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/suyt"see'ing/, n. 1. the act of visiting and seeing places and objects of interest. adj. 2. seeing, showing, or used for visiting sights: a sightseeing bus. [1840-50; SIGHT + ...
See sightsee. * * *
—sigillary /sij"euh ler'ee/, adj. —sigilistic, adj. /sij"il/, n. a seal or signet. [1600-10; < L sigillum statuette, figure, stamped figure, dim. of signum SIGN; see SEAL1] * ...
sigill. abbrev. 〚L sigillum〛 signet; seal * * *
▪ fossil plant genus       extinct genus of tree-sized lycopsids from the Carboniferous Period (about 360 to 300 million years ago) that are related to modern club ...
—sigillation, n. /sij"euh layt', -lit/, adj. 1. (of a ceramic object) having stamped decorations. 2. Bot. having markings that resemble the impressions of a seal. [1425-75; ...
Introduction       the study of seals (seal). A sealing is the impression made by the impact of a hard engraved surface on a softer material, such as clay or wax, once ...
/sig"int'/, n. the gathering of military or other intelligence by interception of electronic signals and consisting of comint and elint. Also, SIGINT. Cf. humint. [1965-70; ...
▪ historical site, Sri Lanka  site in central Sri Lanka, consisting of the ruins of an ancient stronghold known as the Lion Mountain that was built about the 6th century AD ...
/sij"is meuhnd, sig"is-/; Ger. /zee"gis moont'/, n. 1368-1437, Holy Roman emperor 1411-37. * * * I born Feb. 15, 1368, probably Nürnberg died Dec. 9, 1437, Znojmo, ...
Sigismund I
Polish Zygmunt Stary ("Sigismund the Old") born Jan. 1, 1467 died April 1, 1548, Kraków, Pol. King of Poland (1506–48). Son of Casimir IV, he became grand prince of ...
Sigismund II Augustus
Polish Zygmunt August born Aug. 1, 1520, Kraków, Pol. died July 7, 1572, Knyszyn King of Poland (1548–72). Son of Sigismund I, he was crowned coruler with his father in ...
Sigismund III Vasa
Polish Zygmunt Waza born June 20, 1566, Gripsholm, Swed. died April 30, 1632, Warsaw, Pol. King of Poland (1587–1632) and of Sweden (1592–99). Son of King John III of ...
sigla [sig′lə] pl.n. sing. siglum [sig′ləm] abbreviations, symbols, etc. used in the scholarly edition of a text as to indicate manuscript sources * * *
/sig"los/, n., pl. sigloi /-loy/. a silver coin of ancient Persia, the 20th part of a daric. [ < Gk síglos < Sem; cf. Heb sheqel SHEKEL] * * *
/sig"meuh/, n. 1. the 18th letter of the Greek alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. [1600-10; < L < Gk sígma] * * *
sigma bond
▪ chemistry       in chemistry, a mechanism by which two atoms are held together as the result of the forces operating between them and a pair of electrons regarded as ...
sigma particle
Physics. an unstable hyperon having positive, negative, or zero electric charge and strangeness -1. Symbolically represented by the capital greek letter Sigma. [1960-65] * * *
sigma baryon n. Any of three unstable subatomic particles in the baryon family, having a mass 2,328 to 2,343 times that of the electron and a positive, neutral, or negative ...
sigma factor n. A protein component of RNA polymerase that determines the specific site on DNA where transcription begins. * * *
—sigmation /sig may"sheuhn/, n. /sig"mit, -mayt/, adj. having the form of the Greek sigma or the letter S. [1885-90; SIGM(A) + -ATE1] * * *
/sig"meuh tiz'euhm/, n. defective pronunciation of sibilant sounds. [1885-90; < Gk sigmat-, s. of sígma SIGMA + -ISM] * * *
—sigmoidally, adv. /sig"moyd/, adj. 1. shaped like the letter C. 2. shaped like the letter S. 3. of, pertaining to, or situated near the sigmoid flexure of the large ...
sigmoid flexure
1. Zool. an S-shaped curve in a body part. 2. Also called sigmoid colon. an S-shaped curve of the large intestine between the descending colon and the rectum. See diag. under ...
sigmoid colon n. An S-shaped section of the colon between the descending section and the rectum. Also called sigmoid flexure. * * *
—sigmoidoscopic /sig moy'deuh skop"ik/, adj. —sigmoidoscopist /sig'moy dos"keuh pist/, n. /sig moy"deuh skohp'/, n. a rigid or flexible endoscope for visual examination of ...
See sigmoidoscope. * * *
/sig'moy dos"keuh pee/, n., pl. sigmoidoscopies. an examination by means of a sigmoidoscope. [1895-1900; SIGMOIDOSCOPE + -Y3] * * *
/sig"meuhnd, seeg"moond/; Ger. /zeek"moont/, n. 1. (in the Volsunga Saga) the son of Volsung and Liod; the father, through his sister, Signy, of Sinfjotli; the husband first of ...
