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/zahk"seuhn/, n. German name of Saxony. * * *
/zahk"seuhn ayn"hahlt/, n. German name of Saxony-Anhalt. * * *
German Nazi concentration camp. Located near the village of Sachsenhausen in northern Germany, it was established in 1936 as part of a system of camps that included Buchenwald ...
▪ Saxon law German“Saxon Mirror”       the most important of the medieval compilations of Saxon customary law. Collected in the early 13th century by Eike von ...
sack1 —sacklike, adj. /sak/, n. 1. a large bag of strong, coarsely woven material, as for grain, potatoes, or coal. 2. the amount a sack holds. 3. a bag: a sack of candy. 4. ...
sack coat
—sack-coated, adj. a short coat or jacket with a straight back and no seam at the waist. [1840-50] * * *
sack dress
a loose, unbelted dress that hangs straight from the shoulder to the hemline. [1955-60] * * *
sack race
—sack racer. —sack racing. a race in which each contestant jumps ahead while his or her legs are confined in a sack. [1880-85] * * *
sack suit
a man's suit that has a loose-fitting jacket. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
sack time
Slang. time spent sleeping. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
/sak"but'/, n. 1. a medieval form of the trombone. 2. Bible. an ancient stringed musical instrument. Dan. 3. [1495-1505; < MF saquebute, earlier saqueboute, saquebot(t)e orig., a ...
—sackclothed, adj. /sak"klawth', -kloth'/, n. 1. sacking. 2. coarse cloth worn as a sign of mourning or penitence. 3. in sackcloth and ashes, in a state of repentance or ...
sacker1 /sak"euhr/, n. 1. bagger (def. 1). 2. Baseball. a baseman: a slick-fielding third sacker. [1900-05; SACK1 + -ER1] sacker2 /sak"euhr/, n. a person who sacks; plunderer; ...
/sak"fool/, n., pl. sackfuls. the amount a sack will hold. [1475-85; SACK1 + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
/sak"ing/, n. stout, coarse woven material of hemp, jute, or the like, chiefly for sacks. Also called sackcloth. [1580-90; SACK1 + -ING1] * * *
Sackler, Arthur M(itchell)
born Aug. 22, 1913, New York, N.Y., U.S. died May 26, 1987, New York City U.S. physician, medical publisher, and art collector. He earned an M.D. from New York University. In ...
Sackler, Arthur M.
▪ American physician in full  Arthur Mitchell Sackler   born Aug. 22, 1913, New York, N.Y., U.S. died May 26, 1987, New York       American physician, medical ...
sack race n. A race in which the contestants compete by jumping forward with their legs enclosed in a sack. * * *
(1933– ) an English neurologist (= doctor who studies the nerves and their diseases). He has written many books about unusual mental conditions. He has lived in the US since ...
Sacks, Oliver (Wolf)
born July 9, 1933, London, Eng. British-U.S. neurologist and writer. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1960 to study neurology at the University of California, and in 1965 he joined ...
Sacks, Oliver Wolf
▪ 1996       Consciousness and brain function have been examined through the lens of many disciplines, including philosophy, biology, psychology, and artificial ...
/sak"vil/, n. Thomas, 1st Earl of Dorset, 1536-1608, English statesman and poet. * * * (as used in expressions) Sackville Thomas 1st earl of Dorset Sackville West Vita Victoria ...
Sackville, George Sackville-Germain, 1st Viscount, Baron Bolebrooke of Sussex
▪ English politician and soldier original name  Lord George Sackville,  also called  (from 1770) Lord George Germain , or  Sackville-Germain  born Jan. 26, 1716, London, ...
Sackville, Thomas, 1st earl of Dorset
born 1536, Buckhurst, Sussex, Eng. died April 19, 1608, London English politician and poet. A London barrister, he entered Parliament in 1558. He was a member of the Privy ...
Sack·ville (săkʹvĭl'), Thomas. First Earl of Dorset and Baron Buckhurst. 1536-1608. English political adviser and poet who collaborated with Thomas Norton (1532-1584) on the ...
/sak"vil west"/, n. Dame Victoria Mary ("Vita"), 1892-1962, English poet and novelist (wife of Harold Nicolson). * * *
Sackville-West, V
▪ British writer married name Victoria Mary Nicolson born March 9, 1892, Knole, Kent, Eng. died June 2, 1962, Sissinghurst Castle, Kent       English novelist and poet ...
Sackville-West, Vita
orig. Victoria Mary Sackville-West born March 9, 1892, Knole, Kent, Eng. died June 2, 1962, Sissinghurst Castle, Kent British novelist and poet. The daughter of a baron, she ...
Sackville-West,Victoria Mary
Sack·ville-West (săkʹvĭl-wĕstʹ), Victoria Mary. Known as “Vita.” 1892-1962. British writer whose novels include The Edwardians (1930) and All Passion Spent (1931). * * ...
