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/san"deuhr/, n. a male given name, form of Alexander. * * *
Sander, August
▪ German photographer born November 17, 1876, Herdorf, near Cologne, Germany died April 20, 1964, Cologne       German photographer who attempted to produce a ...
/san"deuhr ling/, n. a common, small sandpiper, Calidris alba, inhabiting sandy beaches. [1595-1605; SAND + -erling, repr. OE yrthling kind of bird (perh. a plover), lit., ...
the man who began the Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurants. * * * (as used in expressions) Liman von Sanders Otto Peirce Charles Sanders Sanders Barry * * *
Sanders, Barry
born July 16, 1968, Wichita, Kan., U.S. U.S. football player. He attended Oklahoma State University, where he won the Heisman Trophy (1988) and set 34 college rushing records. ...
Sanders, Harland
▪ American businessman byname  Colonel Sanders   born Sept. 9, 1890, near Henryville, Ind., U.S. died Dec. 16, 1980, Shelbyville, Ky.       American business ...
Sanders, Nicholas
▪ English scholar Sanders also spelled  Sander   born c. 1530, , Surrey, Eng. died 1581, Ireland       English Roman Catholic scholar, controversialist, and ...
Sanderson, Frederick William
▪ British educator born May 13, 1857, Brancepeth, Durham, Eng. died June 15, 1922, London       English schoolmaster whose reorganization of Oundle School had ...
Sanderson, Sibyl Swift
▪ American opera singer born Dec. 7, 1865, Sacramento, Calif., U.S. died May 15, 1903, Paris, France       American-born opera singer whose native country failed to ...
/sand"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) sandfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) sandfishes. 1. either of two scaleless fishes of the family Trichodontidae, ...
sand flea n. 1. Any of various small crustaceans living on sandy beaches. 2. See chigoe. * * *
/sand"fluy'/, n., pl. sandflies. 1. any of several small, bloodsucking, dipterous insects of the family Psychodidae that are vectors of several diseases of humans. 2. any of ...
sandfly fever
Pathol. a usually mild viral disease occurring in hot, dry areas, characterized by fever, eye pain, and sometimes a rash, transmitted by sandflies of the genus Phlebotomus. Also ...
sand·fly fever (săndʹflī') n. A mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly (Phlebotomus papatasii), characterized by fever, malaise, eye pain, and headache. ...
/sand"glas', -glahs'/, n. an hourglass. [1550-60; SAND + GLASS] * * *
sandgrouse [sand′grous΄] n. any of a family (Pteroclididae) of birds in the same order (Columbiformes) as pigeons, found in sandy regions of S Europe, Asia, and Africa * * ...
/sun"dee/, n., pl. sandhis. Ling. morphophonemic alternation, esp. as determined by phonetic environment, as in dontcha for don't you. [1800-10; < Skt samdhi joining, juncture] * ...
sandhill crane
/sand"hil'/ a North American crane, Grus canadensis, having bluish-gray plumage and a red forehead. [1795-1805, Amer.; sandhill, late ME sond hille, OE sondhyll. See SAND, ...
sand·hill crane (săndʹhĭl') n. A North American crane (Grus canadensis) having gray plumage and a bald red forehead. * * *
/sand"hog', -hawg'/, n. 1. a laborer who digs or works in sand. 2. a person who works, usually in a caisson, in digging underwater tunnels. Also, sand hog. [1900-05, Amer.; SAND ...
sand hopper n. See beach flea. * * *
/sand"herrst/, n. a village in S England, near Reading, W of London: military college. 6445. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Bracknell Forest ...
/sund"yah/, n. Hinduism. a ritual of worship and meditation performed three times a day by Hindus of the higher castes. [1865-70; < Skt sandhya] * * *
Sandia Mountains
▪ mountains, New Mexico, United States       mountain range in central New Mexico, U.S., northeast of Albuquerque and east of the Rio Grande. Located largely within a ...
San·di·a Peak or San·di·a Crest (săn-dēʹə) A mountain, 3,256.2 m (10,676 ft) high, in the Sandia Mountains of north-central New Mexico northeast of Albuquerque. * * *
/san"dee/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Sandro. 2. a female given name, form of Sandra, Saundra, or Sondra. * * *
San Di·e·go (săn dē-āʹgō) A city of southern California on San Diego Bay, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean near the Mexican border. Although explored by the Spanish in ...
sandiness [san′dē nis] n. a sandy state or quality * * * See sandy. * * *
/san'deuh nee"steuh/; Sp. /sahn'dee nees"tah/, n., pl. Sandinistas /-nee"steuhz/; Sp. /-nees"tahs/. a member of the Nicaraguan revolutionary movement that took control of ...
/san dee"noh/; Sp. /sahn dee"naw/, n. Augusto (César) /ow goohs"taw se"sahrdd/, 1893-1934, Nicaraguan revolutionary leader. * * *
Sandino, César Augusto
▪ Nicaraguan leader also called Augusto César Sandino born 1893 died Feb. 23, 1934       Nicaraguan guerrilla leader, one of the most controversial figures of ...
Sandino, CésarAugusto
San·di·no (săn-dēʹnō, sän-), César Augusto. 1893-1934. Nicaraguan guerrilla leader who took up arms (1927-1933) against the American troops supporting the government in ...
