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Ruggiero, Renato
▪ 1996       When the dust finally settled in a three-way regional struggle to determine the first director-general of the newly established World Trade Organization ...
/rug"ing/, n. a bulky, coarse fabric with a full nap, used as a floor covering. [1855-60; RUG + -ING1] * * *
/rug"euhlz/, n. Carl, 1876-1971, U.S. composer. * * *
Ruggles, Carl
▪ American composer original name in full  Charles Sprague Ruggles  born March 11, 1876, Marion, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 24, 1971, Bennington, Vt.       American ...
Ruggles-Brise, Sir Evelyn
▪ British prison reformer born , Dec. 6, 1857, Finchingfield, Essex, Eng. died Aug. 18, 1935, Peaslake, Surrey       prison reformer who was instrumental in the ...
▪ people       Germanic tribe that migrated from southwest Norway to Pomerania around AD 100 and from there to the Danube River valley. They were allies of Attila until ...
rugola [ro͞o gō′lə] n. ARUGULA * * *
rugosa rose
/rooh goh"seuh/ a shrub, Rosa rugosa, having densely bristled stems, wrinkled leaves, and fragrant red or white flowers. [1890-95; < NL, L rugosa, fem. of rugosus wrinkled; see ...
—rugosely, adv. —rugosity /rooh gos"i tee/, n. /rooh"gohs, rooh gohs"/, adj. 1. having wrinkles; wrinkled; ridged. 2. Bot. rough and wrinkled: applied to leaves in which the ...
See rugose. * * *
See rugosely. * * *
Rugova, Ibrahim
▪ 2007  Kosovar nationalist writer and politician (b. Dec. 2, 1944, Cerrce, Kosovo, Yugos. [now in Serbia]—d. Jan. 21, 2006, Pristina, Kosovo, Serbia and Montenegro), ...
/rooh"geuh leuh/, n. arugula. * * *
/rooh"gyeuh lohs'/, adj. finely rugose; having many small wrinkles. [1810-20; < NL rugul(a) (dim. of L ruga RUGA) + -OSE1] * * *
Ruhmann, Heinz
▪ 1995       German actor (b. March 7, 1902, Essen, Germany—d. Oct. 4, 1994, Berg, near Starnberg, Germany), had a motion-picture career that spanned more than 60 ...
Ruhmkorff coil
/roohm"kawrf/, Elect. See induction coil. [1850-55; named after Heinrich Daniel Ruhmkorff (1803-77), German physicist, its inventor] * * *
Ruhmkorff, Heinrich Daniel
▪ German inventor born , Jan. 15, 1803, Hannover, Hanover died Dec. 20, 1877, Paris, France       German mechanic who invented the Ruhmkorff coil, a type of induction ...
/roor/, n. 1. a river in W Germany, flowing NW and W into the Rhine. 144 mi. (232 km) long. 2. a mining and industrial region centered in the valley of the Ruhr River. * * ...
Ruhr occupation
(1923–25) Occupation of the industrial Ruhr River valley region in Germany by French and Belgian troops. The action was provoked by German deficiencies in the coal and coke ...
Ruhr River
River, western Germany. An important tributary of the lower Rhine River, it rises on the northern side of Winterberg and flows 146 mi (235 km) west. The Ruhr valley is a major ...
—ruinable, adj. —ruiner, n. /rooh"in/, n. 1. ruins, the remains of a building, city, etc., that has been destroyed or that is in disrepair or a state of decay: We visited the ...
See ruin. * * *
/rooh"euh nayt'/, v., ruinated, ruinating, adj. Chiefly South Midland and Southern U. S. v.t. 1. to ruin. adj. 2. ruined. [1530-40; < ML ruinatus, ptp. of ruinare. See RUIN, ...
/rooh'euh nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or state of ruining or the state of being ruined. 2. something that ruins. [1655-65; RUINATE + -ION] * * *
See ruinable. * * *
—ruinously, adv. —ruinousness, n. /rooh"euh neuhs/, adj. 1. bringing or tending to bring ruin; destructive; disastrous: a ruinous war. 2. fallen into ruin; dilapidated: a ...
See ruinous. * * *
See ruinously. * * *
/roys"dahl, -dayl, ruyz"-, ruys"-/; Du. /rddueis"dahl/, n. 1. Jacob van /yah'kawp vahn/, 1628?-82, Dutch painter. 2. his uncle, Salomon van /sah"law mawn' vahn/, 1601?-70, Dutch ...
Ruisdael, Jacob (Isaakszoon) van
also spelled Ruysdael born 1628/29, Haarlem, Neth. buried March 14, 1682, Amsterdam Dutch landscape painter. He was probably trained by his father, a framemaker and artist. He ...
Ruisdael, Jacob van
▪ Dutch painter Ruisdael also spelled  Ruysdael   born 1628/29, Haarlem, Neth.—buried March 14, 1682, Amsterdam       Baroque artist, often considered the greatest ...
