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Rochambeau, Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de
▪ French general (count of ) born July 1, 1725, Vendôme, Fr. died May 10, 1807, Thoré  general who supported the American Revolution by commanding French forces that ...
Rochambeau, Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, count de
born July 1, 1725, Vendôme, France died May 10, 1807, Thoré French army officer. He served in the War of the Austrian Succession and became a brigadier general in 1761. He ...
Rochambeau,Comte de
Ro·cham·beau (rō'shăm-bōʹ, -shäɴ-), Comte de. Title of Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur. 1725-1807. French army officer who commanded French forces in the American ...
Rochberg, George
▪ 2006       American composer (b. July 5, 1918, Paterson, N.J.—d. May 29, 2005, Bryn Mawr, Pa.), at first wrote in a Modernist vein but from the 1960s embraced an ...
Rochdale
/roch"dayl'/, n. a borough of Greater Manchester, in N England: site of one of the earliest cooperative societies 1844. 211,500. * * * ▪ England, United ...
Roche
(as used in expressions) de la Roche Mazo Roche limit Roche Eamonn Kevin * * *
roche alum
/rohch/, Chem. an alumlike substance derived from alunite. [1400-50; roche cliff, rocky height (now obs.), late ME (see ROCK1); appar. partial trans. of MF alum en roque, alun de ...
Roche limit
/rohsh/; Fr. /rddawsh/, Astron. the minimum distance below which a moon orbiting a celestial body would be disrupted by tidal forces or below which a moon would not have ...
roche moutonnée
/rohsh" mooht'n ay"/; Fr. /rddawsh mooh taw nay"/, Geol. a rounded, glacially eroded rock outcrop, usually one of a group, resembling a sheep's back. Also called sheepback ...
Roche, (Eamonn) Kevin
born June 14, 1922, Dublin, Ire. Irish-born U.S. architect. After studying under Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, he became Eero Saarinen's principal design associate. After ...
Roche, James Michael
▪ 2005       American businessman (b. Dec. 16, 1906, Elgin, Ill.—d. June 6, 2004, Belleair, Fla.), served (1967–71) as chairman and chief executive officer of ...
Roche, Kevin
▪ American architect in full  Eamonn Kevin Roche   born June 14, 1922, Dublin, Ire.    naturalized American architect of governmental, educational, and corporate ...
Rochefort
▪ France       town and commercial harbour, Charente-Maritime département, Poitou-Charentes région, western France. It is situated on the right bank of the Charente ...
Rochefort, Victor-Henri, marquis de Rochefort-Lucay
▪ French journalist born Jan. 31, 1830, Paris, France died June 30, 1913, Aix-les-Bains  gifted polemical journalist under the Second Empire and the Third Republic who ...
Rochelimit
Roche limit (rōsh) n. The smallest distance at which a natural satellite can orbit a celestial body without being torn apart by the larger body's gravitational force. The ...
Rochelle
Fr. /rddaw shel"/ for 1; /roh shel", reuh-/ for 2, n. 1. La. See La Rochelle. 2. a female given name: from a French word meaning "small rock." * * *
Rochelle powders
(not in technical use). See Seidlitz powders. [after LA ROCHELLE] * * *
Rochelle salt
Chem., Pharm. a colorless or white, water-soluble solid, KNaC4H4O6·4H2O, used in silvering mirrors, in the manufacture of Seidlitz powders and baking powder, and in medicine as ...
Rochellesalt
Ro·chelle salt or Ro·chelle salts (rə-shĕlʹ, rō-) n. See potassium sodium tartrate.   [After La Rochelle.] * * *
Rochester
/roch"es teuhr, -euh steuhr/, n. 1. John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of, 1647-80, English poet and courtier. 2. a city in W New York, on the Genesee River. 241,741. 3. a town in SE ...
Rochester Hills
Rochester Hills city in SE Mich., near Detroit: pop. 69,000 * * *
Rochester Institute of Technology
▪ college, Rochester, New York, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Rochester, New York, U.S. It includes colleges of business, ...
Rochester, Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of, Viscount Wilmot Of Athlone, Baron Wilmot Of Adderbury
▪ English noble baptized October 26, 1613, St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London, England died February 19, 1658, Sluys, Flanders, Spanish Netherlands [now in ...
Rochester, John Wilmot, 2nd earl of
born April 10, 1647, Ditchley Manor House, Oxfordshire, Eng. died July 26, 1680, Woodstock, Oxfordshire English poet and wit. The most notorious debauchee of the Restoration ...
Rochester, Lawrence Hyde, 1st earl of
▪ English statesman also called  (1681–82) Viscount Hyde Of Kenilworth   born March 1642 died May 2, 1711, London  influential English statesman who served under Charles ...
Rochester, University of
▪ university, Rochester, New York, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Rochester, New York, U.S. The university includes the ...
rochet
/roch"it/, n. a vestment of linen or lawn, resembling a surplice, worn esp. by bishops and abbots. [1350-1400; ME < OF: outer garment < Gmc; cf. OE rocc outer garment] * * *
Rochford
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Essex, England, bordered on the north by the Crouch estuary and on the south ...
