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polysomic
polysomic [päl΄i sō′mik] adj. 〚
polysomnogram
—polysomnography /pol'ee som nog"reuh fee, -seuhm-/, n. /pol'ee som"neuh gram'/, n. a record of a person's sleep pattern, breathing, heart activity, and limb movements during ...
polysorbate
pol·y·sor·bate (pŏl'ē-sôrʹbāt') n. Any of a class of emulsifiers used in food preparation and in some pharmaceuticals.   [poly- + sorbate, salt or ester of sorbitol ...
polyspermia
/pol'ee sperr"mee euh/, n. Med. the secretion of an excessive amount of semen. [ < Gk polyspermía abundance of seed. See POLY-, SPERM, -IA] * * *
polyspermic
See polyspermy. * * *
polyspermy
—polyspermic /pol'ee sperr"mik/, adj. /pol"ee sperr'mee/, n. the fertilization of an ovum by several spermatozoa. Cf. dispermy, monospermy. [1885-90; see POLYSPERMIA, -Y3] * * *
polystichous
/peuh lis"ti keuhs/, adj. arranged in rows or series. [1885-90; < Gk polýstichos having many lines or verses; see POLY-, -STICHOUS] * * *
polystyle
/pol"ee stuyl'/, adj. having many columns. [1835-45; < Gk polýstylos with many columns. See POLY-, -STYLE2] * * *
polystyrene
/pol'ee stuy"reen, -stear"een/, n. Chem. a clear plastic or stiff foam, a polymer of styrene, used chiefly as an insulator in refrigerators and air conditioners. [1925-30; POLY- ...
polysulfide
/pol'ee sul"fuyd/, n. Chem. a sulfide whose molecules contain two or more atoms of sulfur. [1840-50; POLY- + SULFIDE] * * * ▪ chemical compound       any member of a ...
polysulfone
▪ chemical compound       any of a class of resinous organic chemical compounds belonging to the family of polymers in which the main structural chain most commonly ...
polysuspensoid
/pol'ee seuh spen"soyd/, n. Physical Chem. a suspensoid in which the solid particles are polydisperse. [POLY- + SUSPENSOID] * * *
polysyllabic
—polysyllabically, adv. /pol'ee si lab"ik/, adj. 1. consisting of several, esp. four or more, syllables, as a word. 2. characterized by such words, as a language, piece of ...
polysyllabically
See polysyllabic. * * *
polysyllable
/pol"ee sil'euh beuhl, pol'ee sil"-/, n. a polysyllabic word. [1560-70; POLY- + SYLLABLE] * * *
polysyllogism
—polysyllogistic, adj. /pol'ee sil"euh jiz'euhm/, n. Logic. an argument made up of a chain of syllogisms, the conclusion of each being a premise of the one following, until the ...
polysynaptic
—polysynaptically, adv. /pol'ee si nap"tik/, adj. Physiol. having or involving more than one synapse. [1960-65; POLY- + SYNAPTIC] * * *
polysyndeton
/pol'ee sin"di ton', -teuhn/, n. Rhet. the use of a number of conjunctions in close succession. Cf. asyndeton. [1580-90; < NL; see POLY-, ASYNDETON] * * *
polysynthesism
/pol'i sin"theuh siz'euhm/, n. 1. the synthesis of various elements. 2. the combining of several words of a sentence into one word. [1880-85; POLY- + SYNTHES(IS) + -ISM] * * *
polysynthetic
/pol'ee sin thet"ik/, adj. 1. (of a language) characterized by a prevalence of relatively long words containing a large number of affixes to express syntactic relationships and ...
polytechnic
/pol'ee tek"nik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or offering instruction in a variety of industrial arts, applied sciences, or technical subjects: a polytechnic institute. n. 2. a ...
Polytechnical Museum
▪ museum, Moscow, Russia Russian  Politekhnichesky Muzey,         in Moscow, museum of science and technology that emphasizes the history of Soviet science and ...
polytene
pol·y·tene (pŏlʹē-tēn') adj. Relating to or having large multistranded chromosomes whose corresponding chromomeres are in contact.   [poly- + Latin taenia, band (from ...
polytene chromosome
/pol"ee teen'/, Genetics. a giant, cross-banded chromosome that results from multiple replication of its genetic material with the duplicated chromatin strands remaining closely ...
polytenic
See polytene. * * *
polyteny
See polytenic. * * *
polytetrafluoroethylene
/pol'ee te'treuh floor'oh eth"euh leen', -flawr'-, -flohr'-/, n. Chem. any polymer, plastic, or resin having the formula (C2F4)n, prepared from tetrafluoroethylene, noted for its ...
polytheism
—polytheist, n. —polytheistic, polytheistical, adj. —polytheistically, adv. /pol"ee thee iz'euhm, pol'ee thee"iz euhm/, n. the doctrine of or belief in more than one god or ...
polytheist
See polytheism. * * *
polytheistic
See polytheist. * * *
polythene
/pol"euh theen'/, n. Chem. Brit. polyethylene. [1935-40; by shortening] * * *
polythiazide
/pol'ee thuy"euh zuyd'/, n. Pharm. a substance, C11H13ClF3N3O4S3, used as a diuretic in the management of edema and hypertension. [POLY- + THIAZIDE] * * *
polytocous
polytocous [pə lit′ ə kəs] adj. having more than one offspring at a birth * * * po·lyt·o·cous (pə-lĭtʹə-kəs) adj. Producing many offspring in a single ...
polytomy
—polytomous, adj. /peuh lit"euh mee/, n., pl. polytomies. 1. the act or process of dividing into more than three parts. 2. the state or condition of being so divided. [1860-65; ...