Ruisdael,Jacob van
Ruis·dael or Ruys·dael (rīzʹdäl', rīsʹ-, rousʹ-), Jacob van. 1628?-1682. Dutch landscape painter whose baroque works, such as Windmill at Wijk (c. 1665), depict the ...
(as used in expressions) Picasso Pablo Ruiz y Ruiz Juan Jorge Augustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santillana * * *
Ruiz de Alarcón, Juan
▪ Spanish dramatist born c. 1581, , Taxco, Mex. died Aug. 4, 1639, Madrid       Mexican-born Spanish dramatist of the colonial era who was the principal dramatist of ...
Ruiz Soler, Antonio
▪ 1997       ("ANTONIO"; "EL BAILARÍN"), Spanish flamenco dancer and choreographer who was known for his artistry, showmanship, and technique and who brought the male ...
Ruiz, Juan
born с 1283, Alcalá, Spain died с 1350 Spanish poet and cleric. Educated at Toledo, Ruiz was serving as a village archpriest when he finished his masterpiece, The Book of ...
Ruiz, Mount
▪ volcano, Colombia Spanish  Nevado Del Ruiz,         volcano in the Cordillera Central of the Andes, west-central Colombia, noted for its two eruptions on Nov. 13, ...
▪ emperor of Tang dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Jui-tsung , personal name (xingming)  Li Dan  born 662, China died 716, China       temple name (miaohao) of the ...
Rukavishnikov, Nikolay Nikolayevich
▪ 2003       Russian cosmonaut (b. Sept. 18, 1932, Tomsk, Siberia, U.S.S.R.—d. Oct. 19, 2002, Moscow, Russia), on his third trip into space, became the first cosmonaut ...
/rooh"kuy zeuhr/, n. Muriel, 1913-80, U.S. poet. * * *
Rukeyser, Louis
▪ 2007       American author and television personality (b. Jan. 30, 1933, New York, N.Y.—d. May 2, 2006, Greenwich, Conn.), was the dapper host of PBS's breakthrough ...
Rukeyser, Muriel
▪ American poet born Dec. 15, 1913, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 12, 1980, New York City       American poet whose work focused on social and political ...
Ru·key·ser (ro͞oʹkī-zər), Muriel. 1913-1980. American writer whose feminist poetry, including the collections Beast in View (1944) and The Gates (1976), often speaks out ...
Rukwa, Lake
Shallow lake, southwestern Tanzania, eastern Africa. It covers an area of about 1,000 sq mi (2,600 sq km) and lies midway between Lake Tanganyika and Lake Malawi at an elevation ...
Ru·kwa (ro͞oʹkwä), Lake A shallow lake of western Tanzania east of Lake Tanganyika. * * *
See rule. * * *
/roohl/, n., v., ruled, ruling. n. 1. a principle or regulation governing conduct, action, procedure, arrangement, etc.: the rules of chess. 2. the code of regulations observed ...
rule joint
1. (in carpentry and joinery) a joint between two hinged pieces, as between the center and end leaves of a table, consisting of a quarter round and fillet fitting against a cove ...
rule of eleven
Bridge, Whist. the rule that when a player leads his or her fourth-highest card in any suit its numerical value subtracted from eleven gives the number of higher cards of that ...
rule of the road
Naut. any of the regulations concerning the safe handling of vessels under way with respect to one another, imposed by a government on ships in its own waters or upon its own ...
rule of three
Math. the method of finding the fourth term in a proportion when three terms are given. [1585-95] * * *
rule of thumb
1. a general or approximate principle, procedure, or rule based on experience or practice, as opposed to a specific, scientific calculation or estimate. 2. a rough, practical ...
Rule, Britannia!
a British patriotic song (= one expressing pride in Britain) written in 1740 by Thomas Arne (1710–78) with words by James Thomson (1700–48). It is sung at the Last Night of ...
Rule, Jane
▪ American author in full  Jane Vance Rule  born March 28, 1931, Plainfield, N.J., U.S. died Nov. 27, 2007, Galiano Island, B.C., Can.       American-born Canadian ...
Rule, Jane Vance
▪ 2008       American-born Canadian novelist, essayist, and short-story writer born March 28, 1931, Plainfield, N.J. died Nov. 27, 2007, Galiano Island, B.C. was known ...
ruled surface
Geom. a surface that can be generated by a straight line, as a cylinder or cone. [1860-65] * * *
ruled surface (ro͞old) n. A surface, such as a cone or cylinder, generated by the motion of a straight line. * * *
—rulelessness, n. /roohl"lis/, adj. being without rule or law. [1400-50; late ME rewleless; see RULE, -LESS] * * *
ruleof engagement
rule of engagement n. pl. rules of engagement A directive issued by competent military authority that delineates the limitations and circumstances under which forces will ...
ruleof the road
rule of the road n. pl. rules of the road 1. A set of customary practices, especially for the operation of a motor vehicle, boat, or aircraft, established to promote efficiency ...
ruleof thumb
rule of thumb n. pl. rules of thumb A useful principle having wide application but not intended to be strictly accurate or reliable in every situation. * * *
/rooh"leuhr/, n. 1. a person who rules or governs; sovereign. 2. Also, rule. a strip of wood, metal, or other material having a straight edge and usually marked off in inches or ...
