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Слова на букву ramp-schw (15990)

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Roland, Gilbert
▪ 1995       (LUIS ANTONIO DÁMASO DE ALONSO), U.S. actor (b. Dec. 11, 1905, Ciudad Juárez, Mexico—d. May 15, 1994, Beverly Hills, Calif.), specialized in portraying ...
Roland, Jean-Marie
▪ French scientist in full  Jean-Marie Roland de La Platière  born February 18, 1734, Thizy, France died November 15, 1793, Bourg-Beaudoin       French industrial ...
Roland, Jeanne-Marie
▪ French politician in full  Jeanne-Marie Roland de La Platière , née  Jeanne-Marie Phlipon , byname  Manon Phlipon  born March 17, 1754, Paris, France died November ...
Roldán, Pedro
▪ Spanish sculptor born c. 1624, Antequera, Spain died c. 1700, Sevilla       Spanish sculptor, painter, and architect, best remembered for his work on the main ...
Roldós Aguilera, Jaime
▪ president of Ecuador born Nov. 5, 1940, Guayaquil, Ecuador died May 24, 1981, near Guachanama       lawyer elected president of Ecuador in 1979.       After ...
/rohl/, n. 1. a part or character played by an actor or actress. 2. proper or customary function: the teacher's role in society. 3. Sociol. the rights, obligations, and expected ...
role conflict
emotional conflict arising when competing demands are made on an individual in the fulfillment of his or her multiple social roles. [1960-65] * * *
role model
a person whose behavior, example, or success is or can be emulated by others, esp. by younger people. [1955-60] * * *
role set
Sociol. the set of roles associated with a single social stratum. [1965-70] * * *
role strain
Sociol. the stress or strain experienced by an individual when incompatible behavior, expectations, or obligations are associated with a single social role. * * *
/rohl"play'/, v.t. 1. to assume the attitudes, actions, and discourse of (another), esp. in a make-believe situation in an effort to understand a differing point of view or ...
/rohl"play'ing/, n. 1. a method of instruction or psychotherapy aimed at changing attitudes and behavior, in which participants act out designated roles relevant to real-life ...
role-playing game
a game in which participants adopt the roles of imaginary characters in an adventure under the direction of a Game Master. * * *
role-playing game n. A game in which players assume the roles of characters and act out fantastical adventures, the outcomes of which are partially determined by chance, as by ...
role model n. A person who serves as a model in a particular behavioral or social role for another person to emulate. * * *
role player n. 1. One who assumes or acts out a particular role. 2. One who engages in role-playing. 3. Sports. A team athlete who plays mainly in specific situations. * * *
a type of expensive watch of high quality, first made in 1908 by the Swiss company Montres-Rolex. Rolex watches are often regarded as a sign of success or wealth: They beat him ...
/rolf/, v.i. Slang. to vomit. [1970-75, Amer.; appar. var. of RALPH] * * *
—Rolfer, n. /rawlf, rolf/, v.t. to massage using the techniques of Rolfing. [1965-70; after Ida P. Rolf (1897-1979), U.S. physiotherapist who invented the techniques] /rolf/, ...
Rolf Harris
➡ Harris (II) * * *
Rolf Kraki
/krah"kee/, Scand. Legend. a possibly historical Danish king of the 9th century, the subject of an Old Icelandic saga and in accounts by the Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus: ...
/rolf/, n. John, 1585-1622, English colonist in Virginia (husband of Pocahontas). * * *
Rolfe, Frederick William
▪ English author pseudonym  Baron Corvo   born July 22, 1860, London, England died Oct. 25, 1913, Venice, Italy       English author and eccentric, best known for his ...
Rolfe, John
(baptized May 6, 1585, Norfolk, Eng. died 1622?, Virginia) English colonial official. He arrived in Virginia (1610), where his experiments with tobacco cultivation produced the ...
Rolfe (rŏlf), John. 1585-1622. English colonist in America and husband of Pocahontas. * * *
/rawl"fing, rol"-/, Trademark. a type of massage therapy involving sometimes intensive manipulation of the fascia of the muscles and internal organs to relieve physical and ...
Rolin, Dominique
▪ Belgian author born May 22, 1913, Brussels, Belgium       Belgian novelist noted for embracing new narrative techniques. Author of more than 30 books in 50 years, ...
—rollable, adj. /rohl/, v.i. 1. to move along a surface by revolving or turning over and over, as a ball or a wheel. 2. to move or be moved on wheels, as a vehicle or its ...
roll bag
a small zippered duffel bag for carrying school supplies, sports gear, or the like. * * *
roll bar
a heavy steel transverse bar in the form of an inverted U rising from the framework of an automobile to prevent its occupants from being crushed if the vehicle rolls over. Also, ...
roll book
a book in which attendance records are kept, as of students or employees. * * *
roll cage
a system of metal bars fitted around the seating area of a vehicle, esp. a racing car, to prevent the occupants from being crushed if the vehicle rolls over. [1965-70] * * *
roll call
1. the calling of a list of names, as of soldiers or students, for checking attendance. 2. a military signal for this, as one given by a drum. 3. a voting process, esp. in the ...
roll cloud
Meteorol. 1. arcus. 2. See rotor cloud. * * *
roll film
Photog. a strip of film with space for several exposures, packaged on a spool in roll form so as to permit daylight loading and unloading and ease of handling. [1890-95] * * *
roll joint
(in sheet-metal work) a joint formed by rolling together and flattening the edges of adjoining sheets. * * *
roll top
1. a flexible, sliding cover for the working area of a desk, opening by rising upward and back in quadrantal grooves and rolling up beneath the top. 2. Also called roll-top desk, ...
