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sawfly
/saw"fluy'/, n., pl. sawflies. any of numerous hymenopterous insects of the family Tenthredinidae, the female of which has a sawlike ovipositor for inserting the eggs in the ...
sawgrass
saw grass n. A tall coastal or marshy sedge (Cladium jamaicense) of eastern North America, Mexico, and the West Indies, having leaves with sharp, minutely toothed margins. * * *
Sawhāj
▪ Egypt also spelled  Sohāg, or Suhag,         town and capital of Sawhāj muḥāfaẓah (governorate) in the Nile River valley of Upper Egypt. The town is located ...
sawhorse
/saw"hawrs'/, n. a movable frame or trestle for supporting wood being sawed. [1770-80; SAW1 + HORSE] * * *
sawing machine
Machine tool for cutting up bars of material or for cutting out shapes in plates of raw material. The cutting tools (saws) may be thin metallic disks with teeth on their edges, ...
sawlog
saw log n. A log of a size large enough to be sawed into boards. * * *
sawm
/sawm/, n. fasting, esp. during the month of Ramadan; the fourth of the Pillars of Islam. * * * ▪ Islam       (Arabic: “fasting”), in Islām, any religious fast, ...
sawmill
/saw"mil'/, n. a place or building in which timber is sawed into planks, boards, etc., by machinery. [1545-55; SAW1 + MILL1] * * * Machine or plant with power-driven machines ...
sawn
/sawn/, v. a pp. of saw1. * * *
sawpalmetto
saw palmetto n. A small creeping palm (Serenoa repens) of the southeast United States, having palmately divided leaves with one-ribbed segments and black, one-seeded fruit. * * *
sawset
saw set n. An instrument used to give set to the teeth of a saw by bending each alternate tooth slightly outward. * * *
sawtimber
/saw"tim'beuhr/, n. trees suitable for sawing into planks, boards, etc. [1930-35; SAW1 + TIMBER] * * *
sawtooth
/saw"toohth'/, n., pl. sawteeth /-teeth'/, adj. n. 1. one of the cutting teeth of a saw. 2. any of the small parallel roof structures forming a sawtooth roof. adj. 3. having a ...
sawtooth roof
a roof composed of a series of small parallel roofs of triangular cross section, usually asymmetrical with the shorter slope glazed. [1895-1900] * * *
Sawu Island
▪ island, Indonesia Indonesian  Pulau Sawu , Sawu also spelled  Savu , or  Sawoe        island and island group in the Savu Sea, Nusa Tenggara Timur provinsi ...
sawyer
/saw"yeuhr, soy"euhr/, n. 1. a person who saws wood, esp. as an occupation. 2. Also called sawyer beetle. any of several long-horned beetles, esp. one of the genus Monochamus, ...
sax
sax1 /saks/, n. Informal. saxophone. [by shortening] sax2 /saks/, n. a short, single-edged sword of ancient Scandinavia. [bef. 900; ME sexe, OE seax, saex; c. ON sax (Sw, Dan sax ...
Sax, Adolphe
orig. Antoine-Joseph Sax born Nov. 6, 1814, Dinant, Belg. died Feb. 7, 1894, Paris, France Belgian instrument maker. Son of an accomplished instrument maker, he worked for his ...
Sax, Antoine-Joseph
▪ Belgian inventor also called Adolphe Sax born Nov. 6, 1814, Dinant, Belg. died Feb. 7, 1894, Paris, Fr.  Belgian-French maker of musical instruments and inventor of the ...
Sax.
1. Saxon. 2. Saxony. * * *
saxatile
/sak"seuh til/, adj. living or growing on or among rocks. [1645-55; < L saxatilis frequenting rocks, equiv. to sax(um) rock + -at- formative suffix + -ilis -ILE] * * *
Saxe
/sannks/, n. 1. Comte Hermann Maurice de /erdd mannn" maw rddees" deuh/, 1696-1750, French military leader: marshal of France 1744. 2. French name of Saxony. * * *
Saxe, (Hermann-) Maurice, count de
born Oct. 28, 1696, Goslar, Saxony died Nov. 30, 1750, Chambord, France German-born French general. The illegitimate son of Frederick Augustus I of Saxony, he served under ...
Saxe, Maurice, comte de
▪ French general (count of) born Oct. 28, 1696, Goslar, Saxony [Germany] died Nov. 30, 1750, Chambord, Fr.  general and military theorist who successfully led French armies ...
Saxe-Altenburg
/saks"ahl"tn berrg'/, n. a former duchy in Thuringia in central Germany. * * *
Saxe-Coburg
Saxe-Co·burg (săks-kōʹbûrg) A British royal house (1901-1910) whose only ruler was Edward VII. * * *
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
/saks"koh"berrg goh"theuh/, n. 1. a member of the present British royal family, from the establishment of the house in 1901 until 1917 when the family name was changed to ...