/san"deuh veuhr/, n. a whitish, saline scum formed on the surface of molten glass. Also called glass gall. [1300-50; ME saundyver < MF suin de verre grease of glass. See SWEAT, ...
sand lance n. Any of several small marine fishes of the genus Ammodytes, having a slender body with a forked tail fin and often burrowing in the sand of tidelands. Also called ...
sand lily n. A low-growing plant (Leucocrinum montanum) of the western United States, having grasslike leaves and fragrant, white, star-shaped flowers. * * *
/sand"lot'/, n. 1. a vacant lot used by youngsters for games or sports. adj. 2. Also, sand-lot. of, pertaining to, or played in such a lot: sandlot baseball. [1880-85, Amer.; ...
/sand"lot'euhr/, n. a youngster who plays baseball in a sandlot. [1885-90, Amer.; SANDLOT + -ER1] * * *
/sand"man'/, n., pl. sandmen. the man who, in fairy tales or folklore, puts sand in the eyes of children to make them sleepy. [1860-65; SAND + MAN1] * * *
▪ Norway       town, southwestern Norway. Located at the head of Gands Fjord, which is a branch of Bokna Fjord, Sandnes is the chief port for the surrounding Jæren ...
▪ Poland       city, Świętokrzyskie województwo (province), southeastern Poland. It is situated on the left bank of the Vistula River above the latter's confluence ...
Sandomierz Basin
▪ region, Poland Polish  Kotlina Sandomierska        lowland region, southeastern Poland, located south of the Lublin Uplands and north of the Western Carpathian ...
/san"deuhr/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Ferenczi Sándor Sándor Laszlo Kellner Ligeti György Sándor Petofi Sándor * * *
/shahn"dawr, shan"-/, n. György /jawr"jee/, born 1912, U.S. pianist, born in Hungary. * * * (as used in expressions) Ferenczi Sándor Sándor Laszlo Kellner Ligeti György ...
Sándor, Bálint
▪ Hungarian ethnographer Hungarian form  Sándor Bálint  born Aug. 1, 1904, Szeged, Hung. died May 10, 1980, Budapest       Hungarian ethnographer and eminent ...
Sandor, Gyorgy
▪ 2006       Hungarian-born American pianist (b. Sept. 21, 1912, Budapest, Hung.—d. Dec. 9, 2005, New York, N.Y.), specialized in the works of Eastern European ...
Sandow, Eugen
▪ German athlete original name  Friedrich Wilhelm Müller  born April 2, 1867, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died October 14, 1925, London, ...
▪ Myanmar       town and major seaport, southern Myanmar (Burma). It lies along the Bay of Bengal at the mouth of the Sandoway River. An old established settlement, it ...
Sandoz, Mari Susette
▪ American author born 1901, Sandoz post office, Sheridan county, Neb., U.S. died March 10, 1966, New York, N.Y.  American biographer and novelist known for her scrupulously ...
sand painting n. 1. A ceremonial design of the Navajo and Pueblo peoples made by trickling fine colored sand, pollen, or powder onto a base of neutral sand. 2. The art of making ...
/sand"pay'peuhr/, n. 1. strong paper coated with a layer of sand or other abrasive, used for smoothing or polishing. v.t. 2. to smooth or polish with or as if with ...
/sand"pay'peuh ree/, adj. of or suggesting the grating sound of sandpaper rubbing against wood or the rough texture of sandpaper. [SANDPAPER + -Y1] * * *
sand pear n. In both senses also called Asian pear, Chinese pear. 1. A Chinese tree (Pyrus pyrifolia) of the rose family, having edible, globose, firm, juicy fruit. 2. The fruit ...
/sand"puy'per/, n. any of numerous shore-inhabiting birds of the family Scolopacidae, related to the plovers, typically having a slender bill and a piping call. [1665-75; SAND + ...
/sand"pit'/, n. a deep pit in sandy soil from which sand is excavated. [1520-30; SAND + PIT1] * * *
/san"dreuh, sahn"-/, n. a female given name, form of Alexandra. * * *
Sandra Day O’Connor
➡ O’Connor (II) * * *
San·dring·ham (sănʹdrĭng-əm) A village of eastern England near the Wash west-northwest of Norwich. Sandringham House, a private royal residence, was purchased in 1861 by ...
Sandringham House
a country house owned by the British royal family, near King’s Lynn in Norfolk. It was built in 1870 for the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), and is traditionally the ...
/san"droh/; It. /sahn"drddaw/, n. a male given name. * * *
/san'droh kot"euhs/, n. Greek name of Chandragupta. Also, Sandrakottos. * * *
/sand"roh'leuhr/, n. a North American fresh-water fish, Percopsis transmontana, related to the troutperch but having a deeper, more compressed body. [1900-05; SAND + ROLLER1] * * ...
/san"dreuhn/, n. a male given name, form of Sandro. * * *
Sands, Diana
▪ American actress born Aug. 22, 1934, New York City died Sept. 21, 1973, New York City       U.S. stage and screen actress who won overnight acclaim for her portrayal ...
sand shark n. A shark of the genus Carcharias, especially C. taurus, found mainly in shallow waters of the temperate and tropical Atlantic. * * *
sand·spur (săndʹspûr') n. See sandbur. * * *
/sand"stohn'/, n. a common sedimentary rock consisting of sand, usually quartz, cemented together by various substances, as silica, calcium carbonate, iron oxide, or ...
