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Слова на букву schw-stag (15990)

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/shvahrddts"vahlt'/, n. German name of the Black Forest. * * *
Schwassmann-Wachmann 1, Comet
▪ astronomy  short-period comet discovered photographically by the German astronomers Friedrich Carl Arnold Schwassmann and Arthur Arno Wachmann in 1927. It has the most ...
▪ Austria       town, northeastern Austria. It lies on the west bank of the Danube River near the mouth of the Schwechat River, just southeast of Vienna. Schwechat ...
Schwedler's maple
/shwed"leuhrz/ a variety of the Norway maple, Acer platanoides schwedleri, producing red leaves that subsequently turn green. * * *
▪ Germany in full  Schwedt an der Oder        city, Brandenburg Land (state), eastern Germany. It lies along the Westoder River, southwest of Szczecin (German: ...
Schweigaard, A.M.
▪ Norwegian politician in full  Anton Martin Schweigaard   born April 11, 1808, Kragerø, Nor. died Feb. 1, 1870, Christiania [now Oslo]       Norwegian jurist and ...
/shvuyn"foorddt/, n. a city in N Bavaria, in S central Germany, on the Main River. 55,600. * * *
Schweinfurth, Georg August
▪ German botanist born December 29, 1836, Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire [now in Latvia] died September 19, 1925, Berlin, Germany  German botanist and traveler who explored the ...
/shwuyt"seuhr, shvuyt"-/, n. Albert, 1875-1965, Alsatian writer, missionary, doctor, and musician in Africa: Nobel peace prize 1952. * * *
Schweitzer, Albert
born Jan. 14, 1875, Kaysersberg, Upper Alsace, Ger. died Sept. 4, 1965, Lambaréné, Gabon Alsatian-born German theologian, philosopher, organist, and mission doctor. In his ...
Schweitzer, Louis
▪ 1998       In February 1997 Renault SA, the French automobile-making giant, demonstrating the impact of decreased government control over business in a multinational ...
Schweit·zer (shwītʹsər, shvītʹ-), Albert. 1875-1965. French philosopher, physician, and musician who founded (1913) and spent much of his life at a missionary hospital in ...
/shvuyts/, n. German name of Switzerland. * * *
/shfuyt"seuhr doych', shfuyt"-, shvuyt"-/, n. Schwyzertütsch. * * *
Schwenckfeld, Kaspar
▪ German theologian born 1489, Ossig, Lower Silesia [Germany] died Dec. 10, 1561, Ulm [Germany]  German theologian, writer, and preacher who led the Protestant Reformation ...
/shfengk"fel'deuhr, shvengk"-/, n. a member of a Protestant group that emigrated in 1734 from Germany and settled in Pennsylvania, where they organized the Schwenkfelder ...
➡ Cadbury Schweppes. * * *
/shvay rddeen"/, n. a city in and the capital of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in N Germany. 130,685. * * * ▪ Germany  city, capital of Mecklenburg–West Pomerania Land ...
Schwimmer, David
▪ 1996       David Schwimmer was a member of an American television elite: the single, attractive, 20-something crowd that hung out in a New York coffee bar and talked ...
Schwimmer, Rosika
▪ Hungarian feminist and pacifist born Sept. 11, 1877, Budapest, Austro-Hungarian Empire [now in Hungary] died Aug. 3, 1948, New York, N.Y., U.S.  Hungarian-born feminist and ...
Schwind, Moritz von
▪ German painter born Jan. 21, 1804, Vienna, Austria died Feb. 8, 1871, Munich, Ger.       Austrian-born German painter who was a leading early Romantic portrayer of an ...
▪ sport       (German: “swinging”), form of wrestling native to Switzerland and the Tirolese valleys. Wrestlers wear Schwinghosen (wrestling breeches) with strong ...
/shwing"geuhr/, n. Julian Seymour, 1918-94, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1965. * * *
Schwinger, Julian Seymour
▪ 1995       U.S. physicist (b. Feb. 12, 1918, New York, N.Y.—d. July 16, 1994, Los Angeles, Calif.), was a brilliant theoretician whose studies helped define the ...
/shvit"euhrdds/, n. Kurt /koorddt/, 1887-1948, German artist. * * *
Schwitters, Kurt
born June 20, 1887, Hannover, Ger. died Jan. 8, 1948, Little Langdale, Westmorland, Eng. German Dada artist and poet. Associated with the Berlin Dadaists from 1918, he moved ...
/shveets/, n. 1. a canton in central Switzerland, bordering on the Lake of Lucerne. 92,400; 350 sq. mi. (900 sq. km). 2. a city in and the capital of this canton, in the W part. ...
/shfeet"seuhr tyuuch', shveet"-/, n. any of the local dialects of German spoken in Switzerland. Also called Schweizerdeutsch. * * *
sci abbrev. 1. science 2. scientific * * *
/suy"fuy"/, Informal. adj. 1. of or pertaining to science fiction: a writer of sci-fi books. n. 2. See science fiction. [1950-55; by shortening] * * *
/suy"tek"/, Informal. adj. 1. combining scientific and technical features: sci-tech culture. n. 2. a combination of science and technology: the amazing world of sci-tech. [by ...
