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Scandinavian lox.
See under lox1. * * *
Scandinavian Peninsula
Scandinavian Peninsula large peninsula in N Europe, consisting of Norway & Sweden * * * Large promontory, northern Europe. Occupied by Norway and Sweden, it is about 1,150 mi ...
Scandinavian Peninsula A peninsula of northern Europe comprising the countries of Norway and Sweden. * * *
/skan"dee euhm/, n. Chem. a rare, trivalent, metallic element obtained from thortveitite. Symbol: Sc; at. wt.: 44.956; at. no.: 21; sp. gr.: 3.0. [1875-80; < NL; see SCANDIA, ...
scandium oxide
Chem. a white infusible powder, Sc2O3, soluble in acids. Also called scandia. * * *
scandium oxide n. A white amorphous powder, Sc2O3, used as a source of scandium and in manufacturing ceramics. Also called scandia. * * *
Scanlon of Davyhulme, Hugh Parr Scanlon, Baron
▪ 2005       British trade-union leader (b. Oct. 26, 1913, Melbourne, Australia—d. Jan. 27, 2004, Broadstairs, Kent, Eng.), tenaciously and unswervingly upheld ...
Scanlon, John Patrick
▪ 2002       American public relations consultant (b. Feb. 27, 1935, New York, N.Y.—d. May 4, 2001, New York), specialized in representing high-profile and often ...
scannable [skan′ə bəl] adj. that can be scanned * * * See scan. * * *
/skan"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that scans. 2. optical scanner. See under optical scanning. 3. Photog. any device for exposing an image on film, a sensitized plate, etc., by ...
scanner, optical
Computer input device that uses a light beam to scan codes, text, or graphic images directly into a computer or computer system. Bar-code scanners are used widely at ...
scanning disk
Television. (in mechanical scanning) a disk with a line of holes spiraling in from its edge, rotated in front of a surface so as to expose a small segment as each hole passes ...
scanning electron microscope
a device in which the specimen is examined point by point directly in a moving electron beam, and electrons reflected by the specimen are used to form a magnified, ...
scanning line
(in a cathode-ray or television tube) a single horizontal trace made by the electron beam in one traversal of the fluorescent screen. Cf. frame (def. 9). [1925-30] * * *
scanning tunneling microscope
a device that uses a moving needle and the tunnel effect to generate a maplike image of the atomic surface structure of matter, thereby achieving even greater magnification than ...
scanningelectron microscope
scan·ning electron microscope (skănʹĭng) n. Abbr. SEM An electron microscope that forms a three-dimensional image on a cathode-ray tube by moving a beam of focused electrons ...
scanningtunneling microscope
scanning tunneling microscope n. A microscope that scans the surface of a sample with a beam of electrons, causing a narrow channel of tunneling electrons to flow between the ...
/skan"sheuhn/, n. Pros. the metrical analysis of verse. The usual marks for scansion are breve for a short or unaccented syllable, ¯ or ' for a long or accented syllable, ^ for ...
/skan sawr"ee euhl, -sohr"-/, adj. Zool. 1. capable of or adapted for climbing, as the feet of certain birds, lizards, etc. 2. habitually climbing, as a woodpecker. [1800-10; < L ...
—scantly, adv. —scantness, n. /skant/, adj., scanter, scantest, v., adv. adj. 1. barely sufficient in amount or quantity; not abundant; almost inadequate: to do scant ...
scanties [skan′tēz] pl.n. very brief underpants, esp. for women * * *
See scanty. * * *
See scantily. * * *
/skant"ling/, n. 1. a timber of relatively slight width and thickness, as a stud or rafter in a house frame. 2. such timbers collectively. 3. the width and thickness of a ...
See scant. * * *
See scantly. * * *
—scantily, adv. —scantiness, n. /skan"tee/, adj., scantier, scantiest. n., pl. scanties. adj. 1. scant in amount, quantity, etc.; barely sufficient. 2. meager; not ...
Scapa Flow
/skah"peuh, skap"euh/ an area of water off the N coast of Scotland, in the Orkney Islands: British naval base; German warships scuttled 1919. * * * Sea basin, Orkney Islands, ...
Scap·a Flow (skăp'ə) A sheltered area of water in the Orkney Islands off northern Scotland. It was the site of the chief British naval base in both World Wars. The German ...
scape1 /skayp/, n. 1. Bot. a leafless peduncle rising from the ground. 2. Zool. a stemlike part, as the shaft of a feather. 3. Archit. the shaft of a column. 4. Entomol. the ...
scape wheel
Horol. See escape wheel. [1815-25] * * *
/skayp"goht'/, n. 1. a person or group made to bear the blame for others or to suffer in their place. 2. Chiefly Biblical. a goat let loose in the wilderness on Yom Kippur after ...
/skayp"goh tiz'euhm/, n. the act or practice of assigning blame or failure to another, as to deflect attention or responsibility away from oneself. Also called ...
