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shootingiron
shooting iron n. Slang A firearm, especially a handgun. * * *
shootingscript
shooting script n. The final version of a movie or television script with the scenes arranged in sequence as they are to be filmed or taped. * * *
shootingstar
shooting star n. 1. See meteor. 2. Any of several North American perennial herbs of the genus Dodecatheon, having nodding flowers with reflexed petals. * * *
shootingstick
shooting stick n. A stick resembling a cane, pointed at one end with a folding seat at the other, typically used by spectators at outdoor sporting events. * * *
shootist
/shooh"tist/, n. 1. a marksman with a pistol or rifle. 2. a gunfighter, as in the Old West. [1860-65, Amer.; SHOOT1 + -IST] * * *
shootout
/shooht"owt'/, n. 1. a gunfight that must end in defeat for one side or the other, as between gunfighters in the Old West, criminal groups, or law-enforcement officers and ...
shop
/shop/, n., v., shopped, shopping, interj. n. 1. a retail store, esp. a small one. 2. a small store or department in a large store selling a specific or select type of goods: the ...
shop assistant
Brit. a store clerk. [1895-1900] * * *
shop chairman.
See shop steward. * * *
shop floor
shop floor n. 1. the part of a factory where the products are manufactured 2. the workers who are engaged in production there * * *
shop right
Patent Law. the right of an employer to use an employee's invention without compensating the employee for the use, in cases where the invention was made at the place of and ...
shop steward
a unionized employee elected to represent a shop, department, or the like, in dealings with an employer. Also called committeeman, shop chairman. [1910-15] * * *
shopaholic
shop·a·hol·ic (shŏp'ə-hôʹlĭk, -hŏlʹĭk) n. A person who shops compulsively or very frequently. * * *
shopcraft
/shop"kraft', -krahft'/, n. 1. any of various skilled trades involving maintenance or repair work, as metalworking or boilermaking, esp. in the railroad industry. 2. the members ...
shopful
/shop"fool/, n., pl. shopfuls. 1. the contents of a shop. 2. a quantity sufficient to fill a shop. [1630-40; SHOP + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
shopgirl
/shop"gerrl'/, n. a salesgirl; female store clerk. [1760-70; SHOP + GIRL] * * *
shophar
/shoh"feuhr/; Seph. Heb. /shaw fahrdd"/; Ashk. Heb. /shoh"feuhrdd, shoh fahrdd"/, n., pl. shophars, Heb. shophroth, shophrot, shophros Seph. /-frddawt"/; Ashk. /-frddohs, ...
shopkeeper
—shopkeeping, n. /shop"kee'peuhr/, n. a retail merchant or tradesman; a person who owns or operates a small store or shop. [1520-30; SHOP + KEEPER] * * *
shoplift
/shop"lift'/, v.t. 1. to steal (merchandise) as a shoplifter. v.i. 2. to shoplift merchandise. [1810-20; back formation from SHOPLIFTER] * * *
shoplifter
/shop"lif'teuhr/, n. a person who steals goods from the shelves or displays of a retail store while posing as a customer. [1670-80; obs. shoplift shoplifter (SHOP + LIFT) + ...
shoplifting
See shoplifter. * * *
shoppe
/shop/, n. shop (used chiefly for quaint effect). [deliberately archaized sp.] * * *
shopper
/shop"euhr/, n. 1. a person who shops. 2. See comparison shopper. 3. a retail buyer for another person or a business concern. 4. a locally distributed newspaper of retail ...
shopping
/shop"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person who shops. 2. the facilities or merchandise available to those who shop: Chicago has good shopping. adj. 3. of, for, or pertaining to ...
shopping bag
a strong, usually paper or plastic, bag with handles, used to carry purchases or belongings. [1925-30] * * *
shopping cart
a four-wheeled cart provided by a supermarket or other retail store for a customer's use in collecting purchases. [1925-30] * * *
shopping center
a group of stores within a single architectural plan, supplying most of the basic shopping needs, esp. in suburban areas. [1935-40] * * *
shopping centre
(also esp AmE shopping mall, mall) n a large building or covered area containing many different shops. Shopping centres may also have their own car parks, restaurants, banks and ...
shopping days to Christmas
a phrase used to explain how many days are left on which the shops will be open between the present time and Christmas. It is written in the windows of some shops to encourage ...
shopping list
1. a list made by a shopper of items or goods to be bought. 2. matters to be discussed, requested, or otherwise attended to: the president's shopping list at the coming summit ...
shopping mall
1. mall (def. 1). 2. a shopping center. [1955-60] * * * or shopping centre Collection of independent retail stores, services, and parking areas constructed and maintained by a ...