Saxe-Meiningen
/saks"muy"ning euhn/, n. a former duchy in Thuringia in central Germany. * * *
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
/saks"vuy"mahr uy"zeuhn ahkh'/, n. a former grand duchy in Thuringia in central Germany. * * *
Saxecoburggotski, Simeon
▪ 2002       On July 24, 2001, Simeon Saxecoburggotski became prime minister of Bulgaria. The new head of government had ruled the country as Tsar Simeon II from 1943 to ...
saxhorn
/saks"hawrn'/, n. any of a family of brass instruments close to the cornets and tubas. [1835-45; named after A. Sax (1814-94), a Belgian who invented such instruments] * * ...
saxicoline
/sak sik"euh lin, -luyn'/, adj. Bot., Zool. living or growing among rocks. Also, saxicolous /sak sik"euh leuhs/. [1895-1900; < NL saxicol(a) (L saxi-, comb. form of saxum rock + ...
saxicolous
saxicolous [saks΄ik′əlīn΄, saks΄ik′əlinsak sik′ə ləs] adj. 〚< L saxum, a rock (see SAXATILE) + colere, to dwell + -OUS〛 Biol. living on or among rocks: Also ...
Saxifragaceae
▪ plant family       the saxifrage family of flowering plants, in the order Rosales, comprising 36 genera of mostly perennial dicotyledonous herbs. The members are ...
saxifragaceous
/sak'seuh freuh gay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the plant family Saxifragaceae. Cf. saxifrage family. [1835-45; SAXIFRAGE + -ACEOUS] * * *
Saxifragales
▪ plant order Introduction  the saxifrage order of dicotyledonous flowering plants, consisting of 16 families, 112 genera, and nearly 2,500 species. It belongs to the core ...
saxifrage
/sak"seuh frij/, n. any plant of the genus Saxifraga, certain species of which grow wild in the clefts of rocks, other species of which are cultivated for their flowers. Cf. ...
saxifrage family
the plant family Saxifragaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, shrubs, and small trees having alternate or opposite leaves, clustered or solitary flowers, and fruit in the ...
saxitoxin
/sak'si tok"sin/, n. a powerful neurotoxin, C10H17N7O4, produced by the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax catenella, the causative agent of red tide. [1960-65; < NL Saxi(domus), a clam ...
Saxo Grammaticus
/sak"soh greuh mat"i keuhs/ c1150-1206?, Danish historian and poet. * * * flourished 12th century–early 13th century Danish historian. Little is known of Saxo's life except ...
SaxoGrammaticus
Sax·o Gram·mat·i·cus (săkʹsō grə-mătʹĭ-kəs), 1150?-1220?. Danish historian whose Gesta Danorium, a chronicle of legendary and historical Danish kings, contains the ...
Saxon
/sak"seuhn/, n. 1. a member of a Germanic people in ancient times dwelling near the mouth of the Elbe, a portion of whom invaded and occupied parts of Britain in the 5th and 6th ...
Saxon duchies
▪ historical region, Germany also called  Ernestine duchies , German  Sächsische Herzogtümer , or  Ernestinische Herzogtümer        several former states in ...
Saxon Dynasty
▪ German history also called  Liudolfing Dynasty        ruling house of German kings (Holy Roman emperors) from 919 to 1024. It came to power when the Liudolfing duke ...
Saxonism
/sak"seuh niz'euhm/, n. an English word or idiom of Anglo-Saxon rather than foreign, as Latin or French, origin. Also called Anglo-Saxonism. [1765-75; SAXON + -ISM] * * *
saxony
/sak"seuh nee/, n. 1. a fine, three-ply woolen yarn. 2. a soft-finish, compact fabric, originally of high-grade merino wool from Saxony, for topcoats and overcoats. 3. a pile ...
Saxony
—Saxonian /sak soh"nee euhn/, n., adj. —Saxonic /sak son"ik/, adj. /sak"seuh nee/, n. 1. a state in E central Germany. 4,900,000; 6561 sq. mi. (16,990 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Saxony-Anhalt
/sak"seuh nee ahn"hahlt/, n. a state in central Germany. 3,000,000; 9515 sq. mi. (24,644 sq. km). Cap.: Magdeburg. German, Sachsen-Anhalt. * * * ▪ state, ...
saxophone
—saxophonic /sak'seuh fon"ik/, adj. —saxophonist, n. /sak"seuh fohn'/, n. a musical wind instrument consisting of a conical, usually brass tube with keys or valves and a ...
saxophonist
See saxophone. * * *
saxtuba
/saks"tooh'beuh, -tyooh'-/, n. a large bass saxhorn. [1860-65; Sax (see SAXHORN) + TUBA] * * *
say
say1 —sayer, n. /say/, v., said, saying, adv., n., interj. v.t. 1. to utter or pronounce; speak: What did you say? I said "Hello!" 2. to express in words; state; declare; word: ...
Say
/say/, n. 1. Jean Baptiste /zhahonn bann teest"/, 1767-1832, French economist. Cf. Say's law. 2. Thomas, 1787-1834, U.S. entomologist. * * *
Say's law
/sayz/ the principle, propounded by Jean Baptiste Say, that the supply of goods is always matched by the demand for them. [1930-35] * * *
Say, J(ean)-B(aptiste)
born Jan. 5, 1767, Lyon, France died Nov. 15, 1832, Paris French economist. He edited a magazine and started a spinning mill before joining the faculty of the Conservatory of ...
Say, J.-B
▪ French economist in full  Jean-Baptiste Say  born January 5, 1767, Lyon, France died November 15, 1832, Paris  French economist, best known for his law of markets ...
Say, Léon
▪ French economist born June 6, 1826, Paris, Fr. died April 22, 1896, Paris       economist who served as finance minister in the Third Republic of ...
