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put option
Finance. put (def. 47). * * *
put-and-take
/poot"n tayk"/, n. any of various games of chance played with a teetotum or other special type of top, in which each player puts in an equal stake before starting to spin the ...
put-down
/poot"down'/, n. 1. a landing of an aircraft. 2. Informal. a. a disparaging, belittling, or snubbing remark. b. a remark or act intended to humiliate or embarrass someone. Also, ...
Put-in-Bay
Put-in-Bay (po͝ot'ĭn-bāʹ) A bay of western Lake Erie in an island off Ohio. The U.S. Navy under Oliver Hazard Perry defeated a British fleet here on September 10, 1813, in ...
put-on
n. /poot"on', -awn'/; adj. /poot"on", -awn"/, n. Informal. 1. an act or instance of putting someone on. 2. a prank or pretense, esp. one perpetrated or assumed in mock ...
put-out
/poot"owt'/, n. Baseball. an instance of putting out a batter or base runner. [1880-85, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase put out] * * *
put-put
/put"put", -put'/, n., v., put-putted, put-putting. n. 1. the sound made by a small internal-combustion engine or imitative of its operation. 2. Informal. a small ...
put-up
/poot"up'/, adj. Informal. planned beforehand in a secret or crafty manner: a put-up job. [1800-10; adj. use of v. phrase put up] * * *
put-upon
/poot"euh pon', -pawn'/, adj. imposed upon; ill-used. [1915-20] * * *
putamen
—putaminous /pyooh tam"euh neuhs/, adj. /pyooh tay"min/, n., pl. putamina /-tam"euh neuh/. 1. Bot. a hard or stony endocarp, as a peach stone. 2. a shell membrane. [1820-30; < ...
putaminous
See putamen. * * *
putative
—putatively, adv. /pyooh"teuh tiv/, adj. commonly regarded as such; reputed; supposed: the putative boss of the mob. [1400-50; late ME < LL putativus reputed, equiv. to ...
putative author
▪ literature       the author of a work as defined in the work rather than the actual author, or the person or character said to be the author of the work when this is ...
putative marriage
Law. a marriage contracted in violation of an impediment, but in good faith on the part of one or both of the contracting persons. [1805-15] * * *
putatively
See putative. * * *
putdown
put·down or put-down (po͝otʹdoun') n. Slang 1. A dismissal or rejection, especially in the form of a critical or slighting remark: “Such answers were, perhaps still are, ...
putdownable
put·down·a·ble (po͝otʹdouʹnə-bəl) adj. Informal So poorly written and unentertaining as to be easily put down. Used especially of a book. * * *
Puteaux
▪ France       town, a residential and industrial suburb of Paris, Hauts-de-Seine département, Île-de-France région, north-central France. It is situated on the ...
Putin
Putin [po͞o′tən] Vladimir 1952- ; president of Russia (2000- ) * * *
Putin, Vladimir
▪ president of Russia in full  Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin  born October 7, 1952, Leningrad, U.S.S.R. [now St. Petersburg, Russia]    Russian intelligence officer and ...
Putin, Vladimir (Vladimirovich)
born Oct. 7, 1952, Leningrad, U.S.S.R. Russian president (from 1999). Putin served 15 years with the KGB, including six years in Dresden, East Ger. In 1990 he retired from ...
Putin, Vladimir Vladimirovich
▪ 2000       In an announcement that surprised the locals as much as the rest of the world, Russia's Pres. Boris Yeltsin resigned on Dec. 31, 1999. To serve as acting ...
putlog
putlog [poot′lôg΄] n. 〚altered (? infl. by LOG1) < earlier putlock < ? PUT + LOCK1〛 in masonry construction, any of the horizontal, wood or metal pieces which support the ...
Putman, Andree
▪ 1999       From the interior elegance of Air France's Concorde jet to the prosaism of the toothbrush, French designer Andrée Putman had by 1998 firmly put her stamp ...
Putnam
/put"neuhm/, n. 1. Herbert, 1861-1955, U.S. librarian: headed Library of Congress 1899-1939. 2. Israel, 1718-90, American Revolutionary general. 3. Rufus, 1738-1824, American ...
Putnam, Emily James Smith
▪ American educator and historian née  Emily James Smith   born April 15, 1865, Canandaigua, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 7, 1944, Kingston, Jamaica       American educator ...
Putnam, Frederic Ward
▪ American anthropologist born April 16, 1839, Salem, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1915, Cambridge, Mass.       American anthropologist who was a leader in the founding of ...
Putnam, Herbert
▪ American librarian born Sept. 20, 1861, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1955, Woods Hole, Mass.  American librarian who built the Library of Congress (Congress, Library ...
Putnam, Hilary
born July 31, 1926, Chicago, Ill., U.S. U.S. philosopher. After receiving his Ph.D. in 1951 he taught at Northwestern University, Princeton University, the Massachusetts ...
Putnam, Israel
born Jan. 7, 1718, Salem Village, Mass. died May 29, 1790, Pomfret, Conn., U.S. American Revolutionary army officer. He was a prosperous farmer in Connecticut from 1740. He ...
Putnam, Rufus
born April 9, 1738, Sutton, Mass. died May 4, 1824, Marietta, Ohio, U.S. American Revolutionary army officer. A cousin of Israel Putnam, he fought in the French and Indian War. ...
Putnam, Samuel
▪ American editor and author born Oct. 10, 1892, Rossville, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 15, 1950, Lambertville, N.J.       American editor, publisher, and author, best known ...
