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—radiologically, adv. /ray'dee euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to radiology. 2. involving radioactive materials: radiological warfare. Also, radiologic. [1905-10; ...
See radiological. * * *
See radiological. * * *
—radiologist, n. /ray'dee ol"euh jee/, n. 1. the science dealing with x-rays or nuclear radiation, esp. for medical uses. 2. the examination or photographing of organs, bones, ...
See radiolucent. * * *
—radiolucence, radiolucency, n. /ray'dee oh looh"seuhnt/, adj. almost entirely transparent to radiation; almost entirely invisible in x-ray photographs and under fluoroscopy. ...
—radioluminescent, adj. /ray'dee oh looh'meuh nes"euhns/, n. Physics. luminescence induced by nuclear radiation. [1910-15; RADIO- + LUMINESCENCE] * * *
—radiolytic /ray'dee oh lit"ik/, adj. /ray dee ol"euh sis/, n. Chem. the dissociation of molecules by ionizing radiation. [1945-50; RADIO- + -LYSIS] * * *
See radiolysis. * * *
/ray"dee oh man'/, n., pl. radiomen. a person who operates a radio. [1920-25; RADIO + MAN1] * * *
☆ radiometeorograph [rā΄dē ō mēt′ē ər ə graf΄, rā΄dē ō mēt′ē ər əgräf΄ ] n. a device for the automatic transmission by radio of the data from a set of ...
—radiometric /ray'dee oh me"trik/, adj. —radiometry, n. /ray'dee om"i teuhr/, n. 1. Also called Crookes radiometer. an instrument for demonstrating the transformation of ...
See radiometer. * * *
radiometric dating
any method of determining the age of earth materials or objects of organic origin based on measurement of either short-lived radioactive elements or the amount of a long-lived ...
See radiometric. * * *
/ray'dee oh muy krom"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring small amounts of radiant energy, consisting of a sensitive thermocouple connected to a galvanometer. [1885-90; ...
radiomimetic [rā΄dē ō mi met′ik] adj. producing action and effects similar to radiation * * * ra·di·o·mi·met·ic (rā'dē-ō-mĭ-mĕtʹĭk) adj. Having effects on ...
☆ radionics [rā΄dē än′iks ] n. 〚 RADIO + (〛 former term for ELECTRONICS * * *
/ray'dee oh nooh"kluyd, -nyooh"-/, n. Physics. a radioactive nuclide. [1945-50; RADIO- + NUCLIDE] * * *
See radiopaque. * * *
—radiopacity /ray'dee oh pas"i tee/, n. /ray'dee oh payk"/, adj. opaque to radiation; visible in x-ray photographs and under fluoroscopy (opposed to radiotransparent). Cf. ...
/ray"dee oh fair'/, n. a radiotelegraphic station used by vessels to determine their positions; radio beacon. [1910-15; RADIO- + -phare < L pharos lighthouse < Gk pháros] * * *
/ray'dee oh fahr'meuh sooh"ti keuhl/, n. Pharm. any of a number of radioactive drugs used diagnostically or therapeutically. [1950-55; RADIO- + PHARMACEUTICAL] * * *
—radiophonic /ray'dee oh fon"ik/, adj. —radiophony /ray'dee of"euh nee/, n. /ray"dee oh fohn'/, n. 1. a radiotelephone. 2. any of various devices for producing sound by the ...
See radiophone. * * *
/ray'dee oh fos"feuhr euhs/, n. Chem. See phosphorus 32. [1935-40; RADIO- + PHOSPHOROUS] * * *
radiophoto [rā΄dē ōfōt′ə graf΄rā΄dē ōfōt′ō] n. pl. radiophotos a photograph or picture transmitted by radio: also radiophotograph [rā΄dē ōfōt′ə graf΄] * ...
—radiophotography /ray'dee oh feuh tog"reuh fee/, n. /ray'dee oh foh"teuh graf', -grahf'/, n. a photograph or other image transmitted by radio. Also called radiophoto, ...
See radiophotograph. * * *
ra·di·o·pro·tec·tion (rā'dē-ō-prə-tĕkʹshən) n. Protection against the harmful effects of radiation.   ra'di·o·pro·tecʹtive adj. * * *
See radioprotection. * * *
See radioscopy. * * *
See radioscopic. * * *
—radioscopic /ray'dee oh skop"ik/, radioscopical, adj. /ray'dee os"keuh pee/, n. the examination of objects opaque to light by means of another form of radiation, usually ...
—radiosensitivity, radiosensibility /ray'dee oh sen'seuh bil"i tee/, n. /ray'dee oh sen"si tiv/, adj. Pathol. (of certain tissues or organisms) sensitive to or destructible by ...
See radiosensitive. * * *
/ray'dee oh sen"si tuy'zeuhr/, n. a substance, as a drug, that enhances the sensitivity of tissues or cells to radiation therapy. [1950-55; RADIO- + SENSITIZER] * * *
/ray'dee oh soh"dee euhm/, n. Chem. the radioactive isotope of sodium having an atomic mass of 24 and a half-life of 14.9 hours: used as a tracer in biochemistry. [1930-35; ...