/saw"koh/, n. a city in SW Maine. 12,921. * * * ▪ Maine, United States       city, York county, southwestern Maine, U.S., at the mouth of the Saco River opposite ...
/sak/, n. sack1 (def. 6). * * *
sacr- pref. Variant of sacro-. * * *
sa·cra (sāʹkrə, săkʹrə) n. Plural of sacrum. * * *
sacra rappresentazione
▪ Italian drama       (Italian: “holy performance”), in theatre, 15th-century Italian ecclesiastical drama similar to the mystery plays of France and England and the ...
Sacra Romana Rota
/sah"kreuh roh mah"neuh roh"teuh/, Rom. Cath. Ch. the official name of the Rota. * * *
sacral1 /say"kreuhl, sak"reuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to sacred rites or observances. [1880-85; < L sacr(um) sacred thing + -AL1] sacral2 /say"kreuhl, sak"reuhl/, adj. of or ...
sacral nerve
Anat. any of the nerves arising in five pairs from the spinal cord in the sacrum. [1820-30] * * *
sacral plexus
a nerve network originating from the nerves of the sacral spine and innervating large areas of the lower trunk and legs, esp. via the sciatic nerves. * * *
See sacralize. * * *
—sacralization, n. /say"kreuh luyz', sak"reuh-/, v.t., sacralized, sacralizing. to make sacred; imbue with sacred character, esp. through ritualized devotion: a society that ...
/sak"reuh meuhnt/, n. 1. Eccles. a visible sign of an inward grace, esp. one of the solemn Christian rites considered to have been instituted by Jesus Christ to symbolize or ...
—sacramentally, adv. —sacramentalness, sacramentality, n. /sak'reuh men"tl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a sacrament, esp. the sacrament of the ...
sacramental wine
wine for use in a Eucharistic service. Also called altar wine. * * *
—sacramentalist, n. /sak'reuh men"tl iz'euhm/, n. 1. a belief in or emphasis on the importance and efficacy of the sacraments for achieving salvation and conferring grace. 2. ...
See sacramentalism. * * *
See sacramental. * * *
—Sacramentarianism, n. /sak'reuh men tair"ee euhn/, n. 1. a person who maintains that the Eucharistic elements have only symbolic significance and are not corporeal ...
See Sacramentarian. * * *
sacramentary [sak΄rə ment′ə rē] n. pl. sacramentaries a liturgical book containing rites and prayers of the Mass, ordinations, etc. * * *
/sak'reuh men"toh/, n. 1. a port in and the capital of California, in the central part, on the Sacramento River. 275,741. 2. a river flowing S from N California to San Francisco ...
Sacramento Mountains
a mountain range in S New Mexico and SW Texas: highest peak, Sierra Bianco, 12,003 ft. (3660 m). * * * ▪ mountains, United States  segment of the southern Rockies, extending ...
Sacramento River
River, northern California, U.S. Rising near Mount Shasta, it flows 382 mi (615 km) southwest between the Cascade and Sierra Nevada ranges, through the northern Central ...
Sacramento sturgeon.
See white sturgeon. * * *
Sacramento Mountains A range of south-central New Mexico extending north and south to the Texas border and rising to 3,660.9 m (12,003 ft) at Sierra Blanca Peak. * * *
Sacramento River A river of northern California rising near Mount Shasta and flowing about 611 km (380 mi) generally southward to an extension of San Francisco Bay. * * *
—sacrarial, adj. /seuh krair"ee euhm/, n., pl. sacraria /-krair"ee euh/. 1. Rom. Cath. Ch. a piscina. 2. Eccles. the sanctuary or chancel. 3. Rom. Hist. a shrine or ...
—sacredly, adv. —sacredness, n. /say"krid/, adj. 1. devoted or dedicated to a deity or to some religious purpose; consecrated. 2. entitled to veneration or religious respect ...
sacred baboon
sacred baboon n. HAMADRYAD (sense 3) * * *
sacred baboon.
See hamadryas baboon. [1890-95] * * *
sacred bamboo
nandina. [1865-70] * * *
sacred clown
▪ religion       ritual or ceremonial figure, in various preliterate and ancient cultures throughout the world, who represents a reversal of the normal order, an opening ...
Sacred College
Sacred College n. COLLEGE OF CARDINALS * * *
Sacred College of Cardinals
the official name of the College of Cardinals. * * *
sacred cow
an individual, organization, institution, etc., considered to be exempt from criticism or questioning. [1905-10; in reference to the traditional inviolability of the cow among ...
Sacred Heart
Rom. Cath. Ch. the physical heart of Jesus, to which special devotion is offered as a symbol of His love and redemptive sacrifice. [1755-65] * * * ▪ Roman ...
