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railroading
/rayl"roh'ding/, n. 1. the construction or operation of railroads. 2. travel by railroad. [1850-55, Amer.; RAILROAD + -ING1] * * *
railroads
➡ railways and railroads * * *
Railtrack
a company formed in 1994 as part of the privatization of British railways. It owned all of Britain’s railways and train stations, and was responsible for signals and train ...
railway
—railwayed, adj. —railwayless, adj. /rayl"way'/, n. 1. a rail line with lighter-weight equipment and roadbed than a main-line railroad. 2. a railroad, esp. one operating over ...
Railway Express Agency
U.S. company that once operated the nation's largest ground and air express services. It was founded by the U.S. government as the American Railway Express Co. in 1918, when the ...
railways and railroads
The world’s first railway along which passengers travelled on trains pulled by steam locomotives was opened in 1825 between Stockton and Darlington in north-east England. By ...
raiment
/ray"meuhnt/, n. clothing; apparel; attire. [1350-1400; ME rayment, aph. var. of arrayment. See ARRAY, -MENT] * * *
Raimondi
/ruy mohn"dee, -mon"-/; It. /rdduy mawn"dee/, n. Marcantonio /mahr'kan toh"nee oh'/; It. /mahrdd'kahn taw"nyaw/, c1480-c1534, Italian engraver. Also called Marcantonio. * * *
Raimondi, Marcantonio
born с 1480, near Bologna died с 1534, Bologna Italian engraver. He trained in Bologna under Francesco Francia, but his energetic lines and use of cross-hatching in modeling ...
Raimundo, Don
▪ Spanish archbishop English Don Raymond born , France died 1152, Toledo, Castile [Spain]       archbishop and leading prelate of the 12th-century Spanish Christian ...
rain
—rainless, adj. —rainlessness, n. /rayn/, n. 1. water that is condensed from the aqueous vapor in the atmosphere and falls to earth in drops more than 1/50 in. (0.5 mm) in ...
rain check
1. a ticket for future use given to spectators at an outdoor event, as a baseball game or concert, that has been postponed or interrupted by rain. 2. an offered or requested ...
rain cloud
a cloud or a mass of clouds that yields rain. [1830-40] * * *
rain dance
(esp. among American Indians) a ritualistic dance performed to bring rain. [1925-30] * * * Ceremonial dance performed to bring rain needed to water crops. Rain dances have been ...
rain forest
a tropical forest, usually of tall, densely growing, broad-leaved evergreen trees in an area of high annual rainfall. Also, rainforest. [1900-05] * * *
rain frog
Chiefly Southern U.S. a tree frog, esp. a spring peeper. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
rain gauge
an instrument for measuring rainfall. Also called pluviometer. [1760-70] * * *
Rain Man
a US film (1988) which won four Oscars, directed by Barry Levinson. It is about the relationship between two brothers, one of whom is autistic (= suffering from a serious mental ...
rain or shine
regardless of the weather or circumstances; in any event: The concert will be held, rain or shine. He's always a reliable friend, rain or shine. * * *
rain shadow
Meteorol. a region in the lee of mountains that receives less rainfall than the region windward of the mountains. [1900-05] * * *       lee side of an orographic ...
rain shower
a brief rainfall, usually of variable intensity. [bef. 1000; ME; OE] * * *
rain tree
monkeypod. [1875-80] * * *
rain-wash
rain-wash (rānʹwŏsh', -wôsh') n. Rock debris transported downhill by rain. tr.v. rain-·washed, rain-·wash·ing, rain-·wash·es To wash (material) down a slope by rain. * ...
Rainald Of Dassel
▪ German statesman German  Rainald Von Dassel   born c. 1118, /20 died Aug. 14, 1167, Rome, Papal States [Italy]  German statesman, chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire, and ...
Rainaldi, Carlo
▪ Italian architect born 1611, Rome, Papal States [Italy] died 1691, Rome       Baroque architect, one of the leading architects of 17th-century Rome, noted for the ...
Rainaldi, Girolamo
▪ Italian architect also called  Hieronimo Rainaldi   born 1570, Rome, Papal States [Italy] died 1655, Rome  Italian architect in the northern Italian Mannerist (Mannerism) ...
rainband
/rayn"band'/, n. a dark band in the solar spectrum caused by water vapor in the atmosphere. [1880-85; RAIN + BAND2] * * *
rainbird
/rayn"berrd'/, n. any of several birds, esp. the black-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus) and the yellow-billed cuckoo (C. americanus), that are said to call frequently ...
Rainborow, Thomas
▪ English soldier Rainborow also spelled  Rainsborough   died Oct. 29, 1648, Doncaster, Yorkshire, Eng.       English soldier and republican who fought for ...
rainbow
—rainbowy, rainbowlike, adj. /rayn"boh'/, n. 1. a bow or arc of prismatic colors appearing in the heavens opposite the sun and caused by the refraction and reflection of the ...
Rainbow Bridge
a natural stone bridge in S Utah: a national monument. 290 ft. (88 m) high; 275 ft. (84 m) span. * * *
Rainbow Bridge National Monument
National monument, southern Utah, U.S. Located on the Navajo Indian Reservation near the Utah-Arizona border, the monument was established in 1910 and occupies 160 acres (65 ...
rainbow cactus
an erect stiff cactus, Echinocereus pectinatus rigidissimus, of Arizona and Mexico, having a cylindrical body, numerous interlocking spines, and pink flowers. [1890-95] * * *
rainbow darter
a stout darter, Etheostoma caeruleum, inhabiting the Great Lakes and Mississippi River drainages, the spawning male of which has the sides marked with oblique blue bars with red ...
rainbow fish
guppy. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
rainbow roof
a gable roof in the form of a broad Gothic arch, with gently sloping convex surfaces. * * *
rainbow runner
a streamlined, cigar-shaped swift jack, Elagatis bipinnulata, of warm seas, having a blue back, light-colored abdomen, and blue-bordered yellow stripes on its sides: a food and ...
rainbow seaperch
an embiotocid fish, Hypsurus caryi, living off the Pacific coast of North America, having red, orange, and blue stripes on the body. Also called rainbow perch. * * *
rainbow snake
a burrowing snake, Farancia erytrogramma, of the southeastern U.S., having red and black stripes along the body, a red and yellow underside, and a sharp-tipped tail used in ...
rainbow trout
a trout, Salmo gairdnerii, native in the coastal waters and streams from Lower California to Alaska, used as a food and game fish. [1880-85, Amer.] * * * Species (Oncorhynchus ...
