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Слова на букву ramp-schw (15990)

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rampike
/ram"puyk'/, n. Chiefly Canadian. a dead tree, esp. the bleached skeleton or splintered trunk of a tree killed by fire, lightning, or wind. Also called rampick /ram"pik'/, ...
rampion
/ram"pee euhn/, n. 1. a European bellflower, Campanula rapunculus, having an edible white tuberous root used in Europe for salad. 2. any related plant of the genus Phyteuma, ...
Rampolla, Mariano
▪ Italian clergyman in full  Mariano Rampolla Del Tindaro   born , Aug. 17, 1843, Polizzi, Sicily died Dec. 16, 1913, Rome, Italy       Italian prelate who played a ...
ramps
ramps [ramps] n. var. of RAMP3 * * * ramps (rămps) n. Variant of ramp3. * * *
Rampton Hospital
a special hospital near Retford in Nottinghamshire, England, for men and women who are mentally ill and are considered to be dangerous. Many of them have committed violent crimes ...
Rampur
Ram·pur (rämʹpo͝or) A city of north-central India east of Delhi. It is a processing and manufacturing center known for its library containing a fine collection of Mogul ...
ramrod
/ram"rod'/, n., v., ramrodded, ramrodding. n. 1. a rod for ramming down the charge of a muzzleloading firearm. 2. a cleaning rod for the barrel of a firearm. 3. a strict ...
Ramsay
/ram"zee/, n. 1. Allan, 1686-1758, Scottish poet. 2. George. Dalhousie (def. 1). 3. James Andrew Broun. Dalhousie (def. 2). 4. Sir William, 1852-1916, English chemist: Nobel ...
Ramsay MacDonald
➡ MacDonald * * *
Ramsay, Allan
▪ Scottish painter born , Oct. 2, 1713, Edinburgh, Scot. died Aug. 10, 1784, Dover, Kent, Eng.       Scottish-born painter, one of the foremost 18th-century British ...
Ramsay, Bertram Home
▪ British officer born January 20, 1883, Hampton Court Palace, London, England died January 2, 1945, in flight near Toussus-le-Noble, France  British naval officer who, ...
Ramsay, Gordon
▪ 2009 born Nov. 8, 1966, Glasgow, Scot.  Notorious for his fiery temper and for his outbursts of profanities in the kitchen—and celebrated for his passion for fresh ...
Ramsay, Sir William
▪ British chemist Introduction born Oct. 2, 1852, Glasgow, Scot. died July 23, 1916, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, Eng.  British physical chemist who discovered four gases ( ...
Ramsay,Allan
Ram·say (rămʹzē), Allan. 1686-1758. Scottish poet noted for his patriotic and pastoral works, including the drama The Gentle Shepherd (1725). * * *
Ramsay,James Andrew Brown
Ramsay, James Andrew Brown. Tenth Earl and First Marquis of Dalhousie. 1812-1860. British colonial administrator in India whose term as governor-general (1847-1856) was marked by ...
Ramsay,Sir William
Ramsay, Sir William. 1852-1916. British chemist. He won a 1904 Nobel Prize for discovering the inert gases argon, helium, neon, xenon, and krypton. * * *
Ramsden eyepiece
Optics. an eyepiece consisting of two plano-convex crown-glass lenses of equal focal length, placed with the convex sides facing each other and with a separation between the ...
Ramsden, Jesse
▪ British tool maker born Oct. 6, 1735, Halifax, Yorkshire, Eng. died Nov. 5, 1800, Brighton, Sussex       British pioneer in the design of precision tools.  Ramsden ...
Ramses
/ram"seez/, n. 1. the name of several kings of ancient Egypt. 2. Raamses. Ex. 12:37; Num. 33:3-5. Also, Rameses. * * * (as used in expressions) Ramses III Ramses II Ramses the ...
Ramses I
1324?-1258 B.C., king of ancient Egypt. * * * ▪ king of Egypt flourished 14th century BCE       king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1292–90 BCE), founder ...
Ramses II
1292-1225 B.C., king of ancient Egypt. * * * known as Ramses the Great flourished 13th century BC King of ancient Egypt, 1279–13 BC. His family came to power some decades ...
Ramses III
1198-1167 B.C., king of ancient Egypt. * * * died 1156 BC King of ancient Egypt, 1187–56 BC. Son of Setnakht, the founder of Egypt's 20th dynasty, he fought off Libyan ...
Ramses IV
▪ king of Egypt died 1150 BCE       king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1156–50 BCE) who strove through extensive building activity to maintain Egypt's ...
Ramses IX
▪ king of Egypt flourished 12th century BCE       king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1126–08 BCE), during whose reign serious civil problems troubled ...
Ramses V
▪ king of Egypt flourished 12th century BCE       king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1150–45 BCE) who died relatively young, perhaps of ...
Ramses VI
▪ king of Egypt flourished 12th century BCE       king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1145–37 BCE), who succeeded to the throne after the early death of ...
Ramses VII
▪ king of Egypt flourished 12th century BCE       king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1137–29 BCE), probably the son of Ramses VI; his reign is known ...
Ramses VIII
▪ king of Egypt flourished 12th century BC       king of Egypt (reigned 1128–26 BC) whose ephemeral reign occurred immediately after that of Ramses VII and is poorly ...
Ramses X
▪ king of Egypt flourished 12th century BC       king of Egypt (reigned 1108–04 BC), during whose poorly documented reign disorders that had become endemic under his ...
Ramses XI
▪ king of Egypt flourished 11th century BCE       king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1104–1075? BCE), last king of the 20th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) ...
