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Rubal Khali
Rub al Kha·li (ro͝ob' ăl käʹlē, äl KHäʹlē) Sometimes called “the Empty Quarter.”. A desert region in the southeast interior of the Arabian Peninsula. Virtually ...
Rubarth's disease
/rooh"bahrts, -bahrths/ a common, rapidly progressing viral hepatitis of dogs and other carnivores, often confused with canine distemper. Also called infectious canine ...
/rooh bas", -bahs"/, n. a variety of bright-red rock crystal. [1885-90; < F rubace, appar. deriv. of rubis RUBY] * * *
/rooh bah"toh/; It. /rddooh bah"taw/, adj., n., pl. rubatos, rubati /-tee/, adv. Music. adj. 1. having certain notes arbitrarily lengthened while others are correspondingly ...
rubbaboo or rubaboo [rub′ə bo͞o΄] n. 〚CdnFr rababou < ? Algonquian: cf. Cree - aapoy, Ojibwa - aabo, soup, broth, liquid〛 a soup made from pemmican boiled in water, ...
rubber1 —rubberless, adj. —rubberlike, adj. /rub"euhr/, n. 1. Also called India rubber, natural rubber, gum elastic, caoutchouc. a highly elastic solid substance, light cream ...
rubber band
a narrow, circular or oblong band of rubber, used for holding things together, as papers or a box and its lid. [1890-95] * * *
rubber bridge
Cards. a form of contract bridge in which deals are not replayed and in which scores are settled after each rubber. Cf. duplicate bridge. [1935-40] * * *
rubber cement
a viscous, flammable liquid consisting of unvulcanized rubber dispersed in benzene, gasoline, or the like, used chiefly as an adhesive. [1890-95] * * *
rubber check
a check drawn on an account lacking the funds to pay it; a check that bounces. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
rubber game
rubber game n. any game played to break a tie resulting when each side has won the same number of games: also rubber match * * *
rubber ice
Canadian. thin ice that shifts, cracks, or groans when crossed on foot. * * *
rubber latex
the milky sap of any of several trees of the genus Hevea, esp. H. brasiliensis, from which natural rubber is derived. [1905-10] * * *
rubber match
Sports. rubber2 (def. 4) * * *
rubber plant
1. a plant, Ficus elastica, of the mulberry family, having oblong, shining, leathery leaves, growing native as a tall tree in India, the Malay Archipelago, etc., used as a source ...
rubber room
Informal. a room padded with foam rubber for the confinement of a violent mentally ill person. [1975-80] * * *
rubber stamp
1. a device with a rubber printing surface that becomes coated with ink by being pressed on an ink-saturated pad, used for imprinting dates, addresses, standard designations or ...
rubber tree
any tree that yields latex from which rubber is produced, esp. Hevea brasiliensis, of the spurge family, native to South America, the chief commercial source of ...
rubber-base paint
/rub"euhr bays'/. See latex paint. [1935-40] * * *
rub·ber-base paint (rŭbʹər-bās') n. See latex paint. * * *
rubber-chicken circuit
/rub"euhr chik"euhn, -in/, Informal. a monotonous round of dinners, often featuring chicken, that a lecturer or political candidate is obliged to attend. [1955-60] * * *
/rub"euhr fayst'/, adj. having a face with unusually mobile features: a rubber-faced comedian. [1960-65] * * *
/rub"euhr stamp"/, v.t. 1. to imprint with a rubber stamp. 2. to give approval automatically or without consideration: to rubber-stamp the president's proposals. adj. 3. tending ...
rubber band n. An elastic loop of natural or synthetic rubber used to hold objects together. Also called gum band. * * *
rubber bullet n. A hard rubber bullet for a riot gun used especially by military personnel and law enforcement officers in crowd control. * * *
rubber cement n. Nonvulcanized rubber in an organic solvent, used as an adhesive. * * *
rubber check n. Slang A check returned by a bank because of insufficient funds in the account on which it is drawn. * * *
/rub"euh ruyz'/, v.t., rubberized, rubberizing. to coat or impregnate with rubber or some preparation of it. Also, esp. Brit., rubberise. [1910-15; RUBBER1 + -IZE] * * *
rubberman disease
/rub"euhr man'/. See Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. [RUBBER1 + MAN1] * * *
/rub"euhr nek'/, Informal. v.i. 1. to look about or stare with great curiosity, as by craning the neck or turning the head. v.t. 2. to gawk at: The tieup was due to drivers ...
rub·ber·neck·er (rŭbʹər-nĕk'ər) n. Slang A gawking onlooker. * * *
rubber plant Ficus elastica © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. 1. Any of several tropical plants yielding sap that can be coagulated to form crude rubber. 2. A ...
rubber stamp n. 1. A piece of rubber affixed to a handle and bearing raised characters used to make ink impressions, as of names or dates. 2. also rub·ber·stamp ...
rubber tree n. A tropical South American tree (Hevea brasiliensis) widely cultivated throughout the Tropics and yielding a milky juice that is a major source of commercial ...
/rub"euh ree/, adj. like rubber; elastic; tough. [1905-10; RUBBER1 + -Y1] * * *
Rubbia, Carlo
▪ Italian physicist born March 31, 1934, Gorizia, Italy       Italian physicist who in 1984 shared with Simon van der Meer (Meer, Simon van der) the Nobel Prize for ...
