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Puccini, Giacomo
▪ Italian composer Introduction in full  Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini  born Dec. 22, 1858, Lucca, Tuscany [Italy] died Nov. 29, 1924, Brussels, ...
Puccini, Giacomo (Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria)
born Dec. 22, 1858, Lucca, Tuscany died Nov. 29, 1924, Brussels, Belg. Italian composer. Born into a family of organists and choirmasters, he was inspired to write operas after ...
Puccini,Giacomo
Puc·ci·ni (po͞o-chēʹnē), Giacomo. 1858-1924. Italian operatic composer whose works include La Bohème (1896) and Madame Butterfly (1904). * * *
puccoon
/peuh koohn"/, n. 1. any of certain plants that yield a red dye, as the bloodroot and certain plants belonging to the genus Lithospermum, of the borage family. 2. the dye ...
puce
/pyoohs/, adj. 1. of a dark or brownish purple. n. 2. a dark or brownish purple. [1780-90; < F: lit., flea < L pulic-, s. of pulex] * * *
pucellas
/pyeuh sel"euhs/, n. (used with a sing. v.) a tool resembling tongs or shears for handling and shaping molten glass. Also, procellas. [1895-1900; appar. erroneously for ...
Pucelle, Jean
born 1300? died 1355? French manuscript illuminator. Little is known of his background, but his large workshop dominated Parisian painting in the early 14th century, when he ...
Puch'ŏn
▪ South Korea       city, Kyŏnggi do (province), northwestern South Korea, located halfway between Seoul and Inch'ŏn. It became a municipality in 1973 and developed ...
Puchta, Georg Friedrich
▪ German jurist born Aug. 31, 1798, Kadolzburg, Bavaria [Germany] died Jan. 8, 1846, Berlin       German jurist noted for his works on ancient Roman ...
puck
/puk/, n. 1. Ice Hockey. a black disk of vulcanized rubber that is to be hit into the goal. 2. Brit. Computers. mouse (def. 4). [1890-95; alter. of POKE1] * * * ▪ fairy  in ...
Puck
/puk/, n. 1. Also called Hobgoblin, Robin Goodfellow. a particularly mischievous sprite in English folklore who appears as a character in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's ...
puck-carrier
/puk"kar'ee euhr/, n. Ice Hockey. the player who has the puck and moves it along. [1955-60] * * *
pucka
/puk"euh/, adj. pukka. * * *
puckcontrol
puck control n. An offensive strategy in ice hockey in which a team tries to keep possession of the puck as long as possible so as to limit the opposition's chances to score. * * ...
pucker
—puckerer, n. /puk"euhr/, v.t., v.i. 1. to draw or gather into wrinkles or irregular folds, as material or a part of the face; constrict: Worry puckered his brow. n. 2. a ...
puckery
/puk"euh ree/, adj. 1. puckered. 2. puckering. 3. tending to pucker. [1820-30, Amer.; PUCKER + -Y1] * * *
Puckett, Kirby
▪ 2007       American baseball player (b. March 14, 1960, Chicago, Ill.—d. March 6, 2006, Phoenix, Ariz.), was one of the game's most popular figures, noted for his ...
puckish
—puckishly, adj. —puckishness, n. /puk"ish/, adj. (often cap.) mischievous; impish. [1870-75; PUCK + -ISH1] * * *
puckishly
See puckish. * * *
puckishness
See puckishly. * * *
pud
/pood/, n. Chiefly Brit. Informal. pudding. [by apocope] * * *
pudding
—puddinglike, adj. /pood"ing/, n. 1. a thick, soft dessert, typically containing flour or some other thickener, milk, eggs, a flavoring, and sweetener: tapioca pudding. 2. a ...
pudding stone
Brit. Geol. conglomerate (def. 3). Also, puddingstone /pood"ing stohn'/. [1745-55] * * *
pudding-pipe tree
/pood"ing puyp'/. See golden shower. [1590-1600] * * *
puddingstone
puddingstone [pood′iŋstōn΄] n. any conglomerate rock having dark-colored, rounded pebbles that are embedded in a light-colored, fine-grained matrix * * * pud·ding·stone ...
puddingwife
/pood"ing wuyf'/, n., pl. puddingwives /-wuyvz'/. a bluish and bronze wrasse, Halichoeres radiatus, of the Atlantic coast from the Florida Keys to Brazil. [1725-35; cf. late ME ...
puddle
—puddler, n. —puddly, adj. /pud"l/, n., v., puddled, puddling. n. 1. a small pool of water, as of rainwater on the ground. 2. a small pool of any liquid. 3. clay or the like ...
puddle-jumper
/pud"l jum'peuhr/, n. Slang. 1. a light plane, esp. one traveling only short distances or making many stops. 2. an old, rickety automobile; flivver. Also, puddlejumper. [1930-35; ...
puddler
pud·dler (pŭdʹlər) n. One that puddles iron or clay. * * *
puddling
/pud"ling/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that puddles. 2. Metall. the act or process of melting pig iron in a reverberatory furnace (puddling furnace) and converting it ...
puddling process
Method of converting pig iron into wrought iron by subjecting it to heat and frequent stirring in a furnace in the presence of oxidizing substances (see ...
puddly
puddly [pud′lē, pud′'l ē] adj. puddlier, puddliest having puddles * * * See puddle. * * *
pudency
/pyoohd"n see/, n. modesty; bashfulness; shamefacedness. [1605-15; < LL pudentia shame, equiv. to L pudent- (s. of pudens, prp. of pudere to be ashamed) + -ia -Y3; see -ENCY] * * ...