RamsesII
Ram·ses II (rămʹsēz') See Rameses II. * * *
Ramsey
/ram"zee/, n. 1. Arthur Michael, (Baron Ramsey of Canterbury), born 1904, English clergyman and scholar: archbishop of Canterbury 1961-74. 2. a town in NE New Jersey. 12,899. 3. ...
Ramsey, Michael, Baron Ramsey Of Canterbury
▪ archbishop of Canterbury born Nov. 14, 1904, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. died April 23, 1988, Oxford, Oxfordshire       archbishop of Canterbury (1961–74), ...
Ramsey, Norman Foster
▪ American scientist born Aug. 27, 1915, Washington, D.C., U.S.       American physicist who received one-half of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1989 for his ...
Ramsey, Sir Alfred Ernest
▪ 2000 “Alf”        British association football (soccer) player and manager who played for Southampton (1944–49), Tottenham Hotspur (1949–55), and 32 times for ...
Ramsgate
/ramz"gayt'/; Brit. /ramz"git/, n. a seaport in NE Kent, in SE England: resort. 39,482. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Thanet district, administrative and ...
ramshackle
—ramshackleness, n. /ram"shak'euhl/, adj. loosely made or held together; rickety; shaky: a ramshackle house. [1815-25; cf. earlier rans(h)ackled, obscurely akin to ...
ramson
/ram"zeuhn, -seuhn/, n. 1. a garlic, Allium ursinum, having broad leaves. 2. Usually, ramsons. its bulbous root, used as a relish. [bef. 1000; ME ramsyn (orig. pl., taken as ...
ramstam
/ram"stam/, Scot. and North Eng. adj. 1. obstinate; headstrong. n. 2. a stubborn or thoughtless person. [1780-90; perh. rhyming compound based on RAM1 and STAMP] * * *
Ramtha's School of Enlightenment
▪ centre, Washington, U.S.       centre in rural Washington state for the study of the teachings of Ramtha, a spiritual being who is purportedly “channeled” ...
ramtil
/ram"til/, n. See niger seed. [1855-60; perh. < Bengali] * * *
Ramu River
River, Papua New Guinea. One of the country's longest rivers, it is about 400 mi (645 km) long. It rises in the southeast and flows northwest through the great Central ...
ramulose
/ram"yeuh lohs'/, adj. Bot., Zool. having many small branches. Also, ramulous /ram"yeuh leuhs/. [1745-55; < L ramulosus full of branching veins, equiv. to ramul(us) little ...
ramus
/ray"meuhs/, n., pl. rami /-muy/. Bot., Zool., Anat. a branch, as of a plant, vein, bone, etc. [1795-1805; < L ramus branch, twig, bough; akin to radix ROOT1 (see RADIX)] * * *
Ramus, Petrus
▪ French philosopher (Latin),French  Pierre De La Ramée   born 1515, Cuts, Picardy, Fr. died Aug. 26, 1572, Paris       French philosopher, logician, and ...
Ramusio, Giovanni Battista
▪ Italian geographer and author born July 20, 1485, Treviso, Republic of Venice [Italy] died July 10, 1557, Padua       Italian geographer who compiled an important ...
Ramuz, Charles-Ferdinand
▪ Swiss author born Sept. 24, 1878, Cully, Switz. died May 23, 1947, Pully, near Lausanne       Swiss novelist whose realistic, poetic, and somewhat allegorical stories ...
ran
/ran/, v. pt. of run. * * *
Ran
/rahn/, n. Scand. Myth. a sea goddess who drags down ships and drowns sailors: the wife of Aegir. * * *
Rana
▪ region, Norway       geographic region, northern Norway, surrounding the Rana Fjord. It is centred on the industrial town of Mo i Rana at the mouth of the Rana River, ...
Rana era
(1846–1951) In Nepal, the period during which control of the government lay in the hands of the Rana family. Jung Bahadur (1817–77) seized power in 1846 and made himself ...
Ranade, Mahadev Govind
▪ Indian politician born Jan. 18, 1842, Niphad, India died Jan. 16, 1901, Poona       one of India's Citpāvan Brahmans of Mahārāshtra who was a judge of the High ...
Ranaivo, Flavien
▪ Madagascan poet born May 13, 1914, Arivonimamo, Madagascar died December 20, 1999, Troyes, France       lyric poet deeply influenced by Malagasy ballad and song ...
Rancagua
/rddahng kah"gwah/, n. a city in central Chile. 108,010. * * * ▪ Chile       city, north-central Chile. It lies in the Andean foothills along the Cachapoal River, ...
Rance River
▪ river, France       river, rising in the Landes du Mené, a chain of hills in Côtes-d'Armor département, Brittany région, western France. It flows for 60 miles ...
