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Слова на букву pius-ramp (15990)

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principal sum
Insurance. See capital sum. * * *
principal value
Math. a value selected at a point in the domain of a multiple-valued function, chosen so that the function has a single value at the point. * * *
principal diagonal n. The diagonal in a square matrix that goes from the upper left corner to the lower right corner. * * *
principal focus n. A focal point. * * *
/prin'seuh pal"i tee/, n., pl. principalities. 1. a state ruled by a prince, usually a relatively small state or a state that falls within a larger state such as an empire. 2. ...
/prin"seuh peuh lee, -sip lee/, adv. chiefly; mainly. [1300-50; ME; see PRINCIPAL, -LY] Syn. primarily. See especially. * * *
principal parts pl.n. 1. In traditional grammars of inflected languages, the forms of the verb that are considered basic and from which all other forms of the verb are ...
See principally. * * *
/prin"seuh payt'/, n. supreme power or office. [1300-50; ME < L principatus, equiv. to princip- (see PRINCE) + -atus -ATE3] * * *
/prin"seuh peuh, -pay'/; Port. /prddeeonn"see peuh/, n. an island in the Gulf of Guinea, off the W coast of Africa: one of the two chief components of the Democratic Republic of ...
/prin sip"ee euhm/, n., pl. principia /-sip"ee euh/. a principle. [1575-85; < L principium lit., that which is first, equiv. to princip- (see PRINCE) + -ium -IUM] * * *
/prin"seuh peuhl/, n. 1. an accepted or professed rule of action or conduct: a person of good moral principles. 2. a fundamental, primary, or general law or truth from which ...
principle of complementarity
Physics. See complementarity principle. [COMPLEMENTARY + -TY2] * * *
principle of correspondence
Physics. See correspondence principle. * * *
principle of duality
Math. See duality principle. * * *
principle of equivalence
Physics. See equivalence principle. * * *
principle of mathematical induction
Math. a law in set theory which states that if a set is a subset of the set of all positive integers and contains 1, and if for each number in the given set the succeeding ...
principle of superposition
Physics. any of several physical laws that the resultant of similar vector quantities at a point is a function of the sum of the individual quantities, esp. the law that the ...
principle of virtual work
Mech. the principle that the total work done by all forces on a system in static equilibrium is zero for a set of infinitesimally small displacements. * * *
/prin"seuh peuhld/, adj. imbued with or having moral principles (often used in combination): high-principled. [1635-45; PRINCIPLE + -ED3] * * *
/prin"koks, pring"-/, n. Archaic. a self-confident young fellow; coxcomb. Also, princock /prin"kok, pring"-/. [1530-40; orig. uncert.] * * *
▪ Oregon, United States       city, seat (1882) of Crook county, central Oregon, U.S., on the Crooked River near Ochoco Creek. Settled in 1868 and named for Barney ...
(also Pringle of Scotland) a Scottish clothing company started in 1815 by Robert Pringle, which is best known for its golf clothing and sweaters with a diamond pattern. * * *
Pringle of Scotland
➡ Pringle * * *
Pringle, Sir John
born April 10, 1707, Stitchel, Roxburgh, Scot. died Jan. 18, 1782, London, Eng. British physician. As physician general to the British armed forces (1740–48), he applied his ...
Pringle, Sir John, 1st Baronet
▪ English physician born April 10, 1707, Stitchel, Roxburgh, Scot. died Jan. 18, 1782, London, Eng.  British physician, an early exponent of the importance of ordinary ...
Pringle, Thomas
▪ Scottish-South African poet born Jan. 5, 1789, Blaiklaw, Roxburghshire, Scot. died Dec. 5, 1834, London, Eng.  Scottish-South African poet, often called the father of South ...
a US brand of potato crisps/chips made by Proctor & Gamble, which are sold in a long tube. They are available in many different flavours. * * *
Pringsheim, Nathanael
▪ German botanist born Nov. 30, 1823, Wziesko, Silesia died Oct. 6, 1894, Berlin, Ger.       botanist whose contributions to the study of algae made him one of the ...
▪ bird       any bird of the large genus Prinia, belonging to the Old World warbler family, Sylviidae. Prinias are sometimes called longtail warblers or wren-warblers, ...
—prinker, n. /pringk/, v.t. 1. to deck or dress for show. v.i. 2. to deck oneself out. 3. to fuss over one's dress, esp. before the mirror. [1570-80; appar. akin to PRANK2] * * ...
