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/ring"euh rownd"dheuh roh"zee/, n. a children's game in which the players sing while going around in a circle and squat when the lyrics "all fall down" are sung. Also, ...
ring-bill (rĭngʹbĭl') n. See ring-necked duck. * * *
ring-billed gull
/ring"bild'/ a North American gull, Larus delawarensis, having a black ring around the bill. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
ring-billed gull (rĭngʹbĭld') n. A North American gull (Larus delawarensis) having a black ring around its bill. * * *
/ring"nekt'/, adj. Zool. having a ring of distinctive color around the neck. [1850-55] * * *
ring-necked duck
a North American scauplike duck, Aythya collaris, having a chestnut ring around the neck. [1825-35, Amer.] * * * ▪ bird  (species Aythya collaris), diving duck (family ...
ring-necked pheasant
a gallinaceous Asian bird, Phasianus colchicus, having a white band around its neck, introduced into Great Britain, North America, and the Hawaiian Islands. See illus. under ...
ring-necked snake
▪ reptile       small terrestrial snake (family Colubridae (colubrid)), found widely in North America, that sports a ring or collar of contrasting colour around its ...
ring-necked duck (rĭngʹnĕkt') n. A North American duck (Aythya collaris) having a distinctive light ring behind the tip of the bill and, in the male, a light chestnut ring ...
ring-necked pheasant n. A widely distributed bird (Phasianus colchicus) native to the Old World, the male of which has a long pointed tail, brightly colored plumage, and a white ...
/ring"pawr"euhs, -pohr"-/, adj. Bot. having annual rings marked by a conspicuous band of large pores in wood formed in spring. Cf. diffuse-porous. [1900-05] * * *
ring-spinning frame
/ring"spin'ing/ a machine containing the ring, traveler, and bobbin used in spinning yarn. Also called ring frame, ring spinner. [1880-85] * * *
/ring"streekt'/, adj. having streaks or bands of color around the body. * * *
/ring"tayld'/, adj. 1. having the tail ringed with alternating colors, as a raccoon. 2. having a coiled tail. Also, ringtail. [1715-25] * * *
▪ Maori cult       oldest and most spiritual Maori prophetic movement in New Zealand. It was founded in 1867 by the Maori guerrilla leader Te Kooti (1830–93) while he ...
/ring"bahrk'/, v.t. girdle (def. 11). [1885-90; RING1 + BARK2] * * *
/ring"bohlt'/, n. a bolt with a ring fitted in an eye at its head. [1620-30; RING1 + BOLT1] * * *
/ring"bohn'/, n. Vet. Pathol. a morbid bony growth on the pastern bones of a horse, often resulting in lameness. [1515-25; RING1 + BONE] * * *
ring buoy n. A life preserver in the shape of a ring. * * *
/ring"duv'/, n. 1. a small Old World dove, Streptopelia risoria, having a black half ring around the nape of the neck. 2. See wood pigeon. Also, ring dove. [1530-40; RING1 + ...
/ringd/, adj. 1. having or wearing a ring or rings. 2. marked or decorated with or as if with a ring or rings. 3. surrounded by or as if by a ring or rings. 4. formed of or with ...
ringed plover
any of several cosmopolitan plovers of the genus Charadrius, esp. C. hiaticula, brownish above and white below with a black band around the breast. [1775-85] * * *
ringed seal
▪ mammal       (species Pusa, or Phoca, hispida), nonmigratory, earless seal (family Phocidae) of North Polar seas and a few freshwater lakes in Europe and on Baffin ...
ringed snake.
See ring snake. * * *
ringed plover n. A plump species of plover (Charadrius hiaticula) that breeds in northern regions of the world. * * *
ringed seal n. An Arctic seal (Phoca hispida) having white, ring-shaped markings on the sides of the body. * * *
/rin"jeuhnt/, adj. 1. gaping. 2. Bot. having widely spread lips, as some corollas. [1750-60; < L ringent- (s. of ringens, prp. of ringi to gape), equiv. to ring- open the mouth + ...
ringer1 /ring"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that encircles, rings, etc. 2. a quoit or horseshoe so thrown as to encircle the peg. 3. the throw itself. 4. Also, ringers. Also ...
Ringer's solution
/ring"euhrz/, Pharm. an aqueous solution of the chlorides of sodium, potassium, and calcium in the same concentrations as normal body fluids, used chiefly in the laboratory for ...
Ring·er's solution (rĭngʹərz) also Ring·er solution (-ər) n. An aqueous solution of the chlorides of sodium, potassium, and calcium that is isotonic to animal tissue and ...
▪ geographical region, Norway       kommune (“commune”) and geographic region, southeastern Norway, just northwest of Oslo. The region covers a total area of 600 ...
ring finger n. The third finger of the left hand. * * *
/ring"git/, n. a paper money, cupronickel coin, and monetary unit of Malaysia, equal to 100 sen. Also called dollar. [1965-70; < Malay ringit lit., serrated, milled] * * * ▪ ...
Ringgold, Faith
born Oct. 8, 1930, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. artist, author, and political activist. She began teaching art in New York's public schools in the 1950s. In 1963 she began her ...
