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—shamefully, adv. —shamefulness, n. /shaym"feuhl/, adj. 1. causing shame: shameful behavior. 2. disgraceful or scandalous: shameful treatment. [bef. 950; ME; OE scamful. See ...
See shameful. * * *
See shamefully. * * *
—shamelessly, adv. —shamelessness, n. /shaym"lis/, adj. 1. lacking any sense of shame: immodest; audacious. 2. insensible to disgrace. 3. showing no shame. [bef. 900; ME; OE ...
See shameless. * * *
See shamelessly. * * *
/shah"meuhs/, n., pl. shamosim /shah maw"sim/. shammes. * * *
or Shāmyl born 1797?, Gimry, Dagestan died March 1871, Medina?, Arabia Leader of Muslim Dagestan and Chechen mountaineers. In 1830 he joined a Sufi sect that had become ...
/shah mear"/, n. Yitzhak /yits hahk"/, born 1915, Israeli political leader: prime minister since 1986. * * *
Shamir, Moshe
▪ 2005       Israeli novelist and politician (b. Sept. 15, 1921, Zefat, British Palestine—d. Aug. 20, 2004, Rishon LeZiyyon, Israel), championed the socialist ideals ...
Shamir, Yitzhak
orig. Yitzhak Jazernicki born Oct. 15, 1915, Ruzinoy, Pol., Russian Empire Polish-born Israeli statesman. He immigrated in 1935 to Palestine, where he helped found the Israel ...
Sha·mir (shə-mērʹ), Yitzhak. Originally Yitzhak Yezernitsky. Born 1915. Polish-born Israeli politician. He served as a member of Israel's intelligence agency (1955-1965), ...
sham·i·sen (shămʹĭ-sĕn') also sam·i·sen (sămʹ-) n. A Japanese musical instrument resembling a lute, having a very long neck and three strings played with a ...
Shamlu, Ahmad
▪ 2001       Iranian poet (b. Dec. 12, 1925, Tehran, Iran—d. July 24, 2000, Tehran), defied the conventional restrictions of formal Persian poetry in favour of ...
/shah"muy/ fl. 1st century B.C., Hebrew rabbi: founder of Beth Shammai, school of hermeneutics. * * *
Shammai ha-Zaken
▪ Jewish sage (“the Elder”) born c. 50 BCE died c. 30 CE       one of the leading Jewish sages of Palestine in his time. With the sage Hillel, he was the last of ...
▪ Judaism also spelled  shamash  or  shammas (Hebrew: “servant”),  plural  shammashim , shamashim , or  shammasim        salaried sexton in a Jewish ...
/sham"euhr/, n. a person who shams. [1670-80; SHAM + -ER1] * * *
/shah"meuhs/, n., pl. shammosim /shah maw"sim/. 1. sexton (def. 2). 2. the candle used to kindle the candles in the Hanukkah menorah. Also, shames. [1945-50; < Yiddish shames < ...
/sham"ee/, n., pl. shammies, v., shammied, shammying. chamois (defs. 2-4, 6, 7). * * *
/shah"maw"/, n. Chinese name of the Gobi. * * *
/sheuh moh"kin/, n. a borough in E Pennsylvania. 10,357. * * * ▪ Pennsylvania, United States       city, Northumberland county, east-central Pennsylvania, U.S. It lies ...
/sham"ee/, n., pl. shamoys, v., shamoyed, shamoying. chamois (defs. 2-4, 6, 7). * * *
—shampooer, n. /sham pooh"/, v., shampooed, shampooing, n. v.t. 1. to wash (the head or hair), esp. with a cleaning preparation that does not leave a soap film. 2. to clean ...
See shampoo. * * *
/sham"rok/, n. any of several trifoliate plants, as the wood sorrel, Oxalis acetosella, or a small, pink-flowered clover, Trifolium repens minus, but esp. Trifolium procumbens, a ...
/sham"rok pee'/, n. a trailing plant, Parochetus communis, of the legume family, native to Asia and east Africa, having shamrocklike leaves with a brown crescent at the base and ...
/sham shear"/, n. a curved Persian saber having one edge on the convex side. [1625-35; < Pers shamshir. See SCIMITAR] * * *
/shah"meuhs, shay"-/, n., pl. shamuses. Slang. 1. a detective. 2. a police officer. [1925-30; of obscure orig., though popularly derived from either Yiddish shames SHAMMES or the ...
▪ Zimbabwe       town, northeastern Zimbabwe. It was originally called Abercorn, and its present name was derived from a Shona word meaning “to become friendly.” ...
/shahn, shan/, n., pl. Shans, (esp. collectively) Shan. 1. a group of Mongoloid tribes in the hills of Burma. 2. a language spoken in the Shan States and belonging to the Tai ...
Shan language
Shan  Tai        language spoken in the northern and eastern states of Myanmar (Burma) and belonging to the Southwestern group of the Tai language family of Southeast ...
Shan Plateau
▪ plateau, Myanmar       crystalline massif forming the eastern part of Myanmar (Burma) and forming part of the Indo-Malayan mountain system. The plateau is crossed by ...