Say, Thomas
▪ American naturalist born June 27, 1787, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Oct. 10, 1834, New Harmony, Ind.       naturalist often considered to be the founder of ...
say-so
/say"soh'/, n., pl. say-sos. 1. one's personal statement or assertion. 2. final authority; directing influence. 3. an authoritative statement. [1630-40; orig., one's mere word on ...
sayable
/say"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. of the sort that can be said or spoken; utterable: He felt a great deal that was not sayable. 2. capable of being said or stated clearly, effectively, ...
Sayan Mountains
/sah yahn"/ a mountain range in the S Russian Federation in central Asia. Highest peak, Munku Sardik, 11,447 ft. (3490 m). * * * Large upland region on the frontiers of ...
SayanMountains
Sa·yan Mountains (sä-yänʹ) A range of mountains in south-central Russia west of Lake Baikal. The mountains have important mineral deposits. * * *
Sayão
/sah yow", -yah"ooh/; Port. /sah yowonn"/, n. Bidú /bee"dooh/; Port. /bi dooh"/, (Balduina de Oliveira Sayão) born 1906?, Brazilian soprano. * * *
Sayao, Bidu
▪ 2000 Balduina de Oliveira Sayão        Brazilian coloratura soprano whose technique, personality, and acting ability made her one of the most popular stars of New ...
Sayat-Nova
▪ Armenian troubadour pseudonym  of Aruthin Sayadian   born 1712, Tiflis, Georgia died 1795, Tiflis       Armenian troubadour known for his love ...
Sayce, Archibald H
▪ British language scholar born Sept. 25, 1845, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Feb. 4, 1933, Bath, Somerset  British language scholar whose many valuable ...
Saye and Sele, William Fiennes, 1st Viscount, 8th Lord Saye And Sele
▪ English statesman born May 28, 1582, Broughton Castle, near Banbury, Oxfordshire, Eng. died April 14, 1662, Broughton Castle       English statesman, a leading ...
sayer
See say. * * *
Sayers
/say"euhrz, sairz/, n. Dorothy L(eigh), 1893-1957, English novelist, essayist, and dramatist. * * *
Sayers, Dorothy L(eigh)
Say·ers (sāʹərz), Dorothy L(eigh). 1893-1957. British writer known for her detective stories, usually featuring the amateur investigator Lord Peter Wimsey. * * * born June ...
Sayers, Dorothy L.
▪ British writer in full  Dorothy Leigh Sayers   born June 13, 1893, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Dec. 17, 1957, Witham, Essex       English scholar and writer ...
Sayers, Gale
▪ American athlete in full  Gale Eugene Sayers  born May 30, 1943, Wichita, Kansas, U.S.    American gridiron football (football, gridiron) player who in 1977 became the ...
Sayers, Tom
▪ English boxer born May 25, 1826, Brighton, Sussex, Eng. died Nov. 8, 1865, London?  boxer who participated in the first international heavyweight championship match and ...
Sayers,Gale Eugene
Sayers, Gale Eugene. Born 1943. American football player. A running back with the Chicago Bears (1965-1971), he is one of few players to score touchdowns by rushing, receiving, ...
sayest
/say"ist/, v. Archaic. 2nd pers. sing. of say1. Also, sayst /sayst/. * * *
Sayf al-Dawlah
▪ Ḥamdānid ruler in full  Sayf al-Dawlah Abū al-Ḥasan ibn Ḥamdān  born 916 died 967, Aleppo, Syria       ruler of northern Syria who was the founder and the ...
saying
/say"ing/, n. 1. something said, esp. a proverb or apothegm. 2. go without saying, to be completely self-evident; be understood: It goes without saying that you are welcome to ...
Sayles, John
born Sept. 28, 1950, Schenectady, N.Y., U.S. U.S. film director. He graduated from Williams College and wrote short stories and novels, including Union Dues (1977), before ...
sayonara
/suy'euh nahr"euh/; Japn. /sah"yaw nah"rddah/, interj., n. farewell; good-bye. [1870-75; < Japn sayo-nara, equiv. to sayo thus (sa that + yo, earlier yau < MChin, equiv. to Chin ...
Sayre, Anne Colquhoun
▪ 1999       American writer whose book Rosalind Franklin and DNA (1975) helped reveal sexism in the scientific community and led to the acknowledgment of Franklin's ...
Sayreville
/sair"vil/, n. a city in central New Jersey. 29,969. * * *
says
/sez/, v. 3rd pers. sing. pres. ind. of say. * * *
Sayville
/say"vil/, n. a town on the S shore of Long Island, in SE New York. 12,013. * * *
sayyid
/sah"yid, say"id/, n. 1. (in Islamic countries) a supposed descendant of Muhammad through his grandson Hussein, the second son of his daughter Fatima. 2. a title of respect, esp. ...
Sayyid Dynasty
▪ Indian dynasty       rulers of India's Delhi sultanate (c. 1414–51) as successors of the Tughluq dynasty until displaced by the Afghan Lodīs; this family claimed to ...
Sazerac
/saz"euh rak'/, Trademark. a cocktail made with rye or bourbon, bitters, Pernod, and sugar, stirred or shaken with ice, strained and served with a twist of lemon rind. * * *
Sazonov, Sergey (Dmitriyevich)
born Aug. 10, 1860, Ryazan province, Russia died Dec. 25, 1927, Nice, Fr. Russian diplomat. After he became minister of foreign affairs in 1910, Sazonov promoted close ...
Sazonov, Sergey Dmitriyevich
▪ Russian statesman born July 29 [Aug. 10, New Style], 1860, Ryazan province, Russia died Dec. 25, 1927, Nice, Fr.       statesman and diplomat, Russia's minister of ...