/ring"hals/, n. a highly venomous snake, Hemachatus haemachatus, of southern Africa, related to the cobras, having one to three light-colored bands across its throat and ...
ring knocker n. Slang A commissioned nonreservist officer in the U.S. armed forces who is a graduate of one of the three U.S. military academies, especially West Point. * * *
/ring"lee'deuhr/, n. a person who leads others, esp. in opposition to authority, law, etc.: a ringleader of revolutionary activities. [1495-1505; RING1 + LEADER] * * *
—ringleted, adj. /ring"lit/, n. 1. a curled lock of hair. 2. a small ring or circle. 3. Astron. one of the thin or narrow rings that compose the major rings of ...
See ringlet. * * *
/ring"luyt'/, n. a circular electronic flash that surrounds a camera lens, used esp. for even illumination in closeup photography. [RING1 + LIGHT1] * * *
/ring"ling/, n. Albert (1852-1916), and his brothers Alfred (1861-1919), Charles (1863-1926), John (1866-1936), and Otto (1858-1911), U.S. circus owners. * * *
Ringling Brothers
Family of U.S. circus owners. After five of the seven brothers formed a song-and-dance troupe (1882), they began to add circus acts to their show. In 1884 they organized their ...
Ringling Brothers, Barnum and Bailey
the most famous US circus. It calls itself ‘the Greatest Show on Earth’ and has three ‘ring’ areas where people perform at the same time. Two separate circus groups tour ...
Ring·ling (rĭngʹlĭng), Charles. 1863-1926. American circus owner. With his brothers he formed (1882) a song-and-dance troop that evolved into the Ringling Brothers and ...
/ring"mas'teuhr, -mah'steuhr/, n. a person in charge of the performances in a circus ring. [1870-75; RING1 + MASTER] * * *
Ring Nebula (rĭng) n. A planetary nebula in the constellation Lyra. * * *
/ring"nek'/, n. a ring-necked animal. [1785-95, Amer.; RING1 + NECK] * * *
ringneck snake
any of several small, nonvenomous North American snakes of the genus Diadophis, usually having a conspicuous yellow or orange ring around the neck. Also, ring-necked snake. Also ...
ring·neck snake (rĭngʹnĕk') also ring-necked snake n. Any of several small nonvenomous snakes of the genus Diadophis, having a bright reddish or yellowish underside and a ...
Ringo, Johnny
▪ American outlaw byname of  John Ringo   died July 14, 1882, Tombstone, Ariz., U.S.       American Western outlaw, a loner, noted for his deadly fast ...
Ringof Fire
Ring of Fire n. An extensive zone of volcanic and seismic activity that coincides roughly with the borders of the Pacific Ocean. * * *
Event in men's gymnastics in which a pair of rubber-coated metal rings suspended from a ceiling or crossbar are used to perform hanging, swinging, and balancing feats. The rings ...
Rings of Neptune
▪ Table Rings of Neptune name distance from centre of planet (km) observed width (km) comments Galle 41,900 2,000 indistinct edges Le Verrier 53,200 110 flanked at inner ...
Rings of Uranus
▪ Table Rings of Uranus name distance from centre of planet (km) observed width (km)* equivalent width ...
/ring"sayl'/, n. Naut. ringtail (def. 3). * * *
▪ Norway       town, southeastern Norway. It lies along the eastern shore of Lake Mjøsa, the largest lake in Norway. Situated along the main road and rail line between ...
/ring"suyd'/, n. 1. the area immediately surrounding a ring, esp. the area occupied by the first row of seats on all sides of a boxing or wrestling ring. 2. any place providing a ...
/ring"suy'deuhr/, n. a spectator at or near ringside, as of a boxing match or a nightclub performance. [1895-1900; RINGSIDE + -ER1] * * *
/ring"steuhr/, n. a member of a ring, esp. a political or price-fixing ring. [1870-75, Amer.; RING1 + -STER] * * *
/ring"straykt'/, adj. Archaic. ring-streaked. [1605-15; RING1 + STRAKE (in the obs. sense "stripe of contrasting color") + -ED3] * * *
/ring"tayl'/, n. 1. any phalanger of the genus Pseudocheirus, having the prehensile tail curled into a ring. 2. cacomistle. 3. Also called ringsail. Naut. a narrow studdingsail ...
ringtail monkey
capuchin (defs. 1, 2). * * *
ringtailed cat
      carnivorous mammal, a species of cacomistle (q.v.). * * *
ring topology n. Computer Science One of the three principal topologies for a LAN, in which all nodes are arranged in a circle. * * *
/ring"taws', -tos'/, n. a game in which rings, often made of rope, are tossed to encircle an upright peg. Also, ring-toss. [1875-80, Amer.; RING1 + TOSS] * * *
▪ French-Canadian writer pseudonym of  Philippe Panneton   born April 30, 1895, Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada died December 29, 1960, Lisbon, ...
/ring"wood'/, n. a town in N New Jersey. 12,625. * * *
/ring"werrm'/, n. Pathol. any of a number of contagious skin diseases caused by certain parasitic fungi and characterized by the formation of ring-shaped eruptive ...
/ringk/, n. 1. a smooth expanse of ice for ice-skating, often artificially prepared and inside a building or arena. 2. a smooth floor, usually of wood, for roller-skating. 3. a ...
rink rat
Canadian. a youth who spends a great deal of time at a hockey rink, helping with maintenance work, sweeping, etc., often without pay or in return for free admission to the ...