Putnam,Israel
Put·nam (pŭtʹnəm), Israel. 1718-1790. American soldier active in the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War. During the Battle of Bunker Hill (June 17, 1775), he ...
Putnam,Rufus
Putnam, Rufus. 1738-1824. American Revolutionary soldier who organized the batteries on Dorchester Heights that forced the British to evacuate Boston (1775). * * *
Putney, Martha S.
▪ 2009 Martha Settle        American historian and teacher born Nov. 9, 1916, Norristown, Pa. died Dec. 11, 2008, Washington, D.C. chronicled the contributions of ...
Putnik, Radomir
▪ Serbian commander born Jan. 24, 1847, Kragujevac, Serbia died May 17, 1917, Nice, Fr.  Serbian army commander who was victorious against the Austrians in ...
putoff
/poot"awf', -of'/, n. 1. an act or instance of putting off. 2. a delaying, postponing, or avoiding of something. 3. an expressed excuse or evasion; demur: She responded with a ...
Putonghua
/pooh"tung"hwah"/, n. the form of Chinese, based on the Beijing dialect of Mandarin, adopted as the official national language of China. Also, p'u-t'ung hua. Also called ...
Putoran Mountains
▪ mountains, Russia also called  Putoran Plateau,  Russian  Gory Putorana, or Putorana Plato,         deeply dissected range on the northwestern edge of the Central ...
putout
☆ putout [poot′out΄ ] n. Baseball a play in which the batter or runner is retired, or put out * * * put·out (po͝otʹout') n. Baseball Abbr. PO A play in which a batter ...
Putrajaya
▪ city and federal territory, Malaysia       city and federal territory of Malaysia, located in west-central Peninsular Malaysia. It is situated 15 miles (25 km) south ...
Putrament, Jerzy
▪ Polish author and editor born Nov. 14, 1910, Minsk, Russia died June 23, 1986, Warsaw, Pol.       Polish poet, novelist, journalist, and editor who was also active in ...
putrefaction
—putrefactive, putrefacient /pyooh'treuh fay"sheuhnt/, adj. /pyooh'treuh fak"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of putrefying; the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter by ...
putrefactive
pu·tre·fac·tive (pyo͞o'trə-făkʹtĭv) adj. 1. Bringing about putrefaction. 2. Of, relating to, or characterized by putrefaction. * * *
putrefy
—putrefiable, adj. —putrefier, n. /pyooh"treuh fuy'/, v., putrefied, putrefying. v.t. 1. to render putrid; cause to rot or decay with an offensive odor. v.i. 2. to become ...
putrescence
pu·tres·cence (pyo͞o-trĕsʹəns) n. 1. A putrescent character or condition. 2. Putrid matter. * * *
putrescent
—putrescence, putrescency, n. /pyooh tres"euhnt/, adj. 1. becoming putrid; undergoing putrefaction. 2. of or pertaining to putrefaction. [1725-35; < L putrescent- (s. of ...
putrescible
—putrescibility, n. /pyooh tres"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. liable to become putrid. n. 2. a putrescible substance. [1790-1800; < L putresc(ere) to grow rotten + -IBLE] * * *
putrescine
putrescine [pyo͞o tres′ēn, pyo͞o tres′in] n. 〚< L putrescere (see PUTRESCENT) + -INE3〛 a foul-smelling compound, NH2 (CH2) 4NH2, produced by bacterial fermentation of ...
putrid
—putridity, putridness, n. —putridly, adv. /pyooh"trid/, adj. 1. in a state of foul decay or decomposition, as animal or vegetable matter; rotten. 2. of, pertaining to, or ...
putridity
See putrid. * * *
putridly
See putridity. * * *
putridness
See putridity. * * *
putrilage
—putrilaginous /pyooh'treuh laj"euh neuhs/, adj. —putrilaginously, adv. /pyooh"treuh lij/, n. putrid or putrescent matter. [1650-60; < L putrilagin- (s. of putrilago) ...
putsch
/pooch/, n. a plotted revolt or attempt to overthrow a government, esp. one that depends upon suddenness and speed. [1915-20; < G Putsch, orig. Swiss G: lit., violent blow, ...
putschist
/pooch"ist/, n. 1. a participant in a putsch. adj. 2. taking part in or concerned with a putsch. [1895-1900; < G Putsch PUTSCH + -IST] * * *
putt
/put/, Golf. v.t., v.i. 1. to strike (the ball) gently so as to make it roll along the green into the hole. n. 2. an act of putting. 3. a stroke made in putting. [1735-45; orig. ...
putt-putt
/put"put", -put'/, n., v.i. put-put. * * *
Putte, Isaac Dignus Fransen van de
▪ Dutch statesman born March 22, 1822, Goes, Neth. died March 3, 1902, The Hague       Liberal Dutch statesman who energetically attacked the exploitative, colonial ...
puttee
/pu tee", poo-, put"ee/, n. 1. a long strip of cloth wound spirally round the leg from ankle to knee, worn esp. formerly as part of a soldier's uniform. 2. a gaiter or legging of ...