Sa{ʽ}īd ibn Sulṭān
or Saʽīd Sayyid born 1791, Oman died Oct. 19, 1856, at sea Ruler of Muscat and Oman and of Zanzibar (1806–56). He made Zanzibar the principal power in East Africa and the ...
Sa{ʽ}ūd
in full Saʽūd ibn ʽAbd al-ʽAzīz al-Fayṣal Āl Saʽūd born Jan. 15, 1902, Kuwait died Feb. 23, 1969, Athens, Greece King of Saudi Arabia (1953–64). Son and successor ...
Sa{ʽ}ūd dynasty
or Āl Saʽūd ("Saʽūd family") Rulers of present-day Saudi Arabia. In the 18th century Muḥammad ibn Saʽūd (d. 1765), chief of an Arabian village that had never fallen ...
Ṣāʾib
▪ Persian poet in full  Mīrzā Muḥammad ʿalī Ṣāʾib,  also called  Ṣāʾib Of Tabriz, or Ṣāʾib Of Eṣfahān  born 1601/02, Tabrīz, Iran died c. ...
Saʿādah, Anṭūn
▪ Syrian politician born 1904, died July 9, 1949, Beirut, Leb.       Syrian political agitator who sought to unify Syria with neighbouring areas that he considered ...
Saʿadia ben Joseph
▪ Jewish exegete and philosopher Introduction Arabic  Saʿīd Ibn Yūsuf Al-fayyūmī   born 882, Dilaz, in al-Fayyūm, Egypt died September 942, Sura, ...
Ṣaʿdah
▪ Yemen also spelled  Saada        town, northwestern Yemen, in the mountainous Yemen Highlands. It was the original capital of the Zaydī dynasty of imams ...
Saʿdī
▪ Persian poet also spelled  Saadi , byname of  Musharrif al-Dīn ibn Muṣlih al-Dīn   born c. 1213, Shīrāz, Iran died Dec. 9, 1291, Shīrāz  Persian poet, one of ...
Saʿīd ibn Sulṭān
▪ ruler of Muscat, Oman, and Zanzibar Introduction in full Saʿīd Ibn Sulṭān Ibn Aḥmad Ibn Saʿīd Al-būsa ʿīdī, also called Saʿīd Imām, or Saʿīd Sayyid born ...
Saʿīd Pasha
▪ Ottoman viceroy of Egypt born 1822, Cairo, Egypt died Jan. 18, 1863, Alexandria       Ottoman viceroy of Egypt (1854–63) whose administrative policies fostered the ...
Saʿīd, Amīnah al-
▪ Egyptian journalist and writer born 1914, Cairo, Egypt died August 13, 1995, Cairo       Egyptian journalist and writer who was one of Egypt's leading feminists and ...
Ṣāʿiqah, al-
▪ Syrian guerrilla organization Arabic“Thunderbolt”       Syrian guerrilla force sponsored by the Syrian government with the purpose of promoting the interests of ...
Saʿūd
▪ king of Saudi Arabia in full  Saʿūd Ibn Abdul ʿazīz Al-fayṣal As-saʿūd   born Jan. 15, 1902, Kuwait died Feb. 23, 1969, Athens, Greece  son and successor of Ibn ...
Sb
Symbol, Chem. antimony. [ < LL stibium] * * *
sb.
substantive. * * *
SBA
See Small Business Administration. Also, S.B.A. * * *
SbE
See south by east. * * *
SBIC
Small Business Investment Company. * * *
śbk
Central Semitic, to entwine, weave, insert. 1. sambuca1, from Aramaic sabbəkā, sambuca, from səbak, to fasten, cling. 2. xebec, from Arabic šabbāk, type of small ship, from ...
SBLI
Savings Bank Life Insurance. * * *
SBN
Standard Book Number. * * *
ṣbr
Common Semitic noun *ṣabar-, aloe, cactus. sabra, from Hebrew ṣābār, sabra, prickly pear. * * *
šbt
Central Semitic, to cease, rest. a. Sabbath, sabbatical, Shabbat, from Hebrew šabbāt, Sabbath, from šābat, to cease, rest; b. Shabbos, from Ashkenazic Hebrew pronunciation of ...
šbṭ
To strike, beat. Shevat, from Hebrew šəbāṭ, a month name, from Akkadian šabāṭu, name of a month corresponding to parts of January and February, perhaps akin to ...
SbW
See south by west. * * *
šbʿ
Common Semitic *šabʿ-, seven. 1. a. Shavuot, from Hebrew šābûʿôt, plural of šābûaʿ, week, from šebaʿ, seven; b. shiva, from Hebrew šibʿâ, seven, feminine of ...
SC
South Carolina (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * *
Sc
Symbol, Chem. scandium. * * *
Sc.
1. Scotch. 2. Scotland. 3. Scots. 4. Scottish. * * *
sc.
1. scale. 2. scene. 3. science. 4. scientific. 5. namely. [ < L scilicet, contr. of scire licet it is permitted to know] 6. screw. 7. scruple. 8. sculpsit. * * *
Sc.B.
See Bachelor of Science. [ < L Scientiae Baccalaureus] * * *
Sc.B.C.
Bachelor of Science in Chemistry. * * *
Sc.B.E.
Bachelor of Science in Engineering. * * *
Sc.D.
Doctor of Science. [ < L Scientiae Doctor] * * *
Sc.D.Hyg.
Doctor of Science in Hygiene. * * *
Sc.D.Med.