/sand"stawrm'/, n. a windstorm, esp. in a desert, that blows along great clouds of sand (distinguished from dust storm). [1765-75; SAND + STORM] * * *
sand table n. 1. A table with raised edges, used for holding sand with which children play. 2. A table on which a relief model of terrain is built out of sand, clay, or other ...
sand trap n. A hazard on a golf course consisting of a depression partly filled with sand. * * *
/seuhn dus"kee, san-/, n. a port in N Ohio, on Lake Erie. 31,360. * * * ▪ Ohio, United States       city, seat (1838) of Erie county, northern Ohio, U.S. It lies along ...
sand verbena n. Any of several herbs of the genus Abronia, of western North America, having fragrant, usually red, yellow, or white flowers that are grouped in long-stalked ...
sand viper n. See horned viper. * * *
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of West Midlands, west-central England, comprising several urban industrial ...
/sand"wich, san"-/, n. 1. two or more slices of bread or the like with a layer of meat, fish, cheese, etc., between each pair. 2. See open sandwich. 3. something resembling or ...
/sand"wich, san"-/, n. a town in E Kent, in SE England: one of the Cinque Ports. 4467. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish) at the northern edge of ...
sandwich bars
➡ sandwich * * *
sandwich batten
Theat. See double batten. * * *
sandwich beam.
See flitch beam. Also called sandwich girder. [1885-90] * * *
sandwich board
two connected posters or signboards that hang in front of and behind a person and usually bear some advertisement, notice, exhortation, or the like. [1895-1900] * * * ▪ ...
sandwich coin
a coin having a layer of one metal between outside layers of another, as a quarter with a layer of copper between layers of silver. [1960-65] * * *
sandwich courses
➡ further education * * *
sandwich generation
the generation of people still raising their children while having to care for their aging parents. [1985-90] * * *
Sandwich glass
any of various forms of glassware manufactured at Sandwich, Mass., from 1825 to c1890. [1930-35, Amer.] * * * ▪ decorative arts       glass made by the Boston and ...
Sandwich Islands
former name of Hawaiian Islands. * * *
sandwich man
a person with advertising boards hung from the shoulders. [1860-65] * * *
sandwich panel
a structural panel consisting of a core of one material enclosed between two sheets of a different material. [1945-50] * * *
Sandwich, Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of, Viscount Hinchingbrooke, Baron Montagu of Saint Neots
▪ English admiral Montagu also spelled  Mountagu   born July 27, 1625, Barnwell, Northamptonshire, Eng. died May 28 [June 7, New Style], 1672, Southwold Bay, off ...
Sandwich, John Montagu, 4th earl of
born Nov. 13, 1718 died April 30, 1792, London, Eng. British first lord of the Admiralty (1748–51, 1771–82). He served as secretary of state for the north (1763–65, ...
Sandwich, John Montagu, 4th Earl of, Viscount Hinchingbrooke, Baron Montagu Of Saint Neots
▪ British first lord of Admiralty born Nov. 13, 1718 died April 30, 1792, London, Eng.  British first lord of the Admiralty during the American Revolution (1776–81) and ...
sandwich board n. Two large boards bearing placards, hinged at the top by straps for hanging over the shoulders with one board in front and the other behind, used for picketing ...
sandwich generation n. A generation of people who give care to their children and their parents at the same time. * * *
Sandwich Islands See Hawaiian Islands. * * *
sandwich man n. A man who pickets or advertises by carrying a sandwich board. * * *
Sandwip Island
▪ island, Bangladesh       island situated in the Meghna River estuary, southeastern Bangladesh. It is the easternmost island of the Padma River (Ganges [Ganga] River ...
/sand"werrm'/, n. 1. any of several marine worms that live in sand. 2. clamworm. [1770-80; SAND + WORM] * * *
/sand"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. any plant belonging to the genus Arenaria, of the pink family, having narrow leaves and clusters of usually white flowers, many of which grow in sandy ...
—sandiness, n. /san"dee/, adj., sandier, sandiest. 1. of the nature of or consisting of sand. 2. containing or covered with sand. 3. of a yellowish-red color: sandy hair. 4. ...
/san"dee/, n. 1. a male given name. 2. a female given name, form of Sandra, Saundra, Sondra. * * *
sandy blight
Australian. trachoma. [1865-70; so called in allusion to the irritation caused by such a disorder] * * *
Sandy City
a town in central Utah. 51,022. * * *
Sandy Hook
a peninsula in E New Jersey, at the entrance to lower New York Bay. 6 mi. (10 km) long. * * *
Sandy Hook A low peninsula of eastern New Jersey at the entrance to Lower New York Bay. It separates Sandy Hook Bay from the Atlantic Ocean and was first explored by Europeans ...
Sandys, Duncan
▪ British politician and statesman also called  (from 1974) Duncan Edwin Duncan-sandys, Baron Duncan-sandys   born Jan. 24, 1908, London, Eng. died Nov. 26, 1987, ...
Sandys, George
▪ English poet and traveler born March 2, 1578, near York, Yorkshire, Eng. died March 1664, Boxley Abbey, Kent  English traveler, poet, colonist, and foreign service career ...
