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Robards, Jason
▪ American actor in full  Jason Nelson Robards, Jr.  born July 26, 1922, Chicago, Illinois, U.S. died December 26, 2000, Bridgeport, Connecticut       intense, ...
Robards, Jason Nelson
▪ 2001       American actor (b. July 26, 1922, Chicago, Ill.—d. Dec. 26, 2000, Bridgeport, Conn.), was one of the most distinguished and well-respected stage and ...
robāʿī
▪ Islamic literature Persian“quatrain”plural  Robāīyāt , Arabic  Rubāʿī , plural  Rubāʿīyat        in Persian literature, genre of poetry, a quatrain ...
Robbe-Grillet
/rddawb grddee ye"/, n. Alain /ann laonn"/, born 1922, French writer. * * *
Robbe-Grillet, Alain
born Aug. 18, 1922, Brest, France French writer. Trained as a statistician and agronomist, he became a writer and leading theoretician of the nouveau roman ("new novel"), the ...
Robbe-Grillet,Alain
Robbe-Gril·let (rôb-grē-yāʹ), Alain. Born 1922. French writer and exponent of the New Wave in French literature. His screenplays and novels, such as The Erasers (1953), ...
Robben Island
▪ island, South Africa Afrikaans  Robbeneiland         island in Table Bay, Western Cape province, South Africa. It is 5 miles (8 km) west of the mainland and 6 miles ...
robber
/rob"euhr/, n. a person who robs. [1125-75; ME robbere < OF robere. See ROB, -ER1] Syn. highwayman, bandit, brigand; burglar. See thief. * * *
robber baron
1. Hist. a noble who robbed travelers passing through his lands. 2. a ruthlessly powerful U.S. capitalist or industrialist of the late 19th century considered to have become ...
robber crab
▪ crustacean also called  coconut crab        large, nocturnal land crab of the southwest Pacific and Indian oceans. It is closely related to the hermit crab and ...
robber fly
any of numerous swift-flying, often large, dipterous insects of the family Asilidae that are predaceous on other insects. [1870-75] * * * or assassin fly Any of about 4,000 ...
robber frog
any of numerous small frogs of the genera Eleutherodactylus and Hylactophryne, living chiefly in the American tropics. * * *
robberbaron
robber baron n. 1. One of the American industrial or financial magnates of the late 19th century who became wealthy by unethical means, such as questionable stock-market ...
robberfly
robber fly n. Any of various predatory flies of the family Asilidae, characteristically having long, bristly legs. * * *
robbery
/rob"euh ree/, n., pl. robberies. 1. the act, the practice, or an instance of robbing. 2. Law. the felonious taking of the property of another from his or her person or in his or ...
Robbia
/roh"bee euh/; It. /rddawb"byah/, n. Andrea della /ahn drdde"ah del'lah/, 1435-1525, and his uncle, Luca della /looh"kah del'lah/, c1400-82, Italian sculptors. * * *
Robbie Williams
➡ Williams (VI) * * *
Robbins
/rob"inz/, n. 1. Frederick C(hapman), born 1916, U.S. physician: Nobel prize 1954. 2. Jerome, born 1918, U.S. dancer and choreographer. * * *
Robbins, Frederick Chapman
▪ 2004       American pediatrician and virologist (b. Aug. 25, 1916, Auburn, Ala.—d. Aug. 4, 2003, Cleveland, Ohio), received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or ...
Robbins, Harold
▪ 1998       American novelist (b. May 21, 1916, New York, N.Y.—d. Oct. 14, 1997, Palm Springs, Calif.), created gossipy-style formulaic works that featured the triple ...
Robbins, Jerome
orig. Jerome Rabinowitz born Oct. 11, 1918, New York, N.Y., U.S. died July 29, 1998, New York City U.S. dancer, choreographer, and director. He joined Ballet Theatre (later ...
Robbins, Lionel Charles Robbins, Baron
▪ British economist born November 22, 1898, Sipson, Middlesex, England died May 15, 1984, London       economist and leading figure in British higher ...
Robbins, Tom
▪ American author in full  Thomas Eugene Robbins  born July 22, 1936, Blowing Rock, N.C., U.S.       American novelist noted for his eccentric characters, playful ...
Robbins,Frederick Chapman
Rob·bins (rŏbʹĭnz), Frederick Chapman. Born 1916. American microbiologist. He shared a 1954 Nobel Prize for work on the cultivation of the polio virus. * * *
Robbins,Jerome
Robbins, Jerome. 1918-1998. American dancer and choreographer of ballets and musicals, including West Side Story (1957), the film version of which he later codirected. * * *
Robbinsdale
/rob"inz dayl'/, n. a city in SE Minnesota, near Minneapolis. 14,422. * * *
robe
—robeless, adj. —rober, n. /rohb/, n., v., robed, robing. n. 1. a long, loose or flowing gown or outer garment worn by men or women as ceremonial dress, an official vestment, ...
robe de chambre
robe de chambre [rō̂b΄də shän′br'] n. pl. robes de chambre [rō̂b] 〚Fr, lit., robe of (the) chamber〛 a dressing gown * * *
robe-de-chambre
/rddawb deuh shahonn"brddeu/, n., pl. robes-de-chambre /rddawb deuh shahonn"brddeu/. French. a dressing gown. * * *
Robecchi-Bricchetti, Luigi
▪ Italian explorer born May 21, 1855, Pavia, Lombardy [Italy] died May 31, 1926, Pavia       Italian explorer, the first European to cross the Somali peninsula (the ...
