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Saionji
/suy"awn jee'/, n. Kimmochi /keem"maw chee'/, 1849-1940, Japanese statesman. * * *
Saionji Kimmochi
▪ prime minister of Japan in full  Kōshaku (Prince) Saionji Kimmochi  born Dec. 7, 1849, Kyōto, Japan died Nov. 24, 1940, Okitsu       the longest-surviving member ...
Saipan
/suy pan"/, n. an island in and the capital of the North Mariana Islands in the N Pacific, about 1350 mi. (2173 km) S of Japan: taken by U.S. forces June-July 1944. 14,000; 71 ...
Saipanese
See Saipan. * * *
Saïs
/say"is/, n. an ancient city in N Egypt, on the Nile delta: an ancient capital of Lower Egypt. * * * Arabic Ṣā al-Ḥajar Ancient Egyptian city. Located in the delta on the ...
Saisset, Bernard
▪ French bishop born c. 1232 died December 1311?, Pamiers?, Fr.       first bishop of Pamiers (in present-day Ariège département, southern France), an aggressive and ...
Śaiśunāga Dynasty
▪ Indian dynasty       ancient ruling family in the Indian kingdom of Magadha. The Śaiśunāga line of kings followed the reigns of Bimbasāra and Ajātaśatru (both ...
Saitama
▪ Japan       capital of Saitama ken (prefecture), east-central Honshu, Japan. Situated in the southeastern part of the prefecture, the city was created in 2001 through ...
Saite
/say"uyt/, n. 1. a native or citizen of Saïs. adj. 2. Also, Saitic /say it"ik/. of or pertaining to Saïs or its inhabitants. 3. of or pertaining to the period 663-525 B.C., ...
saith
/seth, say"euhth/, v. Archaic. third pers. sing. pres. of say. * * *
saithe
/sayth, saydh/, n., pl. saithe. Ichthyol. pollock. [1625-35; Scots dial. < Scand; cf. ON seithr, Icel seith] * * *
Saitō Makoto, Shishaku
▪ prime minister of Japan born Nov. 13, 1858, Mizusawa, Japan died Feb. 26, 1936, Tokyo  Japanese naval officer and statesman who was prime minister of Japan (1932–34) and ...
Saiva
—Saivite, n. /suy"veuh/, n. Hinduism. Shaiva. [ < Skt saiva] * * *
Saivism
See Saiva. * * * ▪ Indian religious cult also spelled  Shaivism        cult of the Indian god Śiva, with Vaiṣṇavism and Śāktism, one of the three principal ...
saivo
One of the Sami regions of the dead, where the deceased lead happy lives with their families and ancestors, acting in every way as they did on earth. In Norway the saivo world ...
Sajama
Sa·ja·ma (sə-häʹmə) A mountain, 6,574.3 m (21,555 ft) high, in the Andes of western Bolivia near the Chilean border. * * *
Saji, Keizo
▪ 2000       Japanese businessman and tastemaker who helped change the national custom of drinking sake to that of imbibing hard liquor, primarily whisky and beer, while ...
sak-
To sanctify. 1. Suffixed form *sak-ro-. a. sacred, sacristan, sexton; consecrate, execrate, from Latin sacer, holy, sacred, dedicated; b. compound *sakro-dhōt-, “performer of ...
Saka language
▪ Iranian language also called  Khotanese        Middle Iranian language spoken in Xinjiang (Sinkiang, Uygur Autonomous Region of), in northwestern China, by the Saka ...
Śaka Satrap
▪ Indian dynasty also called  Kshatrapa        either of two dynasties of satraps in northwestern India who ruled with considerable independence on behalf of the ...
Sakai
/sah"kuy"/, n. a seaport on S Honshu, in S Japan, near Osaka. 810,120. /sah"kuy/, n., pl. Sakais, (esp. collectively) Sakai. a member of a tribal people of Malaya. * * * ▪ ...
Sakai Hōitsu
▪ Japanese artist original name  Sakai Tadanao   born Aug. 1, 1761, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan died Jan. 4, 1829, Edo       Japanese painter and poet of the late Tokugawa ...
Sakai Toshihiko
▪ Japanese politician pseudonym  Kosen   born Jan. 15, 1871, Toyotsu, Fukuoka prefecture, Japan died Jan. 23, 1933, Tokyo       socialist leader and one of the ...
Sakaida Family
▪ Japanese family also called  Kakiemon Family,         celebrated family of Japanese potters whose founder, Sakaida Kizaemon (1596–1666), was awarded the name ...
Sakaide
▪ Japan       city, Kagawa ken (prefecture), Shikoku, Japan, facing the Inland Sea. The city has been a centre of salt manufacture since the early 17th century. Part of ...
Sakajawea
/sak'euh jeuh wee"euh/, n. Sacajawea. * * *
Sakākah
▪ oasis, Saudi Arabia       oasis, northwestern Saudi Arabia. It lies on an old caravan route from the Mediterranean Sea coast to the central and southern parts of the ...
Sakakawea,Lake
Sak·a·ka·we·a (săk'ə-kə-wēʹə), Lake A reservoir in west-central North Dakota. It is a widening of the Missouri River and was created in 1956 when the Garrison Dam was ...
sakaki
▪ tree       low-spreading, flowering evergreen tree (Cleyera ochnacea), of the family Pentaphylacaceae, used in Shintō to demarcate or decorate sacred spaces. The ...
Sakakura Junzō
born May 29, 1904, Gifu prefecture, Japan died Sept. 1, 1969, Tokyo Japanese architect. He was one of the first to combine 20th-century European architecture with traditional ...
Sakalava
▪ people       a Malagasy people living in the western third of Madagascar. The Sakalava live in a sparsely populated area of vast plains, grasslands, and rolling ...
