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/puy ree"thrin, -reth"rin/, n. Chem. 1. Also called pyrethrin I. a viscous, water-insoluble liquid, C21H28O3, extracted from pyrethrum flowers, used as an insecticide. 2. Also ...
/puy ree"throyd, -reth"royd/, n. Chem. any of several synthetic compounds that are similar to but more persistent than natural pyrethrins. [1950-55; PYRETHR(IN) + -OID] * * *
/puy ree"threuhm, -reth"reuhm/, n. 1. any of several chrysanthemums, as Chrysanthemum coccineum, having finely divided leaves and showy red, pink, lilac, or white flowers, ...
/puy ret"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, affected by, or producing fever. [1685-95; < NL pyreticus, equiv. to Gk pyret(ós) fever + L -icus -IC] * * *
/pir'i toh ther"euh pee, puy'ri-/, n. Med. therapy by raising the body temperature, as by diathermy or by artificially inducing fever. [ < Gk pyretó(s) fever + THERAPY] * * *
/puy"reks/, Trademark. a brand name for any of a class of heat- and chemical-resistant glassware products of varying composition used for cooking. * * ...
—pyrexial, pyrexic, adj. /puy rek"see euh/, n. Pathol. 1. fever. 2. feverish condition. [1760-70; < NL < Gk pýrex(is) feverishness + -ia -IA] * * *
See pyrexia. * * *
See pyrexial. * * *
—pyrheliometric /puyeur'hee lee euh me"trik, pir'-/, adj. /puyeur'hee lee om"i teuhr, pir'-/, n. Astrophysics. an instrument for measuring the total intensity of the sun's ...
See pyrheliometer. * * *
/pir'euh ben"zeuh meen', puy'reuh-/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of tripelennamine. * * *
py·ric (pīʹrĭk, pĭrʹĭk) adj. Of, relating to, or resulting from burning. * * *
See pyridine. * * *
—pyridic /puy rid"ik/, adj. /pir"i deen', -din/, n. Chem. a colorless, flammable, liquid organic base, C5H5N, having a disagreeable odor, usually obtained from coal or ...
/puy rid"ee euhm, pi-/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of phenazopyridine. * * *
pyridostigmine bromide
/pir'i doh stig"meen/, Pharm. a cholinesterase inhibitor, C9H13BrN2O2, used in its bromide form in the treatment of myasthenia gravis. [1960-65; PYRID(INE) + -O- + ...
pyridoxal [pir΄ə däk′səl] n. 〚see PYRIDOXINE〛 an aldehyde, C8H9NO3, closely related to vitamin B6 and exhibiting vitamin activity * * * pyr·i·dox·al ...
pyridoxamine [pir΄ə däk′sə mēn΄] n. 〚
/pir'i dok"seen, -sin/, n. Biochem. a derivative of pyridine, C8H11NO3, occurring in whole-grain cereals, meats, fish, etc., and also made synthetically: required for the ...
/pir"euh fawrm'/, adj. pear-shaped. [1695-1705; < NL pyriformis pear-shaped, equiv. to pyri- (for piri-; L pir(um) PEAR + -i- -I-) + -formis -FORM] * * *
/puy'reuh meth"euh meen', -min/, n. Pharm. a potent substance, C12H13ClN4, used against susceptible plasmodia in the prophylactic treatment of malaria and against Toxoplasma ...
/puy rim"i deen', pi-, pir"euh mi deen', -din/, n. Biochem. 1. a heterocyclic compound, C4H4N2, that is the basis of several important biochemical substances. 2. one of several ...
/pir'euh fleg"euh thon', -flej"-/, n. Class. Myth. Phlegethon (def. 1). * * *
—pyritic /puy rit"ik, peuh-/, pyritical, pyritous /peuh ruy"teuhs, puy-/, adj. /puy"ruyt/, n. a very common brass-yellow mineral, iron disulfide, FeS2, with a metallic luster, ...
/puy ruy"teez, peuh-, puy"ruyts/, n., pl. pyrites. Mineral. 1. pyrite. 2. marcasite. 3. any of various other metallic sulfides, as of copper or tin. [1545-55; < L pyrites (pl.); ...
See pyrite. * * *
See pyritic. * * *
—pyritohedral, adj. /puy ruy'teuh hee"dreuhn, peuh-, puy'ruy-/, n. Crystall. a crystal form of 12 pentagonal faces. Also called pentagonal dodecahedron. See diag. under ...
/puy"roh/, n., pl. pyros. Informal. a pyromaniac. [by shortening; cf. -O] * * *
1. a combining form meaning "fire," "heat," "high temperature," used in the formation of compound words: pyrogen; pyrolusite; pyromancy. 2. Chem. a combining form used in the ...
—pyrobituminous, pyrobituminoid, adj. /puy'roh bi tooh"meuhn, -tyooh"-, -bich"oo-/, n. any of the dark, solid hydrocarbons including peat, coal, and bituminous shale. [1900-05; ...