Rainbow Warrior
a ship owned by the organization Greenpeace, used by them in protests against damage done to the environment at sea. In 1985 it was sunk by French soldiers as it took part in ...
rainbow-collar
/rayn"boh'kol"euhr/, adj. Informal. 1. being or of an employee who combines work or experience on the assembly line with more technical or administrative duties; having both ...
rainbowcactus
rainbow cactus n. Either of two spiny cylindrical varieties of cactus of the southwestern United States and Mexico, Echinocereus pectinatus var. neomexicanus, having yellow ...
rainbowtrout
rainbow trout n. A freshwater food and game fish (Oncorhynchus mykiss) native to western North America, having a reddish longitudinal band and black spots. * * *
raincheck
rain check n. 1. A ticket stub entitling the holder to admission to a future event if the scheduled event is canceled because of rain. 2. An assurance to a customer that an item ...
raincoat
/rayn"koht'/, n. a waterproof or water-repellent coat worn as protection against rain. [1820-30, Amer.; RAIN + COAT] * * *
raindate
rain date n. A second date scheduled for an outdoor event in case rain forces cancellation of the first date. * * *
raindrop
/rayn"drop'/, n. a drop of rain. [bef. 1000; ME rein-drop(e); OE regndropa; see RAIN, DROP] * * *
Raine, Kathleen
▪ British writer in full  Kathleen Jessie Raine   born June 14, 1908, London, England died July 6, 2003, London       English poet, scholar, and critic noted for her ...
Raine, Kathleen Jessie
▪ 2004       British poet, critic, and scholar (b. June 14, 1908, Ilford, Essex [now part of London], Eng.—d. July 6, 2003, London), was possessed of a visionary ...
Rainer
(as used in expressions) Fassbinder Rainer Werner Rainer Luise Rilke Rainer Maria * * *
Rainer, Luise
born Jan. 12, 1910, Vienna, Austria Austrian film actress. She grew up in Munich, in Switzerland, and in Vienna and was a distinguished stage actress with Max Reinhardt's ...
Rainer, Yvonne
▪ American choreographer and filmmaker born Nov. 24, 1934, San Francisco, Calif., U.S.       American avant-garde choreographer and filmmaker whose work in both ...
Rainey
/ray"nee/, n. 1. Gertrude ("Ma"), 1886-1939, U.S. blues singer. 2. Joseph Hayne /hayn/, 1832-87, U.S. politician: first black congressman 1870-79. * * *
Rainey, Joseph Hayne
▪ American politician born June 21, 1832, Georgetown, S.C., U.S. died Aug. 2, 1887, Georgetown  former American slave, the first black to serve in the U.S. House of ...
Rainey, Ma
orig. Gertrude Malissa Nix Pridgett born April 26, 1886, Columbus, Ga., U.S. died Dec. 22, 1939, Rome, Ga. U.S. singer. Rainey began touring Southern tent shows, levee camps, ...
Rainey,Gertrude Pridgett
Rai·ney (rāʹnē), Gertrude Pridgett. Known as “Ma Rainey.” 1886-1939. American singer considered the first great blues vocalist. * * *
rainfall
/rayn"fawl'/, n. 1. a fall or shower of rain. 2. the amount of water falling in rain, snow, etc., within a given time and area, usually expressed as a hypothetical depth of ...
Rainfall and Temperature Patterns in Western Africa
▪ Table Freetown Lagos Niamey Annual rainfall (inches) 138 71 ...
rainforest
rain forest or rain·for·est (rānʹfôr'ĭst, fŏr'-) n. A dense evergreen forest occupying a tropical region with an annual rainfall of at least 2.5 meters (100 inches). * * ...
raingauge
rain gauge also rain gage n. A device for measuring rainfall. Also called pluviometer, udometer. * * *
Rainier
/reuh near", ray-, ray"near/, n. Mount a volcanic peak in W Washington, in the Cascade Range. 14,408 ft. (4392 m). * * * (as used in expressions) Rainier Mount Rainier ...
Rainier III
/ray near", re-, reuh-/; Fr. /rdde nyay"/, n. Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand de Grimaldi /lwee ahonn rddee" mannk sahonns" berdd trddahonn" deuh grddee mannl dee"/, Prince ...
Rainier III, prince de Monaco
▪ prince of Monaco original name  Rainier-Louis-Henri-Maxence-Bertrand de Grimaldi   born May 31, 1923, Monaco died April 6, 2005, Monaco       31st hereditary ruler ...
Rainier, Mount
Mountain, west-central Washington state, U.S. At 14,410 ft (4,392 m), Mount Rainier is the highest point in the Cascade Range and in the state. The mountain is actually a ...
Rainier,Mount
Rai·nier (rə-nîrʹ, rā-), Mount A volcanic peak, 4,395.1 m (14,410 ft) high, of the Cascade Range in west-central Washington. It is the highest point in the range and the ...
