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salivary [sal′ə ver΄ē] adj. of or relating to saliva; specif., designating or of three pairs of glands in the mouth that secrete saliva * * * sal·i·var·y ...
salivary amylase
ptyalin. * * *
salivary gland
Anat. any of several glands, as the submaxillary glands, that secrete saliva. [1700-10] * * * Any of the organs that secrete saliva. Three pairs of major glands secrete saliva ...
salivary gland n. A gland that secretes saliva, especially any of three pairs of large glands, the parotid, submaxillary, and sublingual, whose secretions enter the mouth and ...
/sal"euh vayt'/, v., salivated, salivating. v.i. 1. to produce saliva. v.t. 2. to produce an excessive secretion of saliva in, as by mercurial poisoning. [1650-60; < L salivatus ...
/sal'euh vay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of salivating. 2. an abnormally abundant flow of saliva; ptyalism. 3. mercurial poisoning. [1590-1600; < L salivation- (s. of ...
/sal"euh vay'teuhr/, n. Med. any agent that causes salivation. [1825-35; SALIVATE + -OR2] * * *
 genus of shrubs and trees known collectively by the common name willow (q.v.). * * *
/sawk, sawlk/, n. Jonas E(dward), 1914-95, U.S. bacteriologist: developed Salk vaccine. * * *
Salk vaccine
a vaccine that contains three types of inactivated poliomyelitis viruses and induces immunity against the disease. [1950-55; named after J. E. SALK] * * *
Salk, Jonas
▪ 1996       U.S. physician and medical researcher (b. Oct. 28, 1914, New York, N.Y.—d. June 23, 1995, La Jolla, Calif.), was the creator of the first effective ...
Salk, Jonas (Edward)
born Oct. 28, 1914, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 23, 1995, La Jolla, Calif. U.S. physician and researcher. He received his M.D. from New York University. Working with other ...
Salk, Jonas Edward
▪ American physician and medical researcher born Oct. 28, 1914, New York, New York, U.S. died June 23, 1995, La Jolla, California   American physician and medical researcher ...
Salk,Jonas Edward
Salk (sôlk), Jonas Edward. 1914-1995. American microbiologist who developed the first effective killed-virus vaccine against polio (1954). * * *
Salkey, Andrew
▪ 1996       West Indian writer (b. Jan. 30, 1928, Colón, Panama—d. April 28, 1995, Amherst, Mass.), was part of the community of influential West Indian writers ...
Salkind, Alexander
▪ 1998       German-born film producer best known for the popular Superman movies that featured Christopher Reeve as the superhero (b. June 2, 1921—d. March 8, ...
Salk vaccine n. A vaccine consisting of inactivated polioviruses, used to immunize against poliomyelitis.   [After Salk, Jonas Edward.] * * *
Sallal, 'Abd Allah as-
▪ 1995       Yemeni army officer and politician (b. 1917?, San'a`, Yemen—d. March 5, 1994, San'a`), was the first president and prime minister of the Yemen Arab ...
salle [sȧl] n. 〚Fr < Frank or OHG sal, room, house: see SALOON〛 a hall or room * * *
salle à manger
/sannl ann mahonn zhay"/, pl. salles à manger /sannl ann mahonn zhay"/. French. a dining room. * * *
Salle, David
▪ American artist born Sept. 28, 1952, Norman, Okla., U.S.       American painter who, together with such contemporaries as Julian Schnabel (Schnabel, Julian) and ...
Sallé, Marie
born 1707 died July 27, 1756, Paris, Fr. French dancer and choreographer. She made her debut at the Paris Opéra in 1721. In London and Paris she performed in a new expressive, ...
/sal"euhn deuhrz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Vet. Pathol. an eruption on the hind leg of a horse, on the inside of a hock. Cf. malanders. [1515-25; orig. uncert.] * * *
/sal"it/, n. Armor. a light medieval helmet, usually with a vision slit or a movable visor. Also, salade. [1400-50; late ME, var. of salade < MF < Sp celada (or It celata) < L ...
Sallie Mae.
See Student Loan Marketing Association. * * *
▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, seat (1907) of Sequoyah county, eastern Oklahoma, U.S., just north of the Arkansas River and the Robert S. Kerr Reservoir, near ...
sallow1 —sallowish, adj. —sallowness, n. /sal"oh/, adj., sallower, sallowest, v. adj. 1. of a sickly, yellowish color: sallow cheeks; a sallow complexion. v.t. 2. to make ...
See sallow1. * * *
See sallowly. * * *
/sal"oh ee/, adj. full of sallows: a sallowy glade. [1830-40; SALLOW2 + -Y1] * * *
/sal"euhst/, n. (Caius Sallustius Crispus) 86-34 B.C., Roman historian. * * * Latin Gaius Sallustius Crispus born с 86 BC, Amiternum, Samnium died 35/34 BC Roman ...
—sallier, n. /sal"ee/, n., pl. sallies, v., sallied, sallying. n. 1. a sortie of troops from a besieged place upon an enemy. 2. a sudden rushing forth or activity. 3. an ...