/puy'reuh bawr"ayt, -it, -bohr"-/, n. borax. [PYRO- + BORATE] * * *
/puy'reuh kat"i chawl', -chol', -kawl', -kol'/, n. Chem. catechol. Also, pyrocatechin /puy'reuh kat"euh chin, -kin/. [1885-90; PYRO- + CATECHOL] * * *
/puy'reuh sel"yeuh lohs'/, n. cordite. [1905-10; PYRO- + (NITRO)CELLULOSE] * * *
☆ Pyroceram [pī΄rō sə ram′ ] 〚 PYRO- + CERAM(〛 trademark for a heavy, glasslike, ceramic material highly resistant to heat and breakage: used for cooking utensils, ...
—pyrochemically, adv. /puy'reuh kem"i keuhl/, adj. pertaining to or producing chemical change at high temperatures. [PYRO- + CHEMICAL] * * *
See pyrochemical. * * *
/puy"reuh klawr', -klohr'/, n. a mineral, chiefly composed of niobates of the cerium metals, occurring in syenites in the form of brown crystals. [1820-30; < G Pyrochlor. See ...
/puy'reuh klas"tik/, adj. Geol. composed chiefly of fragments of volcanic origin, as agglomerate, tuff, and certain other rocks; volcaniclastic. [1885-90; PYRO- + CLASTIC] * * *
pyroclastic flow
▪ volcanism       in a volcanic eruption, a fluidized mixture of hot rock fragments, hot gases, and entrapped air that moves at high speed in thick, gray-to-black, ...
/puy'reuh kon'duk tiv"i tee/, n. Elect. conductivity brought about by the application of heat, esp. in solids that are not conductors at normal temperatures. [PYRO- + ...
/puy'reuh kris"tl in, -uyn', -een'/, adj. Petrog. crystallized from a molten magma or highly heated solution. [PYRO- + CRYSTALLINE] * * *
/puy'roh i lek"trik/, adj. 1. pertaining to, subject to, or manifesting pyroelectricity. n. 2. a substance manifesting pyroelectricity. [1850-55; back formation from ...
/puy'roh i lek tris"i tee, -ee'lek-/, n. electrification or electrical polarity produced in certain crystals by temperature changes. [1825-35; PYRO- + ELECTRICITY] * * * ▪ ...
/puy'reuh gal"ayt, -gaw"layt/, n. Chem. a salt or ether of pyrogallol. [1830-40; PYROGALL(OL) + -ATE2] * * *
See pyrogallol. * * *
pyrogallic acid
pyrogallic acid [pī΄rō gal′ik] n. PYROGALLOL * * *
py·ro·gal·lic acid (pī'rō-gălʹĭk, -gôʹlĭk) n. See pyrogallol. * * *
—pyrogallic /puy'reuh gal"ik, -gaw"lik/, adj. /puy'reuh gal"awl, -ol, -geuh lawl", -lol"/, n. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous, solid, phenolic compound, ...
/puy"reuh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. a substance, as a thermostable bacterial toxin, that produces a rise in temperature in a human or animal. [1855-60; PYRO- + -GEN] * * *
/puy'reuh jen"ik/, adj. 1. producing or produced by heat or fever. 2. Also, pyrogenetic /puy'roh jeuh net"ik/. Geol. produced by heat, as the anhydrous minerals of an igneous ...
See pyrogenic. * * *
/puy roj"euh neuhs/, adj. Geol. pyrogenic (def. 2). [1830-40; PYRO- + -GENOUS] * * *
/puy'reuhg nos"tiks/, n.pl. those properties of a mineral that it exhibits when heated, alone or with fluxes, in the blowpipe flame, as the fusibility, intumescence, or other ...
/puy"reuh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. an object ornamented by pyrography. v.t., v.i. 2. to decorate or work with pyrography. [1890-95; back formation from PYROGRAPHY] * * *
See pyrograph. * * *
See pyrograph. * * *
—pyrographer, n. —pyrographic /puy'reuh graf"ik/, adj. /puy rog"reuh fee/, n., pl. pyrographies for 2. 1. the process of burning designs on wood, leather, etc., with a heated ...
—pyrokinetic /puy'roh ki net"ik, -kuy-/, adj. /puy'roh ki nee"sis, -kuy-/, n. (in science fiction) the ability to set objects or people on fire through the concentration of ...
/puy'reuh lig"nee euhs/, adj. produced by the distillation of wood. Also, pyrolignic. [1780-90; PYRO- + LIGNEOUS] * * *
pyroligneous acid
Chem. a yellowish, acidic, water-soluble liquid, containing about 10 percent acetic acid, obtained by the destructive distillation of wood: used for smoking meats. Also called ...
pyroligneous alcohol.
See methyl alcohol. Also called pyroligneous spirit. [1860-65] * * *
pyroligneous acid n. A reddish-brown wood distillate containing acetic acid, methyl alcohol, acetone, and a tarry residue. Also called wood vinegar. * * *
▪ rock       rock consisting of about three parts peridotite and one part basalt. The name was coined to explain the chemical and mineralogic composition of the upper ...
—pyrolizer, n. /puy"reuh luyz'/, v.t., pyrolized, pyrolizing. Chem. to subject (a substance) to pyrolysis. Also, pyrolyze; esp. Brit., pyrolyse. [1930-35; back formation from ...