/skayp"grays'/, n. a complete rogue or rascal; a habitually unscrupulous person; scamp. [1800-10; SCAPE2 + GRACE] * * *
▪ fossil cephalopod       extinct genus of cephalopods (animals related to the modern octopus, squid, and nautilus) found as fossils in marine deposits. Because ...
a combining form meaning "boat," used in the formation of compound words: scaphocephaly. Also, esp. before a vowel, scaph-. [comb. form repr. Gk skáphe boat] * * *
scaph·o·ce·phal·ic (skăf'ō-sə-fălʹĭk) adj. Having an abnormally long narrow skull.   [Greek skaphē, boat + -cephalic.]   scaph'o·cephʹa·ly (-ə-sĕfʹə-lē) ...
—scaphocephalic /skaf'oh seuh fal"ik/, scaphocephalous, adj. /skaf'euh sef"euh lee/, n. Pathol. premature closure of the sagittal suture resulting in a deformed skull having an ...
/skaf"oyd/, adj. 1. boat-shaped; navicular. n. 2. Anat. a navicular. [1735-45; < NL scaphoides < Gk skaphoeidés like a boat. See SCAPH-, -OID] * * *
/skaf"euh pod'/, n. 1. any mollusk of the class Scaphopoda, comprising the tooth shells. adj. 2. Also, scaphopodous /skeuh fop"euh deuhs/. belonging or pertaining to the ...
▪ Italian literature       (Italian: “bohemianism”), a mid-19th-century avant-garde movement found mostly in Milan; influenced by Baudelaire, the French Symbolist ...
▪ stock theatrical character Italian  Scapino        (from Italian scappare, “to flee”), stock character of the Italian commedia dell'arte; one of the comic ...
/skap"euh luyt'/, n. 1. any of a group of minerals of variable composition, essentially silicates of aluminum, calcium, and sodium, occurring as massive aggregates or tetragonal ...
/skay"pohs/, adj. 1. having scapes; consisting of a scape. 2. resembling a scape. [1900-05; SCAPE1 + -OSE1] * * *
var. of scapulo- before a vowel: scapulalgia. * * *
/skap"yeuh leuh/, n., pl. scapulas, scapulae /-lee'/. 1. Anat. either of two flat, triangular bones, each forming the back part of a shoulder in humans; shoulder blade. See ...
scapular1 /skap"yeuh leuhr/, adj. of or pertaining to the shoulders or the scapula or scapulae. [1680-90; < NL scapularis. See SCAPULA, -AR1] scapular2 /skap"yeuh leuhr/, n. 1. ...
scapular medal
scapular medal n. R.C.Ch. a medal that has been blessed and may be substituted for a SCAPULAR (sense 2) * * *
/skap"yeuh ler'ee/, adj., n., pl. scapularies. adj. 1. scapular1. n. 2. Surg. a shoulder dressing that keeps the shoulder or another bandage in place. [1175-1225; ME scapelori, ...
/skap"yeuh leuh man'see/, n. divination of the future by observation of the cracking of a mammal's scapula that has been heated by a fire or hot instrument. Also, scapulomancy. ...
a combining form representing scapula in compound words: scapulohumeral. Also, esp. before a vowel, scapul-. * * *
scap·u·lo·cla·vic·u·lar (skăp'yə-lō-klə-vĭkʹyə-lər) adj. Of, relating to, or affecting both the scapula and the clavicle. * * *
/skap'yeuh loh hyooh"meuhr euhl/ or, often, /-yooh"-/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or involving the scapula and humerus. [1830-40; SCAPULO- + HUMERAL] * * *
scar1 —scarless, adj. /skahr/, n., v., scarred, scarring. n. 1. a mark left by a healed wound, sore, or burn. 2. a lasting aftereffect of trouble, esp. a lasting psychological ...
scar tissue
connective tissue that has contracted and become dense and fibrous. Also called cicatricial tissue. [1870-75] * * *
/skahr"fayst'/, adj. with a face marked by a scar or scars. * * *
/skar"euhb/, n. 1. any scarabaeid beetle, esp. Scarabaeus sacer, regarded as sacred by the ancient Egyptians. 2. a representation or image of a beetle, much used among the ...
scarab beetle
Any of about 30,000 beetle species (family Scarabaeidae), found worldwide, that are compact, heavy-bodied, and oval. Each antenna terminates in three flattened plates that fit ...
/skar'euh bee"id/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Scarabaeidae, a family of lamellicorn beetles, including the scarabs, dung beetles, June bugs, and cockchafers. n. 2. ...
/skar'euh bee"oyd/, adj. Also, scaraboid /skar"euh boyd'/. 1. resembling a scarab. n. 2. an imitation or counterfeit scarab. [1885-90; SCARABAE(US) + -OID] * * *
/skar'euh bee"euhs/, n., pl. scarabaeuses, scarabaei /-bee"uy/. scarab (defs. 2, 3). [1400-50; late ME < L; cf. Gk kárabos kind of beetle] * * *
scar·a·boid (skărʹə-boid') adj. Resembling or characteristic of a scarabaeid beetle. * * *
/skar"euh mowch', -moohsh'/, n. 1. a stock character in commedia dell'arte and farce who is a cowardly braggart, easily beaten and frightened. 2. (l.c.) a rascal or scamp. Also, ...