Sakamoto Ryōma
▪ Japanese imperial loyalist original name  Sakamoto Naonari   born , Jan. 3, 1836, Kōchi, Japan died Dec. 10, 1867, Kyōto  noted imperial loyalist whose effort to forge ...
Sakarya
▪ Turkey formerly  Adapazarı         city, northwestern Turkey, lying in a fertile plain west of the Sakarya River. It is situated along the old military road from ...
Sakata
▪ Japan       city, Yamagata ken (prefecture), northern Honshu, Japan, on the Mogami River. A prosperous commercial and fishing port during the Muromachi period ...
Sakcagöz
▪ Turkey also spelled  Sakçagöze, Sakça Gözü, or Sakje-gözü,         village in the Southeastern Taurus Mountains some 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Gaziantep, ...
Sakdal Uprising
▪ Filipino history also called  Sakdalista Uprising,         brief peasant rebellion in the agricultural area of central Luzon, Philippines, on the night of May ...
sake
sake1 /sayk/, n. 1. cause, account, interest, or benefit: for the sake of all students. 2. purpose or end: for the sake of appearances. [bef. 900; ME; OE sacu lawsuit, cause; c. ...
Sakel
/zah"keuhl/, n. Manfred (Joshua), 1906-57, U.S. psychiatrist, born in Austria. * * *
Sakel, Manfred J.
▪ Austrian neurophysiologist and psychiatrist in full  Manfred Joshua Sakel   born June 6, 1900, Nadvorna, Austria-Hungary [now Nadvirna, Ukr.] died Dec. 2, 1957, New York, ...
saker
saker1 /say"keuhr/, n. an Old World falcon, Falco cherrug, used in falconry. Also called saker falcon. [1350-1400; ME sagre, sacre < MF sacre
Saker, Alfred
▪ British missionary born July 21, 1814, Wrotham, Kent, Eng. died March 12, 1880, Peckham, London       missionary who established the first British mission in the ...
Sakha
or Yakut Siberian people who speak a Turkic language. Most were formerly seminomadic, raising cattle and horses. They lived in winter settlements of earth-covered log huts and ...
Sakha language
also called  Yakut language  or   Sakha-Tyla        member of the Turkic subfamily (Turkic languages) of the Altaic language family, spoken in northeastern Siberia ( ...
Sakhalin
/sak"euh leen'/; Russ. /seuh khu lyeen"/, n. an island of the Russian Federation in the Sea of Okhotsk, N of Japan: formerly (1905-45) divided between the Soviet Union and Japan. ...
Sakhalin Island
Island, extreme eastern Russia. Together with the Kuril Islands, it forms an administrative region of Russia. It is 589 mi (948 km) long and a maximum of 100 mi (160 km) wide; ...
Sakharov
/sah"keuh rawf', -rof', sak"euh-/; Russ. /sah"kheuh rddeuhf/, n. Andrei (Dmitrievich) /ahn"dray di mee"tree euh vich/; Russ. /un drddyay" dmyee"trddyi yi vyich/, born 1921, ...
Sakharov, Andrey (Dmitriyevich)
born May 21, 1921, Moscow, Russia died Dec. 14, 1989, Moscow Russian nuclear physicist and human rights advocate. He worked with I.Y. Tamm (1895–1971) to develop the Soviet ...
Sakharov, Andrey Dmitriyevich
▪ Soviet physicist and dissident born May 21, 1921, Moscow, Russia died Dec. 14, 1989, Moscow  Soviet nuclear theoretical physicist, an outspoken advocate of human rights, ...
Sakharov,Andrei Dimitrievich
Sa·kha·rov (säʹkə-rôf', săkʹə-, säʹKHə-rəf), Andrei Dimitrievich. 1921-1989. Soviet physicist and dissident who helped develop the first Soviet hydrogen bomb. An ...
Saki
/sah"kee/, n. pen name of H. H. Munro. * * * orig. H(ector) H(ugh) Munro born Dec. 18, 1870, Akyab, Burma died Nov. 14, 1916, near Beaumont-Hamel, France Scottish writer. A ...
sakia
▪ water-supply system also spelled  sakieh , Arabic  sāqīyah , also called  Persian wheel        mechanical device used to raise water from wells or pits. A ...
Sakic, Dinko Ljubomir
▪ 2009       Croatian concentration camp commander born Sept. 8, 1921, Studenci, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes [now in Bosnia and Herzogovina] died July 20, ...
Sakishima
Sa·ki·shi·ma (sä'kē-shēʹmä, sä-kēʹshē-mä') An island group of Japan in the southern Ryuku Islands east of Taiwan. The islands were heavily bombed by the Allies in ...
Sakkara
/seuh kahr"euh/, n. Saqqara. * * *
sakkos
Gk. /sah"kaws/; Eng. /sak"os/, n., pl. sakkoi Gk. /sah"kee/; Eng. /sak"oy/. Eastern Ch. an embroidered vestment worn by a bishop and corresponding to the dalmatic. [ < Gk, ...
Sakmann
Sak·mann (zäkʹmän', säkʹ-), Bert. Born 1942. German neurobiologist who shared a 1991 Nobel Prize in medicine for the development of a technique for detecting the exchange ...
Sakmann, Bert
▪ German physiologist born June 12, 1942, Stuttgart, Ger.       German medical doctor and research scientist who in 1991, together with German physicist Erwin Neher ...
Sakmarian Stage
▪ geochronology       second of the four stages of the Early Permian (Cisuralian) Epoch, encompassing all rocks deposited during the Sakmarian Age (294.6 million to ...
Sakonnet River
▪ strait, Rhode Island, United States       inlet of the Atlantic Ocean extending approximately 14 miles (23 km) north to Mount Hope Bay, southeastern Rhode Island, ...