Rocinante
Sp. /rddaw'thee nahn"te, -see-/, n. Rosinante. * * *
rock
rock1 —rockless, adj. —rocklike, adj. /rok/, n. 1. a large mass of stone forming a hill, cliff, promontory, or the like. 2. Geol. a. mineral matter of variable composition, ...
Rock
/rok/, n. a male given name. * * * I In geology, a naturally occurring and coherent aggregate of minerals. The three major classes of rock igneous, sedimentary, and ...
rock
rock1 —rockless, adj. —rocklike, adj. /rok/, n. 1. a large mass of stone forming a hill, cliff, promontory, or the like. 2. Geol. a. mineral matter of variable composition, ...
Rock
/rok/, n. a male given name. * * * I In geology, a naturally occurring and coherent aggregate of minerals. The three major classes of rock igneous, sedimentary, and ...
rock 'n' roll
☆ rock 'n' roll [räk′'n rōl′ ] n. var. of ROCK-AND-ROLL * * *
rock and roll
(also rock ’n’ roll) n [U] a type of popular music played with electric guitars, drums, etc, that first appeared in the 1950s. It developed from jazz and country music, and ...
rock and rye
a bottled drink made with rye whiskey, rock candy, and fruit. [1875-80] * * *
rock art
Ancient or prehistoric drawing, painting, or similar work on or of stone. Rock art includes pictographs (drawings or paintings), petroglyphs (carvings or inscriptions), ...
rock barnacle.
See under barnacle1 (def. 1). [1880-85] * * *
rock bass
/bas/ 1. a game fish, Ambloplites rupestris, of the sunfish family, inhabiting freshwater streams of the eastern U.S. 2. See striped bass. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
rock beauty
a gold and black butterflyfish, Holocanthus tricolor, ranging from the West Indies to Brazil. [1890-95] * * *
rock blenny.
a prickleback, Xiphister mucosus, of the Pacific coast from southern California to Alaska. Also called rock-eel, rock prickleback. * * *
rock bolt
Mining, Civ. Engin. a steel or fiberglass bolt inserted and anchored in a hole drilled in rock to prevent caving of the roof of a tunnel or subterranean chamber. [1955-60] * * ...
rock bottom
the very lowest level: He went bankrupt and touched rock bottom. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
rock brake
rock brake n. any of a genus (Cryptogramma, family Polypodiaceae) of ferns that grow in rocky ground * * *
rock cake
n a type of small sweet cake traditional in Britain, with a hard rough surface and usually containing currants (= dried grapes). * * *
rock candy
sugar in large, hard, cohering crystals. [1715-25] * * *
rock cod
rockfish (defs. 1-3). [1625-35] * * *
Rock Cornish
a small hybrid chicken produced by mating Cornish and White Rock chickens and marketed esp. as a roaster. Also called Rock Cornish game hen, Rock Cornish hen. [1955-60] * * *
Rock Cornish (hen)
Rock Cornish (hen) or Rock Cornish n. CORNISH (sense 2b) * * *
rock crab
any of several crabs that live along rocky beaches, esp. those of the genus Cancer, as C. irroratus, of the eastern coast of North America, having the rear legs modified for ...
rock cress
any of several low growing plants belonging to the genus Arabis, of the mustard family, having spikes or one-sided clusters of white, pink, or purple flowers, grown as an ...
rock crystal
transparent quartz, esp. when colorless. [1660-70] * * * Transparent variety of the silica mineral quartz that is valued for its clarity and total lack of colour or flaws. Rock ...
rock dove
a European pigeon, Columba livia, from which most domestic pigeons have been developed. Also called rock pigeon. [1645-55] * * *
rock dust
a crushed limestone sprayed on surfaces in mines to make coal dust incombustible in case of a gas explosion. [1930-35] * * *
rock edicts
▪ Buddhism       narrative histories and announcements carved into cliff rock, onto pillars, and in caves throughout India by King Aśoka (Ashoka) (reigned c. 265–238 ...
rock elm
1. an elm, Ulmus thomasii, of eastern North America, having deeply furrowed, grayish-brown bark. 2. the hard, heavy wood of this tree, used for making furniture and in the ...
Rock Falls
a city in NW Illinois. 10,624. * * *
rock fan
▪ geology       fan-shaped bedrock surface at the foot of a mountain, often where a stream flows out onto a piedmont slope. It is often covered with a thin veneer of ...
rock fence
South Midland and Southern U.S. a wall built of unmortared stones, as one bordering a field. Also called rock wall. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
Rock Fests
➡ festivals * * *
Rock fever
Pathol. brucellosis. [1895-1900; so called from the Rock of Gibraltar, where it is prevalent] * * *
rock flour.
