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shoulder harness
☆ shoulder harness n. a restraining device consisting of an anchored strap passing diagonally across the chest, used with a seat belt, as in an automobile: also called shoulder ...
shoulder holster
shoulder holster n. a holster attached to a shoulder strap and usually worn under the arm, allowing a handgun to be concealed beneath a jacket or coat * * *
shoulder knot
1. a knot of ribbon or lace worn on the shoulder, as by men of fashion in the 17th and 18th centuries, by servants in livery, or by women or children. 2. one of a pair of ...
shoulder loop
a flap on each shoulder of a service uniform on which metallic insignia of rank are worn by commissioned and warrant officers in the Army, Air Force, and Marines. Also called ...
shoulder patch
a cloth emblem worn on the upper part of a sleeve of a uniform typically as identification of the organization to which the wearer is assigned. [1940-45] * * *
shoulder season
a travel season between peak and off-peak seasons, esp. spring and fall, when fares tend to be relatively low. Also called shoulder. [1960-65] * * *
shoulder strap
1. a strap worn over the shoulder, as to support a garment. 2. See shoulder loop. [1680-90] * * *
shoulder weapon
a firearm that is fired while being held in the hands with the butt of the weapon braced against the shoulder. Also, shoulder gun, shoulder arm. * * *
shoulder bag n. A handbag carried by a strap that is looped over the shoulder. * * *
shoulder belt n. See shoulder harness. * * *
shoulder blade n. See scapula. * * *
shoulder board n. One of a pair of oblong pieces of stiffened cloth worn on each shoulder of a military uniform and carrying insignia identifying the wearer's rank. Also called ...
shoulder girdle n. The pectoral girdle, especially of a human. * * *
shoulder harness n. A safety belt used with a seat belt in a vehicle and worn diagonally across the chest and over the shoulder. Also called shoulder belt. * * *
shoulder holster n. A leather holster hung from the shoulder and usually worn underneath the arm, allowing a handgun to be concealed underneath a coat. * * *
shoulder knot n. 1. Either of two detachable braided cords worn on each shoulder of the full-dress uniform of a commissioned officer. 2. An ornamental knot of ribbon or lace ...
shoulder mark n. See shoulder board. * * *
shoulder patch n. A cloth patch bearing identifying markings, worn on the upper portion of the sleeve of a uniform. * * *
Shoulders, Jim
▪ 2008 James Arthur Shoulders  American rodeo cowboy born May 13, 1928, Tulsa, Okla. died June 20, 2007, Henryetta, Okla. was a fearless and fierce competitor who notched ...
shoulder strap n. 1. A strap, usually one of a pair, supporting a garment from the shoulder. 2. A strap worn across the shoulder to support an item, such as a bag. * * *
should·est (sho͝odʹĭst) or shouldst (sho͝odst) aux.v. Archaic A second person singular past tense of shall. * * *
/shood"nt/ contraction of should not. Usage. See contraction, ought1. * * *
/shood"neuh/, Scot. contraction of should not. * * *
/shoodst, shootst/, v. Archaic. 2nd pers. sing. past of shall. Also, shouldest /shood"ist/. * * *
—shouter, n. /showt/, v.i. 1. to call or cry out loudly and vigorously. 2. to speak or laugh noisily or unrestrainedly. v.t. 3. to utter or yell (something) loudly. 4. ...
See shout. * * *
shouting distance.
See hailing distance. [1950-55] * * *
shouting match
a loud, often abusive quarrel or argument. * * *
shout·ing distance (shouʹtĭng) n. A short distance: lived within shouting distance of each other. * * *
▪ Chinese deity Wade-Giles romanization  Shou Hsing    in Chinese mythology, one of three stellar gods known collectively as Fulushou. He was also called Nanji Laoren ...
shove1 —shover, n. /shuv/, v., shoved, shoving, n. v.t. 1. to move along by force from behind; push. 2. to push roughly or rudely; jostle. 3. Slang (often vulgar). to go to ...
/shuv'hay"peuh nee, -hayp"nee/, n. Brit. a shuffleboard game played with coins or brass disks that are pushed by the hand and thumb down a board toward a scoring pit. Also, ...
/shuv"euhl/, n., v., shoveled, shoveling or (esp. Brit.) shovelled, shovelling. n. 1. an implement consisting of a broad blade or scoop attached to a long handle, used for taking ...
shovel hat
—shovel-hatted, adj. a hat with a broad brim turned up at the sides and projecting with a shovellike curve in front and behind; worn by some ecclesiastics, chiefly in ...