Shan State
/shahn, shan/ a state in E Burma (Myanmar), along the Saiween River. 3,700,000; ab. 56,000 sq. mi. (145,040 sq. km.). * * *
/shant, shahnt/ contraction of shall not. Usage. See contraction. * * *
shan·a·chie (shănʹə-kē) also sen·na·chie (sĕnʹ-) n. Chiefly Scots A skilled teller of tales or legends, especially Gaelic ones.   [Scots Gaelic seanachaidh, from Old ...
Shanahan, Eileen
▪ 2002       American journalist (b. Feb. 29, 1924, Washington, D.C.—d. Nov. 2, 2001, Washington), was a pioneering journalist at the New York Times and, from 1977 to ...
Shandling, Garry
▪ 1999       Although the television series "The Larry Sanders Show" was not as popular as "Seinfeld," many critics felt its end, in May 1998, was the greater loss. Like ...
/shahn"dawng"/, n. Pinyin. 1. a maritime province in E China. 55,520,000; 59,189 sq. mi. (153,299 sq. km). Cap.: Jinan. 2. a peninsula in the E part of this province, extending ...
Shandong Peninsula
or Shan-tung Peninsula conventional Shantung Peninsula Peninsula, eastern China. Occupying the eastern section of Shandong province, it extends northeastward between the Bo Hai ...
Shandong question
▪ Chinese history Wade-Giles romanization  Shan-tung        at the Versailles Peace Conference ending World War I, in 1919, the problem of whether to transfer to ...
/shan"dree dan'/, n. 1. an old-fashioned hooded chaise. 2. a rickety, old-fashioned conveyance. [1810-20; orig. uncert.] * * *
/shan"dee/, n., pl. shandies. Chiefly Brit. 1. a mixture of beer and lemonade. 2. shandygaff. [1885-90; short for SHANDYGAFF] * * *
/shan"dee gaf'/, n. Chiefly Brit. a mixed drink of beer with ginger beer. [1850-55; orig. uncert.] * * *
/shayn/, n. a male given name. * * *
/shahng/, n. a Chinese dynasty whose dates are usually given as 1766-1122 B.C. and sometimes as 1523-1027 B.C. Also called Yin. * * *
Shang dynasty
or Yin dynasty Traditionally, the second of China's dynasties, following the Xia dynasty. Until excavations in the 20th century provided archaeological evidence for the Xia, ...
Shang Kexi
▪ Chinese general Wade-Giles romanization  Shang K'o-hsi  born 1604, Haicheng, Liaoning province, China died October 1676, Guangzhou, Guangdong province       Chinese ...
Shang Ti
/shahng" tee"/ the chief of the ancient Chinese gods. * * *
Shang Yang
▪ Chinese statesman original name (Pinyin)  Gongsun Yang  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Kung-sun Yang  born c. 390, Wei state, China died 338 BCE, ...
Shange, Ntozake
▪ American author original name  Paulette Williams   born Oct. 18, 1948, Trenton, N.J., U.S.    African American author of plays, poetry, and fiction noted for their ...
/shang"huy, shang huy"/, v.t., shanghaied, shanghaiing. Naut. to enroll or obtain (a sailor) for the crew of a ship by unscrupulous means, as by force or the use of liquor or ...
/shang huy"/; Chin. /shahng"huy"/, n. 1. Pinyin, Wade-Giles. a seaport and municipality in E China, near the mouth of the Chang Jiang. 10,820,000. 2. a type of long-legged ...
Shanghai Museum
▪ museum, Shanghai, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Shanghai Bowuguan         museum in Shanghai founded in 1952 that contains some 120,000 objects, considered one of the ...
See shanghai. * * *
Shang·hai·nese (shăng'hī-nēzʹ, -nēsʹ, shäng'-) adj. Of or relating to the city of Shanghai. n. pl. Shanghainese 1. A native or inhabitant of Shanghai. 2. The variety of ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Shang-lo , formerly  Shangzhou        city, southeastern Shaansi (Shensi) sheng (province), China. It is situated some 70 miles ...
/shahng"chyyuu"/, n. Pinyin. a city in E Henan province, in E China. 250,000. Also, Shangchiu, Shangkiu. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Shang-jao        city, northeastern Jiangxi (Kiangsi) sheng (province), southeastern China. It lies along the Xin River, about 110 ...
/shang"greuh lah', shang'greuh lah"/, n. 1. an imaginary paradise on earth, esp. a remote and exotic utopia. 2. a faraway haven or hideaway of idyllic beauty and ...
/shahn"huy"gwahn"/, n. Pinyin. a city in NE Hebei province, in NE China, on the Gulf of Liaodong: strategically located at the E end of the Great Wall. 50,000. Also, Shanhaikuan, ...
▪ anthropological and archaeological site, Iraq  site of paleoanthropological excavations in the Zagros Mountains of Iraqi Kurdistan. Two clusters of human fossils ...
/shangk/, n. 1. Anat. the part of the lower limb in humans between the knee and the ankle; leg. 2. a corresponding or analogous part in certain animals. See diag. under horse. 3. ...
/shahn"kahrdd, shahng-/, n. Ravi /rddah"vee/, born 1920?, Indian sitarist. * * *
Shankar, Ananda
▪ 2000       Indian musician and composer who was best known for his successful fusion of classical Indian music with Western rock and for the Ananda Shankar Centre for ...
Shankar, Ravi
born April 7, 1920, Benares, India Indian sitar player. He studied music and dance, toured as a member of his brother Uday's dance troupe, and spent years learning the sitar. ...