Rub·bi·a (ro͞oʹbē-ə, ro͞oʹbyä), Carlo. Born 1934. Italian physicist. He shared a 1984 Nobel Prize for the discovery of three subatomic particles. * * *
/rub"ing/, n. 1. an act or action of a person or thing that rubs. 2. an impression of an incised or sculptured surface made by laying paper over it and rubbing with heelball, ...
rubbing alcohol
a poisonous solution of about 70 percent isopropyl or denatured ethyl alcohol, usually containing a perfume oil, used chiefly in massaging. [1925-30] * * *
rubbing alcohol n. A mixture usually consisting of 70 percent isopropyl or absolute alcohol, applied externally to relieve muscle and joint pain. * * *
/rub"ish/, n. 1. worthless, unwanted material that is rejected or thrown out; debris; litter; trash. 2. nonsense, as in writing or art: sentimental rubbish. [1350-1400; ME ...
/rub"i shee/, adj. 1. full of rubbish: a rubbishy cellar. 2. suggestive of rubbish; trashy: a rubbishy book. [1785-95; RUBBISH + -Y1] * * *
/rub"euhl/ or, for 3, 4, /rooh"beuhl/, n. 1. broken bits and pieces of anything, as that which is demolished: Bombing reduced the town to rubble. 2. any solid substance, as ice, ...
rubble masonry
also called  rubblework        the use of undressed, rough stone, generally in the construction of walls (wall). Dry-stone random rubble walls, for which rough stones ...
/rub"euhl werrk', rooh"beuhl-/, n. masonry built of rubble or roughly dressed stones. [1815-25; RUBBLE + WORK] * * *
/rub"lee/, adj., rubblier, rubbliest. made or consisting of rubble. [1725-35; RUBBLE + -Y1] * * *
/rub"down'/, n. a massage, esp. after exercise or a steam bath. [1665-75; n. use of v. phrase rub down] * * *
/roohb/, n. Informal. an unsophisticated person from a rural area; hick. [1895-1900; generic use of RUBE; cf. earlier use of REUBEN in same sense] * * *
/roohb/, n. a male given name, form of Reuben. * * *
Rube Goldberg
1. having a fantastically complicated, improvised appearance: a Rube Goldberg arrangement of flasks and test tubes. 2. deviously complex and impractical: a Rube Goldberg scheme ...
/rooh bay"beuh/, n. a medieval fiddle similar to the rebec. [ < ML < Ar rabab; see REBAB, REBEC] * * *
/rooh'beuh fay"sheuhnt/, adj. 1. causing redness of the skin, as a medicinal application. n. 2. Med. a rubefacient application, as a mustard plaster. [1795-1805; < L rubefacient- ...
/rooh'beuh fak"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of making red, esp. with a rubefacient. 2. redness of the skin caused by a rubefacient. [1650-60; < L rubefactus (ptp. of ...
Rube Goldberg (ro͞obʹ) adj. Of, relating to, or being a contrivance that brings about by complicated means what apparently could have been accomplished simply.   [After ...
ru·bel (ro͞oʹbəl) n. See table at currency.   [Belarusian, from Old Russian rublĭ, cut, piece. See ruble.] * * *
/rooh bel"euh/, n. Pathol. a usually mild contagious viral disease characterized by fever, mild upper respiratory congestion, and a fine red rash lasting a few days: if ...
/rooh bel"uyt, rooh"beuh luyt'/, n. a deep-red variety of tourmaline, used as a gem. [1790-1800; < L rubell(us) reddish (see RUBELLA) + -ITE1] * * *
/rooh"beuhn/, n. 1. Douay Bible. Reuben (defs. 1, 2). 2. a male given name, form of Reuben. * * *
Rubenesque [ro͞o΄bə nesk′] adj. 1. of, characteristic of, or like the art of Rubens; colorful, sensual, opulent, etc. 2. full and shapely; voluptuous: said of a woman's ...
▪ art French  Rubéniste,         any of the artists and critics who championed the sovereignty of colour over design and drawing in the “quarrel” of colour ...
—Rubenesque, Rubensian /rooh ben"zee euhn/, adj. /rooh"beuhnz/; Flem. /rddyuu"beuhns/, n. Peter Paul /pee"teuhr pawl/; Flem. /pay"teuhrdd powl/, 1577-1640, Flemish painter. * * ...
Rubens, Peter Paul
born June 28, 1577, Siegen, Westphalia died May 30, 1640, Antwerp, Spanish Neth. Flemish painter and diplomat. After apprenticeships in Antwerp, he was admitted to its ...
Rubens,Peter Paul
Ru·bens (ro͞oʹbənz), Peter Paul. 1577-1640. Flemish painter. A master of the baroque, he executed many portraits and exuberant works of allegorical, historical, and ...
—rubeolar, adj. /rooh bee"euh leuh, rooh'bee oh"leuh/, n. Pathol. measles. [1670-80; < NL, n. use of neut. pl. of RUBEOLUS, equiv. to L rube(us), robeus red + -olus -OLE1] * * *
See rubeola. * * *
See rubescent. * * *
—rubescence, n. /rooh bes"euhnt/, adj. becoming red; blushing. [1725-35; < L rubescent- (s. of rubescens, prp. of rubescere to redden), equiv. to rub(ere) to be red (deriv. of ...
Rubey, William W.
▪ American geologist in full  William Walden Rubey  born Dec. 19, 1898, Moberly, Mo., U.S. died April 12, 1974, Santa Monica, Calif.       U.S. geologist known for ...
▪ plant family       the madder family of the Rubiales order of flowering plants, consisting of 660 genera with more than 11,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, ...