/rooh"leuhr ship'/, n. the act or fact of ruling or the state of being ruled: Foreign rulership of the country began in the 18th century. [1640-50; RULER + -SHIP] * * *
(as used in expressions) Australian Rules football Kirchhoff's circuit rules rules of order Queensberry rules * * *
rules committee
a special committee of a legislature, as of the U.S. House of Representatives, having the authority to establish rules or methods for expediting legislative action, and usually ...
rules of order
the rules by which a legislative or deliberative assembly governs its proceedings; parliamentary law. * * *
Rulfo, Juan
▪ Mexican writer in full  Juan Perez Rulfo  born May 16, 1918, Sayula, Mexico died January 7, 1986, Mexico City       Mexican writer who is considered one of the ...
Rulhière, Claude-Carloman de
▪ French historian born June 12, 1734, Bondy, Fr. died Jan. 30, 1791, Bondy       French writer and historian of Russia and Poland whose histories favoured a return to ...
/rooh"ling/, n. 1. an authoritative decision, as one by a judge on a debated point of law. 2. the act of drawing straight lines with a ruler. 3. ruled lines. adj. 4. governing or ...
ruling elder
an elder in a Presbyterian church. [1585-95] * * *
ruling grade
Railroads. the steepest grade on a given stretch of track, which determines the maximum tonnage that can be hauled in a train having a given horsepower at a stated minimum ...
rul·y (ro͞olʹlē) adj. ru·li·er, ru·li·est Neat and orderly: “A small, ruly beard balances his hair” (Whitney Balliett).   [Back-formation from unruly.] * * *
rum1 —rumless, adj. /rum/, n. 1. an alcoholic liquor or spirit distilled from molasses or some other fermented sugar-cane product. 2. alcoholic drink in general; intoxicating ...
/rddoohm/, n. Arabic name of Rome, once used to designate the Byzantine Empire. * * * Distilled liquor made from sugarcane products, primarily molasses. It is first mentioned ...
Rum Rebellion
▪ Australian history       (Jan. 26, 1808), in Australian history, an uprising in which Gov. William Bligh (Bligh, William) of New South Wales (1806–08), who had ...
/rum"dum'/, Slang. n. 1. a stupid or ignorant person. 2. drunkard; lush. adj. 3. stupid; ignorant. 4. of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or arising from habitual drunkenness; ...
1. Rumania. 2. Also, Rum Rumanian. * * *
Rumaker, Michael
▪ American author born March 5, 1932, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       American author whose early fiction reflects the disaffection of the Beat (Beat movement) ...
/reuh mah"kee/, n.pl. Hawaiian Cookery. bite-size appetizers, as chicken livers and water chestnuts wrapped in bacon and broiled. [1960-65; of undetermined orig.] * * *
/rooh mahl", rooh"mahl/, n. a kerchief worn as a headdress by men in India. [1700-10; < Urdu < Pers rumal, equiv. to ru face + mal wiping] * * *
/roo may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. Romania. * * *
/roo may"nee euhn, -mayn"yeuhn/, n., adj. Romanian. [1855-60] * * *
Rumanian tenderloin.
See skirt steak. * * *
/rooh"meuh nuyt'/, n. a fossil resin similar to amber, used for jewelry. Also called Rumanian amber. [1890-95; named after RUMANIA; see -ITE1] * * *
/rum"beuh, room"-, roohm"-/, n., pl. rumbas /-beuhz/, v., rumbaed /-beuhd/, rumbaing /-beuh ing/. n. 1. a dance, Cuban in origin and complex in rhythm. 2. an imitation or ...
▪ The Sudan       town, southern Sudan (Sudan, The), about 138 miles (222 km) northwest of Bor. Located at an elevation of 1,388 feet (423 metres), it serves as an ...
—rumbler, n. —rumblingly, adv. /rum"beuhl/, v., rumbled, rumbling, n. v.i. 1. to make a deep, heavy, somewhat muffled, continuous sound, as thunder. 2. to move or travel with ...
rumble seat
1. Also called, Brit., dickey. a seat recessed into the back of a coupe or roadster, covered by a hinged lid that opens to form the back of the seat when in use. 2. Furniture. ...
rumble strip
one of a series of rough or slightly raised strips of pavement on a highway, intended to slow down the speed of vehicles, as before a toll booth. [1965-70] * * *
See rumble. * * *
rumble seat n. An uncovered passenger seat that opens out from the rear of an automobile. * * *
/rum"bling/, n. 1. Often, rumblings. the first signs of dissatisfaction or grievance. 2. rumble (def. 7). [1350-1400; ME; see RUMBLE, -ING1] * * *
See rumbler. * * *
/rum"blee/, adj. attended with, making, or causing a rumbling sound. [1870-75; RUMBLE + -Y1] * * *
/rum bus"cheuhs/, adj. Chiefly Brit. rambunctious. [prob. var. ROBUSTIOUS] * * *
See rumbustious. * * *
See rumbustiously. * * *
/rooh mee"lee euh, -meel"yeuh/, n. 1. a division of the former Turkish Empire, in the Balkan Peninsula: included Albania, Macedonia, and Thrace. 2. Eastern, a former autonomous ...