Sigmund Romberg
➡ Romberg * * *
—signless, adj. —signlike, adj. /suyn/, n. 1. a token; indication. 2. any object, action, event, pattern, etc., that conveys a meaning. 3. a conventional or arbitrary mark, ...
sign language
1. Also called sign. any of several visual-gestural systems of communication, esp. employing manual gestures, as used among deaf people. 2. any means of communication, as between ...
sign manual
pl. signs manual. a personal signature, esp. that of a sovereign or official on a public document. [1400-50; late ME] * * *
sign of aggregation
Math. any of the signs used to indicate grouping in an algebraic expression: vinculum, bar, or raised horizontal line, a pair of parentheses, (a + b); a pair of brackets, [a + ...
sign of peace
sign of peace n. the liturgical practice of giving a sign of peace, union, or friendship, as a handshake or embrace, at some point in a Christian service, esp. in a Mass or ...
sign of the cross
a movement of the hand to indicate a cross, as from forehead to breast and left shoulder to right or, in the Eastern Orthodox Church, from right shoulder to left. [1250-1300; ...
sign of the zodiac
Astrol. 1. one of the twelve constellations along the path of the ecliptic. 2. (in contemporary Western astrology) one of the twelve divisions of the ecliptic, each consisting of ...
sign their name
➡ names * * *
/suyn"in'/, n. an act, an instance, or a time of signing in. [1945-50; n. use of v. phrase sign in] * * *
/suyn"awf', -of'/, n. 1. the act or fact of signing off. 2. personal approval or authorization; endorsement. Also, signoff. [1925-30; n. use of v. phrase sign off] * * *
/suyn"on', -awn'/, n. 1. Radio and Television. the opening salutation, station identification, etc., at the beginning of the broadcast day. 2. an act or instance of signing ...
/suyn"owt'/, n. an act, instance, or time of signing out. [1945-50; n. use of v. phrase sign out] * * *
/suyn"up'/, n. an act or instance of signing up. Also, signup. [1945-50; n. use of v. phrase sign up] * * *
/sig"neuh/, v. (used imperatively, in prescriptions) mark; write; label. [ < L signa, 2nd person sing. pres. impv. active of signare; see SIGN] * * *
/suy"neuh beuhl/, adj. suitable for signing, as in being satisfactory, appropriate, or complete: a signable legislative bill. [1795-1805; SIGN + -ABLE] * * *
/see nyannk"/, n. Paul /pawl/, 1863-1935, French painter. * * *
Signac, Paul
born Nov. 11, 1863, Paris, Fr. died Aug. 15, 1935, Paris French painter. At 18 he gave up architecture to pursue painting in the Impressionist manner. In 1884 he became a ...
Si·gnac (sēn-yäkʹ), Paul. 1863-1935. French neoimpressionist painter. He painted mainly landscapes and marine views, such as Port of St. Tropez (1916), and often employed ...
/suy"nij/, n. graphic designs, as symbols, emblems, or words, used esp. for identification or as a means of giving directions or warning. [SIGN + -AGE] * * *
—signaler; esp. Brit. signaller, n. /sig"nl/, n., adj., v., signaled, signaling or (esp. Brit.) signalled, signalling. n. 1. anything that serves to indicate, warn, direct, ...
signal board
a board for displaying electrically transmitted signals and indicating their source. Cf. annunciator. * * *
signal box
Brit. a railway signal tower. [1820-30] * * *
Signal Companies, Inc., The
▪ American technology corporation       former American conglomerate corporation engaged mostly in automotive and aerospace engineering, energy development, and ...
signal corps
a branch of the army responsible for military communications, meteorological studies, and related work. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
signal generator
▪ electronics       electronic test instrument that delivers an accurately calibrated signal at frequencies from the audio to the microwave ranges. It is valuable in the ...
signal red
pimento (def. 3). * * *
See signal. * * *
See signalize. * * *
—signalization, n. /sig"nl uyz'/, v.t., signalized, signalizing. 1. to make notable or conspicuous. 2. to point out or indicate particularly. 3. to equip (a particular traffic ...
See signaler. * * *
/sig"nl ee, -nl lee/, adv. conspicuously; notably. [1635-45; SIGNAL + -LY] * * *
/sig"nl meuhn/, n., pl. signalmen. a person whose occupation or duty is signaling, as on a railroad or in the army. [1730-40; SIGNAL + -MAN] * * *
/sig"nl meuhnt/, n. a detailed description, esp. of distinctive features, of a person for identification, usually for police purposes. [1770-80; < F signalement, deriv. of ...
/sig"neuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj., n., pl. signatories. adj. 1. having signed, or joined in signing, a document: the signatory powers to a treaty. n. 2. a signer, or one of the ...
—signatureless, adj. /sig"neuh cheuhr, -choor'/, n. 1. a person's name, or a mark representing it, as signed personally or by deputy, as in subscribing a letter or other ...
signature loan
a loan requiring no collateral. * * *
signature tune.
