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Sinai Peninsula A peninsula linking southwest Asia with northeast Africa at the northern end of the Red Sea between the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba. Long held by the ...
Sinaitic [sī nā′iksī΄nā it′ik] adj. of or from Mount Sinai or the Sinai Peninsula: also Sinaic [sī nā′ik] * * *
Sinaitic inscriptions
▪ ancient writing also called  Proto-sinaitic Inscriptions,         archeological remains that are among the earliest examples of alphabetic writing; they were ...
/suyn"l/, adj. of, pertaining to, or involving a sinus. [SIN(US) + -AL1] * * *
/si nal"bin/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble glucoside, C30H42N2O15S2, found in the seeds of the white mustard. [1870-75; < L sin(api) mustard ( < Gk sínapi) + ...
/seen'l oh"euh, sin'-/; Sp. /see'nah law"ah/, n. a state in W Mexico, bordering on the Gulf of California. 1,714,000; 22,582 sq. mi. (58,485 sq. km). Cap.: Culiacán. * * ...
/si nahn"/, n. 1489?-1587, Turkish architect, esp. of mosques. * * * ▪ Ottoman architect also called  Mimar Sinan (“Architect Sinan”) , or  Mimar Koca Sinan (“Great ...
/suy nan"threuh peuhs, si-, suy'nan throh"peuhs, sin'an-/, n. the genus to which Peking man was formerly assigned. [ < NL (1927), equiv. to Sin- SINO- + Gk ánthropos man] * * ...
/sin"euh puyn', -pin/, n. Chem. an alkaloid, C16H25NO5, found in the seeds of the black mustard. [1830-40; < L sinap(i) mustard ( < Gk sínapi) + -INE2] * * *
/sin"euh piz'euhm/, n. Med. See mustard plaster. [1595-1605; < ML sinapisma (fem.) < Gk sinapismós (masc.) application of mustard, equiv. to sinap(ízein) to apply mustard ...
▪ Mexican Fascist movement Spanish  Sinarquismo        (from Spanish sin, “without,” anarquía, “anarchy”), fascist movement in Mexico, based on the Unión ...
—Sinarquism, n. —Sinarquistic, adj. /sin"ahr kist, -kwist/, n. a member or advocate of an ultrareactionary, semifascist movement organized in Mexico about 1937. [ < AmerSp ...
Şinasi, İbrahim
▪ Turkish author also called  İbrahim Şinasi Efendi   born 1826, Constantinople [now Istanbul] died Sept. 13, 1871, Constantinople       writer who founded and led ...
/si nah"treuh/, n. Frank (Francis Albert), 1915-98, U.S. singer and actor. * * *
Sinatra, Francis Albert
▪ 1999       American singer and actor (b. Dec. 12, 1915, Hoboken, N.J.—d. May 14, 1998, Los Angeles, Calif.), became the idol of squealing teenagers in the late 1930s ...
Sinatra, Frank
orig. Francis Albert Sinatra born Dec. 12, 1915, Hoboken, N.J., U.S. died May 14, 1998, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. singer and actor. Sinatra began his singing career in the ...
Sinatra,Francis Albert
Si·na·tra (sə-näʹtrə), Francis Albert. Known as “Frank.” 1915-1998. American singer and actor known for his mellifluous voice. His many recordings include Songs for ...
/sin"bad/, n. See Sindbad the Sailor. * * *
Sinbad the Sailor
Sinbad the Sailor [sin′bad΄] n. a merchant in The Arabian Nights who makes seven adventurous voyages * * * (also Sindbad) a character in one of the stories in the Arabian ...
/sins/, adv. 1. from then till now (often prec. by ever): He was elected in 1978 and has been president ever since. 2. between a particular past time and the present; ...
Sin·ce·le·jo (sĭn'sə-lĕʹhō, -sĕ-) A town of northwest Colombia south of Cartagena. It is a trade and processing center. Population: 122,484. * * * ▪ ...
—sincerely, adv. —sincereness, n. /sin sear"/, adj., sincerer, sincerest. 1. free of deceit, hypocrisy, or falseness; earnest: a sincere apology. 2. genuine; real: a sincere ...
See sincere. * * *
See sincerely. * * *
/sin ser"i tee/, n., pl. sincerities. freedom from deceit, hypocrisy, or duplicity; probity in intention or in communicating; earnestness. [1540-50; < L sinceritas. See SINCERE, ...
See sinciput. * * *
—sincipital /sin sip"i tl/, adj. /sin"seuh put'/, n., pl. sinciputs, sincipita /sin sip"i teuh/. Anat. 1. the forepart of the skull. 2. the upper part of the skull. [1570-80; < ...
/sin klair", sing-/ or, for 1, 2, 4, /sin"klair, sing"-/, n. 1. Harry Ford, 1876-1956, U.S. oil businessman: a major figure in the Teapot Dome scandal. 2. May, 1865?-1946, ...
