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Romanus II
▪ Byzantine emperor born 939 died 963       Byzantine emperor from 959 to 963. The son of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, Romanus was a politically incapable ruler who ...
Romanus III Argyrus
born с 968 died April 11, 1034 Byzantine emperor (1028–34). An undistinguished Byzantine patrician, he was compelled by the dying emperor Constantine VIII to marry his ...
Romanus IV Diogenes
died 1072 Byzantine emperor (1067–71). A member of the military aristocracy, he married the widow of the emperor Constantine X Ducas in 1067. He led military expeditions ...
Romany
/rom"euh nee, roh"meuh-/, n., pl. Romanies, adj. n. 1. Gypsy (def. 2). 2. Gypsies collectively. 3. the Indic language of the Gypsies, its various forms differing greatly because ...
Romany language
Indo-Aryan language of the Roma (see Rom), spoken in many countries of the world, with its greatest concentration of speakers in eastern Europe. Romany is believed to have ...
Romany rye
Romany rye [rī] n. 〚Romany romani (see ROMANY) + rei, a lord < Sans rājan, king: see RAJAH〛 a man who is not a Gypsy but associates with the Gypsies, speaks their language, ...
Romario
▪ 1995       Idolized by the public, the despair of authority—Brazilian association football (soccer) player Romário de Souza Faria was one of the sport's most ...
romaunt
/roh mahnt", -mawnt"/, n. Archaic. a romantic tale or poem; romance. [1520-30; < AF, var. of OF romant ROMANCE1] * * *
Rombauer,Irma von Starkloff
Rom·bau·er (rŏmʹbou'ər), Irma von Starkloff. 1877-1962. American cookery expert who wrote The Joy of Cooking (1931) and several of its revisions. * * *
Romberg
/rom"berrg/, n. Sigmund /sig"meuhnd/, 1887-1951, Hungarian composer of light opera, in the U.S. after 1913. * * *
Romberg, Sigmund
born July 29, 1887, Nagykanizsa, Austria-Hungary died Nov. 9, 1951, New York, N.Y., U.S. Hungarian-born U.S. composer. Romberg studied engineering and composition in Vienna, ...
Romberg,Sigmund
Rom·berg (rŏmʹbərg), Sigmund. 1887-1951. Hungarian-born American composer of operettas, including Blossom Time (1921) and The Student Prince (1924). * * *
Romblon
▪ island, Philippines       island and town of the Philippines in the Sibuyan Sea, part of the Visayan group. Romblon Island is generally low and fertile. Abaca, copra, ...
RomblonIslands
Rom·blon Islands (rŏm-blōnʹ) An island group of the central Philippines in the Sibuyan Sea. Part of the Visayan Islands, the group comprises three large islands, including ...
Rome
/rohm/, n. 1. Harold (Jacob), born 1908, U.S. lyricist and composer. 2. Italian, Roma. a city in and the capital of Italy, in the central part, on the Tiber: ancient capital of ...
Rome Beauty
a large, red variety of apple, used chiefly for baking. * * *
Rome, Esther
▪ 1996       U.S. women's health advocate and one of the authors of the best-seller Our Bodies, Ourselves (b. Sept. 8, 1945—d. June 24, 1995). * * *
Rome, March on
(October 1922) Insurrection that brought Benito Mussolini to power in Italy. Social discontent gave Fascist Party leaders the opportunity to take control of the Italian ...
Rome, Treaties of
Two international agreements signed in Rome in 1957 by Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. One established the European Economic Community; ...
Rome, University of
▪ university, Rome, Italy in full  University of Rome ‘La Sapienza,’ Italian  Università degli Studi di Roma ‘la Sapienza,’        coeducational, ...
Romeo
/roh"mee oh'/, n. 1. the romantic lover of Juliet in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. 2. any man who is preoccupied with or has a reputation for amatory success with women. 3. a ...
Romeo and Juliet
a tragedy (produced between 1591 and 1596) by Shakespeare. * * * ▪ work by Shakespeare  play by William Shakespeare (Shakespeare, William), written about 1594–96 and first ...
Romeoville
/roh"mee oh vil'/, n. a town in NE Illinois. 15,519. * * *
Römer
▪ wineglass       type of wineglass evolved in Germany, especially in the Rhineland, and the Netherlands over several centuries, reaching perfection in the 17th century. ...
Romer, Alfred Sherwood
▪ American biologist Introduction born Dec. 28, 1894, White Plains, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 5, 1973, Cambridge, Mass.  U.S. paleontologist widely known for his concepts of ...
Romero Family
▪ Spanish family       family of Spanish guitarists prominent in the 20th-century revival of the classical guitar. They appeared individually as soloists, together in a ...
Romero, Carlos Humberto
▪ president of El Salvador born 1924, Chalatenango, El Salvador       former general, elected president of El Salvador in 1977 and deposed in ...
Romero, Celedonio
▪ 1997       Spanish musician and composer (b. March 2, 1918, Málaga, Spain—d. May 8, 1996, San Diego, Calif.), was an internationally acclaimed classical guitarist ...
Romero, Cesar
▪ 1995       U.S. actor (b. Feb. 15, 1907, New York, N.Y.—d. Jan. 1, 1994, Santa Monica, Calif.), was a tall, debonair, and mustachioed film veteran whose diverse ...
Romero, Francisco
▪ Spanish bullfighter born c. 1700, Ronda, Málaga, Spain died 1763       Spanish matador who reputedly invented the bullfighter's muleta, a red cape used in ...
