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Слова на букву schw-stag (15990)

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—shunt winding. /shunt"wownd"/, adj. Elect. noting a motor or a generator that has the field circuit connected in parallel with the armature winding. Cf. ...
See shunt. * * *
shunting engine
Chiefly Brit. See switch engine. * * *
/shoon"toh/, n. the annual sessions of collective bargaining for wage increases sought by Japanese labor unions each spring. [ < Japn shunto lit., spring struggle < MChin, equiv. ...
▪ emperor of Qing dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Shun-chih , personal name (xingming)  Fulin , temple name (miaohao)  Shizu , posthumous name (shi)  Zhangdi  born ...
Shuqayrī, Aḥmad
▪ Palestinian political leader also spelled  Shukairī,  Shukairy,  Shukeiry,  or  al-Shuqayrī  born 1908, Tabnīn, Lebanon died February 26, 1980, Amman, ...
▪ Islam       (Arabic: “consultation”), in early Islāmic history, the board of electors that was constituted by the second caliph (head of the Muslim community), ...
▪ Zimbabwe formerly  Selukwe, or Sebanga Poort,         town, central Zimbabwe. Shurugwi was established in 1899 by the British South Africa Company and Willoughby's ...
▪ ancient city, Iraq modern  Tall Faʾrah        ancient Sumerian city located south of Nippur in what is now south-central Iraq and originally on the bank of the ...
—shusher, n. /shush/, interj. 1. hush (used as a command to be quiet or silent). v.t. 2. to order (someone or something) to be silent; hush. [1920-25; imit.] * * *
/shooh"shan, -shahn/, n. Biblical name of Susa. * * *
▪ Japanese philosophy       (Japanese: “Chu Hsi school”), most influential of the Neo-Confucian schools that developed in Japan during the Tokugawa period ...
▪ Iran       town, southwestern Iran. It is situated on a small plateau below the confluence of the Kārūn River with one of its minor tributaries. Many of the town's ...
Shuster, Frank
▪ 2003       Canadian comedian and writer (b. Sept. 5, 1916, Toronto, Ont.—d. Jan. 13, 2002, Toronto), along with his high-school friend Johnny Wayne, formed the Wayne ...
Shuster, William Morgan
▪ American lawyer and publisher born February 23, 1877, Washington, D.C., U.S. died May 26, 1960, New York, New York       U.S. lawyer, civil servant, financial expert, ...
/shut/, v., shut, shutting, adj., n. v.t. 1. to put (a door, cover, etc.) in position to close or obstruct. 2. to close the doors of (often fol. by up): to shut up a shop for the ...
shut-eye [shutī΄] n. Slang sleep * * *
/shut"in'/, adj. 1. confined to one's home, a hospital, etc., as from illness. 2. Psychiatry. disposed to desire solitude; withdrawn; asocial. 3. (of an oil or gas well) ...
shut-off [shutôf΄] n. 1. something that shuts off a flow or movement, as a valve 2. a stoppage or interruption * * *
/shut"down'/, n. a shutting down; a closing of a factory or the like for a time. [1855-60, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase shut down] * * *
/shooht/, n. Nevil (Nevil Shute Norway), 1899-1960, British novelist and aeronautical engineer. * * *
Shute, Nevil
orig. Nevil Shute Norway born Jan. 17, 1899, Ealing, Middlesex, Eng. died Jan. 12, 1960, Melbourne, Vic., Australia English-born Australian novelist. Trained as an ...
Shute (sho͞ot), Nevil. Pen name of Nevil Shute Norway. 1899-1960. British writer whose novels include A Town Like Alice (1950) and On the Beach (1957), both set in Australia. * ...
/shut"uy'/, n. Informal. sleep. [1895-1900; SHUT + EYE] * * *
/shut"awf', -of'/, n. 1. an object or device that shuts (something) off: the automatic shutoff on a heater. 2. an act or instance of shutting off something, as an opening, a ...
/shut"owt'/, n. 1. an act or instance of shutting out. 2. the state of being shut out. 3. Sports. a. a preventing of the opposite side from scoring, as in baseball. b. any game ...
—shutterless, adj. /shut"euhr/, n. 1. a solid or louvered movable cover for a window. 2. a movable cover, slide, etc., for an opening. 3. a person or thing that shuts. 4. ...
shutter release
Photog. a button or similar device used to actuate a camera shutter. [1955-60] * * *
shutter speed
Photog. speed (def. 5b). [1885-90] * * *
/shut"euhr pruy or'i tee, -awr'-/, adj. Photog. of or pertaining to a semiautomatic exposure system in which the photographer presets the shutter speed and the camera selects the ...
