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San Gabriel
/san gay"bree euhl/ a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 30,072. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Los Angeles county, southern California, U.S. It ...
San Gabriel Mountains
Segment of the Pacific Coast Ranges, southern California, U.S. Many peaks exceed 9,000 ft (2,700 m); the highest is San Antonio Peak, or Old Baldy, at 10,080 ft (3,072 m). The ...
San Gennaro
/sahn' jen nah"rddaw/; Eng. /san' jeuh nair"oh, -nahr"oh/ Italian name of Januarius. * * *
San Germán
/sahn' herdd mahn"/ a city in SW Puerto Rico. 13,054. * * * ▪ Puerto Rico       town, western Puerto Rico, in the semiarid foothills of the Cordillera Central. The ...
San Gimignano
▪ Italy       town, west-central Toscana (Tuscany) regione (region), central Italy. It lies about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Siena. Originally called “City of ...
San Giorgio Maggiore
▪ church, Venice, Italy  architecturally influential church in Venice, designed in 1566 by Andrea Palladio (Palladio, Andrea) and finished in 1610 by Vincenzo Scamozzi ...
San Giovanni Rotondo
▪ Italy       town, Puglia (Apulia) regione, southeastern Italy, on the Promontorio (promontory) del Gargano below Monte Calvo, just north-northeast of Foggia city. It ...
San Giuliano Terme
▪ Italy formerly  (until 1935) Bagni San Giuliano,         town, Toscana ( Tuscany) regione, central Italy. The town lies at the foot of Mount Pisano and has been ...
San Ignacio
▪ Belize formerly  El Cayo , or  Cayo        town, west-central Belize. It lies along the Belize River near the Guatemalan border. San Ignacio and its sister town ...
San Ildefonso
/sahn eel'de fawn"saw/ a town in central Spain, near Segovia: termed the "Spanish Versailles" for its 18th-century palace (La Granja); treaty 1800. 4164. * * * ▪ ...
San Isidro
▪ Argentina       cabecera (county seat) and partido (county) of northeastern Gran (Greater) Buenos Aires, Argentina. It lies north of the city of Buenos Aires, in ...
San Jacinto
/san' jeuh sin"toh/ a river in E Texas, flowing SE to Galveston Bay: Texans defeated Mexicans near the mouth of this river 1836. * * *
San Jacinto Day
a legal holiday observed in Texas on April 21. * * *
San Jacinto Mountains
Segment of the Pacific Coast Ranges, southwestern California, U.S. San Jacinto Peak is the highest point in these mountains, at 10,804 ft (3,293 m); the city of Palm Springs lies ...
San Jacinto, Battle of
▪ United States history       (April 21, 1836), defeat of a Mexican army of about 1,500 troops under General Antonio López de Santa Anna (Santa Anna, Antonio López de) ...
San Joaquin
/san' wo keen"/ a river in California, flowing NW from the Sierra Nevada Mountains to the Sacramento River. 350 mi. (560 km) long. * * *
San Joaquin River
➡ San Joaquin Valley * * * River, central California, U.S. Formed by forks rising in the Sierra Nevada, it flows past Stockton, Calif. , to join the Sacramento River above ...
San Joaquin Valley
a central valley in the US state of California, around the San Joaquin River. It is considered to be one of the best agricultural regions in the US. Farmers there produce such ...
San Joaquin Valley fever
Pathol. coccidioidomycosis. [after the area in which it was first reported] * * *
San Jose
/san' hoh zay"/ a city in W California. 636,550. * * * City (pop., 2000: 894,943), west-central California, U.S. Located southeast of San Francisco, San Jose was the first civil ...
San José
/sahn' haw se"/ a city in and the capital of Costa Rica, in the central part. 228,302. * * * City (pop., 2000: 894,943), west-central California, U.S. Located southeast of San ...
San José de las Lajas
▪ Cuba       city, west-central Cuba. It is known primarily as a commercial and manufacturing centre for the surrounding agricultural and pastoral lands, which feature ...
San José del Guaviare
▪ Colombia       city, southeastern Colombia. It lies along the right bank of the Guaviare River, in a transition area between the Llanos (grassland plains) to the north ...
San Jose scale
/san" hoh zay'/ a scale insect, Aspidiotus perniciosus, that is highly destructive to fruit trees and shrubs throughout the U.S. Cf. armored scale. [1885-90, Amer.; named after ...
San Juan
/san' wahn", hwahn"/; Sp. /sahn hwahn"/ 1. a seaport in and the capital of Puerto Rico, in the N part. 424,600. 2. a city in W Argentina. 290,479. 3. a river in S Nicaragua, ...
San Juan Bautista
▪ Paraguay       town, southern Paraguay. It lies in the lowlands near the Tebicuary River. The town is the commercial and manufacturing centre for the agricultural and ...
San Juan Capistrano
/kap'i strah"noh/ a city in SW California: site of old Spanish mission; known for annual return of swallows, said to occur on March 19. 18,959. * * * ▪ California, United ...
San Juan de la Cruz
Sp. /sahn hwahn" de lah krddoohth", -krddoohs"/. See John of the Cross. * * *
San Juan de los Morros
▪ Venezuela       city, capital of Guárico estado (state), central Venezuela, on the southern slopes of the central highlands. It was named the state capital in 1934, ...
San Juan del Monte
▪ Philippines       city, central Luzon, northern Philippines, an eastern residential and industrial suburb of Manila. Located south of Quezon City and north of ...
San Juan Hill
a hill in SE Cuba, near Santiago de Cuba: captured by U.S. forces in battle during the Spanish-American War in 1898. * * *
San Juan Island National Historical Park
Historical park, San Juan Islands, northwestern Washington, U.S. Established in 1966, it covers 1,752 ac (710 ha). The San Juan Islands archipelago consists of 172 islands and ...
