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—rheumatically, adv. /roo mat"ik/, Pathol. adj. 1. pertaining to or of the nature of rheumatism. 2. affected with or subject to rheumatism. n. 3. a person affected with ...
rheumatic disease
rheumatic disease n. any of a group of diseases of the connective tissue, of uncertain causes, including rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and rheumatic fever * * *
rheumatic fever
Pathol. a serious disease, associated with streptococcal infections, usually affecting children, characterized by fever, swelling and pain in the joints, sore throat, and cardiac ...
rheumatic heart disease
Pathol. damage to the heart, esp. to the valves, as a result of rheumatic fever, characterized by inflammation of the myocardium or scarring and malfunction of the heart ...
rheumatic fever n. A severe infectious disease occurring chiefly in children, characterized by fever and painful inflammation of the joints and frequently resulting in permanent ...
rheumaticheart disease
rheumatic heart disease n. Permanent damage to the valves of the heart caused especially by repeated attacks of rheumatic fever. * * *
/rooh"meuh tiz'euhm/, n. Pathol. 1. any disorder of the extremities or back, characterized by pain and stiffness. 2. See rheumatic fever. [1595-1605; < L rheumatismus catarrh, ...
/rooh"meuh tiz'euhm rooht', -root'/, n. See spotted wintergreen. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
—rheumatoidally, adv. /rooh"meuh toyd'/, adj. 1. resembling rheumatism. 2. rheumatic. Also, rheumatoidal. [1855-60; < Gk rheumat- (s. of rheûma; see RHEUM) + -OID] * * *
rheumatoid arthritis
Pathol. a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the joints, frequently accompanied by marked deformities, and ordinarily associated with manifestations of a ...
rheumatoid factor
Biochem. an antibody that is found in the blood of many persons afflicted with rheumatoid arthritis and that reacts against globulins in the blood. [1945-50] * * *
rheumatoid spondylitis
Pathol. See ankylosing spondylitis. * * *
See rheumatoid. * * *
rheumatoid arthritis top:normal finger joint bottom: arthritic finger joint Precision Graphics n. A chronic disease marked by stiffness and inflammation of the joints, weakness, ...
rheumatoid factor n. An immunoglobulin present in the blood serum of many individuals affected by rheumatoid arthritis, used as a means of diagnosing the disease. * * *
/rooh'meuh tol"euh jist/, n. a specialist in rheumatology, esp. a physician who specializes in the treatment of rheumatic diseases, as arthritis, lupus erythematosus, and ...
/rooh'meuh tol"euh jee/, n. the study and treatment of rheumatic diseases. [1940-45; RHEUMAT(IC) + -O- -LOGY] * * *
—rheumily, adv. —rheuminess, n. /rooh"mee/, adj. rheumier, rheumiest. pertaining to, causing, full of, or affected with rheum. [1585-95; RHEUM + -Y1] * * *
/rek"sis/, n., pl. rhexes /rek"seez/. Pathol. rupture, as of a blood vessel, organ, or cell. [1375-1425; < NL < Gk rhêxis a breaking, cleft, deriv. of rhegnýnai to break, break ...
/ruyt/, n. a city in W Germany, adjacent to Mönchen-Gladbach. 96,000 (1963). * * *
Rh factor n. Any of several substances on the surface of red blood cells that induce a strong antigenic response in individuals lacking the substance.   [Rhesus factor.] * * *
/ree"an euhn/, n. Welsh Legend. the wife of Pwyll who, accused of having eaten her son, was forced as a penance to carry people on her back until vindicated by her son's ...
▪ Greek poet and scholar born c. 275 BC       Greek poet and scholar from Crete and a slave. His only surviving works are 10 or 11 epigrams of some merit preserved in ...
/rig"euh leen'/, n. Chem. a petroleum distillate intermediate between cymogene and gasoline, formerly used to produce local anesthesia by freezing. [1865-70; < Gk rhîg(os) ...
Rhin [ran] Fr. name for the RHINE * * *
var. of rhino- before a vowel: rhinencephalon. * * *
/ruyn"l/, adj. of or pertaining to the nose; nasal. [1860-65; RHIN- + -AL1] * * *
Rhind papyrus
▪ ancient Egyptian scroll       ancient Egyptian scroll bearing mathematical tables and problems. This extensive document from ancient Egypt has been the source of much ...
/ruyn/, n. 1. Joseph Banks, 1895-1980, U.S. psychologist: pioneer in parapsychology. 2. German, Rhein. French, Rhin /rddaonn/. Dutch, Rijn. a river flowing from SE Switzerland ...
Rhine Falls
▪ waterfall, Switzerland German  Rheinfall,    the most spectacular waterfall in central Europe, on the upper Rhine River just below Schaffhausen in northern Switzerland. ...
Rhine Palatinate.
See under Palatinate (def. 1). * * *
Rhine Province
a former province in W Germany, mostly W of the Rhine: now divided between Rhineland-Palatinate and North Rhine-Westphalia. Also called Rhineland. German, Rheinland. * * *
Rhine River
German Rhein River, western Europe. Rising in the Swiss Alps, it flows north and west through western Germany to drain through the delta region of The Netherlands into the ...