Sandys, Sir Edwin
▪ English noble born Dec. 9, 1561, Worcestershire, Eng. died October 1629, Kent       a leading Parliamentary opponent of King James I of England and a founder of the ...
Sandy Springs An unincorporated community of northwest Georgia, a suburb of Atlanta. Population: 67,842. * * *
—sanely, adv. —saneness, n. /sayn/, adj., saner, sanest. 1. free from mental derangement; having a sound, healthy mind: a sane person. 2. having or showing reason, sound ...
/sayn/, n. a private nationwide organization in the U.S., established in 1957, that opposes nuclear testing and advocates international peace. [official shortening of its by-name ...
See sane. * * *
See sanely. * * *
Saneyev, Viktor
▪ Soviet athlete born October 3, 1945, Sukhumi, Georgia, U.S.S.R. [now Sokhumi, Georgia]    Soviet athlete who dominated the triple jump during the late 1960s and '70s. He ...
San Fer·nan·do (săn fər-nănʹdō, sän' fĕr-nänʹdō) 1. A city of eastern Argentina, an industrial suburb of Buenos Aires on the Río de la Plata. Population: 141,496. ...
SanFernando Valley
San Fernando Valley A fertile valley of southern California northwest of central Los Angeles. The valley, first explored by the Spanish in 1769, lies partly within the city ...
Sanfilippo's syndrome
▪ pathology also called  Mucopolysaccharidosis Iii,         rare hereditary (autosomal recessive) metabolic disease characterized by severe mental retardation. There ...
/san"feuhrd/, n. 1. Mount, a mountain in SE Alaska. 16,208 ft. (4,940 m). 2. a city in E Florida. 23,176. 3. a town in SW Maine. 18,020. 4. a city in central North Carolina. ...
Sanford, Edward T
▪ United States jurist born July 23, 1865, Knoxville, Tenn., U.S. died March 8, 1930, Washington, D.C.       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court ...
Sanford, Isabel
▪ 2005       American actress (b. Aug. 29, 1917, New York, N.Y.—d. July 9, 2004, Los Angeles, Calif.), was best known for her role as Louise (“Weezy”) Jefferson in ...
Sanford, Maria Louise
▪ American educator born Dec. 19, 1836, Saybrook [now Old Saybrook], Conn., U.S. died April 21, 1920, Washington, D.C.       American educator remembered for the ...
Sanford, Terry
▪ 1999       American politician who, as governor of North Carolina (1961-65), promoted racial equality at a time when it was unpopular to do so; he made unsuccessful ...
San·ford (sănʹfərd), Mount A mountain, 4,952.3 m (16,237 ft) high, of southern Alaska in the Wrangell Mountains northeast of Anchorage. * * *
☆ Sanforize [san′fər īz΄ ] vt. Sanforized, Sanforizing 〚back-form. from Sanforized, a trademark applied to fabrics so treated: after Sanford L. Cluett (1874-1968)〛 to ...
/san"feuh ruyzd'/, Trademark. (of a fabric) treated to resist shrinking. * * *
See San Francisco. * * *
San Fran·cis·co (săn frən-sĭsʹkō) A city of western California on a peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay, an inlet of the Pacific. A Spanish ...
SanFrancisco Peaks
San Francisco Peaks also San Francisco Mountains A group of mountains in north-central Arizona north of Flagstaff. The range rises to 3,853.1 m (12,633 ft) at Humphreys Peak, ...
/sang/, v. pt. of sing. * * *
sang de boeuf
▪ pottery glaze French“oxblood” also called  flambé glaze   a glossy, rich, bloodred glaze often slashed with streaks of purple or turquoise used to decorate pottery, ...
Fr. /sahonn frddwann"/, n. coolness of mind; calmness; composure: They committed the robbery with complete sang-froid. [1740-50; < F: lit., cold blood] Syn. self-possession, ...
San Ga·bri·el (săn gāʹbrē-əl) A city of southern California, a residential suburb of Los Angeles. Population: 37,120. * * *
SanGabriel Mountains
San Gabriel Mountains A mountain range of southern California east and northeast of Los Angeles. It rises to 3,074.4 m (10,080 ft) at San Antonio Peak. * * *
/sahng gahl"law/, n. 1. Antonio Picconi da /ahn taw"nyaw peek kaw"nee dah/, (Antonio Cordiani), 1484?-1546, Italian architect and engineer. 2. his uncle Giuliano da /jooh ...
Sangallo Family
▪ Italian family       outstanding family of Florentine Renaissance architects. Its most prominent members were: Antonio da Sangallo the Elder; his older brother ...
Sangallo,Giuliano da
San·gal·lo (sän-gäʹlō, säng-), Giuliano da. 1445-1516. Italian architect and engineer noted especially for the works he executed under Medici patronage, including the ...
Śaṅgam literature
▪ Indian literature also spelled  caṅkam        the earliest writings in the Tamil language. The writings are thought to have been produced in three śaṅgams, or ...
/sang"geuh meuhn/, n. Geol. the third interglacial stage of the Pleistocene Epoch in North America, after the Illinoian glacial stage and before the Wisconsin. [1930-35; after ...
Sangamon Interglacial Stage
▪ geology       major division of Pleistocene time and deposits in North America (the Pleistocene Epoch began about 1,600,000 years ago and ended about 10,000 years ...