1. science. 2. scientific. * * *
▪ Italy       town, southern Sicily, Italy, northwest of Agrigento. On the site of the Roman Thermae Selinuntinae, it has been, from antiquity, a health resort with hot ...
sciaenid [sī ē′nid] n. 〚< ModL Sciaena (< L, a kind of fish < Gr skiaina, a dark-colored fish < skia: see SCIAMACHY) + -ID〛 DRUM1 (n. 4) sciaenoid [sī ē′noid] adj., ...
/suy ee"noyd/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Sciaenidae, a family of carnivorous fishes that produce a loud sound by snapping the muscles attached to their air bladder, ...
/suy am"euh kee/, n., pl. sciamachies. an act or instance of fighting a shadow or an imaginary enemy. Also, sciomachy. [1615-25; < Gk skiamachía, equiv. to skiá shadow + ...
Sciascia, Leonardo
▪ Italian author born Jan. 8, 1921, Racalmuto, near Agrigento, Italy died Nov. 20, 1989, Palermo       Italian writer noted for his metaphysical examinations of ...
—sciatically, adv. /suy at"ik/, adj. Anat. 1. of, pertaining to, situated near, or affecting the ischium or back of the hip. 2. affecting the hip or the sciatic nerves. n. 3. a ...
sciatic nerve
Anat. either of a pair of nerves, the largest in the body, that originate in the sacral plexus of the lower back and extend down the buttocks to the back of the knees, where they ...
/suy at"i keuh/, n. Pathol. 1. pain and tenderness at some points of the sciatic nerve, usually caused by a prolapsed intervertebral disk; sciatic neuralgia. 2. any painful ...
sciatic nerve n. A sensory and motor nerve originating in the sacral plexus and running through the pelvis and upper leg. * * *
▪ Italy       town, southeastern Sicily, Italy. It lies south of Ragusa city. Scicli flourished under the Saracens and Normans but later declined and was heavily damaged ...
Pathol. See severe combined immune deficiency. * * *
Scidmore, Eliza Ruhamah
▪ American writer and photographer born October 14, 1856, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S. died November 3, 1928, Geneva, Switzerland       American travel writer and ...
/suy"euhns/, n. 1. a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws: the mathematical ...
Science and Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research
▪ 2000 by Lori P. Knowles and Eric Parens       At the end of 1998, almost simultaneously, one team of researchers announced that it had isolated human embryonic stem ...
Science and Industry, Museum of
▪ museum, Chicago, Illinois, United States       science museum opened in Chicago, Illinois, U.S., in 1933 by the philanthropist-founder Julius Rosenwald (Rosenwald, ...
science fiction
a form of fiction that draws imaginatively on scientific knowledge and speculation in its plot, setting, theme, etc. [1925-30] * * * Fiction dealing principally with the impact ...
Science Museum
Britain’s largest museum of science and technology, in South Kensington, London, established in 1909. It contains many objects from the history of science, and has a large ...
science, history of
Introduction       the history of science from its beginnings in prehistoric times to the 20th century.       On the simplest level, science is knowledge of the ...
Science, Museum of
▪ museum, Boston, Massachusetts, United States       major American museum of science and technology, founded in 1830 in Boston, Massachusetts, as the Boston Society of ...
science, philosophy of
Branch of philosophy that attempts to elucidate the nature of scientific inquiry observational procedures, patterns of argument, methods of representation and calculation, ...
See science fiction. * * *
science fiction n. A literary or cinematic genre in which fantasy, typically based on speculative scientific discoveries or developments, environmental changes, space travel, or ...
Sciences, Academy of
▪ French organization French  Académie des Sciences        institution established in Paris in 1666 under the patronage of Louis XIV to advise the French government ...
sci·en·ter (sī-ĕnʹtər) adv. Law Deliberately or knowingly.   [Latin, from sciēns, scient- present participle of scīre, to know. See science.] * * *
scientia est potentia
/skee en"tee ah' est poh ten"tee ah'/; Eng. /see en"shee euh est poh ten"shee euh/, Latin. knowledge is power. * * *
/suy en"sheuhl/, adj. 1. having knowledge. 2. of or pertaining to science or knowledge. [1425-75; late ME < ML scientialis, equiv. to scienti(a) SCIENCE + -alis -AL1] * * *
—scientifically, adv. /suy'euhn tif"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to science or the sciences: scientific studies. 2. occupied or concerned with science: scientific experts. 3. ...
Scientific American
a US magazine published each month about scientific research and discoveries. The articles are more technical than those in a general magazine. The company owning the magazine ...
scientific creationism
—scientific creationist. Theol. the belief that the account of creation in the early chapters of Genesis is scientifically as well as religiously valid and that it can be ...
scientific method
a method of research in which a problem is identified, relevant data are gathered, a hypothesis is formulated from these data, and the hypothesis is empirically ...
scientific notation
a method for expressing a given quantity as a number having significant digits necessary for a specified degree of accuracy, multiplied by 10 to the appropriate power, as 1385.62 ...
scientific theory
      systematic ideational structure of broad scope, conceived by the human imagination, that encompasses a family of empirical (experiential) laws regarding regularities ...
scientific visualization
Process of graphically displaying real or simulated scientific data. It is a vital procedure in the creative realization of scientific ideas, particularly in computer science. ...
