (b. May 27, 1911, St. Louis, Mo.—d. Oct. 25, 1993, Los Angeles, Calif.), as the undisputed dark prince of gothic thrillers, cultivated his ...
Price, Vincent (Leonard)
born May 27, 1911, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died Oct. 25, 1993, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. actor. He first appeared onstage in a London production of the play Chicago and then played ...
—price-cutter, n. /pruys"kut'/, v.t., price-cut, price-cutting. to reduce the price of, esp. to gain a competitive advantage. [1920-25] * * *
See price-cutting. * * *
price-cut·ting (prīsʹkŭt'ĭng) n. Reduction of retail prices to a level low enough to eliminate competition.   priceʹ-cut'ter n. * * *
price-earnings ratio
/pruys"err"ningz/ the current price of a share of common stock divided by earnings per share over a 12-month period, often used in stock evaluation. Abbr.: p/e Also called ...
price-earn·ings ratio (prīsʹûrʹnĭngz) n. The ratio of the market price of a common stock to its earnings per share. * * *
See price. * * *
price fix·ing also price-fix·ing (prīsʹfĭk'sĭng) n. 1. The setting of commodity prices artificially by a government. 2. The result of an unlawful agreement between ...
price index n. A number relating prices of a group of commodities to their prices during an arbitrarily chosen base period. * * *
▪ mineral       an earthy, white borate mineral, hydrated calcium borate (Ca4B10O19·7H2O). It has been found as masses and nodules in a hot-spring deposit near Chetco, ...
—pricelessness, n. /pruys"lis/, adj. 1. having a value beyond all price; invaluable: a priceless artwork. 2. delightfully amusing or absurd: a priceless anecdote. [1905-10; ...
See priceless. * * *
price point n. The retail price of a product, usually when viewed as one of a series of possible competitive prices: expected to release the software below the $50 price point. * ...
/pruy"seuhr/, n. 1. (esp. in retail stores) an employee who establishes prices at which articles will be sold, or one who affixes price tags to merchandise. 2. a person who ...
price support n. Maintenance of prices, as of a raw material or commodity, at a certain level usually through public subsidy or government intervention. * * *
price tag n. 1. A label attached to a piece of merchandise indicating its price. 2. The cost of something. * * *
price war n. A period of intense competition among businesses in which each competitor tries to cut retail prices below those of the others. * * *
—pricily, adv. —priceyness, n. /pruy"see/, adj., pricier, priciest. expensive or unduly expensive: a pricey wine. Also, pricy. [1930-35; PRICE + -Y1] * * *
See pricey. * * *
/prich"euhrd/, n. a city in S Alabama. 39,541. * * * ▪ Alabama, United States       city, Mobile county, southwestern Alabama, U.S., a northern industrial suburb of ...
Prichard, H.A.
▪ British philosopher in full  Harold Arthur Prichard   born Oct. 30, 1871, London, Eng. died Dec. 29, 1947, Oxford, Oxfordshire       English philosopher, one of the ...
Prichard, James Cowles
▪ British physician and ethnologist born Feb. 11, 1786, Ross, Herefordshire, Eng. died Dec. 23, 1848, London       English physician and ethnologist who was among the ...
Prichard, Katharine Susannah
▪ Australian author born Dec. 4, 1883, Levuka, Fiji died Oct. 2, 1969, Greenmount, near Perth, W.Aus., Australia       Australian novelist and writer of short stories, ...
See priceyness. * * *
—pricker, n. —prickingly, adv. /prik/, n. 1. a puncture made by a needle, thorn, or the like. 2. a sharp point; prickle. 3. the act of pricking: the prick of a needle. 4. the ...
prick song
Archaic. 1. written music. 2. descant (def. 1a). [1400-50; late ME, short for pricked song] * * *
/prik"eard'/, adj. 1. having the ears upright and pointed: a prick-eared dog. 2. Brit. a. Informal. (of a man) having the hair cut short. b. Archaic. following or sympathetic to ...
/prik"pohst'/, n. (in a framed structure) a secondary post, as a queen post. [1580-90] * * *
pricker [prik′ər] n. 1. a person, animal, or thing that pricks 2. PRICKLE (sense 1) * * * prick·er (prĭkʹər) n. 1. One, such as a pricking tool, that pierces or ...