Sangamon River
▪ river, Illinois, United States       river in central Illinois, U.S. It rises near Ellsworth in McLean county and flows briefly southeast. It then curves southwest, ...
▪ India also spelled  Sangareddy , also called  Sangareddipet        town, western Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. It is located on the Deccan plateau ...
/sang'geuh ree"/, n. sangría. * * *
/sang"euhr/, n. 1. Frederick, born 1918, English biochemist: Nobel prize for chemistry 1958. 2. Margaret Higgins /hig"inz/, 1883-1966, U.S. nurse and author: leader of ...
Sänger, Eugen
▪ Austrian engineer born Sept. 22, 1905, Pressnitz, near Komotau, Austria-Hungary died Feb. 10, 1964, Berlin       German rocket propulsion engineer whose projected ...
Sanger, Frederick
born Aug. 13, 1918, Rendcombe, Gloucestershire, Eng. British biochemist. Educated at the University of Cambridge, he thereafter worked principally at the Medical Research ...
Sanger, George
▪ British circus impresario byname  Lord George  born Dec. 23, 1825, Newbury, Berkshire, Eng. died Nov. 28, 1911, Park Farm, near Finchley, Middlesex       English ...
Sanger, John
▪ British circus impresario byname  Lord John  born 1816, Chew Magna, Somerset, Eng. died Aug. 22, 1889, Ipswich, Suffolk       English circus impresario who was, ...
Sanger, Margaret
orig. Margaret Higgins born Sept. 14, 1879, Corning, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 6, 1966, Tucson, Ariz. U.S. birth-control pioneer. She practiced obstetrical nursing on New York's ...
Sang·er (săngʹər), Frederick. Born 1918. British biochemist. He won a 1958 Nobel Prize for determining the order of amino acids in the insulin molecule and shared a 1980 ...
Sanger,Margaret Higgins
Sanger, Margaret Higgins. 1879-1966. American nurse who campaigned widely for birth control and founded (1929) the organization that became the Planned Parenthood Federation ...
Sanggan River
▪ river, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Sanggan He  or (Wade-Giles romanization)  Sang-kan Ho        river in Shanxi (Shansi) and Hebei provinces, part of the Hai River ...
/sung"geuh/, n. a community of Buddhist monks. [1855-60; < Skt sangha] * * * Buddhist monastic order, traditionally composed of four groups: monks, nuns, laymen, and ...
Sangha River
▪ river, Africa also spelled  Sanga,         tributary of the Congo River, formed by the Mambéré and Kadeï headstreams at Nola, southwestern Central African ...
▪ Pakistan       town, Sindh province, southern Pakistan. The town is connected by road with the cities of Hyderābād, Karāchi, and Sukkur. Sānghar is a market town ...
Sangihe Islands
▪ islands, Indonesia Indonesian  Kepulauan Sangihe , also spelled  Sangi        archipelago off the northeastern tip of Celebes (Sulawesi), Indonesia. The islands ...
San·gio·vese (sän'jō-vēzʹ, -vēsʹ) n. 1. A variety of grape originating in Italy and used to make red wine, especially Chianti. 2. A medium-bodied red wine made from this ...
/sahng"glee/, n. a city in S Maharashtra, in SW India, on the Krishna River. 115,138. * * * ▪ India       city, southern Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western ...
/sang"lee euhr/, n. a closely woven fabric made of mohair or worsted, constructed in plain weave, and finished to simulate the coat of a boar. [1350-1400; < MF
/sahng"goh/, n. a Niger-Congo language of the Adamawa-Eastern branch, used as a lingua franca in the Central African Republic. * * *
Sangoan industry
▪ prehistoric technology       sub-Saharan African stone tool industry of Acheulian derivation (see Acheulian industry (Acheulean industry)) dating from the Late ...
SanGorgonio Mountain
San Gor·go·ni·o Mountain (săn gôr-gōʹnē-ō) A peak in the San Bernardino Mountains of southern California east of the city of San Bernardino. It rises to 3,507.2 m ...
/sang grayl"/, n. Grail. Also, Sangreal /sang"gree euhl/. [1400-50; late ME sangrayle, seynt Graal, < OF Saint Graal] * * *
Sangre de Cristo
/sang"gree deuh kris"toh/; Sp. /sahng"grdde dhe krddees"taw/ a mountain range in S Colorado and N New Mexico: a part of the Rocky Mountains. Highest peak, Blanca Peak, 14,390 ft. ...
Sangre de Cristo Mountains
Sangre de Cristo Mountains [saŋ′grē də kris′tō] 〚Sp, lit., blood of Christ〛 range of the Rocky Mountains, in S Colo. & N N.Mex.: highest point, BLANCA PEAK * * ...
Sangreal [saŋ grāl′] n. 〚ME sangrayle < MFr Saint Graal: see SAINT & GRAIL〛 the Holy Grail: see GRAIL (sense 1) * * *
Sangrede Cristo Mountains
San·gre de Cris·to Mountains (săngʹgrē dē krĭsʹtō) A range of the southern Rocky Mountains extending about 354 km (220 mi) from south-central Colorado to north-central ...
/sang gree"euh/; Sp. /sahng grddee"ah/, n. an iced drink, typically made with red wine, sugar, fruit juice, soda water, and spices, and containing fruit slices. Also, ...