Sakta
/shahk"teuh/, n. Hinduism. Shakta. * * *
Sakti
/shuk"tee/, n. Hinduism. Shakti. * * *
Saktism
/shuk"tiz euhm/, n. Hinduism. Shaktism. * * *
Sakuma Zōzan
▪ Japanese minister also called  Sakuma Shōzan , original name  Sakuma Kunitada  born March 10, 1811, Matsushiro [now in Nagano city], Japan died Aug. 2, 1864, ...
Sakuntala
/seuh koon"teuh lah, sheuh-/, n. a Sanskrit drama written in the 6th century or earlier by Kalidasa. Also, Shakuntala. * * *
Sakurada Jisuke I
▪ Japanese dramatist pseudonym  Sato   born 1734, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan died 1806, Edo       kabuki dramatist who created more than 120 plays and at least 100 dance ...
Sakyamuni
/sah"kyeuh moon'ee/, n. one of the names of Buddha. Also, Shakyamuni. [ < Skt Sakyamuni] * * * Epithet of the Buddha Gautama meaning "sage of the Sakyas. " The Sakyas were a ...
sal
/sal/, n. Chiefly Pharm. salt. [ < L sal; see SALT1] * * *
Sal
/sal/, n. a male given name, form of Salvatore. * * *
sal ammoniac
Chem. See ammonium chloride. [1300-50; ME] * * *
Sal Island
▪ island, Cape Verde Portuguese  Ilha Do Sal,         northeasternmost island of Cape Verde, in the Atlantic Ocean, about 400 miles (640 km) off the coast of western ...
sal soda
sal soda n. crystallized sodium carbonate, Na2CO3·10H2O * * *
sal soda.
See sodium carbonate (def. 2). [1425-75; late ME] * * *
sal volatile
/sal" voh lat"l ee'/ an aromatic alcoholic solution of ammonium carbonate, the chief ingredient in smelling salts. [1645-55; < NL: volatile salt] * * *
sal-
Salt. 1. Extended form *sald-. a. Suffixed form *sald-o-. salt, from Old English sealt, salt, from Germanic *saltam; b. (i) souse1, from Old French sous, pickled meat; (ii) silt, ...
sala
/sah"leuh/, n. a large hall, living room, or reception room. [1605-15; < AmerSp, Sp: living room, hall < OPr < Gmc, or directly < Gmc; see SALON] * * *
salaam
—salaamlike, adj. /seuh lahm"/, n. 1. a salutation meaning "peace," used esp. in Islamic countries. 2. a very low bow or obeisance, esp. with the palm of the right hand placed ...
salability
See salable. * * *
salable
—salability, n. —salably, adv. /say"leuh beuhl/, adj. subject to or suitable for sale; readily sold: The books were sent back by the store in salable condition. Also, ...
salableness
See salability. * * *
salably
See salability. * * *
salacious
—salaciously, adv. —salaciousness, salacity /seuh las"i tee/, n. /seuh lay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. lustful or lecherous. 2. (of writings, pictures, etc.) obscene; grossly ...
salaciously
See salacious. * * *
salaciousness
See salaciously. * * *
salacity
See salaciously. * * *
salad
/sal"euhd/, n. 1. a usually cold dish consisting of vegetables, as lettuce, tomatoes, and cucumbers, covered with a dressing and sometimes containing seafood, meat, or eggs. 2. ...
salad bar
an assortment of salad ingredients, condiments, and dressings displayed on a serving table or counter, as at a restaurant, so that one can choose and combine ingredients ...
salad basket
a basket in which washed salad greens are swung or spun to remove excess water. [1905-10] * * *
salad bowl
1. a large bowl in which a salad, esp. a tossed salad, is served. 2. a small bowl for individual servings of salad. [1765-75] * * *
salad burnet
a plant, Poterium sanguisorba, of the rose family, native to Eurasia, having rounded heads of small, greenish flowers in short spikes and edible leaves. [1850-55] * * *
salad days
a period of youthful inexperience: a man who never lost the immature attitudes of his salad days. [1600-10] * * *
salad dressing
a sauce for a salad, usually with a base of oil and vinegar or of mayonnaise. [1830-40] * * *
salad fork
a small, broad fork, usually one of a set, for eating salad or dessert. [1915-20] * * *
salad green
a leafy green vegetable, as lettuce, watercress, or escarole, served raw as or in a salad. * * *
salad oil
an oil used in salad dressing, esp. olive oil or a vegetable oil, as from sesame, corn, or safflower. [1550-60] * * *
salad plate
1. a small plate used chiefly for serving an individual portion of salad. 2. a selection of salad ingredients served cold, often on a bed of lettuce. [1880-85] * * *
saladbar
salad bar n. A counter in a restaurant from which customers may serve themselves a variety of salad ingredients and dressings. * * *
saladdays
salad days pl.n. A time of youth, innocence, and inexperience: “my salad days,/When I was green in judgment, cold in blood” (Shakespeare).   [Coined by William ...
saladdressing
salad dressing n. A sauce, such as one made of mayonnaise or of oil and vinegar, that is served on salad. * * *
salade
/seuh lahd", sal"euhd/, n. Armor. sallet. * * *
salade niçoise
salade niçoise [sal′əd nē swäz′; ] Fr [ sȧ lȧd′ nē swȧz′] n. [occas.s- N-or S- N-] a salad typically containing tuna, tomatoes, cooked green beans and potatoes, ...
Saladin
/sal"euh din/, n. (Salah-ed-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub) 1137-93, sultan of Egypt and Syria 1175-93: opponent of Crusaders. * * * byname of Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb born ...