/shut"euhr bug'/, n. Informal. an amateur photographer, esp. one who is greatly devoted to the hobby. [1940-45; SHUTTER + BUG1] * * *
shutting stile
the stile of a door or shutter that closes against the frame of the opening. Cf. hanging stile. * * *
—shuttlelike, adj. /shut"l/, n., v., shuttled, shuttling. n. 1. a device in a loom for passing or shooting the weft thread through the shed from one side of the web to the ...
shuttle diplomacy
diplomatic negotiations carried out by a mediator who travels back and forth between the negotiating parties. [1970-75] * * *
/shut"l kok'/, n. 1. Also called shuttle. the object that is struck back and forth in badminton and battledore, consisting of a feathered cork head and a plastic crown. 2. the ...
shut·tle·craft (shŭtʹl-krăft') n. A reusable space vehicle for transporting astronauts or material back and forth; a space shuttle. * * *
shuttle diplomacy n. Diplomatic negotiations conducted by an official intermediary who travels frequently between the nations involved.   shuttle diplomat n. * * *
See shuttle diplomacy. * * *
See shuttle. * * *
Shuttleworth, Mark
▪ South African entrepreneur, philanthropist, and space tourist born Sept. 18, 1973, Welkom, S.Af.       South African entrepreneur, philanthropist, and space tourist ...
Shuvalov, Pyotr Andreyevich, Count
▪ Russian diplomat (Graf) born June 15 [June 27, New Style], 1827, St. Petersburg, Russia died March 10 [March 22], 1889, St. Petersburg       diplomat and ...
Shuwaykh, ash-
▪ Kuwait also spelled  Shuwaikh,         town and port in eastern Kuwait. Located just west of Kuwait city on Kuwait Bay of the Persian Gulf, it is the country's ...
▪ Russia also spelled  Šuja,         city and centre of a rayon (sector), Ivanovo oblast (province), western Russia, lying along the Teza River. Originally a trading ...
Shuʿaybah, ash-
▪ Kuwait also spelled  Shuaiba,         town and port in southern Kuwait. Located on the Persian Gulf, it is the country's second most important port. Its industries ...
/shvahrdd"tseuh/; Eng. /shvahr"tseuh/, n. Yiddish (often disparaging and offensive). schvartze. Also, shvartzer /shvahrdd"tseuhrdd/; Eng. /shvahr"tseuhr/. * * *
/shvair"nik/; Russ. /shvyerdd"nyik/, n. Nikolai /nik"euh luy'/; Russ. /nyi ku luy"/, 1888-1970, Russian government official: president of the Soviet Union 1946-53. * * *
/shwah/, n. schwa. * * *
Shwe Dagon
Pagoda in Yangôn (Rangoon) that is the centre of Burmese religious life. A Buddhist temple complex begun in the 15th century, the cone-shaped Shwe Dagon is constructed of brick ...
▪ Myanmar       town, north-central Myanmar (Burma). Shwebo is a rice-collecting centre on the railway about 50 miles (80 km) north-northwest of Mandalay. It was the ...
shy1 —shyer, n. —shyly, adv. —shyness, n. /shuy/, adj., shyer or shier, shyest or shiest, v., shied, shying, n., pl. shies. adj. 1. bashful; retiring. 2. easily frightened ...
(Manoj Nelliyattu Shyamalan 1970– ) a writer and film director who was born in India but grew up in the US. He is famous for the unexpected endings in his work. His films ...
See shy1. * * *
—Shylockian, adj. —Shylocky, adj. /shuy"lok/, n. 1. a relentless and revengeful moneylender in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice. 2. a hard-hearted moneylender. v.i. 3. (l.c.) ...
See shyer. * * *
Shym·kent (shĭm-kĕntʹ) or Chim·kent (chĭm-) A city of south-central Kazakhstan north of Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Founded in the 12th century, it was taken by Russia in 1864. ...
See shyer. * * *
Shyok River
▪ river, Asia       river in Jammu and Kashmir state, in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. Rising in the Karakoram Range, the Shyok, which flows generally ...
—shysterism, n. /shuy"steuhr/, n. Informal. 1. a lawyer who uses unprofessional or questionable methods. 2. a person who gets along by petty, sharp practices. [1835-45, Amer.; ...
See shyster. * * *
/see/, n. Music. the syllable used for the seventh tone of a scale and sometimes for the tone B. [1720-30; see GAMUT] * * * (as used in expressions) Phra Nakhon Si ...
See International System of Units. * * * (as used in expressions) Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya. Ch'oe Si hyong Li Si Nakhon Si Thammarat SI system * * *
Symbol, Chem. silicon. * * * (as used in expressions) Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya. Ch'oe Si hyong Li Si Nakhon Si Thammarat SI system * * *
Si Kiang
Chin. /shee" kyahng"/, Older Spelling. See Xi Jiang. * * *
si quaeris peninsulam amoenam, circumspice
/see kwuy"rddis pay nin"soo lahm' ah moy"nahm keerdd koom"spi ke'/; Eng. /suy kwear"is peuh nin"seuh lam' euh mee"nam seuhr kum"speuh see'/, Latin. if you are seeking a pleasant ...