San Juan Islands
a group of islands between NW Washington and SE Vancouver Island, Canada: a part of Washington. * * * ▪ islands, Washington, United States       archipelago of more ...
San Juan Mountains
a mountain range in SW Colorado and N New Mexico: a part of the Rocky Mountains. Highest peak, Uncompahgre Peak, 14,306 ft. (4360 m). * * * Segment of the southern Rocky ...
San Juan River
I River and outlet of Lake Nicaragua, southern Nicaragua. It flows from the lake's southeastern end, forms the border of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, and empties into the Caribbean ...
San Justo
▪ Argentina       cabecera (county seat) of La Matanza partido (county), Gran (Greater) Buenos Aires, eastern Argentina. It lies directly southwest of the city of ...
San Kuan
▪ Chinese mythological characters Pinyin  San Guan,         in Chinese mythology, the Three Officials: T'ien Kuan, official of heaven who bestows happiness; Ti Kuan, ...
San Leandro
/san' lee an"droh/ a city in W California. 63,952. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Alameda county, western California, U.S. Lying south of Oakland on ...
San Lorenzo
/san' leuh ren"zoh/ a town in W California, near San Francisco Bay. 20,545. * * * ▪ Argentina       city and port, southeastern Santa Fe provincia (province), ...
San Lucas, Cape
▪ cape, Mexico Spanish  Cabo San Lucas        extreme southern tip of the Baja California peninsula, Mexico. The rocky headland forms the southern extremity of the ...
San Lucas,Cape
San Lu·cas (săn lo͞oʹkəs, sän lo͞oʹkäs), Cape A cape of western Mexico at the southern tip of Baja California extending into the Pacific Ocean. * * *
San Luis
▪ Argentina       city, capital of San Luis provincia (province), west-central Argentina, on the Chorrillos River, near the southern end of the foothills of the Sierra ...
San Luis Obispo
/san looh"is euh bis"poh/ a city in W California. 34,252. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, seat (1850) of San Luis Obispo county, western California, U.S. ...
San Luis Potosí
/sahn' looh ees" paw'taw see"/ 1. a state in central Mexico. 1,527,000; 24,415 sq. mi. (63,235 sq. km). 2. the capital of this state. 303,000. * * * I City (pop., 2000: ...
San Manuel
/san' man wel"/ a town in S Arizona. 13,481. * * *
San Marco Basilica
▪ church, Venice, Italy Italian  Basilica di San Marco , English  Saint Mark's Basilica   church in Venice that was begun in its original form in 829 (consecrated in ...
San Marcos
/san mahr"keuhs/ 1. a city in S central Texas. 23,420. 2. a city in SW California. 17,479. * * * ▪ Guatemala       city, southwestern Guatemala, in the Sierra Madre de ...
San Marcos of Lima, Main National University of
▪ university, Lima, Peru Spanish  Universidad Nacional Mayor De San Marcos De Lima,         coeducational state-financed institution of higher learning situated at ...
San Marino
—San Marinese /mar'euh neez", -nees"/. /san' meuh ree"noh/; for 1, 2 also It. /sahn' mah rddee"naw/ 1. a small republic in E Italy: the oldest independent country in Europe. ...
San Marino, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally divided white-blue national flag; when displayed by the government, it incorporates a central coat of arms (arms, coat of). The flag ...
San Martín
/san' mahr teen"/; Sp. /sahn' mahrdd teen"/ José de /haw se" dhe/, 1778-1850, South American general and statesman, born in Argentina: leader in winning independence for ...
San Martín de Porres
▪ district, Peru also called  Barrio Obrero Industrial (“Industrial Working District”)        distrito (district), in the Lima-Callao metropolitan area, Peru. It ...
San Martín del Rey Aurelio
▪ Spain       municipio (municipality), in Asturias provincia (province) and comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northwestern Spain. It lies in the mountains ...
San Martín, José de
born Feb. 25, 1778, Yapeyú, Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata died Aug. 17, 1850, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Fr. National hero of Argentina who helped lead the revolutions against Spanish ...
San Martín, Joséde
San Mar·tín (săn mär-tēnʹ, sän), José de. 1778-1850. Argentine revolutionary leader who played a major part in expelling the Spanish from Chile (1818) and Peru (1821). * ...
San Mateo
/san' meuh tay"oh/ a city in W California. 77,561. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, San Mateo county, western California, U.S. It lies on the western ...
San Miguel
/sahn' mee gel"/ a city in E El Salvador. 131,977. * * * ▪ El Salvador  city, east-central El Salvador, at the foot of San Miguel and Chinameca volcanoes. Founded in 1530 ...
San Miguel de Allende
▪ Mexico       city, east-central Guanajuato estado (state), north-central Mexico. It lies on a small tributary of the Laja River, at 6,135 feet (1,870 m) above sea ...
San Miguel de Tucumán
San Mi·guel de Tu·cu·mán (sän' mē-gĕlʹ dĕ to͞o'ko͞o-mänʹ) or Tucumán A city of northern Argentina at the foot of an eastern range of the Andes north-northwest of ...
San Miguel del Padrón
▪ Cuba       city, west-central Cuba. For many years a small commercial and manufacturing centre in a sugar-growing and dairying district, San Miguel del Padrón ...
San Miniato al Monte
▪ church, Florence, Italy also called  San Miniato,         three-aisled basilican church in Florence completed in 1062. It is considered one of the finest examples ...
San Nicolas
▪ Aruba Dutch  Sint Nicolaas        town, southeastern end of the island of Aruba, in the southern Caribbean Sea. Its deepwater port, with facilities for cargo ...