Puttenham, George
▪ English writer born c. 1520 died , autumn 1590, London, Eng.       English courtier, generally acknowledged as the author of the anonymously published The Arte of ...
putter
putter1 —putterer, n. —putteringly, adv. /put"euhr/, v.i. 1. to busy or occupy oneself in a leisurely, casual, or ineffective manner: to putter in the garden. 2. to move or ...
putterer
See putter2. * * *
putti
put·ti (po͞oʹtē) n. Plural of putto. * * *
puttie
/put"ee/, n. puttee. * * *
puttier
/put"ee euhr/, n. a person who putties, as a glazier. [PUTTY1 (v.) + -ER1] * * *
putting
➡ golf * * *
putting green
Golf. green (def. 24). [1840-50] * * *
putting on their glad rags
➡ formal and informal dress * * *
puttinggreen
putt·ing green (pŭtʹĭng) n. 1. The area at the end of a golf course fairway in which the hole is placed, having more closely mowed turf than the rest of the course. 2. An ...
Puttnam
(1941– ) an English film producer who played a major part in the success of the British film industry in the 1980s. His films include Midnight Express (1978), Chariots of Fire ...
putto
/pooh"toh/; It. /pooht"taw/, n., pl. putti /-tee/. Fine Arts. a representation of a cherubic infant, often shown winged. [1635-45; < It: lit., boy < L putus] * * * ▪ ...
putty
putty1 /put"ee/, n., pl. putties, v., puttied, puttying. n. 1. a compound of whiting and linseed oil, of a doughlike consistency when fresh, used to secure windowpanes, patch ...
putty knife
a tool for puttying, having a broad flexible blade. [1855-60] * * *
putty powder
an abrasive consisting chiefly of stannic oxide, used for polishing hard surfaces. Also called putty, jeweler's putty. [1825-35] * * *
puttyknife
putty knife n. A tool having a flat flexible blade, used for scraping and applying putty. * * *
puttyroot
/put"ee rooht', -root'/, n. an American orchid, Aplectrum hyemale, having a slender naked rootstock that produces a leafless stalk with a loose cluster of yellowish-brown ...
Putumayo
/pooh'tooh mah"yaw/, n. a river in NW South America, flowing SE from S Colombia into the Amazon in NW Brazil. 900 mi. (1450 km) long. Portuguese, Iça. * * * ▪ department, ...
Putumayo River
River, northwestern South America. Rising in southwestern Colombia, it is about 980 mi (1,575 km) long and flows southeast through tropical rainforests, where it forms a large ...
putz
/puts/, n. Slang. 1. fool; jerk. 2. Vulgar. penis. [1900-05; < Yiddish puts lit., ornament, finery, prob. n. deriv. of putsn to clean, shine; cf. early mod. G butzen to decorate ...
Puu Kukui
▪ volcanic mountain, Hawaii, United States Hawaiian  Pu‘ukūkae        volcanic peak, Maui county, western Maui island, Hawaii, U.S. It is the highest peak (5,788 ...
PUVA
a therapy for psoriasis combining the oral drug psoralen and high-intensity long-wave ultraviolet light. [P(SORALEN) + UV-A ultraviolet light of a wavelength between 320 and 400 ...
Puvis de Chavannes
/pyuu vee deuh shann vannn"/ Pierre Cécile /pyerdd say seel"/, 1824-98, French painter. * * *
Puvis de Chavannes, Pierre
▪ French painter born Dec. 14, 1824, Lyon, France died Oct. 24, 1898, Paris       the leading French mural painter of the later 19th century. He was largely independent ...
Puvis de Chavannes, Pierre (-Cécile)
born Dec. 14, 1824, Lyon, France died Oct. 24, 1898, Paris French painter. He studied briefly with Eugène Delacroix in Paris and exhibited regularly at the Paris Salons. He is ...
Puvis de Chavannes,Pierre
Pu·vis de Cha·vannes (pyo͞o-vēʹ də shä-vänʹ, -vēsʹ, pü-vēʹ), Pierre. 1824-1898. French artist noted for his decorative and allegorical murals, such as Work ...
Puy-de-Dôme
/pwee deuh dohm"/, n. 1. a mountain in central France. 4805 ft. (1465 m). 2. a department in central France. 580,033; 3095 sq. mi. (8015 sq. km). Cap.: Clermont-Ferrand. * * *
Puya
▪ plant genus  genus of South American plants of the pineapple family (Bromeliaceae) that contains about 200 species, including the tallest bromeliads. P. gigas (P. ...
Puyallup
/pyooh al"euhp/, n. a city in W Washington, SE of Tacoma. 18,251. /pyooh al"euhp/, n., pl. Puyallups, (esp. collectively) Puyallup. a member of a Salishan-speaking North American ...
Puyi
▪ emperor of Qing dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  P'u-i , also called  Henry Puyi , reign name  Xuantong  born Feb. 7, 1906, Beijing, China died Oct. 17, 1967, ...
Puyo
▪ Ecuador       town, east-central Ecuador. It lies along an affluent of the Pastaza River near the eastern slopes of the Andes Mountains. It is a missionary settlement ...
Puzhou
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  P'u-chou        town, southwestern Shanxi (Shansi) sheng (province), China. It stands on the east bank of the Huang He (Yellow ...