Doctor of Medical Science. * * *
Sc.M.
See Master of Science. [ < L Scientiae Magister] * * *
Sc.M.Hyg.
Master of Science in Hygiene. * * *
scab
—scablike, adj. /skab/, n., v., scabbed, scabbing. n. 1. the incrustation that forms over a sore or wound during healing. 2. Vet. Pathol. a mangy disease in animals, esp. ...
scabbard
—scabbardless, adj. /skab"euhrd/, n. 1. a sheath for a sword or the like. See illus. under scimitar. v.t. 2. to put into a scabbard; sheathe. [1250-1300; ME scalburde, ...
scabbardfish
scabbardfish [skab′ərdfish΄] n. pl. scabbardfish or scabbardfishes (see FISH) any of several ocean fishes with an elongated, compressed, silvery body, as a cutlassfish: often ...
scabbed
—scabbedness, n. /skab"id, skabd/, adj. 1. covered with or affected by scabs. 2. Obs. mean or petty. [1250-1300; ME; see SCAB, -ED3] * * *
scabbily
See scabby. * * *
scabbiness
See scabbily. * * *
scabble
/skab"euhl/, v.t., scabbled, scabbling. to shape or dress (stone) roughly. [1610-20; var. of scapple < MF escapeler to dress (timber)] * * *
scabby
—scabbily, adv. —scabbiness, n. /skab"ee/, adj., scabbier, scabbiest. 1. covered with scabs; having many scabs. 2. consisting of scabs. 3. (of an animal or plant) having ...
scabicide
/skab"euh suyd'/, adj. 1. Also, scabicidal. destructive to the organisms causing scabies. n. 2. a scabicide agent. [SCABI(ES) + -CIDE] * * *
scabies
—scabietic /skay'bee et"ik/, adj. /skay"beez, -bee eez'/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Pathol., Vet. Pathol. a contagious skin disease occurring esp. in sheep and cattle and also ...
scabietic
sca·bi·et·ic (skā'bē-ĕtʹĭk) adj. Relating to or affected with scabies. * * *
scabiosa
scabiosa [skā΄bē ō′sə] n. 〚ModL; once considered a remedy for the itch: see SCABIOUS1〛 any of genus (Scabiosa) of plants of the teasel family, having showy, variously ...
scabious
scabious1 /skay"bee euhs/, adj. 1. covered with or consisting of scabs; scabby. 2. pertaining to or of the nature of scabies. [1595-1605; SCABI(ES) + -OUS] scabious2 /skay"bee ...
scabland
/skab"land'/, n. Physical Geog. rough, barren, volcanic topography with thin soils and little vegetation. [1920-25, Amer.; SCAB + LAND] * * *
scabrous
—scabrously, adv. —scabrousness, n. /skab"reuhs/, adj. 1. having a rough surface because of minute points or projections. 2. indecent or scandalous; risqué; obscene: ...
scabrously
See scabrous. * * *
scabrousness
See scabrously. * * *
scad
scad1 /skad/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) scad, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) scads. 1. any carangid fish of the genus Decapterus, inhabiting tropical and ...
Scaevola
/see"veuh leuh, sev"euh-/, n. Gaius /gay"euhs/ (or Caius) /kay"euhs/ Mucius /myooh"shee euhs, -sheuhs/, fl. 6th century B.C., Roman hero. * * *
Scaevola, Gaius Mucius
▪ Roman hero       legendary Roman hero who is said to have saved Rome (c. 509 BC) from conquest by the Etruscan king Lars Porsena. According to the legend, Mucius ...
Scaevola, Publius Mucius
▪ Roman consul died c. 115 BC       one of the foremost Roman jurists of his time and a prominent figure in the events surrounding the downfall of Tiberius Gracchus. ...
Scaevola, Quintus Mucius
or Pontifex died 82 BC Roman lawgiver. He served successively as consul, as governor of the province of Asia, and from с 89 as pontifex maximus. About 95 he obtained the ...
Scafell Pike
/skaw"fel'/ a mountain in NW England, in Cumberland: highest peak in England. 3210 ft. (978 m). * * *
ScafellPike
Sca·fell Pike (skôʹfĕl') A mountain in the Cumbrian Mountains of northwest England. At 979.1 m (3,210 ft), it is the highest peak in the range and the highest elevation in ...
scaffold
/skaf"euhld, -ohld/, n. 1. a temporary structure for holding workers and materials during the erection, repair, or decoration of a building. 2. an elevated platform on which a ...
scaffold nail
a nail used in building temporary structures, having a stop on its shank to prevent its being driven in all the way and to leave the head free for pulling. Also called form ...
scaffolding
/skaf"euhl ding, -ohl-/, n. 1. a scaffold or system of scaffolds. 2. materials for scaffolds. [1300-50; ME skaf(f)aldyng; see SCAFFOLD, -ING1] * * *
scag
/skag/, n. Slang. heroin. Also, skag. [1965-70; of obscure orig.; cf. earlier scag cigarette butt] * * *
scagliola
—scagliolist, n. /skal yoh"leuh/, n. plasterwork imitating marble, granite, or the like. [1575-85; < It, equiv. to scagli(a) a chip ( < Goth skalja tile; c. SHELL) + -ola dim. ...
scala cordonata
It. /skah"lah kawrdd'daw nah"tah/, pl. scale cordonate It. /skah"le kawrdd'daw nah"te/. a ramp having the form of broad, slightly inclined steps. [ < It; see SCALE3, CORDON, ...
