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Simbirsk
/sim bearsk"/; Russ. /syim byeerddsk"/, n. former name of Ulyanovsk. * * *
Simchath Torah
/sim"khahs tawr"euh, tohr"euh/; Seph. Heb. /seem khaht" taw rddah"/; Ashk. Heb. /sim"khahs toh"rddeuh, toy"rddeuh, -kheuhs/. See Simhath Torah. Also, Simchat Torah. * * *
SimchatTorah
Sim·chat To·rah (sēm-KHätʹ tô-räʹ) also Sim·chas To·rah (sĭmʹKHəs tôrʹə, tōrʹə) n. Judaism A festival celebrating the Law of Moses and the completion of the ...
SimCity
▪ electronic game       city creation and management simulation game designed and produced in 1989 by American game designer Will Wright and electronic game developer ...
Simcoe
/sim"koh/, n. a town in SE Ontario, in S Canada. 14,326. * * * ▪ Ontario, Canada       former town, now incorporated into (and administrative centre of) the regional ...
Simcoe, John Graves
born Feb. 25, 1752, Cotterstock, Northamptonshire, Eng. died Oct. 26, 1806, Exeter, Devonshire British soldier and colonial administrator in Canada. He served in the American ...
Simcoe, Lake
Lake, southeastern Ontario, Canada. Located between Georgian Bay and Lake Ontario north of Toronto, Lake Simcoe is 287 sq mi (743 sq km) in area. Numerous small streams and the ...
Simcoe,Lake
Sim·coe (sĭmʹkō), Lake A lake of southeast Ontario, Canada, between Georgian Bay and Lake Ontario. It is a popular resort area. * * *
Simenon
/seemeu nawonn"/, n. Georges (Joseph Christian) /zhawrddzh zhoh zef" krddees tyaonn"/, born 1903, French writer of detective novels, born in Belgium. * * *
Simenon, Georges
▪ Belgian-French author in full  Georges-Joseph-Christian Simenon  born Feb. 13, 1903, Liège, Belg. died Sept. 4, 1989, Lausanne, Switz.  Belgian-French novelist whose ...
Simenon, Georges (-Joseph-Christian)
born Feb. 13, 1903, Liège, Belg. died Sept. 4, 1989, Lausanne, Switz. Belgian-born French novelist. During 1923–33 he wrote more than 200 pseudonymous books of pulp fiction. ...
Simenon,Georges Joseph Christian
Si·me·non (sē-mə-nôɴʹ), Georges Joseph Christian. 1903-1989. Belgian-born French writer known especially for his detective novels featuring Inspector Maigret, including ...
Simeon
/sim"ee euhn/, n. 1. a son of Jacob and Leah. Gen. 29:33. 2. one of the 12 tribes of Israel traditionally descended from him. 3. a devout man of Jerusalem who praised God for ...
Simeon ben Yohai
/sim"ee euhn ben yoh"khuy/ fl. 2nd century A.D., Palestinian rabbi. * * * ▪ Jewish scholar flourished 2nd century AD       Galilean tanna (i.e., one of a select group ...
Simeon I
known as Simeon the Great born 864/865 died May 27, 927 Tsar of the first Bulgarian empire (925–927). The son of Boris I, he succeeded his father in 893 after the short ...
Simeon Metaphrastes
▪ Byzantine hagiographer born c. 900, probably Constantinople died after 984       Byzantine hagiographer whose Mēnologion, a 10-volume collection of the lives of ...
Simeon Of Durham
▪ English historian also spelled  Symeon   died , c. Oct. 14, 1130/38       chronicler (chronicle) of medieval England.       Simeon entered the Benedictine ...
Simeon Stylites
/stuy luy"teez/, Saint A.D. 390?-459, Syrian monk and stylite. * * *
Simeon Stylites, Saint
or Simeon the Elder born с 390, Sisan, Cilicia died 459, Telanissus, Syria Syrian ascetic. A shepherd, he entered a monastic community but was expelled for excessive ...
Simeon Stylites,Saint
Simeon Sty·li·tes (stī-līʹtēz), Saint. A.D. 390?-459. Syrian Christian ascetic. The first of the “pillar-dwelling” ascetics, he spent 30 years atop a column. * * *
Simeon, Charles
▪ British clergyman born Sept. 24, 1759, Reading, Berkshire, Eng. died Nov. 13, 1836, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       Anglican (Anglican Evangelical) clergyman and ...
Simeoni, Sara
▪ Italian athlete born April 19, 1953, Verona, Italy       Italian high jumper who won an Olympic gold medal and two silver medals in the 1970s and ...
Simeonite
—Simeonism, n. /sim"ee euh nuyt'/, n. a member of the Israelite tribe of Simeon. [ < LL Simeonitae (pl.). See SIMEON, -ITE1] * * *
simethicone
/suy meth"i kohn'/, n. Pharm. an active ingredient in many antacid preparations that causes small mucus-entrapped air bubbles in the intestines to coalesce into larger bubbles ...
Simeulue Island
▪ island, Indonesia Indonesian  Pulau Simeulue , Simeulue also spelled  Simulue , or  Simeuloeë        island in the Indian Ocean, Aceh daerah istimewa (special ...
Simferopol
/sim'feuh roh"peuhl/; Russ. /syim fyi rddaw"peuhl/, n. a city in S Ukraine, on the S Crimean Peninsula. 338,000. * * * ▪ Ukraine also spelled  Symferopil        city ...