Rhine wine
1. any of numerous varieties of wine produced in the Rhine valley. 2. any of a class of white wines, mostly light, still, and dry. [1835-45] * * *
Rhine, Confederation of the
▪ France-Germany [1806-13] French  Confédération du Rhin  German  Rheinbund         union (1806–13) of all the states of Germany, except Austria and Prussia, ...
/ruyn"gohld'/, n. Rheingold. * * *
Rhinegrave breeches
/ruyn"grayv'/. See petticoat breeches. [1930-35; named after the Rhinegrave of Salm, who introduced the fashion in Paris about 1650; Rhinegrave < MD rijngraaf, G Rheingraf lit., ...
▪ clothing       wide breeches worn by men in the mid-17th century in Europe. The breeches were probably named for Karl Florentin, Rheingraf von Salm. Not unlike a ...
/ruyn"land', -leuhnd/, n. 1. that part of Germany W of the Rhine. 2. See Rhine Province. German, Rheinland. * * * German Rheinland Region of Germany. It is located west of the ...
/ruyn"land'peuh lat"n ayt', -it, -leuhnd-/, n. a state in W Germany: formerly part of Rhine Province. 3,665,800; 7655 sq. mi. (19,825 sq. km). Cap.: Mainz. German, ...
▪ Wisconsin, United States       city, seat (1887) of Oneida county, northern Wisconsin, U.S. It lies at the confluence of the Wisconsin (Wisconsin River) and Pelican ...
See rhinencephalon. * * *
—rhinencephalic /ruy'nen seuh fal"ik/, rhinencephalous, adj. /ruy'nen sef"euh lon', -leuhn/, n., pl. rhinencephalons, rhinencephala /-leuh/. Anat. the part of the cerebrum ...
/ruyn"stohn'/, n. an artificial gem of paste, often cut to resemble a diamond. [1885-90; RHINE + STONE (trans. of F caillou du Rhin)] * * * ▪ glass ...
See rhinestone. * * *
Rhine wine n. 1. Any of several dry white wines produced in the Rhine Valley. Also called Rhenish. 2. A similar light dry wine produced elsewhere. * * *
/ruy nuy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the nose or its mucous membrane. [1880-85; RHIN- + -ITIS] * * *       generic term for inflammation of the mucous tissue of the ...
rhino1 /ruy"noh/, n., pl. rhinos, (esp. collectively) rhino. a rhinoceros. [1880-85; by shortening] rhino2 /ruy"noh/, n. Chiefly Brit. Slang. money; cash. [1680-90; orig. ...
a combining form meaning "nose," used in the formation of compound words: rhinology. Also, esp. before a vowel, rhin-. [ < Gk rhino-, comb. form of rhís (s. rhin-)] * * *
/ruy nos"euhr euhs/, n., pl. rhinoceroses, (esp. collectively) rhinoceros. 1. any of several large, thick-skinned, perissodactyl mammals of the family Rhinocerotidae, of Africa ...
rhinoceros beetle
any of several scarabaeid beetles, esp. of the genus Dynastes, which comprises the largest beetles, characterized by one or more horns on the head and prothorax. Also called ...
rhinoceros viper
▪ snake also called  river jack   brightly coloured venomous snake of the family Viperidae that inhabits rainforests (rainforest) and swamps (swamp) of West and Central ...
rhinoceros beetle n. Any of various large scarabaeid beetles of the genus Dynastes and related genera, characterized by horns on the head and thorax and found in tropical ...
rhinolaryngology [rī΄nō lar΄in gäl′ə jē] n. 〚 RHINO- + LARYNGOLOGY〛 the branch of medicine dealing with diseases of the nose and larynx rhinolaryngologist n. * * *
See rhinology. * * *
—rhinologic /ruyn'l oj"ik/, rhinological, adj. —rhinologist, n. /ruy nol"euh jee/, n. the science dealing with the nose and its diseases. [1830-40; RHINO- + -LOGY] * * *
/ruy'noh far'in juy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and pharynx. [1950-55; RHINO- + PHARYNGITIS] * * *
See rhinoplasty. * * *
—rhinoplastic, adj. /ruy"neuh plas'tee/, n., pl. rhinoplasties. Surg. plastic surgery of the nose. [1835-45; RHINO- + -PLASTY] * * *
/ruy'neuh ree"euh/, n. Pathol. an excessive discharge of mucus from the nose. Also, rhinorrhoea. [1865-70; < NL; see RHINO-, -RRHEA] * * *
rhinoscope [rī′nə skōp΄] n. 〚 RHINO- + -SCOPE〛 an instrument for examining the internal passages of the nose rhinoscopy [rī näs′kə pē] n. * * *
rhi·nos·co·py (rī-nŏsʹkə-pē) n. pl. rhi·nos·co·pies Examination of the nasal passages by means of a speculum or similar instrument. * * *
/ruy'noh spaw rid"ee euhm, -spoh-/, n., pl. rhinosporidia /-ee euh/. Mycol. any fungus of the genus Rhinosporidium, members of which produce vascular polyps in the nasal ...
/ruy'noh vuy"reuhs, ruy"noh vuy'-/, n., pl. rhinoviruses. any of a varied and widespread group of picornaviruses responsible for many respiratory diseases, including the common ...
▪ extinct fish       extinct group of lobe-finned bony fishes of the order Crossopterygii that included the ancestors of amphibians and the other terrestrial ...