pudendal
See pudendum. * * *
pudendum
/pyooh den"deuhm/, n., pl. pudenda /-deuh/. Usually, pudenda. Anat. the external genital organs, esp. those of the female; vulva. [1350-1400; ME < LL, special use of neut. of L ...
pudeur
pudeur [pü dër′] n. 〚Fr, modesty〛 1. a holding back or concealing from others, as of one's intimate feelings; reserve; restraint 2. modesty or shame, esp. in sexual ...
pudginess
See pudgy. * * *
pudgy
—pudgily, adv. —pudginess, n. /puj"ee/, adj., pudgier, pudgiest. short and fat or thick: an infant's pudgy fingers. Also, esp. Brit., podgy. [1830-40; orig. uncert.] * * *
Pudovkin
/pooh dawf"kin, -dof"-/, Russ. /pooh dawf"kyin/, n. Vsevolod Ilarionovich /fsye"veuh leuht ee leuh rddyi aw"neuh vyich/, 1893-1953, Russian motion-picture director. * * *
Pudovkin, Vsevolod Illarionovich
▪ Soviet director born Feb. 28 [Feb. 16, Old Style], 1893, Penza, Russia died June 30, 1953, Moscow       Soviet film director and theorist who is best known for ...
pudu
/pooh"dooh/, n. a small, hollow-toothed deer of the genus Pudu, native to the South American Andes, having a dark brown or gray coat, a small head, and spiked antlers: now ...
Puducherry
▪ India also called  Pondicherry        city and capital of Puducherry (Pondicherry) union territory, southeastern India. The city constitutes an enclave surrounded ...
Pudukkottai
▪ India       city, southern Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) state, southern India. It is located 237 miles (381 km) south of Chennai (Madras), the state capital. It was ...
Puebla
/pwe"blah/, n. 1. a state in S central Mexico. 3,055,000; 13,124 sq. mi. (33,990 sq. km). 2. the capital of this state, in the N part. 516,000. * * * I State (pop., 2000: ...
Puebla, Battle of
▪ Mexican-French history       (May 5, 1862), battle fought at Puebla, Mexico, between the army of the liberal government headed by Benito Juárez and the French forces ...
pueblo
/pweb"loh/; for 4, 5, also Sp. /pwe"blaw/, n., pl. pueblos /pweb"lohz/; Sp. /pwe"blaws/. 1. a communal structure for multiple dwelling and defensive purposes of certain ...
Pueblo
/pweb"loh/, n. a city in central Colorado. 101,106. * * * I (Spanish: "town") Community of the Pueblo Indians of the southwestern U.S., consisting of multistoried apartment ...
pueblo architecture
 traditional architecture of the Pueblo Indians of the southwestern United States. The multistoried, permanent, attached homes typical of this tradition are modeled after the ...
Pueblo Incident
(1968) Capture of the USS Pueblo, a Navy intelligence ship, by North Korea off its coast on Jan. 23, 1968. The U.S. initiated negotiations with North Korea to secure the release ...
Pueblo Indian
Any of the historic descendants of the prehistoric Anasazi peoples who have for centuries lived in settled pueblos in what is now northeastern Arizona and northwestern New ...
Pueblo Indians
▪ people  North American Indian peoples known for living in compact permanent settlements known as pueblos. Representative of the Southwest Indian culture area, most live in ...
Pueblo Libre
▪ district, Peru formerly  Magdalena Vieja        distrito (district), in the southwestern Lima–Callao metropolitan area, Peru. Mainly a middle-income residential ...
Pueblo pottery
One of the most highly developed of the Native American arts. Pueblo pots, made only by women of the tribe, are constructed of long "sausages" of clay that are coiled upward and ...
Pueblo Rebellion
▪ history of North America       (1680), carefully organized revolt of Pueblo Indians (in league with Apaches), who succeeded in overthrowing Spanish rule in New Mexico ...
Puelche
▪ people also called  Guennakin,         extinct South American Indian tribe that inhabited the grassy Pampas (Pampas, the) in the vicinity of the Río Negro and Río ...
Puente, Tito
orig. Ernesto Antonio Puente, Jr. born April 20, 1923, New York, N.Y., U.S. died May 31, 2000, New York City U.S. bandleader, percussionist, and composer. Born to Puerto Rican ...
Puente-Genil
▪ Spain       town, Córdoba provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southern Spain, located south of Córdoba city, on ...
puerile
—puerilely, adv. /pyooh"euhr il, -euh ruyl', pyoor"il, -uyl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a child or to childhood. 2. childishly foolish; immature or trivial: a puerile piece ...
puerilely
See puerile. * * *
puerileness
See puerilely. * * *
puerilism
/pyooh"euhr euh liz'euhm, pyoor"euh-/, n. Psychiatry. childishness in the behavior of an adult. [1920-25; PUERILE + -ISM] * * *
puerility
/pyooh'euh ril"i tee, pyoo ril"-/, n., pl. puerilities. 1. the state or quality of being a child. 2. the quality of being puerile; childish foolishness or triviality. 3. a ...
puerpera
/pyooh err"peuhr euh/, n., pl. puerperae /-peuh ree'/. Obstet. a woman who has recently given birth to a child. [ < L: woman in labor; akin to puerperus; see PUERPERIUM] * * *
puerperal
/pyooh err"peuhr euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a woman in childbirth. 2. pertaining to or connected with childbirth. [1760-70; < NL puerperalis of childbirth. See PUERPERA, ...
puerperal fever
Pathol. a systemic bacterial infection of the endometrium characterized by fever, rapid heartbeat, uterine tenderness, and malodorous discharge, chiefly occurring in women after ...
puerperalfever
puerperal fever n. An illness resulting from infection of the endometrium following childbirth or abortion, marked by fever and septicemia and usually caused by unsterile ...
puerperium
/pyooh'euhr pear"ee euhm/, n. Obstet. the four-week period following childbirth. [1885-90; < L: childbirth, childbed, equiv. to puerper(us) of a woman in labor (puer boy, child + ...
