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Слова на букву ramp-schw (15990)

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s.p.
without issue; childless. [ < L sine prole] * * *
S.P.C.A.
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. * * *
S.P.C.C.
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. * * *
S.P.Q.R.
the Senate and People of Rome. Also, SPQR. [ < L Senatus Populusque Romanus] * * *
S.P.R.
Society for Psychical Research. * * *
s.p.s.
s.p.s. abbr. Latin sine prole superstite (without surviving issue). * * *
S.R.
Sons of the Revolution. * * *
S.S.
1. Schutzstaffel. 2. (in prescriptions) in the strict sense. [ < L sensu stricto] 3. steamship. 4. Sunday School. * * *
S.S.D.
Doctor of Sacred Scripture. [ < L Sacrae Scripturae Doctor] * * *
S.Sc.D.
Doctor of Social Science. * * *
s.t.
short ton. * * *
S.T.B.
1. Bachelor of Sacred Theology. [ < NL Sacrae Theologiae Baccalaureus] 2. Bachelor of Theology. [ < NL Scientiae Theologicae Baccalaureus] * * *
S.T.D.
Doctor of Sacred Theology. [ < NL Sacrae Theologiae Doctor] * * *
S.T.L.
Licentiate in Sacred Theology. * * *
S.T.M.
Master of Sacred Theology. * * *
S.V.
Holy Virgin. [ < L Sancta Virgo] * * *
s.v.
1. sub verbo. 2. sub voce. * * *
S.V.R.
(in prescriptions) rectified spirit of wine (alcohol). [ < L spiritus vini rectificatus] * * *
S.W.
1. South Wales. 2. southwest. 3. southwestern. * * *
S.W.A.
South West Africa. * * *
S.W.A.K.
sealed with a kiss (written at the end of a love letter or on the back of its envelope). Also, SWAK /swak/. [1925-30] * * *
S.W.G.
standard wire gauge. * * *
S/A
Banking. survivorship agreement. * * *
S/D
1. school district. 2. sight draft. * * *
s/he
/shee"euhr hee", shee"hee"/, pron. she or he: used as an orthographic device to avoid he when the sex of the antecedent is unknown or irrelevant. Cf. she/he. Usage. See he1. * * *
S/M
S/M or S-M abbrev. (sexual) sadism and masochism; sadomasochism * * *
S/N
S/N or s/n abbrev. signal-to-noise ratio: the difference, in decibels, between the level of a specific signal and that of unwanted noise * * *
S/S
S/S abbr. same size. * * *
S/W
Computers. software. * * *
S2P
(in full State Second Pension) (in Britain) an extra state pension which people receive in addition to the basic state pension. It is based on their average earnings while they ...
S4C
(in full Sianel Pedwar Cymru) the Welsh television channel. It broadcasts a mixture of programmes in Welsh and Channel Four programmes seen in the rest of Britain. * * *
Sa
Symbol, Chem. (formerly) samarium. * * * I in full Sturmabteilung (German: "Assault Division") known as Storm Troopers or Brownshirts Nazi paramilitary organization that played ...
Sá de Miranda, Francisco de
▪ Portuguese author born Aug. 28, 1481?, Coimbra, Port. died May? 1558, Tapada       Portuguese poet who introduced Renaissance poetic forms to ...
Sa Dec
▪ Vietnam formerly  Sa Dac,         town on the Mekong River delta, southern Vietnam. It is a river port, agricultural trading centre, and transshipment point for ...
Sa'd ad-Din Ibrahim
▪ 2002       On May 21, 2001, less than two hours after the defense lawyers had completed their summation, Egypt's High Security Court found Saʿd ad-Din Ibrahim, a ...
Sa'id, Aminah as-
▪ 1996       Egyptian journalist and writer (b. 1914, Cairo, Egypt—d. Aug. 13, 1995, Cairo), was one of her country's leading feminists and was a founder (1954) and ...
Sa'ud, al-Walid ibn Talal ibn Abdulaziz as-, Prince
▪ 1995       In what was called a modern-day fairy tale, but also might turn out to be a shrewd business move, a wealthy prince in 1994 came to the rescue of an American ...
sā-
To satisfy. Oldest form *seə₂-, colored to *saə₂-, contracted to *sā-. 1. Suffixed zero-grade form *sə-to-. a. sad, from Old English sæd, sated, weary, from Germanic ...
Sá-Carneiro, Mário de
▪ Portuguese author born May 19, 1890, Lisbon, Port. died April 26, 1916, Paris, France       poet and novelist, one of the most original and complex figures of the ...
Sa-skya pa
Tibetan Buddhist sect granted sovereignty over Tibet by Kublai Khan and noted also for contributions to philosophy and linguistics. The Sa-skya pandita Kun-dga'-rgyal-mtshan ...
Sa-skya-pa
▪ Tibetan Buddhist sect also spelled  Sakyapa         Tibetan Buddhist sect that takes its name from the great Sa-skya (Sakya) monastery founded in 1073, 50 miles (80 ...
Saab AB
▪ Swedish firm in full  Saab Aktiebolag         Swedish high-technology company involved in defense, aviation, and aerospace. Its products include airplanes, ...
Saadi
/sah dee"/, n. (Muslih ud-Din) 1184?-1291?, Persian poet. Also, Sadi. * * *
Saadia ben Joseph
Arabic Saʽīd ibn Yūsuf al-Fayyūmī born 882, Dilaz, in al-Fayyūm, Egypt died September 942, Sura, Babylonia Egyptian-Babylonian Jewish philosopher and polemicist. He left ...
Saakashvili, Mikhail
▪ 2005       The year 2004 was an eventful one for Mikhail Saakashvili. Having rapidly emerged in late 2003 as Georgia's leading politician and played a large role in ...