Simhat Torah
Simhat Torah [sim khät′ tō rä′, sim′khäs tō′rə] n. 〚Heb simchat-tora, lit., rejoicing in the law < simchat (< root śmḥ, to rejoice) + tora, TORAH〛 a Jewish ...
Simhath Torah
/sim"khahs tawr"euh, tohr"euh/; Seph. Heb. /seem khaht" taw rddah"/; Ashk. Heb. /sim"khahs toh"rddeuh, toy"rddeuh, -kheuhs/ a Jewish festival, celebrated on the 23rd day of ...
Simi Valley
/si mee", see"mee/ a city in SW California. 77,500. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Ventura county, southern California, U.S. It is adjacent to the ...
simian
—simianity /sim'ee an"i tee/, n. /sim"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to an ape or monkey. 2. characteristic of apes or monkeys: long, simian fingers. n. 3. an ape or ...
simian shelf
a shelflike thickening along the inside of the mandible, characteristic of the anthropoid apes. * * *
simian virus 40.
See SV 40. * * *
Simic
/sim"ik/, n. Charles, born 1938, U.S. poet, born in Yugoslavia. * * *
Simic, Charles
born May 9, 1938, Belgrade, Yugos. Yugoslavian-born U.S. poet. When he was 15 years old, he and his mother moved to Paris; a year later they joined his father in the U.S. After ...
similar
—similarly, adv. /sim"euh leuhr/, adj. 1. having a likeness or resemblance, esp. in a general way: two similar houses. 2. Geom. (of figures) having the same shape; having ...
similarity
/sim'euh lar"i tee/, n., pl. similarities. 1. the state of being similar; likeness; resemblance. 2. an aspect, trait, or feature like or resembling another or another's: a ...
similarity transformation
Math. 1. Also called homothetic transformation. a mapping of a set by which each element in the set is mapped into a positive constant multiple of itself, the same constant being ...
similarly
See similar. * * *
simile
/sim"euh lee/, n. 1. a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared, as in "she is like a rose." Cf. metaphor. 2. an instance of such a figure of speech or ...
similitude
/si mil"i toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. 1. likeness; resemblance: a similitude of habits. 2. a person or thing that is like or the match or counterpart of another: This expression is a ...
Simionato
/see'myaw nah"taw/, n. Giulietta /jooh lyet"tah/, born 1910, Italian mezzo-soprano. * * *
simious
—simiousness, n. /sim"ee euhs/, adj. pertaining to or characteristic of apes or monkeys; simian. [1795-1805; < L simi(a) ape (see SIMIAN) + -OUS] * * *
simitar
/sim"i teuhr/, n. scimitar. * * *
Simitis, Konstantinos
▪ 1997       Following months of political paralysis in Greece caused by the failing health of Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou, Konstantinos Simitis was selected on ...
SimiValley
Si·mi Valley (sēʹmē, sĭmʹē) A city of southern California, a manufacturing suburb of Los Angeles. Population: 100,217. * * *
Simjian, Luther
▪ 1998       Turkish-born American inventor who held patents on more than 200 inventions, including the Teleprompter, the flight simulator, and the automated teller ...
Sīmjūrid Dynasty
▪ Iranian dynasty       (c. 940–1000), minor Iranian dynasty that ruled in Khorāsān. The Sīmjūrids, a family of Iranian notables, rose to prominence early in the ...
Simla
/sim"leuh/, n. a city in and the capital of Himachal Pradesh, in N India: the summer capital of India. 55,000. * * * ▪ India  city, administrative headquarters of Simla ...
SIMM
SIMM abbr. Computer Science. single in-line memory module. * * *
Simmel
/zim"euhl/, n. Georg /gay awrddk"/, 1858-1918, German sociologist and philosopher. * * *
Simmel, Georg
born March 1, 1858, Berlin, Ger. died Sept. 26, 1918, Strassburg German sociologist and philosopher. From teaching posts at the universities of Berlin (1885–1914) and ...
Simmental
/zim"euhn tahl'/, n. one of a large breed of cattle, yellowish-brown to red and white, originally of Switzerland, used for milk and beef and as a draft animal. Also, Simmenthal, ...
simmer
—simmeringly, adv. /sim"euhr/, v.i. 1. to cook or cook in a liquid at or just below the boiling point. 2. to make a gentle murmuring sound, as liquids cooking just below the ...
Simmonds
(Rosemary Elizabeth Simmonds 1945– ) a British cartoonist and a writer and illustrator of children’s books. She drew a popular weekly cartoon for the Guardian newspaper in ...
Simmons, Richard W.
▪ 2004       American actor (b. Aug. 19, 1913, St. Paul, Minn.—d. Jan. 11, 2003, Oceanside, Calif.), appeared in numerous movies and television series during his ...
Simms
/simz/, n. William Gilmore /gil"mawr, -mohr/, 1806-70, U.S. author. * * *
Simms, Ruth Hanna McCormick
▪ American public official née  Ruth Hanna  born March 27, 1880, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died Dec. 31, 1944, Chicago, Ill.       American public official, an activist ...
Simms, William Gilmore
▪ American novelist born April 17, 1806, Charleston, S.C., U.S. died June 11, 1870, Charleston  outstanding Southern novelist.       Motherless at two, Simms was ...