/rohl"euh rownd'/, adj. equipped with wheels or casters so as to be easily movable from one location to another: a roll-around kitchen counter. [1970-75; adj. use of v. phrase ...
/rohl"awf', -of'/, n. 1. Electronics. the rate of loss or attenuation of a signal beyond a certain frequency. 2. Aeron. the tendency of an airplane to lower one wing under ...
/rohl"on', -awn'/, adj. 1. packaged in a tubelike container one end of which is equipped with a rotating ball that dispenses and spreads the liquid content directly. n. 2. a ...
➡ lotteries * * *
roll-over arm
/rohl"oh'veuhr/ an upholstered chair or sofa arm that curves outward and downward. [1920-25; adj. use of v. phrase roll over] * * *
☆ roll-top [rōl′täp΄ ] adj. made with a flexible top of parallel slats that slides back [a roll-top desk] * * *
roll-top desk or roll·top desk (rōlʹtŏp') n. A desk fitted with a flexible sliding top made of parallel slats. * * *
/rohl"up'/, n. 1. Also, rollup. something, as a carpet or window shade, that can be rolled up when not in use. 2. Informal an increase, as in value or cost. [1745-55; n. use of ...
/rohl"yeuhr ohn'/, n. a cigarette that one has rolled oneself. [1975-80] * * *
/rol"euh/, n. a city in S central Missouri. 13,303. * * * ▪ Missouri, United States       city, seat (1861) of Phelps county, south-central Missouri, U.S. It is located ...
/rddaw lahonn"/, n. Romain /rddaw maonn"/, 1866-1944, French novelist, music critic, and dramatist: Nobel prize 1915. * * *
Rolland, Romain
born Jan. 29, 1866, Clamecy, France died Dec. 30, 1944, Vézelay French novelist, dramatist, and essayist. At age 14 he went to Paris to study and found a society in spiritual ...
Rol·land (rô-läɴʹ), Romain. 1866-1944. French writer whose varied works include Jean Christophe (1904-1912), a series of satirical novels. He won the 1915 Nobel Prize for ...
/roh'leuh tee"nee/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) Italian Cookery. a dish consisting of thin slices of poultry or meat rolled around a filling, esp. of ham and cheese, and ...
/rohl"euh way'/, adj. 1. designed to be rolled out of the way or out of sight when not in use: rollaway bed. n. 2. something, as an article of furniture, esp. a bed, that is a ...
/rohl"bak'/, n. 1. an act or instance of rolling back. 2. a return to a lower level of prices, wages, etc., as by government order. 3. a pulling back or withdrawal: a rollback of ...
roll bar n. A sturdy metal bar built into the inside roof of a motor vehicle to prevent or reduce injury in case of a rollover. * * *
roll call n. 1. The reading aloud of a list of names of people, as in a classroom or military post, to determine who is present or absent. 2. The time fixed for such a reading. * ...
Rolle's theorem
/rohlz/, Math. the theorem that a differentiable function having equal values at the endpoints of an interval has a derivative equal to zero at some point in the ...
Rolle's theorem (rôlz, rōlz) n. A theorem stating that if a curve is continuous, has two x-intercepts, and has a tangent at every point between the intercepts, at least one of ...
Rolle, Esther
▪ 1999       American actress whose portrayal of Florida Evans in the 1970s television series "Maude" and "Good Times" brought her national recognition; long a ...
Rolle, Richard
▪ British mystic in full  Richard Rolle De Hampole   born c. 1300, , Thornton, Yorkshire [now in North Yorkshire] Eng. died Sept. 29, 1349, Hampole, Yorkshire [now in South ...
Rolle, Richard (de Hampole)
born с 1300, Thornton, Yorkshire, Eng. died Sept. 29, 1394, Hampole, Yorkshire English mystic. He left the University of Oxford without a degree, dissatisfied with the ...
rolled collar
a collar that stands up slightly from the point of attachment to the neckline of a garment before folding over to lie flat. * * *
rolled glass
a sheet of glass made by the extrusion of molten glass between two rollers. * * *
rolled gold.