Saale
Saa·le (zäʹlə, säʹ-) A river, about 426 km (265 mi) long, rising in central Germany east of Kassel and flowing north to the Elbe River. * * *
Saale Glacial Stage
▪ geology       division of Pleistocene deposits and time in northern Europe (the Pleistocene Epoch began about 1,600,000 years ago and ended about 10,000 years ago). ...
Saale River
River, east-central Germany. A tributary of the Elbe River, it rises in the Bavarian highlands and flows north to join the Elbe just above Barby. As it crosses Thuringia, it ...
Saalfelden
▪ Austria also called  Saalfelden Am Steinernen Meer,         town, west-central Austria, at the southwest foot of the Steinernes Meer (Sea of Stones) Mountains, ...
Saami
Saa·mi (säʹmē) n. Variant of Sami. * * *
Saanen
Saa·nen (säʹnən, zäʹ-) n. A dairy goat of a breed developed in Switzerland, having a short-haired white coat and no horns.   [AfterSaanen, a town of southwest ...
Saar
/zahr, sahr/, n. 1. Also called Saar Basin. a coal-producing region in W Germany, in the Saar River valley: governed by the League of Nations 1919-35; returned to Germany 1935 as ...
Saar River
French Sarre River, France and Germany. A tributary of the Moselle River, it flows 153 mi (246 km) across northeastern France into Germany and enters the Moselle above Trier. ...
Saar, Betye
orig. Betye Irene Brown born July 30, 1926, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. U.S. artist and educator. She studied design, education, and printmaking. By 1968 she developed an ...
Saarbrücken
/zahr brook"euhn, sahr-/; Ger. /zahrdd brddyuuk"euhn/, n. a city in W Germany: the capital of the Saarland. 187,400. * * * City (pop., 2002 est.: city, 182,858; urban agglom., ...
Saaremaa
/sahr"euh mah'/, n. an island in the Baltic, at the mouth of the Gulf of Riga, belonging to Estonia. 1048 sq. mi. (2714 sq. km). Also, Sarema. German, Oesel, Ösel. * * * or ...
Saarinen
/sahr"euh neuhn, sar"-/; Finn. /sah"rddi nen'/, n. 1. Eero /air"oh/, 1910-61, U.S. architect, born in Finland. 2. (Gottlieb) Eliel /got"leeb el"ee euhl, ee"lee-/; Finn. ...
Saarinen, Eero
born Aug. 20, 1910, Kirkkonummi, Fin. died Sept. 1, 1961, Ann Arbor, Mich., U.S. Finnish-born U.S. architect. His father, Eliel Saarinen (1873–1950), was the foremost Finnish ...
Saarinen, Eliel
▪ Finnish architect born Aug. 20, 1873, Rantasalmi, Fin. died July 1, 1950, Bloomfield Hills, Mich., U.S.       architect notable for his influence on modern ...
Saarinen,Eero
Saa·ri·nen (särʹə-nən, -nĕn'), Eero. 1910-1961. Finnish-born American architect whose designs include the General Motors Technical Center in Warren, Michigan (1951-1955) ...
Saarland
—Saarlander, n. /zahr"land', sahr"-/; Ger. /zahr"lahnt'/, n. a state in W Germany, in the Saar River valley. 1,054,142; 991 sq. mi. (2569 sq. km). Cap.: Saarbrücken. * * * or ...
Saarlander
See Saarland. * * *
Saarlouis
▪ Germany       city, Saarland Land (state), southwestern Germany. It lies along both sides of the Saar River, near the French border, northwest of Saarbrücken. ...
Saatchi & Saatchi
a British advertising company started in 1970 by two brothers, Charles Saatchi (1943– ) and Maurice Saatchi (1946– ). It was very successful during the 1980s, and was known ...
Saatchi, Charles
▪ British advertising executive and art collector born June 9, 1943, Baghdad, Iraq       Iraq-born British advertising executive who is perhaps best known as a ...
Saavedra Fajardo, Diego de
▪ Spanish diplomat born May 6, 1584, Algezares, Spain died Aug. 24, 1648, Madrid       Spanish diplomat and man of letters, best known for his anti-Machiavellian emblem ...
Saavedra Lamas
/sah'ah ve"dhrddah lah"mahs/ Carlos /kahrdd"laws/, 1878?-1959, Argentine statesman and diplomat: Nobel peace prize 1936. * * *
Saavedra Lamas, Carlos
▪ Argentine jurist born Nov. 1, 1878, Buenos Aires, Arg. died May 5, 1959, Buenos Aires       Argentine jurist who in 1936 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace for his ...
Saavedra Lamas,Carlos
Saa·ve·dra La·mas (sä-vāʹdrə läʹmäs, sä'ä-vĕʹdrä), Carlos. 1878?-1959. Argentinean diplomat. He won the 1936 Nobel Peace Prize for his part in negotiating an end ...
Saavedra, Ángel de, duque de Rivas
▪ Spanish author born March 10, 1791, Córdoba, Spain died June 22, 1865, Madrid       Spanish poet, dramatist, and politician, whose fame rests principally on his play ...
Sab
Sab abbrev. Sabbath * * *
Sab.
Sabbath. * * *
Saba
/sah"beuh/ for 1; /say"beuh/ for 2, n. 1. an island in the Netherlands Antilles, in the N Leeward Islands. 1011; 5 sq. mi. (13 sq. km). 2. Biblical name, Sheba. an ancient ...
Saba, Umberto
▪ Italian author original surname  Poli  born March 9, 1883, Trieste, Austria-Hungary [now in Italy] died Aug. 25, 1957, Gorizia, Italy       Italian poet noted for ...