Romero, José Rubén
▪ Mexican author born Sept. 25, 1890, Cotija de la Paz, Mex. died July 4, 1952, Mexico City       Mexican novelist and short-story writer whose vivid depiction of the ...
Romeward
/rohm"weuhrd/, adv. to or toward Rome or the Roman Catholic Church. [1300-50; ME; see ROME, -WARD] * * *
Romford
Romford [rum′fərd, räm′fərd] former municipal borough in Essex, SE England: now part of Havering, near London * * *
Romilly, Sir Samuel
▪ British lawyer born March 1, 1757, London, Eng. died Nov. 2, 1818, London  English legal reformer whose chief efforts were devoted to lessening the severity of English ...
Romish
—Romishly, adv. —Romishness, n. /roh"mish/, adj. Often Disparaging and Offensive. of or pertaining to Rome as the center of the Roman Catholic Church. [1525-35; ROME + ...
Romishly
See Romish. * * *
Romishness
See Romishly. * * *
Rommany
/rom"euh nee/, n., pl. Rommanies, adj. Romany. * * *
Rommel
/rom"euhl, rum"-/; Ger. /rddawm"euhl/, n. Erwin /err"win/; Ger. /erdd"veen/, ("the Desert Fox"), 1891-1944, German field marshal: commander of the German forces in North Africa ...
Rommel, Erwin
▪ German field marshal Introduction in full  Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel , byname  the Desert Fox , German  der Wüstenfuchs  born November 15, 1891, Heidenheim, ...
Rommel, Erwin (Johannes Eugen)
born Nov. 15, 1891, Heidenheim an der Brentz, Württemberg, Ger. died Oct. 14, 1944, Herrlingen, near Ulm German army commander in World War II. A teacher at military ...
Rommel,Erwin
Rom·mel (rŏmʹəl), Erwin. Known as “the Desert Fox.” 1891-1944. German general active in France, Italy, and northern Africa during World War II. After his implication in ...
Romney
/rom"nee, rum"-/, n. 1. George, 1734-1802, English painter. 2. George, born 1907, U.S. businessman and politician: governor of Michigan 1963-69. 3. former name of New Romney. 4. ...
Romney Marsh
▪ marshland, England, United Kingdom       extensive tract of flat land with an area of about 25,000 acres (about 10,000 hectares) bordering the English Channel in ...
Romney, George
born Dec. 15, 1734, Dalton-in-Furness, Lancashire, Eng. died Nov. 15, 1802, Kendal, Westmorland British portrait painter. Son of a Lancashire cabinetmaker, he began his career ...
Romney, George Wilcken
▪ 1996       U.S. politician and business executive who promoted compact cars while presiding as chairman, 1954-62, of American Motors Corp.; served as Republican ...
Romney, Henry Sidney, earl of
▪ English statesman also called  (from 1689) Viscount Sidney Of Sheppey, Baron Milton, Sidney  also spelled  Sydney  born 1641, Paris died April 8, 1704, ...
Romney, Mitt
▪ American politician in full  Willard Mitt Romney  born March 12, 1947, Detroit, Mich., U.S.    American politician, who served as governor of Massachusetts (2002–06) ...
Romney,George
Rom·ney (rŏmʹnē), George. 1734-1802. British painter of portraits and historical scenes, such as Death of General Wolfe (1763). * * *
Romny
▪ Ukraine also spelled  Romen        city, northern Ukraine. The city lies along the Sula River. It was founded as a Rus fortress in the 11th century. It came under ...
Romo, Tony
▪ 2008 Antonio Ramiro Romo  born April 21, 1980, San Diego, Calif.       In 2007 the Dallas Cowboys' Tony Romo staked his claim as one of the elite quarterbacks of the ...
romp
—rompingly, adv. /romp/, v.i. 1. to play or frolic in a lively or boisterous manner. 2. to run or go rapidly and without effort, as in racing. 3. to win easily. n. 4. a lively ...
romper
/rom"peuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that romps. 2. Usually, rompers. (used with a pl. v.) a. a loose, one-piece garment combining a shirt or blouse and short, bloomerlike pants, ...
romper room
a playroom for very young children. * * *
rompish
—rompishly, adv. —rompishness, n. /rom"pish/, adj. given to romping; frolicsome. [1700-10; ROMP + -ISH1] * * *
Romsey
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Test Valley district, administrative and historic county of Hampshire, England, 9 miles (14 km) northwest of Southampton ...
Romuald of Ravenna, Saint
▪ Roman Catholic ascetic Italian  San Romualdo Di Ravenna   born c. 950, Ravenna [Italy] died June 19, 1027, Val di Castro, Tuscany; feast day June 19       Christian ...
Romulo
/rom"yoo loh'/; Sp. /rddaw"mooh law'/, n. Carlos Pena /kahrdd"laws pe"nah/, 1901-85, Philippine diplomat, journalist, and educator. * * *
Romulo, Carlos P.
▪ Filipino diplomat in full  Carlos Peña Romulo   born Jan. 14, 1899, Camiling, Phil. died Dec. 15, 1985, Manila       Philippine general, diplomat, and journalist ...
Romulo,Carlos Pena
Ro·mu·lo (rŏmʹyo͝o-lō', rōʹmo͞o-), Carlos Pena. 1899-1985. Philippine journalist and diplomat who supported the Allies during the Japanese invasion and occupation of ...