See filled gold. [1895-1900] * * *
rolled oats
oats that are hulled and steamed, then flattened by rollers. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
rolled roast
meat that has had the bones removed and been rolled and tied for roasting. * * *
▪ camera       twin-lens reflex roll-film camera introduced by the German firm Franke & Heidecke in 1928. It had two lenses of identical focal length—one transmitting ...
roller1 /roh"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that rolls. 2. a cylinder, wheel, caster, or the like, upon which something is rolled along. 3. a cylindrical body, revolving on a ...
roller bearing
Mach. a bearing consisting of cylindrical or tapered rollers running between races in two concentric rings, one of which is mounted on a rotating or oscillating part, as a ...
roller chain
a power chain consisting of parallel pairs of flat links joined by pins covered with rollers, and engaging with the teeth of sprockets. [1895-1900] * * *
roller coaster
1. a small gravity railroad, esp. in an amusement park, having a train with open cars that moves along a high, sharply winding trestle built with steep inclines that produce ...
Roller Derby
Trademark. a contest between two teams on roller skates, held on a circular, usually banked board track, in which the teams race around the track in each unit of play, working to ...
roller gate
(on certain dams) a cylindrical gate that rises and falls by rotating against inclined racks. * * *
roller hockey
a game similar to ice hockey played on roller skates. [1925-30] * * *
roller mill
any mill that pulverizes, flattens, or otherwise changes material, as grain, by passing it between rolls. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
roller printing
▪ textile industry also called  direct printing        method of applying a coloured pattern to cloth, invented by Thomas Bell of Scotland in 1783. A separate dye ...
roller rink
a rink for roller-skating. * * *
roller skate
a form of skate with four wheels or rollers instead of a runner, for use on a sidewalk or other surface offering traction. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
roller skater
See roller-skate. * * *
roller towel
a long towel sewed together at the ends and hung on a roller. [1835-45] * * *
roller-blind shutter
/roh"leuhr bluynd'/, Photog. See curtain shutter. * * *
/roh"leuhr koh'steuhr, roh"li-/, v.i. 1. to go up and down like a roller coaster; rise and fall: a narrow road roller-coastering around the mountain; a light boat ...
—roller skater. —rollerskater, n. /roh"leuhr skayt'/, v.i., roller-skated, roller-skating. to glide about by means of roller skates. Also, rollerskate. [1870-75; v. use of ...
Recreation and sport in which the participants use roller skates (shoes with sets of wheels attached) to move about on special rinks or paved surfaces. The invention of roller ...
roller bearing n. A bearing using rollers to reduce friction between machine parts. * * *
—Rollerblader, rollerblader, n. /roh"leuhr blayd'/, v., Rollerbladed, Rollerblading. 1. Trademark. a brand of in-line skates. v.i. 2. (often l.c.) to skate on in-line skates. * ...
roller coaster n. 1. A steep, sharply curving elevated railway with small open passenger cars that is operated at high speeds as a ride, especially in an amusement park. 2. An ...
roller hockey n. Hockey played on a hard surface in which two opposing teams of roller skaters, using curved sticks, try to drive a ball into the opponents' goal. * * *
roller skate n. A shoe or boot with two or four wheels or casters attached to its sole for skating on hard surfaces.   rollʹer-skate' (rōʹlər-skāt') v. roller skater n. * * ...
roll film n. Photographic film rolled on a spool and encased before being loaded into a camera. * * *
/rol"i chee/, n. Hudson Valley. roulade (def. 2). [1820-30, Amer.; < D rolletje little roll] * * *
—rollicker, n. /rol"ik/, v.i. to move or act in a carefree, frolicsome manner; behave in a free, hearty, gay, or jovial way. [1820-30; b. ROMP and FROLIC] * * *
—rollickingly, adv. —rollickingness, n. /rol"i king/, adj. 1. carefree and joyous: They had a rollicking good time. 2. swaggering; boisterous. [1805-15; ROLLICK + -ING2] Syn. ...
See rollicking. * * *
—rollicksomeness, n. /rol"ik seuhm/, adj. rollicking; frolicsome. [1840-50; ROLLICK + -SOME1] * * *
See rollicksome. * * *
—rollingly, adv. /roh"ling/, n. 1. the action, motion, or sound of anything that rolls. adj. 2. moving by revolving or turning over and over. 3. rising and falling in gentle ...
rolling hitch
a hitch on a spar or the like, composed of two round turns and a half hitch so disposed as to jam when a stress is applied parallel to the object on which the hitch is ...
rolling kitchen
a mobile kitchen used for feeding troops outdoors. * * *
Rolling Meadows
a city in NE Illinois, near Chicago. 20,167. * * *
rolling mill
1. a mill where ingots, slabs, sheets, etc., of usually hot metal are passed between rolls to give them a certain thickness or cross-sectional form. 2. a machine or set of ...
rolling paper
cigarette paper available in small packages to smokers for rolling their own cigarettes. [1975-80, Amer.] * * *
rolling pin
a cylinder of wood or other material, usually with a short handle at each end, for rolling out dough. [1490-1500] * * *
rolling stock
the wheeled vehicles of a railroad, including locomotives, freight cars, and passenger cars. Also, stock. [1850-55] * * *
Rolling Stone
a US rock music magazine, known especially for its interviews with famous singers and musicians. It began in 1967 in San Francisco. Its name came from the words of a Bob Dylan ...