Robert
/rob"euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr"tn/, 1837-1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert's Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male ...
Robert Adam
➡ Adam * * *
Robert Altman
➡ Altman * * *
Robert Bolt
➡ Bolt * * *
Robert Boyle
➡ Boyle * * *
Robert Bridges
➡ Bridges * * *
Robert Browning
➡ Browning * * *
Robert Bruce
➡ Robert the Bruce * * *
Robert Burns
➡ Burns (II) * * *
Robert Burton
➡ Burton (IV) * * *
Robert Cecil
➡ Cecil * * *
Robert Clive
➡ Clive * * *
Robert De Boron
▪ French poet Boron also spelled  Borron   flourished 13th century       French poet, originally from the village of Boron, near Delle. He was important for his ...
Robert De Niro
➡ De Niro * * *
Robert De Torigni
▪ French historian also called  Robertus De Monte   born c. 1110, , Torigni-sur-Vire, Fr. died June 23/24, 1186, Mont-Saint-Michel, Normandy       Norman chronicler ...
Robert Dudley
➡ Leicester (II) * * *
Robert E Lee
➡ Lee (IV) * * *
Robert E Peary
➡ Peary * * *
Robert Edward Lee
➡ Lee (IV) * * *
Robert Edwin Peary
➡ Peary * * *
Robert F Kennedy
➡ Kennedy (IX) * * *
Robert Falcon Scott
➡ Scott (I) * * *
Robert Frost
➡ Frost (II) * * *
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
➡ Salisbury (II) * * *
Robert Graves
➡ Graves * * *
Robert Guiscard
Fr. /rddaw berdd gee skannrdd"/. See Guiscard, Robert. * * * born с 1015, Normandy died July 17, 1085, near Cephalonia, Greece, Byzantine Empire Norman adventurer and duke of ...
Robert Herrick
➡ Herrick * * *
Robert Hughes
➡ Hughes (III) * * *
Robert I
1. ("Robert the Devil") died 1035, duke of Normandy 1028-35 (father of William I of England). 2. Also called Robert the Bruce, Robert Bruce. 1274-1329, king of Scotland ...
Robert II
I born March 2, 1316 died April 19, 1390, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scot. King of Scotland (1371–90). Grandson of Robert I, he served as regent during the periods of exile and of ...
Robert III
orig. John Stewart, earl of Carrick born с 1337 died April 4, 1406, Rothesay, Bute, Scot. King of Scotland (1390–1406). After having ruled in the name of his father, Robert ...
Robert Louis Stevenson
➡ Stevenson (II) * * *
Robert Lowell
➡ Lowell * * *
Robert Ludlum
➡ Ludlum * * *
Robert M. Pirsig
➡ Pirsig * * *
Robert Mapplethorpe
➡ Mapplethorpe * * *
Robert Maxwell
➡ Maxwell (II) * * *
Robert Maynard Pirsig
➡ Pirsig * * *
Robert McNamara
➡ McNamara * * *
Robert Mitchum
➡ Mitchum * * *
Robert of Bellême, 3rd Earl of Shropshire or Shrewsbury
▪ Norman magnate and soldier Bellême also spelled  Belesme   born c. 1052 died after 1130, , Wareham, Dorset, Eng.       Norman magnate, soldier, and outstanding ...
Robert Of Gloucester
▪ English historian flourished 1260–1300       early Middle English chronicler known only through his connection with the work called “The Chronicle of Robert of ...
Robert of Jumièges
▪ archbishop of Canterbury and bishop of London born , Normandy, France died c. 1055, , Jumièges       one of the Normans given high position by the English king ...
Robert of Molesme, Saint
▪ Roman Catholic saint born c. 1027, Troyes, Fr. died 1110, Molesme; canonized 1222; feast day April 29       French Benedictine monk and abbot, monastic reformer, and ...
Robert Owen
➡ Owen (II) * * *
Robert Peel
➡ Peel (III) * * *
Robert Penn Warren
➡ Warren (II) * * *
Robert Rauschenberg
➡ Rauschenberg * * *
Robert Redford
➡ Redford * * *
Robert Robinson
➡ Robinson (V) * * *
Robert Southey
➡ Southey * * *
Robert Stephenson
➡ Stephenson (II) * * *
Robert the Bruce
(also Robert Bruce, Robert I) (1274–1329) the king of Scotland from 1306 until his death. He joined William Wallace in trying to take power from the English in Scotland, but ...
Robert The Devil
▪ legendary character French  Robert Le Diable,         legendary son of a duke of Normandy, born in answer to prayers addressed to the devil. He uses his immense ...
Robert the Strong
▪ French court official French  Robert le Fort   born c. 820 died Sept. 15, 866, Brissarthe, France       ancestor of the Capetian kings of France.       A ...
Robert Venturi
➡ Venturi * * *
Robert Walpole
➡ Walpole (II) * * *
Robert Zemeckis
➡ Zemeckis * * *
Robert, Henry Martyn
▪ United States military officer and parliamentarian born May 2, 1837, Robertville, S.C., U.S. died May 11, 1923, Hornell, N.Y.       U.S. Army officer, author of the ...
Robert, Hubert
▪ French painter born May 22, 1733, Paris, France died April 15, 1808, Paris   French landscape painter sometimes called Robert des Ruines because of his many romantic ...
