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Runyon, (Alfred) Damon
born Oct. 4, 1884, Manhattan, Kan., U.S. died Dec. 10, 1946, New York, N.Y. U.S. journalist and short-story writer. He served in the Spanish-American War as a teenager. After ...
Runyon, (Alfred)Damon
Run·yon (rŭnʹyən), (Alfred) Damon. 1884-1946. American writer known for his stylized, idiomatic stories about Broadway and the New York underworld, such as “Guys and ...
Runyon, Damon
▪ American author in full  Alfred Damon Runyon   born Oct. 4, 1884, Manhattan, Kan., U.S. died Dec. 10, 1946, New York, N.Y.       American journalist and short-story ...
See Runyon, Alfred Damon. * * *
Ruo River
▪ river, Africa Portuguese  Rio Ruo,         largest tributary of the Shire River of southern Malaŵi and Mozambique. Rising on the slopes of the Mulanje Mountains, ...
In Buddhism, any of the 16 planes of existence into which those beings who have renounced sense desires are reborn. It is intermediate between the kama-loka, where material ...
Rupat Island
▪ island, Indonesia Indonesian  Pulau Rupat , Rupat also spelled  Roepat        island in the Strait of Malacca, Riau provinsi (province), Indonesia. It lies just ...
▪ 1996       After immortalizing the phrase "You better work" in the 1993 hit song "Supermodel (You Better Work)," cross-dresser RuPaul took his own advice and did just ...
/rooh pee", rooh"pee/, n. 1. a cupronickel coin and monetary unit of India, Nepal, and Pakistan, equal to 100 paise. Abbr.: R., Re. 2. a cupronickel coin and monetary unit of ...
Rupelian Stage
▪ paleontology       lowermost division of Oligocene (Oligocene Epoch) rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the Rupelian Age (33.9 million to 28.4 ...
/rooh"peuhrt/; for 1 also Ger. /rddooh"perddt/, n. 1. Prince, 1619-82, German Royalist general and admiral in the English Civil War (nephew of Charles I of England). 2. a male ...
Rupert Bear
➡ Rupert the Bear * * *
Rupert Brooke
➡ Brooke * * *
Rupert Murdoch
➡ Murdoch (II) * * *
Rupert River
▪ river, Canada French  Rivière De Rupert,         river in Nord-du-Québec region, western Quebec province, Canada. It rises from Mistassini Lake in the central ...
Rupert the Bear
(also Rupert Bear) a character in the British children’s stories by Mary Tourtel (1874–1948). Rupert is a bear who wears a red top, yellow checked trousers and a yellow ...
Rupert's Land
or Prince Rupert's Land Historical region, northern and western Canada, comprising the drainage basin of Hudson Bay. In 1670 it was granted by King Charles II to the Hudson's ...
Rupert, Anton
▪ 2007 Anthony Edward Rupert        South African industrialist and philanthropist (b. Oct. 4, 1916, Graaff-Reinet, Cape province, [now Eastern Cape province] S.Af.—d. ...
Rupert, Prince
born Dec. 17, 1619, Prague, Bohemia died Nov. 29, 1682, London, Eng. Royalist commander in the English Civil Wars. Son of the Palatine elector Frederick V and Elizabeth, ...
Ru·pert (ro͞oʹpərt), Prince. 1619-1682. German-born English military and political leader who was the dominant Royalist figure during the English Civil War. * * *
Rupert River A river of west-central Quebec, Canada, rising in Lake Mistassini and flowing about 611 km (380 mi) westward to James Bay. * * *
Rupes Altai
/rooh"peez al"tuy/. a mountain range in the fourth quadrant of the face of the moon: about 315 miles (507 km) long. [ < NL: Altai crags] * * *
/rooh pes"trin/, adj. Biol. living or growing on or among rocks. Also, rupicolous. [1885-90; < L rupes steep cliff, crag + -trine, extracted from LACUSTRINE] * * *
/rooh pee"euh/, n., pl. rupiah, rupiahs. an aluminum coin, paper money, and monetary unit of Indonesia, equal to 100 sen. Abbr.: Rp. [1945-50; see RUPEE] * * * ▪ Indonesian ...
/rooh pik"euh leuhs/, adj. rupestrine. [1855-60; < L rup(es) crag + -I- + -COLOUS] * * *
Rupnarayan River
River, West Bengal state, northeastern India. It rises as the Dhaleshwari in the Chota Nagpur plateau foothills northeast of Purulia and follows a tortuous southeasterly course ...
Rupp, Adolph
▪ American coach in full  Adolph Frederick Rupp,  byname  the Baron of Bluegrass Country   born September 2, 1901, Halstead, Kansas, U.S. died December 10, 1977, ...
Ruppe, Loret Miller
▪ 1997       U.S. government official who as director, 1981-89, of the Peace Corps reversed its decade-long decline by reinstituting programs abroad and strengthening ...
Rüppell, Eduard
▪ German explorer in full  Wilhelm Peter Eduard Simon Rüppell  born November 20, 1794, Frankfurt am Main [Germany] died December 10, 1884, Frankfurt am ...
