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Polgar, Judit
▪ Hungarian chess player born July 23, 1976, Budapest, Hungary    the youngest of three chess-playing sisters (see Zsuzsa Polgar (Polgar, Zsuzsa)). She became an ...
Polgar, Zsuzsa
▪ American chess player born April 19, 1969, Budapest, Hungary    Hungarian international grandmaster who won the women's world chess championship in 1996 from Xie Jun of ...
poli sci
/pol"ee suy"/, Informal. political science: to major in poli sci. Also, poly sci. [by shortening] * * *
Poliakoff, Serge
▪ painter and lithographer born Jan. 8, 1906, Moscow died Oct. 13, 1969, Paris       painter and lithographer, one of the most widely recognized of the abstract ...
polianite
/poh"lee euh nuyt'/, n. Mineral. a variety of pyrolusite, MnO2, having well-developed crystals. [1840-50; < G Polianit, irreg. < Gk poliaínesthai to grow white (with sea foam), ...
police
/peuh lees"/, n., v., policed, policing. n. 1. Also called police force. an organized civil force for maintaining order, preventing and detecting crime, and enforcing the ...
police action
a relatively localized military action undertaken by regular armed forces, without a formal declaration of war, against guerrillas, insurgents, or other forces held to be ...
Police and Criminal Evidence Act
(abbr PACE) a British law passed in 1984 which sets down rules for the behaviour of the police in fighting crime. The rules are about their powers to stop and search people and ...
police car
➡ law enforcement * * *
police car.
See squad car. [1920-25] * * *
police court
an inferior court with summary jurisdiction for the trial of persons accused of any of certain minor offenses, and with power to examine those charged with more serious offenses ...
police dog
1. a dog trained to assist the police. 2. See German shepherd. [1905-10] * * *
police force
police (def. 1). [1830-40] * * *
police forces
➡ law enforcement * * *
Police Gazette, The
▪ British periodical       daily publication of the London Metropolitan Police that carries details of stolen property and of persons wanted for crime. It is distributed ...
police power
the power of a nation, within the limits of its constitution, to regulate the conduct of its citizens in the interest of the common good. [1820-30, Amer.] * * * Power of a ...
police procedural
a mystery novel, film, or television drama that deals realistically with police work. Also called procedural. [1965-70] * * *
police reporter
a news reporter assigned to cover a police department for newsworthy events. [1825-35] * * *
Police Service of Northern Ireland
(abbr the PSNI) the police force in Northern Ireland. It was called the Royal Ulster Constabulary until 2001 when the service was reformed as a result of the Good Friday ...
police state
a nation in which the police, esp. a secret police, summarily suppresses any social, economic, or political act that conflicts with governmental policy. [1860-65] * * *
police station
police headquarters for a particular district, from which police officers are dispatched and to which persons under arrest are brought. Also called station house. [1840-50] * * *
police village
Canadian (chiefly Ontario). a village lacking corporate status as a municipality, its affairs being administered by an elected board of trustees. [1850-55] * * *
police wagon.
See patrol wagon. * * *
Police Zone
▪ historical area, Namibia       southern two-thirds of South West Africa (now Namibia) in which the German and later South African colonial administrations were able ...
Police, the
▪ British-American rock group       British-American new-wave (new wave) band that blended reggae, jazz, funk, punk, and world music influences into hook-laden ...
policeable
See police. * * *
policeaction
police action n. A localized military action undertaken without a formal declaration of war. * * *
policecourt
police court n. An inferior court having the power to prosecute minor criminal offenses and to hold for trial persons charged with more serious offenses. * * *
policedog
police dog n. 1. A dog trained to aid the police, as in tracking criminals or detecting controlled substances. 2. See German shepherd. * * *
policeforce
police force n. See police. * * *
policeman
—policemanlike, adj. /peuh lees"meuhn/, n., pl. policemen. 1. a member of a police force or body. 2. Ice Hockey. enforcer (def. 4). [1795-1805; POLICE + -MAN] Usage. See ...
policeperson
/peuh lees"perr'seuhn/, n. a member of a police force. [1965-70; POLICE + -PERSON] Usage. See -person. * * *
policepower
police power n. The inherent authority of a government to impose restrictions on private rights for the sake of public welfare, order, and security. * * *
policeprocedural
police procedural n. A story or drama about the investigation of a crime by the police. * * *
policer
See policeable. * * *
policereporter
police reporter n. A newspaper reporter whose assignment is to obtain and cover news in a local police department. * * *
policestate
police state n. A state in which the government exercises rigid and repressive controls over the social, economic, and political life of the people, especially by means of a ...