/puy'reuh looh"suyt, puy rol"yeuh suyt'/, n. a common mineral, manganese dioxide, MnO2, the principal ore of manganese, used in various manufactures, as a decolorizer of brown or ...
—pyrolytic /puy'reuh lit"ik/, adj. /puy rol"euh sis/, n. Chem. 1. the subjection of organic compounds to very high temperatures. 2. the resulting decomposition. [1885-90; PYRO- ...
See pyrolysis. * * *
See pyrolytic. * * *
py·ro·lyze (pīʹrə-līz') tr.v. py·ro·lyzed, py·ro·lyz·ing, py·ro·lyz·es To subject (something) to pyrolysis. * * *
/puy'roh mag net"ik/, adj. Physics. (formerly) thermomagnetic (def. 1). [1885-90; PYRO- + MAGNETIC] * * *
—pyromancer, n. —pyromantic, adj. /puy"reuh man'see/, n. divination by fire, or by forms appearing in fire. [1325-75; ME piromancie < ML pyromantia < Gk pyromanteía ...
—pyromaniac /puy'reuh may"nee ak'/, n. —pyromaniacal /puy'roh meuh nuy"euh keuhl/, adj. /puy'reuh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. a compulsion to set things on fire. [1835-45; ...
See pyromania. * * *
See pyromaniac. * * *
See pyromancy. * * *
See pyrometallurgy. * * *
—pyrometallurgical, adj. /puy'reuh met"l err'jee/, n. the process or technique of refining ores with heat so as to accelerate chemical reactions or to melt the metallic or ...
—pyrometric /puy'reuh me"trik/, pyrometrical, adj. —pyrometrically, adv. —pyrometry, n. /puy rom"i teuhr/, n. an apparatus for measuring high temperatures that uses the ...
See pyrometer. * * *
pyrometric bead
(in a kiln) a ball of material that indicates by changing color that a certain temperature has been reached. [1825-35] * * *
pyrometric cone
(in a kiln) a triangular piece of material that indicates by bending or melting that a certain temperature has been reached. [1945-50] * * *
See pyrometric. * * *
See pyrometric. * * *
See pyrometric. * * *
/puy'reuh mawr"fuyt/, n. a mineral, lead chlorophosphate, Pb5P3O12Cl, occurring in crystalline and massive forms, and of a green, yellow, or brown color; green lead ore: a minor ...
pyromucic aldehyde
/puy"reuh myooh"sik, puy'-/, Chem. furfural. [1785-95; PYRO- + MUCIC (ACID)] * * *
/puy"rohn, puy rohn"/, n. Chem. either of two heterocyclic ketones having the formula C5H4O2. [1890-95; PYR- + -ONE] * * *
/puy"reuh neen'/, n. Histol. a xanthine dye used for detecting the presence of RNA. [1890-95; < G Pyronin, orig. a trademark] * * *
/puy"rohp/, n. a mineral, magnesium-aluminum garnet, Mg3Al2Si3O12, occurring in crystals of varying shades of red, and frequently used as a gem. [1300-50; ME pirope < L pyropus ...
—pyrophobic, adj. /puy'reuh foh"bee euh/, n. an abnormal fear of fire. [1885-90; PYRO- + -PHOBIA] * * *
/puy'reuh fawr"ik, -for"-/, adj. Chem. capable of igniting spontaneously in air. [1830-40; < Gk pyrophór(os) fire-bearing (see PYRO-, -PHOROUS) + -IC] * * *
/puy'reuh fos"fayt/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of pyrophosphoric acid. [1830-40; PYROPHOSPH(ORIC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
See pyrophosphate. * * *
pyrophosphoric acid
/puy"roh fos fawr"ik, -for"-, puy'-/, Chem. a crystalline, water-soluble powder, H4P2O7, formed by the union of one molecule of phosphorus pentoxide with two molecules of ...
py·ro·phos·phor·ic acid (pī'rō-fŏs-fôrʹĭk, -fŏrʹ-) n. A syrupy viscous liquid, H4P2O7, used as a catalyst and in organic chemical manufacture. * * *
/puy'roh foh tom"i teuhr/, n. Physics. a form of pyrometer that measures temperature by optical or photometric means. [PYRO- + PHOTOMETER] * * *
/puy'reuh fil"uyt, puy rof"euh luyt'/, n. Mineral. a phyllosilicate, AlSi2O5(OH), usually having a white or greenish color, and occurring in either foliated or compact masses, ...
pyroracemic acid
/puy"roh ray see"mik, -sem"ik, -roh reuh-, puy'roh-/, Chem. See pyruvic acid. [1830-40; PYRO- + RACEMIC ACID] * * *
/puy roh"sis/, n. Pathol. heartburn (def. 1). [1780-90; < NL < Gk pyrosis; see PYR-, -OSIS] * * *
/puy"reuh stat'/, n. 1. a thermostat for high temperatures. 2. a safety device that, when a fire breaks out in its vicinity, automatically causes a mechanism to sound a warning ...