shopping plaza
a complex of stores, banks, movie theaters, etc.; shopping center. Also called plaza. [1955-60] * * *
shopping precinct
n (BrE) an area of a town or city where cars are not allowed, so that it is easy for people to walk between the many shops, banks, restaurants, etc. in the precinct. * * *
shopping-bag lady
/shop"ing bag'/. See bag lady (def. 1). [1975-80] * * *
shoppingbag
shop·ping bag (shŏpʹĭng) n. A strong bag with handles for carrying a shopper's purchases. * * *
shoppingcenter
shopping center n. A group of stores and often restaurants and other businesses having a common parking lot. * * *
shoppinglist
shopping list n. 1. A list of items to be purchased. 2. Informal. An enumeration, as of items desired or matters being considered: “It is easy enough to draw up a shopping list ...
shoppingmall
shopping mall n. 1. An urban shopping area limited to pedestrians. 2. A shopping center with stores and businesses facing a system of enclosed walkways for pedestrians. * * *
shopsteward
shop steward n. A union member elected to represent coworkers in dealings with management. * * *
shoptalk
/shop"tawk'/, n. 1. the specialized vocabulary having to do with work or a field of work: I don't understand electronics shoptalk. 2. talk about one's work or occupation, esp. ...
shopwalker
/shop"waw'keuhr/, n. Brit. a floorwalker. [1860-65; SHOP + WALKER] * * *
shopwindow
/shop"win'doh/, n. a window used for display of merchandise. [1400-50; late ME; see SHOP, WINDOW] * * *
shopworn
/shop"wawrn', -wohrn'/, adj. 1. worn or marred, as goods exposed and handled in a store. 2. trite; hackneyed. [1870-75; SHOP + WORN] * * *
shoran
/shawr"an, shohr"-/, n. a system for aircraft navigation in which two signals sent from an aircraft are received and answered by two fixed transponders, the round-trip times of ...
shore
shore1 /shawr, shohr/, n. 1. the land along the edge of a sea, lake, broad river, etc. 2. some particular country: my native shore. 3. land, as opposed to sea or water: a marine ...
Shore
/shawr, shohr/, n. Jane, 1445?-1527, mistress of Edward IV of England. * * *
shore bug
any of various small, predaceous hemipterous insects of the family Saldidae, some of which are burrowers, commonly occurring along grassy shores of ponds, streams, brackish ...
shore crab
any of numerous crabs that live along the shoreline between the tidemarks, as Hemigrapsus nudus (purple shore crab), of the Pacific coast of North America. [1840-50] * * *
shore dinner
a meal consisting chiefly of seafood. [1890-95] * * *
shore fly
▪ insect       any member of a family of insects in the fly order, Diptera, that are small, dark coloured, and commonly found in great numbers around ponds, streams, and ...
shore leave
Navy. 1. permission to spend time ashore, usually 48 hours or more, granted a member of a ship's company. 2. the time spent ashore during such leave. [1905-10] * * *
shore patrol
(often caps.) members of an organization in the U.S. Navy having police duties similar to those performed by military police. Abbr.: SP [1940-45] * * *
Shore Temple
Complex of elegant shrines (с 700), one among a number of Hindu monuments at Mahabalipuram, on the coast of Tamil Nadu state, India. It is considered the finest early example ...
shore terrace
a terrace or bench produced by wave erosion and biochemical attack along the shore of an ocean or a large lake. [1930-35] * * *
Shore, Frances Rose
▪ 1995       ("DINAH"), U.S. singer (b. March 1, 1917, Winchester, Tenn.—d. Feb. 24, 1994, Los Angeles, Calif.), projected a sunny disposition and exuded an ...
Shore, Jane
▪ English courtesan died 1527       mistress of the English king Edward IV (reigned 1461–70 and 1471–83). Beautiful, charming, and witty, she is thought to have ...
Shorea
▪ plant genus       genus of plants in the family Dipterocarpaceae, comprising about 360 species of tall South Asian evergreen trees that are extremely valuable for ...
shorebird
/shawr"berrd', shohr"-/, n. a bird that frequents seashores, estuaries, etc., as the snipe, sandpiper, plover, and turnstone; a limicoline bird. [1665-75; SHORE1 + BIRD] * * ...
shorebug
shore bug n. Any of numerous small predatory insects of the family Saldidae, found along the shores of streams and other bodies of water where they sometimes dig burrows. * * *
shorecrab
shore crab n. Any of numerous crabs, such as the spider crab of the United States or the common edible crab Carcinus maenas, usually found along seashores. * * *
shoredinner
shore dinner n. A meal consisting of seafood. * * *
shorefly
shore fly n. Any of numerous minute black flies of the family Ephydridae, living in damp or marshy places. * * *
shorefront
/shawr"frunt', shohr"-/, n. 1. land along a shore. adj. 2. located on such land: shorefront cottages. [1915-20; SHORE1 + FRONT] * * *
Shoreham-by-Sea
▪ England, United Kingdom       port in Adur district, administrative county of West Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England. It lies along the English Channel at ...
