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Слова на букву schw-stag (15990)

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side whiskers
—side-whiskered, adj. whiskers worn long and with the chin clean-shaven. [1805-15] * * *
/suyd"dres'/, v.t., side-dressed, side-dressing. to fertilize (growing plants) by mixing fertilizer into the soil along each row. [1965-70] * * *
/suyd"glans', -glahns'/, n. a glance directed to the side; an oblique or sideways look: a side-glance of displeasure at her interrupter. [1605-15] * * *
side-necked turtle
▪ reptile       any species of turtle belonging to the families Chelidae, Pelomedusidae, and Podocnemididae. The common name is derived from the animal's defensive ...
/suyd"on", -awn"/, adj. 1. (of two objects) meeting with the sides foremost. adv. 2. with the side or sides foremost, esp. in a collision: The other car struck me ...
side-strad·dle hop (sīdʹstrăd'l) n. Sports A jumping jack. * * *
—side-wheeler, n. /suyd"hweel', -weel'/, adj. having a paddle wheel on each side, as a steamboat. [1855-60] * * *
side-wheel·er (sīdʹhwē'lər, -wē'-) n. A side-wheel steamboat. * * *
side-whisk·ers (sīdʹhwĭs'kərz, -wĭs'-) pl.n. Whiskers worn usually long on the sides of a man's face. * * *
/suyd"ahrm'/, adv. 1. with a swinging motion of the arm moving to the side of the body at shoulder level or below and nearly parallel to the ground: to pitch sidearm. adj. 2. ...
sideband [sīdband΄] n. Radio the frequency or frequencies on either side of a carrier frequency that are generated by the process of modulation of the carrier * * * side·band ...
/suyd"bahr'/, n. 1. follow-up (def. 3b). 2. a typographically distinct section of a page, as in a book or magazine, that amplifies or highlights the main text. 3. a conference ...
/suyd"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. a piece of furniture, as in a dining room, often with shelves, drawers, etc., for holding articles of table service. 2. a board forming a side or a ...
/suyd"bohn'/, n. Vet. Pathol. ossification of the cartilages in the lateral portion of the foot of a horse, resulting in lameness. Also, sidebones. [1810-20; SIDE1 + BONE] * * *
/suyd"berrnz'/, n.pl. 1. short whiskers extending from the hairline to below the ears and worn with an unbearded chin. 2. the projections of the hairline forming a border on the ...
/suyd"kahr'/, n. 1. a small car attached on one side to a motorcycle and supported on the other side by a wheel of its own, used for a passenger, parcels, etc. 2. a cocktail made ...
side chain n. An organic molecular structure in the form of a branched open chain or ring. * * *
side chair n. A straight-backed chair without arms, usually part of a dining room set. * * *
/suyd"chek'/, n. a checkrein passing from the bit to the saddle of a harness. [1890-95, Amer.; SIDE1 + CHECK] * * *
/suy"did/, adj. having a specified number or kind of sides (often used in combination): five-sided; plastic-sided. [1425-75; late ME; see SIDE1, -ED3] * * *
side dish n. A dish served as an accompaniment to the main course. * * *
See sided. * * *
side drum n. See snare drum. * * *
side effect n. A peripheral or secondary effect, especially an undesirable secondary effect of a drug or therapy. * * *
/suyd"hed'/, n. Print. a heading or subhead run in the margin of a book or magazine. [SIDE1 + HEAD] * * *
/suyd"hil'/, n. a hillside. [1665-75; SIDE1 + HILL] * * *
/suyd"kik'/, n. 1. a close friend. 2. a confederate or assistant. [1900-05, Amer.; SIDE1 + KICK] * * *
/suyd"luyt'/, n. 1. an item of incidental information. 2. either of two lights carried by a vessel under way at night, a red one on the port side and a green on the starboard. 3. ...
/suyd"luyn'/, n., v., sidelined, sidelining. n. 1. a line at the side of something. 2. a business or activity pursued in addition to one's primary business; a second ...
side·lin·er (sīdʹlī'nər) n. One that remains on the sidelines; a nonparticipant. * * *
/suyd"ling/, adv. 1. sidelong or sideways; obliquely. adj. 2. having an oblique position; inclined or sloping. [1300-50; ME sid(e)ling; see SIDE1, -LING2] * * *
/suyd"lok'/, n. earlock. [1840-50; SIDE1 + LOCK2] * * *
/suyd"lawng', -long'/, adj. 1. directed to one side: a sidelong glance. 2. inclined or slanting to one side. 3. indirect; roundabout: sidelong comments about his ...
/suyd"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. sidemen /-men', -meuhn/. 1. an instrumentalist in a band or orchestra. 2. an instrumentalist supporting a soloist or a principal performer. [1560-70; ...
/suyd"pees'/, n. a piece forming a side or a part of a side, or fixed by the side, of something. [1795-1805; SIDE1 + PIECE] * * *
sider- sider-1 [sid′ər] combining form SIDERO-1: used before a vowel sider-2 [sid′ər] combining form SIDERO-2: used before a vowel * * * sider- pref. Variant of sidero-. * ...