See theme song (def. 2). [1930-35] * * *
/suyn"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. a board bearing a sign. [1625-35; SIGN + BOARD] * * *
signed (sīnd) adj. 1. Having a signature affixed: a signed document. 2. Of, relating to, or expressed in a sign language: a signed translation. * * *
signed English
a form of communication employing the signs of American Sign Language but using English grammar in place of ASL syntax and using invented forms for English grammatical elements, ...
signed number
Math. a number preceded by a plus sign (+) to indicate a positive quantity or by a minus sign (-) to indicate a negative quantity. [1965-70] * * *
/suy nee", suy"nee/, n. a person who signs a document, register, etc.; signer; signatory: a signee of the Declaration of Independence. [1950-55; SIGN + -EE] * * *
/suy"neuhr/, n. 1. a person who signs. 2. a person who writes his or her name, as in token of agreement. 3. a person who communicates by or interprets into sign ...
/sig"nit/, n. 1. a small seal, as on a finger ring. 2. a small official seal for legal documents, contracts, etc. 3. an impression made by or as if by a signet. v.t. 4. to stamp ...
signet ring
a finger ring containing a small seal, one's initial, or the like. [1675-85] * * *
signet ring n. A finger ring bearing an engraved signet. Also called seal ring. * * *
See signify. * * *
/see nyee fyahonn"/; Eng. /sig"neuh fuy'euhnt/, n., pl. signifiants /-fyahonn"/; Eng. /-fuy'euhnts/. French. (in linguistics) signifier (def. 2). * * *
/sig nif"i keuhns/, n. 1. importance; consequence: the significance of the new treaty. 2. meaning; import: The familiar place had a new significance for her. 3. the quality of ...
significance level
(in the statistical test of a hypothesis) the maximum probability of a Type I error for all distributions consistent with the null hypothesis. Also called level of ...
significance level n. See level of significance. * * *
/sig nif"i keuhn see/, n., pl. significancies. significance. [1585-95; < L significantia. See SIGNIFICANCE, -ANCY] * * *
—significantly, adv. /sig nif"i keuhnt/, adj. 1. important; of consequence. 2. having or expressing a meaning; indicative; suggestive: a significant wink. 3. Statistics. of or ...
significant digits
Math. all the nonzero digits of a number and the zeros that are included between them or that are final zeros and signify accuracy: The significant digits of 0.01230 are 1, 2, 3, ...
Significant milestones in space exploration
▪ Table Significant milestones in space exploration date accomplished event details country or agency Oct. 4, 1957 first artificial Earth satellite Sputnik 1 U.S.S.R. Nov. ...
significant other
1. Sociol. a person, as a parent or peer, who has great influence on one's behavior and self-esteem. 2. a spouse or cohabiting lover. * * *
significant symbol
Sociol. a verbal or nonverbal gesture, as a word or smile, that has acquired a conventionalized meaning. * * *
significant digits pl.n. The digits of the decimal form of a number beginning with the leftmost nonzero digit and extending to the right to include all digits warranted by the ...
See significant. * * *
significant other n. 1. A person, such as a spouse or lover, with whom one shares a long-term sexual relationship. 2. A person, such as a family member or close friend, who is ...
/sig'neuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. meaning; import; sense. 2. the act or fact of signifying; indication. [1250-1300; ME significacion ( < OF signification, significaciun) < L ...
—significatively, adv. —significativeness, n. /sig nif"i kay'tiv/, adj. 1. serving to signify. 2. significant; suggestive. [1350-1400; ME ( < OF significatif, significative) ...
See significative. * * *
/sig nif"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) semantics (def. 2). [1896; SIGNIF(Y) + -ICS] * * *
/see nyee fyay"/, n., pl. signifiés /-fyay"/, French. (in linguistics) the signified. * * *
/sig"neuh fuyd'/, n. Ling. the thing or concept denoted by a sign. Cf. signifier. [1630-40; SIGNIFY + -ED2] * * *
/sig"neuh fuy'euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that signifies. 2. the configuration of sound elements or other linguistic symbols representing a word or other meaningful unit in a ...
—signifiable, adj. /sig"neuh fuy'/, v., signified, signifying. v.t. 1. to make known by signs, speech, or action. 2. to be a sign of; mean; portend. v.i. 3. to be of importance ...
/sig"neuh fuy'ing/, n. sounding1 (def. 4) [1955-60; SIGNIFY + -ING1] * * *
/seen"yawr, -yohr, sin yawr", -yohr"/, n. signor. * * *
si·gnio·ry (sēnʹyə-rē) n. Variant of signory. * * *
sign language n. 1. A language that uses a system of manual, facial, and other body movements as the means of communication, especially among deaf people. 2. A method of ...
sign manual n. pl. signs manual A signature, especially that of a monarch at the top of a royal decree. * * *
signof the cross
sign of the cross n. A gesture describing the form of a cross, made in token of faith in Jesus or as an invocation of God's blessing. * * *
/seen"yawr, -yohr, sin yawr", -yohr"/; It. /see nyawrdd"/, n., pl. signors, It. signori /-nyaw"rddee/. a conventional Italian term of address or title of respect for a man, ...