/puy'reuh sul"fayt/, n. Chem. a salt of pyrosulfuric acid. [PYROSULF(URIC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
/puy'roh sul fyoor"ik/, adj. Chem. of or derived from pyrosulfuric acid; disulfuric. Also, pyrosulphuric. [1870-75; PYRO- + SULFURIC] * * *
pyrosulfuric acid
Chem. an oily, hygroscopic, corrosive liquid, H2S2O7, that, depending on purity, is colorless or dark brown: used chiefly as a dehydrating agent in the manufacture of explosives ...
py·ro·sul·fu·ric acid (pī'rō-sŭl-fyo͝orʹĭk) n. A heavy, oily, colorless to dark brown liquid, H2S2O7, produced by adding sulfur trioxide to concentrated sulfuric acid ...
—pyrotechnically, adv. /puy'reuh tek"nik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to pyrotechnics. 2. pertaining to, resembling, or suggesting fireworks. Also, pyrotechnical. [1695-1705; ...
See pyrotechnic. * * *
/puy'roh tek nish"euhn/, n. 1. a specialist in the origin of fires, their nature and control, etc. 2. a fireworks technician or expert; pyrotechnist. 3. a performer capable of ...
/puy'reuh tek"niks/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. the art of making fireworks. 2. the use of fireworks for display, military purposes, etc. 3. a display of fireworks. 4. a ...
/puy'reuh tek"nist/, n. a person skilled in pyrotechnics, esp. in the manufacture or use of fireworks. [1785-95; PYROTECHN(ICS) + -IST] * * *
py·ro·tech·ny (pī'rə-tĕkʹnē) n. See pyrotechnics.   [New Latin pyrotechnia: Greek puro-, pyro- + Greek tekhnē, craft; see technique.] * * *
/puy'reuh tok"sin/, n. pyrogen. [PYRO- + TOXIN] * * *
pyrotraumatic dermatitis
/puy'roh treuh mat"ik, -traw-, -trow-/, Vet. Pathol. See hot spot. [PYRO- + TRAUMATIC] * * *
—pyroxenic /puy'rok sen"ik/, adj. /puy rok"seen, peuh-, puy"rok seen'/, n. any of a very common group of minerals of many varieties, silicates of magnesium, iron, calcium, and ...
▪ Table Pyroxenes name colour lustre Mohs hardness specific gravity aegirine green to greenish black vitreous 6 3.4–3.6 augite brown; green; black vitreous 5 ...
See pyroxene. * * *
/puy rok"seuh nuyt', peuh-/, n. Petrol. any rock composed essentially, or in large part, of pyroxene of any kind. [1860-65; PYROXENE + -ITE1] * * * Dark medium-to coarse-grained ...
See pyroxenite. * * *
/puy rok"seuh lin, peuh-/, n. a nitrocellulose compound containing fewer nitrate groups than guncotton, used in the manufacture of artificial silk, leather, oilcloth, etc. Also, ...
pyrrhic1 /pir"ik/, Pros. adj. 1. consisting of two short or unaccented syllables. 2. composed of or pertaining to pyrrhics. n. 3. Also called dibrach. a pyrrhic foot. [1620-30; < ...
/pir"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, or his costly victory. [1880-85; PYRRH(US) + -IC] * * *
Pyrrhic victory
a victory or goal achieved at too great a cost. Cf. Cadmean victory. [1880-85; < Gk Pyrrikós; after a remark attributed by Plutarch to PYRRHUS, who declared, after a costly ...
Pyr·rhic victory (pĭrʹĭk) n. A victory that is offset by staggering losses.   [After Pyrrhus.] * * *
/pir"oh/, n. c365-c275 B.C., Greek philosopher. * * *
Pyrrhon Of Elis
▪ Greek philosopher Pyrrhon also spelled  Pyrrho   born c. 360 BC died c. 272       Greek philosopher from whom Pyrrhonism takes its name; he is generally accepted ...
—Pyrrhonist, n. —Pyrrhonistic, adj. /pir"euh niz'euhm/, n. 1. the Skeptic doctrines of Pyrrho and his followers. 2. extreme or absolute skepticism. [1660-70; < Gk Pýrrhon ...
/pir"euh tuyt'/, n. a common mineral, iron sulfide, approximately FeS but variable because of a partial absence of ferrous ions, occurring in massive and in crystal forms with a ...
/pir'euh lok"see euh/, n. a cardinallike grosbeak, Cardinalis (Pyrrhuloxia) sinuatus, of the southwestern U.S. and Mexico, having a bill superficially resembling that of a ...
/pir"euhs/, n. 1. c318-272 B.C., king of Epirus c300-272. 2. Class. Myth. Neoptolemus. * * * born 319 died 272 BC, Argos, Argolis King of Hellenistic Epirus. After being ...
—pyrrolic /pi rol"ik, -roh"lik/, adj. /pi rohl", pir"ohl/, n. Chem. a colorless, toxic, liquid, five-membered ring compound, C4H5N, that is a component of chlorophyll, hemin, ...
See pyrrole. * * *
/pi roh"li deen', -din, -rol"i-/, n. Chem. a colorless, water-soluble, unpleasant smelling, poisonous liquid, C4H9N, from which proline and certain alkaloids are derived, ...
/pi rof"i teuh/, n. Biol. a phylum in the kingdom Protista comprising the dinoflagellates and cryptomonads. [ < NL < Gk pyrrh(ós) red + -o- -O- + phytá, pl. of PHYTÓN ...