San Nicolás de los Arroyos
▪ Argentina       city and port, northern Buenos Aires provincia (province), eastern Argentina, on the western bank of the Paraná River. It was founded in 1748 as San ...
San Nicolásde los Garzas
San Ni·co·lás de los Gar·zas (sän nē'kō-läsʹ dĕ lōs gärʹsäs) A city of northern Mexico, a suburb of Monterrey in a citrus-growing area. Population: 280,696. * * *
San Pablo
/san pah"bloh, pab"loh/ 1. a city in the Philippines, on S Luzon. 131,655. 2. a city in W California, near San Pablo Bay. 19,750. * * * ▪ Philippines       city, ...
San Pablo Bay
the N part of San Francisco Bay, in W California. * * *
San Pedro
▪ California, United States       main unit of the Port of Los Angeles (the other units are Wilmington and Terminal Island), southern California, U.S. The port is ...
San Pedro de Macorís
▪ Dominican Republic       city, southeastern Dominican Republic. It is situated at the mouth of the wide estuary of the Macorís River. The chief city of the ...
San Pedro Sula
/sahn pe"dhrddaw sooh"lah/ a city in NW Honduras. 133,730. * * * City (pop., 2001: 439,086), northwestern Honduras. It is located about 100 mi (160 km) northwest of ...
San Quentin
a large prison near San Francisco, California, established in 1852. It is a ‘maximum security’ prison, and many of America’s most violent criminals are sent there. * * *
San Quentin quail
/san kwen"tn/, Slang. jailbait. [1975-80, Amer.] * * *
San Rafael
/san' reuh fel"/; for 1 also Sp. /sahn rddah'fah el"/ 1. a city in W Argentina. 70,477. 2. a city in W California, N of San Francisco. 44,700. * * * ▪ ...
San Rafael Mountains
▪ mountains, California, United States       segment of the Coast Ranges (see Pacific mountain system), southwestern California, U.S. The range extends southeastward ...
San Rafael National Park
▪ park, Chile Spanish  Parque Nacional de Turismo Laguna San Rafael         national park, southern Chile, on the Pacific coast. Established in 1945, it occupies an ...
San Ramon
/san' reuh mohn"/ a town in W California. 22,356. * * *
San Remo
/san ree"moh, ray"-/; It. /sahn rdde"maw/ a seaport in NW Italy, on the Riviera: resort. 64,302. * * * ▪ Italy       town, Liguria region, northwestern Italy, the ...
San Remo, Conference of
▪ Italy [1920]       (April 19–26, 1920), international meeting convened at San Remo, on the Italian Riviera, to decide the future of the former territories of the ...
San Salvador
/san sal"veuh dawr'/; Sp. /sahn sahl'vah dhawrdd"/, n. 1. Also called Watling Island. an island in the E central Bahamas: long held to be the first land in the New World sighted ...
San Salvador de Jujuy
▪ Argentina  city, capital of Jujuy provincia (province), northwestern Argentina. It lies between the Xibi-xibi and Grande rivers, overlooking the valley of Jujuy at 4,131 ...
San Salvador Island
▪ island, Galápagos Islands, Ecuador also called  James Island   one of the Galapagos Islands, in the eastern Pacific Ocean about 600 miles (965 km) west of mainland ...
San Sebastián
/san' seuh bas"cheuhn/; Sp. /sahn' se vahs tyahn"/ 1. a seaport in N Spain: resort. 165,829. 2. a city in NW Puerto Rico. 10,619. 3. a tropical American plant, Cattleya skinneri, ...
San Severo
▪ Italy       city and episcopal see, Puglia (Apulia) regione, east-central Italy. It lies in the north of the Puglia Tableland, just north of Foggia city. A ...
San Simeon
the very expensive ‘dream castle’ built by the rich US newspaper owner William Randolph Hearst on the Pacific coast between San Francisco and Los Angeles. He began it in 1919 ...
San Stefano
/sahn ste"fah naw'/ the former name of Yesilkoy, a town in Turkey, near Istanbul: treaty between Russia and Turkey 1878. * * *
San Stefano, Treaty of
(1878) Peace settlement imposed on the Ottoman government by Russia at the end of the Russo-Turkish War. It established an independent Bulgarian principality that included most ...
San Vicente
▪ El Salvador  city, south-central El Salvador. It lies along the Accihuapa River at the northeastern foot of San Vicente Volcano (7,155 feet [2,181 metres]), in a region of ...
San Yu, U
▪ 1997       Myanmar (Burmese) politician who headed a repressive military government while serving as president from 1981 to 1988 (b. 1919—d. Jan. 28, 1996). * * *
San'a
/sah nah"/, n. a city in and the capital of the Republic of Yemen, in SW Arabia. 150,000. Also, Sanaa. * * *
San, Saya
orig. Ya Gyaw born Oct. 24, 1876, East Thayetkan, Shewbo district, Burma died Nov. 16, 1931, Tharrawaddy Political leader of Burma (Myanmar). A Buddhist monk, physician, and ...
San-ch'ung
▪ Taiwan       shih (municipality), T'ai-pei hsien (county), northern Taiwan. It lies west of Taipei city, in the northern part of the western coastal plain. Situated ...
San-lun
      school of Chinese Buddhism derived from the Indian Mādhyamika school. See Mādhyamika. * * *
San-Pédro
▪ Côte d’Ivoire       port town, southwestern Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast). It is situated about 40 miles (65 km) southwest of Sassandra, on the Gulf of Guinea. ...
Sana
Sana [sä′nä, sä nä′] capital of Yemen, in the W part: pop. 972,000: also sp. Sanʼa or Sanaa * * *
Sanaa
Arabic Ṣanaʽāʾ City (pop., 1994: 954,400), capital of Yemen. Located in the western part of the country, it was built on the site of an ancient pre-Islamic stronghold that ...