Simms, Willie
born Jan. 16, 1870, near Augusta, Ga., U.S. died Feb. 26, 1927, Asbury, N.J. U.S. jockey. Simms began racing in 1887 and was one of the most successful early adopters of the ...
simnel
simnel [sim′nəl] n. 〚ME simenel < OFr < L simila, finest wheat flour: see SEMOLINA〛 in England, a) a kind of bread or roll formerly prepared by boiling, or boiling and ...
simnel cake
/sim"nl/, Chiefly Brit. any of several kinds of rich fruitcake covered with almond paste. [1830-40; simnel, ME simenel < OF, ult. < L simila or Gk semídalis fine flour] * * *
Simnel, Lambert
▪ English pretender Simnel also spelled  Symnell   born c. 1475 died 1535?       impostor and claimant to the English crown, the son of an Oxford joiner, who was a ...
simoleon
/seuh moh"lee euhn/, n. Slang. a dollar. [1895-1900, Amer.; orig. uncert.] * * *
Simon
/suy"meuhn/; Fr. /see mawonn"/ for 7, n. 1. the original name of the apostle Peter. Cf. Peter. 2. Simon the Zealot, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4. 3. the Canaanite, one ...
Simon & Schuster
U.S. publishing company. It was founded in 1924 by Richard L. Simon (1899–1960) and M. Lincoln Schuster (1897–1970), whose initial project, the original crossword-puzzle ...
Simon (of Stackpole Elidor), John Allsebrook Simon, 1st Viscount
born Feb. 28, 1873, Manchester, Eng. died Jan. 11, 1954, London British politician. A successful lawyer, he served in the House of Commons (1906–18, 1922–40). In the 1930s ...
Simon and Garfunkel
Paul Simon (1942– ) and Art Garfunkel (1941– ), US popular singers who performed together with great success in the 1960s. Their songs included Sounds of Silence (1966), ...
Simon Boccanegra
/suy"meuhn boh'keuh nay"greuh, -neg"reuh/ an opera (1857) by Giuseppe Verdi. Also, Simone Boccanegra It. /see maw"ne bawk'kah ne"grddah/. * * *
Simon de Montfort
➡ Montfort * * *
Simon Fraser University
Privately endowed university in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, with a branch campus in Vancouver. It was established in 1963 and named after the explorer Simon Fraser. It ...
Simon Legree
/li gree"/ 1. the brutal slave dealer in Uncle Tom's Cabin. 2. any harsh, merciless master: Our math teacher is a Simon Legree. * * *
Simon Magus
Simon (defs. 5, 6). * * * ▪ Samarian magician (Latin), English  Simon the Magician , or  The Sorcerer  flourished 1st century AD       practitioner of magical arts ...
Simon of Highbury, Lord
▪ 1998       When the Labour Party returned to power in Great Britain in May 1997, one of the most surprising and significant appointments to the new government was that ...
Simon of Saint-Quentin
▪ French friar flourished 13th century       French Dominican friar, who accompanied a diplomatic and proselytizing mission sent by Pope Innocent IV to the Mongols of ...
Simon Of Sudbury
▪ English archbishop original name  Simon Tybald, or Thebaud, or Theobald   born , Sudbury, Suffolk, Eng. died June 14, 1381, London       archbishop of Canterbury ...
Simon Peter
Peter (def. 1). * * *
Simon Rattle
➡ Rattle * * *
Simon says
a children's game in which all players must imitate only those movements and commands of a leader that are preceded by the words "Simon says." * * *
Simon Schama
➡ Schama * * *
Simon the Apostle, Saint
▪ Christian Apostle also called  Simon the Zealot   flourished 1st century AD died , Persia or Edessa, Greece?; Western feast day October 28, Eastern feast day June 19  one ...
Simon Winchester
➡ Winchester (II) * * *
Simon, (Marvin) Neil
born July 4, 1927, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. playwright. After studying at New York University, he worked as a comedy writer for Sid Caesar in the 1950s. His autobiographical ...
Simon, Barney
▪ 1996       South African theatre director (b. April 13, 1932, Johannesburg, South Africa—d. June 30, 1995, Johannesburg), was a longtime force behind the growth of ...
Simon, Claude
▪ 2006 Claude Eugène Henri Simon        French author (b. Oct. 10, 1913, Tananarive [now Antananarivo], Madagascar—d. July 6, 2005, Paris, France), avoided ...
Simon, Claude (-Eugène-Henri)
born Oct. 10, 1913, Tananarive, Madag. French writer. Captured while fighting in World War II, he escaped to join the French Resistance. He completed his first novel during the ...
Simon, Herbert (Alexander)
born June 15, 1916, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S. died Feb. 9, 2001, Pittsburgh, Pa. U.S. social scientist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1943. At ...
Simon, Herbert A.
▪ American social scientist in full  Herbert Alexander Simon  born June 15, 1916, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S. died February 9, 2001, Pittsburgh, ...
Simon, Herbert Alexander
▪ 2002       American social scientist (b. June 15, 1916, Milwaukee, Wis.—d. Feb. 9, 2001, Pittsburgh, Pa.), was awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize for Economics for his ...
Simon, John Allse Brook Simon, 1st Viscount
▪ British statesman in full  John Allse Brook Simon, 1st Viscount Simon of Stackpole Elidor   born February 28, 1873, Manchester, England died January 11, 1954, ...
Simon, Jules
▪ French politician born Dec. 31, 1814, Lorient, Fr. died June 8, 1896, Paris  French political leader, philosopher, and theorist of the French Radical Party who as premier ...