/shuv"euhl nohzd'/, adj. having the head, snout, or beak broad and flat like the blade of a shovel. [1700-10] * * *
shovel-nosed sturgeon n. See shovelnose. * * *
/shuv"euhl bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. the game of shuffleboard. [1525-35] * * *
/shuv"euh leuhr, shuv"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that shovels. 2. Ornith. a. a freshwater duck of the Northern Hemisphere, Anas clypeata, having a broad, flat bill. b. any ...
/shuv"euhl fool'/, n., pl. shovelfuls. the amount held by a shovel. [1525-35; SHOVEL + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
shovel hat n. A stiff, broad-brimmed, low-crowned hat, turned up at the sides and projecting in front, worn by some English clergymen. * * *
/shuv"euhl hed'/, n. bonnethead. [1880-85, Amer.; SHOVEL + HEAD] * * *
shov·el·ler (shŭvʹə-lər, shŭvʹlər) n. Variant of shoveler. * * *
/shuv"euhl nohz'/, n. 1. any of various animals with a shovellike snout or head, as a guitarfish, Rhinobatos productus, of California. 2. See shovelnose sturgeon. [1700-10, ...
shovelnose catfish.
See flathead catfish. * * *
shovelnose sturgeon
a small sturgeon, Scaphirhynchus platorhynchus, of the Mississippi River, having a broad, flat snout. Also called hackleback. [1880-85] * * *
See shove. * * *
—showable, adj. —showless, adj. /shoh/, v., showed, shown or showed, showing, n. v.t. 1. to cause or allow to be seen; exhibit; display. 2. to present or perform as a public ...
show and tell
—show-and-tell, adj. —show-and-teller, n. 1. an activity for young children, esp. in school, in which each participant produces an object of unusual interest and tells ...
show bill
1. an advertising poster. 2. a list of attractions, as for a new theatrical season; roster. Also, showbill. [1795-1805] * * *
show biz
Informal. See show business. [1945-50] * * *
Show Boat
a famous Broadway musical play (1927) by Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein. It was based on a novel (1926) by Edna Ferber about people on the Cotton Blossom, a showboat on the ...
show business
the entertainment industry, as theater, motion pictures, television, radio, carnival, and circus. [1925-30] * * *
show card
an advertising placard or card. [1840-50] * * *
show cause order
Law. a court order issued to a party in a lawsuit, directing that party to appear to give reasons why a certain action should not be put into effect by the court. * * *
show geranium
a geranium, Pelargonium domesticum, of southern Africa, having roundish clusters of large white, pink, or red flowers. Also called fancy geranium, Lady Washington geranium. * * *
show girl
a woman who appears in the chorus of a show, nightclub act, etc. Also, showgirl. [1920-25] * * *
show house
theater (def. 1). Also, showhouse. [1520-30] * * *
show jumping
Competitive riding of horses through an obstacle course. Horses run the course one at a time, and the winner is judged according to jumping ability and speed. Individual and ...
Show Me State
Missouri (used as a nickname). * * *
show of hands
an indication of approval, disapproval, volunteering, etc., on the part of a group of persons, usually made by each assenting person raising his or her hand. * * *
show trial
(esp. in a totalitarian state) the public trial of a political offender conducted chiefly for propagandistic purposes, as to suppress further dissent against the government by ...
show window
a display window in a store. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
show-and-tell or show and tell (shōʹən-tĕlʹ) n. 1. An educational activity in which a child displays an object to the class and talks about it. 2. A public presentation or ...
See show biz. * * *
/shoh"mee'/, adj. demanding proof or evidence before being convinced: a show-me attitude toward new ideas. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
—show-offish, adj. /shoh"awf', -of'/, n. 1. a person given to pretentious display. 2. the act of showing off. [1770-80; n. use of v. phrase show off] Syn. 1. exhibitionist, ...
—show-stopping, showstopping, adj. /shoh"stop'euhr/, n. 1. Theat. a performer or performance that wins enthusiastic or prolonged applause. 2. a spectacularly arresting or ...
/shoh"throoh'/, n. 1. the visibility through paper of what is printed on the other side. 2. a measure of the opacity of a paper. [n. use of v. phrase show through] * * *
/shoh"wah/, n. the designation of the period of the reign of Emperor Hirohito, begun in 1926. * * *
Shōwa period
(1926–89) Period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of Hirohito, the Shōwa emperor. The first decades of the period were marked by the rise of militarism in the ...
Showalter, Elaine
▪ American literary critic and teacher born Jan. 21, 1941, Boston, Mass., U.S.       American literary critic and teacher, and founder of gynocritics, a school of ...
show bill n. An advertising poster. * * *
showbiz [shō′biz΄] n. Informal SHOW BUSINESS showbizzy adj. show-bizzy * * * See show-biz. * * *
showbiz [shō′biz΄] n. Informal SHOW BUSINESS showbizzy adj. show-bizzy * * * show biz n. Informal Show business.   showʹ-biz' or showʹbiz' (shōʹbĭz') adj. * * *
/shoh"boht'/, n. 1. a boat, esp. a paddle-wheel steamer, used as a traveling theater. 2. Informal. show-off (def. 1). 3. a person, esp. an athlete, who performs in an ...