Sanaga River
River, central Cameroon. It flows southwest into the Bight of Biafra opposite the island of Bioko. It is about 325 mi (525 km) long. Falls and rapids are found along much of its ...
Sanandaj
▪ Iran       city, northwestern Iran, at an elevation of 4,990 feet (1,521 metres). It was called Sisar, meaning “thirty heads,” in the itineraries of Ibn Khurdazib ...
SanAndreas Fault
San An·dre·as Fault (săn ăn-drāʹəs) A major zone of fractures in the earth's crust extending along the coastline of California from the northwest part of the state to ...
SanAngelo
San An·ge·lo (săn ănʹjə-lō') A city of west-central Texas south-southwest of Abilene. A notorious frontier town in the 1870s, it grew after the coming of the railroad in ...
SanAntonio
San An·to·ni·o (săn ăn-tōʹnē-ō') A city of south-central Texas southwest of Austin on the San Antonio River, flowing about 322 km (200 mi) southeast to San Antonio Bay ...
SanAntonio Peak
San Antonio Peak A mountain, 3,074.4 m (10,080 ft) high, of the San Gabriel Mountains in southern California. It is the highest peak in the range. * * *
Sănătescu, Constantin
▪ prime minister of Romania born Jan. 14, 1885, Craiova, Rom. died Nov. 8, 1947, Bucharest       Romanian military officer and statesman who was prime minister of ...
sanative
/san"euh tiv/, adj. having the power to heal; curative. [1400-50; < ML sanativus (see SANATORY, -IVE); r. late ME sanatif < MF < ML, as above] * * *
sanatorium
/san'euh tawr"ee euhm, -tohr"-/, n., pl. sanatoriums, sanatoria /-tawr"ee euh, -tohr"ee euh/. 1. a hospital for the treatment of chronic diseases, as tuberculosis or various ...
sanatory
/san"euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. favorable for health; curative; healing. [1825-35; < LL sanatorius healthful, equiv. to L sana(re) to heal (deriv. of sanus SANE) + -torius ...
Sanatruces
▪ king of Parthia also spelled  Sinatruces,  also called  Arshakan  flourished 1st century BC    king of Parthia from 76/75 to 70/69 BC, who restored unity to his ...
Sanāʾī
▪ Persian poet pseudonym of  Abū al-Majd Majdūd ibn Ādam , also spelled  Abūʾl-Majd Majdūd ibn Ādam  died 1131?, Ghazna [now Ghaznī], Afg.       Persian ...
sanbenito
/san'beuh nee"toh/, n., pl. sanbenitos. (under the Spanish Inquisition) 1. an ornamented garment worn by a condemned heretic at an auto-da-fé. 2. a penitential garment worn by a ...
SanBernardino
San Ber·nar·di·no (săn bûr'nə-dēʹnō, -nər-) A city of southern California at the foot of the San Bernardino Mountains east of Los Angeles. First explored in 1772, it ...
SanBernardino Mountains
San Bernardino Mountains A mountain range of southern California in the Coast Ranges south of the Mojave Desert. It rises to 3,507.2 m (11,499 ft) at San Gorgonio Mountain. * * *
SanBernardino Pass
San Bernardino Pass A pass, about 2,065 m (6,770 ft) high, through the Lepontine Alps in southeast Switzerland. It is thought to have been in use since prehistoric times. * * *
SanBernardo
San Ber·nar·do (săn bər-närʹdō, sän bĕr-) A city of central Chile, an industrial suburb of Santiago. Population: 188,156. * * *
Sanborn
/san"bawrn, -beuhrn/, n. a male given name. * * *
Sanborn, Franklin Benjamin
▪ American journalist born December 15, 1831, Hampton Falls, New Hampshire, U.S. died February 24, 1917, Plainfield, New Jersey       American journalist, biographer, ...
SanBruno
San Bru·no (săn bro͞oʹnō) A city of western California, a residential suburb of San Francisco on San Francisco Bay. Population: 38,961. * * *
Sancerre
/sahonn serdd"/, n. a dry white wine from the Loire valley region of France. [after Sancerre, a town in the region (Cher dept.)] * * * ▪ France       town, Cher ...
Sanches, Francisco
▪ French physician and philosopher Sanches also spelled  Sanchez   born c. 1550, probably Braga, Port., or Túy, Spain died , c. Nov. 26, 1623, Toulouse, ...
Sánchez Coello, Alonso
▪ Spanish painter born , 1531/32, Benifayó, near Valencia, Spain died Aug. 8, 1588, Madrid       painter who was one of the pioneers of the great tradition of Spanish ...
Sánchez Cotán, Juan
born 1561, Orgaz, Spain died Sept. 8, 1627, Granada Spanish painter. Profoundly religious, he was influenced early by the spirit of Catholic mysticism that dominated the ...
Sanchez Hernandez, Fidel
▪ 2004       El Salvadoran politician and military man (b. July 7, 1917, El Divisadero, El Salvador—d. Feb. 28, 2003, San Salvador, El Salvador), as president of El ...
Sanchez Vilella, Roberto
▪ 1998       Puerto Rican politician who, as governor of Puerto Rico (1964-69), helped modernize the U.S. commonwealth (b. 1913—d. March 25, 1997). * * *
Sanchez, Luis Alberto
▪ 1995       Peruvian politician and author (b. Oct. 12, 1900, Lima, Peru—d. Feb. 6, 1994, Lima), was a prolific man of letters who wrote more than 70 volumes of ...
Sanchez, Ricardo
▪ 1996       U.S. ex-convict turned poetic dean of Chicano literature, a genre that featured writings fraught with descriptions of misery and embittered cries for social ...