Simon, Kate
▪ American writer original name  Kaila Grobsmith  born Dec. 5, 1912, Warsaw, Pol. died Feb. 4, 1990, New York, N.Y., U.S.       memoirist and travel writer whose work ...
Simon, Neil
▪ American dramatist in full  Marvin Neil Simon  born July 4, 1927, New York City       American playwright, screenwriter, television writer, and librettist who was ...
Simon, Norton
▪ 1994       U.S. industrialist and art collector (b. Feb. 5, 1907, Portland, Ore.—d. June 2, 1993, Los Angeles, Calif.), was a savvy businessman who amassed a fortune ...
Simon, Paul
▪ American musician Introduction in full  Paul Frederic Simon  born October 13, 1941, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.       American singer-songwriter (singer-songwriters) ...
Simon, Paul (Frederic)
born Oct. 13, 1941, Newark, N.J., U.S. U.S. pop singer and songwriter. Simon began performing with Art Garfunkel (b. 1941) in the 1950s, using the name Tom and Jerry. After a ...
Simon, Paul Martin
▪ 2004       American politician and educator (b. Nov. 29, 1928, Eugene, Ore.—d. Dec. 9, 2003, Springfield, Ill.), had a long career in public life that was ...
Simon, Simone
▪ 2006       French actress (b. April 23, 1910, Béthune, France—d. Feb. 22, 2005, Paris, France), was much admired for her innocent appearance and on-screen ...
Simon, Sir John
▪ British surgeon born Oct. 10, 1816, London died July 23, 1904, London  English surgeon and public health reformer whose efforts to improve the hygienic quality of urban ...
Simon, William Edward
▪ 2001       American investment banker and government official (b. Nov. 27, 1927, Paterson, N.J.—d. June 3, 2000, Santa Barbara, Calif.), served as U.S. treasury ...
Simon,Herbert Alexander
Si·mon (sīʹmən), Herbert Alexander. Born 1916. American economist. He won a 1978 Nobel Prize for his research into the decision-making process within economic ...
Simon,Neil
Simon, Neil. Born 1927. American playwright whose lighthearted comedies of middle-class life include The Odd Couple (1965) and Lost in Yonkers (1991), for which he won a Pulitzer ...
simon-pure
/suy"meuhn pyoor"/, adj. real; genuine: a simon-pure accent. [1710-20; short for the real Simon Pure, alluding to the victim of impersonation in Susanna Centlivre's play A Bold ...
Simone
(1933–2003) an American jazz singer who also played the piano. Her early hits included I Loves You Porgy (1959). Simone’s career suffered when she became involved in black ...
Simone, Nina
▪ 2004 Eunice Waymon        American singer (b. Feb. 21, 1933, Tryon, N.C.—d. April 21, 2003, Carry-le-Rouet, France), created urgent emotional intensity by singing ...
Simoneau, Leopold
▪ 2007       French Canadian lyric tenor (b. May 3, 1916, Saint-Flavien, Que.—d. Aug. 24, 2006, Victoria, B.C.), used intelligence and passion, a sparkling voice, and ...
simoniac
—simoniacal /suy'meuh nuy"euh keuhl, sim'euh-/, adj. —simoniacally, adv. /si moh"nee ak'/, n. a person who practices simony. [1300-50; ME < ML simoniacus (n. and adj.). See ...
simoniacal
See simoniac. * * *
simoniacally
See simoniacal. * * *
Simonianism
      the doctrine professed by followers of Simon Magus (q.v.). * * *
Simonides
/suy mon"i deez'/, n. 556?-468? B.C., Greek poet. Also called Simonides of Ceos /see"os/. * * *
Simonides of Ceos
▪ Greek poet born c. 556 BC, Iulis, Ceos [now Kéa, Greece] died c. 468 BC, Acragas [now Agrigento, Sicily, Italy]       Greek poet, noted for his lyric poetry, ...
Simonidesof Ceos
Si·mon·i·des of Ce·os (sī-mŏnʹĭ-dēz; sēʹŏs), 556?-468?B.C. Greek lyric poet who is known especially for his elegies in honor of the slain warriors at Marathon and ...
Simonin, Albert-Charles
▪ French writer born April 18, 1905 died Feb. 15, 1980, Paris       French writer who brilliantly exploited the language of the Parisian underworld in tough, ...
simonist
See simony. * * *
simonize
/suy"meuh nuyz'/, v.t., simonized, simonizing. to shine or polish to a high sheen, esp. with wax: to simonize an automobile. Also, esp. Brit., simonise. [1935-40; after Simoniz, ...
SimonLegree
Simon Le·gree (lə-grēʹ) n. A brutal taskmaster.   [After Simon Legree, a cruel slave dealer in the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe.] * * *
Simonov
/see"meuh nawf', -nof'/; Russ. /syee"meuh neuhf/, n. Konstantin M. /keuhn stun tyeen"/, 1915-79, Russian journalist and playwright. * * *
Simons, Walter
▪ German jurist born Sept. 24, 1861, Elberfeld, Westphalia died July 14, 1937, Babelsberg, Ger.       German jurist who served as interim president of the Weimar ...
Simonson
/suy"meuhn seuhn/, n. Lee, 1888-1967, U.S. set designer. * * *
Simonson, Lee
▪ American set designer born June 26, 1888, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 23, 1967, Yonkers, N.Y.       designer influential in freeing American stage design from ...
