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salver
/sal"veuhr/, n. a tray, esp. one used for serving food or beverages. [1655-65; < Sp salv(a) kind of tray (orig. protective foretasting, deriv. of salvar to save < L salvare) + ...
salverform
salverform [sal′vərfôrm΄] adj. 〚 SALVER + -FORM〛 Bot. having a slender, tubular corolla with the lobes spreading at right angles to the tube, as in phlox: also ...
Salvi, Nicola
▪ Italian sculptor and architect Nicola also spelled  Niccolò   born Aug. 6, 1697, Rome [Italy] died Feb. 8, 1751, Rome  Italian sculptor and architect whose late Roman ...
salvia
/sal"vee euh/, n. any plant of the genus Salvia, comprising the sages, having opposite leaves and whorled flowers. [1835-45; < NL, L: sage] * * * Any of about 700 species of ...
Salviati, Antonio
▪ Italian glassmaker born March 18, 1816, Vicenza, Venetia, Austrian Empire [now in Italy] died Jan. 25, 1890, Venice, Italy       Italian glass manufacturer who ...
Salviati, Francesco
▪ Italian painter original name  Francesco de' Rossi , also called  Cecchino  born 1510, Florence [Italy] died Nov. 11, 1563, Rome       painter and designer, one ...
salvific
/sal vif"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to redemptive power. [1585-95; < ML salvificus, equiv. to L salv(us) SAFE + -i- -I- + -ficus -FIC] * * *
salvifically
See salvific. * * *
Salviniales
▪ plant order       plant order containing two families of tiny ferns that float on water: Salviniaceae and Azollaceae, each consisting of one genus. Salvinia (water ...
salvo
salvo1 /sal"voh/, n., pl. salvos, salvoes. 1. a simultaneous or successive discharge of artillery, bombs, etc. 2. a round of fire given as a salute. 3. a round of cheers or ...
salvolatile
sal vo·la·ti·le (vō-lătʹl-ē) n. A solution of ammonium carbonate in alcohol or ammonia water, used in smelling salts.   [New Latin : Latin sāl, salt + Latin volātile, ...
salvor
/sal"veuhr/, n. a person who salvages or helps to salvage a ship, cargo, etc. [1670-80; SALV(AGE) + -OR2] * * *
Salween
/sal"ween/, n. a river in SE Asia, flowing S from SW China through E Burma (Myanmar) to the Bay of Bengal. 1750 mi. (2815 km) long. * * *
Salween River
Chinese Nu Jiang River, Southeast Asia. Rising in eastern Tibet, it flows generally south for about 1,500 mi (2,400 km) through Yunnan province, China, and eastern Myanmar ...
Salyut
/sahl"yooht'/, n. one of a series of Soviet earth-orbiting space stations, first launched in 1971. [ < Russ Salyút lit., SALUTE < F] * * * Any of a series of seven Soviet space ...
Salzburg
/sawlz"berrg/; Ger. /zahlts"boorddk/, n. a city in W Austria: the birthplace of Mozart. 138,213. * * * ancient Juvavum City (pop., 2001: city, 142,662; urban agglom., 210,276), ...
Salzgitter
/zahlts"git'euhrdd/, n. a city in Lower Saxony, in central Germany, SE of Hanover. 119,181. Formerly, Watenstedt-Salzgitter. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Lower Saxony ...
Salzillo, Francisco
▪ Spanish sculptor in full  Francisco Salzillo y Alcaraz , Salzillo also spelled  Zarcillo,  Salsillo,  or  Salcillo  born May 1707, Murcia, Spain died March 2, 1783, ...
Salzkammergut
▪ region, Austria       region, north-central Austria. The region consists mainly of the Traun River basin and is renowned for its lake and mountain scenery. Often ...
Sam
/sam/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Samuel. 2. a female given name, form of Samantha. * * * (as used in expressions) Ervin Sam Kim Young Sam Shepard Sam Uncle Sam * * *
SAM
/sam/, n. 1. surface-to-air missile. 2. Space Available Mail: a special air service for sending parcels weighing up to 15 lbs. (6.8 kg) to overseas members of the armed forces: ...
Sam and Dave
▪ American music duo       American vocal duo who were among the most popular performers of soul music in the late 1960s and whose gritty, gospel (gospel ...
Sam Bass
➡ Bass * * *
Sam Browne
(also Sam Browne belt) n (BrE) a type of leather belt with a strap that passes from the left side over the right shoulder, worn by British army officers, certain police officers, ...
Sam Browne belt
/sam" brown"/ a sword belt having a supporting strap over the right shoulder, formerly worn by officers in the U.S. Army, now sometimes worn as part of the uniform by police ...
Sam Cooke
➡ Cooke (II) * * *
Sam Hill
Slang. hell (used esp. in WH-questions as a mild oath expressing exasperation and usually prec. by in or the): Who in Sam Hill are you? [1830-40, Amer.; Sam (orig. salmon, var. ...
Sam Houston
➡ Houston (II) * * *
Sam Houston State University
▪ university, Huntsville, Texas, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Huntsville, Texas, U.S. It is part of the Texas State ...
Sam Mendes
➡ Mendes * * *
Sam Peckinpah
➡ Peckinpah * * *
Sam Saen Thai
▪ king of Lan Xang also spelled  Sam Sene Thai,  original name  Un Heuan  born 1356 died 1417       great sovereign of the Lan Xang kingdom of Laos, whose reign ...
Sam Shepard
➡ Shepard (III) * * *
Sam Snead
➡ Snead * * *
Sam Spade
➡ Spade * * *
Sam Wanamaker
➡ Wanamaker * * *
Sam Warner
➡ Warner Brothers * * *
Sam.