Robert, Nicolas-Louis
▪ French inventor born 1761, France died 1828, France       inventor who with his brother and Jacques Charles launched the first hydrogen balloon (ballooning) in Paris ...
Robert, Shaaban
▪ Tanzanian author born January 1909, Tanga, German East Africa died June 20, 1962, Dar es Salaam, Tanganyika       popular Swahili writer, Robert was the product of ...
Robert,Henry Martyn
Robert, Henry Martyn. 1837-1923. American army engineer and parliamentary authority. He designed the defenses for Washington, D.C., during the Civil War and later wrote Robert's ...
Robert-Houdin, Jean-Eugène
orig. Jean-Eugène Robert born Dec. 6, 1805, Blois, France died June 13, 1871, St. Gervais, near Blois French magician, considered the father of modern conjuring. Trained as a ...
Roberta
/reuh berr"teuh/, n. a female given name: derived from Robert. * * *
RobertGuiscard
Ro·bert Guis·card (rô-bĕrʹ gē-skärʹ), 1015?-1085. Norman military leader who conquered much of southern Italy and protected Pope Gregory VII from the invading armies of ...
RobertI
I. Rob·ert I1 (rŏbʹərt), Known as “Robert the Devil.” Died 1035. Duke of Normandy (1027-1035) who named as his heir his illegitimate son William, the future William I of ...
Roberti, Ercole de'
▪ Italian painter born c. 1450, Ferrara, Papal States died 1496, Ferrara       Italian painter of the Ferrarese school whose work is characterized by a highly personal ...
Roberto
(as used in expressions) Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino Clemente Roberto Rossellini Roberto * * *
Roberto, Holden Alvaro
▪ 2008       Angolan independence leader born Jan. 12, 1923, São Salvador [now M'banza Congo], Angola died Aug. 2, 2007, Luanda, Angola founded Angola's first ...
Roberts
/rob"euhrts/, n. 1. Sir Charles George Douglas, 1860-1943, Canadian poet and novelist. 2. Elizabeth Madox /mad"euhks/, 1886-1941, U.S. poet and novelist. 3. Frederick Sleigh ...
Roberts, Bartholomew
▪ Welsh pirate byname  Black Barty   born 1682?, near Haverfordwest, Wales died Feb. 10, 1722, at sea off the Guinea coast       pirate captain of a succession of ...
Roberts, Elizabeth Madox
▪ American writer born Oct. 30, 1886, Perryville, Ky., U.S. died March 13, 1941, Orlando, Fla.       Southern American novelist, poet, and short story writer noted ...
Roberts, Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl, Viscount St. Pierre
▪ British field marshal also called  (from 1892) Baron Roberts Of Kandahar   born Sept. 30, 1832, Cawnpore, India died Nov. 14, 1914, Saint-Omer, Fr.       British ...
Roberts, Isaac
▪ British astronomer born January 27, 1829, Groes, Clwyd [now in Conwy], Wales died July 17, 1904, Crowborough, Sussex, England       British astronomer who was a ...
Roberts, J M
▪ 2004       British historian (b. April 14, 1928, Bath, Somerset, Eng.—d. May 30, 2003, Roadwater, Somerset, Eng.), was a respected academician, scholar, and writer, ...
Roberts, John G., Jr.
▪ 2006       On Sept. 29, 2005, John G. Roberts, Jr., was confirmed by the Senate 78–22 and took the oath of office as the 17th chief justice of the United States. ...
Roberts, Joseph Jenkins
▪ president of Liberia born , March 15, 1809, Petersburg, Va., U.S. died Feb. 24, 1876, Monrovia, Liberia  American-born, first president of Liberia ...
Roberts, Julia
▪ 2001       In 2000—10 years after she first captured the limelight with her starring role opposite Richard Gere in the box-office hit Pretty Woman—American actress ...
Roberts, Kate
▪ Welsh writer born February 13, 1891, Rhosgadfan, Caernarvonshire [now in Gwynedd], Wales died April 4, 1985, Denbigh, Clwyd [now in Denbighshire]       one of the ...
Roberts, Kenneth
▪ American author born Dec. 8, 1885, Kennebunk, Maine, U.S. died July 21, 1957, Kennebunkport, Maine       American journalist and novelist who wrote fictional ...
Roberts, Oral
born Jan. 24, 1918, near Ada, Okla., U.S. U.S. evangelist. The son of a Pentecostal preacher, he underwent a conversion experience in 1935. He spent 12 years as a pastor in ...
Roberts, Owen Josephus
▪ United States jurist born May 2, 1875, Germantown, Pa., U.S. died May 17, 1955, Chester Springs, Pa.       associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United ...
Roberts, Richard
born April 22, 1789, Carreghova, Montgomeryshire, Wales died March 16, 1864, Manchester, Eng. British inventor. He was an uneducated Welsh quarryman before he took a position ...
Roberts, Richard J.
▪ British molecular biologist in full  Richard John Roberts   born Sept. 6, 1943, Derby, Eng.       molecular biologist, the winner, with Phillip A. Sharp (Sharp, ...
Roberts, Sir Charles G(eorge) D(ouglas)
born Jan. 10, 1860, Douglas, N.B. died Nov. 26, 1943, Toronto, Ont., Can. Canadian poet. At first a teacher and editor, he became a journalist in New York City and lived in ...