—sidereally, adv. /suy dear"ee euhl/, adj. Astron. 1. determined by or from the stars: sidereal time. 2. of or pertaining to the stars. [1625-35; < L sidere(us) of, belonging ...
sidereal day
Astron. the interval between two successive passages of the vernal equinox over the meridian, being about four minutes shorter than a mean solar day. [1785-95] * * *
sidereal hour angle
Astron. the angle, measured westward through 360°, between the hour circle passing through the vernal equinox and the hour circle of a celestial body. Cf. hour angle. * * *
sidereal month
Astron. See under month (def. 5). [1865-70] * * *
sidereal period
Time required for a celestial body in the solar system to complete one revolution with respect to the fixed stars (as observed from a fixed point outside the system). A planet's ...
sidereal time
Astron. time measured by the diurnal motion of stars. A sidereal day is about four minutes shorter than a solar day, with hours, minutes, and seconds all proportionally ...
sidereal year
Astron. year (def. 4c). [1675-85] * * *
sidereal day n. The time required for a complete rotation of the earth in reference to any star or to the vernal equinox at the meridian, equal to 23 hours, 56 minutes, 4.09 ...
sidereal hour n. A 24th part of a sidereal day. * * *
sidereal month n. The average period of revolution of the moon around the earth in reference to a fixed star, equal to 27 days, 7 hours, 43 minutes in units of mean solar time. * ...
sidereal time n. Time based on the rotation of the earth with reference to the background of stars. * * *
sidereal year n. The time required for one complete revolution of the earth about the sun, relative to the fixed stars, or 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, 9.54 seconds in units of ...
—sideritic /sid'euh rit"ik/, adj. /sid"euh ruyt'/, n. 1. Also called chalybite. a common mineral, iron carbonate, FeCO3, usually occurring in yellowish to deep-brown cleavable ...
See siderite. * * *
sidero-1 a combining form meaning "iron," used in the formation of compound words: siderolite. [ < Gk sidero-, comb. form of síderos iron] sidero-2 a combining form meaning ...
sid·er·o·chrome (sĭdʹər-ə-krōm') n. Any of various chemical compounds in bacteria that bind iron, often functioning to transport iron across the cell membrane. * * *
/sid"euhr euh suyt'/, n. Anat. an erythrocyte that contains iron in forms other than hematin. [SIDERO-1 + -CYTE] * * *
—siderographer, n. —siderographic /sid'euhr euh graf"ik/, adj. /sid'euh rog"reuh fee/, n. 1. the art or technique of engraving on steel. 2. a method of increasing the number ...
/sid"euhr euh luyt'/, n. a meteorite of roughly equal proportions of metallic iron and stony matter. [1860-65; SIDERO-1 + -LITE] * * *
/sid"euhr euh fuyl'/, adj. 1. (of a cell or tissue) having an affinity for iron. 2. Geol. (of a chemical element in the earth) having an affinity for metallic iron. n. 3. a ...
/sid"euhr euh skohp'/, n. Ophthalm. an apparatus for detecting splinters of iron or steel in the eye. [1820-30; SIDERO-1 + -SCOPE] * * *
—siderotic /sid'euh rot"ik/, adj. /sid'euh roh"sis/, n. Pathol. a disease of the lungs caused by inhaling iron or other metallic particles. [1875-80; < Gk síder(os) iron + ...
—siderostatic, adj. /sid"euhr euh stat'/, n. a telescopic device for reflecting the light of a star in a constant direction, the chief component of which is a plane mirror ...
▪ plant genus       genus of 75 species of woody trees and shrubs, within the sapodilla family (Sapotaceae), native to mainly warmer regions of North and South America. ...
/suyd"sad'l/, n. 1. a saddle for women on which the rider sits, facing forward, usually with both feet on the left side of the horse. adv. 2. seated on a sidesaddle: The girl ...
sidesaddle flower
a pitcher plant, Sarracenia purpurea. [1730-40, Amer.] * * *
/suyd"shoh'/, n. 1. a minor show or exhibition in connection with a principal one, as at a circus. 2. any subordinate event or matter. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
/suyd"slip'/, v., sideslipped, sideslipping, n. v.i. 1. to slip to one side. 2. (of an airplane when banked excessively) to slide sideways in a downward direction, toward the ...
/suyd"spin'/, n. a spinning motion imparted to a ball that causes it to rotate in course about its vertical axis. [1925-30; SIDE1 + SPIN] * * *
/suyd"split'euhr/, n. something that is uproariously funny, as a joke or a situation. [1875-80; from the idiom to split one's sides (laughing); see -ER1] * * *
—sidesplittingly, adv. /suyd"split'ing/, adj. 1. convulsively uproarious: sidesplitting laughter. 2. producing uproarious laughter; extremely funny: sidesplitting ...
See sidesplitting. * * *
—sidestepper, n. /suyd"step'/, v., sidestepped, sidestepping. v.i. 1. to step to one side. 2. to evade or avoid a decision, problem, or the like. v.t. 3. to avoid or dodge by ...
See sidestep. * * *
sidestream smoke
/suyd"streem'/. See secondhand smoke. [1970-75] * * *
side·stream smoke (sīdʹstrēm') n. The stream of smoke from the burning end of a cigar, cigarette, or pipe. * * *
/suyd"strohk'/, n., v., sidestroked, sidestroking. Swimming. n. 1. a stroke in which the body is turned sideways in the water, the hands pull alternately, and the legs perform a ...