Sanchez, Salvador
▪ Mexican boxer byname  Chava  born Jan. 26, 1958, Santiago Tianguistenco, Mex. died Aug. 12, 1982, near Mexico City  Mexican professional boxer, world featherweight (126 ...
Sanchez, Sonia
▪ American poet née  Wilsonia Benita Driver  born Sept. 9, 1934, Birmingham, Ala., U.S.       American poet, playwright, and educator who was noted for her black ...
Sanchez,Sonia
San·chez (sänʹchĕz'), Sonia. Originally Wilsonia Driver. Born 1934. American poet, playwright, and African-American activist known for her use of urban speech rhythms and ...
Sānchi
▪ historical site, India also spelled  Sāñcī   historic site, west-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India, just west of the Betwa River. On a flat-topped sandstone ...
Sanchi sculpture
Early Indian sculpture that embellished the gateways of the Buddhist relic mound called the Great Stupa at Sanchi, in Madhya Pradesh, a magnificent monument of the 1st century ...
Sancho
(as used in expressions) Sancho III Garcés Sancho the Great Sancho II Sancho the Cowled Sancho IV Sancho the Brave Sancho I Sancho the Founder * * *
Sancho I
known as Sancho the Founder born 1154, Coimbra, Port. died March 26, 1211 Second king of Portugal (1185–1211). The son of Afonso I, he resettled depopulated areas of ...
Sancho I Garcés
▪ king of Navarre died 925       king of Pamplona (Navarre) from 905. He expanded his kingdom south of the Ebro River and maintained its independence in spite of the ...
Sancho II
known as Sancho the Cowled born 1207, Coimbra, Port. died Jan. 4, 1248, Toledo, Castile Fourth king of Portugal (1223–45). His reign was marked by a series of vain attempts ...
Sancho II Garcés
▪ king of Pamplona [Navarre] also called  Sancho Abarca   died c. 994       king of Pamplona (Navarre) from 970, Count of Aragon, and a son of García I (or II). He ...
Sancho III
▪ king of Castile byname  Sancho The Desired,  Spanish  Sancho El Deseado  born c. 1134 died Aug. 31, 1158, Toledo, Castile       king of Castile from 1157 to 1158, ...
Sancho III Garcés
known as Sancho the Great born с 992 died Oct. 18, 1035 King of Navarra (1000–35). Son of García III, he proved to be a skilled politician and succeeded in extending ...
Sancho IV
known as Sancho the Brave born 1257 died April 25, 1295, Toledo, Castile King of Castile and Leon (1284–95). The second son of Afonso X, he won the backing of nobles and ...
Sancho Panza
/san"choh pan"zeuh/; Sp. /sahn"chaw pahn"thah/ the credulous and amusing squire of Don Quixote. * * * ▪ character in Don Quixote        Don Quixote's squire in the ...
Sancho Ramírez
▪ king of Aragon and Pamplona [Navarre] born , before 1045 died July 6, 1094, Huesca, Aragon       king of Aragon from 1063 to 1094 and of Pamplona (or Navarre; as ...
Sancho VI
▪ king of Navarre byname  Sancho The Wise,  Spanish  Sancho El Sabio  died June 27, 1194       king of Navarre (Navarra) (Pamplona) from 1150 and son of García IV ...
Sancho VII
▪ king of Navarre byname  Sancho The Strong,  Spanish  Sancho El Fuerte  born 1154 died April 7, 1234, Tudela, Navarre [Spain]       king of Navarre (Pamplona) from ...
Sanchuniathon
▪ ancient Phoenician writer flourished 13th century BC?       ancient Phoenician writer. All information about him is derived from the works of Philo of Byblos ...
SanClemente
San Cle·men·te (săn klə-mĕnʹtē) A city of southern California on the Pacific Ocean southeast of Long Beach. It is a popular resort center. Population: 41,100. * * *
SanClemente Island
San Clemente Island An island of southern California in the Santa Barbara Islands south of Santa Catalina Island. * * *
Sancroft, William
▪ archbishop of Canterbury born Jan. 30, 1617, Fressingfield, Suffolk, Eng. died Nov. 24, 1693  archbishop of Canterbury, leader of a group of seven bishops who were ...
sancta
sanc·ta (săngkʹtə) n. A plural of sanctum. * * *
Sancti Spíritus
▪ Cuba       city, central Cuba. Founded in 1516 on the Tuinicú River, the settlement was moved to the banks of the Yayabo River in 1524. It is the oldest city of ...
sanctification
See sanctify. * * *
sanctified
—sanctifiedly /sangk"teuh fuy'id lee/, adj. /sangk"teuh fuyd'/, adj. 1. made holy; consecrated: sanctified wine. 2. sanctimonious: a sickening, sanctified smile. [1475-85; ...
sanctifier
See sanctification. * * *
sanctify
—sanctifiable, adj. —sanctifiableness, n. —sanctifiably, adv. —sanctification, n. —sanctifier, n. —sanctifyingly, adv. /sangk"teuh fuy'/, v.t., sanctified, ...
sanctimonious
—sanctimoniously, adv. —sanctimoniousness, n. /sangk'teuh moh"nee euhs/, adj. 1. making a hypocritical show of religious devotion, piety, righteousness, etc.: They resented ...
sanctimoniously
See sanctimonious. * * *
sanctimoniousness
See sanctimoniously. * * *
sanctimony
/sangk"teuh moh'nee/, n. 1. pretended, affected, or hypocritical religious devotion, righteousness, etc. 2. Obs. sanctity; sacredness. [1530-40; < L sanctimonia holiness. See ...
sanction
—sanctionable, adj. —sanctionative, adj. —sanctioner, n. —sanctionless, adj. /sangk"sheuhn/, n. 1. authoritative permission or approval, as for an action. 2. something ...