/rooh"min/, n., pl. rumina /-meuh neuh/. the first stomach of ruminating animals, lying next to the reticulum. See diag. under ruminant. [1720-30; < L rumen throat, gullet] * * *
/rum"feuhrd/, n. Count. See Thompson, Benjamin. * * * ▪ Maine, United States       town, Oxford county, western Maine, U.S., in the Oxford Hills where the Ellis, ...
Pers. /rddooh"mee/, n. Jalal ud-din Pers. /jah lahl" oohd deen", ood-, ja-/. See Jalal ud-din Rumi. * * * in full Jalāl al-Dīn al-Rūmī byname Mawlānā (Arabic: "Our ...
Rumilly, Robert
▪ French-Canadian historian born 1897, Fort-de-France, Martinique died 1983, Montreal       French-Canadian historian best known for his immense and incomplete study ...
See rumen. * * *
—ruminantly, adv. /rooh"meuh neuhnt/, n. 1. any even-toed, hoofed mammal of the suborder Ruminantia, being comprised of cloven-hoofed, cud-chewing quadrupeds, and including, ...
—ruminatingly, adv. —rumination, n. —ruminative, adj. —ruminatively, adv. —ruminator, n. /rooh"meuh nayt'/, v., ruminated, ruminating. v.i. 1. to chew the cud, as a ...
ru·mi·na·tion (ro͞o'mə-nāʹshən) n. 1. The act of pondering; meditation. 2. The act or process of chewing cud. * * *
See ruminate. * * *
See ruminative. * * *
See ruminative. * * *
/rum"keuhr/, n. a crater in the second quadrant of the face of the moon: about 25 miles (40 km) in diameter. * * *
/rum"euhl/, n. Beardsley /beardz"lee/, 1894-1960, U.S. economist and businessman. * * *
—rummager, n. /rum"ij/, v., rummaged, rummaging, n. v.t. 1. to search thoroughly or actively through (a place, receptacle, etc.), esp. by moving around, turning over, or ...
rummage sale
a sale of miscellaneous articles, old or new, as items contributed to raise money for charity, of unclaimed goods at a wharf or warehouse, or of odds and ends of merchandise at a ...
See rummage. * * *
rummage sale n. 1. A sale of assorted secondhand objects contributed by donors to raise money for a charity. 2. A sale, especially of unclaimed or excess goods, as at a warehouse ...
/rum"euhr/, n. a large drinking glass or cup. [1645-55; < D roemer large wine glass, esp. for Rhine wine, perh. deriv. of roemen to praise (as in drinking a toast)] * * *
rummy1 /rum"ee/, n. any of various card games for two, three, or four players, each usually being dealt seven, nine, or ten cards, in which the object is to match cards into sets ...
▪ Japan       city, northwestern Hokkaido, Japan. It lies at the mouth of the Rumoi River, facing the Sea of Japan. The city's natural port was a fishing centre until ...
/rooh"meuhr/, n. 1. a story or statement in general circulation without confirmation or certainty as to facts: a rumor of war. 2. gossip; hearsay: Don't listen to rumor. 3. ...
Rumor, Mariano
▪ Italian statesman born June 16, 1915, Vicenza, Italy died Jan. 22, 1990, Vicenza       a leader of Italy's Christian Democrat Party and premier in several governments ...
/rooh"meuhr mung'geuhr, -mong'-/, n. a person given to spreading rumors, often maliciously. [1930-35; RUMOR + MONGER] * * *
ru·mour (ro͞oʹmər) n. & v. Chiefly British Variant of rumor. * * *
—rumpless, adj. /rump/, n. 1. the hind part of the body of an animal, as the hindquarters of a quadruped or sacral region of a bird. 2. a cut of beef from this part of the ...
Rump Parliament
Eng. Hist. the remnant of the Long Parliament established by the expulsion of the Presbyterian members in 1648, dismissed by force in 1653, and restored briefly in 1659-60. * * ...
/rum'peuhl stilt"skin/, n. a dwarf in a German folktale who spins flax into gold for a young woman to meet the demands of the prince she has married, on the condition that she ...
/roompf/, n. Physical Chem. kernel (def. 7). [ < G; see RUMP] * * *
Rumpf, Georg Eberhard
▪ naturalist Rumpf also spelled  Rumph   born 1627, Hanau, Hesse-Nassau [now in Germany] died June 13, 1702, Amboina, Dutch East Indies       naturalist and author ...
▪ town, Malawi also spelled  Rumpi         town located in northern Malawi (Malaŵi) on the Rumphi (Chelinda) River at its junction with the South Rukuru River. ...