▪ dramatic character Italian  Scaramuccia,    stock character of the Italian theatrical form known as the commedia dell'arte; an unscrupulous and unreliable servant. His ...
/skahr"berr'oh, -bur'oh, -beuhr euh/, n. 1. a seaport in North Yorkshire, in NE England. 97,900. 2. a city in SW Maine. 11,347. * * * I City (pop., 2001: 593,297), southeastern ...
Scarborough lily
a plant, Vallota speciosa, of the amaryllis family, native to southern Africa, having clusters of funnel-shaped, scarlet flowers. [1880-85; after SCARBOROUGH, England] * * *
—scarceness, n. /skairs/, adj., scarcer, scarcest, adv. adj. 1. insufficient to satisfy the need or demand; not abundant: Meat and butter were scarce during the war. 2. seldom ...
/skairs"lee/, adv. 1. barely; hardly; not quite: The light is so dim we can scarcely see. 2. definitely not: This is scarcely the time to raise such questions. 3. probably not: ...
/skairs"meuhnt/, n. a footing or ledge formed by a setoff in a wall. [1495-1505; obs. scarce to lessen (v. deriv. of SCARCE) + -MENT] * * *
See scarce. * * *
/skair"si tee/, n., pl. scarcities. 1. insufficiency or shortness of supply; dearth. 2. rarity; infrequency. [1300-50; ME scarsete(e) < ONF escarsete. See SCARCE, -ITY] Syn. 1. ...
Scardino, Marjorie
▪ 2004       When Dame Marjorie Scardino, CEO of the British media firm Pearson PLC, accepted a bonus of £273,000 (about $452,000) in 2003, media watchers began asking ...
—scarer, n. —scaringly, adv. /skair/, v., scared, scaring, n. v.t. 1. to fill, esp. suddenly, with fear or terror; frighten; alarm. v.i. 2. to become frightened: That horse ...
—scarecrowish, scarecrowy, adj. /skair"kroh'/, n. 1. an object, usually a figure of a person in old clothes, set up to frighten crows or other birds away from crops. 2. ...
/skair"dee kat'/, n. Informal. fraidy-cat. [1930-35; SCARED + -Y2] * * *
/skair"hed'/, n. a headline in exceptionally large type. Cf. screamer (def. 4). [1885-90; SCARE + HEAD] * * *
—scaremongering, n. /skair"mung'geuhr, -mong'-/, n. a person who creates or spreads alarming news. [1885-90; SCARE + MONGER] * * *
See scaremonger. * * *
scare quote n. Either of a pair of quotation marks used to emphasize a word or phrase or to indicate its special status, especially to express doubt about its validity or to ...
See scare. * * *
scarf1 —scarfless, adj. —scarflike, adj. /skahrf/, n., pl. scarfs, scarves /skahrvz/, v. n. 1. a long, broad strip of wool, silk, lace, or other material worn about the neck, ...
scarf cloud
pileus (def. 3). * * *
scarf joint
1. a joint in which two timbers or other structural members are fitted together with long end laps of various forms and held in place with bolts, straps, keys, fishplates, etc., ...
the nickname the famous US criminal Al Capone. He had a mark on his face where somebody had once cut him with a knife. * * *
Scarfe, Gerald
▪ English caricaturist born June 1, 1936, London, Eng.       English caricaturist best known for his savagely grotesque portraits of politicians and other public ...
See scarf3. * * *
scarf joint n. See scarf2. * * *
/skahrf"pin'/, n. tiepin. [1855-60; SCARF1 + PIN] * * *
/skahrf"skin'/, n. the outermost layer of the skin; epidermis. [1605-15; SCARF1 + SKIN] * * *
(1938– ) an English trade union leader and politician. In 1981 he became the President of the NUM and in 1984–5 he led the miners’ strike in protest against the ...
/skar'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of scarifying. 2. the result of scarifying; a scratch or scratches. [1350-1400; ME scarificacioun < LL scarification- (s. of ...
/skar"euh fi kay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person who scarifies. 2. a surgical instrument for scarifying. [1605-15; < NL (coined by Ambroise Paré); see SCARIFY, -ATOR] * * *
See scarification. * * *
—scarifier, n. /skar"euh fuy'/, v.t., scarified, scarifying. 1. to make scratches or superficial incisions in (the skin, a wound, etc.), as in vaccination. 2. to lacerate by ...
See scary. * * *
See scarily. * * *
/skair"ee euhs/, adj. Bot. thin, dry, and membranous, as certain bracts; chaffy. [1800-10; alter. of scariose < NL scariosus < ?; see -OUS] * * *
—scarlatinal, scarlatinous /skahr'leuh tee"neuhs, skahr lat"n euhs/, adj. /skahr'leuh tee"neuh/, n. Pathol. 1. See scarlet fever. 2. a mild form of scarlet fever. [1795-1805; < ...