Roberts, Sir Charles G.D.
▪ Canadian poet in full  Sir Charles George Douglas Roberts  born , Jan. 10, 1860, Douglas, N.B. died Nov. 26, 1943, Toronto       poet who was the first to express ...
Roberts, Sir Gilbert
▪ British engineer born , Feb. 18, 1899, London died Jan. 1, 1978, London       British civil engineer who pioneered new design and construction methods in a series of ...
Roberts, Tom
▪ Australian painter byname of  Thomas William Roberts   born March 9, 1856, Dorchester, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Sept. 14, 1931, Kallista, Australia       painter who ...
Roberts,Kenneth
Rob·erts (rŏbʹərts), Kenneth. 1885-1957. American writer noted for his historical novels about the Colonial period, including Northwest Passage (1937). * * *
Roberts,Oral
Roberts, Oral. Born 1918. American evangelist who has preached widely on tours and radio and television broadcasts. * * *
Roberts,Richard John
Roberts, Richard John. Born 1943. British-born chemist. He shared a 1993 Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering that some genes are not continuous but instead contain sequences, ...
Roberts-Austen, Sir William Chandler
▪ British metallurgist born March 3, 1843, Kennington, Surrey, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1902, London       English metallurgist noted for his research on the physical ...
Robertson
/rob"euhrt seuhn/, n. 1. Pat (Marion Gordon), born 1930, U.S. evangelist. 2. William, 1721-93, Scottish historian. 3. Sir William Robert, 1860-1933, British field marshal. * * ...
Robertson, Alice Mary
▪ American educator and public official born Jan. 2, 1854, Tullahassee Mission, Creek Nation, Indian Territory [now Tullahassee, Okla., U.S.] died July 1, 1931, Muskogee, ...
Robertson, Frederick William
▪ British clergyman byname  Robertson Of Brighton   born Feb. 3, 1816, London died Aug. 15, 1853, Brighton, Sussex, Eng.       Anglican clergyman who became widely ...
Robertson, Oscar
▪ American athlete in full  Oscar Palmer Robertson   born Nov. 24, 1938, Charlotte, Tenn., U.S.       American basketball player who starred in both the collegiate ...
Robertson, Oscar (Palmer)
born Nov. 24, 1938, Charlotte, Tenn., U.S. U.S. basketball player. He was the first African American to play for the University of Cincinnati. Drafted by the Cincinnati Royals ...
Robertson, Pat
orig. Marion Gordon Robertson born March 23, 1930, Lexington, Va., U.S. U.S. evangelist. He attended Washington and Lee University, served in the Marine Corps, and earned a ...
Robertson, Sir Dennis Holme
▪ British economist born , May 23, 1890, Lowestoft, Suffolk, Eng. died April 21, 1963, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       British economist who was an early supporter of ...
Robertson, Sir William Robert, 1st Baronet
▪ British field marshal born Jan. 29, 1860, Welbourn, Lincolnshire, Eng. died Feb. 12, 1933, London       field marshal, chief of the British Imperial General Staff ...
Robertson, Thomas William
▪ British playwright born Jan. 9, 1829, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died Feb. 3, 1871, London       British playwright whose realistic social comedies and ...
Robertson, William
▪ Scottish historian and minister born Sept. 19, 1721, Borthwick, Midlothian, Scot. died June 11, 1793, Edinburgh       Scottish historian and Presbyterian minister. He ...
Robertson,Oscar Palmer
Rob·ert·son (rŏbʹərt-sən), Oscar Palmer. Born 1938. American basketball player. As a guard for the Cincinnati Royals, he became in 1962 the only player in National ...
Robertsport
▪ Liberia       town and Atlantic fishing port, western Liberia. It is situated at the outlet of Lake Piso (Fisherman Lake), on Cape Mount.       In 1461 or 1462 ...
Robert’s Rules of Order
a small US book containing rules for running formal meetings, based on the procedures used in the British Parliament. It was first published in 1876 and has appeared since then ...
Roberval balance
▪ measurement instrument  linked mechanism invented in 1669 by the French mathematician Gilles Personne de Roberval and used in commercial weighing machines. As shown in the ...
Roberval, Gilles Personne de
▪ French mathematician Personne also spelled  Personier   born Aug. 8, 1602, Roberval, France died Oct. 27, 1675, Paris       French mathematician who made important ...
Roberval, Jean-François de la Rocque, lord de
born с 1500, Carcassonne, France died 1560/61, Paris French colonizer in Canada. He was a member of the court of Francis I. Appointed lieutenant general of the North American ...
Roberval, Jean-François de La Rocque, Sieur de
▪ French explorer born c. 1500, Carcassonne, France died 1560/61, Paris       French colonizer chosen by Francis I to create a settlement on North American lands found ...
Robeson
/rohb"seuhn/, n. Paul, 1898-1976, U.S. singer and actor. * * *
Robeson Channel
Northernmost part of the sea passage connecting Baffin Bay with the Arctic Ocean. Located between Ellesmere Island, Can., and northwestern Greenland, it extends north for 50 mi ...
Robeson, Paul
▪ American singer, actor, and political activist in full  Paul Bustill Robeson  born April 9, 1898, Princeton, N.J., U.S. died Jan. 23, 1976, Philadelphia, ...
Robeson, Paul (Bustill)
born April 9, 1898, Princeton, N.J., U.S. died Jan. 23, 1976, Philadelphia, Pa. U.S. singer, actor, and activist. Born to a former slave turned preacher and a Quaker mother, ...