Rolling Stones
(also infml The Stones) a British pop group formed in 1962. Its original members were Mick Jagger, Brian Jones (1941–69) and Keith Richard (later Richards) (1943– ), who were ...
Rolling Stones, the
▪ British rock group Introduction       British rock group, formed in 1962, that drew on Chicago blues stylings to create a unique vision of the dark side of ...
rolling-element bearing
/roh"ling el"euh meuhnt/, Mach. 1. a roller bearing or ball bearing. Also called antifriction bearing, rolling-contact bearing /roh"ling kon"takt/. 2. Cf. plain bearing. * * *
roll·ing mill (rōʹlĭng) n. 1. A factory in which metal is rolled into sheets, bars, or other forms. 2. A machine used for rolling metal. * * *
rolling pin n. A smooth cylinder, usually with a handle at each end and often made of wood, used for rolling out dough. * * *
rolling stock n. The equipment available for use as transportation, as automotive vehicles, locomotives, or railroad cars, owned by a particular company or carrier. * * *
▪ plant genus       genus of 65 tropical American trees and shrubs belonging to the family Annonaceae (order Magnoliales). Many have edible fruits similar in flavour and ...
/rol"inz/, n. Theodore Walter ("Sonny"), born 1929, U.S. jazz saxophonist and composer. * * *
Rollins, Howard
▪ 1997       U.S. actor best remembered for his role as chief of detectives in the television series "In the Heat of the Night" before he was dropped from the cast after ...
Rollins, Sonny
orig. Theodore Walter Rollins born Sept. 7, 1930, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. jazz saxophonist and composer. Rollins was inspired by Coleman Hawkins and Charlie Parker and ...
Rollins,Theodore Walter
Rol·lins (rŏlʹĭnz), Theodore Walter. Known as “Sonny.” Born 1930. American jazz saxophonist and composer who originated the now standard practice of playing bop in ...
/rohl"mop'/, n. a fillet of herring, rolled, usually around a pickle, marinated in brine, and served as an appetizer. [1910-15; < G Rollmops, equiv. to roll(en) to ROLL + Mops ...
rollmops [rōl′mäps΄] n. 〚Ger rollmops, orig. Berlin dial. < rollen, to ROLL + mops, pug dog〛 a fillet of fresh herring rolled up on a pickle or onion and marinated * * ...
/rol"oh/, n. 1. Also called Rolf, Roy, Hrolf, Rolf the Ganger. A.D. c860-931?, Norse chieftain: 1st duke of Normandy 911?. 2. a male given name, form of Rolf. * * * born с ...
/rol"euhk/, n. rowlock. * * *
/rohl"owt'/, n. 1. the first public showing of an aircraft. 2. Informal. the introduction or inauguration of a new product or service, as by an advertising campaign, public ...
rollover [rōl′ō΄vər] n. ☆ 1. the refinancing of a maturing note, etc. ☆ 2. the reinvesting of funds in such a way as to defer the payment of taxes * * * roll·o·ver ...
rollover mortgage.
See renegotiable-rate mortgage. * * *
➡ Rolls-Royce * * *
Rolls Royce
Rolls Royce [rōlz΄rois′] n. 〚< Rolls-Royce, a trademark for a luxury automobile〛 Informal something that is the most luxurious or the highest quality of its kind * * *
Rolls, Charles Stewart
▪ British automobile manufacturer and aviator born Aug. 28, 1877, London, Eng. died July 12, 1910, Bournemouth, Hampshire  British motorist, aviator, and automobile ...
Rolls-Royce PLC
British manufacturer of aircraft engines and propulsion and power systems and, for much of the 20th century, a maker of luxury automobiles. Charles S. Rolls, a pioneer motorist ...
(also infml Rolls, Roller) n any of the large, expensive, comfortable cars made by the Rolls-Royce company. Many people recognize them by the small metal statue (representing ...
rolltop desk
▪ furniture       desk with a sliding roll top, or tambour, that encloses the working surface of the upper part and can be locked. The portion of the desk that gives the ...
/rohl"way'/, n. 1. a place on which things are rolled or moved on rollers. 2. Lumbering. a. an incline for rolling or sliding logs into a stream to begin them on their journey ...
/roh"leuh deks'/ Trademark. a small desktop file containing cards for names, addresses, and phone numbers. * * *
Rolston, Holmes
▪ 2004       “I had to fight both theology and science to love nature,” Holmes Rolston III said upon being named the recipient of the 2003 Templeton Prize for ...
/rohl"vahg/, n. Ole Edvart /oh"leuh ed"vahrt/, 1876-1931, U.S. novelist and educator, born in Norway. * * *
Rölvaag, O E
▪ American novelist born April 22, 1876, Dönna Island, Helgeland, Nor. died Nov. 5, 1931, Northfield, Minn., U.S.  Norwegian-American novelist and educator noted for his ...
Rölvaag,Ole Edvart
Röl·vaag (rōlʹväg'), Ole Edvart. 1876-1931. Norwegian-born American writer whose novels, especially the trilogy beginning with Giants in the Earth (1927), concern the ...
