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rooty1 —rootiness, n. /rooh"tee, root"ee/, adj., rootier, rootiest. abounding in or consisting of roots. [1475-85; ROOT1 + -Y1] rooty2 /rooh"tee, root"ee/, n. ...
/roh"peuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being roped. 2. Australian Informal. angry. [1870-75; ROPE + -ABLE] * * *
▪ India also called  Rupnagar        town, eastern Punjab state, northwestern India. The town lies on the Sutlej River near the head of the great Sirhind Canal. ...
—roper, n. —ropelike, adj. /rohp/, n., v., roped, roping. n. 1. a strong, thick line or cord, commonly one composed of twisted or braided strands of hemp, flax, or the like, ...
rope socket
either of a pair of matching fittings fastened to the ends of lengths of wire rope to join them together. [1895-1900] * * *
rope stitch
(in embroidery) a stitch formed from the entwining of stitches. [1875-80] * * *
rope tow.
See ski tow. [1960-65] * * *
rope yarn.
See under yarn (def. 3). [1615-25] * * *
/roh"peuh beuhl/, adj. ropable. * * *
—ropedance, n. —ropedancing, n. /rohp"dan'seuhr, -dahn'-/, n. a person who walks across or performs acrobatics upon a rope stretched at some height above the floor or ...
—ropemaker, n. /rohp"may'king/, n. the act, skill, or process of making rope. [1785-95; ROPE + MAKING] * * *
See rope. * * *
Roper River
River, Northern Territory, Australia. It flows east to Limmen Bight on the Gulf of Carpentaria; it is about 325 mi (525 km) long and is navigable for about 90 mi (145 km). It ...
Roper, Burns Worthington
▪ 2004 “Bud”        American pollster (b. Feb. 26, 1925, Creston, Iowa—d. Jan. 20, 2003, Bourne, Mass.), was for decades chairman (1967–93) of the polling ...
Roper, Elmo
▪ American pollster born July 31, 1900, Hebron, Neb., U.S. died April 30, 1971, West Reading, Pa.       American pollster, the first to develop the scientific poll for ...
/roh"peuh ree/, n., pl. roperies. 1. a place where ropes are made. 2. Archaic. knavery; roguery. [1325-75; ME roperie. See ROPE, -ERY] * * *
rope tow n. A continuous rope conveyor used to pull skiers up a slope; a ski tow. * * *
/rohp"wawk'/, n. a long, narrow path or building where ropes are made. [1665-75; ROPE + WALK] * * *
/rohp"waw'keuhr/, n. a ropedancer. [1605-15; ROPE + WALKER] * * *
/rohp"way'/, n. tramway (def. 4). [1885-90; ROPE + WAY] * * *
See ropy. * * *
See ropily. * * *
ro·pin·i·role (rō-pĭnʹə-rōl') n. A dopamine agonist used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.   [propyl + amino + -ir-(probably alteration of hydro-) + indole.] * * ...
Rops, Félicien
▪ Belgian artist born July 7, 1833, Namur, Belg. died Aug. 22, 1898, Essonnes, France       Belgian painter and graphic artist remembered primarily for his ...
—ropily, adv. —ropiness, n. /roh"pee/, adj., ropier, ropiest. 1. resembling a rope or ropes: ropy muscles. 2. forming viscid or glutinous threads, as a liquid. [1470-80; ROPE ...
/rohk/, n. a form of croquet played on a clay or hard-surface court surrounded by a low wall off which the balls may be played. [1895-1900, Amer.; back formation from ROQUET] * * ...
/rohk"feuhrt/, Trademark. a strongly flavored cheese, veined with mold, made of sheep's milk and ripened in caves at Roquefort, a town in S France. Also called Roquefort ...
/rok"euh lawr', -lohr', roh"keuh-/; Fr. /rddawkeu lawrdd"/, n., pl. roquelaures /-lawrz', -lohrz'/; Fr. /-lawrdd"/. a cloak reaching to the knees, worn by men during the 18th ...
/roh kay"/, v., roqueted /-kayd"/, roqueting /-kay"ing/, n. Croquet, Roque. v.t. 1. to cause one's ball to strike (another player's ball). 2. (of a ball) to strike (another ...
/roh ket"/, n. arugula. * * *
▪ territory, Brazil       estado (state), northern Brazil. It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, on the east by Guyana and the state of Pará, and on the south and ...
Roraima, Mount
▪ mountain, South America Spanish  Cerro Roraima  or  Monte Roraima,  Portuguese  Monte Roraímã         giant flat-topped mountain, or mesa, in the Pakaraima ...
/rawr"euhm/, n. Ned, born 1923, U.S. composer and author. * * *
Ro·rem (rôrʹəm, rōrʹ-), Ned. Born 1923. American composer whose works include art songs, such as the cycle War Scenes (1969), and symphonies, including Air Music (1976). * ...
/rawr"kweuhl/, n. any of several whales of the genus Balaenoptera; finback. [1820-30; < F < Norw rørkval, ON reytharhvalr, equiv. to reyth(a)r rorqual (akin to rauthr RED1) + ...
Rorschach test
/rawr"shahk, rohr"-/, Psychol. a test for revealing the underlying personality structure of an individual by the use of a standard series of 10 inkblot designs to which the ...