Puzo
/pooh"zoh/, n. Mario, born 1920, U.S. novelist. * * *
Puzo, Mario
▪ 2000       American novelist and screenwriter (b. Oct. 15, 1920, New York, N.Y.—d. July 2, 1999, Bay Shore, N.Y.), chronicled a fictional Mafia family, the ...
puzzle
—puzzledly, adv. —puzzledness, n. /puz"euhl/, n., v., puzzled, puzzling. n. 1. a toy, problem, or other contrivance designed to amuse by presenting difficulties to be solved ...
puzzle box
Psychol. an enclosure, used in experiments in animal learning, from which an animal must escape or in which it must manipulate various devices. [1865-70] * * *
puzzle jug
a drinking jug of the 17th and 18th centuries, so made as to challenge the drinker to drink without spilling or spraying the contents. [1875-80] * * *
puzzleheaded
—puzzleheadedness, n. /puz"euhl hed'id/, adj. 1. having, deriving from, or characterized by confused thoughts or ideas. 2. given to or characterized by puzzling over common ...
puzzlement
/puz"euhl meuhnt/, n. 1. the state of being puzzled; perplexity. 2. something puzzling. [1815-25; PUZZLE + -MENT] * * *
puzzler
/puz"leuhr/, n. 1. a person who puzzles. 2. a baffling thing or problem. 3. a person who is occupied or amused by solving puzzles. [1645-55; PUZZLE + -ER1] * * *
puzzling
—puzzlingly, adv. /puz"ling/, adj. 1. confusing or baffling: a puzzling answer. n. 2. the skill or pastime of constructing or working crossword or other puzzles. [1590-1600; ...
puzzolana
/pooht'seuh lah"neuh/; It. /pooht'tsaw lah"nah/, n. pozzolana. Also, puzzolan /pooht"seuh leuhn/. * * *
Pułaski, Kazimierz
▪ Polish patriot and United States army officer English Casimir Pulaski born March 4, 1747, Winiary, Pol. died Oct. 11?, 1779, at sea, between Savannah, Ga., and Charleston, ...
pū̆-
To rot, decay. Probably contracted from *puə- (becoming *puw- before vowels). Derivatives include foul, fuzzy, potpourri, and pus. 1. Suffixed form *pū-lo-. a. foul, from Old ...
PV
PV abbr. polyvinyl. * * *
PVA
See polyvinyl acetate. * * *
PVC
See polyvinyl chloride. * * * in full polyvinyl chloride Synthetic resin, an organic polymer made by treating vinyl chloride monomers with a peroxide. It may be blended with ...
PVO
PVO abbr. private voluntary organization. * * *
PVP
polyvinylpyrrolidone. * * *
PVT
Pvt abbrev. Mil. Private * * * PVT or Pvt abbr. private. * * *
Pvt.
Private. * * *
PW
1. Auto. power windows. 2. prisoner of war. 3. public works. * * *
PWA
1. person with AIDS. 2. Also, P.W.A. Public Works Administration. * * *
PWC
See personal watercraft. * * *
pwr
power. * * *
pwt
pennyweight. Also, pwt. * * *
pwt.
pwt. abbr. pennyweight. * * *
Pwyll
/poohl/, n. Welsh Legend. a prince who stole his wife, Rhiannon, from her suitor, Gwawl, and was the father of Pryderi. * * * ▪ Celtic mythology       in Celtic ...
PX
pl. PXs. U.S. Army. See post exchange. * * *
pxt
pxt abbrev. 〚L pinxit〛 he (or she) painted it * * *
pxt.
pinxit. * * *
py-
var. of pyo- before a vowel: pyemia. * * *
pya
/pyah, pee ah"/, n. an aluminum coin of Burma, the 100th part of a kyat. [1950-55; < Burmese (sp. prah)] * * *
pyaemia
—pyaemic, adj. /puy ee"mee euh/, n. Pathol. pyemia. * * *
Pyanopsia
▪ Greek festival also spelled  Pyanepsia,         in ancient Greek religion, a festival in honour of Apollo, held at Athens on the seventh day of the month of ...
Pyapon
▪ Myanmar       town, southern Myanmar (Burma). It lies along the Pyapon River, 45 miles (72 km) southwest of Yangon (Rangoon). It is a rice-collecting centre and the ...
Pyat, Félix
▪ French journalist and politician in full  Aimé-félix Pyat   born Oct. 4, 1810, Vierzon, France died Aug. 3, 1889, Saint-Gratien  French journalist, dramatist, and ...
Pyatakov, Georgy Leonidovich
▪ Soviet official born Aug. 6, 1890, Kiev province, Russian Empire died January 1937       Old Bolshevik economist who held prominent administrative posts in the Soviet ...
Pyatigorsk
/pyah'ti gawrsk"/; Russ. /pyi tyi gawrddsk"/, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Europe, in Caucasia. 110,000. Also, Piatigorsk. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled ...
Pyay
▪ Myanmar also called  Prome  or  Pyè        town, southern Myanmar (Burma), on the Irrawaddy River. It is a trading centre and the site of a diesel electric ...
pycn-
var. of pycno- before a vowel: pycnium. * * *
pycnidial
See pycnidium. * * *
pycnidium
—pycnidial, adj. /pik nid"ee euhm/, n., pl. pycnidia /-nid"ee euh/. Mycol. (in certain ascomycetes and fungi imperfecti) a globose or flask-shaped fruiting body bearing conidia ...
pycniospore
/pik"nee euh spawr', -spohr'/, n. Mycol. the spore produced in a pycnium. [PYCNI(UM) + -o- + SPORE] * * *
pycnium
—pycnial, adj. /pik"nee euhm/, n., pl. pycnia /-nee euh/. Mycol. a flask-shaped or conical sporangium of a rust fungus, which develops below the epidermis of the host and bears ...
pycno-
a combining form meaning "dense," "close," "thick," used in the formation of compound words: pycnometer. Also, esp. before a vowel, pycn-. [ < NL, comb. form repr. Gk pyknós] * ...
pycnocline
pycnocline [pik′nə klīn΄] n. a layer, zone, or gradient of changing density, esp. a thin layer of ocean water with a density that increases rapidly with depth * * *
Pycnodontiformes
▪ paleontology       order of extinct fishes of the class Actinopterygii, containing the genus Pycnodus, common in the Jurassic seas of 200 million to 146 million years ...
pycnogonid
pycnogonid [pik näg′ə nid] n. 〚< ModL Pycnogonida
pycnometer
/pik nom"i teuhr/, n. a container used for determining the density of a liquid or powder, having a specific volume and often provided with a thermometer to indicate the ...
pycnosis
pycnosis [pik nō′sis] n. pl. pycnoses [pik nō′sēz΄] PYKNOSIS pycnotic [piknät′ik] adj. * * *
pycnostyle
/pik"neuh stuyl'/, adj. Archit. having an intercolumniation of 11/2 diameters. See illus. under intercolumniation. [1555-65; < L pycnostylus < Gk pyknóstylos, equiv. to pyknós ...