/roh"lee poh"lee, -poh'lee/, adj., n., pl. roly-polies. adj. 1. short and plumply round, as a person or a young animal. n. 2. a roly-poly person or thing. 3. Chiefly Brit. a ...
/rohm/, n. a Gypsy man or boy. [1835-45; < Romany: a married man; cf. Skt domba, doma a low-caste minstrel] * * * in full read-only memory Form of computer memory that does not ...
/rom/, n. computer memory in which program instructions, operating procedures, or other data are permanently stored, generally on electronic chips during manufacture, and that ...
Rom Cath
Rom Cath abbrev. Roman Catholic * * *
1. Roman. 2. Romance. 3. Romania. 4. Romanian. 5. Romanic. 6. Romans (New Testament). Also, Rom (for defs. 2, 5). * * *
roman (printing type). * * *
Rom. Cath.
Roman Catholic. * * *
Rom. Cath. Ch.
Roman Catholic Church. * * *
/rddaw"mah/, n. Rome. * * * ▪ Queensland, Australia       town, south-central Queensland, Australia, principal settlement of the Maronoa district, on Bungil Creek. The ...
Roma-Europe's Largest Minority
▪ 2006 Introduction by Erika Schlager       Europe's Roma (Gypsies) were much in the news in 2005. Claims of discrimination and racism—including appeals to the U.K. ...
/roh mahn"yeuh/; It. /rddaw mah"nyah/, n. a former province of the Papal States, in NE Italy. Cap.: Ravenna. * * *
/roh may"ik/, n. 1. demotic (def. 5). adj. 2. of or pertaining to modern Greece, its inhabitants, or their language. [1800-10; < Gk Rhomaïkós Roman, equiv. to Rhoma(îos) Roman ...
Romain du Roi
▪ typeface       (French: King's Roman), in printing, a roman typeface developed in France at the express order of King Louis XIV, who, in 1692, directed that a ...
/roh mayn", reuh-/, n. Also called romaine lettuce, cos, cos lettuce. a variety of lettuce, Lactuca sativa longifolia, having a cylindrical head of long, relatively loose ...
/rddaw maonn"/, n. Jules /zhyuul/, (Louis Farigoule), 1885-1972, French novelist, poet, and dramatist. * * *
Romains, Jules
orig. Louis-Henri-Jean Farigoule born Aug. 26, 1885, Saint-Julien-Chapteuil, France died Aug. 14, 1972, Paris French novelist, dramatist, and poet. A teacher of philosophy, ...
/roh"meuh jee/, n. (sometimes cap.) a system of writing Japanese using the letters of the Latin alphabet. [1885-90; < Japn roma Roman + ji character] * * *
/rddaw mahonn"/, n., pl. romans /-mahonn"/. French. 1. a metrical narrative, esp. in medieval French literature. 2. a novel. * * * I Typeface used most widely in Western ...
/roh"meuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the ancient or modern city of Rome, or to its inhabitants and their customs and culture: Roman restaurants. 2. of or pertaining to the ...
roman à clef
/rddaw mah nann kle"/, pl. romans à clef /rddaw mahonn zann kle"/. French. a novel that represents historical events and characters under the guise of fiction. * * * (French; ...
roman àclef
ro·man à clef (rō-mäɴ' ä klāʹ) n. pl. ro·mans à clef (rōmäɴ' zä klāʹ) A novel in which actual persons, places, or events are depicted in fictional ...
Roman alphabet
Roman alphabet n. LATIN ALPHABET * * *
Roman alphabet.
See Latin alphabet. [1875-80] * * *
Roman arch
a semicircular arch. * * *
Roman architecture
Roman architecture n. the style of architecture used by the ancient Romans, characterized by the rounded arch and vault, thick, massive walls, and the use of much brick and ...
Roman brick
a long, thin face brick, usually yellow-brown and having a length about eight times its thickness. * * *
Roman Britain
The Romans occupied Britain from around 55BC to AD410 and there are many signs of the occupation still visible today at archaeological sites and Roman roads and walls stretching ...
Roman calendar
the calendar in use in ancient Rome until 46 B.C., when it was replaced with the Julian calendar. Cf. Year of Confusion. [1780-90] * * *
Roman candle
a firework consisting of a tube that sends out a shower of sparks and a succession of balls of fire. [1825-35] * * *
Roman Catholic
1. of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic Church. 2. a member of the Roman Catholic Church. Cf. Catholic. [1595-1605] * * *
Roman Catholic Church
the Christian church of which the pope, or bishop of Rome, is the supreme head. Cf. Catholic Church. * * *
Roman Catholic Church of Romania
      an Eastern Catholic church of the Byzantine rite, in communion with Rome. The Byzantine rite Catholic Church originated after the Turks ceded Transylvania to the ...
Roman Catholic Church Scandal
▪ 2003       The Roman Catholic Church was rocked by accusations of sexual abuse and cover-ups around the world during 2002. The scandal spurred the resignations of ...
ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH: Conflict in Orthodoxy
▪ 1997       The most serious threat of schism in centuries occurred in Eastern Orthodoxy in February 1996 when Bartholomew I, ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople, ...
Roman Catholicism
the faith, practice, and system of government of the Roman Catholic Church. [1815-25] * * * Largest single Christian denomination in the world, with some one billion members, or ...
Roman Catholicism at a Crossroads
▪ 2006 by R. Scott Appleby       The death on April 2, 2005, of Pope John Paul II (John Paul II ) (see Obituaries) put an end to the third longest pontificate in two ...
Roman collar.
See clerical collar. [1895-1900] * * *
Roman Curia
1. the judicial and executive organizations of the papal see comprising the government of the Catholic Church. 2. the court of the papal see. * * * Group of Vatican bureaus that ...
Roman de Fauvel
▪ work by Gervais du Bus       (French: “Romance of Fauvel”), French poem by Gervais du Bus that, in addition to its literary value, is a crucial document for the ...
Roman de la Rose
(French; "Romance of the Rose") One of the most popular French poems of the late medieval period. Modeled on Ovid's Art of Love, it survives in more than 300 manuscripts. Its ...
Roman emperors
▪ Table Roman emperors* Augustus (Augustus Caesar) 27 BC–AD 14 Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Augustus) 14–37 Caligula (Gaius Caesar Germanicus) 37–41 Claudius ...
Roman Empire
1. the lands and peoples subject to the authority of ancient Rome. 2. the form of government established in ancient Rome in 27 B.C., comprising the Principate or Early Empire (27 ...
Roman Empire, Eastern
      the eastern half of the Roman Empire, which maintained itself for a thousand years after the western half broke up in the late 5th century AD. The eastern half ...
Roman Forum
▪ forum, Rome, Italy Latin  Forum Romanum,         most important forum in ancient Rome, situated on low ground between the Palatine and Capitoline hills. The Roman ...
Roman holiday
1. a public spectacle or controversy marked by barbarism, vindictiveness, or scandal. 2. pleasure or advantage gained from the discomfort or suffering of others. [1885-90] * * *
Roman law
the system of jurisprudence elaborated by the ancient Romans, a strong and varied influence on the legal systems of many countries. [1650-60] * * * Law of the Roman Republic and ...
Roman liturgy.
See Latin rite (def. 1). * * *
Roman mile
a unit of length used by the ancient Romans, equivalent to about 1620 yards (1480 m). [1770-80] * * *
Roman mythology
Oral and literary traditions of the ancient Romans concerning their gods and heroes and the nature and history of the cosmos. Much of what became Roman mythology was borrowed ...
Roman nose
—Roman-nosed, adj. a nose having a prominent upper part or bridge. [1615-25] * * *
Roman numeral
      any of the symbols used in a system (numeral system) of numerical notation based on the ancient Roman system. The symbols are I, V, X, L, C, D, and M, standing, ...
Roman numerals
the numerals in the ancient Roman system of notation, still used for certain limited purposes, as in some pagination, dates on buildings, etc. The common basic symbols are I ...
Roman pace
an ancient Roman unit of measurement, equal to 5 Roman feet or about 58 U.S. inches (147 cm). * * *
Roman peace
the establishment and maintenance of peace by armed force. [trans. of L pax Romana] * * *
Roman punch
Brit. a lemon-water ice flavored with rum or other alcoholic beverage. [1820-30] * * *
Roman question
Dispute between church and state in Italy. With the completed unification of Italy in 1870, the papacy objected to the Italian seizure of Rome and the Papal States. The conflict ...
Roman religion
Religious beliefs of the Romans from ancient times until official acceptance of Christianity in the 4th century AD. The Romans believed that everything was subordinate to the ...
Roman Republic
▪ ancient state [509 BC-27 BC] Introduction  the ancient state that centred on the city of Rome, from the time of the events leading up to the founding of the republic in ...
Roman Republic and Empire
Ancient state that once ruled the Western world. It centred on the city of Rome from the founding of the republic (509 BC) through the establishment of the empire (27 BC) to the ...
Roman republican calendar
▪ chronology       dating system that evolved in Rome prior to the Christian era. According to legend, Romulus, the founder of Rome, instituted the calendar in about 738 ...
Roman ride
a method of horseback riding in which a person stands astride a pair of horses. * * *
Roman rite.
See Latin rite (def. 1). * * *
Roman road system
      outstanding transportation network of the ancient Mediterranean world, extending from Britain to the Tigris-Euphrates river system and from the Danube River to Spain ...
roman script
▪ calligraphy also called  Antiqua Script,  Italian  Lettera Antica,        in calligraphy, script based upon the clear, orderly Carolingian (Carolingian ...
Roman shade
a window shade that, when raised, is drawn up into a series of concertina folds. * * *
Roman strike
Horol. a striking mechanism of c1700, giving the equivalent in tones of Roman numerals, a bell of one pitch striking once for each number I, a bell of another pitch striking once ...
Román y Reyes, Víctor Manuel
▪ president of Nicaragua born 1873?, Carazo, Nicaragua died May 6, 1950, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       president of Nicaragua (1947–1950) under the aegis of the ...