See glacial meal. [1880-85] * * *
rock flower
any shrub of the genus Crossosoma, native to the arid regions of the southwestern U.S., having thick, narrow leaves and solitary flowers. [1810-20] * * *
rock garden
1. a garden on rocky ground or among rocks, for the growing of alpine or other plants. 2. a garden decorated with rocks, usually a wide variety of interestingly shaped, ...
rock glacier
a mass of rock resembling a valley glacier that moves or is moved down a slope by its own weight or by the action of frost and interstitial ice. [1900-05] * * * Tonguelike body ...
rock gunnel.
See under gunnel1. * * *
Rock Hill
a city in N South Carolina. 35,344. * * * ▪ South Carolina, United States       city, York county, northern South Carolina, U.S., near the Catawba River ...
rock hind
a small, orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus adscensionis, inhabiting warm seas from North Carolina to Brazil, esp. in the West Indies, and fished as food. [1865-70] * * *
rock hound
Informal. 1. a geologist. 2. an amateur collector of rocks, fossils, or minerals. Also, rockhound. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
rock hounding
the activity of searching for and collecting rocks, fossils, or minerals. Also, rockhounding. [1945-50, Amer.; ROCK HOUND + -ING1] * * *
Rock Hudson
➡ Hudson (II) * * *
rock hyrax
an African and Middle Eastern hyrax of the genus Procavia that lives in rocky places. [1950-55] * * *
Rock Island
a port in NW Illinois, on the Mississippi: government arsenal. 47,036. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, seat (1833) of Rock Island county, northwestern ...
rock jasmine
any of several alpine plants belonging to the genus Androsace, of the primrose family, having tufted leaves often in basal rosettes, and umbels of pink, red, purple, or white ...
rock jock
Slang. a mountaineering enthusiast. [1980-85] * * *
rock lobster
rock lobster n. SPINY LOBSTER * * *
rock lobster.
See spiny lobster. [1880-85] * * *
rock maple
New Eng. the sugar maple, Acer saccharum. [1765-75] * * *
rock milk
a white, powdery surface crust of calcite, formed by efflorescence in limestone caves and fissures. Also called agaric mineral. [1795-1805] * * *
rock music
➡ rock. * * * or rock and roll Musical style that arose in the U.S. in the mid-1950s and became the dominant form of popular music in the world. Though rock has used a wide ...
Rock of Ages
the title of a well-known Christian hymn first published in 1775. The phrase ‘Rock of Ages’ refers to Jesus Christ, and the first words are: Rock of ages, cleft for me, Let ...
Rock of Gibraltar
Gibraltar (def. 2). * * *
rock oil
petroleum. [1660-70; trans. of ML petroleum] * * *
rock pigeon
rock pigeon n. ROCK DOVE * * *
rock pigeon.
See rock dove. [1605-15] * * *
rock plant
a plant found among rocks or in rock gardens. [1605-15] * * *
rock prickleback.
See rock blenny. * * *
rock rabbit
1. See rock hyrax. 2. pika. [1840-50] * * *
Rock River
River, north-central U.S. It rises in southeastern Wisconsin and flows across the northwestern corner of Illinois, emptying into the Mississippi River at Rock Island, Ill. ; it ...
rock rose
▪ Cistus       (Cistus), any of a genus of 18 species of low to medium-sized shrubs, in the rock rose family (Cistaceae), native to the Mediterranean region and long ...
rock salt
common salt occurring in extensive, irregular beds in rocklike masses. [1700-10] * * *
rock spray
a low, evergreen, Himalayan shrub, Cotoneaster microphyllus, of the rose family, having shiny leaves with grayish, hairy undersides, white flowers, and scarlet berries. * * *
Rock Springs
a city in SW Wyoming. 19,458. * * * ▪ Wyoming, United States       city, Sweetwater county, southwestern Wyoming, U.S. The city is located on Bitter Creek, at an ...
rock squirrel
a large, gray ground squirrel, Spermophilus variegatus, inhabiting rocky areas of the southwestern U.S. [1850-55] * * *
rock steady
the style of vocalized Jamaican popular music that succeeded ska and preceded reggae in the 1960s, influenced by American soul music and having a more upbeat tempo with emphasis ...
Rock strengths, with varying temperature and pressure
▪ Table Rock strengths, with varying temperature and pressure rock type temperature (°C) confining pressure (kilobars) plastic yield strength (kilobars) ultimate strength ...
rock thrush
any of several Old World thrushes of the genus Monticola, usually having bluish plumage, esp. M. saxatilis, of Europe. [1775-85] * * *
rock tripe
any lichen of the genus Umbilicaria. Also called tripe-de-roche. [1850-55; allegedly so called in reference to the appearance of the thallus] * * * ▪ ...
rock wall.
See rock fence. [1900-05] * * *
rock wallaby
any wallaby of the genus Petrogale, having a banded or striped coat, slender body, and long legs and feet, inhabiting caves and rocky areas in Australia. [1835-45] * * *
rock wool
rock wool n. a fibrous material that looks like spun glass, made from molten rock or slag by passing a blast of steam through the fluid; mineral wool: it is used for insulation, ...
rock wool.