Si Suriyawong, Somdet Chao Phraya
▪ Thai government minister , original name  Chuang Bunnag   born Dec. 23, 1808 died Jan. 19, 1883, Rat Buri, Siam       leading minister under King Mongkut and ...
SI units
➡ metric system * * *
SI units.
See under International System of Units. * * *
/see"euh beuhn/, n. a hybrid animal bred from a gibbon and a siamang. [SIA(MANG) + (GIB)BON] * * *
Siachen Glacier
▪ glacier, Karakoram Range, Asia       one of the world's longest mountain glaciers, lying in the Karakoram Range system of Kashmir near the India–Pakistan border, ...
Siad Barre
/see ahd" bah ray"/ Muhammad, born 1919, Somali army officer and political leader: president 1969-91. * * *
Siad Barre, Mohamed
born с 1919, Ganane, Italian Somaliland died Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria President of Somalia, 1969–91. He attended military school in Italy, and when Somalia achieved ...
Siad Barre, Muhammad
▪ 1996       (MAXAMED SIYAAD BARRE), Somali general and political leader (b. c. 1919, Ganane, Italian Somaliland—d. Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria), held dictatorial ...
—sialic, adj. /suy"al/, n. Geol. the assemblage of rocks, rich in silica and alumina, that comprise the continental portions of the upper layer of the earth's crust. Cf. ...
/suy'euh lad'n uy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of one or more of the salivary glands. [ < Gk síal(on) saliva + ADENITIS] * * *
/suy'euh leuh goj"ik/, Med. adj. 1. encouraging salivary flow. n. 2. sialagogue (def. 2). Also, sialogogic. [1890-95; SIALAGOGUE + -IC] * * *
/suy al"euh gawg', -gog'/, Med. adj. 1. sialagogic (def. 1). n. 2. a sialagogic agent or medicine. Also, sialogogue. [1775-85; < NL sialagogus < Gk síal(on) saliva + -agogós ...
si·al·ic acid (sī-ălʹĭk) n. Any of a group of amino carbohydrates that are components of mucoproteins and glycoproteins, especially in animal tissue and blood ...
/suy"euh lid/, n. 1. any neuropterous insect of the family Sialidae, comprising the alderflies. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Sialidae. [ < NL Sialidae name of ...
/see ahl"koht'/, n. a city in NE Pakistan: military station. 296,000. * * * ▪ Pakistan       city and district, Lahore division, Punjab province, Pakistan. The city, ...
sialoid [sī′ə loid΄] adj. 〚< Gr sialon, saliva + -OID〛 resembling saliva * * *
si·a·lo·mu·cin (sī'ə-lō-myo͞oʹsĭn, sī-ăl'ō-) n. A mucin containing sialic acid.   [Greek sialon, saliva + mucin.] * * *
si·al·or·rhe·a also si·al·or·rhoe·a (sī-ăl'ə-rēʹə) n. An excessive secretion of saliva.   [Greek sialon, saliva + -rrhea.] * * *
/suy am", suy"am/, n. 1. former name of Thailand (def. 1). 2. Gulf of, Thailand (def. 2). * * *
/see"euh mang'/, n. a large, black gibbon, Hylobates syndactylus, of Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula, having very long arms and the second and third digits partially united by a ...
/suy'euh meez", -mees"/, adj., n., pl. Siamese. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Siam, its people, or their language. 2. Thai (def. 3). 3. twin; closely connected; similar. 4. ...
Siamese cat
one of a breed of slender, short-haired cats, raised originally in Siam, having a fawn or grayish body with extremities of a darker shade of the same color. [1905-10] * * ...
Siamese fighting fish
a labyrinth fish, Betta splendens, that has been bred for centuries to develop brilliant coloration, very long fins, and pugnacity. See illus. at fighting fish. [1930-35] * * ...
Siamese twins
1. congenitally united twins, Chang and Eng (1811-74), born in Siam, who were joined to each other at the chest by a short, tubular, cartilaginous band. 2. any twins who are born ...
Siamese cat n. A shorthaired cat of a breed developed in the Far East, having blue eyes and a pale fawn or gray coat with darker ears, face, tail, and feet. * * *
Siamesefighting fish
Siamese fighting fish Betta splendens ( top) and female (bottom)Siamese fighting fish bottom Elizabeth Morales n. A small, often brightly colored, aggressive freshwater fish ...
Siamese twin n. Either of a pair of identical twins born with their bodies joined at some point, a result of the incomplete division of the ovum from which the twins ...
/see"ahn", shee"-/, n. Older Spelling. Xian. * * * ▪ China also spelled  Xian , Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Hsi-an  or (Pinyin)  Xi'an        capital of Shensi sheng ...
Sianel Pedwar Cymru
➡ S4C. * * *
Siang [shyäŋ] a former transliteration of XIANG * * *
Siang Kiang (shyängʹ kyängʹ) See Xiang Jiang. * * *
/syahng"tahn", shyahng"-/, n. Older Spelling. Xiangtan. * * *
/show lyuy"/, n. a city in N Lithuania, N of Kaunas. 145,000. * * * ▪ Lithuania       city, north-central Lithuania. The city, dating from at least the 13th century, ...
