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Proto-Indo-European
/proh"toh in'doh yoor'euh pee"euhn/, n. 1. the unattested prehistoric parent language of the Indo-European languages; Indo-European. adj. 2. of or pertaining to ...
proto-Ionic
/proh'toh uy on"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to architecture supposedly anticipating the Grecian Ionic order. [1885-90] * * *
proto-oncogene
/proh'toh ong"keuh jeen'/, n. a normally present gene that appears to have a role in the regulation of normal cell growth, but that is converted to an oncogene by mutation. * * *
protoactinium
/proh'toh ak tin"ee euhm/, n. Chem. protactinium. * * *
protoavis
/proh'toh ay"vis/, n. a fossil bird of the genus Protoavis, from the Triassic Period, having a birdlike, partly toothless jaw structure, a tail and hind legs resembling those of ...
protoceratops
Any member of a genus of quadrupedal dinosaurs found as fossils in Gobi deposits of the Cretaceous period (144–65 million years ago). The hind limbs were more strongly ...
protochordate
/proh'toh kawr"dayt/, n. Zool. any of the nonvertebrate chordates, as the tunicates, cephalochordates, and hemichordates. [1890-95; < NL Protochordata name of the group; see ...
Protococcus
or Pleurococcus Genus of green algae. Popularly called moss though not actually classified as such, it is found as a thin, green covering on the moist, shaded side of trees, ...
protocol
—protocolar /proh'teuh kol"euhr/, protocolary, protocolic, adj. /proh"teuh kawl', -kol', -kohl'/, n. 1. the customs and regulations dealing with diplomatic formality, ...
protocol sentence
▪ philosophy       in the philosophy of Logical Positivism, a statement that describes immediate experience or perception and as such is held to be the ultimate ground ...
protocolar
See protocol. * * *
protocolary
See protocolar. * * *
Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
▪ fraudulent document       fraudulent document that served as a pretext and rationale for anti-Semitism in the early 20th century. The document purports to be a report ...
protocontinent
/proh'toh kon"tn euhnt/, n. Geol. an actual or hypothetical landmass that might later be enlarged into a major continent or broken up into smaller ones. [1955-60; PROTO- + ...
protoctist
pro·toc·tist (prə-tōkʹtĭst) n. Any of the unicellular protists and their descendant multicellular organisms, considered as a separate taxonomic kingdom in most modern ...
protodeacon
/proh'toh dee"keuhn/, n. a chief deacon in the Greek Church. [1690-1700; PROTO- + DEACON] * * *
protoderm
/proh"teuh derrm'/, n. Bot. a thin outer layer of the meristem in embryos and growing points of roots and stems, which gives rise to the epidermis. Also called ...
protodermal
See protoderm. * * *
protoenstatite
      a variety of the silicate mineral enstatite (q.v.). Protoenstatite is stable only at high temperatures. * * *
protogalaxy
/proh'toh gal"euhk see, proh"toh gal'-/, n., pl. protogalaxies. Astron. the large concentration of gas and dust from which a galaxy is formed. [1945-50; PROTO- + GALAXY] * * ...
Protogenes
▪ Greek artist flourished 4th century BC, ; b. Caunus, Caria [now in Turkey]       Greek painter, contemporary and rival of Apelles, noted for the care and time he ...
Protogenia
/proh'teuh jeuh nuy"euh/, n. Class. Myth. the first woman born after the great flood of Zeus, daughter of Deucalion and Pyrrha. Also, Protogenea /proh'teuh jeuh nee"euh/. * * *
Protogeometric
/proh'toh jee'euh me"trik/, adj. (sometimes l.c.) pertaining to or designating a style of vase painting developed in Greece chiefly during the 10th century B.C. and characterized ...
protogynous
pro·to·gy·nous (prō'tə-jīʹnəs, -gīʹ-) adj. Of or relating to a flower in which the stigma is receptive before the pollen is shed from the anthers of the same ...
protogyny
See protogynous. * * *
protohistorian
See protohistory. * * *
protohistoric
See protohistorian. * * *
protohistory
—protohistorian /proh'toh hi stawr"ee euhn, -stohr"-/, n. —protohistoric /proh'toh hi stawr"ik, -stor"-/, protohistorical, adj. /proh'toh his"teuh ree, -his"tree/, n., pl. ...
protohuman
/proh'toh hyooh"meuhn/ or, often, /-yooh"-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling extinct hominid populations that had some but not all the features of modern Homo ...
protolanguage
/proh"toh lang'gwij/, n. Ling. the reconstructed or postulated parent form of a language or a group of related languages. [1945-50; PROTO- + LANGUAGE] * * *
protolithic
/proht'l ith"ik/, adj. Anthropol. noting or pertaining to stone implements selected according to suitability of the form to a particular purpose without definite shaping on the ...