See mineral wool. [1925-30] * * *
rock wren
an American wren, Salpinctes obsoletus, inhabiting the foothills, badlands, and mesa country of the western U.S. and Mexico. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *       New Zealand bird ...
rock ’n’ roll
➡ rock and roll * * *
rock'n' roll
rock 'n' roll or rock-and-roll (rŏkʹən-rōlʹ) n. A form of popular music arising from and incorporating a variety of musical styles, especially rhythm and blues, country ...
Rock, Chris
▪ 2000       In 1999 American comedian-actor Chris Rock was on a roll—he gave a tell-it-like-it-is performance as host of the MTV Video Music Awards, appeared in the ...
rock-'n'-roll
—rock-'n'-roller, n. /rok"euhn rohl"/, n. 1. a style of popular music that derives in part from blues and folk music and is marked by a heavily accented beat and a simple, ...
rock-a-bye
rock-a-bye also rock·a·bye or rock·a·by (rŏkʹə-bī') interj. Used to lull an infant or child to sleep.   [rock2 + lullaby.] * * *
Rock-a-bye, Baby
an alternative to the first line of the children’s song Hush-a-bye, Baby, and the name by which this song is known in the US. * * *
rock-and-roll
/rok"euhn rohl"/, n. rock-'n'-roll. * * *
rock-and-roller
See rockn roller. * * *
rock-bottom
/rok"bot"euhm/, adj. at the lowest possible limit or level; extremely low: rock-bottom prices. [1880-85] * * *
rock-bound
/rok"bownd'/, adj. hemmed in, enclosed, or covered by rocks; rocky: the rock-bound coast of Maine. Also, rockbound. [1830-40] * * *
rock-eel
/rok"eel'/, n. See rock blenny. [1875-80] * * *
rock-faced
/rok"fayst"/, adj. 1. (of a person) having a stiff, expressionless face. 2. having a rocky surface. 3. Masonry. noting a stone or stonework the visible face of which is dressed ...
rock-fill dam
/rok"fil'/ a dam built mainly of rocks of various sizes fitted compactly together. [1955-60] * * *
rock-ribbed
/rok"ribd'/, adj. 1. having ribs or ridges of rock: the rock-ribbed coast of Maine. 2. unyielding; confirmed and uncompromising: a rock-ribbed conservative. Also, ...
rock-shelter
/rok"shel'teuhr/, n. a shallow cave or cavelike area, as one formed by an overhanging cliff or standing rocks, occupied by Stone Age peoples, possibly for extended periods. Also, ...
rockabilly
/rok"euh bil'ee/, n. a style of popular music combining the features of rock-'n'-roll and hillbilly music. [1955-60, Amer.; ROCK(-'N'-ROLL) + -a- connective + (HILL)BILLY] * * ...
Rockall
▪ islet, Scotland, United Kingdom       isolated granite rock in the North Atlantic Ocean 220 miles (354 km) west of the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. Rockall is about 100 ...
rockand rye
rock and rye n. A liqueur made of whiskey blended with powdered rock candy and sometimes fruit. In the 19th century it was reputed to aid in digestion. * * *
rockaway
/rok"euh way'/, n. a light, four-wheeled carriage having two or three seats and a fixed top. [1835-45, Amer.; appar. named after Rockaway, town in N New Jersey] * * * ▪ ...
rockbass
rock bass (băs) n. 1. A freshwater food and game fish (Ambloplites rupestris) of eastern and central North America. 2. Any of various similar or related fishes. * * *
rockbottom
rock bottom n. The lowest possible level or absolute bottom: Prices have hit rock bottom.   rockʹ-botʹtom (rŏkʹbŏtʹəm) adj. * * *
rockbound
rockbound [räk′bound΄] adj. surrounded or covered by rocks [a rockbound inlet or coast] * * * rock·bound also rock-bound (rŏkʹbound') adj. Hemmed in by or bordered with ...
rockbrake
rock brake n. Any of several ferns of the genus Crytogramma that usually grow in rocky ground and have compound fronds and podlike fertile leaflets. * * *
rockcandy
rock candy n. A hard confection that is made by cooling a concentrated sugar syrup into large clear crystals around a piece of string or a stick. * * *
rockclimbing
rock climbing n. The sport or activity of climbing sheer rock faces, especially by means of specialized techniques and equipment. * * *
RockCornish
Rock Cornish (rŏk) n. A small fowl of a breed developed by crossing white Plymouth Rock and Cornish strains, used especially as a roasting chicken.   [Plymouth Rock + ...
rockcrab
rock crab n. A crab found along rocky coasts, especially one of the genus Cancer, whose hindmost pair of legs is adapted for running. * * *
RockCreek Butte
Rock Creek Butte A mountain, 2,777 m (9,106 ft) high, in the Blue Mountains of northeast Oregon. It is the highest elevation in the range. * * *
rockcrystal
rock crystal n. Colorless transparent quartz, used in optical instruments and as a semiprecious gemstone. * * *
rockdove
rock dove n. A bird (Columba livia) native to Europe, North Africa, and Asia but widely distributed elsewhere, having variously colored plumage with iridescent markings on the ...