See scientific. * * *
scientific empiricism n. The philosophical view that there are no ultimate differences among the various sciences. * * *
scientific method n. The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally ...
scientific notation n. A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decimal number between 1 and 10 multiplied by a power of 10. The scientific notation of 10,492, for ...
/suy"euhn tiz'euhm/, n. 1. the style, assumptions, techniques, practices, etc., typifying or regarded as typifying scientists. 2. the belief that the assumptions, methods of ...
/suy"euhn tist/, n. an expert in science, esp. one of the physical or natural sciences. [1825-35; < L scient(ia) SCIENCE + -IST] * * *
—scientistically, adv. /suy'euhn tis"tik/, adj. 1. characterized by or having an exaggerated belief in the principles and methods of science. 2. of, pertaining to, or ...
/suy"euhn tuyz'/, v.t., scientized, scientizing. to apply or attempt to apply scientific principles to: to scientize art criticism. Also, esp. Brit., scientise. [1885-90; ...
➡ Scientology * * *
an international religious philosophy established in 1954 by the US writer of science fiction L Ron Hubbard. It is based on his book Dianetics (1950) and officially became the ...
Scientology, Church of
International movement established in the U.S. by L. Ron Hubbard in 1954. He introduced his ideas to the general public in Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health (1950). ...
Scieszka, Jon
▪ 2009 born Sept. 8, 1954, Flint, Mich.       Former teacher Jon Scieszka—the author of more than 25 children's books, including irreverent works such as The Stinky ...
scilicet. * * *
/sil"euh set'/, adv. to wit; namely. [1350-1400; ME < L scilicet, short for scire licet it is permitted to know] * * *
/sil"euh/; It. /sheel"lah/, n. modern name of Scylla. * * *
➡ Scilly Isles * * *
/sil"iz euhm/, n. Pathol. poisoning by squill, characterized by vomiting, slow pulse, cardiac arrhythmia, and ventricular fibrillation. [ < L scill(a) SQUILL + -ISM] * * *
Scillitan Martyrs
▪ Christian martyrs       12 North African Christians from Scilla (or Scillium) in Numidia who were tried in Carthage under the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius. The Acts ...
Scilly Isles
—Scillonian /si loh"nee euhn/, adj., n. /sil"ee/ a group of about 140 small islands, SW of Land's End, England. 2020; 61/2 sq. mi. (17 sq. km) Cap.: Hugh Town. Also, Scilly ...
Scilly, Isles of
or Scilly Isles Group of about 50 small islands and many more islets, southwestern England. Located off Land's End, with an area of about 6 sq mi (16 sq km), the islands are a ...
Scil·ly Islands (sĭlʹē) or Isles of Scilly. An archipelago comprising more than 140 small islands and rocky islets off southwest England at the entrance to the English ...
—scimitared, adj. /sim"i teuhr/, n. a curved, single-edged sword of Oriental origin. Also, scimiter, simitar. [1540-50; < It scimitarra, ult. < Pers] * * *
scimitar foot
any short leg or foot, as to a pedestal table, having the form of an arc tangent to the floor plane. * * *
▪ bird       any of about 12 species of songbirds of the babbler family Timaliidae (order Passeriformes), which have long, curved bills used for uncovering insects in ...
/sing"koyd/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a skink. n. 2. a scincoid lizard. [1780-90; < L scinc(us) SKINK1 + -OID] * * *
Scindia, Madhavrao
▪ 2002       Indian Hindu prince and politician (b. March 10, 1945, Bombay [now Mumbai], India—d. Sept. 30, 2001, Mainpur, India), succeeded (1961) his father as ...
/sin"ti gram'/, n. a paper printout or photographic record indicating the intensity and distribution of radioactivity in tissues after administration of a radioactive tracer. ...
scin·ti·graph (sĭnʹtĭ-grăf') n. 1. A device for producing a scintigram; a scintiscanner. 2. See scintigram.   scin'ti·graphʹic adj. scin'ti·graphʹi·cal·ly ...
See scintigraph. * * *
See scintigraphic. * * *
/sin tig"reuh fee/, n. the process of producing a scintigram. [1955-60; see SCINTIGRAM, -GRAPHY] * * *
/sin til"euh/, n. a minute particle; spark; trace: not a scintilla of remorse. [1685-95; < L: spark] * * *
—scintillantly, adv. /sin"tl euhnt/, adj. scintillating; sparkling. [1600-10; < L scintillant- (s. of scintillans, prp. of scintillare to send out sparks; flash). See ...
/sin"tl ayt'/, v., scintillated, scintillating. v.i. 1. to emit sparks. 2. to sparkle; flash: a mind that scintillates with brilliance. 3. to twinkle, as the stars. 4. ...
—scintillatingly, adv. /sin"tl ay'ting/, adj. 1. animated; vivacious; effervescent: a scintillating personality. 2. witty; brilliantly clever: a scintillating ...