/sib/, adj. 1. related by blood; akin. n. 2. a kinsman; relative. 3. one's kin or kindred. 4. Anthropol. a unilateral descent group. [bef. 900; ME sib(e), sibb(e), OE sib(b) ...
Sib. abbr. 1. Siberia. 2. Siberian. * * *
▪ South Africa       village, Limpopo province, South Africa. It was once the capital of the nonindependent Bantustan of Venda. A station was established there in 1872 ...
▪ Arab grammarian byname of  Abū Bishr ʿamr Ibn ʿuthmān   born 760?, al-Bayḍāʾ, Iran died 793?, Shīrāz       celebrated grammarian of the Arabic ...
Sibbald, Sir Robert
▪ Scottish physician and antiquarian born April 15, 1641, Edinburgh died August 1722       Scottish physician and antiquarian, who became the first professor of ...
/si bay"lee euhs, -bayl"yeuhs/; Fin. /si bay"lyoos/, n. Jean (Julius Christian) /zhahn yooh"lyoos krddis"tyahn/, 1865-1957, Finnish composer. * * *
Sibelius, Jean
orig. Johan Julius Christian Sibelius born Dec. 8, 1865, Hämeenlinna, Fin. died Sept. 20, 1957, Järvenpää Finnish composer. He played violin and composed as a child, and ...
Si·be·li·us (sĭ-bāʹlē-əs, -bālʹyəs), Jean. 1865-1957. Finnish composer whose romantic nationalistic works include the symphonic poems Finlandia (1899) and Valse ...
▪ Croatia Italian  Sebenico,         port in Croatia. It lies along the estuary of the Krka River formed as the latter flows into the Adriatic Sea. Linked by a rail ...
—Siberian, adj., n. /suy bear"ee euh/, n. 1. Russian, Sibir'. an extensive region in the Russian Federation in N Asia, extending from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific. 2. any ...
See Siberia1. * * * (as used in expressions) New Siberian Islands Paleo Siberian languages Siberian husky Siberian peoples Trans Siberian Railroad * * *
Siberian anticyclone
▪ meteorology also called  Siberian high,         a semipermanent system of high atmospheric pressure centred in northeastern Siberia during the colder half of the ...
Siberian Chronicles
▪ Russian literature       a series of Russian chronicles dating from the late 16th through the 18th century and dealing with the history of Siberia. They individually ...
Siberian crab apple
a hardy, round-headed tree, Malus baccata, of northern Asia, having white flowers and yellow or red fruit. * * *
Siberian high
Meteorol. the prevailing high pressure system over Asia in winter. * * *
Siberian Husky
one of a Siberian breed of medium-size dogs having a thick, soft coat, raised originally as sled dogs. [1930-35] * * * Breed of dog developed in Siberia by the Chukchi people, ...
Siberian larkspur
a plant, Delphinium grandiflorum, of eastern Asia, having blue or whitish flowers and hairy fruit. Also called bouquet larkspur. * * *
Siberian mammoth.
See woolly mammoth. * * *
Siberian peoples
Any of a large number of small ethnic groups living in Siberia. Most engage either in reindeer herding or fishing, while some also hunt furbearing animals or farm and raise ...
Siberian ruby
a red tourmaline used as a gem: not a true ruby. * * *
Siberian squill
a bulbous, Eurasian plant, Scilla siberica, of the lily family, having nodding, deep blue flowers. * * *
Siberian wallflower
a North American plant, Erysimum asperum, of the mustard family, having orange-yellow flowers. [1920-25] * * *
Siberian husky n. See husky3. * * *
/suy bear"uyt, suy"beuh ruyt'/, n. a violet or violet-red tourmaline, used as a gem. [1795-1805; < F sibérite, after Sibérie SIBERIA; see -ITE1] * * *
Island, Indonesia. The largest island in the Mentawai group, it lies off the western coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. It is 25 mi (40 km) wide and 70 mi (110 km) long. The coast is ...
Siberut Island
▪ island, Indonesia Indonesian  Pulau Siberut , also spelled  Siberoet        largest island in the Mentawai group of islands, Sumatera Barat provinsi (province), ...
See sibilant. * * *
See sibilance. * * *
—sibilance, sibilancy, n. —sibilantly, adv. /sib"euh leuhnt/, adj. 1. hissing. 2. Phonet. characterized by a hissing sound; noting sounds like those spelled with s in this ...
See sibilance. * * *
—sibilation, n. —sibilator, n. /sib"euh layt'/, v., sibilated, sibilating. v.i. 1. to hiss. v.t. 2. to utter or pronounce with a hissing sound. [1650-60; < L sibilatus (ptp. ...