/ray"dee oh sond'/, n. Meteorol. an instrument that is carried aloft by a balloon to send back information on atmospheric temperature, pressure, and humidity by means of a small ...
radio spectrum n. The entire range of electromagnetic communications frequencies, including those used for radio, radar, and television; the radio-frequency spectrum. * * *
/ray'dee oh stron"shee euhm, -sheuhm, -tee euhm/, n. Chem. See strontium 90. [1940-45; RADIO- + STRONTIUM] * * *
/ray'dee oh si me"tri keuhl/, adj. radially symmetrical. [RADI(AL) + -O- + SYMMETRICAL] * * *
/ray'dee oh tek nol"euh jee/, n. 1. the technical application of any form of radiation to industry. 2. the technical application of x-rays to industry. 3. the technology of ...
/ray'dee oh tel"euh gram'/, n. a message transmitted by radiotelegraphy. [1900-05; RADIO- + TELEGRAM] * * *
—radiotelegraphic, adj. /ray'dee oh tel"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. a telegraph in which messages or signals are sent by means of radio waves rather than through wires or ...
See radiotelegraph. * * *
/ray'dee oh teuh leg"reuh fee/, n. the constructing or operating of radiotelegraphs. [1895-1900; RADIO- + TELEGRAPHY] * * * ▪ communications       radio communication ...
—radiotelephonic /ray'dee oh tel'euh fon"ik/, adj. /ray'dee oh tel"euh fohn'/, n., v., radiotelephoned, radiotelephoning. n. 1. a telephone in which sound or speech is ...
See radiotelephone. * * *
/ray'dee oh teuh lef"euh nee/, n. the constructing or operating of radiotelephones. [1905-10; RADIO- + TELEPHONY] * * *
radio telescope n. A device used in radio astronomy for detecting and recording radio waves coming from stars and other celestial objects, consisting of a radio receiver with an ...
/ray'dee oh tel"i tuyp'/, n. 1. Also called radioteletypewriter. /ray'dee oh tel'i tuyp"ruy'teuhr, -tel"i tuyp ruy'-/. a teletypewriter equipped for transmitting or receiving ...
See radiotherapy. * * *
—radiotherapist, n. /ray'dee oh ther"euh pee/, n. Med. treatment of disease by means of x-rays or of radioactive substances. Also called radiation therapy. [1900-05; RADIO- + ...
/ray"dee oh therr'mee/, n. Med. therapy that utilizes the heat from a shortwave radio apparatus or diathermy machine. [RADIO- + -THERMY] * * *
/ray"dee oh thon'/, n. an on-the-air radio campaign, often lasting 24 hours or more, designed to raise money for a radio station, charity, the arts, etc., as from listeners ...
/ray'dee oh thawr"ee euhm, -thohr"-/, n. Chem. a disintegration product of thorium. [1920-25; < NL; see RADIO-, THORIUM] * * *
/ray'dee oh tok"sik/, adj. Pathol. causing radiation sickness. [1945-50; RADIO- + TOXIC] * * *
See radiotoxic. * * *
/ray"dee oh tray'seuhr/, n. Chem. a radioactive isotope used as a tracer. [1945-50; RADIO- + TRACER] * * *
—radiotransparency, n. /ray'dee oh trans pair"euhnt, -par"-/, n. transparent to radiation; invisible in x-ray photographs and under fluoroscopy (opposed to radiopaque). Cf. ...
/ray"dee oh vizh'euhn/, n. Now Rare. television. [1960-65; RADIO- + VISION] * * *
radio wave n. An electromagnetic wave within the range of radio frequencies. * * *
—radishlike, adj. /rad"ish/, n. 1. the crisp, pungent, edible root of the plant, Raphanus sativus, of the mustard family, usually eaten raw. 2. the plant itself. [bef. 1000; ...
Radishchev, Aleksandr (Nikolayevich)
born Aug. 31, 1749, Moscow, Russia died Sept. 24, 1802, St. Petersburg Russian political writer. Although from the nobility, he pursued a career as a civil servant, in which he ...
Radishchev, Aleksandr Nikolayevich
▪ Russian author born Aug. 20 [Aug. 31, New Style], 1749, Moscow, Russia died Sept. 12 [Sept. 24], 1802, St. Petersburg       writer who founded the revolutionary ...
Radisson, Pierre-Esprit
▪ French explorer born c. 1640, Avignon?, France died c. 1710, England?       French explorer and fur trader who served both France and England in ...
Radisson,Pierre Esprit
Rad·is·son (rä-dē-sôɴʹ), Pierre Esprit. 1636?-1710?. French explorer whose expedition to Hudson Bay and reports of economic opportunity there led to the chartering of the ...