Sacred Heart, Society of the
▪ Roman Catholic congregation       (R.S.C.J.), a Roman Catholic religious congregation of women devoted to the education of girls, founded in France in 1800 by ...
sacred ibis
an African ibis, Threskiornis aethiopica, having a black, naked head and neck and white and black plumage, venerated by the ancient Egyptians. See illus. under ibis. [1830-40] * ...
sacred kingship
▪ religious and political concept Introduction       religious and political concept by which a ruler is seen as an incarnation, manifestation, mediator, or agent of ...
sacred lotus.
See Indian lotus. [1865-70] * * *
sacred monster
a celebrity whose eccentricities or indiscretions are easily forgiven by admirers. [1980-85; trans. of F monstre sacré] * * *
Sacred Nine
Class. Myth. the Muses. * * *
sacred order
Rom. Cath. Ch. See major order. [1720-30] * * *
Sacred Pipe
▪ American Indian culture also called  Peace Pipe  or  Calumet   one of the central ceremonial (ceremonial object) objects of the Northeast Indians (Northeast Indian) and ...
Sacred Roman Rota
rota1 (def. 3). * * *
sacred thread
Hinduism. a cord worn by Hindus of the three upper castes as a sign of being twice-born or initiated into the Vedas. * * *
Sacred Writ
Scripture. * * *
sacred baboon n. See hamadryas.   [From the fact that the ancient Egyptians revered it as the god Anubis.] * * *
Sa·cred College (sāʹkrĭd) n. Roman Catholic Church The College of Cardinals. * * *
sacred cow n. One that is immune from criticism, often unreasonably so: “The need for widespread secrecy has become a sacred cow” (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists). ...
sacred ibis n. A large, short-legged ibis (Threskiornis aethiopica) of Africa and Asia, having white plumage and a sooty black, naked head and neck.   [From the veneration of ...
See sacred. * * *
See sacredly. * * *
—sacrificeable, adj. —sacrificer, n. /sak"reuh fuys'/, n., v., sacrificed, sacrificing. n. 1. the offering of animal, plant, or human life or of some material possession to a ...
sacrifice bunt
☆ sacrifice bunt n. Baseball a bunt made by the batter so that a base runner is advanced while the batter is put out: see also AT-BAT: also called sacrifice hit * * *
sacrifice fly
Baseball. a fly ball when there are fewer than two players out that enables a base runner, usually at third base, to score after the ball is caught. [1965-70] * * *
sacrifice bunt n. Baseball A bunt that allows a runner to advance a base while the batter is retired. Also called sacrifice hit. * * *
sacrifice fly n. Baseball Abbr. SF A fly ball enabling a runner to score after it is caught by a fielder. * * *
See sacrifice. * * *
—sacrificially, adv. /sak'reuh fish"euhl/, adj. pertaining to or concerned with sacrifice. [1600-10; < L sacrifici(um) SACRIFICE + -AL1] * * *
sacrificial anode
Chem. an anode that is attached to a metal object subject to electrolysis and is decomposed instead of the object. [1975-80] * * *
sacrificial anode n. An anode attached to a metal object, such as a boat or underground tank, to inhibit the object's corrosion. The anode is electrolytically decomposed while ...
See sacrificial. * * *
/sak"reuh lij/, n. 1. the violation or profanation of anything sacred or held sacred. 2. an instance of this. 3. the stealing of anything consecrated to the service of ...
—sacrilegiously, adv. —sacrilegiousness, n. /sak'reuh lij"euhs, -lee"jeuhs/, adj. 1. pertaining to or involving sacrilege: sacrilegious practices. 2. guilty of sacrilege: a ...
See sacrilegious. * * *
See sacrilegiously. * * *
See sacrilege. * * *
sacring [sā′kriŋ] n. 〚ME < prp. of sacren: see SACRED〛 Archaic consecration of the bread and wine of the Eucharist * * *
/sak"ri steuhn/, n. 1. Also called sacrist /sak"rist, say"krist/. an official in charge of the sacred vessels, vestments, etc., of a church or a religious house. 2. a ...
/sak"ri stee/, n., pl. sacristies. an apartment in or a building connected with a church or a religious house, in which the sacred vessels, vestments, etc., are kept. [1400-50; ...
a combining form representing sacrum in compound words: sacroiliac. * * *
sac·ro·coc·cyg·e·al (săk'rō-kŏk-sĭjʹē-əl, sā'krō-) adj. Of, relating to, or affecting the sacrum and coccyx. * * *
/sak'roh il"ee ak', say'kroh-/, Anat. n. 1. the joint where the sacrum and ilium meet. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or affecting this joint. [1825-35; SACRO- + ILIAC] * * * ▪ ...
sac·ro·lum·bar (săk'rō-lŭmʹbər, -bär', sā'krō-) adj. Of, relating to, or affecting the sacral and the lumbar region. * * *
—sacrosanctity, sacrosanctness, n. /sak"roh sangkt'/, adj. 1. extremely sacred or inviolable: a sacrosanct chamber in the temple. 2. not to be entered or trespassed upon: She ...