scalable
—scalableness, n. —scalably, adv. /skay"leuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being scaled: the scalable slope of a mountain. [1570-80; SCALE3 + -ABLE] * * *
scalade
/skeuh layd"/, n. Archaic. escalade. [1585-95; var. of ESCALADE] * * *
scalage
/skay"lij/, n. 1. an assessed percentage deduction, as in weight or price, granted in dealings with goods that are likely to shrink, leak, or otherwise vary in the amount or ...
scalar
/skay"leuhr/, adj. 1. representable by position on a scale or line; having only magnitude: a scalar variable. 2. of, pertaining to, or utilizing a scalar. 3. ladderlike in ...
scalar field
Math., Physics. a region with a number assigned at each point. Cf. vector field. [1930-35] * * *
scalar product
Math. See inner product (def. 1). [1875-80] * * *
scalar triple product
Math. the volume of the parallelepiped defined by three given vectors, u, v, and w, usually represented as u·v1(v×w), [uvw], or (uvw), where × denotes a cross product and · ...
scalare
/skeuh lair"ee, -lahr"ee/, n. any of three deep-bodied, cichlid fishes, Pterophyllum scalare, P. altum, and P. eimekei, inhabiting northern South American rivers, often kept in ...
scalariform
/skeuh lar"euh fawrm'/, adj. Biol. ladderlike. [1830-40; < NL scalariformis. See SCALAR, -FORM] * * *
scalariformly
See scalariform. * * *
scalarproduct
scalar product n. The numerical product of the lengths of two vectors and the cosine of the angle between them. Also called dot product, inner product. * * *
scalation
/skay lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an arrangement of scales, as on a fish. 2. ichthyosis. [SCALE1 + -ATION] * * *
scalawag
—scalawaggery, n. —scalawaggy, adj. /skal"euh wag'/, n. 1. a scamp; rascal. 2. U.S. Hist. a native white Southerner who collaborated with the occupying forces during ...
scald
scald1 /skawld/, v.t. 1. to burn or affect painfully with or as if with hot liquid or steam. 2. to subject to the action of boiling or hot liquid. 3. to heat to a temperature ...
scalding
scald·ing (skôlʹdĭng) adj. 1. Causing a burning sensation, as from contact with hot liquid. 2. Boiling: scalding water. 3. Scorching; searing: scalding sunlight. 4. Harshly ...
scaldingly
See scalding. * * *
scale
scale1 —scaleless, adj. —scalelike, adj. /skayl/, n., v., scaled, scaling. n. 1. Zool. a. one of the thin, flat, horny plates forming the covering of certain animals, as ...
scale insect
any of numerous small, plant-sucking homopterous insects of the superfamily Coccoidea, the males of which are winged and the females wingless, often covered by a waxy secretion ...
scale leaf
a scalelike leaf, as a bud scale or certain bracts. [1880-85] * * *
scale moss
any thalloid liverwort. [1840-50] * * *
scale worm
▪ annelid       any member of the superfamily Aphroditoidea (class Polychaeta, phylum Annelida), a group of widely distributed free-moving, segmented marine worms that ...
scaleboard
/skayl"bawrd', -bohrd', skab"euhrd/, n. 1. a very thin board, as for the back of a picture. 2. Print. a thin strip of wood used in justifying. 3. a thin sheet of wood used as ...
scaled
/skayld/, adj. Armor. noting armor having imbricated metal plates sewn to a flexible backing. [1350-1400; ME scalid. See SCALE1, -ED3] * * *
scaledown
/skayl"down'/, n. a reduction in size, quantity, or activity according to a fixed scale or proportion: a scaledown of military expenditures. Also called scaleback ...
scaleinsect
scale insect n. Any of various small homopterous insects of the superfamily Coccoidea that suck the juices of plants, the females of which secrete and remain under waxy scales on ...
scaleless dragonfish
      any of the more than 180 species of marine fishes constituting the subfamily Melanostomiinae of the family Stomiidae (order Stomiiformes), with representatives ...
scalelike
See scale1. * * *
scalemoss
scale moss n. Any of various leafy liverworts of the order Jungermanniales. * * *
scalene
/skay leen"/, adj. 1. Geom. a. (of a cone or the like) having the axis inclined to the base. b. (of a triangle) having three unequal sides. 2. Anat. of or pertaining to a ...
scalenemuscle
scalene muscle n. Any of three muscles on each side of the neck that serve to bend and rotate the neck and that assist breathing by raising or fixing the first two ribs. Also ...
scalenohedron
—scalenohedral, adj. /skay lee'neuh hee"dreuhn/, n., pl. scalenohedrons, scalenohedra /-dreuh/. Crystall. a hemihedral crystal form of 8 or 12 faces, each face being a scalene ...
scalenus
/skay lee"neuhs/, n., pl. scaleni /-nuy/. Anat. any of three muscles on each side of the neck, the action of which raises the first and second ribs in respiration and assists in ...
scalepan
/skayl"pan'/, n. scale2 (def. 2). [1820-30; SCALE2 + PAN1] * * *
scaler
/skay"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that scales. 2. Also called counter, scaling circuit. Electronics. an electronic circuit devised to give a single pulse as output after a ...