See prink. * * *
Prinsep, James
▪ English antiquarian born Aug. 20, 1799, County of Essex, Eng. died April 22, 1840, London       antiquary and colonial administrator in India, the first European ...
Prinstein, Meyer
▪ American athlete born 1878, Poland died March 10, 1928       American jumper who won three gold medals in Olympic competition in the early 20th ...
/print/, v.t. 1. to produce (a text, picture, etc.) by applying inked types, plates, blocks, or the like, to paper or other material either by direct pressure or indirectly by ...
print journalism
—print journalist. journalism as practiced in newspapers and magazines. [1970-75] * * *
print shop
1. a shop where prints or graphics are sold. 2. a shop where printing is done. [1690-1700] * * *
printing. * * *
See printable. * * *
—printability, printableness, n. /prin"teuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being printed. 2. suitable for publication; fit to print. [1830-40; PRINT + -ABLE] * * *
Fr. /prddaonn tann nyay"/, adj. (of food) prepared or garnished with mixed fresh vegetables. Also, printanière Fr. /prddaonn tann nyerdd"/. [1860-65; < F: lit., of spring, MF, ...
/print"bak'/, n. Photog. an enlarged print from a microfilm copy. [n. use of v. phrase print back] * * *
print bar n. A mechanism in a printing device that carries the template of the final form of the alphanumeric characters to be printed. * * *
printed circuit
Electronics. a circuit in which the interconnecting conductors and some of the circuit components have been printed, etched, etc., onto a sheet or board of dielectric material ...
printed matter
1. any of various kinds of printed material that qualifies for a special postal rate. 2. a classification of international mail consisting of such items, including catalogs and ...
print·ed circuit (prĭnʹtĭd) n. An electric circuit in which the conducting connections have been printed or otherwise deposited in predetermined patterns on an insulating ...
printed matter n. Printed material, such as a book or magazine, that is not considered first-class mail and qualifies for a special postal rate. * * *
—printerlike, adj. /prin"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that prints, esp. a person whose occupation is printing. 2. Computers. an output device that produces a paper copy of ...
printer's devil
devil (def. 5). [1755-65] * * *
printer's error
an error introduced into typeset copy by the compositor, so that the printer cannot charge for correcting it. Abbr.: P.E., p.e. Cf. author's alteration. * * *
printer's mark
a stamp or device, usually found on the copyright page, that identifies a book as the work of a particular printer. * * *
printer's ream.
See under ream1 (def. 1). * * *
print·er's devil (prĭnʹtərz) n. An apprentice in a printing establishment.   [From the apprentice becoming black from the ink.] * * *
printer, computer
Electronic device that accepts text files or images from a computer and transfers them to a medium such as paper or film. It can be connected directly to the computer or ...
/prin"teuh ree/, n., pl. printeries. 1. (formerly) an establishment for typographic printing. 2. an establishment where printing, as of books or newspapers, etc., is ...
/print"hed'/, n. Computers. the printing element, as a daisy wheel or thimble, on a computer printer. Also, print head. [PRINT + HEAD] * * *
/prin"ting/, n. 1. the art, process, or business of producing books, newspapers, etc., by impression from movable types, plates, etc. 2. the act of a person or thing that ...
printing frame
Photog. a shallow, boxlike device with a glass plate on one side and an opaque, removable back, for holding a negative firmly against printing paper in contact ...
printing ink
a type of ink that flows smoothly, dries quickly, and is of a consistency able to hold enough color to make printed matter legible: used to transfer the image on a press plate to ...
printing paper
Photog. sensitized paper for printing positives. [1780-90] * * *
printing press
a machine, as a cylinder press or rotary press, for printing on paper or the like from type, plates, etc. [1580-90] * * * ▪ printing       machine by which images are ...
printing press n. A machine that transfers lettering or images by contact with various forms of inked surface onto paper or similar material fed into it in various ways. * * *
/print"lis/, adj. making, retaining, or showing no print or impression. [1600-10; PRINT + -LESS] * * *
/print"may'keuhr/, n. a person who makes prints, esp. an artist working in one of the graphic mediums. [1925-30; PRINT + MAKER] * * *
/print"may'king/, n. the art or technique of making prints, esp. as practiced in engraving, etching, drypoint, woodcut or serigraphy. [1925-30; PRINT + MAKING] * * * Art form ...