/ray"dee euhm/, n. 1. Chem. a highly radioactive metallic element whose decay yields radon gas and alpha rays. Symbol: Ra; at. wt.: 226; at. no.: 88. 2. a lustrous rayon or silk ...
radium A
Chem. a substance, formed by decay of radon, that gives rise to radium B. [1900-05] * * *
radium B
Chem. an isotope of lead, formed by decay of radium A, that gives rise to radium C, which is an isotope of bismuth, from which radium D, radium E, and radium F, or polonium 210, ...
radium emanation
Chem. (formerly) radon. [1900-05] * * *
radium F
Chem. an isotope of polonium: polonium 210. [1900-05] * * *
radium sulfate
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble, poisonous, radioactive solid, RaSO4, used chiefly in radiotherapy. [1970-75] * * *
radium therapy
treatment of disease by means of radium. [1900-05] * * *
radium therapy n. The use of radium in radiotherapy. * * *
/ray"dee euhs/, n., pl. radii /-dee uy'/, radiuses. 1. a straight line extending from the center of a circle or sphere to the circumference or surface: The radius of a circle is ...
radius of convergence
Math. a positive number so related to a given power series that the power series converges for every number whose absolute value is less than this particular number. * * *
radius of curvature
Math. the absolute value of the reciprocal of the curvature at a point on a curve. Cf. circle of curvature. [1745-55] * * *
radius of gyration
Physics. the distance from an axis at which the mass of a body may be assumed to be concentrated and at which the moment of inertia will be equal to the moment of inertia of the ...
radius rod
(in a feathering paddle wheel) any of the rods, meeting in a hub mounted eccentrically with the paddle-wheel shaft, for feathering the paddles while in the water. See illus. ...
radius vector
pl. radii vectores /vek tawr"eez, -tohr"-/, radius vectors. 1. Math. the length of the line segment joining a fixed point or origin to a given point. 2. Astron. a. the straight ...
radius vector n. 1. Mathematics. a. A line segment that joins the origin and a variable point in a system of polar or spherical coordinates. b. The length of such a line ...
/ray"diks/, n., pl. radices /rad"euh seez', ray"deuh-/, radixes. 1. Math. a number taken as the base of a system of numbers, logarithms, or the like. 2. Anat., Bot. a root; ...
Radke, Lina
▪ German athlete byname of  Karoline Radke-Batschauer   born October 18, 1903, Karlsruhe, Germany died February 14, 1983, Karlsruhe       German athlete who set ...
Radkowsky, Alvin
▪ 2003       American-born Israeli nuclear physicist (b. June 30, 1915, Elizabeth, N.J.—d. Feb. 17, 2002, Tel Aviv, Israel), helped build the world's first ...
Radley College
a public school(1) for boys aged between 13 and 18 near Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England, established in 1847 as St Peter’s College, Radley. It is a boarding school (= a school ...
Radlov, Vasily
▪ German anthropologist German  Wilhelm Radloff   born Jan. 17, 1837, Berlin died May 12, 1918, St. Petersburg, Russia       German scholar and government adviser who ...
rear admiral. Also, RADM * * *
/rad"neuhr/, n. 1. a town in SE Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia. 27,676. 2. Radnorshire. * * *
/rad"neuhr shear', -sheuhr/, n. a historic county in Powys, in E Wales. Also called Radnor. * * * ▪ historical county, Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Sir ...
/rddah"dawm/, n. a city in E Poland. 175,000. * * * ▪ Poland       city, Mazowieckie województwo (province), east-central Poland. It is a rail junction and an ...
/ray"dohm'/, n. a dome-shaped device used to house a radar antenna. [1940-45; b. RADAR and DOME] * * *
/ray"don/, n. Chem. a chemically inert, radioactive gaseous element produced by the decay of radium: emissions produced by outgassing of rock, brick, etc. are a health hazard. ...
Radowitz, Joseph Maria von
▪ Prussian diplomat born Feb. 6, 1797, Blankenburg, Harz, Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel [Germany] died Dec. 25, 1853, Berlin       conservative Prussian (Prussia) diplomat ...
—radular, adj. /raj"oo leuh/, n., pl. radulae /-lee'/. a chitinous band in the mouth of most mollusks, set with numerous, minute, horny teeth and drawn backward and forward ...
See radula. * * *
/rad"wayst'/, n. See radioactive waste. [by shortening] * * *
Radziwiłł family
▪ Polish family       an important Polish–Lithuanian princely family that played a significant role in Polish–Lithuanian history.       Prince Mikołaj I (d. ...
/ray/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Raymond or Ray. 2. a female given name, form of Rachel. * * *
Rae Bareli
▪ India       city, central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It is located southeast of Lucknow on the Sai River. Named for the Bhar people, it is a road and rail ...
Rae, John
▪ American economist and physician born June 1, 1796, Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Scotland died July 12, 1872, New York, New York, U.S.       Scottish-born American ...
Rae (rā), John. 1813-1893. British explorer who charted much of the Canadian Arctic coast. * * *
/ray"beuhrn/, n. Sir Henry, 1756-1823, Scottish painter. * * *
Raeburn, Sir Henry
born March 4, 1756, Stockbridge, Scot. died July 8, 1823, Edinburgh Scottish portrait painter. Though apprenticed early to a goldsmith, he lacked formal training as a painter. ...