See sacrosanct. * * *
sacrosciatic [sak΄rō sī at′ik, sā΄krōsī at′ik] adj. 〚 SACRO- + SCIATIC〛 of the sacrum and the ischium * * * sac·ro·sci·at·ic (săk'rō-sī-ătʹĭk, ...
/sak"reuhm, say"kreuhm/, n., pl. sacra /sak"reuh, say"kreuh/. Anat. a bone resulting from the fusion of two or more vertebrae between the lumbar and the coccygeal regions, in ...
—sadly, adv. —sadness, n. /sad/, adj., sadder, saddest. 1. affected by unhappiness or grief; sorrowful or mournful: to feel sad because a close friend has moved away. 2. ...
seasonal affective disorder. * * *
sad sack
—sad-sack, adj. Slang. a pathetically inept person, esp. a soldier, who continually blunders in spite of good intentions. [after the cartoon character created in 1942 by U.S. ...
sad tree.
See night jasmine (def. 1). [1865-70; trans. of NL arbor tristis] * * *
/sad"fayst"/, adj. having a face characterized by or expressing sorrow. [1580-90] * * *
/sah"dah kaht/, n. Islam. zakat. [ < Ar sadaqah] * * *
/seuh daht", -dat"/, n. Anwar el- /ahn"wahr el/, 1918-81, Egyptian political leader: president 1970-81; Nobel peace prize 1978. * * *
Sādāt, (Muḥammad) Anwar el-
born Dec. 25, 1918, Mit Abū al-Kum, Egypt died Oct. 6, 1981, Cairo President of Egypt (1970–81). A graduate of the Cairo Military Academy, he joined Gamal Abdel Nasser's ...
Sādāt, Anwar el-
▪ president of Egypt in full  Muḥammad Anwar el-Sādāt,  el-Sādāt also spelled  al-Sādāt   born Dec. 25, 1918, Mit Abū al-Kawm, Al-Minūfiyyah governorate, ...
Sādāt, Madīnat as-
▪ Egypt       industrial city, in al-Buḥayrah muḥāfaẓah (governorate), between Wadi an-Naṭrūn and the western edge of the Nile delta, Lower Egypt. Construction ...
Sadat,Anwar el-
Sa·dat (sə-dătʹ, -dätʹ), Anwar el-. 1918-1981. Egyptian politician. President of Egypt (1970-1981), he shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize with Israeli Prime Minister ...
Ṣaddām Ḥussein
born April 28, 1937, Tikrīt, Iraq President of Iraq (1979–2003). He joined the Bath Party in 1957. Following participation in a failed attempt to assassinate Iraqi Pres. ...
—saddeningly, adv. /sad"n/, v.t., v.i. to make or become sad. [1590-1600; SAD + -EN1] * * *
▪ Buddhism (Pāli: “faith”),Sanskrit  Śrāddha        in Buddhism, the initial acceptance of the Buddha's teachings, prior to the acquisition of right ...
/sud dur"meuh poon dur"ee keuh/, n. Buddhism. a Mahayana sutra, forming with its references to Amida and the Bodhisattvas the basis for the doctrine that there is something of ...
sad·dhu (säʹdo͞o) n. Variant of sadhu. * * *
—saddleless, adj. —saddlelike, adj. /sad"l/, n., v., saddled, saddling. n. 1. a seat for a rider on the back of a horse or other animal. 2. a similar seat on a bicycle, ...
saddle blanket
a saddle-shaped pad, as of felt or sheepskin, placed beneath the saddle to prevent it from irritating the horse's skin. [1730-40, Amer.] * * *
saddle block (anesthesia)
☆ saddle block (anesthesia) or saddle block n. a method of spinal anesthesia, often used during obstetric delivery, that produces anesthesia in that area of the body that would ...
saddle block anesthesia
a form of spinal anesthesia that produces loss of sensation in the buttocks, perineum, and inner thighs. [1945-50; so called because the nerve block caused by the anesthesia ...
saddle bronc-riding
▪ rodeo event       rodeo event in which a cowboy tries to ride a bucking horse (bronco) for a specified time (usually 8 or 10 seconds). The horse is equipped with ...
saddle horn
horn (def. 19). [1855-60] * * *
saddle horse
1. a horse bred, trained, or used for riding. 2. See American saddle horse. [1655-65] * * *
saddle joint
Masonry. (on a sill, coping, or the like) a vertical joint raised above the level of the washes on each side. [1870-75] * * *
saddle leather
1. hide, as from a cow or bull, that undergoes vegetable tanning and is used for saddlery. 2. leather that simulates the vegetable-tanned product and is used for a variety of ...
saddle oxford.