/ringk"hals/, n. ringhals. * * *
/ring"kee dingk'/, Slang. adj. 1. inconsequential, amateurish, or of generally inferior quality; small-time: a rinky-dink college; He plays with some rinky-dink team. 2. outmoded ...
/ring"kee tingk'/, n., adj. ricky-tick. [1960-65; perh. b. RICKY-TICK and RINKY-DINK] * * *
See rinse. * * *
—rinsable, rinseable, adj. —rinsability, rinseability, n. /rins/, v., rinsed, rinsing, n. v.t. 1. to wash lightly, as by pouring water into or over or by dipping in water: to ...
See rinsable. * * *
Rinser, Luise
▪ 2003       German writer (b. April 30, 1911, Pitzling, Bavaria, Ger.—d. March 17, 2002, Unterhaching, Bavaria, Ger.), was a political activist and a prolific author ...
See rinsable. * * *
/rin"sing/, n. 1. an act or instance of rinsing. 2. Usually, rinsings. the liquid with which anything has been rinsed. [1325-75; ME rinsynge. See RINSE, -ING1] * * *
Rintelen, Anton
▪ Austrian jurist and politician born Nov. 15, 1876, Graz, Austria died Jan. 28, 1946, near Graz       jurist and politician who was twice minister of public ...
▪ Buddhist sect       one of two major Zen Buddhist sects in Japan; it stresses the abrupt awakening of transcendental wisdom, or enlightenment. Among the methods it ...
Rí·o or Ri·o (rēʹō) For names of South American rivers, see the specific element; for example, Plata, Río de la, or Roosevelt, Rio. * * * (as used in expressions) Rio ...
Río Azul
/ree"oh euh zoohl"/; Sp. /rddee"aw ah soohl"/ an archaeological site in the jungles of northern Guatemala, where a 1500-year-old painted Mayan tomb was discovered intact in ...
Rio Branco
/rddee"oo brddahonn"koo/ a city in W Brazil. 119,815. * * * ▪ Brazil  city, capital of Acre estado (state), western Brazil. It lies on the west bank of the Acre River, and ...
Rio Branco Law
▪ Brazil [1871] also called  Law of Free Birth , Portuguese  Lei do Ventre Livre        measure enacted by the Brazilian parliament in 1871 that freed children born ...
Río Bravo
/rddee"aw vrddah"vaw/ Mexican name of Rio Grande (def. 1). * * *
Rio Claro
▪ Brazil       city, in the highlands of east-central São Paulo estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It is situated at 2,050 feet (625 metres) above sea level along ...
Río Cuarto
/rddee"aw kwahrdd"taw/ a city in central Argentina. 110,148. * * * ▪ Argentina       city, southwestern Córdoba provincia (province), north-central Argentina. It ...
Río da Duvida
Port. /rddee"oo dah dooh"vi dah'/ former name of Roosevelt, Río. * * *
Rio de Janeiro
/ree"oh day zheuh nair"oh, -near"oh, jeuh-, dee, deuh/; Port. /rddee"oo di zhi nay"rddoo/ a seaport in SE Brazil: former capital. 5,184,292. Also called Rio. * * * City (pop., ...
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden
▪ garden, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Portuguese  Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro         one of the great tropical botanical gardens and arboretums of the world. It ...
Rio de Janeiro, Protocol of
▪ South America [1942]       (1942), treaty settling possession of the disputed Oriente region on the border of Peru and Ecuador, arranged by a conference of Western ...
Río de la Plata
Sp. /rddee"aw dhe lah plah"tah/. See Plata, Río de la. * * *
Río de la Plata, Viceroyalty of the
Last of the four viceroyalties that Spain created to govern its New World colonies. Established in 1776 as means of decentralizing rule in the Spanish empire, it controlled an ...
Río de Oro
/rddee"aw dhe aw"rddaw/ Western Sahara. * * * Southern region, Western Sahara. Its principal town, Al-Dakhla (formerly Villa Cisneros), has a small port and must rely on ...
Río Gallegos
/rddee"aw gah ye"gaws/ a seaport in S Argentina, in S Patagonia. 43,479. Also called Gallegos. * * * ▪ Argentina       city, capital of Santa Cruz provincia ...
Rio Grande
/ree"oh grand", gran"dee, grahn"day/ for 1; Port. /rddee'oo grddahonn"di/ for 2, 3 1. Mexican, Rio Bravo. a river flowing from SW Colorado through central New Mexico and along ...
Río Grande
/ree"oh grahn"day, -dee/; Sp. /rddee"aw grddahn"de/ 1. a city in NE Puerto Rico. 12,047. 2. a river in central Nicaragua, flowing NE to the Caribbean Sea. ab. 200 mi. (320 km) ...
Río Grande de Matagalpa
▪ river, Nicaragua       river in central and eastern Nicaragua. It rises in the central highlands southwest of Matagalpa city and flows alternately northeastward and ...
Rio Grande do Norte
/rddee"oo grddahonn"di doo nawrdd"ti/ a state in E Brazil. 1,933,131; 20,464 sq. mi. (53,000 sq. km). Cap.: Natal. * * * ▪ state, Brazil       estado (state) of ...
Rio Grande do Sul
/rddee"oo grddahonn"di doo soohl"/ 1. a state in S Brazil. 7,942,047; 107,923 sq. mi. (279,520 sq. km). Cap.: Pôrto Alegre. 2. See São Pedro de Rio Grande do Sul. * * * ▪ ...