See rupture. * * *
—rupturable, adj. /rup"cheuhr/, n., v., ruptured, rupturing. n. 1. the act of breaking or bursting: The flood led to the rupture of the dam. 2. the state of being broken or ...
ruptured disk.
See herniated disk. * * *
ruptured duck
Slang. the symbol of an eagle with wings spread appearing in the honorable discharge emblem of the U.S. armed forces. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
—ruralism, n. —ruralist, ruralite, n. —rurally, adv. —ruralness, n. /roor"euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the country, country life, or country ...
rural dean
a cleric ranking just below an archdeacon, in charge of an archdeaconry. [1400-50; late ME] * * *
rural delivery
☆ rural delivery n. delivery of mail by carriers on routes in rural areas: formerly rural free delivery * * *
rural delivery service
mail delivery operated primarily to deliver and collect mail in rural communities with no other convenient postal facilities. Formerly, rural free delivery. * * *
Rural Dionysia.
See Lesser Dionysia. * * *
rural electrification
Project of the U.S. government in the 1930s. As part of the New Deal, the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) was established (1935) to bring electric power to farms, ...
rural free delivery
former name for rural delivery service. Abbr.: R.F.D. [1890-95, Amer.] * * * ▪ United States postal service       service begun in the United States in 1896 to deliver ...
rural mailbox
➡ postal services * * *
rural municipality
any lightly settled area in Canada lacking a local elected government and administered directly by a provincial government. [1860-65] * * *
Rural Rides
➡ Cobbett. * * *
rural route
a mail delivery route in a rural area. [1895-1900] * * *
rural society
▪ sociology       society in which there is a low ratio of inhabitants to open land and in which the most important economic activities are the production of foodstuffs, ...
rural sociology
the sociological study of life in rural areas and the effects of ruralization. * * *
▪ Mexican federal police       federal corps of rural police established on May 6, 1861, by the Mexican president Benito Juárez (Juárez, Benito) to combat the banditry ...
ruralfree delivery
rural free delivery n. Abbr. RFD Free government delivery of mail in rural areas. * * *
ruralism [roo ral′ə tē] n. pl. ruralities [roor′əliz΄əm] n. 1. rural quality or character 2. rural life 3. a rural idiom, characteristic, feature, etc.: Also rurality ...
ruralist [roor′əlist] n. one who leads or advocates a rural life * * * ru·ral·ist (ro͝orʹə-lĭst) n. 1. One who resides in a rural area. 2. An advocate of rural life. * ...
/roo ral"i tee/, n., pl. ruralities. 1. rural character. 2. a rural characteristic, matter, or scene. [1720-30; RURAL + -ITY] * * *
See ruralize. * * *
—ruralization, n. /roor"euh luyz'/, v., ruralized, ruralizing. v.t. 1. to make rural. v.i. 2. to spend time in the country; rusticate. Also, esp. Brit., ruralise. [1795-1805; ...
See rural. * * *
rural route n. Abbr. RR A rural mail route. * * *
/roor"ik/, n. died A.D. 879, Scandinavian prince: founder of the Russian monarchy. Russian, Ryurik. * * * or Rorik died 879 Semilegendary founder of the Rurik dynasty of ...
Rurik Dynasty
▪ medieval Russian rulers       princes of Kievan Rus and, later, Muscovy who, according to tradition, were descendants of the Varangian prince Rurik, who had been ...
—Ruritanian, adj., n. /roor'i tay"nee euh, roor"i tay'-/, n. 1. a mythical, romantic kingdom conceived as the setting for a fairy tale, costume drama, comic operetta, or the ...
Ruritanian [roor΄ə tā′nē ən] adj. 〚after Ruritania, imaginary kingdom in novels by Anthony Hope〛 of, like, or characteristic of some quaint, romantic, unreal place * * ...
Rus or Rus' (ro͞os) The medieval Russian state, established c. 862 by Scandinavian traders and warriors led by Rurik, who founded a dynasty at Novgorod. In 882 his successor ...
1. Russia. 2. Russian. * * *
plural rusalki In Slavic folklore and mythology, a water nymph who embodies the soul of either a drowned virgin or a child that died unbaptized. Details of rusalkis' appearance ...
Ruscha, Ed
▪ 2005       By 2004 Ed Ruscha, widely celebrated for his deadpan take on American pop culture, was regarded as one of the most important American artists of the 20th ...
/roohz/, n. a trick, stratagem, or artifice. [1375-1425; late ME (n. use of obs. rusen to detour) < MF, deriv. of ruser to retreat. See RUSH1] Syn. See trick. * * * ▪ ...
/rooh"say/, n. a city in N Bulgaria, on the Danube. 160,351. * * * ▪ Bulgaria also spelled  Russe , or  Roussé        city of northern Bulgaria, on the Danube ...