/sal"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Sarah. Also, Sallie. * * *
Sally Army
➡ Salvation Army * * *
Sally Gunnell
➡ Gunnell * * *
sally lunn
/lun/ a slightly sweetened teacake served hot with butter. Also, Sally Lunn. [1770-80; after a woman who sold them in Bath, England, at the end of the 18th century] * * *
sally port
(in a fort or the like) 1. a gateway permitting the passage of a large number of troops at a time. 2. a postern. [1640-50] * * *
Sally Ride
➡ Ride * * *
sal·ly lunn (săl'ē lŭnʹ) n. A somewhat sweet bread leavened with yeast.   [AfterSally Lunn, 18th-century British baker.] * * *
sally port n. A gate in a fortification designed for sorties. * * *
Sal·ma·cis (săl-māʹsĭs) n. Greek Mythology A nymph who fell in love with Hermaphroditus and became united with him in one body. * * *
/sal'meuh gun"dee/, n. 1. a mixed dish consisting usually of cubed poultry or fish, chopped meat, anchovies, eggs, onions, oil, etc., often served as a salad. 2. any mixture or ...
Salmān al-Fārisī
▪ companion of Muḥammad flourished 7th century, ; b. near Eṣfahān, Iran       popular figure in Muslim legend, and a national hero of Iran. He was a companion of ...
Salman Rushdie
➡ Rushdie * * *
/sal'meuh naz"euhr/, n. a wine bottle holding from 10 to 12 quarts (9.5 to 11.4 l). [1930-35; var. of SHALMANESER, name of biblical king (2 Kings 18:9)] * * *
Salmasius, Claudius
▪ French scholar (Latin), French  Claude de Saumaise   born April 15, 1588, Semur-en-Auxois, France died Sept. 3, 1653, Spa [now in Belgium]       French classical ...
/sal"mee/, n. a ragout of partially cooked game, as pheasant or woodcock, stewed in wine and butter. Also, salmis. [1750-60; < F, short for salmigondis SALAMAGUNDI] * * *
/sal"mee/; Fr. /sannl mee"/, n., pl. salmis /-mee/; Fr. /-mee"/. salmi. * * *
 fish genus that includes the popular food and sport fishes known as Atlantic salmon, brown trout, cutthroat trout, and rainbow trout (qq.v.). See also salmon. * * *
—salmonlike, adj. /sam"euhn/, n., pl. salmons, (esp. collectively) salmon for 1-3, adj. n. 1. a marine and freshwater food fish, Salmo salar, of the family Salmonidae, having ...
salmon brick
a soft, imperfectly fired brick having a reddish-orange color. * * *
salmon pink
salmon (defs. 4, 5). [1880-85] * * *
Salmon River
River, central Idaho, U.S. It flows northeast past the town of Salmon, where it is joined by the Lemhi River, and then northwest to join the Snake River south of the ...
Salmon River Mountains
a range in central Idaho. Highest peak, 10,340 ft. (3150 m). * * *
salmon trout
1. a European trout, Salmo trutta. 2. the lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush. 3. the steelhead. 4. any large trout. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
salmon wheel
a trap for catching salmon, consisting of a revolving wheel with attached nets set in a river so that it is turned by the current to capture the passing fish. Also called fish ...
Salmon, Lucy Maynard
▪ American historian born July 27, 1853, Fulton, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 14, 1927, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.       American historian who extended the offerings in history during ...
Salmona, Rogelio
▪ 2008       Colombian architect born April 28, 1929, Paris, France died Oct. 3, 2007, Bogotá, Colom. was regarded as one of Latin America's preeminent architects, ...
/sam"euhn ber'ee/, n., pl. salmonberries. 1. the salmon-colored, edible fruit of a raspberry, Rubus spectabilis, of the Pacific coast of North America. 2. the plant ...
Salmond, Alex
▪ 2009 Alexander Elliot Anderson Salmond  born Dec. 31, 1954, Linlithgow, Scot.       On May 14, 2008, almost exactly one year after the Scottish National Party (SNP) ...
/sal'meuh nel"euh/, n., pl. salmonellae /-nel"ee/. Bacteriol. any of several rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacteria of the genus Salmonella, as S. typhosa, that may enter ...
/sal'meuh nl oh"sis/, n. Pathol. food poisoning caused by consumption of food contaminated with bacteria of the genus Salmonella, characterized by the sudden onset of abdominal ...
/sal"meuh nid/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the family Salmonidae, including the salmons, trouts, chars, and whitefishes. n. 2. a salmonid fish. [1865-70; < NL Salmonidae ...
▪ fish Introduction       any member of the order Salmoniformes, a diverse and complex group of fishes. The order consists of about 1,000 species in the freshwaters and ...
/sal"meuh noyd'/, adj. 1. resembling a salmon. 2. belonging or pertaining to the suborder Salmonoidea, to which the salmon family belongs. n. 3. a salmonoid fish. [1835-45; < NL ...