See sidestroke. * * *
—sideswiper, n. /suyd"swuyp'/, v., sideswiped, sideswiping, n. v.t. 1. to strike with a sweeping stroke or blow along the side; strike a glancing blow obliquely. n. 2. such a ...
See sideswipe. * * *
Sidetic language
▪ ancient Turkish language       one of the most sparsely documented of the ancient Anatolian languages, Sidetic was spoken in the ancient city of Side on the coast of ...
/suyd"trak'/, v.t., v.i. 1. to move from the main track to a siding, as a train. 2. to move or distract from the main subject or course. n. 3. any railroad track, other than a ...
/suyd"wawk'/, n. a walk, esp. a paved one, at the side of a street or road. [1660-70; SIDE1 + WALK] * * *
sidewalk artist
1. an artist who draws pictures on the sidewalk, esp. with colored chalk, as a means of soliciting money from passers-by. 2. an artist working in the streets, who draws portraits ...
sidewalk sale
a sale, often held annually, as at the end of each summer, in which merchants display reduced-price merchandise on the sidewalks in front of their stores. * * *
sidewalk superintendent
Informal. a bystander who watches the building, demolition, repair, or other work being done at a construction site. [1945-50] * * *
/suyd"waw'king/, n. Canadian Informal. the practice of shopkeepers standing on the sidewalk outside their shops to attract customers. [SIDEWALK + -ING1] * * *
sidewalk superintendent n. Slang A pedestrian who stops to watch construction or demolition work. * * *
/suyd"wawl'/, n. 1. the part of a pneumatic tire between the edge of the tread and the rim of the wheel. 2. a wall that serves as the side of a structure. 3. the side part of the ...
/suyd"weuhrd/, adj. 1. directed or moving toward one side. adv. 2. Also, sidewards. toward one side. [1400-50; late ME; see SIDE1, -WARD] * * *
See sideward. * * *
/suyd"way'/, n. 1. a byway. adj., adv. 2. sideways. [1605-15; SIDE1 + WAY1] * * *
/suyd"wayz'/, adv. 1. with a side foremost. 2. facing to the side. 3. toward or from one side. 4. with a deceitful, scornful, disparaging, or amorous glance. adj. 5. moving, ...
/suyd"hweel', -weel'/, n. Naut. either of a pair of paddle wheels on the sides of a vessel. [1825-35; SIDE1 + WHEEL] * * *
/suyd"wuynd'/, v.i., sidewound /-wownd/ or (Rare) sidewinded, sidewinding. to move like a sidewinder. [1925-30; back formation from SIDEWINDER] * * *
/suyd"wuyn'deuhr/, n. 1. a severe swinging blow from the side. 2. a rattlesnake, Crotalus cerastes, of southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico, that has a hornlike projection over ...
side·wise (sīdʹwīz') adv. & adj. Sideways. * * *
Sidgwick, Henry
born May 31, 1838, Skipton, Yorkshire, Eng. died Aug. 29, 1900, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire British philosopher. Educated at Cambridge, he remained there as a fellow (from 1859) ...
Sidgwick, Nevil Vincent
▪ British chemist born May 8, 1873, Oxford died March 15, 1952, Oxford       English chemist who contributed to the understanding of chemical bonding, especially in ...
/shee/, n., pl. sídhe /shee/. Irish Folklore. 1. a mound or hill in which fairies live. 2. a fairy. 3. sídhe, the race of fairies. Also, shee. [1785-95; < Ir; MIr síd, síth ...
(as used in expressions) Sidi Muhammad Idris al Mahdi al Sanusi Sidi Muhammad ibn Yusuf Sidi Muhammad ibn Ali al Sanusi al Mujahiri al Hasani al Idrisi * * *
Sidi Bel Abbès
▪ Algeria       town, northwestern Algeria, on the Wadi Mekerra in the Tell Atlas. Named for the tomb of the marabout (saint) Sīdī Bel ʿAbbāss, it was established ...
Sidi Bouzid
▪ town, Tunisia also spelled  Sīdī Bū Zayd  or  Sidi Bou Zid , Latin  Qamudah        town in central Tunisia. It is located in the upland steppe country and ...
Sidi Ifni
/see"dee eef"nee/ a seaport in W Morocco: former capital of Ifni. 13,650. * * *
/see"dee bel euh bes"/, n. a city in NW Algeria. 91,527. * * *
Sidibe, Malick
▪ 2008 born 1935 or 1936, Soloba, French Sudan [now Mali]       In 2007 Malick Sidibé became the first photographer and the first African to receive the Venice ...
/suy"ding/, n. 1. a short railroad track, opening onto a main track at one or both ends, on which one of two meeting trains is switched until the other has passed. 2. any of ...
—sidlingly, adv. /suyd"l/, v., sidled, sidling, n. v.i. 1. to move sideways or obliquely. 2. to edge along furtively. n. 3. a sidling movement. [1690-1700; back formation from ...
Sid·ley (sĭdʹlē), Mount A mountain, 4,183.7 m (13,717 ft) high, of Marie Byrd Land in Antarctica. It was discovered by Robert E. Byrd in 1934. * * *
See sidle. * * *
▪ England, United Kingdom  town and coastal resort, East Devon district, administrative and historic county of Devon, England, 15 miles (24 km) east-southeast of Exeter by ...