/pir"euh fuyt'/, n. any of various single-celled, biflagellated algae, of the phylum Pyrrophyta, esp. the dinoflagellates. [see PYRROPHYTA] * * *
/puy rooh"vayt, pi-/, n. Chem. an ester or salt of pyruvic acid. [1850-55; PYRUV(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
/puy rooh"vik, pi-/, adj. Chem. of or derived from pyruvic acid. [1830-40; PYR- + L uv(a) grape + -IC] * * *
pyruvic acid
Chem., Biochem. a water-soluble liquid, C3H4O3, important in many metabolic and fermentative processes, having an odor resembling that of acetic acid, prepared by the dehydration ...
pyruvic aldehyde
Chem. a yellow, liquid compound, C3H4O2, containing both an aldehyde and a ketone group, usually obtained in a polymeric form: used chiefly in organic synthesis. Also, ...
py·ru·vic acid (pī-ro͞oʹvĭk, pĭ-) n. A colorless organic liquid, CH3COCOOH, formed as an intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism and fermentation and as an end product in ...
▪ Ukraine Russian  Piryatin , also spelled  Piriatin        city, east-central Ukraine, on the Uday River. Pyryatyn dates at least from 1155, when it is first ...
/pi thag"euhr euhs/, n. c582-c500 B.C., Greek philosopher, mathematician, and religious reformer. * * * born с 580 BC, Samos, Ionia died с 500, Metapontum, Lucania Greek ...
/pi thag'euh ree"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Pythagoras, to his school, or to his doctrines. n. 2. a follower of Pythagoras. [1540-50; < L Pythagore(us) ( < Gk ...
Pythagorean scale
Music. the major scale as derived acoustically by Pythagoras from the perfect fifth. * * *
Pythagorean theorem
Geom. the theorem that the square of the hypotenuse of a right triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. [1905-10] * * * Rule relating the lengths of ...
/pi thag'euh ree"euh niz'euhm/, n. the doctrines of Pythagoras and his followers, esp. the belief that the universe is the manifestation of various combinations of mathematical ...
Pythagorean theorem The Pythagorean theorem is: a² + b² = c² Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. The theorem that the sum of the squares of the lengths of the sides of a right ...
▪ Greek explorer flourished 300 BC, Massalia, Gaul       navigator, geographer, astronomer, and the first Greek to visit and describe the British Isles and the Atlantic ...
/pith"ee euh/, n. Gk. Myth. the priestess of Apollo at Delphi who delivered the oracles. [ < L Pythia < Gk Pythía, fem. of Pythiós PYTHIAN] * * *
/pith"ee ad'/, n. the four-year period between two celebrations of the Pythian Games. [1835-45; < Gk Pythiad- (s. of Pythiás)] * * *
/pith"ee euhn/, adj. 1. Also, Pythic. 2. of or pertaining to Delphi, in ancient Greece. 3. of or pertaining to Apollo, with reference to his oracle at Delphi. n. 4. a Pythian ...
Pythian Games
one of the great national festivals of ancient Greece, held every four years at Delphi in honor of Apollo. [1595-1605] * * * In ancient Greece, various athletic and musical ...
Pythian games pl.n. A pan-Hellenic festival of athletic tournaments held every four years at Delphi in honor of the god Apollo. * * *
/pith"ee euhs/, n. See Damon and Pythias. * * *
Pyth·ic (pĭthʹĭk) adj. Pythian. * * *
      a genus of destructive root-parasitic fungi of the family Pythiaceae (phylum Oomycota, kingdom Chromista), having filamentous sporangia, smooth-walled, spherical ...
—pythogenesis, n. /puy'theuh jen"ik, pith'euh-/, adj. originating from filth or putrescence. Also, pythogenous /puy thoj"euh neuhs, pi-/. [1860-65; < Gk pýth(ein) to rot + -O- ...
python1 /puy"thon, -theuhn/, n. any of several Old World boa constrictors of the subfamily Pythoninae, often growing to a length of more than 20 ft. (6 m): the Indian python, ...
/puy"thon, -theuhn/, n. Class. Myth. a large dragon who guarded the chasm at Delphi from which prophetic vapors emerged. He was finally killed by Apollo, who established his ...
/puy"theuh nis, pith"euh-/, n. 1. a woman believed to be possessed by a soothsaying spirit, as the priestess of Apollo at Delphi. 2. a woman who practices divination. [1325-75; ...
pythonic1 /puy thon"ik, pi-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to pythons. 2. pythonlike. 3. gigantic or monstrous. [1855-60; PYTHON1 + -IC] pythonic2 /puy thon"ik, pi-/, adj. prophetic; ...
/puy yoor"ee euh/, n. Pathol. the presence of pus in the urine. [1805-15; PY- + URIA] * * *
/piks/, n. 1. Eccles. a. the box or vessel in which the reserved Eucharist or Host is kept. b. a watch-shaped container for carrying the Eucharist to the sick. 2. Also called pyx ...
pyx·i·des (pĭkʹsĭ-dēz') n. Plural of pyxis. * * *
/pik sid"ee euhm/, n., pl. pyxidia /pik sid"ee euh/. Bot. a seed vessel that opens transversely, the top part acting as a lid, as in the purslane. [1825-35; < NL < Gk pyxídion a ...