Río Muni
/rddee"aw mooh"nee/ the mainland province of Equatorial Guinea on the Guinea coast: formerly the mainland portion of Spanish Guinea. 290,000; 10,040 sq. mi. (26,003 sq. km). * * *
Rio Negro
/rddee"oo ne"grddoo/ Portuguese name of Negro River. * * * ▪ province, Argentina  provincia (province), south-central Argentina, lying within the region known as Patagonia ...
Río Negro
/ree"oh nay"groh/; Sp. /rddee"aw ne"grddaw/ Spanish name of Negro River. * * * ▪ province, Argentina  provincia (province), south-central Argentina, lying within the region ...
Río Salado, Battle of
▪ Spanish history       (October 30, 1340), battle fought by the allied Castilian and Portuguese Christian forces against the Muslim Marīnids (Marīnid dynasty) of ...
Rio Treaty
officially Convention on Biological Diversity International environmental agreement approved at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. Negotiations began in 1988 under the ...
/ree'oh bahm"beuh/; Sp. /rddee'aw vahm"bah/, n. a city in central Ecuador in the Andes, near the Chimborazo volcano. 58,087. * * * ▪ Ecuador       city, central ...
Río Bra·vo (bräʹvō) See Rio Grande1. * * *
Rio Cla·ro (klärʹō) A city of southeast Brazil northwest of São Paulo. It is a trade and industrial center. Population: 137,472. * * *
Río Cuar·to (kwärʹtō) A city of north-central Argentina south of Córdoba. It is a trade, processing, and industrial center. Population: 133,741. * * *
Riode Janeiro
Rio de Ja·nei·ro (dā zhə-nârʹō, dē, dĭ) Familiarly known as “Rio.”. A city of southeast Brazil on Guanabara Bay, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean. According to ...
Ríode Oro
Río de O·ro (dē ôrʹō, thĕ) The southern part of Western Sahara in northwest Africa. * * *
I. Rio Grande1 (grăndʹ, gränʹdā, grănʹdē) Or in Mexico Río Bra·vo (bräʹvō). A river, about 3,033 km (1,885 mi) long, rising in southwest Colorado and flowing ...
▪ Colombia       capital of La Guajira departamento, northern Colombia. It lies on the Caribbean coast at the mouth of the Ranchería River. Founded in 1545, the ...
/ree oh"hah/; Sp. /rddee aw"hah/, n. a table wine, esp. a dry red wine, from the Rioja region of northern Spain. * * *
▪ France       town, Puy-de-Dôme département, Auvergne région, central France. It lies along the Ambène River at the western edge of the fertile Limagne Plain, ...
Río Mu·ni (mo͞oʹnē) The mainland part of Equatorial Guinea, on the Bight of Biafra in western Africa. * * *
Rion Strait
/ree"on/; Gk. /rddee"awn/ Lepanto (def. 3). * * *
Fr. /rddee aw pel"/, n. Jean Paul /zhahonn pawl/, born 1923, Canadian painter, in France since 1946. * * *
Riopelle, Jean-Paul
born Oct. 7, 1923, Montreal, Que., Can. died March 12, 2002, Ile-aux-Grues, near Quebec City Canadian painter and sculptor. He moved to Paris in 1947 and, with Paul-Émile ...
—rioter, n. /ruy"euht/, n. 1. a noisy, violent public disorder caused by a group or crowd of persons, as by a crowd protesting against another group, a government policy, etc., ...
Riot Act
1. an English statute of 1715 providing that if 12 or more persons assemble unlawfully and riotously, to the disturbance of the public peace, and refuse to disperse upon ...
riot gun
a gun, esp. a shotgun with a short barrel, for quelling riots rather than inflicting serious injury. [1925-30] * * *
riot squad
a group of police officers having special training and equipment for quelling riots and other public disturbances. [1945-50] * * *
Ri·ot Act (rīʹət) n. An English law, enacted in 1715, providing that if 12 or more people unlawfully assemble and disturb the public peace, they must disperse upon ...
See riot. * * *
Riotinto Mines
▪ mines, Spain Spanish  Minas de Riotinto        copper mines located on the Tinto River near the town of Nerva (formerly Riotinto), in Huelva provincia (province), ...
—riotously, adv. —riotousness, n. /ruy"euh teuhs/, adj. 1. (of an act) characterized by or of the nature of rioting or a disturbance of the peace. 2. (of a person) inciting ...
See riotous. * * *
See riotously. * * *
rip1 —rippable, adj. /rip/, v., ripped, ripping, n. v.t. 1. to cut or tear apart in a rough or vigorous manner: to rip open a seam; to rip up a sheet. 2. to cut or tear away in ...
/rip/, n. a male given name, form of Robert. * * *
rip cord
1. a cord on a parachute that, when pulled, opens the parachute for descent. 2. a cord fastened in the bag of a passenger balloon or dirigible so that a sharp pull upon it will ...
rip current
undertow (def. 1). [1935-40] * * * or riptide Narrow, jetlike stream of water that flows sporadically seaward for several minutes, in a direction perpendicular to a beach. The ...
Rip Van Winkle
/rip' van wing"keuhl/ 1. (in a story by Washington Irving) a ne'er-do-well who sleeps 20 years and upon waking is startled to find how much the world has changed. 2. (italics) ...