Sidmouth, Henry Addington, 1st Viscount
▪ prime minister of Great Britain born May 30, 1757, London died Feb. 15, 1844, Richmond, Surrey, Eng.  British prime minister from March 1801 to May 1804. Honest but ...
/sid"nee/, n. 1. Sir Philip, 1554-86, English poet, writer, statesman, and soldier. 2. a city in N Ohio. 17,657. 3. a male or female given name: a family name taken from a French ...
Sidney Bechet
➡ Bechet * * *
Sidney Poitier
➡ Poitier * * *
Sidney Sheldon
➡ Sheldon * * *
Sidney Street siege
an incident that took place in the East End of London in 1911. Two anarchists (= people who believe there should be no laws or government) were trapped and finally killed in a ...
Sidney Webb
➡ Webb * * *
Sidney, Algernon
▪ English politician born 1622, Penshurst Place, Kent, Eng. died Dec. 7, 1683, London  English Whig politician executed for allegedly plotting to overthrow the government of ...
Sidney, George
▪ 2003       American film director (b. Oct. 4, 1916, New York, N.Y.—d. May 5, 2002, Las Vegas, Nev.), directed a number of the most popular movie musicals of the ...
Sidney, Sir Henry
▪ British statesman [1529-86] born , July 20, 1529, probably London died May 5, 1586, Ludlow, Shropshire, Eng.  English lord deputy of Ireland from 1565 to 1571 and from 1575 ...
Sidney, Sir Philip
born Nov. 30, 1554, Penshurst, Kent, Eng. died Oct. 17, 1586, Arnhem, Neth. English courtier, statesman, soldier, and poet. Born into an aristocratic family and educated to be ...
Sidney, Sylvia
▪ 2000 Sophia Kosow        American actress who became a prominent film star in the 1930s; usually cast as a vulnerable, victimized young woman, she appeared in numerous ...
Sidney,Sir Philip
Sid·ney (sĭdʹnē), Sir Philip. 1554-1586. English poet, politician, and soldier. His works include the sonnet sequence Astrophel and Stella and the collection of pastoral ...
—Sidonian /suy doh"nee euhn/, adj., n. /suyd"n/, n. a city of ancient Phoenicia: site of modern Saida. * * * Arabic Ṣaydā Seaport (pop., latest est.: 140,000), ...
Ṣidqī, Bakr
▪ Iraqi general born 1890, Kirkūk, Iraq died Aug. 12, 1937, Mosul       Iraqi general.       Ṣidqī joined the Turkish army at age 18 but was already an ...
Ṣidqī, Ismāʿīl
▪ prime minister of Egypt also spelled  Ismael Sidki  born 1875, Alexandria, Egypt died July 9, 1950, Paris, France       Egyptian politician who was twice premier of ...
Ṣidqī, ʿAzīz
▪ prime minister of Egypt also spelled  Aziz Sidki  born July 1, 1920, Cairo, Egypt died Jan. 26, 2008, Paris, France       Egyptian politician who was prime minister ...
/sid"rah/, n. Gulf of, an inlet of the Mediterranean, on the N coast of Libya. * * * ▪ Judaism also spelled  sidrah  or  sedra (Hebrew: “order,” “arrangement”) , ...
Sidra, Gulf of
or Gulf of Sirte Inlet of the Mediterranean Sea, north-central coast, Libya. It extends 275 mi (443 km). In August the gulf's water temperature reaches 88 °F (31 °C), the ...
Sidra,Gulf of
Sid·ra (sĭdʹrə), Gulf of An inlet of the Mediterranean Sea off northern Libya west of Benghazi. * * *
Seph. /see drddah"/; Ashk. /si"drddaw/; Eng. /sid"reuh/, n., pl. Sidroth, Sidrot, Sidros Seph. /see drddawt"/; Ashk. /si"drddaws/, Eng. Sidrahs. Hebrew. a Parashah chanted or ...
See sudden infant death syndrome. * * *
▪ hills, Germany English  Seven Hills        cluster of hills southeast of Bonn, Germany. Volcanic in origin and actually about 40 in number, they rise on the right ...
Siebert, Muriel
▪ American executive born Sept. 12, 1932, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.       American business executive whose successful ventures in the realm of high finance helped expand ...
Siebold, Carl Theodor Ernst von
▪ German zoologist born Feb. 16, 1804, Würzburg, Ger. died April 7, 1885, Munich       German zoologist who specialized in invertebrate research and contributed ...
siècle [sye′kl'] n. pl. siècles [sye′kl'] 〚Fr〛 1. a century 2. an era * * *
siècle d'or
/sye"kleu dawrdd"/, French. the period of the reign of Louis XIV of France. [lit., century of gold] * * *
▪ Poland       city, Mazowieckie województwo (province), east-central Poland. It is an economic centre for the eastern section of the province, with food processing, ...
Sieff of Brimpton, Marcus Joseph Sieff, Baron
▪ 2002       British businessman (b. July 2, 1913, Manchester, Eng.—d. Feb. 23, 2001, London, Eng.), succeeded his father, Baron Sieff, and uncle, Simon Marks, in the ...