Puerta del Sol
▪ plaza, Madrid, Spain       main plaza of Madrid, Spain. It was reputedly named for a gate (puerta) that stood there until 1510 and had on its front a representation of ...
Puerto
(as used in expressions) Puerto Rico Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Puerto Vallarta * * *
Puerto Aisén
▪ Chile also spelled  Puerto Aysén         city, southern Chile, located on the Aisén River at the head of a deep fjord facing the Chonos Archipelago. Colonization ...
Puerto Armuelles
▪ Panama       Pacific seaport, western Panama, on Charco Azul Bay, west-southwest of David, near the Costa Rican border. It is the headquarters of the Chiriquí Land ...
Puerto Ayacucho
/pwerdd"taw ah'yah kooh"chaw/ a city in S Venezuela, on the Orinoco River. 10,417. * * * ▪ Venezuela       city, capital of Amazonas estado (state), southern ...
Puerto Barrios
/pwerdd"taw vahrdd"rddyaws/ a seaport in E Guatemala. 38,956. * * * ▪ Guatemala       town, northeastern Guatemala, on Amatique Bay, off the Gulf of Honduras. Until ...
Puerto Berrío
▪ Colombia       city, eastern Antioquia department, northwestern Colombia, situated on the Magdalena River. It has been an important transportation hub almost since ...
Puerto Cabello
/pwerdd"taw kah ve"yaw/ a seaport in N Venezuela. 70,598. * * * ▪ Venezuela       port city, northern Carabobo estado (state), north-central Venezuela, situated on the ...
Puerto Carreño
▪ Colombia       capital of Vichada departamento, eastern Colombia, situated at the junction of the Meta and Orinoco rivers, across from Puerto Páez, Venezuela. The ...
Puerto Castilla
▪ Honduras       port, northern coast of Honduras. Located on the western side of a spit jutting out from the mainland north of Trujillo, the port is on an artificial ...
Puerto Cortés
/pwerdd"taw kawrdd tes"/ a seaport in NW Honduras. 17,000. * * * ▪ Honduras       city, northwestern Honduras, situated on the Gulf of Honduras. It is backed by ...
Puerto de San José
▪ Guatemala also called  San José        port town, south-central Guatemala, situated along the Pacific Ocean. Opened in 1853, it is a roadstead with a long wharf; ...
Puerto La Cruz
▪ Venezuela       city, northeastern Anzoátegui estado (state), northeastern Venezuela, situated along the Caribbean Sea. The city's origins lie in a 17th-century ...
Puerto Lempira
▪ Honduras       town, northeastern Honduras. The town lies on an islet that forms part of Tánsin Island, facing the main passage into the Caratasca Lagoon. Fishing is ...
Puerto Limón
Sp. /pwerdd"taw lee mawn"/ Limón (def. 2). * * *
Puerto Maldonado
▪ Peru also called  Tambopata        port city, southeastern Peru. It lies at the confluence of the Tambopata and Madre de Dios rivers (Madre de Dios River), at 840 ...
Puerto Montt
/pwerdd"taw mawnt"/ a city in S Chile. 86,750. * * * ▪ Chile       port and city, southern Chile. It lies at the head of Reloncaví Bay (an inlet of the Pacific), ...
Puerto Padre
▪ Cuba       city and port, eastern Cuba. Lying on sheltered Puerto Padre Bay, off the Atlantic Ocean, the city is a commercial and manufacturing centre for a fertile ...
Puerto Plata
▪ Dominican Republic in full  San Felipe de Puerto Plata   city and port, northwestern Dominican Republic. It lies at the foot of Isabel de Torres Peak, along the Atlantic ...
Puerto Princesa
▪ Philippines       city, east-central Palawan, Philippines. It is an important port on a sheltered inlet of the Sulu Sea, south of Honda Bay, and it has an airport. ...
Puerto Real
▪ Spain ancient (Latin)  Portus Gaditanus        town, Cádiz provincia (province), in the Andalusia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), southern Spain. It ...
Puerto Rican cherry
acerola. * * *
Puerto Rican royal palm
a feather palm, Roystonea borinquena, of Puerto Rico and St. Croix, having leaves about 10 ft. (3 m) long and egg-shaped, yellowish-brown fruit. * * *
Puerto Ricans
➡ Puerto Rico * * *
Puerto Rico
—Puerto Rican. /pwer"teuh ree"koh, pwer"toh, pawr"teuh, pohr"-/; Sp. /pwerdd"taw rddee"kaw/ an island in the central West Indies: a commonwealth associated with the U.S. ...
Puerto Rico Trench
a depression in the ocean floor, N of Puerto Rico: includes deepest part of Atlantic Ocean, 28,374 ft. (8648 m). Also, Puerto Rico Trough. * * * ▪ submarine depression, ...
Puerto Rico, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. commonwealth flag consisting of five horizontal stripes of red and white and, at the hoist, a blue triangle bearing a white ...
Puerto Suárez
▪ Bolivia       town, extreme eastern Bolivia. It is situated on the marshy shores of Lake Cáceres, just west of Corumbá, Brazil, and is connected to the Paraguay ...