protolog
/proht"l awg', -og'/, n. Biol. the original description of a species, genus, etc. Also, protologue. [1900-05; PROTO- + (CATA)LOG] * * *
protomartyr
/proh"toh mahr'teuhr/, n. 1. the first Christian martyr, Saint Stephen. 2. the first martyr in any cause. [1400-50; late ME prothomartyr < LL protomartyr < LGk protómartys. See ...
protomonad
▪ protozoan       (order Kinetoplastida), any of an order of protozoan zooflagellates characterized as free-living or parasitic colourless organisms, typically with one ...
protomorph
See protomorphic. * * *
protomorphic
—protomorph, n. /proh'teuh mawr"fik/, adj. Biol. having a primitive character or structure. [1855-60; PROTO- + -MORPHIC] * * *
proton
—protonic, adj. /proh"ton/, n. Physics, Chem. a positively charged elementary particle that is a fundamental constituent of all atomic nuclei. It is the lightest and most ...
proton number.
See atomic number. * * *
proton synchrotron
Physics. a synchrotron used for accelerating protons. [1945-50] * * *
proton-proton chain
/proh"ton proh"ton/, Physics., Astron. a series of thermonuclear reactions, responsible for the energy production in stars like the sun, in which the nuclei of hydrogen atoms are ...
proton-proton cycle
▪ astronomy also called  Proton-proton Reaction,         chain of thermonuclear reactions that is the chief source of the energy radiated by the Sun and other cool ...
protonema
—protonemal, adj. /proh'teuh nee"meuh/, n., pl. protonemata /-meuh teuh/. Bot. a primary, usually filamentous structure produced by the germination of the spore in mosses and ...
protonemal
See protonema. * * *
protonematal
See protonemal. * * *
protonephridium
protonephridium [prōt΄ō nē frid′ē əm, prōt΄ōnəfrid′ē əm] n. 〚 PROTO- + NEPHRIDIUM〛 Zool. a tubular, excretory structure in certain invertebrates, as ...
protonic
See proton. * * *
protonosphere
▪ atmospheric science       region in the Earth's upper atmosphere where atomic hydrogen and protons (ionic hydrogen) are the dominant constituents; it can be considered ...
protonotary
—protonotaryship, n. /proh ton"euh ter'ee, proht'n oh"teuh ree/, n., pl. protonotaries. prothonotary. * * *
protonsynchrotron
proton synchrotron n. A ring-shaped synchrotron that accelerates protons to energies of several billion electron volts. * * *
protonymph
protonymph [prōt′ə nimf΄] n. 〚 PROTO- + NYMPH〛 the newly hatched form of various mites protonymphal adj. * * *
protopathic
—protopathy /preuh top"euh thee/, n. /proh'teuh path"ik/, adj. Physiol. 1. noting or pertaining to a general, nondiscriminating responsiveness to pain or temperature stimuli ...
protopathy
See protopathic. * * *
protopectin
/proh'teuh pek"tin/, n. Biochem. any of the class of water-insoluble pectic substances that are found in the rind of citrus fruits or in apple peels and that are hydrolyzed to ...
protophloem
/proh'teuh floh"em/, n. Bot. the part of the primary phloem that develops first, consisting of narrow, thin-walled cells. [1880-85; PROTO- + PHLOEM] * * *
protoplanet
/proh"toh plan'it/, n. Astron. the collection of matter, in the process of condensation, from which a planet is formed. [1945-50; PROTO- + PLANET] * * * ▪ ...
protoplasm
—protoplasmic, protoplasmal, protoplasmatic /proh'toh plaz mat"ik/, adj. /proh"teuh plaz'euhm/, n. 1. Biol. (no longer in technical use) the colloidal and liquid substance of ...
protoplasmal
See protoplasmic. * * *
protoplasmatic
See protoplasmic. * * *
protoplasmic
See protoplasm. * * *
protoplast
—protoplastic, adj. /proh"teuh plast'/, n. 1. Biol. a. the contents of a cell within the cell membrane, considered as a fundamental entity. b. the primordial living unit or ...
protoplastic
See protoplast. * * *
protopodite
—protopoditic /preuh top'euh dit"ik/, adj. /proh top"euh duyt'/, n. Zool. the basal portion of a two-branched crustacean leg or other appendage. Also, protopod /proh"teuh ...
protopope
/proh"teuh pohp'/, n. the ranking priest in a cathedral of the Eastern Church. Also called protopresbyter. [1655-65; < Russ protopóp < LGk protopapâs. See PROTO-, POPE] * * *
Protopopov, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich
▪ Russian statesman born December 30 [December 18, Old Style], 1866, Moscow, Russia died January 1, 1918 [December 19, 1917], Moscow       Russian statesman who was ...