Rorschach, Hermann
born Nov. 8, 1884, Zürich, Switz. died April 2, 1922, Herisau Swiss psychiatrist. The eldest son of an art teacher, he was given the nickname Kleck, meaning "inkblot," as a ...
Ror·schach test (rôrʹshäk', -shäKH') n. A psychological test in which a subject's interpretations of a series of standard inkblots are analyzed as an indication of ...
Rörstrand faience
▪ Swedish pottery       first faience (tin-glazed earthenware) produced in Sweden, at the Rörstrand factory established in 1725 by a Dane, Johann Wolff, near ...
/rawrt/, n. Australian. a rowdy, usually drunken party. [back formation from rorty boisterous, rowdy, in earlier Brit. slang: jolly, fine, splendid; of uncert. orig.] * * *
Rorty, Richard
▪ American philosopher in full  Richard McKay Rorty  born Oct. 4, 1931, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 8, 2007, Palo Alto, Calif.       American pragmatist ...
Rorty, Richard (McKay)
born Oct. 4, 1931, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. philosopher. After receiving his Ph.D. at Yale University in 1956, he taught at Wellesley College, Princeton University, the ...
Rorty, Richard McKay
▪ 2008       American pragmatist philosopher and public intellectual born Oct. 4, 1931, New York, N.Y. died June 8, 2007 , Palo Alto, Calif. was noted for his ...
/rawr"ee, rohr"ee/, n. a male given name. * * *
Rory Bremner
➡ Bremner * * *
It. /rddaw"zah/; Eng. /roh"zeuh/, n. 1. Salvator /sahl"vah tawrdd'/, 1615-73, Italian painter and poet. 2. Monte It. /mawn"te/; Eng. /mon"tee/, a mountain between Switzerland and ...
Rosa Parks
➡ Parks * * *
rosa solis
/roh"zeuh soh"lis/, pl. rosa solises. sundew. [1555-65; < NL, alter. (by influence of L rosa rose) of L ros solis dew of the sun] * * *
Rosa, Salvator
born June 20, 1615, Arenella, Sicily, Spanish Habsburg died March 15, 1673, Rome, Papal States Italian painter and etcher. He studied in Naples, where he came under the ...
Ro·sa (rōʹzä), Monte A mountain, 4,636.9 m (15,203 ft) high, on the Swiss-Italian border that is the highest elevation in the Pennine Alps. * * *
/roh zays", -zahs"/, n. rosette (def. 3). [1840-50; < F < L rosaceus ROSACEOUS] * * *
/roh zay"shee euh/, n. Pathol. a chronic form of acne affecting the nose, forehead, and cheeks, characterized by red pustular lesions. Also called acne rosacea. [1825-35; < NL ...
/roh zay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. belonging to the plant family Rosaceae. Cf. rose family. 2. having a corolla of five broad petals, like that of a rose. 3. like a rose; roselike: ...
▪ plant order Introduction  the rose order of dicotyledonous flowering plants, containing 9 families, 261 genera, and more than 7,700 species. Rosales, which is in the Rosid ...
/roh"zeuh lee, roz"euh-/, n. a female given name: from a Latin word meaning rose festival. * * *
/roz"euh lind, roh"zeuh-/, n. a female given name. * * *
Rosalyn [räz′ə lin, rōz′ə lin] n. a feminine name: var. Rosalynn * * *
Rosamond or Rosamund [räz′ə mənd, rō′zəmənd] n. 〚ME Rosamunda < OFr Rosamonde or Sp Rosamunda < ML Rosamunda, as if < L rosa munda, clean rose, but ult. < OHG ...
/roz"euh meuhnd, roh"zeuh-/, n. a female given name: from Germanic words meaning "horse" and "protection." Also, Rosamond. * * *
/roh zan"l in, -uyn'/, n. Chem. 1. a red dye, C20H20N3Cl, derived from aniline and orthotoluidine, a constituent of fuchsin. 2. the base, C20H21N3O, which, with hydrochloric ...
/roh zan"/, n. a female given name. Also, Rosanna /roh zan"euh/. * * *
/roh zair"ee euhn/, n. a person who is fond of, develops, or cultivates roses. [1860-65; ROSE1 + -ARIAN] * * *
/roh zahr"ee oh', -sahr"-/; Sp. /rddaw sah"rddyaw/, n. a port in E Argentina, on the Paraná River. 954,606. * * * City (metro. area pop., 1999 est.: 1,000,000) and river port, ...
Rosario, Edwin
▪ 1998       Puerto Rican boxer who won the world lightweight championship three times and the junior welterweight once but was hindered by drug-abuse problems. He died ...
Ro·sar·i·o Strait (rō-zârʹē-ō) A strait in the San Juan Islands of northwest Washington connecting Admiralty Inlet with the Strait of Georgia. * * *
/roh zair"ee euhm/, n., pl. rosariums, rosaria /-ee euh/. a rose garden. [1835-45; < L rosarium; see ROSARY] * * *
/roh"zeuh ree/, n., pl. rosaries. 1. Rom. Cath. Ch. a. a series of prayers, usually consisting of 15 decades of aves, each decade being preceded by a paternoster and followed by ...
rosary pea
or Indian licorice Tropical plant (Abrus precatorius; family Leguminosae). Its hard, red and black seeds, though highly poisonous, are strung into necklaces and rosaries in ...
rosary pea.