Puerto Vallarta
/pwerdd"taw vah yahrdd"tah/ a city in W Mexico. 35,542. * * * City (pop., 2000: 151,432), west-central Mexico. It is situated on Banderas Bay, in the Pacific coastal lowland, ...
PuertoCabello
Puer·to Ca·bel·lo (pwĕrʹtō kä-bāʹō, -vĕʹyō) A city of northern Venezuela on the Caribbean Sea west of Caracas. It was frequently sacked by buccaneers during the ...
Puertollano
▪ Spain       city, Ciudad Real provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Castile-La Mancha (Castile–La Mancha), south-central ...
PuertoRican
See Puerto Rico. * * *
PuertoRico
Puer·to Ri·co (pwĕr'tə rēʹkō, pôrt'ə, pōrt'ə, pwĕrʹtō) Abbr. PR or P.R. A self-governing island commonwealth of the United States in the Caribbean Sea east of ...
puertorriqueño
/pwerdd'taw rddee ke"nyaw/, n., pl. puertorriqueños /-nyaws/. Spanish. a native or inhabitant of Puerto Rico. * * *
PuertoVallarta
Puer·to Val·lar·ta (pwĕrʹtō vä-yärʹtə, -tä) A city of west-central Mexico on the Pacific Ocean west of Guadalajara. It is a popular coastal resort. Population: ...
Pufendorf
/pooh"feuhn dawrf', -dohrf'/, n. Samuel von /zah"mooh euhl feuhn/, ("Severinus de Monzambano"), 1632-94, German jurist and historian. * * *
Pufendorf, Samuel, baron von
born Jan. 8, 1632, Dorfchemnitz, near Thalheim, Saxony died Oct. 13, 1694, Berlin German jurist and historian. The son of a pastor, he left the study of theology for ...
Pufendorf, Samuel, Freiherr von
▪ German jurist and historian Introduction born January 8, 1632, Dorfchemnitz, near Thalheim, Saxony [now in Germany] died October 13, 1694, Berlin  German jurist and ...
puff
—puffingly, adv. /puf/, n. 1. a short, quick blast, as of wind or breath. 2. an abrupt emission of air, smoke, vapor, etc. 3. an act of inhaling and exhaling, as on a cigarette ...
puff adder
1. a large, thick-bodied, African viper, Bitis arietans, that inflates its body and hisses when disturbed. 2. a similar viper, B. inornata, native to southern Africa. [1780-90] * ...
Puff Daddy
➡ P Diddy * * * ▪ 1999       To the delight of his fans and the dismay of his critics, music mogul-producer-rapper Sean ("Puffy") Combs, aka Puff Daddy, remained in ...
puff paste
a rich dough for making puff pastry. * * *
puff pastry
a light, flaky, rich pastry made by rolling dough with butter and folding it to form layers: used for tarts, napoleons, etc. * * *
puff piece
Informal. a newspaper article, book, public-relations film, etc., whose purpose is to praise or flatter. * * *
puffadder
puff adder n. 1. A venomous African viper (Bitis arietans) having crescent-shaped yellowish markings. 2. See hognose snake.   [So called because it inflates its body when ...
puffball
/puf"bawl'/, n. any of various basidiomycetous fungi, esp. of the genus Lycoperdon and allied genera, characterized by a ball-like fruit body that emits a cloud of spores when ...
puffbird
/puf"berrd'/, n. any of several tropical American birds of the family Bucconidae, related to the barbets, having a large head with the feathers often fluffed out. [1815-25; PUFF ...
puffed wheat
n [U] (BrE) grains of wheat which have been artificially swollen. They are sold in packets and eaten with milk and sugar as a breakfast food, especially by children. * * *
puffed-up
puffed-up (pŭftʹŭpʹ) adj. Displaying exaggerated dignity or self-importance; pompous. * * *
puffer
/puf"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that puffs. 2. Also called blowfish, globefish. any of various fishes of the family Tetraodontidae, capable of inflating the body with water ...
puffery
/puf"euh ree/, n., pl. pufferies. 1. undue or exaggerated praise. 2. publicity, acclaim, etc., that is full of undue or exaggerated praise. [1775-85; PUFF + -ERY] * * *
puffily
See puff. * * *
puffin
/puf"in/, n. any of several alcidine sea birds of the genera Fratercula and Lunda, having a short neck and a large, compressed, grooved bill, as F. arctica (Atlantic puffin), of ...
Puffin Books
a British company that publishes children’s paperback books (= books with paper covers). It was formed in 1941 as part of Penguin Books. * * *
puffiness
See puffily. * * *
Puffing Billy
the name of one of the earliest British steam trains, first used in 1813 and now kept in the Science Museum, London. * * *
puffpastry
puff pastry n. A light flaky pastry that is formed by rolling and folding the dough in layers so that it expands when baked. * * *
puffy
—puffily, adv. —puffiness, n. /puf"ee/, adj., puffier, puffiest. 1. gusty. 2. short-winded; panting. 3. inflated, distended, or swollen. 4. fat; plump. 5. conceited. 6. ...