See sibilate. * * *
/syi byeerdd"/, n. Russian name of Siberia. * * *
Sibiryakov, Aleksandr Mikhaylovich
▪ Russian explorer Sibiryakov also spelled  Sibiriakov   born Sept. 26 [Oct. 8, New Style], 1849, Irkutsk, Siberia, Russian Empire died 1893       Russian gold-mine ...
/see byooh"/, n. a city in central Rumania. 156,854. * * * ▪ Romania German  Hermannstadt,  Hungarian  Nagyszeben   city, central Romania. It lies along the Cibin River ...
Sibley Provincial Park
▪ park, Ontario, Canada       park, southwestern Ontario, Canada, on Sibley Peninsula on the northern shore of Lake Superior, 20 miles (32 km) east of Thunder Bay. ...
Sibley, Hiram
▪ American businessman born Feb. 6, 1807, North Adams, Mass., U.S. died July 12, 1888, Rochester, N.Y.       a founder and president of the Western Union Telegraph ...
/sib"ling/, n. 1. a brother or sister. 2. Anthropol. a comember of a sib. adj. 3. of or pertaining to a brother or sister: sibling rivalry. [bef. 1000; late ME: relative, OE; see ...
sibling rivalry
▪ psychology       intense competition among siblings for recognition and the attention of their parents. Sibling rivalry normally begins when a baby is introduced to a ...
sibling species n. Any of two or more related species that are morphologically nearly identical but are incapable of producing fertile hybrids. * * *
▪ Indonesia       kotamadya (municipality), western Sumatera Utara (North Sumatra) provinsi (province), north-central Sumatra, Indonesia, located 130 miles (209 km) ...
▪ India       town, eastern Assam state, northeastern India. Sibsagar lies on the Dikhu River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra (Brahmaputra River), 30 miles (50 km) ...
/sib"ship/, n. Anthropol. the condition of being a member of a sib. [SIB + -SHIP] * * *
▪ Malaysia       city, Sarawak state, East Malaysia. It is situated at the confluence of the Rajang and Igan rivers, about 50 miles (80 km) from the South China Sea ...
si·bu·tra·mine (sə-byo͞oʹtrə-mĭn, -mēn') n. A drug that suppresses appetite by inhibiting the reuptake of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and serotonin, used in ...
Si·bu·yan Sea (sē'bo͞o-yänʹ) A sea in the central Philippines bordered by southern Luzon, Mindoro, and the Visayan Islands. * * *
/sib"euhl/, n. 1. any of certain women of antiquity reputed to possess powers of prophecy or divination. 2. a female prophet or witch. [1250-1300; < Gk Síbylla SIBYLLA; r. ME ...
/sib"euhl/, n. a female given name. Also, Sibylle. * * * Prophetess of Greek legend. She was a figure of the mythical past whose prophecies, phrased in Greek hexameters, were ...
/si bil"euh/, n. Class. Myth. an Asian maiden who gained from her lover Apollo the gift of prophecy and long life. * * *
/sib"euh leen', -luyn', -lin/, adj. 1. of, resembling, or characteristic of a sibyl; prophetic; oracular. 2. mysterious; cryptic. Also, sibylic, sibyllic /si bil"ik/. [1570-80; < ...
Sibylline Books
Sibylline Books n. a number of oracular manuscripts consulted regularly by the ancient Romans and thought to have been written by the sibyl of Cumae * * *
Sibylline Oracles
▪ prophecies       collection of oracular (oracle) prophecies in which Jewish or Christian doctrines were allegedly confirmed by a sibyl (legendary Greek prophetess); ...
sic1 /sik/, v.t., sicked or sicced /sikt/, sicking or siccing. 1. to attack (used esp. in commanding a dog): Sic 'em! 2. to incite to attack (usually fol. by on). Also, ...
U.S. Govt. Standard Industrial Classification: a system used by the federal government to classify business activities for analytical and reporting purposes. * * *
sic bo
▪ gambling game       gambling game played with dice that is widely popular in Asia. During the 1980s and '90s, it spread to American and European casinos (casino), ...
sic passim
/seek pahs"sim/; Eng. /sik pas"im/, Latin. so throughout: used esp. as a footnote to indicate that a word, phrase, or idea recurs throughout the book being cited. * * *
sic semper tyrannis
/seek sem"perdd tyuu rddahn"nis/; Eng. /sik sem"peuhr ti ran"is/, Latin. thus always to tyrants (motto of the State of Virginia). * * *
sic transit gloria mundi
/seek trddahn"sit gloh"rddi ah' moon"dee/; Eng. /sik tran"sit glawr"ee euh mun"duy, -dee, glohr"-, -zit/, Latin. thus passes away the glory of this world. * * *
1. Sicilian. 2. Sicily. * * *
▪ people English  Sicans        according to ancient Greek writers, the aboriginal inhabitants of central Sicily, as distinguished from the Siculi of eastern Sicily ...