▪ plant genus  cactus genus of about 50 species, family Cactaceae, native to tropical and subtropical America, West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, and Sri Lanka. Rhipsalis is ...
rhiz- pref. Variant of rhizo-. * * *
rhi·zan·thous (rī-zănʹthəs) adj. Bearing flowers directly from the root. * * *
a combining form meaning "root," used in the formation of compound words: rhizophagous. Also, esp. before a vowel, rhiz-. Cf. -rhiza, -rrhiza. [ < Gk, comb. form of rhíza ...
/ruy zoh"bee euhm/, n., pl. rhizobia /-bee euh/. Bacteriol. any of several rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Rhizobium, found as symbiotic nitrogen fixers in nodules on the roots ...
/ruy'zoh kahr"peuhs/, adj. Bot. having the root perennial but the stem annual, as perennial herbs. Also, rhizocarpic /ruy'zoh kahr"pik/. [1825-35; RHIZO- + -CARPOUS] * * *
rhizocephalan [rī΄zōsef′ə lən] n. 〚 RHIZO- + CEPHAL( + -AN〛 any of an order (Rhizocephala) of cirriped crustaceans that live as internal parasites on ...
/ruy'zoh sef"euh leuhs/, adj. Zool. belonging to the Rhizocephala, a group of degenerate hermaphrodite crustaceans that are parasitic chiefly on crabs. [1890-95; RHIZO- + ...
/ruy'zok toh"nee euh/, n. any of various soil-inhabiting fungi of the genus Rhizoctonia, some species of which are destructive to cultivated plants, causing damping off of ...
/ruy'zoh jen"ik/, adj. Bot. producing roots, as certain cells. Also, rhizogenous /ruy zoj"euh neuhs/. [1880-85; RHIZO- + -GENIC] * * *
—rhizoidal, adj. /ruy"zoyd/, adj. 1. rootlike. n. 2. (in mosses, ferns, etc.) one of the rootlike filaments by which the plant is attached to the substratum. [1855-60; RHIZ- + ...
See rhizoid. * * *
▪ protozoan order       any member of the flagellate protozoan order Rhizomastigida, with features similar to both flagellates and sarcodines (protozoans having ...
See rhizome. * * *
—rhizomatous /ruy zom"euh teuhs, -zoh"meuh-/, adj. /ruy"zohm/, n. Bot. a rootlike subterranean stem, commonly horizontal in position, that usually produces roots below and ...
See rhizomatous. * * *
/ruy"zeuh mawrf'/, n. Mycol. a cordlike fusion of hyphae that leads certain fungi across various substrates like a root through soil. [1840-50; RHIZO- + -MORPH] * * *
/ruy'zoh mawr"feuhs/, adj. Bot. rootlike in form. Also, rhizomorphoid. [1855-60; RHIZO- + -MORPHOUS] * * *
/ruy zof"euh geuhs/, adj. feeding on roots. [1825-35; RHIZO- + -PHAGOUS] * * *
—rhizopodan /ruy zop"euh dn/, adj., n. /ruy"zeuh pod'/, n. any of numerous protozoa of the widespread subphylum (or superclass) Rhizopoda, characterized by a pseudopod and ...
See rhizopod. * * *
See rhizopodan. * * *
rhizopus [rī′zəpəs] n. 〚ModL
rhizosphere [rī′zəsfir΄] n. 〚 RHIZO- + SPHERE〛 Ecol. the part of the soil enclosing and influenced by the roots of a plant * * * rhi·zo·sphere ...
/ruy zot"euh mee/, n., pl. rhizotomies. Surg. the surgical section or cutting of the spinal nerve roots, usually posterior or sensory roots, to eliminate pain. [1910-15; RHIZO- + ...
see lḫr. * * *
(in full Rank Hovis McDougall) a large British company that makes food products, including bread, cakes and sauces. It was formed by J Arthur Rank, who bought Hovis and McDougall ...
/roh/, n., pl. rhos. 1. the 17th letter of the Greek alphabet (P). 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. [1350-1400; ME < Gk rhô] * * *
Rhodesia. Also, Rhod. * * *
var. of rhodo- before a vowel: rhodamine. * * *
/roh"deuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/roh"deuh meen', -min/, n. Chem. 1. a red dye obtained by heating an alkyl aminophenol with phthalic anhydride. 2. any of various related dyes. [1885-90; RHOD- + AMINE] * * *
(as used in expressions) Rhode Island Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Rhode Island School of Design * * *
Rhode Island
—Rhode Islander. /rohd/ a state of the NE United States, on the Atlantic coast: a part of New England. 947,154; 1214 sq. mi. (3145 sq. km). Cap.: Providence. Abbr.: RI (for use ...
Rhode Island bent
a European pasture grass, Agrostis tenuis, naturalized in North America, having red flower clusters. [1780-90, Amer.] * * *
Rhode Island Red
one of an American breed of chickens having dark reddish-brown feathers and producing brown eggs. [1895-1900] * * *
Rhode Island School of Design
▪ school, Providence, Rhode Island, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Providence, R.I., U.S. The school was founded in 1877 ...
Rhode Island School of Design (RISD)
One of the most eminent fine arts colleges in the U.S., located in Providence, R.I. It was founded in 1877 but did not offer college-level instruction until 1932. It combines ...