▪ India       town, southeastern Punjab state, northwestern India. The town was founded in the 17th century and became the capital of the former independent state of ...
Sangster, Margaret Elizabeth Munson
▪ American writer and editor née  Margaret Elizabeth Munson   born Feb. 22, 1838, New Rochelle, N.Y., U.S. died June 3, 1912, South Orange, N.J.       American ...
Sangster, Robert
▪ 2005       British businessman and Thoroughbred racehorse owner (b. May 23, 1936, Liverpool, Eng.—d. April 7, 2004, London, Eng.), as chief financier of Coolmore ...
a combining form meaning "blood," used in the formation of technical terms: sanguiferous. [comb. form of L sanguis, s. sanguin- blood] * * *
/sang gwik"euh leuhs/, adj. living in the blood, as a parasite. [1890-95; SANGUI- + -COLOUS] * * *
/sang gwif"euhr euhs/, adj. conveying blood, as a blood vessel. [1675-85; SANGUI- + -FEROUS] * * *
/sang'gweuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. hematopoiesis. [1570-80; < NL sanguification- (s. of sanguificatio). See SANGUI-, -FICATION] * * *
/sang'gweuh nair"ee euh/, n. 1. the bloodroot, Sanguinaria canadensis. 2. its medicinal rhizome. [1800-10; < NL (herba) sanguinaria bloody (herb), fem. of sanguinarius ...
See sanguinary. * * *
—sanguinarily, adv. —sanguinariness, n. /sang"gweuh ner'ee/, adj. 1. full of or characterized by bloodshed; bloody: a sanguinary struggle. 2. ready or eager to shed blood; ...
—sanguinely, adv. —sanguinity, sanguinness, n. /sang"gwin/, adj. 1. cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident: a sanguine disposition; sanguine expectations. 2. reddish; ...
See sanguine. * * *
See sanguinely. * * *
—sanguineousness, n. /sang gwin"ee euhs/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or containing blood. 2. of the color of blood. 3. involving much bloodshed. 4. sanguine; ...
See sanguinely. * * *
—sanguinolency, n. /sang gwin"l euhnt/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to blood. 2. containing or tinged with blood; bloody. [1400-50; < L sanguinolentus, equiv. to sanguin- s. of ...
/sang gwiv"euhr euhs/, adj. feeding on blood, as a bat or insect. [1835-45; SANGUI- + -VOROUS] * * *
/san hed"rin, -hee"drin, sahn-, san"i drin/, n. Jewish Hist. 1. Also called Great Sanhedrin. the highest council of the ancient Jews, consisting of 71 members, and exercising ...
Sanibel Island
/san"euh beuhl, -bel'/ an island in the Gulf of Mexico off the SW coast of Florida. 16 sq. mi. (41.5 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, Florida, United States       barrier ...
San·i·bel Island (sănʹə-bəl) An island of southwest Florida in the Gulf of Mexico southwest of Fort Myers. The island's beaches are popular with seashell collectors. * * *
/san"i keuhl/, n. any plant belonging to the genus Sanicula, of the parsley family, as S. marilandica, of America, used in medicine. [1400-50; late ME < MF < ML sanicula, perh. ...
—sanidinic /san'i din"ik/, adj. /san"i deen', -din/, n. Mineral. a glassy, often transparent variety of orthoclase in which sodium may replace as much as 50 percent of the ...
sanidinite facies
▪ geology       one of the major divisions of the mineral facies classification of metamorphic rocks, the rocks of which form under the most intense conditions of ...
/say"nee eez'/, n. Pathol. a thin, often greenish, serous fluid that is discharged from ulcers, wounds, etc. [1555-65; < L sanies] * * *
/say"nee euhs/, adj. Pathol. characterized by the discharge of sanies. [1555-65; SANI(ES) + -OUS] * * *
San I·si·dro (săn' ĭ-sēʹdrō, sän' ē-sēʹ-) A city of eastern Argentina, a residential and industrial suburb of Buenos Aires. Population: 299,022. * * *
1. sanitary. 2. sanitation. * * *
/san'i tair"ee euhn/, adj. 1. sanitary; clean and wholesome. n. 2. a specialist in public sanitation and health. [1855-60; SANITARY + -AN] * * *
See sanitary. * * *
/san'i tair"ee euhm/, n., pl. sanitariums, sanitaria /-tair"ee euh/. an institution for the preservation or recovery of health, esp. for convalescence; health resort. Also, ...
—sanitarily, adv. —sanitariness, n. /san"i ter'ee/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to health or the conditions affecting health, esp. with reference to cleanliness, precautions ...
sanitary belt
a narrow belt, usually of elastic, for holding a sanitary napkin in place. [1905-10] * * *
sanitary code.
See under code (def. 3). Also called health code. * * *
sanitary cordon
sanitary cordon n. CORDON SANITAIRE * * *
sanitary cordon.