Rockefeller
/rok"euh fel'euhr/, n. 1. John D(avison) /day"veuh seuhn/, 1839-1937, and his son John D(avison), Jr., 1874-1960, U.S. oil magnates and philanthropists. 2. Nelson A(ldrich), ...
Rockefeller Center
a group of 19 buildings in Manhattan(1), New York, used for offices and various kinds of entertainment. They were mostly built between 1931 and 1939, in the art deco style, by ...
Rockefeller Foundation
a large US public trust (= organization providing money for projects that help society). It was established in 1913 by John D Rockefeller and supports research in medical ...
Rockefeller University
▪ university, New York City, New York, United States       private coeducational institution in New York, New York, U.S., devoted to research and graduate education in ...
Rockefeller, David
born June 12, 1915, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. banker and philanthropist. He was the grandson of John D. Rockefeller and brother of Nelson Rockefeller. After earning a Ph.D. in ...
Rockefeller, John D(avison)
born July 8, 1839, Richford, N.Y., U.S. died May 23, 1937, Ormond Beach, Fla. U.S. industrialist and philanthropist. He moved with his family to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1853, and ...
Rockefeller, John D.
▪ American industrialist in full  John Davison Rockefeller  born July 8, 1839, Richford, New York, U.S. died May 23, 1937, Ormond Beach, Florida  American industrialist and ...
Rockefeller, John D., III
▪ American philanthropist in full  John Davison Rockefeller III  born March 21, 1906, New York City died July 10, 1978, Mount Pleasant, New York, U.S.       American ...
Rockefeller, John D., Jr.
▪ American philanthropist in full  John Davison Rockefeller, Jr.  born January 29, 1874, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died May 11, 1960, Tucson, Arizona  American philanthropist, ...
Rockefeller, Laurance S.
▪ American philanthropist in full  Laurance Spelman Rockefeller  born May 26, 1910, New York, New York, U.S. died July 11, 2004, New York       American venture ...
Rockefeller, Laurance Spelman
▪ 2005       American philanthropist, venture capitalist, and conservationist (b. May 26, 1910, New York, N.Y.—d. July 11, 2004, New York City), as a member of one of ...
Rockefeller, Nelson (Aldrich)
born July 8, 1908, Bar Harbor, Maine, U.S. died Jan. 26, 1979, New York, N.Y. U.S. politician. A grandson of John D. Rockefeller, he worked for several family enterprises, ...
Rockefeller, Nelson Aldrich
▪ vice president of United States born July 8, 1908, Bar Harbor, Maine, U.S. died Jan. 26, 1979, New York City  41st vice president of the United States (1974–77) in the ...
Rockefeller, William
▪ American businessman born May 31, 1841, Richford, N.Y., U.S. died June 24, 1922, Tarrytown, N.Y.       U.S. industrialist and financier known, in conjunction with his ...
Rockefeller, Winthrop
▪ American politician and philanthropist born May 1, 1912, New York City died Feb. 22, 1973, Palm Springs, Calif., U.S.       American politician and philanthropist, ...
Rockefeller,John Davison
See Rockefeller. * * *
rockelm
rock elm n. 1. A deciduous eastern North American tree (Ulmus thomasii) having corky branches and coarsely toothed leaves. 2. The wood of this tree. * * *
rocker
/rok"euhr/, n. 1. Also called runner. one of the curved pieces on which a cradle or a rocking chair rocks. 2. See rocking chair. 3. a rock-'n'-roll song: She sang a ballad and ...
rocker arm
Mach. a rocking or oscillating arm or lever rotating with a moving shaft or pivoted on a stationary shaft. [1855-60] * * *
rocker panel
body paneling below the passenger compartment of a vehicle. [1920-25] * * *
rockerarm
rocker arm n. A pivoted lever used in an internal combustion engine to transfer cam or pushrod motion to a valve stem. * * *
rockercam
rocker cam n. A cam on a rockshaft. * * *
rockerpanel
rocker panel n. One of the sections of body paneling in a vehicle, such as an automobile, lying beneath the passenger compartment. * * *
rockery
/rok"euh ree/, n., pl. rockeries. See rock garden. [1835-45; ROCK1 + -ERY] * * *
rocket
rocket1 —rocketlike, adj. /rok"it/, n. 1. any of various simple or complex tubelike devices containing combustibles that on being ignited liberate gases whose action propels ...
rocket airplane
1. an airplane propelled wholly or mainly by a rocket engine. 2. a military airplane armed with rockets. Also called rocket plane. [1930-35] * * *
rocket and missile system
▪ weapons system Introduction       any of a variety of weapons systems that deliver explosive warheads to their targets by means of rocket ...
rocket bomb
1. an aerial bomb equipped with a rocket for added velocity after being dropped from an aircraft. 2. (loosely) any rocket-propelled missile launched from the ground. [1940-45] * ...
rocket engine
a reaction engine that produces a thrust due to an exhaust consisting entirely of material, as oxidizer, fuel, and inert matter, that has been carried with the engine in the ...