See Indian licorice. [1865-70] * * *
rosary pea n. A tropical woody vine (Abrus precatorius) widely naturalized in Florida, having scarlet and black poisonous seeds used as beads. Also called crab's eye, Indian ...
Rosas, Juan Manuel de
born March 30, 1793, Buenos Aires, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata died March 14, 1877, Southampton, Hampshire, Eng. Argentinian military and political leader. Born to a ...
Rosas,Juan Manuel de
Ro·sas (rōʹsäs), Juan Manuel de. 1793-1877. Argentine political leader who as governor of Buenos Aires (1829-1831 and 1835-1852) united the provinces of Argentina under a ...
▪ French philosopher and theologian Latin  Roscellinus Compendiensis, or Rucelinus   born c. 1050, , Compiègne, Fr. died c. 1125       French philosopher and ...
/rosh"ee euhn, rosh"euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or involving acting. [1630-40; ROSCI(US) + -AN] * * *
/rosh"ee euhs, rosh"euhs/, n. Quintus /kwin"teuhs/, c126-c62 B.C., Roman actor. * * * ▪ Roman actor in full  Quintus Roscius Gallus   died 62 BC       Roman comic ...
/ros"koh/, n. Older Slang. a revolver or pistol. [1910-15, Amer.; of uncert. orig.] * * * (as used in expressions) Conkling Roscoe Murrow Edward Egbert Roscoe Pound Roscoe * * *
/ros"koh/, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "swift" and "horse." * * * (as used in expressions) Conkling Roscoe Murrow Edward Egbert Roscoe Pound Roscoe * * *
/ros"koh luyt'/, n. Mineral. a brown variety of muscovite in which some aluminum is replaced by vanadium. [1875-80; named after Sir Henry Roscoe (1833-1915), English chemist; see ...
/ros kom"euhn/, n. a county in Connacht, in the N Republic of Ireland. 54,499; 950 sq. mi. (2460 sq. km). Co. seat: Roscommon. * * * ▪ Ireland Irish  Ros ...
rose1 —roseless, adj. —roselike, adj. /rohz/, n., adj., v., rosed, rosing. n. 1. any of the wild or cultivated, usually prickly-stemmed, pinnate-leaved, showy-flowered shrubs ...
/rohz/, n. 1. Billy, 1899-1966, U.S. theatrical producer. 2. a female given name. * * * I Any of about 100 species in the genus Rosa (family Rosaceae) characterized by their ...
/roh zay"/, n. a pink table wine in which the pale color is produced by removing the grape skins from the must before fermentation is completed. [1425-75; < F: lit., pink] * * ...
rose acacia
a small tree, Robinia hispida, of the legume family, native to the southeastern U.S., having drooping clusters of large, dark rose-colored flowers. [1810-20] * * *
rose aphid
a dark green aphid, Macrosiphum rosae, that feeds on roses and related plants. * * *
rose apple
1. any of various tropical trees belonging to the genus Syzygium, of the myrtle family, esp. S. jambos, of the East Indies, having showy, greenish-white flowers and oval, ...
rose beetle
1. See rose chafer. 2. See Fuller rose beetle. [1775-85] * * *
Rose Bowl
(in the US) the oldest and best-known of the college football bowl games. It is played on New Year’s Day in Pasadena, California, in the Rose Bowl stadium which has 102 000 ...
Rose Bowl Parade
➡ Rose Bowl * * *
Rose Bowl Table
▪ Table Rose Bowl season result 1901–02 Michigan 49 Stanford   0 1915–16 Washington State 14 Brown   0 1916–17 Oregon 14 Pennsylvania   0 1917–18 Mare ...
rose box
a perforated metal box used as a strainer; strum. [1860-65] * * *
rose campion
a plant, Lychnis coronaria, of the pink family, having reddish purple flowers, and leaves covered with whitish down. Also called dusty miller, mullein pink. [1520-30] * * *
rose chafer
a tan scarabaeid beetle, Macrodactylus subspinosis, that feeds on the flowers and foliage of roses, grapes, peach trees, etc. Also called rose beetle. [1695-1705] * * *
rose cold
Pathol. See rose fever. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
rose comb
a low comb with rounded points and a rear-extending spike of some breeds of chickens, as Wyandotte. [1840-50] * * *
rose d'Anvers
Fr. /rddohz dahonn verdd"/, Jewelry. a gem having a rose cut of 12 or fewer facets. [ < F: rose of Anvers] * * *
rose family
the plant family Rosaceae, characterized by trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants having compound or simple leaves with stipules, flowers typically with five sepals and five ...
rose fever
Pathol. a form of hay fever caused by the inhalation of rose pollen, characterized by nasal discharge and lacrimation. Also called rose cold. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
rose geranium
a geranium, Pelargonium graveolens, cultivated for its fragrant, lobed or narrowly divided leaves. [1825-35] * * *
rose hip
hip2. [1855-60] * * *
Rose Island
▪ atoll, American Samoa       most easterly coral atoll of the Samoan archipelago, part of American Samoa, southwestern Pacific Ocean. It has a total land area of 0.1 ...
rose madder
a pigment derived from anthraquinone and hydrated oxide of aluminum, characterized chiefly by its reddish color and permanence: used in painting. Cf. madder lake (def. ...
rose mallow
any of several plants of the genus Hibiscus, of the mallow family, having rose-colored flowers. [1725-35] * * *
rose mandarin.