sanctionable
See sanction. * * *
sanctitude
/sangk"ti toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. holiness; saintliness; sanctity. [1400-50; late ME sanctitud < L sanctitudo, equiv. to sancti-, comb. form of sanctus (see SANCTUS + -tudo ...
sanctity
/sangk"ti tee/, n., pl. sanctities. 1. holiness, saintliness, or godliness. 2. sacred or hallowed character: the inviolable sanctity of the temple. 3. a sacred thing. [1350-1400; ...
sanctuary
—sanctuaried, adj. /sangk"chooh er'ee/, n., pl. sanctuaries. 1. a sacred or holy place. 2. Judaism. a. the Biblical tabernacle or the Temple in Jerusalem. b. the holy of holies ...
sanctuary knocker
▪ architecture also called  Sanctuary Ring,         in architecture, knocker on the outer door of a Christian church. The sanctuary knocker could be a simple metal ...
sanctum
/sangk"teuhm/, n., pl. sanctums, sancta /-teuh/. 1. a sacred or holy place. 2. an inviolably private place or retreat. [1570-80; n. use of neut. of L sanctus; see SANCTUS] * * *
sanctum sanctorum
/sangk tawr"euhm, -tohr"-/ 1. the holy of holies of the Biblical tabernacle and the Temple in Jerusalem. 2. sanctum (def. 2). [1350-1400; ME < L sanctum sanctorum, trans. of Heb ...
sanctumsanctorum
sanctum sanc·to·rum (săngk-tôrʹəm, -tōrʹ-) n. 1. Judaism. The innermost shrine of a tabernacle and temple; the holy of holies. 2. An inviolably private place: The ...
Sanctus
/sangk"teuhs/, n. 1. (italics) Also called Tersanctus. the hymn beginning "Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts," with which the Eucharistic preface culminates. 2. a musical ...
Sanctus bell
a bell rung during the celebration of Mass to call attention to the more solemn parts. [1470-80] * * *
sanctus turret
a bell cote holding a Sanctus bell. * * *
Sancy diamond
▪ gem       fiery stone of Indian origin that is shaped like a peach pit and weighs 55 carats. It has a long history and has passed through many royal families. ...
sand
—sandable, adj. —sandless, adj. —sandlike, adj. /sand/, n. 1. the more or less fine debris of rocks, consisting of small, loose grains, often of quartz. 2. Usually, sands. ...
Sand
/sand/; Fr. /sahonnd/, n. George /jawrj/; Fr. /zhawrddzh/ (Lucile Aurore Dupin Dudevant), 1804-76, French novelist. * * * I Mineral, rock, or soil particles that are ...
sand bar
a bar of sand formed in a river or sea by the action of tides or currents. [1760-70] * * *
sand bluestem
a grass, Andropogon hallii, native to the Great Plains, used as a cover crop for sand dunes. [1945-50] * * *
sand chair
a low folding beach chair with a frame, usually of tubular metal, that slants outward below the seat, forming a base designed to be rested in the sand. * * *
sand cherry
1. any of several low, North American cherries that grow on dry or sandy soil, esp. Prunus pumila, of the Great Lakes region. 2. the fruit of any of these shrubs. Also called ...
sand crab
any of several crabs that live on sandy beaches, as the ghost crab or mole crab. [1835-45] * * *
sand crack
Vet. Pathol. a crack or fissure in the hoof of a horse, extending from the coronet downward toward the sole, caused by a dryness of horn. Also called quarter crack. [1745-55] * * ...
Sand Creek Massacre
or Chivington Massacre (Nov. 29, 1864) Surprise attack by U.S. troops on a Cheyenne camp. A force of 1,200 men, mostly Colorado volunteers under Col. John M. Chivington, ...
sand cricket.
See Jerusalem cricket. [1880-85; Amer.] * * *
sand dab
any of several flatfishes used for food, esp. of the genus Citharichthys, inhabiting waters along the Pacific coast of North America. [1830-40] * * *
sand dollar
any of various flat, disklike sea urchins, as Mellita testudinata or Echinarachnius parma, that live on sandy bottoms off the coasts of the U.S. [1880-85, Amer.] * * * Any ...
sand dune
Hill, mound, or ridge of windblown sand or other loose material such as clay particles. Dunes are commonly associated with desert regions and seacoasts, and there are large ...
sand eel
1. See sand lance. 2. New Zealand. sandfish (def. 2). [1275-1325; ME sandel; see SAND, EEL] * * *
sand flea
1. See beach flea. 2. chigoe. [1790-1800] * * * or beach flea Hopping terrestrial crustacean (family Talitridae). The European sand flea (Talitrus saltator) is about 0.6 in. ...
sand fly
sand fly n. 1. BITING MIDGE 2. any of various other biting dipterous flies (family Psychodidae) that may transmit various diseases * * * Any of several species in the dipteran ...
sand grouse
any of several birds of the family Pteroclididae inhabiting sandy areas of the Old World, resembling both pigeons and shorebirds and having precocial young. Also, ...
Sand Hills
▪ region, Nebraska, United States       region of grass-covered, stabilized sand dunes in the High Plains of north-central Nebraska, U.S. Extending 265 miles (425 km) ...
sand hopper
sand hopper n. any of various small crustaceans (order Amphipoda), found on sea beaches, that jump like fleas * * *
sand hopper.
See beach flea. [1780-90] * * *
sand jack
Shipbuilding. any of a number of containers of sand driven beneath a hull about to be launched as a temporary support and then drained of sand so as to let the hull down onto the ...
sand lance
any slender marine fish of the family Ammodytidae that burrows into the sand. Also, sand launce. [1770-80] * * * ▪ fish also called  sand eel        any of about 18 ...
sand lily
a small, stemless lily, Leucocrinum montanum, of the western U.S., having white, fragrant flowers. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
sand lizard
1. a common lizard, Lacerta agilis, of Europe and central Asia. 2. any of several lizards, as the fringe-toed lizard, that live in sandy areas. [1850-55] * * *
sand lovegrass.