policestation
police station n. The headquarters of a unit of a police force, where those under arrest are first charged. * * *
policewoman
/peuh lees"woom'euhn/, n., pl. policewomen. a female member of a police force or body. [1850-55; POLICE + -WOMAN] Usage. See -woman. * * *
policier
/paw lee syay"/, n., pl. policiers /-syay"/. French. a novel or film featuring detectives, crime, or the like. * * *
policlinic
/pol'ee klin"ik/, n. a department of a hospital at which outpatients are treated. [1820-30; < G Poliklinik, equiv. to Gk póli(s) city + G Klinik CLINIC] * * *
policy
policy1 /pol"euh see/, n., pl. policies. 1. a definite course of action adopted for the sake of expediency, facility, etc.: We have a new company policy. 2. a course of action ...
policy loan
Insurance. a loan made by a life-insurance company to a policyholder with the cash value of the policy serving as security. * * *
policyholder
/pol"euh see hohl'deuhr/, n. the individual or firm in whose name an insurance policy is written; an insured. [1850-55, Amer.; POLICY2 + HOLDER] * * *
policymaker
—policymaking, adj., n. /pol"euh see may'keuhr/, n. a person responsible for making policy, esp. in government. [1945-50; POLICY1 + MAKER] * * *
policymaking
policymaking [päl′ə sēmāk΄iŋ] n. the act or process of setting and directing the course of action to be pursued by a government, business, etc. policymaker n. * * ...
policyowner
/pol"euh see oh'neuhr/, n. policyholder. [POLICY2 + OWNER] * * *
Polidoúri, Maria
▪ Greek poet Polidoúri also spelled  Polydoúre   born 1905, Kalámai, Greece died 1930, Athens       Greek poet known for her impassioned, eloquent farewell to ...
Polignac family
▪ French family       French noble house important in European history.       From the 1050s and perhaps even from 860, the first viscounts of Polignac (in the ...
polio
/poh"lee oh'/, n. poliomyelitis. [1930-35, Amer.; shortened form] * * * ▪ pathology Introduction in full  poliomyelitis , also called  infantile paralysis   acute viral ...
polio vaccine
a vaccine administered to induce specific active immunity to poliomyelitis. Also called poliomyelitis vaccine. Cf. Sabin vaccine, Salk vaccine. * * *  preparation of ...
polioencephalitis
/poh"lee oh en sef'euh luy"tis/, n. Pathol. 1. a disease characterized by inflammation of the gray matter of the brain. 2. poliomyelitis affecting the cerebrum. Also, ...
poliomyelitic
See poliomyelitis. * * *
poliomyelitis
—poliomyelitic /poh'lee oh muy'euh lit"ik/, adj. /poh'lee oh muy'euh luy"tis/, n. Pathol. an acute viral disease, usually affecting children and young adults, caused by any of ...
poliovirus
/poh"lee oh vuy'reuhs, poh'lee oh vuy"-/, n., pl. polioviruses. any of three picornaviruses of the genus Enterovirus, having a spherical capsid, infectious to humans and the ...
polis
/poh"lis/, n., pl. poleis /-luys/. an ancient Greek city-state. [1890-95; < Gk pólis, pl. (Ionic) póleis] * * * In ancient Greece, an independent city and its surrounding ...
Polisario
/poh li sahr"ee oh'/, n. an independence movement opposing Moroccan control of the Western Sahara, a former Spanish territory that Morocco annexed in stages beginning in 1976. ...
Polisario Front
▪ political and military organization, North Africa abbreviation of  Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro , Spanish  Frente Popular para la ...
polish
—polisher, n. /pol"ish/, v.t. 1. to make smooth and glossy, esp. by rubbing or friction: to polish a brass doorknob. 2. to render finished, refined, or elegant: His speech ...
Polish
/poh"lish/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Poland, its inhabitants, or their language. n. 2. a Slavic language, the principal language of Poland. Abbr.: ...
Polish Corridor
a strip of land near the mouth of the Vistula River: formerly separated Germany from East Prussia; given to Poland in the Treaty of Versailles 1919 to provide it with access to ...
Polish language
West Slavic language of Poland, spoken by more than 41 million people, including 2–3 million in North America and perhaps 1. 5 million in the former Soviet Union. The earliest ...
Polish literature
Introduction       body of writings in Polish, one of the Slavic languages. The Polish national literature holds an exceptional position in Poland. Over the centuries it ...
Polish National Catholic Church of America
       Old Catholic church that arose in the late 19th and early 20th centuries among Polish immigrants in the United States who left the Roman Catholic Church. Polish ...
Polish People's Republic
former name of Poland. * * *
Polish sausage
(sometimes l.c.) kielbasa. * * *
Polish Succession, War of the
(1733–38) European conflict waged ostensibly to determine the successor to Augustus II. Austria and Russia supported his son Augustus III, while most Poles, France, and Spain ...