Sieg heil
/zeek huyl"/, German. hail to victory: a salute used by the Nazis. * * *
/seeg"bahn/, n. Karl Manne Georg /kahrddl mahn"neuh yay"awrdd yeu/, 1886-1978, Swedish physicist: Nobel prize 1924. * * *
Siegbahn, Kai Manne Borje
▪ 2008       Swedish physicist born April 20, 1918, Lund, Swed. died July 20, 2007, Ängelholm, Swed. was awarded one-half of the 1981 Nobel Prize for Physics ...
Siegbahn, Karl Manne Georg
▪ Swedish physicist born Dec. 3, 1886, Örebro, Swed. died Sept. 26, 1978, Stockholm       Swedish physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1924 for his ...
—siegeable, adj. /seej/, n., v., sieged, sieging. n. 1. the act or process of surrounding and attacking a fortified place in such a way as to isolate it from help and supplies, ...
siege engines
➡ castles * * *
siege mentality
a state of mind whereby one believes that one is being constantly attacked, oppressed, or isolated. [1965-70] * * *
Siege Perilous
Arthurian Romance. a vacant seat at the Round Table that could be filled only by the predestined finder of the Holy Grail and was fatal to pretenders. * * *
siege piece
a piece of gold or silver stamped as provisional legal tender in a besieged area. Also called obsidional coin. [1730-40] * * *
Siegel, Arthur
▪ American photographer born August 2, 1913, Detroit, Michigan, U.S. died February 1, 1978, Chicago, Illinois       photographer noted for his experimental photography, ...
Siegel, Bugsy
orig. Benjamin Siegel born Feb. 28, 1906, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died June 20, 1947, Beverly Hills, Calif. U.S. gangster. He began his career extorting money from Jewish ...
Siegel, Don
▪ American director byname of  Donald Siegel   born Oct. 26, 1912, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died April 20, 1991, Nipomo, Calif.       American motion-picture director who ...
Siegel, Jerry
▪ 1997       U.S. cocreator of Superman and comic book writer who, with his artist partner, Joe Shuster, sold the rights to the "Man of Steel" in 1938 for $130; in 1978 ...
Sie·gen (zēʹgən) A city of west-central Germany east of Cologne. The birthplace of the painter Rubens, it is today heavily industrialized. Population: 111,845. * * * ▪ ...
Siegen, Ludwig von
▪ German engraver also called  Ludwig Von Sechten   born 1609, Utrecht, Neth. died c. 1680, Wolfenbüttel [Germany]       German painter, engraver, and the inventor ...
Siege Perilous (sēj) n. In Arthurian legend, a seat at King Arthur's Round Table kept for the knight destined to find the Holy Grail and fatal for any other occupant. * * *
/sig"freed, seeg"-/; Ger. /zeek"frddeet/, n. 1. (in the Nibelungenlied) the son of Sigmund and Sieglinde and the husband of Kriemhild. He kills the dragon Fafnir, acquires the ...
Siegfried Line
a zone of fortifications in W Germany facing the Maginot Line, constructed in the years preceding World War II. * * * ▪ German history       system of pillboxes and ...
Siegfried Sassoon
➡ Sassoon * * *
/sig lin"deuh, seeg-/; Ger. /zeek lin"deuh/, n. (in the Nibelungenlied) the wife of Sigmund and mother of Siegfried. Cf. Signy. * * *
/sig"muy steuhr, zig-/, n. Elie /el"ee/, 1909-91, U.S. composer. * * *
Siegwart-Müller, Constantin
▪ Swiss politician born Oct. 10, 1801, Lodrino, Switz. died Jan. 13, 1869, Altdorf       Swiss politician who headed the Ultramontane Party at Lucerne and became the ...
Siem Reap
/see"euhm ree"euhp, syem" ryap"/ a city in NW Cambodia, near Angkor. ab. 10,000. Also, Siemreap, Siemréap. * * *
/see"meuhnz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Elect. the SI unit of electrical conductance, equal to the reciprocal of the ohm and replacing the equivalent MKS unit (mho). Abbr.: ...
/see"meuhnz/; Ger. /zee"meuhns/, n. 1. (Ernst) Werner von /erddnst" verdd"neuhrdd feuhn/, 1816-92, German inventor and electrical engineer. 2. his brother, Sir William (Karl ...
Siemens AG
German electrical-equipment manufacturer. The first Siemens company, Siemens & Halske, was founded in Berlin in 1847 to build telegraph installations. Under Werner Siemens ...
Siemens, Sir (Charles) William
orig. Karl Wilhelm Siemens born April 4, 1823, Lenthe, Prussia died Nov. 19, 1883, London, Eng. German-born British engineer and inventor. He immigrated to Britain in 1844. In ...
Siemens, Sir William
▪ British inventor in full  Charles William Siemens,  original name  Karl Wilhelm Siemens  born April 4, 1823, Lenthe, Prussia [now in Germany] died Nov. 19, 1883, London, ...
Siemens, Werner von
▪ German electrical engineer in full  Ernst Werner Von Siemens   born Dec. 13, 1816, Lenthe, Prussia [now in Germany] died Dec. 6, 1892, Charlottenburg, Berlin, ...
Siemens,Ernst Werner von
Sie·mens (sēʹmənz, zēʹ-), Ernst Werner von. 1816-1892. German engineer who made notable improvements to telegraphic and electrical apparatus. His brother Karl Wilhelm, ...