/si kay"nee euhn/, adj. Sicilian. [1640-50; < L Sicani(us) (Sicani(a) Sicily + -us adj. suffix; see -OUS) + -AN] * * *
Sicard, Roch-Ambroise Cucurron, Abbé
▪ French abbot born 1742, Fousseret, near Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Fr. died Sept. 20, 1822, Paris       French educator who was a pioneer in the teaching of ...
/sik"euh tiv/, adj. 1. causing or promoting absorption of moisture; drying. n. 2. a siccative substance, esp. in paint. [1540-50; < LL siccativus, equiv. to L siccat(us) (ptp. of ...
/suys/, n. syce. * * *
Sicel language
      language spoken by the ancient Siculi (Sicels) in Italy and Sicily. The language is known from four inscriptions dating from the 3rd century BC and from several ...
/sich"wahn", sich"ooh ahn'/; Chin. /sue"chwahn"/, n. Pinyin. a province in S central China. 67,960,000; 219,691 sq. mi. (569,000 sq. km). Cap.: Chengdu. Also, Szechwan, ...
Sichuan Basin
▪ region, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Sichuan Pendi  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Ssu-ch'uan P'en-ti,  conventional  Szechwan Basin        basin comprising the ...
/see chee"lyah/ for 1; /si sil"yeuh, -sil"ee euh/ for 2, n. 1. Italian name of Sicily. 2. an ancient name of Sicily. * * *
Sicilian [si sil′yən, si sil′ē ən] adj. of Sicily or its people, language, or culture n. 1. a person born or living in Sicily 2. the variety of Italian spoken in Sicily * ...
Sicilian octave
▪ literature       an Italian stanza or poem having eight lines of 11 syllables (hendecasyllables) rhyming abababab. The form may have originated in Tuscany about the ...
Sicilian school
Group of Sicilian, southern Italian, and Tuscan poets centred in the courts of Frederick II (r. 1194–1250) and his son Manfred of Sicily (d. 1266). They established the ...
Sicilian Vespers
a general massacre of the French in Sicily by the local population, begun at the sound of the vesper bell on Easter Monday, 1282. * * * (1282) Massacre of the French that began ...
/si sil'ee ah"noh/, n., pl. sicilianos. 1. a graceful folk dance of Sicily. 2. the music for this dance. Also, siciliana /si sil'ee ah"nah, -neuh/. [1715-25; < It: lit., ...
Sicilies Two see TWO SICILIES * * *
Sicilies, Two
/sis"euh leez/. See Two Sicilies. * * *
—Sicilian /si sil"yeuhn, -sil"ee euhn/, adj., n. /sis"euh lee/, n. an island in the Mediterranean, constituting a region of Italy, and separated from the SW tip of the mainland ...
sick1 /sik/, adj., sicker, sickest, n. adj. 1. afflicted with ill health or disease; ailing. 2. affected with nausea; inclined to vomit. 3. deeply affected with some unpleasant ...
sick bay
a hospital or dispensary, esp. aboard ship. [1805-15] * * *
sick building syndrome
an illness caused by exposure to pollutants or germs inside an airtight building. [1980-85] * * *
sick call
Mil. 1. a daily formation for those requiring medical attention. 2. the period during which this formation is held. [1830-40] * * *
sick day
a day for which an employee will be paid while absent because of illness. * * *
sick headache
migraine. [1770-80] * * *
sick leave
leave from duty, work, or the like, granted because of illness. [1830-40] * * *
sick list
1. a list of persons who are sick. 2. on the sick list, in poor health; not well; ill. [1785-95] * * *
sick pay
—sick-pay, adj. wages or other compensation received from an employer during an illness. [1885-90] * * *
sick·bay (sĭkʹbā') n. 1. The hospital and dispensary of a ship. 2. A place where the sick or injured are treated. * * *
/sik"bed'/, n. the bed used by a sick person. [1375-1425; late ME; see SICK1, BED] * * *
sickbuilding syndrome
sick building syndrome n. An illness affecting workers in office buildings, characterized by skin irritations, headache, and respiratory problems, and thought to be caused by ...
sick call n. 1. A daily lineup of military personnel requiring medical attention. 2. A signal announcing the time for such a lineup. * * *
sick day n. A paid day off allowed an employee because of sickness. * * *
Sickel, Theodor von
▪ Austrian historian born Dec. 18, 1826, Aken, Prussian Saxony [now Aachen, Ger.] died April 21, 1908, Merano, Austria       German historian of the early European ...
/sik"euhn/, v.t., v.i. to make or become sick. [1150-1200; ME seknen, sicnen; c. ON sjukna. See SICK1, -EN1] Syn. repulse, revolt, disgust, upset. * * *
/sik"euh neuhr/, n. something that sickens or disgusts. [1800-10; SICKEN + -ER1] * * *
—sickeningly, adv. /sik"euh ning/, adj. causing or capable of causing sickness, esp. nausea, disgust, or loathing: sickening arrogance. [1715-25; SICKEN + -ING2] Syn. ...