Rancé, Armand-Jean Le Bouthillier de
▪ French abbot born Jan. 9, 1626, Paris, Fr. died Oct. 27, 1700, Soligny-la-Trappe       French abbot who revived the Cistercian abbey of La Trappe, influenced the ...
ranch
—ranchless, adj. —ranchlike, adj. /ranch/, n. 1. an establishment maintained for raising livestock under range conditions. 2. Chiefly Western U.S. and Canada. a large farm ...
ranch dressing
☆ ranch dressing n. a creamy salad dressing containing buttermilk * * *
ranch house
1. the house of the owner of a ranch, usually of one story and with a low-pitched roof. 2. Also called rambler. any one-story house of the same general form, esp. one built in ...
ranch mink
a semiaquatic mink, Mustela vision, raised commercially for its fur. [1950-55] * * *
rancher
/ran"cheuhr/, n. a person who owns or works on a ranch. [1830-40, Amer.; RANCH + -ER1] * * *
rancheria
ran·che·ri·a (răn'chə-rēʹə) n. Southwestern U.S. 1. a. A Mexican herdsman's hut. b. A village of these huts. 2. A rural Native American settlement.   [American Spanish ...
rancherie
/ran"cheuh ree/, n. Canadian. 1. an Indian village or settlement, esp. one located on a reserve. 2. any one of the large rectangular cedar buildings erected by Pacific Coast ...
ranchero
/ran chair"oh/; Sp. /rddahn che"rddaw/, n., pl. rancheros /-chair"ohz/; Sp. /-che"rddaws/. (in Spanish America and the southwestern U.S.) a rancher. [1820-30; < Sp, equiv. to ...
ranchette
/ran chet"/, n. a small-scale ranch, typically of only a few acres. [1955-60, Amer.; RANCH + -ETTE] * * *
ranchhouse
ranch house n. 1. The building on a ranch occupied by its operator. 2. A rectangular, one-story house with a low-pitched roof. * * *
Ranchi
/rahn"chee/, n. a city in S Bihar, in E India. 256,011. * * * ▪ India       city, capital of Jharkhand state, northeastern India, lying along the Subarnarekha River. ...
ranchman
/ranch"meuhn/, n., pl. ranchmen. a rancher. [1855-60, Amer.; RANCH + -MAN] * * *
ranchmink
ranch mink n. A mink bred in captivity from Alaskan and Labrador strains for special pelt colors and qualities. * * *
rancho
/ran"choh, rahn"-/; Sp. /rddahn"chaw/, n., pl. ranchos /-chohz/; Sp. /-chaws/. 1. a ranch. 2. a hut or collection of huts for herders, laborers, or travelers. [1800-10, Amer.; < ...
Rancho Cordova
/ran"choh kawr"deuh veuh/ a town in central California. 42,881. * * *
Rancho Cucamonga
/kooh'keuh mung"geuh, -mong"-/ a city in SE California. 55,250. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, San Bernardino county, southern California, U.S. Part of ...
Rancho Palos Verdes
a town in SW California. 35,227. * * *
RanchoCordova
Ran·cho Cor·do·va (rănʹchō kôr-dōʹvə, kôrʹdə-) A community of north-central California, a suburb of Sacramento. Population: 48,731. * * *
RanchoCucamonga
Rancho Cu·ca·mon·ga (ko͞o'kə-mŭngʹgə, -mŏngʹ-) An unincorporated community of southwest California west of San Bernadino. It is in a wine-producing area. Population: ...
RanchoPalos Verdes
Rancho Pal·os Ver·des (pălʹōs vûrʹdēz, pălʹəs) A city of southern California on a channel of the Pacific Ocean west of Long Beach. Population: 41,659. * * *
rancid
—rancidly, adv. —rancidness, rancidity, n. /ran"sid/, adj. 1. having a rank, unpleasant, stale smell or taste, as through decomposition, esp. of fats or oils: rancid ...
rancidity
See rancid. * * *       condition produced by aerial oxidation of unsaturated fat present in foods and other products, marked by unpleasant odour or flavour. When a fatty ...
rancidness
See rancidity. * * *
rancor
—rancored; esp. Brit., rancoured, adj. /rang"keuhr/, n. bitter, rankling resentment or ill will; hatred; malice. Also, esp. Brit., rancour. [1175-1225; ME rancour < MF < LL ...
rancorous
—rancorously, adv. —rancorousness, n. /rang"keuhr euhs/, adj. full of or showing rancor. [1580-90; RANCOR + -OUS] * * *
rancorously
See rancorous. * * *
rancorousness
See rancorous. * * *
rancour
ran·cour (răngʹkər) n. Chiefly British Variant of rancor. * * *
rand
rand1 /rand/, n. 1. (in shoemaking) a strip of leather set in a shoe at the heel before the lifts are attached. 2. Brit. Dial. a. a strip or long slice. b. a border or ...
Rand
/rand/, n. Ayn /uyn/, 1905-82, U.S. novelist and essayist, born in Russia. * * * (as used in expressions) Leopold Rand Aldo RAND Corp. Rand Ayn * * * ▪ South African ...
RAND Corp.
Nonpartisan think tank whose original focus was national security. It grew out of a research-and-development project (its name is a contraction of "research and development") by ...
Rand Daily Mail
▪ former newspaper, South Africa       former English-language newspaper published in Johannesburg. It crusaded against South Africa's racial segregation but, because of ...
Rand McNally & Company
▪ American publishing company       American publishers and printers of maps, atlases, globes, and tourist guidebooks; its headquarters are in Skokie, Ill. Founded in ...
Rand R
R and R abbr. rest and recreation. * * *
Rand, Ayn
orig. Alice Rosenbaum or Alissa Rosenbaum born Feb. 2, 1905, St. Petersburg, Russia died March 6, 1982, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian-born U.S. writer. She immigrated to the ...
Rand, Mary Denise
▪ British athlete née  Mary Bignal  born February 10, 1940, Wells, Somerset, England       British track-and-field athlete, who won a gold medal in the long jump at ...
Rand, Paul
▪ 1997       U.S. graphic designer (b. Aug. 15, 1914, New York, N.Y.—d. Nov. 26, 1996, Norwalk, Conn.), was one of the most innovative and influential graphic ...