Protopopov, Oleg; and Belousova, Lyudmila
▪ Russian figure skaters also called  the Protopopovs , Oleg Protopopov in full  Oleg Alekseyevich Protopopov;  Lyudmila Belousova in full  Lyudmila Yevgeniyevna ...
protoporphyrin
pro·to·por·phy·rin (prō'tō-pôrʹfə-rĭn) n. A metal-free porphyrin, C32H32N4(COOH)2, that combines with ferrous iron to form the heme group in hemoglobin and myoglobin, ...
protopresbyter
/proh'toh prez"bi teuhr, -pres"-/, n. Eastern Ch. 1. a title given to distinguished priests. 2. protopope. [1880-85; < MGk protopresbýteros. See PROTO-, PRESBYTER] * * *
protostar
/proh"toh stahr'/, n. Astron. an early stage in the evolution of a star, after the beginning of the collapse of the gas cloud from which it is formed, but before sufficient ...
protostele
—protostelic /proh'teuh stee"lik/, adj. /proh"teuh steel', -stee'lee/, n. Bot. the solid stele of most roots, having a central core of xylem enclosed by phloem. [1900-05; ...
protostelic
See protostele. * * *
protostome
/proh"teuh stohm'/, n. Zool. any member of the lower invertebrate phyla in which the mouth appears before the anus during development, cleavage is spiral and determinate, and the ...
Protostomia
▪ animal group       group of animals—including the arthropods (e.g., insects, crabs), mollusks (clams, snails), annelid worms, and some other groups—classified ...
prototherian
/proh'teuh thear"ee euhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the group Prototheria, comprising the monotremes. n. 2. a prototherian animal. [1880-85; < NL Prototheri(a) ( < Gk ...
prototroph
/proh"teuh trof', -trohf'/, n. Biol. 1. a microorganism that has the same nutritional requirements as the parent organism. Cf. auxotroph. 2. an organism or cell capable of ...
prototrophic
/proh'teuh trof"ik, -troh"fik/, adj. 1. (esp. of certain bacteria) requiring only inorganic substances for growth. 2. (of certain microorganisms) requiring no specific nutriments ...
prototrophy
See prototroph. * * *
prototypal
See prototype. * * *
prototype
—prototypal, prototypical /proh'teuh tip"i keuhl/, prototypic, adj. —prototypically, adv. /proh"teuh tuyp'/, n., v. prototyped, prototyping. n. 1. the original or model on ...
prototypic
See prototypal. * * *
prototypical
See prototypal. * * *
protoxide
/proh tok"suyd, -sid/, n. Chem. the one of a series of oxides having the smallest proportion of oxygen. Also, protoxid /proh tok"sid/. [PROT- + OXIDE] * * *
protoxylem
/proh'teuh zuy"leuhm, -lem/, n. Bot. the part of the primary xylem that develops first, consisting of narrow, thin-walled cells. [1895-1900; PROTO- + XYLEM] * * *
Protozoa
/proh'teuh zoh"euh/, n. a major grouping or superphylum of the kingdom Protista, comprising the protozoans. [1825-35; < NL; see PROTO-, -ZOA] * * *
protozoal
See protozoan. * * *
protozoal diseases
Diseases caused by protozoans. These organisms may remain in the human host for their entire life cycle, but many carry out part of their reproductive cycle in insects or other ...
protozoan
/proh'teuh zoh"euhn/, n., pl. protozoans, (esp. collectively) protozoa /-zoh"euh/, adj. Biol. n. 1. any of a diverse group of eukaryotes, of the kingdom Protista, that are ...
protozoic
See protozoal. * * *
protozoological
See protozoology. * * *
protozoologist
See protozoological. * * *
protozoology
protozoology [prōt΄ō zō äl′ə jē] n. that branch of zoology dealing with the study of the protozoans * * * pro·to·zo·ol·o·gy (prō'tə-zō-ŏlʹə-jē) n. The ...
protozoon
/proh'teuh zoh"on, -euhn/, n., pl. protozoa /-zoh"euh/. protozoan. [sing. of PROTOZOA] * * *
protract
—protractedly, adv. —protractedness, n. —protractible, adj. —protractive, adj. /proh trakt", preuh-/, v.t. 1. to draw out or lengthen, esp. in time; extend the duration ...