☆ rip-off [rip′ôf΄ ] n. Slang 1. the act or an instance of stealing, cheating, exploiting, misrepresenting, etc. 2. a product that is overpriced, esp. one that is inferior ...
/rip"rawr'ing, -rohr'-/, adj. Informal. boisterously wild and exciting; riotous: Have a rip-roaring good time. [1825-35, Amer.; RIP1 + ROARING, alter. of rip-roarious, modeled on ...
See rip-roaring. * * *
/ri pair"ee euhn, ruy-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or situated or dwelling on the bank of a river or other body of water: riparian villas. n. 2. Law. a person who owns land on ...
riparian right
Law. a right, as fishing or use of water for irrigation or power, enjoyed by a person who owns riparian property. [1885-90] * * * In law, the right of one who owns riparian land ...
riparian right n. The right, as to fishing or to the use of a riverbed, of one who owns riparian land. * * *
rip·cord (rĭpʹkôrd') n. 1. A cord pulled to release the pack of a parachute. 2. A cord pulled to release gas from a balloon. * * *
rip current n. A strong, narrow surface current that flows rapidly away from the shore, returning the water carried landward by waves. Also called rip tide, tiderip. * * *
—ripely, adv. —ripeness, n. /ruyp/, adj., riper, ripest. 1. having arrived at such a stage of growth or development as to be ready for reaping, gathering, eating, or use, as ...
ripe rot
Plant Pathol. a disease of fruit or vegetable storage organs at the ripening stage, caused by any of several fungi or bacteria and characterized by spotting and rapid decay. * * *
See ripe. * * *
—ripener, n. /ruy"peuhn/, v.t., v.i. 1. to make or become ripe. 2. to bring or come to maturity, the proper condition, etc.; mature. [1555-65; RIPE + -EN1] * * *
See ripen. * * *
See ripely. * * *
rip entry n. An entry in diving in which there is little splash. * * *
Riperdá, Juan Guillermo Riperdá, duque de, Barón De Riperdá
▪ Dutch adventurer , original Dutch name  Johan Willem Ripperda  born March 7, 1680/82, Oldehove, Groningen [now in The Netherlands] died Nov. 5, 1737, Tétouan, ...
/ri pid"l uyt', ruy-/, n. a mineral of the chlorite group, essentially hydrated magnesium and aluminum silicate with some ferrous iron. [1840-50; < G Ripidolith < Gk rhipid- (s. ...
/ri pyay"noh/; It. /rddee pye"naw/, n., pl. ripienos; It. ripieni /-nee/, adj. Music. n. 1. tutti (defs. 3, 4). adj. 2. tutti (def. 2). [1715-25; < It: full] * * *
Ripken, Cal(vin Edwin), Jr.
born Aug. 24, 1960, Havre de Grace, Md., U.S. U.S. baseball player. Ripken was born into a baseball family; his father and brother both played professionally. He played for the ...
Ripken, Cal, Jr.
▪ 1996       On Sept. 6, 1995, at Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore, Md., the Baltimore Orioles had a night game against the California Angels. After the national ...
Ripken, Calvin Edward,Jr.
Rip·ken (rĭpʹkən), Calvin Edward, Jr. Known as “Cal.” Born 1960. American baseball player. A shortstop for the Baltimore Orioles, he was the American League's most ...
/rip"lee/, n. George, 1802-80, U.S. literary critic, author, and social reformer: associated with the founding of Brook Farm. * * *
Ripley, Alexandra
▪ 2005 Alexandra Braid        American writer (b. Jan. 8, 1934, Charleston, S.C.—d. Jan. 10, 2004, Richmond, Va.), wrote Scarlett (1991), the officially sanctioned ...
Ripley, George
born Oct. 3, 1802, Greenfield, Mass., U.S. died July 4, 1880, New York, N.Y. U.S. journalist and reformer. He became a Unitarian minister after graduating from Harvard Divinity ...
Ripley, Robert LeRoy
▪ American cartoonist original name  Leroy Ripley   born Dec. 26, 1893, Santa Rosa, Calif., U.S. died May 27, 1949, New York, N.Y.  American cartoonist who was the founder ...
Ripley, S Dillon, II
▪ 2002       American museum director, educator, and author (b. Sept. 20, 1913, New York, N.Y.—March 12, 2001, Washington, D.C.), was secretary of the Smithsonian ...
Ripley, W.Z.
▪ American economist and anthropologist in full  William Zebina Ripley  born Oct. 13, 1867, Medford, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 16, 1941, Boothbay, Maine       American ...
Rip·ley (rĭpʹlē), George. 1802-1880. American minister, scholar, and literary critic. An important figure in the New England Transcendentalist movement, he directed the ...
Ripley’s Believe It or Not
a US newspaper feature created in 1918 by Robert Ripley (1893–1949) who also drew cartoons (= comic drawings). It brings together strange facts and customs from around the ...
/rip"awf', -of'/, n. Slang. 1. an act or instance of ripping off another or others; a theft, cheat, or swindle. 2. exploitation, esp. of those who cannot prevent or counter ...
▪ England, United Kingdom  cathedral city, Harrogate borough, administrative county of North Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, England. It lies in the upper valley ...