/print"owt'/, n. Computers. output produced by a printer, generally on continuous sheets of paper. Also, print-out. [1950-55; n. use of v. phrase print out] * * *
printout paper
Photog. sensitized paper for prints that darkens under light and requires treatment to fix an image: largely supplanted at the turn of the century by developing-out paper. Abbr.: ...
print spooler n. See spooler. * * *
/print"hweel', -weel'/, n. See daisy wheel. Also, print wheel. [1940-45; PRINT + WHEEL] * * *
/print"werrks'/, n., pl. printworks. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a factory that prints textiles or other materials. [1825-35; PRINT + works (see WORK)] * * *
Printz, Johan Björnsson
▪ Swedish military officer born July 20, 1592, Bottnaryd, Swed. died May 3, 1663, Gunillaberg Manor, Swed.       Swedish military officer and colonial governor of New ...
Prinz, Birgit
▪ 2008 born Oct. 25, 1977, Frankfurt am Main, Ger.       On Sept. 30, 2007, in the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Women's World Cup final ...
Prío Socarrás, Carlos
▪ president of Cuba born July 14, 1903, Bahía Honda, Cuba died April 5, 1977, Miami Beach, Fla., U.S.       president of Cuba (1948–52).       Prío became ...
prion1 /pruy"on/, n. any of several petrels of the genus Pachyptila, located in the oceans of the Southern Hemisphere and having serrated edges on the bill. [1840-50; < NL < Gk ...
prior1 —priorly, adv. /pruy"euhr/, adj. 1. preceding in time or in order; earlier or former; previous: A prior agreement prevents me from accepting this. 2. preceding in ...
/pruy"euhr/, n. Matthew, 1664-1721, English poet. * * *
prior lien
a lien having priority over others attached to the same property. Also called first lien. * * *
prior restraint
a court order banning publication of unpublished material. [1970-75] * * *
/pruy"euhr it/, n. 1. the office, rank, or term of office of a prior. 2. a priory. [1350-1400; ME < LL prioratus priority, preference (ML: office of a prior). See PRIOR2, ...
/pruy"euhr is/, n. a woman holding a position corresponding to that of a prior, sometimes ranking next below an abbess. [1250-1300; ME prioresse < OF. See PRIOR2, -ESS] Usage. ...
See prioritize. * * *
—prioritization, n. /pruy awr"i tuyz', -or"-/, v., prioritized, prioritizing. v.t. 1. to arrange or do in order of priority: learning to prioritize our assignments. 2. to give ...
/pruy awr"i tee, -or"-/, n., pl. priorities for 2-4. 1. the state or quality of being earlier in time, occurrence, etc. 2. the right to precede others in order, rank, privilege, ...
priority mail
(in the U.S. Postal Service) mail consisting of merchandise weighing more than 12 ounces sent at first-class rates. * * *
See prior1. * * *
prior restraint n. Judicial prevention of a statement or other expression from being published. * * *
See priorate. * * *
prior to prep. Preceding; before: “prior to the changes of ownership and editorship” (Brendan Gill). * * *
/pruy"euh ree/, n., pl. priories. a religious house governed by a prior or prioress, often dependent upon an abbey. [1250-1300; ME priorie < ML prioria. See PRIOR2, -Y3] * * *
/prip"it, -et, pree"pet/, n. a river in NW Ukraine and S Byelorussia (Belarus), flowing E through the Pripet Marshes to the Dnieper River in NW Ukraine. 500 mi. (800 km) long. ...
Pripet Marshes
an extensive wooded marshland in S Byelorussia (Belarus) and NW Ukraine. 33,500 sq. mi. (86,765 sq. km). * * * Vast marsh region, southern Belarus and northwestern Ukraine. The ...
Pripet River
Belarusian Prypyats' River Ukrainian Pryp'yat River River, northwestern Ukraine and southern Belarus. Rising in northwestern Ukraine near the Polish border, it flows east ...
/pruy"zij/, n. Old Eng. Law. the right of the king to take a certain quantity of every cargo of wine imported. Cf. butlerage. [1495-1505; PRISE + -AGE; cf. ML prisagium] * * *
/prish"ee euhn, prish"euhn/, n. fl. A.D. c500, Latin grammarian. * * * Latin Priscianus Caesariensis born с 500, Caesarea, Mauretania Latin grammarian. He used the writings ...