See saddle shoe. [1945-50] * * *
saddle point
Math. a point at which a function of two variables has partial derivatives equal to zero but at which the function has neither a maximum nor a minimum value. [1920-25] * * *
saddle roof
saddle roof n. a roof with two gables and a ridge * * *
saddle seat
a chair seat having a double slope downward from a central ridge highest at the front. [1890-95] * * *
saddle shoe
an oxford with a saddle of contrasting color. Also called saddle oxford, saddle. [1940-45] * * *
saddle shoes
☆ saddle shoes pl.n. white oxford shoes with a band of contrasting leather, usually black or brown, across the instep * * *
saddle soap
a soap, usually consisting chiefly of Castile, used for cleaning and preserving saddles and other leather articles. [1885-90] * * *
saddle sore
1. an irritation or sore on a horse caused by the rubbing of a poorly adjusted saddle. 2. an irritation or sore on a rider caused by a saddle. [1945-50] * * *
saddle stitch
1. Sewing. a. an overcasting stitch, esp. one made with a strip of leather or a thick leatherlike cord. b. a spaced running stitch in contrasting or heavy thread, used mainly for ...
/sad"l bakt'/, adj. 1. having the back or upper surface curved like a saddle. 2. having a saddlelike marking on the back, as certain birds. [1535-45] * * *
sad·dle-billed stork (sădʹl-bĭld') n. A large stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis) of tropical Africa, having a white body and a very long black and red bill. * * *
—saddle-stitching, n. /sad"l stich'/, v.t. to sew, bind, or decorate with a saddle stitch. [1930-35] * * *
/sad"l bak'/, n. any of various animals having markings on the back that resemble a saddle, as a male harp seal. [1535-45; SADDLE + BACK1] * * * ▪ bird also called ...
saddleback caterpillar n. The brown and green larva of a moth (Sibine stimulea) of the southeast United States, having a brown saddle-shaped mark on its back and stinging spines ...
/sad"l bag'/, n. 1. a large bag or pouch, usually one of a pair, hung from a saddle, laid over the back of a horse behind the saddle, or mounted over the rear wheel of a bicycle ...
saddle blanket n. A blanket placed between a saddle and a horse's back to prevent galling. * * *
/sad"l boh'/, n. the arched front part of a saddle or saddletree. [bef. 900; ME, OE. See SADDLE, BOW2] * * *
/sad"l klawth', -kloth'/, n., pl. saddlecloths /-klawdhz', -klodhz', -klawths', -kloths'/. 1. Horse Racing. a cloth placed over the saddle of a racehorse bearing the horse's ...
saddle horse n. A horse bred or schooled for riding. * * *
/sad"leuhr/, n. a person who makes, repairs, or sells saddlery. [1250-1300; ME sadelere. See SADDLE, -ER1] * * *
Saddler, Joseph
▪ 2002 “Sandy”        American boxer (b. June 23, 1926, Boston, Mass.—d. Sept. 18, 2001, Bronx, N.Y.), won 144 of his 162 professional fights, was world junior ...
Saddler, Sandy
▪ American boxer original name  Joseph Saddler Neil Francis Milbert born June 23, 1926, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Sept. 18, 2001, Bronx, N.Y.  American professional boxer, ...
saddle roof n. A roof having a ridge and two gables. * * *
/sad"leuh ree/, n., pl. saddleries. 1. saddles, harnesses, and other equipment for horses. 2. the work, business, or shop of a saddler. [1400-50; late ME sadelerie. See SADDLER, ...
saddle shoe n. A flat casual shoe, usually white, having a band of leather in a contrasting color across the instep. * * *
saddle soap n. A preparation containing mild soap and neat's-foot oil, used for cleaning and softening leather. * * *
/sad"l sawr', -sohr'/, adj. 1. feeling sore or stiff from horseback riding. 2. irritated or having sores produced by a saddle. [1905-10; SADDLE + SORE] * * *
saddle stitch n. 1. A simple overcasting stitch, usually of a thread contrasting in color with the fabric, used primarily as ornament on clothing. 2. A stitch used in sewing ...
/sad"l tree'/, n. the frame of a saddle. [1375-1425; late ME sadeltre. See SADDLE, TREE] * * *
See Sadducee. * * *
—Sadducean, adj. —Sadduceeism, n. /saj"euh see', sad"yeuh-/, n. Judaism. a member of a Palestinian sect, consisting mainly of priests and aristocrats, that flourished from ...
See Sadducean. * * *
/sahd, sad/; Fr. /sannd/, n. Donatien Alphonse François /daw nann syaonn" annl fawonns" frddahonn swann"/, Comte de (Marquis de Sade), 1740-1814, French soldier and novelist, ...