Ripon Falls
▪ falls, Uganda       falls located on the Victoria Nile at Jinja, Ugan (Uganda)., just below the river's outlet from Lake Victoria (Victoria, Lake). About 16 feet (5 ...
Ripon, Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of, Viscount Goderich Of Nocton
▪ prime minister of Great Britain born Nov. 1, 1782, London, Eng. died Jan. 28, 1859, Putney, Surrey  prime minister of Great Britain from August 1827 to January 1828. He ...
Ripon, George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of, 2nd Earl Of Ripon, Viscount Goderich Of Nocton
▪ British statesman born Oct. 24, 1827, London, Eng. died July 9, 1909, Studley Royal, near Ripon, Yorkshire  British statesman who in more than 50 years of public service ...
/ri pohst"/, n., v., riposted, riposting. n. 1. a quick, sharp return in speech or action; counterstroke: a brilliant riposte to an insult. 2. Fencing. a quick thrust given after ...
/ript/, adj. Slang. 1. drunk; intoxicated. 2. under the influence of an illicit drug. [1815-25; RIP1 + -ED2] * * *
/rip"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that rips. 2. Also, ripper bill, ripper act. a legislative bill or act for taking powers of appointment to and removal from office away from ...
—rippingly, adv. /rip"ing/, adj. Chiefly Brit. Informal. excellent; splendid; fine. [1705-15; RIP1 + -ING2] * * *
ripping bar.
See pinch bar. * * *
ripple1 —rippleless, adj. —ripplingly, adv. /rip"euhl/, v., rippled, rippling, n. v.i. 1. (of a liquid surface) to form small waves or undulations, as water agitated by a ...
ripple effect
a spreading effect or series of consequences caused by a single action or event. [1965-70] * * *
ripple mark
Geol. 1. one of the wavy lines or ridges produced, esp. on sand, by the action of waves, wind, or the like. 2. one of such forms preserved in sandstone or siltstone. [1825-35] * ...
ripple effect n. A gradually spreading effect or influence: “Those deviations tend to have a ripple effect throughout the economy as a whole” (Tom Clancy). * * *
rip·ple·grass (rĭpʹəl-grăs') n. See ribgrass. * * *
/rip"leuhr/, n. 1. a person who ripples flax, hemp, etc. 2. an instrument for rippling; ripple. [1735-45; RIPPLE2 + -ER1] * * *
/rip"lit/, n. a small ripple. [1810-20; RIPPLE1 + -ET] * * *
ripple tank n. See wave tank. * * *
See rippler. * * *
/rip"lee/, adj. 1. characterized by ripples; rippling. 2. sounding like rippling water. [1765-75; RIPPLE1 + -Y1] * * *
Rippon of Hexham, Aubrey Geoffrey Frederick Rippon, Baron
▪ 1998       British politician, Conservative member of Parliament (1955-64, 1966-87), and Cabinet member (1963-64), who negotiated Great Britain's 1973 entrance into ...
/rip"rap'/, n., v., riprapped, riprapping. n. 1. a quantity of broken stone for foundations, revetments of embankments, etc. 2. a foundation or wall of stones thrown together ...
/rip"saw'/, n., v., ripsawed, ripsawed or ripsawn, ripsawing. n. 1. a saw for cutting wood with the grain. v.t. 2. to saw (wood) in such a manner. [1840-50; RIP1 + SAW1] * * *
/rip"snawr"teuhr/, n. Informal. 1. something or someone exceedingly strong or violent: a ripsnorter of a gale. 2. something or someone remarkably good or exciting. [1830-40, ...
See ripsnorter. * * *
ripstop [rip′stäp′] adj. designating or of a fabric, esp. nylon, woven with extra threads in a pattern to make runs or tears less likely and used for parachutes, garments, ...
ripstop nylon
/rip"stop'/ a nylon fabric woven with a double thread approximately every quarter inch to prevent the expansion of small rips. [1945-50] * * *
/rip"tuyd'/, n. a tide that opposes another or other tides, causing a violent disturbance in the sea. [1860-65; RIP2 + TIDE1] Syn. See undertow. * * *
/rip'yooh air"ee euhn/, adj. 1. designating or pertaining to a group of Franks who lived along the Rhine in the neighborhood of Cologne during the 4th century or the code of laws ...
Riquet de Bonrepos, Pierre-Paul, Baron
▪ French engineer born 1604, Béziers, France died Oct. 1, 1680, Toulouse       French public official and self-made engineer who constructed the epochal 240-km ...
▪ department, Colombia       departamento, west-central Colombia. It was created in 1966 and extends from the Andean Cordillera Occidental across the Cauca River valley ...
/risk/, n. reduced instruction set computer: a computer whose central processing unit recognizes a relatively small number of instructions, which it can execute very rapidly. Cf. ...
/ruyz/, v., rose, risen /riz"euhn/, rising, n. v.i. 1. to get up from a lying, sitting, or kneeling posture; assume an upright position: She rose and walked over to greet me. ...
Risenburgh, Bernard van, II
▪ furniture maker van Risenburgh also spelled  Vanrisemburgh  or  Van Risen Burgh  born c. 1700, Paris, France died c. 1765       furniture maker of the Louis XV ...
/ruy"zeuhr/, n. 1. a person who rises, esp. from bed: to be an early riser. 2. the vertical face of a stair step. 3. any of a group of long boards or narrow platforms that can be ...