Shankar, Uday
▪ Indian dancer born Dec. 8, 1900, Udaipur, India died Sept. 26, 1977, Calcutta       major dancer and choreographer of India whose adaptation of Western theatrical ...
Shan·kar (shänʹkär, shängʹ-), Ravi. Born 1920. Indian-born musician and composer who popularized classical Indian music in the West. * * *
/shung"keuhr euh/, n. A.D. 789?-821?, Hindu Vedantist philosopher and teacher. Also, Sankara. Also called Shankaracharya /shung"keuhr euh chahr"yeuh/. * * * or Samkara born с ...
See shank. * * *
Shanker, Albert
▪ 1998       American union official best remembered as the leader of New York City's United Federation of Teachers in 1968 during a bitter series of strikes over ...
Shankhill Road
a street in a Protestant area of Belfast, Northern Ireland, where there have been many violent disturbances between Roman Catholics, Protestants and British soldiers during the ...
/shangk"pees'/, n. a piece of metal or fiber for giving form to the shank of a shoe. Also called shank. [1880-85; SHANK + PIECE] * * *
shanks' mare
1. one's own legs, esp. as a means of moving from one place to another: The only way we can get there is by shanks' mare. 2. ride shanks' mare, to go on foot rather than ride; ...
/shah"neuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/shan"euhn/, n. 1. Claude Elwood /el"wood'/, born 1916, U.S. applied mathematician: early developer of information theory. 2. a river flowing SW from N Ireland to the Atlantic: ...
Shannon, Claude
▪ American engineer in full  Claude Elwood Shannon  born April 30, 1916, Petoskey, Michigan, U.S. died February 24, 2001, Medford, Massachusetts       American ...
Shannon, Claude (Elwood)
born April 30, 1916, Petoskey, Mich., U.S. died Feb. 24, 2001, Medford, Mass. U.S. electrical engineer. Shannon earned a Ph.D. in mathematics from MIT in 1940. He had a long ...
Shannon, Claude Elwood
▪ 2002       American mathematician and computer scientist (b. April 30, 1916, Petoskey, Mich.—d. Feb. 24, 2001, Medford, Mass.), laid the theoretical foundations for ...
Shannon, Del
▪ American musician original name  Charles Weedon Westover  born Dec. 30, 1934, Coopersville, Mich., U.S. died Feb. 8, 1990, Santa Clarita, Calif.       American ...
Shannon, River
River, Ireland. The country's longest river, it rises in northwestern County Cavan and flows for about 230 mi (370 km) to enter the Atlantic Ocean below Limerick. It is ...
/shan"ee/, n., pl. shannies. a scaleless blenny, Blennius pholis, living in waters along the coast of Europe, having an olive-green body marked with dark spots. [1830-40; orig. ...
/shahn"see"/, n. Older Spelling. Shanxi. * * * ▪ province, China Introduction Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Shan-hsi,  (Pinyin)  Shanxi,         sheng (province) of ...
/shan"tee/, n., pl. shanteys. chantey. * * *
/shahn"tee/, n. Hinduism. peace. Also, shantih. [ < Skt santi (nom. sing. santih)] * * *
▪ former town, India also spelled  Śantiniketan        former town, now part of Bolpur town, north-central West Bengal state, northeastern India. Shantiniketan ...
/shahn"toh"/, n. Pinyin. a seaport in E Guangdong province, in SE China. 400,000. Also, Swatow. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization   Shan-t'ou , conventional ...
Shantou wares
▪ pottery Wade-Giles romanization  Swatow        various types of porcelain produced mostly in Fujian province, southeastern China, during the 16th and 17th ...
/shan"tung"/ or, for 2, /shan"tung/; for 1, also Chin. /shahn"doong"/, n. 1. Shandong. 2. (often l.c.) Textiles. a. a heavy pongee. Cf. tussah. b. a fabric imitating this, of ...
shanty1 —shantylike, adj. /shan"tee/, n., pl. shanties, adj., v., shantied, shantying. n. 1. a crudely built hut, cabin, or house. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or constituting a ...
/shan"tee town'/, n. 1. a section, as of a city or town, characterized by shanties and crudely built houses. 2. a whole town or city that is chiefly made up of shantylike ...
/shahn"shee"/, n. Pinyin. a province in N China. 18,010,000; 60,656 sq. mi. (157,099 sq. km). Cap.: Taiyuan. Also, Shansi. * * * or Shan-hsi conventional Shansi Province (pop., ...
(as used in expressions) Liu Shao ch'i Shao Yong Shao Yung * * *
Shao Yong
or Shao Yung born 1011, Kung-ch'eng, China died 1077, Henan Chinese philosopher who greatly influenced the development of the idealist school of Neo-Confucianism. Originally a ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Shao-kuan , formerly  Shaozhou  or  Qujiang        city, northern Guangdong sheng (province), southern China. It lies along the ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Shao-wu        city in northwestern Fujian (Fukien) sheng (province), China. It is situated on the upper course of the Futun River, ...
/show"shing"/, n. Pinyin. a city in NE Zhejiang province, in E China. 225,000. Also, Older Spelling, Shaohing /show"hing"/; Wade-Giles, Shaohsing. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles ...