/sin yawr"euh, -yohr"euh/; It. /see nyaw"rddah/, n., pl. signoras, It. signore /-rdde/. a conventional Italian term of address or title of respect for a married woman, either ...
signore1 /sin yawr"ay, -yohr"ay/; It. /see nyaw"rdde/, n., pl. signori /sin yawr"ee, -yohr"ee/; It. /see nyaw"rddee/. a conventional Italian title of respect for a man, usually ...
/see nyaw rddel"lee/, n. Luca /looh"kah/, c1445-1523, Italian painter. * * *
Signorelli, Luca
▪ Italian painter in full  Luca d'Egidio di Ventura de' Signorelli , also called  Luca da Cortona  born 1445/50, Cortona, Republic of Florence died Oct. 16, 1523, ...
Signorelli, Luca (d'Egidio di Ventura de')
or Luca da Cortona born 1445/50, Cortona, Republic of Florence died Oct. 16, 1523, Cortona Italian painter. Highly influenced by the Florentine artists, he was probably a ...
Signoret, Simone
▪ French actress original name  Simone Kaminker  born March 25, 1921, Wiesbaden, Ger. died Sept. 30, 1985, Eure, France       French actress known for her portrayal ...
si·gno·ri (sēn-yôrʹē, -yōʹrē) n. 1. A plural of signor. 2. A plural of signore. * * *
▪ Italian medieval government       (Italian: “lordship”), in the medieval and Renaissance Italian city-states, a government run by a signore (lord, or despot) that ...
/seen'yaw ree"neuh/; It. /see'nyaw rddee"nah/, n., pl. signorinas, It. signorine /-ne/. a conventional Italian term of address or title of respect for a girl or unmarried woman, ...
/seen'yaw ree"noh/; It. /see'nyaw rddee"naw/, n., pl. signorinos, It. signorini /-nee/. a conventional Italian title of respect for a young man. [1325-75; < It; dim. of signore ...
/see"nyeuh ree/, n., pl. signories. seigniory. * * *
/suyn"pohst'/, n. 1. a post bearing a sign that gives information or guidance. 2. any immediately perceptible indication, obvious clue, etc. v.t. 3. to provide (a place, route, ...
➡ roads and road signs * * *
Signs and relationships of the zodiac
▪ Table Signs and relationships of the zodiac decan sign sex, nature triplicity house Greek Indian exaltation Aries masculine, ...
Signs of Hope in Africa
▪ 1997       by Kenneth Ingham       In November 1996 the Mozambican government withdrew a draft law on defense and the armed forces from the business of the ...
Signs of intoxication at increasing levels of blood alcohol concentration
▪ Table Signs of intoxication at increasing levels of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) BAC Signs of intoxication 0.02-0.03 mild euphoria and loss of shyness; no apparent ...
Signs of pathogen presence in diseased plants
▪ Table Signs of pathogen presence in diseased plants* sign description examples acervulus a shallow, saucer-shaped fungal structure that bears asexual spores (conidia); it ...
/sig"nee, -nyuu/, n. (in the Volsunga Saga) the daughter of Volsung and mother, by her brother, Sigmund, of Sinfjotli, with whose help she kills her husband (Siggeir) to avenge ...
Sigourney, L.H.
▪ American author in full  Lydia Howard Sigourney , née  Lydia Howard Huntley  born Sept. 1, 1791, Norwich, Conn., U.S. died June 10, 1865, Hartford, Conn.  popular ...
/sig"euhr dree'vah/, n. (in the Elder Edda) a Valkyrie who, for disobedience to Odin, sleeps within a circle of fire until awakened by Sigurd. Cf. Brynhild. * * *
/see"grid, sig"rid/; Ger. /zee"grddit, -grddeet/; Nor. /si"grddi/; Swed. /see"grddid/, n. a female given name: from a Scandinavian word meaning "victory." * * *
/sigz"bee/, n. Charles Dwight, 1845-1923, U.S. naval officer: captain of the Maine in 1898. * * *
▪ Guinea       town, northeastern Guinea. A port on the Niger River, it lies at the intersection of roads from Bamako (Mali), Kankan, and Dinguiraye and is 5 miles (8 ...
/sig"euhrd/; Ger. /zee"goorddt/, n. (in the Volsunga Saga) the son of Sigmund and Hjordis and the husband of Gudrun. He kills the dragon Fafnir, acquires the treasure of Andvari, ...
Sigurd I Magnusson
▪ king of Norway byname  Sigurd Jerusalemfarer, or The Crusader,  Norwegian  Sigurd Jorsalfare  born c. 1090, , Norway died 1130, Oslo       king of Norway ...
Sigurdsson, Jón
▪ Icelandic statesman born June 17, 1811, western Iceland died Dec. 7, 1879, Copenhagen, Den.       Icelandic scholar and statesman who collected and edited many Old ...
Sigurjónsson, Jóhann
▪ Icelandic writer born June 19, 1880, Laxamýri, Iceland died August 31, 1919, Copenhagen, Denmark       Icelandic playwright who became internationally famous for one ...