/rooh'bee ay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Rubiaceae, the madder family of plants. Cf. madder family. [1825-35; < NL Rubiace(ae) name of family (Rubi(a) genus name (L rubia ...
/rooh"bi kon'/, n. 1. a river in N Italy flowing E into the Adriatic. 15 mi. (24 km) long: in crossing this ancient boundary between Cisalpine Gaul and Italy, to march against ...
—rubicundity, n. /rooh"bi kund'/, adj. red or reddish; ruddy: a rubicund complexion. [1495-1505; < L rubicundus, akin to ruber RED1] * * *
See rubicund. * * *
—rubidic, adj. /rooh bid"ee euhm/, n. Chem. a silver-white, metallic, active element resembling potassium, used in photoelectric cells and radio vacuum tubes. Symbol: Rb; at. ...
rubidium-strontium dating
/rooh bid"ee euhm stron"shee euhm, -sheuhm, -tee euhm/, Geol. a radiometric dating method whereby the ratio of rubidium isotope to strontium in a mineral is used to calculate the ...
/rooh"beed/, adj. having a color like that of a ruby; deep red. [1600-10; RUBY + -ED3] * * *
/rooh"beuh fuy'/, v.t., rubified, rubifying. to make red; redden: a distant fire that rubified the sky. [1350-1400; ME rubifien < OF rubifier
/rooh bij"euh neuhs/, adj. rusty; rust-colored; brownish-red. Also, rubiginose /rooh bij"euh nohs'/. [1665-75; < L robiginosus, equiv. to robigin-, rubigin-, s. of robigo, rubigo ...
Rubik's Cube
/rooh"biks/, Trademark. a puzzle consisting of a cube with colored faces made of 26 smaller colored blocks attached to a spindle in the center, the object being to rotate the ...
Rubik, Erno
▪ Hungarian inventor born July 13, 1944, Budapest, Hung.    inventor of Rubik's Cube, a popular toy of the 1980s. Rubik's Cube consists of 26 small cubes that rotate on a ...
(Frederick Jay Rubin 1963– ) a US music producer and record company owner, best known for his work in rap and heavy metal. He founded the Def Jam record label in 1984 with ...
Rubin's test
▪ medicine       diagnostic method for determining whether the fallopian tubes (fallopian tube) in the human female are occluded. (The fallopian tubes are slender hollow ...
Rubin, Jerry
▪ 1995       U.S. political activist turned businessman (b. July 14, 1938, Cincinnati, Ohio—d. Nov. 28, 1994, Los Angeles, Calif.), gained his widest renown from the ...
Rubin, Rick
▪ 2008 Frederick Jay Rubin  born March 10, 1963, Long Island, N.Y.  In keeping with his unflappable, bearded guru image, American record producer Rick Rubin chose to avoid ...
Rubin, William Stanley
▪ 2007       American curator (b. Aug. 11, 1927, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. Jan. 22, 2006, Pound Ridge, N.Y.), served as director (1973–88) of the painting and sculpture ...
Rubini, Giovanni Battista
▪ Italian singer born April 7, 1794, Romano, republic of Venice [Italy] died March 3, 1854, Romano       Italian tenor remembered as the major early exponent of the ...
/rooh"bin stuyn'/; Russ. /rddooh byin shtyayn"/; Pol. /rddooh"been stuyn'/, n. 1. Anton /an"ton/; Russ. /un tawn"/, 1829-94, Russian pianist and composer. 2. Arthur or Artur ...
Rubinstein, Anton
▪ Russian composer and musician in full  Anton Grigoryevich Rubinstein  born , Nov. 16 [Nov. 28, New Style], 1829, Vykhvatinets, Podolia province, Russia died Nov. 8 [Nov. ...
Rubinstein, Anton (Grigoryevich)
born Nov. 28, 1829, Vykhvatinets, Podolia province, Russia died Nov. 20, 1894, Peterhof Russian composer and pianist. Touring as a piano virtuoso, he met Frédéric Chopin and ...
Rubinstein, Artur
born Jan. 28, 1887, Łodz, Pol. died Dec. 20, 1982, Geneva, Switz. Polish-U.S. pianist. His studies with Joseph Joachim led to a debut in Berlin in 1900. He later studied with ...
Rubinstein, Helena
born , Dec. 25, 1870, Kraków, Pol., Austria-Hungary died April 1, 1965, New York, N.Y., U.S. Polish-U.S. cosmetician, business executive, and philanthropist. She went to ...
Rubinstein, Ida
▪ Russian dancer born 1885, St. Petersburg, Russia died Sept. 20, 1960, Vence, France       exceptionally beautiful dancer, actress, and patron of the performing ...
Rubinstein,Anton Gregor
Ru·bin·stein (ro͞oʹbĭn-stīn'), Anton Gregor. 1829-1894. Russian pianist and composer who founded the St. Petersburg Conservatory (1862). His compositions include chamber ...
Rubinstein, Arthur or Artur 1887-1982. Polish-born American pianist particularly known for his interpretations of the works of Chopin. * * *
/rooh"bee euhs/, adj. ruby-colored. [1595-1605; RUBY + -OUS] * * *
▪ Ukraine Russian  Rubezhnoye,  also spelled  Rubezhnoe        city, eastern Ukraine, on the Donets River. The settlement dates from the 18th century and was ...
/rooh"beuhl/, n. a silver or copper-alloy coin and monetary unit of Russia, the Soviet Union, and its successor states, equal to 100 kopecks. Also, rouble. [1545-55; < Russ ...