See under mandarin (def. 5). * * *
rose moss
a portulaca, Portulaca grandiflora, widely cultivated for its showy flowers. Also called moss rose. * * * ▪ Rhodobryum roseum       (Rhodobryum roseum; formerly Bryum ...
rose noble
a former gold coin of England, first issued by Edward IV, being the existing noble with a figure of a rose added to the types on either side: much imitated on the Continent, esp. ...
rose of China.
See China rose (def. 2). * * *
rose of Heaven
a plant, Lychnis coeli-rosa, of the pink family, native to the Mediterranean region, having solitary terminal, rose-pink flowers. [1850-55] * * *
rose of Jericho
an Asian plant, Anastatica hierochuntica, of the mustard family, which, after drying and curling up, expands when moistened. Also called resurrection plant. [1350-1400; ME] * * ...
Rose of Lima, Saint
orig. Isabel de Flores born April 20/30, 1586, Lima, Viceroyalty of Peru died Aug. 24, 1617, Lima; canonized April 12, 1671; feast day August 23, formerly August 30 Patron ...
rose of Sharon
1. Also called althea. a widely cultivated shrub or small tree, Hibiscus syriacus, of the mallow family, having showy white, reddish or purplish flowers. 2. Also called ...
rose oil
a pale yellow, green, or red, volatile, fragrant, sweet-tasting liquid, obtained by steam distillation from fresh roses, esp. damask roses: used in flavoring and perfume. Also ...
rose pink
—rose-pink, adj. a light pinkish red color. [1725-35] * * *
rose pogonia
a North American terrestrial orchid, Pogonia ophioglossoides, having a fragrant, usually solitary rose-pink or white flower. Also called snakemouth, adder's-mouth. * * *
rose quartz
a rose-red to pink variety of crystalline quartz usually found in massive form and used as a gem or ornamental stone. [1810-20] * * * Translucent, coarse-grained variety of the ...
Rose Theatre
a theatre built in 1587 near Southwark Bridge in the Bankside area in London, England, where many of Shakespeare’s plays were performed and where Edward Alleyn acted. It was ...
rose water
water tinctured with the essential oil of roses, used as a perfume. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
rose weevil.
See Fuller rose beetle. Also called rose beetle. * * *
rose window
a circular window decorated with tracery symmetrical about the center. Cf. wheel window. [1765-75] * * * In Gothic architecture, a decorated circular window, often glazed with ...
Rose, Billy
▪ American composer original name  William Samuel Rosenberg   born Sept. 6, 1899, Bronx, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 10, 1966, Montego Bay, Jam.       American theatrical ...
Rose, Ernestine
▪ American social reformer née  Ernestine Louise Potowski,  Potowski also spelled  Potovsky  or  Polowsky  born Jan. 13, 1810, Piotrków Trybunalski, Russian ...
Rose, Fred
born Aug. 24, 1897, Evansville, Ind., U.S. died Dec. 1, 1954, Nashville, Tenn. U.S. singer and songwriter, a pioneer of country music. He grew up in St. Louis, and he performed ...
Rose, Hugh Henry, Baron Strathnairn Of Strathnairn And Of Jhānsi
▪ British field marshal born , April 6, 1801, Berlin, Prussia [Germany] died Oct. 16, 1885, Paris, Fr.       British field marshal and one of the ablest commanders ...
Rose, Irwin
▪ American chemist born July 16, 1926, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.       American biochemist who shared the 2004 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Aaron J. Ciechanover ...
Rose, Lionel
▪ Australian boxer born June 21, 1948, Drouin, Victoria, Austl.    Australian professional boxer, world bantamweight (118 pounds) champion, 1968–69. He was the first ...
Rose, Murray
▪ Australian athlete in full  Iain Murray Rose  born January 6, 1939, Nairn, Scotland       Australian swimmer who won six Olympic medals and was the first man to ...
Rose, Pete
▪ American athlete in full  Peter Edward Rose , byname  Charlie Hustle  born April 14, 1941, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.    professional baseball player who in 1985 exceeded ...
Rose, Pete(r Edward)
born April 14, 1941, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. U.S. baseball player. Rose began playing organized baseball at age eight. He played for the Cincinnati Reds (1963–78, 1984–86), ...
Rose, Reginald
▪ 2003       American television playwright (b. Dec. 10, 1920, New York, N.Y.—d. April 19, 2002, Norwalk, Conn.), was known for exploring complex social and political ...
Rose, Sir Michael
▪ 1995       In January 1994 Lieut. Gen. Sir Michael Rose assumed one of the toughest and most delicate military commands in the world: leading the UN forces in Bosnia ...
Rose (rōz), Billy. 1899-1966. American impresario and songwriter who produced Crazy Quilt (1931) and other musical comedies and wrote several popular songs, including “Me and ...