(1973– ) a British tennis player, born in Canada. He began playing for Britain in 1995 and has won several international competitions. * * *
rush1 —rushingly, adv. /rush/, v.i. 1. to move, act, or progress with speed, impetuosity, or violence. 2. to dash, esp. to dash forward for an attack or onslaught. 3. to ...
/rush/, n. 1. Benjamin, 1745-1813, U.S. physician and political leader: author of medical treatises. 2. his son, Richard, 1780-1859, U.S. lawyer, politician, and diplomat. * * ...
rush candle
a candle made from a dried, partly peeled rush that has been dipped in grease. Also called rush light. [1585-95] * * *
rush family
the plant family Juncaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants having narrow, grasslike leaves, small and greenish flowers, and capsular fruit with three compartments, comprising ...
rush hour
—rush-hour, adj. a time of day in which large numbers of people are in transit, as going to or returning from work, and that is characterized by particularly heavy ...
rush hours
➡ commuting * * *
Rush Limbaugh
➡ Limbaugh * * *
Rush, Benjamin
born Jan. 4, 1746, Byberry, near Philadelphia, Pa. died April 19, 1813, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. physician and political leader. He attended the College of New Jersey at ...
Rush, Richard
born Aug. 29, 1780, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died July 30, 1859, Philadelphia U.S. diplomat. The son of Benjamin Rush, he served as U.S. attorney general (1814–17) and ...
Rush, William
▪ American sculptor born July 4, 1756, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. died January 17, 1833, Philadelphia       sculptor and wood-carver who is considered the first ...
Rush (rŭsh), Benjamin. 1745-1813. American physician, politician, and educator. A signer of the Declaration of Independence, he promoted the abolition of slavery and the humane ...
See rush hour. * * *
rush candle n. See rushlight. * * *
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative and historic county of Nottinghamshire, central England, immediately southeast of the city ...
(1947– ) a British writer, born in India. His first successful novel was Midnight’s Children (1981), which won the Booker Prize. It was followed by Shame (1983). A later ...
Rushdie, (Ahmed) Salman
born June 19, 1947, Bombay, India Indian-British novelist. Educated at the University of Cambridge, he worked as an advertising copywriter in London in the 1970s before winning ...
Rushdie, Sir Salman
▪ British writer in full  Ahmed Salman Rushdie  born June 19, 1947, Bombay, India       Anglo-Indian novelist who was condemned to death by leading Iranian Muslim ...
Rush·die (rŭshʹdē), Salman. Born 1947. Indian-born British writer forced into hiding when his novel The Satanic Verses (1988) led the Iranian Ayatollah Khomeini to demand ...
/ru shee"/, n. a college student who is rushed by a fraternity or sorority. [1915-20, Amer.; RUSH1 + -EE] * * *
/rush"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that rushes. 2. Football. a player whose assignment is to rush or whose special skill is rushing. [1645-55; 1875-80 for def. 2; RUSH1 + ...
rush hour n. A period of heavy traffic.   rushʹ-hour' (rŭshʹour') adj. * * *
/rush"ing/, n. a sequence of social events sponsored by a fraternity or sorority for prospective members prior to bidding and pledging. [1900-05, Amer.; RUSH1 + -ING1] * * *
Rushing, Jimmy
orig. James Andrew Rushing born Aug. 26, 1903, Oklahoma City, Okla., U.S. died June 8, 1972, New York, N.Y. U.S. blues and jazz singer. Rushing joined Count Basie's first ...
rush·light (rŭshʹlīt') n. A candle consisting of a rush wick in tallow. Also called rush candle. * * *
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative and historic county of Hampshire, southern England. It occupies part of the extreme ...
/rush"mawr, -mohr/, n. Mount, a peak in the Black Hills of South Dakota that is a memorial (Mount Rushmore National Memorial) having 60-ft. (18-m) busts of Washington, Jefferson, ...
Rushmore, Mount
Peak and national memorial, Black Hills, southwestern South Dakota, U.S. Sculptures of the heads of presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore ...
Rush·more (rŭshʹmôr', -mōr'), Mount A mountain, 1,708 m (5,600 ft) high, in the Black Hills of western South Dakota. Its monument with massive carved likenesses of ...
Rushton, William George
▪ 1997       ("WILLIE"), British actor, comedian, cartoonist, and writer best known for his contributions to the satirical magazine Private Eye (which he cofounded) and ...
/rush"werrk'/, n. 1. the handicraft of making objects woven of rushes. 2. an object so made. [1930-35; RUSH2 + WORK] * * *
Rushworth, John
▪ English historian born c. 1612, , Northumberland?, Eng. died May 12, 1690, Southwark, near London       English historian whose Historical Collections of Private ...
—rushiness, n. /rush"ee/, adj., rushier, rushiest. 1. abounding with rushes or their stems. 2. covered or strewn with rushes. 3. consisting or made of rushes. 4. ...
Rush–Bagot Agreement
▪ United States-United Kingdom [1817]       (1817), exchange of notes between Richard Rush, acting U.S. secretary of state, and Charles Bagot, British minister to the ...