Rhode Island White
one of a dual-purpose American breed of chickens having white feathers and a rose comb. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
Rhode Island, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a white field (background) featuring the state coat of arms (arms, coat of)—a yellow anchor and blue ribbon with ...
Rhode Island, University of
▪ university, Kingston, Rhode Island, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Kingston, R.I., U.S. It is a land- and sea-grant ...
Rhode Islander
Rhode Islander n. a person born or living in Rhode Island * * *
I. Rhode Island1 (rōd) also A·quid·neck Island (ə-kwĭdʹnĕk) An island of Rhode Island at the entrance to Narragansett Bay. Settled by religious exiles from Massachusetts ...
RhodeIsland Red
Rhode Island Red n. Any of an American breed of domestic fowls having dark reddish-brown feathers. * * *
See Rhode Island2. * * *
/rohdz/, n. 1. Cecil John, 1853-1902, English colonial capitalist and government administrator in southern Africa. 2. James Ford, 1848-1927, U.S. historian. 3. a Greek island in ...
Rhodes grass
a grass, Chloris gayana, native to Africa, used as pasturage and fodder in warm climates. [1910-15; named after Cecil J. RHODES] * * *
Rhodes scholar
n a student from the US, Germany or the Commonwealth who has received an award to study at Oxford University. The money for these awards was originally provided by Cecil ...
Rhodes scholarship
one of a number of scholarships at Oxford University, established by the will of Cecil Rhodes, for selected students (Rhodes scholars) from the British Commonwealth and the ...
Rhodes, Alexandre de
born March 15, 1591, Avignon, France died March 5, 1660, Eṣfahān, Iran French missionary, the first Frenchman to visit Vietnam. He established a Jesuit mission in the region ...
Rhodes, Cecil
▪ prime minister of Cape Colony Introduction born July 5, 1853, Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, Eng. died March 26, 1902, Muizenberg, Cape Colony  financier, statesman, ...
Rhodes, Cecil (John)
born July 5, 1853, Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, Eng. died March 26, 1902, Muizenberg, Cape Colony Financier, statesman, and empire builder of British South Africa. Rhodes ...
Rhodes, Colossus of
Enormous bronze statue of the sun god Helios that towered more than 100 ft (30 m) over the harbour at the city of Rhodes in Greece. The work of Chares of Lindos, the statue ...
Rhodes, James Allen
▪ 2002       American politician (b. Sept. 13, 1909, Coalton, Ohio—d. March 4, 2001, Columbus, Ohio), was Ohio's longest-serving governor; although he was credited ...
Rhodes, James Ford
▪ American historian born May 1, 1848, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 22, 1927, Brookline, Mass.       American businessman and historian, best known for his ...
Rhodes, Lawrence
▪ American ballet director born Nov. 24, 1939, Mount Hope, W.Va., U.S.       American premier dancer and ballet director.       After performing with several ...
Rhodes, Wilfred
▪ British cricketer born Oct. 29, 1877, Kirkheaton, near Huddersfield, Yorkshire, Eng. died July 8, 1973, Bournemouth, Hampshire       English cricketer who during his ...
Rhodes,Cecil John
Rhodes, Cecil John. 1853-1902. British financier and colonizer who became prime minister of Cape Colony in 1890 but was forced to resign in 1896 after attempting to overthrow the ...
—Rhodesian, adj., n. /roh dee"zheuh/, n. 1. (as Southern Rhodesia) a former British colony in S Africa: declared independence 1965; name changed to Zimbabwe 1979. 2. a ...
Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Federation of
a former grouping of British territories in S Africa for administrative purposes (1953-63): composed of Southern and Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Also called Central African ...
Rhodesiaand Nyasaland
Rhodesia and Nyasaland A former colonial federation (1953-1963) of south-central Africa that included the present-day countries of Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi. * * *
See Rhodesia. * * *
Rhodesian man
an extinct Pleistocene human whose cranial remains were found at Kabwe, in Zambia: formerly in some classifications Homo rhodesiensis but now considered archaic Homo ...
Rhodesian ridgeback
one of a South African breed of medium-sized muscular hunting dogs having a short, glossy, red or tan coat, with a characteristic ridge of hair along the spine consisting of ...
Rhodesian man n. A fossil hominid specimen found in south-central Africa, previously classed as a distinct species but now generally regarded as an archaic example of Homo ...
Rhodesian ridgeback n. Any of a breed of large dog developed in Africa, having short, reddish-brown hair that forms a ridge along the back. * * *
Rhodes scholar n. A student who holds a scholarship established by the will of Cecil J. Rhodes that permits attendance at Oxford University for a period of two or three ...
See Rhodes scholar. * * *
/roh"dee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the island Rhodes. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Rhodes. [1585-95; RHOD(ES) + -IAN] * * *
Rhodian Sea Law
Regulations governing trade and navigation in the Byzantine Empire. Based on a statute in the Code of Justinian and on ancient maritime law in Rhodes, the Rhodian Sea Law ...