Sinclair C5
➡ Sinclair (I) * * *
Sinclair Lewis
➡ Lewis (VI) * * *
Sinclair, Harry F.
▪ American oilman in full  Harry Ford Sinclair   born , July 6, 1876, Wheeling, W.Va., U.S. died Nov. 10, 1956, Pasadena, Calif.       American oilman who founded ...
Sinclair, Sir Keith
▪ 1994       New Zealand historian (b. Dec. 5, 1922, Auckland, N.Z.—d. June 20, 1993, Canada), presented the history of New Zealand from a nationalist rather than a ...
Sinclair, Upton
▪ American novelist in full  Upton Beall Sinclair   born Sept. 20, 1878, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Nov. 25, 1968, Bound Brook, N.J.  American novelist and polemicist for ...
Sinclair, Upton (Beall)
born Sept. 20, 1878, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Nov. 25, 1968, Bound Brook, N.J. U.S. novelist. He was supporting himself as a journalist when an assignment led him to write The ...
Sinclair,Upton Beall
Sin·clair (sĭn-klârʹ, sĭng-), Upton Beall. 1878-1968. American writer and reformer. His concern with social justice is apparent in his novels, including The Jungle (1906) ...
/sind/, n. a former province of Pakistan, in the lower Indus valley; now part of West Pakistan. 48,136 sq. mi. (125,154 sq. km). Cap.: Karachi. * * * or Sindh Province (pop., ...
Sindbad [sin′bad, sind′bad] n. SINBAD THE SAILOR * * * ➡ Sinbad the Sailor * * *
Sindbad the Sailor
/sind"bad, sin"-/, (in The Arabian Nights' Entertainments) a wealthy citizen of Baghdad who relates the adventures of his seven wonderful voyages. Also called Sinbad. * * * ▪ ...
▪ province, Pakistan also spelled  Sind        province of southeastern Pakistan. It is bordered by the provinces of Balochistān on the west and north, Punjab on ...
/sin"dee/, n., pl. Sindhis, (esp. collectively) Sindhi for 1, adj. n. 1. an inhabitant of Sind. 2. a modern Indic language of the lower Indus valley. adj. 3. of or pertaining to ...
Sindhi language
      northwestern Indo-Aryan language spoken in the province of Sindh, Pakistan, and in the neighbouring Rann of Kutch and Kāthiāwār Peninsula in India. The standard ...
Sindhia Family
▪ Indian rulers       Marāthā ruling family of Gwalior, which for a time in the 18th century dominated the politics of northern India. The dynasty was founded by ...
/sin"deuhn/, n. Archaic. cloth of fine linen or silk, used esp. for shrouds. [1400-50; late ME < L sindon < Gk sindón] * * *
Sindona, Michele
▪ Italian financier born May 8, 1920, Patti, Sicily, Italy died March 22, 1986, Voghera, Italy       Italian financier whose financial empire collapsed amid charges of ...
—sindonologist, n. /sin'deuh nol"euh jee/, n. the scientific study of the Shroud of Turin. [1965-70; < It sindon(e) the shroud in which Christ was interred ( < Gk (NT) sindón ...
/suyn/, n. 1. Trig. a. (in a right triangle) the ratio of the side opposite a given acute angle to the hypotenuse. b. (of an angle) a trigonometric function equal to the ratio of ...
sine curve
Math. a curve described by the equation y = sin x, the ordinate being equal to the sine of the abscissa. [1900-05] * * *
sine die
/suy"nee duy"ee, sin"ay dee"ay/; Lat. /si"ne dee"e/ without fixing a day for future action or meeting: The assembly adjourned sine die. [ < L sine die without (a fixed) day] * * *
sine prole
/suy"nee proh"lee, sin"ay/, Law. without offspring or progeny: to die sine prole. [ < L] * * *
sine qua non
/suy"nee kway non", kwah, sin"ay/; Lat. /si"ne kwah nohn"/ an indispensable condition, element, or factor; something essential: Her presence was the sine qua non of every social ...
sine wave
Physics. a periodic oscillation, as simple harmonic motion, having the same geometric representation as a sine function. [1890-95] * * *
—sinecureship, n. —sinecurism, n. —sinecurist, n. /suy"ni kyoor', sin"i-/, n. 1. an office or position requiring little or no work, esp. one yielding profitable returns. 2. ...
See sinecure. * * *
See sinecurism. * * *
sine curve a graph of sine function; y =sin x Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. The graph of the equation y = sin x. Also called sinusoid. * * *
si·ne di·e (sī'nĭ dīʹē, sĭn'ā dēʹā') adv. Abbr. s.d. Without a day specified for a future meeting; indefinitely: Parliament was dismissed sine die.   [Medieval ...