Sabadell
/sah'beuh del"/; Sp. /sah'vah dhel"/, n. a city in NE Spain, N of Barcelona. 159,408. * * * ▪ Spain       city, Barcelona provincia (province), in the comunidad ...
sabadilla
/sab'euh dil"euh/, n. 1. a Mexican plant, Schoenocaulon officinale, of the lily family, having long, grasslike leaves and bitter seeds. 2. the seeds of this plant, formerly used ...
Sabae
▪ Japan       city, Fukui ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, in the northern end of the Takefu basin. The city first formed around the Buddhist Jōshō temple and became ...
Sabaean
/seuh bee"euhn/, adj., n. Sabean. * * *       member of a people of South Arabia in pre-Islāmic times, founders of the kingdom of Sabaʾ (q.v.), the biblical Sheba. * * ...
Sabah
/sah"bah/, n. a state in Malaysia, on the N tip of Borneo: formerly a British crown colony. 655,622; 29,347 sq. mi. (76,008 sq. km). Cap.: Kota Kinabalu. Formerly, North Borneo, ...
Ṣabāḥ dynasty
or Āl Ṣabāḥ ("Ṣabāḥ family") Ruling family of Kuwait since 1756. In that year the Banū ʽUtūb, a group of families of the ʽAnizah tribe living in what is now ...
Sabah, Sheikh Jabir al-Ahmad al-
▪ 2007  Kuwaiti royal (b. June 29, 1926, Kuwait City, Kuwait—d. Jan. 15, 2006, Kuwait City), as a member of the ruling Sabah family, a government minister (1949–65), prime ...
Sạbāḥ, Sheikh Jābir al-Aḥmad al-Jābir al-
▪ emir of Kuwait born June 29, 1926, Kuwait City, Kuwait died January 15, 2006, Kuwait City  member of the ruling Sạbāḥ family of Kuwait and emir ...
Sabah, Sheikh Saad al-Abdullah al-Salim al-
▪ 2009       Kuwaiti royal born 1929?, Kuwait died May 13, 2008, Kuwait City, Kuwait as a member of the ruling Sabah family, served in a variety of government posts, ...
sabal
sa·bal (sāʹbăl) n. See palmetto.   [New Latin, genus name.] * * *
sabalo
/sab"euh loh'/, n., pl. sabalos. the tarpon. [1885-90; < Sp sábalo shad < ?] * * *
Sabanci, Sakip
▪ 2005       Turkish businessman and philanthropist (b. April 7, 1933, Akcakaya, Kayseri, Turkey—d. April 10, 2004, Istanbul, Turkey), was regarded as the wealthiest ...
Sabang
▪ Indonesia       kotamadya (city) and free port, Aceh semiautonomous province, Indonesia. It is situated on the northeastern coast of We Island, off the northern tip ...
Sabaoth
/sab"ee oth', -awth', sab"ay-, seuh bay"ohth/, n. (used with a pl. v.) armies; hosts. Rom. 9:29; James 5:4. [1275-1325; < Heb sabha'oth, pl. of SABHA army] * * *
Sabará
▪ Brazil       city, east-central Minas Gerais estado (state), southern Brazil. It is located on the Velhas River, east of Belo Horizonte, the state capital, at an ...
Sabas, Saint
▪ Palestinian monk also spelled  Sabbas   born January 439, Moutalaske, Cappadocia, Asia Minor died Dec. 5, 532, near Jerusalem; feast day December 5       Christian ...
Sabata
/sah bah"tah/, n. Victor de /veek tawrdd" de/, 1892-1967, Italian composer and conductor. * * *
Sabatier
/sann bann tyay"/, n. Paul /pawl/, 1854-1941, French chemist: Nobel prize 1912. * * *
Sabatier, Auguste
▪ French biblical scholar born Oct. 22, 1839, Vallon, Fr. died April 12, 1901, Paris       French Protestant theologian and educator who helped popularize biblical ...
Sabatier, Paul
▪ French chemist born Nov. 5, 1854, Carcassonne, France died Aug. 14, 1941, Toulouse       French organic chemist and corecipient, with Victor Grignard (Grignard, ...
Sabatier,Paul
Sa·ba·tier (sä-bä-tyāʹ), Paul. 1854-1941. French chemist. He shared a 1912 Nobel Prize for developing methods of hydrogenating organic compounds. * * *
Sabatini
/sab'euh tee"nee, sah'beuh-/, n. Rafael /raf"ee euhl/, 1875-1950, English novelist and short-story writer, born in Italy. * * *
Sábato, Ernesto
▪ Argentine writer born June 24, 1911, Rojas, Argentina    Argentine novelist, journalist, and essayist whose novels are notable for their concern with philosophical and ...
sabaton
/sab"euh ton'/, n. Armor. a foot defense of mail or of a number of lames with solid toe and heel pieces. See illus. under armor. [1300-50; ME < OPr, equiv. to sabat(a) shoe + -on ...
Sabattier effect
/sah'beuh tyay", sab'euh-/, Photog. the alteration of the image tones of a photographic print by briefly reexposing the negative after it has been partially developed. [1925-30; ...
sabayon
Fr. /sann bann yawonn"/, n. zabaglione. [ < F < It zabaione; see ZABAGLIONE] * * *
Sabaʾ
▪ ancient kingdom, Arabia biblical  Sheba        kingdom in pre-Islamic southwestern Arabia, frequently mentioned in the Bible (notably in the story of King Solomon ...
Sabbat
/sab"euht/, n. (sometimes l.c.) Demonology. (in the 14th-16th centuries) a secret rendezvous of witches and sorcerers for worshiping the Devil, characterized by orgiastic rites, ...
Sabbatarian
—Sabbatarianism, n. /sab'euh tair"ee euhn/, n. 1. a person who observes the seventh day of the week, Saturday, as the Sabbath. 2. a person who adheres to or favors a strict ...
Sabbatarianism
See Sabbatarian. * * * ▪ religion       doctrine of those Christians (Christianity) who believe that Sunday (the Christian Sabbath) should be observed in accordance ...