shoreleave
shore leave n. Leave of absence granted to a sailor to go ashore. * * *
shoreless
/shawr"lis, shohr"-/, adj. 1. limitless; boundless. 2. without a shore or beach suitable for landing: a shoreless island. [1620-30; SHORE1 + -LESS] * * *
shoreline
/shawr"luyn', shohr"-/, n. the line where shore and water meet. [1850-55; SHORE1 + LINE1] * * *
shorepatrol
shore patrol n. Abbr. SP A detail of the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard serving as military police ashore. * * *
shoreside
/shawr"suyd', shohr"-/, n. 1. land along a shore. adj. 2. located on such land. [1565-75; SHORE1 + SIDE1] * * *
Shoreview
/shawr"vyooh', shohr"-/, n. a town in E Minnesota. 17,300. * * *
shoreward
/shawr"weuhrd, shohr"-/, adv. 1. Also, shorewards. toward the shore or land. adj. 2. facing, moving, or tending toward the shore or land: a shoreward course. 3. coming from the ...
shorewards
See shoreward. * * *
Shorewood
/shawr"wood', shohr"-/, n. a city in SE Wisconsin, near Milwaukee. 14,327. * * *
Shorey, Paul
▪ American scholar born Aug. 3, 1857, Davenport, Iowa, U.S. died April 24, 1934, Chicago       U.S. scholar and Humanist noted for his writings on classical Greek art ...
shoring
/shawr"ing, shohr"-/, n. 1. a number or system of shores for steadying or supporting a wall, a ship in drydock, etc. 2. the act of setting up shores. [1490-1500; SHORE2 + ...
shorn
/shawrn, shohrn/, v. a pp. of shear. * * *
short
—shortness, n. /shawrt/, adj., shorter, shortest, adv., n., v. adj. 1. having little length; not long. 2. having little height; not tall: a short man. 3. extending or reaching ...
short account
Finance. 1. the account of a short seller. 2. See short interest. [1900-05] * * *
short ballot
a ballot containing only candidates for the most important legislative and executive posts, leaving judicial and lesser administrative posts to be filled by ...
short break
➡ holidays and vacations * * *
short circuit
Elect. an abnormal, usually unintentional condition of relatively low resistance between two points of different potential in a circuit, usually resulting in a flow of excess ...
short con
Slang. any simple confidence game involving a relatively small amount of money. * * *
short covering
Finance. purchases that close out short sales on stocks or commodities. * * *
short division
Math. division, esp. by a one-digit divisor, in which the steps of the process are performed mentally and are not written down. [1895-1900] * * *
short field
Baseball. the area of the infield between third base and second, covered by the shortstop. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
short fuse
a quick temper: A person with a short fuse has to be handled diplomatically. [1965-70] * * *
short game
1. the aspect of golf considered in relation to the ability of a player to hit medium or short shots, as chip shots, pitch shots, and putts, with accuracy. Cf. long game (def. ...
short hairs
Slang. pubic hair. [1925-30] * * *
short haul.
See haul (def. 22). * * *
short interest
Finance. the total amount by which a single seller or all sellers are short in a particular stock or commodity or in the market as a whole. Also called short account, short ...
short iron
Golf. a club, as a pitcher, pitching niblick, or niblick, with a short shaft and an iron head the face of which has great slope, for hitting approach shots. Cf. long ...
short line
a bus or rail route covering only a limited distance. [1850-55] * * *
short list
a list of those people or items preferred or most likely to be chosen, as winnowed from a longer list of possibilities. Also, shortlist. [1925-30] * * *
short loin
short loin n. the front part of a loin of beef, from the ribs to the sirloin * * *
short metre
▪ prosody also called  short measure , abbreviation  S.M.        a quatrain of which the first, second, and fourth lines are in iambic trimeter and the third is in ...
short novel
short novel n. a prose narrative midway between the novel and the short story in length and scope * * *
short order
a dish or serving of food that is quickly prepared upon request at a lunch counter. [1890-95] * * *
Short Parliament
the first of two parliaments set up by the English king Charles I in 1640 when he needed the legal power of Parliament to raise money for a war against Scotland. When the MPs ...
short position
Finance. See short interest. * * *
short rate
Insurance. a charge, proportionately higher than the annual rate, made for insurance issued or continued in force by the insured for less than one year. * * *
short ribs
short ribs pl.n. the rib ends of beef from the forequarter, next to the plate * * *
short sale
an act or instance of selling short. [1865-70] * * *
short seller
—short selling. Finance. a person, as a speculator, who sells short. * * *
short short story
a very short piece of prose fiction, much more condensed than the average short story. * * *
short shrift
1. a brief time for confession or absolution given to a condemned prisoner before his or her execution. 2. little attention or consideration in dealing with a person or matter: ...