Siemianowice Śląskie
▪ Poland German  Laurahütte        city, Śląskie województwo (province), south-central Poland. It is a northern suburb of Katowice and is situated in the Upper ...
▪ Cambodia also spelled  Siem Reap,    town, northwestern Cambodia. It lies along the Siĕmréab River and is linked to Phnom Penh, the national capital, and neighbouring ...
/see en"euh/; It. /sye"nah/, n. a city in Tuscany, in central Italy, S of Florence: cathedral. 64,745. * * * ancient Saena Julia City (pop., 2001: 54,366), western Italy. It ...
Siena, University of
▪ university, Siena, Italy Italian  Università degli Studi di Siena         coeducational autonomous state institution of higher learning at Siena, in central ...
/see'euh neez", -nees"/, adj., n., pl. Sienese. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Siena or its people. 2. pertaining to or designating the style of painting developed in Siena during ...
/shen kye"vich/; Eng. /shen kyay"vich/, n. Henryk /hen"rddik/, 1846-1916, Polish novelist: Nobel prize 1905. * * *
Sienkiewicz, Henryk
▪ Polish writer in full  Henryk Adam Alexander Pius Sienkiewicz,  pseudonym  Litwos   born May 5, 1846, Wola Okrzejska, Poland died November 15, 1916, Vevey, ...
Sienkiewicz, Henryk (Adam Alexander Pius)
born May 5, 1846, Wola Okrzejska, Pol. died Nov. 15, 1916, Vevey, Switz. Polish novelist. In 1869 he began to publish critical works showing the influence of positivism. He ...
Sien·kie·wicz (shĕn-kyāʹvĭch, -kyĕʹ-), Henryk. 1846-1916. Polish writer. Although he is most widely known for his historical novel Quo Vadis? (1896), his critical ...
/see en"euh/, n. 1. a ferruginous earth used as a yellowish-brown pigment (raw sienna) or, after roasting in a furnace, as a reddish-brown pigment (burnt sienna). 2. the color of ...
/see ep"ee/; It. /sye"pee/, n. Cesare /che"zah rdde/, born 1923, Italian basso. * * *
▪ Poland       city, Łódzkie województwo (province), central Poland.       Sieradz is one of the oldest cities in Poland. About 1025 a fortified township was ...
si·er·o·zem (sī-ĕrʹə-zĕm', sē-ĕr'ə-zhômʹ) n. Any of a group of soils found in cool to temperate arid regions that is brownish gray at the surface with a lighter ...
Sierpiński, Wacław
▪ Polish mathematician born March 14, 1882, Warsaw, Russian Empire [now in Poland] died October 21, 1969, Warsaw  leading figure in point-set topology and one of the ...
/see er"euh/, n. 1. a chain of hills or mountains, the peaks of which suggest the teeth of a saw. 2. any of several Spanish mackerels of the genus Scomberomorus, esp. S. sierra, ...
Sierra Club
U.S. organization for the conservation of natural resources, headquartered in San Francisco. It was founded in 1892 by a group of Californians, including John Muir, who wanted ...
Sierra Leone
—Sierra Leonean /lee oh"nee euhn/. /lee oh"nee, lee ohn"/ an independent republic in W Africa: member of the Commonwealth of Nations; formerly a British colony and ...
Sierra Leone River
▪ river, Sierra Leone       river, an estuary on the Atlantic, in western Sierra Leone. Formed by Port Loko Creek and the Rokel River, it is from 4 to 10 miles (6 to 16 ...
Sierra Leone, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped green-white-blue national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3.        Sierra Leone, which was founded in the ...
Sierra Leonean
➡ Sierra Leone * * *
Sierra lily
a lily, Lilium parvum, of the northwestern U.S., having erect, purple-spotted, orange-red flowers with a yellow base. * * *
Sierra Madre
/see er"euh mah"dray/; for 2 also Sp. /syerdd"rddah mah"dhrdde/ 1. a mountain range extending from S Wyoming into N Colorado. 2. two parallel mountain chains in Mexico, bordering ...
Sierra Madre de Chiapas
▪ mountain range, Mexico also called  Sierra De Soconusco,         mountain range in Chiapas state, southern Mexico. The Sierra Madre de Chiapas is a crystalline ...
Sierra National Forest
▪ forest, California, United States       forest in central California, U.S., extending across the Sierra Nevada between Yosemite and Kings Canyon national parks (north ...
Sierra Nevada
/see er"euh neuh vad"euh, -vah"deuh/; for 2 also Sp. /syerdd"rddah ne vah"dhah/. 1. a mountain range in E California. Highest peak, Mt. Whitney, 14,495 ft. (4420 m). 2. a ...
Sierra Nevada National Park
▪ park, Venezuela       national park occupying 1,067 square miles (2,764 square km) in the Cordillera de Mérida of the Andes Mountains in Mérida and Barinas estados ...
Sierra San Pedro Mártir
▪ mountain range, Mexico       mountain range in central Baja California state, northwestern Mexico. The range stretches southward about 90 miles (145 km) from ...
Sierra Vista
a town in S Arizona. 25,968. * * * ▪ Arizona, United States       city, Cochise County, southeastern Arizona, U.S. Located 70 miles (113 km) southeast of Tucson, ...