Rose, Mount A mountain, 3,287.3 m (10,778 ft) high, of western Nevada. It is in a winter sports area near Reno and Lake Tahoe. * * *
Rose,Peter Edward
Rose, Peter Edward. Known as “Pete.” Born 1942. American baseball player who played with the Cincinnati Reds from 1963 to 1978 and returned as the team's manager in 1984. ...
rose-breasted grosbeak
/rohz"bres'tid/ an American grosbeak, Pheucticus ludovicianus, the male of which, in nuptial plumage, has a rose-pink triangular breast patch. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
rose-breast·ed grosbeak (rōzʹbrĕs'tĭd) n. A North American bird (Pheucticus ludovicianus), the male of which is black and white with a rose-red patch on the breast. * * *
/rohz"kul'euhrd/, adj. 1. of rose color; rosy. 2. bright; promising; cheerful: a rose-colored prospect of happiness. 3. optimistic; sanguine: a rose-colored belief that things ...
rose-colored glasses
a cheerful or optimistic view of things, usually without valid basis: He saw life through rose-colored glasses. [1860-65] * * *
See rose pink. * * *
/rohz"slug'/, n. the larva of any of several sawflies, esp. Endelomyia aethiops or Cladius isomerus, that skeletonize the foliage of roses. [1875-80] * * *
/rohz"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, adj. 1. having the aroma or fragrance of rose water. 2. affectedly delicate, nice, or fine; sentimental: a Victorian novelist with a genteel, ...
rose acacia n. A shrub (Robinia hispida) of the southeast United States, having bristly brittle branches and clusters of pale purple or rose flowers. * * *
/roh zan"euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
the main character in the popular US television comedy series on ABC of the same name (1988–97). She was played by the US comedy actor Roseanne (originally Roseanne Barr, later ...
Roseanne Barr
➡ Barr * * *
rose apple n. 1. A southeast Asian evergreen tree (Syzygium jambos) widely cultivated for its showy flowers and fragrant, cream-yellow, ovoid fruits that are used for jellies and ...
—roseately, adv. /roh"zee it, -ayt'/, adj. 1. tinged with rose; rosy: a roseate dawn. 2. bright or promising: a roseate future. 3. incautiously optimistic: a roseate forecast ...
roseate spoonbill
a tropical New World spoonbill, Ajaia ajaja, having rose-colored plumage and a bare head. See illus. under spoonbill. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
See roseate. * * *
roseate spoonbill n. A New World species of spoonbill (Ajaia ajaja) having rosy or pinkish plumage and, in the adult, a bare head. * * *
/roh zoh"/, n. a seaport on and the capital of Dominica. 10,417. * * * Town (pop., 1991:15,853), capital of Dominica, an island nation of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean ...
/rohz"bay'/, n. 1. any of several rhododendrons, as the great laurel of eastern North America or Rhododendron macrophyllum, of the west coast of North America. 2. Brit. the ...
rose beetle n. See rose chafer. * * *
/rohz"beuh ree/, n. Archibald Philip Primrose /prim"rohz'/, 5th Earl of, 1847-1929, British statesman and author: prime minister 1894-95. * * * ▪ Tasmania, ...
Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of
orig. Archibald Philip Primrose born May 7, 1847, London, Eng. died May 21, 1929, Epsom, Surrey British politician. He served in William E. Gladstone's governments as ...
Rosebery,Fifth Earl of
Rose·ber·y (rōzʹbĕr'ē, -bə-rē), Fifth Earl of Title of Archibald Philip Primrose. 1847-1929. British politician who served as prime minister (1894-1895) and supported ...
/rohz"bud'/, n. the bud of a rose. [1605-15; ROSE1 + BUD1] * * *
rose bug n. See rose chafer. * * *
/rohz"berrg/, n. a city in W Oregon. 16,644. * * * ▪ Oregon, United States       city, seat (1854) of Douglas county, southwestern Oregon, U.S., on the South Umpqua ...
/rohz"boosh'/, n. a shrub that bears roses. [1580-90; ROSE1 + BUSH1] * * *
rose campion n. A Eurasian plant (Lychnis coronaria) naturalized in northeast North America, having a dense cover of white, woolly down and rose-red flowers. Also called mullein ...
rose chafer n. A long-legged gray North American beetle (Macrodactylus subspinosus) that causes damage to the roots, leaves, and blossoms of garden plants, especially roses. Also ...
rose cold n. See rose fever. * * *
/rohz"krans/, n. William Starke /stahrk/, 1819-98, U.S. general. * * *
Rosecrans, William S
▪ United States general born Sept. 6, 1819, Kingston Township, Ohio, U.S. died March 11, 1898, Redondo Junction, Calif.  Union general and excellent strategist early in the ...
Rosecrans, William S(tarke)
born Sept. 6, 1819, Kingston Township, Ohio, U.S. died March 11, 1898, Redondo Junction, Calif. U.S. general. He served in the army before resigning to become an architect and ...
Rosecrans,William Starke
Rose·crans (rōzʹkrănz'), William Starke. 1819-1898. American Union general. After successful campaigns in West Virginia and Mississippi, he was defeated at Chickamauga, ...
/rohz"dayl'/, n. a city in N Maryland, near Baltimore. 19,956. * * *
rose family n. A large family of plants, the Rosaceae, characterized by showy flowers with five separated petals and numerous stamens borne on the margin of a cuplike structure, ...
rose fever n. A spring or early summer hay fever. Also called rose cold. * * *
▪ bird       any of the 21 or so species of the genus Carpodacus, of the songbird family Carduelidae, sometimes placed in the Fringillidae. Rosefinches are about 15 ...