short snort
☆ short snort n. Slang a quick drink of liquor * * *
short splice
a splice used when an increased thickness of the united rope is not objectionable, made by unlaying the rope ends a certain distance, uniting them so that their strands overlap, ...
short story
—short-story, adj. a piece of prose fiction, usually under 10,000 words. [1885-90] * * * Brief fictional prose narrative. It usually presents a single significant episode or ...
short subject
Motion Pictures. a short film, as a documentary or travelogue, shown as part of a program with a feature-length film. Also called short. [1940-45] * * *
short sweetening
Chiefly Southern and Midland U.S. sugar. Cf. long sweetening. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
short time
—short-time, adj. a period or schedule during which the number of working hours is reduced: The recession has put most of the manufacturing plants on short time. * * *
short title
an abridged listing in a catalog or bibliography, giving only such essential information as the author's name and the book's title, publisher, and date and place of ...
short ton
short ton n. see TON1 (sense 1): abbrev. st * * *
short ton.
See under ton1 (def. 1). Also called net ton. [1880-85] * * *
Short, Bobby
▪ 2006 Robert Waltrip Short        American cabaret singer (b. Sept. 15, 1924, Danville, Ill.—d. March 21, 2005, New York, N.Y.), began a legendary 36-year run at the ...
Short, Clare
▪ 2004       In a remarkable radio interview on March 10, 2003, shortly before the U.S.-led war against Iraq began, Clare Short, the U.K. secretary of state for ...
Short, James
▪ British optician born June 10, 1710, Edinburgh, Scot. died June 14, 1768, London, Eng.       British optician (optics) and astronomer who produced the first truly ...
short-billed marsh wren
/shawrt"bild', -bild"/. See sedge wren. [1870-75] * * *
short-circuit
/shawrt'serr"kit/, v.t. 1. Elect. a. to make (an appliance, switch, etc.) inoperable by establishing a short circuit in. b. to carry (a current) as a short circuit. 2. to bypass, ...
short-commons
/shawrt"kom"euhnz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Southern U.S. a scanty allowance of food. * * *
short-cut
—short-cutter, n. /shawrt"kut'/, v., short-cut, short-cutting. v.t. 1. to cause to be shortened by the use of a shortcut. v.i. 2. to use or take a shortcut. [1560-70] * * *
short-day
/shawrt"day"/, adj. Bot. requiring a short photoperiod. [1915-20] * * *
short-eared owl
/shawrt"eard'/ a streaked, buffy brown, cosmopolitan owl, Asio flammeus, having very short tufts of feathers on each side of the head. Also called prairie owl. [1805-15, Amer.] * ...
short-handed
—short-handedness, n. /shawrt"han"did/, adj. not having the usual or necessary number of workers, helpers, etc. [1615-25] * * *
short-haul
/shawrt"hawl'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or engaged in transportation over short distances: a short-haul trucking firm. [1925-30] * * *
short-horned grasshopper
/shawrt"hawrnd'/ locust (def. 1). [1885-90] * * *  any of more than 10,000 species of insects (order Orthoptera) that are characterized by short, heavy antennae, a four-valved ...
short-hornedgrasshopper
short-horned grasshopper (shôrtʹhôrnd') n. A grasshopper of the family Locustidae (or Acrididae), including the locusts that swarm over large areas destroying vegetation. * * ...
short-laid
/shawrt"layd'/, adj. Ropemaking. hard-laid. [1785-95] * * *
short-list
/shawrt"list'/, v.t. to put on a short list. * * *
short-lived
—short-livedness, n. /shawrt"luyvd", -livd"/, adj. living or lasting only a little while. [1580-90] * * *
short-order
/shawrt"awr'deuhr/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or specializing in short orders: a short-order cook; short-order diner. 2. performed or supplied quickly: They obtained a ...
short-order cook
n (AmE) a professional cook who prepares quick dishes ordered by customers, especially at a fast food restaurant, café, etc. * * *
short-range
/shawrt"raynj"/, adj. having a limited extent, as in distance or time: a short-range shot; a short-range plan. [1865-70] * * *
short-run
/shawrt"run'/, adj. happening or presented for a short period of time: a short-run motion picture. [1935-40] * * *
short-sheet
/shawrt"sheet'/, v.t. 1. to fold and tuck in the top sheet of (a bed) so that it simulates both the top and bottom sheets: when the victim of this joke enters the bed, his or her ...
short-spoken
/shawrt"spoh"keuhn/, adj. speaking in a short, brief, or curt manner. [1860-65] * * *
short-staffed
short-staffed (shôrtʹstăftʹ) adj. Having fewer staff members than is usual or desirable. * * *
short-tailed shearwater
/shawrt"tayld'/. See under mutton bird. * * *
short-tailed shrew
a grayish-black shrew, Blarina brevicauda, common in eastern North America, that has a tail less than half the length of the body. See illus. under shrew. * * * ▪ ...