➡ Royal United Services Institute. * * *
rusine antler
/rooh"suyn, -sin/ an antler resembling that of the sambar. [1880-85; < NL Rus(a) name of the subgenus of sambars ( < Malay; cf. BABIRUSA) + -INE1] * * *
ru·sine antler (ro͞oʹsīn) n. An antler with three tines, as that of the sambar.   [From New Latin Rusa, former genus name, from Malay rusa, a deer.] * * *
/rusk/, n. 1. a slice of sweet raised bread dried and baked again in the oven; zwieback. 2. light, soft, sweetened biscuit. [1585-95; alter. Sp or Pg rosca twist of bread, lit., ...
/rusk/, n. (David) Dean, 1909-94, U.S. statesman: Secretary of State 1961-69. * * *
Rusk, (David) Dean
born Feb. 9, 1909, Cherokee county, Ga., U.S. died Dec. 20, 1994, Athens, Ga. U.S. public official and educator. He earned a master's degree as a Rhodes scholar at St. John's ...
Rusk, Dean
▪ 1995       U.S. diplomat (b. Feb. 9, 1909, Cherokee county, Ga.—d. Dec. 20, 1994, Athens, Ga.), as U.S. secretary of state (1961-69) during the John F. Kennedy and ...
Rusk,David Dean
Rusk (rŭsk), David Dean. 1909-1994. American public official. As U.S. secretary of state (1961-1969) he supported U.S. military involvement in Vietnam. * * *
/rus"keuh/; Ger. /rddoos"kah/, n. Ernst (August Friedrich) /erddnst ow"goost frddee"drddikh/, 1906-88, German physicist and electrical engineer: developed electron microscope; ...
Ruska, Ernst
▪ German engineer in full  Ernst August Friedrich Ruska   born Dec. 25, 1906, Heidelberg, Ger. died May 27, 1988, West Berlin       German electrical engineer who ...
Rus·ka (rŭsʹkə, ro͝osʹkä), Ernst. 1906-1988. German physicist. He shared a 1986 Nobel Prize for the development of the electron microscope. * * *
—Ruskinian, Ruskinean, adj. /rus"kin/, n. John, 1819-1900, English author, art critic, and social reformer. * * *
Ruskin, John
born Feb. 8, 1819, London, Eng. died Jan. 20, 1900, Coniston, Lancashire English art critic. Born into a wealthy family, Ruskin was largely educated at home. He was a gifted ...
Rus·kin (rŭsʹkĭn), John. 1819-1900. British writer and art critic who considered a great painting to be one that conveys great ideas to the viewer. His works include Modern ...
See Ruskin, John. * * *
/rus/, n., pl. Russ, Russes, adj. n. 1. a Russian. 2. Archaic. the Russian language. adj. 3. Russian. [ < F russe, G Russe or D rus, all ult. < ORuss Rusi the common East Slavic ...
1. Russia. 2. Russian. Also, Russ. * * *
/rus"euhl/, n. 1. Bertrand (Arthur William), 3rd Earl, 1872-1970, English philosopher, mathematician, and author: Nobel prize for literature 1950. 2. Charles Edward, 1860-1941, ...
Russell (of Kingston Russell), John Russell, 1st Earl
born Aug. 18, 1792, London, Eng. died May 28, 1878, Pembroke Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey British politician and prime minister (1846–52, 1865–66). A member of the ...
Russell Cave National Monument
National Monument, northeastern Alabama, U.S. Located south of the Alabama-Tennessee border, the monument constitutes part of a cavern that was discovered с 1953. The cave is ...
Russell Crowe
➡ Crowe * * *
Russell family
English Whig family. It first became prominent under the Tudors, when John Russell died 1555 was created earl of Bedford (1549) for helping suppress a rebellion against the ...
Russell Flint
➡ Flint * * *
Russell's paradox
Math. a paradox of set theory in which an object is defined in terms of a class of objects that contains the object being defined, resulting in a logical contradiction. [1920-25; ...
Russell's viper
a large venomous snake, Vipera russelli, common in India and southeastern Asia, having three rows of large, black-edged brown spots on a light-brown body. [1905-10; named in ...
Rus·sell's viper (rŭsʹəlz) n. A venomous snake (Vipera russellii) of India and southeast Asia, characterized by large black-ringed spots on yellow, tan, or light brown ...
Russell, Anna
▪ 2007 Anna Claudia Russell-Brown        British entertainer (b. Dec. 27, 1911, London, Eng.—d. Oct. 18, 2006, Rosedale, N.S.W., Australia), was hailed as “the Queen ...
Russell, Bertrand
▪ British logician and philosopher in full  Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell of Kingston Russell, Viscount Amberley of Amberley and of Ardsalla  born May ...
Russell, Bertrand (Arthur William), 3rd Earl Russell
born May 18, 1872, Trelleck, Monmouthshire, Eng. died Feb. 2, 1970, near Penrhyndeudraeth, Merioneth, Wales British logician and philosopher. He is best known for his work in ...