Scales
Scales (skālz) pl.n. (used with a sing. verb) See Libra. * * * (1932– ) an English actor, especially in comedy parts. She is best known for playing the part of Sybil Fawlty ...
scaletail
scaletail [skāl′tāl΄] n. any of a family (Anomaluridae) of African rodents that outwardly resemble flying squirrels and have scalelike structures on the lower surface of the ...
scaleup
/skayl"up'/, n. an increase in size, quantity, or activity according to a fixed scale or proportion: a scaleup of an engineering design; a scaleup program of energy ...
Scalfaro, Oscar Luigi
▪ president of Italy born Sept. 9, 1918, Novara, Italy    lawyer and politician who was president of Italy from 1992 to 1999.       Educated at the Catholic ...
Scali, John A.
▪ 1996       U.S. news correspondent who served as an unofficial go-between during what became known as the Cuban missile crisis and thus helped defuse tensions between ...
Scalia
/skeuh lee"euh/, n. Antonin /an"teuh nin/, born 1936, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court since 1986. * * *
Scalia, Antonin
born March 11, 1936, Trenton, N.J., U.S. U.S. jurist. He studied at Georgetown University and Harvard Law School, where he edited its law review. Successively, he worked for a ...
Scalia,Antonin
Sca·li·a (skə-lēʹə), Antonin. Born 1936. American jurist who was appointed an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court in 1986. * * *
Scaliger
/skal"i jeuhr/, n. 1. Joseph Justus /jus"teuhs/, 1540-1609, French scholar and critic. 2. his father, Julius Caesar, 1484-1558, Italian scholar, philosopher, and critic in ...
Scaliger, Joseph Justus
▪ Dutch philologist and historian born Aug. 5, 1540, Agen, Fr. died Jan. 21, 1609, Leiden, Holland [now in Neth.]  Dutch philologist and historian whose works on chronology ...
Scaliger, Julius Caesar
▪ French scholar Scaliger also spelled  Scaligeri   born April 23, 1484, Riva, Republic of Venice [Italy] died Oct. 21, 1558, Agen, Fr.       French classical ...
Scaliger, Julius Caesar, and Scaliger, Joseph Justus
born April 23, 1484, Riva, Republic of Venice died Oct. 21, 1558, Agen, France born Aug. 5, 1540, Agen, France died Jan. 21, 1609, Leiden, Holland Classical scholars. Julius ...
Scaliger,Julius Caesar
Scal·i·ger (skălʹə-jər), Julius Caesar. 1484-1558. Italian physician and scholar noted for his scientific and philosophical writings. His son Joseph Justus Scaliger ...
scaliness
scaliness [skā′lē nis] n. a scaly quality or condition * * * See scaly. * * *
scaling
/skay"ling/, n. Dentistry. the removal of calculus and other deposits on the teeth by means of instruments. [SCALE1 + -ING1] * * *
scaling circuit
scaling circuit n. SCALER (sense 2) * * *
scaling ladder
a ladder for climbing high walls. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
scall
/skawl/, n. dandruff. [1250-1300; ME < ON skalli bald head. Compare skull] * * *
scallawag
/skal"euh wag'/, n. Chiefly Brit. scalawag. * * *
scalled
/skawld/, adj. scald3 (def. 1). * * *
scallion
/skal"yeuhn/, n. 1. any onion that does not form a large bulb; green onion. 2. a shallot. 3. a leek. [1300-50; late ME scalyon(e) < OF *escaloigne < VL *escalonia, var. of L ...
scallop
/skol"euhp, skal"-/, n. 1. any of the bivalve mollusks of the genus Argopecten (Pecten) and related genera that swim by rapidly clapping the fluted shell valves together. 2. the ...
scallop squash.
See pattypan squash. * * *
scalloper
/skol"euh peuhr, skal"-/, n. a person or thing that scallops. [1880-85; SCALLOP + -ER1] * * *
scalloping
/skol"euh ping, skal"-/, n. 1. the act or occupation of collecting scallops. 2. a pattern or contour in the form of scallops, as along the edge of a garment. 3. the act of ...
scallywag
/skal"ee wag'/, n. scalawag. * * *
scalogram
/skay"leuh gram'/, n. Psychol. an attitude scale in which a positive answer to an item implies agreement with items appearing lower on the scale. [1940-45; SCALE3 + -O- + ...
scaloppine
/skah'leuh pee"nee, skal'euh-/, n. Italian Cookery. scallops, esp. of veal, flattened by pounding and usually dredged in flour or breadcrumbs and sautéed quickly: scaloppine ...
scalp
—scalper, n. —scalpless, adj. /skalp/, n. 1. the integument of the upper part of the head, usually including the associated subcutaneous structures. 2. a part of this ...
scalp lock
a long lock or tuft of hair left on the shorn scalp by some North American Indian men. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
scalpel
—scalpellic /skal pel"ik/, adj. /skal"peuhl/, n. a small, light, usually straight knife used in surgical and anatomical operations and dissections. [1735-45; < L scalpellum, ...
scalper
See scalp. * * *
scalping
Removal of all or part of the scalp, with hair attached, from an enemy's head. It is best known as a practice of North American Indian warfare. At first confined to eastern ...
scalplock
scalp lock n. A long lock of hair left on the top of the shaven head by certain Native American men. * * *
scalpriform
/skal"preuh fawrm'/, adj. chisel-shaped, as the incisors of certain rodents. [1820-30; < L scalpri- (comb. form of scalprum; see SCALPEL) + -FORM] * * *
scaly
—scaliness, n. /skay"lee/, adj., scalier, scaliest. 1. covered with or abounding in scales or scale. 2. characterized by or consisting of scales; scalelike. 3. peeling or ...
scaly anteater
pangolin. [1830-40] * * *
scalyanteater
scaly anteater n. See pangolin. * * *
scam
—scammer, n. /skam/, n., v., scammed, scamming. n. 1. a confidence game or other fraudulent scheme, esp. for making a quick profit; swindle. v.t. 2. to cheat or defraud with a ...