/pri sil"euh/, n. a female given name: from a Roman family name. * * *
▪ Spanish bishop born c. 340, Spain died 385, Trier, Belgica, Gaul [now in Germany]       early Christian bishop who was the first heretic to receive capital ...
/pruyz/, v.t., prised, prising, n. prize3. * * *
/pris yahd"keuh/, n. a step in Slavic folk dancing in which the dancer squats on the haunches and kicks out each foot alternately; the characteristic step of the ...
/priz"euhm/, n. 1. Optics. a transparent solid body, often having triangular bases, used for dispersing light into a spectrum or for reflecting rays of light. 2. Geom. a solid ...
prism binocular
Usually, prism binoculars. Optics. binocular (def. 1). * * *
prism diopter
Optics. a unit of prismatic deviation, in which the number one represents a prism that deflects a beam of light a distance of one centimeter on a plane placed normal to the ...
prism spectrometer
Optics. See under spectrometer. * * *
—prismatically, adv. /priz mat"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or like a prism. 2. formed by or as if by a transparent prism. 3. spectral in color; brilliant: prismatic ...
prismatic coefficient
Naval Archit. See longitudinal coefficient. * * *
prismatic colors
prismatic colors n. the colors of the visible spectrum produced by passing white light through a prism; red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet * * *
prismatic compass
a hand compass equipped with sights and prisms to permit aiming the instrument at a point and at the same time reading the compass direction of the point. [1850-55] * * *
prismatic layer
the middle layer of the shell of certain mollusks, consisting chiefly of crystals of calcium carbonate. * * *
prismatic telescope
Survey. a telescope having an eyepiece at the side or top equipped with a reflecting prism, used for taking sights at steep angles. * * *
See prismatic. * * *
/priz"meuh toyd'/, n. Geom. a polyhedron having its vertices lying on two parallel planes. [1855-60; < Gk prismat- (s. of prîsma) PRISM + -OID] * * *
See prismatoid. * * *
—prismoidal, adj. /priz"moyd/, n. Geom. a solid having sides that are trapezoids and bases or ends that are parallel and similar but not congruent polygons. Cf. prism (def. ...
See prismoid. * * *
—prisonlike, adj. /priz"euhn/, n. 1. a building for the confinement of persons held while awaiting trial, persons sentenced after conviction, etc. 2. See state prison. 3. any ...
prison camp
1. a camp for the confinement of prisoners of war or political prisoners. 2. a camp for less dangerous prisoners assigned to outdoor work, usually for the government. [1905-10] * ...
prison fever
typhus. * * *
prison psychosis
Psychiatry. a state of mental confusion, transitory or permanent, brought on by incarceration or by the anticipation of imprisonment. * * *
prison rustic work
rustication having a deeply pitted surface. * * *
prison camp n. 1. A camp for detaining and confining prisoners of war. 2. A camp detaining and confining political dissidents and other prisoners. 3. A minimum security facility ...
/priz"euh neuhr, priz"neuhr/, n. 1. a person who is confined in prison or kept in custody, esp. as the result of legal process. 2. See prisoner of war. 3. a person or thing that ...
prisoner of war
a person who is captured and held by an enemy during war, esp. a member of the armed forces. Abbr.: POW [1670-80] * * * ▪ international law       (pow, or Pw), any ...
prisoner's base
any of various children's games in which each of two teams has a home base where members of the opposing team are kept prisoner after being tagged or caught and from which they ...
prisoner's dilemma
prisoner's dilemma n. in game theory, a situation in which, if each of the individuals involved chooses the most rational option for gaining his or her own ends, the least ...
pris·on·er's base (prĭzʹə-nərz, prĭzʹnərz) n. A children's game in which two teams try to capture opposing players by tagging them and bringing them to a base. * * *
prisonerof war
prisoner of war n. pl. prisoners of war A person taken by or surrendering to enemy forces in wartime. * * *
Prisonerof War Medal
Prisoner of War Medal n. A congressional decoration featuring a bald eagle surrounded by barbed wire and bayonet points, that is awarded to any American prisoner of war held ...
prison fever n. See typhus.   [So called because it formerly prevailed in prisons.] * * *
Britain’s system of justice relies heavily on imprisonment as a form of punishment. Until the late 18th century conditions in prisons such as Newgate were dirty and violent. In ...