Raeburn,Sir Henry
Rae·burn (rāʹbərn), Sir Henry. 1756-1823. British portrait painter whose many subjects included Sir Walter Scott, David Hume, and James Boswell. * * *
Raeder, Erich
born April 24, 1876, Wandsbek, Ger. died Nov. 6, 1960, Kiel, W.Ger. German naval officer. After serving as chief of staff to an admiral in World War I, he himself rose to the ...
▪ king of the East Angles also spelled Redwald died 616/627       king of the East Angles in England from the late 6th or early 7th century, son of ...
Raemaekers, Louis
▪ Dutch cartoonist born April 6, 1869, Roermond, Neth. died July 26, 1956, Scheveningen       Dutch cartoonist who gained international fame with his anti-German ...
Raetia [rē′shə, rē′shē ə] alt. sp. of RHAETIA * * * or Rhaetia Ancient Roman province south of the Danube River. It comprised parts of present-day Austria, ...
Raetian language
also spelled  Raetic,         language spoken by the ancient Raetians in southern Germany and in the Alpine regions of Italy, Austria, and Switzerland in pre-Roman ...
/ree"tik/, n. 1. an extinct language of uncertain affinities that was spoken in Rhaetia and written with the Etruscan alphabet. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Raetic. Also, ...
Royal Air Force. Also, R.A.F. * * *
/raf/, n. riffraff; rabble. [1665-75; extracted from RIFF-RAFF] * * *
/rahf/, n. Joseph Joachim, 1822-82, Swiss composer. * * *
Raff, Joachim
▪ German composer in full  Joseph Joachim Raff   born May 27, 1822, Lachen, near Zürich, Switz. died June 24/25, 1882, Frankfurt am Main, Ger.       German composer ...
Raffarin, Jean-Pierre
▪ 2003       When newly reelected Pres. Jacques Chirac named Jean-Pierre Raffarin prime minister of France on May 6, 2002, fewer than half the French people knew who the ...
/reuh fee"/, n. Naut. a triangular sail set in the manner of a square sail above the uppermost yard of a topsail schooner. Also, raffe /raf/, raffie. [1885-90; orig. uncert.] * * ...
/raf"euhr tee/, adj. Brit., Australian. confused; disorganized. [1925-30; orig. in the phrase Rafferty('s) rules no rules at all; perh. identical with Brit. dial. raffatory, ...
▪ Armenian author pseudonym of  Hakob Meliq-hakobian   born 1835, Payajīk, Iran died 1888, Tiflis, Georgia, Russian Empire       celebrated Armenian ...
/raf"ee euh/, n. a fiber obtained from the leaves of the raffia palm, used for tying plants and other objects and for making mats, baskets, hats, and the like. Also, ...
raffia palm
any of various palms of the genus Raphia, as R. farinifera of tropical Africa, having pinnate leaves that yield a strong, flexible fiber. [1895-1900] * * *
/raf"euh nayt'/, n. Chem. the part of a liquid, esp. an oil, remaining after its more soluble components have been extracted by a solvent. [1925-30; < F raffin(er) to refine ...
raffiné [rȧ fē nā′] adj. 〚Fr〛 refined; cultivated * * *
/raf"euh nohs'/, n. Biochem. a colorless, crystalline trisaccharide, C18H32O16·5H2O, with little or no sweetness, occurring in the sugar beet, cottonseed, etc., and breaking ...
—raffishly, adv. —raffishness, n. /raf"ish/, adj. 1. mildly or sometimes engagingly disreputable or nonconformist; rakish: a matinee idol whose raffish offstage behavior ...
See raffish. * * *
See raffishly. * * *
raffle1 —raffler, n. /raf"euhl/, n., v., raffled, raffling. n. 1. a form of lottery in which a number of persons buy one or more chances to win a prize. v.t. 2. to dispose of ...
See raffle1. * * *
/raf"euhlz/, n. (often cap.) a gentlemanly burglar, amateur housebreaker, or the like. [1925-30; after Raffles, hero of The Amateur Cracksman, by E. W. Hornung (1866-1921), ...
/raf"euhlz/, n. Sir Thomas Stamford, 1781-1826, English colonial administrator in the East Indies. * * *
Raffles, Sir (Thomas) Stamford
born July 6, 1781, at sea off Port Morant, Jam. died July 5, 1826, London, Eng. Administrator in the British East India Company and founder of Singapore. He joined the British ...
Raffles, Sir Stamford
▪ British colonial agent Introduction in full  Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles   born July 6, 1781, at sea, off Port Morant, Jam. died July 5, 1826, London, Eng.  British ...
Raffles,Sir Thomas Stamford
Raf·fles (răfʹəlz), Sir Thomas Stamford. 1781-1826. British colonial administrator who acquired Singapore for the East India Company (1819) and founded a settlement there. * ...