polytonal
—polytonally, adv. /pol'ee tohn"l/, adj. Music. marked by or using polytonality. [1920-25; POLY- + TONAL] * * *
polytonality
—polytonalist /pol'ee tohn"l ist/, n. /pol'ee toh nal"i tee/, n. Music. the use of more than one key at the same time. Also, polytonalism /pol'ee tohn"l iz'euhm/. [1920-25; ...
polytonally
See polytonal. * * *
polytriglyph
/pol'ee truy"glif'/, n. (in classical architecture) an intercolumniation of at least four triglyphs. [POLY- + TRIGLYPH] * * *
polytrophic
/pol'ee trof"ik, -troh"fik/, adj. (of certain bacteria) deriving nourishment from many organic substances. [1655-65; POLY- + -TROPHIC] * * *
polytypic
/pol'ee tip"ik/, adj. having or involving many or several types. Also, polytypical. [1885-90; POLY- + TYPIC] * * *
polyunsaturate
/pol'ee un sach"euhr it, -euh rayt'/, n. a polyunsaturated fat or fatty acid. [1945-50; back formation from POLYUNSATURATED] * * *
polyunsaturated
/pol'ee un sach"euh ray'tid/, adj. Nutrition. of or noting a class of animal or vegetable fats, esp. plant oils, whose molecules consist of carbon chains with many double bonds ...
polyurethane
/pol'ee yoor"euh thayn', -yoo reth"ayn/, n. Chem. a thermoplastic polymer containing the group NHCOO: used for padding and insulation in furniture, clothing, and packaging, and ...
polyuria
—polyuric, adj. /pol'ee yoor"ee euh/, n. Pathol. the passing of an excessive quantity of urine, as in diabetes, in certain nervous diseases, etc. [1875-80; < NL; see POLY-, ...
polyuric
See polyuria. * * *
polyvalence
See polyvalent. * * *
polyvalency
See polyvalence. * * *
polyvalent
—polyvalence, n. /pol'ee vay"leuhnt, peuh liv"euh leuhnt/, adj. 1. Chem. having more than one valence. 2. Bacteriol. (of an immune serum) containing several antibodies, each ...
polyvinyl
/pol'ee vuyn"l/, adj. Chem. pertaining to or derived from a vinyl polymer. [1930-35; POLY- + VINYL] * * *
polyvinyl acetal
Chem. 1. any of the class of thermoplastic resins derived by the condensation of an aldehyde with polyvinyl alcohol. 2. the slightly yellow, water-insoluble resin produced from ...
polyvinyl acetate
Chem. a colorless, odorless, nontoxic, transparent, thermoplastic, water-insoluble resin used as an adhesive in certain paints and as an intermediate in the synthesis of ...
polyvinyl alcohol
Chem. a colorless, water-soluble, thermoplastic resin, derived by the hydrolysis of polyvinyl acetate: used chiefly as an adhesive and as a sizing agent in the manufacture of ...
polyvinyl butyral
Chem. a white, water-insoluble, polyvinyl acetal made with butyraldehyde, used chiefly as an interlayer in the manufacture of safety glass. [1940-45] * * *
polyvinyl chloride
Chem. a white, water-insoluble, thermoplastic resin, derived by the polymerization of vinyl chloride: used chiefly for thin coatings, insulation, and pipings. Also called ...
polyvinyl fluoride
▪ chemical compound       a synthetic resin belonging to the family of organic polymers. It is a tough material resistant to attack by chemicals or by weathering, ...
polyvinyl formal
/fawr"mal/, Chem. a colorless, water-insoluble, polyvinyl acetal produced from partially hydrolyzed polyvinyl acetate and formaldehyde, used chiefly in the manufacture of ...
polyvinyl resin
Chem. any of the class of thermoplastic resins derived by the polymerization or copolymerization of a vinyl compound: used chiefly as adhesives, sizing agents, and coatings. Also ...
polyvinylchloride
polyvinyl chloride n. PVC. * * *
polyvinylidene
/pol'ee vuy nil"i deen'/, adj. Chem. pertaining to or derived from a polymer of a vinylidene compound. [1935-40; POLYVINYL + -ID3 + -ENE] * * *
polyvinylidene chloride
Chem. a polymer of vinylidene chloride, used chiefly in the manufacture of saran. [1935-40] * * *
polyvinylidene resin
Chem. See vinylidene resin. * * *
polyvinylpyrrolidone
/pol'ee vuyn'l pi roh"li dohn', -rol"i-/, n. Chem. a white, amorphous, water-soluble powder, (C6H9NO) n, used chiefly as a vehicle in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. Also ...
polyvoltine
/pol'ee vohl"teen, -tn/, adj. multivoltine. [1885-90; POLY- + -voltine < F voltin, equiv. to It volt(a) turn, time (see VOLT2) + F -in -INE1] * * *
polywater
/pol"ee waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. Chem. a subtance mistakenly identified as a polymeric form of water, now known to be water containing ions from glass or quartz. [1965-70; ...
Polyxena
▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, a daughter of Priam, king of Troy, and his wife, Hecuba. After the fall of Troy, she was claimed by the ghost of Achilles, ...
Polyzoa
/pol'ee zoh"euh/, n. Zool. Brit. Bryozoa. [1820-30; < NL; see POLY-, -ZOA] * * *
polyzoan
/pol'ee zoh"euhn/, adj., n. Brit. bryozoan. [1855-60; < NL Polyzo(a) POLYZOA + -AN] * * *
polyzoarium
—polyzoarial, adj. /pol'ee zoh air"ee euhm/, n., pl. polyzoaria /-air"ee euh/. Zool. a bryozoan colony, or its supporting skeleton. [1875-80; < NL; see POLY-, -ZOA, -ARIUM] * * ...
polyzoic
/pol'ee zoh"ik/, adj. 1. (of a bryozoan colony) composed of many zooids. 2. (of a spore) producing many sporozoites. 3. (of a habitat) containing many animals or many different ...
pom
/pom/, n. pommy. [prob. by back formation] * * *
pom-pom
pom-pom [päm′päm΄] n. 〚echoic〛 any of several rapid-firing automatic weapons, as an automatic cannon of the Boer War or an antiaircraft cannon of WWII: also pompom * * *
Poma lift
/pom"euh/ Trademark. a ski lift having a disklike support, placed between the legs, against which a skier leans while being pulled uphill. Also, Pomalift. * * *
pomace
/pum"is, pom"-/, n. 1. the pulpy residue from apples or similar fruit after crushing and pressing, as in cider making. 2. any crushed or ground, pulpy substance. [1545-55; perh. ...
pomace fly.