protractedly
See protract. * * *
protractedness
See protractedly. * * *
protractile
—protractility, n. /proh trak"til, -tuyl, preuh-/, adj. capable of being protracted, lengthened, or protruded. [1820-30; PROTRACT + -ILE] * * *
protractility
See protractile. * * *
protraction
/proh trak"sheuhn, preuh-/, n. 1. the act of protracting; prolongation; extension. 2. protrusion. 3. something that is protracted. 4. a drawing or rendering to scale. [1525-35; < ...
protractive
See protractedly. * * *
protractor
/proh trak"teuhr, preuh-/, n. 1. a person or thing that protracts. 2. (in surveying, mathematics, etc.) an instrument having a graduated arc for plotting or measuring angles. 3. ...
protrade
adj. * * *
protradition
adj. * * *
protraditional
adj. * * *
protragedy
adj. * * *
protreptic
protreptic [prō trep′tik] adj. intended as instructional; didactic n. a book, speech, etc. that is protreptic * * *
protriptyline
/proh trip"tl een', -in/, n. Pharm. a white to yellow powder, C19H21N, used for the treatment of depression. [1960-65; PRO(PYL) + TRI- + (he)ptyl (see HEPTANE, -YL) + -INE2] * * *
protrude
—protrudent, adj. —protrusible /proh trooh"seuh beuhl, -zeuh-, preuh-/, protrudable, adj. /proh troohd", preuh-/, v., protruded, protruding. v.i. 1. to project. v.t. 2. to ...
protrudent
See protrude. * * *
protrusile
/proh trooh"sil, -suyl, preuh-/, adj. capable of being thrust forth or extended, as the tongue of a hummingbird. [1840-50; < L protrus(us) (ptp. of protrudere to PROTRUDE) + ...
protrusility
See protrusile. * * *
protrusion
/proh trooh"zheuhn, preuh-/, n. 1. the act of protruding or the state of being protruded. 2. something that protrudes or projects. [1640-50; < L protrus(us) (ptp. of protrudere ...
protrusive
—protrusively, adj. —protrusiveness, n. /proh trooh"siv, preuh-/, adj. 1. projecting or protuberant; thrusting forward, upward, or outward. 2. obtrusive. 3. Archaic. pushing ...
protrusively
See protrusive. * * *
protrusiveness
See protrusively. * * *
protuberance
—protuberantial /proh tooh'beuh ran"sheuhl, -tyooh'-/, adj. /proh tooh"beuhr euhns, -tyooh"-, preuh-/, n. 1. the condition, state, or quality of being protuberant. 2. a ...
protuberancy
/proh tooh"beuhr euhn see, -tyooh"-, preuh-/, n., pl. protuberancies. protuberance. [1645-55; PROTUBER(ANT) + -ANCY] * * *
protuberant
—protuberantly, adv. /proh tooh"beuhr euhnt, -tyooh"-, preuh-/, adj. bulging out beyond the surrounding surface; protruding; projecting: protuberant eyes. [1640-50; < LL ...
protuberantly
See protuberant. * * *
protuberate
/proh tooh"beuh rayt', -tyooh"-, preuh-/, v.i., protuberated, protuberating. to bulge out, forming a rounded projection. [1570-80; < LL protuberatus, ptp. of protuberare. See ...
protuberation
See protuberate. * * *
proturan
/preuh toor"euhn, -tyoor"-/, n. 1. a proturan insect; telsontail. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the order Protura, compromising the telsontails. [ < NL Protur(a) name of the ...
proud
—proudly, adv. —proudness, n. /prowd/, adj., prouder, proudest, adv. adj. 1. feeling pleasure or satisfaction over something regarded as highly honorable or creditable to ...
proud flesh
Pathol. See granulation tissue. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
Proud, Joseph
▪ British minister born March 22, 1745, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died Aug. 3, 1826, Handsworth, near Birmingham, Warwickshire       English Swedenborgian ...
proud-hearted
proud-heart·ed (proudʹhär'tĭd) adj. 1. Full of pride; proud. 2. Arrogant; disdainful. * * *
proudflesh
proud flesh n. The swollen flesh that surrounds a healing wound, caused by excessive granulation.   [From its swelling up.] * * *
proudful
/prowd"feuhl'/, adj. Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. proud; full of pride. [1300-50; ME; see PROUD, -FUL] * * *
proudhearted
/prowd"hahr'tid/, adj. 1. full of pride. 2. haughty; disdainful. [1350-1400; ME proude-herted. See proud, HEARTED] * * *
Proudhon
/prddooh dawonn"/, n. Pierre Joseph /pyerdd zhaw zef"/, 1809-65, French socialist and writer. * * *
Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph
born Jan. 15, 1809, Besançon, France died Jan. 19, 1865, Paris French journalist and socialist. After working as a printer, he moved to Paris in 1838 and joined the socialist ...