/show"yahng"/, n. Pinyin, Wade-Giles. a city in central Hunan province, in E China. 275,000. Formerly, Baoqing. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Shao-yang , formerly ...
See shape. * * *
—shapable, shapeable, adj. /shayp/, n., v., shaped, shaping. n. 1. the quality of a distinct object or body in having an external surface or outline of specific form or ...
/shayp/, n. Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers, Europe. Also, Shape. * * *
shape note
a musical note in which the degree of the scale is indicated by the shape of the note's head. Also called buckwheat note. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
shape-note hymnal
▪ music also called  patent-note hymnal,  or  buckwheat-note hymnal,         American hymnal incorporating many folk hymns and utilizing a special musical notation. ...
shape-note singing
U.S. a cappella singing style incorporating many folk hymns and utilizing a special musical notation. The seven-note scale used by some singers is sung not to the syllables ...
shape-note singing (shāpʹnōt') n. A traditional style of unaccompanied group singing using a sol-fa notation in which the shape of the note indicates its pitch. Also called ...
shape-shifter [shāp′shif΄tər] n. Folklore a creature or thing that can change shape at will or that does so under certain conditions * * *
/shayp"up'/, n. 1. an act or instance of shaping up. 2. a former method of hiring longshoremen in which the applicants appeared daily at the docks and a union hiring boss chose ...
See shapable. * * *
/shaypt/, adj. 1. of a definite form, shape, or character (often used in combination): a U-shaped driveway. 2. designed to fit a particular form, body, or contour: a shaped ...
shaped charge
Mil. a warhead having a concave, hollow end and operating on the Munroe effect. * * *
—shapelessly, adv. —shapelessness, n. /shayp"lis/, adj. 1. having no definite or regular shape or form: a shapeless mass of clay. 2. lacking beauty or elegance of ...
See shapeless. * * *
See shapelessly. * * *
See shapely. * * *
—shapeliness, n. /shayp"lee/, adj., shapelier, shapeliest. having a pleasing shape, esp. with reference to a woman's figure. [1325-75; SHAPE + -LY; r. ME shaply, schaply; cf. ...
/shay"peuhn/, adj. having a designated shape (usually used in combination): a sprawling, ill-shapen building. [1250-1300; ME; OE -sceapen (only in compounds); orig. ptp. of ...
/shay"peuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that shapes. 2. a machine tool for forming flat surfaces, consisting of a frame, usually horizontal, on which the work is held while a ...
shape·up or shape-up (shāpʹŭp') n. An assembled group of dock workers from which the day's work crew is chosen by a representative of the union. * * *
shape·wear (shāpʹwâr') n. Fitted underwear, especially a girdle, that is designed to hold a part of the body in a particular form. * * *
Shapey, Ralph
▪ 2003       American composer and teacher (b. March 12, 1921, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. June 13, 2002, Chicago, Ill.), combined atonality with lyricism in his works. He ...
/sheuh pear"oh/, n. Karl (Jay), born 1913, U.S. poet and editor. * * *
Shapiro, Karl
▪ 2000       American poet and critic (b. Nov. 10, 1913, Baltimore, Md.—d. May 14, 2000, New York, N.Y.), won attention early in his career as a writer of technically ...
/shoh"ah/, n. a former kingdom in E Africa: now a province of Ethiopia. 5,369,500; 25,290 sq. mi. (65,501 sq. km). Cap.: Addis Ababa. /shoh"euh/, n. the Holocaust. Also Shoah. [ ...
/shohd/, n. Brit. Mining. float (def. 43). [1595-1605; akin to OE scadan to divide, scatter; cf. G schneiden] * * *
Shoah [shō′ə] n. 〚ModHeb šo'ah < Heb, devastation, catastrophe〛 THE HOLOCAUST (see phrase under HOLOCAUST): usually with the * * * Sho·ah (shōʹə) n. The mass ...
shoal1 /shohl/, n. 1. a place where a sea, river, or other body of water is shallow. 2. a sandbank or sand bar in the bed of a body of water, esp. one that is exposed above the ...
Shoalhaven River
▪ river, New South Wales, Australia       river in southeastern New South Wales, Australia, rising in the Gourock Range of the Eastern Highlands (25 miles [40 km] west ...
/shoh"lee/, adj., shoalier, shoaliest. full of shoals or shallows. [1605-15; SHOAL1 + -Y1] * * *
/shoht/, n. 1. Also, shote. a young, weaned pig. 2. geep. [1375-1425; late ME shote; c. dial. D schote] * * *
Seph. /shaw khet"/; Ashk. /shoh"khayt, shoy"khit/; Eng. /shoh"khit/, n., pl. shochetim /shohkh teem"/, Eng. shochets. Hebrew. shohet. * * *
Shōchiku Co., Ltd.
▪ Japanese motion-picture studio       leading Japanese motion-picture studio, the films of which are usually home-centred dramas aimed toward an audience of women. The ...
shock1 —shockable, adj. —shockability, n. —shockedness, n. —shocklike, adj. /shok/, n. 1. a sudden and violent blow or impact; collision. 2. a sudden or violent ...
shock absorber
Mach. a device for damping sudden and rapid motion, as the recoil of a spring-mounted object from shock. [1905-10] * * * Device for controlling unwanted motion of a ...
shock cord.