Sigurðardóttir, Jóhanna
▪ prime minister of Iceland born Oct. 4, 1942, Reykjavík, Ice.       Icelandic politician who became prime minister of Iceland in 2009. She was the country's first ...
/seg"in, -yuun, see"gin, -gyuun/, n. Scand. Myth. wife of Loki, who held a cup over Loki after his imprisonment in order to spare him the pain of the drops of poison with which ...
Sihamoni, King Norodom
▪ 2006       In 2005 Norodom Sihamoni completed his first full year as king of Cambodia. In October 2004 he had succeeded his father, King Norodom Sihanouk, who ...
/see"euh nook'/, n. Prince Norodom. See Norodom Sihanouk. * * *
Sihanouk, Norodom
▪ 1994       Norodom Sihanouk was crowned king of Cambodia for the second time on Sept. 24, 1993. The decision to restore the monarchy was an admission that only ...
Sihanouk,Prince Norodom
Si·ha·nouk (sēʹə-no͝ok'), Prince Norodom. Born 1922. Cambodian politician who served as prime minister (1955-1957) and became head of state in 1960. Sihanouk was deposed ...
Si·ha·sa·pa (sə-häʹsə-pə) n. pl. Sihasapa or Si·ha·sa·pas In both senses also called Blackfoot, Blackfoot Sioux. 1. A Native American people constituting a ...
/see errt"/, n. a city in SE Turkey, E of Diyarbekir. 110,498. * * * ▪ Turkey       city, southeastern Turkey. It lies along the Bühtan River, in the southeastern ...
▪ Korean verse form       a Korean verse form appearing (in Korean) in three lines of 14 to 16 syllables. In English translation the verse form is divided into six ...
Sik, Ota
▪ 2005       Czech economist (b. Sept. 11, 1919, Plzen, Czech.—d. Aug. 22, 2004, Sankt Gallen, Switz.), laid the economic groundwork for the reforms of the Prague ...
/see"keuh/, n. a small, reddish deer, Cervus nippon, native to eastern Asia: most populations are endangered. [1890-95; < Japn, equiv. to si- (perh. akin to sisi boar, game) + ka ...
/si kun'drah bahd"/, n. Secunderabad. * * *
▪ people also called  Sika        people inhabiting the mountains and coastal areas between the Bloh and Napung rivers in east-central Flores, one of the Lesser Sunda ...
/shee"kahng"/, n. Older Spelling. Xikang. * * *
▪ India       city, north-central Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. The city is a major rail and road junction and engages in agricultural trade. Its ...
▪ Mali       city, southern Mali, West Africa. Sikasso was a small village before becoming the capital of the Kingdom of Kénédougou in the late 19th century. Today it ...
/suyk, sik/, n. Scot. and North Eng. 1. a small stream. 2. a gully or ditch, esp. one that fills with water after a heavy rain. Also, syke. [1300-50; ME < ON sik small stream, ...
Sikelianós, Angelos
▪ Greek poet born March 28, 1884, Leucas island, Greece died June 19, 1951, Athens       one of the leading 20th-century Greek lyrical poets.       Sikelianós' ...
/sik"euhr/, adj., adv. Scot. and North Eng. sicker2. * * *
/suyk"steuhn/, n. a city in SE Missouri. 17,431. * * *
/seek/, n. 1. a member of a monotheistic religion, founded in the Punjab c1500 by the guru Nanak, that refuses to recognize the Hindu caste system or the Brahmanical priesthood ...
Sikh Wars
(1845–46, 1848–49) Two wars fought between the Sikhs and the British. In the first war Sikhs invaded British India under the pretext of forestalling a British attack on the ...
/shik"euhr euh, shik"reuh/, n. (in Indian architecture) a convexly tapering tower, capped by an amalaka. Also, sikra. [ < Skt sikhara] * * * or shikhara Tower characteristic of ...
/see"kiz euhm/, n. the religion and practices of the Sikhs. [SIKH + -ISM] * * * Indian monotheistic religion founded in the late 15th century by Guru Nanak. Most of its 18 ...
▪ mountains, Russia also spelled  Sichote-Alin        mountain complex in the Russian Far East, fronting the Tatar Strait and the Sea of Japan for 750 miles (1,200 ...
Si Kiang (sēʹ kyängʹ, shēʹ) See Xi Jiang. * * *
/sik"im/, n. a kingdom in NE India, in the Himalayas between Nepal and Bhutan. 315,682; 2818 sq. mi. (7298 sq. km). Cap.: Gangtok. * * * State (pop., 2001 prelim.: 540,773), ...
/sik'euh meez", -mees"/, n., pl. Sikkimese, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Sikkim. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Sikkim or its people. [SIKKIM + -ESE] * * *
Siklós, Albert
▪ Hungarian cellist original name  Albert Schönwald   born June 26, 1878, Budapest, Hung. died April 3, 1942, Budapest       Hungarian cellist, composer, and ...
Sikorski, Józef
▪ Polish composer and music critic born 1813, Warsaw died May 4, 1896, Warsaw       Polish composer and writer on music. He spent his entire career in Warsaw, where he ...