/reuh flee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh, ra-/, n. any stemless, leafless, parasitic plant of the genus Rafflesia, of the Malay Peninsula and Republic of Indonesia, characterized by ...
▪ plant family       plant family in the Malpighiales order, notable for being strictly parasitic upon the roots or stems of other plants and for the remarkable growth ...
▪ Islam       (Arabic: “Rejectors”), broadly, Shīʿite Muslims who reject (rafḍ) the caliphate of Muḥammad's two successors Abū Bakr and ʿUmar. Many Muslim ...
/rah'fee nesk"/, n. Constantine Samuel, 1783-1840, U.S. naturalist, born in Turkey. * * *
Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel
▪ Turkish naturalist born Oct. 22, 1783, Galata, Tur. died Sept. 18, 1840, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       naturalist, traveler, and writer who made major and ...
/rddann frdde shee swannrdd"/, n. Fr. Furniture. a table of the 18th century having a cooler for bottles and shelves for plates. [ < F: lit., refresher] * * *
/rahf'sahn jah"nee/, n. Hojatolislam Ali Akbar Hashemi, born 1935, president of Iran 1989-97. * * *
Rafsanjani, Hashemi
▪ president of Iran in full  Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani,  also spelled  ʿAlī Akbar Hāshimī Rafsanjānī  born 1934, Rafsanjān, Iran       Iranian cleric and ...
Rafsanjani,Ali Akbar Hashemi
Raf·san·ja·ni (räf'sän-jäʹnē), Ali Akbar Hashemi. Born 1934. Iranian religious and political leader who served as president from 1989 to 1997. A founding member of the ...
raft1 /raft, rahft/, n. 1. a more or less rigid floating platform made of buoyant material or materials: an inflatable rubber raft. 2. a collection of logs, planks, casks, etc., ...
raft ice
ice in cakes or sheets overlapping or piled on top of one another. Also called rafted ice. * * *
rafter1 /raf"teuhr, rahf"-/, n. 1. any of a series of timbers or the like, usually having a pronounced slope, for supporting the sheathing and covering of a roof. v.t. 2. Brit. ...
See rafter2. * * *
/raf"ting, rahf"-/, n. the sport of traveling on rivers and streams by raft. [1690-1700; RAFT1 + -ING1] * * *
/rafts"meuhn, rahfts"-/, n., pl. raftsmen. a person who manages or is employed on a raft. [1770-80; RAFT1 + 'S1 + -MAN] * * *
rag1 /rag/, n. 1. a worthless piece of cloth, esp. one that is torn or worn. 2. rags, ragged or tattered clothing: The tramp was dressed in rags. 3. any article of apparel ...
RAG Aktiengesellschaft
▪ German company formerly (1969–97)  Ruhrkohle AG         German company that was created in order to consolidate all coal-mining (coal mining) activities in the ...
rag bolt.
See barb bolt. [1620-30] * * *
rag business.
See rag trade. * * *
rag doll
a stuffed doll, esp. of cloth. [1850-55] * * *
rag gourd
loofah (def. 1). * * *
rag paper
a high-quality paper made from cotton or linen pulp. [1825-35] * * *
rag rug
a rug, often multicolored, made of rags or strips of fabric woven or stitched together. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
rag trade
—rag trader. Slang. the garment, clothing, or fashion industry. Also called rag business. [1835-45] * * *
rag week
➡ student life * * *
rag worm
▪ annelid also called  clam worm (genus Nereis)   any of a group of mostly marine or shore worms of the class Polychaeta (phylum Annelida). A few species live in fresh ...
rag-and-bone man
/rag"euhn bohn"/, Brit. a peddler who buys and sells used clothes, rags, etc.; junkman. [1850-55] * * *
/rah"geuh/, n. one of the melodic formulas of Hindu music having the melodic shape, rhythm, and ornamentation prescribed by tradition. [1780-90; < Skt raga color, tone] * * * In ...
/rag"euh muf'in/, n. 1. a ragged, disreputable person; tatterdemalion. 2. a child in ragged, ill-fitting, dirty clothes. [1350-1400; ME Ragamoffyn, name of a demon in the poem ...
/rag"bag'/, n. 1. a bag in which small pieces of cloth are kept for use in mending. 2. a mixture or conglomeration: a ragbag of facts, half-truths, and blatant lies. Also, ...
—rageful, adj. —ragingly, adv. /rayj/, n., v., raged, raging. n. 1. angry fury; violent anger. 2. a fit of violent anger. 3. fury or violence of wind, waves, fire, disease, ...