Rublev, Andrei
or Andrei Rublyov born с 1360, Russia died 1430 Russian painter. He was trained wholly in the stylized tradition of Byzantine art, but to the more humanistic approach it had ...
Rublyov, Saint Andrey
▪ Russian painter born c. 1360–70 died c. 1430; canonized 1988; feast day January 29       one of the greatest medieval Russian painters, whose masterpiece is a ...
/rub"awf", -of"/, n. 1. an act of rubbing off, as to remove something. 2. a deep mark, effect, or impact produced esp. through constant close contact. [1935-40; n. use of v. ...
/rub"owt'/, n. Slang. a murder or assassination. [1925-30, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase rub out] * * *
ru·bre·dox·in (ro͞o'brĭ-dŏkʹsĭn) n. An electron-carrying protein associated with oxidation-reduction reactions in anaerobic bacteria and eukaryotic cells.   [Latin ...
/rooh"brik/, n. 1. a title, heading, direction, or the like, in a manuscript, book, statute, etc., written or printed in red or otherwise distinguished from the rest of the ...
—rubrically, adv. /rooh"bri keuhl/, adj. 1. reddish; marked with red. 2. of, pertaining to, contained in, or prescribed by rubrics, esp. liturgical rubrics. [1635-45; RUBRIC + ...
—rubrication, n. —rubricator, n. /rooh"bri kayt'/, v.t., rubricated, rubricating. 1. to mark or color with red. 2. to furnish with or regulate by rubrics. [1560-70; < LL ...
/rooh"bri kay'tid/, adj. (in ancient manuscripts, early printed books, etc.) having titles, catchwords, etc., distinctively colored. [1595-1605; RUBRICATE + -ED2] * * *
See rubricate. * * * In calligraphy and typography, the use of handwriting or type of a different colour on a page, derived from the practice of setting off liturgical ...
See rubrication. * * *
/rooh brish"euhn/, n. an expert in or close adherent to liturgical rubrics. [1840-50; RUBRIC + -IAN] * * *
rubrum lily
/rooh"breuhm/ either of two cultivated lilies, Lilium auratum rubrum or L. speciosum rubrum, having showy red flowers. * * *
/rub"stohn'/, n. a stone, esp. a whetstone, used for polishing or sharpening. [1400-50; late ME; see RUB, STONE] * * *
/rddoohp tsawfsk"/, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Asia. 163,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled  Rubcovsk,         city, Altay kray (region), west central ...
—rubylike, adj. /rooh"bee/, n., pl. rubies, adj. n. 1. a red variety of corundum, used as a gem. 2. something made of this stone or one of its imitations, as a bearing in a ...
/rooh"bee/, n. a female given name. * * * Gemstone composed of transparent red corundum. Its colour varies from deep to pale red, in some cases with a tinge of purple, ...
ruby glass
1. glass having a red color resulting from the addition of gold, copper, or selenium to the batch. 2. any glass of a dark red color. [1790-1800] * * * ▪ ...
ruby silver
Mineral. 1. proustite. 2. pyrargyrite. [1875-80] * * *       either of two silver-containing minerals, proustite and pyrargyrite (qq.v.). * * *
ruby spinel
Mineral. a deep red, transparent variety of spinel, used as a gem. Also called spinel ruby. [1830-40] * * * ▪ mineral       natural or synthetic gem-quality spinel ...
Ruby Wax
➡ Wax * * *
ruby-crowned kinglet
/rooh"bee krownd'/ an olive-gray, American kinglet, Regulus calendula, the male of which has an erectile, ruby crest. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
ruby-throated hummingbird
/rooh"bee throh'tid/ a small hummingbird, Archilochus colubris, the only hummingbird of eastern North America, having metallic-green upper plumage and a bright red throat in the ...
ru·by-throat·ed hummingbird (ro͞oʹbē-thrō'tĭd) n. A small bird (Archilochus colubris) of eastern North America, having metallic-green upper plumage and, in the male, a ...
ruby laser n. A laser that uses a ruby crystal to produce an intense narrow beam of coherent red light, used in light-transmission communication and for localized heating. * * *
Rub{ʽ} al-Khali
Vast desert, south-central Arabian Peninsula. It covers about 250,000 sq mi (650,000 sq km), mainly in southeastern Saudi Arabia, and has lesser portions in Yemen, Oman, and the ...
Rubʼ al Khali
Rubʼ al Khali [roob΄ äl kä′lē] large desert of S Arabia: c. 250,000 sq mi (647,498 sq km) * * *
Rubʿ al-Khali
▪ desert, Arabia also spelled  Ar-Rabʿ al-Khali (Arabic: “Empty Quarter”)    vast desert in the southern Arabian Peninsula, covering about 250,000 square miles ...
➡ Royal Ulster Constabulary. * * *
Rucellai, Palazzo
▪ palace, Florence, Italy       early Renaissance palace in Florence, designed c. 1445–70 by Leon Battista Alberti for the Rucellai, a wealthy Tuscan mercantile ...
/roohsh/, n. a strip of pleated lace, net, muslin, or other material for trimming or finishing a dress, as at the collar or sleeves. [1820-30; < F: lit., beehive < Gallo-Rom ...
ruched [ro͞osht] adj. 1. pleated or gathered into ruches [ruched silk] 2. having ruches [a ruched collar, neckline, or dress] * * * See ruche. * * *
/rooh"shing/, n. 1. material for making a ruche. 2. ruches collectively. [1860-65; RUCHE + -ING1] * * *
ruck1 /ruk/, n. 1. a large number or quantity; mass. 2. the great mass of undistinguished or inferior persons or things. [1175-1225; ME ruke, perh. < Scand; cf. Norw ruka in same ...