Sikorski, Władysław
▪ Polish statesman in full  Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski  born May 20, 1881, Tuszów Narodowy, Pol., Austria-Hungary died July 4, 1943, Gibraltar  Polish soldier and ...
Sikorski, Władysław (Eugeniusz)
born May 20, 1881, Tuszów Narodowy, Pol., Austria-Hungary died July 4, 1943, Gibraltar Polish general and politician. He served in the Austrian army and in World War I was ...
/si kawr"skee/, n. Igor /ee"gawr/, 1889-1972, U.S. aeronautical engineer, born in Russia. * * *
Sikorsky, Igor
▪ Russian-American engineer Introduction born May 25, 1889, Kiev died Oct. 26, 1972, Easton, Conn., U.S.  Russian-born U.S. pioneer in aircraft design who is best known for ...
Sikorsky, Igor (Ivan)
born May 25, 1889, Kiev, Russian Empire died Oct. 26, 1972, Easton, Conn., U.S. Russian-U.S. pioneer in aircraft design. After studying engineering in Kiev, he set up his own ...
Sikorsky,Igor Ivan
Si·kor·sky (sĭ-kôrʹskē), Igor Ivan. 1889-1972. Russian-born American aviation pioneer. He designed (1939) the first successful American helicopter. * * *
/sik"reuh/, n. sikhara. * * *
▪ archaeological site, Arizona, United States       (Hopi: “Yellow House”), ruined pueblo extending over 10 to 15 acres (4 to 6 hectares) in present Navajo county, ...
▪ Buddhism (Pāli),Sanskrit  Śīla,         in Buddhism, morality, or right conduct; sīla comprises three stages along the Eightfold Path (q.v.)—right speech, ...
/suy"lij/, n. fodder preserved through fermentation in a silo; ensilage. [1880-85; shortening of ENSILAGE, influenced by SILO] * * * or ensilage Forage plants such as corn, ...
/sil"ayn/, n. Chem. 1. Also called silicon tetrahydride. a gas with an unpleasant odor, SiH4, soluble in water: used as a doping agent for semiconductors in the production of ...
▪ Mexico       city, west-central Guanajuato estado (state), north-central Mexico. Founded in 1537, Silao lies along the Silao River at 5,830 feet (1,777 m) above sea ...
▪ Tamil epic poem by Adikal Tamil“The Jeweled Anklet”also spelled  Silappatikaram        the earliest epic poem in Tamil, written in the 5th–6th century AD by ...
/suy"leuhs/, n. a male given name. * * *
Silas Marner
/suy"leuhs mahr"neuhr/ a novel (1861) by George Eliot. * * *
Silas, Saint
▪ Christian prophet also called  Saint Silvanus   born , possibly Rome died AD 50, ; Western feast day July 13, Eastern feast day July 30       early Christian ...
/si las"tik/, Trademark. a brand name for any of a group of substances containing polymeric silicones, having the properties of rubber but more capable of withstanding extremely ...
▪ Philippines       city, northern Negros island, central Philippines. Situated on Guimaras Strait, just north of Bacolod, Silay is a busy commercial and fishing port ...
Silbermann, Gottfried
▪ German instrument manufacturer born Jan. 14, 1683, Kleinbobritzsch, Saxony [now in Germany] died Aug. 4, 1753, Dresden       outstanding German builder of keyboard ...
Silbury Hill
/sil"ber'ee, -beuh ree/ the largest prehistoric artificial mound in Europe, located near Avebury, England, and dating from 2600 B.C. * * *
▪ India       city, southern Assam state, northeastern India. It is situated on the Surma River near the Bangladesh border. Under the Kachari rulers, Silchar was a ...
the site of an ancient Roman town near Reading in southern England. It was an important regional centre from the second to the fourth century, and contains the remains of many ...
▪ mineral       silica-rich (silica) duricrust, an indurated, or hardened, layer in or on a soil. It generally occurs in a hot, arid climate where infrequent ...
/sild/, n., pl. silds, (esp. collectively) sild. 1. (in Scandinavia) any of numerous species of herring. 2. any immature or small herring, other than a sprat, that is canned and ...
sil·den·a·fil (sĭl-dĕnʹə-fĭl) n. A drug, C22H30N6O4S, used to treat sexual dysfunction by increasing the level of cyclic GMP, which increases blood flow to erectile ...
sildenafil citrate
/sil den"euh fil/, Pharm. a white crystalline powder that temporarily normalizes erectile function of the penis by blocking an enzyme known to inhibit the production of a ...
sileh rug
also called  zili   pileless floor covering from the southern Caucasus and parts of eastern Turkey. Formerly the term was used to refer to a type of flatweave whose name in ...
/suy"leuhns/, n., v., silenced, silencing, interj. n. 1. absence of any sound or noise; stillness. 2. the state or fact of being silent; muteness. 3. absence or omission of ...
Silence of the Lambs
a US film (1991) in which Anthony Hopkins plays Hannibal Lecter, a violent murderer who eats the people he kills. Jodie Foster plays the FBI agent who needs his help to catch ...