See under lovegrass. * * *
sand martin
Brit. the bank swallow. [1660-70] * * *
sand myrtle
an evergreen shrub, Leiophyllum buxifolium, of the heath family, native to the eastern U.S., having simple, leathery leaves and clusters of white or pink flowers. [1805-15, ...
sand painting
1. the ceremonial practice among Navaho and Pueblo Indians of creating symbolic designs on a flat surface with varicolored sand. 2. the designs so made. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * ...
sand pear.
See Japanese pear. [1875-80] * * *
sand perch.
squirrelfish (def. 2). [1875-80] * * *
sand pike
sauger. * * *
sand pile
Building Trades. a base for a footing in soft soil, made by compacting sand in a cavity left by a wooden pile. [1900-05] * * *
sand puppy.
See naked mole rat. * * *
sand rat
1. gerbil. 2. See naked mole rat. 3. any of various desert rodents. [1775-85] * * * ▪ rodent       either of two species of gerbils (gerbil) in the genus Psammomys. * * ...
Sand River and Bloemfontein conventions
▪ South African history       (1852 and 1854, respectively), conventions between Great Britain and the Voortrekkers, or Afrikaners who made the Great Trek in South ...
sand shark
Any of about six species of shallow-water, bottom-dwelling sharks in the genus Odontaspis (family Odontaspididae), found along tropical and temperate coastlines of all ...
sand shark.
See sand tiger. [1880-85] * * *
sand shoe
Brit. a light tennis shoe; sneaker. [1850-55] * * *
Sand Springs
a town in NE Oklahoma. 13,246. * * * ▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, Tulsa county, northeastern Oklahoma, U.S., near a spring in the Osage Hills. First settled ...
sand stargazer
a fish of the family Dactyloscopidae, esp. Dactyloscopus tridigitatus, of Atlantic waters from Bermuda to Brazil, having tiny, tubular eyes on top of the head, and capable of ...
sand table
1. a table with raised edges holding sand for children to play with. 2. Mil. a table holding a scale model of a tract of land, including trees, streams, buildings, etc., made of ...
sand tiger
any of several sharks of the family Odontaspididae, esp. Odontaspis taurus, inhabiting shallow waters on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, having sharp, jagged teeth and ...
sand trap
(on a golf course) a shallow pit partly filled with sand, usually located near a green, and designed to serve as a hazard. [1875-80] * * *
sand verbena
any of several low, mostly trailing plants of the genus Abronia, of the western U.S., having showy, verbenalike flowers. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
sand viper
1. See hognose snake. 2. See horned viper. [1660-70] * * *
sand wasp
any of certain sphecid wasps of the subfamily Bembicinae that nest in the ground and are common along the seashore. [1895-1900] * * * ▪ insect       any of a group of ...
sand wedge
sand wedge n. Golf a type of wedge with a wide, heavy sole used for making shots from sand traps * * *
sand yacht.
See land yacht. [1910-15] * * *
Sand, George
orig. Amandine-Aurore-Lucile Dupin born July 1, 1804, Paris, France died June 8, 1876, Nohant French writer. During childhood she gained a love of the countryside that would ...
Sand,George
Sand (sănd, säɴd), George. Pen name of Amandine Aurore Lucie Dupin, Baroness Dudevant. 1804-1876. Library of Congress French writer whose novels, plays, and essays concern ...
sand-blind
—sandblindness, n. /sand"bluynd'/, adj. partially blind; dim-sighted. [1350-1400; ME; alter. (assimilated to SAND) of OE *samblind half-blind, equiv. to sam- half- (akin to ...
sand-cast
—sand casting. /sand"kast', -kahst'/, v.t., sand-cast, sand-casting. to produce (a casting) by pouring molten metal into sand molds. [1945-50] * * *
sand-floated
/sand"floh'tid/, adj. Building Trades. noting an exterior wall finish composed of mortar rubbed with sand and floated when it has partly set. * * *
sand-groper
/sand"groh'peuhr/, n. Australian Slang. a native of the arid region of Western Australia. [1895-1900] * * *
sand-lime brick
/sand"luym'/ a hard brick composed of silica sand and a lime of high calcium content, molded under high pressure and baked. [1905-10] * * *
sand-sprayed
/sand"sprayd'/, adj. Building Trades. noting an exterior wall finish composed of mortar to which is added a mixture of sand and cement in equal parts while the mortar is still ...
sand-struck
/sand"struk'/, adj. (of bricks) made with a mold lined with sand to permit freeing. * * *
sand.
sandwich. * * *
Sandage
/san"dij/, n. Allan R(ex), born 1926, U.S. astronomer: codiscoverer of the first quasar 1961. * * *
Sandage, Allan Rex
▪ American astronomer born June 18, 1926, Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.       U.S. astronomer who discovered the first quasi-stellar radio source (quasar), a starlike object ...
Sandakan
/sahn dah"kahn, san dah"keuhn/, n. a city in NE Sabah, in E Malaysia. 28,806. * * * ▪ Malaysia       city and port, eastern Sabah, East Malaysia, northeastern Borneo. ...
sandal
sandal1 /san"dl/, n., v., sandaled, sandaling or (esp. Brit.) sandalled, sandalling. n. 1. a shoe consisting of a sole of leather or other material fastened to the foot by thongs ...
sandaled
See sandal1. * * *
sandalfoot
/san"dl foot'/, adj. (of women's hosiery) having no darker or thicker reinforced areas at the toe or heel, so as to be suitable for wear with sandal-type shoes. [SANDAL1 + ...
sandalwood
/san"dl wood'/, n. 1. the fragrant heartwood of any of certain Asian trees of the genus Santalum, used for ornamental carving and burned as incense. 2. any of these trees, esp. ...