See cordon sanitaire. * * *
sanitary engineering
—sanitary engineer. a branch of civil engineering dealing with matters affecting public health, as water supply or sewage disposal. [1865-70] * * *
sanitary landfill
landfill. [1965-70] * * *       method of controlled disposal of refuse on land. The method was introduced in England in 1912 (where it is called controlled tipping) and ...
sanitary napkin
a pad of absorbent material, as cotton, worn by women during menstruation to absorb the uterine flow. Also called sanitary pad. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
sanitary towel
Brit. See sanitary napkin. [1880-85] * * *
sanitary ware
plumbing fixtures, as sinks or toilet bowls, made of ceramic material or enameled metal. [1870-75] * * *
sanitary engineer n. An engineer specializing in the maintenance of urban environmental conditions conducive to the preservation of public health.   sanitary engineering n. * * *
See sanitary engineer. * * *
sanitary landfill n. Rehabilitated land in which garbage and trash have been buried; a landfill. * * *
sanitary napkin n. A disposable pad of absorbent material worn to absorb menstrual flow. * * *
/san"i tayt'/, v.t., sanitated, sanitating. to make sanitary; equip with sanitary appliances: to sanitate a new town. [1880-85; back formation from SANITATION] * * *
/san'i tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the development and application of sanitary measures for the sake of cleanliness, protecting health, etc. 2. the disposal of sewage and solid ...
sanitation worker
a person employed to collect, haul away, and dispose of garbage. * * *
/san'i tay"sheuhn man'/, n., pl. sanitationmen. a sanitation worker. [1935-40, Amer.; SANITATION + MAN1] Usage. See -man. * * *
sanitation worker n. A person employed, as by a municipality or private company, to collect and dispose of garbage. * * *
See sanitize. * * *
—sanitization, n. /san"i tuyz'/, v.t., sanitized, sanitizing. 1. to free from dirt, germs, etc., as by cleaning or sterilizing. 2. to make less offensive by eliminating ...
/san"i tuy'zeuhr/, n. a substance or preparation for killing germs, designed for use esp. on food-processing equipment. [1945-50; SANITIZE + -ER1] * * *
/san"i tee/, n. 1. the state of being sane; soundness of mind. 2. soundness of judgment. [1400-50; late ME sanite < L sanitas. See SANE, -ITY] Syn. 2. reason, rationality, ...
San Ja·cin·to (săn jə-sĭnʹtō) A river, about 209 km (130 mi) long, of southeast Texas flowing into Galveston Bay. The final battle of the Texas Revolution, in which ...
/sahn'jak"/, n. (in Turkey) one of the administrative districts into which a vilayet is divided. [1530-40; < Turk sancak district (lit., flag, standard)] * * *
▪ sultan of Iran in full Muʿizz Ad-dīn Sanjar born 1084/86 died May 8, 1157       Seljuq prince of Khorāsān from c. 1096 to 1157, whose fame almost eclipses that ...
▪ Japan       city, central Niigata ken (prefecture), north-central Honshu, Japan. It lies in the deltaic lowlands of the Shinano River, about 20 miles (32 km) south of ...
Sanjō Sanetomi
▪ Japanese politician in full  Kōshaku (Prince) Sanjō Sanetomi  born Jan. 3, 1838, Kyōto, Japan died Feb. 18, 1891, Tokyo       radical court noble who was ...
Sanjō, Go-
▪ emperor of Japan in full  Go-Sanjō Tennō,  personal name  Takahito   born Sept. 3, 1034, Kyōto died June 15, 1073, Kyōto       71st emperor of Japan, whose ...
San Joa·quin (săn wô-kēnʹ, wä-) A river of central California, rising in the Sierra Nevada and flowing about 515 km (320 mi) west and northwest to form a large delta with ...
San Jo·se (săn hō-zāʹ) A city of western California southeast of San Francisco. Founded in 1777, it was the state capital from December 1849 to January 1852. Population: ...
SanJose scale
San Jose scale n. A destructive scale insect (Aspidiotus perniciosus) that damages fruit trees and fruit-bearing plants.   [After San Jose, California.] * * *
San Juan (săn wänʹ, sän hwänʹ) 1. A city of northwest Argentina west of Córdoba. Founded in 1562, it was moved to its present site in the 1590s. Population: 119,492. 2. ...
SanJuan Capistrano
San Juan Cap·is·tra·no (kăp'ĭ-sträʹnō) A city of southern California southeast of Santa Ana. Founded as a mission in 1776, it is famous for the swallows that supposedly ...
SanJuan Hill
San Juan Hill An elevation in eastern Cuba near Santiago de Cuba. It was captured by Cuban and American forces on July 1, 1898, during the Spanish-American War. Theodore ...
SanJuan Islands
San Juan Islands An archipelago of northwest Washington off the southeast coast of Vancouver Island north of Puget Sound. The islands were named c. 1790 by Spanish explorers and ...
SanJuan Mountains
San Juan Mountains A range of the Rocky Mountains in southwest Colorado extending northwest to southeast and rising to 4,364.2 m (14,309 ft) at Uncompahgre Peak. * * *
SanJuan River
San Juan River A river rising in southern Colorado and flowing about 579 km (360 mi) into northwest New Mexico and southeast Utah, where it joins the Colorado River. * * *
/sangk/, v. a pt. of sink. * * *
▪ people Japanese“Mountain Cave”       outcaste group of people in Japan. The Sanka are sometimes called the Japanese Gypsies, wandering in small bands through the ...
/sung"keuhr euh/, n. Shankara. * * * ▪ Indian philosopher also spelled  Shaṅkara , also called  Saṅkarācārya  born 700?, Kālaḍi village?, India died 750?, ...