/pris/, n. Informal. a prissy person. [1920-25, Amer., back formation from PRISSY] * * *
/pris"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Priscilla. Also, Prissy. * * *
See prissy. * * *
See prissily. * * *
—prissily, adv. —prissiness, n. /pris"ee/, adj., prissier, prissiest. excessively proper; affectedly correct; prim. [1890-95, Amer.; b. PRIM1 and SISSY] * * *
Priš·ti·na (prĭshʹtə-nä') A city of southern Yugoslavia. It is the chief city of the Kosovo region and became the center of a separatist movement in the 1990s. ...
Priš·ti·na (prĭshʹtə-nä') A city of southern Yugoslavia. It is the chief city of the Kosovo region and became the center of a separatist movement in the 1990s. ...
/pris"teen, pri steen"/; esp. Brit. /pris"tuyn/, adj. 1. having its original purity; uncorrupted or unsullied. 2. of or pertaining to the earliest period or state; ...
See pristine. * * *
Pritam, Amrita Kaur
▪ 2006       Punjabi writer and poet (b. Aug. 31, 1919, Gujranwala, British India [now in Pakistan]—d. Oct. 31, 2005, New Delhi, India), wrote increasingly more ...
Pritchard, Sir John
▪ British conductor original name in full  John Michael Pritchard  born Feb. 5, 1921, London, Eng. died Dec. 5, 1989, Daly City, Calif., U.S.  British conductor who ...
(Victor Sawdon Pritchett 1900–97) an English author. He is best remembered for his short stories, which are full of humorous criticism of British life, and for his writings ...
Pritchett, Sir V(ictor) S(awdon)
Pritch·ett (prĭchʹĭt), Sir V(ictor) S(awdon). 1900-1997. British writer of novels, literary criticism, and most notably, short stories. * * * born Dec. 16, 1900, Ipswich, ...
Pritchett, Sir Victor Sawdon
▪ 1998       , British writer (b. Dec. 16, 1900, Ipswich, Suffolk, Eng.—d. March 20, 1997, London, Eng.), was especially appreciated for his dozens of short stories, ...
Pritchett, V.S.
▪ British writer in full  Sir Victor Sawdon Pritchett   born Dec. 16, 1900, Ipswich, Suffolk, Eng. died March 20, 1997, London  British novelist, short-story writer, and ...
/pridh"ee/, interj. Archaic. (I) pray thee. [1570-80; by shortening and alter.] * * *
/pri tee"vee/, n. Hindu Myth. a Vedic goddess personifying the earth and fertility. * * *
Prithvi Narayan Shah
born 1723? died 1775 Founder of the modern state of Nepal. A member of the ruling Shah family of Gurkha (Gorkha) principality, he conquered the three Malla kingdoms (see Malla ...
Pritzker Architecture Prize
World's most prestigious honour in the field of architecture. Established through the philanthropic efforts of the Pritzkers, a prominent Chicago business family, the prize, ...
Pritzker Architecture Prize winners
▪ Table Pritzker Architecture Prize winners year name country* 1979 Philip C. Johnson (Johnson, Philip C.) United States 1980 Luis Barragán (Barragán, ...
Pritzker family
▪ American business family       American family prominent in business and philanthropy during the later 20th century.       The family's fortunes began with ...
Pritzker Prize
▪ international architectural award in full  Pritzker Architecture Prize        international award given annually to recognize the contributions of a living ...
Pritzker, Jay
▪ 2000       American businessman and philanthropist who founded the Hyatt hotel chain and in 1979 endowed what became the most prestigious award in architecture, the ...
/pruy"euhs/, adj. (in prescriptions) before; former. [1890-95; < L] * * *
1. private. 2. privative. * * *
priv. pr.
privately printed. * * *
/pruy"veuh see/; Brit. also /priv"euh see/, n., pl. privacies. 1. the state of being private; retirement or seclusion. 2. the state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in ...
privacy, right of
Right of a person to be free from intrusion into matters of a personal nature. Although not explicitly mentioned in the U.S. Constitution, a right to privacy has been held to be ...
privacy, rights of
      in U.S. law, an amalgam of principles embodied in the federal Constitution or recognized by courts or lawmaking bodies concerning what Supreme Court Justice Louis ...