Proudhon,Pierre Joseph
Prou·dhon (pro͞o-dōɴʹ), Pierre Joseph. 1809-1865. French anarchist who believed that human moral development would ultimately eliminate the need for laws and government. * ...
proudly
See proud. * * *
proudness
See proudly. * * *
Proulx, (Edna) Annie
born Aug. 22, 1935, Norwich, Conn., U.S. U.S. writer. She studied at the University of Vermont. She began professional writing with commissioned nonfiction books on cooking, ...
Proulx, E. Annie
▪ 1995       E. Annie Proulx did not follow the customary advice to writers to "write about what you know." She preferred to write about what interested her—what she ...
prouniformity
adj. * * *
prounion
adj. * * *
prounionism
n. * * *
prounionist
adj., n. * * *
prouniversity
adj. * * *
Proust
/proohst/; Fr. /prddoohst/, n. 1. Joseph Louis /zhaw zef" lwee/, 1754-1826, French chemist. 2. Marcel /mahr sel"/; Fr. /mannrdd sel"/, 1871-1922, French novelist. * * *
Proust, Joseph-Louis
▪ French chemist Introduction also known as  Luis Proust  born Sept. 26, 1754, Angers, France died July 5, 1826, Angers  French chemist who proved that the relative ...
Proust, Marcel
born July 10, 1871, Auteuil, near Paris, France died Nov. 18, 1922, Paris French novelist. Born to a wealthy family, he studied law and literature. His social connections ...
Proust,Marcel
Proust (pro͞ost), Marcel. 1871-1922. French writer whose seven-part novel Remembrance of Things Past (1913-1927) is among the great works of modern literature.   Proustʹi·an ...
Proustian
/prooh"stee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling Marcel Proust, his writings, or the middle-class and aristocratic worlds he described. [1925-30; PROUST + -IAN] * * *
proustite
/prooh"stuyt/, n. Mineral. a mineral, silver arsenic sulfide, Ag3AsS3, occurring in scarlet crystals and masses: a minor ore of silver; ruby silver. [1825-35; named after J. L. ...
Prout, William
▪ British chemist born Jan. 15, 1785, Horton, Gloucestershire, Eng. died April 9, 1850, London       English chemist and biochemist noted for his discoveries concerning ...
Prouvé, Jean
▪ French engineer born April 8, 1901, Nancy, France died March 23, 1984, Nancy       French engineer and builder known particularly for his contributions to the art and ...
Prov
/prov/, n. Provo. [by shortening from PROVO or PROVISIONAL] * * *
Prov.
1. Provençal. 2. Provence. 3. Proverbs. 4. Province. 5. Provost. * * *
prov.
1. province. 2. provincial. 3. provisional. 4. provost. * * *
provability
See prove. * * *
provable
See provability. * * *
provableness
See provability. * * *
provably
See provability. * * *
provaccination
adj. * * *
provaccine
adj. * * *
provascular tissue
/proh vas"kyeuh leuhr/, Bot. procambium. [PRO-1 + VASCULAR] * * *
prove
—provable, adj. —provability, provableness, n. —provably, adv. —provenly, adv. —prover, n. /proohv/, v., proved, proved or proven, proving. v.t. 1. to establish the ...
prove beyond reasonable doubt
➡ legal system * * *
proven
proven [pro͞o′vən] vt., vi. pp. of PROVE adj. known to be valid, effective, or genuine [a proven method] * * * prov·en (pro͞oʹvən) v. A past tense and a past participle ...
provenance
/prov"euh neuhns, -nahns'/, n. place or source of origin: The provenance of the ancient manuscript has never been determined. [1860-65; < F, deriv. of provenant, prp. of provenir ...
Provençal
/proh'veuhn sahl", prov'euhn-/; Fr. /prddaw vahonn sannl"/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Provence, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Provence. 3. Also ...
Provençal literature
      the body of writings in the Occitan, or Provençal, language of Provence and neighbouring regions in southeastern France. Provençal literature flourished from the ...
Provençale
/proh'veuhn sahl", -ven-, prov'euhn-, -en-/; Fr. /prddaw vahonn sannl"/, Cookery. adj. 1. (sometimes l.c.) cooked, usually in olive oil, with garlic, tomatoes, onions, and ...
Provence
/prddaw vahonns"/; Eng. /preuh vahns"/, n. a region in SE France, bordering on the Mediterranean: formerly a province; famous for medieval poetry and courtly traditions. * * ...
Provence Alps
▪ mountains, France French  Alpes de Provence        western spurs of the Maritime Alps in southeastern France, lying between the Dauphiné Alps (north), the Lower ...