Puffy AmiYumi
▪ 2007  Pop supergroup Puffy AmiYumi celebrated a decade of success in 2006 by kicking off their Splurge! Splurge! Splurge! concert tour in Japan and finishing it in the ...
pug
pug1 —pugginess, n. —puggish, puggy, adj. /pug/, n. 1. one of a breed of small, short-haired dogs having a tightly curled tail, a deeply wrinkled face, and a smooth coat that ...
pug mill
a mill for grinding and mixing materials, as clay or the ingredients of cement, to a desired condition. [1815-25] * * *
pug nose
—pug-nosed /pug"nohzd'/, adj. a short, broad, somewhat turned-up nose. [1770-80] * * *
pug-nosed
See pug nose. * * *
Pugacheva, Alla Borisovna
▪ 1998       By 1997 Russian pop idol Alla Pugacheva had reportedly sold as many as 250 million records—perhaps more than the amount sold by U.S. pop star Michael ...
Pugachov, Yemelyan (Ivanovich)
born с 1742, Zimoveyskaya-na-Donu, Russia died Jan. 21, 1775, Moscow Russian Cossack leader. He fought in the Russian army (1763–70), then wandered among settlements of the ...
Pugachov, Yemelyan Ivanovich
▪ Russian leader Pugachov also spelled  Pugachev   born c. 1742, , Zimoveyskaya-na-Donu, Russia died Jan. 21 [Jan. 10, old style], 1775, Moscow  leader of a major Cossack ...
pugaree
/pug"euh ree/, n. pugree. * * *
pugdog
/pug"dawg', -dog'/, n. pug1 (def. 1). [1740-50; PUG1 + DOG] * * *
Puget Sound
/pyooh"jit/ an arm of the Pacific, in NW Washington. * * * Arm of the Pacific Ocean indenting northwestern Washington, U.S. It was explored by the British navigator George ...
Puget, Pierre
born Oct. 16, 1620, at or near Marseille, France died Dec. 2, 1694, Marseille French sculptor, painter, and architect. As a young man he was employed by Pietro da Cortona to ...
PugetSound
Pu·get Sound (pyo͞oʹjĭt) A deep inlet of the Pacific Ocean in western Washington extending south from the Strait of Juan de Fuca through Admiralty Inlet. It was explored ...
puggaree
/pug"euh ree/, n. pugree. * * *
pugging
/pug"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person who pugs. 2. coarse mortar or the like for deadening sound. [1815-25; PUG2 + -ING1] * * *
puggree
puggree [pug′ə rē΄pug′rē] n. 〚Hindi pagṛī, turban〛 1. in India, a turban 2. a light scarf wrapped around the crown of a sun helmet and hanging behind to protect ...
pugh
/pooh, pyooh, pee"yooh"/, interj. (used as an exclamation of disgust, as at an offensive odor.) * * *
pugilism
/pyooh"jeuh liz'euhm/, n. the art or practice of fighting with the fists; boxing. [1785-95; < L pugil boxer (akin to pugnus fist, pugnare to fight; cf. Gk pýx with the fist, ...
pugilist
—pugilistic, adj. —pugilistically, adv. /pyooh"jeuh list/, n. a person who fights with the fists; a boxer, usually a professional. [1780-90; < L pugil (see PUGILISM) + ...
pugilistic
See pugilist. * * *
pugilstick
pu·gil stick (pyo͞oʹjəl) n. A long pole with padded ends used in the armed forces to simulate bayonet fighting.   [Latin pugil, pugilist; See peuk- in Indo-European Roots + ...
Pugin
/pyooh"jin/, n. 1. Augustus Charles, 1762-1832, French architectural draftsman and archaeologist in England. 2. his son Augustus Welby Northmore /wel"bee nawrth"mawr, -mohr/, ...
Pugin, A.W.N.
▪ British architect and author in full  Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin  born March 1, 1812, London, Eng. died Sept. 14, 1852, London       English architect, ...
Puglia
/pooh"lyah/, n. Italian name of Apulia. * * * or Apulia Autonomous regione, southeastern Italy. It is located between the Adriatic Sea, the Apennines, and the Gulf of Taranto. ...
pugmark
pug·mark (pŭgʹmärk') n. The mark, print, track, or trail of an animal; a pug. * * *
pugnacious
—pugnaciously, adv. —pugnacity /pug nas"i tee/, pugnaciousness, n. /pug nay"sheuhs/, adj. inclined to quarrel or fight readily; quarrelsome; belligerent; combative. [1635-45; ...
pugnaciously
See pugnacious. * * *
pugnaciousness
See pugnaciously. * * *
pugnacity
See pugnaciously. * * *
Pugno, Raoul
▪ French musician and composer in full  Raoul Stéphane Pugno  born June 23, 1852, Montrouge, Fr. died Jan. 3, 1914, Moscow, Russia       French pianist, organist, ...
pugnose
pug nose n. A short nose that is somewhat flattened and turned up at the end.   [From pug1 ape (obsolete), pug.]   pugʹ-nosed' (pŭgʹnōzd') adj. * * *
pugree
/pug"ree/, n. 1. a light turban worn in India. 2. a scarf of silk or cotton, usually colored or printed, wound round a hat or helmet and falling down behind as a protection ...
Pugwash Conferences
Series of international meetings of eminent scientists to discuss problems of nuclear weapons and world security. The first meeting was held in 1957 at the estate of Cyrus Eaton ...