Russell, Bill
in full William Felton Russell born Feb. 12, 1934, Monroe, La., U.S. U.S. basketball player. The 6-ft 10-in. (2.08-m) centre led the University of San Francisco to two NCAA ...
Russell, Charles Russell, Baron
▪ British jurist born November 10, 1832, Newry, County Down, Ireland died August 10, 1900, London, England  lord chief justice of England from June 1894 until his death. A ...
Russell, Charles Taze
born Feb. 16, 1852, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died Oct. 31, 1916, Pampa, Texas U.S. religious leader who founded the International Bible Students Association, the forerunner of the ...
Russell, Harold John
▪ 2003       Canadian-born American actor (b. Jan. 14, 1914, North Sydney, N.S.—d. Jan. 29, 2002, Needham, Mass.), was the only actor ever to win two Academy Awards ...
Russell, Henry Norris
▪ American astronomer born Oct. 25, 1877, Oyster Bay, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 18, 1957, Princeton, N.J.  American astronomer—one of the most influential during the first half ...
Russell, John
▪ English artist, astronomer, and scholar born March 29, 1745, Guildford, Surrey, Eng. died April 20, 1806, Hull, Yorkshire       pastel artist, amateur astronomer, and ...
Russell, John Russell, 1st Earl, Viscount Amberley Of Amberley And Of Ardsalla
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom also called (until 1861) Lord John Russell born Aug. 18, 1792, London, Eng. died May 28, 1878, Pembroke Lodge, Richmond Park, ...
Russell, John Scott
▪ British engineer born , May 8, 1808, Glasgow, Scot. died June 8, 1882, Ventnor, Isle of Wight, Eng.       British civil engineer best known for researches in ship ...
Russell, Ken
▪ British film director born July 3, 1927, Southampton, Hampshire [now Southampton], England       British motion-picture director whose use of shock and sensationalism ...
Russell, Lillian
orig. Helen Louise Leonard born Dec. 4, 1861, Clinton, Iowa, U.S. died June 6, 1922, Pittsburgh, Pa. U.S. singer and actress. She made her stage debut while still in her ...
Russell, Morgan
▪ American artist born , 1886, New York, N.Y., U.S. died May 29, 1953, near Philadelphia, Pa.       American painter who was an early proponent of ...
Russell, Nipsey
▪ 2006 Julius Russell  American actor and comedian (b. Oct. 13, 1924, Atlanta, Ga.—d. Oct. 2, 2005, New York, N.Y.), was considered the poet laureate of television comedy ...
Russell, Pee Wee
▪ American musician byname of  Charles Ellsworth Russell   born March 27, 1906, Maple Wood, Mo., U.S. died Feb. 15, 1969, Alexandria, Va.  American jazz ...
Russell, Richard Joel
▪ American geologist born Nov. 16, 1895, Hayward, Calif., U.S. died Sept. 17, 1971, Baton Rouge, La.       geologist known for his studies of coastal morphology. He was ...
Russell, Robert Scott
▪ 2000       British botanist and mountaineer, became in 1957 the first director of the Agricultural Research Council Radiobiological Laboratory, a facility in the U.K. ...
Russell, Rosalind
▪ American actress born June 4, 1911?, Waterbury, Conn., U.S. died Nov. 28, 1976, Beverly Hills, Calif.  American actress, best remembered for her film and stage portrayals ...
Russell, William Russell, Lord
born Sept. 29, 1639 died July 21, 1683, London, Eng. English Whig politician. A member of the House of Commons, he joined the opposition to the pro-French policies of Charles ...
Russell,Bertrand Arthur William
Rus·sell (rŭsʹəl), Bertrand Arthur William. Third Earl Russell. 1872-1970. British philosopher, mathematician, social critic and writer who had a profound influence on the ...
Russell,Charles Taze
Russell, Charles Taze. 1852-1916. American religious leader who founded (1884) the sect now called Jehovah's Witnesses. * * *
Russell,George William
Russell, George William. Pen name “A.E.” 1867-1935. Irish writer and nationalist who was a leader of the Irish literary renaissance at the turn of the 20th century. * * *
Russell,Henry Norris
Russell, Henry Norris. 1877-1957. American astronomer who developed a theory of stellar evolution and devised the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. * * *
Russell, John. First Earl Russell. 1792-1878. British politician who served as prime minister (1846-1852 and 1865-1866) and advocated parliamentary reform. * * *
Russell, Lillian. 1861-1922. American entertainer known for her roles in comic operas. * * *
Russell, Mount A peak, 4,296.8 m (14,088 ft) high, of the Sierra Nevada in eastern California. * * *
Russell,William Felton
Russell, William Felton. Known as “Bill.” Born 1934. American basketball player and coach. A center for the Boston Celtics (1956-1969), he led the team to 11 National ...
/rus"euh luyt'/, n. Offensive. a member of the Jehovah's Witnesses. [1875-80, Amer.; after C. T. RUSSELL; see -ITE1] * * *
/rus"euhl vil'/, n. a city in central Arkansas. 14,000. * * *
Russert, Tim
▪ 2009 Timothy John Russert, Jr.        American journalist born May 7, 1950, Buffalo, N.Y. died June 13, 2008, Washington, D.C. as the insightful moderator ...