RainierIII
Rai·nier III (rā-nîrʹ, rĕ-, rə-, rĕ-nyāʹ), Born 1923. Prince of Monaco (since 1949) who married the American actress Grace Kelly in 1956. * * *
raininess
See rainy. * * *
Rainis
▪ Latvian author pseudonym of  Jānis Pliekšāns   born Sept. 11, 1865, Varslavāni, Latvia, Russian Empire died Sept. 12, 1929, Majori, Latvia       Latvian poet ...
rainless
See rain. * * *
rainlily
rain lily n. See zephyr lily. * * *
rainmaker
—rainmaking, n. /rayn"may'keuhr/, n. 1. (among American Indians) a medicine man who by various rituals and incantations seeks to cause rain. 2. a person who induces rainfall by ...
rainmaking
rain·mak·ing (rānʹmā'kĭng) n. 1. The process of producing or attempting to produce rain, as by magic. 2. Informal. Cloud seeding. 3. Informal. The process of achieving ...
rainout
/rayn"owt'/, n. 1. a contest, performance, or the like, that has been rained out. 2. Also called washout. the removal of radioactive particles or other foreign substances from ...
rainproof
/rayn"proohf'/, adj. 1. impervious to rain; keeping out or unaffected by rain: a rainproof cover; a rainproof coat. v.t. 2. to make rainproof. [1825-35; RAIN + -PROOF] * * *
Rains, Claude
▪ British actor in full  William Claude Rains  born Nov. 10, 1889, London, Eng. died May 30, 1967, Laconia, N.H., U.S.       British motion picture and stage ...
rainshadow
rain shadow n. An area having relatively little precipitation due to the effect of a barrier, such as a mountain range, that causes the prevailing winds to lose their moisture ...
rainspout
/rayn"spowt'/, n. waterspout (def. 1). [1920-25; RAIN + SPOUT] * * *
rainsquall
/rayn"skwawl'/, n. squall1 (def. 1). [1840-50; RAIN + SQUALL1] * * *
rainstorm
/rayn"stawrm'/, n. a storm with heavy rain. [1810-20; RAIN + STORM] * * *
rainwash
/rayn"wosh', -wawsh'/, n. material eroded or swept away by rain. [1875-80; RAIN + WASH] * * *
rainwater
/rayn"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. water fallen as rain. [bef. 1000; ME rein water, OE regn-waeter; see RAIN, WATER] * * *
Rainwater
/rayn"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. (Leo) James, 1917-86, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1975. * * *
Rainwater, James
▪ American physicist in full  Leo James Rainwater   born Dec. 9, 1917, Council, Idaho, U.S. died May 31, 1986, Yonkers, N.Y.       American physicist who won a share ...
rainwear
/rayn"wair'/, n. waterproof or water-repellent clothing. [1950-55; RAIN + WEAR] * * *
rainy
—rainily, adv. —raininess, n. /ray"nee/, adj., rainier, rainiest. 1. characterized by rain: rainy weather; a rainy region. 2. wet with rain: rainy streets. 3. bringing rain: ...
rainy day
—rainy-day, adj. a time of need or emergency: saving money for a rainy day. [1570-80] * * *
Rainy Lake
Narrow lake astride the Canadian-U.S. border, between Minnesota and southwestern Ontario. Rainy Lake is about 50 mi (80 km) long and has an area of 360 sq mi (932 sq km). Its ...
rainyday
rainy day n. A time of need or trouble. * * *
RainyLake
Rain·y Lake (rāʹnē) A lake of northern Minnesota and southwest Ontario, Canada, drained by the Rainy River, which flows about 129 km (80 mi) generally westward along the ...
Raipur
/ruy"poor/, n. a city in SE Madhya Pradesh, in E central India. 174,518. * * * ▪ India       city, capital of Chhattisgarh state, central India. The community was ...
Rais
/res/; Fr. /rddes/, n. Gilles de. See Retz, Gilles de Laval, Baron de. * * *
Rais, Gilles de
▪ French noble Rais also spelled  Retz, or Rays   born , September/October 1404, Champtocé, France died Oct. 26, 1440, Nantes       Breton baron, marshal of France, ...
raise
—raisable, raiseable, adj. —raiser, n. /rayz/, v., raised, raising, n. v.t. 1. to move to a higher position; lift up; elevate: to raise one's hand; sleepy birds raising their ...
raised
/rayzd/, adj. 1. fashioned or made as a surface design in relief. 2. Cookery. made light by the use of yeast or other ferment but not with baking powder, soda, or the ...
raised work
▪ embroidery also called  Stump Work,         form of embroidery practiced in England in the 17th century, characterized by biblical and mythological scenes of padded ...
Raisen
▪ India       town, central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. The town lies at the foot of a spur of the Vindhya Range, on which stands an ancient sandstone fort ...
raiser
See raise. * * *
raisin
—raisiny, adj. /ray"zin/, n. 1. a grape of any of various sweet varieties dried in the sun or by artificial means, often used in cookery. 2. dark purplish blue. [1350-1400; ME ...
raisin tree
▪ plant also called  Honey Tree, or Japanese Raisin Tree        (species Hovenia dulcis), shrub or tree, of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), native to East Asia and ...
raising
/ray"zing/, n. Ling. a rule of transformational grammar that shifts the subject or object of an embedded clause into the subject or object position of the main clause, as in the ...
raising plate.
See wall plate (def. 1). [1670-80] * * *
RaisinRiver
Rai·sin River (rāʹzĭn) A river, about 185 km (115 mi) long, of southeast Michigan flowing generally eastward to Lake Erie. * * *
raison d'état
/rdde zawonn day tann"/, French. for the good of the country. [lit., reason of state] * * *
raison d'être
/ray"zohn de"treuh/; Fr. /rdde zawonn de"trddeu/, pl. raisons d'être /ray"zohnz de"treuh/; Fr. /rdde zawonn de"trddeu/. reason or justification for being or existence: Art is ...
raisonneur
/rez'euh nerr"/; Fr. /rdde zaw nuerdd"/, n., pl. raisonneurs /-nerrz"/; Fr. /-nuerdd"/. a character in a play, novel, or the like who voices the central theme, philosophy, or ...
raita
rai·ta (rīʹtə) n. An Indian salad made with yogurt and chopped vegetables or fruits, such as cucumbers, spinach, or bananas.   [Hindi rāytā, from Sanskrit ...