Sabbath
—Sabbathless, adj. —Sabbathlike, adj. /sab"euhth/, n. 1. the seventh day of the week, Saturday, as the day of rest and religious observance among Jews and some Christians. ...
Sabbath River
      in Jewish legend, a river beyond which the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel were exiled. See Sambation. * * *
Sabbath school
1. See Sunday school. 2. (among Seventh-Day Adventists) such a school held on Saturday, their holy day. [1810-20] * * *
Sabbath schools
➡ Sunday school * * *
Sabbatical
—Sabbatically, adv. —Sabbaticalness, n. /seuh bat"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining or appropriate to the Sabbath. 2. (l.c.) of or pertaining to a sabbatical year. 3. (l.c.) ...
sabbatical leave
sabbatical leave n. a year or shorter period of absence for study, rest, or travel, given at intervals (orig. every seven years) as to some college teachers and now to people in ...
sabbatical year
1. Also called sabbatical leave. (in a school, college, university, etc.) a year, usually every seventh, of release from normal teaching duties granted to a professor, as for ...
sabbaticalyear
sabbatical year n. 1. A leave of absence, often with pay, usually granted every seventh year, as to a college professor, for travel, research, or rest. 2. often Sabbatical year A ...
Sabbatini, Nicola
▪ Italian architect born 1574, Pesaro, Italy died Dec. 25, 1654, Pesaro       Italian architect and engineer who pioneered in theatrical perspective techniques. He ...
Sabbatize
—Sabbatization, n. /sab"euh tuyz'/, v., Sabbatized, Sabbatizing. (often l.c.) v.i. 1. to keep the Sabbath. v.t. 2. to keep as the Sabbath. Also, esp. Brit., ...
śabda
▪ Indian philosophy       (Sanskrit: “sound”), in Indian philosophy, verbal testimony as a means of obtaining knowledge. In the orthodox philosophical systems ...
Sabean
/seuh bee"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Saba. n. 2. an inhabitant of Saba. Also, Sabaean. [1580-90; < L sabae(us) ( < Gk sabaîos of Saba or Sheba) + -AN] * * *
Sabellian
/seuh bel"ee euhn/, n. a member of a group of early Italian peoples including the Samnites and Sabines. [1595-1605; < L Sabell(us) a member of any of the Oscan-speaking Italic ...
Sabellianism
Sa·bel·li·an·ism (sə-bĕlʹē-ə-nĭz'əm) n. A version of Monarchianism holding that the Godhead was differentiated only into a succession of modes or operations and that ...
Sabellic
Sa·bel·lic (sə-bĕlʹĭk) n. A group of extinct Italic languages that includes Oscan, Umbrian, and South Picene, known primarily from inscriptional remains. Also called ...
Sabellic dialects
      group of minor Italic dialects spoken in central and southern Italy, closely related to the Oscan language (q.v.). Those dialects spoken by the Paeligni, Marrucini, ...
saber
—saberlike, adj. /say"beuhr/, n. 1. a heavy, one-edged sword, usually slightly curved, used esp. by cavalry. 2. a soldier armed with such a sword. 3. Fencing. a. a sword having ...
saber rattling
saber rattling n. a threatening of war, or a menacing show of armed force * * *
saber saw
a portable electric jigsaw. [1950-55] * * *
saber-rattling
/say"beuhr rat'ling/, n. a show or threat of military power, esp. as used by a nation to impose its policies on other countries. [1920-25; see SABER, RATTLE1, -ING1] * * *
saber-toothed
/say"beuhr toohtht'/, adj. having long, saberlike upper canine teeth, sometimes extending below the margin of the lower jaw. [1840-50] * * *
saber-toothed tiger
any of several extinct members of the cat family Felidae from the Oligocene to Pleistocene Epochs, having greatly elongated, saberlike upper canine teeth. Also called sabertooth ...
saber-toothedtiger
sa·ber-toothed tiger (sāʹbər-to͞otht') n. Any of various extinct cats of the Oligocene to the Pleistocene Epoch, especially one of the larger members of the genus Smilodon, ...
Saberht
▪ king of Essex also spelled  Saeberht, or Sebert   died 616/617       first Christian king of the East Saxons, or Essex (from sometime before ...
sabermetrics
—sabermetrician /-mi trish"euhn/, n. /say'beuhr me"triks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the computerized measurement of baseball statistics. Also, SABRmetrics. [1980-85; S(ociety ...
saberrattling
saber rattling n. 1. A flamboyant display of military power. 2. A threat or implied threat to use military force. * * *
sabersaw
saber saw n. A portable power jigsaw used to cut straight or curved lines in wood, plastic, or soft metals. * * *
Sabhā
▪ Libya also spelled  Sebha,         town, southwestern Libya, in a Saharan oasis. It was an active caravan centre from the 11th century. The modern town of stark ...
sabha
▪ Indian government Hindi and Sanskrit  sabhā        (“assembly”), important unit of self-government in Hindu (Hinduism) society. It is basically an association ...
Sabi River
▪ river, Africa also called  Save River,    river of southeastern Africa, flowing through Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The river rises as the Sabi about 50 miles (80 km) south ...
Sabia, Laura Villela
▪ 1997       Canadian feminist leader who rallied more than 30 women's lobbying groups that pressured Canada into establishing the Royal Commission on the Status of ...
Sabiaceae
▪ plant family       only family in the order Sabiales, with 3 genera and about 100 species of evergreen trees or lianas (liana) native to tropical America and Southeast ...