/prik"it/, n. 1. a sharp metal point on which to stick a candle. 2. a candlestick with one or more such points. 3. a buck in his second year. [1300-50; ME; see PRICK, -ET] * * *
/prik"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that pricks. 2. a prickly or smarting sensation. [bef. 1000; ME; OE pricung; see PRICK, -ING1] * * *
/prik"euhl/, n., v., prickled, prickling. n. 1. a sharp point. 2. a small, pointed process growing from the bark of a plant. 3. a sharp process or projection, as from the skin of ...
/prik"euhl bak'/, n. 1. any of several blennioid fishes of the family Stichaeidae, usually inhabiting cold waters, having spiny rays in the dorsal fin. 2. stickleback. [1740-50; ...
See prickly. * * *
—prickliness, n. /prik"lee/, adj., pricklier, prickliest. 1. full of or armed with prickles. 2. full of troublesome points: a prickly problem. 3. prickling; smarting: a prickly ...
prickly ash
1. Also called toothache tree. a citrus shrub or small tree, Zanthoxylum americanum, having aromatic leaves and usually prickly branches. 2. Hercules-club (def. 2). [1700-10, ...
prickly heat
Pathol. a cutaneous eruption accompanied by a prickling and itching sensation, due to an inflammation of the sweat glands. Also called heat rash. [1730-40, Amer.] * * ...
prickly pear
1. any of numerous cacti of the genus Opuntia, having flattened, usually spiny stem joints, yellow, orange, or reddish flowers, and ovoid, often edible fruit. 2. the usually ...
prickly poppy
any tropical American poppy of the genus Argemone, esp. A. mexicana (Mexican poppy), having prickly pods and leaves and yellow or white, poppylike flowers. [1715-25] * * * ▪ ...
prickly ash n. 1. Any of numerous cosmopolitan, deciduous or evergreen shrubs or trees of the genus Zanthoxylum, having aromatic bark and alternate, mostly pinnate leaves. 2. See ...
prickly heat n. See heat rash. * * *
prickly juniper n. See cade. * * *
prickly pear n. 1. Any of various cacti of the genus Opuntia, having bristly, flattened or cylindrical joints, showy, usually yellow flowers, and ovoid, often prickly fruit. 2. ...
prickly poppy n. Any of various plants of the genus Argemone, chiefly of tropical America, having large yellow, lavender, or white flowers and prickly leaves, stems, and pods. * ...
/prik"sperr'/, n. a spur having a single sharp goad or point. [1680-90; PRICK + SPUR1] * * *
/prik"ee/, adj., prickier, prickiest. prickly. [1540-50; PRICK + -Y1] * * *
—priciness, n. /pruy"see/, adj., pricier, priciest. pricey. * * *
—prideful, adj. —pridefully, adv. —pridefulness, n. —prideless, adj. —pridelessly, adv. /pruyd/, n., v., prided, priding. n. 1. a high or inordinate opinion of one's ...
/pruyd/, n. Thomas, died 1658, English soldier and regicide. * * *
Pride and Prejudice
a novel (1813) by Jane Austen (written 1796-97). * * *
pride of China
the chinaberry, Melia azedarach. Also called pride of India. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
pride of place
the highest or most outstanding position; first place. [1615-25] * * *
pride of the morning
light mist or precipitation observed at sea in the morning and regarded as indicating a fine day. * * *
Pride's Purge
Eng. Hist. the forceful exclusion from the House of Commons, carried out by Col. Thomas Pride in December 1648, of about 100 members who favored compromise with the Royalist ...
Pride, Sir Thomas
born , Somerset?, Eng. died Oct. 23, 1658, Worcester House, Surrey English soldier. Joining the Parliamentary army in the English Civil Wars, he commanded a regiment in the ...
Pride (prīd), Thomas. Died 1658. English Parliamentarian who led a regiment to Parliament and expelled Presbyterian and Royalist members who opposed the condemnation of Charles ...
/pruyd"euhv kal'euh fawr"nyeuh, -nee euh/, n. a shrubby plant, Lathyrus splendens, of the legume family, native to southern California, having showy clusters of pale rose-pink, ...
☆ pride-of-India [prīd΄uv in′dē ə ] n. CHINABERRY (sense 1) * * *
pride·ful (prīdʹfəl) adj. 1. Arrogant; disdainful. 2. Highly pleased; elated.   prideʹful·ly adv. prideʹful·ness n. * * *
See prideful. * * *
See pridefully. * * *
prideof place
pride of place n. The highest or most important position: The crystal vase enjoyed pride of place on the grand piano. * * *
Pridi Phanomyong
or Luang Pradist Manudharm born May 11, 1900, Ayutthaya, Siam died May 2, 1983, Paris, France Thai political leader and prime minister. He earned a doctorate in law in France, ...
