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R-value
/ahr"val'yooh/, n. a measure of the resistance of an insulating or building material to heat flow, expressed as R-11, R-20, and so on; the higher the number, the greater the ...
R.
1. rabbi. 2. Radical. 3. radius. 4. railroad. 5. railway. 6. (in South Africa) rand; rands. 7. Réaumur. 8. Also, R (in prescriptions) take. [ < L recipe] 9. rector. 10. ...
r.
1. rabbi. 2. railroad. 3. railway. 4. range. 5. rare. 6. Com. received. 7. recipe. 8. replacing. 9. residence. 10. right. 11. rises. 12. river. 13. road. 14. rod. 15. royal. 16. ...
R. & I.
1. king and emperor. [ < L Rex et Imperator] 2. queen and empress. [ < L Regina et Imperatrix] * * *
R.A.
1. rear admiral. 2. Astron. right ascension. 3. royal academician. 4. Royal Academy. * * *
R.A.A.F.
Royal Australian Air Force. * * *
R.A.M.
Royal Academy of Music. * * *
R.B.I.
Baseball. run batted in; runs batted in. Also, RBI, rbi, r.b.i. * * *
R.C.
1. Red Cross. 2. Reserve Corps. 3. Roman Catholic. Also, RC. * * *
R.C.A.F.
Royal Canadian Air Force. Also, RCAF. * * *
R.C.Ch.
Roman Catholic Church. * * *
R.C.M.P.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Also, RCMP. * * *
R.C.N.
Royal Canadian Navy. Also, RCN. * * *
R.C.P.
Royal College of Physicians. * * *
R.C.S.
Royal College of Surgeons. * * *
R.D.
1. registered dietitian. 2. Rural Delivery. * * *
R.E.
1. real estate. 2. Reformed Episcopal. 3. Right Excellent. * * *
r.e.
Football. right end. * * *
R.E. Lee: Letter of Resignation
▪ Primary Source       "It is all my fault. It is I who have lost the fight": this was the apology that Gen. Robert E. Lee offered the Confederate troops straggling back ...
R.E.M.
▪ American rock group Introduction       American rock group, the quintessential college rock band of the 1980s. The members were Michael Stipe (b. January 4, 1960, ...
R.E.P. No. 2
▪ monoplane  monoplane designed, built, and first flown by the French aviator Robert Esnault-Pelterie (Esnault-Pelterie, Robert) in 1908.       R.E.P. No. 2 was ...
R.F.
Reserve Force. * * *
r.f.
1. range finder. 2. rapid-fire. 3. reducing flame. 4. Baseball. right field. * * *
R.F.A.
Royal Field Artillery. * * *
r.f.b.
Football. right fullback. Also, R.F.B. * * *
R.F.D.
See rural free delivery. Also, RFD. * * *
r.g.
Football. right guard. * * *
R.H.
Royal Highness. * * *
r.h.
right hand. * * *
r.h.b.
Football. right halfback. Also, R.H.B. * * *
R.I.
1. Queen and Empress. [ < L Regina et Imperatrix] 2. King and Emperor. [ < L Rex et Imperator] 3. Rhode Island. * * *
R.I.B.A.
Royal Institute of British Architects. * * *
R.I.I.A.
Royal Institute of International Affairs. * * *
R.I.P.
1. may he or she rest in peace. [ < L requiescat in pace] 2. may they rest in peace. Also, RIP. [ < L requiescant in pace] * * *
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Holdings
▪ American company       American manufacturer of tobacco products. The origins of the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company date to the post-Civil War era, when Richard Joshua ...
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Holdings, Inc.
U.S.-based tobacco company. Its origins date to the establishment of Richard Joshua Reynolds's tobacco-plug factory in Winston, N.C., in 1875. The Reynolds Tobacco Co. became a ...
R.L.D.
retail liquor dealer. * * *
r.m.
reichsmark. * * *
R.M.A.
Brit. 1. Royal Marine Artillery. 2. Royal Military Academy. * * *
R.M.C.
Brit. Royal Military College. * * *
R.M.S.
1. Railway Mail Service. 2. Brit. Royal Mail Service. 3. Brit. Royal Mail Steamship. * * *
R.N.
1. See registered nurse. 2. Brit. Royal Navy. * * *
R.N.A.S.
Brit. Royal Naval Air Service. * * *
R.N.R.
Brit. Royal Naval Reserve. * * *
R.N.W.M.P.
Canadian. Royal Northwest Mounted Police. * * *
R.O.
1. Receiving Office. 2. Receiving Officer. 3. Regimental Order. 4. Brit. Royal Observatory. * * *
R.O.G.
receipt of goods. Also, ROG, r.o.g. * * *
R.O.P.
run-of-paper: a designation specifying that the position of a newspaper or magazine advertisement is to be determined by the publisher. Cf. preferred position. [1945-50] * * *
R.O.T.C.