Salado
/seuh lah"doh/; Sp. /sah lah"dhaw/, n. Río /ree"oh/; Sp. /rddee"aw/, a river in N Argentina, flowing SE to the Paraná River. ab. 1200 mi. (1930 km) long. * * *
Salado Formation
▪ geological formation, Texas, United States       evaporite deposit that occurs in the region of the Guadalupe Mountains of western Texas, U.S., and is a major world ...
Salado River
River, eastern Argentina. It flows through the Pampas, generally southeast for about 400 mi (640 km) to the Atlantic Ocean, where it empties southeast of Buenos Aires. Before ...
saladoil
salad oil n. An edible vegetable oil, such as corn oil or olive oil, that can be used in salad dressings. * * *
salah
/seuh lah"/, n. Islam. salat. [ < Ar salah] * * *
Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah
▪ 2002 Tuanku Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah        Malaysian monarch (b. March 8, 1926, Klang, Malaya—d. Nov. 21, 2001, Kuala ...
Sălaj
▪ county, Romania       judeţ (county), northwestern Romania. The Western Carpathian Mountains of Romania, including the Şes Mountains, rise above settlement areas in ...
salal
/seuh lal", sa-/, n. an evergreen shrub, Gaultheria shallon, of the heath family, native to the western coast of North America, having leathery, oblong leaves and clusters of ...
Ṣalālah
▪ Oman       town in southern Oman, situated on the coast of the Arabian Sea. The town is located in the only part of the Arabian Peninsula touched by the Indian Ocean ...
Salam, Abdus
▪ 1997       Pakistani physicist (b. Jan. 29, 1926, Jhang Maghiana, Punjab, India [now Pakistan]—d. Nov. 21, 1996, Oxford, Eng.), shared the 1979 Nobel Prize for ...
Salam, Saeb Salim
▪ 2001       Lebanese politician and statesman (b. Jan 17, 1905, Beirut, Lebanon—d. Jan. 21, 2000, Beirut), was a prominent Sunni Muslim and Arab nationalist who ...
Salam-Weinberg theory
/sah lahm"wuyn"beuhrg/, Physics. the electroweak theory. Also called Weinberg-Salam theory. * * *
Salamá
▪ Guatemala       city, central Guatemala. It lies between the Chuacús Mountains and the Minas Mountains on the Salamá River, a tributary of the Chixoy, at 3,084 feet ...
Salamanca
/sal'euh mang"keuh/; Sp. /sah'lah mahng"kah/, n. a city in W Spain: university; Wellington's defeat of the French, 1812. 125,220. * * * ancient Salmantica or Helmantica City ...
Salamanca, University of
▪ university, Salamanca, Spain Spanish  Universidad De Salamanca,         state institution of higher learning at Salamanca, Spain. It was founded in 1218 under ...
salamander
—salamanderlike, adj. —salamandrine /sal'euh man"drin/, adj. —salamandroid, adj. /sal"euh man'deuhr/, n. 1. any tailed amphibian of the order Caudata, having a soft, moist, ...
salamandrine
See salamander. * * *
Salambria
/seuh lam"bree euh, sah'lahm bree"euh/, n. a river in N Greece, in Thessaly, flowing E to the Gulf of Salonika. 125 mi. (200 km) long. Ancient, Peneus. Modern Greek, Peneios. * * ...
salami
/seuh lah"mee/, n. a kind of sausage, originally Italian, often flavored with garlic. [1850-55; < It, pl. of salame < VL *salamen, equiv. to *sala(re) to salt + L -men n. suffix; ...
Salamis
—Salaminian /sal'euh min"ee euhn/, adj. /sal"euh mis/; Gk. /sah'lah mees"/, n. 1. an island off the SE coast of Greece, W of Athens, in the Gulf of Aegina: Greeks defeated ...
Salamis, Battle of
(480 BC) Significant naval battle of the Persian Wars, the first ever recorded. (Aeschylus served in the battle and wrote The Persians, which is the earliest of his works to ...
salammoniac
sal ammoniac n. See ammonium chloride.   [Middle English sal armoniak, from Latin sāl ammōniacus, salt of Amen : sāl, salt; see sal + ammōniacus, of Amen; see ammonia.] * * *
Salan, Raoul
▪ French general born June 10, 1899, Roquecourbe, France died July 3, 1984, Paris       French military officer who sought to prevent Algeria from gaining independence ...
Salan, Raoul (-Albin-Louis)
born June 10, 1899, Roquecourbe, France died July 3, 1984, Paris French military officer who sought to prevent Algerian independence. During a military career in which he ...
Salandra, Antonio
▪ premier of Italy born Aug. 13, 1853, Troia, Puglia, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies [Italy] died Dec. 9, 1931, Rome       Italian statesman who was premier at the ...
salariat
/seuh lair"ee euht/, n. the class of workers in an economy who receive salaries. [1915-20; < F: b. L salarium SALARY (F salaire) and F prolétariat PROLETARIAT] * * *
salaried
/sal"euh reed/, adj. 1. receiving a salary: a salaried employee. 2. having a salary attached: a salaried job. [1590-1600; SALARY + -ED3] * * *
salary
—salaryless, adj. /sal"euh ree/, n., pl. salaries. a fixed compensation periodically paid to a person for regular work or services. [1350-1400; ME salarie < AF < L salarium ...
salary cap
1. a maximum limit on salaries. 2. Sports. an upper limit to the combined salary of an entire team. * * *
salaryman
/sal"euh ree man'/, n., pl. salarymen. (in Japan) a white-collar businessman. [1960-65; < Japn < E SALARY + MAN] * * *
salaryreduction plan
salary reduction plan n. See 401(k). * * *
salat
/seuh laht"/, n. Islam. prayers, said five times a day: the second of the Pillars of Islam. Also, salah. Cf. rak'a. [ < Ar salah, salat prayer] * * * ▪ Islam also spelled ...