/rum"peuhl/, v., rumpled, rumpling, n. v.t. 1. to crumple or crush into wrinkles: to rumple a sheet of paper. 2. to ruffle; tousle (sometimes fol. by up): The wind rumpled her ...
/rum"plee/, adj., rumplier, rumpliest. rumpled or tending to rumple: This suit always looks rumply. [1825-35; RUMPLE + -Y1] * * *
a character who appears in various books and television programmes by the English writer John Mortimer. Rumpole is a bad-tempered old barrister (= an English lawyer) who helps ...
/rum"peuhs/, n., pl. rumpuses. 1. a noisy or violent disturbance; commotion; uproar: There was a terrible rumpus going on upstairs. 2. a heated controversy: a rumpus over the ...
rumpus room
a recreation room, esp. one for children, as in a house. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
rumpus room n. A room for play and parties. * * *
—rumrunning, n., adj. /rum"run'euhr/, n. a person or ship engaged in smuggling liquor. [1920, Amer.; RUM1 + RUNNER] * * *
/rum"zee/, n. James, 1743-92, U.S. engineer and inventor. * * *
(1932– ) a US politician who is known for his aggressive personality and strong opinions. He was first elected to the House of Representatives in 1965. He was the US ambassador ...
Rumsfeld, Donald
▪ 2003       U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld was no stranger to controversy in 2002. Besides overseeing the largest buildup in U.S. defense spending since the ...
rum shop n. Caribbean A tavern, usually selling alcoholic beverages by the bottle as well as by the drink. * * *
Rumyantsev, Nikolay Petrovich, Graf
▪ Russian statesman (count), Rumyantsev also spelled  Rumiantsev   born April 3 [April 14, New Style], 1754 died Jan. 13 [Jan. 15], 1826, St. Petersburg, ...
Rumyantsev, Pyotr Aleksandrovich, Graf Zadunaysky
▪ Russian military officer Rumyantsev also spelled  Rumiantsev   born Jan. 4 [Jan. 15, New Style], 1725, Moscow, Russia died Dec. 8 [Dec. 19], 1796, Tashan  Russian army ...
—runnable, adj. —runnability, n. /run/, v., ran, run, running, n., adj. v.i. 1. to go quickly by moving the legs more rapidly than at a walk and in such a manner that for an ...
run a tab
➡ nightlife * * *
run batted in
Baseball. a runner advanced to home for a score by a particular player at bat, as when he or she gets a hit or a walk with the bases loaded: a category important in individual ...
run for President
➡ elections * * *
▪ American rap group  American rap group that brought hip-hop into the musical and cultural mainstream, introducing what became known as “new-school” rap. The members ...
/run"down"/, adj. 1. fatigued; weary; exhausted. 2. in a state of poor health: He was in a run-down condition from months of overwork. 3. in neglected condition; fallen into ...
/run"flat'/, adj. (of an automobile tire) constructed so as not to deflate completely after a puncture so that a motorist can still drive the vehicle for some ...
/run"in'/, n. 1. a quarrel; argument. 2. Print. matter that is added to a text, esp. without indenting for a new paragraph. adj. 3. Print. added to a text without ...
/run"euhv pay"peuhr/, adj. See R.O.P. [1950-55] * * *
/run"euhv dheuh mil"/, adj. merely average; commonplace; mediocre: just a plain, run-of-the-mill house; a run-of-the-mill performance. [1925-30] Syn. ordinary, routine, ...
/run"euhv dheuh muyn"/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to ore or coal that is crude, ungraded, etc. 2. common or ordinary; run-of-the-mill: a boring, run-of-the-mine performance. Also, ...
/run"on', -awn'/, adj. 1. of or designating something that is added or run on: a run-on entry in a dictionary. 2. Pros. (of a line of verse) having a thought that carries over to ...
run-on sentence
a written sequence of two or more main clauses that are not separated by a period or semicolon or joined by a conjunction. Also called fused sentence. Cf. comma ...
run-on sentence n. See fused sentence. * * *
/run"owt'/, n. Manège. the act of evading a jump or jumping outside of the limiting markers. [1865-70; n. use of v. phrase run out] * * *
/run"throoh'/, n. 1. the performing of a sequence of designated actions, esp. as a trial prior to actual performance; rehearsal; practice. 2. a quick outline or review: a ...
run-up [run′up΄] n. 1. Chiefly Brit. a preparatory period preceding an important event ☆ 2. a substantial, often rapid, increase in cost, price, value, etc. * * * run-up or ...
/run"euh bowt'/, n. 1. a small, light automobile or other vehicle, usually with an open top; roadster. 2. a small pleasure motorboat. 3. a person who roves around from place to ...
/run"euh gayt'/, n. 1. a fugitive or runaway. 2. a vagabond or wanderer. [1520-30; RUN (v.) + obs. agate away; sense influenced by obs. renegate (ME renegat < ML renegatus ...
/run"euh rownd'/, n. 1. indecisive or evasive treatment, esp. in response to a request: Ask for a raise and he'll give you the runaround. 2. Print. an arrangement of type in ...