/suy"neuh met'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand name for a tablet preparation used in the symptomatic treatment of parkinsonism. * * *
Sinemurian Stage
▪ geology       second of the four divisions of the Lower Jurassic Series, representing all rocks formed worldwide during the Sinemurian Age, which occurred between ...
si·ne pro·le (sī'nĭ prōʹlē, sĭn'ā) adv. Law Abbr. s.p. Without offspring.   [New Latin sine prōlē: Latin sine, without + Latin prōlē, ablative of prōlēs, ...
sinequa non
si·ne qua non (sĭn'ĭ kwä nŏnʹ, nōnʹ, sī'nĭ, kwā) n. An essential element or condition: “The perfect cake is the sine qua non of the carefully planned modern ...
—sinewless, adj. /sin"yooh/, n. 1. a tendon. 2. Often, sinews. the source of strength, power, or vigor: the sinews of the nation. 3. strength; power; resilience: a man of great ...
sine wave n. A waveform with deviation that can be graphically expressed as the sine curve. * * *
—sinewiness, n. /sin"yooh ee/, adj. 1. having strong sinews: a sinewy back. 2. of or like sinews; tough, firm, braided, or resilient: a sinewy rope. 3. having conspicuous ...
/sin"fyawt'lee/, n. (in the Volsunga Saga) the son of Signy by her brother Sigmund. [ < ON Sinfjotli; etym. uncert.; cf. OHG Sintarvizzilo personal name] * * *
/sin'foh nee"euh/; It. /seen'faw nee"ah/, n., pl. sinfonias, sinfonie /-nee"ay/; It. /-nee"e/. Music. a symphony. [1880-85; < It; see SYMPHONY] * * * ▪ music plural ...
sinfonia concertante
sinfonia concertante [kän΄sər tän′tā, kän΄chərtän′tā] n. a type of concerto for two or more solo instruments accompanied by an orchestra * * *
/sin'feuhn yet"euh, -fohn-/, n. 1. a short symphony. 2. a small symphony orchestra, often composed solely of stringed instruments. 3. a symphony for fewer than the usual number ...
—sinfully, adv. —sinfulness, n. /sin"feuhl/, adj. characterized by, guilty of, or full of sin; wicked: a sinful life. [bef. 900; ME; OE synfull. See SIN1, -FUL] Syn. ...
See sinful. * * *
See sinfully. * * *
—singable, adj. —singability, singableness, n. —singingly, adv. /sing/, v., sang or, often, sung; sung; singing; n. v.i. 1. to utter words or sounds in succession with ...
Sing a Song of Sixpence
an old English children’s song, which may refer to the life of Henry VIII. Some people think that the birds in the song represent the Roman Catholic choirs after the ...
Sing Sing
/sing" sing'/ 1. the state prison at Ossining, New York. 2. former name of Ossining. * * *
/sing"euh lawng', -long'/, n. 1. an informal or unrehearsed singing of songs by a group of people, usually under the direction of a leader; songfest. 2. an occasion marked by ...
singular. * * *
See sing. * * *
singalong [siŋ′ə lôŋ΄] n. 1. an informal gathering of people to join in the singing of songs 2. a form of entertainment in which the audience or patrons, as of a nightclub ...
Chin. /see"ngahn"/, n. Older Spelling. Xian. * * *
▪ Korean politics       united national independence front formed by the Korean (Korea) nationalists and the Korean communists that was organized in 1927 to seek more ...
—Singaporean, n., adj. /sing"geuh pawr', -pohr', sing"euh-/, n. 1. an island on the Strait of Singapore, off the S tip of the Malay Peninsula. 2. an independent republic ...
Singapore Botanic Gardens
▪ gardens, Singapore officially  Botanic Gardens        botanical garden in Singapore that is one of the world's finest in terms of both its aesthetic appeal and the ...
Singapore sling
a cocktail of gin, cherry brandy, sugar, and water. [1925-30] * * *
Singapore Strait
▪ channel, southeast Asia       channel extending for 65 miles (105 km) between the Strait of Malacca (west) and the South China Sea (east). The strait is 10 miles (16 ...
Singapore, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally divided red-white national flag with a white crescent and five stars in the upper hoist corner. The width-to-length ratio of the ...
See Singapore. * * * ➡ Singapore * * *
Singapore Strait A strait off the southern end of the Malay Peninsula between Singapore Island and the Riau Archipelago. It connects the Strait of Malacca with the South China ...
▪ Indonesia also spelled  Singaradja        city, Bali propinsi (province), north-central Bali, Indonesia. It is located near the north coast and is linked by road ...
—singeingly, adv. /sinj/, v., singed, singeing, n. v.t. 1. to burn superficially or slightly; scorch. 2. to burn the ends, projections, nap, or the like, of (hair, cloth, ...
singer1 /sing"euhr/, n. 1. a person who sings, esp. a trained or professional vocalist. 2. a poet. 3. a singing bird. [1300-50; ME; see SING, -ER1] singer2 /sin"jeuhr/, n. a ...
/sing"euhr/, n. 1. Isaac Bashevis /bah shev"is/, 1904-91, U.S. novelist and short-story writer (in Yiddish), born in Poland: Nobel prize 1978. 2. Isaac Merrit /mer"it/, 1811-75, ...