▪ Jaina saint Sanskrit“Lord Bull”       the first of the 24 Tirthankaras (Tirthankara) (“Ford-makers,” i.e., saviours) of Jainism, a religion of India. His ...
/rish"ee/, n. Hinduism. 1. an inspired sage or poet. 2. (cap.) one of seven of these to whom the Vedas supposedly were revealed. [1760-70; < Skt rsi] * * *
Rishon LeẔiyyon
▪ Israel       city, west-central Israel. It lies on the Judaean Plain southeast of Tel Aviv–Yafo. The name (Hebrew: “first to Zion”) is derived from a biblical ...
Risi, Dino
▪ 2009       Italian filmmaker born Dec. 23, 1916, Milan, Italy died June 7, 2008, Rome, Italy wrote and/or directed more than 80 films, documentaries, and television ...
/riz'euh bil"i tee/, n., pl. risibilities. 1. Often, risibilities. the ability or disposition to laugh; humorous awareness of the ridiculous and absurd. 2. laughter. [1610-20; < ...
/riz"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. causing or capable of causing laughter; laughable; ludicrous. 2. having the ability, disposition, or readiness to laugh. 3. pertaining to or connected ...
See risible. * * *
/ruy"zing/, adj. 1. advancing, ascending, or mounting: rising smoke. 2. growing or advancing to adult years: the rising generation. adv. Informal 3. somewhat more than: The crop ...
rising action
a related series of incidents in a literary plot that build toward the point of greatest interest. Cf. falling action. * * *
rising diphthong
Phonet. a diphthong in which the first of two apparent vocalic elements is of lesser stress or sonority than the second, as the /wah/ in guava /gwah"veuh/. Cf. falling ...
rising hinge
a gravity hinge causing a door, shutter, etc., to rise slightly when opened. [1800-10] * * *
rising rhythm
Pros. a rhythmic pattern created by a succession of metrical feet each of which is composed of one accented syllable preceded by one or more unaccented ones. [1920-25] * * *
rising sign
Astrol. (in a horoscope) the sign of the zodiac on the eastern horizon at any given moment; ascendant. * * *
rising sun
▪ Egyptian amulet       in Egyptian religion, amulet conveying life and resurrection to its wearer. It was made in the shape of a sun disk rising on the hilly horizon ...
Rising Sun, Order of the
▪ Japanese honour Japanese  Kyokujitsu-shō,         Japanese order founded in 1875 by Emperor Meiji and awarded for exceptional civil or military merit. The order, ...
rising action n. The events of a dramatic or narrative plot preceding the climax. * * *
rising rhythm n. A rhythmic pattern in which the stress falls on the last syllable of each foot, as in “They danced by the light of the moon” (Edward Lear). Also called ...
—risker, n. —riskless, adj. /risk/, n. 1. exposure to the chance of injury or loss; a hazard or dangerous chance: It's not worth the risk. 2. Insurance. a. the hazard or ...
risk capital
risk capital n. VENTURE CAPITAL * * *
risk capital.
See venture capital. [1945-50] * * *
risk management
—risk manager. the technique or profession of assessing, minimizing, and preventing accidental loss to a business, as through the use of insurance, safety measures, ...
/risk"ben"euh fit/, adj. involving studies, testing, etc., to establish whether the benefits, as of a course of medical treatment, outweigh the risks involved: to arrive at a ...
risk arbitrage n. The simultaneous purchase and sale of assets that are potentially but not necessarily equivalent.   risk arbitrageur n. * * *
See risk arbitrage. * * *
risk capital n. See venture capital. * * *
See risk. * * *
See risky. * * *
/risk"tay'keuhr/, n. a person or corporation inclined to take risks: The management trainees were exhorted to become risktakers. [1940-45; RISK + TAKER] * * *
—riskily, adv. —riskiness, n. /ris"kee/, adj., riskier, riskiest. attended with or involving risk; hazardous: a risky undertaking. [1820-30; RISK + -Y1] Syn. dangerous, ...
/ri zawr'jeuh men"toh, -sawr'-/; It. /rddee zawrdd'jee men"taw/, n., pl. Risorgimentos, It. Risorgimenti /-tee/ for 2. 1. the period of or the movement for the liberation and ...
/ri saw"toh, -sot"oh/; It. /rddee zawt"taw/, n. Italian Cookery. a dish of rice cooked with broth and flavored with grated cheese and other ingredients. [1850-55; < It, deriv. of ...
▪ poetry Italian:“respect,” plural  rispetti        a Tuscan folk verse form, a version of strambotto. The rispetto lyric is generally composed of eight ...
/ri skay"/; Fr. /rddees kay"/, adj. daringly close to indelicacy or impropriety; off-color: a risqué story. [1865-70; < F, ptp. of risquer to RISK] Syn. broad, gross, indecent, ...
Riss Glacial Stage
▪ geology       major division of Pleistocene time and deposits (1,600,000 to 10,000 years ago) in Alpine Europe. The Riss Glacial Stage, during which mountain glaciers ...
Riss-Würm Interglacial Stage
▪ geology       major division of Pleistocene time and deposits (1,600,000 to 10,000 years ago) in Alpine Europe. The Riss-Würm Interglacial Stage, a period of ...