Bible. Samuel. * * *
Sama
Sa·ma (säʹmä) n. An Austronesian language spoken in the Sulu Archipelago. Also called Samal. * * * In Sufism, the practice of listening to music, chanting, and dancing as a ...
sama'
/seuh mah"/, n. Islam. the Sufi practice of gathering to listen to religious poetry that is sung, often accompanied by ecstatic dance or other ritual. [ < Ar sama' lit., ...
Sama-Veda
/sah"meuh vay"deuh, -vee"deuh/, n. Hinduism. one of the Samhitas, a collection of mantras and tunes used in connection with the Rig-Veda. Cf. Veda. * * *
Samadet faience
▪ pottery       tin-glazed earthenware made in the 18th century in Samadet, Landes, France, at a factory founded in 1732. It is delicately painted with such motifs as ...
samadhi
/seuh mah"dee/, n. Hinduism, Buddhism. the highest stage in meditation, in which a person experiences oneness with the universe. [1820-30; < Skt samadhi] * * * State of intense ...
Samain
/sah"win/, n. Samhain. * * *
samaj
/seuh mahj"/, n. a Hindu religious society or movement. [1870-75; < Hindi samaj meeting] * * *
Samak Sundaravej
▪ 2009 born June 13, 1935, Bangkok, Thai.  On Jan. 28, 2008, by a vote of 310 to 163, the parliament of Thailand elected Samak Sundaravej, leader of the People Power Party ...
Samal
Sa·mal (sä-mälʹ) n. See Sama. * * * ▪ people       Muslim cultural-linguistic group of the Philippines, numbering about 360,000 in the late 20th century. They live ...
Saman
/sah"mahn/, n. a Persian noble who lived in the 8th century A.D., progenitor of the Samanid dynasty. * * *
Samaná
▪ Dominican Republic in full  Santa Bárbara de Samaná        city, northeastern Dominican Republic, on the southern shore of the Samaná Peninsula. The city was ...
Samaná Bay
▪ bay, Dominican Republic Spanish  Bahía de Samaná        bay located in the northeastern Dominican Republic and lying along the Mona Passage joining the Atlantic ...
Samana Cay
/seuh mah"neuh/ a small, uninhabited island in the central Bahamas: now believed to be first land in the New World seen by Christopher Columbus 1492. 9 mi. (14 km) long. * * ...
Samanid
/seuh mah"nid, sam"euh nid/, n. a member of the rulers of Persia in the 9th and 10th centuries. * * *
Sāmānid Dynasty
▪ Iranian dynasty       (AD 819–999), first native dynasty to arise in Iran after the Muslim Arab conquest. It was renowned for the impulse that it gave to Iranian ...
Samaniego, Félix María
▪ Spanish poet born Oct. 12, 1745, Laguardia, Spain died Aug. 11, 1801, Laguardia       poet whose books of fables for schoolchildren have a grace and simplicity that ...
Samantha
/seuh man"theuh/, n. a female given name: from an Aramaic word meaning "listener." * * *
Samar
/sah"mahr/, n. an island in the E central Philippines. 1,200,592; 5309 sq. mi (13,750 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 2000: 1,517,585), east-central Philippines. The third largest ...
samara
/sam"euhr euh, seuh mair"euh/, n. Bot. an indehiscent, usually one-seeded, winged fruit, as of the elm or maple. [1570-80; < NL; L samara, samera elm seed] * * * formerly ...
Samara
/seuh mahr"euh/; Russ. /su mah"rddeuh/, n. a port in the SE Russian Federation in Europe, on the Volga. 1,257,000. Formerly (1935-91), Kuibyshev. * * * formerly (1935–91) ...
Samara River
▪ river, Russia also called  Samarka        river in Orenburg and Samara oblasti (provinces), western Russia, a left-bank tributary of the Volga. It rises in the ...
Samarai
▪ town, Papua New Guinea       town and port on Samarai Island, Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. It lies 3 miles (5 km) offshore from the southeasternmost ...
Samaran
▪ people also called  Samareño, or Waray-waray,         any member of a large ethnolinguistic group of the Philippines, living on Samar, eastern Leyte, and Biliran. ...
Samaranch, Juan Antonio
▪ 2000       In 1999, after nearly two decades as president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Juan António Samaranch was faced with two major scandals: ...
Samaranch, Juan António, marqués de Samaranch
▪ Spanish businessman and public official born July 17, 1920, Barcelona, Spain       Spanish businessman and public official who served from 1980 to 2001 as the seventh ...
Samarang
/seuh mahr"ahng/, n. Semarang. * * *
Samaria
/seuh mair"ee euh/, n. 1. a district in ancient Palestine: later part of the Roman province of Syria; taken by Jordan 1948; occupied by Israel 1967. 2. the northern kingdom of ...
samariform
/sam"euhr euh fawrm'/, adj. Bot. having the form of a samara. [1890-95; SAMAR(A) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
Samarinda
/sam'euh rin"deuh/, n. a city on E Borneo, in Indonesia. 137,521. * * * ▪ Indonesia       kotamadya (municipality), capital of East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur) ...
Samaritan
—Samaritanism, n. /seuh mar"i tn/, n. 1. an inhabitant of Samaria. 2. See good Samaritan. 3. (often l.c.) one who is compassionate and helpful to a person in distress. 4. any ...
Samaritans
a British charity, started in 1953 by Chad Varah (1911– ), which gives free help and advice to people who are very depressed or thinking of killing themselves. People can call ...
samarium
/seuh mair"ee euhm/, n. Chem. a rare-earth metallic element discovered in samarskite. Symbol: Sm; at. wt.: 150.35; at. no.: 62; sp. gr.: 7.49. [1875-80; < NL; see SAMARSKITE, ...