Sandalwood Island
Sumba. * * *
sandarac
/san"deuh rak'/, n. 1. a coniferous tree, Tetraclinis articulata (Callitrus quadrivalvis), native to northwestern Africa, yielding a resin and a fragrant, hard, dark-colored wood ...
Sandawe
▪ people       a people living near Kondoa, Tanzania, between the Bubu and Mponde rivers, and speaking one of the three branches of the Khoisan ...
Sanday, William
▪ British biblical scholar born Aug. 1, 1843, Holme Pierrepont, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died Sept. 16, 1920, Oxford       New Testament scholar, one of the pioneers in ...
sandbag
—sandbagger, n. /sand"bag'/, n., v., sandbagged, sandbagging. n. 1. a bag filled with sand, used in fortification, as ballast, etc. 2. such a bag used as a weapon. v.t. 3. to ...
sandbagger
See sandbag. * * *
sandbank
/sand"bangk'/, n. a large mass of sand, as on a shoal or hillside. [1580-90; SAND + BANK1] * * *
sandbar
☆ sandbar [sand′bär΄ ] n. a ridge or shoal of sand formed in a river or along a shore by the action of currents or tides: also sand bar * * * sand·bar ...
sandblast
—sandblaster, n. /sand"blast', -blahst'/, n. 1. a blast of air or steam laden with sand, used to clean, grind, cut, or decorate hard surfaces, as of glass, stone, or metal. 2. ...
sandblaster
See sandblast. * * *
sandblindness
See sand-blind. * * *
sandbox
/sand"boks'/, n. a box or receptacle for holding sand, esp. one large enough for children to play in. [1565-75; SAND + BOX1] * * *
sandbox tree
a tropical American tree, Hura crepitans, of the spurge family, bearing a furrowed, roundish fruit about the size of an orange that when ripe and dry bursts with a sharp report ...
sandboxtree
sandbox tree n. A tropical American tree (Hura crepitans) having an irritating milky juice, a spiny trunk, and large woody seed capsules that split explosively when ripe.   [So ...
sandbug
/sand"bug'/, n. See mole crab. [1850-55, Amer.; SAND + BUG1] * * *
sandbur
/sand"berr'/, n. 1. any of various grasses of the genus Cenchrus, having spikelets enclosed in prickly burs. 2. any of several bur-bearing weeds growing in sandy places, as ...
Sandburg
/sand"berrg, san"-/, n. Carl, 1878-1967, U.S. poet and biographer. * * *
Sandburg, Carl
born Jan. 6, 1878, Galesburg, Ill., U.S. died July 22, 1967, Flat Rock, N.C. U.S. poet, historian, novelist, and folklorist. Sandburg tried many occupations and fought in the ...
Sandburg,Carl
Sand·burg (săndʹbûrg', sănʹ-), Carl. 1878-1967. American writer known for his free verse poems celebrating American people, geography, and industry and for his six-volume ...
sandcastle
/sand"kas'euhl, -kah'seuhl/, n. 1. a small castlelike structure made of wet sand, as by children at a beach. 2. a plan or idea with little substance. [1850-55; SAND + CASTLE] * * ...
sandcrack
sandcrack [sand′krak΄] n. a perpendicular fissure in some part of the wall of an animal's hoof, esp. of a horse, often caused by sandy soil * * * sand crack n. A fissure in ...
sandculture
/sand"kul'cheuhr/, n. the hydroponic cultivation of plants in sand. [1915-20; SAND + CULTURE] * * *
sanddab
sand dab n. Any of several small food fishes of the genus Citharichthys of Pacific waters, related to and resembling the flounders. * * * ▪ fish       any of certain ...
sanddollar
sand dollar n. 1. Any of various thin circular echinoderms of the class Echinoidea, especially Echinarachnius parma, of coastal northern Atlantic and Pacific waters, having a ...
Sande
/san"dee/, n. Earl, 1898-1968, U.S. jockey and racehorse trainer. * * *
Sande, Earl
▪ American jockey byname  Handy Sande   born Nov. 13, 1898, Groton, S.D., U.S. died Aug. 20, 1968, Jacksonville, Ore.       U.S. jockey who won the Kentucky Derby ...
Sandeau, Léonard-Sylvain-Julien
▪ French author also called  Jules Sandeau   born Feb. 19, 1811, Aubusson, Fr. died April 24, 1883, Paris       prolific French novelist, best remembered for his ...
sandeel
sand eel n. See sand lance. * * *
Sandefjord
▪ Norway       town, southeastern Norway. Located near the mouth of the Oslo Fjord at the head of Sandefjord Fjord, an inlet of the Skagerrak, Sandefjord was ...
sandek
/sahn"dek/, n. Yiddish. the man who holds the child during the Jewish rite of circumcision. * * *
Sandeman, Robert
▪ Scottish minister born April 29, 1718, Perth, Perthshire, Scot. died April 2, 1771, Danbury, Conn. [U.S.]       British cleric and leader of the Glasite (later called ...
Sandemanian
▪ Protestant sect original name  Glasite,         member of a Christian sect founded in about 1730 in Scotland by John Glas (Glas, John) (1695–1773), a Presbyterian ...
Sandemose, Aksel
▪ Norwegian novelist born March 19, 1899, Nykøbing, Mors Island, Denmark died August 6, 1965, Copenhagen  Danish-born Norwegian experimental novelist whose works frequently ...
sander
/san"deuhr/, n. a person or thing that sands or sandpapers. [1620-30; SAND + -ER1] * * *


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