Salatiga
▪ Indonesia       kotamadya (municipality), Central Java (Jawa Tengah) (Jawa Tengah) propinsi (province), Java, Indonesia. The city lies 35 miles (56 km) north-northeast ...
Salavat
/seuh lu vaht"/, n. a city in the Bashkir Autonomous Republic, in the SW Russian Federation in Asia, S of Ufa. 137,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Bashkortostan, ...
Salazar
/sal'euh zahr", sahl'-/; Port. /seuh lah zahrdd"/, n. Antonio de Oliveira /ahonn taw"nyoo deuh aw'lee vay"rddeuh/, 1889-1970, premier of Portugal 1933-68. * * *
Salazar, António de Oliveira
born April 28, 1889, Vimierio, Port. died July 27, 1970, Lisbon Portuguese prime minister (1932–68). A professor of economics, he was appointed by Pres. António Óscar de ...
Salazar, Ken
▪ American lawyer and politician in full  Kenneth Lee Salazar  born March 2, 1955, Alamosa, Colo., U.S.    American lawyer and politician who was attorney general for the ...
Salazar,Antonio de Oliveira
Sa·la·zar (săl'ə-zärʹ, sä'lə-), Antonio de Oliveira. 1889-1970. Portuguese dictator (1932-1968) known for his programs of fiscal austerity and his attempts to repress ...
salbutamol
/sal byooh"teuh mawl', -mol'/, n. Pharm. the international generic name for albuterol. [1965-70; SAL(ICYLIC ACID) + BUT(YL) + AM(INO) + -OL1] * * *
Salcantay
Sal·can·tay (săl'kən-tīʹ, säl'kän-) A peak, 6,275.4 m (20,575 ft) high, of the Cordillera Oriental in southern Peru. It is the highest mountain in the range. * * *
Salcedo
▪ Dominican Republic       city, northern Dominican Republic. It lies in the fertile Cibao Valley between the mountain chains of the Cordillera Central and the ...
Salchow
/sal"kow/, n. Ice Skating. a jump in which the skater leaps from the back inside edge of one skate, making one full rotation of the body in the air, and lands on the back outside ...
Salchow, Ulrich
▪ Swedish athlete in full  Karl Emil Julius Ulrich Salchow  born August 7, 1877 died April 19, 1949, Stockholm, Sweden       Swedish figure skater (figure skating) ...
Saldanha Bay
▪ harbour, South Africa Afrikaans  Saldanhabaai,         deep, essentially landlocked harbour of the Atlantic Ocean, situated on the southwest coast of South Africa. ...
Saldanha, João Carlos de Saldanha, Duke de
▪ Portuguese statesman in full  João Carlos Gregório Domingues Vicente Francisco De Saldanha Oliveira E Daum, Duke De Saldanha   born Nov. 17, 1790, Azinhaga, Port. died ...
sale
/sayl/, n. 1. the act of selling. 2. a quantity sold. 3. opportunity to sell; demand: slow sale. 4. a special disposal of goods, as at reduced prices. 5. transfer of property for ...
sale and leaseback
leaseback. Also called sale-leaseback. * * *
Sale, Jamie, and Pelletier, David
▪ 2003       The ever-controversial world of figure-skating judging became even more so during the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, Utah. When Canadian pairs ...
sale-leaseback
sale-lease·back (sālʹlēsʹbăk') n. See leaseback. * * *
saleable
/say"leuh beuhl/, adj. salable. * * *
saleand leaseback
sale and leaseback n. pl. sales and leasebacks See leaseback. * * *
Salekhard
▪ Russia also spelled  Salechard , formerly (until 1933)  Obdorsk        city and administrative centre of Yamalo-Nenets autonomous okrug (district), Tyumen oblast ...
Salem
/say"leuhm/, n. 1. a seaport in NE Massachusetts: founded 1626; execution of persons accused of being witches 1692; home of Nathaniel Hawthorne. 38,220. 2. a city in and the ...
Salem secretary
U.S. Furniture. a tall cabinet having a recessed upper part fitted with drawers and shelves and a lower part with doors and a section falling or pulling out to serve as a writing ...
Salem witch trials
[pl] a series of trials in 1692 in Salem, Massachusetts, of people accused of being witches. They began after a group of young girls started behaving in a crazy way and saying ...
Salem, Hidaya Sultan as-
▪ 2002       Kuwaiti journalist and social activist (b. 1936, Ash-Shuwaykh, Kuwait—d. March 20, 2001, Kuwait City, Kuwait), campaigned against official corruption and ...
salep
/sal"ep/, n. a starchy, demulcent drug or foodstuff consisting of the dried tubers of certain orchids. [1730-40; < Turk salep < dial. Ar sahlab, perh. shortened var. of Ar khusa ...
saleratus
/sal'euh ray"teuhs/, n. sodium bicarbonate used in cookery; baking soda. [1830-40, Amer.; var. of L sal aeratus. See SAL, AERATE] * * *
Salerno
/seuh lair"noh, -lerr"-/; It. /sah lerdd"naw/, n. a seaport in SW Italy: taken by U.S. forces September 1943. 161,598. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 144,078), southern ...
Salerno, University of
▪ university, Salerno, Italy Italian  Università Degli Studi Di Salerno,        institution of higher learning in Salerno, Italy. Much of the historic interest of ...
saleroom
/sayl"roohm', -room'/, n. Chiefly Brit. salesroom (def. 2). * * *
sales
/saylz/, n. 1. pl. of sale. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or engaged in sales: sales records for the month of January; a sales department. * * *
sales check.
See sales slip. [1925-30] * * *
sales finance company
a finance company that purchases, at a discount, installment contracts from dealers or that finances retail sales. * * *
sales promotion
the methods or techniques for creating public acceptance of or interest in a product, usually in addition to standard merchandising techniques, as advertising or personal ...
sales register.