/ahr'oh tee see", rot"see/. See Reserve Officers Training Corps. Also, ROTC. * * *
R.P.
1. Reformed Presbyterian. 2. Regius Professor. * * *
R.P.O.
Railway Post Office. Also, RPO. * * *
R.Q.
respiratory quotient. * * *
R.R.
1. railroad. 2. Right Reverend. 3. rural route. * * *
R.R.R.
return receipt requested (used in registered mail). Also, RRR. * * *
R.R.T.
registered respiratory therapist. * * *
R.S.
1. Recording Secretary. 2. Reformed Spelling. 3. Revised Statutes. 4. Royal Society. * * *
r.s.
right side. * * *
R.S.V.P.
R.S.V.P. or r.s.v.p. abbrev. 〚Fr abbrev. of répondez s'il vous plaît〛 please reply: also RSVP or rsvp * * *
r.t.
Football. right tackle. * * *
R.V.S.V.P.
the favor of a prompt reply is requested. Also, RVSVP, r.v.s.v.p., rvsvp. [ < F r(épondez) v(ite) s('il) v(ous) p(laît) please reply quickly] * * *
R.W.
1. Right Worshipful. 2. Right Worthy. * * *
R/D
Banking. refer to drawer. * * *
R/E
real estate. Also, RE. * * *
R/W
right of way. * * *
ra
/rddah/, n. the 10th letter of the Arabic alphabet. [ < Ar] * * * ▪ ship       either of two papyrus boats with which the Norwegian scientist-explorer Thor Heyerdahl ...
Ra
/rah/, n. Egyptian Religion. a sun god of Heliopolis, a universal creator worshiped throughout Egypt (typically represented as a hawk-headed man bearing on his head the solar ...
RA
regular army. * * * ▪ ship       either of two papyrus boats with which the Norwegian scientist-explorer Thor Heyerdahl (Heyerdahl, Thor) crossed the Atlantic in ...
Ra.
Ra. abbr. range. * * *
raab
/rahb/, n. See broccoli rabe. * * *
Raab
/rab/, n. Julius, 1891-1964, Austrian engineer and statesman: chancellor of Austria 1953-61. * * *
Raabe, Wilhelm
▪ German writer pseudonym  Jakob Corvinus   born Sept. 8, 1831, Eschershausen, near Hildesheim, Braunschweig died Nov. 15, 1910, Braunschweig, Ger.       German ...
Raaff, Anton
▪ German opera singer Raaff also spelled  Raaf  baptized May 6, 1714, Gelsdorf, near Bonn died May 28, 1797, Munich       German operatic tenor, one of the foremost ...
Raamses
/ray am"seez/, n. a city that was built for the Pharaoh by the Israelites and from which the Exodus began. Ex. 1:11. Also, Rameses. Cf. Pithom. * * *
rab
/rab/, n. a wooden beater for mixing plaster or mortar. [1815-25; < F rabot] * * * ▪ island, Croatia Italian  Arbe,         island in the Adriatic Sea forming the ...
rabāb
▪ musical instrument Arabic  rabābah        Arab fiddle, the earliest known bowed instrument and the parent of the medieval European rebec. It was first mentioned ...
rabal
/ray"beuhl/, n. Meteorol. the measurement and computation of the speed and direction of winds aloft by theodolitic tracking of a radiosonde. Cf. pibal. [ra(diosonde) bal(loon ...
Rabal Valera, Francisco
▪ 2002 “Paco”        Spanish actor (b. March 8, 1925, Aguilas, Spain—d. Aug. 29, 2001, Bordeaux, France), during his nearly 60-year stage and screen career, ...
Rabanus Maurus
or Hrabanus Maurus born с 780, Mainz, Franconia died Feb. 4, 856, Winkel Frankish abbot, archbishop, and theologian whose encyclopaedic knowledge and numerous writings brought ...
Rabassa, Gregory
▪ American translator born March 9, 1922, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S.       American translator who was largely responsible for bringing the fiction of contemporary Latin ...
rabat
rabat1 /rab"ee, reuh bat"/, n. Eccles. a sleeveless, backless, vestlike garment extending to the waist, worn by a cleric beneath the clerical collar, esp. in the Roman Catholic ...
Rabat
/rah baht", reuh-/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Morocco, in the NW part. 724,100. * * * Arabic Ribāṭ City (pop., 1994: city, 623,457; Rabat-Salé metro. area, ...
rabato
/reuh bah"toh, -bay"-/, n., pl. rabatos. 1. a wide, stiff collar of the 17th century, worn flat over the shoulders or open in front and standing at the back. 2. a stiff frame of ...