Puig, Manuel
▪ Argentine author born December 28, 1932, General Villegas, Argentina died July 22, 1990, Cuernavaca, Mexico  Argentine novelist and motion-picture scriptwriter who achieved ...
puir
/poor, pyoor/, adj. Scot. 1. poor. 2. pure. * * *
puisne
/pyooh"nee/, adj. 1. Law. younger; inferior in rank; junior, as in appointment. n. 2. an associate judge as distinguished from a chief justice. [1590-1600; < AF, equiv. to OF ...
puissance
/pyooh"euh seuhns, pyooh is"euhns, pwis"euhns/, n. Literary. power, might, or force. [1375-1425; late ME < MF, equiv. to puiss(ant) PUISSANT + -ance -ANCE] * * *
puissant
—puissantly, adv. /pyooh"euh seuhnt, pyooh is"euhnt, pwis"euhnt/, adj. Literary. powerful; mighty; potent. [1400-50; late ME < MF < VL *possent- (s. of *possens), for L potent- ...
puissantly
See puissant. * * *
puja
/pooh"jah/, n. Hinduism. the worship of a particular god. [ < Skt puja] * * * In Hinduism, a form of ceremonial worship. It may range from brief daily rites in the home to an ...
Pujols, Albert
▪ 2007  In 2006 Albert Pujols of the Major League Baseball St. Louis Cardinals was unable to retain his National League (NL) Most Valuable Player (MVP) title from 2005, ...
puka
/pooh"keuh/, n. a small white shell found on Pacific, esp. Hawaiian, beaches and strung in clusters to make necklaces. [1970-75; of uncert. orig.] * * *
Pukaki, Lake
▪ lake, New Zealand       lake in central South Island, New Zealand, occupying 65 square miles (169 square km) of a valley dammed by a terminal moraine (glacial debris). ...
Pukapuka Atoll
▪ atoll, Cook Islands also called  Danger Atoll        one of the northern Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in the South ...
Pukaskwa National Park
National park, central Ontario, Canada. Established in 1971, it is Ontario's largest national park, covering 725 sq mi (1,878 sq km). It includes areas of rugged Canadian Shield ...
puke
/pyoohk/, v., puked, puking. n. v.i., v.t. Slang. 1. to vomit. n. 2. vomit. 3. - a. any food or drink that is repulsive. b. anything that is contemptible or ...
pukey
/pyooh"kee/, adj., pukier, pukiest. Slang. adj. 1. on the verge of vomiting; nauseated. 2. disgusting; repellent. Also, puky. [1860-65; PUKE + -Y1] * * *
pukka
/puk"euh/, adj. Anglo-Indian. genuine, reliable, or good; proper. Also, pucka. [1690-1700; < Hindi pakka cooked, ripe, mature] * * *
pukka sahib
(in British India) a term of respectful address used to British colonial authorities. Cf. pukka, sahib. [1935-40] * * *
puku
/pooh"kooh/, n. an African antelope, Adenota vardoni, closely related to the waterbuck. [1880-85; of uncert. orig.] * * *       antelope species of the genus Kobus ...
pul
/poohl/, n., pl. puls, puli /pooh"lee/. a coin and monetary unit of Afghanistan, the 100th part of an afghani. [1925-30; < Pers pul < Turk pul] * * *
pula
/pooh"lah/, n. a cupronickel coin, paper money, and monetary unit of Botswana, equal to 100 thebe: replaced the rand in 1976. * * * ▪ Croatia Italian  Pola   major port ...
Pula
/pooh"lah/, n. a seaport in W Croatia, on the Istrian Peninsula. 77,057. Also, Pulj. Italian, Pola. * * * ▪ Croatia Italian  Pola   major port and industrial centre and ...
Pulaski
/peuh las"kee/, n. 1. Count Casimir /kaz"euh mear'/, 1748-79, Polish patriot; general in the American Revolutionary army. 2. a town in SW Virginia. 10,106. 3. Fort. See Fort ...
Pulaski,Casimir
Pu·las·ki (po͝o-lăsʹkē, pə-), Casimir or Kazimierz 1747-1779. Polish patriot and general who aided American forces in the Revolutionary War, commanding the defense of ...
Pulcheria
▪ Roman empress born Jan. 19, 399, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Tur.] died 453       Roman empress, regent for her younger brother Theodosius II (Eastern Roman ...
pulchritude
/pul"kri toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. physical beauty; comeliness. [1350-1400; ME < L pulchritudo beauty, equiv. to pulchri- (comb. form of pulcher beautiful) + -tudo -TUDE] Syn. ...
pulchritudinous
/pul'kri toohd"n euhs, -tyoohd"-/, adj. physically beautiful; comely. [1910-15, Amer.; < L pulchritudin- (s. of pulchritudo) + -OUS] * * *
Pulci, Luigi
▪ Italian poet born Aug. 15, 1432, Florence [Italy] died , November? 1484, Padua, Republic of Venice       Italian poet whose name is chiefly associated with one of the ...
pule
—puler, n. /pyoohl/, v.i., puled, puling. to cry in a thin voice; whine; whimper. [1525-35; perh. imit.] * * *
puler
See pule. * * *
Pulesati
/pooh'leuh sah"tee, pyooh'-/, n.pl. the ancient Assyrian name of the Philistines. * * *
puli
/pool"ee, pyooh"lee/, n., pl. pulik /pool"eek, pyooh"leek/, pulis. one of a Hungarian breed of medium-sized sheepdogs having long, fine hair that often mats, giving the coat a ...
Pulicat Lake
▪ lagoon, India       saltwater lagoon on the Coromandel Coast of Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. It extends from the extreme southeastern portion of Andhra ...
puling
—pulingly, adv. /pyooh"ling/, adj. whining; whimpering: a puling child. [1520-30; PULE + -ING2] * * *
Pulitzer
/pool"it seuhr, pyooh"lit-/, n. Joseph, 1847-1911, U.S. journalist and publisher, born in Hungary. * * *
Pulitzer Prize
one of a group of annual prizes in journalism, literature, music, etc., established by Joseph Pulitzer: administered by Columbia University; first awarded 1917. * * * Any of a ...