Sal·mon River (sămʹən, sălʹmən) A river of central Idaho rising in the Salmon River Mountains and flowing about 684 km (425 mi) to the Snake River. The mountain range ...
salmon trout n. Any of various large trouts, especially the lake trout, the seatrout, or the steelhead. * * *
Salmuth, Hans von
▪ German military officer born November 11, 1888, Metz, Germany died January 1, 1962, Heidelberg, West Germany       German army staff officer and field commander in ...
Salnikov, Vladimir
▪ Russian athlete born May 21, 1960, Leningrad, Russia, U.S.S.R. [now St. Petersburg, Russia]       Russian swimmer who won four Olympic gold medals and was the first ...
/sal"awl, -ol/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, aromatic powder, C13H10O3, produced by the interaction of salicylic acid and phenol, used as a preservative, a light absorber in ...
/seuh loh"mee/ for 1, 3; /sal"euh may'/ for 2, n. 1. Also, Salomé. the daughter of Herodias, who is said to have danced for Herod Antipas and so pleased him that he granted her ...
/seuh lom"i teuhr/, n. Chem. salinometer. * * *
/sal"euh meuhn/, n. Haym /huym/, 1740?-85, American financier and patriot, born in Poland. * * * (as used in expressions) Maimon Salomon Salomon ben Joshua Ruysdael Salomon ...
Salomon, Alice
▪ German social worker born April 19, 1872, Berlin died Aug. 30, 1948, New York City       American founder of one of the first schools of social work (social service) ...
Salomon, Erich
born April 28, 1886, Berlin, Ger. died July 7, 1944, Auschwitz, Pol. German photographer. He studied law at the University of Munich but soon abandoned his practice to pioneer ...
Salomon, Haym
born 1740, Lissa, Pol. died Jan. 6, 1785, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. American patriot and financier. Forced to flee Poland for his revolutionary activities, he arrived in New York ...
▪ architecture Spanish“Solomon-like”also called  barley-sugar column    in architecture, a twisted column, so called because, at the Apostle's tomb in Old St. Peter's ...
/seuh lon"/; Fr. /sann lawonn"/, n., pl. salons /-lonz"/; Fr. /-lawonn"/. 1. a drawing room or reception room in a large house. 2. an assembly of guests in such a room, esp. an ...
Salon d'Automne
▪ French art exhibition FrenchAutumn Salon       exhibition of the works of young artists held every fall in Paris since 1903.       The Salon d'Automne was ...
Salon des Indépendants
Annual unjuried exhibition of the Société des Artistes Indépendants, held in Paris since 1884. Organized as a second Salon des Refusés, it was established in response to the ...
Salon des Refusés
Art exhibition held in 1863 in Paris by command of Napoleon III for those artists whose works had been refused by the jury of the official Salon. Among the exhibitors were ...
salon music
music of a simple, agreeable, frequently sentimental character, played usually by a small orchestra. [1910-15] * * *
▪ France       town, Bouches-du-Rhône département, Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) région, southeastern France, northwest of Marseille. ...
Salonen, Esa-Pekka
▪ 2008 born June 30, 1958, Helsinki, Fin.  The year 2007 would prove to be something of a watershed for Finnish composer and conductor Esa-Pekka Salonen. He announced that ...
Salonga National Park
▪ park, Democratic Republic of the Congo       largest reserve in Congo (Kinshasa), Africa, covering more than 14,000 square miles (36,000 square km) and located midway ...
/seuh lon"i keuh, sal'euh nee"keuh/, n. 1. Also, Salonica /seuh lon"i keuh, sal'euh nee"keuh/, Saloniki Gk. /sah'law nee"kee/. Official name, Thessalonike. Ancient, Therma. a ...
➡ pets * * *
/seuh loohn"/, n. 1. a place for the sale and consumption of alcoholic drinks. 2. a room or place for general use for a specific purpose: a dining saloon on a ship. 3. a large ...
saloon car
Brit. 1. Also, saloon carriage. a railway sleeping, dining, or parlor car similar to a U.S. Pullman. 2. sedan (def. 1). [1885-90] * * *
saloon keeper
a person who owns or operates a saloon. [1840-50] * * *
☆ saloonkeeper [sə lo͞on′kēp΄ər ] n. a person who operates a SALOON (sense 3) * * * sa·loon·keep·er (sə-lo͞onʹkē'pər) n. One who owns or operates a drinking ...
/seuh loohp"/, n. a hot drink prepared originally from salep but later from sassafras, together with milk and sugar. [1705-15; var. of SALEP] * * *
—Salopian /seuh loh"pee euhn/, adj., n. /sal"euhp/, n. a county in W England. 354,800; 1348 sq. mi. (3490 sq. km). * * *
n 1. a person from the English county of Shropshire. 2. a person from the town of Shrewsbury in Shropshire. 3. a pupil or former pupil of Shrewsbury School. ► Salopian adj. * ...
Salor rug
 floor covering handmade by the Salor Turkmen of Turkmenistan. Most consistent in design are the main carpets, with a quartered gul (motif) showing a small animal figure in the ...
salp [salp] n. pl. salp or salps 〚ModL < L, kind of stockfish < Gr salpē〛 any of an order (Salpida, class Thaliacea) of free-swimming tunicates characterized by a ...