/run"euh way'/, n. 1. a person who runs away; fugitive; deserter. 2. a horse or team that has broken away from control. 3. the act of running away. 4. a decisive or easy ...
runaway star
Astron. a star with an unusually high proper motion, believed to result from its ejection from a nearby binary system when its companion star underwent a supernova ...
/run"bak'/, n. 1. Football. a. a run made by a player toward the goal line of the opponents after receiving a kick, intercepting a pass, or recovering an opponent's fumble. b. ...
runcible spoon
/run"seuh beuhl/ a forklike utensil with two broad prongs and one sharp, curved prong, as used for serving hors d'oeuvres. [runcible, term coined in 1871 by Edward Lear] * * *
run·ci·ble spoon (rŭnʹsə-bəl) n. A three-pronged fork, such as a pickle fork, curved like a spoon and having a cutting edge.   [Coined by Edward Lear, perhaps alteration ...
/run"see/, n. Robert Alexander Kennedy, born 1921, English clergyman: archbishop of Canterbury 1980-91. * * *
Runcie of Cuddesdon, Robert Alexander Kennedy Runcie, Baron
▪ 2001       British cleric (b. Oct. 2, 1921, Liverpool, Eng.—d. July 11, 2000, St. Albans, Eng.), was archbishop of Canterbury from 1980 to 1991; as spiritual leader ...
Runcie, Robert
▪ archbishop of Canterbury in full  Robert Alexander Kennedy Runcie, Baron Runcie of Cuddesdon  born Oct. 2, 1921, Liverpool, Eng. died July 11, 2000, St. Albans, ...
Runcie,Robert Alexander Kennedy
Run·cie (rŭnʹsē), Robert Alexander Kennedy. 1921-1991. British prelate and archbishop of Canterbury (1980-1991). * * *
Runciman, Sir Steven
▪ 2001 James Cochran Stevenson Runciman        British historian (b. July 7, 1903, Northumberland, Eng.—d. Nov. 1, 2000, Radway, Eng.), was a leading expert on the ...
/run"seuh nit, -nayt'/, adj. (of a leaf) pinnately incised, with the lobes or teeth curved backward. [1770-80; < L runcinatus (ptp. of runcinare to plane), equiv. to runcin(a) ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Halton unitary authority, historic county of Cheshire, England. It lies on the southern shore of the River Mersey 15 miles (24 ...
Runcorn, Stanley Keith
▪ 1996       British geophysicist (b. Nov. 19, 1922, Southport, Lancashire, England—d. Dec. 5, 1995, San Diego, Calif.), was the first to discover evidence of the ...
/roon"dee/, n., pl. Rundis, (esp. collectively) Rundi for 1. 1. a member of a people constituting virtually the entire population of Burundi. 2. Also called Kirundi. the Bantu ...
/run"dl/, n. 1. a rung of a ladder. 2. a wheel or similar rotating object. [1275-1325; ME; var. of ROUNDEL] * * *
/rund"lit/, n. 1. an old British measure of capacity, about 15 imperial gallons (68 liters). 2. a small cask. [1350-1400; ME rondelet; see ROUNDLET] * * *
/run"down'/, n. 1. a quick review or summary of main points of information, usually oral: This brief rundown of past events will bring you up to date. 2. Baseball. a play in ...
/roont"stet, roond"-/; Ger. /rddoont"shtet/, n. Karl Rudolf Gerd von /kahrddl rddooh"dawlf gerddd feuhn/ 1875-1953, German field marshal. * * *
Rundstedt, (Karl Rudolf) Gerd von
born Dec. 12, 1875, Aschersleben, near Magdeburg, Prussia died Feb. 24, 1953, Hannover, W.Ger. German general in World War II. Chief of staff of an army corps in World War I, he ...
Rundstedt, Gerd von
▪ German field marshal in full  Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt   born December 12, 1875, Aschersleben, near Magdeburg, Germany died February 24, 1953, Hannover, West ...
Rundstedt,Karl Rudolf Gerd von
Rund·stedt (ro͝onʹstĕt', ro͝ontʹshtĕt'), Karl Rudolf Gerd von. 1875-1953. German general who took part in the invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during World War II ...
▪ Namibia       town, extreme northeastern Namibia. It lies on the south bank of the Okavango River, which forms the border between Angola and Namibia. Rundu is the ...
rune1 —runelike, adj. /roohn/, n. 1. any of the characters of certain ancient alphabets, as of a script used for writing the Germanic languages, esp. of Scandinavia and ...
/roohn"stohn'/, n. a stone bearing one or more runic inscriptions. [1850-55] * * *
Runeberg, Johan Ludvig
born Feb. 5, 1804, Jakobstad, Swedish Finland died May 6, 1877, Borgå, Russian Finland Finnish poet who wrote in Swedish. During an interruption in his academic career, he ...