Rabaul
/rah bowl", reuh-, rah"bowl/, n. a seaport on NE New Britain island, in the Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. 21,453. * * * ▪ Papua New Guinea       town of the ...
Rabaut, Paul
▪ Huguenot leader born Jan. 29, 1718, Bédarieux, France died Sept. 25, 1794, Nîmes       Protestant minister and Reformer who succeeded Antoine Court (Court, Antoine) ...
Rabb, Ellis
▪ 1999       American director and versatile actor who in 1960 founded the A.P.A. repertory theatre company and served as its artistic director; Rabb was hailed both for ...
Rabbah
/rab"euh/, n. 1. the ancient Biblical capital of the Ammonite kingdom east of the Jordan River. 2. a city in Judah, near Jerusalem. * * *
rabban
/rab"euhn, reuh bahn"/; Seph. Heb., Ashk. Heb. /rddah bahn"/, n., pl. rabbanim /reuh bah"nim, rah'beuh neem"/; Seph. Heb. /rddah bah neem"/; Ashk. Heb. /rddah'beuh nim", rddah ...
Rabbani, Mullah Mohammad
▪ 2002       Afghan Muslim cleric (b. 1956?, Kandahar province, Afg.—d. April 16, 2001, Rawalpindi, Pak.), was the second most powerful man in Afghanistan's Taliban ...
Rabbath Ammon
/rab"euhth am"euhn/ Amman. * * *
rabbet
/rab"it/, n., v., rabbeted, rabbeting. n. 1. a deep notch formed in or near one edge of a board, framing timber, etc., so that something else can be fitted into it or so that a ...
rabbet joint
Carpentry. a joint between rabbeted parts. [1820-30] * * *
rabbet plane
Carpentry. a plane for cutting rabbets or the like, having a blade set to one side at right angles or diagonally to the direction of motion. [1670-80] * * *
rabbi
rabbi1 /rab"uy/, n., pl. rabbis. 1. the chief religious official of a synagogue, trained usually in a theological seminary and duly ordained, who delivers the sermon at a ...
rabbin
/rab"in/, n. Archaic. rabbi1. [1525-35; < MF
rabbinate
/rab"euh nit, -nayt'/, n. 1. the office or term of office of a rabbi. 2. a group of rabbis: the Orthodox rabbinate. [1695-1705; RABBIN + -ATE3] * * *
Rabbinic
/reuh bin"ik/, n. the Hebrew language as used by rabbis in post-Biblical times. [1605-15; < ML rabbin(us) of a RABBI1 + -IC] * * *
rabbinic Judaism
Principal form of Judaism that developed after the fall of the Second Temple of Jerusalem (AD 70). It originated in the teachings of the Pharisees, who emphasized the need for ...
rabbinical
/reuh bin"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to rabbis or their learning, writings, etc. 2. for the rabbinate: a rabbinical school. Also, rabbinic. [1615-25; < ML rabbin(us) of a ...
Rabbinical Assembly, The
      organization of Conservative rabbis in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and Israel. It was founded in 1900 as the Alumni Association of the Jewish ...
Rabbinical Council of America
      organization of Orthodox rabbis, almost all of whom have received their rabbinical training in the United States. The council's chief aims have been to promote the ...
rabbinically
See rabbinical. * * *
RabbinicHebrew
Rab·bin·ic Hebrew (rə-bĭnʹĭk) n. See Mishnaic Hebrew. * * *
rabbinism
/rab"euh niz'euhm/, n. the beliefs, practices, and precepts of the rabbis of the Talmudic period. [1645-55; RABBIN + -ISM] * * *
Rabbinite
—rabbinitic /rab'euh nit"ik/, rabbinistic, rabbinistical, adj. /rab"euh nuyt'/, n. Judaism. a proponent of the Talmud and the teachings and traditions of the rabbis in the face ...
rabbit
—rabbitlike, rabbity, adj. /rab"it/, n., pl. rabbits, (esp. collectively) rabbit for 1-3. 1. any of several soft-furred, large-eared, rodentlike burrowing mammals of the family ...
rabbit ball
a lively baseball, esp. the ball used in present-day baseball: The pitchers keep complaining about the rabbit ball. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
rabbit ears
1. an indoor television antenna consisting of two telescoping, swivel-based aerials. 2. Sports Slang. acute sensitivity to gibes, insults, or sarcasm: Players with rabbit ears ...
rabbit eye
a blueberry, Vaccinium ashei, of the southeastern U.S., having pink flowers and blackish fruits. Also called rabbit-eye blueberry. * * *
rabbit fever
Pathol., Vet. Pathol. tularemia. [1920-25] * * *
rabbit food
Informal. raw vegetables, esp. those used in salads, as lettuce, carrots, radishes, or celery. [1905-10, for literal sense] * * *
rabbit hair
▪ animal fibre also called  Lapin,         animal fibre obtained from the Angora rabbit and the various species of the common rabbit. Rabbits have coats consisting of ...