Pulitzer, Joseph
born April 10, 1847, Makó, Hung. died Oct. 29, 1911, Charleston, S.C., U.S. Hungarian-born U.S. newspaper editor and publisher. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1864 to serve in ...
Pulitzer, Joseph, Jr.
▪ 1994       U.S. publisher and art collector (b. May 13, 1913, St. Louis, Mo.—d. May 26, 1993, St. Louis), was the grandson of the founder of the St. Louis ...
Pulitzer,Joseph
Pu·lit·zer (po͝olʹĭt-sər, pyo͞oʹlĭt-), Joseph. 1847-1911. Hungarian-born American journalist and newspaper publisher who established and endowed the Pulitzer Prizes. * ...
PulitzerPrize
Pulitzer Prize n. Any of several awards established by Joseph Pulitzer and conferred annually for accomplishment in various fields of American journalism, literature, and ...
Pulj
Serbo-Croatian. /poohl"yeu/, n. Pula. * * *
pulka
/pul"keuh/, n. a reindeer-drawn sleigh of Lapland, shaped like the front half of a canoe, in which a single rider sits with back against a vertical support and legs stretched ...
Pulkovo Observatory
▪ observatory, Saint Petersburg, Russia       astronomical observatory founded in 1839 near St. Petersburg, Russia. Its founder and first director, under the patronage ...
pull
—pullable, adj. —puller, n. /pool/, v.t. 1. to draw or haul toward oneself or itself, in a particular direction, or into a particular position: to pull a sled up a hill. 2. ...
pull date
the last date on which perishable food should be sold, usually established with some allowance for home storage under refrigeration. Also called sell date. Cf. shelf ...
pull hitter
Baseball. a batter who tends to hit the ball to the same side of the field as that on which he or she stands at home plate. [1935-40] * * *
pull tab
a metal tab or ring that is pulled to uncover the precut opening in a can or other container. [1960-65] * * *
pull-down
/pool"down'/, adj. designed to be pulled down for use: a pull-down bed; a desk with a pull-down front. [1905-10; adj. use of v. phrase pull down] * * *
pull-in
/pool"in'/, n., adj. Brit. drive-in. [1935-40; n., adj. use of v. phrase pull in] * * *
pull-off
/pool"awf', -of'/, n. 1. an act of pulling off: The inn is well worth a pull-off from the Interstate. 2. a rest area at the side of a road where vehicles may park. [1855-60; n. ...
pull-on
n. /pool"on', -awn'/; adj. /pool"on", -awn"/, n. 1. an item of apparel that is pulled on, as a sweater or glove. adj. 2. designed to be put on by being pulled on: a pull-on ...
pull-quote
/pool"kwoht'/, n. (in a magazine or newspaper) an excerpted line or phrase, in a larger or display typeface, run at the top of a page or in a mid-column box to draw attention to ...
pull-tab
pull-tab (po͝olʹtăb') n. A metal ring that is pulled off the top of a can to provide an opening for drinking, pouring, or serving. adj. Configured with a tab that is pulled ...
pull-top
/pool"top'/, adj., n. pop-top. * * *
pull-up
/pool"up'/, n. 1. an exercise consisting of chinning oneself, as on a horizontal bar attached at each end to a doorpost. 2. a flight maneuver in which an aircraft climbs sharply ...
pullback
/pool"bak'/, n. 1. the act of pulling back, esp. a retreat or a strategic withdrawal of troops; pullout. 2. that which pulls something back or impedes its forward movement. 3. ...
pulldate
pull date n. A date stamped on a perishable item of food, such as milk, after which it should not be sold. * * *
pulldown
/pool"down'/, n. Motion Pictures. a mechanism that intermittently advances the film through the film gate of a camera or projector. [1950-55; n. use of v. phrase pull down] * * *
Pullen, Don
▪ 1996       U.S. jazz pianist (b. Dec. 25, 1941—d. April 22, 1995). * * *
puller
See pull. * * *
pullet
/pool"it/, n. a young hen, less than one year old. [1325-75; ME polet < MF poulet, dim. of poul cock < L pullus chicken, young of an animal; akin to FOAL] * * *
pulley
—pulleyless, adj. /pool"ee/, n., pl. pulleys. 1. a wheel, with a grooved rim for carrying a line, that turns in a frame or block and serves to change the direction of or to ...
pulley bone
South Midland and Inland South. wishbone (def. 1). [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
pulley stile
(in a window frame) a stile against which a window sash slides. Also called hanging stile. [1815-25] * * *
pulling boat
a boat propelled by oars alone. [1910-15] * * *
Pullman
/pool"meuhn/, pl. Pullmans for 1, 2. 1. Trademark. a railroad sleeping car or parlor car. n. 2. (often l.c.) Also called Pullman case. a large suitcase. 3. George Mortimer, ...
pullman kitchen
a kitchenette, often recessed into a wall and concealed by double doors or a screen. [1965-70, Amer.; so called because sinks and similar facilities were installed this way in ...
Pullman Strike
(May 11–с July 20, 1894) Massive railroad strike in the U.S. After financial reversals caused the Pullman Palace Car Co. to cut wages by 25%, local union members called a ...
Pullman, George M
▪ American industrialist and inventor born March 3, 1831, Brocton, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 19, 1897, Chicago  American industrialist and inventor of the Pullman sleeping car ...
Pullman, George M(ortimer)
born March 3, 1831, Brocton, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 19, 1897, Chicago, Ill. U.S. industrialist. He moved to Chicago as a young man and worked as a cabinetmaker for his brother. ...