Pydna
/pid"neuh/, n. a town in ancient Macedonia, W of the Gulf of Salonika: decisive Roman victory over the Macedonians 186 B.C. * * *
Pydna, Battle of
(June 22, 168 BC) Decisive confrontation in the Roman victory over Perseus and Macedonia in the Third Macedonian War. It took place on a plain near Pydna (present-day Kítros, ...
pye
/puy/, n. Eccles. pie4. [1530-40] * * * ▪ Myanmar also called  Prome         town, southern Myanmar (Burma), on the Irrawaddy River. It is a trading centre and the ...
Pye, Henry James
▪ British poet born Feb. 20, 1745, London, Eng. died Aug. 11, 1813, Pinner, Middlesex       British poet laureate from 1790 to 1813.       Pye was educated at ...
pye-dog
/puy"dawg', -dog'/, n. an ownerless half-wild dog of uncertain breeding, common in the villages and towns of India and other countries in east and south Asia. [1860-65; pye said ...
pyelitic
See pyelitis. * * *
pyelitis
—pyelitic /puy'euh lit"ik/, adj. /puy'euh luy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the pelvis or outlet of the kidney. [1835-45; < NL; see PYELO-, -ITIS] * * *
pyelo-
a combining form meaning "pelvis," used in the formation of compound words: pyelogram. Also, esp. before a vowel, pyel-. [ < NL, comb. form repr. Gk pýelos basin, on the model ...
pyelogram
/puy"euh leuh gram', puy el"euh-/, n. an x-ray produced by pyelography. Also, pyelograph /puy"euh leuh graf', -grahf', puy el"euh-/. [1920-25; PYELO- + -GRAM1] * * *
pyelographic
See pyelography. * * *
pyelography
—pyelographic /puy'euh leuh graf"ik, puy el'euh-/, adj. /puy'euh log"reuh fee/, n. the science or technique of making photographs of the kidneys, renal pelves, and ureters by ...
pyelonephritic
See pyelonephritis. * * *
pyelonephritis
—pyelonephritic /puy'euh loh neuh frit"ik, puy el'oh-/, adj. /puy'euh loh neuh fruy"tis, puy el'oh-/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis, caused by a ...
pyelonephrosis
/puy'euh loh neuh froh"sis, puy el'oh-/, n. Pathol. any disease of the kidney and its pelvis. [PYELO- + NEPHROSIS] * * *
pyemia
—pyemic, adj. /puy ee"mee euh/, n. Pathol. a diseased state in which pyogenic bacteria are circulating in the blood, characterized by the development of abscesses in various ...
pyemic
See pyemia. * * *
pygidial
See pygidium. * * *
pygidium
—pygidial, adj. /puy jid"ee euhm/, n., pl. pygidia /-jid"ee euh/. Zool. any of various structures or regions at the caudal end of the body in certain invertebrates. [1840-50; < ...
pygmaean
/pig mee"euhn, pig"mee-/, adj. pygmy. Also, pygmean. [1545-55; < L pygmae(us) dwarfish (see PYGMY) + -AN] * * *
Pygmalion
/pig may"lee euhn, -mayl"yeuhn/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a sculptor and king of Cyprus who carved an ivory statue of a maiden and fell in love with it. It was brought to life, in ...
pygmoid
pygmoid [pig′moid΄] adj. 〚 PYGM(Y) + -OID〛 like the Pygmies, esp. in being of small stature * * * pyg·moid (pĭgʹmoid') adj. Resembling or characteristic of a Pygmy. ...
Pygmy
—pygmoid, adj. —pygmyish, adj. —pygmyism, n. /pig"mee/, n., pl. Pygmies, adj. n. 1. Anthropol. a. a member of a small-statured people native to equatorial Africa. b. a ...
pygmy chimpanzee
a small chimpanzee, Pan paniscus, primarily of swamp forests in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a threatened species. * * *
pygmy glider
a gliding marsupial, Acrobates pygmaeus, of Australia, growing to about the size of a mouse and having a featherlike tail. Also called feathertail glider. * * *
pygmy grasshopper
▪ insect also called  grouse locust        any of about 1,400 species of insects (order Orthoptera) that are small (about 15 mm [0.6 inch] long), brown, gray, or ...
pygmy owl
any of several small, diurnal owls of the genus Glaucidium, that feed chiefly on insects. [1855-60, Amer.] * * * ▪ bird genus (genus Glaucidium)        any of about ...
pygmy sand cricket
▪ insect also called  Pygmy Mole Cricket,         any member of the orthopteran family Tridactylidae of about 60 species that often inhabits moist sandy surfaces near ...
pygmy weasel.