Raitt, Bonnie
▪ American musician in full  Bonnie Lynn Raitt  born November 8, 1949, Burbank, California, U.S.       American singer, songwriter, and guitarist whose wide musical ...
Raitt, John Emmet
▪ 2006       American actor-singer (b. Jan. 29, 1917, Santa Ana, Calif.—d. Feb. 20, 2005, Pacific Palisades, Calif.), employed his lyrical baritone voice and strong ...
raj
/rahj/, n. (often cap.) (in India) rule, esp. the British rule prior to 1947. [1790-1800; < Hindi raj < Pali, Prakrit rajja < Skt rajya kingdom, rule] * * * (as used in ...
Raj Quartet
a series of four novels (1966–75) by Paul Scott about the last years of British rule (= the Raj) in India. In 1983 a popular television version of the novels was made under the ...
Rajab
/reuh jab"/, n. the seventh month of the Muslim calendar. Cf. Muslim calendar. [1760-70; < Ar] * * *
Rajagopalachari, Chakravarti
▪ Indian statesman born 1879, Hosūr, India died Dec. 25, 1972, Madras       the only Indian governor-general of independent India. He became the founder and leader of ...
rajah
/rah"jeuh/, n. 1. a king or prince in India. 2. a minor chief or dignitary. 3. an honorary title conferred on Hindus in India. 4. a title of rulers, princes, or chiefs in Java, ...
Rajahmundry
Rajahmundry [rä΄jä mun′drē] city in NE Andhra Pradesh, SE India: pop. 325,000 * * * Ra·jah·mun·dry (rä'jə-mo͝onʹdrē) A city of eastern India on the Godavari ...
rājākariya
▪ Sri Lankan history       traditional system of land tenure in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) until the early 19th century in which land was granted in exchange for services ...
Rajang River
or Rejang River Chief river, central Sarawak, Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. It flows southwest and west into the South China Sea and is about 350 mi (565 km) long. It is ...
Rajapalaiyam
▪ India also spelled  Rajapalayam        city, southwestern Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) state, southeastern India, lying at the eastern foot of the Western Ghats. It ...
rajas
—rajasic /reuh jas"ik/, adj. /ruj"euhs/, n. Hinduism. See under guna. [ < Skt] * * *
Rajasthan
/rah"jeuh stahn'/, n. a state in NW India; formerly Rajputana and a group of small states. 29,590,000; 132,078 sq. mi. (342,056 sq. km). Cap.: Jaipur. * * * State (pop., 2001 ...
Rajasthan Steppe
▪ desert, India       desert in west-central Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. It has an area of about 54,800 square miles (142,000 square km). The ...
Rajasthani
/rah'jeuh stah"nee/, n. 1. an Indic language, the vernacular of Rajasthan. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Rajasthan, its people, culture, or language. * * *
Rājasthānī languages
      group of Indo-Aryan languages and dialects spoken in the state of Rājasthān, India, and adjoining areas. There are four major groups: northeastern Mewātī, ...
Rājasthānī painting
      the style of miniature painting that developed mainly in the independent Hindu states of Rājasthān in western India in the 16th–19th century. It evolved from ...
Rājasthānī puppet
      string marionette found in the state of Rājasthān in northwestern India. It is controlled by one string that passes from the top of the puppet's head, over the ...
Rājataraṅgiṇī
▪ historical chronicle of India       (Sanskrit: “River of Kings”), historical chronicle of early India, written in Sanskrit verse by the Kashmir Brahman Kalhaṇa ...
Rajauri
▪ India       town in northwestern Jammu and Kashmir state, northern India, in the Kashmir region of the Indian subcontinent. It was referred to as Rajpuri in ...
Rājāvaliya
▪ historical Ceylonese chronicle       17th-century historical chronicle of Sri Lanka, covering the history of the island from its legendary beginnings up to the ...
Rajaʾi, Mohammad Ali
▪ prime minister of Iran also spelled  Muḥammad ʿAlī Rajāʾī  born 1933, Qazvīn, Iran died August 30, 1981, Tehrān       Iranian politician who was prime ...
Rajgarh
▪ India       town, northwestern Madhya Pradesh state, central India, situated between the Newaj and Parbati rivers. Founded about 1640, it served as the capital of ...
Rajgir Hills
▪ hills, India       physiographic region, central Bihar state, northeastern India. The Rajgir Hills extend for some 40 miles (65 km) in two parallel ridges that ...
Rajkot
/rahj"koht/, n. a city in S Gujarat, in W India. 300,152. * * * ▪ India       city, west-central Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India, near the centre of the ...
Rajkumar
▪ 2007 Muthuraj Singanalluru Puttaswamayya  Indian movie star (b. April 24, 1929, Gajanur, Mysore [now Karnataka], British India—d. April 12, 2006, Bangalore, Karnataka, ...
rajm
▪ Islam       (Arabic: “to stone,” or “to curse”), in Islām, “casting of stones” at the devil during the pilgrimage (ḥajj) to Mecca, a pre-Islāmic ...
Rajmahal
▪ India       historic town, northeastern Jharkhand state, northeastern India. It lies west of the Ganges (Ganga) River (Ganges River). The town is located in the ...
Rajnandgaon
▪ India       city, central Chhattisgarh state, central India, lying just north of the Seonath River. Rajnandgaon is a major road and rail junction. The city was ruled ...