rabbit punch
a short, sharp blow to the nape of the neck or the lower part of the skull. [1910-15] * * *
rabbit warren
warren. [1760-70] * * *
rabbit's foot
the foot of a rabbit, esp. the left hind foot carried as a good-luck charm. Also, rabbit foot, rabbit-foot. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
rabbit's-foot fern
/rab"its foot'/. See hare's-foot fern. [1950-55] * * *
rabbit-eared bandicoot
/rab"it eard'/ any of several bandicoots of the genus Macrotis, esp. M. lagotis, of the Australian region, having leathery, rabbitlike ears and a long, pointed snout: an ...
rabbit-foot clover
/rab"it foot'/ a plant, Trifolium arvense, having trifoliate leaves with narrow leaflets and fuzzy, cylindrical, grayish-pink flower heads. Also, rabbit's-foot clover. [1810-20, ...
rabbit-footclover
rab·bit-foot clover (răbʹĭt-fo͝ot') n. An annual clover (Trifolium arvense) native to the Old World, having white or pale pink furlike flowers resembling rabbits' paws. * * *
rabbit-killer
/rab"it kil'euhr/, n. Australian. a rabbit punch. [1920-25] * * *
rabbit-punch
See rabbit punch. * * *
rabbitbrush
/rab"it brush'/, n. any of several composite shrubs of the genus Chrysothamnus, of the western U.S. and Mexico, having whitish, hairy branches and yellow flowers. [1860-65; ...
rabbitears
rabbit ears pl.n. Informal An indoor television antenna consisting of two usually adjustable rods connected to a base and swiveling apart at a V-shaped angle. * * *
rabbiter
See rabbit. * * *
rabbitfever
rabbit fever n. See tularemia. * * *
rabbitfish
/rab"it fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) rabbitfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) rabbitfishes. 1. a puffer, Lagocephalus laevigatus. 2. a chimaera, ...
rabbitfood
rabbit food n. Informal Vegetables, especially those that are raw. * * *
rabbitpunch
rabbit punch n. A chopping blow to the back of the neck.   rabʹbit-punch' (răbʹĭt-pŭnch') v. * * *
rabbitry
/rab"i tree/, n., pl. rabbitries. 1. a collection of rabbits. 2. a place where rabbits are kept. [1830-40; RABBIT + -RY] * * *
Rabbitt, Edward Thomas
▪ 1999       ) American singer-songwriter-guitarist who in the 1970s and '80s reached the top of the charts with 26 country singles, among them "I Love a Rainy Night" ...
rabble
rabble1 /rab"euhl/, n., v., rabbled, rabbling. n. 1. a disorderly crowd; mob. 2. the rabble, the lower classes; the common people: The nobility held the rabble in complete ...
rabble-rouse
/rab"euhl rowz'/, v.i., rabble-roused, rabble-rousing. to stir up the emotions or prejudices of the public; agitate. [1955-60; back formation from RABBLE-ROUSER] * * *
rabble-rouser
/rab"euhl row'zeuhr/, n. a person who stirs up the passions or prejudices of the public, usually for his or her own interests; demagogue. [1835-45] * * *
rabble-rousing
/rab"euhl row'zing/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a rabble-rouser. n. 2. an instance or the practice of stirring up the passions or prejudices of the ...
rabblement
/rab"euhl meuhnt/, n. a tumult; disturbance. [1535-45; RABBLE1 + -MENT] * * *
rabbler
See rabble2. * * *
Rabbula
▪ bishop of Edessa born c. 350, , Qenneshrin, near Aleppo, Syria died c. 435, , Edessa       reforming bishop of Edessa and theologian who was a leading figure in the ...
Rabe
/rayb/, n. David (William), born 1940, U.S. playwright. * * *
Rabe, David
▪ American author in full  David William Rabe  born March 10, 1940, Dubuque, Iowa, U.S.       American playwright whose experiences as a draftee assigned to a ...
Rabéarivelo, Jean-Joseph
born March 4, 1901, Tananarive, Madag. died June 22, 1937, Tananarive Malagasy writer. Largely self-educated, he earned his living as a proofreader for a publishing concern. He ...
Rabelais
/rab"euh lay', rab'euh lay"/; Fr. /rddann ble"/, n. François /frddahonn swann"/, c1490-1553, French satirist and humorist. * * *
Rabelais, François
Ra·be·lais (răbʹə-lā', răb'ə-lāʹ, räb-lĕʹ), François. 1494?-1553. French humanist and writer of satirical attacks on medieval scholasticism and superstition, most ...
Rabelaisian
/rab'euh lay"zee euhn, -zheuhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or suggesting François Rabelais, whose work is characterized by broad, coarse humor and keen satire. n. 2. a person ...