See least weasel. * * *
pygmychimpanzee
pygmy chimpanzee n. See bonobo. * * *
pygmyhippopotamus
pygmy hippopotamus n. A small hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) of Liberia and Côte d'Ivoire, found in lowland forests and swamps. * * *
pygmyism
pygmyism [pig′mēiz΄əm] n. the condition of being a pygmy * * *
pygostyle
—pygostyled, adj. —pygostylous, adj. /puy"geuh stuyl'/, n. Ornith. the bone at the posterior end of the spinal column in birds, formed by the fusion of several caudal ...
pyin
—pyic, adj. /puy"in/, n. Biochem. an albuminous constituent of pus. [1835-45; PY- + -IN2] * * *
pyjama
py·ja·ma (pə-jäʹmə, -jămʹə) n. Chiefly British Variant of pajama. * * *
pyjamas
/peuh jah"meuhz, -jam"euhz/, n. (used with plural v.) Chiefly Brit. pajamas. * * *
pyknic
/pik"nik/, Psychol. adj. 1. (of a physical type) having a fat, rounded build or body structure. Cf. asthenic (def. 2), athletic (def. 5). n. 2. a person of the pyknic ...
pyknosis
pyknosis [pik nō′sis] n. pl. pyknoses [pyk no′sēz΄] a process of thickening, esp. in the shrinking nucleus of a degenerating cell pyknotic [pyknät′ik] adj. * * *
Pylades
/pil"euh deez'/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Strophius who befriended Orestes, accompanied him in his wanderings, and eventually married Electra, sister of Orestes. * * *
Pyle
/puyl/, n. 1. Ernest ("Ernie"), 1900-45, U.S. war correspondent and journalist. 2. Howard, 1853-1911, U.S. illustrator and author. * * *
Pyle, Ernie
orig. Ernest Taylor Pyle born Aug. 3, 1900, near Dana, Ind., U.S. died April 18, 1945, le Shima, Ryukyu Islands U.S. journalist. Pyle left Indiana University to become a ...
Pyle, Howard
▪ American writer and illustrator born March 5, 1853, Wilmington, Del., U.S. died Nov. 9, 1911, Florence       American illustrator, painter, and author, best known for ...
Pyle, James T.
▪ 1999       American aviator who was considered the father of modern air traffic control systems (b. Nov. 8, 1913, New York, N.Y.—d. April 1, 1998, Oyster Bay, ...
Pyle,Ernest Taylor
Pyle (pīl), Ernest Taylor. Known as “Ernie.” 1900-1945. American journalist noted for his stories about American soldiers on the European and North African fronts during ...
Pyle,Howard
Pyle, Howard. 1853-1911. American writer and illustrator of children's books, such as The Wonder Clock (1888), which features his distinctive art nouveau illustrations. * * *
pylon
/puy"lon/, n. 1. a marking post or tower for guiding aviators, frequently used in races. 2. a relatively tall structure at the side of a gate, bridge, or avenue, marking an ...
pylorectomy
pylorectomy [pī΄lə rek′tə mē] n. pl. pylorectomies 〚
pyloric
py·lor·ic (pī-lôrʹĭk, -lōrʹ-, pĭ-) adj. Of or relating to the pylorus. * * *
pyloric stenosis
Pathol. an abnormal narrowing of the valve at the outlet from the stomach, preventing normal passage of food into the small intestine. [1895-1900] * * *
pyloricsphincter
pyloric sphincter n. A ring of smooth muscle fibers around the opening of the stomach into the duodenum. * * *
pyloroplasty
/puy lawr"euh plas'tee, -lohr"-, pi-/, n. the surgical alteration of the pylorus, usually a widening to facilitate the passage of food from the stomach to the ...
pylorus
—pyloric /puy lawr"ik, -lor"-, pi-/, adj. /puy lawr"euhs, -lohr"-, pi-/, n., pl. pylori /-lawr"uy, -lohr"uy/. Anat. the opening between the stomach and the duodenum. See diag. ...
Pylos
/pee"laws/; Eng. /puy"los, -lohs/, n. Greek name of Navarino. * * * ▪ ancient site, Greece Modern Greek  Pílos,  also called  Navarino,         any of three sites ...
Pym
/pim/, n. John, 1584-1643, English statesman. * * *
Pym of Sandy, Baron
▪ 2009 Francis Leslie Pym        British politician born Feb. 13, 1922, Penpergwm Lodge, near Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales died March 7, 2008, Sandy, ...
Pym, Barbara
▪ English author born June 2, 1913, Oswestry, Shropshire, Eng. died Jan. 11, 1980, Oxford  English novelist, a recorder of post-World War II upper middle-class life, whose ...
Pym, John
born 1583/84, Brymore, Somerset, Eng. died Dec. 8, 1643, London English politician. As a member of Parliament (1621–43), he soon became an expert on finances and colonial ...
Pym,John
Pym (pĭm), John. 1584-1643. English Parliamentarian who moved for the impeachment of the advisers to Charles I. The king's effort to arrest Pym in the House of Commons (1642) ...
pymt.
payment. * * *
Pynchon
/pin"cheuhn/, n. William, 1590?-1662, English colonist in America. * * *
Pynchon, Thomas
born May 8, 1937, Glen Cove, Long Island, N.Y., U.S. U.S. writer. He studied physics at Cornell University and worked briefly as a technical writer before devoting himself to ...