See scintillate. * * *
/sin'tl ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of scintillating; sparkling. 2. a spark or flash. 3. Astron. the twinkling or tremulous effect of the light of the stars. 4. Meteorol. any ...
scintillation counter
a device for detecting and measuring radioactivity, having a crystal scintillator, a photoelectric cell sensitive to the light from scintillations, and an amplifier. Also called ...
scintillation spectrometer
a scintillation counter adapted for measuring the energy distribution of particles emitted in radioactive processes. [1945-50] * * *
scintillation counter n. A device for detecting and counting scintillations produced by ionizing radiation. * * *
/sin"tl ay'teuhr/, n. Physics. a phosphor capable of producing scintillations. [1870-75; SCINTILLATE + -OR2] * * *
scintillometer [sint΄'l äm′ət ər] n. 〚< L scintilla, a spark + -METER〛 SCINTILLATION COUNTER * * *
scin·ti·scan (sĭnʹtĭ-skăn') n. See scintigram.   [scintillation + scan.]   scinʹti·scan'ner n. * * *
—scintiscanning, n. /sin"teuh skan'euhr/, n. a device that records the distribution and intensity of an internally administered radiopharmaceutical, producing a ...
—sciolist, n. —sciolistic, adj. /suy"euh liz'euhm/, n. superficial knowledge. [1810-20; < LL sciol(us) one who knows little (dim. of scius knowing; see CONSCIOUS, -OLE1) + ...
See sciolism. * * *
See sciolist. * * *
/suy om"euh kee/, n., pl. sciomachies. sciamachy. * * *
/suy"euhn/, n. 1. a descendant. 2. Also, cion. a shoot or twig, esp. one cut for grafting or planting; a cutting. [1275-1325; ME shoot, twig < OF cion < Frankish *ki- (cf. OE ...
—sciosophist, n. /suy os"euh fee'/, n., pl. sciosophies. supposed knowledge of natural or supernatural phenomena or forces, usually based on tradition, as astrology or ...
/suy oh"teuh, -toh/, n. a river in central Ohio, flowing S to the Ohio River. 237 mi. (382 km) long. * * *
Scioto River
▪ river, United States       river rising in Auglaize county, west-central Ohio, U.S., and flowing southeast past Columbus, Circleville, and Chillicothe, joining the ...
/sip"ee oh', skip"-/, n. 1. Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major /pub"lee euhs kawr neel"yeuhs, af'ri kay"neuhs, -kan"euhs, -kahn"-/, ("Scipio the Elder"), 237-183 B.C., ...
Scipio Africanus (the Elder)
in full Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus born 236 died 184/183 BC, Liternum, Campania Roman general in the Second Punic War. He was born into a patrician family that had ...
Scipio Africanus (the Younger)
or Scipio Aemilianus in full Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Numantinus born 185/184 died 129 BC, Rome Roman general credited with the final subjugation of ...
Scipio Africanus the Elder
▪ Roman general Introduction Latin  Scipio Africanus Major , in full  Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus  born 236 BC died 183 BC, Liternum, Campania [now Patria, ...
Scipio Africanus the Younger
▪ Roman general Introduction also called  Scipio Aemilianus , Latin  Scipio Africanus Minor , in full  Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus (Numantinus)  born ...
Scipio Africanus,Publius Cornelius
Scipio Af·ri·ca·nus (ăf-rĭ-käʹnəs), Publius Cornelius. Known as “Scipio the Elder.” 236?-183?B.C. Roman general who invaded northern Africa, conquered Carthage, and ...
Scipio, Publius Cornelius
▪ Roman general died 211 BC, at the Baetis River [now Guadalquivir River, Spain]       Roman general, consul in 218 BC; from 217 to 211 BC he and his brother Gnaeus ...
Scipio,Publius Cornelius
Scip·io (sĭpʹē-ō', skĭpʹ-), Publius Cornelius. Known as “Scipio the Younger.” 185?-129B.C. Roman general and politician who commanded the final destruction of ...
scire facias
/suy"ree fay"shee as'/; Lat. /skee"rdde fah"kee ahs'/, Law. 1. a writ requiring the party against whom it is brought to show cause why a judgment, letters patent, etc., should ...
sci·re fa·ci·as (sī'rē fāʹshē-əs, skēʹrĕ fäʹkē-äs') n. 1. A writ requiring the party against which it is issued to appear and show cause why a judicial record ...
/sheuh rok"oh, seuh-/, n., pl. sciroccos. sirocco. * * *
/skir"oyd, sir"-/, adj. Pathol. resembling a scirrhus. [1850-55; SCIRRH(US) + -OID] * * *
—scirrhosity /ski ros"i tee/, n. /skir"euhs, sir"-/, adj. Pathol. 1. of a hard, fibrous consistency. 2. of, relating to, or constituting a scirrhus. [1555-65; SCIRRH(US) + ...
/skir"euhs, sir"-/, n., pl. scirrhi /skir"uy, sir"uy/, scirrhuses. Pathol. a firm, densely collagenous cancer. [1595-1605; < NL < L scirros < Gk skírrhos, var. of SKÎROS hard ...
/sis"euhl, siz"-/, n. the remains of a strip from which coin blanks have been cut; clippings. [1615-25; < F cisaille, n. deriv. of cisailler to clip. See CHISEL] * * *
/sis"il/, adj. capable of being cut or divided; splitting easily. [1615-25; < L scissilis, equiv. to sciss(us) (ptp. of scindere to cut) + -ilis -ILE] * * *
/sizh"euhn, sish"-/, n. 1. a cutting, dividing, or splitting; division; separation. 2. Chem. cleavage (def. 7). [1400-50; late ME ( < MF) < LL scission- (s. of scissio) a ...