Robeson,Paul Bustill
Robe·son (rōbʹsən), Paul Bustill. 1898-1976. American singer and actor who played the lead roles in Othello and in Eugene O'Neill's The Emperor Jones and sang “Ol' Man ...
Robespierre
/rohbz"pear, -pee air'/; Fr. /rddaw bes pyerdd"/, n. Maximilien François Marie Isidore de /mannk see mee lyaonn" frddahonn swann" mann rddee" ee zee dawrdd" deuh/, 1758-94, ...
Robespierre, Maximilien (François-Marie-Isidore) de
born May 6, 1758, Arras, France died July 28, 1794, Paris French revolutionary. A successful lawyer in Arras (1781–89), he was elected to the National Assembly (1789), where ...
Robespierre, Maximilien de
▪ French revolutionary Introduction in full  Maximilien-François-Marie-Isidore de Robespierre  born May 6, 1758, Arras, France died July 28, 1794, Paris  radical Jacobin ...
Robespierre, Maximilien FrançoisMarie Isidore de
Robes·pierre (rōbzʹpîr, -pē-âr', rô-bĕs-pyĕrʹ), Maximilien François Marie Isidore de. 1758-1794. French revolutionary. Leader of the Jacobins and architect of the ...
Robey
(1869–1954) an English music-hall(1) performer best known for the song If You Were the Only Girl in the World (1916). He was made a knight in 1954. * * *
Robey, Sir George
▪ British comedian original name  George Edward Wade   born Sept. 20, 1869, Herue Hill, Kent, Eng. died Nov. 29, 1954, Saltdean, Sussex       English music-hall ...
Robichaud, Louis Joseph
▪ 2006       Canadian politician (b. Oct. 21, 1925, Saint-Antoine, N.B.—d. Jan. 6, 2005, Saint-Antoine), introduced far-reaching reforms as premier (1960–70) of New ...
Robida, Albert
▪ French illustrator born May 14, 1848, Compiègne, France died Oct. 11, 1926, Neuilly  early pioneer of science fiction and founding father of science fiction ...
robin
/rob"in/, n. 1. any of several small Old World birds having a red or reddish breast, esp. Erithacus rubecula, of Europe. 2. a large American thrush, Turdus migratorius, having a ...
Robin
/rob"in/, n. a male or female given name: derived from Robert. * * * Either of two thrush species (family Turdidae). The American robin (Turdus migratorius), 10 in. (25 cm) ...
Robin Cook
➡ Cook (IV) * * *
Robin Goodfellow
/good"fel'oh/ Puck (def. 1). * * *
Robin Hood
a legendary English outlaw of the 12th century, hero of many ballads, who robbed the rich to give to the poor: a popular model of courage, generosity and justice, as well as of ...
Robin Knox-Johnston
➡ Knox-Johnston * * *
robin redbreast
robin (defs. 1, 2). [1400-50; late ME (Scots); robin, special use of ROBIN] * * *
Robin Williams
➡ Williams (VII) * * *
Robin's plantain.
See Poor Robin's plantain. * * *
robin's-egg blue
/rob"inz eg'/ a pale green to a light greenish-blue color. [1880-85] * * *
robin's-eggblue
rob·in's-egg blue (rŏbʹĭnz-ĕg') n. A pale bluish green to greenish or grayish blue. * * *
Robin'splantain
Rob·in's plantain (rŏbʹĭnz) n. An eastern North American plant (Erigeron pulchellus) having many-rayed purplish flower heads grouped in a corymb. * * *
Robinette, John Josiah
▪ 1997       Canadian trial lawyer who was lauded as the country's most eloquent and finest courtroom counsel; he argued more cases before the Supreme Court than any ...
RobinGoodfellow
Rob·in Good·fel·low (rŏbʹĭn go͝odʹfĕl'ō) n. A mischievous sprite in English folklore; Puck. * * *
RobinHood
Robin Hood n. A legendary English outlaw of the 12th century, famous for his courage, chivalry, and practice of robbing the rich to aid the poor. * * *
robinredbreast
robin redbreast n. See robin. * * *
Robins, Benjamin
▪ British engineer and mathematician born 1707, Bath, Eng. died July 29, 1751, Madras, India       British mathematician and military engineer who laid the groundwork ...
Robins, Margaret Dreier
▪ American labour reformer née Dreier born Sept. 6, 1868, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 21, 1945, Brooksville, Fla.       U.S. labour reformer who helped lead the ...
Robinson
/rob"in seuhn/, n. 1. Bill ("Bojangles"), 1878-1949, U.S. tap dancer. 2. Boardman /bawrd"meuhn, bohrd"-/, 1876-1952, U.S. painter and illustrator, born in Nova Scotia. 3. Edward ...
Robinson Crusoe
/krooh"soh/ 1. (in a novel by Defoe) a mariner of York who is shipwrecked and lives adventurously for years on a small island. 2. (italics) the novel itself (1719). * * *
Robinson, Bill
orig. Luther Robinson known as Bojangles born May 25, 1878, Richmond, Va., U.S. died Nov. 25, 1949, New York, N.Y. U.S. tap dancer. He developed extraordinary tap-dancing ...
Robinson, Boardman
▪ American caricaturist and painter born Sept. 6, 1876, Somerset, Nova Scotia, Can. died Sept. 5, 1952, Stamford, Conn, U.S.       Canadian-American illustrator and ...