Romulus
/rom"yeuh leuhs/, n. Rom. Legend. 1. the founder of Rome, in 753 B.C., and its first king: a son of Mars and Rhea Silvia, he and his twin brother (Remus) were abandoned as ...
Romulus and Remus
Twins of Roman legend who were the legendary founders of Rome. They were the offspring of Mars and Rhea Silvia, a Vestal Virgin and princess in Alba Longa. As infants they were ...
Romulus Augustulus
▪ Roman emperor in full  Flavius Momyllus Romulus Augustulus  flourished 5th century AD       known to history as the last of the Western Roman emperors (475–476). ...
Romus
/roh"meuhs/, n. Rom. Legend. a son of either Aeneas or Ascanius: sometimes believed to be the founder of Rome. * * *
RONA
Accounting. return on net assets. * * *
Ronald
/ron"ld/, n. a male given name: from Scandinavian words meaning "counsel" and "rule." * * * (as used in expressions) Bochco Steven Ronald Coase Ronald Harry Colman Ronald ...
Ronald Reagan
➡ Reagan * * *
Ronald Reagan: First Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Tuesday, January 20, 1981       Senator Hatfield, Mr. Chief Justice, Mr. President, Vice President Bush, Vice President Mondale, Senator ...
Ronald Reagan: Second Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Monday, January 21, 1985       Senator Mathias, Chief Justice Burger, Vice President Bush, Speaker O'Neill, Senator Dole, Reverend Clergy, ...
Ronald Searle
➡ Searle * * *
Ronald, William
▪ 1999       Canadian painter (b. Aug. 13, 1926, Stratford, Ont.—d. Feb. 9, 1998, Barrie, Ont.), was the driving force behind the formation in 1953 of Painters Eleven, ...
Ronaldo
▪ 2003       One of the greatest comebacks in association football (soccer) history was achieved by Brazilian forward Ronaldo in the 2002 Fédération Internationale de ...
Ronan
/roh"nahn/, n. Irish Legend. a king who killed his son, Mael Fothartaigh, after his wife had falsely accused the boy of attempting to seduce her, and who was himself killed by ...
Ronay
(1920– ) a British writer about food and restaurants, born in Hungary, who began his career as a professional cook. His books, which include Egon Ronay’s Guide to Hotels and ...
Roncesvalles
/ron"seuh valz'/; Sp. /rddawn'thes vah"lyes/, n. a village in N Spain, in the Pyrenees: defeat of part of Charlemagne's army and the death of Roland A.D. 788. French, Roncevaux ...
Roncesvalles, Battle of
or Battle of Roncevaux (August 15, 778) Basque attack on Charlemagne's army at a pass in the Pyrenees in northern Spain. It occurred when Charlemagne was returning to Aquitaine ...
ronco
/rong"koh/, n., pl. roncos. any grunt of the genus Haemulon, esp. H. parrai, the sailor's-choice, of West Indian waters. [1880-85, Amer.; < Sp, deriv. of roncar to grunt
rond de jambe
Fr. /rddawonn deuh zhahonnb"/, n., pl. ronds de jambe Fr. /rddawonn deuh zhahonnb"/. Ballet. a circular movement of the leg. [1820-30; < F; see ROUND1, JAMB1] * * *
Ronda
▪ Spain     town, Málaga provincia (province), in the Andalusia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), southern Spain. It lies in the Ronda Mountains west of ...
Rondane
▪ mountain range, Norway       mountain range in Oppland and Hedmark fylker (counties), south-central Norway. For the most part dry, the range has several small glaciers ...
Rondane National Park
Park, south-central Norway. Established as a national park in 1970, it covers an area of 221 sq mi (572 sq km) of mountainous terrain. The highest peak is Rondeslottet at 7,146 ...
ronde
/rond/, n. Print. a typeface imitative of upright, somewhat angular, handwriting. [1830-40; < F, n. use of fem. of rond ROUND1] * * *
rondeau
/ron"doh, ron doh"/, n., pl. rondeaux /-dohz, -dohz"/. 1. Pros. a short poem of fixed form, consisting of 13 or 10 lines on two rhymes and having the opening words or phrase used ...
rondel
/ron"dl, ron del"/, n. 1. Pros. a short poem of fixed form, consisting usually of 14 lines on two rhymes, of which four are made up of the initial couplet repeated in the middle ...
rondelet
/ron"dl et', ron'dl et"/, n. a short poem of fixed form, consisting of five lines on two rhymes, and having the opening words or word used after the second and fifth lines as an ...
Rondelet, Guillaume
▪ French naturalist born Sept. 27, 1507, Montpellier, Fr. died July 30, 1566, Réalmont       French naturalist and physician who contributed substantially to zoology ...
rondelle
/ron del"/, n. 1. a small disk of glass used as an ornament in a stained-glass window. 2. Jewelry. a flat bead, often of rock crystal or onyx, used in a necklace as a spacer ...
rondo
/ron"doh, ron doh"/, n., pl. rondos. Music. a work or movement, often the last movement of a sonata, having one principal subject that is stated at least three times in the same ...
Rondon, Cândido (Mariano da Silva)
born May 5, 1865, Mimoso, near Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Braz. died Jan. 19, 1958, Rio de Janeiro Brazilian explorer and protector of Indians. As a young soldier, he was assigned ...