Ruckers, Hans, The Elder
▪ Flemish instrument maker born c. 1555, , Mechelen, Burgundy died c. 1623, , Antwerp       most famous of all harpsichord makers and founder of a dynasty of Flemish ...
Rückert, Friedrich
▪ German poet pseudonym  Freimund Raimar   born May 16, 1788, Schweinfurt, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha died Jan. 31, 1866, Neuses, near Coburg       prolific German poet known ...
ruckle [ruk′əl] vt., vi. ruckled, ruckling Brit. var. of RUCK2 * * *
/ruk"sak', rook"-/, n. a type of knapsack carried by hikers, bicyclists, etc. [1890-95; < G: lit., back sack] * * *
/ruk"euhs/, n. 1. a noisy commotion; fracas; rumpus: The losers are sure to raise a ruckus. 2. a heated controversy: Newspapers fostered the ruckus by printing the opponents' ...
/ruk"sheuhn/, n. a disturbance, quarrel, or row. [1815-25; orig. uncert.] * * *
Ruda Slaska
/rddooh"dah shlawonn"skah/ a city in S Poland, NW of Katowice. 147,000. * * * ▪ Poland       city, Śląskie województwo (province), south-central Poland, in the heart ...
▪ Persian poet byname of  Abū ʿAbdollāh Jaʿfar ibn Moḥammad  born c. 859, Rudak, Khorāsān died 940/941, Rudak?       the first poet of note to compose poems ...
/rud bek"ee euh, roohd-/, n. any composite plant of the genus Rudbeckia, having alternate leaves and showy flower heads. [1750-60; < NL; named after Olaus Rudbeck (1630-1702), ...
/rud/, n. a European, freshwater fish, Scardinius erythrophthalmus, of the carp family. [1600-10; appar. special use of rud redness (now dial.), ME rude, OE rudu; cf. RED1, ...
Rudd, Kevin
▪ 2008 born Sept. 21, 1957, Nambour, Queens., Australia  In 2007 Australian opposition leader Kevin Rudd ramped up his calls for Prime Minister John Howard to set a date for ...
Rudd, Steele
▪ Australian writer pseudonym of  Arthur Hoey Davis   born Nov. 14, 1868, Drayton, Queen., Australia died Oct. 11, 1935, Brisbane, Queen.       novelist, playwright, ...
—ruddered, adj. —rudderless, adj. —rudderlike, adj. /rud"euhr/, n. 1. Naut. a vertical blade at the stern of a vessel that can be turned horizontally to change the vessel's ...
/rud"euhr fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) rudderfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) rudderfishes. any of various fishes having the habit of following ...
/rud"euhr hed'/, n. Naut. the upper end of a rudderpost, to which a tiller, quadrant, or yoke is attached. [1795-1805; RUDDER + HEAD] * * *
rud·der·less (rŭdʹər-lĭs) adj. 1. Lacking in direction, control, or coherence: the confused and rudderless financial markets; characterized the administration's Central ...
/rud"euhr pohst'/, n. Naut. the vertical member of a stern frame on which the rudder is hung; a sternpost. Also, rudder post. [1685-95; RUDDER + POST1] * * *
/rud"euhr stok'/, n. Naut. the vertical member at the forward edge of a rudder, hinged at the sternpost and attached to the helm or steering gear. Also, rudder stock. [1860-65; ...
/rud"euh vay'teuhr/, n. Aeron. a control surface functioning both as a rudder and as an elevator. [1960-65; RUDD(ER) + (EL)EVATOR] * * *
See ruddy. * * *
See ruddily. * * *
/rud"l/, n., v., ruddled, ruddling. n. 1. a red variety of ocher, used for marking sheep, coloring, etc. v.t. 2. to mark or color with ruddle. Also, raddle, reddle. [1530-40; ...
/rud"l meuhn/, n., pl. ruddlemen. a person who deals in ruddle. Also, raddleman, reddleman. [1615-25; RUDDLE + MAN1] * * *
Ruddles County
➡ Greene King * * *
ruddock [rud′ək] n. 〚ME ruddok < OE rudduc < rudu, red (see RUDD) + -uc,-OCK〛 [Brit. Dial.] ROBIN (sense 2) * * * rud·dock (rŭdʹək) n. Chiefly British An Old World ...
—ruddily, adv. —ruddiness, n. /rud"ee/, adj., ruddier, ruddiest, adv. adj. 1. of or having a fresh, healthy red color: a ruddy complexion. 2. red or reddish. 3. Brit. Slang. ...
ruddy duck
a stiff-tailed American duck, Oxyura jamaicensis, the adult male of which has a brownish-red body, black crown, and white cheeks. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
ruddy turnstone
a common shorebird, Arenaria interpres, of the New and Old World arctic, wintering south to southern South America and Australia and having striking reddish-brown, black, and ...
ruddy duck n. A North American duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) having stiff pointed tail feathers and, in the male, brownish-red upper plumage and a black-and-white head. Also called ...
—rudely, adv. —rudeness, n. /roohd/, adj., ruder, rudest. 1. discourteous or impolite, esp. in a deliberate way: a rude reply. 2. without culture, learning, or refinement: ...