Sade, Comte Donatien Alphonse Françoisde
Sade (säd, săd), Comte Donatien Alphonse François de. Known as “Marquis de Sade.” 1740-1814. French writer of novels, plays, and short stories characterized by a ...
Sade, Marquis de
orig. Donatien-Alphonse-François, count de Sade born June 2, 1740, Paris, France died Dec. 2, 1814, Charenton, near Paris French novelist and philosopher. After abandoning a ...
Sadeddin, Hoca
▪ Turkish historian born 1536, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey] died Oct. 2, 1599, Constantinople       Turkish historian, the author of the ...
Sadeler, Egidius, II
▪ Flemish engraver and painter Egidius also spelled  Aegidius,  also called  Gillis Sadeler  born c. 1570, –75, Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands [now in Belgium] died 1629, ...
/sah"deuh keuh/, n. Hinduism. a student of the Tantras. [ < Skt sadhaka; see SADHU] * * *
▪ Hindu and Buddhist Tantrism Sanskrit  Sādhana        (“realization”), in Hindu and Buddhist Tantrism, spiritual exercise by which the practitioner evokes a ...
/sah"dee, -deuh, tsah"dee/, n. 1. the 18th letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. Also, sadi, tsadi. [1895-1900; < Heb sadhe] * * *
/sah"di keuh/, n. Hinduism. a female student of the Tantras. [ < Skt sadhika, fem. of sadhaka SADHAKA] * * *
/sah"dooh/, n. Hinduism. an ascetic holy man, esp. a monk. [1835-45; < Skt sadhu good, a holy man] * * *
sadhu and swami
In India, a religious ascetic or holy person. Sadhus are typically wandering ascetics who subsist on alms. They may follow the tenets of a particular belief system, such as ...
/sah"dee, tsah"-/, n. sadhe. * * *
/sah dee"/, n. Saadi. * * *
/say"dee/, n. 1. a female given name, form of Sara or Sarah. 2. See Sadie Hawkins. * * *
Sadie Hawkins
1. Also called Sadie, Sadies. a party, dance, or other social event, esp. one held annually among high school or college students, to which each girl escorts the boy of her ...
Sadie Hawkins Day
(in the US) a day on which women invite men to a social event, especially a Sadie Hawkins Day dance. This is often done by students in a high school, college or university. The ...
Sadie Hawkins Day dance
➡ Sadie Hawkins Day * * *
Sadie, Stanley
▪ 2006       British musicologist (b. Oct. 30, 1930, London, Eng.—d. March 21, 2005, Cossington, Somerset, Eng.), was the editor of the 20-volume The New Grove ...
/sad"uy'euhrn/, n. Northern, North Midland, and Western U.S. Older Use. a flatiron that is pointed at both ends and has a detachable handle. [1825-35; SAD (in obs. sense "heavy, ...
—sadist, n., adj. —sadistic /seuh dis"tik, say-, sa-/, adj. —sadistically, adv. /say"diz euhm, sad"iz-/, n. 1. Psychiatry. sexual gratification gained through causing pain ...
See sadism. * * *
See sadist. * * *
See sadist. * * *
Sadji, Abdoulaye
▪ Senegalese author born 1910, Rufisque, Senegal died Dec. 25, 1961, Dakar       Senegalese writer and teacher who was one of the founders of African prose fiction in ...
Sadki Na grades
▪ Thai tenure rules       (1454), rules of land tenure established in Thailand by King Trailok of Ayutthaya (1448–88) to regulate the amount of land a man could ...
Sadler, Michael Thomas
▪ British politician born Jan. 3, 1780, Snelston, Derbyshire, Eng. died July 29, 1835, Belfast, Ulster, Ire.  radical politician, philanthropic businessman, and leader of ...
Sadler, Sir Michael Ernest
▪ English educator born July 3, 1861, Barnsley, Yorkshire, England died October 14, 1943, Oxford, Oxfordshire       world-renowned authority on secondary education and ...
Sadler’s Wells
a theatre in north-east London, England. It became famous as the home of three important national companies: the Royal Ballet, the Sadler’s Wells Theatre Ballet (now the ...
See sad. * * *
See sadly. * * *
▪ island, Japan  island, western Niigata ken (prefecture), central Japan, in the Sea of Japan (East Sea), 32 miles (51 km) west of Honshu. It faces Niigata, the prefectural ...
/say"dok/, n. Douay Bible. Zadok (def. 1). * * *
—sadomasochist, n., adj. —sadomasochistic, adj. /say'doh mas"euh kiz'euhm, -maz"-, sad'oh-/, n. 1. interaction, esp. sexual activity, in which one person enjoys inflicting ...