Sankaran Nair, Sir Chettur
▪ Indian statesman born July 11, 1857, Malabar Coast, India died April 24, 1934, Madras       Indian jurist and statesman who, despite his independent views and ...
n [U] a make of ‘instant’ decaffeinated coffee. It was originally made in Germany by Dr Ludwig Roselius but is now produced by Kraft™. * * *
/sahng"kyeuh/, n. one of the six leading systems of Hindu philosophy, stressing the reality and duality of spirit and matter. Also, Samkhya. [1780-90; < Skt sankhya] * * *
sankin kōtai
In Japanese history, a system of alternating residency practiced during the Tokugawa period (1603–1867). The daimyo (domain lords) were required to reside alternately in their ...
Sankt Gallen
/zahngkt' gah"leuhn/ German name of St. Gallen. * * * ▪ Switzerland (German), French  Saint-Gall,         town, capital of Sankt Gallen canton, northeastern ...
Sankt Johann
▪ town, Austria also called  Sankt Johann Im Pongau,         town, west-central Austria, on the broad middle course (Pongau) of the Salzach River southeast of ...
Sankt Michael
▪ church, Hildesheim, Germany also called  Michaeliskirche,         basilican church in Hildesheim, Ger., that was built between 1010 and 1033 under Bishop Bernward, ...
Sankt Moritz
/zahngkt moh"rddits/ German name of St. Moritz. * * *
Sankt Pölten
▪ Austria       city, capital of Niederösterreich Bundesland (federal state), northeastern Austria. It lies along the Traisen River between the foothills of the Alps ...
Sankt Veit
▪ Austria also called  Sankt Veit An Der Glan,         town, southern Austria. It lies along the Glan River north of Klagenfurt. Sankt Veit was the capital of the ...
Sankt Wolfgang
▪ Austria also called  Sankt Wolfgang Im Salzkammergut,    town, central Austria. It lies on the east shore of Wolfgang (Aber) Lake in the Salzkammergut lake region, west ...
Sankt Gal·len (zängkt gäʹlən) also Saint Gall (sānt gôlʹ, gälʹ, säɴ gälʹ) A city of northeast Switzerland east of Zurich. Developed around a Benedictine abbey ...
San·ku·ru (säng-ko͝orʹo͞o) A river, about 1,207 km (750 mi) long, of southern and central Congo (formerly Zaire) flowing west-northwest to the Kasai River. * * *
Sankuru River
▪ river, Democratic Republic of the Congo       main tributary of the Kasai River (itself a tributary of the Congo River) in Congo (Kinshasa), central Africa. About 750 ...
San Le·an·dro (săn lē-ănʹdrō) A city of western California southeast of Oakland. It is a residential community with varied light industries. Population: 68,223. * * *
▪ Turkey formerly  Urfa, or Edessa,  Arabic  Ar-Ruhā,    city, southeastern Turkey. It lies in a fertile plain and is ringed by limestone hills on three sides. The city ...
Sanlúcar de Barrameda
▪ Spain       port city, Cádiz provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southwestern Spain. It lies on the south bank of ...
SanLuis Obispo
San Lu·is O·bis·po (săn lo͞oʹĭs ə-bĭsʹpō) A city of southwest California northwest of Santa Barbara. A Franciscan mission was founded on the site in 1772. ...
SanLuis Peak
San Luis Peak A mountain, 4,274.3 m (14,014 ft) high, in the San Juan Mountains of southwest Colorado. * * *
San Ma·ri·no (săn mə-rēʹnō) A country in the Apennines near the Adriatic Sea. It is surrounded by Italy and is the world's smallest republic. Traditionally founded in ...
San Ma·te·o (săn mə-tāʹō) A city of western California southeast of San Francisco. Named by a Spanish expedition in 1776, it was the center of a Mexican colony from 1822 ...
Sanmen Gorge
▪ gorge, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Sanmenxia  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  San-men-hsia,  English  Three Gate Gorge        gorge enclosing one section of the ...
/sahn'mee ke"lee/, n. Michele /mee ke"le/ 1484-1559, Italian architect and military engineer. * * *
Sanmicheli, Michele
▪ Italian architect born 1484, San Michele, Verona, republic of Venice [Italy] died 1559, Venice       Mannerist architect, especially noted for his original treatment ...
▪ fossil plant genus       genus of fossil plants based upon impressions of palmlike leaves from the Triassic Period (251 to 199.6 million years ago) found in rocks ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  San-ming        city, west-central Fujian (Fukien) sheng (province), southeastern China. It lies along the Sha River, a southern ...
Sannār Dam
▪ dam, The Sudan also spelled  Sennar Dam,         dam impounding the Blue Nile River for irrigation at the town of Sannār in The Sudan. Completed in 1925, it is ...
Sannazzaro, Jacopo
▪ Italian poet born July 28, 1456, Naples [Italy] died April 24, 1530, Naples       Italian poet whose Arcadia was the first pastoral romance and, until the rise of the ...
▪ Liberia also called  Sangbui, Sanokole, or Sanokwele,         town, north-central Liberia, located at the intersection of roads from Monrovia and Côte d'Ivoire ...
Sannō Ichijitsu Shintō
▪ religion Japanese“One Truth of Sannō Shintō”also called  Ichijitsu Shintō , or  Tendai Shintō        in Japanese religion, the syncretic school that ...

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