Robinson, Brooks Calbert,Jr.
Rob·in·son (rŏbʹĭn-sən), Brooks Calbert, Jr. Born 1937. American baseball player noted for his defensive skills. In 22 seasons with the Baltimore Orioles (1955-1977), he ...
Robinson, Brooks, Jr.
▪ American athlete in full  Brooks Calbert Robinson, Jr.  born May 18, 1937, Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.       American professional baseball player who in 23 ...
Robinson, David
▪ 2000       Pegged for much of his National Basketball Association (NBA) career as a player who was “soft” and unable to win big games, American basketball player ...
Robinson, Eddie
▪ 2008 Edward Gay Robinson        American collegiate football coach born Feb. 13, 1919 , Jackson, La. died April 3, 2007 , Ruston, La. set the record in 1997 for most ...
Robinson, Edward
▪ American scholar born April 10, 1794, Southington, Conn., U.S. died Jan. 27, 1863, New York, N.Y.       American biblical scholar, considered the father of biblical ...
Robinson, Edward G.
orig. Emmanuel Goldenberg born Dec. 12, 1893, Bucharest, Rom. died Jan. 26, 1973, Hollywood, Calif., U.S. Romanian-born U.S. film actor. He was raised in New York City's Lower ...
Robinson, Edwin Arlington
born Dec. 22, 1869, Head Tide, Maine, U.S. died April 6, 1935, New York, N.Y. U.S. poet. He attended Harvard briefly, then he endured years of poverty and obscurity before his ...
Robinson, Frank
born Aug. 31, 1935, Beaumont, Tex., U.S. U.S. baseball player and the first black manager in major league baseball. Robinson played principally for the Cincinnati Reds ...
Robinson, Gail
▪ 2009       American soprano born Aug. 7, 1946, Jackson, Tenn. died Oct. 19, 2008, Lexington, Ky. sang with the Metropolitan Opera more than 200 times in the 1970s ...
Robinson, Harriet Jane Hanson
▪ American author and leader née Hanson born Feb. 8, 1825, Boston died Dec. 22, 1911, Malden, Mass., U.S.       writer and woman suffrage leader in the United ...
Robinson, Henry Crabb
▪ British diarist born May 13, 1775, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, Eng. died Feb. 5, 1867, London  English man of letters whose voluminous diaries provide valuable information ...
Robinson, Henry Peach
born July 9, 1830, Ludlow, Shropshire, Eng. died Feb. 21, 1901, Tunbridge Wells British photographer. Tiring of doing portraits, he turned to "high art" photographs, which ...
Robinson, Henry Wheeler
▪ British theologian born Feb. 7, 1872, Northampton, Northamptonshire, Eng. died May 12, 1945, Oxford       notable Nonconformist English Baptist theologian and Old ...
Robinson, Jackie
in full Jack Roosevelt Robinson born Jan. 31, 1919, Cairo, Ga., U.S. died Oct. 24, 1972, Stamford, Conn. U.S. baseball player, the first black player in the major ...
Robinson, James Harvey
born June 29, 1863, Bloomington, Ill., U.S. died Feb. 16, 1936, New York, N.Y. U.S. historian. Robinson received his doctorate from the University of Freiburg and returned to ...
Robinson, Joan
▪ British economist in full  Joan Violet Robinson née Maurice born October 31, 1903, Camberley, Surrey, England died August 5, 1983, Cambridge, ...
Robinson, Joan (Violet)
orig. Joan (Violet) Maurice born Oct. 31, 1903, Camberley, Surrey, Eng. died Aug. 5, 1983, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire British economist. A professor at the University of ...
Robinson, John
▪ English minister born c. 1575, , Sturton-le-Steeple, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died March 1, 1625, Leiden, Neth.       English Puritan minister called the pastor of the ...
Robinson, Joseph T
▪ American lawyer and politician born Aug. 26, 1872, near Lonoke, Ark., U.S. died July 14, 1937, Washington, D.C.       American lawyer and legislator, a major figure ...
Robinson, Lennox
▪ Irish playwright born Oct. 4, 1886, Douglas, County Cork, Ire. died Oct. 14, 1958, Dublin       Irish playwright and theatrical producer associated with the Abbey ...
Robinson, Mary
orig. Mary Bourke born May 21, 1944, Ballina, County Mayo, Ire. Irish politician, first woman president of Ireland (1990–97). She earned a law degree at the University of ...
Robinson, Max
▪ American journalist in full  Maxie Cleveland Robinson, Jr.  born May 1, 1939, Richmond, Virginia, U.S. died December 20, 1988, Washington, D.C.       American ...
Robinson, Peter David
▪ 2009 born Dec. 29, 1948, Belfast, N.Ire.  On June 5, 2008, Peter Robinson became Northern Ireland's first minister, succeeding Ian Paisley, who had retired at the age of ...
Robinson, Robert
▪ British journalist born Dec. 17, 1927, Liverpool       British journalist and broadcaster known for his wit and for the number and variety of his simultaneously held ...
Robinson, Rubye
▪ American civil rights activist née  Rubye Doris Smith  born April 25, 1942, Atlanta, Ga., U.S. died Oct. 9, 1967, Atlanta       American civil rights activist ...