/shoh"bred'/, n. Judaism. shewbread. * * *
show business n. The entertainment industry. * * *
/shoh"kays'/, n., v., showcased, showcasing, adj. n. 1. a glass case for the display and protection of articles in shops, museums, etc. 2. an exhibit or display, usually of an ...
/shoh"down'/, n. 1. the laying down of one's cards, face upward, in a card game, esp. poker. 2. a conclusive settlement of an issue, difference, etc., in which all resources, ...
shower1 —showerless, adj. —showerlike, adj. /show"euhr/, n. 1. a brief fall of rain or, sometimes, of hail or snow. 2. Also called shower bath. a bath in which water is ...
shower stall
/show"euhr/ an individual compartment or self-contained unit, having a single shower and accommodating one person. * * *
shower tea
/show"euhr/. See kitchen tea. * * *
show·er bath (shouʹər) n. A shower: After a shower bath you will feel refreshed. * * *
/show"euhr hed'/, n. See under shower1 (def. 2). [1965-70; SHOWER1 + HEAD] * * *
/show"euhr proohf'/, adj. (of clothing, fabric, etc.) treated so as to resist rain; rainproof. [1890-95; SHOWER1 + -PROOF] * * *
—showeriness, n. /show"euh ree/, adj. 1. characterized by or abounding with showers: the showery season in the tropics. 2. falling in showers: showery petals. 3. causing or ...
/shoh"fohk'/, n.pl. persons, esp. performers, whose vocation is in the field of entertainment. [1810-20; SHOW + FOLK] * * *
☆ showgirl [shō′gʉrl΄ ] n. 1. CHORUS GIRL 2. EXOTIC DANCER * * * show·girl (shōʹgûrl') n. A woman, typically attired in an elaborately decorated costume, who ...
/shoh"euh lee/, adv. in a showy manner. [1780-90; SHOWY + -LY] * * *
/shoh"ee nis/, n. the property or characteristic of being showy. [1805-15; SHOWY + -NESS] * * *
/shoh"ing/, n. 1. a show, display, or exhibition. 2. the act of putting something on display. 3. a performance or record considered for the impression it makes: She made a bad ...
—showmanly, adv. /shoh"meuhn/, n., pl. showmen. 1. a person who presents or produces a show, esp. of a theatrical nature. 2. a person who is gifted in doing or presenting ...
/shoh"meuhn ship'/, n. the skill or ability of a showman. [1855-60; SHOWMAN + -SHIP] * * *
/shohn/, v. a pp. of show. * * *
showoff [shō′ôf΄] n. 1. the act of showing off; vain or showy display 2. a person who shows off * * * show·off (shōʹôf', -ŏf') n. 1. The act of showing off. 2. One ...
/shoh"pees'/, n. 1. something that is displayed or exhibited. 2. something exhibited or worthy of exhibiting as a fine example of its kind. [1880-85; SHOW + PIECE] Syn. 1, 2. ...
/shoh"plays'/, n. 1. an estate, mansion, or the like, usually open to the public, renowned for its beauty, excellent design and workmanship, historical interest, etc. 2. any ...
/shoh"roohm', -room'/, n. a room used for the display of goods or merchandise. [1610-20; SHOW + ROOM] * * *
➡ pets * * *
showstopper [shō′stäp΄ər] n. 1. a song or sequence in a musical theater production, show, etc. so exciting or impressive that applause from the audience interrupts the ...
See showstopper. * * *
/shoh"tuym'/, n. the time at which an entertainment is scheduled to begin. [SHOW + TIME] * * *
/shoh"ee/, adj., showier, showiest. 1. making an imposing display: showy flowers. 2. pompous; ostentatious; gaudy. [1705-15; SHOW + -Y1] Syn. 2. loud. See gaudy1, grandiose. Ant. ...
showy crab apple
a large Japanese bush or tree, Malus floribunda, of the rose family, having red fruit and rose-colored flowers that fade to white. [1955-60] * * *
showy orchis
a wild orchid, Orchis spectabilis, of eastern North America, having a spike of showy flowers, each with purple, pink, or white sepals and petals united into a galea and a white ...
shoyu [shō′yo͞o] n. 〚Jpn〛 SOY SAUCE * * * sho·yu (shōʹyo͞o) n. Soy sauce.   [Japanese shōyu. See soy.] * * *
▪ religious garment  vestments worn by the Shintō priests of Japan during the performance of religious ceremonies. Most of the costumes appear to date from the Heian period ...