Provence rose
an erect Eurasian shrub, Rosa gallica, of the rose family, having a creeping rootstock, densely prickly and bristly stems, and large, solitary, pink or crimson flowers. Also ...
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur [prō̂ väns΄ ȧlp΄kōt΄ dȧ zür′] metropolitan region of SE France: 12,124 sq mi (31,401 sq km); pop. 4,258,000; chief city, Marseille * * ...
provender
/prov"euhn deuhr/, n. 1. dry food, as hay or oats, for livestock or other domestic animals; fodder. 2. food; provisions. [1275-1325; ME provendre < OF, var. of provende prebend, ...
provenience
/proh vee"nee euhns, -veen"yeuhns/, n. provenance; origin; source. [1880-85; < L proveni(ent)- (s. of proveniens, prp. of provenire to come forth, arise) + -ENCE. See ...
provenly
See proven and prove. * * *
proventricular
See proventriculus. * * *
proventriculus
—proventricular, adj. /proh'ven trik"yeuh leuhs/, n., pl. proventriculi /-trik"yeuh luy'/. 1. the glandular portion of the stomach of birds, in which food is partially digested ...
prover
See provability. * * *
proverb
—proverblike, adj. /prov"euhrb/, n. 1. a short popular saying, usually of unknown and ancient origin, that expresses effectively some commonplace truth or useful thought; ...
proverbial
—proverbially, adv. /preuh verr"bee euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a proverb: proverbial brevity. 2. expressed in a proverb or proverbs: proverbial ...
proverbially
See proverbial. * * *
Proverbs
/prov"euhrbz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) a book of the Bible, containing the sayings of sages. Abbr.: Prov. * * *
Proverbs, The
▪ Old Testament also called  The Book Of Proverbs,        an Old Testament book of “wisdom” writing found in the third section of the Jewish canon, known as the ...
provide
—providable, adj. /preuh vuyd"/, v., provided, providing. v.t. 1. to make available; furnish: to provide employees with various benefits. 2. to supply or equip: to provide the ...
provided
/preuh vuy"did/, conj. on the condition or understanding (that); providing: I'll go provided that the others go, too. [1375-1425; late ME. See PROVIDE, -ED2] Syn. in case, ...
providence
/prov"i deuhns/, n. 1. (often cap.) the foreseeing care and guidance of God or nature over the creatures of the earth. 2. (cap.) God, esp. when conceived as omnisciently ...
Providence
/prov"i deuhns/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Rhode Island, in the NE part, at the head of Narragansett Bay. 156,804. * * * City (pop., 2000: 173,618), capital of Rhode ...
Providence College
▪ college, Providence, Rhode Island, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Providence, R.I., U.S. It is affiliated with the ...
provident
—providently, adv. —providentness, n. /prov"i deuhnt/, adj. 1. having or showing foresight; providing carefully for the future. 2. characterized by or proceeding from ...
Provident Society
➡ Friendly Society. * * *
providential
—providentially, adv. /prov'i den"sheuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resulting from divine providence: providential care. 2. opportune, fortunate, or lucky: a providential ...
providentially
See providential. * * *
providently
See provident. * * *
provider
/preuh vuy"deuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that provides. 2. a person who supports a family or another person. [1515-25; PROVIDE + -ER1] * * *
providing
/preuh vuy"ding/, conj. on the condition or understanding (that); provided: He can stay here providing he works. [1375-1425; late ME provydyng. See PROVIDE, -ING2] Syn. See ...
province
/prov"ins/, n. 1. an administrative division or unit of a country. 2. the provinces, a. the parts of a country outside of the capital or the largest cities. b. (in England) all ...
Provinces
(as used in expressions) Illyrian Provinces Maritime Provinces United Provinces of Agra and Oudh * * *
Provincetown
/prov"ins town'/, n. a town at the tip of Cape Cod, in SE Massachusetts: resort. 3536. * * * Town (pop., 2000: 3,431), eastern Massachusetts, U.S. At the northern tip of Cape ...
Provincetown Players
U.S. theatrical company. It was founded in 1915 by a group of writers and artists in Provincetown, Mass., to encourage new and experimental works. Among their first productions, ...