—salpiform /sal"peuh fawrm'/, adj. /sal"peuh/, n., pl. salpas, salpae /-pee/. any free-swimming, oceanic tunicate of the genus Salpa, having a transparent, more or less ...
Salpausselkä ridges
▪ ridges, Finland       three parallel ridges traversing the breadth of southern Finland from Hangö (Hanko), at the mouth of the Gulf of Finland in the west, to ...
Salpeter, Edwin Ernest
▪ 2009       Austrian-born American astrophysicist born Dec. 3, 1924, Vienna, Austria died Nov. 26, 2008, Ithaca, N.Y. provided insights into stellar evolution and ...
See salp. * * *
salpiglossis [sal΄pi gläs′is] n. 〚ModL < Gr salpinx, a trumpet + glōssis, tongue: see GLOSS2〛 a Chilean annual plant (Salpiglossis sinuata) of the nightshade family, ...
salping- pref. Salpinx: salpingitis.   [From Greek salpinx, salping-, trumpet.] * * *
/sal'pin jek"teuh mee/, n., pl. salpingectomies. Surg. excision of the Fallopian tube. [1885-90; SALPING- + -ECTOMY] * * *
See salpinx. * * *
—salpingitic /sal'pin jit"ik/, adj. /sal'pin juy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of a salpinx. [1860-65; SALPING- + -ITIS] * * *
a combining form representing salpinx in compound words: salpingotomy. Also, esp. before a vowel, salping-. [ < NL < Gk salping- (s. of sálpinx) trumpet + -o- -O-] * * *
/sal'ping gos"teuh mee/, n., pl. salpingostomies. Surg. the formation of an artificial opening into a Fallopian tube. Also, salpingostomatomy /sal ping'goh steuh mat"euh ...
/sal'ping got"euh mee/, n., pl. salpingotomies. Surg. incision of a Fallopian tube. [1895-1900; SALPINGO- + -TOMY] * * *
—salpingian /sal pin"jee euhn/, adj. /sal"pingks/, n., pl. salpinges /sal pin"jeez/. Anat. a trumpet-shaped tube, as a Fallopian or Eustachian tube. [1835-45; < Gk: trumpet] * ...
/sahl"seuh/; Sp. /sahl"sah/, n. 1. a lively, vigorous type of contemporary Latin American popular music, blending predominantly Cuban rhythms with elements of jazz, rock, and ...
/sal"seuh fee/, n., pl. salsifies. a purple-flowered, composite plant, Tragopogon porrifolius, whose root has an oyster-like flavor and is used as a culinary vegetable. Also ...
sal soda n. A hydrated sodium carbonate used as a general cleanser. * * *
salt1 —saltlike, adj. /sawlt/, n. 1. a crystalline compound, sodium chloride, NaCl, occurring as a mineral, a constituent of seawater, etc., and used for seasoning food, as a ...
/sawlt/, n. See Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. * * * I Chemical compound formed when the hydrogen of an acid is replaced by a metal or its equivalent, such as ammonium ...
salt beef
salt beef n. Brit. corned beef * * *
salt cake
Chem. an impure form of sodium sulfate, esp. as obtained by the interaction of sulfuric acid and common salt in the synthesis of hydrochloric acid: used chiefly in the ...
salt cedar
a shrub or small tree, Tamarix gallica, of the Mediterranean region, having bluish foliage and white or pinkish flowers. Also called French tamarisk. [1880-85] * * *
salt chuck
Canadian Informal. 1. the ocean. 2. any body of salt water. [1855-60] * * *
salt dome
Geol. a domelike rock structure that is formed beneath the earth's surface by the upward movement of a mass of salt, may reach thousands of feet in vertical extent, and is more ...
salt flat
an extensive level tract coated with salt deposits left by evaporation of rising ground water or a temporary body of surface water. Cf. alkali flat. [1870-75] * * *
salt gland
a gland, located in the head of seabirds and various marine mammals and reptiles, that secretes into the nasal passages the excess salt imbibed or ingested. [1945-50] * * *
salt glaze
—salt glazing. a ceramic glaze on stoneware produced by the chemical reaction that occurs when salt is thrown into a kiln during firing. [1850-55] * * * ▪ ...
salt grass
any of several grasses, as Distichlis spicata, that grow in salt marshes or meadows or in alkali soil. [1695-1705] * * *
salt hay
hay made up of salt grass, often used as fodder or as a mulch. [1640-50, Amer.] * * *
salt horse
Naut. Slang. salted beef; salt junk. [1830-40] * * *
See under Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty. * * *
See under Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty. * * *
salt junk
Naut. Slang. salted beef or pork. [1785-95] * * *
salt karst
▪ geology       solution phenomena occurring in rock salt (halite) by the action of groundwater. Although rock salt is considerably more soluble in water than is the ...
salt lake
a body of water having no outlet to the sea and containing in solution a high concentration of salts, esp. sodium chloride. [1755-65] * * *
Salt Lake City
a city in and the capital of Utah, in the N part, near the Great Salt Lake. 163,033. * * * City (pop., 2000: 181,743), capital of Utah, U.S. Located on the Jordan River, near ...