/suy"leuhn seuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that silences. 2. a device for deadening the report of a firearm. 3. Chiefly Brit. the muffler on an internal-combustion ...
si·le·ni (sī-lēʹnī) n. Plural of silenus. * * *
/suy lee"neuhs/, n. Silenus. * * *
—silently, adv. —silentness, n. /suy"leuhnt/, adj. 1. making no sound; quiet; still: a silent motor. 2. refraining from speech. 3. speechless; mute. 4. not inclined to speak; ...
silent alarm
1. an alarm that alerts security personnel or the police without the knowledge of the intruder or criminal whose presence triggers it: The silent alarm set off a flashing light ...
silent auction
an auction at which previously submitted written bids of prospective buyers are opened and compared, with each item being sold to the highest bidder. * * *
silent barter.
See dumb barter. Also, silent trade. * * *
silent butler
a small receptacle having a handle and a hinged lid, used for collecting the contents of ashtrays, crumbs from a dinner table, etc., for disposal. [1935-40] * * *
silent films
➡ Hollywood * * *
silent majority
1. the U.S. citizens who supported President Nixon's policies but who were not politically vocal, outspoken, or active: considered by him to constitute a majority. 2. any group ...
Silent Night
a popular Christmas carol about Christ when he was a baby with his mother. * * *
silent partner
a partner taking no active part in the conduct of a business. Cf. secret partner. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
silent service
(sometimes caps.) the submarine service (usually prec. by the). [1935-40] * * *
silent trade
▪ commerce also called  dumb barter , or  depot trade        specialized form of barter in which goods are exchanged without any direct contact between the traders. ...
silent treatment
an act or instance of maintaining silence or aloofness toward another person, esp. as a means of indicating disapproval or rejection. [1945-50] * * *
silent vote
the vote of persons who have not previously expressed or made evident a preference. [1785-95] * * *
silent auction n. An auction where bids are submitted in writing. * * *
silent butler n. A small receptacle with a handle and hinged cover, used for collecting ashes and crumbs. * * *
See silent. * * *
See silently. * * *
silent partner n. One that makes financial investments in a business enterprise but does not participate in its management. * * *
silent treatment n. Informal Maintenance of aloof silence toward another as an expression of one's anger or disapproval: The rest of the class gave the tattletale the silent ...
/suy lee"neuhs/, n., pl. Sileni /-nuy/ for 2. Class. Myth. 1. a forest spirit, sometimes referred to as the oldest of the satyrs and the foster father, teacher, and companion of ...
Sileru River
▪ river, India also called  Machkund        river, Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. The river rises as the Machkund in the Eastern Ghats in northeastern ...
Siles Zuazo, Hernan
▪ 1997       Bolivian politician (b. March 21, 1914, La Paz, Bol.—d. Aug. 6, 1996, Montevideo, Uruguay), played a key role in the Bolivian National Revolution in 1952 ...
/si lee"zheuh, -sheuh, suy-/, n. a lightweight, smoothly finished, twilled fabric of acetate, rayon, or cotton, for garment linings. [1665-70; named after SILESIA] * * * Polish ...
—Silesian, adj., n. /si lee"zheuh, -sheuh, suy-/, n. a region in central Europe along both banks of the upper Oder River, mainly in SW Poland and the N Czech Republic: formerly ...
See Silesia. * * *
Silesian Wars
      18th-century contests between Austria and Prussia for the possession of Silesia. The First Silesian War (1740–42) and the Second Silesian War (1744–45) formed ...
/suy"leks/, n. flint; silica. [1585-95; < L silex, s. silic- hard stone, flint, boulder] * * *
▪ Korean political philosophy also spelled  Sirhak        (Korean: “Practical Learning”), school of thought that came into existence in the midst of the chaotic ...
/sil'ooh et"/, n., v., silhouetted, silhouetting. n. 1. a two-dimensional representation of the outline of an object, as a cutout or configurational drawing, uniformly filled in ...
Silhouette Island
▪ island, Seychelles       granitic island, third largest of the Seychelles archipelago, Republic of Seychelles, in the western Indian Ocean. It has an area of 7.6 sq mi ...
▪ town, Tunisia also spelled  Siliyānah        town in northern Tunisia located on the western edge of the Dorsale Mountains. The town is built not far from Maktar ...
silic- combining form SILICO-: used before a vowel * * * silic- pref. Variant of silici-. * * *
/sil"i keuh/, n. the dioxide form of silicon, SiO2, occurring esp. as quartz sand, flint, and agate: used usually in the form of its prepared white powder chiefly in the ...
silica gel
Chem. a highly adsorbent gelatinous form of silica, used chiefly as a dehumidifying and dehydrating agent. [1915-20] * * * ▪ chemical compound       a highly porous, ...
silica glass
glass made entirely from silica, having a very low rate of thermal expansion. Also called fused silica. * * *
silica mineral
Any of the forms of silicon dioxide (SiO2), including quartz, tridymite, cristobalite, coesite, stishovite, melanophlogite, lechatelierite, and chalcedony. Various kinds of ...
silica gel n. Amorphous silica that resembles white sand and is used as a drying and dehumidifying agent, as a catalyst and catalyst carrier, as an anticaking agent in cosmetics, ...