/rohz"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) rosefish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) rosefishes. 1. redfish (def. 1). 2. See blackbelly rosefish. [1715-25, Amer.; ...
rose geranium n. A woody plant (Pelargonium graveolens) having rose-pink flowers and fragrant, deeply palmately lobed leaves used for flavoring and in perfumery. * * *
Rosegger, Peter
▪ Austrian writer born July 31, 1843, Alpl, Austria died June 26, 1918, Krieglach       Austrian writer known for his novels describing provincial ...
rose hip or rose·hip (rōzʹhĭp') n. The aggregate fruit of the rose plant, consisting of several dry fruitlets enclosed by the enlarged, fleshy, usually red floral cup that ...
/roh zel"euh/, n. any of several large, colorful parakeets of the genus Platycercus, of Australia. [1820-30; alter. of Rosehill, district in southeast Australia] * * ...
/roh zel"/, n. a tropical plant, Hibiscus sabdariffa, of the mallow family, grown for its thick, red calyx and bracts, used in making jellies and as a substitute for ...
/roh zel"/, n. 1. a city in NE New Jersey. 20,641. 2. a town in NE Illinois. 16,948. * * * ▪ plant also called  rosella, Jamaican sorrel, or java ...
Roselle and Roselle Park
▪ borough, New Jersey, United States       boroughs (towns) in Union county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S., adjoining Elizabeth on the west. Originally part of Linden ...
Roselle Park
a borough in NE New Jersey. 13,377. * * *
/roh zel"euhn/, n. a female given name. * * *
/roh"zeuh mah'ling/, n. decorative work of Norwegian folk origin consisting of painted or carved floral designs, as on furniture or woodwork. [1940-45; < Norw, equiv. to rose ...
rose mallow n. A tall marsh plant (Hibiscus moscheutos) of eastern North America, having leaves covered with whitish down and large flowers with white, pink, or rose petals with ...
/rohz'meuh ree", rohz"meuh ree'/, n. a female given name. * * *
/rohz"mair'ee, -meuh ree/, n., pl. rosemaries. an evergreen shrub, Rosmarinus officinalis, of the mint family, native to the Mediterranean region, having leathery, narrow leaves ...
/rohz"mair'ee, -meuh ree/, n. a female given name. * * * Small perennial evergreen shrub (Rosmarinus officinalis) of the mint family whose leaves are used to flavour a wide ...
Rosemary Elizabeth Simmonds
➡ Simmonds * * *
Rosemary Sutcliff
➡ Sutcliff * * *
/rohz"meed'/, n. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 42,604. * * *
Rosemeyer, Bernd
▪ German race–car driver born Oct. 14, 1909, Lingen, Ger. died Jan. 28, 1938, near Mörfelden       German automobile racing driver who established himself as one of ...
/rohz"mont/, n. a town in central California, near Sacramento. 18,888. * * *
rose moss n. 1. Any of the various mosses of the genus Rhodobryum, especially R. roseum, characterized by conspicuous terminal leaf rosettes. 2. See portulaca. * * *
Rosen, Nathan
▪ 1996       U.S.-born Israeli theoretical physicist who in 1935 collaborated with Albert Einstein and Boris Podolsky on a much-debated refutation of the theory of ...
Rosenbach, A S W
▪ American book collector born July 22, 1876, Philadelphia died July 1, 1952, Philadelphia       U.S. book (book collecting) and manuscript collector and dealer who ...
(as used in expressions) Borge Rosenbaum Alissa Rosenbaum Alice Rosenbaum * * *
Rosenbaum, David E.
▪ 2007       American journalist (b. March 1, 1942, Miami, Fla.—d. Jan. 8, 2006, Washington, D.C.), demystified complex political and economic issues, along with ...
/roh"zeuhn berrg'/, n. 1. Julius, 1918-53, and his wife, Ethel Greenglass /green"glas', -glahs'/, 1915-53, U.S. citizens executed for passing atomic-bomb secrets to the ...
Rosenberg, Alfred
born Jan. 12, 1893, Reval, Estonia died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, Ger. German Nazi ideologue. As editor of the Nazi Party newspaper from 1921, he drew on the ideas of the ...
Rosenberg, Ethel and Julius
orig. Ethel Greenglass born Sept. 28, 1915, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 19, 1953, Ossining, N.Y. born May 12, 1918, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 19, 1953, Ossining, ...
Rosenberg, Harold
▪ American writer born Feb. 2, 1906, New York City died July 11, 1978, New York City       U.S. writer, educator, and philosopher particularly known for his insightful ...
Rosenberg, Isaac
▪ British poet born Nov. 25, 1890, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died April 1918, France       British poet and painter killed in World War I.       Rosenberg ...
Rosenberg, Julius; and Rosenberg, Ethel
▪ American spies Ethel Rosenberg née  Ethel Greenglass  Respectively,   born May 12, 1918, New York, New York, U.S. died June 19, 1953, Ossining, New York born September ...
Rosenberg, William
▪ 2003       American entrepreneur (b. June 10, 1916, Boston, Mass.—d. Sept. 20, 2002, Mashpee, Mass.), founded the iconic Dunkin' Donuts chain, the largest coffee and ...
Ro·sen·berg (rōʹzĭn-bûrg', -bĕrg', -bĕrk'), Alfred. 1893-1946. German political leader who expounded Nazi doctrine in The Myth of the 20th Century (1930). He was ...
Ro·sen·berg (rōʹzĭn-bûrg'), Julius. 1918-1953. American spy who with his wife, Ethel (1915-1953), was convicted of helping pass information concerning nuclear weaponry to ...