See vinegar fly. [1890-95] * * *
pomacefly
pomace fly n. See fruit fly. * * *
pomaceous
/poh may"sheuhs/, adj. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of pomes. [1700-10; < NL pomaceus. See POME, -ACEOUS] * * *
pomade
/po mayd", -mahd", poh-/, n., v., pomaded, pomading. n. 1. a scented ointment, esp. one used for the scalp or for dressing the hair. v.t. 2. to dress with pomade; apply pomade ...
pomander
/poh"man deuhr, poh man"deuhr/, n. 1. a mixture of aromatic substances, often in the form of a ball, formerly carried on the person as a supposed guard against infection but now ...
Pomare, Sir Maui
▪ Maori statesman in full Sir Maui Wiremu Pita Naera Pomare born Jan. 13, 1876, Pahou Pa, N.Z. died June 27, 1930, Los Angeles        Maori statesman and physician ...
Pomatorhinidae
      scimitar babbler (scimitar-babbler) family of noisy birds, based on the genus Pomatorhinus—in this encyclopaedia classified as part of the babbler family ...
pomatum
/poh may"teuhm, -mah"-, peuh-/, n. pomade. [1555-65; < NL, Latinization of POMADE; neut. (for fem.) to agree with L pomum fruit; see POME] * * *
Pombal, Sebastião de Carvalho, marquês de
▪ Portuguese ruler (marquess of),in full  Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello, marquês de Pombal,  also called (1759–69)  conde (count) de Oeiras   born May 13, 1699, ...
Pombal, Sebastião de Carvalho, marquess de
born May 13, 1699, Lisbon, Port. died May 8, 1782, Pombal Portuguese reformer. After serving as ambassador to England and Vienna, he became chief minister to King Joseph and ...
pome
—pomelike, adj. /pohm/, n. Bot. the characteristic fruit of the apple family, as an apple, pear, or quince, in which the edible flesh arises from the greatly swollen receptacle ...
pomegranate
/pom"gran'it, pom"i-, pum"-/, n. 1. a chambered, many-seeded, globose fruit, having a tough, usually red rind and surmounted by a crown of calyx lobes, the edible portion ...
pomelo
/pom"euh loh'/, n., pl. pomelos. 1. the very large, yellow or orange citrus fruit of a tree, Citrus maxima, of southeastern Asia. 2. the tree itself. Also, pommelo, pumelo, ...
Pomerania
/pom'euh ray"nee euh, -rayn"yeuh/, n. a former province of NE Germany, now mostly in NW Poland. German, Pommern. * * * Historical region, northwest-central Europe, on the Baltic ...
Pomeranian
/pom'euh ray"nee euhn, -rayn"yeuhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Pomerania. n. 2. one of a breed of small dogs having long, straight hair, erect ears, and a ...
Pomeranian Lakeland
▪ region, Poland Polish  Pojezierze Pomorskie        lake district, northwestern Poland. Located immediately south of the Baltic coastal plain, the 20,000-square-mile ...
pomerium
▪ sacred ground, ancient Rome       (from Latin post-moerium, “behind the wall”), in ancient Rome, a sacred open space located just inside the wall surrounding the ...
pomfret
/pom"frit, pum"-/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) pomfret, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) pomfrets. 1. any of several scombroid fishes of the family Bramidae, ...
pomiculture
po·mi·cul·ture (pōʹmĭ-kŭl'chər) n. The cultivation of fruit.   [Latin pōmum, fruit + culture.] * * *
pomiferous
/poh mif"euhr euhs/, adj. Bot. bearing pomes or pomelike fruits. [1650-60; < L pomifer fruit-bearing (see POME, -I-, -FER) + -OUS] * * *
Pomigliano d'Arco
▪ Italy       town, Campania regione, southern Italy, at the northern foot of Vesuvius. It is an agricultural centre with a castle dating from the 15th century. An ...
Pommard
/poh mahrd"/; Fr. /paw mannrdd"/, n. a dry, red wine from the Pommard parish in Burgundy. [1825-35] * * *
pomme blanche
Fr. /pawm blahonnsh"/, pl. pommes blanches Fr. /pawm blahonnsh"/. breadroot. [ < F: lit., white apple] * * *
pommée
/po may", peuh-, poh-/; Fr. /paw may"/, adj. Heraldry. (of a cross) having arms with knoblike ends: a cross pommée. [1715-25; < F: lit., balled, equiv. to pomme apple, ball (see ...
pommel
/pum"euhl, pom"-/, n., v., pommeled, pommeling or (esp. Brit.) pommelled, pommelling. n. 1. a knob, as on the hilt of a sword. 2. the protuberant part at the front and top of a ...
pommel horse
Gymnastics. a padded, somewhat cylindrical floor-supported apparatus, similar to a vaulting horse but having two graspable pommels on top, used by men for hand-supported ...
pommelhorse
pommel horse n. 1. An apparatus for gymnastic exercises that consists of a padded, loaf-shaped object with two pommels on top and stands horizontal to the floor, usually on ...
pommelo
/pom"euh loh/, n., pl. pommelos. pomelo. * * *
Pommern
/pawm"euhrddn/, n. German name of Pomerania. * * *
pommes frites
/pawm frddeet"/, French Informal. See French fries. [short for pommes de terre frites fried potatoes] * * *
pommy
/pom"ee/, n., pl. pommies. (often cap.) Usually Disparaging. (in Australia and New Zealand) a British person, esp. one who is a recent immigrant. Also, pommie, pom. [1910-15; ...
pomo
/poh"moh/, Informal. adj. 1. postmodern. n. 2. the postmodern movement; postmodernism. [1985-90] * * * North American Indian people living in northern California, U.S. The name ...