See shaft horsepower. Also, SHP, S.H.P., s.hp., s.h.p. * * *
shpt abbrev. shipment * * *
shipment. * * *
see ṣ́ḥq. * * *
shr abbrev. share(s) * * *
share; shares. * * *
/shrah"deuh/, n. Hinduism. one of several funeral rites performed at intervals after a death. [1780-90; < Skt sraddha, deriv. of sraddha faith] * * *
/shrangk/, v. a pt. of shrink. * * *
/shrap"nl/, n. 1. Mil. a. a hollow projectile containing bullets or the like and a bursting charge, designed to explode before reaching the target, and to set free a shower of ...
Shrapnel, Henry
▪ British inventor born June 3, 1761, Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire, Eng. died March 13, 1842, Southampton, Hampshire       artillery officer and inventor of a form of ...
/shred"hed'/, n. jerkinhead. [1835-45; perh. obs. shread SHRED + HEAD] * * *
—shredless, adj. —shredlike, adj. /shred/, n., v., shredded or shred, shredding. n. 1. a piece cut or torn off, esp. in a narrow strip. 2. a bit; scrap: We haven't got a ...
shredded wheat
a breakfast cereal made by shredding cooked, dried whole wheat and baking or toasting it in biscuit- or spoon-size pieces. [1895-1900; formerly a trademark] * * *
/shred"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that shreds. 2. a machine for destroying secret or private documents by shredding them. 3. any of various devices used to shred crops, ...
/shred"ing/, n. furring attached to the undersides of rafters. Also, shreading. [1660-70; orig. uncert.] * * *
▪ fictional character  animated cartoon character, a towering, green ogre whose fearsome appearance belies a kind heart. Shrek is the star of a highly successful series of ...
Shreve, Henry Miller
born Oct. 21, 1785, Burlington county, N.J., U.S. died March 6, 1851, St. Louis, Mo. U.S. inventor and explorer. He grew up on the western Pennsylvania frontier and began ...
/shreev"pawrt', -pohrt'/, n. a city in NW Louisiana, on the Red River. 205,815. * * * City (pop., 2000: 200,145), northwestern Louisiana, U.S. It is located on the banks of the ...
shrew1 —shrewlike, adj. /shrooh/, n. a woman of violent temper and speech; termagant. [1200-50; ME; special use of SHREW2] Syn. virago, nag, scold. shrew2 /shrooh/, n. any of ...
shrew mole
1. a grayish-black mole, Neurotrichus gibbsii, of the western coast of the U.S. and Canada, that grows to a length of about 3 in. (7.6 cm). 2. any of several Asiatic moles of the ...
shrew rat
▪ rodent Introduction       any of 24 species of carnivorous ground-dwelling rodents found only on the tropical islands of Sulawesi ( Celebes), the Philippines, and New ...
—shrewdly, adv. —shrewdness, n. /shroohd/, adj., shrewder, shrewdest. 1. astute or sharp in practical matters: a shrewd politician. 2. keen; piercing. 3. artful. 4. Archaic. ...
shrewdie [shro͞od′ē] n. Informal a person who is shrewd * * *
See shrewd. * * *
shrewd·ness (shro͞odʹnĭs) n. 1. The quality of being shrewd. 2. An aggregation of apes. See Synonyms at flock1. * * *
—shrewishly, adv. —shrewishness, n. /shrooh"ish/, adj. having the disposition of a shrew. [1325-75; ME; see SHREW1, -ISH1] * * *
See shrewish. * * *
See shrewishly. * * *
shrew mole n. Any of several shrewlike moles of the family Talpidae, especially Neurotrichus gibbsii of western North America, Uropsilus soricipes of central Asia, and Urotrichus ...
/shrooh"mows'/, n., pl. shrewmice. a shrew. [1565-75; SHREW2 + MOUSE] * * *
/shroohz"ber'ee, -beuh ree/ or, for 1, /shrohz"-/, n. 1. a city now part of Shrewsbury and Atcham, in Salop, in W England. 83,900. 2. a town in central Massachusetts. 22,674. * * ...
Shrewsbury and Atcham
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative and historic county of Shropshire, west-central England, in the west-central part of the ...
Shrewsbury School
(also Shrewsbury) a well-known English public school(1), established in 1552 in the town of Shrewsbury. * * * ▪ school, Shrewsbury, England, United Kingdom       in ...
Shrewsbury, Charles Talbot, duke and 12th earl of
born July 24, 1660 died Feb. 1, 1718, London, Eng. English statesman. He inherited his father's title at age seven and was raised as a Catholic. He became a Protestant in 1679 ...
Shrewsbury, Charles Talbot, duke and 12th earl of, Marquess Of Alton
▪ English statesman born July 24, 1660 died February 1, 1718, London, England  English statesman who played a leading part in the Glorious Revolution (1688–89) and who was ...