/pik"see/, n. either of two trailing, shrubby, evergreen plants, Pyxidanthera barbulata or P. brevifolia, of the eastern U.S., having numerous small, starlike blossoms and ...
/pik"sis/, n., pl. pyxides /pik"si deez'/. 1. Gk. and Rom. Antiq. a box of a usually cylindrical shape having a lid with a knob in the center, used for toilet articles. 2. pyx ...
/pik"sis/, n., gen. Pyxidis /pik"si dis/. Astron. the Compass, a southern constellation: one of the subordinate constellations into which Argo is now divided. [1680-90; < L < Gk ...
Pyxis Nautica
/naw"ti keuh/, gen. Pixidis Nauticae /naw"ti kee'/. Pyxis. * * *
▪ Poland       city, Mazowieckie województwo (province), central Poland, on the Vistula River.       First chronicled in the 10th century, Płock is the oldest ...
Father. Oldest form *pə₂ter-. 1. father; forefather, from Old English fæder, father, from Germanic *fadar. 2. padre, pater, paternal, patri-, patrician, patrimony, patron, ...
1. quarterly. 2. Chess. queen. Symbol. 1. the 17th in order or in a series, or, when I is omitted, the 16th. 2. (sometimes l.c.) the medieval Roman numeral for 500. Cf. Roman ...
Q and A
/kyooh" euhn ay", euhnd/, Informal. an exchange of questions and answers. Also, Q&A. * * *
Q clearance
(in the Nuclear Regulatory Commission) the highest level of security clearance, permitting access to secret information, documents, etc., relating to nuclear research. * * *
Q fever
Pathol. an acute, influenzalike disease caused by the rickettsia Coxiella burnetti. [1935-40; abbrev. of query] * * * ▪ pathology also called  rickettsial pneumonia  or ...
Q gauge.
See O gauge (def. 2). * * *
Q rating
Q rating n. 〚< q(uotient) rating〛 a figure, based on opinion polls, intended to reflect how relatively popular and recognizable a given TV performer is with audiences * * *
Q, q
/kyooh/, n., pl. Q's or Qs, q's or qs. 1. the 17th letter of the English alphabet, a consonant. 2. any spoken sound represented by the letter Q or q, as in quick, acquit, or ...
/kyooh"boht'/, n. Q-ship. * * *
/kyooh"sel"tik, -kel"-/, n., adj. Goidelic. [1940-45] * * *
/kyooh"fak'teuhr/, n. Q (def. 6). [1960-65] * * *
/kyooh"ray'shoh, -shee oh'/, n. the ratio of the total market value of a corporation's physical assets, as existing plants and equipment, to the cost of replacing these assets. * ...
/kyooh"ship'/. n. an armed combat ship disguised as a merchant vessel to attract submarines within attack range. Also called Q-boat. [1915-20; Q a naval classification] * * *
/kyooh"tip'/, Trademark. a brand of cotton-tipped swab used esp. for cleansing a small area or for applying medications or cosmetics. * * *
n a US make of small plastic stick with a pad of soft cotton on each end. Q-Tips are often used for cleaning the ears but they have many other uses. * * *
1. quarto. 2. Quebec. 3. Queen. 4. question. 5. (in Guatemala) quetzal; quetzals. * * *
1. farthing. [ < L quadrans] 2. quart; quarts. 3. query. 4. question. 5. quintal. 6. quire. * * *
Queen's Bench. * * *
Football. quarterback. * * *
1. See quality control. 2. Quartermaster Corps. 3. Queen's Counsel. Also, QC. * * *
(in prescriptions) every day. [ < L quaque die] * * *
which is. [ < L quod est] * * *
which was to be shown or demonstrated (used esp. in mathematical proofs). [1810-20; < L quod erat demonstrandum] * * *
which was to be done. [ < L quod erat faciendum] * * *
quick-firing. * * *
(in prescriptions) each hour; every hour. [ < L quaque hora] * * *
(in prescriptions) four times a day. [ < L quater in die] * * *
(in prescriptions) as much as is desired. [ < L quantum libet] * * *
(in prescriptions) every morning. [ < L quoque matutino] * * *
(in prescriptions) every night. [ < L quoque nocte] * * *
(in prescriptions) as much as you please. Also, q. pl. [ < L quantum placet] * * *
1. (in prescriptions) as much as is sufficient; enough. [ < L quantum sufficit] 2. See quarter section. * * *
Informal. 1. quiet. 2. on the q.t., stealthily; secretly: to meet someone on the q.t. Also, Q.T. [1905-10] * * *
1. (in prescriptions) as much as you wish. [ < L quantum vis] 2. pl. qq.v. (in formal writing) which see. [ < L quod vide] * * *
▪ unit of measurement also spelled  qû  or  ka        ancient Babylonian liquid measure equal to the volume of a cube whose dimensions are each one handbreadth ...