short-tailedshrew
short-tailed shrew (shôrtʹtāld') n. Any of various shrews of the genus Blarina and related genera, found in North America and eastern Asia, having much shorter tails and ...
short-tempered
/shawrt"tem"peuhrd/, adj. having a quick, hasty temper; irascible. [1885-90] Syn. irritable, testy, choleric, waspish. * * *
short-term
/shawrt"terrm"/, adj. 1. covering or applying to a relatively short period of time. 2. maturing over a relatively short period of time: a short-term loan. 3. (of profit, loss, ...
short-term memory
information retained in the brain and retrievable from it over a brief span of time (contrasted with long-term memory). [1965-70] * * *
short-timer
/shawrt"tuy"meuhr/, n. Informal. a person, as a soldier, who has a short period of time left to serve on a tour of duty. [short time + -ER1] * * *
short-track speed skating
▪ sport  sport that tests the speed, technical skating ability, and aggressiveness of its competitors. Unlike traditional long-track speed skating, contestants race against ...
short-waisted
/shawrt"way"stid/, adj. of less than average length between the shoulders and waistline; having a high waistline. Cf. long-waisted. [1580-90] * * *
short-winded
/shawrt"win"did/, adj. 1. short of breath; liable to difficulty in breathing. 2. brief or concise; to the point, as in speech or writing. [1400-50; late ME] * * *
shortaccount
short account n. 1. The account of one that sells short. 2. See short interest. * * *
shortage
/shawr"tij/, n. 1. a deficiency in quantity: a shortage of cash. 2. the amount of such deficiency. [1865-70; SHORT + -AGE] Syn. 1. lack, want, scarcity. * * *
shortbread
/shawrt"bred'/, n. a butter cookie commonly made in thick, pie-shaped wheels or rolled and cut in fancy shapes. [1795-1805; SHORT + BREAD] * * *
shortcake
/shawrt"kayk'/, n. 1. a cake made with a relatively large amount of butter or other shortening. 2. a dessert made of short, sometimes sweetened, biscuit dough baked or split in ...
shortchange
—shortchanger, n. /shawrt"chaynj"/, v.t., shortchanged, shortchanging. 1. to give less than the correct change to. 2. to deal with unfairly or dishonestly, esp. to ...
shortchanger
See shortchange. * * *
shortcircuit
short circuit n. A low-resistance connection established by accident or intention between two points in an electric circuit. The current tends to flow through the area of low ...
shortcoming
/shawrt"kum'ing/, n. a failure, defect, or deficiency in conduct, condition, thought, ability, etc.: a social shortcoming; a shortcoming of his philosophy. [1670-80; SHORT + ...
shortcovering
short covering n. The buying of securities, stocks, or commodities in order to close out a short sale. * * *
shortcut
/shawrt"kut'/, n. 1. a shorter or quicker way. 2. a method, procedure, policy, etc., that reduces the time or energy needed to accomplish something. adj. 3. constituting or ...
shortdivision
short division n. The process of dividing one number by another without writing down all the steps, especially when the divisor is a single digit. * * *
shorten
—shortener, n. /shawr"tn/, v.t. 1. to make short or shorter. 2. to reduce, decrease, take in, etc.: to shorten sail. 3. to make (pastry, bread, etc.) short, as with butter or ...
shortenedform
short·ened form (shôrʹtnd) n. An abbreviated form of a polysyllabic word, as auto for automobile. * * *
shortener
See shorten. * * *
shortening
/shawrt"ning, shawr"tn ing/, n. 1. butter, lard, or other fat, used to make pastry, bread, etc., short. 2. Phonet. the act, process, or an instance of making or becoming ...
Shorter
/shawr"teuhr/, n. Frank, born 1947, U.S. marathon runner. * * *
Shorter Catechism
one of the two catechisms established by the Westminster Assembly in 1647, used chiefly in Presbyterian churches. * * *
Shorter, Frank
▪ American athlete born October 31, 1947, Munich, Germany    runner who became the first American in 64 years to win the Olympic marathon, earning the gold medal at the ...
Shorter, Wayne
born Aug. 25, 1933, Newark, N.J., U.S. U.S. saxophonist and composer. After studying at New York University and serving in the U.S. Army, he played with Art Blakey's group ...