—russetish, russety, adj. —russetlike, adj. /rus"it/, n. 1. yellowish brown, light brown, or reddish brown. 2. a coarse reddish-brown or brownish homespun cloth formerly used ...
russet Burbank n. A long rounded potato with a rough brown skin. Also called Idaho2.   [After Burbank, Luther.] * * *
/rush"euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg ...
Russia leather
a fine, smooth leather produced by careful tanning and dyeing, esp. in dark red: originally prepared in Russia. Also called russia. [1650-60] * * *
Russia, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped white-blue-red national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3.       Tsar Peter I the Great (Peter I) had ...
RUSSIA: Russia's Democratic Election
▪ 1997       When campaigning opened at the beginning of 1996, Pres. Boris Yeltsin's popularity was close to zero. He himself did not at first want to run, since he had ...
/rush"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Russia, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Russia. 3. a member of a Slavic people, the dominant ethnic group ...
Russian (Orthodox) Church
Russian (Orthodox) Church or Russian Church n. an autonomous branch of the Eastern Orthodox Church * * *
Russian blue
Russian blue n. any of a breed of domestic cat, thought to have originated in Arkhangelsk, with a soft, dense, grayish-blue or silvery-blue coat and green eyes * * * ▪ breed ...
Russian Catholic church
▪ religion       an Eastern Catholic church of the Byzantine rite, in communion with Rome since the early 20th century. A small number of Orthodox Russians, influenced ...
Russian chant
▪ music       monophonic, or unison, chant of the liturgy of the Russian Orthodox church. Musical manuscripts from the 11th to the 13th century suggest that, at first, ...
Russian Church.
See Russian Orthodox Church. * * *
Russian Civil War
(1918–20) Conflict between the newly formed Bolshevik government and its Red Army against the anti-Bolshevik forces in Russia. The unfavourable Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ...
Russian dandelion
kok-saghyz. * * *
Russian dressing
a sharp mayonnaise dressing containing chopped pickles, chili sauce or ketchup, pimientos, etc. [1920-25] * * *
Russian Empire
Russia (def. 1). * * *
Russian Federation
a republic extending from E Europe to N and W Asia. 147,987,101; 6,593,000 sq. mi. (17,076,000 sq. km). Cap.: Moscow. Also called Russia, Russian Republic. Formerly (1918-91), ...
Russian language
East Slavic language spoken by about 170 million people in Russia, former republics of the Soviet Union, and émigré communities. For many non-Russian ethnic groups both within ...
Russian literature
Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Russian language, beginning with the Christianization of Kievan Rus in the late 10th ...
Russian olive
oleaster. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
Russian Orthodox Church
the autocephalous Eastern Church in Russia: the branch of the Orthodox Church that constituted the established church in Russia until 1917. Also called Russian Church. * * ...
Russian Plain
▪ region, Eastern Europe also called  East European Plain,  Russian  Russkaya Ravnina, or Vostochno-yevropeyskaya Ravnina,         plain and series of broad river ...
Russian Primary Chronicle, The
▪ Russian literature also called  Chronicle of Nestor  or  Kiev Chronicle , Russian  Povest vremennykh let (“Tale of Bygone Years”)        medieval Kievan Rus ...
Russian Revolution
1. Also called February Revolution. the uprising in Russia in March, 1917 (February Old Style), in which the Czarist government collapsed and a provisional government was ...
Russian Revolution of 1905
Unsuccessful uprising in Russia against the tsarist regime. After several years of mounting discontent, a peaceful demonstration was crushed by Tsar Nicholas II's troops in the ...
Russian Revolution of 1917
Revolution that overthrew the imperial government and placed the Bolsheviks in power. Increasing governmental corruption, the reactionary policies of Tsar Nicholas II, and ...
Russian roulette
a game of high risk in which each player in turn, using a revolver containing one bullet, spins the cylinder of the revolver, points the muzzle at the head, and pulls the ...
Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party
Marxist revolutionary party that preceded the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Founded in Minsk in 1898, it held that Russia could achieve socialism only after developing a ...
Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic
former name (1918-91) of the Russian Federation. Abbr.: RSFSR, R.S.F.S.R. * * *
Russian State Library
▪ library, Moscow, Russia formerly  Lenin Library, or V.i. Lenin State Order-of-lenin Library,         national library of Russia, located in Moscow, notable for its ...
Russian State Museum
▪ museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia Russian  Gosudarstvenny Russky Muzey,         museum opened in St. Petersburg in 1898 as the central museum of Russian art and ...
Russian thistle
a saltwort, Salsola kali tenuifolia, that has narrow, spinelike leaves, a troublesome weed in the central and western U.S. Also called Russian tumbleweed. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
Russian Turkestan
Russian Turkestan the part of Turkestan formerly under Soviet control comprising the Kirghiz, Tadzhik, Turkmen & Uzbek republics and sometimes Kazakhstan: also called Western ...