Polish wheat
a wheat, Triticum polonicum, grown chiefly in S Europe, N Africa, and Turkestan. [1825-35] * * *
PolishCorridor
Polish Corridor Jerry Malone A strip of land between the German territories of Pomerania and East Prussia awarded to Poland by the Treaty of Versailles (1919) to afford access ...
polished
/pol"isht/, adj. 1. made smooth and glossy: a figurine of polished mahogany. 2. naturally smooth and glossy: polished pebbles on the beach. 3. refined, cultured, or elegant: a ...
polished rice
white rice polished or buffed by leather-covered cylinders during processing. [1920-25] * * *
polisher
See polish. * * *
polit
polit abbrev. 1. political 2. politics * * *
polit.
1. political. 2. politics. * * *
polit. econ.
political economy. * * *
Politburo
/pol"it byoor'oh, poh"lit-, peuh lit"-/, n. (often l.c.) the executive committee and chief policymaking body of a Communist party. Also, Politbureau. [ < Russ politbyuró, ...
polite
—politely, adv. —politeness, n. /peuh luyt"/, adj., politer, politest. 1. showing good manners toward others, as in behavior, speech, etc.; courteous; civil: a polite ...
politely
See polite. * * *
politeness
See politely. * * *
Polites, Geoffrey Paul
▪ 2009       Australian automotive executive born Nov. 5, 1947?, Melbourne, Australia died April 20, 2008, Melbourne rose through the ranks at Ford Motor Co. during a ...
politesse
/pol'i tes"/; Fr. /paw lee tes"/, n. formal politeness; courtesy. [1710-20; < F: orig. clean or polished state < It politezza, var. of pulitezza (deriv. of polito POLITE)] * * *
Politian
/poh lish"euhn/, n. (Angelo Poliziano) 1454-94, Italian classical scholar, teacher, and poet. * * * orig. Angelo Poliziano or Angelo Ambrogini born July 14, 1454, ...
politic
—politicly, adv. /pol"i tik/, adj. 1. shrewd or prudent in practical matters; tactful; diplomatic. 2. contrived in a shrewd and practical way; expedient: a politic reply. 3. ...
political
—politically, adv. /peuh lit"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or concerned with politics: political writers. 2. of, pertaining to, or connected with a political party: a ...
political action committee
political action committee n. an organization representing the interests of a corporation, labor union, trade association, etc. that solicits and collects political campaign ...
political action committee (PAC)
In U.S. politics, an organization whose purpose is to raise and distribute campaign funds to candidates seeking political office. PACs rose to prominence after the Federal ...
political assemblies
➡ devolution * * *
political asylum
asylum provided by one nation to refugees, esp. political refugees, from another nation. [1950-55] * * *
political convention
or party conference In politics, a meeting of members of a political party at the local, state, or national level to select party leaders and candidates for office and to ...
political correctness
Political correctness, often called simply PC, is concerned with avoiding certain attitudes, actions and, above all, forms of expression which suggest prejudice and are likely to ...
political economy
—political economist. 1. a social science dealing with political policies and economic processes, their interrelations, and their influence on social institutions. 2. (in the ...
political liberty
the right to express oneself freely and effectually regarding the conduct, makeup, and principles of the government under which one lives. * * *
political machine
In U.S. politics, a political organization that controls enough votes to maintain political and administrative control of its community. The rapid growth of cities in the 19th ...
POLITICAL PARTIES
▪ 1997       
Political Parties 1
▪ Table Parlia- Voting mentary ...
Political Parties 2
▪ Table Political Parties       Parlia-     Voting  mentary Country Affili- strength represen-   Name of party ation  (%)  tation  Afghanistan           ...
Political Parties 3
▪ Table Parlia- ...
political party
Group of persons organized to acquire and exercise political power. Formal political parties originated in their modern form in Europe and the U.S. in the 19th century. Whereas ...
political philosophy
Branch of philosophy that analyzes the state and related concepts such as political obligation, law, social justice, and constitution. The first major work of political ...
political question
Law. a question regarded by the courts as being a matter to be determined by another department of government rather than of law and therefore one with which they will not deal, ...
political refugee
a person who has fled from a homeland because of political persecution. * * *
political science
—political scientist. a social science dealing with political institutions and with the principles and conduct of government. [1770-80] * * * Academic discipline concerned ...
political system
Introduction       the set of formal legal institutions that constitute a “government” or a “ state.” This is the definition adopted by many studies of the legal ...
politicalaction committee
political action committee n. Abbr. PAC A committee formed by business, labor, or other special-interest groups to raise money and make contributions to the campaigns of ...
politicalcorrectness
See politically correct. * * *
politicaleconomy
political economy n. 1. The social science that deals with political science and economics as a unified subject; the study of the interrelationships between political and ...
politicalincorrectness
See politically incorrect. * * *
politicalization
See politicalize. * * *
politicalize
—politicalization, n. /peuh lit"i keuh luyz'/, v.t., politicalized, politicalizing. to cause to be political; color with politics. Also, esp. Brit., politicalise. [1865-70; ...
