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Sinkiang, Uygur Autonomous Region of
▪ autonomous region, China Introduction Uygur also spelled  Uighur,  Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Hsin-chiang Wei-wu-erh Tzu-chih-ch'ü,  (Pinyin)  Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, ...
Sin·kiang Ui·ghur or Sin·kiang Ui·gur (sĭnʹkyängʹ wēʹgər, shĭnʹjyängʹ) See Xinjiang Uygur. * * *
sinking fund
a fund to extinguish an indebtedness, usually a bond issue. [1715-25] * * * Fund set aside by a corporation or government agency for the purpose of periodically redeeming bonds, ...
sinking spell
a temporary decline, as in health or market values: Wall Street is over its sinking spell. * * *
sink·ing fund (sĭngʹkĭng) n. A fund accumulated to pay off a corporate or public debt. * * *
/singk"lis/, adj. unsinkable, as a ship. [SINK + -LESS] * * *
—sinlessly, adv. —sinlessness, n. /sin"lis/, adj. free from or without sin. [bef. 900; ME sinles, OE synleas. See SIN1, -LESS] * * *
Sinn Fein
—Sinn Feiner. —Sinn Feinism. /shin" fayn"/ 1. a political organization in Ireland, founded about 1905, advocating the complete political separation from Great Britain of a ...
Sinn Feinism
See SinnFeiner. * * *
/sin"euhr/, n. a person who sins; transgressor. [1275-1325; ME; see SIN1, -ER1] * * *
/sin"it/, n. sennit. * * *
Sinn Fein (shĭn fānʹ, fĕʹĭn) n. An Irish political and cultural society founded about 1905 to promote political and economic independence from England, unification of ...
See Sinn Fein. * * *
/si nin"jee euh/, n. any of various tropical American plants belonging to the genus Sinningia, of the gesneria family, including the gloxinia and other species cultivated as ...
(as used in expressions) Sino French War Sino Japanese War Sino Tibetan languages * * *
a combining form representing sinus in compound words: sinorespiratory. * * *
a combining form meaning "Chinese": Sino-Tibetan; Sinology. [ < NL, comb. form repr. LL Sinae the Chinese < LGk Sînai
Sino-French War
(1883–85) Conflict between China and France over Vietnam. It revealed the inadequacy of China's modernization efforts and aroused nationalistic sentiment in southern China. In ...
Sino-Japanese [sī′nō jap΄ə nēz′] adj. having to do with both China and Japan * * *
Sino-Japanese War
/suy"noh jap"euh neez', -nees', -jap'euh neez", -nees"/ 1. the war (1894-95) between China and Japan over the control of Korea that resulted in the nominal independence of Korea ...
/suy'noh ti bet"n, sin'oh-/, n. a family of languages including esp. Burmese, Tibetan, and the various local languages and dialects whose speakers share literary Chinese as their ...
Sino-Tibetan languages
Superfamily of languages whose two branches are the Sinitic or Chinese languages and the Tibeto-Burman family, an assemblage of several hundred very diverse languages spoken by ...
si·no·a·tri·al (sī'nō-āʹtrē-əl) adj. Of or relating to the sinoatrial node: a sinoatrial heart block.   [sinus + atrial.] * * *
sinoatrial node
/suy"noh ay"tree euhl, suy'-/, Anat. a small mass of tissue in the right atrium functioning as pacemaker of the heart by giving rise to the electric impulses that initiate heart ...
sinoatrial node n. A small mass of specialized cardiac muscle fibers located in the posterior wall of the right atrium of the heart that acts as a pacemaker by generating at ...
si·no·au·ric·u·lar (sī'nō-ô-rĭkʹyə-lər) adj. Sinoatrial.   [sinus + auricular.] * * *
sinoauricular node n. See sinoatrial node. * * *
See Sinology. * * *
/suy nol"euh jist, si-/, n. a person who specializes in Sinology. Also, Sinologue /suyn"l awg', -og', sin"-/. [1830-40; Sinologue (see SINO-, -LOGUE) + -IST] * * *
Si·no·logue also Sin·o·log (sīʹnə-lôg', -lŏg', sĭnʹə-) n. A student of or specialist in Sinology. * * *
—Sinological /suyn'l oj"i keuhl, sin'-/, adj. /suy nol"euh jee, si-/, n. the study of the language, literature, history, customs, etc., of China. [1880-85; SINO- + -LOGY; cf. ...