See cash register. * * *
sales rep
Informal. See sales representative. [1965-70] * * *
sales representative
1. a person or organization designated by a company to solicit business on its behalf in a specified territory or foreign country: I suggest you contact our Chicago sales ...
sales resistance
the ability or inclination to refuse to buy a product, service, etc., offered. [1920-25] * * *
sales slip
a receipt or other slip of paper issued by a store or other vendor showing where a purchase was made and also the amount, date, department, etc. Also called sales check, sales ...
sales talk
1. a line of reasoning or argument intended to persuade someone to buy, accept, or do something. 2. any persuasive argument. [1925-30] * * *
sales tax
a tax on receipts from sales, usually added to the selling price by the seller. [1920-25] * * * Levy imposed on the sale of goods and services. A sales tax on the manufacture, ...
Salesbury, William
born с 1520, Cae Du, Llansannan, Denbighshire, Wales died с 1584, Llanrwst Welsh lexicographer and translator. He spent most of his life at Llanrwst, Wales, following ...
salescheck
sales check (sālz) n. A slip of paper given by a store to serve as a record or receipt of a purchase or sale. * * *
salesclerk
/saylz"klerrk'/, n. a person who sells goods in a store. [1930-35; SALES + CLERK] * * *
salesgirl
/saylz"gerrl'/, n. a woman who sells goods, esp. in a store; saleswoman. [1885-90, Amer.; SALES + GIRL] * * *
Salesian
/seuh lee"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, Rom. Cath. Ch. n. 1. a member of the Society of St. Francis de Sales, a congregation founded in Turin in 1845 and engaged chiefly in missionary and ...
saleslady
/saylz"lay'dee/, n., pl. salesladies. a saleswoman. [1855-60, Amer.; SALES + LADY] * * *
salesman
/saylz"meuhn/, n., pl. salesmen. a man who sells goods, services, etc. [1515-25; SALES + -MAN] Usage. See -man. * * *
salesmanship
/saylz"meuhn ship'/, n. 1. the technique of selling a product: They used a promotional gimmick that was the last word in salesmanship. 2. adeptness at creating interest in new ...
salespeople
/saylz"pee'peuhl/, n.pl. people engaged in selling. [1875-80, Amer.; SALES + PEOPLE] * * *
salesperson
/saylz"perr'seuhn/, n. a person who sells goods, services, etc. [1915-20; SALES + PERSON] Usage. See -person. * * *
salesroom
/saylz"roohm', -room'/, n. 1. a room in which goods are sold or displayed. 2. Also, esp. Brit., saleroom. an auction room. [1830-40, Amer.; SALES + ROOM] * * *
salestax
sales tax n. A tax levied on the retail price of merchandise and collected by the retailer. * * *
saleswoman
/saylz"woom'euhn/, n., pl. saleswomen. a woman who sells goods, services, etc. [1695-1705; SALES + WOMAN] Usage. See -woman. * * *
Salford
/sawl"feuhrd, saw"-, sal"-/, n. a city in Greater Manchester, in N England. 266,500. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       city and metropolitan borough in the ...
Salgado, Sebastião
born Feb. 8, 1944, Aimorés, Braz. Brazilian photojournalist. He briefly pursued a career as an economist before switching his focus to photography in 1971. Over the next ...
Salghurid Dynasty
▪ Iranian dynasty       (1148–1270), Iranian dynasty that ruled in Fārs in southwestern Iran as vassals of the Seljuq, Khwārezm-Shāh, and Il-Khanid ...
Salgótarján
▪ Hungary       city of county status and seat of Nógrád megye (county), north-central Hungary. It lies in the Tarján River valley near the border with Slovakia and ...
sali-
sali- pref. Salt: salimeter.   [From Latin sāl, salt. See sal-. * * *
Salian
/say"lee euhn, sayl"yeuhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or designating a Frankish people who lived in the region of the Rhine near the North Sea. n. 2. a Salian Frank. [1605-15; < ...
Salian Dynasty
▪ German dynasty       royal and imperial line that came to power with the election of a Salian Frank, Conrad of Swabia, as German king, after the Saxon dynasty of ...
Salic
/sal"ik, say"lik/, adj. of or pertaining to the Salian Franks. Also, Salique. [1540-50; < ML Salicus, equiv. to LL Sal(ii) (pl.) tribal name + -icus -IC] * * *
Salic law
1. a code of laws of the Salian Franks and other Germanic tribes, esp. a provision in this code excluding females from the inheritance of land. 2. the alleged fundamental law of ...
Salic Law of Succession
▪ German law       the rule by which, in certain sovereign dynasties (monarchy), persons descended from a previous sovereign only through a woman were excluded from ...
salicaceous
/sal'i kay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Salicaceae, the willow family of plants. Cf. willow family. [1840-50; < NL Salicace(ae) (Salic-, s. of Salix the type genus (L: willow) ...
salicin
/sal"euh sin/, n. Pharm. a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble glucoside, C13H18O7, obtained from the bark of the American aspen: used in medicine chiefly as an antipyretic and ...