/roh"dik/, adj. Chem. of or containing rhodium, esp. in the tetravalent state. [1835-45; RHOD(IUM) + -IC] * * *
/roh"dee euhm/, n. Chem. a silvery-white metallic element of the platinum family, forming salts that give rose-colored solutions: used to electroplate microscopes and instrument ...
a combining form meaning "rose," used in the formation of compound words: rhodolite. Also, esp. before a vowel, rhod-. [ < Gk, comb. form of rhódon ROSE1] * * *
/roh'deuh kroh"suyt/, n. a mineral, manganese carbonate, MnCO3, commonly containing some iron and calcium, and usually rose-red in color: a minor ore of manganese; manganese ...
/roh'deuh den"dreuhn/, n. any evergreen or deciduous shrub or tree belonging to the genus Rhododendron, of the heath family, having rounded clusters of showy, pink, purple, or ...
/rohd"l uyt'/, n. a rose or reddish-violet garnet, similar to pyrope, used as a gem. [1895-1900; RHODO- + -LITE] * * *       pink or rose-red variety of pyrope (q.v.), a ...
/rod'euh mon tayd", -tahd", -meuhn-, roh'deuh-/, n., adj., v., rhodomontaded, rhodomontading. Obs. rodomontade. * * *
/rohd"n uyt'/, n. a mineral, manganese metasilicate, MnSiO3, occurring usually in rose-red masses, sometimes used as an ornamental stone; manganese spar. [1815-25; < G Rhodonit < ...
/rod"euh pee, ro doh"-/, n. 1. a mountain range in SW Bulgaria. Highest peak, Mus Allah, 9595 ft. (2925 m). 2. Class. Myth. a maiden skilled in hunting, the companion of ...
Rhodope Mountains
Mountain range, Balkan Peninsula, southeastern Europe. Extending southeast from Bulgaria through Macedonia and Greece, the range is drained by tributaries of the Maritsa River. ...
Rhod·o·pe Mountains (rŏdʹə-pē, rŏ-dōʹ-) A range in the Balkan Peninsula of southeast Europe extending southeast from southwest Bulgaria to northeast Greece and rising ...
      division of algae known as red algae (q.v.). * * *
rhodoplast [rō′də plast΄] n. 〚 RHODO- + -PLAST〛 a plastid found in red algae, containing red pigment as well as chlorophyll * * *
/roh dop"sin/, n. Biochem. a bright-red photosensitive pigment found in the rod-shaped cells of the retina of certain fishes and most higher vertebrates: it is broken down by the ...
/roh dawr"euh, -dohr"euh, reuh-/, n. a low North American shrub, Rhododendron canadense, of the heath family, having rose-colored flowers that appear before the leaves. [1780-90; ...
/rddaw"dhaws/, n. Greek name of Rhodes. * * *
Rhodri Morgan
➡ Morgan (IV) * * *
/ree"keuhs/, n. fl. 6th century B.C., Greek sculptor and architect. * * *
/rom, romb/, n. rhombus. [ < L rhombus RHOMBUS; cf. F rhombe] * * *
rhomb- pref. Variant of rhombo-. * * *
See rhombencephalon. * * *
/rom'ben sef"euh lon', -leuhn/, n., pl. rhombencephalons, rhombencephala /-leuh/. Anat. the hindbrain. [1895-1900; < G; see RHOMB, ENCEPHALON] * * *
rhom·bi (rŏmʹbī) n. A plural of rhombus. * * *
/rom"bik/, adj. 1. having the form of a rhombus. 2. having a rhombus as base or cross section. 3. bounded by rhombuses, as a solid. 4. Crystall. orthorhombic. Also, ...
rhombo- or rhomb- pref. Rhombus: rhombohedron.   [Greek, from rhombos. See rhombus.] * * *
rhombohedral [räm΄bə hē′drəl] adj. 1. of or having to do with a rhombohedron 2. designating or of a crystal system having three axes of equal length, none of which ...
—rhombohedral, adj. /rom'beuh hee"dreuhn/, n., pl. rhombohedrons, rhombohedra /-dreuh/. a solid bounded by six rhombic planes. [1830-40; < Gk rhómbo(s) RHOMBUS + -HEDRON] * * *
—rhomboidally, adv. /rom"boyd/, n. 1. an oblique-angled parallelogram with only the opposite sides equal. 2. Anat. rhomboideus. adj. 3. Also, rhomboidal. having a form like or ...
/rom boy"dee euhs/, n., pl. rhomboidei /-dee uy'/. Anat. either of two back muscles that function to move the scapula. Also called rhomboid. [1825-35; < NL (musculus) ...
/rom"beuhs/, n., pl. rhombuses, rhombi /-buy/. 1. an oblique-angled equilateral parallelogram; any equilateral parallelogram except a square. 2. an equilateral parallelogram, ...
See rhonchus. * * *
See rhonchal. * * *
—rhonchial /rong"kee euhl/, rhonchal /rong"keuhl/, adj. /rong"keuhs/, n., pl. rhonchi /-kuy/. a wheezing or snoring sound heard upon auscultation of the chest, caused by an ...
/ron"deuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/ron"deuh/; Welsh /hrddon"dhah/, n. a city in Mid Glamorgan, in S Wales. 86,400. * * * ▪ locality, Wales, United Kingdom       community, Rhondda Cynon Taff (Rhondda) ...
Rhondda Cynon Taff
▪ county borough, Wales, United Kingdom       county borough in southern Wales. It encompasses the northwest-southeast-trending upper valleys of the Rivers Ely, ...