Shorter,Wayne
Shor·ter (shôrʹtər), Wayne. Born 1933. American jazz saxophonist who was a leading figure in the hard bop and jazz rock movements. * * *
shortfall
/shawrt"fawl'/, n. 1. the quantity or extent by which something falls short; deficiency; shortage. 2. the act or fact of falling short. [1890-95; SHORT + FALL; from v. phrase ...
shortfin corvina
/shawrt"fin'/. See under corvina. * * *
shortfuse
short fuse n. Slang A quick temper. * * *
shortgame
short game n. The aspect of golf involving short shots near the green and putting. * * *
shortgrass
/shawrt"gras', -grahs'/, n. any of several range grasses of short stature, as buffalo grass, prevalent in semiarid regions of the Great Plains. [1835-45, Amer.; SHORT + GRASS] * ...
shorthair
shorthair [shôrt′her΄] n. any member of either of two breeds of short-haired domestic cat: the American shorthair has a slightly oblong head and a tapering tail; the British ...
shorthair cat
Breed of domestic cat. Show standards call for a sturdily built cat with strong-boned legs, a round head, round eyes, and ears that are rounded at the tips. The coat must be ...
shorthaired
/shawrt"haird'/, adj. (of an animal) having short hair lying close to the body. [1615-25; SHORT + HAIR + -ED3] * * *
shorthand
/shawrt"hand'/, n. 1. a method of rapid handwriting using simple strokes, abbreviations, or symbols that designate letters, words, or phrases (distinguished from longhand). 2. a ...
shorthaul
short haul n. 1. A short distance: It's only a short haul from Detroit to Toledo. 2. A short period of time: The repairs should hold up over the short haul.   shortʹ-haulʹ ...
shorthead
—shortheaded, adj. /shawrt"hed'/, n. 1. a brachycephalic person. 2. a head with a cephalic index of 81 or over. [1890-95; SHORT + HEAD] * * *
Shorthorn
/shawrt"hawrn'/, n. one of an English breed of red, white, or roan beef cattle having short horns. Also called Durham. [1820-30; SHORT + HORN] * * * or Durham Blocky, ...
Shorthouse, Joseph Henry
▪ British writer born Sept. 9, 1834, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng. died March 4, 1903, Edgbaston, near Birmingham       English novelist whose John Inglesant ...
shorthundredweight
short hundredweight n. See hundredweight. * * *
shortia
☆ shortia [shôrt′ē ə ] n. 〚ModL, after C. W. Short (1794-1863), U.S. horticulturist + -IA〛 any of a genus (Shortia, family Diapensiaceae, order Diapensiales) of ...
shortie
/shawr"tee/, n., adj. shorty. * * *
shortinterest
short interest n. The total number of stocks, securities, or commodity shares in an account or in the market generally that have been sold short and not yet repurchased. Also ...
shortish
/shawr"tish/, adj. rather short. [1790-1800; SHORT + -ISH1] * * *
Shortland Islands
▪ islands, Solomon Islands       volcanic island group, northwestern Solomon Islands, southwestern Pacific Ocean, just southeast of Bougainville Island, P.N.G. The ...
shortleaf pine
/shawrt"leef'/ 1. a pine, Pinus echinata, of the southern U.S., having short, flexible leaves. 2. the hard, brownish-yellow wood of this tree, used in the construction of houses, ...
shortleafpine
short·leaf pine (shôrtʹlēf') n. A pine tree (Pinus echinata) common in the southeast United States, having dark bluish-green leaves grouped in fascicles of two. Also called ...
shortlist
shortlist [shôrt′list΄] n. Chiefly Brit. a list of those candidates for a position, award, etc. not eliminated in the preliminary selection process, from which the final ...
shortly
/shawrt"lee/, adv. 1. in a short time; soon. 2. briefly; concisely. 3. curtly; rudely. [bef. 900; ME schortly, OE scortlice; see SHORT, -LY] * * *
shortness
See short. * * *
Shortnin’ Bread
a traditional African-American children’s song about home-made ‘shortening bread’, bread or pastry made with cheap fat. It includes the lines: Two little children lying in ...
shortorder
short order n. An order of food prepared and served quickly, as in a diner.   shortʹ-or'der (shôrtʹôr'dər) adj. * * *
shortposition
short position n. 1. A short sale that has not yet been covered. 2. See short interest. * * *
shortribs
short ribs pl.n. The rib ends of beef between the rib roast and the plate. * * *
shorts
➡ seaside and beach * * *
shortsale
short sale n. The sale of a security that one does not own but has borrowed in anticipation of making a profit by paying for it after its price has fallen. * * *
shortshrift
short shrift n. 1. Summary, careless treatment; scant attention: These annoying memos will get short shrift from the boss. 2. Quick work. 3. a. A short respite, as from ...
shortsight
short sight n. See myopia. * * *
shortsighted
—shortsightedly, adv. —shortsightedness, n. /shawrt"suy"tid/, adj. 1. unable to see far; nearsighted; myopic. 2. lacking in foresight: a shortsighted plan. [1615-25] Syn. 2. ...