Pullman, Philip
▪ 2005       The year 2004 saw Philip Pullman's best-selling fantasy trilogy, His Dark Materials, adapted to the stage in an ambitious, sold-out production in London's ...
pullorum disease
/peuh lawr"euhm, -lohr"-/, Vet. Pathol. a highly contagious, frequently fatal disease of young poultry caused by the bacterium Salmonella gallinarum (pullorum), transmitted by ...
pullorumdisease
pul·lo·rum disease (pə-lôrʹəm, -lōrʹ-) n. A contagious, often fatal diarrheal disease of young poultry, caused by the bacterium Salmonella pullorum and usually ...
pullover
/pool"oh'veuhr/, n. 1. Also called slipover. a garment, esp. a sweater, that must be drawn over the head to be put on. adj. 2. designed to be put on by being drawn over the ...
pullulate
—pullulation, n. /pul"yeuh layt'/, v.i., pullulated, pullulating. 1. to send forth sprouts, buds, etc.; germinate; sprout. 2. to breed, produce, or create rapidly. 3. to ...
pullulation
See pullulate. * * *
pullulative
See pullulation. * * *
pullus
/pul"euhs/, n., pl. pulli /pul"uy/. a young bird; a chick. [1765-75; < NL, L: a young animal (see PULLET)] * * *
pulmonary
/pul"meuh ner'ee, pool"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the lungs. 2. of the nature of a lung; lunglike. 3. affecting the lungs. 4. having lungs or lunglike organs. 5. pertaining ...
pulmonary alveolar proteinosis
▪ pathology       respiratory disorder caused by the filling of large groups of alveoli with excessive amounts of surfactant, a complex mixture of protein and lipid ...
pulmonary alveolus
Any of the 300 million or so small air spaces in the lungs where carbon dioxide leaves the blood and oxygen enters it. Alveoli form clusters (alveolar sacs) connected by ...
pulmonary artery
Anat. an artery conveying venous blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs. See diag. under heart. [1695-1705] * * *
pulmonary circulation
Physiol. the circulation of blood from the heart to the lungs for oxygenation and back to the heart. * * * ▪ physiology  system of blood vessels that forms a closed circuit ...
pulmonary embolism
▪ medical disorder       obstruction of a pulmonary artery or one of its branches. The pulmonary arteries carry blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs. A ...
pulmonary fibrosis
▪ pathology       end result of a variety of inflammatory diseases of the lungs (lung) in which dense fibrous connective tissue replaces lung tissue. The fibrous tissue ...
pulmonary heart disease
or cor pulmonale Enlargement and eventual failure of the right ventricle of the heart due to disorders of the lungs or their blood vessels or chest wall abnormalities. Chronic ...
pulmonary stenosis
▪ congenital defect       narrowing of either the pulmonary valve—the valve through which blood flows from the right ventricle, or lower chamber, of the heart on its ...
pulmonary tree
Anat. the trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles of the lungs, which together resemble an upside-down tree. * * *
pulmonary tuberculosis
Pathol. tuberculosis of the lungs. * * *
pulmonary valve
Anat. a semilunar valve between the pulmonary artery and the right ventricle of the heart that prevents the blood from flowing back into the right ventricle. * * *
pulmonary vein
Anat. a vein conveying oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. See diag. under heart. [1695-1705] * * *
pulmonaryartery
pulmonary artery n. An artery that carries venous blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs. * * *
pulmonaryvein
pulmonary vein n. A vein that carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. * * *
pulmonate
/pul"meuh nayt', -nit, pool"-/, adj. 1. Zool. having lungs or lunglike organs. 2. belonging to the Pulmonata, an order of gastropod mollusks usually breathing by means of a ...
pulmonic
/pul mon"ik, pool-/, adj. pulmonary. [1655-65; < F pulmonique. See PULMONARY, -IC] * * *
pulmonic airstream
Phonet. a current of lung air set in motion by the respiratory muscles in the production of speech. * * *
Pulmotor
/pul"moh'teuhr, pool"-/, Trademark. a mechanical device for artificial respiration that forces oxygen into the lungs when respiration has ceased because of asphyxiation, ...
Pulmozyme
Pul·mo·zyme (po͝olʹmə-zīm', pŭlʹ-) A trademark used for the drug dornase alfa. * * *
pulp
—pulper, n. —pulpless, adj. —pulplike, adj. /pulp/, n. 1. the soft, juicy, edible part of a fruit. 2. the pith of the stem of a plant. 3. a soft or fleshy part of an animal ...
pulp canal
Dentistry. See root canal. [1835-45] * * *
pulp canal therapy
endodontics. Also called pulp canal treatment. * * *
pulp cavity
Dentistry. the entire space occupied by pulp, composed of the root canal and pulp chamber. [1830-40] * * *
pulp chamber
Dentistry. the crown portion of the pulp cavity. [1870-75] * * *
pulp fiction
fiction dealing with lurid or sensational subjects, often printed on rough, low-quality paper manufactured from wood pulp. [1950-55, Amer.] * * *
pulp plaster
plaster containing shredded wood fiber. * * *
pulpboard
/pulp"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. a board made from pulpwood. [1900-05; PULP + BOARD] * * *
pulpectomy
/pul pek"teuh mee/, n., pl. pulpectomies. Dentistry. the removal of all the pulp tissue in a tooth in the course of endodontic therapy. [1920-25; PULP + -ECTOMY] * * *
pulpiness
See pulp. * * *


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