Samarkand
/sam'euhr kand"/; Russ. /seuh murdd kahnt"/, n. a city in SE Uzbekistan: taken by Alexander the Great 329 B.C.; Tamerlane's capital in the 14th century. 476,000. Also, Samarcand. ...
Samarkand rug
 handwoven floor covering that was once marketed through the ancient city of Samarkand in Uzbekistan but is actually produced by Kyrgyz or Uzbek tribeswomen or in the towns of ...
Samarkand ware
      in Islāmic ceramics, style originating in Samarkand province (now in Uzbekistan) that was at its height in the 10th century and had backgrounds of black, red, and ...
Samaroff, Olga
▪ American musician née  Lucy Mary Olga Agnes Hickenlooper  born Aug. 8, 1882, San Antonio, Texas, U.S. died May 17, 1948, New York, N.Y.       American pianist who ...
Samarqand
Sam·ar·qand or Sam·ar·kand (sămʹər-kănd', sə-mər-käntʹ) A city of southern Uzbekistan southwest of Tashkent. Dating from the third or fourth millennium B.C., the ...
Samarra
/seuh mahr"euh/, n. a town in central Iraq, on the Tigris: seat of the early Abassid caliphs. * * *
Sāmarrāʾ
▪ Iraq       town, central Iraq. Located on the Tigris River (Tigris-Euphrates river system), it is the site of a prehistoric settlement of the 5th millennium BC. The ...
samarskite
/seuh mahr"skuyt/, n. a velvet-black mineral, a complex columbate-tantalate of uranium, cerium, etc., occurring in masses: a minor source of uranium, thorium, and rare-earth ...
Samastipur
▪ India       town, northern Bihar state, northeastern India. Samastipur lies just south of the Burhi Gandak River. A major rail hub with workshops, it engages in ...
Samāwah, Al-
▪ Iraq       city, southern Iraq. It is approximately 164 miles (266 km) south of Baghdad and is located on the Euphrates River. The city is the agricultural market ...
Şamaxı
▪ Azerbaijan formerly  Shemakha,        city, east-central Azerbaijan. It is located 76 miles (122 km) west of Baku and is one of the oldest cities in the republic, ...
samāʿ
▪ Ṣūfī religious practice       (Arabic: “listening”), the Ṣūfī (Muslim mystic) practice of listening to music and chanting to reinforce ecstasy and induce ...
samba
/sam"beuh, sahm"-/, n., pl. sambas, v., sambaed, sambaing. n. 1. a rhythmic, Brazilian ballroom dance of African origin. v.i. 2. to dance the samba. [1880-85; < Pg samba, alleged ...
sambal
/sahm"bahl/, n. a condiment or side dish of Indonesia, Malaysia, and southern India, made with any of various ingredients, as vegetables, fish, or coconut, usually seasoned with ...
Sambalpur
▪ India       city, northwestern Orissa state, eastern India. The city is a commercial centre and rail terminus along the Mahanadi River. It has some industry, ...
sambar
/sam"beuhr, sahm"-/, n. a deer, Cervus unicolor, of India, Sri Lanka, southeastern Asia, the East Indies, and the Philippines, having three-pointed antlers. Also, sambur, ...
Sambation
▪ legendary river also spelled  Sanbation, or Sambatyon,         legendary “Sabbath River” beyond which the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel were exiled in 721 BC by ...
Sambhal
▪ India       city, northwestern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies southwest of Moradabad. Sambhal is an ancient settlement that was also important during ...
Sambhar Lake
Salt lake, east-central Rajasthan state, India. Located west of Jaipur, it is about 90 sq mi (230 sq km) in area and is India's largest lake. The soluble sodium compounds stored ...
Sambhar Salt Lake
▪ lake, India       ephemeral salt lake, the largest lake in India, situated in east-central Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, west of Jaipur. About 90 square miles (230 ...
Sambir
▪ city, Ukraine also spelled  Sambor        city, western Ukraine, on the Dniester River. Built after the settlement of Staryi Sambir (Old Sambir) was destroyed by ...
sambo
/sam"boh/, n., pl. sambos. Disparaging and Offensive. 1. a black person. 2. a Latin American of black and Indian or mulatto ancestry. Also, zambo. [1690-1700, Amer.; < AmerSp ...
Samborombón Bay
▪ bay, Argentina Spanish  Bahía Samborombón,         bay of the South Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Río de la Plata, Argentina, located 100 miles (160 km) ...
Sambre
Fr. /sahonn"brddeu/, n. a river in W Europe, flowing NE through N France and S Belgium into the Meuse at Namur: battle 1918. 120 mi. (193 km) long. * * *
SamBrowne belt
Sam Browne belt (sămʹ brounʹ) n. A belt having a shoulder strap that runs diagonally across the chest, worn as part of a military or police uniform.   [After Sir Samuel ...
sambuca
sambuca1 /sam byooh"keuh/, n. 1. Also, sambuke /sam"byoohk/. an ancient stringed musical instrument used in Greece and the Near East. 2. a medieval hurdy-gurdy. [1350-1400; ME ...