/rag"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) ragfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) ragfishes. a deep-sea fish of the family Icosteidae, inhabiting the North ...
ragg [rag] adj. made of or designating a sturdy yarn made up of multiple light and dark, esp. cream and gray, strands producing a flecked pattern [a ragg sweater] * * *
rag·ga (räʹgə) n. A style of reggae music that incorporates hip-hop and rhythm and blues elements. Also called dancehall.   [Shortening and alteration of ragamuffin(from ...
rag·ga·muf·fin (răgʹə-mŭf'ĭn) n. Variant of ragamuffin. * * *
—raggedly, adv. —raggedness, n. /rag"id/, adj. 1. clothed in tattered garments: a ragged old man. 2. torn or worn to rags; tattered: ragged clothing. 3. shaggy, as an animal, ...
ragged edge
1. the brink, as of a cliff. 2. any extreme edge; verge. 3. on the ragged edge, in a dangerous or precarious position; on the verge or brink of: on the ragged edge of ...
ragged jacket
Newfoundland. a young seal that, having lost parts of its initially white fur, presents a parti-colored or piebald appearance. [1875-80] * * *
ragged robin
a plant, Lychnis flos-cuculi, of the pink family, having pink or white flowers with dissected petals. [1735-45] * * *
ragged school
▪ education       any of the 19th-century English and Scottish institutions maintained through charity and fostering various educational and other services for poor ...
Ragged Trousered Philanthropists
a novel by Robert Tressall (c. 1870–1911) about the harsh lives of working people in the early 20th century. It was published after his death, in 1918, and is still highly ...
ragged edge n. 1. The edge of a cliff. 2. A dangerous or precarious position; a brink: “the gray, grainy, complex nature of existence and the ragged edges of our lives as we ...
See ragged. * * *
See raggedly. * * *
ragged robin n. A European perennial plant (Lychnis flos-cuculi) having opposite clasping leaves and panicles of reddish or white flowers with deeply lobed petals. Also called ...
/rag"i dee/, adj. ragged. [1885-90; RAGGED + -Y1] * * *
/rag"ing/, n. Metalworking. (in the rolls of a rolling mill) corrugations affording a grip on a piece being roughed. [RAG3 + -ING1] * * *
/rag"euhl/, n. 1. a groove cut in masonry to receive flashing. 2. Also called raggle block. a manufactured masonry unit, usually of terra cotta, having a groove for receiving ...
/rag"euhl tag"euhl/, adj. ragtag. [1900-05; alter. of RAGTAG] * * *
Raghunātha Śiromaṇi
▪ Indian philosopher born c. 1475, Navadvīpa, Bengal, India died c. 1550       philosopher and logician who brought the New Nyāya school, representing the final ...
/rag"ee/, n. a cereal grass, Eleusine coracana, cultivated in the Old World for its grain. Also, raggee, raggy. [1785-95; said to be < Deccan Hindi ragi] * * *
rag·ing (rāʹjĭng) adj. 1. Very active and unpredicatable; volatile: a raging debate; a raging fire. 2. Remarkable; extraordinary: a raging hit on prime-time TV. * * *
/rag"leuhn/, n. a loose overcoat with raglan sleeves. [1860-65; after Lord Raglan (1788-1855), British field marshal] * * *
Raglan (of Raglan), FitzRoy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron
born Sept. 30, 1788, Badminton, Gloucestershire, Eng. died June 28, 1855, near Sevastopol, Crimea, Russia English army officer. He served as aide and, later, military secretary ...
raglan sleeve
a sleeve that begins at the neck and has a long, slanting seam line from the neck to the armhole, giving the garment a relatively undefined shoulder. Cf. set-in ...
Raglan, FitzRoy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron
▪ British field marshal born Sept. 30, 1788, Badminton, Gloucestershire, Eng. died June 28, 1855, near Sevastopol, Crimea, Russia  field marshal, first British commander in ...
/rag"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. ragmen /-men', -meuhn/. a person who gathers or deals in rags. [1350-1400; RAG1 + MAN1] * * *
ragman roll
1. Usually, ragman rolls. a series of documents in which the Scottish nobles acknowledged their allegiance to Edward I of England, 1291-92 and 1296. 2. Obs. a long list or ...
Ragnar Lodbrok
/rahg"nahr lawdh"brohk/, Scand. Legend. a possibly historical Danish king of the 9th century, the subject of an Old Icelandic saga and of accounts in the Danish history by Saxo ...
Ragnar Lothbrok
▪ Viking hero Ragnar also spelled  Regner,  or  Regnar,  Lothbrok also spelled  Lodbrog,  or  Lodbrok  flourished 9th century       Viking whose life passed ...
/rahg"neuh rok'/, n. Scand. Myth. the destruction of the gods and of all things in a final battle with the evil powers. Also, Ragnarök /rahg"neuh rok', -ruek'/. [1760-70; < ON ...
/ra gooh"/, n., v., ragouted /-goohd"/, ragouting /-gooh"ing/. n. 1. French Cookery. a highly seasoned stew of meat or fish, with or without vegetables. v.t. 2. to make into a ...