Provincetown print
a print made from a woodblock incised with grooves that serve to separate the colors being used and to leave white lines highlighting the design. * * *
provincial
—provincially, adv. /preuh vin"sheuhl/, adj. 1. belonging or peculiar to some particular province; local: the provincial newspaper. 2. of or pertaining to the provinces: ...
provincialism
/preuh vin"sheuh liz'euhm/, n. 1. narrowness of mind, ignorance, or the like, considered as resulting from lack of exposure to cultural or intellectual activity. 2. a trait, ...
provincialist
pro·vin·cial·ist (prə-vĭnʹshə-lĭst) n. One who is a native or inhabitant of a province. * * *
provinciality
/preuh vin'shee al"i tee/, n., pl. provincialities. 1. provincial character. 2. provincial characteristic: Her provincialities reflect a refreshing naturalness. [1775-85; ...
provincialization
See provincialize. * * *
provincialize
—provincialization, n. /preuh vin"sheuh luyz'/, v.t., provincialized, provincializing. to make provincial in character. Also, esp. Brit., provincialise. [1795-1805; PROVINCIAL ...
provincially
See provincial. * * *
proving ground
any place, context, or area for testing something, as a piece of scientific equipment, a theory, etc. [1940-45] * * * ▪ testing       area used for testing devices and ...
provingground
prov·ing ground (pro͞oʹvĭng) n. A place for testing new devices, weapons, or theories. * * *
Provins
▪ France       town, Seine-et-Marne département, Île-de-France région, north-central France. It lies in an agricultural region east-southeast of Paris. The older ...
proviral
See provirus. * * *
provirus
/proh"vuy'reuhs, proh vuy"-/, n., pl. proviruses. a viral form that is incorporated into the genetic material of a host cell. [1945-50; PRO-1 + VIRUS, on the model of PROPHAGE] * ...
provision
—provisioner, n. —provisionless, adj. /preuh vizh"euhn/, n. 1. a clause in a legal instrument, a law, etc., providing for a particular matter; stipulation; proviso. 2. the ...
provisional
—provisionality, provisionalness, n. —provisionally, adv. /preuh vizh"euh nl/, adj. 1. providing or serving for the time being only; existing only until permanently or ...
provisionally
See provisional. * * *
Provisionals
(also infml the Provos) another name for the Provisional IRA, the part of the IRA that has committed acts of violence for political purposes. Compare Sinn Fein. * * *
provisioner
See provision. * * *
proviso
/preuh vuy"zoh/, n., pl. provisos, provisoes. 1. a clause in a statute, contract, or the like, by which a condition is introduced. 2. a stipulation or condition. [1400-50; late ...
provisorily
See provisory. * * *
Provisors, Statute of
(1351) Law passed by the English Parliament during the reign of Edward III. It set up procedures to increase royal control over the papal practice of making appointments to ...
provisory
—provisorily, adv. /preuh vuy"zeuh ree/, adj. 1. containing a proviso or condition; conditional. 2. provisional (defs. 1, 2). [1605-15; < ML provisorius, equiv. to L provid-, ...
provitamin
/proh vuy"teuh min/; Brit. also /proh vit"euh min/, n. Biochem. a substance that an organism can transform into a vitamin, as carotene, which is converted to vitamin A in the ...
provitamin A
carotene. [1950-55] * * *
provo
/proh"voh/, n., pl. provos. (sometimes cap.) a Dutch or German political agitator, esp. in the 1960s and 1970s. [1965-70; shortened from F provocateur PROVOCATEUR] * * * City ...
Provo
/proh"voh/, n. a city in central Utah. 73,907. /proh"voh/, n., pl. Provos. (sometimes l.c.) Informal. a member of the Provisional wing of the Irish Republican Army. [1970-75; ...
provocateur
/preuh vok'euh terr", -toor"/; Fr. /prddaw vaw kann tuerdd"/, n., pl. provocateurs /-terrz", -toorz"/; Fr. /-tuerdd"/. 1. a person who provokes trouble, causes dissension, or the ...
provocation
—provocational, adj. /prov'euh kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of provoking. 2. something that incites, instigates, angers, or irritates. 3. Crim. Law. words or conduct leading to ...
provocative
—provocatively, adv. —provocativeness, n. /preuh vok"euh tiv/, adj. 1. tending or serving to provoke; inciting, stimulating, irritating, or vexing. n. 2. something ...
provocatively
See provocative. * * *
provocativeness
See provocatively. * * *
provoke
—provoker, n. /preuh vohk"/, v.t., provoked, provoking. 1. to anger, enrage, exasperate, or vex. 2. to stir up, arouse, or call forth (feelings, desires, or activity): The ...
provoking
—provokingly, adv. /preuh voh"king/, adj. serving to provoke; causing annoyance. [1520-30; PROVOKE + -ING2] * * *
provokingly
See provoking. * * *
provolone
/proh'veuh loh"nee/, n. a mellow light-colored, Italian cheese, usually smoked after drying. Also called provolone cheese. [1945-50; < It, equiv. to provol(a) kind of cheese (of ...