Saliclaw
Salic law n. 1. The legal code of the Salian Franks. 2. A law, thought to derive from the code of laws of the Salian Franks, prohibiting a woman from succeeding to a throne. * * *
salicylaldehyde
/sal'euh sil al"deuh huyd'/, n. Chem. an oily, slightly water-soluble liquid, C7H6O2, having an almondlike odor: used chiefly in perfumery and in the synthesis of coumarin. Also, ...
salicylate
/seuh lis"euh layt', -lit, sal'euh sil"ayt, sal"euh sil'-/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of salicylic acid. [1835-45; SALICYL(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
salicylic
/sal'euh sil"ik/, adj. Chem. of or derived from salicylic acid. [1830-40; < F salicyl the diatomic radical of salicylic acid ( < L salic-, s. of salix willow + F -yl -YL; it was ...
salicylic acid
Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline, very slightly water-soluble powder, C7H6O3, prepared from salicin or phenol: used as a food preservative, in the manufacture of aspirin, and ...
salicylicacid
sal·i·cyl·ic acid (săl'ĭ-sĭlʹĭk) n. A white crystalline acid, C6H4(OH)(COOH), used in making aspirin, as a preservative, and in the external treatment of skin conditions ...
salicylism
sal·i·cyl·ism (sălʹĭ-sə-lĭz'əm) n. A toxic syndrome caused by excessive doses of salicylic acid or salicylates.   [salicylic acid + -ism.] * * *
salience
/say"lee euhns, sayl"yeuhns/, n. 1. the state or condition of being salient. 2. a salient or projecting object, part, or feature. [1830-40; see SALIENT, -ENCE] * * *
saliency
/say"lee euhn see, sayl"yeuhn-/, n., pl. saliencies. salience. [1655-65; see SALIENT, -ENCY] * * *
salient
—saliently, adv. /say"lee euhnt, sayl"yeuhnt/, adj. 1. prominent or conspicuous: salient traits. 2. projecting or pointing outward: a salient angle. 3. leaping or jumping: a ...
salientian
/say'lee en"sheuhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the superorder Salientia, comprising the frogs and toads (order Anura) and extinct species. n. 2. a salientian ...
saliently
See salient. * * *
Salieri
/seuhl yair"ee, sal-/; It. /sah lye"rddee/, n. Antonio /an toh"nee oh/; It. /ahn taw"nyaw/, 1750-1825, Italian composer and conductor. * * *
Salieri, Antonio
born Aug. 18, 1750, Legnago, Republic of Venice died May 7, 1825, Vienna, Austria Italian composer. He moved to Vienna in 1766 with the imperial court composer Florian Gassmann ...
Ṣalīf, Al-
▪ Yemen       coastal village, western Yemen, on the Tihāmah (coastal plain). It is situated in a cove of a promontory forming the southern coast of Kamarān Bay of ...
saliferous
/seuh lif"euhr euhs/, adj. containing or producing salt: saliferous strata. [1820-30; SAL + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
salify
—salifiable, adj. —salification /sal'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. /sal"euh fuy'/, v.t., salified, salifying. 1. to form into a salt, as by chemical combination. 2. to mix or ...
Ṣāliḥ
▪ people       in ancient Arabia, a Christian tribe that was prominent during the 5th century AD. Although the Ṣāliḥ originated in southern Arabia, they began ...
Ṣāliḥ Ayyūb, aṣ-
▪ Ayyūbid ruler of Egypt in full  Al-malik Aṣ-ṣāliḥ Najm Ad-dīn Ayyūb   died 1249       last effective ruler (reigned 1239 and 1245–49) of the Ayyūbid ...
Ṣāliḥ, al-Ṭayyib
▪ Sudanese writer born 1929, Al-Shamalīyah province, Sudan       Arabic-language novelist and short-story writer whose works explore the intersections of traditional ...
Ṣāliḥ, ʿAli ʿAbd Allāh
▪ president of Yemen Ṣāliḥ also spelled  Saleh  born March 21, 1942, Bayt al-Aḥmar, North Yemen [now in Yemen]       Yemeni military officer who led a coup ...
Salii
/sal"ee uy'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) (in ancient Rome) a college of priests of Mars and Quirinus who guarded the ancilia and led the festivities in their honor. Cf. ancile. * * ...
Salima
▪ town, Malawi       town in central Malawi (Malaŵi), near the southwestern shore of Lake Nyasa (Nyasa, Lake) (Lake Malawi), northwest of the railhead and lake port of ...
Salimbene Di Adam
▪ Italian historian born Oct. 9, 1221, Parma [Italy] died c. 1290       Italian Franciscan friar and historian whose Cronica is an important source for the history of ...
salimeter
/sa lim"i teuhr/, n. Chem. salinometer. [1865-70; SAL + -I- + -METER] * * *
salimetric
See salimeter. * * *
salimetry
See salimetric. * * *
Sālimīyah
▪ Muslim theological school       school of Muslim theologians founded by the Muslim scholar and mystic Sahl at-Tustarī (d. AD 896). The school was named after one of ...
salina
/seuh luy"neuh/, n. 1. a saline marsh, spring, or the like. 2. a saltworks. [1690-1700; < Sp
Salina
/seuh luy"neuh/, n. a city in central Kansas. 41,843. * * * ▪ Kansas, United States       city, seat (1859) of Saline county, central Kansas, U.S. It lies on the ...
Salina Island
▪ island, Italy Italian  Isola Salina,  Latin  Didyme Insula,         second largest of the Eolie Islands (Lipari Islands), in the Tyrrhenian Sea (of the ...
Salinas
/seuh lee"neuhs/, n. a city in W California. 80,479. * * * City (pop., 2000: 151,060), western California, U.S. Located in the Salinas valley east of Monterey, it was a ...
Salinas (de Gortari), Carlos
born April 3, 1948, Mexico City, Mex. President of Mexico (1988–94). Son of a Mexican senator, Salinas earned a Ph.D. in economics at Harvard University and held various ...
Salinas de Gortari, Carlos
▪ president of Mexico born April 3, 1948, Mexico City, Mex.       economist and government official who was president of Mexico from 1988 to 1994.       The son ...
Salinas y Serrano, Pedro
▪ Spanish writer born November 27, 1891, Madrid, Spain died December 4, 1951, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.       Spanish poet, scholar, dramatist, and essayist who was ...
saline
—salinity /seuh lin"i tee/, n. /say"leen, -luyn/, adj. 1. of, containing, or resembling common table salt; salty or saltlike: a saline solution. 2. of or pertaining to a ...