Shrewsbury, John Talbot, 1st earl of
▪ English military officer born c. 1384 died July 17, 1453, Castillon, Fr.       the chief English military commander against the French during the final phase of the ...
Shrewsbury, Roger de Montgomery, 1st earl of
▪ Norman noble born c. 1030 died 1094       Norman lord and supporter of William I the Conqueror of England.       Roger de Montgomery, son of another Roger de ...
flourished с 750, India Highly esteemed Hindu mathematician who wrote several treatises on Indian mathematics. His extant works are the partially preserved Patiganita ...
—shrieker, n. —shriekingly, adv. —shrieky, adj. /shreek/, n. 1. a loud, sharp, shrill cry. 2. a loud, high sound of laughter. 3. any loud, shrill sound, as of a ...
See shriek. * * *
/shree"veuhl/, adj. of, belonging to, or relating to a sheriff. [1670-80; SHRIEVE1 + -AL1] * * *
/shree"veuhl tee/, n., pl. shrievalties. the office, term, or jurisdiction of a sheriff. Also called sheriffalty. [1495-1505; SHRIEVE1 + -alty, as in mayoralty] * * *
shrieve1 /shreev/, n. Archaic. sheriff. shrieve2 /shreev/, v.t., v.i., shrieved, shrieving. Archaic. shrive. * * *
/shrift/, n. Archaic. 1. the imposition of penance by a priest on a penitent after confession. 2. absolution or remission of sins granted after confession and penance. 3. ...
/shruyk/, n. 1. any of numerous predaceous oscine birds of the family Laniidae, having a strong, hooked, and toothed bill, feeding on insects and sometimes on small birds and ...
▪ bird  any of four species of tropical American songbirds (songbird), characterized by a stout, slightly hooked bill (like the true shrikes (shrike) in the family Laniidae) ...
—shrillness, n. —shrilly, adv. /shril/, adj., shriller, shrillest, v., n., adv. adj. 1. high-pitched and piercing in sound quality: a shrill cry. 2. producing such a ...
See shrill. * * *
See shrillness. * * *
—shrimplike, adj. /shrimp/, n., pl. shrimps, (esp. collectively) shrimp for 1, v., adj. n. 1. any of several small, long-tailed, chiefly marine crustaceans of the decapod ...
shrimp plant
a small, sprawling shrub, Justicia brandegeana (or Beloperone guttata), of the acanthus family, native to Mexico, having small white flowers protruding from a series of ...
/shrim"peuhr/, n. 1. a shrimp fisherman. 2. a boat used for shrimping. 3. Informal. a shrimp. [1850-55; SHRIMP + -ER1] * * *
/shrimp"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) shrimpfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) shrimpfishes. any of several fishes of the family Centriscidae, ...
—shrineless, adj. —shrinelike, adj. /shruyn/, n., v., shrined, shrining. n. 1. a building or other shelter, often of a stately or sumptuous character, enclosing the remains ...
Shrine Shintō
▪ Japanese religion Japanese  Jinja Shintō,         form of the Shintō religion of Japan that focusses on worship in public shrines, in contrast to folk and ...
/shruy"neuhr/, n. a member of a fraternal order (Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine) that is an auxiliary of the Masonic order and is dedicated to good ...
➡ Freemasonry * * *
—shrinkable, adj. —shrinkingly, adv. /shringk/, v., shrank or, often, shrunk; shrunk or shrunken; shrinking; n. v.i. 1. to draw back, as in retreat or avoidance: to shrink ...
/shringk"rap'/, v., shrink-wrapped, shrink-wrapping, n. v.t. 1. to wrap and seal (a book, a food product, etc.) in a flexible film of plastic that, when exposed to a heating ...
See shrink. * * *
/shring"kij/, n. 1. the act or fact of shrinking. 2. the amount or degree of shrinking. 3. reduction or depreciation in quantity, value, etc. 4. contraction of a fabric in ...
/shring"keuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that shrinks. 2. a device or chemical substance for shrinking. 3. Slang. shrink (def. 9). [1545-55; SHRINK + -ER1] * * *
Shrinking Ph.D. Job Market
▪ 1998       Since the 1980s the market for new Ph.D.'s to fill tenure-track positions in U.S. colleges and universities has decreased significantly. Despite this ...
shrinking violet
a shy, modest, or self-effacing person. [1925-30] * * *
shrink·ing violet (shrĭngʹkĭng) n. Informal A shy or retiring person. * * *
flourished с 1045, Rohinikhanda, India Indian astronomer-astrologer and mathematician. He wrote Ganitatilaka ("The Ornament of Mathematics") and the astronomical works ...
▪ India also called  Serampur  or  Serampore        city, West Bengal state, northeastern India. It is located just west of the Hugli (Hooghly) River (Hugli ...