Russian Turkestan.
See under Turkestan. * * *
Russian wolfhound
borzoi. [1870-75] * * *
Russian Zone
a zone in Germany controlled by the Soviet Union 1945-89. Cf. East Germany. * * *
Russian-American Company
▪ Russian company Russian  Rossiysko-amerikanskaya Kompaniya,         Russian trading monopoly that established colonies in North America (primarily in California and ...
Russian dressing n. Salad dressing, such as mayonnaise, with chili sauce or ketchup, chopped pickles, and pimientos. * * *
Russian Federation See Russia. * * *
See Russianize. * * *
—Russianization, n. /rush"euh nuyz'/, v.t., Russianized, Russianizing. 1. to make Russian; impart Russian characteristics to. 2. to subordinate and force to adhere to Russian ...
Russian olive n. See oleaster. * * *
RussianOrthodox Church
Russian Orthodox Church n. The Eastern Orthodox Church that is under the leadership of the patriarch of Russia and has autonomous branches in other countries. * * *
Russian roulette n. 1. A stunt in which one spins the cylinder of a revolver loaded with only one bullet, aims the muzzle at one's head, and pulls the trigger. 2. An act of ...
RussianSoviet Federated Socialist Republic
Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic See Russia. * * *
Russian thistle n. A red-stemmed, prickly Eurasian plant (Salsola kali var. tenuifolia) that is a troublesome weed in western North America. * * *
Russian wolfhound n. See borzoi. * * *
See Russify. * * *
—Russification, n. /rus"euh fuy'/, v.t., Russified, Russifying. Russianize (defs. 1, 2). [1860-65; RUSS(IAN) + -IFY; cf. F russifier] * * *
/rus"kee, roos"-, rooh"skee/, n., pl. Russkies, Russkis. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a Russian. Also Russkie, Russky. [1855-60; < Russ rússkii (n. and adj.) Russian] * * *
/rus"kee, roos"-, rooh"skee/, n., pl. Russkies, Russkis. Slang (disparaging and offensive). Russki. * * *
(as used in expressions) Russo Finnish War Russo Japanese War Russo Turkish Wars * * *
Russo, Patricia F.
▪ 2005       In 2004 Patricia Russo, CEO of telecommunications firm Lucent Technologies, accomplished what few had expected. One of the most widely held stocks in the ...
a combining form of Russia or Russian: Russophobe. * * *
Russo-Finnish War
or Winter War (1939–40) War waged by the Soviet Union against Finland at the start of World War II, following the signing of the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact. When ...
Russo-Japanese War
/rus"oh jap"euh neez', -nees'/ the war (1904-1905) between Russia and Japan. * * * (1904–5) Conflict between Russia and Japan over territorial expansion in East Asia. After ...
Russo-Polish War
▪ 1919–20       (1919–20), military conflict between Soviet Russia and Poland, which sought to seize Ukraine. It resulted in the establishment of the Russo-Polish ...
Russo-Turkish Wars
Series of wars fought between Russia and the Ottoman Empire from the 17th to the 19th century. Russia waged the early wars (1676–81, 1686, 1689) in a fruitless attempt to ...
—Russophilia /rus'euh fil"ee euh/, n. /rus"euh fuyl'/, n. a person who is friendly to, admires, or prefers Russia or Russian customs, institutions, etc. [1890-95; RUSSO- + ...
See Russophile. * * *
—Russophobia, n. /rus"euh fohb'/, n. a person who hates or fears Russia or the Russians. [1880-85; RUSSO- + -PHOBE] * * *
See Russophobe. * * *
/rus"werrm/, n. John Brown, 1799-1851, Jamaican-born journalist in the U.S. and (after 1829) journalist and statesman in Liberia. * * *
/rust/, n. 1. Also called iron rust. the red or orange coating that forms on the surface of iron when exposed to air and moisture, consisting chiefly of ferric hydroxide and ...
rust belt
(sometimes caps.) the heavily industrial area of the northeastern U.S. containing the older industries and factories. [1980-85] * * *
rust fly
▪ insect       (family Psilidae), any of a group of insects (order Diptera) that are small, slender, brownish flies with long antennae. The larvae feed on plants and may ...
rust joint
(in plumbing and metalwork) a watertight joint made between two pieces by rusting them together. * * *
rust mite
any of various mites that cause brown or reddish patches on leaves and fruit. [1880-85] * * *
See rust belt. * * *
/rust"kul'euhrd/, adj. of the color rust. [1685-95] * * *
/rust"throoh'/, n. an act or instance of rusting: The body of the car is protected against rust-through. Also, rustout. [n. use of v. phrase rust through] * * *
See rust. * * *
Rustamid kingdom
▪ historical state, Algeria Rustamid also spelled  Rostamid (AD 761–909)        Islāmic state on the high plateau of northern Algeria, founded by followers of the ...
Rustaveli, Shota
▪ Georgian poet born c. 1160 died after c. 1220       Georgian poet, author of Vepkhvistqaosani (The Knight in the Panther's Skin, or The Lord of the Panther-Skin), the ...