Singer Company
▪ American corporation       corporation that grew out of the sewing-machine (sewing machine) business founded in the United States by Isaac M. Singer (Singer, Isaac ...
Singer NV
U.S. sewing-machine manufacturer. The company began in 1851, when Isaac Merritt Singer (1811–75) patented the first practical sewing machine for domestic use. By 1860 I.M. ...
Singer, I.J.
▪ American author in full  Israel Joshua Singer , also spelled  Yisroel Yeshue Zinger , Yisroel also spelled  Yisroyel  born Nov. 30, 1893, Biłgoraj, Pol. died Feb. 10, ...
Singer, Isaac Bashevis
Yiddish Yitskhok Bashevis Zinger born July 14?, 1904, Radzymin, Pol., Russian Empire died July 24, 1991, Surfside, Fla., U.S. Polish-born U.S. writer of novels, short stories, ...
Singer, Isaac Merrit
▪ American inventor born Oct. 27, 1811, Pittstown, N.Y., U.S. died July 23, 1875, Torquay, Devon, Eng.       American inventor who developed and brought into general ...
Singer, Isaac Merritt
born Oct. 27, 1811, Pittstown, N.Y., U.S. died July 23, 1875, Torquay, Devon, Eng. U.S. inventor and manufacturer. He became an apprentice machinist at 19. He patented a ...
Singer, Isadore Manuel
▪ American mathematician born May 3, 1924, Detroit, Mich., U.S.       American mathematician awarded, together with the British mathematician Sir Michael Francis Atiyah ...
Singer, Peter
▪ Australian philosopher born July 6, 1946, Melbourne, Austl.       Australian ethical and political philosopher, best known for his work in bioethics and his role as ...
Singer, Sir Hans Wolfgang
▪ 2007       German-born British economist (b. Nov. 29, 1910, Elberfeld, Ger.—d. Feb. 26, 2006, Brighton, East Sussex, Eng.), was a leading development economist noted ...
Singer,Isaac Bashevis
Sing·er (sĭngʹər), Isaac Bashevis. 1904-1991. Polish-born American Yiddish writer who has published such collections as Gimpel the Fool (1957) and Passions (1975). He won ...
Singer,Isaac Merritt
Singer, Isaac Merritt. 1811-1875. American inventor and manufacturer who patented (1851) a sewing machine capable of making continuous stitches. * * *
▪ music Introduction       professional troubadours performing autobiographical songs who ascended in the early 1970s to the forefront of commercial pop in the wake of ...
▪ art       (French: “monkey trick”), type of humorous picture of monkeys fashionably attired and aping human behaviour, painted by a number of French artists in the ...
Singh Sabha
▪ Sikhism Punjabi“Society of the Singhs”       19th-century movement within Sikhism that began as a defense against the proselytizing activities of Christian ...
Singh Sabha Movement
➡ Sri Guru Singh Sabha Gurdwara * * *
Singh, Charan
▪ prime minister of India born Dec. 23, 1902, Noorpur, Uttar Pradesh, India died May 29, 1987, New Delhi       Indian politician who served briefly as prime minister ...
Singh, Ganesh Man
▪ 1998       Nepalese political activist who during some 50 years of struggle against Nepal's monarchy was a leader in the fight for democracy (b. November 1915—d. ...
Singh, Kushal Pal
▪ 2008 born Aug. 15, 1931, Bulandshahar, Uttar Pradesh, India       In 2007 real-estate baron Kushal Pal Singh became India's second richest person following the wildly ...
Singh, Manmohan
▪ 2005       Manmohan Singh, who had been credited with saving India from economic collapse during his tenure as finance minister (1991–96), was appointed India's 14th ...
Singh, Raghubir
▪ Indian photographer born Oct. 22, 1942, Jaipur, India died April 18, 1999, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Indian photographer noted for his evocative documentation of the ...
Singh, Rana Pratāp
▪ ruler of Mewar born 1545?, Mewār, India died Jan. 19, 1597, Mewār       Hindu maharaja (1572–97) of the Rājput confederacy of Mewār, now in northwest India and ...
Singh, V(ishwanath) P(ratap)
▪ 2009       Indian politician born June 25, 1931, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, British India died Nov. 27, 2008, New Delhi, India was prime minister (Dec. 2, 1989–Nov. ...
Singh, V.P.
▪ prime minister of India in full  Vishwanath Pratap Singh  born June 25, 1931, Allahabad, India died Nov. 27, 2008, New Delhi       politician and government ...
Singh, Zail
▪ 1995       (JARNAIL SINGH), Indian politician (b. May 5, 1916, Sandhwan, Punjab, India—d. Dec. 25, 1994, Chandigarh, India), was India's seventh president (1982-87) ...
Singhalese. * * *
/sing'geuh leez", -lees"/, adj., n., pl. Singhalese. Sinhalese. * * *
▪ historical kingdom, Indonesia       kingdom based in eastern Java that emerged in the first half of the 13th century after the decline of the kingdom of Kaḍiri. ...