Rondônia
/rddawonn daw"nyah/, n. a state in W Brazil. 688,000; 93,815 sq. mi. (242,980 sq. km). Cap.: Pôrto Velho. Formerly, Guaporé. * * * ▪ state, Brazil       estado ...
rondure
/ron"jeuhr/, n. 1. a circle or sphere. 2. a graceful curving or roundness. [1590-1600; < F rondeur, deriv. of rond ROUND1] * * *
Rong Yiren
▪ 2006       Chinese businessman and government official (b. May 1, 1916, Wuxi, China—d. Oct. 27, 2005, Beijing, China), served (1979–93) as president of the China ...
Ronge, Lac la
▪ lake, Canada       lake, central Saskatchewan, Canada; it drains northeastward through the Rapid River into the Churchill River. Island-studded, it is 36 miles (58 km) ...
rongeur
/rohn zherr"/; Fr. /rddawonn zhuerdd"/, n., pl. rongeurs /-zherrz"/; Fr. /-zhuerdd"/. Surg. a strongly constructed instrument with a sharp-edged, scoop-shaped tip, used for ...
Ronglu
▪ Chinese official Wade-Giles romanization  Jung-lu  born April 6, 1836, China died April 11, 1903, Beijing       official and general during the last years of the ...
ronin
ronin [rō′nin] n. pl. ronin 〚Jpn〛 in feudal Japan, a samurai who lost his lord and was forced to wander, often living as a bandit * * * Japanese masterless ...
ronion
/run"yeuhn/, n. Obs. ronyon. * * *
Rönne
Dan. /rdduen"euh/, n. a seaport on W Bornholm island, Denmark, in the S Baltic Sea: stone quarries. 12,440. * * *
Ronne Ice Shelf
/roh"neuh/ an ice barrier in Antarctica, in SW Weddell Sea, bordered by Ellsworth Land on the NW and Berkner Island on the E. [named after Finn Ronne, 1899-1980, U.S. explorer] * ...
Ronne, Finn
▪ American explorer born Dec. 20, 1899, Horten, Nor. died Jan. 12, 1980, Bethesda, Md., U.S.       Norwegian-born American explorer and writer who visited Antarctica ...
RonneIce Shelf
Ron·ne Ice Shelf (rōʹnə, rŏnʹə) An area of shelf ice in western Antarctica south of the Weddell Sea. * * *
ronnel
ron·nel (rŏnʹəl) n. A solid, light brown compound, C8H8CI3O3PS, used as an insecticide, especially against flies and cockroaches.   [From Ronnel, a non-U.S. trademark.] * * ...
Ronnie
/ron"ee/, n. a male or female given name, form of Ronald or Veronica. Also, Ronni, Ronny. * * *
Ronnie Barker
➡ Barker (I) * * *
Ronnie Corbett
➡ Corbett (II) * * *
Ronnie Kray
➡ Kray twins * * *
Ronnie Scott
➡ Scott (VIII) * * *
ronquil
/rong"kil/, n. any of several percoid fishes of the family Bathymasteridae, ranging along the Pacific coast of North America. [1880-85, Amer.; < AmerSp ronquillo, dim. of ronco ...
Ronsard
/rddawonn sannrdd"/, n. Pierre de /pyerdd deuh/, 1524-85, French poet. * * *
Ronsard, Pierre de
born Sept. 11, 1524, La Possonnière, near Couture, France died Dec. 27, 1585, Saint-Cosme, near Tours French poet. Of a noble family, Ronsard turned to scholarship and ...
Ronsard,Pierre de
Ron·sard (rôɴ-särʹ), Pierre de. 1524-1585. French poet whose lyrical love poems, including Sonnets pour Hélène (1578), are considered his best works. * * *
Ronseal{™}
a British brand of paints and other products used to protect wood, especially for use outdoors. It is advertised with the slogan ‘Does exactly what it says on the tin’. * * *
Ronstadt, Linda
▪ American singer in full  Linda Marie Ronstadt   born July 15, 1946, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.    American singer, with a pure, expressive soprano voice and eclectic artistic ...
Röntgen
/rent"geuhn, -jeuhn, runt"-/; Ger. /rdduent"geuhn/; Du. /rddoohnt"kheuhn/, n. 1. Julius /yooh"lee euhs/, 1855-1932, Dutch pianist, conductor, and composer; born in Germany. 2. ...
Röntgen, Wilhelm Conrad
or Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen born March 27, 1845, Lennep, Prussia died Feb. 10, 1923, Munich, Ger. German physicist. He taught at the Universities of Giessen (1879–88), ...
Röntgen,Wilhelm Konrad
Rönt·gen (rœntʹgən), Wilhelm Konrad. See Roentgen, Wilhelm Konrad. * * *
röntgeno-
var. of roentgeno-: röntgenoscope. * * *
ronyon
/run"yeuhn/, n. Obs. a mangy creature. Also, ronion. [1590-1600; perh. < F rogne mange] * * *
rood
/roohd/, n. 1. a crucifix, esp. a large one at the entrance to the choir or chancel of a medieval church, often supported on a rood beam or rood screen. 2. a cross as used in ...
rood arch
1. an archway at the center of a rood screen. 2. the archway between a nave and a chancel. [1840-50] * * *
rood screen
a screen, often of elaborate design and properly surmounted by a rood, separating the nave from the choir or chancel of a church. [1835-45] * * * ▪ ...
rood spire
a spire over the crossing of a church. Also called rood steeple. * * *
roodbeam
rood beam n. A beam in a medieval church across the entrance to the choir, supporting the rood and usually forming the head of the rood screen. * * *
Roodepoort
▪ South Africa       city, Gauteng province, South Africa. It lies immediately west of Johannesburg in the Witwatersrand. The first discovery of gold in the ...