Salinger
/sal"in jeuhr/, n. J(erome) D(avid), born 1919, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. * * *
Salinger, J D
▪ American author born Jan. 1, 1919, New York City       U.S. writer whose novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951) won critical acclaim and devoted admirers, especially ...
Salinger, J(erome) D(avid)
Sal·in·ger (sălʹĭn-jər), J(erome) D(avid). Born 1919. American writer whose works, most notably his novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951), often concern troubled, sensitive ...
Salinger, Pierre Emil George
▪ 2005       American journalist and political figure (b. June 14, 1925, San Francisco, Calif.—d. Oct. 16, 2004, Cavaillon, France), served as press secretary ...
salinity
See saline. * * *
salinization
/sal'euh neuh zay"sheuhn/, n. the process by which a nonsaline soil becomes saline, as by the irrigation of land with brackish water. [1925-30; SALINIZE + -ATION] * * *
salinize
/sal"euh nuyz', say"leuh-/, v.t., salinized, salinizing. to treat with salt or render saline. Also, esp. Brit., salinise. [SALINE + -IZE] * * *
salinometer
—salinometry, n. —salinometric /sal'euh neuh me"trik/, adj. /sal'euh nom"i teuhr/, n. Chem. an instrument for measuring the amount of salt in a solution. Also, salimeter, ...
salinometric
See salinometer. * * *
salinometry
See salinometric. * * *
Salique
/seuh leek", sal"ik, say"lik/, adj. Salic. * * *
Salis-Seewis, Johann Gaudenz von
▪ Swiss poet in full  Johann Gaudenz, Freiherr von (baron of) Salis-Seewis  born Dec. 26, 1762, Malans, Switz. died Jan. 29, 1834, Malans       Swiss poet whose work ...
Salisbury
/sawlz"ber'ee, -beuh ree, -bree/ or, esp. for 4, 5, /salz"-/, n. 1. Harrison, 1908-93, U.S. journalist and writer. 2. Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil /tawl"beuht gas"koyn, ...
Salisbury Plain
a plateau in S England, N of Salisbury: the site of Stonehenge. * * * ▪ plain, England, United Kingdom       one of Great Britain's best-known open spaces, consisting ...
Salisbury steak
ground beef, sometimes mixed with other foods, shaped like a hamburger patty and broiled or fried, often garnished or served with a sauce. [1895-1900, Amer.; named after J. H. ...
Salisbury, Harrison E(vans)
born Nov. 14, 1908, Minneapolis, Minn., U.S. died July 5, 1993, near Providence, R.I. U.S. author and journalist. He was a reporter with United Press (1930–48) before joining ...
Salisbury, Harrison E.
▪ American journalist in full  Harrison Evans Salisbury   born , Nov. 14, 1908, Minneapolis, Minn., U.S. died July 5, 1993, near Providence, R.I.  American author and ...
Salisbury, Harrison Evans
▪ 1994       U.S. journalist and author (b. Nov. 14, 1908, Minneapolis, Minn.—d. July 5, 1993, near Providence, R.I.), was a crack reporter for United Press (1930-48) ...
Salisbury, James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of, Earl Of Salisbury, Viscount Cranborne, Baron Cecil Of Essendon
▪ British statesman born Oct. 23, 1861, London, Eng. died April 4, 1947, London       British statesman and Conservative politician whose recommendations on defense ...
Salisbury, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd marquess of
born , Feb. 3, 1830, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, Eng. died Aug. 22, 1903, Hatfield British prime minister (1885–86, 1886–92, 1895–1902). He served in Benjamin Disraeli's ...
Salisbury, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd marquess of, Earl Of Salisbury, Viscount Cranborne, Baron Cecil Of Essendon
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom born , Feb. 3, 1830, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, Eng. died Aug. 22, 1903, Hatfield  Conservative political leader who was three-time prime ...
Salisbury, Robert Cecil, 1st earl of
▪ English statesman also called  (1591–1603) Sir Robert Cecil , or  (from 1603) Baron Cecil of Essendon , or  (from 1604) Viscount Cranborne  born June 1, 1563, ...
Salisbury, Thomas de Montagu, 4th earl of
▪ English military officer Montagu also spelled  Montacute   born 1388 died Nov. 3, 1428, Meung, Fr.       English military commander during the reigns of Henry IV, ...
Salisbury, William Longsword, 3rd earl of
▪ English noble Longsword also spelled  Longespée   died March 7, 1226, Salisbury, Wiltshire, Eng.       an illegitimate son of Henry II of England, and a prominent ...
Salisburysteak
Salisbury steak n. A patty of ground beef mixed with eggs, milk, onions, and various seasonings and broiled, fried, or baked.   [After James HenrySalisbury (1823-1905), American ...
Salish
/say"lish/, n. a member of any of various North American Indian peoples speaking a Salishan language. [ < Southern Interior Salish séliš Flatheads] * * * ▪ ...
Salishan
/say"lish euhn, sal"ish-/, n. 1. a family of American Indian languages including Coeur d'Alêne, Kalispel, and other languages of British Columbia and the northwestern ...
Salishan languages
Family of about 23 North American Indian languages, spoken or formerly spoken in the Pacific Northwest and adjoining areas of Idaho, Montana, and southern British ...
Salitis
▪ king of Egypt also spelled  Salatis , also called  Shalik , or  Mayebre Sheshi        the first Hyksos king of Egypt and founder of the 15th ...
saliva
—salivary /sal"euh ver'ee/, adj. /seuh luy"veuh/, n. a viscid, watery fluid, secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands, that functions in the tasting, chewing, and ...


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