Sabiavirus
Sa·bi·a virus (sāʹbē-ə) n. An arbovirus having an incubation period of about 12 days and causing fever, rashes, and other symptoms of infection as well as hemorrhagic ...
sabin
/say"bin/, n. Physics. a unit of sound absorption, equal to one square foot (929 square centimeters) of a perfectly absorptive surface. [1930-35; named after W. C. SABINE] * * *
Sabin
/say"bin/, n. Albert Bruce, 1906-93, U.S. physician, born in Poland: developed Sabin vaccine. * * *
Sabin vaccine
an orally administered vaccine of live viruses for immunization against poliomyelitis. [named after A. B. SABIN] * * *
Sabin, Albert B(ruce)
born Aug. 26, 1906, Białystok, Poland, Russian Empire died March 3, 1993, Washington, D.C., U.S. Polish-born U.S. physician and microbiologist. He immigrated to the U.S. with ...
Sabin, Albert Bruce
▪ 1994       Polish-born U.S. physician and microbiologist (b. Aug. 26, 1906, Bialystok, Poland—d. March 3, 1993, Washington, D.C.), was a towering figure in medical ...
Sabin, Florence Rena
▪ American anatomist born Nov. 9, 1871, Central City, Colo., U.S. died Oct. 3, 1953, Denver, Colo.  American anatomist and investigator of the lymphatic system who was ...
Sabin,Albert Bruce
Sa·bin (sāʹbĭn), Albert Bruce. 1906-1993. American microbiologist and physician who developed a live-virus vaccine against polio (1957), replacing the killed-virus vaccine ...
Sabina
/seuh bee"neuh, -buy"-/, n. a female given name: from a Latin word meaning "a Sabine woman." * * *
Sabine
/say"buyn/, adj. 1. of or belonging to an ancient people of central Italy who lived chiefly in the Apennines northeast of Rome and were subjugated by the Romans about 290 ...
Sabine Lake
/seuh been"/ a shallow lake on the boundary between Texas and Louisiana, formed by a widening of the Sabine River. ab. 17 mi. (27 km) long; 7 mi. (11 km) wide. * * *
Sabine River
River, eastern Texas and western Louisiana, U.S. Rising in northeastern Texas, it flows southeast and south, broadens near its mouth to form Sabine Lake, and continues from Port ...
Sabine'sgull
Sab·ine's gull (săbʹīnz, -ĭnz, sāʹbīnz) n. A gull (Xema sabinii) of Arctic regions, having a forked tail with feathers rounded at the ends.   [After Sir EdwardSabine ...
Sabine, Sir Edward
born Oct. 14, 1788, Dublin, Ire. died June 26, 1883, East Sheen, Surrey, Eng. British astronomer and geodesist. He accompanied the expeditions of John Ross (1818) and William ...
Sabine, Wallace Clement
▪ American physicist born June 13, 1868, Richwood, Ohio, U.S. died Jan 10, 1919, Cambridge, Mass.       U.S. physicist who founded the science of architectural ...
SabineRiver
Sa·bine River (sə-bēnʹ) A river of eastern Texas rising northeast of Dallas and flowing about 925 km (575 mi) generally southeast and south to the Gulf of Mexico. Its lower ...
Sabinian
▪ pope Latin  Sabinianus   born , Tuscany died Feb. 22, 606, Rome       Italian pope from 604 to 606.       Under Pope Gregory I the Great, he served as papal ...
Sabinianus
/seuh bin'ee ay"neuhs/, n. died A.D. 606, pope 604-606. * * *
Sabinio
▪ volcano, Africa also called  Volcan Sabinyo,  or  Volcan Sabyinyo,         extinct volcano (11,500 feet [3,505 m]) in the Virunga Mountains of east-central ...
Sabinvaccine
Sabin vaccine n. An oral poliomyelitis vaccine consisting of live attenuated polio viruses.   [After Sabin, Albert Bruce.] * * *
Sabir
/seuh bear"/, n. See lingua franca (def. 2). * * *
sabkhah
▪ saline flat also spelled  Sebkha        (Arabic), saline flat or salt-crusted depression, commonly found along the coasts of North Africa and Saudi Arabia. Sabkhahs ...
sable
/say"beuhl/, n., pl. sables, (esp. collectively for 1, 2) sable, adj. n. 1. an Old World weasellike mammal, Mustela zibellina, of cold regions in Eurasia and the North Pacific ...
Sable
/say"beuhl/, n. Cape 1. a cape on a small island at the SW tip of Nova Scotia, Canada: lighthouse. 2. a cape at the S tip of Florida. * * * Carnivore (Martes zibellina, family ...
sable antelope
a large antelope, Hippotragus niger, of Africa, with long, saberlike horns and, in the male, a black coat: an endangered species. * * * ▪ mammal  one of Africa's most ...
Sable Island
▪ island, Nova Scotia, Canada       gently curving sandbar in the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada, 110 mi (180 km) southeast of Cape Canso. It is ...
Sable,Cape
Sa·ble (sāʹbəl), Cape 1. A promontory of southern Nova Scotia, Canada. It is on an inlet south of Sable Island, a low sandy island often called “the Graveyard of the ...
sableantelope
sable antelope n. A large African antelope (Hippotragus niger) having backward-curving horns and a usually dark coat. * * *
sablefish
/say"beuhl fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) sablefish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) sablefishes. a large, blackish food fish, Anoplopoma fimbria, ...