▪ Japanese Buddhist sect       (Japanese: “Society for Establishing Righteousness and Friendly Relations”), lay religious group in Japan based on the teachings of ...
/ri sohl", ris"ohl/; Fr. /rddee sawl"/, n., pl. rissoles /ri sohlz", ris"ohlz/; Fr. /rddee sawl"/. a small pastry, often in turnover form, filled with a mixture containing meat ...
/ris"euh lee, ris'euh lay"/; Fr. /rddee saw lay"/, adj. (of foods) browned in deep fat. [ < F, ptp. of rissoler to brown, deriv. of rissole RISSOLE] * * *
Rist, Pipilotti
▪ 2001       As art critics proclaimed, 2000 was the year that Swiss video installation artist Pipilotti Rist “arrived.” The year marked her first solo debut at two ...
Ristić, Jovan
▪ prime minister of Serbia born Feb. 13, 1831, Kragujevac, Serbia died Sept. 5, 1899, Belgrade       statesman who acted as regent of Serbia twice and served as Serbian ...
Ristori, Adelaide
▪ Hungarian tragedian born Jan. 29, 1822, Cividale del Friuli, Austria-Hungary [now in Italy] died Oct. 8, 1906, Turin, Italy  internationally renowned Italian ...
ristra [rē′strä] n. 〚Sp, a string, as of garlic bulbs braided together〛 [also in roman type] a string of dried chilies or a length of braided dried garlic bulbs, hung for ...
rit abbrev. ritardando * * *
Music. ritardando. Also, ritard. * * *
/rit"euh/, n. Hinduism. the Vedic concept of cosmic and social order. [ < Skt rta] * * *
/ree"teuh/, n. a female given name, form of Margarita. * * *
Rita Hayworth
➡ Hayworth * * *
/rit"l in/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of methylphenidate in its hydrochloride form. * * * A mild form of amphetamine used in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity ...
/ree'tahr dahn"doh/; It. /rddee'tahrdd dahn"daw/, adj., adv. Music. becoming gradually slower. [1805-15; < It, ger. of ritardare; see RETARD] * * *
Ritchie, Charles Stewart Almon
▪ 1996       Canadian diplomat and diarist (b. Sept. 23, 1906, Halifax, Nova Scotia—d. June 7, 1995, Ottawa, Ont.), served with distinction as ambassador to Germany ...
Ritchie, Charles Thomson Ritchie, 1st Baron
▪ British politician born November 19, 1838, Hawkhill, Dundee, Scotland died January 9, 1906, Biarritz, France       British Conservative politician, notable for his ...
Ritchie, Michael
▪ 2002       American film director (b. Nov. 28, 1938, Waukesha, Wis.—d. April 16, 2001, New York, N.Y.), directed a number of notable films, including The Candidate ...
—riteless, adj. —ritelessness, n. /ruyt/, n. 1. a formal or ceremonial act or procedure prescribed or customary in religious or other solemn use: rites of baptism; ...
rite de passage
/rddeet deuh pah sannzh"/, pl., rites de passage /rddeet deuh pah sannzh"/. French. See rite of passage. * * *
rite of intensification
Anthropol. a ritual or ceremony performed by a community in a time of crisis that affects all members, as a rain dance during a drought. [1945-50] * * *
rite of passage
1. Anthropol. a ceremony performed to facilitate or mark a person's change of status upon any of several highly important occasions, as at the onset of puberty or upon entry into ...
Rite of Spring, The
(French, Le Sacre du Printemps), a ballet suite (1913) for orchestra by Igor Stravinsky. * * *
/ree'teuh nooh"toh/; It. /rddee'te nooh"taw/, adv., adj. (of a passage in a musical score) immediately slower. [1820-30; < It: lit., held back, ptp. of ritenere; see RETAIN] * * *
riteof passage
rite of passage n. pl. rites of passage A ritual or ceremony signifying an event in a person's life indicative of a transition from one stage to another, as from adolescence to ...
Ritola, Ville
▪ Finnish athlete byname  Willie Ritola   born Jan. 18, 1896, Peräseinäjoki, Fin. died April 24, 1982, Helsinki       Finnish long-distance runner, winner of three ...
ri·ton·a·vir (rĭ-tŏnʹə-vîr) n. A protease-inhibiting drug usually used in combination with other drugs to suppress the replication of HIV.   [rito-, of unknown origin + ...
/rit'euhr nel"oh/; It. /rddee'tawrdd nel"law/, n., pl. ritornellos, ritornelli /-lee/. Music. 1. an orchestral interlude between arias, scenes, or acts in 17th-century opera. 2. ...
Ritschl, Albrecht
▪ German theologian born March 25, 1822, Berlin died March 20, 1889, Göttingen, Ger.       German Lutheran theologian who showed both the religious and ethical ...
Ritschl, F.W.
▪ German scholar in full  Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl   born April 6, 1806, Grossvargula, near Erfurt, Prussia [now in Germany] died Nov. 9, 1876, Leipzig, Ger.  German ...
—Ritschlianism, n. /rich"lee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the theology of Albrecht Ritschl (1822-89), who developed a liberal Christian theology and maintained that ...
Ritsos, Yannis
born May 1, 1909, Monemvasia, Greece died Nov. 11, 1990, Athens Greek poet. He joined the Greek Communist Party in 1934, the year his first collection of poems, Tractors, ...

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