See scarlatina. * * *
/skahr'leuh tee"noyd, skahr lat"n oyd'/, adj. Pathol. resembling scarlatina or its eruptions. [1885-90; SCARLATIN(A) + -OID] * * *
/skahr lah"tee/; It. /skahrdd laht"tee/, n. 1. Alessandro /ah'leuh sahn"droh/; It. /ah'les sahn"drddaw/, 1659-1725, Italian composer. 2. his son Domenico /deuh men"i koh'/; It. ...
Scarlatti, (Giuseppe) Domenico
born Oct. 26, 1685, Naples died July 23, 1757, Madrid, Spain Italian composer and keyboard player. Son of the composer Alessandro Scarlatti, he worked as his father's assistant ...
Scarlatti, (Pietro) Alessandro (Gaspare)
born May 2, 1660, Palermo, Sicily, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies died Oct. 24, 1725, Naples Italian composer. He may have studied with Giacomo Carissimi in Rome. His first known ...
Scarlatti, Alessandro
▪ Italian composer in full  Pietro Alessandro Gaspare Scarlatti   born May 2, 1660, Palermo, Sicily, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies [now in Italy] died Oct. 22, 1725, ...
Scarlatti, Domenico
▪ Italian composer Introduction in full  Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti  born October 26, 1685, Naples [Italy] died July 23, 1757, Madrid, Spain   Italian composer noted ...
Scar·lat·ti (skär-läʹtē), Alessandro. 1660-1725. Italian composer who influenced the development of modern opera. His son Domenico (1685-1757), a harpsichordist, wrote ...
/skahr"lit/, n. 1. a bright-red color inclining toward orange. 2. cloth or clothing of this color. adj. 3. of the color scarlet. 4. flagrantly offensive: Their sins were ...
scarlet clematis
a slightly woody vine, Clematis texensis, of Texas, having bluish-green leaves, plumed fruit, and solitary, urn-shaped, scarlet-to-pink flowers. * * *
scarlet cup
a small, fleshy, saucer-shaped fungus, Sarcoscypha coccinea, of the family Sarcoscyphaceae, marked by a scarlet inner surface and white exterior, seen on fallen branches in the ...
scarlet eggplant
a hairy, prickly plant, Solanum integrifolium, of the nightshade family, native to Africa, grown for its furrowed, nearly round, scarlet or yellow ornamental fruit. Also called ...
scarlet fever
Pathol. a contagious febrile disease caused by streptococci and characterized by a scarlet eruption. [1670-80] * * * or scarlatina Acute infectious disease caused by some types ...
scarlet firethorn
a Eurasian evergreen, thorny shrub, Pyracantha coccinea, of the rose family, having white, hairy flower clusters and bright red berries. * * *
scarlet gilia
/jil"ee euh/ skyrocket. [1840-50, Amer.; gilia < NL, a genus name, after Felipe Gil, 18th century Spanish botanist; see -IA] * * *
scarlet hat
scarlet hat n. a cardinal's hat: see RED HAT * * *
scarlet hat.
See red hat. * * *
scarlet letter
a scarlet letter "A," formerly worn by one convicted of adultery. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
Scarlet Letter, The
a novel (1850) by Nathaniel Hawthorne. * * *
scarlet lightning
1. See scarlet lychnis. 2. See red valerian. * * *
scarlet lobelia.
See cardinal flower. * * *
scarlet lychnis
a plant, Lychnis chalcedonica, of the pink family, having scarlet or sometimes white flowers, the arrangement and shape of the petals resembling a Maltese cross. Also called ...
scarlet monkey flower.
See under monkey flower. * * *
Scarlet Pimpernel
a novel (1905) by Baroness Orczy (1865–1947). It is about a group of Englishmen who rescue upper-class French people from being killed during the French Revolution. The main ...
scarlet pimpernel.
See under pimpernel. [1850-55] * * *
scarlet runner
a twining, South American bean plant, Phaseolus coccineus, having clusters of scarlet flowers. [1780-90] * * *
scarlet runner (bean)
scarlet runner (bean) or scarlet runner n. a climbing bean plant (Phaseolus coccineus) of tropical America, having pods with large, edible, red-and-black seeds and usually having ...
scarlet sage
a tender shrub, Salvia splendens, of Brazil, having ovate leaves and bell-shaped scarlet flowers. [1905-10] * * *
scarlet snake
▪ reptile       (Cemophora coccinea), small, burrowing, nocturnal member of the family Colubridae. It occurs in the United States from New Jersey to Florida and as far ...
scarlet tanager
an American tanager, Piranga olivacea, the male of which is bright red with black wings and tail during the breeding season. See illus. under tanager. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
scarlet woman
1. a sexually promiscuous woman, esp. a prostitute or a woman who commits adultery. 2. a symbol of pagan Rome or, opprobriously, of the church of Rome. Rev. 17:1-6. [1810-20] * * ...