See bungee cord. * * *
shock front
the forward boundary surface of a shock wave. [1945-50] * * *
shock jock
a radio disc jockey who features offensive or controversial material. [1985-90, Amer.] * * *
shock probation
☆ shock probation n. 〚from the theory that the shock of even a brief confinement may have a deterrent effect〛 the release on probation of a criminal after brief ...
shock radio
broadcasting by a commercial station whose humor includes tasteless jokes, sexual innuendo, and ethnic insults. [1990-95] * * *
shock therapy
(not in technical use) any of various therapies, as insulin shock therapy or electroconvulsive therapy, that induce convulsions or unconsciousness, used for symptomatic relief in ...
shock troops
Mil. troops especially selected, trained, and equipped for engaging in assault. [1915-20] * * *
shock wave
1. a region of abrupt change of pressure and density moving as a wave front at or above the velocity of sound, caused by an intense explosion or supersonic flow over a body. 2. a ...
shock wave therapy
lithotripsy. * * *
/shok"ri zis'teuhnt/, adj. strong or resilient enough to sustain minor impacts without damage to the internal mechanism: a shock-resistant watch. * * *
/shok"test'/, v.t. to test (equipment or matériel) for resistance to sudden impact or stress. * * *
shock absorber A. piston B. cylinder C. piston rod D. oil Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. A device used to absorb mechanical shocks, as a hydraulic or pneumatic piston used to ...
/shok"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that shocks. 2. a sensational novel, play, etc. [1780-90; SHOCK1 + -ER1] * * *
/shok"hed'id/, adj. having a shock or thick mass of hair on the head. [1810-20; SHOCK3 + HEAD + -ED3] * * *
—shockingly, adv. —shockingness, n. /shok"ing/, adj. 1. causing intense surprise, disgust, horror, etc. 2. very bad: shocking manners. [1685-95; SHOCK1 + -ING2] Syn. 1. ...
shocking pink
—shocking-pink, adj. a vivid or intensely bright pink. [1935-40] * * *
See shocking. * * *
shock jock n. Informal A host of a shock radio program.   [shock radio + disc jockey.] * * *
/shok"lee/, n. William Bradford, born 1910, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1956. * * *
Shockley, William B(radford)
born Feb. 13, 1910, London, Eng. died Aug. 12, 1989, Palo Alto, Calif., U.S. U.S. engineer and teacher. He received a Ph.D. from Harvard University. He joined Bell Labs in ...
Shockley, William B.
▪ American physicist in full  William Bradford Shockley   born Feb. 13, 1910, London, Eng. died Aug. 12, 1989, Palo Alto, Calif., U.S.  American engineer and teacher, ...
Shockley,William Bradford
Shock·ley (shŏkʹlē), William Bradford. 1910-1989. British-born American physicist. He shared a 1956 Nobel Prize for the development of the electronic transistor. * * *
/shok"proohf'/, adj. 1. Also, shock-proof. (of timepieces, machinery, etc.) protected against damage resulting from anticipated shocks. v.t. 2. to protect (timepieces, machinery, ...
shock radio n. Talk radio featuring derogatory or offensive remarks, vulgar language, and crude humor. * * *
shock therapy n. Any of various treatments for mental disorders, such as major depression or schizophrenia, in which a convulsion or brief coma is induced by administering a drug ...
shock troops pl.n. Soldiers specially chosen, trained, and armed to lead an attack.   [Translation of German Stosstruppen: Stoss, shock + Truppen, pl. of Truppe, troop.] * * *
shock wave n. 1. A large-amplitude compression wave, as that produced by an explosion or by supersonic motion of a body in a medium. 2. A violent disruption, disturbance, or ...
/shod/, v. a pt. and pp. of shoe. * * *
shodden [shäd′'n] vt. alt. pp. of SHOE * * * shod·den (shŏdʹn) v. A past participle of shoe. * * *
See shoddy. * * *
See shoddily. * * *
—shoddily, adv. —shoddiness, n. /shod"ee/, adj., shoddier, shoddiest, n., pl. shoddies. adj. 1. of poor quality or inferior workmanship: a shoddy bookcase. 2. intentionally ...
—shoeless, adj. /shooh/, n., pl. shoes, (esp. Brit. Dial.) shoon; v., shod or shoed, shod or shoed or shodden, shoeing. n. 1. an external covering for the human foot, usually ...
shoe boil
Vet. Pathol. a swelling of the elbow of a horse due to irritation caused by the hoof striking the elbow when lying down. Also called capped elbow. [1910-15] * * *
shoe tree
shoe tree n. a form, as of wood or metal, inserted in a shoe to stretch it or preserve its shape * * *
/shooh"bil'/, n. a large, African, storklike bird, Balaeniceps rex, having a broad, flattened bill shaped somewhat like a shoe. [1870-75; SHOE + BILL2] * * * ▪ bird also ...
/shooh"blak'/, n. bootblack. [1745-55; SHOE + BLACK] * * *
shoe boil n. A growth over the elbow of a horse, caused by repeated bruising by the hoof or the rough floor when lying down and leading to lameness. * * *
/shooh"boks'/, n. 1. an oblong cardboard box of a standard size used to package a pair of shoes for sale. 2. any house, building, or other construction likened to a shoebox ...