Sablon, Jean
▪ 1995       French singer and songwriter (b. March 25, 1906, Nogent-sur-Marne, near Paris, France—d. Feb. 24, 1994, Cannes-la-Bocca, France), was an elegant crooner ...
sabora
/seuh bawr"euh, -bohr"euh/, n., pl. saboraim /sah'baw rah"im, -boh-/. (often cap.) Judaism. one of a group of Jewish scholars, active in the rabbinical academies of Babylonia ...
sabot
—saboted /sa bohd", sab"ohd/, adj. /sab"oh/; Fr. /sann boh"/, n., pl. sabots /sab"ohz/; Fr. /sann boh"/. 1. a shoe made of a single block of wood hollowed out, worn esp. by ...
sabotage
/sab"euh tahzh', sab'euh tahzh"/, n., v., sabotaged, sabotaging. n. 1. any underhand interference with production, work, etc., in a plant, factory, etc., as by enemy agents ...
saboteur
/sab'euh terr"/, n. a person who commits or practices sabotage. [1920-25; < F, equiv. to sabot(er) to botch (see SABOTAGE) + -eur -EUR] * * *
sabra
/sah"breuh, -brah/, n. (sometimes cap.) a person born in Israel. [1940-45; < colloquial ModHeb sabre lit., prickly pear < Ar sabrah] * * *
Sabra and Shatila massacres
(1982) Massacre of Palestinian civilians by Christian militiamen in two Beirut refugee camps during the Israeli invasion of Lebanon. The goal of Israel's action was to expel ...
Sabrata
or Sabratha Ancient city, Roman Africa. Founded by the Carthaginians as a trading post, it was first permanently settled in the 4th century BC. It was the westernmost of the ...
Sabratha
▪ ancient city, Libya also spelled  Sabrata,         western-most of the three cities of ancient Tripolis, located near the modern town of Ṣabrātah, west of ...
sabre
/say"beuhr/, n., v.t., sabred, sabring. Chiefly Brit. saber. * * * ▪ sword also spelled  saber        heavy military sword with a long cutting edge and, often, a ...
sabre saw
☆ sabre saw n. a portable electric saw with a narrow, oscillating blade * * *
sabre-toothed cat
▪ subfamily of mammals  any of the extinct (extinction) catlike carnivores (carnivore) belonging either to the extinct family Nimravidae or the subfamily Machairodontinae of ...
sabre-toothed tiger
or sabre-toothed cat Any of the extinct cat species forming the subfamily Machairodontinae. They had two long, bladelike canine teeth in the upper jaw. They lived from 36.6 ...
sabretache
sabretache [sā′bər tash΄, sab′ərtash΄] n. 〚Fr < Ger säbeltasche < säbel, SABER + tasche, pocket < ML tasca: see TASK〛 a square leather case hung from the saber ...
Sabrina
/seuh bree"neuh, -bruy"-/, n. a female given name: from the Latin word for the river Severn. * * *
sabulosity
See sabulous. * * *
sabulous
—sabulosity /sab'yeuh los"i tee/, n. /sab"yeuh leuhs/, adj. sandy; gritty. [1625-35; < L sabul(um) sand + -OUS] * * *
Sabzevari, 'Abd al-A`ala al-Mussawi al-
▪ 1994       Iranian-born cleric (b. Dec. 21, 1910, Sabzevar, Iran—d. Aug. 16, 1993, an-Najaf, Iraq), was, for the last year of his life, the grand ayatollah in the ...
Sabzevārī, Hājjī Hādī
born 1797/98, Sabzevār, Iran died 1878, Sabzevār Iranian philosopher and religious scholar. In his native city he founded a school that attracted students of philosophy from ...
Sabzevārī, ʿAbd al-Aʿlā al-Mūsawī al-
▪ Iranian cleric born December 21, 1910, Sabzevār, Iran died August 16, 1993, Al-Najaf, Iraq       Iranian-born cleric who, from 1992 to 1993, was the grand ayatollah ...
sac
—saclike, adj. /sak/, n. a baglike structure in an animal, plant, or fungus, as one containing fluid. [1735-45; < L saccus SACK1] * * *
Sac
/sak, sawk/, n., pl. Sacs, (esp. collectively) Sac. Sauk. * * *
SAC
/sak/, n. Strategic Air Command. Also, S.A.C. * * *
sac fungus
ascomycete. [1925-30; so called because its spores are formed in a sac] * * *
sac spider
▪ arachnid also called  two-clawed hunting spider        any member of a relatively common, widespread family of spiders (order Araneida) that range in body length ...
sac-a-lait
/sak"euh lay', sak'euh lay"/, n. the white crappie. See under crappie. [1880-85, Amer.; < LaF < Choctaw sakli trout (taken as sac SACK1 + à for + lait milk)] * * *
Saca Gonzalez, Elias Antonio
▪ 2005       On June 1, 2004, Elías Antonio Saca González, best known as the popular sportscaster Tony Saca, became El Salvador's president. He was born on March 9, ...
Sacagawea
Sacagawea [sak΄ə jə wē′ə, sak΄ə jəwā′ə] 1787?-1812?; Shoshone Indian woman: interpreter & guide for the Lewis & Clark expedition: see LEWIS2 Meriwether also sp. ...
Sacajawea
/sak'euh jeuh wee"euh/, n. ("Bird Woman") 1787?-1812?, Shoshone guide and interpreter: accompanied Lewis and Clark expedition 1804-05. Also, Sacagawea /sak'euh geuh wee"euh, ...
Sacasa, Juan Bautista
▪ president of Nicaragua born Dec. 21, 1874, León, Nicaragua died April 17, 1946, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.  Nicaraguan statesman who served as his country's president in ...
sacaton
☆ sacaton [sak΄ə tōn′ ] n. 〚AmSp zacatón < zacate < Nahuatl sakaλ, grass〛 a coarse native grass (Sporobolus wrightii), used for hay or pasture on dry ranges in the ...
saccade
/sa kahd", seuh-/, n. 1. the act of checking a horse quickly with a single strong pull of the reins. 2. Ophthalm. the series of small, jerky movements of the eyes when changing ...
saccadic
/sa kah"dik, seuh-/, adj. characterized by discontinuous or sporadic movement; jerky. [1915-20; SACCADE + -IC] * * *
saccate
/sak"it, -ayt/, adj. having a sac or the form of a sac. [1820-30; < NL saccatus, equiv. to sacc(us) SACK1 + -atus -ATE1] * * *
sacchar-
a combining form meaning "sugar," used in the formation of technical terms: saccharoid. Also, esp. before a consonant, saccharo-. [comb. form repr. ML saccharum Gk sákkharon, ...