/siz"euhr/, v.t. 1. to cut or clip out with scissors. 2. to eliminate or eradicate from a text; expunge: testimony scissored from the record. v.i. 3. to move one's body or legs ...
scissor-tailed flycatcher (sĭzʹər-tāld') n. A flycatcher (Muscivora forficata) of the southwest United States, Mexico, and Central America, having a long forked tail. * * *
/siz"euhr luyk'/, adj. like scissors; moving, operating, or crossing in a manner suggesting the blades of scissors. [1865-70; SCISSOR(S) + -LIKE] * * *
/siz"euhrz/, n. 1. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a cutting instrument for paper, cloth, etc., consisting of two blades, each having a ring-shaped handle, that are so pivoted ...
scissors chair
a chair, as a Dante or Savonarola chair, having transverse pairs of crossed legs supporting the seat and arms. * * * also called  X-chair ,  Savonarola chair , or  Dante ...
scissors hold
scissors hold n. a wrestling hold in which one contestant clasps the other with the legs * * *
scissors jack
a horizontal screw that raises or lowers a hinged, diamond-shaped frame. Also, scissor jack. * * *
scissors kick
Swimming. a propelling motion of the legs in which they move somewhat like the blades of a pair of scissors, used in the sidestroke. [1970-75] * * *
scissors truss
a roof truss having tension members extending from the foot of each principal rafter to a point on the upper half of its opposite member. * * *
scissors-and-paste [siz′ərz and pāst′] adj. Informal designating or of a piece of writing that has been assembled from a variety of sources rather than by original ...
scissors hold n. A wrestling hold in which the legs of one opponent are locked about the head or body of another opponent. * * *
scissors kick n. A swimming kick in which the legs are opened and closed like scissors, used especially in sidestroke. * * *
/siz"euhr tayl'/, n. 1. Also called scissortailed flycatcher /siz"euhr tayld'/. a flycatcher, Muscivora forficatus, of the southern U.S., Mexico, and Central America, having a ...
/sizh"euhr, sish"-/, n. Archaic. a longitudinal cleft or opening. [1350-1400; ME ( < MF); < L scissura, equiv. to sciss(us) (ptp. of scindere to cut) + -ura -URE] * * *
/sich"ooh ayt', -it/, n. a town in E Massachusetts. 17,317. * * *
sciurid [sī yoor′id] n. 〚< L sciurus,SQUIRREL + -ID〛 any of a family (Sciuridae) of rodents including the squirrels, chipmunks, and marmots sciuroid adj. * * ...
—sciurid /suy yoor"id/, n. /suy"yoo ruyn', -rin/, adj. of or pertaining to the squirrels and allied rodents of the family Sciuridae. [1835-45; < L sciur(us) SQUIRREL + -INE1] * ...
/suy yoor"oyd/, adj. 1. sciurine. 2. Bot. resembling a squirrel's tail, as the spikes of certain grasses. [1890-95; < L sciur(us) SQUIRREL + -OID] * * *
/skiv"ee/, n., pl. scivvies. skivvy. * * *
—sclaffer, n. /sklaf/, Golf. v.t. 1. to scrape (the ground) with the head of the club just before impact with the ball. v.i. 2. to sclaff the ground with the club. n. 3. a ...
See sclaff. * * *
See Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Also, S.C.L.C. * * *
/sklent/, n., v.i. Scot. and North Eng. sklent. * * *
var. of sclero- before a vowel: sclerenchyma. * * *
/sklear"euh/, n. Anat. a dense, white, fibrous membrane that, with the cornea, forms the external covering of the eyeball. See diag. under eye. [1885-90; < NL < Gk sklerá (fem.) ...
/sklear"euhl/, adj. Anat. sclerotic (def. 1). [1865-70; SCLER(A) + -AL1] * * *
/skli rek"teuh mee/, n., pl. sclerectomies. Surg. 1. excision of part of the sclera. 2. removal of the adhesions formed in the middle ear during chronic otitis media. [SCLER- + ...
scler·e·id (sklĕrʹē-ĭd) n. A thick-walled lignified plant cell that is often branched.   [sclerenchyma + -id.] * * *
/skli ree"meuh/, n. Pathol. sclerosis, or hardening, esp. of the skin. [1855-60; SCLER- + (ED)EMA] * * *
—sclerenchymatous /sklear'eng kim"euh teuhs, skler'-/, adj. /skli reng"keuh meuh/, n. Bot. supporting or protective tissue composed of thickened, dry, and hardened ...
See sclerenchyma. * * *
—scleritic /skli rit"ik/, adj. /sklear"uyt, skler"-/, n. Zool. any chitinous, calcareous, or similar hard part, plate, spicule, or the like. [1860-65; SCLER- + -ITE1] * * *
See scleritis. * * *
/skli ruy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the sclera. Also, sclerotitis. [1860-65; SCLER- + -ITIS] * * * ▪ pathology        inflammation of the sclera, the white part ...
a combining form meaning "hard," used with this meaning, and as a combining form of sclera, in the formation of compound words: sclerometer. Also, esp. before a vowel, ...