Roodepoort-Maraisburg
/rooh"deuh poort'mah ray"-berrg/, n. a city in S Transvaal, in the NE Republic of South Africa. 139,810. * * *
roodloft
rood loft n. A gallery built above a rood screen. * * *
roodscreen
rood screen n. In medieval churches, an often openwork wall-like screen separating the choir from the nave and extending upward to the rood beam. * * *
roof
—rooflike, adj. /roohf, roof/, n., pl. roofs, v. n. 1. the external upper covering of a house or other building. 2. a frame for supporting this: an open-timbered roof. 3. the ...
roof garden
1. a garden on the flat roof of a house or other building. 2. the top or top story of a building, having a garden, restaurant, or the like. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
roof guard.
See snow guard. * * *
roof iris
an iris, Iris tectorum, of China and Japan, having frilled, violet or white flowers. * * *
roof pendant
Downward extension of the surrounding rock that protrudes into the upper surface of intrusive rocks. Most intrusions that contain roof pendants are relatively shallow; the roof ...
roof prism
Optics. See Amici prism. * * *
roof rat
a black rat, Rattus rattus alexandrinus, often found on the upper floors of buildings in warm areas. [1810-20] * * *
roof-deck
/roohf"dek', roof"-/, n. a part of a flat roof used for gardening, sunbathing, etc. [1945-50] * * *
roofer
/rooh"feuhr, roof"euhr/, n. a person who makes or repairs roofs. [1840-50; ROOF + -ER1] * * *
roofgarden
roof garden n. 1. A garden on the roof of a building, especially one found in an urban setting. 2. The roof or top floor of a building designed for use by the public that often ...
roofie
/rooh"fee/, n. Slang. a powerful sedative drug that causes semiconsciousness and memory blackouts: has been implicated in date rapes. [1990-95; allegedly fr. its use by ...
roofing
/rooh"fing, roof"ing/, n. 1. the act of covering with a roof. 2. material for roofs. 3. a roof. [1400-50; late ME rovyng. See ROOF, -ING1] * * *
roofing nail
a short nail for nailing asphalt shingles or the like, having a broad head. See illus. under nail. [1300-50; ME] * * *
roofless
/roohf"lis, roof"-/, adj. 1. having no roof. 2. without the shelter of a house: roofless refugees. [1600-10; ROOF + -LESS] * * *
roofline
/roohf"luyn', roof"-/, n. the outline of a rooftop. [1855-60; ROOF + LINE1] * * *
rooftop
/roohf"top', roof"-/, n. the roof of a building, esp. the outer surface. [1605-15; ROOF + TOP1] * * *
rooftree
/roohf"tree', roof"-/, n. 1. the ridgepole of a roof. 2. the roof itself. [1400-50; late ME; see ROOF, TREE] * * *
rooinek
/rooh"ee nek'/, n. South African. Briton; Britisher. [1885-90; < Afrik, equiv. to rooi red + nek neck] * * *
rook
rook1 /rook/, n. 1. a black, European crow, Corvus frugilegus, noted for its gregarious habits. 2. a sharper at cards or dice; swindler. v.t. 3. to cheat; fleece; swindle. [bef. ...
rookery
/rook"euh ree/, n., pl. rookeries. 1. a breeding place or colony of gregarious birds or animals, as penguins and seals. 2. a colony of rooks. 3. a place where rooks congregate to ...
rookie
/rook"ee/, n. 1. an athlete playing his or her first season as a member of a professional sports team: The rookie replaced the injured regular at first base. 2. a raw recruit, as ...
rooky
/rook"ee/, adj., rookier, rookiest. full of or frequented by rooks. [1595-1605; ROOK1 + -Y1] * * *
room
/roohm, room/, n. 1. a portion of space within a building or other structure, separated by walls or partitions from other parts: a dining room. 2. rooms, lodgings or quarters, as ...
room and board
lodging and meals. [1950-55] * * *
Room at the Top
a novel (1957) by John Braine about Joe Lampton, a young man who leaves the woman he loves and marries another one who has more money. The book, which became very popular, ...
room clerk
a clerk at a hotel who assigns rooms to guests, keeps the guest register, sorts the incoming mail, etc. [1915-20] * * *
room divider
a partition, as a screen or freestanding bookcase, that separates one part of a room from another. * * *
room father
a male volunteer, often the father of a student, who assists an elementary-school teacher, as by working with students who need extra help. * * *
room mother
a female volunteer, often the mother of a student, who assists an elementary-school teacher, as by working with students who need extra help. * * *
room service
1. the serving of food, drinks, etc., to a guest in his or her room, as at a hotel. 2. the department or section, as at a hotel, responsible for rendering this ...
room temperature
room temperature n. a comfortable indoor temperature, generally considered to be between 20 and 25°C (68 to 77°F) * * *
room-and-pillar
/roohm"euhn pil"euhr, room"-/, adj. Mining. noting a means of extracting coal or other minerals from underground deposits by first cutting out rooms, then robbing the pillars ...
roomand board
room and board n. Lodging and meals earned, purchased for a set fee, or otherwise provided. * * *
roomer
/rooh"meuhr, room"euhr/, n. a person who lives in a rented room; lodger. [1870-75, Amer.; ROOM + -ER1] * * *
roomette
/rooh met", roo-/, n. 1. a small private compartment in the sleeping car of a train, usually for one person, containing its own washroom facilities and a bed that folds against ...