saccharase
saccharase [sak′ə rās΄] n. 〚 SACCHAR- + -ASE〛 SUCRASE * * * sac·cha·rase (săkʹə-rās', -rāz') n. See invertase. * * *
saccharate
/sak"euh rayt'/, n. Chem. 1. a salt of saccharic acid. 2. a compound formed by interaction of sucrose with a metallic oxide, usually lime, and useful in the purification of ...
saccharic
/seuh kar"ik/, adj. Chem. 1. of or derived from saccharin or a saccharine substance. 2. of or derived from saccharic acid. [1790-1800; SACCHAR- + -IC] * * *
saccharic acid
Chem. a white, needlelike, crystalline, water-soluble solid or syrup, C6H10O8, usually made by the oxidation of cane sugar, glucose, or starch by nitric acid. Also called ...
saccharicacid
sac·char·ic acid (sə-kărʹĭk) n. A white crystalline acid, COOH(CHOH)4COOH, formed by the oxidation of glucose, sucrose, or starch. * * *
saccharide
/sak"euh ruyd', -euhr id/, n. Chem. 1. an organic compound containing a sugar or sugars. 2. a simple sugar; monosaccharide. 3. an ester of sucrose. [1855-60; SACCHAR- + -IDE] * * ...
sacchariferous
/sak'euh rif"euhr euhs/, adj. Chem. containing or yielding sugar. [1750-60; SACCHAR- + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
saccharification
See saccharify. * * *
saccharify
—saccharification /seuh kar'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. —saccharifier, n. /seuh kar"euh fuy', sak"euhr euh fuy'/, v.t., saccharified, saccharifying. to convert (starch) into ...
saccharimeter
/sak'euh rim"i teuhr/, n. an optical instrument for determining the strength of sugar solutions by measuring the rotation of the plane of polarized light they produce. [1870-75; ...
saccharimetry
/sak'euh rim"i tree/, n. Biochem. the process of measuring the amount of sugar in a sample, as with a saccharimeter or by polarimetry. [1850-55; SACCHAR- + -I- + -METRY] * * *
saccharin
/sak"euhr in/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C7H5NO3S, produced synthetically, which in dilute solution is 500 times as sweet as sugar: its ...
saccharine
—saccharinely, adv. —saccharinity /sak'euh rin"i tee/, n. /sak"euhr in, -euh reen', -euh ruyn'/, adj. 1. of the nature of or resembling that of sugar: a powdery substance ...
saccharinely
See saccharine. * * *
saccharinity
See saccharinely. * * *
saccharize
—saccharization, n. /sak"euh ruyz'/, v.t., saccharized, saccharizing. 1. to convert into sugar; saccharify. 2. to convert (the starches in grain) to fermentable sugars during ...
saccharo-
var. of sacchar- before a consonant: saccharometer. * * *
saccharofarinaceous
/sak'euh roh far'euh nay"sheuhs/, adj. pertaining to or consisting of sugar and meal. [1895-1900; SACCHARO- + FARINACEOUS] * * *
saccharoid
/sak"euh royd'/, adj. Geol. (of rock) having a granular texture like that of loaf sugar. Also, saccharoidal. [1825-35; SACCHAR- + -OID] * * *
saccharoidal
saccharoidal [sak΄ə roid′'l] adj. 〚
saccharolactic acid
/sak"euh roh lak"tik, sak'-/, Chem. See mucic acid. [SACCHARO- + LACTIC ACID] * * *
saccharolytic
/sak'euh roh lit"ik/, adj. Chem. of or causing the hydrolysis of sugars. [1905-10; SACCHARO- + -LYTIC] * * *
saccharometer
—saccharometric /sak'euh roh me"trik/, saccharometrical, adj. —saccharometry, n. /sak'euh rom"i teuhr/, n. Chem. an instrument for measuring the amount of sugar in a ...
saccharomyces
sac·cha·ro·my·ces (săk'ə-rō-mīʹsēz) n. pl. saccharomyces Any of several single-celled yeasts belonging to the genus Saccharomyces that lack a true mycelium and many ...
saccharomycete
sac·cha·ro·my·cete (săk'ə-rō-mīʹsēt') n. A yeast of the family Saccharomycetaceae, including the saccharomyces.   sac'cha·ro·my·ceʹtic (-mī-sēʹtĭk) or ...
saccharomycetic
See saccharomycete. * * *
saccharomycetous
See saccharomycetic. * * *
saccharose
/sak"euh rohs'/, n. Chem. sucrose. [1875-80; SACCHAR- + -OSE2] * * *
Sacchetti, Franco
▪ Italian author born 1330, –35, Florence or Ragusa [Italy] died Aug. 15?, 1400, San Miniato, near Florence       Italian poet and storyteller whose work is typical ...
Sacchi, Andrea
born 1599, Nettuno, Papal States died June 21, 1661, Rome Italian painter. He studied with Francesco Albani in Bologna and in Rome, where he would work all his life. He was ...
Saccidananda
/such"chid"ah nun"deuh/, n. Sat-cit-ananda. * * *
Sacco
/sak"oh/; It. /sahk"kaw/, n. Nicola /nee kaw"lah/, 1891-1927, Italian anarchist, in the U.S. after 1908: together with Bartolomeo Vanzetti, found guilty of robbery and murder ...
Sacco and Vanzetti
two Italian-Americans, born in Italy, who were executed in the US in 1927 for the murder of two workers during a robbery at a Massachusetts factory, although the evidence against ...
Sacco,Nicola
Sac·co (săkʹō, säkʹkō), Nicola. 1891-1927. Italian-born American anarchist who with Bartolomeo Vanzetti was convicted of a double murder and sentenced to death (1921). ...