/sklear'euh derr"meuh, skler'-/, n. Pathol. a disease in which connective tissue anywhere in the body becomes hardened and rigid. [1865-70; SCLERO- + -DERMA] * * * or ...
/sklear'euh derr"meuh teuhs, skler'-/, adj. 1. Zool. covered with a hardened tissue, as scales. 2. of or pertaining to scleroderma. [1895-1900; SCLERO- + -DERMATOUS] * * *
/sklear"oyd, skler"-/, adj. Biol. hard or indurated. [1855-60; SCLER- + -OID] * * *
/skli roh"meuh/, n., pl. scleromas, scleromata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a tumorlike hardening of tissue. [1675-85; < Gk skléroma. See SCLER-, -OMA] * * *
—sclerometric /sklear'euh me"trik, skler'-/, adj. /skli rom"i teuhr/, n. any instrument for determining with precision the degree of hardness of a substance, esp. a mineral, as ...
/sklear"euh fil/, Bot. adj. 1. Also, sclerophyllous /sklear'euh fil"euhs/. of, pertaining to, or exhibiting sclerophylly. n. 2. a plant exhibiting sclerophylly. [1910-15; SCLERO- ...
/sklear"euh fil'ee/, n. Bot. the normal development of much sclerenchyma in the leaves of certain plants, as some desert plants, resulting in thickened, hardened foliage that ...
/sklear'euh proh"teen, -tee in/, n. Biochem. protein that is fibrous and insoluble in water, serving a protective or supportive function in the body. Also called ...
/sklear"euh skohp', skler"-/, Trademark. a brand name for a sclerometer that determines the hardness of a material by measuring the rebound of a standard ball dropped on the ...
/skli rohst", sklear"ohzd, skler"-/, adj. Pathol. hardened or indurated, as by sclerosis. [1875-80; SCLEROS(IS) + -ED2] * * *
—sclerosal, adj. /skli roh"sis/, n., pl. scleroses /-seez/. 1. Pathol. a hardening or induration of a tissue or part, or an increase of connective tissue or the like at the ...
/sklear'euh ther"euh pee, skler'-/, n. Med. a treatment for varicose veins in which blood flow is diverted and the veins collapsed by injection of a hardening solution, also used ...
scle·ro·ti·a (sklə-rōʹshē-ə, -shə) n. Plural of sclerotium. * * *
scle·ro·ti·al (sklə-rōʹshē-əl, -shəl) adj. Of or relating to sclerotia or a sclerotium. * * *
/skli rot"ik/, adj. 1. Also, scleral. Anat. of or pertaining to the sclera. 2. Pathol., Bot. pertaining to or affected with sclerosis. [1535-45; < NL scleroticus of hardening, ...
sclerotic coat n. See sclera. * * *
/sklear"euh tin, skler"-/, n. Biochem. an insoluble protein that serves to stiffen the chitin of the cuticle of arthropods. [1935-40; < Gk sklerót(es) hardness + -IN2] * * ...
/sklear'euh tuy"tis, skler'-/, n. Pathol. scleritis. [1815-25; SCLEROT(IC) + -ITIS] * * *
—sclerotial /skli roh"sheuhl/, adj. /skli roh"shee euhm/, n., pl. sclerotia /-shee euh/. Mycol. a vegetative, resting food-storage body in certain higher fungi, composed of a ...
/sklear'euh teuh zay"sheuhn, skler'-/, n. the state of being sclerotized. [1955-60; SCLEROTIZ(ED) + -ATION] * * *
/sklear"euh tuyzd', skler"-/, adj. 1. (esp. of the cuticle of an arthropod) hardened by the presence of substances other than chitin, as by scleroproteins, waxes, or calcium ...
—sclerotomic /sklear'euh tom"ik, skler'-/, adj. /sklear"euh tohm', skler"-/, n. 1. Embryol. the part of a mesodermal somite contributing to the development of the vertebrae and ...
/skli rot"euh mee/, n., pl. sclerotomies. Surg. incision into the sclera, as to extract foreign bodies. [1875-80; SCLERO- + -TOMY] * * *
/sklear"euhs, skler"-/, adj. hard; firm; bony. [1835-45; SCLER- + -OUS] * * *
ScM or Sc.M. abbrev. 〚L Scientiae Magister〛 Master of Science * * * ScM abbr. Latin Scientiae Magister (Master of Science). * * *
scoff1 —scoffer, n. —scoffingly, adv. /skawf, skof/, v.i. 1. to speak derisively; mock; jeer (often fol. by at): If you can't do any better, don't scoff. Their efforts toward ...
See scoff1,2. * * *
See scoff1. * * *
/skawf"law', skof"-/, n. 1. a person who flouts the law, esp. one who fails to pay fines owed. 2. a person who flouts rules, conventions, or accepted practices. [1920-25; SCOFF1 ...
Scofield, (David) Paul
born Jan. 21, 1922, Hurstpierpoint, Sussex, Eng. British actor. After entertaining the troops in World War II, he joined the theatre company at Stratford-upon-Avon (later the ...