Rabemananjara, Jacques
▪ Malagasy author born June 23, 1913, Tananarive, Madagascar died April 1, 2005, Paris, France       Malagasy politician, playwright, and ...
Rabi
/rah"bee/, n. Isidor Isaac, 1898-1988, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1944. * * *
Rabi I
/rub"ee/ the third month of the Muslim calendar. Also, Rabia I /reuh bee"euh/. Cf. Muslim calendar. * * *
Rabi II
the fourth month of the Muslim calendar. Also, Rabia II. Cf. Muslim calendar. * * *
Rabi, I(sidor) I(saac)
born July 29, 1898, Rymanów, Austria-Hungary died Jan. 11, l988, New York, N.Y., U.S. Polish-born U.S. physicist. He earned his Ph.D. at Columbia University, where he later ...
Rabi, Isidor Isaac
▪ American physicist born July 29, 1898, Rymanów, Austria-Hungary [now in Poland] died Jan. 11, l988, New York, N.Y., U.S.  American physicist who was awarded the Nobel ...
Rabi,Isidor Isaac
Ra·bi (räʹbē), Isidor Isaac. 1898-1988. Austrian-born American physicist. He won a 1944 Nobel Prize for his study of magnetic movement of atomic particles. * * *
rabid
—rabidity /reuh bid"i tee, ra-/, rabidness, n. —rabidly, adv. /rab"id/, adj. 1. irrationally extreme in opinion or practice: a rabid isolationist; a rabid baseball fan. 2. ...
Rábida Island
▪ island, Pacific Ocean also called  Jervis Island,         one of the Galápagos Islands, in the eastern Pacific Ocean, about 600 miles (965 km) west of Ecuador. The ...
rabidity
See rabid. * * *
rabidly
See rabidity. * * *
rabidness
See rabidity. * * *
rabies
—rabic /rab"ik, ray"bik/, adj. /ray"beez/, n. Pathol. an infectious disease of dogs, cats, and other animals, transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected animal and ...
rabietic
See rabies. * * *
Rābiḥ az-Zubayr
▪ African military leader in full  Rābiḥ Az-zubayr Ibn Faḍl Allāh,  French  Rabah  died 1900, West Africa       Muslim military leader who established a ...
Rabin
/rah been"/, n. Yitzhak /yits khahk"/, 1922-95, Israeli military and political leader: prime minister 1974-77 and 1992-95: Nobel peace prize 1994. * * * (as used in ...
Rabin, Leah
▪ 2001 Leah Schlossberg        German-born Israeli consort and peace activist (b. April 8, 1928, Königsberg, Ger. [now Kaliningrad, Russia]—d. Nov. 12, 2000, Tel ...
Rabin, Yitzhak
born March 1, 1922, Jerusalem died Nov. 4, 1995, Tel Aviv–Yafo, Israel First native-born prime minister of Israel. He fought in the first Arab-Israeli War and became chief of ...
Rabin,Yitzhak
Ra·bin (rä-bēnʹ räʹbēn), Yitzhak or Itzhak 1922-1995. Israeli military and political leader who commanded Israeli forces in the Six-Day War (1967) and served as prime ...
Rabinowitz
/reuh bin"euh vits, -wits/; Russ. /rddeuh byi naw"vyich/, n. Solomon. See Aleichem, Sholom. * * *
Rabinowitz, Victor
▪ 2008       American lawyer born July 2, 1911, Brooklyn, N.Y. died Nov. 16, 2007, Manhattan, N.Y. defended a pantheon of left-wing causes and such clients as ...
rabirubia
/rah'beuh rooh"bee euh/, n. yellowtail (def. 2). [ < Caribbean Sp rabirrubia, alter. of Sp rabo tail (prob. < L rapum turnip) + rubio blond, fair ( < L rubeus, robeus red (of ...
Raborn
/ray"beuhrn/, n. William F., 1905-90, U.S. admiral and government official: CIA director 1965-66. * * *
rabot
/rab"euht/, n. a hardwood block used for rubbing marble before polishing. [ < F: plane] * * *
Rabulist riots
▪ riots, Stockholm, Sweden       (1838), in Swedish history, wave of popular demonstrations in Stockholm that led to a loosening of Swedish government press censorship ...
Raby, Al
▪ American civil rights activist in full  Albert Raby   born Feb. 19, 1933, Chicago, Ill. died Nov. 23, 1988, Chicago       African American civil rights activist, ...
RAC
1. ➡ Royal Automobile Club. 2. ➡ Royal Armoured Corps. * * *
Racan, Honorat de Bueil, Seigneur de
▪ French poet born Feb. 5, 1589, Champmarin, France died Jan. 21, 1670, Paris       French poet, one of the earliest members (1635) of the French ...