Rosenbluth, M N
▪ 2004       American physicist (b. Feb. 5, 1927, Albany, N.Y.—d. Sept. 28, 2003, San Diego, Calif.), played an important role in the development of the hydrogen bomb ...
Rosenbusch, Karl Heinrich Ferdinand
▪ German geologist also called  Harry Rosenbusch   born June 24, 1836, Einbeck, Hanover died Jan. 20, 1914, Heidelberg, Ger.       German geologist who laid the ...
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
two minor characters in the play Hamlet by Shakespeare. They appear as the main characters in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead (1966), a comedy play by Tom Stoppard which ...
Rosenkavalier, Der
Ger. /derdd rddoh"zeuhn kah vah leerdd'/ an opera (1911) by Richard Strauss. * * *
Rosenquist, James
born Nov. 29, 1933, Grand Forks, N.D., U.S. U.S. painter. His youthful employment as a billboard painter influenced the enlarged imagery and cool, impersonal style of painting ...
/roh"zeuhn thawl'/, n. 1. Jean, 1912-69, U.S. theatrical lighting designer. 2. Emmanuel, born 1904, French conductor and composer. * * *
Rosenthal, A M
▪ 2007       American editor (b. May 2, 1922, Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.—d. May 10, 2006, New York, N.Y.), as the trailblazing managing editor (1969–77) and executive ...
Rosenthal, Joe
▪ 2007 Joseph John Rosenthal  American photographer (b. Oct. 9, 1911, Washington, D.C.—d. Aug. 20, 2006, Novato, Calif.), captured the iconic image of five Marines and a ...
Rosenthal, Manuel
▪ 2004       French composer and conductor (b. June 18, 1904, Paris, France—d. June 5, 2003, Paris), championed modern composers, notably Jacques Offenbach, Igor ...
/roh"zeuhn wawld'/, n. Julius, 1862-1932, U.S. businessman and philanthropist. * * *
Rosenwald, Julius
▪ American merchant and philanthropist born Aug. 12, 1862, Springfield, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 6, 1932, Chicago  U.S. merchant and unorthodox philanthropist who opposed the ...
Rosenzweig, Franz
born Dec. 25, 1886, Kassel, Ger. died Dec. 10, 1929, Frankfurt am Main German existentialist and religious philosopher. As a student at Berlin and Freiburg, he rejected the ...
roseof heaven
rose of heaven n. A glabrous Mediterranean annual plant (Lychnis coeli-rosa) having opposite, linear, or lance-shaped leaves and large, rose-pink flowers. * * *
roseof Jericho
rose of Jericho n. Either of two desert plants, Anastatica hierochuntica of the mustard family, native to northern Africa and southwest Asia, or Selaginella lepidophylla, a fern ...
roseof Sharon
rose of Sharon n. 1. A small eastern Asian tree or tall shrub (Hibiscus syriacus) having large reddish, purple, or white flowers and coarsely toothed leaves. Also called ...
—roseolar, adj. /roh zee"euh leuh, roh'zee oh"leuh/, n. Pathol. 1. a kind of rose-colored rash. 2. rubella. [1810-20; < NL, equiv. to L rose(us) rose-colored + -ola -OLE1] * * *
roseola infantum
▪ disease also called  exanthem subitum        infectious disease of early childhood marked by rapidly developing high fever (to 106° F) lasting about three days and ...
See roseola. * * *
rose periwinkle n. See Madagascar periwinkle. * * *
rose pink n. A moderate to dark pink.   roseʹ-pinkʹ (rōzʹpĭngkʹ) adj. * * *
rose quartz n. A pinkish variety of the mineral quartz, used as a gemstone or as an ornamental stone. * * *
rose·root (rōzʹro͞ot', -ro͝ot') n. A perennial plant (Sedum rosea) of the Northern Hemisphere, having fleshy leaves and greenish-yellow or purple flowers. * * *
➡ Wars of the Roses. * * *
Roses, Wars of the
(1455–85) Series of dynastic civil wars between the houses of Lancaster and York for the English throne. The wars were named for the emblems of the two houses, the white rose ...
☆ roseslug [rōz′slug΄ ] n. the sluglike larva of certain sawflies (esp. Endelomyia aethiops) that eats the leaves of roses * * * rose slug n. The larva of either of two ...
/roz"it/, n. Scot. resin; rosin. [1495-1505; var. of ME rosine ROSIN] * * *
Roset, Michel
▪ Swiss diplomat born June 15, 1534, Geneva died Aug. 28, 1613, Geneva       Swiss political figure who, with Theodore Beza (Beza, Theodore), played the most important ...
/roh zet"euh/, n. 1. a town in N Egypt, at a mouth of the Nile. 36,700. 2. a female given name. * * * ▪ Egypt Arabic  Rashīd,         town, northern Al-Buḥayrah ...
Rosetta stone
1. a stone slab, found in 1799 near Rosetta, bearing parallel inscriptions in Greek, Egyptian hieroglyphic, and demotic characters, making possible the decipherment of ancient ...
Ro·set·ta stone (rō-zĕtʹə) n. A basalt tablet bearing inscriptions in Greek and in Egyptian hieroglyphic and demotic scripts that was discovered in 1799 near Rosetta, a ...