Sambucuccio d'Alando
▪ Corsican revolutionary died c. 1370       Corsican revolutionary who, in collaboration with Genoa, led an uprising against the feudal Cinarca family and their ...
sambur
sam·bur (sămʹbər, sämʹ-) n. Variant of sambar. * * *
Samch'ŏnp'o
▪ South Korea       city, in South Kyŏngsang do (province), southern South Korea. Islands such as Ch'ŏngsan, Sinsu, and Nŭk screen the city's deepwater port. Its ...
same
/saym/, adj. 1. identical with what is about to be or has just been mentioned: This street is the same one we were on yesterday. 2. being one or identical though having different ...
same-sex
adj. 1. of or relating to two or more persons of the same gender: same-sex friendships. 2. of or involving a sexual relationship between two men or between two women: same-sex ...
same-sex marriage
Introduction  the practice of marriage between two males or two females. Although the institution of marriage between male and female partners has been regulated through law, ...
samekh
/sah"meuhkh/, n. 1. the 15th letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. Also, samech. [ < Heb samekh, akin to samakh he supported] * * *
sameness
/saym"nis/, n. 1. the state or quality of being the same; identity; uniformity. 2. lack of variety; monotony. [1575-85; SAME + -NESS] * * *
Samhain
/sah"win/, n. a festival of the ancient Celts, held around November 1 to celebrate the beginning of winter. Also, Samain, samh'in /sah"win/. [1885-90; < Ir; OIr samain] * * ...
samhill
sam hill also Sam Hill (sămʹ hĭlʹ) n. Slang Used as an intensive: What in sam hill is going on?   [Ultimately alteration of hell.] * * *
Samhita
/sum'hi tah"/, n. Hinduism. Veda (def. 2). [ < Skt: samhita] * * *
Sami
/say"mee/, n. Lapp. * * * or Lapp Any of the descendants of ancient nomadic peoples who inhabited northern Scandinavia. They may be Paleo-Siberian or alpine peoples from ...
Sami language
▪ language also called  Lapp,         any of three members of the Finno-Ugric group of the Uralic language family, spoken by the Sami (Lapp) people in northern ...
Samian
/say"mee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Greek island of Samos. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Samos. [1570-80; < L Sami(us) ( < Gk Sámios of SAMOS) + -AN] * * *
Samian ware
a red-glazed terracotta pottery produced in Gaul and the Moselle Valley A.D. 100-300 and copied from Arretine ware. Also called terra sigillata. [1835-45; after classical ...
samiel
sam·iel (säm-yĕlʹ) n. See simoom.   [Turkish samyeli: sam, poisonous + yel, wind.] * * *
samisen
/sam"euh sen'/, n. a guitarlike Japanese musical instrument having an extremely long neck and three strings, played with a plectrum. [1610-20; < Japn < MChin, equiv. to Chin ...
samite
/sam"uyt, say"muyt/, n. a heavy silk fabric, sometimes interwoven with gold, worn in the Middle Ages. [1300-50; ME samit < OF < ML examitium, samitium < Gk hexámiton, neut. of ...
samizdat
/sah"miz daht'/; Russ. /seuh myiz daht"/, n. 1. a clandestine publishing system within the Soviet Union, by which forbidden or unpublishable literature was reproduced and ...
Samkhya
/sahng"kyeuh/, n. Hinduism. Sankhya. * * * One of the six orthodox systems (darshans) of Indian philosophy. It adopts a consistent dualism between matter and soul (see prakriti ...
Saml.
Samuel. * * *
samlet
/sam"lit/, n. a young salmon. [1645-55; SA(L)M(ON) + -LET] * * *
Sammartini
/sahm'mahrdd tee"nee/, n. Giovanni Battista /jaw vahn"nee baht tee"stah/, 1698-1775, Italian composer and organist. * * *
Sammartini, Giovanni Battista
▪ Italian composer Sammartini also spelled  San Martini,  byname  Il Milanese  born 1700/01, Milan [Italy] died Jan. 15, 1775, Milan       Italian composer who was ...
Sammartini, Giuseppe
▪ Italian composer Sammartini also spelled  San Martini,  byname  Il Londonese  born Jan. 6, 1695, Milan died November 1750, London       oboist and composer ...
Sammatīya
▪ Buddhist school       ancient Buddhist school or group of schools in India that held a distinctive theory concerning the pudgala, or person. They believed that though ...
Sammu-ramat
▪ queen of Assyria Greek  Semiramis   flourished 9th century BC       Assyrian queen who became a legendary heroine.       Sammu-ramat was the mother of the ...
Sammy
/sam"ee/, n., pl. Sammies. 1. a male given name, form of Samuel. 2. a female given name, form of Samantha. Also, Sammie. * * * (as used in expressions) Baugh Sammy Cahn ...
Sammy Cahn
➡ Cahn * * *
Sammy Davis Jr
➡ Davis (VI) * * *
Samnite
Samnite [sam′nīt΄] n. a member of a pre-Roman people, descended from the Sabines, that lived in Samnium * * * See Samnium. * * * Any member of an ancient warlike tribe of ...
Samnium
—Samnite /sam"nuyt/, adj., n. /sam"nee euhm/, n. an ancient country in central Italy. * * *
Samo
/sam"oh/, n. died A.D. 658, first ruler of the Slavs 623-658. * * *
Samoa
/seuh moh"euh/, n. a group of islands in the S Pacific, the islands W of 170° W longitude constituting an independent state and the rest belonging to the U.S. Formerly, ...
Samoa Standard Time
Samoa Standard Time n. a standard time used in the zone which includes American Samoa, corresponding to the mean solar time of the 165th meridian west of Greenwich, England: it ...
Samoa, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a red field (background) with a blue canton incorporating the Southern Cross constellation in white. The flag's ...
Samoan
/seuh moh"euhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to Samoa or its Polynesian people. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Samoa. 3. the Polynesian language of Samoa. [1840-50; SAMO(A) + -AN] * * *
Samory
in full Samory Touré born с 1830, near Sarranko, Upper Guinea died June 2, 1900, Gabon, French Congo Muslim reformer and military adventurer. A member of the Malinke people, ...