Racan, Ivica
▪ 2008       Croatian politician born Feb. 24, 1944 , Ebersbach, Ger. died April 29, 2007, Zagreb, Croatia as prime minister (2000–03) of Croatia, moved the country ...
raccoon
/ra koohn"/, n., pl. raccoons, (esp. collectively) raccoon. 1. a nocturnal carnivore, Procyon lotor, having a masklike black stripe across the eyes, a sharp snout, and a bushy, ...
raccoon dog
a small wild dog of the genus Nyctereutes, common in Asia, resembling a raccoon in coat and coloration. [1865-70] * * * ▪ canine  (Nyctereutes procyonoides), member of the ...
RaccoonRiver
Rac·coon River (ră-ko͞onʹ) A river rising in northwest Iowa and flowing about 322 km (200 mi) southeast to the Des Moines River. * * *
race
race1 /rays/, n., v., raced, racing. n. 1. a contest of speed, as in running, riding, driving, or sailing. 2. races, a series of races, usually of horses or dogs, run at a set ...
Race
/rays/, n. Cape, a cape at the SE extremity of Newfoundland. * * * I Term once commonly used in physical anthropology to denote a division of humankind possessing traits that ...
Race and Ethnic Relations
▪ 1995 Introduction Europe.       Elections to the European Parliament in 1994 produced defeats for fascist parties in Germany and The Netherlands, with fascist or ...
RACE AND ETHNIC RELATIONS: John Peters Humphrey
▪ 1996       In 1968 French jurist René Cassin was honoured with the Nobel Peace Prize as the author of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and ...
race music
Older Use. blues-based music or jazz by and for American blacks in the 1920s and 1930s, when it was regarded as a distinctive, separate market by the music industry; early jazz ...
race norming
the process of statistically adjusting the scores of minority job applicants on job-qualification tests by rating each test-taker's score against the results of others in his or ...
race plate
a metallic, plastic, or wooden strip directly in front of the reed on the lay of a loom, along which the shuttle travels in its passage through the shed. Also, raceplate. Also ...
Race Relations Acts
three British Acts of Parliament (1965, 1968 and 1976) together with the Race Relations Act Amendment (2000) designed to protect the rights of ethnic minorities living in ...
race riot
a riot resulting from racial tensions or animosity. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
race suicide
the extinction of a race or people that tends to result when, through the unwillingness or forbearance of its members to have children, the birthrate falls below the death ...
race walking
—race walker. the sport of rapid, continuous-foot-contact walking, requiring that the trailing foot not be lifted until the other meets the ground and the knee locks ...
race, milieu, and moment
▪ literature       according to the French critic Hippolyte Taine (Taine, Hippolyte), the three principal motives or conditioning factors behind any work of art (arts, ...
Race,Cape
Race (rās), Cape A promontory of southeast Newfoundland, Canada, on the coast of the Avalon Peninsula. * * *
race-normed
See race norming. * * *
race-walk
/rays"wawk'/, v.i. to participate in race walking. [1970-75] * * *
raceabout
/rays"euh bowt'/, n. a small, sloop-rigged racing yacht with a short bowsprit. [1895-1900, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase race about] * * *
racecar
/rays"kahr'/, n. See racing car. [RACE1 + CAR1] * * *
racecourse
/rays"kawrs', -kohrs'/, n. 1. racetrack. 2. a current of water, as a millrace. [1755-65; RACE1 + COURSE] * * *
racehorse
/rays"hawrs'/, n. a horse bred or kept for racing, esp. in flat races or steeplechases. [1620-30; RACE1 + HORSE] * * *
racemate
/ray see"mayt, reuh-/, n. Chem. 1. a salt or ester of racemic acid. 2. a racemic compound. [1825-35; RACEM(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * * Mixture of equal quantities of two ...
raceme
—racemed, adj. /ray seem", reuh-/, n. Bot. 1. a simple indeterminate inflorescence in which the flowers are borne on short pedicels lying along a common axis, as in the lily of ...
racemic
/ray see"mik, -sem"ik, reuh-/, adj. Chem. noting or pertaining to any of various organic compounds in which racemism occurs. [1830-40; < F racémique < L racem(us) RACEME + F ...
racemic acid
Chem. an isomeric modification of tartaric acid that is sometimes found in the juice of grapes in conjunction with the common dextrorotatory form and is optically inactive but ...
racemicacid
racemic acid n. An optically inactive form of tartaric acid, C4H6O6, that can be separated into dextrorotatory and levorotatory components and is sometimes found in grape juice ...
racemiform
ra·ce·mi·form (rā-sēʹmə-fôrm') adj. Having the form of a raceme. * * *
racemism
/ras"euh miz'euhm, ray see"miz euhm/, n. Chem. (of a compound) the state of being optically inactive and separable into two other substances of the same chemical composition as ...