Robinson, Sir Hercules
▪ British colonial governor in full  Sir Hercules George Robert Robinson,  also called (from 1896)  1st Baron Rosmead of Rosmead and of Tafelberg   born Dec. 19, 1824, ...
Robinson, Sir Robert
▪ British chemist born Sept. 13, 1886, near Chesterfield, Derbyshire, Eng. died Feb. 8, 1975, Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire, near London       British chemist, ...
Robinson, Smokey
orig. William Robinson born Feb. 19, 1940, Detroit, Mich., U.S. U.S. singer and songwriter. Robinson formed a group while still in high school. As the Miracles, they released ...
Robinson, Smokey, and the Miracles
▪ American singer-songwriter Introduction       American vocal group that helped define the Motown sound of the 1960s; led by one of the most gifted, influential ...
Robinson, Sugar Ray
orig. Walker Smith, Jr. born May 3, 1921, Detroit, Mich., U.S. died April 12, 1989, Culver City, Calif. U.S. boxer. Robinson began boxing in high school in New York City and ...
Robinson, William
▪ British landscape designer born July 5, 1838 died May 17, 1935       British landscape (garden and landscape design) designer who was a leading exponent of the wild, ...
Robinson, William Heath
▪ British cartoonist born May 31, 1872, London, Eng. died Sept. 13, 1944, London       British cartoonist (cartoon), book illustrator, and designer of theatrical ...
Robinson,Edward G.
Robinson, Edward G. Originally Emanuel Goldenberg. 1893-1973. Romanian-born American actor known for his portrayal of gangsters in motion pictures, including Little Caesar ...
Robinson,Edwin Arlington
Robinson, Edwin Arlington. 1869-1935. American poet whose works include long narratives and character studies of New Englanders, including “Miniver Cheevy” (1910). * * *
Robinson,Frank
Robinson, Frank. Born 1935. American baseball player who, during his career with the Cincinnati Reds and the Baltimore Orioles, became the first player named most valuable player ...
Robinson,Jack Roosevelt
Robinson, Jack Roosevelt. Known as “Jackie.” 1919-1972. American baseball player. The first African-American player in the major leagues in the 20th century, he was a second ...
Robinson,James Harvey
Robinson, James Harvey. 1863-1936. American historian who stressed the importance of social and intellectual events on the course of history. He was a founder of the New School ...
Robinson,Mary
Robinson, Mary. Born 1944. Irish lawyer and politician who served as the first woman president of Ireland (1990-1997). Her administration was marked by a series of controversial ...
Robinson,Ray
Robinson, Ray. Known as “Sugar Ray.” 1921-1989. American prizefighter who was world champion six times, once as a welterweight (1946-1951) and five times as a middleweight ...
robinsonade
▪ literature       any novel written in imitation of Daniel Defoe (Defoe, Daniel)'s Robinson Crusoe (1719–22) that deals with the problem of the castaway's survival on ...
RobinsonCrusoe
Robinson Cru·soe (kro͞oʹsō) n. The hero of Daniel Defoe's novel Robinson Crusoe of 1719, a shipwrecked English sailor who, by virtue of his own ingenuity, survives for years ...
roble
/roh"blay/, n. 1. a Californian white oak, Quercus lobata, having a short trunk and large, spreading branches. 2. any of several other trees, esp. of the oak and beech ...
Roblès, Emmanuel
▪ Algerian-French author born May 4, 1914, Oran, Algeria died Feb. 22, 1995, Boulogne, France       Algerian-French novelist and playwright whose works came out of the ...
Robles, Emmanuel Francois
▪ 1996       Algerian-French novelist and playwright (b. May 4, 1914, Oran, Alg.—d. Feb. 22, 1995, Boulogne, France), portrayed the struggle of the individual to find ...
Roboam
/roh boh"euhm/, n. Douay Bible. Rehoboam. * * *
roborant
/rob"euhr euhnt/, Med. adj. 1. strengthening. n. 2. a tonic. [1655-65; < L roborant- (s. of roborans), prp. of roborare to strengthen, equiv. to robor- (s. of robur) oak, ...
robot
—robotism, n. —robotic, robotistic /roh'beuh tis"tik, -bo-/, adj. —robotlike, adj. /roh"beuht, -bot/, n. 1. a machine that resembles a human and does mechanical, routine ...
robot bomb
a rocket-propelled, gyroscopically steered bomb equipped with wings and control surfaces, usually launched from the ground. Also called flying bomb. [1940-45] * * *
robot pilot
Aeron. See automatic pilot. [1925-30] * * *
robotbomb
robot bomb n. A small winged missile that is loaded with explosives, jet-propelled, and guided only by a gyroscopic device. Also called buzz bomb, flying bomb. * * *
robotic
See robot. * * *
roboticist
/roh bot"euh sist/, n. a specialist in robots or robotics. [1940; ROBOTIC + -IST; coined by Isaac Asimov] * * *
robotics
/roh bot"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the use of computer-controlled robots to perform manual tasks, esp. on an assembly line. [1941; ROBOT + -ICS; coined by Isaac Asimov] * * ...
robotization
See robotize. * * *
robotize
—robotization, n. /roh"beuh tuyz', -bot uyz'/, v., robotized, robotizing v.t. 1. to turn (someone) into a robot. 2. to convert for automated operation or production by robots ...