Roman, Ruth
▪ 2000       American actress whose air of wholesome sexiness graced the motion picture screen in more than 30 films during the 1940s and 1950s, most notably Champion ...
Roman-Dutch law
Introduction       the system of law produced by the fusion of early modern Dutch law, chiefly of Germanic origin, and Roman, or civil, law. It existed in the Netherlands ...
/rddaw mahonn fluev"/, n., pl. romans-fleuves /rddaw mahonn fluev"/. French. saga (def. 3). * * * French“novel stream” or “novel cycle”       series of novels, ...
Roman-Kosh, Mount
▪ mountain, Ukraine Russian  Gora Roman-Kosh , also spelled  Gora Roman-Koš,         the highest mountain on the Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine, reaching a height of ...
Ro·man alphabet (rōʹmən) n. See Latin alphabet. * * *
Roman arch n. A semicircular arch.   [From its being characteristic of Roman architecture.] * * *
Roman calendar n. The lunar calendar used by the ancient Romans until the introduction of the Julian calendar in 46 B.C. * * *
Roman candle n. A cylindrical firework that emits balls of fire and a shower of sparks. * * *
Roman Catholic adj. Abbr. RC Of, relating to, or being the Roman Catholic Church. n. A member of the Roman Catholic Church. * * *
RomanCatholic Church
Roman Catholic Church n. The Christian church characterized by an episcopal hierarchy with the pope as its head and belief in seven sacraments and the authority of tradition. * * ...
Roman Catholicism n. The doctrines, practices, and organization of the Roman Catholic Church. * * *
romance1 —romancer, n. n., adj. /roh mans", roh"mans/; v. /roh mans"/, n., v., romanced, romancing, adj. n. 1. a novel or other prose narrative depicting heroic or marvelous ...
Romance languages
romance1 (def. 8). [1770-80] * * * Group of related languages derived from Latin, with nearly 920 million native speakers. The major Romance languages French, Spanish, ...
Romance of the Three Kingdoms
▪ electronic game       statistics-based strategy game series created in 1985 by Japanese electronic game developer Koei Co., Ltd. Romance features turn-based play, ...
romance stanza
▪ poetry also called  romance-six        a six-line verse stanza common in metrical romances in which the first, second, fourth, and fifth lines have four accents ...
See romance. * * *
▪ Spanish literature       collective body of Spanish folk ballads (romances), which constitute a unique tradition of European balladry. They resemble epic poetry in ...
Romanche Gap
▪ submarine depression, Atlantic Ocean also called  Romanche Deep, or Romanche Trench,         narrow submarine depression lying near the Equator in the mid- Atlantic ...
Roman congregation n. Roman Catholic Church Any department of the Curia dealing with rites, legal and administrative problems, questions of faith and morals, and other ...
▪ mineral       barium and manganese oxide [(Ba, H2O)2(Mn4+, Mn3+)5O10], an important ore mineral of manganese. A secondary mineral formed under surface conditions, it ...
Roman Empire also Rome (rōm) An empire that succeeded the Roman Republic during the time of Augustus, who ruled from 27 B.C. to A.D. 14. At its greatest extent it encompassed ...
/roh'meuh nesk"/, adj. 1. noting or pertaining to the style of architecture prevailing in western or southern Europe from the 9th through the 12th centuries, characterized by ...
Romanesque architecture
Architecture current in Europe from about the mid-11th century to the advent of Gothic architecture. A fusion of Roman, Carolingian and Ottonian, Byzantine, and local Germanic ...
Romanesque art
Sculpture and painting that reached its height in western Europe с 1075–1125, a fusion of Roman, Carolingian and Ottonian, and Byzantine art with local Germanic ...
Roman holiday n. 1. Enjoyment or satisfaction derived from observing the suffering of others. 2. A violent public spectacle or disturbance in which shame, degradation, or ...
/rom"euh nee, roh"meuh-/, n. Romany. * * *
/roh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. 21,399,114; 91,699 sq. mi. (237,500 sq. km). Cap.: Bucharest. Romanian, România /rddaw ...
/rddaw mu"nyah/; Eng. /roh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. Romanian name of ROMANIA. * * * Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet ...
Romania, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped blue-yellow-red national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is approximately 2 to 3.       In 1834 the Ottoman government ...
/roh may"nee euhn, -mayn"yeuhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Romania. 2. the Romance language of Romania, spoken also in Moldavia. adj. 3. of or pertaining to Romania, its ...
Romanian language
Romance language spoken mainly in Romania and Moldova. The name Romanian is usually identified with Daco-Romanian, one of the four major dialects of Balkan Romance. Other ...
Romanian literature
Introduction also spelled  Rumanian,         body of writings in the Romanian language, the development of which is paralleled by a rich folklore—lyric, epic, ...
Romanian Orthodox Church
      the largest autocephalous, or ecclesiastically independent, Eastern Orthodox church in the Balkans today. It is the church to which the majority of Romanians belong, ...