salt lick
1. a place to which animals go to lick naturally occurring salt deposits. 2. a block of salt or salt preparation provided, as in a pasture, for cattle, horses, etc. [1735-45, ...
salt marsh
a marshy tract that is wet with salt water or flooded by the sea. [bef. 1000; ME saltmerche, OE sealtne mersc] * * * ▪ geology       area of low, flat, poorly drained ...
salt mine
1. a mine from which salt is excavated. 2. Usually, salt mines. a place of habitual confinement and drudgery: After two weeks of vacation it will be back to the salt mines for ...
salt nucleus
▪ meteorology       tiny particle in the atmosphere that is composed of a salt, either solid or in an aqueous solution; it promotes the condensation of water and thus is ...
salt of phosphorus.
See sodium ammonium phosphate. * * *
salt of sorrel
Chem. See potassium binoxalate. * * *
salt of the earth
an individual or group considered as representative of the best or noblest elements of society. [1350-1400; ME; after Matthew 5:13] * * *
salt pan
an undrained natural depression, as a crater or tectonic basin, in which the evaporation of water leaves a deposit of salt. [1485-95] * * *
salt pit
a pit where salt is obtained. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
salt pork
pork cured with salt, esp. the fat pork taken from the back, sides, and belly. [1715-25] * * *
Salt Range
▪ mountains, Pakistan       series of hills and low mountains between the valleys of the Indus and Jhelum rivers, located in the northern part of the Punjab region of ...
Salt River
a river flowing W from E Arizona to the Gila River near Phoenix: Roosevelt Dam. 200 mi. (322 km) long. * * * River, east-central Arizona, U.S. A tributary of the Gila River, it ...
salt shake
South Midland U.S. a salt shaker. * * *
salt shaker
a container for salt with a perforated top to allow the salt to be shaken out. Also, saltshaker. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
salt spoon
a small spoon with which to take salt at the table. [1810-20] * * *
salt stick
a crusty bread roll sprinkled with salt crystals, made in the shape of a cylinder. * * *
salt tree.
See athel tree. [1815-25] * * *
salt water
1. water containing a large amount of salt. 2. seawater. [bef. 1000; ME; OE] * * *
salt well
a well from which brine is obtained. [bef. 950; ME; OE] * * *
Salṭ, As-
▪ Jordan also spelled  Salt, or Es-salt,         town, west-central Jordan. It is on the old main highway (often called the As-Salṭ Road) leading from Amman to ...
/sawlt"n pep"euhr/, adj. pepper-and-salt. * * *
/sawlt"boks'/, n. 1. a box in which salt is kept. 2. a type of house found esp. in New England, generally two full stories high in front and one story high in back, the roof ...
salt-marsh caterpillar (sôltʹmärsh') n. The larva of a common tiger moth (Estigmene acrea) that feeds destructively on various grasses. * * *
salt-rising bread
/sawlt"ruy'zing/ a kind of bread leavened with a fermented mixture of salted milk, cornmeal, flour, sugar, and soda. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
/sal"teuh, sawl"-/, n. a game for two, resembling Chinese checkers, played on a board with 100 squares. [1900-05; < G Salta < L salta, 2d sing. impv. of saltare to leap; see ...
/sahl"tah/, n. a city in NW Argentina. 260,323. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: 457,223), northwestern Argentina. It lies in the irrigated Lerma valley in the Andes Mountains on a ...
a village near Bradford in northern England which was built in 1853 as a model village for factory workers by Sir Titus Salt (1803–1876). It is now a UNESCO World Heritage ...
/sahl tahn"doh/, Music. adj. 1. (of a performance with a stringed instrument) playing each note staccato by bouncing the bow on the strings. adv. 2. in a saltando manner. Also, ...
/sal"tnt/, adj. dancing; leaping; jumping. [1595-1605; < L saltant- (s. of saltans, prp. of saltare to jump about, dance, freq. of salire to jump), equiv. to sal- jump + -t- ...
/sal'teuh rel"oh, sawl'-/; It. /sahl'tah rddel"law/, n., pl. saltarellos, It. saltarelli /-lee/. 1. a lively Italian dance for one person or a couple. 2. the music for ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), Caradon district, administrative and historic county of Cornwall, England. It lies near the English Channel coast, ...
—saltational, adj. /sal tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a dancing, hopping, or leaping movement. 2. an abrupt movement or transition. 3. Geol. intermittent, leaping movement of particles of ...
—saltationist, n. /sal tay"sheuh niz'euhm/, n. Biol. any of several theories holding that the evolution of species proceeds in major steps by the abrupt transformation of an ...
/sal'teuh tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. 1. pertaining to saltation. 2. Zool. characterized by or adapted for leaping. [1780-90; SALTATORY + -AL1] * * *
/sal"teuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. 1. pertaining to or adapted for saltation. 2. proceeding by abrupt movements. [1615-25; < L saltatorius, equiv. to salta(re) to dance + -torius ...
saltbox [sôlt′bäks΄] n. 1. a box for salt, with a sloping lid ☆ 2. a house, as in colonial New England, shaped somewhat like this, having two stories in front and one at ...