Pomo
/poh"moh/, n., pl. Pomos, (esp. collectively) Pomo. 1. a member of an American Indian people of northern California. 2. any of several related languages of the Pomo Indians. * * ...
pomological
See pomology. * * *
pomologically
See pomological. * * *
pomologist
See pomological. * * *
pomology
—pomological /poh'meuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —pomologically, adv. —pomologist, n. /poh mol"euh jee/, n. the science that deals with fruits and fruit growing. [1810-20; < NL ...
Pomona
/peuh moh"neuh/, n. 1. the ancient Roman goddess of the fruit of trees. 2. a city in SW California, E of Los Angeles, 92,742. 3. Also called Mainland. the largest of the Orkney ...
Pomona glass
an American art glass having one of its surfaces stained a pale amber color and the other surface etched. * * *
Pomorskie
▪ province, Poland Introduction Polish  Województwo Pomorskie   województwo (province), northern Poland. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea to the north and by the ...
pomp
—pompless, adj. /pomp/, n. 1. stately or splendid display; splendor; magnificence. 2. ostentatious or vain display, esp. of dignity or importance. 3. pomps, pompous displays, ...
Pomp and Circumstance
a set of five marches by the English composer Edward Elgar, written between 1901 and 1930. A version of one of them later had words written for it and was given the title Land of ...
pompadour
/pom"peuh dawr', -dohr', -door'/, n. 1. an arrangement of a man's hair in which it is brushed up high from the forehead. 2. an arrangement of a woman's hair in which it is raised ...
Pompadour
/pom"peuh dawr', -dohr', -door'/; Fr. /pawonn pann doohrdd"/, n. Marquise de (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson Le Normant d'Étioles), 1721-64, mistress of Louis XV of France. * * ...
Pompadour, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marchioness de
known as Madame de Pompadour born Dec. 29, 1721, Paris, France died April 15, 1764, Versailles French mistress of Louis XV. Educated in art and literature, she married ...
Pompadour, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marquise de
▪ French aristocrat Introduction byname  Madame de Pompadour , also called (1741–45)  Jeanne-Antoinette Le Normant d'Étioles  born December 29, 1721, Paris, ...
Pompadour,Marquise de
Pom·pa·dour (pŏmʹpə-dôr', -dōr', -do͝or', pôɴ-pä-do͞orʹ), Marquise de Title of Jeanne Antoinette Poisson. 1721-1764. The lover of Louis XV of France. She was blamed ...
pompano
/pom"peuh noh'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) pompano, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) pompanos. 1. a deep-bodied food fish, Trachinotus carolinus, inhabiting ...
Pompano Beach
a city in SE Florida. 52,618. * * * ▪ Florida, United States       city, Broward county, southeastern Florida, U.S. It lies along the Atlantic Ocean just north of ...
PompanoBeach
Pom·pa·no Beach (pŏmʹpə-nō') A city of southeast Florida on the Atlantic coast north of Miami. It is a resort community in a citrus and vegetable area. Population: ...
pompanodolphin
pompano dolphin n. See dolphin. * * *
Pompe's disease
▪ pathology also called  Glycogenosis Type Ii,         hereditary defect in the body's ability to metabolize glycogen, resulting in a muscle disorder that is usually ...
Pompeia
/pom pee"euh, -pay"euh/, n. fl. 1st century B.C., second wife of Julius Caesar, divorced in 62 B.C. Cf. Calpurnia, Cornelia (def. 2). * * *
Pompeian
/pom pay"euhn, -pee"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Pompeii, or its culture. 2. pertaining to or designating a style of mural painting, examples of which have been found in or ...
Pompeian red
a dull, grayish red. Also, pompeian red. Also called dragon's blood. [1880-85] * * *
Pompeianred
Pompeian red n. A grayish to moderate red.   [From its similarity to the color found on house walls at Pompeii.] * * *
Pompeii
/pom pay", -pay"ee/, n. an ancient city in SW Italy, on the Bay of Naples: it was buried along with Herculaneum by an eruption of nearby Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79; much of the ...
Pompeiian
See Pompeian. * * *
Pompeius Magnus Pius , Sextus
or Pompey the Younger born с 67 died 35 BC, Miletus Son of Pompey the Great and an opponent of Pompey's rivals. After his father was killed fighting Julius Caesar in 48, ...
Pompeius Magnus Pius, Sextus
▪ Roman leader born c. 67 BC died 35 BC, Miletus       younger son of the Roman general Pompey the Great, and a vigorous opponent of Pompey's Caesarian ...
pompelmous
/pom"peuhl moohs'/, n., pl. pompelmous, pompelmouses. shaddock. [1670-80; < D pompelmoes. See POMELO] * * *
Pompey
/pom"pee/, n. (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) ("the Great") 106-48 B.C., Roman general and statesman: a member of the first triumvirate. * * *
Pompey the Great
in full Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus born Sept. 29, 106, Rome died Sept. 28, 48 BC, Pelusium, Egypt Statesman and general of the Roman republic. His early military career was ...
Pompidou
/pom"pi dooh'/; Fr. /pawonn pee dooh"/, n. Georges Jean Raymond /zhawrddzh zhahonn rdday mawonn"/, 1911-74, French political leader: prime minister 1962-68; president 1969-74. * ...