/rag"pik'euhr/, n. a person who picks up rags and other waste material from the streets, refuse heaps, etc., for a livelihood. [1855-60; RAG1 + PICKER] * * *
➡ ragtime * * *
/rag"tag'/, adj. 1. ragged or shabby; disheveled. 2. made up of mixed, often diverse, elements: a ragtag crowd. [1880-85; RAG1 + TAG1] * * *
ragtag and bobtail
the riffraff; rabble: The ragtag and bobtail of every nation poured into the frontier in search of gold. Also, rag, tag, and bobtail; tagrag and bobtail. [1810-20] * * *
ragtagand bobtail
ragtag and bobtail n. The lowest social class; the rabble. * * *
—ragtimey, adj. /rag"tuym'/, n. Music. 1. rhythm in which the accompaniment is strict two-four time and the melody, with improvised embellishments, is in steady syncopation. 2. ...
/rag"tuym'/, n. a novel (1975) by E. L. Doctorow. * * * U.S. popular music of the late 19th and early 20th centuries distinguished by its heavily syncopated rhythm. Ragtime ...
/rag"top'/, n. Slang. 1. an automobile having a folding canvas top; convertible. 2. the top itself: a ragtop that folds flush with the body. [1950-55; RAG1 + TOP1] * * *
rag trade n. Slang The garment industry. * * *
Ragunan Zoological Gardens
▪ zoo, Jakarta, Indonesia also called  Jakarta Zoological Gardens , Indonesian  Kebun Binatang Ragunan , or  Kebun Binatang Jakarta        zoo in Jakarta, Indon., ...
/rddah gooh"zah/, n. 1. a province in SE Italy. 2. a city in and the capital of this province. 59,787. 3. a city in SE Sicily. 62,472. 4. Italian name of Dubrovnik. * * * ▪ ...
/rag"weed'/, n. any of the composite plants of the genus Ambrosia, the airborne pollen of which is the most prevalent cause of autumnal hay fever, as the common North American ...
/rag"werrk'/, n. masonry of thin, undressed rubble. [1830-40; RAG1 + WORK] * * *
/rag"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. any of various composite plants of the genus Senecio, as S. jacobaea, of the Old World, having yellow flowers and irregularly lobed leaves, or S. aureus ...
/rah/, interj. (used as an exclamation of encouragement to a player or team.) [1865-70; short for HURRAH] * * *
/rah"rah"/, adj. Informal. marked by or expressive of ardently enthusiastic spirit: a group of rah-rah undergraduates; a rah-rah attitude. [1910-15, Amer.; redupl. of RAH] * * *
/ray"hab/, n. a harlot of Jericho who gave shelter to the two agents sent by Joshua to spy on the city. Josh. 2. * * *
▪ Islam       (Arabic: “monasticism”), the monastic state, whose admissibility in Islām is much disputed by Muslim theologians. The term appears but once in the ...
Rahi, Sultan
▪ 1997       (MUHAMMAD SULTAN), Pakistani actor whose film Maula Jat broke box-office records and established Punjabi as the major language of Pakistani cinema (b. ...
Rahimyar Khan
/reuh heem"yeuhr khahn"/ a city in E Pakistan. 129,000. * * * ▪ Pakistan       town, southern Punjab province, Pakistan. The town was founded in 1751 as Naushehra and ...
▪ Sikhism Punjabi“manual of conduct”       in Sikhism, sets of guidelines that govern the behaviour of Sikhs. The rahit-namas provide systematic statements of the ...
/rddah"mahn/, n. Prince Abdul /ahb"doohl/, 1903-90, Malayan political leader: prime minister of Malaya 1957-63; premier of Malaysia 1963-70. * * * (as used in ...
Rahman, A.R.
▪ 2005       Although it opened on Broadway in April 2004 to scathing reviews, the musical Bombay Dreams was a commercial hit and exposed North American audiences to ...
Rahman, Mujibur
▪ president of Bangladesh also called  Sheikh Mujib  born March 17, 1920, Tungipara, India died August 15, 1975, Dacca, Bangladesh       Bengali leader and first ...
Rahman, Shamsur
▪ 2007       Bengali poet, journalist, and human rights advocate (b. Oct. 24, 1929, Dacca, British India [now Dhaka, Bangladesh]—d. Aug. 17, 2006, Dhaka), earned the ...
Rahner, Karl
▪ German theologian born , March 5, 1904, Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden, Ger. died March 30, 1984, Innsbruck, Austria       German Jesuit priest who is widely considered ...
Rahr Plains
▪ region, India       geographic region that composes part of the Lower Ganges (Ganga) Plains in northern West Bengal state, eastern India. The alluvial plains, with ...
/rahv/, n. Philip, 1908-73, U.S. literary critic, born in Russia. * * *
Rahv, Philip
▪ American critic born March 10, 1908, Kupin, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Dec. 22, 1973, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.       Ukrainian-born American critic who was cofounder ...
/raw"way/, n. a city in NE New Jersey. 26,723. * * *
/ruy/, n. a style of Algerian popular music played on electric guitar, synthesizer, and percussion instruments. [1985-90; of undetermined orig.] * * * ▪ people also called ...
Rai, Aishwarya
▪ 2005       In 2004 actress Aishwarya Rai, whom American film star Julia Roberts described as “the most beautiful woman in the world,” was at the forefront of a ...