/roh man"ik/, adj. 1. derived from the Romans. 2. romance1 (def. 12). n. 3. romance1 (def. 8). [1700-10; < L Romanicus Roman, equiv. to Roman(us) ROMAN + -icus -IC] * * *
➡ gypsies * * *
Romanino, Il
▪ Italian painter byname of  Girolamo Di Romano,  also called  Girolamo Romani, or Rumani,  also called  Girolamo Brescia, or Hieronymus De Brescia  born c. 1484, , ...
/roh"meuh niz'euhm/, n. Often Disparaging and Offensive. See Roman Catholicism. [1665-75; ROMAN + -ISM] * * *
—Romanistic, adj. /roh"meuh nist/, n. 1. Often Disparaging and Offensive. a member of the Roman Catholic Church. 2. one versed in Roman institutions, law, etc. 3. Also, ...
See Romanize. * * *
—Romanization, n. —Romanizer, n. /roh"meuh nuyz'/, v., Romanized, Romanizing. v.t. 1. to make Roman Catholic. 2. (often l.c.) to make Roman in character. 3. (often l.c.) to ...
Roman law n. The legal system of ancient Rome, forming the basis for modern civil law. * * *
Roman nose n. A nose with a high prominent bridge. * * *
Roman numeral n. Any of the numerical symbols formed with the Roman letters I, V, X, L, C, D, and M, representing respectively the numbers 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, and 1000, used ...
/roh mah"noh/, n. (sometimes l.c.) a hard, light-colored, sharp, Italian cheese, usually made of ewe's milk. Also called Romano cheese. [1905-10; < It: Roman] * * * (as used in ...
Romano, Luis
▪ Cape Verdean author byname of  Luis Romano Madeira de Melo   born June 10, 1922, Santo Antão, Cape Verde Islands       Cape Verdean poet, novelist, and folklorist ...
Romano, Ray
▪ 2004       American actor-comedian Ray Romano, who starred as prime-time television's regular dad on the sitcom Everybody Loves Raymond, had reason to feel loved in ...
/roh"meuh nawf', -nof', roh mah"neuhf/; Russ. /rddu mah"neuhf/, n. 1. a member of the imperial dynasty of Russia that ruled from 1613 to 1917. 2. Mikhail Feodorovich /myi khu ...
Romanov dynasty
Rulers of Russia from 1613 to 1917. The name derived from Roman Yurev (d. 1543), whose daughter Anastasiya Romanovna was the first wife of Ivan IV the Terrible. Her nephews ...
Romanov, Grigory Vasilyevich
▪ 2009       Soviet official born Feb. 7, 1923, Zikhnovo, Russia, U.S.S.R. died June 3, 2008, Moscow, Russia as the Central Committee secretary for the military ...
/roh"meuhnz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) an Epistle of the New Testament, written by Paul to the Christian community in Rome. Abbr.: Rom. * * *
Romans, Letter of Paul to the
▪ work by Saint Paul       the longest and doctrinally most significant of St. Paul the Apostle's New Testament writings, probably composed at Corinth in about AD 57; it ...
▪ France       town, Drôme département, Rhône-Alpes région, southeastern France. It lies along the north bank of the Isère River, northeast of Valence. Founded in ...
Romansch or Romansh [rō mänsh′, rōmansh′] n. 〚Romansch rumansch, rumonsch < VL romanice: see ROMANCE〛 the Rhaeto-Romance dialect spoken in the Swiss canton of the ...
/roh mansh", -mahnsh"/, n. 1. a group of three Rhaeto-Romanic dialects spoken in E Switzerland. Cf. Ladin (def. 2). adj. 2. of or pertaining to Romansh. * * *
Romansh language
German  Rumantsch,  also called  Grishun, or Grisons,         Romance language of the Rhaetian group spoken in northern Italy and Switzerland, primarily in the Rhine ...
—romantically, adv. —romanticalness, n. /roh man"tik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of romance; characteristic or suggestive of the world of romance: a ...
Romantic Movement
the late 18th- and early 19th-century movement in France, Germany, England, and America to establish Romanticism in art and literature. [1875-80] * * *
See romantic. * * *
/roh man"teuh siz'euhm/, n. 1. romantic spirit or tendency. 2. (usually cap.) the Romantic style or movement in literature and art, or adherence to its principles (contrasted ...
—romanticistic, adj. /roh man"teuh sist/, n. an adherent of romanticism in literature or art (contrasted with classicist). [1820-30; ROMANTIC + -IST] * * *
See romanticize. * * *
—romanticization, n. /roh man"teuh suyz'/, v., romanticized, romanticizing. v.t. 1. to make romantic; invest with a romantic character: Many people romanticize the role of an ...
/roh may"neuhs/, n. died A.D. 897, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 897. * * * (as used in expressions) Romanus III Argyrus Romanus IV Diogenes Romanus I Lecapenus * * * ▪ pope ...
Romanus I Lecapenus
born с 872 died 948 Byzantine emperor (920–944). He was admiral of the Byzantine fleet on the Danube before being chosen to share the throne with his son-in-law Constantine ...

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