/sawlt"boosh'/, n. any of various plants or shrubs of the genus Atriplex, having mostly alternate leaves and clusters of inconspicuous flowers, often growing in saline or ...
salt cake n. Impure sodium sulfate used in making paper pulp, soaps and detergents, glass, ceramic glazes, and dyes. * * *
/sawlt"sel'euhr/, n. a shaker or dish for salt. [1400-50; SALT1 + CELLAR, for earlier saler saltcellar, late ME < OF saliere < L salaria, n. use of fem. of salarius (adj.) ...
salt dome n. Geology An anticlinal fold with a columnar salt plug at its core. * * *
/sawl"tid/, adj. seasoned, cured, or otherwise treated with salt. [1300-50; ME; see SALT1, -ED3] * * *
/sawl"tn/; Ger. /zahl"teuhn/, n. Felix /fee"liks/; Ger. /fay"liks/, (Siegmund Salzman), 1869-1945, Austrian novelist, in Switzerland after 1938. * * *
Salten, Felix
▪ Austrian novelist original name  Siegmund Salzmann   born Sept. 6, 1869, Budapest died Oct. 8, 1945, Zürich       Austrian novelist and journalist, author of the ...
/sawl"teuhr/, n. 1. a person who makes or sells salt. 2. a person who salts meat, fish, etc. [bef. 1000; ME; OE sealtere saltmaker. See SALT1, -ER1] * * *
/sawl"teuhrn/, n. 1. a saltworks. 2. a plot of land laid out in pools for the evaporation of seawater to produce salt. [bef. 900; OE sealtaern saltworks (not recorded in ME), ...
salt gland n. A specialized gland in marine animals that excretes the excess salt taken into the body. * * *
/sawlt"glayz'/, adj. Ceram. having a salt glaze. Also, salt-glazed, saltglazed. [1860-65; SALT1 + GLAZE] * * *
salt grass n. Any of various grasses, especially North American perennial plants of the genus Distichlis, that grow in salt marshes and alkaline areas. * * *
salt hay n. 1. The wiry tough stems of several species of salt-marsh rushes, especially Juncus gerardi, used as a garden mulch and packing material. 2. Hay prepared from salt ...
/sawl"tee/, n. Canadian Slang. an ocean-going sailor. [1960-65; SALT1 + -IE] * * *
saltier1 /sawl"tee euhr/, adj. comparative of salty. saltier2 /sal"tear, -tuyeur/, n. saltire. * * *
/sal"ti grayd', sawl"-/, adj. 1. moving by leaping. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Salticidae, comprising the jumping spiders. [1830-40; < L salt(are) to jump (see ...
/sahl tee"yaw/, n. a city in and the capital of Coahuila, in northern Mexico. 233,600. * * * City (pop., 2000: 562,587), capital of Coahuila state, northeastern Mexico. Founded ...
saltily [sôl′tə lē] adv. in a salty manner * * * See salty. * * *
/sahl'tim boh"keuh/; It. /sahl'teem bawk"kah/, n. Italian Cookery. veal and ham wrapped together and sautéed in butter, often seasoned with sage. [1935-40; < It, contr. of salta ...
/sawl teen"/, n. a crisp, salted cracker. [1905-10, Amer.; SALT1 + -INE2] * * *
saltiness [sôl′tē nis] n. salty quality or state * * * See saltily. * * *
salting [sôl′tiŋ] n. Brit. grassy land regularly covered by tides usually used in pl. * * * ▪ labour organizing tactic       organizing tactic employed by labour ...
salting out
Chem. the addition of salt to a mixture to precipitate proteins, soaps, and other simple organic compounds. [1855-60] * * *
/sal"tir, -tuyeur, sawl"-/, n. Heraldry. 1. an ordinary in the form of a cross with arms running diagonally from the dexter chief to the sinister base and from the sinister chief ...
/sal"tir wuyz', -tuyeur, sawl"-/, adv. Heraldry. in the direction or manner of a saltire. Also, saltireways /sal"tir wayz', -tuyeur-, sawl"-/. [1715-25; SALTIRE + -WISE] * * *
—saltishly, adv. —saltishness, n. /sawl"tish/, adj. somewhat salty. [1470-80; SALT1 + -ISH1] * * *
SaltLake City
Salt Lake City (sôlt) The capital and largest city of Utah, in the north-central part of the state near Great Salt Lake. Brigham Young and his followers settled here in 1847, ...
/sawlt"lis/, adj. 1. lacking salt. 2. lacking vitality; dull; insipid: a saltless person. [1350-1400; ME; see SALT1, -LESS] * * *
salt lick n. 1. A natural deposit of exposed salt that animals lick. 2. A block of salt or artificial medicated saline preparation set out for cattle, sheep, or deer to lick. * * ...
salt marsh n. Low coastal grassland frequently overflowed by the tide. * * *
/sawlt"nis/, n. the state or quality of being salt or salty. [bef. 900; ME saltnesse; OE sealtnes. See SALT1, -NESS] * * *
/sahl"taw/, n. a city in NW Uruguay, on the Uruguay River. 80,000. * * * ▪ Uruguay       city, northwestern Uruguay. It is situated on the left bank of the Uruguay ...