Simonstown
▪ South Africa Afrikaans  Simonstad,         town and naval base, Western Cape province, South Africa. It is located on the eastern side of the Cape Peninsula, on ...
simony
—simonist, n. /suy"meuh nee, sim"euh-/, n. 1. the making of profit out of sacred things. 2. the sin of buying or selling ecclesiastical preferments, benefices, etc. [1175-1225; ...
SimonZelotes
Simon Ze·lo·tes (zē-lōʹtēz) or Simon the Canaanite,First century A.D. In the New Testament, one of the 12 Apostles. Although nothing certain is known of his life, he is ...
simoom
simoom [simo͞on′si mo͞om′, sīmo͞om′] n. 〚Ar samūm < samma, to poison〛 a hot, violent, sand-laden wind of the African and Asiatic deserts: also called simoon ...
simp
/simp/, n. Informal. a fool; simpleton. [1905-10; shortening of SIMPLETON] * * *
simpatico
/sim pah"ti koh', -pat"i-/, adj. congenial or like-minded; likable: I find our new neighbor simpatico in every respect. [1860-65; < It: lit., sympathetic, equiv. to simpat(ia) ...
simper
—simperer, n. —simperingly, adv. /sim"peuhr/, v.i. 1. to smile in a silly, self-conscious way. v.t. 2. to say with a simper. n. 3. a silly, self-conscious smile. [1555-65; ...
simperer
See simper. * * *
simperingly
See simperer. * * *
simple
—simpleness, n. /sim"peuhl/, adj., simpler, simplest, n. adj. 1. easy to understand, deal with, use, etc.: a simple matter; simple tools. 2. not elaborate or artificial; plain: ...
simple algebraic extension
Math. a simple extension in which the specified element is a root of an algebraic equation in the given field. Cf. simple transcendental extension. * * *
simple arc
Math. a curve that does not cross itself and has no points missing; a curve that can be put into one-to-one correspondence with the closed interval from 0 to 1. Also called ...
simple carbohydrate
a carbohydrate, as glucose, that consists of a single monosaccharide unit. Cf. complex carbohydrate. * * *
simple chancre
Pathol. chancroid. * * *
simple closed curve
Math. a curve that is closed and that has no loops or points missing; a curve for which there exists a homeomorphism mapping it to a circle. Also called Jordan curve. [1965-70] * ...
simple enumeration
Logic, Philos. a procedure for arriving at empirical generalizations by haphazard accumulation of positive instances. * * *
simple equation
simple equation n. LINEAR EQUATION * * *
simple extension
Math. an extension field of a given field, obtained by forming all polynomials in a specified element with coefficients contained in the given field. * * *
simple fraction
a ratio of two integers. [1585-95] * * *
simple fracture
a fracture in which the bone does not pierce the skin. Also called closed fracture. [1590-1600] * * *
simple fruit
a fruit formed from one pistil. [1875-80] * * *
simple group
Math. a group that has no normal subgroup except the group itself and the identity. * * *
simple harmonic motion
Physics. vibratory motion in a system in which the restoring force is proportional to the displacement from equilibrium. Abbr.: S.H.M., s.h.m. * * * Repetitive back-and-forth ...
simple honors
Auction Bridge. three honors in the trump suit, or three aces in no-trump, held by a partnership. * * *
simple interest
interest payable only on the principal; interest that is not compounded. [1790-1800] * * *
simple interval
Music. an interval of an octave or less. [1870-75] * * *
simple machine
Mech. machine (def. 3b). [1900-05] * * *
simple majority
1. less than half of the total votes cast but more than the minimum required to win, as when there are more than two candidates or choices. 2. less than half the number of voters ...
simple measure.
See simple time. * * *
simple meter
simple meter n. Music any time signature in which the upper figure indicates two, three, or four beats per measure, as 2/8, 3/2, 4/4, etc. * * *
simple microscope
a microscope having a single lens. [1720-30] * * *
simple pendulum
Physics. a hypothetical apparatus consisting of a point mass suspended from a weightless, frictionless thread whose length is constant, the motion of the body about the string ...
simple pole
Math. a pole of order 1 of a function of a complex variable. * * *
simple protein
Biochem. a protein that yields only amino acids and no other major products when hydrolyzed (contrasted with conjugated protein). [1920-25] * * *
simple sentence
a sentence having only one clause, as I saw her the day before yesterday. Cf. complex sentence, compound-complex sentence, compound sentence. * * *
Simple sentences-first pattern
▪ Table Simple sentences—first pattern subject verb complement 1. John knows this country 2. Science is organized knowledge 3. Elizabeth becomes queen 4. The ...
Simple sentences-second pattern
▪ Table Simple sentences—second pattern subject verb inner complement outer complement 6. John gives Mary a ring 7. The sailors make John captain 8. You have kept your ...