Pridoli Series
▪ geology       uppermost of four main divisions of the Silurian (Silurian Period) System, representing those rocks deposited worldwide during the Pridoli Epoch ...
/pree/, n., v.t. Scot. and North Eng. pree. * * *
Prie, Jeanne-Agnes Berthelot de Pleneuf, Marquise de
▪ French adventuress born 1698, Paris, France died Oct. 7, 1727, Courbépine       French adventuress during the reign of Louis XV.       The daughter of an ...
/pree"dyoo"/; Fr. /prddee dyue"/, n., pl. prie-dieus, prie-dieux /-dyooz"/, Fr. prie-dieu. a piece of furniture for kneeling on during prayer, having a rest above, as for a ...
I. pried1 (prīd) v. Past tense and past participle of pry1.   II. pried2 (prīd) v. Past tense and past participle of pry2. * * *
Ancient city of Ionia, north of the Menderes (Maeander) River, southwestern Anatolia. According to Strabo, it was founded by Ionians and Thebans. It was sacked in the 7th ...
/pruy"euhr/, n. a person who pries; a curious or inquisitive person. Also, pryer. [1545-55; PRY1 + -ER1] * * *
I. pries1 (prīz) v. Third person singular present tense of pry1. n. Plural of pry1.   II. pries2 (prīz) v. Third person singular present tense of pry2. n. Plural of ...
—priestless, adj. —priestlike, adj., adv. /preest/, n. 1. a person whose office it is to perform religious rites, and esp. to make sacrificial offerings. 2. (in Christian ...
Priest River
▪ Idaho, United States       city, Bonner county, northwestern Idaho, U.S., at the junction of the Priest and Pend Oreille rivers. It is a gateway to a spectacular ...
priest-ridden [prēst′rid΄'n] adj. dominated or tyrannized by priests * * *
/preest"kraft', -krahft'/, n. the training, knowledge, and abilities necessary to a priest. [1475-85; PRIEST + CRAFT] * * *
/pree"stis/, n. a woman who officiates in sacred rites. [1685-95; PRIEST + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
/preest"fish'/, n., pl. priestfishes, (esp. collectively) priestfish. See blue rockfish. [PRIEST + FISH; so called from its dark color] * * *
/preest"hood/, n. 1. the condition or office of a priest. 2. priests collectively. [bef. 900; ME presthed(e), presthod(e), OE preosthad. See PRIEST, -HOOD] * * * Office of a ...
priesthood of all believers
▪ Christianity       cardinal doctrinal principle of the churches of the 16th-century Reformation, both Lutheran (Lutheranism) and Reformed (Reformed and Presbyterian ...
/preest"lee/, n. 1. J(ohn) B(oynton) /boyn"teuhn, -tn/, 1894-1984, English novelist. 2. Joseph, 1733-1804, English chemist, author, and clergyman. * * *
Priestley, J B
▪ British writer born , Sept. 13, 1894, Bradford, Yorkshire, Eng. died Aug. 14, 1984, Alveston, near Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire       British novelist, ...
Priestley, J(ohn) B(oynton)
Priest·ley (prēstʹlē), J(ohn) B(oynton). 1894-1984. British writer of more than 100 novels, most notably The Good Companions (1929), numerous dramas, and critical works on ...
Priestley, Joseph
born March 13, 1733, Birstall Fieldhead, near Leeds, Yorkshire, Eng. died Feb. 6, 1804, Northumberland, Pa., U.S. English theologian, political theorist, and physical ...
Priestley, Joseph. 1733-1804. British chemist noted for work on the isolation of gases and his discovery of oxygen (1774). * * *
See priestly. * * *
—priestliness, n. /preest"lee/, adj., priestlier, priestliest. 1. of or pertaining to a priest; sacerdotal: priestly vestments. 2. characteristic of or befitting a ...
Priestly code
▪ biblical criticism also called  Priestly Source, or P,         biblical source that, according to the document hypothesis, is one of the four original sources of ...
Priests' Charter
▪ Swiss treaty German  Pfaffenbrief        (October 1370), treaty that unified the legal system in all the Swiss cantons, particularly highlighting two features: ...