Scamander
/skeuh man"deuhr/, n. ancient name of the river Menderes. Also, Skamandros. * * *
scamillus
/skeuh mil"euhs/, n. Archit. 1. a slight bevel at an arris of a stone, as in the necking of a Greek Doric column. 2. a plain stone beneath the plinth of a column. [ < L, dim. of ...
scammer
See scam. * * *
scammony
—scammoniate /ska moh"nee it/, adj. /skam"euh nee/, n., pl. scammonies. a twining, Asian convolvulus, Convolvulus scammonia. [bef. 1000; ME scamonie, OE < L scamonia < Gk ...
Scamozzi, Vincenzo
▪ Italian architect born 1552, Vicenza, republic of Venice [Italy] died 1616, Venice       Italian architect, architectural theorist, and stage designer of the late ...
scamp
—scamper, n. —scampingly, adv. —scampish, adj. —scampishly, adv. —scampishness, n. /skamp/, n. 1. an unscrupulous and often mischievous person; rascal; rogue; ...
scamper
/skam"peuhr/, v.i. 1. to run or go hastily or quickly. 2. to run playfully about, as a child. n. 3. a scampering; a quick run. [1680-90; obs. scamp to go (see SCAMP) + -ER6] * * *
scampi
/skam"pee, skahm"-/, n., pl. scampi. Italian Cookery. 1. a large shrimp or prawn. 2. a dish of shrimp or prawns grilled or sautéed in oil or butter and garlic. [1920-25; < It, ...
scan
—scannable, adj. /skan/, v., scanned, scanning, n. v.t. 1. to glance at or over or read hastily: to scan a page. 2. to examine the particulars or points of minutely; ...
Scan.
Scandinavia. * * *
Scand
Scandinavian (def. 3). * * *
Scand.
1. Scandinavia. 2. Scandinavian. * * *
scandal
/skan"dl/, n., v., scandaled, scandaling or (esp. Brit.) scandalled, scandalling. n. 1. a disgraceful or discreditable action, circumstance, etc. 2. an offense caused by a fault ...
scandal sheet
a newspaper or magazine that emphasizes scandal or gossip. [1900-05] * * *
scandalization
See scandalize. * * *
scandalize
—scandalization, n. —scandalizer, n. /skan"dl uyz'/, v.t., scandalized, scandalizing. 1. to shock or horrify by something considered immoral or improper. 2. Naut. to spill ...
scandalizer
See scandalization. * * *
scandalmonger
/skan"dl mung'geuhr, -mong'-/, n. a person who spreads scandal or gossip. [1715-25; SCANDAL + MONGER] * * *
scandalmongering
See scandalmonger. * * *
scandalous
—scandalously, adv. —scandalousness, n. /skan"dl euhs/, adj. 1. disgraceful; shameful or shocking; improper: scandalous behavior in public. 2. defamatory or libelous, as a ...
scandalously
See scandalous. * * *
scandalousness
See scandalously. * * *
scandalsheet
scandal sheet n. A periodical, such as a newspaper, that habitually prints gossip or scandalous stories. * * *
scandent
/skan"deuhnt/, adj. climbing, as a plant. [1675-85; < L scandent- (s. of scandens, prp. of scandere to climb); see SCAN, -ENT] * * *
Scanderbeg
/skan"deuhr beg'/, n. (George Castriota) 1403?-68, Albanian chief and revolutionary leader. Turkish, Iskander Bey. * * *
scandia
/skan"dee euh/, n. Chem. See scandium oxide. [ < NL; see SCANDIUM, -IA] * * *
Scandia
/skan"dee euh/, n. ancient name of the S Scandinavian Peninsula. * * *
Scandian
/skan"dee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Scandia. n. 2. a Scandinavian. [1660-70; SCANDI(A) + -AN] * * *
scandic
/skan"dik/, adj. Chem. of or pertaining to scandium: scandic oxide. [SCAND(IUM) + -IC] * * *
Scandinavia
/skan'deuh nay"vee euh/, n. 1. Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and sometimes Finland, Iceland, and the Faeroe Islands. 2. Also called Scandinavian Peninsula. the peninsula consisting of ...
Scandinavian
/skan'deuh nay"vee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Scandinavia, its inhabitants, or their languages. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Scandinavia. 3. the group of languages ...
Scandinavian Airlines System
      major international air travel company, formed by three national Scandinavian air carriers.       Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) was established in 1946 ...
Scandinavian Ice Sheet
▪ glaciology       one of the largest Pleistocene glacial masses, covering most of northern Europe (the Pleistocene Epoch began about 1,600,000 years ago and ended about ...
Scandinavian languages
Introduction also called  North Germanic languages    group of Germanic languages consisting of modern standard Danish (Danish language), Swedish (Swedish language), ...
Scandinavian law
Introduction       in medieval times, a separate and independent branch of early Germanic law, and, in modern times, in the form of codifications, the basis of the legal ...
Scandinavian literature
also called  Nordic literature        the body of works, both oral and written, produced within Scandinavia in the North Germanic group of languages, in the Finnish ...


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