/prddee vaht"doh tsent"/, n. (in German and certain other universities) a private teacher or lecturer recognized by the university but receiving no compensation from it, being ...
—privately, adv. —privateness, n. /pruy"vit/, adj. 1. belonging to some particular person: private property. 2. pertaining to or affecting a particular person or a small ...
private bill
a congressional or parliamentary bill involving the private interests of a particular individual, corporation, or local unit. Cf. public bill. [1670-80] * * *
private brand
a product marketed under a private label. * * *
private companies
➡ companies * * *
private company
Brit. a company whose shareholders may not exceed 50 in number and whose shares may not be offered for public subscription. Cf. public company. [1905-10] * * *
private detective
a detective who is not a member of an official force but is employed by private parties. Also called private investigator. [1865-70] * * *
private enterprise
private enterprise n. FREE ENTERPRISE * * *
private enterprise.
See free enterprise (def. 1). [1835-45] * * *
private eye
Slang. a private detective. [1935-40; eye, allusive phonetic rendering of I, abbr. of investigator] * * *
private first class
a soldier ranking above a private and below a corporal or specialist fourth class in the U.S. Army, and above a private and below a lance corporal in the U.S. Marine ...
private international law.
See conflict of laws (def. 2). Cf. public international law. [1825-35] * * *
private investigator.
See private detective. Abbr.: p.i., P.I. [1935-40] * * *
private judgment
personal opinion formed independently of the expressed position of an institution, as in matters of religion or politics. * * *
private label
the label of a product, or the product itself, sold under the name of a wholesaler or retailer, by special arrangement with the manufacturer or producer. * * *
private law
1. a branch of law dealing with the legal relationships of private individuals. Cf. public law (def. 2). 2. a statute affecting only one person or a small number of persons ...
private life
➡ privacy * * *
private limited company
n (in Britain) a type of company, usually small, that does not issue shares to the public. The company’s name is usually followed by ‘Ltd’, short for ‘Limited’. Compare ...
Private Member
(sometimes l.c.) Brit. a member of a legislative body, esp. of the House of Commons, who has no special duties and is not a member of the ministry. [1600-10] * * *
private member’s bill
n a bill(1) (= proposal for a new law) presented to the British House of Commons by a private member (= a Member of Parliament who is not a minister). Few private member’s ...
private parts
the external genital organs. [1765-75] * * *
private patient
n (in the British health system) a patient who pays for medical care rather than receiving it free from the National Health Service. People choose to do this because they believe ...
private pension schemes
➡ pensions * * *
private placement
Finance. a sale of an issue of securities by the issuing company directly to a limited number of investors, often only one or two large institutional investors, such as a bank or ...
private practice
the practice of one's profession as an independent rather than as an employee. * * *
private road
n (in Britain) a road that crosses the private property of a person or group of people and is owned by them. Private roads are usually open to the public for them to reach the ...
private school
a school founded, conducted, and maintained by a private group rather than by the government, usually charging tuition and often following a particular philosophy, viewpoint, ...
private schools
➡ public schools * * *
private secretary
a person who attends to the individual or confidential correspondence, files, etc., of a business executive, official, or the like. [1765-75] * * *
private sector
the area of the nation's economy under private rather than governmental control. Cf. public sector. [1950-55] * * *
private treaty
a property sale based on terms resulting from a conference between buyer and seller. [1855-60] * * *
private trust
a trust designed for the benefit of a designated or known individual (opposed to charitable trust). * * *
private-line car
/pruy"vit luyn"/ a freight car owned by a company other than a railroad but operated over the tracks of railroads. * * *
private detective n. See private investigator. * * *
private enterprise n. 1. Business activities unregulated by state ownership or control; privately owned business. 2. A privately owned business enterprise, especially one ...
/pruy'veuh tear"/, n. 1. an armed ship that is privately owned and manned, commissioned by a government to fight or harass enemy ships. 2. privateersman. v.i. 3. to cruise as a ...