/rah"yeuh, ruy"euh/, n. rayah. * * *
Ra·ia·te·a (rī'ə-tāʹə) A volcanic island of the southern Pacific Ocean west-northwest of Tahiti. It is the largest of the Leeward group of the Society Islands in French ...
Raich, Benjamin
▪ 2007       Although the Austrian men's Alpine ski team collected a total of eight medals at the 2006 Winter Olympic Games in Turin, Italy, Benjamin (“Benni”) Raich ...
▪ India       city, eastern Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southern India. It contains a palace-citadel (1294) and fort (c. 1300) built on a hill 290 feet (88 metres) ...
/rayd/, n. 1. a sudden assault or attack, as upon something to be seized or suppressed: a police raid on a gambling ring. 2. Mil. a sudden attack on the enemy, as by air or by a ...
/ray"deuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that raids. 2. a commando, ranger, or the like, specially trained to participate in military raids. 3. a light, fast warship, aircraft, etc., ...
▪ India also spelled  Rayganj        city, northern West Bengal state, northeastern India, located on the Kulik River. An important agricultural-trade and ...
▪ India       city, eastern Chhattisgarh state, central India. It lies just west of the Kelo River, a tributary of the Mahanadi (Mahanadi River). The city was capital ...
Raikes, Robert
▪ British philanthropist born Sept. 14, 1735, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng. died April 5, 1811, Gloucester  British journalist, philanthropist, and pioneer of the ...
Raikin, Arkady Isaakovich
▪ Soviet humorist born Oct. 11 [Oct. 24, New Style], 1911, Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire died Dec. 17, 1987       Soviet comedian and variety-show entertainer, among the ...
rail1 —railless, adj. —raillike, adj. /rayl/, n. 1. a bar of wood or metal fixed horizontally for any of various purposes, as for a support, barrier, fence, or railing. 2. a ...
rail anchor
a fastening device for attaching the base of a rail to a crosstie. * * *
rail bead
a long, straight, cock bead. * * *
rail detector car
Railroads. a car equipped with special instruments and used to locate defects in rails. * * *
rail fence
a fence made of rails resting on crossed stakes or across one another at an angle. Also called Virginia fence. [1640-50, Amer.] * * *
rail rapid transit
a system of rail transit within an urban area that has exclusive right of way either below, above, or on the ground and so is capable of relatively high operating speed. Abbr.: ...
▪ bird       any member of the songbird subfamily Orthonychinae (order Passeriformes), placed by some authorities with other babblers in the family Timaliidae and by ...
/rayl"split'euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that splits logs into rails, esp. for fences. 2. (cap.) nickname of Abraham Lincoln. [1855-60, Amer.; RAIL1 + SPLITTER] * * *
/ray"lij/, n. an amount charged for transporting goods by rail. [1890-95; RAIL1 + -AGE] * * *
/rayl"berrd'/, n. Informal 1. a horse-racing fan who watches races or workouts from the railing along the track. 2. any kibitzer or self-styled critic or expert. [1890-95, Amer.; ...
rail·car (rālʹkär') n. A railroad car. * * *
n a card that can be bought at train stations in Britain by students, people over 60, disabled people and other groups. It allows them to buy cheaper train tickets for a period ...
➡ railways and railroads * * *
See rail3. * * *
rail fence n. A fence of split logs secured to stakes or laid across each other at an angle. * * *
rail gun n. A weapon, consisting mainly of conducting metal rails, that uses electromagnetic force to accelerate a projectile to a much greater speed than that achieved by ...
/rayl"hed'/, n. Railroads. 1. the farthest point to which the rails of a railroad have been laid. 2. the upper part of a rail, used for supporting and guiding the wheels of ...
/ray"ling/, n. 1. a fencelike barrier composed of one or more horizontal rails supported by widely spaced uprights; balustrade. 2. banister. 3. rails collectively. [1350-1400; ...
/ray"leuh ree/, n., pl. railleries. 1. good-humored ridicule; banter. 2. a bantering remark. [1645-55; < F raillerie, equiv. to MF raill(er) to RAIL2 + -erie -ERY] Syn. 1. ...
/rayl"rohd'/, n. 1. a permanent road laid with rails, commonly in one or more pairs of continuous lines forming a track or tracks, on which locomotives and cars are run for the ...
railroad flat
an apartment whose series of narrow rooms forms a more or less straight line. Also called railroad apartment. [1925-30] * * *
railroad pen
a ruling pen for drawing two parallel lines. * * *
Railroad Tycoon
▪ electronic game       train business simulation game created by American game designer Sid Meier and the electronic game manufacturer MicroProse Software. The title ...
railroad worm
the larva of a fruit fly, Rhagoletis pomonella, that burrows through apples, forming tunnels that sometimes appear on the skin as faint depressions or darkened trails: a serious ...
/rayl"roh'deuhr/, n. a person employed in the operation or management of a railroad. [1855-60, Amer.; RAILROAD + -ER1] * * *
railroad flat n. An apartment in which the rooms are connected in a line. Also called railroad apartment. * * *

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