Samos
/say"mos, sam"ohs/; Gk. /sah"maws/, n. a Greek island in the E Aegean. 41,709; 194 sq. mi. (502 sq. km). * * * Island (pop., 1991: 42,000), Greece. In the Aegean Sea, Sámos is ...
SAMOS
/sam"ohs/, n. one of a series of U.S. reconnaissance satellites. [s(atellite) a(nti)m(issile) o(bservation) s(ystem)] * * * Island (pop., 1991: 42,000), Greece. In the Aegean ...
Samos Tunnel
▪ tunnel, Greece       tunnel drilled on the Aegean island of Samos in the 6th century BC to carry water for the capital city of the tyrant Polycrates from springs on ...
samosa
samosa [sə mō′sə] n. a small pastry turnover, orig. of India, filled with a spicy meat or vegetable mixture, as of potatoes and peas * * * sa·mo·sa (sə-mōʹsə) n. A ...
Samoset
/sam"euh set'/, n. died 1653?, North American Indian leader: aided Pilgrims during early years in New England. * * *
Samosir
▪ island, Indonesia       island in Danau (lake) Toba, Sumatera Utara propinsi (North Sumatra province), Sumatra, Indonesia. Approximately 200 sq mi (520 sq km) in area, ...
Samothrace
—Samothracian /sam'euh thray"sheuhn/, adj., n. /sam"euh thrays'/, n. a Greek island in the NE Aegean. 3012. Greek, Samothrake /sah'maw thrddah"kee/. * * * ▪ island, ...
samovar
/sam"euh vahr', sam'euh vahr"/, n. a metal urn, used esp. by Russians for heating water for making tea. [1820-30; < Russ samovár, equiv. to samo- self (see SAME) + -var, n. ...
Samoyed
/sam'euh yed", seuh moy"id/, n. 1. a member of a Uralic people dwelling in W Siberia and the far NE parts of European Russia. 2. Also, Samoyedic. a subfamily of Uralic languages ...
Samoyedic
/sam'euh yed"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Samoyed people or languages. n. 2. Samoyed (def. 2). [1805-15; SAMOYED + -IC] * * *
Samoyedic languages
      group of languages spoken in Siberia and the Russian Arctic that, together with the Finno-Ugric languages, constitute the family of Uralic languages (q.v.). There ...
samp
/samp/, n. Northeastern U.S. 1. coarsely ground corn. 2. a porridge made of it. [1635-45, Amer.; < Narragansett (E sp.) nasàump cornmeal mush (c. Munsee Delaware nsá·pa·n < ...
sampaguita
/sam'peuh gee"teuh/, n. (in the Philippines) an Arabian jasmine. [ < PhilippineSp < Tagalog sampag(a) Arabian jasmine + Sp -ita dim. suffix] * * *
Sampaio
/sam pah"yoh/, n. Jorge, born 1939, president of Portugal since 1996. * * *
sampan
/sam"pan/, n. any of various small boats of the Far East, as one propelled by a single scull over the stern and provided with a roofing of mats. [1610-20; < Chin sanban ...
Samper Pizano, Ernesto
▪ 1997       Even when judged by the rough-and-tumble standards of Colombian politics, Pres. Ernesto Samper Pizano's political career was unusually turbulent. In 1989, ...
samphire
/sam"fuyeur/, n. 1. a European succulent plant, Crithmum maritimum, of the parsley family, having compound leaves and small, whitish flowers, growing in clefts of rock near the ...
sample
/sam"peuhl, sahm"-/, n., adj., v., sampled, sampling. n. 1. a small part of anything or one of a number, intended to show the quality, style, or nature of the whole; specimen. 2. ...
sample point
Math. a possible result of an experiment, represented as a point. Cf. sample space. * * *
sample preparation
▪ chemistry Introduction  in analytical chemistry (chemistry), the processes in which a representative piece of material is extracted from a larger amount and readied for ...
sample room
a room, as in a hotel suite, in which merchandise is displayed for sale to the trade. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
sample space
Math. the collection of all possible results of an experiment, represented as points. Cf. sample point. [1950-55] * * *
sampler
/sam"pleuhr, sahm"-/, n. 1. a person who samples. 2. a piece of cloth embroidered with various stitches, serving to show a beginner's skill in needlework. 3. a collection of ...
sampling
/sam"pling, sahm"-/, n. 1. the act or process of selecting a sample for testing, analyzing, etc. 2. the sample so selected. [1630-40; SAMPLE + -ING1] * * * ▪ ...
samplingdistribution
sampling distribution n. The distribution of a statistic, such as occurs when a number of sample means are calculated for a given population. * * *
samplinggate
sampling gate n. A circuit that produces an output only when first activated by a preliminary pulse. * * *
Sampo
/sahm"paw/, n. Finnish Legend. a magical object or substance that was stolen by Ilmarinen, Vainamoinen, and Lemminkainen from Louhi because of its powers. * * * In Finnish ...
sampradāya
▪ Hinduism       in Hinduism, a traditional school of religious teaching, transmitted from one teacher to another. From about the 11th century onward, several sects ...
Sampras
(1971– ) a US tennis player, thought by many people to be the greatest in the history of the game. By 1999 he had won twelve grand slam(1) titles, including Wimbledon six ...
Sampras, Pete
born Aug. 12, 1971, Washington, D.C., U.S. U.S. tennis player. He learned tennis after moving to southern California in 1978. He was a five-time U.S. Open champion (1990, 1993, ...