▪ music       the production of musical tones by means of the human voice. It is the oldest form of music making. In its physical aspect, singing has a well-defined ...
singing game
a children's game in which the players perform certain actions to the words of a song. [1880-85] * * *
/sing"ing fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) singingfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) singingfishes. midshipman (def. 3). [1880-85, Amer.; SINGING + FISH; ...
Singin’ in the Rain
an MGM film (1952) which many people think is the best musical comedy film ever made. The stars were Gene Kelly, Debbie Reynolds and Donald O’Connor. The story is about the ...
Singitic Gulf
Inlet of the Aegean Sea, northeastern Greece. It is the larger and deeper of two gulfs (the other being Ierisoú Gulf) that extend into the peninsula of the historical region in ...
/sing"geuhl/, adj., v., singled, singling, n. adj. 1. only one in number; one only; unique; sole: a single example. 2. of, pertaining to, or suitable for one person only: a ...
single bond
Chem. a chemical linkage consisting of one covalent bond between two atoms of a molecule, represented in chemical formulas by one line or two vertical dots, as C-H or C:H. * * *
single buoy mooring
Naut. monobuoy. * * *
single combat
combat between two persons. [1600-10] * * *
single crystal
▪ crystallography       any solid object in which an orderly three-dimensional arrangement of the atoms, ions, or molecules is repeated throughout the entire volume. ...
single cut
Jewelry. a simple form of brilliant cut, having eight facets above and eight facets below the girdle, as well as the table, and usually a culet. Also called eight cut, Old ...
single entry
—single-entry, adj. Bookkeeping. 1. an item noted only once. 2. a simple accounting system noting only amounts owed by and due to a business. Cf. double entry. [1820-30] * * *
single file
a line of persons or things arranged one behind the other; Indian file. [1660-70] * * *
single knot.
See overhand knot. [1925-30] * * *
single malt
single malt adj. designating Scotch whisky that is produced by a single distiller in a single batch and not blended * * *
single man
Checkers. an individual checker restricted to forward moves, as contrasted with a king. * * *
single modal
Transp. modal (def. 3). * * *
single occupancy
—single-occupancy, adj. a type of travel accommodation, as at a hotel, for one person in a room. Cf. double occupancy. * * *
single photon emission computed tomography
▪ imaging technique  imaging technique used in biomedical research and in diagnosis. SPECT is similar to positron emission tomography (PET), in which a compound labeled ...
single point mooring
Naut. monobuoy. [1975-80] * * *
single precision
Computers. using one word rather than two or more to represent a number. Cf. double precision. * * *
single premium
a single payment that covers the entire cost of an insurance policy. [1875-80] * * *
single quotes
(one pair of single quotation marks, written as (' ') and used esp. for a quotation within another quotation): He said, "I told you to say 'Open, sesame' when you want to enter ...
single rhyme
a rhyme of monosyllables, as in heart, part. * * *
single sculls
a race for sculls each rowed by one oarsman using a pair of oars. Cf. double sculls. * * *
single Spanish burton
a tackle having a runner as well as the fall supporting the load, giving a mechanical advantage of three, neglecting friction. See diag. under tackle. * * *
single standard
1. a single set of principles or rules applying to everyone, as a single moral code applying to both men and women, esp. in sexual behavior. Cf. double standard. 2. ...
single tape.
See under magnetic tape. * * *
single tax
—single-tax, adj. Econ. a tax, as on land, that constitutes the sole source of public revenue. [1875-80, Amer.] * * * Tax on land values intended as the sole source of ...
single ticket
Brit. a one-way ticket. * * *
single transferable vote
▪ politics also called  Hare system        multimember district proportional representation method of election in which a voter ranks candidates in order of ...
single whip.
See under whip (def. 27). * * *
single wicket
a rare form of cricket in which only one wicket is used. [1730-40] * * *
single wingback formation
Football. an offensive formation in which the wingback lines up outside of and about one yard behind an end, the quarterback lines up lateral to the wingback but about midway ...
/sing"geuhl ak"ting/, adj. (of a reciprocating engine, pump, etc.) having pistons accomplishing work only in one direction. Cf. double-acting (def. 1). [1815-25] * * *
/sing"geuhl ak"sheuhn/, adj. (of a firearm) requiring the cocking of the hammer before firing each shot: a single-action revolver. [1850-55] * * *
—single-barreled; esp. Brit., single-barrelled, adj. /sing"geuhl bar"euhl/, n. a gun having one barrel, esp. a shotgun. [1840-50] * * *
/sing"geuhl bluynd"/, adj. of or pertaining to an experiment or clinical trial in which the researchers but not the subjects know which subjects are receiving the active ...
/sing"geuhl bres"tid/, adj. 1. (of a coat, jacket, etc.) having a front closure directly in the center with only a narrow overlap secured by a single button or row of buttons. 2. ...
sin·gle-cell protein (sĭngʹgəl-sĕl') n. Abbr. SCP A protein extracted from cultured algae, yeasts, or bacteria and used as a substitute for protein-rich foods, especially in ...