/rddyuud/, n. François /frddahonn swann"/, 1784-1855, French sculptor. * * *
Rude, François
born Jan. 4, 1784, Dijon, Fr. died Nov. 3, 1855, Paris French sculptor. He won the Prix de Rome in 1812 but was prevented from going to Rome by the Napoleonic Wars. His early ...
Rudel, Julius
▪ Austrian-American conductor born , March 6, 1921, Vienna       Austrian-born U.S. conductor and opera impresario who was conductor or director of the New York City ...
See rude. * * *
See rudely. * * *
/rooh"deuhr euhl/, Bot. adj. 1. (of a plant) growing in waste places, along roadsides or in rubbish. n. 2. a ruderal plant. [1855-60; < NL ruderalis, equiv. to L ruder- (s. of ...
rudery [ro͞od′ər ē] n. 1. the quality of being rude (in various senses); rudeness 2. pl. ruderies a rude act or expression * * *
▪ Germany in full  Rüdesheim am Rhein        town, Hessen Land (state), western Germany. It is situated in the Rheingau (region) at the foot of the Taunus Mountains ...
/rooh"deuhs huy'meuhr/; Ger. /rddyuu"deuhs huy'meuhrdd/, n. any of the Rheingau wines from the vineyards near Rüdesheim, a town on the Rhine River in W Germany. [1790-1800; < ...
/rooh"deuh meuhnt/, n. 1. Usually, rudiments. a. the elements or first principles of a subject: the rudiments of grammar. b. a mere beginning, first slight appearance, or ...
See rudiment. * * *
See rudimentary. * * *
See rudimentarily. * * *
—rudimentarily /rooh'deuh men tair"euh lee, -men"teuhr euh lee/, adv. —rudimentariness, n. /rooh'deuh men"teuh ree, -tree/, adj. 1. pertaining to rudiments or first ...
Rudinì, Antonio Starabba, marchese di
▪ premier of Italy born April 16, 1839, Palermo, Sicily, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies [now in Italy] died Aug. 7, 1908, Rome, Italy       Italian statesman, premier of ...
Rudnicki, Adolf
▪ Polish author born , February 19, 1912, Warsaw, Poland, Russian Empire [now in Poland] died November 14, 1990, Warsaw, Poland       Polish novelist and essayist noted ...
/rddoohd"nee/, n. a city in N central Kazakhstan, SW of Kustanai. 109,000. * * * ▪ Kazakstan Kazak  Rūdnyy , also spelled  Rudnyi , or  Rudnyj        city, ...
/rooh"dolf/, n. 1. Max, born 1902, U.S. orchestra conductor, born in Germany. 2. Lake, former name of Turkana (def. 3). 3. a male given name, form of Rolf. * * * I born Aug. 21, ...
Rudolf I
/rooh"dolf/; Ger. /rddooh"dawlf/ 1218-91, king of Germany and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1273-91: founder of the Hapsburg dynasty. Also, Rudolph I. Also called Rudolph I of ...
Rudolf II
      see Rudolf II (Burgundy) (Rudolf II). ▪ Holy Roman emperor born , July 18, 1552, Vienna, Habsburg domain [now in Austria] died Jan. 20, 1612, Prague, Bohemia [now ...
Rudolf III
▪ king of Burgundy byname  Rudolf the Sluggard  or  the Pious , French  Rodolphe le Fainéant  or  le Pieux  born c. 970 died Sept. 5/6, 1032       last of the ...
Rudolf von Ems
▪ German poet born c. 1200, Hohenems, Swabia [now in Austria] died c. 1254, Italy       prolific and versatile Middle High German poet. Between about 1220 and 1254 he ...
Rudolf, Archduke and Crown Prince of Austria
▪ crown prince of Austria German  Rudolf, Erzherzog Und Kronprinz Von Österreich   born Aug. 21, 1858, Schloss Laxenburg, near Vienna, Austria died Jan. 30, 1889, Schloss ...
Rudolf, Lake
or Lake Turkana Lake, mainly in northern Kenya. The fourth largest of the eastern African lakes, it lies 1,230 ft (375 m) above sea level in the Great Rift Valley and covers an ...
Rudolf, Max
▪ 1996       German-born U.S. conductor (b. June 15, 1902, Frankfurt am Main, Germany—d. Feb. 28/March 1, 1995, Philadelphia, Pa.), was conductor (1945-58) and music ...
Rudolf, Lake See Turkana, Lake. * * *
Rudolf I, 1218-1291. Holy Roman emperor (1273-1291) and founder of the Hapsburg dynasty. * * *
/rooh"dolf/, n. 1. Paul (Marvin), 1918-97, U.S. architect. 2. Wilma (Glodean) /gloh"dee euhn/, born 1940, U.S. track and field athlete. 3. a male given name, form of Rolf. * * ...
Rudolph Giuliani
➡ Giuliani * * *
Rudolph Valentino
➡ Valentino * * *
Rudolph, Paul
▪ 1998       American architect (b. Oct. 23, 1918, Elkton, Ky.—d. Aug. 8, 1997, New York, N.Y.), became one of the most eminent postwar Modernist architects in the ...
Rudolph, the Red-nosed Reindeer
a children’s Christmas song written in 1949 about a reindeer (= type of deer) called Rudolph, who has a shiny red nose, and the other reindeer laugh at him because they think ...
Rudolph, Wilma
▪ American athlete in full  Wilma Glodean Rudolph  born June 23, 1940, St. Bethlehem, near Clarksville, Tennessee, U.S. died November 12, 1994, Brentwood, ...