Rajneesh, Bhagwan Shree
orig. Chandra Mohan Jain born Dec. 11, 1931, central India died Jan. 19, 1990, Pune Indian spiritual leader. A teacher of philosophy, he lectured throughout India and ...
Rajput
/rahj"pooht/, n. a member of a Hindu people claiming descent from the ancient Kshatriya, or warrior caste, and noted for their military spirit. [ < Hindi, equiv. to Skt raj king ...
Rājput painting
▪ Indian art       the art of the independent Hindu feudal states in India, as distinguished from the court art of the Mughal emperors. Whereas Mughal painting was ...
Rajputana
/rahj'poo tah"neuh/, n. a former region in NW India, now making up the principal part of Rajasthan. * * * Region of northwestern India that now comprises Rajasthan state and ...
Rajshahi
▪ Bangladesh formerly  Rampur Boalia        city, west-central Bangladesh. It lies just north of the upper Padma River (Ganges [Ganga] River (Ganges River)). It was ...
Rajya Sabha
/rahj"yeuh sub"hah/ the upper house of parliament in India. * * *
rak'a
/ruk"euh/, n. Islam. a portion of the salat, the prescribed prayers said five times a day, that combines a ritual of bows and prostrations with the recitation of prayers. Also, ...
Rakahanga Atoll
▪ atoll, Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean       one of the northern Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. It ...
Rakaia River
River, eastern central South Island, New Zealand. Rising in the glaciers of the Southern Alps, it flows east and southeast for 90 mi (145 km) before entering Canterbury Bight of ...
rake
rake1 —rakable, rakeable, adj. —raker, n. /rayk/, n., v., raked, raking. n. 1. an agricultural implement with teeth or tines for gathering cut grass, hay, or the like or for ...
Rake's Progress, The
1. a series of paintings and engravings by William Hogarth. 2. an opera (1951) by Igor Stravinsky. * * *
rake-off
/rayk"awf', -of'/, n. 1. a share or amount taken or received illicitly, as in connection with a public enterprise. 2. a share, as of profits. 3. a discount in the price of a ...
raked
/raykt/, adj. inclining from the vertical or from the horizontal: raked masts; a raked stage. [1945-50; RAKE3 + -ED2] * * *
rakehell
/rayk"hel'/, n. 1. a licentious or dissolute man; rake. adj. 2. Also, rakehelly /rayk"hel'ee/. dissolute; profligate. [1540-50; alter. by folk etym. (see RAKE1, HELL) of ME rakel ...
raker
raker1 /ray"keuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that rakes. 2. See raker tooth. [1325-75; ME. See RAKE1, -ER1] raker2 /ray"keuhr/, n. Building Trades. an inclined member, as a pile ...
raker tooth
a saw tooth for cleaning loose chips from a kerf. Also called raker, cleaner tooth. * * *
Rake’s Progress
a series of eight paintings (1733–5) by William Hogarth telling the story of a rake (= a fashionable young man who leads a wild and immoral life) who finally dies in Bedlam (= ...
Rakhine Mountains
▪ mountains, Myanmar Burmese  Rakhine Yoma,  also called  Arakan Mountains         mountain arc in western Myanmar (Burma), between the Rakhine (Arakan) coast and ...
raki
/rah kee", reuh-, rak"ee, rah"kee/, n. a spirituous liquor distilled from grain, grapes, plums, etc., in southeastern Europe and the Near East. Also, rakee. [1665-75; < Turk < Ar ...
raking bond
a brickwork bond in which concealed courses of diagonally laid bricks are used to bond exposed brickwork to the wall structure. Cf. herringbone bond. [1875-80] * * *
raking cornice
Archit. either of two straight, sloping cornices on a pediment following or suggesting the slopes of a roof. * * *
raking course
a concealed course of bricks laid diagonally to the wall surface in a raking bond. [1875-80] * * *
raking piece
1. a sloping piece of scenery, as on a television or stage set, esp. such a piece used for masking the side of a ramp. 2. a wedge used for leveling scenery on a sloping ...
rakish
rakish1 —rakishly, adv. —rakishness, n. /ray"kish/, adj. like a rake; dissolute: rakish behavior. [1700-10; RAKE2 + -ISH1] rakish2 /ray"kish/, adj. 1. smart; jaunty; dashing: ...
Rákóczi family
Noble Magyar family prominent in 17th-century Hungary. Its members included György I (1593–1648), who as prince of Transylvania (1630–48) allied himself with Sweden against ...
Rákóczi, Ferenc, I
▪ Magyar noble born Feb. 24, 1645 died July 8, 1676, Makovica, Hung.  scion of a noble Magyar family, and in 1670 a leader of an unsuccessful Hungarian–Croatian revolt ...
Rákóczi, Ferenc, II
▪ prince of Transylvania born March 27, 1676, Borsi, Hung. died April 8, 1735, Rodosto, Tur.       prince of Transylvania who headed a nearly successful national rising ...
Rákóczi, György, I
▪ prince of Transylvania born June 8, 1593 died Oct. 11, 1648, Sárospatak, Hung.       prince of Transylvania from 1630, who, as a champion of Protestantism, fought ...
Rákóczi, György, II
▪ prince of Transylvania born Jan. 30, 1621, Sárospatak, Hung. died June 7, 1660, Nagyvárad, Transylvania, Hung.       prince of Transylvania from 1648, who had the ...
Rakosi, Carl
▪ 2005 Callman Rawley        American poet and psychotherapist (b. Nov. 6, 1903, Berlin, Ger.—d. June 24, 2004, San Francisco, Calif.), with George Oppen, Louis ...
Rákosi, Mátyás
▪ prime minister of Hungary born March 14, 1892, Ada, Serbia died Feb. 5, 1971, Gorky [now Nizhny Novgorod], Russia, U.S.S.R.  Hungarian Communist ruler of Hungary from 1945 ...