See sadomasochism. * * *
See sadomasochist. * * *
/sah"daw vah'/, n. a village in NE Bohemia, in the N Czech Republic: Prussian victory over Austrians 1866. German, Sadowa /zah doh"vah/. * * *
Sadovsky, Prov
▪ Russian actor original name  Prov Mikhailovich Yermilov   born Oct. 23 [Oct. 11, old style], 1818, Livny, Oryol province, Russia died July 28 [July 16, O.S.], 1872, ...
/sah"daw vah'/, n. a village in NE Bohemia, in W Czechoslovakia: Prussian victory over Austrians 1866. Czech, Sadová /sah"daw vah'/. * * *
Ṣadr Dīwānī ʿAdālat
▪ British Indian court       in Mughal and British India, a high court of civil and revenue jurisdiction. It was instituted by Warren Hastings, the British governor ...
Sadr, Muqtada al-
▪ 2008   born 1974, Al-Najaf, Iraq Muqtada al-Sadr, the controversial Iraqi Shiʿite leader and head of the armed militia known as the Mahdi Army (JAM), reemerged publicly in ...
Ṣadr, Mūsā al-
born 1928, Qom, Iran disappeared Aug. 31, 1978, Libya? Iranian-born Lebanese Shīʽite cleric. The son of an ayatollah, he received a traditional Islamic education in Qom and ...
Sadruddin Aga Khan, Prince
▪ 2004       UN official (b. Jan. 17, 1933, Paris, France—d. May 12, 2003, Boston, Mass.), as the longest-serving UN high commissioner for refugees (1965–77), ...
sad sack n. Informal An extremely inept or clumsy person.   [After a cartoon character created in 1942 by George Baker (1915-1975).] * * *
SAE abbrev. Society of Automotive Engineers * * *
/sair rim"nir, sair"im'-/, n. Scand. Myth. a boar that is roasted and served up every night in Valhalla and grows whole by morning. * * *
Saemundr Frode Sigfússon
▪ Icelandic chronicler Saemundr also spelled  Saemund  born 1056 died 1133       Icelandic chieftain-priest and first chronicler of Iceland.       Saemundr was ...
Saenredam, Pieter Jansz
▪ Dutch painter in full  Pieter Janszoon Saenredam , Saenredam also spelled  Zaenredam   born June 9, 1597, Assendelft, Neth.   buried May 31, 1665, Haarlem  painter, ...
Saenredam, Pieter Jansz(oon)
born June 9, 1597, Assendelft, Neth. buried May 31, 1665, Haarlem Dutch painter. Son of an engraver, he became a friend of the architect Jacob van Campen (1595–1657), which ...
Sáenz Peña, Roque
▪ president of Argentina born March 19, 1851, Buenos Aires died Aug. 9, 1914, Buenos Aires  president of Argentina from 1910 until his death, an aristocratic conservative ...
Sáenz, Manuela
▪ Latin American revolutionary byname  Manuelita   born Dec. 27, 1797, Quito, New Granada [Ecuador] died Nov. 23, 1856, Paita, Peru       mistress to the South ...
Safa and Marwa
/sah"feuh/, Islam. two hills that must be climbed as a part of the hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca. * * *
/seuh fahr"/, n. the second month of the Muslim calendar. Cf. Muslim calendar. [ < Ar Safar] * * *
Safar, Peter
▪ 2004       Austrian-born anesthesiologist (b. April 12, 1924, Vienna, Austria—d. Aug. 3, 2003, Pittsburgh, Pa.), was credited with the development of such lifesaving ...
/seuh fahr"ee/, n., pl. safaris, v. safaried, safariing. n. 1. a journey or expedition, for hunting, exploration, or investigation, esp. in eastern Africa. 2. the hunters, ...
safari jacket.
See bush jacket. [1950-55] * * *
safari park
a parklike zoo in which wild animals are allowed to roam free in an environment designed to resemble their natural habitat and are observed by visitors riding through the park in ...
safari shirt
a shirt resembling a bush jacket. [1965-70] * * *
safari suit
a suit consisting of a bush jacket and matching trousers. [1965-70] * * *
safari jacket n. A belted, often pleated shirt jacket with large patch pockets. * * *
Šafařík, Pavel Josef
▪ Czech philologist born , May 13, 1795, Kobeliarov, Slovakia, Hungary died June 26, 1861, Prague, Bohemia, Austrian Empire [now in Czech Republic]       leading figure ...
/sah fah"weed/, n. a member of a dynasty that ruled in Persia from c1500 to 1736. Also, Safawid /sah fah"weed/. [1910-15; < Ar safawi, adj. deriv. of Safi al-Din Ishaq, ancestor ...
Ṣafavid dynasty
(1502–1736) Persian dynasty. It was founded by Ismāīl I, who, by converting his people from Sunnite to Shīʽite Islam and adopting the trappings of Persian monarchy, ...
Safdie, Moshe
born July 14, 1938, Haifa, Palestine Israeli-Canadian architect. Educated at McGill University School of Architecture, Montreal, he began his career in the offices of Louis ...