politically
See political. * * *
politically correct
—political correctness, marked by or adhering to a typically progressive orthodoxy on issues involving esp. race, gender, sexual affinity, or ecology. Abbr.: PC, P.C. * * *
politicallycorrect
politically correct adj. Abbr. PC 1. Of, relating to, or supporting broad social, political, and educational change, especially to redress historical injustices in matters such ...
politicallyincorrect
politically incorrect adj. Disregarding or unconcerned with political correctness.   political incorrectness n. * * *
politicalprisoner
political prisoner n. A person who has been imprisoned for holding or advocating dissenting political views. * * *
politicalscience
political science n. The study of the processes, principles, and structure of government and of political institutions; politics.   political scientist n. * * *
politicalscientist
See political science. * * *
politician
/pol'i tish"euhn/, n. 1. a person who is active in party politics. 2. a seeker or holder of public office, who is more concerned about winning favor or retaining power than about ...
politicization
See politicize. * * *
politicize
—politicization, n. /peuh lit"euh suyz'/, v., politicized, politicizing. v.t. 1. to bring a political character or flavor to; make political: to politicize a private ...
politick
/pol"i tik/, v.i. 1. to engage in politicking. v.t. 2. to influence, accomplish, or promote by politicking: Somehow he politicked the bill through both houses of ...
politicker
See politick. * * *
politicking
/pol"i tik'ing/, n. activity undertaken for political reasons or ends, as campaigning for votes before an election, making speeches, etc., or otherwise promoting oneself or one's ...
politicly
See politic. * * *
politico
/peuh lit"i koh'/, n., pl. politicos. a politician. [1620-30; < It or Sp] * * *
politico-
a combining form representing political in compound words: politico-religious. * * *
politics
/pol"i tiks/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. the science or art of political government. 2. the practice or profession of conducting political affairs. 3. political affairs: ...
Politis, Nikolaos Sokrates
▪ Greek jurist and diplomat born Feb. 7, 1872, Corfu, Greece died March 4, 1942, Cannes, Fr.  Greek jurist and diplomat, a champion of disarmament and the peaceful ...
Politkovskaya, Anna
▪ 2007 Anna Stepanovna Mazepa        Russian investigative journalist (b. Aug. 30, 1958, New York, N.Y.—d. Oct. 7, 2006, Moscow, Russia), denounced the government of ...
polity
/pol"i tee/, n., pl. polities. 1. a particular form or system of government: civil polity; ecclesiastical polity. 2. the condition of being constituted as a state or other ...
Politzer, H. David
▪ American physicist in full  Hugh David Politzer  born August 31, 1949, New York, New York, U.S.       American physicist who, with David J. Gross (Gross, David J.) ...
Polivanov, Aleksey Andreyevich
▪ Russian general born March 16 [March 4, Old Style], 1855 died Sept. 25, 1920, Riga, Latvia       general in the imperial Russian army who, during World War I, was ...
polje
▪ geology       (Serbo-Croatian: “field”), elongated basin having a flat floor and steep walls; it is formed by the coalescence of several sinkholes. The basins ...
Polk
/pohk/, n. James Knox, 1795-1849, the 11th president of the U.S. 1845-49. * * *
Polk, James K(nox)
born Nov. 2, 1795, Mecklenburg county, N.C., U.S. died June 15, 1849, Nashville, Tenn. 11th president of the U.S. (1845–49). He was a friend and supporter of Andrew Jackson, ...
Polk, James K.
▪ president of United States Introduction in full  James Knox Polk  born November 2, 1795, Mecklenburg county, North Carolina, U.S. died June 15, 1849, Nashville, ...
Polk, Leonidas
▪ Confederate general and clergyman born April 10, 1806, Raleigh, N.C., U.S. died June 14, 1864, Pine Mountain, Ga.  U.S. bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, founder ...
Polk, Sarah
▪ American first lady née  Sarah Childress  born September 4, 1803, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, U.S. died August 14, 1891, Nashville, Tennessee       American first ...
Polk,James Knox
Polk (pōk), James Knox. 1795-1849. The 11th President of the United States (1845-1849), whose term was marked by the establishment of the 49th parallel as the country's ...
polka
/pohl"keuh, poh"keuh/, n., pl. polkas, v., polkaed, polkaing. n. 1. a lively couple dance of Bohemian origin, with music in duple meter. 2. a piece of music for such a dance or ...
polka dot
—polka-dotted, polka-dot, adj. /poh"keuh/, Textiles. 1. a dot or round spot (printed, woven, or embroidered) repeated to form a pattern on a textile fabric. 2. a pattern of or ...
polkadot
polka dot n. 1. One of a number of dots or round spots forming a pattern, as on cloth. 2. A pattern or fabric with such dots. * * *
Polke, Sigmar
▪ German artist born Feb. 13, 1941, Oels, E.Ger. [now Oleśnica, Pol.]       German artist whose complex and layered paintings played an important role in the ...