Rakovski, Georgi Sava
▪ Bulgarian revolutionary and writer born 1821, Kotel, Rumelia died Oct. 20, 1867, Bucharest       revolutionary leader and writer, an early and influential partisan of ...
Rakovsky, Khristian Georgiyevich
▪ Soviet government official born Aug. 13, 1873, Kotel, Bulg. died after 1938       Bulgarian revolutionary who conducted subversive activities in Romania before ...
Rakowski, Mieczyslaw Franciszek
▪ 2009       Polish newspaper editor and politician born Dec. 1, 1926, Kowalewko, Pol. died Nov. 7, 2008, Warsaw, Pol. as the last communist prime minister of Poland ...
rakshasa
▪ Hindu mythology Sanskrit (male)  Rākṣasa , or (female)  Rākṣasī        in Hindu mythology, a type of demon or goblin. Rakshasas have the power to change ...
Raksin, David
▪ 2005       American film composer (b. Aug. 4, 1912, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Aug. 9, 2004, Los Angeles, Calif.), created the music for some 400 motion pictures and ...
raku
/rah"kooh/, n. a thick-walled, rough, dark lead-glazed Japanese earthenware used in the tea ceremony. [1870-75; < Japn raku(-yaki) "pleasure" glaze, originated by Chojiro of ...
raku ware
▪ Japanese earthenware       Japanese lead-glazed earthenware, originally invented expressly for the tea ceremony in 16th-century Kyōto. Quite distinct from wares that ...
rale
/ral, rahl/, n. Pathol. an abnormal crackling or rattling sound heard upon auscultation of the chest, caused by disease or congestion of the lungs. [1820-30; < F râle, deriv. of ...
Ralegh
Ralegh or Raleigh [rô′lē, rä′lē] Sir Walter 1552?-1618; Eng. statesman, explorer, & poet; beheaded * * * ➡ Raleigh (II) * * *
Raleigh
/raw"lee, rah"-/, n. 1. Sir Walter. Also, Ralegh. 1552?-1618, English explorer and writer, a favorite of Elizabeth I. 2. a city in and the capital of North Carolina, in the ...
Raleigh International
an international organization based in Britain for young people between 17 and 25. It organizes journeys, usually of 10 weeks, to distant countries for a combination of adventure ...
Raleigh, Sir Walter
born 1554?, Hayes Barton, near Budleigh Salterton, Devon, Eng. died Oct. 29, 1618, London English adventurer and favourite of Elizabeth I. He joined his half brother Humphrey ...
Raleigh,Sir Walter
Raleigh or Ra·legh (rôʹlē, räʹ-), Sir Walter. 1552?-1618. English courtier, navigator, colonizer, and writer. A favorite of Elizabeth I, he campaigned in Ireland and ...
RalikChain
Ra·lik Chain (räʹlĭk) The western group of the Marshall Islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The chain comprises 3 coral islands and 15 atolls, including Bikini and ...
rall.
rallentando. * * *
rallentando
/rah'leuhn tahn"doh/; It. /rddahl'len tahn"daw/, adj. slackening; becoming slower (used as a musical direction). [1805-15; < It, ger. of rallentare to slow down; see LENTO] * * *
Rallidae
      the rail family, a bird family that includes the species known as rail, coot, crake, and gallinule (qq.v.). * * *
rallies
➡ elections * * *
ralliform
/ral"euh fawrm'/, adj. Zool. raillike in shape, anatomy, etc. [1895-1900; < NL Rall(us) name of genus (see RAIL3) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
ralline
/ral"uyn, -in/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the family Rallidae, comprising the rails and allied species. [1880-85; < NL Rall(us) name of genus (see RAIL3) + -INE1] * * *
rally
rally1 —rallier, n. /ral"ee/, v., rallied, rallying, n., pl. rallies. v.t. 1. to bring into order again; gather and organize or inspire anew: The general rallied his scattered ...
Rally for the Republic (RPR)
or Gaullists Former French political party. It was founded by Jacques Chirac in 1976 as the successor to the various Gaullist coalitions that dominated the political life of ...
rallye
/ral"ee/, n. rally1 (def. 24). * * *
rallying
/ral"ee ing/, n. the sport of driving in automobile rallies. [1955-60; RALLY + -ING1] * * *
rallyist
/ral"ee ist/, n. a person who participates in automobile rallies. [1960-65; RALLY1 + -IST] * * *
rallymaster
/ral"ee mas'teuhr, -mah'steuhr/, n. an organizer and director of an automobile rally. [1965-70, RALLY1 + MASTER] * * *
Ralov, Kirsten
▪ Danish dancer née  Kirsten Gnatt   born March 26, 1922, Baden bei Wien, Austria died May 30, 1999, Copenhagen, Den.       Danish dancer, ballet teacher, and, from ...
Ralov, Kirsten Laura Gnatt
▪ 2000       Danish dancer and teacher (b. March 26, 1922, Baden bei Wien, Austria—d. May 30, 1999, Copenhagen, Den.), delighted Royal Danish Ballet audiences with her ...
ralph
/ralf/, v.i. Slang. to vomit. [1970-75; appar. of expressive orig.] * * * (as used in expressions) Abernathy Ralph David Blakelock Ralph Bunche Ralph Johnson Connor ...
Ralph
/ralf/ or, esp. Brit., /rayf, rahf, rahlf/, n. a male given name: from Old Norse words meaning "counsel" and "wolf." * * * (as used in expressions) Abernathy Ralph ...