Pompidou Centre
or Beaubourg Centre French national cultural centre, on the rue Beaubourg in the Marais section of Paris. Its full name, the Georges Pompidou National Art and Cultural Centre, ...
Pompidou, Claude
▪ 2008 Claude Jacqueline Cahour        French art patron and first lady of France born Nov. 13, 1912, Château-Gontier, France died July 3, 2007, Paris, France was the ...
Pompidou, Georges
▪ president of France in full  Georges-Jean-Raymond Pompidou  born July 5, 1911, Montboudif, France died April 2, 1974, Paris  French statesman, bank director, and teacher ...
Pompidou, Georges (-Jean-Raymond)
born July 5, 1911, Montboudif, France died April 2, 1974, Paris French premier (1962–68) and president (1969–74). He taught school before serving in World War II and was an ...
Pompidou,Georges Jean Raymond
Pom·pi·dou (pŏmʹpĭ-do͞o', pôɴ-pē-do͞oʹ), Georges Jean Raymond. 1911-1974. French politician who served as premier (1962-1968) and president (1969-1974), continuing ...
pompom
pompom1 /pom"pom'/, n. an automatic antiaircraft cannon. Also, pom-pom. [1895-1900; imit.] pompom2 /pom"pom'/, n. 1. Also, pompon. an ornamental tuft or ball of feathers, wool, ...
pompom girl
a female cheerleader, as for a football team, whose routines often include the waving of large flowerlike clusters or streamers resembling pompoms. [1975-80] * * *
pompon
/pom"pon/, n. 1. pompom2 (def. 1). 2. the high plume at the front of a shako. 3. Hort. a form of small, globe-shaped flower head that characterizes a class or type of various ...
Pomponazzi, Pietro
▪ Italian philosopher born Sept. 16, 1462, Mantua, Marquisate of Mantua died May 18, 1525, Bologna       philosopher and leading representative of Renaissance ...
pomposity
/pom pos"i tee/, n., pl. pomposities for 3. 1. the quality of being pompous. 2. pompous parading of dignity or importance. 3. an instance of being pompous, as by ostentatious ...
pompous
—pompously, adv. /pom"peuhs/, adj. 1. characterized by an ostentatious display of dignity or importance: a pompous minor official. 2. ostentatiously lofty or high-flown: a ...
pompously
See pomposity. * * *
pompousness
See pomposity. * * *
Pompton Lakes
/pomp"teuhn, pom"-/ a town in NE New Jersey. 10,660. * * *
Pomus, Doc
▪ American songwriter byname of  Jerome Felder   born Jan. 27, 1925, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 14, 1991, New York       American songwriter who teamed with Mort ...
Ponape
/poh"neuh pay', pon"euh-/, n. an island in the W Pacific: part of the Federated States of Micronesia. 21,187 including adjacent islands; 134 sq. mi. (347 sq. km). * * *
Ponca
/pong"keuh/, n., pl. Poncas, (esp. collectively) Ponca for 1. 1. a member of a North American Indian people formerly of northern Nebraska, now living mostly in northern ...
Ponca City
a city in N Oklahoma. 26,238. * * * ▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, Kay county, northern Oklahoma, U.S. It lies along the Arkansas River, near the Kansas ...
ponce
/pons/, n. Brit. Slang. 1. a pimp. 2. a campily effeminate male. [1870-75; of obscure orig.] * * * ▪ Puerto Rico       major city and principal port of southern Puerto ...
Ponce
/pawn"se/, n. a seaport in S Puerto Rico. 161,739. * * * ▪ Puerto Rico       major city and principal port of southern Puerto Rico. The third most populous urban ...
Ponce de León
/pons" deuh lee"euhn/; Sp. /pawn"the dhe le awn", pawn"se/ Juan /hwahn/, c1460-1521, Spanish explorer. * * *
Ponce de León, Juan
born 1460, Tierra de Campos Palencia, Leon died 1521, Havana, Cuba Spanish explorer. He may have accompanied Christopher Columbus's expedition in 1493 and later fought in the ...
Ponce de León, Pedro
▪ Spanish Benedictine monk born 1520? died 1584       Spanish Benedictine monk believed to have been the first person to develop a method for teaching ...
Ponce de León,Juan
Ponce de Le·ón (pŏnsʹ də lēʹən, lē-ōnʹ, pōnʹthĕ thĕ lĕ-ōnʹ, pōnʹsĕ), Juan. 1460-1521. Spanish explorer who sailed with Columbus on his second voyage ...
ponceau
/pon soh"/, n. 1. a vivid red to reddish-orange color. adj. 2. having the color ponceau. [1825-35; < F (cf. OF pouncel poppy), perh. dim. of paon peacock < L pavon- (s. of ...
Poncelet
/pawonnseu le"/, n. Jean Victor /zhahonn veek tawrdd"/, 1788-1867, French mathematician. * * *
Poncelet, Jean-Victor
▪ French mathematician born July 1, 1788, Metz, France died December 22, 1867, Paris  French mathematician and engineer who was one of the founders of modern projective ...
Poncet, Charles-Jacques
▪ French pharmacologist born , Franche-Comté died 1706, Persia       French resident pharmacist in Cairo known for the account of his travels in Ethiopia, which was ...
Ponchielli
/pawng kyel"lee/, n. Amilcare /ah meel"kah rdde/, 1834-86, Italian composer. * * *
Ponchielli, Amilcare
▪ Italian composer born Aug. 31 or Sept. 1, 1834, Paderno Fasolaro, near Cremona, Lombardy [Italy] died Jan. 16, 1886, Milan       Italian composer, best known for his ...