—silication /sil'i kay"sheuhn/, n. /sil"i kit, -kayt'/, n. 1. Mineral. any of the largest group of mineral compounds, as quartz, beryl, garnet, feldspar, mica, and various ...
silicate mineral
Any of a large group of silicon-oxygen compounds that are widely distributed throughout much of the solar system. The silicates make up about 95% of the Earth's crust and upper ...
Silicate minerals
▪ Table Silicate minerals name colour lustre Mohs hardness specific gravity Tectosilicates (three-dimensional networks) feldspar (for other examples, see ...
/seuh lish"euhs/, adj. 1. containing, consisting of, or resembling silica. 2. growing in soil rich in silica. Also, silicious /seuh lish"euhs/. [1650-60; < L siliceus of flint or ...
siliceous rock
Any of a group of sedimentary rocks that consist largely or almost entirely of silicon dioxide (SiO2), either as quartz or as chert, the most common siliceous rock. It occurs in ...
siliceous sponge
▪ sponge       any sponge in which the main skeletal component is silica as opposed to calcium carbonate or fibrous organic materials only. More than 95 percent of all ...
silici- or silic- pref. 1. Silicon: silicate. 2. Silica: silicify.   [From silicon, and silica.] * * *
/seuh lis"ik/, adj. Chem. 1. containing silicon. 2. of or pertaining to silica or acids derived from it. [1810-20; SILIC(A) + -IC] * * *
silicic acid
Chem. any of certain amorphous gelatinous masses, formed when alkaline silicates are treated with acids, which dissociate readily into silica and water. [1810-20] * * * ▪ ...
silicic acid n. A jellylike substance, H2SiO3, produced when sodium silicate solution is acidified. * * *
/sil"euh suyd', -sid/, n. Chem. a compound of two elements, one of which is silicon. [1865-70; SILIC(ON) + -IDE] * * *
/sil'euh sif"euhr euhs/, adj. containing, combined with, or producing silica. [1790-1800; SILIC(A) + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
See silicify. * * *
silicified wood
wood that has been changed into quartz by a replacement of the cellular structure of the wood by siliceous waters. * * *
—silicification, n. /seuh lis"euh fuy'/, v.t., v.i., silicified, silicifying. to convert or be converted into silica. [1820-30; SILIC(A) + -IFY] * * *
/seuh lish"ee euhm, seuh lis"-/, n. (formerly) silicon. [1800-10; < NL; see SILICA, -IUM] * * *
/sil"i keuhl/, n. Bot. a short silique. [1775-85; < L silicula little husk or pod. See SILIQUA, -ULE] * * *
silico- [sil′i kō, sil′ikə] 〚
/sil"i keuhn, -kon'/, n. Chem. a nonmetallic element, having amorphous and crystalline forms, occurring in a combined state in minerals and rocks and constituting more than one ...
silicon carbide
Chem. a very hard, insoluble, crystalline compound, SiC, used as an abrasive and as an electrical resistor in objects exposed to high temperatures. [1900-05] * * * ▪ chemical ...
silicon dioxide
Chem. silica. * * *
silicon tetrachloride
Chem. a colorless, fuming liquid, SiCl4, used chiefly for making smoke screens and various derivatives of silicon. [1865-70] * * *
silicon tetrafluoride
Chem. a colorless, fuming gas, SiF4, used chiefly in the manufacture of fluosilicic acid. * * *
silicon tetrahydride
Chem. silane (def. 1). * * *
Silicon Valley
the area in northern California, southwest of San Francisco in the Santa Clara valley region, where many of the high-technology design and manufacturing companies in the ...
silicon carbide n. A bluish-black crystalline compound, SiC, one of the hardest known substances, used as an abrasive and heat-refractory material and in single crystals as ...
silicon dioxide n. Silica. * * *
/sil"i kohn'/, n. Chem. any of a number of polymers containing alternate silicon and oxygen atoms, as (-Si-O-Si-O-)n, whose properties are determined by the organic groups ...
silicone rubber
any of the synthetic rubbers made from silicone elastomers. [1940-45] * * *
/sil"i keuh nuyzd'/, adj. 1. (of a material) having silicone added. 2. Metall. (of iron or steel) having silicon added. [1915-20; SILICON + -IZE + -ED2] * * *
Sil·i·con Valley (sĭlʹĭ-kən, -kŏn') A region of western California southeast of San Francisco known for its high-technology design and manufacturing industries. * * *
—silicotic /sil'i kot"ik/, adj. /sil'i koh"sis/, n. Pathol. a disease of the lungs caused by the inhaling of siliceous particles, as by stonecutters. [1890-95; SILIC(A) + ...
See silicosis. * * *
/si lik"yeuh lohs'/, adj. Bot. 1. bearing silicles. 2. having the form or appearance of a silicle. [1725-35; < NL siliculosus. See SILICLE, -OSE1] * * *

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