Rhondda Valley
(also the Rhondda) an area in south Wales famous for its coal-mining industry in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The last mine closed in 1990, and the area now has a much ...
Rhondda, David Alfred Thomas, 1st viscount, baron Rhondda of Llanwern
▪ Welsh industrialist born March 26, 1856, Ysgyborwen, Glamorgan [now in Rhondda Cynon Taff], Wales died July 3, 1918, Llanwern, Monmouthshire [now in Newport]  Welsh ...
/rohn/, n. 1. a river flowing from the Alps in S Switzerland through the Lake of Geneva and SE France into the Mediterranean. 504 mi. (810 km) long. 2. a department in E Central ...
Rhône River
River, Switzerland and France. A historic southern gateway, as well as the only major European river flowing directly to the Mediterranean Sea, the Rhône is 505 mi (813 km) ...
Rhone wine
any of numerous varieties of wine produced in the Rhone River valley, between Lyons and the Mediterranean. [1850-55] * * *       any of numerous table wines, mostly red, ...
Rhône-Alpes [rōn alp′, rōnälp′; ] Fr [ rōn ȧlp′] metropolitan region of SE France: 16,872 sq mi (43,698 sq km); pop. 5,351,000; chief city, Lyon * * * ▪ ...
Rhône-Poulenc SA
▪ French corporation       former French chemical manufacturer and leading producer of organic chemicals, synthetic fibres, and pharmaceuticals. It merged with Hoechst ...
rhopalid bug
/roh pal"id, roh"peuh lid/ any of various hemipterous insects of the family Rhopalidae that feed chiefly on grasses and occasionally on certain trees, as the box elder. Also ...
—rhotacistic, adj. /roh"teuh siz'euhm/, n. 1. Historical Ling. a change of a speech sound, esp. /s/, to /r/, as in the change from Old Latin lases to Latin lares. 2. excessive ...
—rhotacization, n. /roh"teuh suyz'/, v., rhotacized, rhotacizing. v.t. 1. to change (a sound) to an /r/; subject to rhotacism. 2. to pronounce (a vowel) with r-color. v.i. 3. ...
/roh"tik/, Phonet. adj. 1. of or pertaining to a dialect of English in which the r is pronounced at the end of a syllable or before a consonant: Midwestern American English is ...
rhp abbr. rated horsepower. * * *
➡ Royal Horticultural Society. * * *
/rooh"bahrb/, n. 1. any of several plants belonging to the genus Rheum, of the buckwheat family, as R. officinale, having a medicinal rhizome, and R. rhabarbarum, having edible ...
/rum, rumb/, n. Navig. 1. See rhumb line. 2. a point of the compass. [1570-80; < Sp rumbo < L rhombus RHOMBUS] * * *
rhumb line
a curve on the surface of a sphere that cuts all meridians at the same angle. It is the path taken by a vessel or aircraft that maintains a constant compass direction. Also ...
rhumb sailing
sea navigation along rhumb lines. [1890-95] * * *
/rum"beuh, room"-, roohm"-/, n., pl. rhumbas /-beuhz/, v.i., rhumbaed /-beuhd/, rhumbaing /-beuh ing/. rumba. * * *
rhumb line n. The path of a ship that maintains a fixed compass direction, shown on a map as a line crossing all meridians at the same angle. Also called loxodrome. * * *
▪ literature also spelled  rhupynt        one of the 24 metres of the Welsh bardic (bard) tradition. A rhupunt is a verse composed of three, four, or five ...
▪ Wales, United Kingdom       seaside town, Denbighshire (Sir Ddinbych) county, historic county of Flintshire (Sir Fflint), Wales, at the mouth of the River Clwyd. The ...
—rhymer, n. /ruym/, n., v., rhymed, rhyming. n. 1. identity in sound of some part, esp. the end, of words or lines of verse. 2. a word agreeing with another in terminal sound: ...
rhyme royal
Pros. a form of verse introduced into English by Chaucer, consisting of seven-line stanzas of iambic pentameter in which there are three rhymes, the first line rhyming with the ...
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes used in a poem, usually marked by letters to symbolize correspondences, as rhyme royal, ababbcc. [1930-35] * * * ▪ poetry       the formal ...
▪ poetry       a word or phrase used primarily to produce a rhyme. Rhyme-tags are used to comic effect in much light verse, as in W.S. Gilbert (Gilbert, Sir W.S.)'s ...
rhymer [rī′mər] n. a maker of rhymes, or poems; esp., a rhymester * * * rhym·er also rim·er (rīʹmər) n. One who composes rhymes. * * *
rhyme royal n. 1. A form of verse having stanzas with seven lines in iambic pentameter rhyming ababbcc. 2. One of these stanzas. * * *
➡ rhyming slang * * *
rhyme scheme n. The arrangement of rhymes in a poem or stanza. * * *
/ruym"steuhr/, n. a writer of inferior verse; poetaster. Also, rimester. [1710-20; RHYME + -STER] Syn. versifier. * * *
rhyming slang
1. a form of slang in which a rhyming word or phrase is substituted for the word intended, as Kate and Sidney for steak and kidney or khaki rocks for army socks. 2. a further ...
rhy·ming slang (rīʹmĭng) n. Slang in which a word is replaced by a word or phrase that rhymes with it, as kiss by hit or miss. * * *
/ring'koh seuh fayl"yeuhn, -fay"lee euhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Rhynchocephalia, an order of lizardlike reptiles that are extinct except for the tuatara. n. 2. ...