/shooh"brush'/, n. a brush used in polishing shoes. [1765-75; SHOE + BRUSH1] * * *
/shooh"hawrn'/, n. 1. a shaped piece of horn, metal, or the like, inserted in the heel of a shoe to make it slip on more easily. v.t. 2. to force into a limited or tight space: ...
/shooh"lays'/, n. a string or lace for fastening a shoe. [1640-50; SHOE + LACE] * * *
—shoemaking, n. /shooh"may"keuhr/, n. a person who makes or mends shoes. [1350-1400; ME; see SHOE, MAKER] * * * (as used in expressions) Shoemaker Bill William Lee ...
/shooh"may'keuhr/, n. William Lee (Willie), born 1931, U.S. jockey. * * * (as used in expressions) Shoemaker Bill William Lee Shoemaker Willie Shoemaker Shoemaker Levy 9 * * *
Shoemaker, Bill
or Willie Shoemaker in full William Lee Shoemaker born Aug. 19, 1931, Fabens, Texas, U.S. died Oct. 12, 2003, San Marino, Calif. U.S. jockey. He began his racing career in ...
Shoemaker, Carolyn
▪ American astronomer née  Carolyn Spellman  born June 24, 1929, Gallup, N.M., U.S.       American astronomer who became an expert at identifying comets (comet). ...
Shoemaker, Carolyn and Eugene, and Levy, David
▪ 1995        For six days between July 16 and 22, 1994, Carolyn Shoemaker, her husband Eugene, and fellow comet hunter David Levy peered anxiously through telescopes to ...
Shoemaker, Edwin J.
▪ 1999       American engineer and businessman whose invention of the recliner made the La-Z-Boy furniture company one of the most successful in the U.S. (b. 1907?, ...
Shoemaker, Eugene Merle
▪ 1998       ("GENE"), American planetary geologist (b. April 28, 1928, Los Angeles, Calif.—d. July 18, 1997, Alice Springs, Australia), was hailed as one of the chief ...
Shoemaker, Gene
▪ American astrogeologist byname of  Eugene Merle Shoemaker  born April 28, 1928, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. died July 18, 1997, near Alice Springs, N.Terr., ...
Shoemaker, William Lee
▪ 2004 “Willie”; “Bill”; “the Shoe”        American jockey (b. Aug. 19, 1931, Fabens, Texas—d. Oct. 12, 2003, San Marino, Calif.), was one of the most ...
Shoemaker,William Lee
Shoe·ma·ker (sho͞oʹmā'kər), William Lee. Known as “Willie.” Born 1931. American jockey who before his retirement in 1990 won more races than any other rider in ...
Shoemaker-Levy 9
Comet that collided with t he planet Jupiter in July 1994, discovered by Carolyn and Eugene Shoemaker and David Levy 16 months earlier. The comet was torn apart into more than ...
Shoemaker-Levy 9, Comet
▪ astronomy  comet whose shattered nucleus crashed into Jupiter over the period of July 16–22, 1994. The cataclysmic event, the first collision between two solar system ...
See shoemaker. * * *
In Japan (с 8th–15th century), a private, tax-free, often autonomous estate. As the shōen increased in numbers, they undermined the political and economic power of the ...
Shoenberg, Sir Isaac
▪ British inventor born March 1, 1880, Pinsk, Russia [now in Belarus] died Jan. 25, 1963, London, Eng.       principal inventor of the first high-definition television ...
/shooh"pak'/, n. a heavy, laced, waterproof boot. Also, shoepack. Also called pac. [1745-55, Amer.; orig., an Indian moccasin with an extra sole, by folk etym. < Delaware Jargon ...
/shooh"euhr/, n. a person who shoes horses or other animals. [bef. 900; OE scoere shoemaker (not recorded in ME); see SHOE, -ER1] * * *
/shooh"shuyn'/, n. 1. an act or instance of cleaning and polishing a pair of shoes. 2. the surface of a polished shoe or shoes. [SHOE + SHINE] * * *
/shooh"string'/, n. 1. a shoelace. 2. a very small amount of money. 3. shoestrings. See shoestring potatoes. adj. 4. consisting of or characterized by a small amount of money: ...
shoestring catch
Baseball, Football. a catch of a ball on the fly, made close to the ground while running. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
shoestring potatoes
long, sticklike slices of raw potato that are deep-fried until crisp. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
shoestring root rot
Plant Pathol. See oak root rot. [1975-80] * * *
shoestring tackle
Football. a tackle made around the ankles of the ball carrier. * * *
shoestring catch n. Sports A running catch made near the ground. * * *
/shooh"tree'/, n. one of a pair of foot-shaped devices, usually of metal or wood, for placing in a shoe to maintain its shape when it is not being worn. [1820-30; SHOE + TREE] * ...
/shoh"feuhr/; Seph. Heb. /shaw fahrdd"/; Ashk. Heb. /shoh"feuhrdd, shoh fahrdd"/, n., pl. shofars, Heb. shofroth, shofrot, shofros Seph. /-frddawt"/; Ashk. /-frddohs, -frddohs"/, ...
/shog, shawg/, v., shogged, shogging, n. Scot. and Brit. Dial. v.t. 1. to shake; jolt. v.i. 2. to jog along. n. 3. a shake; jolt. [1350-1400; ME shoggen (v.); perh. akin to ...