Robotpatent
▪ Austrian law       (German: “Forced-Labour Patent”), law governing compulsory labour, performed by peasants (peasant) for their lord in the Austrian domains. ...
robotpilot
robot pilot n. See automatic pilot. * * *
robroy
rob roy (rŏb roiʹ) n. A cocktail made with Scotch whisky, sweet vermouth, and bitters.   [After Rob Roy.] * * *
RobRoy
Rob Roy (rŏb roiʹ), Originally Robert MacGregor. 1671-1734. Scottish clan leader and outlaw whose banditry is the subject of Sir Walter Scott's novel Rob Roy (1817). * * *
Robson
/rob"seuhn/, n. Mount, a mountain in SW Canada, in E British Columbia: highest peak in the Canadian Rockies, 12,972 ft. (3954 m). * * *
Robson, Dame Flora
▪ British actress in full  Dame Flora McKenzie Robson  born March 28, 1902, South Shields, Durham, Eng. died July 7, 1984, Brighton, East Sussex       British actress ...
Robson, Mount
▪ mountain, British Columbia, Canada       peak in eastern British Columbia, Can., 50 miles (80 km) west-northwest of Jasper, Alta. Rising above Kinney Lake and ...
Robson,Mount
Rob·son (rŏbʹsən), Mount A mountain, 3,956.5 m (12,972 ft) high, of eastern British Columbia, Canada, on the border with Alberta. It is the highest elevation in the ...
Robstown
/robz"town'/, n. a city in S Texas. 12,100. * * *
Robus
/roh"beuhs/, n. Hugo, 1885-1963, U.S. sculptor. * * *
robust
—robustly, adv. —robustness, n. /roh bust", roh"bust/, adj. 1. strong and healthy; hardy; vigorous: a robust young man; a robust faith; a robust mind. 2. strongly or stoutly ...
robusta
ro·bus·ta (rō-bŭsʹtə) n. 1. a. The coffee plant Coffea canephora that is commercially grown but whose beans are of lesser quality than arabica beans. b. The seed of this ...
robusta coffee
/roh bus"teuh/ 1. a coffee tree, Coffea canephora, native to western tropical Africa and cultivated in warm regions of the Old World. 2. the seed of this plant. 3. the coffee ...
robustious
—robustiously, adv. /roh bus"cheuhs/, adj. 1. rough, rude, or boisterous. 2. robust, strong, or stout. [1540-50; ROBUST + -IOUS] * * *
robustiously
See robustious. * * *
robustly
See robust. * * *
robustness
See robustly. * * *
roc
/rok/, n. Arabian Myth. a bird of enormous size and strength. [1570-80; < Ar rukhkh, prob. < Pers rukh; see ROOK2] * * * ▪ legendary bird also spelled  Rukh,  Arabic ...
Roc, Patricia
▪ 2004 Felicia Miriam Ursula Herold Reise; Felicia Reif        British actress (b. June 7, 1915, London, Eng.—d. Dec. 30, 2003, Locarno, Switz.), was one of Britain's ...
Roca
/roh"keuh/; Port. /rddaw"keuh/, n. Cape, a cape in W Portugal, near Lisbon: the western extremity of continental Europe. * * *
Roca, Cape
Promontory in Portugal. The westernmost point of continental Europe, Cape Roca lies on the Atlantic coast northwest of Lisbon. Known to the Romans as Promontorium Magnum, the ...
Roca,Cape
Ro·ca (rōʹkə, rôʹ-), Cape A cape of western Portugal on the Atlantic Ocean west-northwest of Lisbon. It is the westernmost extremity of continental Europe. * * *
rocaille
/roh kuy"/; Fr. /rddaw kah"yeu/, n. Fine Arts. any of the fantastic ornamental, often asymmetrical, combinations characteristic of the Rococo period, consisting of rock, shell, ...
Rocamadour
▪ village, France       village, Lot département, Midi-Pyrénées région, southwestern France. Its buildings, overlooked by a 14th-century château, rise in stages ...
rocambole
/rok"euhm bohl'/, n. a European plant, Allium scorodoprasum, of the amaryllis family, used like garlic. Also called giant garlic. [1690-1700; < F < G Rockenbolle lit., distaff ...
Rocard, Michel
▪ premier of France born August 23, 1930, Courbevoie, France       French public servant and politician who was premier of France from 1988 to 1991.       Upon ...
Rocard, Yves-André
▪ French mathematician and physicist born May 22, 1903, Vannes, France died March 16, 1992, Paris       French mathematician and physicist who contributed to the ...
Rocca, Roberto
▪ 2004       Italian-born Argentine businessman (b. February 1922, Milan, Italy—d. June 10, 2003, Milan), transformed Techint, a steel corporation founded in 1945 by ...
Roccella
      genus of tropical fruticose lichen, an important source of the dye orchil and litmus (qq.v.). * * *
Rocephin
Ro·ceph·in (rō-sĕfʹĭn) A trademark used for the drug ceftriaxone. * * *
Rocha
▪ Uruguay       city, southeastern Uruguay, situated in palm-dotted coastal lowlands. It is the surrounding region's main commercial and manufacturing centre, with wool ...
Rocha, Glauber
▪ Brazilian director born March 14, 1938, Victoria da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil died Aug. 23, 1981, Rio de Janeiro       motion-picture director who was a leading figure ...
Rochambeau
/rddaw shahonn boh"/, n. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur /zhahonn bann teest" daw nann syaonn" deuh vee muerdd"/, Count de, 1725-1807, French general: marshal of France ...


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