Rudolph, Wilma (Glodean)
born June 23, 1940, St. Bethlehem, Tenn., U.S. died Nov. 12, 1994, Brentwood, Tenn. U.S. sprinter. She was a sickly child who wore an orthopedic shoe until she was 11. She ...
Rudolph, Wilma Glodean
▪ 1995       U.S. runner (b. June 23, 1940, Clarksville, Tenn.—d. Nov. 12, 1994, Brentwood, Tenn.), was a phenomenal sprinter who overcame crippling childhood ...
Rudolph,Wilma Glodean
Ru·dolph (ro͞oʹdŏlf), Wilma Glodean. 1940-1994. American athlete who won gold medals in the 1960 Olympics in the 100-meter dash, 200-meter dash, and 400-meter relay race. * ...
Rudolphine Tables
▪ astronomy Latin  Tabulae Rudolphinae,         planetary tables and star catalog published in 1627 by Johannes Kepler (Kepler, Johannes), based principally on the ...
/rood"reuh/, n. Vedic Mythology. father of the storm gods and controller of the powers of nature. * * * ▪ Vedic deity       (Sanskrit: “Howler”), relatively minor ...
/rooh"dee/, n. a male given name, form of Rudolf. * * *
/rud"yeuhrd/, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "red" and "guarded." * * *
Rudyard Kipling
➡ Kipling * * *
rue1 —ruer, n. /rooh/, v., rued, ruing, n. v.t. 1. to feel sorrow over; repent of; regret bitterly: to rue the loss of opportunities. 2. to wish that (something) had never been ...
/rooh/, n. Warren de la. See de la Rue, Warren. * * * ▪ plant genus       any plant of the genus Ruta, of the family Rutaceae, comprising 40 species of perennial shrubs ...
rue anemone
a small, North American plant, Anemonella thalictroides, of the buttercup family, having white or pinkish flowers. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
rue family
the plant family Rutaceae, characterized by trees and shrubs having simple or compound aromatic leaves, fragrant flowers, and fruit in a variety of forms, and including the ...
rue anemone n. A small North American woodland plant (Anemonella thalictroides) having white or pinkish apetalous flowers grouped in umbels. * * *
Rueda, Lope de
▪ Spanish dramatist born c. 1510, Sevilla, Spain died 1565, Córdoba       outstanding figure of the early Spanish theatre who did much to popularize it and prepared ...
—ruefully, adv. —ruefulness, n. /rooh"feuhl/, adj. 1. causing sorrow or pity; pitiable; deplorable: a rueful plight. 2. feeling, showing, or expressing sorrow or pity; ...
See rueful. * * *
See ruefully. * * *
▪ France       town, western residential and industrial suburb of Paris, Hauts-de-Seine département, Île-de-France région, north-central France. Originally called ...
See rue1. * * *
/rooh"feuhn/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of ibuprofen. * * *
See rufescent. * * *
—rufescence, n. /rooh fes"euhnt/, adj. somewhat reddish; tinged with red; rufous. [1810-20; < L rufescent- (s. of rufescens, prp. of rufescere to redden), equiv. to ruf(us) ...
ruff1 —rufflike, adj. /ruf/, n. 1. a neckpiece or collar of lace, lawn, or the like, gathered or drawn into deep, full, regular folds, worn in the 16th and 17th centuries. 2. ...
/ruft/, adj. displaying or wearing a ruff. [1570-80; RUFF1 + -ED2] * * *
ruffed grouse
a North American grouse, Bonasa umbellus, having a tuft of black feathers on each side of the neck. See illus. under grouse. [1745-55, Amer.] * * * North American species ...
ruffed lemur
vari. [1830-40] * * *
ruffed grouse (rŭft) n. A chickenlike North American game bird (Bonasa umbellus) having mottled brownish plumage and noted for the drumming sounds the male makes with its wings. ...
ruffed lemur n. A large, chiefly nocturnal lemur (Lemur variegatus) of Madagascar, having a black-and-white coat of long dense fur and a white ruff around the face. * * *
/ruf"ee euhn, ruf"yeuhn/, n. 1. a tough, lawless person; roughneck; bully. adj. 2. Also, ruffianly. tough; lawless; brutal. [1525-35; < MF < It ruffiano, perh. < Langobardic ...
/ruf"ee euh niz'euhm, ruf"yeuh-/, n. 1. conduct befitting a ruffian. 2. ruffian character. [1585-95; RUFFIAN + -ISM] * * *
See ruffianism. * * *
Ruffin, Edmund
born Jan. 5, 1794, Prince George county, Va., U.S. died June 18, 1865, Amelia county, Va. U.S. agriculturist and secessionist. Educated largely at home, he managed his father's ...
Ruffin, Josephine St. Pierre
▪ American activist née  Josephine St. Pierre  born Aug. 31, 1842, Boston, Mass., U.S. died March 13, 1924, Boston       American community leader who was active in ...
Ruffini's corpuscle
/rooh fee"neez/, Anat. an end organ of certain sensory neurons that branches out parallel to the skin and responds to steady pressure. [after Italian anatomist Angelo Ruffini ...
Ruffini, Paolo
▪ Italian mathematician born Sept. 22, 1765, Valentano, Papal States died May 9, 1822, Modena, Duchy of Modena       Italian mathematician and physician who made ...
ruffle1 —ruffly, adj. —ruffler, n. /ruf"euhl/, v., ruffled, ruffling, n. v.t. 1. to destroy the smoothness or evenness of: The wind ruffled the sand. 2. to erect (the ...