▪ Japanese holiday also called  Oshōgatsu        public holiday observed in Japan on January 1–3 (though celebrations sometimes last for the entire week), marking ...
Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī
▪ Bahāʾī leader born March 1, 1897, Acre, Palestine [now ʿAkko, Israel] died Nov. 4, 1957, London, Eng.  leader of the international Bahāʾī faith, who held the title ...
/shoh"gee/, n. the Japanese version of chess. [1880-85; < Japn shogi < MChin, equiv. to Chin jiang commander + qí chess] * * * Strategic board game for two players that evolved ...
—shogunal, adj. /shoh"geuhn, -gun/, n. Japanese Hist. the title applied to the chief military commanders from about the 8th century A.D. to the end of the 12th century, then ...
/shoh"geuh nit, -nayt'/, n. 1. the office or rule of a shogun. 2. a government controlled by shoguns. [1870-75; SHOGUN + -ATE3] * * * ▪ Japanese history Japanese  Bakufu,  ...
▪ Japanese poet also called  Muan   born 1443, Japan died May 4, 1527, Japan       Japanese scholar and author of waka and renga (“linked-verse”) poetry during ...
Seph. /shaw khet"/; Ashk. /shoh"khayt, shoy"khit/; Eng. /shoh"khit/, n., pl. shohetim /shohkh teem"/, Eng. shohets. Hebrew. a person certified by a rabbi or Jewish court of law ...
▪ Japanese architecture       in Japanese domestic architecture, desk alcove that projects onto the veranda and has above it a shoji window made of latticework wood ...
Style of Japanese domestic architecture. The name is taken from a feature called the shoin, a study alcove with a built-in desk. Other common features included the tokonoma and ...
/shoh"zhee, -jee/, n., pl. shoji, shojis. a light screen consisting of a framework of wood covered with paper or other translucent material, used originally in Japanese homes as ...
▪ floral arrangement       (Japanese: “living flowers”), in classical Japanese floral art, a three-branched asymmetrical style that is a simplification of the ...
Shōkadō Shōjō
▪ Japanese artist original name Nakanuma Shikibu born 1584, Yamato Province, Japan died Nov. 3, 1639, Japan       Japanese calligrapher and painter, one of the ...
/shoh"leuh poor'/, n. a city in S Maharashtra in SW India. 398,122. * * * ▪ India       town, administrative headquarters of Sholāpur district, Mahārāshtra state, ...
(as used in expressions) Asch Sholem Sholem Aleichem Sholem Yakov Rabinowitz Sholem Yankev Abramovitsh * * *
Sholem Aleichem
orig. Sholem Yakov Rabinowitz born Feb. 18, 1859, Pereyaslav, Russia died May 13, 1916, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian writer. Drawn to writing as a youth, he became a private ...
/shohlz/, n. Christopher Latham /lay"theuhm, -dheuhm/, 1819-90, U.S. inventor of the typewriter. * * *
Sholes, Christopher Latham
born Feb. 14, 1819, near Mooresburg, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 17, 1890, Milwaukee, Wis. U.S. inventor. His first experiments were with numbering and letter-writing machines. In 1868 ...
/shaw"leuh kawf', -kof'/; Russ. /shaw"leuh kheuhf/, n. Mikhail /mee'huy eel"/; Russ. /myi khu yeel"/, 1905-84, Russian novelist: Nobel prize 1965. * * *
Sholokhov, Mikhail (Aleksandrovich)
born May 24, 1905, Veshenskaya, Russia died Feb. 21, 1984, Veshenskaya, U.S.S.R. Russian novelist. A native of the Don River region, he served in the Red Army and joined the ...
Sholokhov, Mikhail Aleksandrovich
▪ Soviet author born May 24 [May 11, Old Style], 1905, Veshenskaya, Russia died Feb. 21, 1984, Veshenskaya, Russian S.F.S.R., U.S.S.R.  Russian novelist, winner of the 1965 ...
Sholokhov,Mikhail Aleksandrovich
Sho·lo·khov (shôʹlə-kôf', -KHəf), Mikhail Aleksandrovich. 1905-1984. Russian writer whose four-part novel And Quiet Flows the Don (1928-1940) concerns the effect of World ...
Ashk. /shaw"leuhm, shoh"-/, interj. Hebrew. shalom. * * *
/shaw"leuhm, shoh"-/, n. a male given name. * * *
Sholom Aleichem
/ah lay"kheuhm, euh lay"-/. See Aleichem, Sholom. * * *
Shoman, Abdul Majeed
▪ 2006       Palestinian banker (b. 1912, Beit Hanina, near Jerusalem, Ottoman Empire [now in Israel]—d. July 5, 2005, Amman, Jordan), was a tireless supporter of ...
▪ Nigeria also spelled  Somolu        town, Lagos state, southwestern Nigeria, just north of Lagos city. A residential suburb of Lagos, the town is plagued by ...
Shomron, Dan
▪ 2009       Israeli military leader born 1937, Kibbutz Ashdot Yaʿacov, British Palestine [now in Israel] died Feb. 26, 2008, Raʿanana, Israel planned and led the ...
▪ emperor of Japan in full  Shōmu Tennō,  personal name  Obito  born , 701, Yamato [near Nara], Japan died June 21, 756, Nara       45th emperor of Japan, who ...