Simple Simon
a simpleton. [1775-85; after the nursery rhyme character] * * *
simple sugar
Chem. monosaccharide. [1940-45] * * *
simple syrup
a thick, sweet liquid, usually prepared from sugar and water and used chiefly as a base for soda fountain flavors. Also called bar syrup, gomme syrup. * * *
simple time
Music. rhythm characterized by two or three beats or pulses to a measure. Also called simple measure. * * *
simple transcendental extension
Math. a simple extension in which the specified element is not a root of any algebraic equation in the given field. Cf. simple algebraic extension. * * *
simple vow
Rom. Cath. Ch. a public vow taken by a religious, under which property may be retained and marriage, though held to be illicit, is valid under canon law. Cf. solemn ...
simple-hearted
/sim"peuhl hahr"tid/, adj. free of deceit; artless; sincere. [1350-1400; ME symple herted] * * *
simple-minded
simple-minded [sim′pəlmīnd′id] adj. 1. artless; unsophisticated; simple-hearted 2. foolish; stupid 3. mentally retarded simple-mindedly adv. simple-mindedness n. * * ...
simple-mindedly
See simple-minded. * * *
simple-mindedness
See simple-mindedly. * * *
simpleclosed curve
simple closed curve n. A curve, such as a circle, that is closed and does not intersect itself. Also called Jordan curve. * * *
simplefraction
simple fraction n. A fraction in which both the numerator and the denominator are whole numbers. * * *
simplefracture
simple fracture n. A bone fracture that causes little or no damage to the surrounding soft tissues. * * *
simplefruit
simple fruit n. A fruit, such as a pea pod, orange, or tomato, that develops from a single pistil. * * *
simpleharmonic motion
simple harmonic motion n. See harmonic motion. * * *
simpleinterest
simple interest n. Interest paid only on the original principal, not on the interest accrued. * * *
simplemachine
simple machine n. A simple device, such as a lever, pulley, or inclined plane; a machine without moving parts. * * *
simplemicroscope
simple microscope n. A microscope having one lens or lens system, such as a magnifying glass or hand lens. * * *
simpleminded
—simplemindedly, adv. —simplemindedness, n. /sim"peuhl muyn"did, -muyn'-/, adj. 1. free of deceit or guile; artless or unsophisticated. 2. lacking in mental acuteness or ...
simpleness
See simple. * * *
simplependulum
simple pendulum n. See pendulum. * * *
simpleprotein
simple protein n. A protein, such as a globulin or histone, that yields only amino acids upon hydrolysis. * * *
simplesentence
simple sentence n. A sentence having no coordinate or subordinate clauses, as The cat purred. * * *
SimpleSimon
Sim·ple Simon (sĭmʹpəl) n. A foolish fellow; a simpleton.   [After Simple Simon, a character in a nursery rhyme.] * * *
simplesugar
simple sugar n. See monosaccharide. * * *
simpleton
/sim"peuhl teuhn/, n. an ignorant, foolish, or silly person. [1640-50; SIMPLE + -TON] Syn. dolt, fool, numskull, blockhead, ninny, dope. * * *
simplex
/sim"pleks/, adj., n. pl. simplexes, simplices /-pleuh sees'/. adj. 1. simple; consisting of or characterized by a single element. 2. pertaining to or noting a telecommunications ...
simplex method
Math. a numerical method for solving problems in linear programming. * * * Standard technique in linear programming for solving an optimization problem, typically one involving ...
simplicidentate
/sim'pleuh si den"tayt/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the Simplicidentata, formerly regarded as a suborder or division of rodents having only one pair of upper incisor ...
simplicity
/sim plis"i tee/, n., pl. simplicities. 1. the state, quality, or an instance of being simple. 2. freedom from complexity, intricacy, or division into parts: an organism of great ...
Simplicius
/sim plish"ee euhs/, n. Saint, died A.D. 483, pope 468-483. * * *
Simplicius Of Cilicia
▪ Greek philosopher flourished c. 530       Greek philosopher whose learned commentaries on Aristotle's De caelo (“On the Heavens”), Physics, De anima (“On the ...
Simplicius, Saint
▪ Italian saint born , Tivoli, near Rome [Italy] died March 10, 483, Rome; feast day March 10       pope from 468 to 483. He became Pope St. Hilary's successor on March ...
simplification
See simplify. * * *
simplifier
See simplification. * * *
simplify
—simplification, n. —simplificative, adj. —simplifier, simplificator, n. /sim"pleuh fuy'/, v.t., simplified, simplifying. to make less complex or complicated; make plainer ...
simplism
/sim"pliz euhm/, n. 1. exaggerated simplicity, as in concentrating on a single aspect or factor of a problem or situation while disregarding others; oversimplification: The ...
simplist
simplist [sim′plist] n. a person given to simplistic explanations, theories, etc. adj. SIMPLISTIC simplism [sim′pliz΄əm] n. * * *
simplistic
—simplistically, adv. /sim plis"tik/, adj. characterized by extreme simplism; oversimplified: a simplistic notion of good and bad. [1855-60; SIMPLE + -ISTIC] * * *
simplistically
See simplistic. * * *
Simplon
/sim"plon/; Fr. /saonn plawonn"/, n. 1. a mountain pass in S Switzerland, in the Lepontine Alps: crossed by a carriage road constructed 1800-06 on Napoleon's orders. 6592 ft. ...
Simplon Pass
Alpine pass and tunnel, southern Switzerland. It is situated between the Pennine and Lepontine Alps at 6,581 ft (2,006 m). An important Alpine route since the mid-13th century, ...
Simplon Tunnel
▪ tunnel, Italy-Switzerland       one of the longest railway tunnels in the world, about 12 1/2 miles (20 km) from Iselle, Italy, to Brig, Switz., and one of history's ...
SimplonPass
Sim·plon Pass (sĭmʹplŏn', săɴm-plôɴʹ) A pass, 2,010 m (6,590 ft) high, between the Lepontine and Pennine Alps in southern Switzerland. A nearby railroad tunnel system, ...