/suy"non/, n. a Greek, posing as a deserter, who persuaded the Trojans to take the Trojan Horse into their city. * * *
▪ Turkey historically  Sinope   seaport on the southern coast of the Black Sea, northern Turkey. It lies on an isthmus linking the Boztepe Peninsula to the mainland and ...
/seuh noh"pee/, n. Astron. a natural satellite of the planet Jupiter. * * *
/suy"neuh fuyl', sin"euh-/, n. 1. a person who admires or has a strong liking for China, the Chinese, or their culture. adj. 2. friendly to or having a strong liking for China or ...
See Sinophile. * * *
Si·no·phobe (sīʹnə-fōb', sĭnʹ-) n. One who fears or dislikes China, its people, or its culture.   Si'no·phoʹbi·a n. Si'no·phoʹbic adj. * * *
See Sinophobe. * * *
See Sinophobia. * * *
/sin"euh peuhs, si noh"peuhs/, n. a red ocher, used from antiquity to the Middle Ages. Also, sinopia /si noh"pee euh/, sinoper /sin"euh peuhr/. [ < L Sinopis ocher found in ...
Sinopoli, Giuseppe
▪ 2002       Italian conductor and composer (b. Nov. 2, 1946, Venice, Italy—d. April 20, 2001, Berlin, Ger.), performed with an intensity and daring that made him one ...
/suy'noh res"peuhr euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, -ri spuyeur"euh-/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or affecting the paranasal sinuses and the respiratory tract. [SINO- + RESPIRATORY] * * ...
/sinz/, n. a gyroscopic device indicating the exact speed and position of a vessel, as indicated by differences in positions over a given period on a given course, as well as the ...
/sin'seuh mil"euh/, n. marijuana from seedless female hemp plants that contain very high levels of THC. [1975-80; < AmerSp, equiv. to Sp sin without ( < L sine) + semilla seed, ...
Chin. /shin"shyahng"/, n. Older Spelling. Xinxiang. * * *
/sin"suyn/, adv. Scot. and North Eng. from that time; since then. [1325-75; Scots and N dial. sin subsequent to, after (ME, var. of sithen, OE siththan SITH) + SYNE; r. ME ...
Sint Anna Bay
▪ bay, Netherlands Antilles English  Santa Anna Bay , Dutch  Sint Anna Baai        deep channel separating the two parts of Willemstad, capital of Curaçao, in the ...
Sint Eustatius
▪ island, Netherlands Antilles English  Saint Eustatius , also called  Statia   island of the Netherlands Antilles, in the Caribbean Sea. It lies 7 miles (11 km) ...
Sint Maarten
/sint mahr"tn/. See St. Martin. * * * ▪ part of Netherlands Antilles also spelled  Saint Martin   part of the Netherlands Antilles occupying the southern third of the ...
sin tax n. Informal A tax on certain items, such as cigarettes and alcohol, that are regarded as neither necessities nor luxuries. * * *
/sin"teuhr/, n. 1. siliceous or calcareous matter deposited by springs, as that formed around the vent of a geyser. 2. Metall. the product of a sintering operation. v.t. 3. ...
See sinter. * * *
Welding together of small particles of metal by applying heat at temperatures below the melting point. The process is used to form complex shapes, to produce alloys, and to ...
Sintra [sēn′trə, sin′trə] city in W Portugal, northwest of Lisbon: pop. 225,000 * * * ▪ Portugal formerly  Cintra,    three freguesias (parishes) and a concelho ...
Sintra Mountains
▪ mountain range, Portugal Portuguese  Serra De Sintra,         mountain range, Lisboa distrito (“district”), western Portugal. It extends about 10 miles (16 km) ...