/shruyv/, v., shrove or shrived, shriven or shrived, shriving. v.t. 1. to impose penance on (a sinner). 2. to grant absolution to (a penitent). 3. to hear the confession of (a ...
/shriv"euhl/, v.t., v.i., shriveled, shriveling or (esp. Brit.) shrivelled, shrivelling. 1. to contract and wrinkle, as from great heat, cold, or dryness. 2. to wither; make or ...
/shriv"euhn/, v. a pp. of shrive. * * *
/shruy"veuhr/, n. (Robert) Sargent, Jr. /sahr"jeuhnt/, born 1915, U.S. businessman and government official: first director of the U.S. Peace Corps, 1961-66. * * *
Shriver, Sargent
▪ American politician in full  Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr.  born November 9, 1915, Westminster, Maryland, U.S.       administrator, diplomat, first director of the ...
/shrof/, n. 1. (in India) a banker or money-changer. 2. (in the Far East, esp. China) a native expert employed to test coins and separate the base from the genuine. v.t. 3. to ...
/shrop"shear, -sheuhr/, n. 1. a former county in W England, now part of Salop. 2. one of an English breed of dark-faced sheep, yielding good mutton and white wool. * * ...
Shropshire Lad
a collection of poems (1896) by A E Housman. The poems are short and easy to read. They express love for the people and countryside of Housman’s home in Shropshire, and sadness ...
Shropshire Lad, A
a volume of poetry (1896) by A. E. Housman. * * *
—shroudless, adj. —shroudlike, adj. /shrowd/, n. 1. a cloth or sheet in which a corpse is wrapped for burial. 2. something that covers or conceals like a garment: a shroud of ...
Shroud of Turin
a linen cloth kept in the Cathedral of Turin, Italy, since the late 1500s that bears a faint life-size human image venerated by some as the imprint of the dead body of Jesus. * * ...
/shrowd"layd'/, adj. Cordage. noting a fiber rope of four strands laid right-handed with or without a heart. [1790-1800] * * *
/shrohv/, v. a pt. of shrive. [ME shroof, OE scraf] * * *
Shrove Monday
the Monday before Ash Wednesday. [1400-50; late ME shrovemonday. See SHROVE, MONDAY] * * *
Shrove Sunday
the Sunday before Ash Wednesday; Quinquagesima. [1425-75; late ME shrofsunday. See SHROVE, SUNDAY] * * *
Shrove Tuesday
the last day of Shrovetide, long observed as a season of merrymaking before Lent. [1490-1500; SHROVE + TUESDAY] * * * ▪ Christianity       the day immediately preceding ...
Shrove Monday (shrōv) n. The Monday before Ash Wednesday.   [Shrovetide + Monday.] * * *
Shrove Sunday n. The Sunday before Ash Wednesday.   [Shrovetide + Sunday.] * * *
/shrohv"tuyd'/, n. the three days before Ash Wednesday, once a time of confession and absolution. [1375-1425; late ME shroftyde. See SHROVE, TIDE1] * * *
Shrove Tuesday n. The day before Ash Wednesday.   [Shrovetide + Tuesday.] * * *
shrub1 —shrubless, adj. —shrublike, adj. /shrub/, n. a woody plant smaller than a tree, usually having multiple permanent stems branching from or near the ground. [bef. 1000; ...
/shrub"euh ree/, n., pl. shrubberies. 1. a planting of shrubs: He hit the croquet ball into the shrubbery. 2. shrubs collectively. [1740-50; SHRUB1 + -ERY] * * *
See shrubby. * * *
—shrubbiness, n. /shrub"ee/, adj., shrubbier, shrubbiest. 1. consisting of or abounding in shrubs. 2. resembling a shrub; shrublike. [1530-40; SHRUB1 + -Y1] * * *
shrubby cinquefoil
a small shrub, Potentilla fruticosa, of the rose family, native to the Northern temperate region, having pinnate leaves and numerous, showy, bright-yellow flowers. Also called ...
/shrug/, v., shrugged, shrugging, n. v.t. 1. to raise and contract (the shoulders), expressing indifference, disdain, etc. v.i. 2. to raise and contract the shoulders. 3. shrug ...
/shrungk/, v. a pp. and pt. of shrink. * * *
/shrung"keuhn/, v. a pp. of shrink. * * *
sht abbrev. sheet * * *
sheet. * * *
/shtet"l, shtay"tl/, n., pl. shtetlach /shtet"lahkh, -leuhkh, shtayt"-/, Eng. shtetls. Yiddish. (formerly) a Jewish village or small-town community in eastern Europe. * * *
shtg abbrev. shortage * * *
shortage. * * *
/shtik/, n. Slang. 1. (esp. in comic acting) a routine or piece of business inserted to gain a laugh or draw attention to oneself. 2. one's special interest, talent, etc. Also, ...