Salto del Guairá
▪ Paraguay       town, eastern Paraguay. It is situated on the right bank of the Paraná River at the Brazil–Paraguay border. Salto del Guairá is the site of one of ...
Salton Sea
/sawl"teuhn, -tn/ a shallow saline lake in S California, in the Imperial Valley, formed by the diversion of water from the Colorado River into a salt-covered depression (Salton ...
Sal·ton Sea (sôlʹtən) A saline lake of southeast California in the Imperial Valley. It was a salt-covered depression known as the Salton Sink until 1905, when flood waters ...
/sawlt'pee"teuhr/, n. 1. the form of potassium nitrate, KNO3, that occurs naturally, used in the manufacture of fireworks, fluxes, gunpowder, etc.; niter. 2. See Chile ...
or nitre also spelled saltpeter or niter Transparent, colourless, or white powder or crystals of potassium nitrate (KNO3), found native in deposits. It is a strong oxidizing ...
salt pork n. Fatty pork that is cured with salt, often used as a flavoring. * * *
Salt River 1. A river, about 322 km (200 mi) long, rising in eastern Arizona and flowing generally west to the Gila River near Phoenix. It has been used for irrigation for many ...
Salts Mill
➡ Saltaire * * *
☆ saltshaker [sôlt′shāk΄ər ] n. a container for salt, with a perforated top for shaking out the salt * * * salt·shak·er (sôltʹshā'kər) n. A container with a ...
/sal"teuhs, sawl"-/, n., pl. saltuses. Math. oscillation (def. 5b). [1655-65; < NL, L: a leap. See SALT2] * * *
Saltus, Edgar Evertson
▪ American novelist born Oct. 8, 1855, New York City died July 31, 1921, New York City       one of the few U.S. novelists who adopted the sophisticated cynicism, ...
/sawlt"waw"teuhr, -wot"euhr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to salt water. 2. inhabiting salt water: a saltwater fish. [1520-30; SALT1 + WATER] * * *
saltwater taffy
a taffy sometimes made with seawater but more generally made with salted fresh water. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
/sawlt"werrks'/, n., pl. saltworks. (often used with a pl. v.) a building or plant where salt is made. [1555-65; SALT1 + WORKS] * * *
/sawlt"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. any of various plants of sea beaches, salt marshes, and alkaline regions, esp. belonging to the genus Salsola, of the goosefoot family, as S. kali, a ...
—saltily, adv. —saltiness, n. /sawl"tee/, adj., saltier, saltiest. 1. tasting of or containing salt; saline. 2. piquant; sharp; witty. 3. racy or coarse: salty humor. 4. of ...
salty dog
a cocktail of gin or vodka and grapefruit juice, traditionally served in a salt-rimmed glass. * * *
Saltykov, Mikhail Yevgrafovich, Graf
▪ Russian author pseudonym  N. Shchedrin   born Jan. 27 [Jan. 15, old style], 1826, Spas-Ugol, Russia died May 10 [April 28, O.S.], 1889, St. ...
—salubriously, adv. —salubriousess, salubrity /seuh looh"bri tee/, n. /seuh looh"bree euhs/, adj. favorable to or promoting health; healthful: salubrious air. [1540-50; < L ...
See salubrious. * * *
See salubriously. * * *
See salubriously. * * *
/sah loohdh"/, interj. Spanish. (used after a person has sneezed or as a toast.) [lit., health] * * *
Sa·lu·da (sə-lo͞oʹdə) A river, about 322 km (200 mi) long, of west-central South Carolina rising in the Blue Ridge and flowing southeast across the Piedmont to the Broad ...
Saluda River
River, west-central South Carolina, U.S. Rising in the Blue Ridge Mountains, in northern and southern forks that join northwest of Greenville, the main stream flows southeast ...
/seuh looh"jee/, n. 1. a gamelike prank in which a youth grabs something belonging to another and throws it to a third, preventing the owner from retrieving it as it is tossed ...
/seuh looh"kee/, n. (sometimes l.c.) one of a breed of black and tan, white, gold, or tricolor dogs resembling the greyhound and having fringes of long hair on the ears, legs, ...
—saluretically, adv. /sal'yeuh ret"ik/, Med. adj. 1. of or pertaining to a substance that promotes renal excretion of sodium and chloride ions. n. 2. any such substance, as ...
/say"leuhs/, n. the ancient Roman goddess of health and prosperity: identified with the Greek goddess Hygeia. [ < L salus health] * * * ▪ Roman goddess       in Roman ...
salus populi suprema lex esto
/sah"loos paw"poo lee' sooh prdday"mah leks es"toh/; Eng. /say"leuhs pop"yeuh luy'soo pree"meuh leks es"toh/, Latin. let the welfare of the people be the supreme law: a motto of ...