Qaa·naaq (kä-näkʹ) See Thule2. * * *
qa·ba·lah or qa·ba·la (kăbʹə-lə, kə-bäʹlə) n. Variants of kabbalah. See Usage Note at kabbalah.   qabʹa·lism n. qabʹa·list n. * * *
See qabalah. * * *
See qabalism. * * *
qab·a·lis·tic (kăb'ə-lĭsʹtĭk) adj. Variant of kabbalistic. * * *
Qabbani, Nizar
▪ 1999       Syrian poet and diplomat (b. March 21, 1923, Damascus, Syria—d. April 30, 1998, London, Eng.), was one of the most widely read Arab poets of the 20th ...
Qaboos bin Said
▪ sultan of Oman Arabic  Qābūs ibn Saʿīd  born November 18, 1940, Muscat and Oman       sultan of Oman.       Qaboos, a member of Oman's Āl Bū Saʿīd ...
Qaḍārif, Al-
▪ The Sudan also spelled  El-Gedaref         town, east-central Sudan. It is situated about 120 miles (200 km) southwest of Kassalā town. Located at an elevation of ...
/kad"euh ruyt'/, n. Islam. a member of the Qadariyah. [ < Ar qadar(i) Qadarite (qadar fate + -i suffix of appurtenance) + -ITE1] * * *
In Islam, adherents of the doctrine of free will. The name was also applied to the Mutazila. The issue of free will was a major point of controversy in Islamic theology, and the ...
/kah'deuh ree"yeuh/, n. Islam. (in classical thought) the group who defended free will against the doctrine of predestination. Also, Qadariya. [ < Ar qadariyyah, deriv. of qadari ...
Qaddafi [kə dä′fē] Muammar al- [mo͞o′ə mär΄ al΄-] 1942- ; Libyan political leader (1969- ): also Qadhafi * * *
Qaddafi, Muammar al-
or Muʽammar al-Qadhdhāfī born 1942, Surt, Libya Ruler of Libya from 1969. Son of a Bedouin farmer, he was born in a tent in the desert. He graduated from the University of ...
Qaddafi,Muammar al-
Qad·da·fi or Qa·dha·fi or Kha·da·fy (kə-däʹfē) or Gad·da·fi (gə-), Muammar al- or el- Born 1942. Libyan political leader who seized power in a military coup d'état ...
/keuh dah"fee/, n. Muammar (Muhammad) al- or el- /mooh ah"mahr, al, el/, born 1942, Libyan army colonel and political leader: chief of state since 1969. Also, Qaddafi, Gaddafi, ...
/kah"dee, kay"-/, n., pl. qadis. a judge in a Muslim community, whose decisions are based on Islamic religious law. Also, cadi, kadi. [ < Ar qadi judge] * * * Muslim judge who ...
/kah'dee ah"nis/, n. See under Ahmadiya. * * *
Qadir, Abdul
▪ 2003       Afghan warlord and political official (b. 1954?, Sorkh Rod, Afg.—d. July 6, 2002, Kabul, Afg.), was one of the few Pashtun leaders in the Tajik-dominated ...
/kah'deuh ree"yeuh/, n. Islam. a Sufi fraternity founded by 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (1077-1166) in the 12th century. Also, Qadiriya. [ < Ar qadiriyyah, equiv. to qadir (deriv. of ...
Qādisiyyah, Battle of
(636?) Battle fought near Al-Ḥīrah (in present-day Iraq) between forces of the Sāsānian dynasty and an invading Arab army. The Arab victory over the army of Yazdegerd (r. ...
Qaeda, al-
also al-Qāʽidah (Arabic ; "the Base") Broad-based Islamic militant organization founded in Afghanistan by Osama bin Laden. Its members supported Muslim fighters during the ...
/kahf/, n. the 21st letter of the Arabic alphabet, representing a uvular stop consonant sound. [ < Ar] * * *
▪ anthropological and archaeological site, Israel also spelled  Kafzeh        paleoanthropological site south of Nazareth, Israel, where some of the oldest remains ...
/chah"hahrdd"/, n. Pinyin. a former province of Inner Mongolia in NE China: divided 1952 among adjacent provinces. Also, Chahar. * * *
/kah eedh", kuydh/, n. caid. * * *
Qaidam Basin
▪ basin, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Chaidamu Pendi  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Ch'ai-ta-mu P'en-ti,  conventional  Tsaidam Basin        northeastern section of ...
Qājār dynasty
(1794–1925) Ruling dynasty of Iran. It was founded by Āghā Muḥammad Khan, who brutally reunified Iran and reasserted Iranian rule over territories in Georgia and the ...
▪ pen       ancient reed pen still used in Arabic calligraphy and formerly used for all writing. The qalam was cut from between two nodes of the stem of a reed chosen ...
qalamkārī textile
▪ textile       painted textile of a type produced during the 17th century at various centres in India, notably at Golconda. The material was called qalamkārī ...
/kal"euhn deuhr/, n. (in Islamic countries) one of an order of mendicant dervishes founded in the 14th century. Also, Calender. [ < Pers] * * *
▪ Ṣūfī order       loosely organized group of wandering Muslim dervishes who form an “irregular” (bī-sharʿ) or antinomian Ṣūfī mystical order. The ...