Ralph Ellison
➡ Ellison * * *
Ralph Fiennes
➡ Fiennes (I) * * *
Ralph Lauren
➡ Lauren * * *
Ralph Nader
➡ Nader * * *
Ralph Of Coggeshall
▪ English historian born , Cambridgeshire, Eng. died after 1227       English chronicler of the late 12th and early 13th centuries.       Ralph was a monk of ...
Ralph Richardson
➡ Richardson (I) * * *
Ralph Roister Doister
/roy"steuhr doy'steuhr/ a play (1553?) by Nicholas Udall: the earliest known English comedy. * * *
Ralph Vaughan Williams
➡ Vaughan Williams * * *
Ralph Waldo Emerson
➡ Emerson * * *
Ralston Purina Company
▪ American company       former American manufacturer of cereals, packaged foods, pet food, and livestock feed. A merger with Nestlé (Nestlé SA) in December 2001 ...
ram
ram1 —ramlike, adj. /ram/, n., v., rammed, ramming. n. 1. a male sheep. 2. (cap.) Astron., Astrol. the constellation or sign of Aries. 3. any of various devices for battering, ...
RAM
/ram/, n. computer memory available to the user for creating, loading, or running programs and for the temporary storage and manipulation of data, in which time of access to each ...
Rām Dās
▪ Sikh Gurū also called  Bhāī Jeṭhā   born 1534, Lahore, Punjab, India died 1581, Goindwal       fourth Sikh Gurū and founder of the great Sikh centre of ...
Rām Rāiyā
▪ Sikhism       member of a group of dissenters within Sikhism, a religion of India. The Rām Rāiyās are descendants of Rām Rāī, the eldest son of Gurū Har Rāī ...
Ram Singh
▪ Indian philosopher born 1816, Bhaini, Punjab, India died 1885, Mergui, Burma [Myanmar]       Sikh philosopher and reformer and the first Indian to use noncooperation ...
ram's-head lady's-slipper
/ramz"hed'/ a rare, slender-stemmed orchid, Cypripedium arietinum, of northeastern North America, that has crimson-streaked, whitish-lipped flowers with purple sepals and grows ...
ram'shorn
ram's horn (rămz) n. Judaism A shofar. * * *
Ram, Jagjivan
▪ Indian politician born April 5, 1908, Chandwa, near Arrah, India died July 6, 1986, New Delhi       Indian politician and spokesman for the untouchables, the lowest ...
Ram, Kanshi
▪ 2007       Indian politician and social activist (b. March 15, 1934, Ropar district, Punjab, British India—d. Oct. 9, 2006, New Delhi, India), challenged the Indian ...
Rama
/rah"meuh/, n. (in the Ramayana) any of the three avatars of Vishnu: Balarama, Parashurama, or Ramachandra. * * * I Major Hindu deity. The name became associated with ...
Rama I
▪ king of Siam also called Phraphutthayotfa Chulalok born March 21, 1737, Ayutthaya, Siam died Sept. 7, 1809, Bangkok       Siamese king (1782–1809) and founder of ...
Rama II
▪ king of Siam also called Phraphutthaloetla Naphalai born Feb. 24, 1768, Rat Buri died July 21, 1824, Bangkok       the second ruler (1809–24) of the present ...
Rama III
▪ king of Siam also called Phranangklao born March 31, 1788, Bangkok died April 2, 1851, Bangkok       king of Siam (1824–51) who made Siam's first tentative ...
Rama IX
(Phumiphon Aduldet or Bhumibol Adulyadej) born 1927, king of Thailand since 1950. * * *
Rama Rao, N T
▪ 1997       ("NTR"), Indian motion picture actor and politician (b. May 28, 1923, Nimmakuru, India—d. Jan. 18, 1996, Hyderabad, India), starred in over 300 ...
Rama'sBridge
Ra·ma's Bridge (räʹməz) See Adam's Bridge. * * *
Ramachandra
/rah'meuh chun"dreuh/, n. the hero of the Ramayana, and a character in the Mahabharata. * * *
ramada
/reuh mah"deuh/, n. an open shelter, often having a dome-shaped thatched roof, and installed esp. on beaches and picnic grounds. [1865-70, Amer.; < AmerSp: open shelter roofed ...
Ramadan
/ram'euh dahn"/, n. Islam. 1. the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. Cf. Muslim calendar. 2. the daily fast that is rigidly enjoined from dawn until sunset during this ...
Ramādī, Al-
▪ Iraq       capital of Al-Anbār muḥāfaẓah (governorate), central Iraq. It lies on the Euphrates River just northwest of Lake Al-Ḥabbānīyah. Ancient ...
Ramadier, Paul
▪ premier of France born March 17, 1888, La Rochelle, Fr. died Oct. 14, 1961, Rodez       first premier (January–November 1947) of the Fourth Republic of ...
ramage
/ram"ij/, n. Anthropol. a descent group composed of individuals descended from one ancestor through any combination of male and female links. [1610-20, in sense "the branches of ...
Ramakrishna
/rah'meuh krish"neuh/, n. Sri /sree, shree/, 1836-86, Hindu religious reformer and mystic. * * * ▪ Hindu religious leader originally called  Gadadhar Chatterji  or ...
Ramakrishna (Paramahamsa)
orig. Gadadhar Chattopadhyaya born Feb. 18, 1836, Hooghly, Bengal state, India died Aug. 16, 1886, Calcutta Indian mystic. Born into a poor Brahman family, he worked as a ...
Ramakrishna Mission
▪ Indian religious society       religious society that carries out extensive educational and philanthropic work in India and is also the foremost exponent in Western ...
ramal
/ray"meuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to a ramus. [1855-60; < L ram(us) branch (see RAMUS) + -AL1] * * *
Ramallah
▪ town in the West Bank also spelled  Rām Allāh        town in the West Bank, adjacent to the town of Al-Bīrah (Bīrah, Al-) (east) and north of Jerusalem. ...
ramamorph
/rah"meuh mawrf'/, n. any of a group of extinct Miocene apes of Europe, Asia, and Africa, characterized by large molars and small incisors and typified by the genera Ramapithecus ...