/roo stah"vee/; Russ. /rddooh stah"vyi/, n. a city in the SE Georgian Republic, SE of Tbilisi. 129,000. * * * ▪ Georgia       city, southeastern Georgia, on the Kura ...
rust belt or rust·belt also Rust Belt (rŭstʹbĕlt') n. A heavily industrialized area containing older factories, particularly those that are marginally profitable or that have ...
/rust"buk'it/, n. Slang. an old, run-down freighter, esp. one whose hull is covered with rust. [1940-45; RUST + BUCKET] * * *
▪ South Africa       town, North-West province, South Africa, west of Pretoria. Founded in 1850, its name was allegedly derived from the rust (“rest”) that white ...
rust fungus n. Any of various fungi of the order Uredinales that are injurious to a wide variety of plants. * * *
—rustical, adj. —rustically, rusticly, adv. —rusticalness, rusticness, n. /rus"tik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or living in the country, as distinguished from towns or ...
rustic joint
Masonry. a joint between stones recessed from the faces between sunken drafts or bevels. * * *
rustic style
▪ art       in decorative arts, any ruralizing influence; more precisely, a type of furniture made of wood or metal, the main components of which are carved and fretted ...
rustic ware
▪ pottery       in pottery, creations of the French potter Bernard Palissy (Palissy, Bernard), who from about 1548 produced large earthenware dishes decorated with ...
rustical [rus′ti kəl] adj., n. archaic var. of RUSTIC * * *
See rustic. * * *
—rusticator, n. /rus"ti kayt'/, v., rusticated, rusticating. v.i. 1. to go to the country. 2. to stay or sojourn in the country. v.t. 3. to send to or domicile in the ...
/rus'ti kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. Also called rustic work. Archit. any of various forms of ashlar so dressed and tooled that the visible faces are raised above or otherwise contrasted ...
See rustication. * * *
/ru stis"i tee/, n., pl. rusticities. 1. the state or quality of being rustic. 2. rural character or life. [1525-35; < MF rusticite < L rustic(us) RUSTIC + MF -ite -ITY] * * *
See rusty. * * *
/rus"tin/, n. Bayard /bay"euhrd/, born 1910, U.S. civil rights leader. * * *
Rustin, Bayard
born March 17, 1910, West Chester, Pa., U.S. died Aug. 24, 1987, New York, N.Y. U.S. civil rights leader. He organized the New York branch of the Congress of Racial Equality in ...
Rus·tin (rŭsʹtĭn), Bayard. 1910-1987. American civil rights leader and pacifist who organized the 1963 March on Washington. * * *
See rustily. * * *
—rustlingly, adv. /rus"euhl/, v., rustled, rustling, n. v.i. 1. to make a succession of slight, soft sounds, as of parts rubbing gently one on another, as leaves, silks, or ...
/rus"leuhr/, n. 1. a cattle thief. 2. a person or thing that rustles. 3. Informal. an active, energetic person. [1810-20; RUSTLE + -ER1] * * *
/rust"lis/, adj. 1. free from rust. 2. rustproof. [1835-45; RUST + -LESS] * * *
See rustler. * * *
rust mite n. Any of various mites that cause a plant disease characterized by reddish or brownish spots on leaves and fruits. * * *
/rus"teuhn/, n. a city in N Louisiana. 20,585. * * * ▪ Louisiana, United States       city, seat of Lincoln parish, northern Louisiana, U.S., 33 miles (53 km) west of ...
/rust"owt'/, n. 1. rust-through. 2. an area or spot, as on the body of a car, that has rusted through: scratches, dents, and rustouts. [n. use of v. phrase rust out] * * *
/rust"proohf'/, adj. 1. not subject to rusting. v.t. 2. to coat with a substance that prevents rusting. [1685-95; RUST + -PROOF] * * *
/rust"prooh'fing/, n. 1. the process of making metal rustproof. 2. Also called rustproofer. a substance used in this process. [1915-20; RUSTPROOF + -ING1] * * *
rusty1 —rustily, adv. —rustiness, n. /rus"tee/, adj., rustier, rustiest. 1. covered with or affected by rust. 2. consisting of or produced by rust. 3. of or tending toward ...
/rus"tee/, n. a male or female given name. * * *
rusty blackbird
a North American blackbird, Euphagus carolinus, the male of which has plumage that is uniformly bluish-black in the spring and rusty-edged in the fall. Also called rusty ...
rusty blackbird n. A North American blackbird (Euphagus carolinus), the male of which has blue-black feathers in the spring that turn rust-colored in the fall. * * *
rut1 /rut/, n., v., rutted, rutting. n. 1. a furrow or track in the ground, esp. one made by the passage of a vehicle or vehicles. 2. any furrow, groove, etc. 3. a fixed or ...
/rooh'teuh bay"geuh, rooh"teuh bay'-/, n. 1. a brassicaceous plant, Brassica napobrassica, having a yellow- or white-fleshed, edible tuber. 2. the edible tuber, a variety of ...

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