Scofield, Paul
▪ British actor in full  David Paul Scofield  born January 21, 1922, Hurstpierpoint, Sussex, England died March 19, 2008  English actor noted for his powerful performances ...
scoinson arch
/skoyn"seuhn/. See sconcheon arch. [1840-50] * * *
/skohk/, n. pokeweed. [1785-95, Amer.; < a New England Algonquian language; cf. Eastern Abenaki skókimin pokeberry (equiv. to Proto-Algonquian *athko·-ka snake + *-i-min ...
—scoldable, adj. —scolder, n. —scoldingly, adv. /skohld/, v.t. 1. to find fault with angrily; chide; reprimand: The teacher scolded me for being late. v.i. 2. to find ...
See scold. * * *
/skohl"ding/, n. the action of a person who scolds; a rebuke; reproof: I got a scolding for being late again. [1425-75; late ME; see SCOLD, -ING1] * * *
scolding bridle
Brit. Dial. branks. Also called scold's bridle /skohldz/. * * *
See scolder. * * *
/skol"euh suyt', skoh"leuh-/, n. a monoclinic white zeolite mineral, a hydrous calcium aluminum silicate, CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O, occurring in masses and in needle-shaped ...
/skoh"leks/, n., pl. scoleces /skoh lee"seez/, scolices /skol"euh seez', skoh"leuh-/. Zool. the anterior, headlike segment of a tapeworm, having suckers, hooks, or the like, for ...
/skoh"lee on'/, n., pl. scolia /-lee euh/. a song sung at banquets in ancient Greece. [1595-1605; < Gk skolión, n. use of neut. of skoliós crooked, bent] * * *
—scoliotic /skoh'lee ot"ik/, adj. /skoh'lee oh"sis, skol'ee-/, n. Pathol. an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. Cf. kyphosis, lordosis. [1700-10; < Gk skolíosis a ...
See scoliosis. * * *
/skol"euhp/, n., v.t., v.i. scallop. * * *
—scolopendrine /skol'euh pen"druyn, -drin/, adj. /skol'euh pen"drid/, n. any myriapod of the order Scolopendrida, including many large, poisonous centipedes. [ < NL ...
See scolopendrid. * * *
/skom"brid/, n. 1. any fish of the family Scombridae, comprising the mackerels and tunas. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Scombridae. [1835-45; < NL Scombridae name ...
/skom"broyd/, adj. 1. resembling the mackerel. 2. resembling or related to the mackerel family Scombridae. n. 3. a mackerel or related scombroid fish. [1835-45; < Gk skómbr(os) ...
sconce1 /skons/, n. 1. a bracket for candles or other lights, placed on a wall, mirror, picture frame, etc. 2. the hole or socket of a candlestick, for holding the ...
/skon"cheuhn/, n. Archit. the reveal of a window or doorway from the frame to the inner face of the wall. Also, scuncheon, esconson. [1325-75; ME sconchon, sconcheon < OF ...
sconcheon arch
an archway that includes the sconcheons of a door or window. Also, scoinson arch. * * *
/skohn, skon/, n. 1. a small, light, biscuitlike quick bread made of oatmeal, wheat flour, barley meal, or the like. 2. biscuit (def. 1). [1505-15; shortened < earlier D ...
/skoohn, skohn/, n. 1. a village in central Scotland: site of coronation of Scottish kings until 1651. 2. Stone of, a stone, formerly at Scone, Scotland, upon which Scottish ...
Scone, Stone of
Rectangular block of yellow sandstone decorated with a Celtic cross, which has been associated with the crowning of Scottish kings since medieval times. Legend says it was ...
Scooby Doo
a character in US television cartoons. He is a Great Dane dog who helps to solve mysteries with his human friends Fred, clever Velma, pretty Daphne and the hippie ‘Shaggy’. ...
☆ scooch [sko͞och ] vi. Informal 1. to hunch or draw oneself up and move (through, down, etc.); scrunch [she scooched through the window and unlocked the door; he scooched ...
—scooper, n. /skoohp/, n. 1. a ladle or ladlelike utensil, esp. a small, deep-sided shovel with a short, horizontal handle, for taking up flour, sugar, etc. 2. a utensil ...
scoop neck
a round, usually low, neckline on a dress, blouse, etc. Also called scoop neckline. [1950-55] * * *
scoop seat
Furniture. See dropped seat. * * *
See scoop. * * *
/skoohp"fool/, n., pl. scoopfuls. the amount that a scoop can hold. [1715-25; SCOOP + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
scoop neck n. A rounded, usually low-cut neckline, as on a blouse or dress. Also called scoop neckline. * * *
/skooht/, Informal. v.i. 1. to go swiftly or hastily; dart. v.t. 2. to send or impel at high speed. n. 3. a swift, darting movement or course. [1750-60; prob. < ON skota to push ...
☆ scootch [sko͞och ] vi. alt. sp. of SCOOCH * * *
scooter1 /skooh"teuhr/, n. 1. a child's vehicle that typically has two wheels with a low footboard between them, is steered by a handlebar, and is propelled by pushing one foot ...
/skop/, n. an Old English bard or poet. [bef. 900; learned borrowing (19th century) of OE scop; c. ON skop mocking, OHG skof derision] * * * ▪ medieval ...