rocket gun
any weapon that uses a rocket as a projectile, as a rocket launcher or bazooka. [1880-85] * * *
rocket launcher
Mil. 1. a tube attached to a weapon for the launching of rockets. 2. a vehicle equipped with many such tubes for the simultaneous firing of rockets. [1940-45] * * *
rocket motor
rocket motor n. a rocket engine, specif. one having a solid propellant formed into a long, hollow cylinder: the cylinder serves as the combustion chamber when the propellant is ...
rocket propulsion
propulsion of an object by thrust developed by a rocket. [1925-30] * * *
rocket salad
rocket2 (def. 2). * * *
rocket science
1. ROCKETRY. 2. something requiring great intelligence, esp. mathematical ability. * * *
rocket scientist
1. a specialist in rocketry. 2. an exemplar of keen intelligence, esp. mathematical ability. * * *
rocket ship
a rocket-propelled aircraft or spacecraft. [1925-30] * * *
rocket sled
a sled propelled along a long track by rocket engines, for testing the effects of high rates of acceleration and deceleration. [1950-55] * * *
rocket-propelled
/rok"it preuh peld'/, adj. using rocket power as the chief motive force. [1925-30] * * *
rocketeer
/rok'i tear"/, n. 1. a person who discharges, rides in, or pilots a rocket. 2. a technician or scientist whose work pertains to rocketry. Also, rocketer /rok"i teuhr/. [1825-35; ...
rocketengine
rocket engine n. A reaction engine that contains all the substances necessary for its operation and is not dependent on substances such as atmospheric oxygen, drawn from the ...
rocketplane
rocket plane n. 1. An aircraft powered by one or more rocket engines. 2. An aircraft designed to carry and launch rockets. * * *
rocketry
/rok"i tree/, n. the science of rocket design, development, and flight. [1925-30; ROCKET1 + -RY] * * *
rocketsalad
rocket salad n. See arugula. * * *
rocketscience
rocket science n. 1. Rocketry. 2. Informal. An endeavor requiring great intelligence or technical ability. * * *
rocketscientist
rocket scientist n. 1. A scientist who specializes in rocketry. 2. Informal. An extremely intelligent person. * * *
rocketship
rocket ship n. A spacecraft powered and propelled by rockets. * * *
rocketsled
rocket sled n. A rocket-propelled sled that travels along rails and is used to study acceleration, deceleration, and crash survival techniques. * * *
rocketsonde
/rok"it sond'/, n. Meteorol. a telemeter for gathering data on the atmosphere at very high altitudes, carried aloft by rocket and returned to earth by parachute. [1945-50; ...
Rockettes, the
▪ American dance troupe in full  Radio City Rockettes , formerly  Missouri Rockets  or  Roxyettes        world-famous American precision dance ...
Rockettes®
n a well-known group of female dancers at the Radio City Music Hall in New York. They dance in a long line, kicking their legs in the air at the same time and in time to the ...
Rockeye
/rok"uy'/, n. a 500-pound (225-kg) U.S. cluster bomb, consisting of 247 two-pound (0.9 kg) fragmentation bombs, designed for use against tanks. * * *
rockface
/rok"fays'/, n. an exposure of rock in a steep slope or cliff. [1850-55; ROCK1 + FACE] * * *
rockfall
/rok"fawl'/, n. 1. an act or instance of the falling of rock, as in a cave-in or an avalanche. 2. a mass of rocks that have fallen: to be trapped under a rockfall. [1920-25; ...
Rockfever
Rock fever n. See brucellosis.   [After theRock of Gibraltar, where it is endemic.] * * *
rockfish
/rok"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) rockfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) rockfishes. 1. any of various fishes found about rocks. 2. See striped ...
rockflour
rock flour n. Finely ground rock particles produced by glacial abrasion. Also called glacier meal. * * *
Rockford
/rok"feuhrd/, n. a city in N Illinois. 139,712. * * * City (pop., 2000: 150,111), northern Illinois, U.S. Located on the Rock River, it is the state's second largest city and ...
rockfowl
▪ bird also called  Bald Crow,         either of the two species of western African birds, genus Picathartes, constituting the subfamily Picathartinae, of uncertain ...
rockgarden
rock garden n. 1. A rocky area in which plants particularly adapted to such terrain are cultivated. 2. A garden in which rocks are arranged and plants cultivated in a carefully ...
Rockhampton
/rok hamp"teuhn, -ham"-/, n. a city in E Queensland, in E Australia. 56,440. * * * ▪ Queensland, Australia       city and commercial centre for a large part of central ...