Polkinghorne, John
▪ 2003       When British physicist John Polkinghorne resigned one of the most prestigious academic positions in his field to become an Anglican priest, many of his ...
poll
poll1 —pollable, adj. —poller, n. /pohl/, n. 1. a sampling or collection of opinions on a subject, taken from either a selected or a random group of persons, as for the ...
poll end
/pohl/ the hub holding the sail arms of a windmill. * * *
poll evil
/pohl/, Vet. Pathol. an acute swelling on the top of the head of a horse originating in an inflamed bursa that underlies the great neck ligament there. [1600-10] * * *
poll parrot
/pol/ polly. * * *
poll tax
/pohl/ a capitation tax, the payment of which is sometimes a prerequisite to exercise the right of suffrage. Also called head tax. [1685-95] * * * Tax of a uniform amount levied ...
poll watcher
/pohl/ a representative of a political party or of an organization running a candidate who is assigned to the polls on an election day to watch for violations of the laws that ...
pollack
/pol"euhk/, n., pl. pollacks, (esp. collectively) pollack. 1. a food fish, Pollachius pollachius, of the cod family, inhabiting coastal North Atlantic waters from Scandinavia to ...
Pollack, Sydney Irwin
▪ 2009       American director, producer, and actor born July 1, 1934, Lafayette, Ind. died May 26, 2008, Pacific Palisades, Calif. directed numerous television shows ...
Pollaiuolo
/poh'luy woh"loh/; It. /pawl'luy waw"law/, n. 1. Antonio /ahn taw"nyaw/, 1429-98, Italian sculptor, painter, and goldsmith. 2. his brother Piero /pye"rddaw/, 1443-96, painter, ...
Pollaiuolo brothers
▪ Italian artists       Italian brothers who, as sculptors, painters, engravers, and goldsmiths, produced myriad works together under a combined signature. Antonio del ...
Pollaiuolo, Antonio and Piero del
orig. Antonio and Piero di Jacopo d'Antonio Benci born Jan. 17, 1432/33, Florence, Republic of Florence died Feb. 4, 1498, Rome born 1443, Florence died 1496, Rome Italian ...
pollakiuria
/pol'euh kee yoor"ee euh, -kuy-/, n. Med. abnormally frequent urination. [ < Gk polláki, pollákis many times + -URIA] * * *
pollard
/pol"euhrd/, n. 1. a tree cut back nearly to the trunk, so as to produce a dense mass of branches. 2. an animal, as a stag, ox, or sheep, having no horns. v.t. 3. to convert into ...
Pollard, A F
▪ English historian and author born Dec. 16, 1869, Ryde, Isle of Wight, Hampshire, Eng. died Aug. 3, 1948, Milford-on-Sea, Hampshire       English historian who was the ...
Pollard, Fritz
▪ American football player and coach byname of  Frederick Douglass Pollard, Sr.  born January 27, 1894, Chicago, Illinois, U.S. died May 11, 1986, Silver Spring, ...
Pollard, Marjorie
▪ English athlete born 1899, Peterborough, Northamptonshire, Eng. died March 21, 1982       field hockey player who became one of England's greatest players. She was ...
pollarding
▪ botany       cutting of top tree branches back to the trunk, leaving club-headed stems that grow a thick head of new branches. The purpose in some areas is to limit ...
pollbook
/pohl"book'/, n. the official list of the registered voters in a given area. [1675-85; POLL1 + BOOK] * * *
polled
/pohld/, adj. 1. hornless, esp. genetically hornless, as the Aberdeen Angus. 2. Obs. having the hair cut off. [1300-50; ME; see POLL1, -ED2] * * *
pollee
/poh lee"/, n. a person who is asked questions in a poll. [1935-40; POLL1 + -EE] * * *
pollen
—pollenless, adj. —pollenlike, adj. —pollinic /peuh lin"ik/, pollinical, adj. /pol"euhn/, n. 1. the fertilizing element of flowering plants, consisting of fine, powdery, ...
pollen basket
(of bees) a smooth area on the hind tibia of each leg fringed with long hairs and serving to transport pollen. Also called corbicula. [1855-60] * * *
pollen brush
the mass of stiff hairs on the legs or abdomen of an insect, for collecting pollen. Also called scopa. [1895-1900] * * *
pollen count
a count of the amount of pollen in the air, based on the average of the number of pollen grains that collect on slides exposed to the air for a given period of time. [1925-30] * ...
pollen grain
a single granule of pollen. [1825-35] * * *
pollen sac
Bot. one of the cavities in an anther in which pollen is produced. [1870-75] * * *
pollen tube
Bot. the protoplasmic tube that is extruded from a germinating pollen grain and grows toward the ovule. [1825-35] * * *
Pollen, Daniel
▪ prime minister of New Zealand born June 2, 1813, Dublin died May 18, 1896, New Zealand       Irish-born physician, prime minister of New Zealand (1875–76), and a ...