/roh zet"/, n. 1. any arrangement, part, object, or formation more or less resembling a rose. 2. a rose-shaped arrangement of ribbon or other material, used as an ornament or ...
/roh zet"/, n. a female given name. * * *
/rohz"vil/, n. 1. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 54,311. 2. a city in SE Minnesota, near St. Paul. 35,820. 3. a city in E California. 24,347. * * * ▪ California, United ...
/rohz"wawl'/, n. Ken(neth R.), born 1934, Australian tennis player. * * *
Rosewall, Ken
▪ Australian athlete byname of  Kenneth Ronald Rosewall   born Nov. 2, 1934, Sydney       Australian tennis player who was a major competitor for 25 years, winning 18 ...
Rosewall, Ken(neth Ronald)
born Nov. 2, 1934, Sydney, Austl. Australian tennis player. He won his first major titles, the Wimbledon men's doubles and the French singles, in 1956. He remained a top ...
rose water n. A fragrant preparation made by steeping or distilling rose petals in water, used in cosmetics, as toilet water, and in cookery. * * *
rose window n. A large circular window, usually glazed with stained glass, having stone tracery radiating from the center, often with intricate petallike patterns. * * *
/rohz"wood'/, n. 1. any of various reddish cabinet woods, sometimes with a roselike odor, yielded by certain tropical trees, esp. belonging to the genus Dalbergia, of the legume ...
rosewood oil
a fragrant oil extracted from the wood of a South American tree, Aniba rosaeodora, and used in the manufacture of perfumes. [1865-70] * * *
Rosh Hashana
Rosh Hashana [rōsh′ hə shô′nə, həshä′nə; ] Heb [ rōsh′ hä shä nä′] n. 〚Heb rosh-hashana, lit., head (or first) of the year〛 the Jewish New Year, ...
Rosh Hashanah
/rohsh" hah shaw"neuh, -shah"-, heuh-, rawsh"/; Ashk. Heb. /rddohsh" hah shaw"neuh/; Seph. Heb. /rddawsh" hah shah nah"/ a Jewish high holy day that marks the beginning of the ...
Rosh Hodesh
/rohsh' khoh"desh/; Ashk. Heb. /rddohsh khoh"desh/; Seph. Heb. /rddawsh khaw"desh/, Judaism. the beginning of a new month in the Jewish calendar, celebrated in a specified manner ...
Rosh Ha·sha·nah also Rosh Ha·sha·na or Rosh Ha·sho·na or Rosh Ha·sho·nah (rôsh' hə-shôʹnə, -shäʹ-, hä-, hä-shä-näʹ) n. The Jewish New Year, observed on the ...
/roh"shee/, n. the religious leader of a group of Zen Buddhists. [ < Japn roshi] * * *
/roh'zi krooh"sheuhn, roz'i-/, n. 1. (in the 17th and 18th centuries) a person who belonged to a secret society laying claim to various forms of occult knowledge and power and ...
/roh'zi krooh"sheuh niz'euhm, roz'i-/, n. the practices or principles of Rosicrucians. [1730-40; ROSICRUCIAN + -ISM] * * *
/roh"zee/, n. a female given name, form of Rose. * * *
Rosie the Riveter
the name used in the US to refer to any American woman who worked in factories to help the war effort during World War II. A riveter fixes sheets of metal together with thick ...
/roh"zeuh lee/, adv. 1. with a rosy color. 2. in a rosy manner; brightly, cheerfully, or optimistically. [1800-10; ROSY + -LY] * * *
—rosiny, adj. /roz"in/, n. Also called colophony. 1. Chem. the yellowish to amber, translucent, hard, brittle, fragmented resin left after distilling the oil of turpentine from ...
rosin oil
rosin oil n. a viscous, odorless oil, obtained by the fractional distillation of rosin and used as a lubricant, etc. * * *
/roh zee"neuh/; It. /rddaw zee"nah/, n. a female given name, Italian form of Rose. * * *
/roz'euh nan"tee, roh'zeuh nahn"tee/, n. 1. the old, worn horse of Don Quixote. 2. (l.c.) an old, decrepit horse. Spanish, Rocinante. * * *
rosiness [rō′zē nis] n. a rosy quality or state * * * See rosily. * * *
rosin oil n. A white to brown viscous liquid obtained by fractional distillation of rosin and used in lubricants, adhesives, electrical insulation, and printing inks. * * *
/roz"in weed'/, n. 1. any coarse, North American, composite plant of the genus Silphium, having a resinous juice and stalkless, paired leaves. 2. the compass plant, S. ...
See rosin. * * *
/roh zee"teuh/; Sp. /rddaw see"tah/, n. a female given name, Spanish form of Rose. * * *
Ros·kil·de (rŭʹskē'lə) A city of eastern Denmark on Sjaelland Island west of Copenhagen. It was the capital of Denmark from the tenth century until 1443. Population: ...
Rosmini-Serbati, Antonio
▪ Italian philosopher born March 24, 1797, Rovereto, county of Tyrol, Austria [now in Italy] died July 1, 1855, Stresa, Lombardy [Italy]  Italian religious philosopher and ...
/roh zoh"lee oh', reuh-/; It. /rddaw zaw"lyaw/, n. a cordial flavored with rose petals, cloves, cinnamon, or the like, popular in southern Europe. [1810-20; < It, var. of rosoli ...

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