Rand, Sally
▪ American actress and dancer original name  Helen Gould Beck  born Jan. 2, 1904, Elkton, Mo., U.S. died Aug. 31, 1979, Glendora, Calif.  American actress and dancer who ...
Rand, The
/rand/ Witwatersrand. * * *
Rand,Ayn
Rand (rănd), Ayn. 1905-1982. Russian-born American writer primarily known for her polemical novels, such as The Fountainhead (1943), which espouse the doctrines of objectivism ...
Randal
Randal or Randall [ran′dəl] n. 〚< OE Randwulf (or ON Ranthulfr) < rand, shield (see RAND1) + wulf,WOLF〛 a masculine name: dim. Randy * * *
Randall
/ran"dl/, n. a male given name. Also, Randal. * * *
Randall, John Herman, Jr.
▪ American historian and philosopher born Feb. 14, 1899, Grand Rapids, Mich., U.S. died Dec. 1, 1980, New York, N.Y.       American historian and philosopher who wrote ...
Randall, Samuel J(ackson)
▪ American politician born Oct. 10, 1828, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died April 13, 1890, Washington, D.C.  U.S. congressman who served for nearly 30 years and who, as speaker ...
Randall, Tony
▪ 2005 Leonard Rosenberg        American actor (b. Feb. 26, 1920, Tulsa, Okla.—d. May 17, 2004, New York, N.Y.), was most closely identified with the character Felix ...
Randall-MacIver, David
▪ British-born American archaeologist and anthropologist born , Oct. 31, 1873, London, Eng. died April 30, 1945, New York, N.Y., U.S.       British-born American ...
Randallstown
/ran"dlz town'/, n. a city in N Maryland, near Baltimore. 25,927. * * *
randan
ran·dan (rănʹdăn') n. 1. A boat designed to be rowed by three persons. 2. The method of rowing such a boat, in which the persons fore and aft use one oar each and the person ...
Randburg
▪ South Africa       residential town in Gauteng province, South Africa, bordering Johannesburg to the south. It consists of numerous suburbs that were officially ...
Randers
/rddah"neuhrdds/, n. a seaport in E Jutland, in Denmark. 58,409. * * * ▪ Denmark       city, eastern Jutland, Denmark. It lies at the mouth of the Gudenå River along ...
Randfontein
▪ South Africa       town, Gauteng province, South Africa. It lies west of Johannesburg and is centred on the gold mine first developed by Randfontein Estates Gold ...
Randolph
/ran"dolf, -deuhlf/, n. 1. A(sa) Philip, 1889-1979, U.S. labor leader: president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters 1925-68. 2. Edmund Jennings /jen"ings/, 1753-1813, ...
Randolph Scott
➡ Scott (VI) * * *
Randolph, A(sa) Philip
born April 15, 1889, Crescent City, Fla., U.S. died May 16, 1979, New York, N.Y. U.S. civil-rights leader. He was the son of a Methodist minister. In 1911 he moved to New York, ...
Randolph, A(sa)Philip
Ran·dolph (rănʹdŏlf'), A(sa) Philip. 1889-1979. American labor and civil rights leader. As founder of the activist magazine The Messenger (1917), and holding influential ...
Randolph, A. Philip
▪ American civil-rights activist in full  Asa Philip Randolph   born April 15, 1889, Crescent City, Fla., U.S. died May 16, 1979, New York, N.Y.  trade (organized labour) ...
Randolph, Edmund Jennings
born Aug. 10, 1753, Willliamsburg, Va. died Sept. 12, 1813, Clark county, Va., U.S. U.S. politician. He helped draft Virginia's constitution (1776) and served in the ...
Randolph, Edward
▪ British colonial officer baptized July 9, 1632, Canterbury, Kent, England died April 1703, Virginia [U.S.]       British royal agent, customs officer, and American ...
Randolph, Jennings
▪ 1999       American politician who served 14 years in the U.S. House of Representatives and 26 in the Senate and was the author of the 26th Amendment to the ...
Randolph, John
born June 2, 1773, Prince George county, Va. died May 24, 1833, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. politician. In 1799 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, where he ...
Randolph, Peyton
▪ American lawyer and politician born 1721, Williamsburg, Va. [U.S.] died Oct. 22, 1775, Philadelphia, Pa.       first president of the U.S. Continental ...
Randolph, Theron G.
▪ 1996       U.S. pioneering allergist who founded the field of environmental medicine and characterized environmental illness as one that included such symptoms as ...
Randolph, Thomas
▪ English poet and dramatist born June 15, 1605, Newnham-cum-Badby, Northamptonshire, Eng. died March 1635, Blatherwycke, Northamptonshire       English poet and ...
Randolph,Edmund Jennings
Randolph, Edmund Jennings. 1753-1813. American Revolutionary leader and public official. A member of the Constitutional Convention (1787), he later served as U.S. attorney ...