scarlet fever n. An acute contagious disease caused by a hemolytic streptococcus, occurring predominantly among children and characterized by a scarlet skin eruption and high ...
scarlet pimpernel n. The pimpernel. * * *
scarlet runner n. A climbing tropical American bean plant (Phaseolus coccineus) having scarlet flowers and long pods with edible seeds. * * *
scarlet sage n. A shrubby Brazilian plant (Salvia splendens) having showy scarlet flowers, red bracts, and opposite leaves. * * *
Scarlett O’Hara
➡ O’Hara * * *
scarlet tanager n. A New World bird (Piranga olivacea) the male of which has bright scarlet plumage with a black tail and wings. * * *
/skahrp/, n. 1. a line of cliffs formed by the faulting or fracturing of the earth's crust; an escarpment. 2. Fort. an escarp. v.t. 3. to form or cut into a steep ...
/skahr"peuhr/, v.i. Brit. to flee or depart suddenly, esp. without having paid one's bills. [1840-50; orig. argot, prob. < Polari
/skahrf/, n., v.t. Shipbuilding. scarf2 (defs. 1, 3, 4). * * *
/skann rddawonn"/, n. Paul /pawl/, 1610-60, French novelist, dramatist, and poet. * * *
Scarron, Paul
(baptized July 4, 1610, Paris, France died Oct. 7, 1660, Paris) French writer. With his first works, Scarron helped make the burlesque a characteristic literary form of his ...
scarry1 /skahr"ee/, adj., scarrier, scarriest. marked with the scars of wounds. [1645-55; SCAR1 + -Y1] scarry2 /skahr"ee/, adj. full of precipitous, rocky places. [1350-1400; ME; ...
/skahr"ee/, n. Richard McClure 1919-94, U.S. author and illustrator of children's books. * * *
Scarry, Richard McClure
▪ 1995       U.S. author and illustrator (b. June 5, 1919, Boston, Mass.—d. April 30, 1994, Gstaad, Switz.), captured the imagination of preschoolers with his ...
/skahrz"dayl'/, n. a town in SE New York, N of New York City. 17,650. * * * ▪ New York, United States       village and town (township), Westchester county, ...
/skahrt/, v.t., v.i. Scot. to scratch, scrape, mark, or scar. [1325-75; ME (Scots), metathetic var. of scrat to SCRATCH] * * *
scar tissue n. Dense fibrous connective tissue that forms over a healed wound or cut. * * *
/skahrvz/, n. a pl. of scarf1. * * *
/skair"ee/, adj., scarier, scariest. 1. causing fright or alarm. 2. easily frightened; timid. [1575-85; SCARE + -Y1] * * *
scat1 /skat/, v.i., scatted, scatting. Informal. to go off hastily (often used in the imperative). [1865-70, Amer.; of uncert. orig.] scat2 /skat/, v., scatted, scatting, n. ...
scat singing
Jazz. singing in which the singer substitutes improvised nonsense syllables for the words of a song, and tries to sound and phrase like a musical instrument. [1925-30] * * *
var. of scato- before a vowel. * * *
/skat"bak'/, n. Football. a fast and agile running back, often small in stature, skilled at eluding tacklers. [1945-50; Amer.; SCAT1 + BACK1] * * *
▪ Celtic mythology       (Gaelic: “The Shadowy One”), in Celtic mythology, female warrior, especially noted as a teacher of warriors.       Scáthach was the ...
—scatheless, adj. —scathelessly, adv. /skaydh/, v., scathed, scathing, n. v.t. 1. to attack with severe criticism. 2. to hurt, harm, or injure, as by scorching. n. 3. hurt, ...
—scathingly, adv. /skay"dhing/, adj. 1. bitterly severe, as a remark: a scathing review of the play. 2. harmful, injurious, or searing. [1785-95; SCATHE + -ING2] * * *
See scathing. * * *
a combining form meaning "excrement," used in the formation of compound words: scatology. Also, esp. before a vowel, scat-. [ < Gk skato-, comb. form of skôr dung; akin to OE ...
▪ behaviour also called  Coprolalia,         deviant sexual practice in which sexual pleasure is obtained through the compulsive use of obscene language. The affected ...
See scatological. * * *
See scatology. * * *
See scatological. * * *
—scatological /skat'l oj"i keuhl/, scatologic, adj. /skeuh tol"euh jee/, n. 1. the study of or preoccupation with excrement or obscenity. 2. obscenity, esp. words or humor ...