/sing"geuhl kraws", -kros"/, n. Genetics. a cross between two inbred lines. [1935-40] * * *
/sing"geuhl kut"/, adj. noting a file having a series of parallel cutting ridges in one direction only. Cf. double-cut. * * *
/sing"geuhl dij"it/, adj. of or denoting a percentage smaller than ten, esp. with reference to rates below that level: single-digit rates of inflation. * * *
/sing"geuhl en"did/, adj. 1. (of a boiler) fired from one end only. 2. Elect. (of a circuit or transmission line) unbalanced, as when one part of a circuit is grounded. * * *
sin·gle-fam·i·ly (sĭngʹgəl-fămʹə-lē, -fămʹlē) adj. Relating to or being a dwelling designed for one family only: a single-family home; single-family occupancy. * * *
/sing"geuhl foot'/, n. 1. rack3 (def. 1). v.i. 2. (of a horse) to go at a rack. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
See single-foot. * * *
sin·gle-hand (sĭngʹgəl-hănd') tr.v. sin·gle-·hand·ed, sin·gle-·hand·ing, sin·gle-·hands To sail (a boat) without the help of others: “a business executive who ...
—single-handedness, n. /sing"geuhl han"did/, adj. 1. accomplished or done by one person alone: a single-handed victory; single-handed sailing. 2. by one's own effort; ...
/sing"geuhl han"did lee/, adv. in a single-handed manner; single-handed. [1880-85] * * *
See single-handedly. * * *
See single-hand. * * *
—single-heartedly, adv. —single-heartedness, n. /sing"geuhl hahr"tid/, adj. sincere and undivided in feeling or spirit; dedicated; not reflecting mixed emotions: He was ...
See single-hearted. * * *
See single-heartedly. * * *
/sing"geuhl hung"/, adj. (of a window) having two sashes, only one of which is movable. [1815-25] * * *
sin·gle-is·sue (sĭngʹgəl-ĭshʹo͞o) adj. Of, relating to, or concerned with a single public issue, especially a controversial one, to the exclusion of all other ...
/sing"geuhl nit'/, n. 1. a fabric made on warp knit. 2. a garment made of single-knit. * * *
single-lens reflex
single-lens reflex [siŋ′gəl lenz′] n. a reflex camera in which a single lens supplies both the image on the exposed film and that reflected in the viewfinder * * *
single-lens reflex camera
/sing"geuhl lenz'/. See under reflex camera. Abbr.: SLR Also called single-lens reflex. * * *
sin·gle-lens reflex (sĭngʹgəl-lĕnz') adj. Abbr. SLR Of or designating a form of reflex camera in which the reflecting mirror retracts when the shutter is released. * * *
/sing"geuhl mawlt'/, adj. 1. (of whiskey, esp. Scotch) made from unblended malt whiskey distilled at one distillery. n. 2. single-malt whiskey, esp. Scotch. [1985-90] * * *
—single-mindedly, adv. —single-mindedness, n. /sing"geuhl muyn"did/, adj. 1. having or showing a single aim or purpose: a single-minded program. 2. dedicated; resolute; ...
See single-minded. * * *
See single-mindedly. * * *
single-name paper
/sing"geuhl naym'/, Banking. commercial paper bearing only the signature of the maker. * * *
/sing"geuhl fayz'/, adj. Elect. noting or pertaining to a circuit having an alternating current with one phase or with phases differing by 180°. [1895-1900] * * *
/sing"geuhl seks'/, adj. designated for, pertaining to, or serving only males or only females: a single-sex college. [1935-40] * * *
/sing"geuhl shot"/, adj. (of a firearm) requiring loading before each shot; not having or using a cartridge magazine. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
single-sideband [siŋ′gəlsīd′band΄] adj. of or pertaining to a system of radio transmission in which one of the two sidebands produced during modulation is suppressed * * *
/sing"geuhl spays"/, v., single-spaced, single-spacing. v.t. 1. to type (copy) on each line space. v.i. 2. to type copy leaving no blank spaces between lines. [1935-40] * * *
☆ single-sticker [siŋ′gəlstik΄ər ] n. [Old Informal] a sailboat, esp. a sloop, having only one mast * * *
/sing"geuhl sooh'teuhr/, n. one-suiter. [single suit + -ER1] * * *
➡ council area * * *
/sing"geuhl trak"/, adj. 1. (of a railroad or section of a railroad's route) having but one set of tracks, so that trains going in opposite directions must be scheduled to meet ...