shortsightedly
See shortsighted. * * *
shortsightedness
See shortsightedly. * * *
shortstop
/shawrt"stop'/, n. 1. Baseball. a. the position of the player covering the area of the infield between second and third base. b. a fielder who covers this position. 2. Also ...
shortstory
short story n. A short piece of prose fiction, having few characters and aiming at unity of effect. * * *
shortsubject
short subject n. A brief film often shown before a feature-length film. * * *
shortton
short ton n. See ton. * * *
shortwall
/shawrt"wawl'/, adj. Mining. pertaining to a means of extracting coal when the working face is about a third the length of the longwall system and mining is done by a continuous ...
shortwave
/shawrt"wayv"/, n., adj., v., shortwaved, shortwaving. n. 1. Elect. a radio wave shorter than that used in AM broadcasting, corresponding to frequencies of over 1600 kilohertz: ...
shortwave radio
a radio that transmits or receives shortwaves. * * * ▪ communications       transmission and reception of information by means of electromagnetic waves about 10 to 80 m ...
shortweight
/shawrt"wayt'/, v.t. 1. to give less than the weight charged for: The firm is accused of shortweighting grain. n. 2. the insufficient weight given in this manner. [1925-30; SHORT ...
shorty
/shawr"tee/, n., pl. shorties, adj. Informal. n. 1. a person of less than average stature. 2. a garment designed to be of short length, as a hospital bed jacket. adj. 3. noting a ...
Shoshone
/shoh shoh"nee/, n., pl. Shoshones, (esp. collectively) Shoshone for 2. 1. a river in NW Wyoming, flowing NE into the Big Horn River. 120 mi. (193 km) long. 2. a member of any of ...
Shoshone Cavern
a large cave in NW Wyoming: a national monument. * * *
Shoshone Dam
a dam on the Shoshone River. 328 ft. (100 m) high. * * *
Shoshone Falls
falls of the Snake River, in S Idaho. 210 ft. (64 m) high. * * * ▪ waterfall, Idaho, United States       cataract on the Snake River, southern Idaho, U.S., near the ...
Shoshone River
River, northwestern Wyoming, U.S. Formed by the uniting of two headstreams in the Absaroka Range in Yellowstone National Park, it flows northeast 100 mi (160 km) to join the ...
Shoshone-Bannock
▪ people       any of the bands formerly of the Shoshone and Bannock peoples of North America who later chose to live as one people. Some of these bands shared the ...
Shoshonean
/shoh shoh"nee euhn, shoh'sheuh nee"euhn/, n., pl. Shoshoneans, (esp. collectively) Shoshonean for 2, adj. n. 1. (in some, esp. earlier, classifications) a grouping of four ...
ShoshoneFalls
Shoshone Falls A waterfall, 64.7 m (212 ft) high, in the Snake River of southern Idaho. * * *
ShoshoneRiver
Shoshone River A river, about 193 km (120 mi) long, of northwest Wyoming flowing northeast to the Bighorn River. * * *
Shoshoni
/shoh shoh"nee/, n., pl. Shoshonis, (esp. collectively) Shoshoni. Shoshone (defs. 2, 3). * * *
Shostak, Marjorie
▪ 1997       U.S. writer who conducted pathbreaking anthropological studies on tribal women while living among the !Kung San tribe in Africa's Kalahari Desert from 1968 ...
Shostakovich
/shos'teuh koh"vich/; Russ. /sheuh steuh kaw"vyich/, n. Dimitri Dimitrievich /di mee"tree di mee"tree euh vich/; Russ. /dmyee"trddyee dmyee"trddyi yi vyich/, 1906-75, Russian ...
Shostakovich, Dmitry
▪ Russian composer Introduction in full  Dmitry Dmitriyevich Shostakovich  born Sept. 12 [Sept. 25, New Style], 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia died Aug. 9, 1975, Moscow, ...
Shostakovich, Dmitry (Dmitriyevich)
born Sept. 25, 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia died Aug. 9, 1975, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian composer. Shaped by his intellectual parents and the political turmoil of his ...
Shostakovich,Dimitri
Shos·ta·ko·vich (shŏs'tə-kōʹvĭch, -kôʹ-, shə-stə-), Dimitri. 1906-1975. Russian composer particularly known for his 15 symphonies (1925-1971). He also wrote chamber ...