pollenate
pollenate [päl′ə nāt΄] vt. pollenated, pollenating POLLINATE * * * pol·len·ate (pŏlʹə-nāt') v. Variant of pollinate. * * *
pollencount
pollen count n. The average number of pollen grains, usually of ragweed, in a cubic yard or other standard volume of air over a 24-hour period at a specified time and place. * * *
pollengrain
pollen grain n. A microspore of seed plants, containing a male gametophyte. * * *
polleniferous
pol·len·if·er·ous (pŏl'ə-nĭfʹər-əs) adj. Variant of polliniferous. * * *
pollenmother cell
pollen mother cell n. The microsporocyte of a seed plant. * * *
pollenosis
/pol'euh noh"sis/, n. Pathol. See hay fever. [POLLEN + -OSIS] * * *
pollensac
pollen sac n. The microsporangium of a seed plant in which pollen is produced. * * *
Pollentia
▪ Italy modern  Pollenza        ancient town in the territory of the Statielli in Liguria, northern Italy, located 10 miles north of Augusta Bagiennorum (Vagienna) on ...
pollentube
pollen tube n. The slender tube formed by the pollen grain that penetrates an ovule and releases the male gametes. * * *
poller
See poll. * * *
pollera
/peuh yair"euh/; Sp. /paw ye"rddah/, n., pl. polleras /peuh yair"euhz/; Sp. /paw ye"rddahs/. a gaily colored costume worn by women during fiestas in Latin-American countries. [ < ...
pollero
/paw ye"rddaw/; Eng. /poh yair"oh/, n., pl. polleros /paw ye"rddaws/; Eng. /poh yair"ohz/. Mexican Spanish. a smuggler of Mexican workers into the U.S. * * *
pollex
/pol"eks/, n., pl. pollices /pol"euh seez'/. the innermost digit of the forelimb; thumb. [1825-35; < L] * * *
pollice verso
/pohl"li ke' werdd"soh/; Eng. /pol"euh see verr"soh/, Latin. with thumbs turned downward: the sign made by spectators calling for the death of a defeated gladiator in the ancient ...
pollicitation
/peuh lis'i tay"sheuhn/, n. Civil Law. an offer or promise not yet accepted by the person to whom it was made. [1520-30; < L pollicitation- (s. of pollicitatio) a promising, ...
pollin-
pollin- pref. Variant of pollini-. * * *
pollinate
—pollinator, n. /pol"euh nayt'/, v.t., pollinated, pollinating. Bot. to convey pollen to the stigma of (a flower). [1870-75; < NL pollin- (s. of pollen) POLLEN + -ATE1] * * *
pollination
/pol'euh nay"sheuhn/, n. Bot. the transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma. [1870-75; POLLINATE + -ION] * * * Transfer of pollen grains in seed plants from the stamens, ...
pollinator
See pollination. * * *
polling booth
a booth in which voters cast their votes. [1850-55] * * *
polling day
➡ elections * * *
polling place
a place at or in which votes in an election are cast. [1825-35] * * *
polling station
➡ elections * * *
Pollini, Maurizio
born Jan. 5, 1942, Milan, Italy Italian pianist. He made his debut at age nine and won the Warsaw Chopin Competition in 1960. He first played in the U.S. in 1968. His ...
pollini-
pollini- or pollin- pref. Pollen: polliniferous.   [From New Latin pollen, pollin-, pollen. See pollinate.] * * *
polliniferous
/pol'euh nif"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. Bot. producing or bearing pollen. 2. Zool. fitted for carrying pollen. [1820-30; < NL pollin- (s. of pollen) POLLEN + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
pollinium
/peuh lin"ee euhm/, n., pl. pollinia /-lin"ee euh/. Bot. an agglutinated mass or body of pollen grains, characteristic of plants of the orchid and milkweed families. [1860-65; < ...
pollinization
See pollinize. * * *
pollinize
—pollinization, n. /pol"euh nuyz'/, v.t., pollinized, pollinizing. pollinate. Also, esp. Brit., pollinise. [1840-50; < NL pollin- (s. of pollen) POLLEN + -IZE] * * *
pollinizer
See pollinization. * * *
pollinosis
/pol'euh noh"sis/, n. Pathol. See hay fever. [1920-25; < NL, equiv. to pollin- (s. of pollen) POLLEN + -OSIS] * * *
Pollio, Gaius Asinius
▪ Roman historian and orator born 76 BC, Italy died AD 4, , Tusculum, near Rome       Roman orator, poet, and historian who wrote a contemporary history that, although ...
Pollitt, Harry
▪ British politician born Nov. 22, 1890, Droylsden, Lancashire, Eng. died June 27, 1960, at sea en route from Australia to England       British Communist, general ...
polliwog
/pol"ee wog'/, n. a tadpole. Also, pollywog. [1400-50; var. of polliwig, earlier polwigge, late ME polwygle. See POLL1, WIGGLE] * * *
pollo
/paw"yaw, -lyaw/, n., pl. pollos /paw"yaws, -lyaws/. Spanish. 1. chicken. 2. Slang. (in Mexico) a laborer who pays to be smuggled or guided over the border into the U.S. ...
pollock
/pol"euhk/, n., pl. pollocks, (esp. collectively) pollock. Chiefly Brit. 1. Also called saithe. a North Atlantic food fish, Pollachius virens, of the cod family. 2. ...