Ponchielli,Amilcare
Pon·chiel·li (pōng-kyĕlʹlē), Amilcare. 1834-1886. Italian composer. Among his works are the ballet Clarina (1873) and the opera La Gioconda (1876). * * *
poncho
—ponchoed, adj. /pon"choh/, n., pl. ponchos. a blanketlike cloak with a hole in the center to admit the head, originating in South America, now often worn as a ...
pond
/pond/, n. 1. a body of water smaller than a lake, sometimes artificially formed, as by damming a stream. v.i. 2. (esp. of water) to collect into a pond or large puddle: to ...
pond lily
any of several water lilies, as the common water lily, Nymphaea odorata, or the spatterdock. [1740-50, Amer.] * * *
pond scum
any free-floating freshwater alga that forms a green scum on water. [1885-90] * * *
pond turtle
▪ reptile  any of several freshwater turtles of the families Emydidae and Bataguridae. Two of the best known are emydids: the Pacific, or western, pond turtle (Clemmys ...
Pond, John
▪ British astronomer born 1767, London, Eng. died Sept. 7, 1836, Blackheath, Kent  sixth astronomer royal of England, who organized the Royal Greenwich Observatory to an ...
pond-apple
/pond"ap'euhl/, n. a tropical American, evergreen tree, Annona glabra, of the annona family, having yellowish-red flowers, grown as a grafting stock. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
pondapple
pond apple n. An evergreen tree (Annona glabra) of Florida and tropical America, having yellow flowers with red markings and ovoid yellow fruit. * * *
pondcypress
pond cypress n. A small variety of the bald cypress (Taxodium distichum var. nutans) native to the southeast United States. * * *
ponder
—ponderer, n. /pon"deuhr/, v.i. 1. to consider something deeply and thoroughly; meditate (often fol. by over or upon). v.t. 2. to weigh carefully in the mind; consider ...
ponderability
See ponderable. * * *
ponderable
—ponderability, ponderableness, n. /pon"deuhr euh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being considered carefully or deeply. 2. capable of being weighed; having appreciable ...
ponderer
See ponder. * * *
ponderosa (pine)
☆ ponderosa (pine) or ponderosa [pän΄dər ō′sə ] n. 〚< ModL ( Pinus) ponderosa, lit., heavy (pine) < L ponderosus: see PONDEROUS〛 1. a yellow pine (Pinus ponderosa) ...
ponderosa pine
/pon"deuh roh"seuh, pon'-/ 1. Also called western yellow pine. a large pine, Pinus ponderosa, of western North America, having yellowish-brown bark: the state tree of Montana. 2. ...
ponderosapine
pon·der·o·sa pine (pŏn'də-rōʹsə) n. A tall timber tree (Pinus ponderosa) of western North America, having long, dark green needles grouped in fascicles of ...
ponderosity
See ponderously. * * *
ponderous
—ponderously, adv. —ponderousness, ponderosity /pon'deuh ros"i tee/, n. /pon"deuhr euhs/, adj. 1. of great weight; heavy; massive. 2. awkward or unwieldy: He carried a ...
ponderously
See ponderous. * * *
ponderousness
See ponderously. * * *
Pondicherry
/pon'di cher"ee, -sher"ee/, n. 1. a union territory of India, on the Coromandel Coast: formerly the chief settlement of French India; territory includes Mahé (on the Malabar ...
pondlily
pond lily n. See water lily. * * *
pondok
/pon"dok/, n. South African. a crudely built hut or shelter formed of sheets of corrugated iron, tin, etc.; shanty. Also, pondokkie. [1805-15; of uncert. orig.] * * *
Pondoland
Region, Eastern Cape province, southern Republic of South Africa, on the coast of the Indian Ocean. It was settled at the end of the 16th century by the Pondo (Mpondo), a ...
pondscum
pond scum n. Any of various freshwater algae that form a usually greenish film on the surface of stagnant water. * * *
pondweed
/pond"weed'/, n. any aquatic plant of the genus Potamogeton, most species of which grow in ponds and quiet streams. [1570-80; POND + WEED1] * * * ▪ plant       any of ...
Pond’s{™}
a product name for a range of creams for cleaning and softening the skin. They are produced by Chesebrough-Pond’s. The best known is Pond’s Cold Cream, which is often used to ...
pone
pone1 /pohn/, n. South Midland and Southern U.S. 1. Also called pone bread. a baked or fried bread usually made of cornmeal. 2. a loaf or oval-shaped cake of any type of bread, ...
Ponferrada
▪ Spain       city, León provincia (province), in the Castile-León comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northwestern Spain. It lies at the confluence of the ...
pong
/pong, pawng/, Brit. Informal. n. 1. an unpleasant smell; stink. v.i. 2. to have a disagreeable smell; stink. [1915-20; of obscure orig.] * * * ▪ electronic ...
Poṅgal
▪ Hindu festival       important three-day Hindu festival in South India. It is celebrated on the winter solstice, when, according to the traditional Hindu system of ...
Ponge, Francis
▪ French author in full  Francis Jean Gaston Alfred Ponge  born March 27, 1899, Montpellier, France died Aug. 6, 1988, Le Barsur-Loup       French poet who crafted ...
pongee
/pon jee", pon"jee/, n. 1. silk of a slightly uneven weave made from filaments of wild silk woven in natural tan color. 2. a cotton or rayon fabric imitating it. Cf. Shantung ...
pongid
/pon"jid/, n. 1. any anthropoid primate of the family Pongidae, comprising the gorilla, chimpanzee, and orangutan; a great ape. adj. 2. pertaining to or being a great ...
poniard
/pon"yeuhrd/, n. 1. a small, slender dagger. v.t. 2. to stab with a poniard. [1580-90; < F poignard, deriv. of poing fist < L pugnus; see -ARD] * * *
Poniatowski, Józef Antoni
▪ Polish patriot born May 7, 1763, Vienna died Oct. 19, 1813, Leipzig  Polish patriot and military hero, who became a marshal of France.       Initially an officer in ...