See sickening. * * *
sicker1 /sik"euhr/ adj. compar. of sick1 with sickest as superl. sicker2 /sik"euhr/, Scot. and North Eng. adj. 1. safe from danger; secure. 2. dependable; trustworthy. adv. 3. ...
/sik"euhrt/, n. Walter Richard, 1860-1942, English painter. * * *
Sickert, Walter Richard
▪ British artist born May 31, 1860, Munich, Bavaria [now in Germany] died January 22, 1942, Bathampton, Somerset, England  painter and printmaker who was a pivotal figure in ...
sick headache n. 1. A headache accompanied by nausea. 2. A migraine. * * *
/sik"ee/, n. Slang. 1. Also, sicko. a person who is deranged or perverted. 2. a morbid or sadistic thing, as a joke. [1965-70; SICK1 + -IE] * * *
Sickingen, Franz von
▪ German knight born March 2, 1481, Ebernburg, Rhenish Palatinate [now in Germany] died May 7, 1523, Landstuhl       prominent figure of the early years of the ...
—sickishly, adv. —sickishness, n. /sik"ish/, adj. 1. somewhat sick or ill. 2. somewhat sickening or nauseating. [1575-85; SICK1 + -ISH1] * * *
See sickish. * * *
See sickishly. * * *
/sik"euhl/, n. 1. an implement for cutting grain, grass, etc., consisting of a curved, hooklike blade mounted in a short handle. 2. (cap.) Astron. a group of stars in the ...
sickle bar
☆ sickle bar n. a mowing device, as in a harvesting machine, consisting of a heavy bar which supports and protects the cutting blade or blades * * *
sickle bar.
See cutter bar (def. 1). * * *
sickle cell
Pathol. an abnormal red blood cell having an elongated, crescentlike shape due to the presence of an abnormal hemoglobin. [1925-30; so called from the fact that the cells are ...
sickle cell anemia
Pathol. a chronic hereditary blood disease, occurring primarily among Africans or persons of African descent, in which abnormal hemoglobin causes red blood cells to become ...
sickle cell anemia disease
☆ sickle cell anemia disease n. an inherited chronic anemia found chiefly among blacks, characterized by an abnormal red blood cell (sickle cell) containing a defective form of ...
sickle cell trait
Pathol. the usually asymptomatic hereditary condition that occurs when a person inherits from only one parent the abnormal hemoglobin gene characteristic of sickle cell anemia. ...
sickle feather
one of the paired, elongated, sickle-shaped, middle feathers of the tail of the rooster. [1680-90] * * *
sickle-cell anemia
Blood disorder (see hemoglobinopathy) seen mainly in persons of Sub-Saharan African ancestry and their descendants and in those from the Middle East, the Mediterranean area, and ...
/sik"euhl hokt'/, adj. Vet. Pathol. noting or pertaining to a condition of horses in which the hock, due to strained tendons and ligaments, is flexed so that the foot is ...
sick leave n. Paid absence from work allowed an employee because of sickness. * * *
/sik"euhl bil'/, n. any of various birds having a long, curved bill, as the long-billed curlew or curve-billed thrasher. [1870-75, Amer.; SICKLE + BILL2] * * *
sickle cell n. An abnormal, crescent-shaped red blood cell that results from a single change in the amino acid sequence of the cell's hemoglobin, which causes the cell to ...
sicklecell anemia
sickle cell anemia n. A chronic, usually fatal anemia marked by sickle-shaped red blood cells, occurring almost exclusively in Black people of Africa or of African descent, and ...
sicklecell trait
sickle cell trait n. A hereditary condition, usually harmless and without symptoms, in which an individual carries only one mutated hemoglobin gene for sickle cell anemia. * * *
sickle feather n. Any of the long curving feathers in the tail of a rooster. * * *
☆ sicklemia [sik lē′mē ə, sik΄əl ē′mē ə ] n. 〚 SICKLE (
Sickles, Daniel Edgar
▪ American politician born Oct. 20, 1825, New York, N.Y., U.S. died May 3, 1914, New York  American politician, soldier, and diplomat remembered for acquiring the land for ...
See sickliness. * * *
See sickly. * * *
sick list n. A list of sick personnel. * * *
—sickliness, n. /sik"lee/, adj., sicklier, sickliest, adv., v., sicklied, sicklying. adj. 1. not strong; unhealthy; ailing. 2. of, connected with, or arising from ill health: a ...
/sik"nis/, n. 1. a particular disease or malady. 2. the state or an instance of being sick; illness. 3. nausea; queasiness. [bef. 1000; ME siknesse, seknesse, OE seocnesse. See ...
/sik"oh/, n., pl. sickos. Slang. sickie (def. 1). [SICK1 + -O] * * *
/sik"owt'/, n. an organized absence from work by employees on the pretext of sickness, as to avoid the legal problems or antistrike clauses that would be invoked in the case of a ...
sick pay n. Wages paid to an employee who is absent because of illness. * * *
/sik"roohm', -room'/, n. a room in which a sick person is confined. [1740-50; SICK1 + ROOM] * * *
sic pas·sim (sĭk păsʹĭm) adv. Thus everywhere. Used to indicate that a term or an idea is to be found throughout a text.   [Latin sīc passim: sīc, thus + passim, ...