Randolph,John
Randolph, John. Called “Randolph of Roanoke.” 1773-1833. American politician known for his brilliant oratory and eccentric behavior during his tenure as a U.S. representative ...
random
—randomly, adv. —randomness, n. /ran"deuhm/, adj. 1. proceeding, made, or occurring without definite aim, reason, or pattern: the random selection of numbers. 2. Statistics. ...
random access
1. the capacity of a videodisc or compact disc player that allows the user to select and replay any portion without starting at the beginning. 2. availability, as of a service or ...
random error
Statistics. an error that has a random distribution and can be attributed to chance. Cf. systematic error. [1935-40] * * *
Random House
U.S. publishing company. It was founded by Bennett Cerf and Donald S. Klopfer in 1925. As it grew it published many successful and prestigious writers and gathered under its ...
random line
Survey. a trial survey line run from a station toward a predetermined point that cannot be seen from the station. * * *
random number
Statistics. a number chosen by a random sampling, as from a table (random number table) or generated by a computer. [1925-30] * * *
random sampling
Statistics. a method of selecting a sample (random sample) from a statistical population in such a way that every possible sample that could be selected has a predetermined ...
random variable
Statistics. a quantity that takes any of a set of values with specified probabilities. Also called variate. [1935-40] * * * In statistics, a function that can take on either a ...
random walk
1. Statistics. the path taken by a point or quantity that moves in steps, where the direction of each step is determined randomly. 2. Physics. the tendency of particles in random ...
random-access
/ran"deuhm ak"ses/, adj. Computers. 1. of or pertaining to a storage medium in which records can be read or written at the same time from or to any main storage address. 2. See ...
random-access memory
Computers. See RAM. * * *
random-accessmemory
ran·dom-ac·cess memory (rănʹdəm-ăkʹsĕs) n. RAM. * * *
randomization
See randomize. * * *
randomize
—randomization, n. —randomizer, n. /ran"deuh muyz'/, v.t., randomized, randomizing. to order or select in a random manner, as in a sample or experiment, esp. in order to ...
randomizer
See randomization. * * *
randomly
See random. * * *
randomness
See randomly. * * *
randomvariable
random variable n. A variable whose values are random but whose statistical distribution is known. * * *
randomwalk
random walk n. Statistics A series of sequential movements in which the direction and size of each move is randomly determined. * * *
Randstad
▪ region, The Netherlands       industrial and metropolitan conurbation occupying an area of peat and clay lowlands, west-central Netherlands. The Randstad (“Ring ...
Randwick
Rand·wick (răndʹwĭk) A city of southeast Australia, a suburb of Sydney on the Pacific Ocean and Botany Bay. Population: 116,600. * * *
randy
—randiness, n. /ran"dee/, adj., randier, randiest, n., pl. randies. adj. 1. sexually aroused; lustful; lecherous. 2. Chiefly Scot. rude and aggressive. n. 3. Chiefly Scot. a ...
Randy
/ran"dee/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Randall or Randolph. 2. a female given name. * * *
ranee
/rah"nee, rah nee"/, n. (in India) 1. the wife of a rajah. 2. a reigning queen or princess. Also, rani. [1690-1700; < Hindi rani < Skt rajñi queen (fem. deriv. of rajan king)] * ...
Ranelagh
      former resort by the River Thames (Thames, River) in the borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London. Land east of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea, was bought in 1690 by ...
Raney, James Elbert
▪ 1996       ("JIMMY"), U.S. musician (b. Aug. 20, 1927, Louisville, Ky.—d. May 10, 1995, Louisville), was one of the most influential, lyrical jazz guitarists of his ...
rang
rang1 /rang/, v. pt. of ring2. rang2 /rang/, n. Informal. a boomerang. [by shortening] * * *
rangaku
▪ Japanese history       (Japanese: (Japan) “Dutch learning”), concerted effort by Japanese scholars during the late Tokugawa period (late 18th–19th century) to ...
Rāngāmāti
▪ Bangladesh       town, southeastern Bangladesh, situated in the Chittagong Hills region near the Karnaphuli River. Connected by road and river steamer with the city of ...
Ranganathan, Shiyali Ramamrita
▪ Indian librarian born Aug. 9, 1892, Shiyali, Madras, India died Sept. 27, 1972, Bangalore, Mysore       Indian librarian and educator who was considered the father of ...
range
/raynj/, n., adj., v., ranged, ranging. n. 1. the extent to which or the limits between which variation is possible: the range of steel prices; a wide range of styles. 2. the ...
range finder
any of various instruments for determining the distance from the observer to a particular object, as for sighting a gun or adjusting the focus of a camera. Also, ...
range line
(in U.S. public-land surveys) one of two parallel lines running north and south that define the east and west borders of a township. Cf. township (def. 2), township ...
range of accommodation
Ophthalm. the range of distance over which an object can be accurately focused on the retina by accommodation of the eye. * * *
range of stability
Naval Archit. the angle to the perpendicular through which a vessel may be heeled without losing the ability to right itself. * * *
Range of the visible spectrum
▪ Table Range of the visible spectrum colour* wavelength (nm) frequency (1014 Hz) energy (eV) Red ...
range oil
oil suitable for burning as the fuel of a kitchen stove. * * *
range paralysis
Vet. Pathol. See Marek's disease. [1930-35] * * *
range pole
Survey. a conspicuously painted pole held upright to show the position of a survey mark. * * *
Range Rover{™}
a make of car first produced by Rover in 1970. It is a large, high vehicle, designed for use over rough ground in the country but is also popular with wealthy people who live in ...
range table
one of a number of identical small tables that can be used together to form a single table. [1870-75] * * *
range wool.
See territory wool. * * *
ranged
/raynjd/, adj. Building Trades. coursed. [1520-30; RANGE + -ED2] * * *
rangefinder
See range finder. * * *
rangefinder
range finder also range·find·er (rānjʹfīn'dər) n. Any of various optical, electronic, or acoustical instruments used to determine the distance of an object from the ...
rangeland
/raynj"land'/, n. range (def. 17). [1930-35; RANGE + -LAND] * * * ▪ grazing land also called  Range,         any extensive area of land that is occupied by native ...
Rangeley Lakes
/raynj"lee/ a group of lakes in W Maine. * * * Chain of lakes, western Maine, U.S. It includes Rangeley, Mooselookmeguntic, Richardson, and Umbagog lakes. The lakes extend more ...