/pruy'veuh tearz"meuhn/, n., pl. privateersmen. an officer or sailor of a privateer. [1770-80, Amer.; PRIVATEER + 'S1 + -MAN] * * *
private eye n. See private investigator. * * *
privatefirst class
private first class n. pl. privates first class 1. Abbr. PFC A noncommissioned rank in the U.S. Army that is above private and below corporal or in the U.S. Marine Corps that is ...
private investigator n. Abbr. PI A person privately hired to do investigative or detective work. Also called private detective, private eye. * * *
private law n. The branch of law that deals with the legal rights and relationships of private individuals. * * *
See private. * * *
private member n. Chiefly British A member of Parliament who does not hold office in the government or in his or her party. * * *
See privately. * * *
private parts pl.n. The external organs of sex and excretion. * * *
private school n. A secondary or elementary school run and supported by private individuals or a corporation rather than by a government or public agency. * * *
/pruy vay"sheuhn/, n. 1. lack of the usual comforts or necessaries of life: His life of privation began to affect his health. 2. an instance of this. 3. the act of depriving. 4. ...
—privatist, n., adj. —privatistic, adj. /pruy"veuh tiz'euhm/, n. concern with or pursuit of one's personal or family interests, welfare, or ideals to the exclusion of broader ...
See privatism. * * *
See privatist. * * *
—privatively, adv. /priv"euh tiv/, adj. 1. causing, or tending to cause, deprivation. 2. consisting in or characterized by the taking away, loss, or lack of something. 3. Gram. ...
See privative. * * *
See privatize. * * * Transfer of government services or assets to the private sector. State-owned assets may be sold to private owners, or statutory restrictions on competition ...
—privatization, n. /pruy"veuh tuyz'/, v.t., privatized, privatizing. 1. to transfer from public or government control or ownership to private enterprise: a campaign promise to ...
/priv"it/, n. any of various deciduous or evergreen shrubs of the genus Ligustrum, esp. L. vulgare, having clusters of small white flowers and commonly grown as a ...
privet andromeda.
See swamp andromeda. * * *
—privileger, n. /priv"euh lij, priv"lij/, n., v., privileged, privileging. n. 1. a right, immunity, or benefit enjoyed only by a person beyond the advantages of most: the ...
/priv"euh lijd, priv"lijd/, adj. 1. belonging to a class that enjoys special privileges; favored: the privileged few. 2. entitled to or exercising a privilege. 3. restricted to a ...
privileged altar
Rom. Cath. Ch. an altar at which a plenary indulgence for a departed soul may be granted upon celebration of a Mass. [1880-85] * * *
privileged communication
Law. See confidential communication. * * * or confidential communication In law, communication between parties to a confidential relation such that the communication's ...
privileged communication n. 1. A confidential communication that one cannot be forced to divulge. 2. A communication that is not subject to charges of slander or libel. * * *
/priv"euh lee/, adv. in a privy manner; secretly. [1250-1300; ME; see PRIVY, -LY] * * *
/priv"i tee/, n., pl. privities. 1. private or secret knowledge. 2. participation in the knowledge of something private or secret, esp. as implying concurrence or consent. 3. ...
/priv"ee/, adj., privier, priviest, n., pl. privies. adj. 1. participating in the knowledge of something private or secret (usually fol. by to): Many persons were privy to the ...
privy chamber
1. a private apartment in a royal residence. 2. Archaic. a room reserved for the private or exclusive use of some particular person. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
privy coat
a mail shirt worn under ordinary clothing as a defense against swords or daggers. [1525-35] * * *
privy council
—privy councilor. 1. a board or select body of personal advisers, as of a sovereign. 2. (caps.) (in Great Britain) a body of persons who advise the sovereign in matters of ...
Privy Councillor
➡ Privy Council * * *
Privy Counsellor
➡ Privy Council * * *
privy purse
Brit. 1. a sum from the public revenues allotted to the sovereign for personal expenses. 2. a member of the royal household in charge of paying these expenses. [1655-65] * * *
privy seal
(in Great Britain) the seal affixed to grants, documents, etc., that are to pass the great seal, and to documents of less importance that do not require the great ...
Priv·y Council (prĭvʹē) n. 1. A council of the British sovereign that until the 17th century was the supreme legislative body, that now consists of cabinet ministers ex ...
See Privy Council. * * *
(as used in expressions) Grand Prix racing Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance Prix de Rome Grand Prix de Rome * * *
Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe
▪ French horse race       one of the world's foremost horse races, originated in 1920, and run over a 2,400-metre (about 1 1/2-mile) course at Longchamp, Paris. The race ...
Prix de Rome
in full Grand Prix de Rome Art scholarship awarded by the French government. First established in 1666 by Louis XIV and Charles Le Brun, it enables young French painters, ...