RockHill
Rock Hill A city of northern South Carolina north of Columbia. It is a manufacturing and processing center. Population: 41,643. * * *
rockhound
☆ rockhound [räk′hound΄ ] n. 〚 ROCK1 + HOUND1 (n. 4)〛 Informal a person whose hobby is hunting for and collecting rocks, esp. semiprecious stones * * * rock hound n. ...
rockhounding
See rockhounding. * * *
rockhounding
See rock hound. * * *
rockhyrax
rock hyrax n. See rock rabbit. * * *
Rockies
/rok"eez/, n. See Rocky Mountains. * * *
rockiness
rockiness1 /rok"ee nis/, n. the state or condition of being rocky. [1605-15; ROCKY1 + -NESS] rockiness2 /rok"ee nis/, n. the state or condition of a person who is shaky or ...
rocking
rock·ing (rŏkʹĭng) n. A style of dancing that incorporates shuffling steps along with arm and leg movements that simulate street fighting, usually performed to funk or ...
rocking chair
a chair mounted on rockers or springs so as to permit a person to rock back and forth while sitting. Also called rocker. [1750-60, Amer.] * * *
rocking horse
a toy horse, as of wood, mounted on rockers or springs, on which children may ride; hobbyhorse. [1795-1805] * * *
rocking rhythm
Pros. a rhythmic pattern created by a succession of metrical feet each of which consists of one accented syllable between two unaccented ones. [1880-85] * * *
rocking shear
a shear having a curved blade that cuts with a rocking motion. * * *
rocking stone
any fairly large rock so situated on its base that slight forces can cause it to move or sway. Also called logan stone, loggan stone, logging stone. [1730-40] * * *
rocking valve
(on a steam engine) a valve mechanism oscillating through an arc to open and close. * * *
rockingchair
rocking chair PhotoDisc, Inc. n. A chair mounted on rockers or springs. * * *
Rockingham
▪ county, New Hampshire, United States       county, extreme southeastern New Hampshire, U.S. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the ...
Rockingham ware
▪ pottery       English earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain made at Swinton, Yorkshire, in a factory on the estate of the Marquess of Rockingham. The pottery was ...
Rockingham, Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd marquess of
born May 13, 1730 died July 1, 1782, London, Eng. British politician. From 1751 to 1762 he served as gentleman of the bedchamber for George II and then George III, who ...
Rockingham,Second Marquis of
Rock·ing·ham (rŏkʹĭng-əm, -həm), Second Marquis of Title of Charles Watson-Wentworth. 1730-1782. British politician who served as prime minister (1765-1766 and 1782), ...
rockinghorse
rocking horse n. A toy horse that is mounted on rockers or springs and is large enough for a child to ride. Also called hobbyhorse. * * *
rockingly
See rock2. * * *
RockIsland
Rock Island A city of northwest Illinois on the Mississippi River adjacent to Moline. It was the site of a Union prison during the Civil War. Population: 40,552. * * *
Rockland
/rok"leuhnd/, n. a city in SE Massachusetts. 15,695. * * * ▪ Maine, United States       city, seat (1860) of Knox county, southern Maine, U.S., on the western shore of ...
Rockledge
/rok"lij, -lej'/, n. a city in E central Florida. 11,877. * * *
rockling
/rok"ling/, n., pl. rocklings, (esp. collectively) rockling. any of several small cods of the genera Enchalyopus and Gaidropsarus, found in the North Atlantic. [1595-1605; ROCK1 ...
rocklobster
rock lobster n. See spiny lobster. * * *
rockmaple
rock maple n. 1. See sugar maple. 2. The tough, close-grained wood of the sugar maple. * * *
rockmusic
rock music n. Rock 'n' roll. * * *
rockn roller
See rock 'n' roll. * * *
Rockne
/rok"nee/, n. Knute (Kenneth) /nooht/, 1888-1931, U.S. football coach, born in Norway. * * *
Rockne, Knute
▪ American football coach in full  Knute Kenneth Rockne  born March 4, 1888, Voss, Norway died March 31, 1931, Chase county, Kansas, U.S.       American gridiron ...
Rockne, Knute (Kenneth)
born March 4, 1888, Voss, Nor. died March 31, 1931, Chase county, Kan., U.S. U.S. football coach. He immigrated with his family to Chicago in 1893. He ran track and played end ...
Rockne,Knute Kenneth
Rock·ne (rŏkʹnē), Knute Kenneth. 1888-1931. Norwegian-born American football coach at the University of Notre Dame (1918-1931). He revolutionized the sport with the use of ...
rockoil
rock oil n. Chiefly British Petroleum. * * *
rockoon
/rok"oohn, ro koohn"/, n. a rocket launched from a balloon at a high altitude. [1950-55; ROCK(ET1) + (BALL)OON] * * *
rockpigeon
rock pigeon n. See rock dove. * * *
rockrabbit
rock rabbit n. 1. A hyrax of the genus Procavia or Dendrohyrax, especially the African species P. capensis. Also called rock hyrax. 2. See pika. * * *
RockRiver
Rock River A river rising in southeast Wisconsin and flowing about 459 km (285 mi) generally south and southwest to the Mississippi River in northwest Illinois. * * *
rockrose
/rok"rohz'/, n. 1. any plant of the genus Cistus or some allied genus, as Helianthemum. 2. any related plant. [1620-30; ROCK1 + ROSE] * * *
rockrose family
the plant family Cistaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants and shrubs having simple, usually opposite leaves, solitary or clustered flowers, and capsular fruit, and including ...