/skeuh toh"meuh/, n., pl. scatomas, scatomata /-meuh teuh/. Med. a tumorlike mass of feces in the colon or rectum. [SCAT- + -OMA] * * *
/skeuh tos"keuh pee/, n. Med. examination of the feces for diagnostic purposes. [SCATO- + -SCOPY] * * *
/skat/, n. scat5. * * *
—scatterable, adj. —scatterer, n. —scatteringly, adv. /skat"euhr/, v.t. 1. to throw loosely about; distribute at irregular intervals: to scatter seeds. 2. to separate and ...
scatter diagram
Statistics. a graphic representation of bivariate data as a set of points in the plane that have Cartesian coordinates equal to corresponding values of the two variates. Also ...
scatter pin
a woman's small ornamental pin, usually worn with other similar pins on a dress, suit jacket, etc. [1955-60] * * *
scatter rug
a small rug, placed on the floor in front of a chair, under a table, etc. Also called throw rug. [1930-35] * * *
scatter shot
shot prepared for a weapon having a rifled bore or barrel. [1960-65] * * *
☆ scatter-site [skat′ərsīt΄ ] adj. designating or of inexpensive, publicly owned or financed housing units scattered throughout middle-class residential areas * * ...
/skat'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of scattering. 2. the state of being scattered. 3. something scattered. [1770-80; SCATTER + -ATION] * * *
—scatterbrained, adj. /skat"euhr brayn'/, n. a person incapable of serious, connected thought. Also, scatterbrains. [1780-90; SCATTER + BRAIN] * * *
See scatterbrain. * * *
—scatteredly, adv. —scatteredness, n. /skat"euhrd/, adj. 1. distributed or occurring at widely spaced and usually irregular intervals: scattered villages; scattered ...
See scatter. * * *
/skat"euhr good'/, n. a spendthrift. [1570-80; SCATTER + GOOD] * * *
scat·ter·gun (skătʹər-gŭn') n. See shotgun. * * *
/skat"euhr ing/, adj. 1. distributed or occurring here and there at irregular intervals; scattered. 2. straggling, as an assemblage of parts. 3. (of votes) cast in small numbers ...
scattering layer n. A concentrated layer of organisms in the ocean that reflects and scatters sound waves, as from sonar. * * *
See scattering. * * *
scatter pin n. A woman's small decorative brooch often worn in groups of two or three. * * *
scatter rug n. A small rug for covering a part of a floor. Also called throw rug. * * *
/skat"euhr shot'/, adj. delivered over a wide area and at random; generalized and indiscriminate: a scattershot attack on the proposed program. [1960-65; adj. use of SCATTER ...
scattersite housing
/skat"euhr suyt'/ public housing, esp. for low-income families, built throughout an urban area rather than being concentrated in a single neighborhood. Also, scatter-site ...
/skat"ee/, adj., scattier, scattiest. Brit. Informal. scatterbrained. [1910-15; appar. SCATT(ERBRAIN) + -Y1] * * *
—scaturience, n. /skeuh toor"ee euhnt, -tyoor"-/, adj. 1. gushing; overflowing. 2. overly demonstrative; effusive. [1675-85; < L scatur(r)ient-, s. of scatur(r)iens, prp. of ...
/skawp/, n. any of several diving ducks of the genus Aythya, esp. A. marila (greater scaup), of the Northern Hemisphere, having a bluish-gray bill. Also called scaup ...
/skaw"peuhr/, n. a graver with a flattened or hollowed blade, used in engraving. Also, scorper. [1815-25; var. of scalper < L scalprum scraper. See SCALPEL] * * *
Scaurus, Marcus Aemilius
▪ Roman politician born c. 163 BC died c. 89 BC       a leader of the Optimates (conservative senatorial aristocrats) and one of the most influential men in the Roman ...
/skav"inj/, v., scavenged, scavenging. v.t. 1. to take or gather (something usable) from discarded material. 2. to cleanse of filth, as a street. 3. to expel burnt gases from ...
/skav"in jeuhr/, n. 1. an animal or other organism that feeds on dead organic matter. 2. a person who searches through and collects items from discarded material. 3. a street ...
scavenger hunt
a game in which individuals or teams are sent out to accumulate, without purchasing, a series of common, outlandish, or humorous objects, the winner being the person or team ...
scavenger's daughter
an instrument of torture that doubled over and squeezed the body so strongly and violently that blood was brought forth from the ears and nose: invented in 16th-century ...
scavenger hunt n. A game in which individuals or teams try to locate and bring back miscellaneous items on a list. * * *
Scavullo, Francesco
▪ 2005       American photographer (b. Jan. 16, 1921, Staten Island, N.Y.—d. Jan. 6, 2004, New York, N.Y.), developed the concept of the magazine “cover girl,” ...
ScB or Sc.B. abbrev. 〚L Scientiae Baccalaureus〛 Bachelor of Science * * * ScB abbr. Latin Scientiae Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Science). * * *
SCC abbr. storage connecting circuit. * * *
ScD or Sc.D. abbrev. 〚L Scientiae Doctor〛 Doctor of Science * * * ScD abbr. Latin Scientiae Doctor (Doctor of Science). * * *
/shat/, n. a silver Anglo-Saxon coin of the 7th and 8th centuries, sometimes including an amount of gold. Also, sceatta /shat"euh/. [learned borrowing (18th century) of OE sceat, ...