Raman
/rah"meuhn/, n. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata /chun"dreuh shay"keuhr euh veng"keuh teuh/, 1888-1970, Indian physicist: Nobel prize 1930. * * *
Raman effect
/rah"meuhn/, Optics. the change in wavelength of light scattered while passing through a transparent medium, the collection of new wavelengths (Raman spectrum) being ...
Raman, Bangalore Venkata
▪ 1999       much-admired and respected Indian Vedic astrologer who challenged the Western scientific perception of astrology as a pseudoscience through international ...
Raman, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata
born Nov. 7, 1888, Trichinopoly, India died Nov. 21, 1970, Bangalore Indian physicist influential in the growth of science in India. He received a Nobel Prize in 1930 for ...
Raman,Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata
Ra·man (räʹmən), Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata. 1888-1970. Indian physicist. He won a 1930 Nobel Prize for his discovery of the Raman effect. * * *
Ramana Maharshi
orig. Venkataraman Aiyer born Dec. 30, 1879, Madurai, Madras state, India died April 14, 1950, Tiruvannamalai Hindu spiritual leader. Born into a Brahman family, he left his ...
Ramananda
born с 1400 died с 1470 Indian spiritual leader. He lived as an ascetic before settling in Varanasi (Benares) to study Vedic texts and the philosophy of Ramanuja. He was ...
Ramanathapuram
▪ India       town, central Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) state, southeastern India. A former capital of the Maravan rajas, it produces textiles and jewelry and has two ...
Ramaneffect
Raman effect n. Physics The alteration in frequency and random alteration in phase of light passing through a transparent medium.   [After Raman, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata.] * ...
Ramanna, Raja
▪ 2005       Indian nuclear physicist (b. Jan. 28, 1925, Tumkur, India—d. Sept. 24, 2004, Mumbai [Bombay], India), played a key role in the development of India's ...
Ramanuja
/rah mah"noo jeuh/, n. 1017-1134, Indian leader of the Shri-Vaishnavite sect. * * * born с 1017, Shriperumbudur, India died 1137, Shrirangam Indian theologian and philosopher, ...
Ramanujan
/rah mah"noo jeuhn/, n. Srinivasa /shree"ni vah"seuh, sree"-/, 1887-1920, Indian mathematician. * * *
Ramanujan, Srinivasa
▪ Indian mathematician born Dec. 22, 1887, Erode, India died April 26, 1920, Kumbakonam       Indian mathematician whose contributions to the theory of numbers include ...
Ramanujan, Srinivasa (Aaiyangar)
born Dec. 22, 1887, Erode, India died April 26, 1920, Kumbakonam Indian mathematician. Extremely poor, he was largely self-taught from age 15. In 1913 he began a correspondence ...
ramapithecine
ramapithecine [räm΄ə pith′ə sīn΄, räm΄ə pith′əsēn΄, räm΄ə pith′əsin] adj. of or relating to a genus (Ramapithecus) of extinct hominoids from Asia, Africa, ...
Ramapithecus
/rah'meuh pith"i keuhs, -peuh thee"keuhs/, n. a genus of extinct Miocene ape known from fossils found in India and Pakistan and formerly thought to be a possible human ...
ramark
/ray"mahrk/, n. a radar beacon developed by the U.S. Coast Guard as a marine navigational aid. [RA(DAR) + MARK(ER)] * * *
Ramat Gan
/rddah"maht gahn'/ a city in central Israel, near Tel Aviv. 120,300. * * * ▪ Israel       city, west-central Israel, on the Plain of Sharon just east of Tel ...
ramate
/ray"mayt/, adj. having branches; branching out or off. [1895-1900; RAM(US) + -ATE1] * * *
RamatGan
Ra·mat Gan (rə-mätʹ gän', räʹmät) A city of west-central Israel, a suburb of Tel Aviv-Yafo. Its diamond exchange was founded in 1921. Population: 123,500. * * *
Ramathibodi I
▪ king of Ayutthaya born March 10, 1315 died 1369, Ayutthaya [now in Thailand]       founder and first king (1351–69) of the Thai kingdom of ...
Ramatirtha
orig. Tirath Rama born 1873, Miraliwala, Punjab province, India died Oct. 17, 1906, Tehri, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh Hindu religious leader. He was a professor of ...
RamaVII
Rama VII, Originally Pra·ja·dhi·pok (prə-chäʹtĭ-pŏk') 1893-1941. King of Siam (1925-1935) who abdicated after failing to suppress the newly formed constitutional ...
Ramayana
/rah mah"yeuh neuh/, n. an epic of India, one of the Puranas attributed to Valmiki and concerned with the life and adventures of Ramachandra and his wife Sita. * * * Indian epic ...
Ramazan
/ram'euh zahn"/, n. (esp. in India) Ramadan. * * *
Ramazan Dynasty
▪ Turkmen dynasty       Turkmen dynasty (c. 1352–c. 1610) that ruled in the Çukurova ( Cilicia) region of southern Anatolia.       In 1352 Ramazan, founder of ...
Ramazzini, Bernardino
▪ Italian medical professor born Nov. 3, 1633, Carpi, duchy of Modena [Italy] died Nov. 5, 1714, Padua, Republic of Venice  Italian physician, considered a founder of ...
Ramazzotti, Eros
▪ 1999       Having mesmerized European and South American audiences with his yearning ballads of love, Italian pop superstar Eros Ramazzotti hoped to croon his way into ...
Rambert
/rahm bair"/ n. Dame Marie (Cyvia Rambam; Myriam Rambam), 1888-1982, English ballet dancer, producer, and director, born in Poland. * * *


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