/shtoop/, v.t., v.i., shtupped, shtupping. Slang. schtup. * * *
/shooh/, n. the Confucian principle of refraining from actions toward others that would be disagreeable if done to oneself. [ < Chin shù] * * * I (907–65) Ancient name for ...
/shooh/, n. Egyptian Religion. the god of the air, sometimes represented with arms upraised, supporting the vault of heaven. Cf. Nut. * * * I (907–65) Ancient name for Sichuan ...
Shu Han
/shooh" hahn"/ a dynasty that ruled in China A.D. 221-63. * * *
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Shuang-ya-shan        city, eastern Heilongjiang (Heilungkiang) sheng (province), far northeastern China. Located some 265 miles (430 ...
Shubat Enlil
▪ Syria modern  Tell Leilan , or  Tall Laylān        ancient city in northeastern Syria. Excavations of the mound at the site were begun by Harvey Weiss of Yale ...
/shooh"beuhrt/, n. Lee (Levi Shubert), 1875-1953, and his brothers Sam S., 1876-1905, and Jacob J., 1880-1963, U.S. theatrical managers. * * *
Shubert Brothers
U.S. theatrical managers and producers. After emigrating from Russia with their parents in 1882, the two oldest brothers, Lee (1872–1953) and Sam (с 1875–1905), leased ...
Shubrā al-Khaymah
City (pop., 1996: 870,716), Egypt. It is a northern suburb of Cairo, on the eastern bank of the Nile River. It was formerly a marketplace supplying Cairo with agricultural ...
Shubraal Khaymah
Shu·bra al Khay·mah (sho͞o-bräʹ äl kī-mäʹ, KHī-) A city of northeast Egypt, an industrial suburb of Cairo. Population: 834,000. * * *
▪ Japanese painter also called Tenshō Shūbun born 14th century, ?, Ōmi Province, Japan died 1444, –48?, Kyōto       priest-painter who was a key figure in the ...
shuck1 —shucker, n. /shuk/, n. 1. a husk or pod, as the outer covering of corn, hickory nuts, chestnuts, etc. 2. Usually, shucks. Informal. something useless or worthless: They ...
See shuck. * * *
/shuk"ing/, n. husking. [SHUCK1 + -ING1] * * *
shucking and jiving
Slang. misleading or deceptive talk or behavior, as to give a false impression. Also, shuck and jive. [1965-70; SHUCK2 + -ING1] * * *
☆ shucks [shuks ] interj. 〚prob.
/shud"euhr/, v.i. 1. to tremble with a sudden convulsive movement, as from horror, fear, or cold. n. 2. a convulsive movement of the body, as from horror, fear, or ...
—shudderingly, adv. /shud"euhr ing/, adj. 1. trembling or quivering with fear, dread, cold, etc. 2. Also, shuddery. characterized by or causing a shudder: a shuddering plunge ...
See shudder. * * *
/shooh"dreuh/, n. a Hindu of the lowest caste, that of the workers. Also, Sudra. Cf. Brahman (def. 1), Kshatriya, Vaisya. [ < Skt sudra] * * * or Sudra Fourth and lowest of the ...
/shuf"euhl/, v., shuffled, shuffling, n. v.i. 1. to walk without lifting the feet or with clumsy steps and a shambling gait. 2. to scrape the feet over the floor in dancing. 3. ...
/shuf"euhl bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. a game in which standing players shove or push wooden or plastic disks with a long cue toward numbered scoring sections marked on a floor or ...
/shuf"leuhr/, n. 1. a person who shuffles. 2. a person who mixes the cards, as before the deal in a card game. [1605-15; SHUFFLE + -ER1] * * *
—shufflingly, adv. /shuf"ling/, adj. 1. moving in a dragging or clumsy manner. 2. prevaricating; evasive. [1570-80; SHUFFLE + -ING2] * * *
/shooh"fooh"/, n. former name of Kashi. * * *
shufu ware
▪ pottery Wade-Giles romanization  shu-fu        Chinese white porcelain made during the Yuan dynasty (1206–1368) at Jingdezhen. It was the first-known porcelain ...
Japanese religious tradition combining folk beliefs with Shintō, Buddhism, and elements of Daoism. The practitioner engages in spiritual and physical disciplines to attain ...
▪ Japanese history       hereditary military constable during Japan's Kamakura (1192–1333) and Ashikaga (1338–1573) periods. Originally appointed by Minamoto ...
/shooh"hah/, adj. of or pertaining to any Shinto sect other than the Kokka. * * *
(as used in expressions) Chen Shui bian Feng shui Hung shui River * * *
or Shu-ching One of the Five Classics of Chinese antiquity. Documenting China's ancient history, the Shujing contains the oldest Chinese writing of its kind. It consists of 58 ...