Sceaux ware
▪ pottery       tin-glazed earthenware and porcelain made at a factory in Sceaux, Fr., from 1748 to 1794. Both were skillfully painted in a large range of enamel colours ...
▪ Irish Gaelic literature       (Old Irish: “story”; pl. scéla), in the Gaelic literature of Ireland, early prose and verse legends of gods and folk heroes, most of ...
Scelba, Mario
▪ Italian politician born Sept. 5, 1901, Caltagirone, Sicily, Italy died Oct. 29, 1991, Rome       Italian lawyer and Christian Democrat politician who was premier, ...
/skelp/, n., v.t. Scot. and North Eng. skelp1. * * *
/shay"neuh/, n. an extended operatic vocal solo, usually including an aria and a recitative. [1810-20; < It: lit., SCENE] * * *
/si nair"ee oh', -nahr"-/, n., pl. scenarios. 1. an outline of the plot of a dramatic work, giving particulars as to the scenes, characters, situations, etc. 2. the outline or ...
/si nair"ist, -nahr"-/, n. a writer of motion-picture or television scenarios. [1915-20; SCENAR(IO) + -IST] * * *
/send/, Naut. v.i. (of a vessel) 1. to heave in a swell. 2. to lurch forward from the motion of a heavy sea. n. 3. the heaving motion of a vessel. 4. the forward impulse imparted ...
/seen/, n. 1. the place where some action or event occurs: He returned to the scene of the murder. 2. any view or picture. 3. an incident or situation in real life. 4. an ...
scene dock
dock1 (def. 7). [1880-85] * * *
scene master
Theat. (on a switchboard) a master switch that controls several lighting circuits. * * *
/seen"stee'leuhr/, n. a performer in a play, motion picture, etc., who by charm, talent, or artifice, draws most of the audience's attention, often away from the leading ...
▪ algae  genus of colonial green algae with 4, 8, or 16 cells arranged in a row. A common component of freshwater plankton, Scenedesmus is used in experimental work on ...
/see"neuh ree/, n., pl. sceneries. 1. the general appearance of a place; the aggregate of features that give character to a landscape. 2. hangings, draperies, structures, etc., ...
—scenically, adv. /see"nik, sen"ik/, adj. Also, scenical. 1. of or pertaining to natural scenery. 2. having pleasing or beautiful scenery. 3. of or pertaining to the stage or ...
scenic railway
a railroad that carries its passengers on a brief tour of an amusement park, resort, etc. [1890-95] * * *
See scenic. * * *
See scenography. * * *
sce·no·graph·ic (sē'nə-grăfʹĭk) adj. Of, relating to, or characteristic of scenography: “Contemporary design has a strongly scenographic appeal, as if modern rooms ...
—scenographer, n. —scenographic /see'neuh graf"ik, sen'euh-/, scenographical, adj. —scenographically, adv. /see nog"reuh fee/, n. 1. the art of representing objects in ...
—scentless, adj. —scentlessness, n. /sent/, n. 1. a distinctive odor, esp. when agreeable: the scent of roses. 2. an odor left in passing, by means of which an animal or ...
scent gland
any of various specialized skin glands, occurring in many kinds of animals, that emit an odor commonly functioning as a social or sexual signal or a defensive weapon. [1675-85] * ...
scent mark
Animal Behav. a distinctive odor that an animal deposits on the ground or other surface, as by urinating, which functions as an identifying signal to other animals of the ...
/sent"mahrk'/, Animal Behav. v.i. 1. to deposit a scent mark; mark. v.t. 2. to deposit a scent mark on; mark. * * *
scent gland n. A specialized apocrine gland found in many mammals that produces a strong-smelling substance. * * *
See scent. * * *
scentless plant bug.
See rhopalid bug. * * *
—scepterless, adj. —sceptral /sep"treuhl/, adj. /sep"teuhr/, n. 1. a rod or wand borne in the hand as an emblem of regal or imperial power. 2. royal or imperial power or ...
scepter’d isle
a phrase describing England, which appears in Shakespeare’s play Richard II, in a speech by the character John of Gaunt. It is part of a long list of well-known phrases in ...
/skep"tik/, n., adj. skeptic. * * *
/skep"ti keuhl/, adj. skeptical. * * *
/skep"teuh siz'euhm/, n. skepticism. * * *
/sep"teuhr/, n., v.t., sceptred, sceptring. Chiefly Brit. scepter. * * * ▪ staff also spelled  Scepter,         ornamented rod or staff borne by rulers on ceremonial ...
Scève, Maurice
▪ French poet born c. 1501, Lyon, France died 1560/64?, Lyon       French poet who was considered great in his own day, then long neglected. Reinstated by 20th-century ...
standard cubic foot. * * *
standard cubic feet per hour * * *
standard cubic feet per minute. * * *
sch abbrev. 1. school 2. schooner * * *
(in Austria) schilling; schillings. * * *
1. school. 2. schooner. * * *
Bachelor of School Music. * * *
Schaap, Richard Jay
▪ 2002 “Dick”        American journalist, biographer, and talk-show host (b. Sept. 27, 1934, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. New York, N.Y., Dec. 21, 2001), zestfully documented ...