Pynchon,Thomas
Pyn·chon (pĭnʹchən), Thomas. Born 1937. American writer whose dark pessimistic novels of life in a technologically advanced society include Gravity's Rainbow (1973). * * *
PYO
pick your own. * * *
pyo-
a combining form meaning "pus," used in the formation of compound words: pyogenesis. Also, esp. before a vowel, py-. [ < Gk, comb. form of pýon; akin to L pus PUS] * * *
pyoderma
pyoderma [pī΄ō dʉr′mə] n. 〚 PYO- + DERMA1〛 any bacterial skin infection producing pus pyodermic adj. * * * py·o·der·ma (pī'ə-dûrʹmə) n. A pyogenic skin ...
pyodermic
See pyoderma. * * *
pyogenesis
/puy'euh jen"euh sis/, n. Pathol. the generation of pus; the process of the formation of pus. [1840-50; PYO- + -GENESIS] * * *
pyogenic
/puy'euh jen"ik/, adj. Pathol. 1. producing or generating pus. 2. attended with or pertaining to the formation of pus. [1830-40; PYO- + -GENIC] * * *
pyoid
/puy"oyd/, adj. Pathol. pertaining to pus; puslike. [1850-55; < Gk pyoeidés. See PY-, -OID] * * *
pyŏlgok
▪ Korean verse form plural  pyŏlgok,  also called  changga        Korean poetic form that flourished during the Koryŏ period (935–1392). Of folk origin, the ...
pyonephritis
/puy'oh neuh fruy"tis/, n. Pathol. suppurative inflammation of the kidney. [PYO- + NEPHRITIS] * * *
Pyongyang
/pyung"yahng", -yang", pyong"-/, n. a city in and the capital of North Korea, in the SW part. 1,500,000. * * *
pyophthalmia
/puy'of thal"mee euh, -op-/, n. Pathol. suppurative inflammation of the eye. Also, pyophthalmitis /puy'of thal muy"tis, -op-/. [PY- + OPHTHALMIA] * * *
pyorrhea
—pyorrheal, pyorrheic, adj. /puy'euh ree"euh/, n. 1. Pathol. a discharge of pus. 2. Also called pyorrhea alveolaris /al vee'euh lar"is/, Riggs' disease. Dentistry. a chronic ...
pyorrhea alveolaris
pyorrhea alveolaris [al vē΄ə ler′is] n. 〚see ALVEOLUS〛 a chronic periodontitis of the gums and tooth sockets, characterized by the formation of pus and, usually, by ...
pyorrheal
See pyorrhea. * * *
pyosis
/puy oh"sis/, n. Pathol. the formation of pus; suppuration. [1685-95; < NL < Gk pýosis; see PY-, -OSIS] * * *
pyothorax
/puy'oh thawr"aks, -thohr"-/, n. Pathol. empyema. [1850-55; PYO- + THORAX] * * * ▪ medicine       presence of pus in the pleural cavity, between the membrane lining the ...
Pyotr
(as used in expressions) Chaadayev Pyotr Yakovlevich Pyotr Alekseyevich Stolypin Pyotr Arkadyevich Struve Pyotr Berngardovich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Wrangel Pyotr Nikolayevich ...
pyoureter
/puy'oh yoo ree"teuhr/, n. Pathol. distention of a ureter with pus. [PYO- + URETER] * * *
pyr-
var. of pyro-, used before h or a vowel: pyran. * * *
pyracantha
/puy'reuh kan"theuh/, n., pl. pyracanthas. firethorn. [1700-10; < NL Pyracantha type genus < Gk pyrákantha kind of shrub = pyr FIRE + ákantha thorn] * * *
pyralid
/pir"euh lid/, n. 1. any of numerous slender-bodied moths of the family Pyralidae, having elongated triangular forewings, and in the larval phase including many crop ...
pyralid moth
▪ insect       any of a group of moths in the order Lepidoptera, most members of which have long, narrow forewings, broader hindwings, and a wingspan of 18 to 35 mm ...
pyramid
—pyramidlike, adj. /pir"euh mid/, n. 1. Archit. a. (in ancient Egypt) a quadrilateral masonry mass having smooth, steeply sloping sides meeting at an apex, used as a tomb. b. ...
pyramid bet
a set of bets on two or more horse races or other sporting events in which the stake and winnings from the first bet automatically become the stake in the next bet, and so on as ...
Pyramid Lake
▪ lake, Nevada, United States       lake within Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation, western Nevada, U.S., between the Lake Range and the Virginia Mountains. A remnant of ...
pyramid letter.
See chain letter. * * *
pyramid scheme
pyramid (def. 8). * * *
Pyramid Schemes in Eastern Europe
▪ 1998       For many citizens of postcommunist Eastern Europe in the 1990s, enhanced intellectual and political freedom paled in comparison with the opportunity to ...
Pyramid Texts
▪ Egyptian religion       collection of Egyptian mortuary prayers, hymns, and spells intended to protect a dead (death rite) king or queen and ensure life and sustenance ...
pyramidal
—pyramidally, adv. /pi ram"i dl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or shaped like a pyramid: the pyramidal form. 2. of the nature of a pyramid; pyramidlike. [1565-75; < ML ...
pyramidal tract
Anat. any of four tracts of descending motor fibers that extend in pairs down each side of the spinal column and function in voluntary movement. [1885-90] * * *
pyramidally
See pyramidal. * * *
pyramidaltract
pyramidal tract n. A major pathway of the central nervous system, originating in the sensorimotor areas of the cerebral cortex and generally descending through the brainstem to ...
pyramidic
See pyramidal. * * *
pyramidical
—pyramidically, adv. /pir'euh mid"i keuhl/, adj. pyramidal. Also, pyramidic. [1615-25; < Gk pyramidik(ós) of a pyramid (pyramid-, s. of pyramís PYRAMID + -ikos -IC) + -AL1] * ...
pyramidion
/pir'euh mid"ee euhn, -on'/, n., pl. pyramidia /-mid"ee euh/. a miniature pyramid, as at the apex of an obelisk. [1830-40; < NL, equiv. to pyramid- PYRAMID + -ion dim. suffix < ...