▪ insect       any member of the suborder Rhynchophthirina of the louse order Phthiraptera, consisting of the genus Haematomyzus with two species. Although its origins ...
▪ fossil genus       extinct genus of brachiopods, or lamp shells, found as fossils in Middle and Late Ordovician rocks (the Ordovician Period lasted from 505 to 438 ...
▪ fossil brachiopod genus       extinct genus of brachiopods (lamp shells) commonly found as fossils in Silurian marine rocks (between 444 million and 416 million years ...
rhyncophoran [riŋ käf′ə rən] n. 〚< ModL Rhyncophora < Gr rhynchos, snout + -phoros, bearer (see -PHORE) + -AN〛 any of various beetles, including the weevils, having the ...
Rhynie plant
▪ fossil plant       rootless, leafless, spore-bearing plant preserved in the Rhynie Chert, a mineral deposit that has been dated to the early part of the Devonian ...
—rhyolitic /ruy'euh lit"ik/, adj. /ruy"euh luyt'/, n. a fine-grained igneous rock rich in silica: the volcanic equivalent of granite. [1865-70; rhyo- (irreg. < Gk rhýax stream ...
Rhys, Ernest Percival
▪ British writer born July 17, 1859, London, Eng. died May 25, 1946, London  English man of letters who, as editor of Everyman's Library, a series of inexpensive editions of ...
Rhys, Jean
orig. Ella Gwendolen Rees William born Aug. 24, 1890, Roseau, Dominica, Windward Islands, West Indies died May 14, 1979, Exeter, Devon, Eng. Dominican-born British ...
Rhys, Siôn Dafydd
▪ Welsh grammarian also called  John David Rhys , or  John Davies   born 1534, Llanfaethlu, Anglesey, Wales died c. 1609, Clun Hir?, Brecknockshire       Welsh ...
Rhys (rēs), Jean. Originally Ellen Gwendolen Rees Williams. 1894-1979. West Indian-born British writer known for Wide Sargasso Sea (1966), a novel based on the character of the ...
(also Sophie, Countess of Wessex) (1965– ) a member of the British royal family, the wife of Prince Edward. She became the Countess of Wessex when she married him in 1999. They ...
—rhythmless, adj. /ridh"euhm/, n. 1. movement or procedure with uniform or patterned recurrence of a beat, accent, or the like. 2. Music. a. the pattern of regular or irregular ...
rhythm and blues
☆ rhythm and blues n. a form of American popular music, influenced by the blues and characterized by a strong beat: rock-and-roll derives from it * * * (abbr R and B) n a ...
rhythm and blues (R&B)
Any of several closely related musical styles developed by African American artists. The various styles were based on a mingling of European influences with jazz rhythms and ...
rhythm and metre
Two aspects of the organization of time in music. Rhythm is the placement of musical sounds in time. Metre, like poetical metre, is usually a regular pattern of beats and ...
rhythm band
a collection of simple percussion instruments used esp. with piano accompaniment to teach musical rhythm. [1940-45] * * *
rhythm method
a method of birth control in which the couple abstain from sexual intercourse during the period when ovulation is most likely to occur. Cf. safe period. [1935-40] * * *
rhythm section
Music. 1. band instruments, as drums or bass, that supply rhythm rather than harmony or melody. 2. the group of players in a band who play such instruments. [1925-30] * * *
rhythm stick
a small wooden stick used, esp. by a child, as a simple percussive instrument in learning the rudiments of musical rhythm. [1950-55] * * *
/ridh"euhm euhn bloohz"/, n. a folk-based but urbanized form of black popular music that is marked by strong, repetitious rhythms and simple melodies and was developed, in a ...
rhythmand blues
rhythm and blues pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb)Abbr. R & B A style of music developed by African Americans that combines blues and jazz, characterized by a strong backbeat ...
/ridh"mik/, adj. 1. cadenced; rhythmical. n. 2. rhythmics. [1595-1605; < LL rhythmicus < Gk rhythmikós. See RHYTHM, -IC] * * *
rhythmic gymnastics
▪ sport also called  modern gymnastics  or  modern rhythmic gymnastics   the performance of systematic physical exercise with the aid of such hand apparatuses as ropes, ...
rhythmic mode
▪ music       one of a group of music theoretical abstractions that seek to capture and codify the main rhythmic patterns of French (primarily Parisian) polyphony of ...
rhythmic sportive gymnastics
Athletic competition related to gymnastics and dance in which participants, individually or in groups, perform exercise routines with the aid of hand apparatuses such as ropes, ...
—rhythmically, adv. /ridh"mi keuhl/, adj. 1. periodic, as motion, or a drumbeat. 2. having a flowing rhythm. 3. of or pertaining to rhythm: an excellent rhythmical ...