Schach, Rabbi Eliezer Menachem
▪ 2002       Lithuanian-born Israeli Orthodox Jewish scholar and political leader (b. 1896?, Wabolnick [now Vabalninkas], Lithuania, Russian Empire—d. Nov. 2, 2001, ...
/shahkht/, n. (Horace Greeley) Hjalmar /yahl"mahrdd/, 1877-1970, German financier: acting minister of national economy 1934-37. * * *
Schacht, (Horace Greeley) Hjalmar
born Jan. 22, 1877, Tinglev, Ger. died June 4, 1970, Munich, W.Ger. German financier. He served as vice director of the Dresdner Bank and director of the German National Bank ...
Schacht, Hjalmar
▪ German financier in full  Horace Greely Hjalmar Schacht   born Jan. 22, 1877, Tinglev, Ger. died June 4, 1970, Munich, W.Ger. [now in Germany]  German banker and ...
/shahd"n froy'deuh/, n. satisfaction or pleasure felt at someone else's misfortune. [1890-95; < G, equiv. to Schaden harm + Freude joy] * * *
Schadow, Gottfried
▪ German sculptor in full  Johann Gottfried Schadow   born May 20, 1764, Berlin, Prussia [Germany] died Jan. 27, 1850, Berlin  German sculptor, regarded as the founder of ...
Schaefer, Vincent Joseph
▪ 1994       U.S. chemist (b. July 4, 1906, Schenectady, N.Y.—d. July 25, 1993, Schenectady), was conducting atmospheric research at the General Electric (GE) Research ...
Schaeffer, Claude-Frédéric-Armand
▪ German archaeologist born March 6, 1898, Strassburg, Ger. [now Strasbourg, France]—death reported Oct. 5, 1982       French archaeologist whose excavation of the ...
Schaeffer, Pierre
▪ 1996       French composer, writer, and teacher (b. Aug. 14, 1910, Nancy, France—d. Aug. 19, 1995, Aix-en-Provence, France), developed musique concrète, a montage ...
Schaepman, Hermanus Johannes Aloysius Maria
▪ Dutch statesman born March 2, 1844, Tubbergen, Neth. died Jan. 21, 1903, Rome, Italy       Dutch statesman, Roman Catholic priest, and author who founded Catholic ...
Flemish. /skhahrdd"bayk/, n. a city in central Belgium, near Brussels. 118,950. * * * ▪ Belgium Flemish  Schaarbeek        municipality, Brussels-Capital Region, ...
/sherddf/, n. Adolf /ah"dawlf/, 1890-1965, Austrian statesman: president 1957-65. * * *
Schafer method
/shay"feuhr/. See prone pressure method. Also, Schafer's Method. [named after Sir Edward A. Sharpey-Schafer (1850-1935), English physiologist] * * *
Schäfer, Karl
▪ Austrian figure skater born May 17, 1909, Vienna, Austria-Hungary [now in Austria] died April 26, 1976, Austria       Austrian figure skater (figure skating) who was ...
Schaff, Philip
▪ American theologian born Jan. 1, 1819, Chur, Switz. died Oct. 20, 1893, New York, N.Y., U.S.  Swiss-born American ecumenical leader and theologian whose works, especially ...
/shahf'how"zeuhn/, n. 1. a canton in N Switzerland. 70,700; 100 sq. mi. (259 sq. km). 2. a city in and the capital of this canton, on the Rhine. 34,000. * * * ▪ Switzerland ...
Schäffle, Albert
▪ German economist and sociologist born Feb. 24, 1831, Nürtingen, Württemberg died Dec. 25, 1903, Stuttgart       economist and sociologist who served briefly as ...
Schaffner, Franklin
▪ American director born May 30, 1920, Tokyo, Japan died July 2, 1989, Santa Monica, Calif., U.S.       American director of well-regarded films and television ...
Schaffner, Jakob
▪ Swiss writer born Nov. 14, 1875, Basel, Switz. died Sept. 25, 1944, Strasbourg, France       Swiss writer who lived in Germany from 1913. He belonged to a new ...
/shafs"kawpf'/, n. Cards. sheepshead (def. 4). [ < G: sheepshead] * * *
Schall von Bell, Adam
▪ German missionary Chinese name (Pinyin)  Tang Ruowang  or   (Wage-Giles romanization)  T'ang Jo-wang   born May 1, 1591, Cologne, Ger. died Aug. 15, 1666, Beijing, ...
/shal"ee/, n. Andrew Victor, born 1926, U.S. physiologist, born in Poland: Nobel prize 1977. * * *
Schally, Andrew V(ictor)
born Nov. 20, 1926, Wilno, Pol. Polish-born U.S. endocrinologist. His family fled Poland in 1939, and he received his Ph.D. in biochemistry from McGill University in 1957. He ...

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