/sing"geuhl val"yoohd/, adj. Math. (of a function) having the property that each element in the domain has corresponding to it exactly one element in the range. Cf. ...
single blind n. A testing procedure in which the administrators do not tell the subjects if they are being given a test treatment or a control treatment in order to avoid bias in ...
single bond n. A covalent bond in which one electron pair is shared by two atoms. * * *
single cross n. Genetics The hybrid of two inbred lines. It can be represented as AB, the product of the cross A × B, where A and B represent inbred lines. * * *
single entry n. A system of bookkeeping in which a business keeps only a single account showing amounts due and amounts owed. * * *
single file n. A line of people, animals, or things standing or moving one behind the other. Also called Indian file.   single file adv. * * *
/sing"geuhl hood'/, n. the status of being unmarried. [1830-40; SINGLE + -HOOD] * * *
single knot n. See overhand knot. * * *
/sing"geuhl nis/, n. the state or quality of being single. [1520-30; SINGLE + -NESS] * * *
singles bar
a bar or tavern catering to a clientele composed chiefly of single men and women, esp. those seeking a lover or spouse. Also called dating bar. [1965-70] * * *
sin·gles bar (sĭngʹgəlz) n. A bar patronized especially by unmarried men and women. * * *
single standard n. A set of principles applying the same standard to everyone, especially a moral code regarding the sexual behavior of both men and women. * * *
/sing"geuhl stik'/, n. 1. a short, heavy stick. 2. (formerly) a. a wooden stick held in one hand, used instead of a sword in fencing. b. fencing with such a stick. [1765-75; ...
/sing"geuhl stik'euhr/, n. Informal. a vessel, esp. a sloop or cutter, having one mast. [1885-90; SINGLE + STICK1 + -ER1] * * *
/sing"glit/, n. 1. a sleeveless athletic jersey, esp. a loose-fitting top worn by runners, joggers, etc. 2. a single unit; an unpaired or separate item. 3. Chiefly Brit. a man's ...
single tax n. A system by which all revenue is derived from a tax on one thing, especially land. * * *
/sing"geuhl teuhn/, n. 1. a person or thing occurring singly, esp. an individual set apart from others: a research program involving twins and singletons. 2. Cards. a card that ...
Singleton, Henry Earl
▪ 2000       American engineer who was the cofounder of the semiconductor maker Teledyne Inc., guided it in its growth into a hundred-company conglomerate, and invested ...
Singleton, Penny
▪ 2004 Mariana Dorothy Agnes Letitia McNulty        American actress (b. Sept. 15, 1908, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Nov. 12, 2003, Sherman Oaks, Calif.), was best known for ...
/sing"geuhl tree'/, n. whiffletree. [1835-45, Amer.; var. of SWINGLETREE] * * *
sin·gle·wide (sĭngʹgəl-wīd') n. A mobile home 14 feet (4.3 meters) in width, used as a permanent residence.   sinʹgle·wide' adj. * * *
/sing"glee/, adv. 1. apart from others; separately. 2. one at a time; as single units. 3. singlehanded; alone. [1250-1300; ME senglely. See SINGLE, -LY] * * *
/sing"sawng', -song'/, n. 1. verse, or a piece of verse, that is monotonously jingly in rhythm and pattern of pitch. 2. monotonous rhythmical cadence, tone, or sound. 3. Brit. an ...
See singsong. * * *
/sing"speel'/; Ger. /zing"shpeel'/, n. a German opera, esp. of the 18th century, using spoken dialogue and resembling ballad opera. [1880-85; < G, equiv. to sing(en) to SING + ...
—singularly, adv. —singularness, n. /sing"gyeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. extraordinary; remarkable; exceptional: a singular success. 2. unusual or strange; odd; different: singular ...
singular point
Math. a point at which a given function of a complex variable has no derivative but of which every neighborhood contains points at which the function has derivatives. Also called ...
singular solution
▪ mathematics  in mathematics, solution of a differential equation that cannot be obtained from the general solution gotten by the usual method of solving the differential ...
/sing'gyeuh lar"i tee/, n., pl. singularities for 2-4. 1. the state, fact, or quality of being singular. 2. a singular, unusual, or unique quality; peculiarity. 3. Math. See ...
—singularization, n. /sing"gyeuh leuh ruyz'/, v.t., singularized, singularizing. to make singular. Also, esp. Brit., singularise. [1580-90; SINGULAR + -IZE] * * *
See singular. * * *
See singularly. * * *
singular point n. See singularity. * * *
sin·gu·la·tive (sĭngʹgyə-lā'tĭv, -lə-tĭv) adj. Of or relating to a linguistic form or construction that expresses a singular entity, often as opposed to a collective, ...
—singultous, adj. /sing gul"teuhs/, n., pl. singultuses. Med. a hiccup. Also, singultation /sing'geuhl tay"sheuhn/. [1745-55; < L: sob, dying breath, hiccup] * * *
/sinch/, n. Math. hyperbolic sine. [SIN(E) + H(YPERBOLIC)] * * *
Sinha, Satyendra Prassano, 1st Baron Sinha of Raipur
▪ Indian statesman born June 1864, Raipur, India died March 6, 1928, Berhampur       Indian lawyer and statesman who had an extremely successful legal career, won high ...