RangeleyLake
Range·ley Lake (rānjʹlē) A lake of western Maine near the New Hampshire border. It and other nearby lakes form a popular resort area. * * *
rangemaster
/raynj"mas'teuhr, -mah'steuhr/, n. a person in charge of a firing range. [RANGE + MASTER] * * *
ranger
/rayn"jeuhr/, n. 1. See forest ranger. 2. one of a body of armed guards who patrol a region. 3. (cap.) a U.S. soldier in World War II specially trained for making surprise raids ...
Rangers
a football team from Glasgow, Scotland, with a ground at Ibrox Stadium. It was established in 1873 and has had many successes in Scottish football, including several wins in the ...
Ranges
(as used in expressions) Coast Ranges Pacific Coast Ranges Flinders Ranges Macdonnell Ranges * * *
Rangitata River
▪ river, New Zealand       river in east-central South Island, New Zealand. It is formed by the confluence of the Clyde and Havelock rivers, which rise in the Southern ...
Rangitikei River
▪ river, New Zealand       river in southwestern North Island, New Zealand. Rising on the east slopes of the Kaimanawa Mountains, it flows south and southwest for 150 ...
Rangoon
/rang goohn"/, n. former name of Yangon. * * *
rangpur
/rung"poor, rung poor"/, n. a variety of mandarin orange, bearing a tart fruit. [named after Rangpur, region of Bangladesh] * * * ▪ Bangladesh       city, northwestern ...
rangy
—ranginess, n. /rayn"jee/, adj., rangier, rangiest. 1. (of animals or people) slender and long-limbed. 2. given to or fitted for ranging or moving about, as animals. 3. ...
rani
/rah"nee, rah nee"/, n., pl. ranis. ranee. * * *
Rani, Devika
▪ 1995       Indian actress (b. March 30, 1908, Waltair, Andhra Pradesh, India—d. March 9, 1994, Bangalore, India), was one of India's most esteemed movie stars in the ...
ranid
/ran"id, ray"nid/ adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the frog family Ranidae, characterized by smooth, moist skin and semiaquatic habits. n. 2. frog1 (def. 2). [1885-90; < NL ...
Ranidae
▪ biology  family of wide-ranging frogs of the order Anura, containing several genera and more than 600 species. Representatives occur on every continent except Antarctica. ...
Ranikhet disease
/rah"ni ket'/, Vet. Pathol. See Newcastle disease. [named after Ranikhet, town in northern India] * * *
ranitidine
ra·nit·i·dine (rə-nĭtʹĭ-dēn') n. An antagonist for one of two types of histamine receptors occurring on the surfaces of cells, especially gastric cells, that inhibits ...
Ranjit Singh
/run"jit sing"/, ("Lion of the Punjab") 1780-1839, Indian maharaja: founder of the Sikh kingdom of Punjab. * * * born Nov. 13, 1780, Budrukhan or Gujranwala, India died June 27, ...
RanjitSingh
Ran·jit Singh (rŭnʹjĭt sĭngʹ), Known as “the Lion of the Punjab.” 1780-1839. Indian leader of the Sikhs who founded a kingdom uniting the Sikh provinces and maintained ...
rank
rank1 —rankless, adj. /rangk/, n. 1. a number of persons forming a separate class in a social hierarchy or in any graded body. 2. a social or official position or standing, as ...
Rank
/rddahngk/, n. Otto /awt"oh/, 1884-1939, Austrian psychoanalyst. * * *
rank and file
—rank-and-file, adj. 1. the members of a group or organization apart from its leaders or officers. 2. rank1 (def. 7a). [1590-1600] * * *
Rank Group
a large British company, established by J Arthur Rank as the Rank Organization, originally known for making films. Its symbol, often seen at the beginning of films, was a man ...
Rank Hovis McDougall
➡ RHM. * * *
rank scale
Ling. (in systemic linguistics) a hierarchical ordering of grammatical units such that a unit of a given rank normally consists of units of the next lower rank, as, in English, ...
Rank, J Arthur Rank, Baron
▪ British industrialist born December 22 or 23, 1888, Hull, Yorkshire, England died March 29, 1972, Winchester, Hampshire       British industrialist who became Great ...
Rank, J(oseph) Arthur, Baron Rank (of Sutton Scotney)
born Dec. 22/23, 1888, Hull, Yorkshire, Eng. died March 29, 1972, Winchester, Hampshire British motion-picture distributor and producer. His British National Film Co. made its ...
Rank, Otto
orig. Otto Rosenfeld born April 22, 1884, Vienna, Austria died Oct. 31, 1939, New York, N.Y., U.S. Austrian psychologist. A protégé of Sigmund Freud, Rank's early books, ...
rank-and-file
See rank and file. * * *
rank-and-filer
/rangk"euhn fuy"leuhr/, n. a member of the rank and file. [1935-40, Amer.; rank and file + -ER1] * * *
rankand file
rank and file n. 1. The enlisted troops, excluding noncommissioned officers, in an army. 2. The people who form the major portion of a group, organization, or society, excluding ...
Ranke
/rddahng"keuh/, n. Leopold von /lay"aw pawlt' feuhn/, 1795-1886, German historian. * * * (as used in expressions) Graves Robert von Ranke Ranke Leopold von Leopold Ranke * * *
Ranke, Leopold von
orig. Leopold Ranke born Dec. 21, 1795, Wiehe, Thuringia, Saxony died May 23, 1886, Berlin German historian. Ranke taught at the University of Berlin (1825–71). Inspired by ...