Salut, Îles du
▪ islands, French Guiana  island group of French Guiana, northeastern South America, in the Atlantic Ocean about 8 mi (13 km) northeast of Kourou, comprising three main ...
See salutary. * * *
See salutarily. * * *
—salutarily /sal"yeuh ter'euh lee, sal'yeuh tair"-/, adv. —salutariness, n. /sal"yeuh ter'ee/, adj. 1. favorable to or promoting health; healthful. 2. promoting or conducive ...
Salutati, Coluccio
▪ Florentine chancellor born Feb. 16, 1331, Stignano, Tuscany died May 4, 1406, Florence       Humanist and Florentine chancellor.       In his youth in Bologna ...
—salutational, adj. —salutationless, adj. /sal'yeuh tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of saluting. 2. something uttered, written, or done by way of saluting. 3. a word or phrase ...
See salutation. * * *
/seuh looh'teuh tawr"ee euhn, -tohr"-/, n. (in some U.S. schools and colleges) the student ranking second highest in the graduating class, who delivers the salutatory at ...
/seuh looh'teuh tawr"ee euhm, -tohr"-/, n., pl. salutatoria /-tawr"ee euh, -tohr"-/. a porch or room in a monastery or church serving as a meeting or almsgiving place for monks ...
—salutatorily, adv. /seuh looh"teuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj., n., pl. salutatories. adj. 1. pertaining to or of the nature of a salutation. n. 2. a welcoming address, esp. one ...
—saluter. n. /seuh looht"/, v. saluted, saluting, n. v.t. 1. Mil. to pay respect to or honor by some formal act, as by raising the right hand to the side of the headgear, ...
See salute. * * *
/sal'yeuh tif"euhr euhs/, adj. salutary. [1530-40; < L salutifer health-bearing (see SALUTE, -I-, -FER) + -OUS] * * *
▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, Piemonte ( Piedmont) region, northwestern Italy, at the foot of the Alps, southwest of Turin. The seat of the marquesses of Saluzzo ...
Salvador. * * *
—salvability, salvableness, n. —salvably, adv. /sal"veuh beuhl/, adj. fit for or capable of being saved or salvaged. [1660-70; < LL salv(are) to save + -ABLE] * * *
—Salvadoran, Salvadorian, adj., n. /sal"veuh dawr'/; for 1, 3 also Sp. /sahl'vah dhawrdd"/; for 2 also Port. /sahl'veuh dawrdd"/, n. 1. See El Salvador. 2. Formerly, Bahia, ...
Salvador, Henri Gabriel
▪ 2009       French entertainer born July 18, 1917, Cayenne, French Guiana died Feb. 13, 2008, Paris, France enjoyed a lengthy career as a singer and songwriter, with ...
Salvadoran [sal΄vədôr′ē ənsal΄və dôr′ən] adj. of El Salvador or its people or culture n. a person born or living in El Salvador: Also Salvadorian [sal΄vədôr′ē ...
—salvageable, adj. —salvageability, n. —salvager, n. /sal"vij/, n., v., salvaged, salvaging. n. 1. the act of saving a ship or its cargo from perils of the seas. 2. the ...
salvage archaeology
the collection of archaeological data and materials from a site in danger of imminent destruction, as from new construction or flooding. [1965-70] * * *
See salvage. * * *
See salvageability. * * *
See salvageability. * * *
/sal"veuhr san'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of arsphenamine. * * *
—salvational, adj. /sal vay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of saving or protecting from harm, risk, loss, destruction, etc. 2. the state of being saved or protected from harm, risk, ...
Salvation Army
1. an international Christian organization founded in England in 1865 by William Booth, organized along quasi-military lines and devoted chiefly to evangelism and to providing ...
See salvation. * * *
Sal·va·tion Army (săl-vāʹshən) n. An international evangelical and charitable organization founded in 1865 by William Booth as a London revival society and renamed in ...
sal·va·tion·ism (săl-vāʹshə-nĭz'əm) n. Religious doctrine stressing salvation of the soul. * * *
—salvationism, n. /sal vay"sheuh nist/, n. 1. a member of the Salvation Army. 2. (l.c.) a person who preaches salvation, deliverance from sin, etc., and the means of obtaining ...
/sal"veuh tawr', -tohr'/; It. /sahl'vah taw"rdde/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Salvatore Lucania later Charles Luciano Quasimodo Salvatore Viganò ...
salve1 /sav, sahv/, n., v., salved, salving. n. 1. a medicinal ointment for healing or relieving wounds and sores. 2. anything that soothes, mollifies, or relieves. v.t. 3. to ...
Salve Regina
/sahl"vay ri jee"neuh/, Rom. Cath. Ch. a prayer in the form of a hymn to the Virgin Mary. * * *
      fish genus that includes the popular food and sport fishes known as char, brook trout, lake trout, and Dolly Varden trout (qq.v.). * * *
/sahl ve"mee nee/, n. Gaetano /gah'e tah"naw/, 1873-1957, Italian historian in the U.S. * * *

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