rocksalt
rock salt n. 1. Rock containing halite as its main constituent. 2. Coarsely ground or granulated common salt. * * *
rockshaft
/rok"shaft', -shahft'/, n. Mach. an oscillating shaft. [1870-75; ROCK2 + SHAFT] * * *
rockslide
rock·slide (rŏkʹslīd') n. 1. The usually rapid downward movement of newly detached segments of bedrock. 2. The rock mass that has reached its current position through such a ...
rocksquirrel
rock squirrel n. A large ground squirrel (Spermophilus variegatus) with variegated black and white upper parts, found in rocky places in Mexico and the southwest United States. * ...
rocksteady
rock steady n. Popular music originating in Jamaica in the 1960s as a slower form of ska, with an emphasis on harmonies and on socially conscious lyrics. * * *
rockumentary
/rok'yeuh men"teuh ree/, n. a documentary about rock music. [1980-85; b. ROCK + DOCUMENTARY] * * *
Rockville
/rok"vil/, n. a city in central Maryland. 43,811. * * * ▪ Maryland, United States       city, seat (1776) of Montgomery county, west-central Maryland, U.S., a ...
Rockville Centre
a city on W Long Island, in SE New York. 25,412. * * *
rockwallaby
rock wallaby n. Any of several small agile wallabies, chiefly of the genus Petrogale, that live in rocky areas and have thick-soled feet and a slender tail. * * *
rockweed
/rok"weed'/, n. a fucoid seaweed growing on rocks exposed at low tide. [1620-30; ROCK1 + WEED1] * * *       common name for various species of brown algae growing ...
Rockwell
/rok"wel', -weuhl/, n. 1. Norman, 1894-1978, U.S. illustrator. 2. a male given name. * * *
Rockwell International Corporation
▪ American corporation formerly (1967–73)  North American Rockwell Corporation        diversified American corporation that was formerly one of the country's ...
Rockwell number
Metall. a numerical expression of the hardness of a metal as determined by a test (Rockwell test) made by indenting a test piece with a Brale, or with a steel ball of specific ...
Rockwell, Norman
born Feb. 3, 1894, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 8, 1978, Stockbridge, Mass. U.S. illustrator. He studied at the Art Students League and received his first freelance ...
Rockwell,Norman
Rock·well (rŏkʹwĕl'), Norman. 1894-1978. American illustrator whose works, many of which appeared on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post, offer a nostalgic, idealized ...
rockwool
rock wool n. See mineral wool. * * *
rockwork
/rok"werrk'/, n. stonework. [1700-10; ROCK1 + WORK] * * *
rockwren
rock wren n. 1. Any of several wrens of the genus Salpinctes, especially S. obsoletus, found in rocky regions of the western United States and Mexico. 2. A small wren (Xenicus ...
rocky
rocky1 /rok"ee/, adj., rockier, rockiest. 1. full of or abounding in rocks. 2. consisting of rock. 3. rocklike: wood with a rocky hardness. 4. firm; steadfast: rocky ...
Rocky Hill
a town in central Connecticut. 14,559. * * *
Rocky Horror Picture Show
a US comedy musical film (1975) based on a play by Richard O’Brien first performed at the Royal Court Theatre in 1973. It makes fun of Hollywood musicals, horror films and sex. ...
Rocky Mount
a city in NE North Carolina. 41,283. * * * ▪ North Carolina, United States       city, Nash and Edgecombe counties, east-central North Carolina, U.S., about 50 miles ...
Rocky Mountain beeplant
/bee"plant', -plahnt'/ a rank-smelling plant, Cleome serrulata, of the caper family, native to the western U.S., having showy, dense clusters of pink or white flowers, frequented ...
Rocky Mountain bighorn
bighorn. [1910-15, Amer.] * * *
Rocky Mountain flowering raspberry
a shrub, Rubus deliciosus, of Colorado, having large white flowers and purple fruit. Also called boulder raspberry, Rocky Mountain raspberry. * * *
Rocky Mountain goat
a long-haired, white, antelopelike wild goat, Oreamnos americanus, of mountainous regions of western North America, having short, black horns. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
Rocky Mountain juniper
a juniper, Juniperus scopulorum, of western North America, that yields a soft, reddish wood used for making fences, pencils, etc., and that is also grown as an ornamental. Also ...
Rocky Mountain locust
a migratory locust, Melanoplus spretus, that occurs in North America, esp. the Great Plains, where swarms cause great damage to crops and other vegetation. Also called Rocky ...
Rocky Mountain National Park
a national park in N Colorado. 405 sq. mi. (1050 sq. km). * * * National park, north-central Colorado, U.S. Established in 1915 and enclosing part of the Front Range of the ...
Rocky Mountain oyster.
See mountain oyster. [1885-90] * * *
Rocky Mountain red cedar.
See Rocky Mountain juniper. * * *


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