▪ people English  Sicels , Greek  Sikeloi        ancient Sicilian tribe that occupied the eastern part of Sicily. Old tales related that the Siculi once lived in ...
sicut patribus, sit Deus nobis
/see"koot pah"trddi boos', sit de"oos noh"bis/; Eng. /sik"euht pa"treuh beuhs, sit dee"euhs noh"bis, day"euhs/, Latin. as with our fathers, may God be with us (motto of ...
—Sicyonian /sis'ee oh"nee euhn/, adj., n. /sish"ee on', sis"-/, n. an ancient city in S Greece, near Corinth. * * * Ancient city, northern Peloponnese, southern ...
/sid/, n. a male or female given name, form of Sidney or Sydney. * * *
Sid Caesar
➡ Caesar (II) * * *
/si dah"moh/, n., pl. Sidamos, (esp. collectively) Sidamo for 1. 1. a member of a people in SW Ethiopia. 2. the Cushitic language of the Sidamo people. * * * ▪ people also ...
▪ Jainism and Vajrayāna       in Jainism, one who has achieved perfection. By right faith, right knowledge, and right conduct a siddha has freed himself from the cycle ...
/si dahr"teuh, -theuh/, n. 1. an epithet of Buddha meaning "he who has attained his goal." 2. (italics) a novel (1922) by Hermann Hesse. * * *
/sid"dee/, n. 1. Yoga. a miraculous power imparted by the late stages of intense meditation. Pali, iddhi. 2. Buddhism. any occult power acquired through discipline. [ < Skt] * * *
/sid"nz/, n. Sarah (Kemble), 1755-1831, English actress. * * *
Siddons, Sarah
orig. Sarah Kemble born July 5, 1755, Brecon, Brecknockshire, Wales died June 8, 1831, London, Eng. British actress. She acted with her father's traveling company and married ...
Sid·dons (sĭdʹnz), Sarah. 1755-1831. British actress known for her Shakespearean roles, especially Lady Macbeth. * * *
Seph. /see doohrdd"/; Ashk. /si"deuhrdd, si doordd"/; Eng. /sid"euhr/, n., pl. siddurim Seph. /see dooh rddeem"/; Ashk. /si doo"rddim/, Eng. siddurs. Hebrew. a Jewish prayer book ...
side1 —sideless, adj. /suyd/, n., adj., v., sided, siding. n. 1. one of the surfaces forming the outside of or bounding a thing, or one of the lines bounding a geometric ...
side arm
Mil. a weapon, as a pistol or sword, carried at the side or in the belt. [1680-90] * * *
side band
Radio. the band of frequencies at the sides of the carrier frequency of a modulated signal. Also, sideband. [1795-1805] * * *
side bet
a bet made, as with another player, in addition to one's principal bet: a side bet as to which of us would draw the highest card. [1890-95] * * *
side card
Cards. 1. Poker. the highest card in a hand that is not part of a scoring combination, as not being one of a pair, three of a kind, etc., and that serves to determine by its ...
side chain
Chem. an open chain of atoms attached to an atom of a larger chain, or to a ring. Also called lateral chain. [1900-05] * * *
side chair
a straight-backed chair without arms. Also, sidechair /suyd"chair'/. [1920-25] * * *
side check
☆ side check n. a checkrein passing back to the saddle from the side of a horse's head * * *
side circuit
Elect. See under phantom circuit. * * *
side curl
earlock. Also, sidecurl /suyd"kerrl'/. [1805-15] * * *
side dish
1. a serving of a portion of food in addition to the principal food, usually on a separate dish. 2. the small additional dish used for such food. [1715-25] * * *
side dressing
the fertilizer used to side-dress plants. [1930-35] * * *
side drum.
See snare drum. [1790-1800] * * *
side effect
1. any effect of a drug, chemical, or other medicine that is in addition to its intended effect, esp. an effect that is harmful or unpleasant. 2. any accompanying or ...
side horse
Gymnastics. See pommel horse. [1930-35] * * *
side meat
Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. salt pork and bacon taken from the sides of a hog. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
side money
(in a poker game) the money or chips in a side pot. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
side pot
(in poker with table stakes) a second or subsequent pot, separate from the main pot, created when a player's entire table stake has been bet in a main pot or another side pot and ...
side step
a step to one side, as in dancing, skiing, or boxing. [1840-50] * * *
side street
a street leading away from a main street; an unimportant street or one carrying but little traffic. Cf. back street. [1610-20] * * *
side suit
Cards. See plain suit. * * *
side table
a table intended to be placed against a wall. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
side trip
—side tripper. a brief excursion off the main route of an itinerary, as to visit a particular person or place. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *

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