/roohnd/, adj. having runes inscribed: a runed ornament. [1885-90; RUNE1 + -ED3] * * *
➡ Old English * * *
/roohn"smith'/, n. a student, writer, transcriber, or decipherer of runes. [1865-70; RUNE1 + SMITH] * * *
rung1 /rung/, v. pt. and pp. of ring2. rung2 —rungless, adj. /rung/, n. 1. one of the crosspieces, usually rounded, forming the steps of a ladder. 2. a rounded or shaped piece ...
Runge, Friedlieb Ferdinand
▪ German chemist born Feb. 8, 1795, Hamburg [Germany] died March 25, 1867, Oranienburg, Prussia [Germany]       German chemist considered to be the originator of the ...
Runge-Kutta method
/roong"euh koot"ah/, Math. a numerical method, involving successive approximations, used to solve differential equations. [1925-30; named after Carl D. T. Runge (1856-1927) and ...
/rooh"nik/, adj. 1. consisting of or set down in runes: runic inscriptions. 2. having some secret or mysterious meaning: runic rhyme. 3. (of ornamental knots, figures, etc.) of ...
runic alphabet
▪ writing system also called  futhark   writing system of uncertain origin used by Germanic peoples of northern Europe, Britain, Scandinavia, and Iceland from about the 3rd ...
runic letters
➡ Old English * * *
runic writing
or futhark Writing system used by Germanic peoples of northern Europe, Britain, Scandinavia, and Iceland from roughly the 3rd to the 16th or 17th century AD. Of uncertain ...
Runjeet Singh
/run"jit sing"/. See Ranjit Singh. * * *
/run"lis/, adj. Baseball. without having scored a run; without runs: a runless inning. [1920-25; RUN + -LESS] * * *
runlet runlet1 [run′lit] n. 〚 RUN (n. 13) + -LET〛 a runnel, or rivulet runlet2 [run′lit] n. RUNDLET * * * run·let (rŭnʹlĭt) n. A rivulet. * * *
/run"l/, n. 1. a small stream; brook; rivulet. 2. a small channel, as for water. Also, runlet /run"lit/. [1570-80; RUN (n.) + -el dim. suffix] * * *
/run"euhr/, n. 1. a person, animal, or thing that runs, esp. as a racer. 2. a messenger. 3. a messenger of a bank or brokerage house. 4. Baseball. See base runner. 5. Football. ...
runner bean
Brit. See string bean (defs. 1, 2). [1780-90] * * *
runner foot
Furniture. a foot having the form of a bar connecting the corresponding front and rear legs of a piece. Also called bar foot. * * *
runner's high
a state of euphoria experienced during prolonged running or other forms of aerobic, sustained exercise, attributed to an increase of endorphins in the blood. * * *
runner's knee
chondromalacia. * * *
/run"euhr up"/, n., pl. runners-up. 1. the competitor, player, or team finishing in second place, as in a race, contest, or tournament. 2. runners-up, the competitors who do not ...
/run"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person, animal, or thing that runs. 2. managing or directing: the running of a business. 3. an act or instance of racing: the 113th running of the ...
running back
Football. an offensive back, as a halfback or fullback, whose principal role is advancing the ball by running with it on plays from scrimmage. * * *
running board
a small ledge, step, or footboard, formerly beneath the doors of an automobile, to assist passengers entering or leaving the car. [1810-20, in sense "platform from which a large ...
running bond
a brickwork bond having successive courses of overlapping stretchers. Also called stretcher bond. * * *
running bowline
running bowline n. a slipknot incorporating a bowline knot: see KNOT1 * * *
running broad jump.
See long jump. * * *
running dog
Disparaging. 1. (esp. in Chinese Communist propaganda) a. a person or institution subservient to counterrevolutionary interests. b. a manipulable, servile follower; lackey: to be ...
running English
Billiards. the giving of English or spin to the cue ball to enable it to bounce in the direction of a certain angle. Cf. reverse English (def. 1). * * *
running fire
running fire n. 1. a rapid succession of shots, as from soldiers in ranks 2. a rapid succession, as of remarks, questions, etc. * * *
running fix
Navig. a fix made from a moving vessel or aircraft from observations made at different times, the course and distance run between the observations being considered. [1915-20] * * ...
running gaff
Naut. the hoisting gaff. * * *
running gear
the working components of a motor-driven or steam-driven vehicle other than those used to develop or transmit power, as wheels, axles or springs, as distinguished from the ...
running hand
script or calligraphy characterized by uniformly slanted letters that are written quickly and connected by long, continuous strokes of the pen. [1640-50] * * *
running head
Print. a descriptive word, phrase, title, or the like, usually repeated at the top of each page of a book, periodical, etc. Also called running title. [1830-40] * * *
running joke
1. a joke or humorous allusion used recurrently in a play, film, television skit, etc., for a cumulative comic effect. 2. a subject, reference, remark, etc., that is a continual ...