—scopate /skoh"payt/, adj. /skoh"peuh/, n., pl. scopae /-pee/, scopas. See pollen brush. [1795-1805; < L scopae (pl., sing. scopa rare) twigs, shoots] * * *
/skoh"peuhs/, n. fl. 4th century B.C., Greek sculptor and architect. * * * or Skopas flourished 4th century BC, Greece Greek sculptor and architect. Ancient writers ranked ...
—scopeless, adj. /skohp/, n., v., scoped, scoping. n. 1. extent or range of view, outlook, application, operation, effectiveness, etc.: an investigation of wide scope. 2. space ...
/skohps/, n. John Thomas, 1901-70, U.S. high-school teacher whose teaching of the Darwinian theory of evolution became a cause célèbre (Scopes Trial or Monkey Trial) in 1925. * ...
Scopes trial
a famous US court case in 1925 in Dayton, Tennessee. A teacher, John Scopes, was put on trial because he taught Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution, which was illegal under ...
Scopes,John Thomas
Scopes (skōps), John Thomas. 1900-1970. American teacher who violated a state law by teaching the theory of evolution in a Tennessee high school. His trial (July 1925) was a ...
/skoh"ping/, n. 1. Slang. the act or practice of eyeing or examining, as in order to evaluate or appreciate. adj. 2. of or involving an investigation or discussion to determine ...
/skeuh pol"euh meen', -min, skoh'peuh lam"in/, n. Pharm. a colorless, syrupy, water-soluble alkaloid, C17H21NO4, obtained from certain plants of the nightshade family, used ...
—scopophiliac /skoh'peuh fil"ee ak'/, scoptophiliac /skop'teuh fil"ee ak'/, n., adj. —scopophilic, scoptophilic, adj. /skoh'peuh fil"ee euh/, n. Psychiatry. the obtaining of ...
scops owl
/skops/ any of a group of small owls having ear tufts and a whistling call, esp. Otus scops (Old World scops owl) and O. sunia (Oriental scops owl). [1815-25; < NL < Gk skóps ...
/skop"yeuh leuh/, n., pl. scopulas, scopulae /-lee'/. Zool. a dense tuft of hairs, as on the feet of certain spiders. [1795-1805; < NL scopula, L: a broom twig, equiv. to scop(a) ...
/skop"yeuh layt', -lit/, adj. Zool. broom-shaped; brushlike. [1820-30; SCOPUL(A) + -ATE1] * * *
—scorbutically, adv. /skawr byooh"tik/, adj. Pathol. pertaining to, of the nature of, or affected with scurvy. Also, scorbutical. [1645-55; < NL scorbuticus, equiv. to ML ...
/skawrch/, v.t. 1. to affect the color, taste, etc., of by burning slightly: The collar of the shirt was yellow where the iron had scorched it. 2. to parch or shrivel with heat: ...
scorched-earth policy
/skawrcht"errth"/ a military practice of devastating the property and agriculture of an area before abandoning it to an advancing enemy. [1935-40; appar. trans. of Chin jiaotu ...
scorched-earth policy (skôrchtʹûrthʹ) n. The policy of devastating all land and buildings in the course of advancing or retreating troops so as to leave nothing salvageable ...
/skawr"cheuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that scorches. 2. Informal. a very hot day: Tomorrow is supposed to be a scorcher. 3. something caustic or severe: a scorcher of a ...
—scorchingly, adv. /skawr"ching/, adj. 1. burning; very hot. 2. caustic or scathing: a scorching denunciation. [1555-65; SCORCH + -ING2] * * *
See scorch. * * *
/skawr'deuh toor"euh/; It. /skawrdd'dah tooh"rddah/, n., pl. scordature /-toor"ay/; It. /-tooh"rdde/, scordaturas. Music. the tuning of a stringed instrument in other than the ...
▪ people       Celtic tribe that invaded Greece during the first part of the 3rd century BC, finally settling east of Sirmium at the junction of the Savus and the Danube ...
—scoreless, adj. —scorer, n. /skawr, skohr/, n., pl. scores, score for 11, v., scored, scoring. n. 1. the record of points or strokes made by the competitors in a game or ...
score card
score card n. ☆ n. 1. a card for recording the score of a game, match, etc., as in golf 2. a card printed with the names, positions, etc. of the players of competing teams: ...
/skawr"bawrd', skohr"bohrd'/, n. a large, usually rectangular board in a ballpark, sports arena, or the like, that shows the score of a contest and often other relevant facts and ...
/skawr"kahrd', skohr"-/, n. a card for keeping score of a sports contest and, esp. in team sports, for identifying the players by name, number, and position. [1875-80; SCORE + ...
—scorekeeping, n. /skawr"kee'peuhr, skohr"-/, n. an official of a sports contest who keeps record of the score. [1875-80, Amer.; SCORE + KEEPER] * * *
See scorekeeper. * * *
Scorel, Jan van
born August 1495, Schoorel, Habsburg Netherlands died Dec. 6, 1562, Utrecht Dutch humanist, architect, engineer, and painter. He studied briefly with Jan Gossart, who ...
scoreless [skôrlis] adj. with no points having been scored * * * score·less (skôrʹlĭs, skōrʹ-) adj. Having no points scored. * * *
/skawr"pad', skohr"-/, n. a pad whose sheets are printed with headings, vertical or horizontal lines, symbols, or the like, to facilitate the recording of scores in a game, as ...

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