Ranke,Leopold von
Ran·ke (rängʹkə), Leopold von. 1795-1886. German historian who pioneered the modern methods of rigorously analyzing firsthand documentation. His works include The History of ...
ranker
/rang"keuhr/, n. 1. a person who ranks. 2. Brit. a soldier in the ranks or a commissioned officer promoted from the ranks. [1825-35; RANK1 + -ER1] * * *
ranket
/rang"kit/, n. a double-reed wind instrument of the 16th and 17th centuries. Also, rankett, rackett. Also called sausage bassoon. [1875-80; < G Rankett] * * *
Rankin
/rang"kin/, n. Jeannette, 1880-1973, U.S. women's-rights leader and pacifist: first woman elected to Congress; served 1917-19, 1941-43. * * *
Rankin, Jeannette
born June 11, 1880, near Missoula, Mont., U.S. died May 18, 1973, Carmel, Calif. U.S. reformer, first woman member of the U.S. Congress (1917–19, 1941–43). She was a social ...
Rankin, John Morris
▪ 2001       Canadian musician (b. April 28, 1959, Mabou, Cape Breton Island, N.S.—d. Jan. 16, 2000, near Inverness, Cape Breton Island), was a master fiddler and ...
Rankin, Lee
▪ 1997       U.S. lawyer who successfully argued before the U.S. Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), overturning the "separate but equal" ...
Rankin, Nell
▪ 2006       American mezzo-soprano (b. Jan. 3, 1924, Montgomery, Ala.—d. Jan. 13, 2005, New York, N.Y.), was known for her warm tones in recitals and marquee opera ...
Rankin,Jeannette
Ran·kin (răngʹkĭn), Jeannette. 1880-1973. American reformer and politician. A leader in the women's suffrage movement in Montana, her home state, she later was the first ...
Rankine
/rang"kin/, n. 1. William John Macquorn /meuh kwawrn"/, 1820-70, Scottish engineer and physicist. adj. 2. Thermodynam. pertaining to an absolute temperature scale (Rankine scale) ...
Rankine cycle
Thermodynam. the hypothetical cycle of a steam engine in which all heat transfers take place at constant pressure and in which expansion and compression occur adiabatically. Also ...
Rankine, William J(ohn) M(acquorn)
born July 5, 1820, Edinburgh, Scot. died Dec. 24, 1872, Glasgow Scottish engineer and physicist, one of the founders of thermodynamics. His classic Manual of the Steam Engine ...
Rankine, William John Macquorn
▪ Scottish engineer born July 5, 1820, Edinburgh, Scot. died Dec. 24, 1872, Glasgow       Scottish engineer and physicist and one of the founders of the science of ...
Rankine-cycle engine
Rankine-cycle engine [raŋ′kinsī′kəl] n. 〚see RANKINE〛 a type of steam engine involving a continuous cycle of vaporization of liquid and condensation back to liquid in ...
Rankinescale
Ran·kine scale (răngʹkĭn) n. A scale of absolute temperature using degrees the same size as those of the Fahrenheit scale, in which the freezing point of water is 491.69° ...
ranking
/rang"king/, adj. 1. senior or superior in rank, position, etc.: a ranking diplomat. 2. prominent or highly regarded: a ranking authority on Soviet affairs. 3. occupying a ...
rankle
—ranklingly, adv. /rang"keuhl/, v., rankled, rankling. v.i. 1. (of unpleasant feelings, experiences, etc.) to continue to cause keen irritation or bitter resentment within the ...
rankly
See rank2. * * *
rankness
See rankly. * * *
Ranks, Table of
▪ Russian government Russian  Tabel O Rangakh         (Jan. 24, 1722), classification of grades in the Russian military, naval, and civil services into a hierarchy of ...
rankshift
/rangk"shift'/, Ling. v.t. 1. (in systemic linguistics) to use a unit as a constituent of another unit of the same or lower rank on the rank scale, as in using the phrase next ...
Rannoch
▪ region, Scotland, United Kingdom       geographic region in the Grampian Mountains of Scotland, composed mainly of moorland and lochs (lakes). The region includes ...
Rannof Kutch
Rann of Kutch (rŭn; kŭch) An extensive salt marsh of western India and southeast Pakistan between the Gulf of Kutch and the Indus River delta. It was the scene of major ...
Ranong
▪ Thailand       town, southern Thailand, on the west coast of the Malay Peninsula. Ranong town is a fishing port in the Pakchan River estuary. Burma lies to the ...
ransack
—ransacker, n. /ran"sak/, v.t. 1. to search thoroughly or vigorously through (a house, receptacle, etc.): They ransacked the house for the missing letter. 2. to search through ...
ransacker
See ransack. * * *
Ransier, Alonzo J.
▪ American politician in full  Alonzo Jacob Ransier   born Jan. 3, 1834, Charleston, S.C., U.S. died Aug. 17, 1882, Charleston  black member of the U.S. House of ...
ransom
—ransomer, n. /ran"seuhm/, n. 1. the redemption of a prisoner, slave, or kidnapped person, of captured goods, etc., for a price. 2. the sum or price paid or demanded. 3. a ...
Ransom
/ran"seuhm/, n. John Crowe /kroh/, 1888-1974, U.S. poet, critic, and teacher. * * *
Ransom, John Crowe
born April 30, 1888, Pulaski, Tenn., U.S. died July 4, 1974, Gambier, Ohio U.S. poet and critic. Ransom attended and later taught at Vanderbilt University, where he became the ...