Sampras,Peter
Sam·pras (sămʹprəs), Peter. Known as “Pete.” Born 1971. American tennis player who in 1990 became the youngest ever U.S. Open men's champion. In 1998 he finished his ...
Sampson
/samp"seuhn/, n. 1. William Thomas, 1840-1902, U.S. admiral. 2. a male given name. * * *
Sampson, Anthony Terrell Seward
▪ 2005       British journalist and author (b. Aug. 3, 1926, Billingham-on-Tees, Durham, Eng.—d. Dec. 18, 2004, Wardour, Wiltshire, Eng.), scrutinized political power ...
Sampson, Deborah
▪ United States soldier born Dec. 17, 1760, Plympton, Mass. [U.S.] died April 29, 1827, Sharon, Mass., U.S.  American Revolutionary soldier and one of the earliest female ...
Sampson, Nikos
▪ 2002 Nikos Georghiades        Greek Cypriot journalist and militant nationalist (b. Dec. 16, 1934, Famagusta, Cyprus—d. May 9, 2001, Nicosia, Cyprus), was president ...
Sampson, William T(homas)
born Feb. 9, 1840, Palmyra, N.Y., U.S. died May 6, 1902, Washington, D.C. U.S. naval officer. After graduating from Annapolis, he served in the American Civil War. He was ...
Sampson,Deborah
Samp·son (sămpʹsən), Deborah. 1760-1827. American Revolutionary soldier who fought disguised as a man (1782-1783) and was wounded twice before her secret was discovered. In ...
samsara
/seuhm sahr"euh/, n. 1. Buddhism. the process of coming into existence as a differentiated, mortal creature. Cf. nirvana (def. 1). 2. Hinduism. the endless series of births, ...
Samsat
▪ Turkey historically  Samosata        village in Adıyaman il (province), southeastern Turkey, on the upper Euphrates River. In antiquity Samosata was a fortified ...
samshu
/sam"shooh, -syooh/, n. a Chinese liqueur distilled from millet or rice. [1690-1700; < dial. Chin (Guangdong) sàam-sìu, akin to Chin san shao three boilings, brewings] * * *
samskara
In Hinduism, any of the personal sacraments traditionally observed at every stage of life, from the moment of conception to the scattering of one's funeral ashes. The observance ...
Samson
—Samsonian /sam soh"nee euhn/, adj. /sam"seuhn/, n. 1. a judge of Israel famous for his great strength. Judges 13-16. 2. any man of extraordinary physical strength. 3. a male ...
samson post
(sometimes cap.) Naut. 1. a strong bitt or post at the bow or stern of a vessel. 2. a king post for supporting cargo-handling booms on the deck of a ship. [1570-80; perh. named ...
Samsonian
See Samson2. * * *
Samsun
/sahm soohn"/, n. a city in N Turkey, in Asia. 169,060. * * * ▪ Turkey historically  Amisus        city, capital of Samsun il (province), northern Turkey. The ...
Samter, Max
▪ 2000       German-born immunologist who conducted research that led him to realize that patients suffering from both asthma and nasal polyps were in danger of ...
Samudra Gupta
▪ emperor of India died AD 380       Indian regional emperor from about AD 330 to 380 who was the epitome of an “ideal king” of the “golden age of Hindu ...
Samuel
/sam"yooh euhl/, n. 1. a judge and prophet of Israel. I Sam. 1-3; 8-15. 2. either of two books of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: I Sam., II Sam. 3. a male given name: from a ...
Samuel (of Mount Carmel and of Toxeth), Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount
born Nov. 6, 1870, Liverpool, Eng. died Feb. 5, 1963, London British politician. A social worker in the London slums, he entered the House of Commons in 1902, where he effected ...
Samuel Barber
➡ Barber * * *
Samuel Beckett
➡ Beckett (II) * * *
Samuel Butler
➡ Butler (III) * * *
Samuel Clemens
➡ Clemens * * *
Samuel Colt
➡ Colt * * *
Samuel Cunard
➡ Cunard * * *
Samuel Dodsworth
➡ Dodsworth * * *
Samuel French
a publishing company that produces versions of plays for use by actors. As well as suggesting where and when actors should move on stage, they include information on lighting and ...
Samuel Goldwyn
➡ Goldwyn * * *
Samuel ha-Nagid
▪ Spanish-Jewish scholar and statesman Arabic  Ismail Ibn Nagrelʿa   born 993, Córdoba, Spain died 1055/56, Granada       Talmudic scholar, grammarian, ...
Samuel Johnson
➡ Johnson (VI) * * *
Samuel L Jackson
➡ Jackson (VIII) * * *
Samuel Morse
➡ Morse (II) * * *
Samuel of Nehardea
▪ Babylonian-Jewish scholar also called  Samuel Yarḥinaʾah (the Astronomer) , or  Mar Samuel  born c. 177, Nehardea, Babylonia died c. 257       Babylonian amora ...
Samuel Pepys
➡ Pepys * * *
Samuel Richardson
➡ Richardson (II) * * *
Samuel Smiles
➡ Smiles * * *
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
➡ Coleridge * * *
Samuel, Athanasius Yeshue
▪ 1996       Syrian-born archbishop and primate of the Syrian Orthodox Church of the United States, who first brought the Dead Sea Scrolls to the attention of the world ...
Samuel, books of
▪ Old Testament       two Old Testament books that, along with Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, and 1 and 2 Kings, belong to the tradition of Deuteronomic history first ...
Samuel, Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount
▪ British statesman and philosopher born Nov. 6, 1870, Liverpool died Feb. 5, 1963, London       British statesman and philosopher, one of the first Jewish members of ...