/ruf"euhld/, adj. (of apparel) having ruffles. [1600-10; RUFFLE1 + -ED2] * * *
See ruffle3. * * *
Ruffo, Fabrizio
▪ Italian cardinal and politician born Sept. 16, 1744, San Lucido, Calabria, Kingdom of Naples died Dec. 13, 1827, Naples       Roman Catholic cardinal and politician ...
Rufiji River
▪ river, Tanzania       river, the largest in Tanzania, East Africa, draining most of the southern part of the country and navigable for about 60 mi (100 km). Formed by ...
▪ Roman official in full  Flavius Rufinus   died Nov. 27, 395, Constantinople       minister of the Eastern Roman emperor Arcadius (ruled 383–408) and rival of ...
Rufinus, Tyrannius
▪ Roman priest and writer born c. 345, Concordia, near Aquileia, Italy died 410/411, Sicily, possibly at Messina       Roman priest, writer, theologian, and translator ...
Fr. /rddyuu feesk"/, n. a city in W Senegal, E of Dakar. 48,101. * * * ▪ Senegal       town and minor port, east of Dakar at the southeastern end of the Cape Verde ...
/rooh"fee yah'/, n., pl. rufiyaa. rupee (def. 3). * * *
/rooh"feuhs/, adj. reddish; tinged with red; brownish red. [1775-85; < L ruf(us) RED1 + -OUS] * * *
rufous hummingbird n. A hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus) of western North America, distributed from Mexico to Alaska, having rufous upper parts in the male. * * *
rufter hood
/ruf"teuhr/, Falconry. a temporary, loosely fitted hood used on newly captured hawks. [1565-75; perh. deriv. of RUFF1] * * *
/rooh"feuhs/, n. a male given name: from a Latin word meaning "red-headed." * * * (as used in expressions) King Rufus King William Rufus de Vane Putnam Rufus William Rufus * * *
—ruglike, adj. /rug/, n. 1. a thick fabric for covering part of a floor, often woven of wool and often having an oblong shape with a border design. Cf. carpet. 2. the treated ...
rug and carpet
Any decorative textile normally made of a thick material and intended as a floor covering. Floor coverings made of plaited rushes date from the 5th or 4th millennium BC. Carpets ...
/rug"kut'euhr/, n. Older Slang. a person who jitterbugs. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
/rooh"geuh/, n., pl. rugae /-jee, -gee/. Usually, rugae. Biol., Anat. a wrinkle, fold, or ridge. [1765-75; < L ruga] * * *
/rug"euh leuhkh/, n.pl. Jewish Cookery. bite-size pastries, often filled with fruit, nuts, raisins, etc. Also, rogelach /raw"geuh leuhkh, rug"euh-/. [ < Yiddish rugelekh, ...
/rooh"gayt, -git/, adj. wrinkle; rugose. [1840-50; < L rugatus, ptp. of rugare to become wrinkled. See RUGA, -ATE1] * * *
/rug"bee/, n. 1. a city in E Warwickshire, in central England. 86,400. 2. a boys' preparatory school located there: founded 1567. 3. Also, rugby. Also called rugger, Rugby ...
Rugby Football League
▪ British sports organization       governing body of rugby league football (professional rugby) in England, founded in 1895. Originally called the Northern Rugby ...
Rugby Football Union
▪ British sports organization       governing body of rugby union football (amateur rugby) in England, formed in 1871 to draw up rules for the game first played at Rugby ...
Rugby League
➡ Rugby * * *
Rugby League World Cup
▪ Table Rugby League World Cup year result year result 1954 Great Britain 16 France 12 1975** Australia*** 1957 Australia 29 Great Britain 21 1977** Australia 13 Great ...
Rugby School
a leading English public school(1) in the town of Rugby, Warwickshire, established in 1567. Its headmaster from 1827 to 1842 was Thomas Arnold, and it is the school where the ...
Rugby shirt
a knitted pullover sport shirt usually in bold horizontal stripes and having a white collar and neckline placket, styled after the shirts traditionally worn by the members of ...
Rugby Union
➡ Rugby * * *
Rugby Union World Cup
▪ Table Rugby Union World Cup year result 1987 New Zealand 29 France 9 1991 Australia 12 England 6 1995 South Africa 15 New ...
Rugby shirt n. A knit pullover sports shirt typically having long sleeves, a white collar and neckline, front button closure, and bold horizontal team stripes. * * *
rugelach [rug′ə lukh΄] n. pl. rugelach a small pastry consisting of a square of dough with two opposite corners folded over a centered filling of nuts or jam * * ...
Rü·gen (ro͞oʹgən, rüʹ-) An island of northeast Germany in the Baltic Sea. Separated from the mainland by a narrow channel, it was seized by Denmark in 1168, passed to ...
—ruggedly, adv. —ruggedness, n. /rug"id/, adj. 1. having a roughly broken, rocky, hilly, or jagged surface: rugged ground. 2. (of a face) wrinkled or furrowed, as by ...
/rug"i duyz'/, v.t., ruggedized, ruggedizing. to construct (electronic equipment, cameras, and other delicate instruments) so as to be resistant to shock, vibration, etc. Also, ...
See rugged. * * *
See ruggedly. * * *
/rug"euhr/, n. Rugby (def. 3). [1890-95; RUG(BY) + -ER7] * * *

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