—safely, adv. —safeness, n. /sayf/, adj., safer, safest, n. adj. 1. secure from liability to harm, injury, danger, or risk: a safe place. 2. free from hurt, injury, danger, ...
safe area
an area near a combat zone that is maintained as being free from military attack. Also called safe haven. * * *
safe harbor
1. a harbor considered safe for a ship, as in wartime or during a storm at sea. 2. any place or situation that offers refuge or protection. * * *
safe house
a dwelling or building whose conventional appearance makes it a safe or inconspicuous place for hiding, taking refuge, or carrying on clandestine activities. [1960-65] * * *
safe period
an interval of the menstrual cycle when fertilization is considered to be least likely, usually a number of days prior and subsequent to the onset of menstruation. [1915-20] * * *
safe sex
sexual activities in which precautions have been taken, as by the use of a condom, to minimize the chances of spreading or contracting a sexually transmitted disease. * * ...
/sayf"kon"dukt/, n. 1. a document authorizing safe passage through a region, esp. in time of war. 2. this privilege. 3. the act of conducting in safety. [1250-1300; ME sauf ...
/sayf"di poz'it/, adj. providing safekeeping for valuables: a safe-deposit vault. Also, safety-deposit. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
safe-deposit box
a lockable metal box or drawer, esp. in a bank vault, used for safely storing valuable papers, jewelry, etc. Also, safety-deposit box. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
safe-de·pos·it box (sāf'dĭ-pŏzʹĭt) n. A fireproof metal box, usually in a bank vault, for the safe storage of valuables. * * *
See safe sex. * * *
—safecracking, n. /sayf"krak'euhr/, n. a person who breaks open safes to rob them. [1930-35, Amer.; SAFE + CRACKER] * * *
safecracking [sāfkrak΄iŋ] n. the breaking open and robbing of safes safecracker n. * * * See safecracker. * * *
/sayf"gahrd'/, n. 1. something that serves as a protection or defense or that ensures safety. 2. a permit for safe passage. 3. a guard or convoy. 4. a mechanical device for ...
safe house n. A house or apartment used as a hiding place or secure refuge by the members of an organization, such as a secret service agency or an underground terrorist group. * ...
/sayf"kee"ping/, n. the act of keeping safe or the state of being kept safe; protection; care; custody. [1400-50; late ME safe kepyng. See SAFE, KEEPING] * * *
/sayf"luyt'/, n. Photog. a darkroom light with a filter that transmits only those rays of the spectrum to which films, printing paper, etc., are not sensitive. [1900-05; SAFE + ...
See safe. * * *
See safely. * * *
safe sex n. Sexual activity in which safeguards, such as the use of a condom and the avoidance of high-risk acts, are employed to reduce the chance of acquiring or spreading a ...
/sayf"tee/, n., pl. safeties. 1. the state of being safe; freedom from the occurrence or risk of injury, danger, or loss. 2. the quality of averting or not causing injury, ...
safety belt
1. See seat belt. 2. a belt or strap worn as a safety precaution by a person working at a great height: The safety belt worn by a window washer is usually secured to each side of ...
safety car
Naut. See life car. [1830-40] * * *
safety catch
1. a device used in mechanisms, as for elevators, to prevent falling in the event of mechanical failure. 2. safety (def. 4). [1875-80] * * *
safety curtain
a sheet of asbestos or other fireproof material that can be lowered just inside the proscenium arch in case of fire, sealing off the backstage area from the auditorium. Also ...
safety engineering
      study of the causes and the prevention of accidental deaths and injuries. The field of safety engineering has not developed as a unified, specific discipline, and ...
safety factor.
See factor of safety. * * *
safety film
Photog. a film having a nonflammable base of triacetate cellulose. [1925-30] * * *
safety fuze
a long tube attached to a detonator or percussion cap and filled with a powder that burns slowly when ignited. [1830-40] * * *
safety glass
a pane made by joining two plates or panes of glass with a layer of usually transparent plastic or artificial resin between them that retains the fragments if the glass is ...
safety hook
a hook that can be transformed into an eye by locking a hinged piece in place. [1870-75] * * *
safety island
an area provided for the safety of pedestrians from vehicular traffic, as between lanes on a busy street or highway. [1930-35] * * *
Safety Islands
a group of three islands in the Caribbean, off the coast of French Guiana, belonging to France. French, Îles du Salut. * * *
safety lamp
a miner's lamp in which the flame is protected by wire gauze to prevent the immediate ignition of explosive gases. [1810-20] * * * ▪ coal mining       lighting device ...
safety lock
1. a lock designed to prevent picking. 2. safety (def. 4). [1875-80] * * *
safety man
Football. safety (def. 6c). Also, safetyman. [1930-35] * * *

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