Provoost, Samuel
▪ American clergyman born March 11, 1742, New York City died Sept. 6, 1815       North American colonial and later U.S. clergyman, first Protestant Episcopal (Episcopal ...
Provos
➡ Provisionals * * *
provost
—provostship, n. /proh"vohst, prov"euhst/ or, esp. in military usage, /proh"voh/, n. 1. a person appointed to superintend or preside. 2. an administrative officer in any of ...
provost court
/proh"voh/ a military court convened in occupied territory under military government, usually composed of one officer and empowered to try military personnel and civilians for ...
provost guard
/proh"voh/ a detachment of soldiers assigned to police duties under the provost marshal. Cf. military police. [1770-80, Amer.] * * *
provost marshal
/proh"voh/ 1. Army. an officer on the staff of a commander, charged with the maintaining of order and with other police functions within a command. 2. Navy. an officer charged ...
provost sergeant
/proh"voh/, Mil. the senior noncommissioned officer of a prison or other confinement facility whose chief duty is the supervision of prisoners and of the military police ...
provostcourt
provost court n. A military court convened in occupied territory and usually composed of one officer, in which trials for minor offenses are held.   [provost, military police ...
provostguard
pro·vost guard (prōʹvō) n. A unit of military police.   [provost, military police officer + guard.] * * *
provostmarshal
pro·vost marshal (prōʹvō) n. The head of a unit of military police. * * *
prow
prow1 —prowed, adj. /prow/, n. 1. the forepart of a ship or boat; bow. 2. the front end of an airship. 3. Literary. a ship. [1545-55; < MF proue < Upper It (Genoese) prua < L ...
prowar
adj. * * *
prowess
—prowessed, adj. /prow"is/, n. 1. exceptional valor, bravery, or ability, esp. in combat or battle. 2. exceptional or superior ability, skill, or strength: his prowess as a ...
prowfish
/prow"fish'/, n., pl. prowfishes, (esp. collectively) prowfish. a fish, Zaprora silenus, of the North Pacific. [PROW1 + FISH] * * *
prowl
—prowlingly, adv. /prowl/, v.i. 1. to rove or go about stealthily, as in search of prey, something to steal, etc. v.t. 2. to rove over or through in search of what may be ...
prowl car
☆ prowl car n. PATROL CAR * * *
prowl car.
See squad car. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
prowlcar
prowl car n. See squad car. * * *
prowler
/prow"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or animal that prowls. 2. a person who goes stealthily about with some unlawful intention, as to commit a burglary or theft. [1510-20; PROWL + ...
Prowse, Juliet
▪ 1997       British actress and tall, leggy dancer who captured the spotlight when Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev visited the set of the film Can-Can and proclaimed ...
prox.
proximo. * * *
proxemic
See proxemics. * * *
proxemics
—proxemic, adj. /prok see"miks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Sociol., Psych. the study of the spatial requirements of humans and animals and the effects of population density ...
Proxima Centauri
/prok"seuh meuh/ the nearest star to the sun at a distance of 4.3 light-years, part of the Alpha Centauri triple-star system located in the constellation Centaurus. [ < NL: ...
proximal
—proximally, adv. /prok"seuh meuhl/, adj. situated toward the point of origin or attachment, as of a limb or bone. Cf. distal (def. 1). [1720-30; < L proxim(us) next (superl. ...
proximally
See proximal. * * *
proximate
—proximately, adv. —proximateness, n. —proximation /prok'seuh may"sheuhn/, n. /prok"seuh mit/, adj. 1. next; nearest; immediately before or after in order, place, ...
proximately
See proximate. * * *
proximateness
See proximately. * * *
proximity
/prok sim"i tee/, n. nearness in place, time, order, occurrence, or relation. [1475-85; < L proximitas nearness, vicinity. See PROXIMAL, -ITY] * * *
proximity fuze
a design for detonating a charge, as in a projectile, within a predesignated radius of a target. Also called variable time fuze, VT fuze. [1940-45] * * * also called  Vt Fuze, ...
proximityfuze
proximity fuze n. An electronic device for detonating a warhead as it approaches a target, used in antiaircraft shells. Also called VT fuze. * * *
proximo
/prok"seuh moh'/, adv. in, of, or during the next month: on the 10th proximo. Cf. instant (def. 11), ultimo. [1850-55; < L proximo abl. of proximus next. See PROXIMAL] * * *
Proxmire, William
▪ 2006       American politician (b. Nov. 11, 1915, Lake Forest, Ill.—d. Dec. 15, 2005, Sykesville, Md.), was a Democratic senator from Wisconsin who crusaded against ...


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