roomful
/roohm"fool, room"-/, n., pl. roomfuls. an amount or number sufficient to fill a room. [1700-10; ROOM + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
roomie
/rooh"mee, room"ee/, n. Informal. roommate. Also, roomy. [1915-20, Amer.; by shortening and alter.] * * *
roomily
See roomy. * * *
roominess
See roomily. * * *
rooming house
a house with furnished rooms to rent; lodging house. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
rooming-in
/rooh"ming in", room"ing-/, n. an arrangement in some hospitals that enables postpartum mothers to keep their babies with them in their rooms rather than in a separate ...
roominghouse
room·ing house (ro͞oʹmĭng, ro͝omʹĭng) n. A house where lodgers may rent rooms. * * *
roommate
/roohm"mayt', room"-/, n. a person who is assigned to share or shares a room or apartment with another or others. [1780-90, Amer.; ROOM + MATE1] * * *
rooms
➡ museums * * *
roomtemperature
room temperature n. Abbr. RT An indoor temperature of from 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F). * * *
roomy
roomy1 —roomily, adv. —roominess, n. /rooh"mee, room"ee/, adj., roomier, roomiest. affording ample room; spacious; large. [1615-25; ROOM + -Y1] Syn. capacious, generous, ...
Roon, Albrecht Theodor Emil, count von
born April 30, 1803, Pleushagen, near Kolberg, Pomerania died Feb. 23, 1879, Berlin, Ger. Prussian army officer. He aided Prince William (later Emperor William I) in ...
Roon, Albrecht Theodor Emil, Graf von
▪ Prussian minister of war born April 30, 1803, Pleushagen, near Kolberg, Pomerania [now Kołobrzeg, Pol.] died Feb. 23, 1879, Berlin  Prussian army officer who, with ...
Rooney
I. Mickey Rooney (1920– ) a US actor known for his cheerful personality. He began as a child actor and first became famous in the late 1930s as the film character Andy Hardy. ...
Rooney, Mickey
orig. Joe Yule, Jr. born Sept. 23, 1920, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. film actor. He joined his family in their vaudeville act from the age of 17 months and made his film debut ...
roorback
/roor"bak'/, n. a false and more or less damaging report circulated for political effect, usually about a candidate seeking an office. Also, roorbach. [1844, Amer.; after a ...
Roos, S.H. de
▪ Dutch typographer in full  Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos   born Sept. 14, 1877, Drachten, Neth. died April 2, 1962, Haarlem       book and type designer who was an ...
Roosa, Stuart A.
▪ American astronaut in full  Stuart Allen Roosa   born Aug. 16, 1933, Durango, Colo., U.S. died Dec. 12, 1994, Falls Church, Va.  American astronaut. Roosa participated in ...
roose
/roohz/; Scot. also /rdduez/, v.t., v.i., roosed, roosing, n. Chiefly Scot. praise. [1150-1200; ME rosen < ON hrosa to praise] * * *
Roosendaal
▪ municipality, The Netherlands in full  Roosendaal En Nispen,         gemeente (municipality), southwestern Netherlands (Netherlands, The), near the Belgian border. ...
Roosevelt
/roh"zeuh velt', -veuhlt, rohz"velt, -veuhlt/; spelling pron. /rooh"zeuh velt'/, n. 1. (Anna) Eleanor, 1884-1962, U.S. diplomat, author, and lecturer (wife of Franklin Delano ...
Roosevelt Corollary
U.S. Hist. a corollary (1904) to the Monroe Doctrine, asserting that the U.S. might intervene in the affairs of an American republic threatened with seizure or intervention by a ...
Roosevelt Dam
a dam on the Salt River, in central Arizona. 284 ft. (87 m) high; 1080 ft. (329 m) long. * * *
Roosevelt Island
1. Formerly, Welfare Island, Blackwells Island. an island in the East River, New York City: residential community. 11/2 mi. (21/2 km) long. 2. an island in Antarctica, in the W ...
Roosevelt University
▪ university, Chicago, Illinois, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning located in downtown Chicago, Illinois, U.S. The university, ...
Roosevelt, (Anna) Eleanor
born Oct. 11, 1884, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 7, 1962, New York City U.S. first lady and diplomat. The niece of Theodore Roosevelt, she married her distant cousin, ...
Roosevelt, (Anna)Eleanor
Roo·se·velt (rōʹzə-vĕlt', rōzʹvĕlt', -vəlt, ro͞oʹ-), (Anna) Eleanor. 1884-1962. American diplomat, writer, and First Lady of the United States (1933-1945) as the ...
Roosevelt, Edith
▪ American first lady née  Edith Kermit Carow  born August 6, 1861, Norwich, Connecticut, U.S. died September 30, 1948, Oyster Bay, New York  American first lady ...
Roosevelt, Eleanor
▪ American diplomat, humanitarian and first lady in full  Anna Eleanor Roosevelt  born October 11, 1884, New York, New York, U.S. died November 7, 1962, New York ...
Roosevelt, Franklin D(elano)
born Jan. 30, 1882, Hyde Park, N.Y., U.S. died April 12, 1945, Warm Springs, Ga. 32nd president of the U.S. (1933–45). Attracted to politics by the example of his cousin ...
Roosevelt, Franklin D.
▪ president of United States Introduction in full  Franklin Delano Roosevelt,  byname  FDR   born January 30, 1882, Hyde Park, New York, U.S. died April 12, 1945, Warm ...
Roosevelt, Kermit
▪ 2001 “Kim”        American intelligence officer (b. 1916, Buenos Aires, Arg.—d. June 8, 2000, Cockeysville, Md.), as director of the Central Intelligence ...