Prieur, Pierre-Louis
▪ French politician byname  Prieur De La Marne   born Aug. 1, 1756, Sommesous, France died May 31, 1827, Brussels, Neth. [now in Belgium]       French political ...
Prieur-Duvernois, Claude-Antoine
▪ French military engineer byname  Prieur de la Côte-d'Or   born December 2, 1763, Auxonne, France died August 11, 1832, Dijon       French military engineer who was ...
prig1 —priggish, adj. —priggishly, adv. —priggishness, n. /prig/, n. a person who displays or demands of others pointlessly precise conformity, fussiness about ...
/prig"euh ree/, n., pl. priggeries for 2. 1. the conduct or character of a prig. 2. an act or remark characteristic of a prig. [1735-45; PRIG1 + -ERY] * * *
See priggery. * * *
See priggery. * * *
See priggery. * * *
/prig"iz euhm/, n. priggish character or ideas; priggishness. [1735-45; PRIG1 + -ISM] * * *
/pri goh"zhin/; Fr. /prddee gaw zheen"/; Russ. /prddyi gaw"zhin/, n. Ilya /il"yeuh, eel"-/; Russ. /ee lyah"/, born 1917, Belgian chemist, born in Russia: Nobel prize 1977. * * *
Prigogine, Ilya
▪ 2004       Russian-born Belgian physical chemist (b. Jan. 25, 1917, Moscow, Russia—d. May 28, 2003, Brussels, Belg.), was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in ...
Pri·go·gine (prĭ-gôʹzhən, -gô-zhēnʹ), Ilya. Born 1917. Russian-born Belgian chemist. He won a 1977 Nobel Prize for his contributions to nonequilibrium thermodynamics. * ...
Prigov, Dmitry Aleksandrovich
▪ 2008       Russian poet and artist born Nov. 5, 1940, Moscow, U.S.S.R. died July 16, 2007, Moscow, Russia was a leading member of the Russian artistic avant-garde ...
▪ Macedonia Turkish  Perlepe,         town, Macedonia, south of Skopje on the Titov Veles–Bitola railway line. Prilep was an important centre during the Middle ...
prill [pril] n. 〚orig. informal term in Cornwall < ?〛 a small, beadlike pellet vt. to make (a substance) into prills * * *
Pri·lo·sec (prīʹlō-sĕk') A trademark used for the drug omeprazole. * * *
prim1 —primly, adv. —primness, n. /prim/, adj., primmer, primmest, v., primmed, primming. adj. 1. formally precise or proper, as persons or behavior; stiffly neat. v.i. 2. to ...
Prim, Juan
▪ Spanish statesman in full  Juan Prim Y Prats   born Dec. 6, 1814, Reus, Spain died Dec. 30, 1870, Madrid       Spanish military leader and political figure who ...
1. primary. 2. primitive. * * *
prima ballerina
/pree"meuh/ the principal ballerina in a ballet company. [1895-1900; < It: lit., first ballerina] * * *
prima donna
/pree'meuh don"euh, prim'euh/; It. /prddee"mah dawn"nah/, pl. prima donnas, It. prime donne /prddee"me dawn"ne/. 1. a first or principal female singer of an opera company. 2. a ...
prima facie
/pruy"meuh fay"shee ee', fay"shee, fay"sheuh, pree"-/ 1. at first appearance; at first view, before investigation. 2. plain or clear; self-evident; obvious. [1425-75; late ME < L ...
prima facie case
Law. a case in which the evidence produced is sufficient to enable a decision or verdict to be made unless the evidence is rebutted. [1890-95] * * *
prima facie evidence
Law. evidence sufficient to establish a fact or to raise a presumption of fact unless rebutted. [1790-1800] * * *
prima inter pares
/prddee"mah in"terdd pah"rddes/; Eng. /pruy"meuh in"teuhr pay"reez, pree"meuh/, Latin. (of a female) first among equals. * * *
pri·ma ballerina (prēʹmə) n. The leading woman dancer in a ballet company.   [Italian : prima, feminine of primo, first + ballerina, ballerina.] * * *
/pruy"meuh see/, n., pl. primacies for 2, 3. 1. the state of being first in order, rank, importance, etc. 2. Also called primateship. Eng. Eccles. the office, rank, or dignity of ...
pri·ma donna (prē'mə, prĭmʹə) n. 1. The leading woman soloist in an opera company. 2. A temperamental, conceited person.   [Italian : prima, feminine of primo, first + ...