See rhythmic. * * *
/ridh mis"i tee/, n. the state or quality of being rhythmical. [1900-05; RHYTHMIC + -ITY] * * *
/ridh"miks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science of rhythm and rhythmic forms. Also, rhythmic. [1860-65; RHYTHM + -ICS] * * *
/ridh"mist/, n. 1. a person versed in or having a fine sense of rhythm. 2. a person who uses rhythm, esp. in a skilled way: a film editor who is a good rhythmist. [1860-65; ...
rhythm method n. A birth-control method dependent on abstinence during the period of ovulation. * * *
/rit'i dek"teuh mee/, n., pl. rhytidectomies. face-lift. [1930-35; < Gk rhytid-, s. of rhytís wrinkle + -ECTOMY] * * *
/ruy"ton/, n., pl. rhyta /-teuh/. an ancient Greek drinking horn, made of pottery or metal, having a base in the form of the head of a woman or animal. [1840-50; < Gk rhytón, n. ...
Rhode Island (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * *
/ree"euh/, n. a long, narrow inlet of a river that gradually decreases in depth from mouth to head. [1895-1900; < Sp ría river] * * * ▪ geology       funnel-shaped ...
Riabouchinska, Tatiana
▪ 2001 Tatyana Ryabushinskaya        Russian-born dancer and teacher (b. May 23, 1917, Moscow, Russia—d. Aug. 24, 2000, Los Angeles, Calif.), was the oldest of the ...
rial1 /ree awl", -ahl"/, n. a silver or cupronickel coin and monetary unit of Iran, equal to 100 dinars. [1930-35; < Pers < Ar riyal RIYAL] rial2 /ruy"euhl/, n. ryal. rial3 /ree ...
rial omani
/oh mah"nee/ a paper money, coin, and monetary unit of Oman, equal to 1000 baiza. Abbr.: RO. [ < Ar riyal RIYAL; 'Uman Oman + -i suffix of appurtenance] * * *
/ree al"toh/, n., pl. rialtos. an exchange or mart. [1590-1660; after the RIALTO in Venice] * * *
/ree al"toh/; for 1, 2 also It. /rddee ahl"taw/, n. 1. a commercial center in Venice, Italy, consisting of an island and the surrounding district. 2. a bridge spanning the Grand ...
Rialto Bridge
▪ bridge, Venice, Italy  crossing over the narrowest point of the Grand Canal in the heart of Venice, built in the closing years of the 16th century, renowned as an ...
—riantly, adv. /ruy"euhnt, ree"-/; Fr. /rddyahonn/, adj. laughing; smiling; cheerful; gay. [1560-70; < F, prp. of rire to laugh
/ree ah"teuh, -at"euh/, n. a lariat. Also, reata. [1840-50, Amer.; < Sp reata, deriv. of reatar to tie again, equiv. to re- RE- + atar < L aptare to fit] * * *
▪ province, Indonesia       provinsi (“province”), east-central Sumatra, Indonesia. It is bounded by the provinces of Jambi on the south, Sumatera Barat (West ...
Ri·au Archipelago (rēʹou) An island group of western Indonesia off the southeast end of the Malay Peninsula. It is separated from Singapore by Singapore Strait. * * *
rib1 —ribber, n. —ribless, adj. —riblike, adj. /rib/, n., v., ribbed, ribbing. n. 1. one of a series of curved bones that are articulated with the vertebrae and occur in ...
rib cage
Anat. the enclosure formed by the ribs and their connecting bones. [1905-10] * * *
rib eye
a large beefsteak cut from the outer, or eye, side of the ribs. Also, rib-eye. Also called rib-eye steak. [1925-30] * * *
rib roast
a cut of beef taken from the small end of the ribs and containing a large rib eye and two or more ribs. Also called standing rib roast. [1885-90] * * *
rib steak.
See club steak. [1920-25] * * *
rib vault.
See ribbed vault. * * *
rib-eye (steak)
rib-eye (steak) [rib′ī΄] n. a beefsteak cut from the rib section, with the bone removed: also ribeye (steak) * * *
/rib"nit'/, adj. 1. (of a knitted garment or fabric) having a pattern of ribs: a rib-knit sweater. n. 2. Also, ribbed-knit. a garment having such a pattern. [1965-70] * * *
—rib-tickler, n. /rib"tik'ling/, adj. very amusing; funny or hilarious: a book of rib-tickling stories. [1935-40] * * *
➡ Royal Institute of British Architects. * * *
—ribaldly, adv. /rib"euhld/; spelling pron. /ruy"beuhld/, adj. 1. vulgar or indecent in speech, language, etc.; coarsely mocking, abusive, or irreverent; scurrilous. n. 2. a ...
/rib"euhl dree/; spelling pron. /ruy"beuhl dree/, n. 1. ribald character, as of language; scurrility. 2. ribald speech. [1300-50; ME ribaudrie < OF. See RIBALD, -RY] * * *
Ribalta, Francisco
born 1565, Castellón de la Plana, Spain died Jan. 12, 1628, Valencia Spanish painter. His early works are Mannerist. After settling in Valencia in 1598, he developed a darker ...
/rib"euhnd/, n. a decorative ribbon. [1350-1400; ME: RIBBON] * * *
Ribas, Óscar
▪ Portuguese-Angolan folklorist in full  Óscar Bento Ribas   born August 17, 1909, Luanda, Angola died June 19, 2004, Lisbon, Portugal       Angolan folklorist and ...
/ri baht"/, n. Islam. a building housing a community of Sufis. [ < Ar ribat hostelry] * * *

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