Sierra, Sola
▪ 2000       Chilean human rights activist who led a campaign to uncover the truth about the disappearance of hundreds of political dissidents in Chile during the ...
SierraBlanca Peak
Si·er·ra Blan·ca Peak (sē-ĕrʹə blăngʹkə) A mountain, 3,660.9 m (12,003 ft) high, in the Sacramento Mountains of south-central New Mexico. It is the highest elevation ...
Sierra Le·one (lē-ōnʹ, -ōʹnē) A country of western Africa on the Atlantic coast. Inhabited by the Temne when the Portuguese first visited the coast in 1460, the region ...
See Sierra Leone. * * *
SierraMadre del Sur
Si·er·ra Ma·dre del Sur (sē-ĕrʹə mäʹdrā dĕl so͞orʹ, syĕrʹä mäʹdrĕ) A mountain range of southern Mexico along the Pacific coast. * * *
SierraMadre Occidental
Sierra Madre Oc·ci·den·tal (ŏk'sĭ-dĕnʹtəl, ōk'sē-dĕn-tälʹ) A mountain range of northwest Mexico running parallel to the Pacific coastline and adjoining the Mexican ...
SierraMadre Oriental
Sierra Madre Or·ien·tal (ôr'ē-ĕn-tälʹ, ô-ryĕn-) A mountain range of northeast Mexico rising as barren hills south of the Rio Grande and roughly paralleling the coast ...
See sierra. * * *
Si·er·ra Ne·va·da (sē-ĕrʹə nə-vădʹə, -väʹdə) 1. (also syĕrʹä nĕ-väʹthä) A mountain range of southern Spain along the Mediterranean coast east of Granada. ...
➡ Sierra Nevada * * *
/see es"teuh/, n. a midday or afternoon rest or nap, esp. as taken in Spain and Latin America. [1645-55; < Sp < L sexta (hora) the sixth (hour), midday] * * *
sieur [syër] n. 〚OFr, inflected form of sire, SIRE〛 SIR: archaic Fr. title of respect * * *
sieva bean
/see"veuh/. See butter bean. [1885-90, Amer.; perh. alter. of seewee or sewee bean, prob. after the Sewee, an extinct American Indian tribe of E South Carolina] * * *
—sievelike, adj. /siv/, n., v., sieved, sieving. n. 1. an instrument with a meshed or perforated bottom, used for separating coarse from fine parts of loose matter, for ...
sieve cell
Bot. an elongated cell whose walls contain perforations (sieve pores) that are arranged in circumscribed areas (sieve plates) and that afford communication with similar adjacent ...
sieve of Eratosthenes
Math. a method of obtaining prime numbers by sifting out the composite numbers from the set of natural numbers so that only prime numbers remain. [1795-1805] * * *
sieve tube
Bot. 1. a vertical series of sieve cells in the phloem, specialized for the conduction of food materials. 2. a single sieve cell. [1870-75] * * * ▪ plant ...
sieve plate n. The perforated end wall of a sieve tube cell. * * *
/zee"feuhrdds/, n. Eduard /ay"dooh ahrddt/, 1850-1932, German philologist. * * *
/see"veuhrt/, Physics. n. the SI unit of dose equivalent when the absorbed dose is measured in gray. Abbr.: Sv Cf. gray2, rem. [named in honor of Swedish radiologist Rolf ...
sieve tube n. A series of cells joined end to end, forming a tube through which nutrients are conducted in flowering plants and brown algae. * * *
/sye yes"/, n. Emmanuel Joseph /e mann nyuu el" zhaw zef"/, ("Abbé Sieyès"), 1748-1836, French priest and revolutionist. * * *
Sieyès, Emmanuel-Joseph
born May 3, 1748, Fréjus, France died June 20, 1836, Paris French political theorist. A Catholic priest, he rose to become chancellor of the diocese of Chartres in 1788. In ...
▪ primate  any of nine species of leaping arboreal lemurs found in coastal forests of Madagascar. Sifakas are about 1 metre (3.3 feet) long, roughly half the length being ...
Ṣiffīn, Battle of
▪ Islamic history       (May–July 657), series of negotiations and skirmishes during the first Muslim civil war (fitnah; (fitnah) 656–661), ending in the arbitration ...
/sif"nos, -naws/, n. Siphnos. * * *
Sifrei Torah
Seph. /see frdday" taw rddah"/; Ashk. /si"frdday toh"rddeuh, toy"rddeuh/, Hebrew. a pl. of Sefer Torah. * * *
/sift/, v.t. 1. to separate and retain the coarse parts of (flour, ashes, etc.) with a sieve. 2. to scatter or sprinkle through or by means of a sieve: to sift sugar onto ...
/sif"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that sifts. 2. a kitchen implement for sifting: a flour sifter. [1570-80; SIFT + -ER1] * * *
/sif"tingz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. something sifted: siftings of flour. 2. something that is separated by sifting: to discard the siftings. [1590-1600; SIFT + -ING1 + -S3] * ...
special-interest group. * * * ▪ Algeria formerly  Saint-Denis-du-Sig,         town, northwestern Algeria, on the Wadi Sig just below the confluence of the Wadi ...
1. (in prescriptions) write; mark; label: indicating directions to be written on a package or label for the use of the patient. [ < L signa; See signa] 2. let it be written. [ < ...