PyramidPeak
Pyr·a·mid Peak (pĭrʹə-mĭd) A mountain, 4,275.5 m (14,018 ft) high, in the Elk Mountains of west-central Colorado. * * *
pyramids
▪ game       British pocket-billiards game in which 15 red balls are arranged in a pyramid formation to begin. Players use a white cue ball in attempting to pocket the ...
Pyramids, Battle of the
▪ Egyptian history  (July 21, 1798), military engagement in which Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon I) invented his one significant contribution to tactics, the massive divisional ...
pyramidscheme
pyramid scheme n. A fraudulent money-making scheme in which people are recruited to make payments to others above them in a hierarchy while expecting to receive payments from ...
Pyramus
Pyr·a·mus (pĭrʹə-məs) n. Roman Mythology A Babylonian youth who committed suicide when he mistakenly thought his lover Thisbe was dead. * * *
Pyramus and Thisbe
/pir"euh meuhs/, Class. Myth. two young lovers of Babylon who held conversations clandestinely, and in defiance of their parents, through a crack in a wall. On believing Thisbe ...
pyran
/puy"ran, puy ran"/, n. Chem. either of two compounds having the formula C5H6O, containing one oxygen and five carbon atoms arranged in a six-membered ring. [1900-05; PYR(ONE) + ...
pyranose
/puy"reuh nohs', -nohz'/, n. Biochem. any monosaccharide having a pyran ring structure. [1925-30; PYRAN + -OSE2] * * *
pyranoside
/puy ran"euh suyd'/, n. Biochem. a glycoside containing a pyran ring structure. [1930-35; PYRANOSE + -IDE] * * *
pyrargyrite
/puy rahr"jeuh ruyt'/, n. a blackish mineral, silver antimony sulfide, AgSbS3, showing, when transparent, a deep ruby-red color by transmitted light; ruby silver: an ore of ...
pyrazinamide
/pir'euh zin"euh muyd', -mid/, n. Pharm. a substance, C5H5N3O, used in the treatment of tuberculosis. [1950-55; pyrazine ( < G Pyrazin, alter. of Pyridin PYRIDINE, by insertion ...
pyrazine
▪ chemical compound       any of a class of organic compounds of the heterocyclic series characterized by a ring structure containing four atoms of carbon and two of ...
pyrazole
/pir"euh zohl', -zawl'/, n. Chem. 1. any of the group of heterocyclic compounds containing three carbon atoms, two adjacent nitrogen atoms, and two double bonds in the ring. 2. ...
pyrazoline
/pi raz"euh leen', -lin, puy-/, n. Chem. 1. any of the group of heterocyclic compounds containing three carbon atoms, two adjacent nitrogen atoms, and one double bond in the ...
pyrazolone
/pi raz"euh lohn', puy-/, n. Chem. 1. any of the group of heterocyclic compounds containing the pyrazoline ring in which one carbon atom is doubly linked to an oxygen atom not in ...
pyrazolone dye
Chem. any of the group of dyes, as tartrazine, derived from a pyrazolone: used chiefly to dye silk and wool. * * *
pyre
/puyeur/, n. 1. a pile or heap of wood or other combustible material. 2. such a pile for burning a dead body, esp. as part of a funeral rite, as in India. [1650-60; < L pyra < Gk ...
pyrene
pyrene1 /puy"reen, puy reen"/, n. Bot. a putamen or stone, esp. when there are several in a single fruit; a nutlet. [1830-40; < NL pyrena < Gk pyrén fruit ...
Pyrenean
See Pyrenees. * * *
Pyrenees
—Pyrenean, adj. /pir"euh neez'/, n. a mountain range between Spain and France. Highest peak, Pic de Néthou, 11,165 ft. (3400 m). * * * Mountain range, southwestern ...
Pyrenees, Peace of the
▪ France-Spain [1659] also called  Treaty Of The Pyrenees        (Nov. 7, 1659), peace treaty between Louis XIV of France and Philip IV of Spain that ended the ...
Pyrenees, Treaty of the
(November 7, 1659) Peace treaty between France and Spain. From the end of the Thirty Years' War (1648) until 1659, Spain and France fought almost continuously. When Philip IV of ...
Pyrénées-Atlantiques
/pee rdday nay"zannt lahonn teek"/, n. a department in SW France. 534,748; 2978 sq. mi. (7710 sq. km). Cap.: Pau. Formerly, Basses-Pyrénées. * * *
Pyrénées-Orientales
/pee rdday nay"zaw rddee ahonn tannl"/, n. a department in S France. 299,506; 1600 sq. mi. (4145 sq. km). Cap.: Perpignan. * * *
pyrenocarp
—pyrenocarpic, pyrenocarpous, adj. /puy ree"neuh kahrp'/, n. 1. Mycol. a perithecium. 2. Bot. a drupe. [1885-90; PYRENE + -O- + -CARP] * * *
pyrenoid
pyrenoid [pī rē′noid] n. 〚< Gr pyrēn (gen. pyrēnos), PYRENE1 + -OID〛 Bot. a small structure within a chloroplast, as in some algae, functioning as a center for starch ...


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