Simplot, J(ohn) R(ichard)
▪ 2009       American agriculturist and entrepreneur born Jan. 4, 1909, Dubuque, Iowa died May 25, 2008, Boise, Idaho was renowned for developing (1946) commercial ...
simply
/sim"plee/, adv. 1. in a simple manner; clearly and easily. 2. plainly; unaffectedly. 3. sincerely; artlessly: to speak simply as a child. 4. merely; only: It is simply a ...
simply ordered set
Math. See totally ordered set. * * *
simply-connected
/sim"plee keuh nek'tid/, adj. Math. 1. (of a set or domain) having a connected complement. 2. (of a set or domain) having the property that every simple closed curve in the set ...
simplyconnected
simply connected adj. Of, being, or characterized by the property of a surface or other space such that any closed curve within it can be continuously shrunk to a point without ...
Simpson
/simp"seuhn/, n. 1. O(renthal) J(ames), born 1946, U.S. football player. 2. Wallis Warfield. See Windsor, Wallis Warfield, Duchess of. * * * (as used in expressions) Kay Ulysses ...
Simpson Desert
▪ desert, Australia largely uninhabited arid region covering some 55,000 square miles (143,000 square km) in central Australia. Situated mainly in the southeastern corner of ...
Simpson's rule
Math. a method for approximating the value of a definite integral by approximating, with parabolic arcs, the area under the curve defined by the integrand. [1895-1900; named ...
Simpson, Christopher
▪ British composer Simpson also spelled  Sympson   born c. 1602–06, Egton?, Yorkshire, Eng. died between May 5 and July 29, 1669, London       English composer, ...
Simpson, George Gaylord
born June 16, 1902, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Oct. 6, 1984, Tucson, Ariz. U.S. paleontologist. He earned a doctorate at Yale University. His contributions to evolutionary theory ...
Simpson, Lorna
▪ 2008 born Aug. 13, 1960, Brooklyn, N.Y.       With her work featured in 2007 in a 20-year retrospective at the Whitney Museum of Art in New York City, Lorna Simpson ...
Simpson, Louis
▪ American poet born March 27, 1923, Jamaica       Jamaican-born U.S. poet and critic, notable for his marked development in poetic style. In 1964 he won the Pulitzer ...
Simpson, Matthew
▪ American clergyman born June 21, 1811, Cadiz, Ohio, U.S. died June 18, 1884, Philadelphia, Pa.  best known and most influential Methodist leader in the United States during ...
Simpson, N.F.
▪ British writer in full  Norman Frederick Simpson   born Jan. 29, 1919, London, Eng.       English playwright who achieved spectacular verbal effects by his cunning ...
Simpson, O(renthal) J(ames)
Simpson, O(renthal) J(ames). Born 1947. American athlete who was the first professional football player to rush more than 2,000 yards in a season. He was acquitted of the 1994 ...
Simpson, O.J.
▪ American athlete in full  Orenthal James Simpson  born July 9, 1947, San Francisco, Calif., U.S.    American collegiate and professional gridiron football player who was ...
Simpson, Sir James Young
born June 7, 1811, Bathgate, Linlithgowshire, Scot. died May 6, 1870, London, Eng. Scottish obstetrician. He received his M.D. from the University of Edinburgh, where he became ...
Simpson, Sir James Young, 1st Baronet
▪ British physician born June 7, 1811, Bathgate, Linlithgowshire, Scot. died May 6, 1870, London       Scottish obstetrician who was the first to use chloroform in ...
Simpson, Sir John Hope
▪ British administrator born July 23, 1868, Liverpool died April 10, 1961       British civil administrator in India and author of two of the earliest modern studies on ...
Simpson,Sir James Young
Simp·son (sĭmpʹsən), Sir James Young. 1811-1870. Scottish physician who pioneered the use of ether and chloroform in obstetrics (1847). * * *
SimpsonDesert
Simpson Desert A desert region of central Australia. * * *
Simpsons
a popular US television cartoon series on the Fox Television Network since 1990. The characters are a family of yellow people with big eyes whose attitudes and language are ...
Simpsons, The
▪ animated television series       longest-running animated television series in U.S. history (1989– ), now broadcast in many languages to audiences around the ...
simpulum
/sim"pyoo leuhm/, n., pl. simpula /-leuh/. an ancient dipper having the rim of the bowl at right angles to the handle. [1735-45; < L: ceremonial ladle or pouring vessel] * * *
simpy
/sim"pee/, adj., simpier, simpiest. Slang. of or like a simp. [1940-45; SIMP + -Y1] * * *
Simrock, Karl Joseph
▪ German scholar born Aug. 28, 1802, Bonn died July 18, 1876, Bonn, Ger.  German literary scholar and poet who preserved and made accessible much early German literature, ...
Sims
/simz/, n. William Sowden /sowd"n/, 1858-1936, U.S. admiral, born in Canada. * * *
Sims, Howard
▪ 2004 “Sandman”        American tap dancer (b. Jan. 24, 1917, Fort Smith, Ark.—d. May 20, 2003, Bronx, N.Y.), got his nickname from dancing on sand to achieve a ...
Sims, Joan Marion
▪ 2002       British actress (b. May 9, 1930, Laindon, Essex, Eng.—d. June 27, 2001, London, Eng.), was a versatile character actress who appeared in scores of motion ...
Sims, The
▪ video game       life-simulator game originally designed by American Will Wright for personal computers and released on Feb. 4, 2000. The Sims was published and ...
Sims, William Sowden
born Oct. 15, 1858, Port Hope, Ont., Can. died Sept. 28, 1936, Boston, Mass., U.S. U.S. naval officer. He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy and later wrote a navigation ...