▪ Buddhist chant       classical chant of Buddhism in Japan. Both the Tendai and Shingon sects maintain the tradition and use its theoretical books and notation systems ...
/shoh"neuh/, n., pl. Shonas, (esp. collectively) Shona for 1. 1. Also called Mashona. a member of a group of peoples constituting more than two thirds of the population of ...
/shohn/; esp. Brit. /shon/, v. a pt. and pp. of shine. * * *
▪ mineral       rare, dark-coloured, intrusive igneous rock that contains augite and orthoclase feldspar as its primary constituents. Other minerals include olivine, ...
/shooh/, interj., v., shooed, shooing. interj. 1. (used to scare or drive away a cat, dog, chickens, birds, etc.) v.t. 2. to drive away by saying or shouting "shoo." 3. to ...
shoo-fly pie
/shooh"fluy'/ an open pie filled with a sweet crumb and molasses mixture and baked. [1925-30; so called in allusion to the attractiveness of the molasses to unwanted flies] * * *
shoo-fly plant (sho͞oʹflī') n. See apple of Peru. * * *
/shooh"in'/, n. Informal. a candidate, competitor, etc., regarded as certain to win. [1945-50, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase shoo in] * * *
/shooh"fluy'/, n., pl. shooflies. a child's rocker having a seat supported between two boards cut and painted to resemble animals. [1860-65, Amer.; SHOO + FLY2] * * *
shoofly pie
n (AmE) an open pie filled with a mixture of brown sugar and molasses (= a dark, sweet, thick liquid obtained from sugar). It takes its name from the fact that people have to ...
shoofly pie n. A pie with a filling of molasses and brown sugar.   [So called because one will supposedly have to shoo away the flies attracted to the sweet filling.] * * *
shook1 /shook/, n. 1. a set of staves and headings sufficient for one hogshead, barrel, or the like. 2. a set of the parts of a box, piece of furniture, or the like, ready to be ...
shook-up (sho͝ok-ŭpʹ) adj. Slang Emotionally upset or excited; shaken. * * *
/shoohn/, n. Chiefly Brit. Dial. pl. of shoe. * * *
shoot1 /shooht/, v., shot, shooting, n. v.t. 1. to hit, wound, damage, kill, or destroy with a missile discharged from a weapon. 2. to execute or put to death with a bullet: to ...
shoot the chutes.
See chute the chute. [1920-25] * * *
☆ shoot'em-up [sho͞ot′'m up΄ ] n. Slang 1. a book, film, TV show, video game, etc. characterized by much violent content, gunplay, etc., esp. one in the western, crime, or ...
/shooht"euhm up'/, n. Informal. a motion-picture or television program that emphasizes gunplay, action, and often violence. [1945-50] * * *
/shooht"awf', -of'/, n. a final or additional contest to decide the winner in a rifle or pistol competition. Also, shootoff. [see SHOOT, -OFF] * * *
☆ shoot-the-chute [sho͞ot΄thə sho͞ot′ ] n. CHUTE-THE-CHUTE * * * shoot-the-chute also chute-the-chute (sho͞otʹthə-sho͞otʹ) n. An amusement ride consisting of a ...
/shooht"up'/, n. Slang. 1. an act or instance of injecting an addictive drug intravenously. 2. shootout (def. 1). [1965-70; n. use of v. phrase shoot up] * * *
shoot·down (sho͞otʹdoun') n. 1. Destruction of a flying aircraft by a missile attack or gunfire. 2. An instance of such destruction. * * *
/shooh"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that shoots. 2. Games. a marble used to shoot at other marbles. 3. a person who sets off explosives in oil-drilling operations. 4. ...
shooting [sho͞ot′iŋ] n. the act or an instance of shooting a gun, specif., one that results in wounding or killing * * * ➡ field sports * * * Sport of gun ...
shooting box
Chiefly Brit. a small house or lodge for use during the shooting season. Also called shooting lodge. [1805-15] * * *
shooting brake
Brit. See station wagon. [1910-15; earlier, a light horse-drawn wagonette; cf. break, brake bodiless carriage frame, wagonette ( < ?)] * * *
shooting galleries
➡ fairs * * *
shooting gallery
1. a place equipped with targets and used for practice in shooting. 2. Slang. a place where drug addicts can buy and inject themselves with narcotic drugs. [1830-40] * * *
shooting iron
Informal. a firearm, esp. a pistol or revolver. [1780-90, Amer.] * * *
shooting match
/shooh"ting/ for 1; /shooht"n, shooh"ting/ for 2 1. a contest in marksmanship. 2. Informal. a. a number of persons or things collectively. b. everything involved with a ...
shooting script
a motion-picture scenario having the scenes arranged in the order in which they are to be photographed. [1925-30] * * *
shooting star
1. meteor (def. 1b). 2. Also called American cowslip, prairie pointer. any of several North American plants of the genus Dodecatheon, esp. D. meadia, having pink or white flowers ...
shooting stick
a device resembling a cane or walking stick, with a spike on one end and a small, folding seat on the other, often used by spectators at outdoor sporting events. [1675-85] * * *
shooting war
open conflict between hostile nations involving direct military engagements. * * *
shoot·ing gallery (sho͞oʹtĭng) n. 1. An enclosed target range for practice or competition with firearms. 2. Slang. A place where illegal drugs may be obtained, prepared, and ...

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