Shostka
▪ Ukraine       city, northern Ukraine, lying along the Shostka River. It became the site of a gunpowder mill in 1739, but not until Soviet times did it become a ...
shot
shot1 —shotless, adj. —shotlike, adj. /shot/, n., pl. shots or, for 6, 8, shot; v., shotted, shotting. n. 1. a discharge of a firearm, bow, etc. 2. the range of or the ...
shot clock
a clock used in basketball games to limit to a specific length the time taken between shots. [1980-85] * * *
shot effect
Electronics. random fluctuations in the emission of electrons from a hot cathode, causing a hissing or sputtering sound (shot noise) in an audio amplifier and causing snow on a ...
shot glass
a small, heavy glass for serving a shot of whiskey or liquor. * * *
shot hole
a condition in plants in which small, rounded spots drop out of the leaves, appearing as if the leaves were riddled by shot, resulting from infection or injury. [1795-1805] * * *
shot metal
lead hardened with antimony and arsenic, used to manufacture shot for cartridges. Also called shot lead. [1870-75] * * *
shot noise
Electronics. See under shot effect. [1975-80] * * *
shot put
1. a field event in which a heavy ball or shot is thrown or put for distance. 2. a single throw or put of the shot. [1895-1900] * * * Field event in which a metal ball is heaved ...
shot tower
a tower from the top of which finely divided streams of molten lead are dropped down a central well, breaking up into spherical drops during their fall to be quenched and ...
shot-putter
—shot-putting, n. /shot"poot'euhr/, n. a participant in shot put. [1880-85; SHOT PUT + -ER1] * * *
shot-putting
See shot-putter. * * *
shotclock
shot clock n. Basketball A device that indicates how many seconds a team has to take a shot or else lose possession of the ball. * * *
shotcrete
or gunite Concrete applied by spraying. Shotcrete is a mixture of portland cement, aggregate, and water conveyed by compressed air to a spray gun. For structural uses, ...
shote
/shoht/, n. shoat (def. 1). * * *
Shōtetsu
▪ Japanese poet original name  Komatsu Masakiyo  born 1381, Oda, Bitchū province [part of Okayama prefecture], Japan died June 9, 1459, Kyōto       priest-poet who ...
shotgun
/shot"gun'/, n., adj., v., shotgunned, shotgunning. n. 1. a smoothbore gun for firing small shot to kill birds and small quadrupeds, though often used with buckshot to kill ...
shotgun microphone
a directional microphone with a narrow-angle range of sensitivity. * * *
shotgun wedding
1. a wedding occasioned or precipitated by pregnancy. 2. Informal. a compromise, merger, accord, etc., occasioned by necessity: The coalition government was obviously a shotgun ...
shotgunmarriage
shotgun marriage n. A marriage that is forced or necessitated because of pregnancy. Also called shotgun wedding. * * *
shothole
/shot"hohl'/, n. a hole drilled in rock, coal, ore, etc., to hold explosives used in blasting. [1870-75; SHOT1 + HOLE] * * *
Shōtoku
in full Shōtoku Taishi English Crown Prince Shōtoku born 574, Yamato, Japan died April 8, 622, Yamato Important Japanese regent and scholar of the Asuka period who promoted ...
Shōtoku, Taishi
▪ Japanese regent and author original name  Umayado   born 574, Yamato, Japan died April 8, 622, Yamato       influential regent of Japan and author of some of the ...
shoton goal
shot on goal n. pl. shots on goal A shot, as in hockey or soccer, that enters the goal or that would have entered the goal had the goalkeeper not blocked it. * * *
shotput
shot put n. 1. An athletic event in which contestants attempt to put a heavy metal ball as far as possible. 2. The standard ball used in this competition.   shotʹ-put'ter ...
shots
➡ golf * * *
shott
/shot/, n. chott. * * *
shotten
/shot"n/, adj. 1. (of fish, esp. herring) having recently ejected the spawn. 2. Obs. (of a bone) dislocated. [1175-1225; ME, ptp. of SHOOT] * * *
shotting
/shot"ing/, n. the act or process of making lead shot in a shot tower. [SHOT1 + -ING1] * * *
Shotwell
/shot"wel', -weuhl/, n. James Thomson, 1874-1965, U.S. diplomat, historian, and educator. * * *
Shotwell, James Thomson
▪ American historian born Aug. 6, 1874, Strathroy, Ont., Can. died July 15, 1965, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Canadian-born American historian and diplomat who was a ...
should
/shood/, auxiliary v. 1. pt. of shall. 2. (used to express condition): Were he to arrive, I should be pleased. 3. must; ought (used to indicate duty, propriety, or expediency): ...
should've
should've [shood′əv] contraction should have * * *
shoulder
/shohl"deuhr/, n. 1. the part of each side of the body in humans, at the top of the trunk, extending from each side of the base of the neck to the region where the arm ...
shoulder bag
a handbag with shoulder strap attached. [1940-45] * * *
shoulder blade
the scapula. [1250-1300; ME] * * *
shoulder board
U.S. Navy. one of a pair of narrow, stiff, cloth patches bearing an insignia of rank and worn on the shoulders by a commissioned officer. Also called shoulder mark. [1940-45] * * ...
shoulder girdle
shoulder girdle n. PECTORAL GIRDLE * * *
shoulder girdle.
See pectoral girdle (def. 2). [1865-70] * * *


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