Ransom,John Crowe
Ran·som (rănʹsəm), John Crowe. 1888-1974. American poet and critic. The founder and editor (1939-1959) of the Kenyon Review, he was a leading proponent of New Criticism. His ...
Ransome
(1884–1967) an English author of children’s books. He is best known for his adventure story Swallows and Amazons, the first of 12 books with the same characters, mostly set ...
Ransome, Arthur
▪ English author in full  Arthur Michell Ransome  born January 18, 1884, Leeds, Yorkshire, England died June 3, 1967, Cheadle, near Manchester       English writer ...
ransomer
See ransom. * * *
rant
—ranter, n. —rantingly, adv. /rant/, v.i. 1. to speak or declaim extravagantly or violently; talk in a wild or vehement way; rave: The demagogue ranted for hours. v.t. 2. to ...
ranter
See rant. * * *
Rantoul
/ran toohl"/, n. a city in E Illinois. 20,161. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       village, Champaign county, east-central Illinois, U.S. It lies about 15 miles (25 ...
Rantzau, Johan
▪ military leader born Nov. 12, 1492, Steinburg, Holstein [now in Germany] died Dec. 12, 1565, Breitenburg       hero of the Count's War (1533–36), the Danish civil ...
Rantzen
(1940– ) an English television presenter and producer, best known from the programme That’s Life! She has also presented programmes about child abuse, including Childwatch ...
ranula
—ranular, adj. /ran"yeuh leuh/, n. Pathol. a cystic tumor formed beneath the tongue, caused by obstruction of the sublingual or submaxillary gland or of a mucous ...
Ranulph Fiennes
➡ Fiennes (II) * * *
Ranunculaceae
▪ plant family       the buttercup family (order Ranunculales), comprising about 2,252 species in 62 genera of flowering plants, mostly herbs, which are widely ...
ranunculaceous
/reuh nung'kyeuh lay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Ranunculaceae, the buttercup family of plants. Cf. buttercup family. [1825-35; < NL Ranunculace(ae) name of family ...
Ranunculales
▪ plant order  the buttercup order of flowering plants, containing 7 families, 199 genera, and 4,445 species. Members of the order range from annual and perennial herbs to ...
ranunculus
ranunculus [rə nuŋ′kyoo ləs] n. pl. ranunculuses or ranunculi [rə nuŋ′kyoolī΄] 〚ModL < L, tadpole, medicinal plant, dim. of rana, frog〛 BUTTERCUP * * ...
Ranvier, Louis-Antoine
▪ French histologist and pathologist born Oct. 2, 1835, Lyon, Fr. died March 22, 1922, Thélys       French histologist and pathologist whose dynamic approach to the ...
Rao, P V Narasimha
▪ 2005       Indian politician (b. June 28, 1921, Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh, India—d. Dec. 23, 2004, New Delhi, India), as leader of the Congress (I) Party and prime ...
Rao, P.V. Narasimha
▪ prime minister of India in full  Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao   born June 28, 1921, Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh, India died December 23, 2004, New Delhi  leader of ...
Rao, Raja
▪ 2007       Indian novelist and short-story writer (b. Nov. 8, 1908, Hassan, Mysore [now Karnataka], British India—d. July 8, 2006, Austin, Texas), was, with R.K. ...
raob
/ray"ob/, n. Meteorol. a radiosonde or rawinsonde observation. Cf. rawin. [ra(diosonde) ob(servation)] * * *
Raoul
(as used in expressions) Dufy Raoul Salan Raoul Albin Louis Steiner Maximilian Raoul Walter Wallenberg Raoul Walsh Raoul * * *
Raoult's law
/rah oohlz"/, Physical Chem. the principle that the fraction by which the vapor pressure of a solvent is lowered by the addition of a nonvolatile, nonelectrolytic solute is equal ...
Raoult, François-Marie
▪ French chemist born May 10, 1830, Fournes-en-Weppes, France died April 1, 1901, Grenoble       French chemist who formulated a law on solutions (called Raoult's law) ...
rap
rap1 /rap/, v., rapped, rapping, n. v.t. 1. to strike, esp. with a quick, smart, or light blow: He rapped the door with his cane. 2. to utter sharply or vigorously: to rap out a ...
rap full
Naut. 1. (of a sail or sails) filled with wind; clean full. 2. with all sails full of wind. [1865-70] * * *
rap group
an informal discussion group, often supervised by a trained leader, that meets to discuss shared concerns or interests. [1965-70] * * *
rap metal
▪ music       subgenre of heavy metal music. Heavy metal tended to be one of rock's most porous genres, influencing (and in turn being influenced by) such disparate ...
rap music
a style of popular music, developed by disc jockeys and urban blacks in the late 1970s, in which an insistent, recurring beat pattern provides the background and counterpoint for ...
rap session
a usually informal or unstructured group discussion, attended esp. by people with shared interests, concerns, or problems. [1965-70] * * *
rap sheet
Slang. a record kept by law-enforcement authorities of a person's arrests and convictions. [1955-60; see RAP1 (def. 12)] * * *
Rapa
Ra·pa (räʹpə) An island of the southern Pacific Ocean in southern French Polynesia south-southeast of Tahiti. It was much visited by whalers in the early 19th century. * * *
Rapa Nui
/rah"peuh nooh"ee/. See Easter Island. * * *
rapacious
—rapaciously, adv. —rapacity /reuh pas"i tee/, rapaciousness, n. /reuh pay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. given to seizing for plunder or the satisfaction of greed. 2. inordinately greedy; ...
rapaciously
See rapacious. * * *

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