1. signal. 2. signature. 3. signor. 4. signore; signori. * * *
/si gan"id, -gay"nid/, n. 1. any fish of the family Siganidae, comprising the rabbitfishes. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Siganidae. [ < NL Siganidae, equiv. to ...
/sig'euh toh"keuh/, n. Plant Pathol. a disease of bananas, characterized by discolored spots on the leaves, caused by a fungus, Mycosphaerella musicola. [after Sigatoka, river ...
▪ king of Wessex died 757?       king of the West Saxons, or Wessex (from 756), who succeeded his kinsman Cuthred and was himself overthrown by Cynewulf. Known for his ...
Sigebert I
born 535 died November? 575, Vitry, near Arras Frankish king of the Merovingian dynasty. On the death of his father, Chlotar I, he became king of Austrasia, and he gained ...
Sigebert II
▪ Merovingian king born 601/602 died , late 613       ephemeral successor to his father, Theodoric II, as king of Austrasia and Burgundy. Controlled by his ...
Sigebert III
▪ Merovingian king born 630/631 died Feb. 1, 656, Metz, France       one of the first so-called rois fainéants (“sluggard kings”) of the Merovingian dynasty, who ...
Sigebert Of Gembloux
▪ French historian born c. 1030, , Brabant, Lower Lorraine died Oct. 5, 1112, Gembloux       Benedictine monk and chronicler known for his Chronicon ab anno 381 ad ...
Siger de Brabant
born 1240, duchy of Brabant died between 1281 and 1284, Orvieto, Tuscany French philosopher. He taught at the University of Paris and was a leader of the school of radical ...
Sigerist, Henry Ernest
▪ Swiss medical historian born April 7, 1891, Paris, France died March 17, 1957, Pura, Switz.       Swiss medical historian whose emphasis on social conditions ...
/sig"gair/, n. See under Signy. * * *
—sigher, n. /suy/, v.i. 1. to let out one's breath audibly, as from sorrow, weariness, or relief. 2. to yearn or long; pine. 3. to make a sound suggesting a sigh: sighing ...
See sigh. * * *
—sighfully, adv. /suy"feuhl/, adj. mournful; sorrowful: a sighful ballad. [1600-10; SIGH + -FUL] * * *
▪ Romania German  Schässburg,  Hungarian  Segesvár     town, Mureş judeţ (county), central Romania. Situated in the old region of Transylvania, it is 40 miles (65 ...
Sighs, Bridge of
▪ bridge, Venice, Italy Italian  Ponte Dei Sospiri,         bridge in Venice, Italy, spanning the narrow canal (Rio di Palazzo) between the Doge's Palace and the ...
—sightable, adj. —sighter, n. /suyt/, n. 1. the power or faculty of seeing; perception of objects by use of the eyes; vision. 2. an act, fact, or instance of seeing. 3. one's ...
sight draft
a draft payable upon presentation. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
sight gag
a comic effect produced by visual means rather than by spoken lines, as in a play or motion picture. [1945-50] * * *
sight reading
sight reading n. the act or skill of performing unfamiliar written music, or of translating something written in a foreign language, readily on sight, without previous ...
sight rhyme
Pros. agreement in spelling, but not in sound, of the ends of words or of lines of verse, as in have, grave. Also called eye rhyme. [1935-40] * * *
sight screen
Cricket. a white screen set in line with the wicket as an aid to the batsman in seeing the ball when it is bowled. * * *
—sight-reader, n. /suyt"reed'/, v.t., v.i., sight-read /-red/, sight-reading. to read, play, or sing without previous practice, rehearsal, or study of the material to be ...
See sight-read. * * *
sight draft n. Abbr. SD A draft or bill that is payable on demand or upon presentation. Also called demand draft. * * *
/suy"tid/, adj. 1. having functional vision; not blind. 2. having a particular type of eyesight or perception (used in combination): sharp-sighted; clear-sighted. [1545-55; SIGHT ...
See sighted. * * *
sight gag n. A comic bit or effect that depends on sight rather than words. * * *
/suyt"hohl'/, n. a hole, as on a quadrant, through which to see or to sight. [1550-60; SIGHT + HOLE] * * *
/suyt"hownd'/, n. gazehound. [SIGHT + HOUND1] * * *
sighting [sītiŋ] n. an observation, often of something rare or unusual * * * sight·ing (sīʹtĭng) n. The act of catching sight of something, especially something unusual ...
—sightlessly, adv. —sightlessness, n. /suyt"lis/, adj. 1. unable to see; blind. 2. invisible. [1200-50; ME. See SIGHT, -LESS] * * *
See sightless. * * *
See sightlessly. * * *
/suyt"luyn'/, n. any of the lines of sight between the spectators and the stage or playing area in a theater, stadium, etc.: Some of the sightlines are blocked by columns. Also, ...
See sightly. * * *
—sightliness, n. /suyt"lee/, adj., sightlier, sightliest. 1. pleasing to the sight; attractive; comely. 2. affording a fine view. [1525-35; SIGHT + -LY] * * *
sight rhyme n. See eye rhyme. * * *
—sightseer, n. /suyt"see'/, v.i. 1. to go about seeing places and things of interest: In Rome, we only had two days to sightsee. v.t. 2. to go about seeing the major sights of: ...

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