Pollock
/pol"euhk/, n. 1. Sir Frederick, 1845-1937, English legal scholar and author. 2. Jackson, 1912-56, U.S. painter. * * * ▪ fish also spelled ...
Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Company
(1895) U.S. Supreme Court ruling that declared the federal income tax unconstitutional, thus voiding portions of an 1894 act that imposed a direct tax on the incomes of U.S. ...
Pollock, (Paul) Jackson
born Jan. 28, 1912, Cody, Wyo., U.S. died Aug. 11, 1956, East Hampton, N.Y. U.S. painter. He grew up in California and Arizona. In the early 1930s he studied in New York City ...
Pollock, Jackson
▪ American artist Introduction in full  Paul Jackson Pollock   born January 28, 1912, Cody, Wyoming, U.S. died August 11, 1956, East Hampton, New York  American painter who ...
Pollock, Sir Frederick, 3rd Baronet
born Dec. 10, 1845, London, Eng. died Jan. 18, 1937, London British legal scholar. He taught at the University of Oxford (1883–1903) and was made a king's counsel in 1920. He ...
Pollock,Jackson
Pol·lock (pŏlʹək), Jackson. 1912-1956. American artist. Using his drip technique of painting, he became a leader of abstract expressionism. * * *
pollster
/pohl"steuhr/, n. a person whose occupation is the taking of public-opinion polls. [1935-40, Amer.; POLL1 + -STER] * * *
pollsters
➡ elections * * *
polltaker
/pohl"tay'keuhr/, n. a person or organization that conducts polls; pollster. [1955-60; POLL1 + TAKER] * * *
polltax
poll tax n. A tax levied on people rather than on property, often as a requirement for voting. * * *
pollutant
/peuh looht"nt/, n. 1. something that pollutes. 2. any substance, as certain chemicals or waste products, that renders the air, soil, water, or other natural resource harmful or ...
pollute
—polluter, n. —pollutive, adj. /peuh looht"/, v.t., polluted, polluting. 1. to make foul or unclean, esp. with harmful chemical or waste products; dirty: to pollute the air ...
polluted
—pollutedness, n. /peuh looh"tid/, adj. 1. made unclean or impure; contaminated; tainted: swimming in polluted waters. 2. Slang. drunk. [1350-1400; ME; see POLLUTE, -ED2] * * *
polluter
See pollute. * * *
pollution
/peuh looh"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of polluting or the state of being polluted. 2. the introduction of harmful substances or products into the environment: air ...
Pollux
/pol"euhks/, n. 1. Greek, Polydeuces. Class. Myth. the brother of Castor. Cf. Castor and Pollux. 2. Astron. a first-magnitude star in the constellation Gemini. * * * ▪ ...
Pollux, Julius
▪ Greek scholar and rhetorician flourished 2nd century AD, Naukratis, Egypt       Greek scholar and rhetorician. The emperor Commodus appointed him to a chair of ...
polly
/pol"ee/, n., pl. pollies. a tame parrot. Also called poll, poll parrot. [generic use of POLLY] * * *
Polly
/pol"ee/, n. 1. a female given name, form of Mary. 2. a common name for a parrot. * * *
Pollyanna
—Pollyannaism, n. /pol'ee an"euh/, n. 1. an excessively or blindly optimistic person. adj. 2. (often l.c.) Also, Pollyannaish. unreasonably or illogically optimistic: some ...
pollyfish
/pol"ee fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) pollyfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) pollyfishes. parrotfish. [POLLY + FISH] * * *
pollywog
/pol"ee wog'/, n. polliwog. * * *
polo
—poloist, n. /poh"loh/, n. 1. a game played on horseback between two teams, each of four players, the object being to score points by driving a wooden ball into the opponents' ...
Polo
/poh"loh/, n. Marco /mahr"koh/, c1254-1324, Venetian traveler. * * * I Game played by teams of players on horseback. Players use mallets with long flexible handles to drive a ...
polo
—poloist, n. /poh"loh/, n. 1. a game played on horseback between two teams, each of four players, the object being to score points by driving a wooden ball into the opponents' ...
Polo
/poh"loh/, n. Marco /mahr"koh/, c1254-1324, Venetian traveler. * * * I Game played by teams of players on horseback. Players use mallets with long flexible handles to drive a ...
polo coat
a double-breasted, often belted overcoat made of camel's hair or a similar fabric. [1905-10] * * *
polo pony
a small, swift, agile horse specially trained for use in polo. [1880-85] * * *
polo shirt
a short-sleeved, pullover sport shirt, usually of cotton or cottonlike knit, with a round neckband or a turnover collar. Also called polo. [1915-20] * * *
Polo, Marco
born с 1254, Venice or Curzola, Venetian Dalmatia died Jan. 8, 1324, Venice Venetian merchant and traveler who journeyed from Europe to Asia (1271–95). Born into a Venetian ...