Chin. /shin"huy"lyun"/, n. Older Spelling. Xinhailian. * * *
Sinhala [sin hä′lə] adj. SINHALESE (adj. ) n. SINHALESE (n. 2) * * * Sin·ha·la (sĭn-häʹlə) n. pl. Sinhala or Sin·ha·las 1. A Sinhalese. 2. The Sinhalese ...
Sinhala Maha Sabha
▪ Ceylonese political group       political group in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) that was founded in 1937 by S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike. It was a communally oriented group and ...
Sinhala Only Bill
▪ 1956, Sri Lanka       (1956), act passed by the government of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) making Sinhalese the official language of the country. The bill was the first step ...
/sin'heuh leez", -lees"/, adj., n., pl. Sinhalese for 2. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Sri Lanka, its native people, or their language. n. 2. a member of the Sinhalese people. 3. ...
Sinhalese language
also spelled  Singhalese  or  Cingalese , also called  Sinhala        Indo-Aryan language, one of the two official languages of Sri Lanka. It was taken there by ...
/sin"euh siz'euhm/, n. something characteristic of or peculiar to the Chinese; a Chinese method, custom, or usage. [1890-95; Sinic Chinese ( < ML Sinicus < MGk Sinikós, equiv. ...
See Sinicize. * * *
—Sinicization /sin'euh seuh zay"sheuhn/, n. /sin"euh suyz'/, v.t., Sinicized, Sinicizing. to make Chinese in character or bring under Chinese influence. Also, esp. Brit., ...
See Sinify. * * *
—Sinification /sin'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. /sin"euh fuy'/, v.t., Sinified, Sinifying. to Sinicize. [1895-1900; < LL Sin(ae) the Chinese (see SINO-) + -IFY] * * *
/sin"i grin/, n. Chem. a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble solid, KC10H16NO9S2·H2O, found chiefly in the seeds of the black mustard, that deters some insect predators. Also ...
/shee"ning"/, n. Older Spelling. Xining. Also, Hsining. * * *
—sinisterly, adv. —sinisterness, n. /sin"euh steuhr/, adj. 1. threatening or portending evil, harm, or trouble; ominous: a sinister remark. 2. bad, evil, base, or wicked; ...
See sinister. * * *
See sinisterly. * * *
—sinistrally, adv. /sin"euh streuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or on the left side; left (opposed to dextral). 2. left-handed. 3. (of certain gastropod shells) coiling ...
/sin'euh stral"i tee/, n. 1. the state or quality of having the left side or its parts or members different from and, usually, more efficient than the right side or its parts or ...
See sinistral. * * *
/sin'euh stray"sheuhn/, n. the quality or state of being left-handed. [1890-95; SINISTR- + -ATION] * * *
a combining form meaning "left, on the left," used in the formation of compound words: sinistrodextral. [ < L sinistr-, s. of sinister (see SINISTER) + -O-] * * *
—sinistrocularity, n. /sin'euh strok"yeuh leuhr/, adj. Ophthalm. favoring the left eye, rather than the right, by habit or for effective vision (opposed to ...
/sin'euh stroh deks"treuhl, si nis'troh-/, adj. moving or extending from the left to the right. [SINISTRO- + DEXTRAL] * * *
—sinistrorsely /sin"euh strawrs'lee, sin'euh strawrs"-/, adv. /sin"euh strawrs', si nis"trawrs, sin'euh strawrs"/, adj. Bot. (from a point of view at the center of the spiral) ...
See sinistrorse. * * *
—sinistrously, adv. /sin"euh streuhs/, adj. 1. ill-omened; unlucky; disastrous. 2. sinistral; left. [1550-60; < L sinistr-, s. of sinister (see SINISTER) + -OUS] * * *
See sinistrous. * * *
/si nit"ik/, n. 1. a branch of Sino-Tibetan consisting of the various local languages and dialects whose speakers share literary Chinese as their standard language. adj. 2. of or ...
—sinkable, adj. —sinklike, adj. /singk/, v., sank or, often, sunk; sunk or sunken; sinking; n. v.i. 1. to displace part of the volume of a supporting substance or object and ...
See sink. * * *
/sing"kij/, n. 1. the act, process, amount, or degree of sinking. 2. a surface sunk for decorative effect. 3. Print. a. the lowering of the first line of body text on a page from ...
—sinkerless, adj. /sing"keuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that sinks. 2. a person employed in sinking, as one who sinks shafts. 3. a weight, as of lead, for sinking a fishing ...
sink·er·ball (sĭngʹkər-bôl') n. Baseball A pitched ball that sinks sharply as it reaches the plate; a sinker. * * *
/singk"hohl'/, n. 1. a hole formed in soluble rock by the action of water, serving to conduct surface water to an underground passage. 2. Also called sink. a depressed area in ...
Sinkiang [sin′kyaŋ′; ] Chin [ shin′jyäŋ′] a former transliteration of XINJIANG * * *
Sinkiang Uighur
Chin. /shin"jyahng" wee"geuhrdd/. See Xinjiang Uygur. * * *

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