Sims, Zoot
▪ American musician byname of  John Haley Sims  born Oct. 29, 1925, Inglewood, Calif., U.S. died March 23, 1985, New York, N.Y.       American jazz tenor saxophonist ...
Simsbury
/simz"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n. a town in central Connecticut. 21,161. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United States       town (township), Hartford county, north-central ...
simul
/sim"euhl/, adv. (in prescriptions) together. [ < L; cf. SIMILAR, SIMPLEX] * * *
simulacre
—simulacral /sim'yeuh lay"kreuhl/, adj. /sim"yeuh lay'keuhr/, n. Archaic. simulacrum. [1325-75; ME < MF < L simulacrum SIMULACRUM] * * *
simulacrum
/sim'yeuh lay"kreuhm/, n., pl. simulacra /-kreuh/. 1. a slight, unreal, or superficial likeness or semblance. 2. an effigy, image, or representation: a simulacrum of ...
simulant
/sim"yeuh leuhnt/, adj. 1. simulating; feigning; imitating. n. 2. a person or thing that simulates. [1820-30; < L simulant- (s. of simulans) imitating (prp. of simulare). See ...
simular
/sim"yeuh leuhr/, Archaic. n. 1. a person or thing that simulates; pretender. adj. 2. simulated; false; counterfeit. 3. imitative; simulative. [1520-30; < L simul(are) to ...
simulate
—simulative, simulatory /sim"yeuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. —simulatively, adv. v. /sim"yeuh layt'/; adj. /sim"yeuh lit, -layt'/, v., simulated, simulating, adj. v.t. 1. ...
simulated
sim·u·lat·ed (sĭmʹyə-lā'tĭd) adj. Made in resemblance of or as a substitute for another. See Synonyms at artificial. * * *
simulation
/sim'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. imitation or enactment, as of something anticipated or in testing. 2. the act or process of pretending; feigning. 3. an assumption or imitation of a ...
simulation, computer
Use of a computer-generated system to represent the dynamic responses and behaviour of a real or proposed system. A mathematical description of a system is developed as a ...
simulative
See simulate. * * *
simulator
/sim"yeuh lay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that simulates. 2. a machine for simulating certain environmental and other conditions for purposes of training or experimentation: ...
simulcast
/suy"meuhl kast', -kahst', sim"euhl-/, n., v., simulcast, simulcasted, simulcasting. n. 1. a program broadcast simultaneously on radio and television, or on more than one ...
simulium
si·mu·li·um (sə-myo͞oʹlē-əm) n. Any of a genus (Simulium) of black flies, several species of which transmit the parasitic filarial worms that cause ...
simultaneity
See simultaneously. * * *
simultaneous
—simultaneously, adv. —simultaneousness simultaneity /suy'meuhl teuh nee"i tee, sim'euhl-/, n. /suy'meuhl tay"nee euhs, sim'euhl-/, adj. existing, occurring, or operating at ...
simultaneous equations
Algebra. a set of two or more equations, each containing two or more variables whose values can simultaneously satisfy both or all the equations in the set, the number of ...
simultaneously
See simultaneous. * * *
simultaneousness
See simultaneously. * * *
simvastatin
sim·va·stat·in (sĭm'və-stătʹn) n. A statin, C25H38O5, that blocks the body's synthesis of cholesterol and is administered especially to individuals at risk for heart ...
Simwinga, Hammerskjoeld
▪ 2008 born Nov. 17, 1964, Isoka, Zambia  Zambian conservationist Hammerskjoeld (Hammer) Simwinga was awarded the 2007 Goldman Environmental Prize for Africa. (Founded in ...
sin
sin1 —sinlike, adj. —sinningly, adv. —sinningness, n. /sin/, n., v., sinned, sinning. n. 1. transgression of divine law: the sin of Adam. 2. any act regarded as such a ...
Sin
/seen/, n. the Akkadian god of the moon: the counterpart of the Sumerian Nanna. * * * Sumerian Nanna In Mesopotamian religion, the god of the moon. He was the father of ...
sin bin
➡ hockey * * *
sin tax
Informal. a tax levied on cigarettes, liquor, gambling, or other things considered neither luxuries nor necessities. [1970-75] * * *
Sin, Jaime Cardinal
▪ 2006  Philippine Roman Catholic cleric (b. Aug. 31, 1928, New Washington, Phil.—d. June 21, 2005, Manila, Phil.), was the spiritual leader of Roman Catholics in the ...
Sina
/see"neuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Sinai
—Sinaitic /suy'nee it"ik/, Sinaic /si nay"ik/, adj. /suy"nuy, suy"nee uy'/, n. 1. Also called Sinai Peninsula. a peninsula in NE Egypt, at the N end of the Red Sea between the ...
Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula broad peninsula in NE Egypt, between the Gulf of Suez & the Gulf of Aqaba * * * Peninsula, northeastern Egypt. Located between the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba at ...
Sinai, Mount
or Mount Horeb Peak, south-central Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. It rises to 7,497 ft (2,285 m) in elevation and is especially renowned in the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic ...
Sinai,Mount
Si·nai (sīʹnī'), Mount A mountain, about 2,288 m (7,500 ft) high, of the south-central Sinai Peninsula. It is thought to be the peak on which Moses received the Ten ...
Sinaia
▪ Romania       town, Prahova judeţ (county), east-central Romania. It lies about 65 miles (105 km) north-northwest of Bucharest in the Prahova River valley, at the ...


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