Polo,Marco
Po·lo (pōʹlō), Marco. 1254-1324. Venetian traveler who explored Asia from 1271 to 1295. His Travels of Marco Polo was the only account of the Far East available to Europeans ...
Polochic River
▪ river, Guatemala Spanish  Río Polochic        river in eastern Guatemala. Its major headstreams arise in the Chamá and Minas mountain ranges. Flowing eastward ...
polocoat
polo coat n. A loose-fitting, tailored overcoat made from camel's hair or a similar material. * * *
poloist
See polo. * * *
Polokwane
▪ South Africa formerly (1886–2002)  Pietersburg        city, capital of Limpopo province, South Africa. It is located about midway between Pretoria and the ...
polonaise
/pol'euh nayz", poh'leuh-/, n. 1. a slow dance of Polish origin, in triple meter, consisting chiefly of a march or promenade in couples. 2. a piece of music for, or in the rhythm ...
Polonaise carpet
▪ carpet also called  Polish carpet        any of various handwoven floor coverings with pile of silk, made in Eṣfahān and other weaving centres of Persia in the ...
Polonia
Polonia [pə lō′nē ə] n. the Polish-American community in a given place outside Poland Polonian adj., n. * * *
polonium
/peuh loh"nee euhm/, n. Chem. a radioactive element discovered by Pierre and Marie Curie in 1898; Symbol: Po; at. no.: 84; at. wt.: about 210. [1895-1900; < NL, equiv. to polon- ...
Polonius
/peuh loh"nee euhs/, n. the sententious father of Ophelia in Shakespeare's Hamlet. * * *
Polonize
—Polonization, n. /poh"leuh nuyz'/, v.t., Polonized, Polonizing. 1. to make Polish; cause or force to take on ways, customs, viewpoints, etc., that are characteristically ...
Polonnaruwa
/poh lun'euh roov"euh/, n. a town in E central Sri Lanka: Buddhist ruins. * * * ▪ Sri Lanka  town, north-central Sri Lanka (Ceylon), near the Mahaweli River. It is an ...
polos
/pol"os/, n., pl. poloi /pol"oy/. a tall, cylindrical headdress represented, esp. on statutes, as worn by women in ancient Greece. [1840-50; < Gk pólos axis] * * *
poloshirt
polo shirt n. A pullover sport shirt of knitted cotton. * * *
Polotsk
Po·lotsk (pôʹlətsk) See Polatsk. * * * ▪ Belarus also spelled  Polock,         city, Vitebsk oblast (province), Belarus. It is situated on the Western Dvina ...
Polo{™}
a popular British peppermint sweet, sold in tubes and made by Nestlé. Polo mints are round with a hole in the middle. They are advertised as ‘the mint with the hole’. Polos ...
PolPot
Pol Pot (pŏl pŏtʹ), 1928-1998. Cambodian political leader whose Khmer Rouge movement overthrew the Cambodian government in 1975. Under his regime executions and famine killed ...
Polska
/pawl"skah/, n. Polish name of Poland. * * * ▪ dance       (Swedish: Polish), Scandinavian folk dance originating in the 16th century, possibly influenced by Polish ...
Poltava
/pul tah"veuh/, n. a city in E Ukraine, SW of Kharkov: Russian defeat of Swedes 1709. 309,000. * * * ▪ Ukraine       city, east-central Ukraine. It lies along the ...
Poltava, Battle of
(June 1709) Decisive victory of Russia over Sweden in the Second Northern War. The battle was fought near Poltava, Ukr., between 80,000 Russian troops under Peter I the Great ...
poltergeist
/pohl"teuhr guyst'/, n. a ghost or spirit supposed to manifest its presence by noises, knockings, etc. [1840-50; < G Poltergeist, equiv. to polter(n) to make noise, knock, rattle ...
Poltoratsk
/pol'teuh rahtsk"/; Russ. /peuhl tu rddahtsk"/, n. former name of Ashkhabad. * * *
poltroon
—poltroonery, n. —poltroonish, adj. —poltroonishly, adv. /pol troohn"/, n. 1. a wretched coward; craven. adj. 2. marked by utter cowardice. [1520-30; earlier pultrowne, ...
poltroonery
See poltroon. * * *
poludnitsa
▪ Slavic mythology       in Slavic mythology, female field spirit, generally seen either as a tall woman or a girl dressed in white. The poludnitsa customarily appears ...
poly
/pol"ee/, n., pl. polies, adj. n. 1. Informal. polyester (def. 2): a blend of poly and cotton. 2. a fabric or garment made of polyester. adj. 3. made of or containing polyester: ...

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