Samuelson
/sam"yooh euhl seuhn, -yeuhl-/, n. Paul A(nthony), born 1915, U.S. economist: Nobel prize 1970. * * *
Samuelson, Paul
▪ American economist in full  Paul Anthony Samuelson  born May 15, 1915, Gary, Indiana, U.S.       American economist awarded the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1970 ...
Samuelson, Paul (Anthony)
born May 15, 1915, Gary, Ind., U.S. U.S. economist. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard and taught at Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1940, becoming an emeritus ...
Samuelson,Joan Benoit
Sam·u·el·son (sămʹyo͞o-əl-sən, -yo͝ol-sən), Joan Benoit. See Benoit Samuelson, Joan. * * *
Samuelson,Paul Anthony
Samuelson, Paul Anthony. Born 1915. American economist who wrote the classic textbook Economics (1948) and advised Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. He won the ...
Samuelsson, Bengt Ingemar
▪ Swedish biochemist born May 21, 1934, Halmstad, Sweden       Swedish biochemist, corecipient with fellow Swede Sune K. Bergström (Bergström, Sune K.) and Englishman ...
Samugarh, Battle of
▪ Mughal history       (May 29, 1658), decisive struggle in a contest for the throne between the sons of the Mughal emperor Shāh Jahān after the emperor's serious ...
samurai
/sam"oo ruy'/, n., pl. samurai. Japanese Hist. 1. a member of the hereditary warrior class in feudal Japan. 2. a retainer of a daimyo. [1720-30; < Japn, earlier samurafi to ...
Samut Prakan
▪ Thailand also spelled  Samutpraken,         town, south-central Thailand, on the Gulf of Thailand. Samut Prakan (sometimes called Paknam) lies at the mouth of the ...
Samut Sakhon
▪ Thailand also spelled  Samut Sakorn, or Samut Sakhorn,         town, south-central Thailand. The fishing port of Samut Sakhon is located on the Gulf of Thailand at ...
Samut Songkhram
▪ Thailand       town, south-central Thailand. It lies along the Gulf of Thailand southwest of Bangkok. The town is a fishing port on the northwestern coast of the Gulf ...
Saṃvara
▪ Buddhist god (Sanskrit: “Union”),Chinese  San Pa-lo,         in northern Buddhism, a fierce protective deity. Like Heruka and Hevajra, he is an emanation of the ...
saṃvṛti-satya
▪ Buddhist concept       (Sanskrit: “the empirical truth”), in Buddhist thought, the truth based on the common understanding of ordinary people. It refers to the ...
San
/sahn/, n. a river in central Europe, flowing from the Carpathian Mountains in W Ukraine through SE Poland into the Vistula: battles 1914-15. ab. 280 mi. (450 km) long. /sahn/, ...
San Andreas fault
/san" an dray"euhs/, Geol. an active strike-slip fault in W United States, extending from San Francisco to S California and forming the on-land portion of the western margin of ...
San Andres Mountains
▪ mountains, New Mexico, United States       segment of the southern Rocky Mountains, extending southward parallel to the Rio Grande for 150 miles (241 km), through ...
San Andrés Tuxtla
▪ Mexico formerly  Los Tuxtlas         city, southeastern Veracruz estado (state), south-central Mexico. It lies on the slopes of San Martín Tuxtla volcano, along ...
San Andrés y Providencia
▪ department, Colombia       island departamento, Colombia, consisting of the Andrés and Providencia islands and several small keys in the Caribbean Sea, 440 miles ...
San Angelo
/san an"jeuh loh'/ a city in W Texas. 73,240. * * * ▪ Texas, United States       city, seat (1875) of Tom Green county, west-central Texas, U.S. It lies about 90 miles ...
San Anselmo
/san' an sel"moh/ a city in W California. 11,927. * * *
San Antonio
—San Antonian. /san' an toh"nee oh'/ a city in S Texas: site of the Alamo. 785,410. * * * City (pop., 2000: 1,144,646), south-central Texas, U.S. It is situated at the ...
San Antonio de los Baños
▪ Cuba       city, west-central Cuba. Lying on the San Antonio de los Baños River, the settlement prospered and became a health resort because of its thermal springs. ...
San Antonio Zoological Gardens and Aquarium
▪ San Antonio, Texas, United States       one of the largest animal collections in the southwestern United States, located in San Antonio, Texas. Founded in 1914, the ...
San Antonio, Cape
▪ cape, Cuba Spanish  Cabo San Antonio        cape, westernmost Cuba. Forming the western extremity of the island, its point juts out between the Gulf of ...
San Benito
/san' beuh nee"toh/ a city in S Texas. 17,988. * * *
San Bernardino
/san" berr'neuhr dee"noh, -berr'neuh-/ 1. a city in S California. 118,057. 2. Mount, a mountain in S California, a peak of the San Bernardino Mountains. 10,630 ft. (3240 m). 3. a ...
San Bernardino Mountains
a mountain range in S California. Highest peak, San Gorgonio, 11,485 ft. (3500 m). * * * ▪ mountains, United States       segment of the Coast Ranges (see Pacific ...
San Bernardino Pass
Mountain pass, Lepontine Alps, southeastern Switzerland. Its altitude is 6,775 ft (2,065 m). The village of San Bernardino, just south of the pass, is a popular year-round ...
San Bernardo
/san' beuhr nahr"doh/; Sp. /sahn' berdd nahrdd"dhaw/ a city in central Chile, S of Santiago. 58,798. * * *
San Blas
/sahn blahs"/ 1. Gulf of, a gulf of the Caribbean on the N coast of Panama. 2. Isthmus of, the narrowest part of the Isthmus of Panama. 31 mi. (50 km) wide. 3. the Cuna Indian ...