Prix du Jockey Club
▪ French horse race       one of the major French horse races, an event for three-year- old colts and fillies that originated in 1836. It is run over a 2,400-metre ...
Prix Fémina
▪ French literary prize       French literary prize for the best novel published in France each year by a man or woman. The monetary award is 5,000 French francs, and ...
prix fixe
/pree" fiks"/; Fr. /prddee feeks"/, pl. prix fixes /pree" fiks"/; Fr. /prddee feeks"/. a fixed price charged for any meal chosen from the variety listed on the menu. Cf. à la ...
Prix Goncourt
/pree" gon koor"/; Fr. /prddee gawonn koohrdd"/ Goncourt (def. 2). * * * ▪ French literary prize       French literary prize, one of the most important in France. It ...
Prix Renaudot
▪ French literary prize       French literary prize awarded to the author of an outstanding original novel published during the previous year. Named for Théophraste ...
prix fixe (prēʹ fēksʹ) n. pl. prix fixes (prēʹ fēksʹ) 1. A complete meal of several courses, sometimes with choices permitted, offered by a restaurant at a fixed ...
▪ Indonesian social class also spelled  Prijaji,         in traditional Javanese society, a class that comprised the elite in contrast to the masses, or “little ...
prize1 /pruyz/, n. 1. a reward for victory or superiority, as in a contest or competition. 2. something that is won in a lottery or the like. 3. anything striven for, worth ...
prize cases
(1863) Legal dispute in which the U.S. Supreme Court upheld Pres. Abraham Lincoln's seizure of ships (prizes). In April 1861, three months before Congress declared a state of ...
prize court
a court whose function it is to adjudicate on prizes taken in war. [1785-95, Amer.] * * * ▪ international law       a municipal (national) court in which the legality ...
prize flag
a flag hoisted by a yacht upon learning that it has won a prize in a race. * * *
prize money
1. money offered, won, or received in prizes. 2. a portion of the money realized from the sale of a prize, esp. an enemy's vessel, divided among the captors. [1740-50] * * *
prize ring
1. a ring where prizefights take place; boxing ring. 2. the sport of prizefighting. [1815-25] * * *
—prizefighter, n. —prizefighting, n. /pruyz"fuyt'/, n. a contest between boxers for a prize, a sum of money, etc.; a professional boxing match. Also, prize ...
See prizefight. * * *
See prizefighter. * * *
/pruy"zeuhr/, n. Archaic. a competitor for a prize. [1590-1600; PRIZE1 + -ER1] * * *
prize ring n. 1. A platform enclosed by ropes on which contending boxers meet. 2. Professional boxing. * * *
—prizewinning, adj. /pruyz"win'euhr/, n. a person or thing that wins a prize or is deserving of a prize. [1890-95; PRIZE1 + WINNER] * * *
prizewinning [prīz′win΄iŋ] adj. 1. having won, or worthy of, a prize 2. entitling a person to a prize [a prizewinning lottery ticket] * * * prize·win·ning also ...
/pruyz"werr'dhee/, adj. deserving or qualified for a prize: a prizeworthy performance. [PRIZE1 + -WORTHY] * * *
▪ Kosovo  town in Kosovo, in the foothills of the Šar Mountains. As the capital of Serbia in the 14th century, Prizren was a large cultural and trading centre and minted ...
Puerto Rican male. * * *
pro1 /proh/, adv., n., pl. pros. adv. 1. in favor of a proposition, opinion, etc. n. 2. a proponent of an issue; a person who upholds the affirmative in a debate. 3. an argument, ...
public relations officer. Also, P.R.O. * * *
Biochem. proline. * * *
pro bono
/proh' boh"noh/ done or donated without charge; free: pro bono legal services. Also, pro-bono. [1720-30; < L pro bono for (the) good, rightly, morally] * * *
pro bono publico
/prddoh boh"noh pooh"bli koh'/; Eng. /proh boh"noh pub"li koh'/, Latin. for the public good or welfare. * * *
pro forma
/proh fawr"meuh/ 1. according to form; as a matter of form; for the sake of form. 2. Com. provided in advance of shipment and merely showing the description and quantity of goods ...
Pro Juárez, Miguel
▪ Mexican priest in full  Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez, Blessed  born Jan. 13, 1891, Guadalupe, Zacatecas, Mex. died Nov. 23, 1927, Mexico City       Mexican Jesuit ...

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