/pruy mee"veuhl/, adj. primeval. * * *
pri·ma fa·cie (prī'mə fāʹshē -shə, -shē-ē) adv. At first sight; before closer inspection: They had, prima facie, a legitimate complaint. adj. 1. True, authentic, or ...
primafacie case
prima facie case n. Law A case in which the evidence presented is sufficient for a judgment to be made unless the evidence is contested. * * *
primafacie evidence
prima facie evidence n. Law Evidence that would, if uncontested, establish a fact or raise a presumption of a fact. * * *
/pruy"mij/, n. a small allowance formerly paid by a shipper to the master and crew of a vessel for the loading and care of the goods: now charged with the freight and retained by ...
Primakov, Yevgeny Maksimovich
▪ 1999       Russian Pres. Boris Yeltsin's appointment of Foreign Minister Yevgeny Primakov as prime minister in September 1998 was greeted with a mixture of relief and ...
/pruy"meuhl/, adj. 1. first; original; primeval: primal eras before the appearance of life on earth. 2. of first importance; fundamental: the primal resources of a ...
primal scene
Psychoanal. a child's first real or imagined observation of parental sexual intercourse. [1920-25] * * *
primal scream
a scream uttered by a person undergoing primal therapy. [1970-75, Amer.] * * *
primal therapy
Psychiatry. a form of psychotherapy in which the patient is encouraged to relive traumatic events, often screaming or crying, in order to achieve catharsis and a breakdown of ...
See primal. * * *
See primal therapy. * * *
primal therapy n. Psychology A method of therapy thought to treat emotional problems by encouraging patients to relive traumatic experiences and to express feelings through ...
/pruy"meuh kween'/, n. Pharm. a viscous liquid, C15H21N3O, used in the treatment of malaria. [1945-50; < NL prima PRIME + QUIN(OLIN)E] * * * ▪ drug       synthetic drug ...
/pruy mair"euh lee, -mer"-, pruy"mer euh lee, -meuhr euh-/, adv. 1. essentially; mostly; chiefly; principally: They live primarily from farming. 2. in the first instance; at ...
—primariness, n. /pruy"mer ee, -meuh ree/, adj., n., pl. primaries. adj. 1. first or highest in rank or importance; chief; principal: his primary goals in life. 2. first in ...
primary accent
the principal or strongest stress of a word. Also called primary stress. * * *
primary beam
Physics. See under secondary beam. * * *
primary care
—primary-care, adj. medical care by a physician, or other health-care professional, who is the patient's first contact with the health-care system and who may recommend a ...
primary care doctor
➡ primary care physician * * *
primary care physician
(also primary care doctor) n (in the US) a general doctor who is the first person a patient visits in the health care system. Primary care physicians treat illnesses and injuries ...
Primary Care Trust
(in Britain) an organization which is responsible for providing health care such as GP services to people in a local area, as part of the National Health Service. They are one of ...
primary cell
Elect. a cell designed to produce electric current through an electrochemical reaction that is not efficiently reversible, so that the cell when discharged cannot be efficiently ...
primary color
1. Art. a color, as red, yellow, or blue, that in mixture yields other colors. Cf. complementary color (def. 1), secondary color, tertiary color. 2. Optics. any of a set of ...
primary contact
Sociol. a communication or relationship between people that is characterized by intimacy and personal familiarity. Cf. secondary contact. * * *
primary deviance
Sociol. the violation of a norm or rule that does not result in the violator's being stigmatized as deviant. Cf. secondary deviance. * * *
Primary Diagnostic Horizons
▪ Table Primary diagnostic horizons of soil   U.S. Soil Taxonomy defining features FAO soil group system See as table: Epipedons   histic thick organic layer histic . ...
primary election
primary (def. 15a). [1785-95] * * * Electoral device for choosing a party's candidates for public office. The formal primary system is peculiar to the U.S., where it came into ...
primary electron
primary electron n. in thermionics, any of the electrons falling on a body, distinguished from those emitted by it * * *
primary gain
Psychiatry. the removal of emotional conflict or relief of anxiety that is the immediate benefit of a defense mechanism or neurotic symptom. Cf. secondary gain. * * *
primary group
Sociol. a group of individuals living in close, intimate, and personal relationship. Cf. secondary group. [1890-95] * * *

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