racemization
/ras'euh meuh zay"sheuhn, ray see"meuh-/, n. Chem. the conversion of an optically active substance into an optically inactive mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and ...
racemose
—racemosely, adv. /ras"euh mohs'/, adj. 1. Bot. a. having the form of a raceme. b. arranged in racemes. 2. Anat. (of a gland) resembling a bunch of grapes; having branching ...
racemosely
See racemose. * * *
racemous
—racemously, adv. /ras"euh meuhs/, adj. racemose. [1650-60] * * *
racenorming
race norm·ing (nôrʹmĭng) n. The practice of adjusting scores on a standardized test by using separate curves for different racial groups.   raceʹ-normed (-nôrmd) adj. * * *
racer
/ray"seuhr/, n. 1. a person, animal, or thing that races or takes part in a race, as a racehorse, bicycle, yacht, etc. 2. anything having great speed. 3. See racing skate. 4. a ...
raceriot
race riot n. A riot caused by racial hatred or dissension. * * *
racerunner
/rays"run'euhr/, n. a whiptail lizard, Cnemidophorus sexlineatus, common in the eastern and central U.S., that runs with great speed. [1640-50; RACE1 + RUNNER] * * * ▪ ...
races
➡ elections * * *
racetrack
/rays"trak'/, n. 1. a plot of ground, usually oval, laid out for horse racing. 2. the course for any race. [1855-60] * * *
racetracker
/rays"trak'euhr/, n. a person who regularly attends horse races, esp. for the purpose of betting. [1950-55; RACETRACK + -ER1] * * *
racewalk
See racewalking. * * *
racewalker
See racewalk. * * *
racewalking
racewalking [rās′wôk΄iŋ] n. the competitive sport of walking at high speed while maintaining foot contact with the ground at all times racewalker n. * * * race·walk·ing ...
raceway
/rays"way'/, n. 1. Chiefly Brit. a passage or channel for water, as a millrace. 2. a racetrack on which harness races are held. 3. Elect. a channel for protecting and holding ...
Rach Gia
▪ Vietnam       port city, northern Ca Mau Peninsula, southern Vietnam. It lies at the head of Rach Gia Bay on the Gulf of Thailand, at the north bank of the Cai Lon ...
Rachel
/ray"cheuhl/, n. 1. Jacob's favorite wife, the mother of Joseph and Benjamin. Gen. 29-35. 2. a female given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "lamb." * * * In the book of ...
Rachel Carson
➡ Carson (IV) * * *
Rachel, Mademoiselle
▪ French actress original name  Élisa Félix   born Feb. 28, 1820/21, Mumpf, Switz. died Jan. 3, 1858, Le Cannet, France       French classical tragedienne who ...
rachial
See rachis. * * *
Rachid, Mimouni
▪ 1996       Algerian French-language novelist (b. Nov. 20, 1945—d. Feb. 12, 1995). * * *
Rachidia, Al-
▪ Morocco formerly  Ksar es-Souk        town, east-central Morocco. It is situated on the Saharan side of the Atlas Mountains near the frontier with Algeria. The ...
rachilla
/reuh kil"euh/, n., pl. rachillae /-kil"ee/. Bot. a small or secondary rachis, as the axis of a spikelet in a grass inflorescence. [1835-45; < NL, dim. of rachis RACHIS] * * *
rachis
—rachidian /reuh kid"ee euhn/, rachial /ray"kee euhl/, rachidial, adj. /ray"kis/, n., pl. rachises, rachides /rak"i deez', ray"ki-/. 1. Bot. a. the axis of an inflorescence ...
rachitic
See rachitis. * * *
rachitis
—rachitic /reuh kit"ik/, adj. /reuh kuy"tis/, n. Pathol. rickets. [1720-30; < NL < Gk rhachîtis inflammation of the spine. See RACHIS, -ITIS] * * *
Rachman
(1919–62) a British landlord (= man who owns rented property), who became widely known for his harsh treatment of his tenants (= people living in rented property) in London in ...
Rachmaninoff
/rahkh mah"neuh nawf', -nof', rahk-/; Russ. /rddukh mah"nyi neuhf/, n. Sergei Wassilievitch /serr gay" veuh seel"yeuh vich/; Russ. /syirdd gyay" vu syee"lyi vyich/ 1873-1943, ...
Rachmaninoff, Sergey
▪ Russian musician Introduction in full  Sergey Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff , Rachmaninoff also spelled  Rakhmaninov , or  Rachmaninov  born March 20 [April 1, New Style], ...
Rachmaninoff, Sergey (Vassilyevich)
born April 1, 1873, Oneg, near Semyonovo, Russia died March 28, 1943, Beverly Hills, Calif., U.S. Russian-born U.S. composer and pianist. He studied at the St. Petersburg and ...