▪ Mamlūk sultan in full  Al-manṣūr Sayf Ad-dīn Qalāʾūn Al-alfī, Qalāʾūn  also spelled  Qalāwūn  died 1290        Mamlūk sultan of Egypt (1279–90), ...
Qalāʾūn complex
▪ architectural complex, Cairo, Egypt also spelled  Qalāwūn        building complex, including a mausoleum, a madrasah, and a hospital, built in 1283–85 on the ...
▪ Egypt also spelled  Kalyub,         town at the apex of the Nile River delta, in Al-Qalyūbīyah (Qalyūbīyah, Al-) muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Lower Egypt. It ...
Qalyūbīyah, Al-
▪ governorate, Egypt also spelled  Kalyubia,    small muḥāfaẓah (governorate), just north of Cairo at the apex of the Nile River delta, Lower Egypt. It is bounded on ...
▪ region, China also spelled  Changdu , Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'ang-tu , Tibetan  Chab-do        mountainous area in the far eastern part of the Tibet ...
Qāmishlī, Al-
▪ Syria also spelled  Qamishliye,         town in northeastern Syria. It lies along the Turkish border. The border divides the Syrian town of Al-Qāmishlī from the ...
qanat [kä nät′] n. an ancient system of deep underground tunnels and wells built in the Middle East to channel water from a mountain to a dry lower region * * * ▪ ...
Qand A
Q and A abbr. question and answer. * * *
Qan·da·har or Kan·da·har (kŭn'də-härʹ, kän'-) A city of southeast Afghanistan near the Pakistan border southwest of Kabul. Perhaps founded by Alexander the Great in ...
Qantas Airways Limited
Australian airline, the oldest in the English-speaking world, founded in 1920 as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Ltd. (later abbreviated as Qantas). By 2002 it ...
▪ Greenland Danish  Julianehåb        principal town in southwestern Greenland, on Julianehåb Bugt, an inlet in the Davis Strait. Founded in 1755 by Anders Olsen, ...
Qara Qum
/kar'euh koohm", koom", kahr'euh/. See Kara Kum. * * *
Qa·ra·ghan·dy or Ka·ra·gan·da (kăr'ə-gən-däʹ, kə-rə-) A city of central Kazakhstan southeast of Astana. Founded in 1857 as a copper-mining settlement, it is now ...
Qarakhanid Dynasty
▪ Asian history also spelled  Karakhanid,  also called  Ilek Khanid,         Turkic dynasty (999–1211) that ruled in Transoxania in Central Asia.       The ...
▪ mountain range, Kazakstan Kazakh  Qarataū Zhotasy , Russian  Khrebet Karatau        mountain range, a northwestern spur of the Tien Shan, in southern ...
▪ mosque and university, Fès, Morocco also spelled  Qarawīyyīn, Karaween, Karveein, or Karouiine,        mosque and Islāmic university in Fès, ...
Qarluq confederation
▪ tribal confederation, Central Asia       Turkic tribal confederation of Central Asia, from whose ranks came the Qarakhanid dynasty.       The origins of the ...
▪ Shīʿite sect also spelled  Qarmathian,  Karmatian , or  Karmathian , Arabic  Qarmatī , plural  Qarāmiṭah        a member of the Shīʿite Muslim sect ...
Qashqāʾī rug
▪ Persian carpet Qashqāʾī also spelled  Kashgai   floor covering handwoven by the Qashqāʾī people, who have the reputation of making the best rugs from the Shīrāz ...
/keuh see"deuh/, n., pl. qasida, qasidas. Pros. an Arabic poem, usually in monorhyme, that may be satirical, elegiac, threatening, or laudatory. [1810-20; < Ar qasidah] * * ...
Qāsim, ʿAbd al-Karīm
▪ prime minister of Iraq also spelled  ʿabdul Karim Kassem   born 1914, Baghdad, Iraq died Feb. 9, 1963, Baghdad       army officer who overthrew the Iraqi monarchy ...
Qasimi, Ahmad Nadeem
▪ 2007 Peerzada Ahmad Shah Nadeem Qasimi        Pakistani writer and journalist (b. Nov. 20, 1916, Angah, British India [now in Pakistan]—d. July 10, 2006, Lahore, ...
Qāsimī, Sheikh Sulṭān ibn Muḥammad al-
born July 1, 1939 Ruler of the emirate of Al-Shariqah (Sharjah) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) from 1972. He succeeded his brother, who was assassinated. A political ...
Qaṣr ʿAmrah
▪ palace, Jordan also spelled  Qaṣr Al-ʿamrah,         palace in Jordan, about 50 miles (80 km) east of Amman. Built about AD 712–715, it served as both a ...
/kaht/, n. kat. * * *
—Qatari, adj., n. /kah"tahr, keuh tahr"/, n. an independent emirate on the Persian Gulf; under British protection until 1971. 665,485; 8500 sq. mi. (22,000 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Qatar, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically divided white-maroon national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is 11 to 28.       The Ottoman Empire, Iran, and Britain all had ...
See Qatar. * * *
Qaṭīf, Al-
▪ Saudi Arabia also spelled  Katif         town and oasis, Al-Sharqīyah (Eastern) region, northeastern Saudi Arabia. It lies along the Persian Gulf, over Al-Qaṭīf ...

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