Sacco-Vanzetti case
Murder trial in Massachusetts (1920–27). After the robbery and murder of a paymaster and a guard at a shoe factory (1920), police arrested the Italian immigrant anarchists ...
Saccopastore skulls
▪ hominid fossils       two Neanderthal fossils found in 1929 and 1935 in a river deposit on the bank of a small tributary of the Tiber River outside Rome. The ...
saccular
/sak"yeuh leuhr/, adj. having the form of a sac. [1860-65; SACCUL(US) + -AR1] * * *
sacculate
—sacculation, n. /sak"yeuh layt', -lit/, adj. formed into or having a saccule, sac, or saclike dilation. Also, sacculated. [1865-70; SACCUL(US) + -ATE1] * * *
sacculation
See saccular. * * *
saccule
/sak"yoohl/, n. 1. Anat. the smaller of two sacs in the membranous labyrinth of the internal ear. Cf. utricle (def. 3). 2. a little sac. [1830-40; < L sacculus SACCULUS] * * *
sacculus
/sak"yeuh leuhs/, n., pl. sacculi /-luy'/. a saccule. [1615-25; < L, equiv. to sacc(us) SACK1 + -ulus -ULE] * * *
sacellum
/seuh kel"euhm, -sel"-/, n., pl. sacella /-kel"euh, -sel"euh/. 1. a small chapel, as a monument within a church. 2. (in ancient Rome) a shrine open to the sky. [1800-10; < L: ...
sacerdotal
—sacerdotally, adv. /sas'euhr doht"l/, adj. of priests; priestly. [1350-1400; ME < L sacerdotalis, equiv. to sacerdot- (s. of sacerdos) priest + -alis -AL1] * * *
sacerdotalism
—sacerdotalist, n. /sas'euhr doht"l iz'euhm/, n. 1. the system, spirit, or methods of the priesthood. 2. Usually Disparaging. priestcraft. [1840-50; SACERDOTAL + -ISM] * * *
sacerdotalist
See sacerdotalism. * * *
sacerdotally
See sacerdotal. * * *
SACEUR
SACEUR abbr. Supreme Allied Commander, Europe. * * *
sacfungus
sac fungus n. See ascomycete. * * *
sachem
—sachemdom, n. —sachemic /say chem"ik, say"cheuh mik/, adj. —sachemship, n. /say"cheuhm/, n. 1. (among some North American Indians) a. the chief of a tribe. b. the chief of ...
Sacher torte
/sah"keuhr tawrt"/; Ger. /zah"kheuhrdd tawrdd"teuh/, pl. Sacher tortes, Ger. Sacher torten /zah"kheuhrdd tawrdd"tn/. a chocolate cake covered with apricot jam and chocolate ...
Sacher, Paul
▪ 2000       Swiss conductor, businessman, and patron of the arts (b. April 28, 1906, Basel, Switz.—d. May 26, 1999, Basel), catalyzed 20th-century music by using his ...
Sacher-Masoch
/zah"kheuhrdd mah"zohkh/ Leopold von /lay"oh pohlt' feuhn/, 1836-95, Austrian novelist. * * *
sachertorte
sa·cher torte (säʹkər tôrt', zäʹKHər tôr'tə) n. A rich chocolate cake filled with apricot jam and topped with chocolate icing.   [German Sachertorte: Sacher, surname ...
sachet
/sa shay"/ or, esp. Brit., /sash"ay/, n. 1. a small bag, case, or pad containing perfuming powder or the like, placed among handkerchiefs, lingerie, etc., to impart a pleasant ...
Sacheverell Sitwell
➡ Sitwell * * *
Sacheverell, Henry
▪ Anglican clergyman born 1674? died June 5, 1724, London, Eng.       English preacher, an assertively narrow-minded supporter of the Anglican state whose impeachment ...
Sachs
/zahks/, n. 1. Hans /hahns/, 1494-1576, German Meistersinger: author of stories, songs, poems and dramatic works. 2. Nelly (Leonie), 1891-1970, German poet and playwright, in ...
Sachs, (Ferdinand Gustav) Julius von
▪ German botanist born Oct. 2, 1832, Breslau, Ger. [now Wrocław, Pol.] died May 29, 1897, Würzburg, Ger.       German botanist whose experimental study of nutrition, ...
Sachs, Curt
born June 29, 1881, Berlin, Ger. died Feb. 5, 1959, New York, N.Y., U.S. German-born U.S. musicologist. He studied clarinet and composition as a teenager but earned a doctorate ...
Sachs, Hans
▪ German poet and composer born Nov. 5, 1494, Nürnberg, Ger. died Jan. 19, 1576, Nürnberg       German burgher, meistersinger, and poet who was outstanding for his ...
Sachs, Jeffrey D.
▪ 2006       In April 2005 Time magazine named American Jeffrey Sachs one of the 100 most influential people in the world for the second straight year. Sachs's ...
Sachs, Nelly
▪ German writer in full  Nelly Leonie Sachs  born Dec. 10, 1891, Berlin, Ger. died May 12, 1970, Stockholm, Swed.       German poet and dramatist who became a ...
Sachs, Nelly (Leonie)
born Dec. 10, 1891, Berlin, Ger. died May 12, 1970, Stockholm, Swed. German poet and dramatist. Born to a prosperous family, Sachs wrote poems mainly for her own entertainment ...
Sachs,Hans
Sachs (zäks, săks), Hans. 1494-1576. German writer and Meistersinger noted for his many dramas, poems, and songs. His life inspired Wagner's opera Die Meistersinger von ...
Sachs,Nelly
Sachs, Nelly. 1891-1970. German writer whose work is based on the suffering of the Jewish people during World War II. She shared the 1966 Nobel Prize for literature. * * *


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