running knot
a knot made around and so as to slide along a part of the same rope, thus forming a noose (running noose) that tightens as the rope is pulled. [1640-50] * * *
running light
any of various lights required to be displayed by a vessel or aircraft operating between sunset and sunrise. [1880-85] * * *
running lights
running lights n. the lights that a ship or aircraft traveling at night is required to display * * *
running martingale
martingale (def. 2). * * *
running mate
1. a candidate for an office linked with another and more important office, as for the vice-presidency. 2. a horse entered in a race in which another, more important, horse from ...
running myrtle
the periwinkle, Vinca minor. * * *
running pine
a ground pine, Lycopodium clavatum. * * *
running rhythm
Pros. the usual English verse rhythm created by a succession of metrical feet each of which consists of a stressed syllable and one or two unstressed ones. Also called common ...
running rigging
Naut. 1. rigging for handling sails, yards, etc. (contrasted with standing rigging). 2. rigging for handling cargo. [1660-70] * * *
running room
1. the space between a racer and the nearby competitors in a running race, esp. enough to run and maneuver as desired. 2. the space or leeway permitting ample freedom and ...
running start
1. Sports. a start, as in the hop, step, and jump or the running broad jump, in which a contestant begins moving before reaching the starting or take-off point. 2. an initial ...
running stitch
a sewing stitch made by passing the needle in and out repeatedly with short, even stitches. [1840-50] * * *
running story
Journalism. 1. a story continued in subsequent issues of a newspaper or magazine; serial. 2. a story sent to the compositor in takes. * * *
running text
the body of text in a newspaper, magazine, or the like, as distinguished from the heads, illustrations, etc. * * *
running time
Motion Pictures. the length or duration, usually expressed in minutes, of a feature film: The running time of the average film is 90-100 minutes. [1950-55] * * *
running title
Print. See running head. [1660-70] * * *
running-dog pattern
▪ architectural motif  in classical architecture, decorative motif consisting of a repeated stylized convoluted form, something like the profile of a breaking wave. This ...
running back n. Football An offensive back, such as a fullback or halfback, who has the responsibility of advancing the ball by running with it on plays from the line of ...
running board n. A narrow footboard extending under and beside the doors of some automobiles and other conveyances. * * *
running dog n. A servile follower or lackey.   [Translation of Chinese (Mandarin) zǒu gǒu: zǒu, running + gǒu, dog.] * * *
running gear n. The working parts of an automobile, locomotive, or other vehicle. * * *
running hand n. Handwriting done rapidly without lifting the pen from the paper. * * *
running knot n. See slipknot. * * *
running light n. One of several lights on a vehicle, such as a ship, turned on between dusk and dawn to indicate position and size. * * *
running mate n. 1. The candidate or nominee for the lesser of two closely associated political offices. 2. A companion. 3. A horse used to set the pace in a race for another ...
running noose n. See noose. * * *
running start n. See flying start. * * *
running stitch n. One of a series of small, even stitches. * * *
/run"ee/, adj., runnier, runniest. 1. tending to run or drip: a runny paste. 2. (of the nose) discharging mucus. [1810-20; RUN + -Y1] * * *
/run"i meed'/, n. a meadow on the S bank of the Thames, W of London, England: reputed site of the granting of the Magna Charta by King John, 1215. * * * ▪ district, England, ...
/run"awf', -of'/, n. 1. something that drains or flows off, as rain that flows off from the land in streams. 2. a final contest held to determine a victor after earlier contests ...
runoff primary
(esp. in the southern U.S.) a second primary between the two leading candidates of the first primary to provide nomination by majority rather than by plurality. [1920-25, ...
/run"owt'/, n. 1. Mach. a. the gradual termination of a groove on the body of an object not ending there, as the upper termination of a flute in a twist drill. b. Also called ...
/run"oh'veuhr/, n. Print. the amount of type matter for a given article, story, etc., that is carried over to another page, column, or line. [1930-35; n. use of v. phrase run ...
/run"proohf'/, adj. made to resist unraveling, runs, or running, as stockings or dyes. [RUN + -PROOF] * * *
➡ baseball * * *
—runtish, adj. —runtishly, adv. —runtishness, n. /runt/, n. 1. an animal that is small or stunted as compared with others of its kind. 2. the smallest or weakest of a ...
See runt. * * *
—runtiness, n. /run"tee/, adj., runtier, runtiest. stunted; dwarfish: The runty puppy seems the most playful of the litter. [1800-10; RUNT + -Y1] * * *
/run"up'/, n. 1. the testing of an airplane engine by accelerating the motor. 2. an advance in prices, as in the stock market. 3. Sports. a. the running up to the jump line by a ...
/run"way'/, n. 1. a way along which something runs. 2. a paved or cleared strip on which planes land and take off. 3. a similar strip on which cars, trucks, or the like may park, ...
Runyan, Paul
▪ 2003       American golfer (b. July 12, 1908, Hot Springs, Ark.—d. March 17, 2002, Palm Springs, Calif.), was one of the most accomplished golfers ever at irons play ...
/run"yeuhn/, n. (Alfred) Damon /day"meuhn/, 1884-1946, U.S. journalist and short-story writer. * * *

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