Roosevelt, Theodore
known as Teddy Roosevelt born Oct. 27, 1858, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 6, 1919, Oyster Bay, N.Y. 26th president of the U.S. (1901–09). He was elected to the New York ...
Roosevelt,Edith Carow
Roosevelt, Edith Carow. 1861-1948. First Lady of the United States (1901-1909) as the wife of President Theodore Roosevelt. Known as a shrewd manager of the White House, she ...
Roosevelt,Franklin Delano
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano. 1882-1945. The 32nd President of the United States (1933-1945). Governor of New York (1929-1932), he ran for President with the promise of a New Deal ...
Roosevelt,Rio
Roosevelt, Rio A river, about 644 km (400 mi) long, of northwestern Brazil. Originally known as the River of Doubt, it was renamed in honor of Theodore Roosevelt, who explored ...
Roosevelt,Theodore
Roosevelt, Theodore. 1858-1919. The 26th President of the United States (1901-1909). A hero of the Spanish-American War, he served as governor of New York (1899-1900) and U.S. ...
Rooseveltian
/roh'zeuh vel"tee euhn/; spelling pron. /rooh'zeuh vel"tee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, advocating, or following the principles, views, or policies of Franklin Delano Roosevelt ...
RooseveltIsland
Roosevelt Island 1. Formerly Welfare Island.. An island in the East River off the coast of central Manhattan Island. It was long the site of a penal institution and municipal ...
roost
/roohst/, n. 1. a perch upon which birds or fowls rest at night. 2. a large cage, house, or place for fowls or birds to roost in. 3. a place for sitting, resting, or lodging. 4. ...
rooster
/rooh"steuhr/, n. 1. the male of domestic fowl and certain game birds; cock. 2. a representation of this bird, used as an emblem of the Democratic party from 1842 to 1874. 3. ...
rooster tail
the wake thrown up behind a speeding boat or the dust thrown up behind a speeding vehicle. [1945-50] * * *
rooster-tail
roost·er-tail (ro͞oʹstər-tāl') intr.v. roos·ter-·tailed, roos·ter-·tail·ing, roos·ter-·tails To move or turn in such a way as to project a rooster tail: “I got the ...
roosterfish
/rooh"steuhr fish'/, n., pl. roosterfishes, (esp. collectively) roosterfish. a large, edible fish, Nematistius pectoralis, inhabiting the warmer waters of the Pacific Ocean, ...
roostertail
roostertail [ro͞os′tər tāl΄] n. a full spray or cloud, as of water in the wake of a speeding boat or dust from a speeding car: also written rooster tail * * * rooster ...
root
root1 —rootlike, adj. /rooht, root/, n. 1. a part of the body of a plant that develops, typically, from the radicle and grows downward into the soil, anchoring the plant and ...
Root
/rooht/, n. 1. Elihu /el"euh hyooh'/, 1845-1937, U.S. lawyer and statesman: Nobel peace prize 1912. 2. John Wellborn /wel"beuhrn/, 1851-91, U.S. architect. * * * In botany, the ...
root and pattern system
▪ linguistics       in linguistics, one of several methods for creating the stems, or most elementary forms, of words. The root and pattern system is found in the ...
root beer
a carbonated beverage flavored with syrup made from the extracted juices of roots, barks, and herbs that have been fermented with sugar and yeast. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
root borer
root borer n. any insect or insect larva that bores into the roots of plants * * *
root canal
Dentistry. 1. Also called pulp canal. the root portion of the pulp cavity. 2. Informal. See root canal therapy (def. 2). [1890-95] * * *
root canal therapy
1. endodontics. 2. a specific treatment for disease of the dental pulp involving removal of the nerve and other tissues from the pulp cavity and their replacement with filling ...
root cap
root cap n. the loose cells at the tip of a growing root, rubbed off by the motion of the root tip through the soil and constantly renewed from within * * *
root cellar
a cellar, partially or wholly underground and usually covered with dirt, where root crops and other vegetables are stored. [1815-25] * * *
root climber
Bot. a plant that clings to a surface and climbs by means of adventitious roots, as the ivy, Hedera helix. [1895-1900] * * *
root crop
a crop, as beets, turnips, or sweet potatoes, grown for its large and edible undergound parts. [1825-35] * * *
root division
the act or process of reproducing plants by a division of roots or crowns. * * *
root doctor
Chiefly Southern U.S. See herb doctor. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
root field
Math. See splitting field. * * *
root graft
1. Hort. the process of grafting a shoot or stem of one plant onto a section of root of another. 2. a plant, commonly a young one, that is the result of root grafting. 3. the ...
root hair
an elongated tubular extension of an epidermal cell of a root, serving to absorb water and minerals from the soil. [1855-60] * * *
root knot
Plant. Pathol. a disease of plants, characterized by galls or knots on the roots and stunted growth, caused by any of several nematodes of the genus Meloidogyne. [1885-90] * * *
root mean square
Math. the square root of the arithmetic mean of the squares of the numbers in a given set of numbers. Abbr.: rms [1890-95] * * *
root of unity
Math. a complex number that when raised to some positive integral power results in 1. * * *
root position
Music. the position of a triad in which the root is in the bass. [1890-95] * * *
root pressure
Bot. osmotic pressure within the cells of a root system that causes sap to rise through a plant stem to the leaves. [1870-75] * * * ▪ botany       in plants (plant), ...
root rot
Plant Pathol. 1. a symptom or phase of many diseases of plants, characterized by discoloration and decay of the roots. 2. any disease so characterized. [1880-85] * * *
root test
Math. the theorem that a given infinite series converges if the nth root of the absolute value of the nth term approaches a limit less than 1 as n increases without bound. * * *
Root, Elihu
born Feb. 15, 1845, Clinton, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 7, 1937, New York, N.Y. U.S. lawyer and diplomat. He became a U.S. attorney for the southern district of New York in 1883. He ...