Rachmaninoff,Sergei Vasilievich
Rach·ma·ni·noff (räk-mäʹnə-nôf', räKH-, rəKH-mäʹnyĭ-nəf), Sergei Vasilievich. 1873-1943. Russian-born composer. A virtuoso pianist, he excelled at the ...
Rachmanism
n [U] the harsh treatment of tenants by landlords, e.g. the charging of high rents or the use of threats or violence (after Peter Rachman). * * *
racial
—racially, adv. /ray"sheuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of one race or the races of humankind. 2. arising, occurring, or existing because of differences ...
Racial Integration in Australia and New Zealand
▪ 1998 by A.R.G. Griffiths       By 1997 public opinion in Australia and New Zealand was demanding that a solution be found to the great gap in the standards of living ...
racial memory
Psychol. feelings, patterns of thought, and fragments of experience that have been transmitted from generation to generation in all humans and have deeply influenced the mind and ...
racialism
—racialist, n., adj. —racialistic, adj. /ray"sheuh liz'euhm/, n. racism. [1905-10; RACIAL + -ISM] * * *
racialist
See racialism. * * *
racialistic
See racialist. * * *
racialization
See racialize. * * *
racialize
ra·cial·ize (rāʹshə-līz') tr.v. ra·cial·ized, ra·cial·iz·ing, ra·cial·iz·es 1. a. To differentiate or categorize according to race. b. To impose a racial ...
racially
See racial. * * *
Racibórz
▪ Poland German  Ratibor        city, southwestern Śląskie województwo (province), south-central Poland, on the upper Oder River.       According to ...
racily
racily [rā′sə lē] adv. in a racy manner * * * See racy. * * *
racinage
/ras'euh nahzh"/; Fr. /rddann see nannzh"/, n. decorative treatment of leather with colors and acids to produce a branchlike effect. [ < F, equiv. to racine root ( < LL radicina, ...
Racine
/reuh seen", ra-/ or, Fr., /rddann seen"/ for 1; /reuh seen", ray-/ for 2, n. 1. Jean Baptiste /zhahonn bann teest"/, 1639-99, French dramatist. 2. a city in SE Wisconsin. ...
Racine, Jean
▪ French dramatist Introduction in full  Jean-baptiste Racine  baptized December 22, 1639, La Ferté-Milon, France died April 21, 1699, Paris  French dramatic poet and ...
Racine, Jean (-Baptiste)
(baptized Dec. 22, 1639, La Ferté-Milon, France died April 21, 1699, Paris) French playwright. Orphaned at an early age, he was educated in a Jansenist convent, and he chose ...
Racine,Jean Baptiste
Ra·cine (rə-sēnʹ, rä-), Jean Baptiste. 1639-1699. French playwright. The greatest tragedian of the French classical period, he based his works, such as Britannicus (1669) ...
raciness
raciness [rā′sē nis] n. the quality of being racy * * * See racily. * * *
racing
Horse racing has been popular as a spectator sport throughout the British Isles for hundreds of years. It was also the first sport organized in the American colonies. This was in ...
racing car
a car used for racing, as a specially designed and modified car or stock car. [1905-10] * * *
racing flag
a distinguishing flag flown by a yacht during the period of its participation in a race. [1855-60] * * *
racing form
a sheet that provides detailed information about horse races, including background data on the horses, jockeys, etc. [1945-50] * * *
racing homer
racing homer n. a kind of homing pigeon used for racing * * *
racing skate
a tubular ice skate having a long blade extending beyond the heel and toe. Also called racer, speed skate. Cf. figure skate, hockey skate, tubular skate. * * *
racingform
rac·ing form (rāʹsĭng) n. An information sheet about horseraces. * * *
racingskate
racing skate n. See speed skate. * * *
racism
—racist, n., adj. /ray"siz euhm/, n. 1. a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usually ...
racist
See racism. * * *
rack
rack1 —rackingly, adv. /rak/, n. 1. a framework of bars, wires, or pegs on which articles are arranged or deposited: a clothes rack; a luggage rack. 2. a fixture containing ...
rack and pinion
Mach., Auto. See under rack1 (def. 5a). * * * Mechanical device consisting of a bar of rectangular cross section (the rack), having teeth on one side that mesh with teeth on a ...
rack car
Railroads. a flatcar containing a frame or frames for carrying various objects, as automobiles, logs, girders, etc. [1870-75] * * *
rack locomotive
a locomotive designed for operation on a rack railway. Also called cog locomotive. * * *
rack rail
(in an inclined-plane or mountain-climbing railway) a rail between the running rails having cogs or teeth with which cogwheels on the locomotive engage. [1830-40] * * *
rack railway
rack railway n. COG RAILWAY * * *


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