San Blas,Gulf of
San Blas (săn blăsʹ, sän bläsʹ), Gulf of An inlet of the Caribbean Sea on the northern coast of Panama east of the Panama Canal. The San Blas Islands lie along the coast ...
San Bruno
/san brooh"noh/ a city in W California, S of San Francisco. 35,417. * * *
San Buenaventura
/san bway'neuh ven toor"euh/ a city in SW California. 74,474. * * *
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
▪ church, Rome, Italy Italian“Saint Charles at the Four Fountains”also called  San Carlino        influential Baroque church in Rome that was designed by ...
San Carlos
/san kahr"leuhs/ a city in W California, S of San Francisco. 24,710. * * * ▪ Luzon, Philippines       city, west-central Luzon, Philippines. Founded in 1587 by ...
San Carlos de Bariloche
▪ Argentina also called  Bariloche   resort town, Río Negro provincia (province), southwestern Argentina. It lies on the southeastern shore of Lake Nahuel Huapí, in the ...
San Clemente
/san' kleuh men"tee/ a town in S California. 27,325. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Orange county, southern California, U.S. It lies along the Pacific ...
San Cristóbal
/sahng' krddee staw"vahl/ a city in SW Venezuela. 151,717. * * * ▪ island, Solomon Islands also called  Makira Island , formerly  San Cristoval        island in ...
San Cristóbal de Las Casas
▪ Mexico       city, central Chiapas estado (state), southeastern Mexico. It is situated on the central plateau of the Chiapas Highlands, at an elevation of 6,900 ...
San Cristóbal Island
One of the Galapagos Islands, eastern Pacific Ocean. It is the most populated and fertile island of the archipelago, producing sugar, coffee, cassava, and limes. Volcanic in ...
San Diego
/san' dee ay"goh/ a seaport in SW California: naval and marine base. 875,504. * * * City (pop., 2000: 1,223,400) and port, southwestern California, U.S. It is located on San ...
San Diego Bay
➡ San Diego * * *
San Diego Zoo
World's largest collection of mammals, birds, and reptiles, located in San Diego, Cal. , and administered by the Zoological Society of San Diego. The 100-acre (40.5-hectare) ...
San Dimas
/san dee"meuhs/ a city in SW California. 24,014. * * *
San Domingo
/san' deuh ming"goh/; Sp. /sahn' dhaw meeng"gaw/. See Santo Domingo (defs. 2, 3). * * *
San Felipe
/sahn' fe lee"pe/ a city in NE Venezuela, on the Orinoco River. 42,905. * * * ▪ Chile       city, central Chile. It lies on the Aconcagua River, at 2,087 feet (636 ...
San Fernando
/sahn' ferdd nahn"daw/ for 1; /san' feuhr nan"doh/ for 2 1. a city in E Argentina, near Buenos Aires. 88,432. 2. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 17,731. * * * ▪ ...
San Fernando de Apure
▪ Venezuela       city, capital of Apure estado (state), west-central Venezuela, on the Apure River. It was founded in the late 18th century by Capuchin missionaries as ...
San Fernando Valley
San Fernando Valley [san΄ fər nan′dō] 〚after a mission named for Ferdinand III, 13th-c. king of Castile〛 valley in SW Calif., partly in NW Los Angeles: c. 260 sq mi (673 ...
San Francesco
▪ monastery and church, Assisi, Italy       Franciscan monastery and church in Assisi, Italy, begun after the canonization in 1228 of St. Francis of Assisi (Francis of ...
San Francisco
—San Franciscan. /san' freuhn sis"koh, fran-/ a seaport in W California, on San Francisco Bay: earthquake and fire 1906; United Nations Conference 1945. 678,974. * * * City ...
San Francisco 49ers
▪ American football team  American professional gridiron football (football, gridiron) team based in San Francisco that plays in the National Football League (NFL). The ...
San Francisco Bay
a bay in W California: the harbor of San Francisco; connected with the Pacific by the Golden Gate strait. 50 mi. (80 km) long; 3-12 mi. (5-19 km) wide. * * * Large, nearly ...
San Francisco Conference
▪ international politics formally  United Nations Conference on International Organization        (April 25–June 26, 1945), international meeting that established ...
San Francisco de Macorís
/san' freuhn sis"koh day mak'euh rees", fran-/; Sp. /sahn' frddahn sees"kaw dhe mah'kaw ees"/ a city in the N Dominican Republic. 58,174. * * * ▪ Dominican ...
San Francisco del Rincón
▪ Mexico       city, western Guanajuato estado (state), north-central Mexico. It lies in the valley of the upper Turbio River, an extension of the agricultural district ...
San Francisco earthquake of 1906
 major earthquake with a magnitude of 7.9 that occurred on April 18, 1906, at 5:12 AM off the northern California coast. The San Andreas Fault slipped along a segment about ...
San Francisco Gotera
▪ El Salvador       city, eastern El Salvador, on the Río Grande de San Miguel. Formerly called Gotera, its name was modified in 1887 to honour Francisco Morazán, the ...
San Francisco Peaks
a mountain mass in N Arizona: highest point in the state, Humphrey's Peak, 12,611 ft. (3845 m). Also called San Francisco Mountain. * * * ▪ mountains, Arizona, United ...
San Francisco, University of
▪ university, San Francisco, California, United States       private coeducational institution of higher learning, located near Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, ...
San Francisco–Oakland earthquake of 1989
▪ United States history also called  Loma Prieta earthquake        major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area, California, U.S., on Oct. 17, 1989. The ...


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