Shukri, Muhammad
▪ 2004 Mohammed Choukri        Moroccan writer (b. July 15, 1935, Beni Chikar, Mor.—d. Nov. 15, 2003, Tangier, Mor.), was known for his autobiographical writings and ...
/shoohl, shool/, n., pl. shuln /shoohln, shooln/, Yiddish. a synagogue. Also, schul. * * *
Shula, Don
▪ American coach byname of  Donald Francis Shula  born January 4, 1930, Grand River, Ohio, U.S.    American professional gridiron football player and coach, notably of the ...
Shula, Don(ald Francis)
born Jan. 4, 1930, Grand River, Ohio, U.S. U.S. football coach. He played football for John Carroll University and the Baltimore Colts and other NFL clubs. After coaching ...
Shula,Donald Francis
Shu·la (sho͞oʹlə), Donald Francis. Known as “Don.” Born 1930. American football coach. In a 32-year career, mainly with the Miami Dolphins (1970-1995), he established ...
/shooh"leuh muyt'/, n. an epithet meaning "princess," applied to the bride in the Song of Solomon 6:13. * * *
Shulhan Arukh
Seph. Heb. /shoohl khahn" ah rddoohkh"/; Ashk. Heb. /shool"kheuhn aw"rddookh/; Eng. /shoohl"keuhn aw"reuhk/ an authoritative code of Jewish law and custom compiled by the ...
Shulḥan ʿarukh
▪ Jewish religious text       (Hebrew: “Prepared Table”), a 16th-century codification of Jewish religious law and practice that is still the standard reference work ...
Shull (sho͝ol), Clifford Glenwood. Born 1915. American physicist who shared a 1994 Nobel Prize for his contribution to the development of neutron scattering, a technique used ...
Shull, Clifford G.
▪ American physicist in full  Clifford Glenwood Shull   born September 23, 1915, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S. died March 31, 2001, Medford, ...
Shull, Clifford Glenwood
▪ 2002       American physicist (b. Sept. 23, 1915, Pittsburgh, Pa.—d. March 31, 2001, Medford, Mass.), shared the 1994 Nobel Prize for Physics for his development of ...
Shull, George Harrison
born April 15, 1874, Clark county, Ohio, U.S. died Sept. 28, 1954, Princeton, N.J. U.S. botanist and geneticist. He acquired his doctorate in 1904 and worked thereafter ...
Shulman, Alexander
▪ 1997       Canadian-born surgeon who in the 1950s discovered the efficacy of using ice water to treat burns; he also helped to introduce improvements in the treatment ...
/shoolts/, n. George P(ratt), born 1920, U.S. government official and diplomat: Secretary of State since 1982. * * *
/shul"wahr/, n. (used with a pl. v.) shalwar. * * *
Shu·men (sho͞oʹmĕn') A city of northeast Bulgaria west of Varna. Founded in 927, the city was strategically important during the Russo-Turkish Wars of the 18th and 19th ...
Shumsky, Oscar
▪ 2001       American violinist, conductor, and teacher (b. March 23, 1917, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. July 24, 2000, Rye, N.Y.), was a virtuoso violinist and one of the ...
Shumway, Norman E.
▪ American surgeon in full  Norman Edward Shumway  born February 9, 1923, Kalamazoo, Michigan, U.S. died February 10, 2006, Palo Alto, California       American ...
Shumway, Norman Edward
▪ 2007       American surgeon (b. Feb. 9, 1923, Kalamazoo, Mich.—d. Feb. 10, 2006, Palo Alto, Calif.), was a pioneer in cardiac transplantation who, on Jan. 6, 1968, ...
—shunnable, adj. —shunner, n. /shun/, v.t., shunned, shunning. to keep away from (a place, person, object, etc.), from motives of dislike, caution, etc.; take pains to ...
/shoohn/, n. Wade-Giles, Pinyin. See under Yao. * * * In Chinese mythology, one of the three legendary emperors, along with Yao and Da Yu, of the golden age of antiquity (с ...
See shun. * * *
—shunpiker, n. /shun"puyk'/, n., v., shunpiked, shunpiking. n. 1. a side road taken instead of a turnpike or expressway to avoid tolls or to travel at a leisurely pace. v.i. 2. ...
See shunpike. * * *
—shunter, n. /shunt/, v.t. 1. to shove or turn (someone or something) aside or out of the way. 2. to sidetrack; get rid of. 3. Elect. a. to divert (a part of a current) by ...
shunt winding
shunt winding n. the winding of an electric motor or generator in such a way that the field and armature circuits are connected in parallel shunt-wound [shunt′wound΄] adj. * * ...

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