Root, John Wellborn
▪ American architect born Jan. 10, 1850, Lumpkin, Ga., U.S. died Jan. 15, 1891, Chicago       architect, one of the greatest practitioners in the Chicago School of ...
Root,Elihu
Root (ro͞ot), Elihu. 1845-1937. American lawyer and public official who served as U.S. secretary of war (1899-1904), secretary of state (1905-1909), and senator from New York ...
Root,John Wellborn
Root, John Wellborn. 1850-1891. American architect whose designs include the Monadnock Building (1889-1891) in Chicago, which employed steel beams along with traditional ...
Root-Takahira Agreement
▪ United States-Japan [1908]   (Nov. 30, 1908), accord between the United States and Japan that averted a drift toward possible war by mutually acknowledging certain ...
rootage
/rooh"tij, root"ij/, n. 1. the act of taking root. 2. a root system or firm fixture by means of roots. [1580-90; ROOT1 + -AGE] * * *
rootball
/rooht"bawl', root"-/, n. 1. a roughly spherical aggregate of roots and soil that is transplanted with a plant, esp. a tree or shrub. 2. the ball of soil and roots of a plant ...
rootbeer
root beer n. A carbonated soft drink made from extracts of certain plant roots and herbs. * * *
rootcanal
root canal n. 1. A pulp-filled channel in a root of a tooth. 2. A treatment in which diseased tissue from this part of the tooth is removed and the resulting cavity is filled ...
rootcap
/rooht"kap', root"-/, n. Bot. the loose mass of epidermal cells covering the apex of most roots, serving to protect the meristematic cells behind it. [1875-80; ROOT1 + CAP1] * * *
rootcellar
root cellar n. An underground pit or cellar, usually covered with earth, used for the storage of root crops and other vegetables. * * *
rootclimber
root climber n. A vine, such as the ivy, that clings to its support by means of adventitious roots. * * *
rootcrop
root crop n. A crop, as of turnips or yams, grown for its edible roots. * * *
rooted
—rootedly, adv. —rootedness, n. /rooh"tid, root"id/, adj. 1. having roots. 2. firmly implanted (often used in combination): a deep-rooted belief. [1350-1400; ME roted; see ...
rootedness
root·ed·ness (ro͞oʹtĭd-nĭs, ro͝otʹĭd-) n. The quality or state of having roots, especially of being firmly established, settled, or entrenched: “stories that give... ...
rooter
rooter1 /rooh"teuhr, root"euhr/, n. 1. a person, animal, or thing that roots, as with the snout. 2. South Midland and Southern U.S. a pig's snout. 3. See black buffalo. [1640-50; ...
rooter skunk.
See hog-nosed skunk (def. 1). * * *
roothair
root hair n. A thin hairlike outgrowth of an epidermal cell of a plant root that absorbs water and minerals from the soil. * * *
roothold
root·hold (ro͞otʹhōld', ro͝otʹ-) n. Support or stabilization of a plant in the soil through the spreading of its roots. * * *
rooti
/rooh"tee, root"ee/, n. Anglo-Indian. rooty2. * * *
rootiness
See rooty. * * *
rootknot
root knot n. A disease of plants characterized by protuberant enlargements on the roots caused by a nematode. * * *
rootle
rootle [ro͞ot′'l] vi. rootled, rootling Brit. ROOT2 (vi. 1 & 2) * * *
rootless
—rootlessness, n. /rooht"lis, root"-/, adj. 1. having no roots. 2. having no basis of stability; unsteady: a rootless feeling resulting from economic and social change. 3. ...
rootlessness
See rootless. * * *
rootlet
/rooht"lit, root"-/, n. Bot. 1. a little root. 2. a small or fine branch of a root. 3. one of the adventitious roots by which ivy or the like clings to rocks or other ...
rootmean square
root mean square n. Statistics The square root of the average of the squares of a set of numbers. * * *
rootpressure
root pressure n. Pressure exerted in the roots of plants as the result of osmosis, causing exudation from cut stems and guttation of water from leaves. * * *
rootreptile
root reptile n. See cotylosaur. * * *
Roots
a long novel (1976) by the US writer Alex Haley, for which he received a special Pulitzer Prize. The story, based on Haley’s research into his own family’s history, is about ...
Roots blower
/roohts/ a machine for compressing or evacuating air or gas by the rotation of a meshing pair of lobed wheels in a closely fitting case. * * *
rootstalk
/rooht"stawk', root"-/, n. Bot. a rhizome. [ROOT1 + STALK1] * * *
rootstock
/rooht"stok', root"-/, n. 1. Hort. a root and its associated growth buds, used as a stock in plant propagation. 2. Bot. a rhizome. [1930-35; ROOT1 + STOCK] * * *
rootsystem
root system n. All the roots of a plant. * * *
rootworm
/rooht"werrm', root"-/, n. 1. the larva of any of several insects, as the cucumber beetle, that feeds on the roots of plants. 2. any of several nematodes, esp. of the genus ...


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