Poniatowski, Stanisław
▪ Polish statesman born Sept. 15, 1676 died Aug. 3, 1762, Ryki, Pol.       Polish soldier, state official, and nobleman who supported the Swedes against the Poles in ...
Ponnaiyar River
▪ river, India       river of Karnataka (Karnātaka) and Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) states, southern India. It rises as the Southern Pinakim on the eastern slope of ...
Ponnani River
▪ river, India also called  Bharathapuzha River        river in central Kerala state, southwestern India. The Ponnani rises in the Western Ghats range northeast of ...
Ponnelle, Jean-Pierre
▪ French opera director born Feb. 19, 1932, Paris, Fr. died Aug. 11, 1988, Munich, W.Ger.       French opera director and designer who mounted unorthodox and often ...
ponograph
/poh"neuh graf', -grahf'/, n. Med. an instrument for graphically recording pain or muscular fatigue. [ < Gk póno(s) pain, work + -GRAPH] * * *
pons
/ponz/, n., pl. pontes /pon"teez/. Anat. 1. Also called pons Varolii. a band of nerve fibers in the brain connecting the lobes of the midbrain, medulla, and cerebrum. See diag. ...
Pons
/ponz/; Fr. /pawonns/, n. Lily /lil"ee/; Fr. /lee lee"/, 1904-76, U.S. operatic soprano, born in France. * * * ▪ anatomy       portion of the brain lying above the ...
pons asinorum
/as'euh nawr"euhm, -nohr"-/ a geometric proposition that if a triangle has two of its sides equal, the angles opposite these sides are also equal: so named from the difficulty ...
pons Varolii
/veuh roh"lee uy'/, pl. pontes Varolii. pons (def. 1). [1685-95; < NL: lit., Varoli's bridge; named after Varoli, Italian anatomist (1543-75)] * * *
Pons, Lily
▪ American singer byname of  Alice Joséphine Pons  born , April 12, 1898, Draguignan, near Cannes, France died Feb. 13, 1976, Dallas, Texas, U.S.       French-born ...
Pons,Lily
Pons (pŏnz, pôɴs), Lily. 1904-1976. French-born American operatic soprano. She was a principal soprano with the Metropolitan Opera from 1931 to 1961. * * *
ponsasinorum
pons as·i·no·rum (pŏnzʹ ăs'ə-nôrʹəm, -nōrʹəm) n. A problem that severely tests the ability of an inexperienced person.   [New Latin pōns asinōrum, bridge of ...
Ponselle
/pon sel"/, n. Rosa (Melba), 1897-1981, U.S. soprano. * * *
Ponselle, Rosa
▪ American singer original name  Rosa Melba Ponzillo  born Jan. 22, 1897, Meriden, Conn., U.S. died May 25, 1981, Baltimore, Md.  American coloratura soprano of great ...
Ponselle,Rosa Melba
Pon·selle (pŏn-sĕlʹ), Rosa Melba. 1897-1981. American soprano who was a leading performer with the Metropolitan Opera in the 1920s and 1930s. * * *
Ponsford, William Harold
▪ Australian athlete born Oct. 19, 1900, Melbourne, Vic., Australia died April 6, 1991, Kyneton, Vic.       Australian cricketer, one of the game's most prolific ...
Ponsot, Marie
▪ American writer, critic, teacher, and translator née  Marie Birmingham  born 1921, Queens, New York, N.Y., U.S       American poet, essayist, literary critic, ...
ponsVarolii
pons Va·ro·li·i (pŏnzʹ və-rōʹlē-ī') n. See pons.   [New Latin pōns Varoliī, bridge of Varoli, after CostanzoVarolio (1543?-1575), Italian anatomist.] * * *
Pont l'Évêque
/pont leuh vek"/; Fr. /pawonn lay vek"/ a strongly flavored, pale-yellow cheese with a soft center, made from whole or skimmed milk. [1895-1900; after the town of the same name ...
Pont Neuf
▪ bridge, Paris, France       oldest existing bridge across the Seine River via the Île de la Cité in Paris, built, with interruptions in the work, from 1578 to 1607. ...
Pont-Aven school
Group of young painters who espoused a style known as Synthetism and united under the tutelage of Paul Gauguin at Pont-Aven, Brittany, France, in the late 1880s and early ...
Pont-l'Évêque
▪ cheese       one of the classic cow's-milk cheeses of Normandy, France, named for the eastern Normandy village in which it is produced. The traditional form of ...
Ponta Delgada
Port. /pawonn"teuh del gah"deuh/ a seaport on SW São Miguel island, in the E Azores. 69,930. * * * ▪ Portugal  largest city and capital of the região autónoma (autonomous ...
Ponta Grossa
/pawonn"tah grddaw"sah/ a city in S Brazil. 152,581. * * * ▪ Brazil       town, east-central Paraná estado (state), southeastern Brazil. Ponta Grossa is located on a ...
PontaDelgada
Pon·ta Del·ga·da (pŏnʹtə dĕl-gäʹdə, pôɴʹ-) A city of southwest São Miguel Island in the Azores. It is the chief commercial city of the island group. Population: ...
PontaGrossa
Ponta Gros·sa (grôʹsä) A city of southern Brazil west-northwest of Curitiba. It is a processing center in a farming and lumbering region. Population: 233,857. * * *
Pontano, Giovanni
▪ Italian writer Latin  Jovianus Pontanus   born May 7, 1426, Cerreto di Spoleto, near Perugia, Papal States [Italy] died September 1503, Naples       Italian prose ...
Pontardawe
▪ Wales, United Kingdom       locality, Neath Port Talbot county borough, historic county of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), Wales, situated in the Tawe valley 8 miles (13 km) ...
Pontchartrain
/pon"cheuhr trayn'/, n. Lake, a shallow extension of the Gulf of Mexico in SE Louisiana, N of New Orleans. 41 mi. (66 km) long; 25 mi. (40 km) wide. * * *
Pontchartrain, Lake
Lake, southeastern Louisiana, U.S. It is 40 mi (64 km) long and 25 mi (40 km) wide, with an area of 625 sq mi (1,619 sq km). More a tidal lagoon than a lake, it is brackish and ...
Pontchartrain,Lake
Pont·char·train (pŏnʹchər-trān'), Lake A lake of southeast Louisiana north of New Orleans. A causeway links New Orleans with the region north of the lake. * * *
Ponte Vecchio
▪ bridge, Florence, Italy   Florence(Italian: “Old Bridge”), first segmental arch bridge built in the West, which crosses over the Arno River at Florence and is an ...
Ponte, Antonio da
▪ Italian architect and engineer born 1512, Venice [Italy] died c. 1595       architect-engineer who built the Rialto Bridge in Venice.       Though he was ...
Pontecorvo, Bruno
▪ 1994       Italian-born British physicist (b. Aug. 22, 1913, Marina di Pisa, Italy—d. Sept. 25, 1993, Dubna, Russia), was a distinguished scientist who defected to ...
Pontecorvo, Gillo
▪ 2007 Gilberto Pontecorvo        Italian filmmaker (b. Nov. 19, 1919, Pisa, Italy—d. Oct. 12, 2006, Rome, Italy), gained international acclaim for La battaglia di ...
Pontecorvo, Guido
born Nov. 29, 1907, Pisa, Italy died Sept. 24, 1999, near Zermatt, Switz. Italian-born British geneticist. In 1938, influenced by Hermann Joseph Muller, he designed a method ...
Pontefract
/pon"teuh frakt'/; locally also /pum"frit, pom"-/, n. a city in West Yorkshire, in N central England, SE of Leeds: ruins of a 12th-century castle. 31,335. * * * ▪ England, ...
pontes
pon·tes (pŏnʹtēz) n. Plural of pons. * * *
Pontevedra
▪ Spain       city, capital of Pontevedra provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Galicia, northwestern Spain. Situated on the ...
Ponti, Carlo
▪ 2008 Carlo Fortunaro Pietro Ponti        Italian motion-picture producer born Dec. 11, 1912 , Magenta, near Milan, Italy died Jan. 10, 2007 , Geneva, Switz. was ...
Ponti, Gio
▪ Italian architect byname of  Giovanni Ponti   born Nov. 18, 1891, Milan, Italy died Sept. 15, 1979, Milan       Italian architect and designer associated with the ...
Pontiac
/pon"tee ak'/, n. 1. c1720-69, North American Indian, chief of the Ottawa tribe: commander during the Pontiac War 1763-64. 2. a city in SE Michigan. 76,715. 3. a town in central ...
Pontian
/pon"sheuhn, -shee euhn/, n. pope A.D. 230-235. Also, Pontianus /pon'shee ay"neuhs/. * * *
Pontian, Saint
▪ pope Latin  Pontianus   born , Rome [Italy] died c. 236, Sardinia; feast day August 13       pope from 230 to 235 who summoned the Roman synod that confirmed the ...
pontianak
/pon'tee ah"nahk/, n. jelutong (def. 2). [1910-15; orig., jelutong from the region around PONTIANAK] * * * ▪ Indonesia       kotamadya (municipality) and capital, West ...
Pontianak
/pon'tee ah"nahk/, n. a seaport on W Kalimantan (Borneo), in central Indonesia. 150,000. * * * ▪ Indonesia       kotamadya (municipality) and capital, West Kalimantan ...
pontic
/pon"tik/, n. Dentistry. an artificial tooth in a bridge. Also called dummy. [1930-35; < L pont- (s. of pons) bridge + -IC] * * *
Pontic
/pon"tik/, adj. pertaining to the Pontus Euxinus or to Pontus. [1470-80; < Gk Pontikós. See PONTUS, -IC] * * *
Pontic Mountains
a mountain range in N Turkey, running parallel to the Black Sea coast for ab. 700 mi. (1125 km): highest peak, 12,917 ft. (3937 m). * * * ▪ mountains, ...
pontifex
/pon"teuh feks'/, n., pl. pontifices /pon tif"euh seez'/. Rom. Relig. a member of the Pontifical College, which was presided over by a chief priest (Pontifex Maximus). [1570-80; ...
pontiff
/pon"tif/, n. 1. any pontifex. 2. any high or chief priest. 3. Eccles. a. a bishop. b. the Roman Catholic pope, the Bishop of Rome. [1600-10; earlier pontife < F, short for L ...
pontific
/pon tif"ik/, adj. Archaic. pontifical. [1635-45; PONTIFF + -IC] * * *
pontifical
—pontifically, adv. /pon tif"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a pontiff; papal. 2. pompous, dogmatic, or pretentious: to resent someone's pontifical ...
Pontifical College
the chief body of priests in ancient Rome. * * *
Pontifical Gendarmerie
▪ Vatican City police Italian  Gendarmeria Pontifica        former police force of Vatican City. The Pontifical, or Papal, Gendarmerie was created in the 19th ...
Pontifical Mass
(sometimes l.c.) Rom. Cath. Ch. a High Mass celebrated by a bishop or other prelate. * * *
pontifically
See pontifical. * * *
PontificalMass
Pon·tif·i·cal Mass (pŏn-tĭfʹĭ-kəl) n. Ecclesiastical A celebration of the Eucharist performed by a bishop in all Roman Catholic churches, many Anglican churches, and ...
pontificate
n. /pon tif"i kit, -kayt'/; v. /pon tif"i kayt'/, n., v., pontificated, pontificating. n. 1. the office or term of office of a pontiff. v.i. 2. to perform the office or duties of ...
pontification
See pontificate. * * *
pontificator
See pontification. * * *

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