—sinuately, adv. adj. /sin"yooh it, -ayt'/, v. /sin"yooh ayt'/, adj., v., sinuated, sinuating. adj. Also, sinuated. 1. bent in and out; winding; sinuous. 2. Bot. having the ...
See sinuate. * * *
/sin'yooh ay"sheuhn/, n. a winding; sinuosity. [1645-55; < LL sinuation- (s. of sinuatio). See SINUATE, -ION] * * *
▪ Egyptian official flourished 20th century BCE       protagonist of a literary tale set in the early 12th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (1938–c. 1756 BCE) who fled Egypt ...
/shin"wee"jooh"/, n. a city in W North Korea, on the Yalu River. 165,000. * * * ▪ North Korea       city, capital of South Hamgyŏng province, northwestern North Korea ...
sinumbra lamp
/si num"breuh/ an unshaded sperm-oil lamp consisting of a translucent glass globe supported on a pedestal: a form of astral lamp. Also, sinumbral lamp. [1825-35; < L sin(e) ...
/sin'yooh os"i tee/, n., pl. sinuosities. 1. Often, sinuosities. a curve, bend, or turn: a sinuosity of the road. 2. a sinuous form or character. [1590-1600; < ML sinuositas. See ...
—sinuously, adv. —sinuousness, n. /sin"yooh euhs/, adj. 1. having many curves, bends, or turns; winding: a sinuous path. 2. indirect; devious: sinuous questions. 3. ...
See sinuous. * * *
See sinuously. * * *
—sinuslike, adj. /suy"neuhs/, n., pl. sinuses. 1. a curve; bend. 2. a curving part or recess. 3. Anat. a. any of various cavities, recesses, or passages, as a hollow in a bone, ...
Sinus Iridum
/see"neuhs ir"i deuhm, suy"-/ (Bay of Rainbows) a semicircular dark plain in the second quadrant of the face of the moon. * * *
Sinus Meridianii
/see"neuhs meuh rid'ee ah"nee ee', suy"neuhs meuh rid'ee ay"nee uy'/ an area on the equator of Mars, appearing as a dark region when viewed telescopically from the earth. * * *
sinus node
/suy"neuhs/, Anat. See sinoatrial node. * * *
Sinus of Valsalva
/suy"neuhs euhv val sal"veuh/, Anat. any of the pouches of the aorta and the pulmonary artery opposite the flaps of the semilunar valves into which blood returning to the heart ...
Sinus Sabaeus
/see"neuhs sa bee"euhs, suy"-/ an area in the southern hemisphere and near the equator of Mars, appearing dark when viewed telescopically from the earth. * * *
sinus squeeze
▪ pathology also called  Aerosinusitis, or Barosinusitis,         pain, inflammation, and possible bleeding of the membranes lining the sinus cavities in the head, ...
/suy'neuh suy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of a sinus or the sinuses. [1900-05; < NL; see SINUS, -ITIS] * * * Inflammation of the sinuses. Acute sinusitis, usually due to ...
sinus node n. See sinoatrial node. * * *
/suy"neuh soyd'/, n. Math. a curve described by the equation y = a sin x, the ordinate being proportional to the sine of the abscissa. [1815-25; SINUS + -OID] * * * ▪ ...
—sinusoidally, adv. /suy'neuh soyd"l/, adj. 1. Math. of or pertaining to a sinusoid. 2. having a magnitude that varies as the sine of an independent variable: a sinusoidal ...
sinusoidal projection
Cartog. an equal-area projection in which parallels are straight lines spaced at regular intervals, the central meridian is a straight line one-half the length of the equator, ...
See sinusoidal. * * *
sinusoidal projection Jerry Malone n. A map projection in which areas are equal to corresponding areas on a globe, the parallels and the prime meridian being straight lines and ...
sinus ve·no·sus (vē-nōʹsəs) n. The first chamber in the heart of fish, amphibians, and reptiles, which receives blood from the veins and contracts to force the blood into ...
Sinyavsky, Andrey Donatovich
▪ 1998       Russian writer and dissident (b. Oct. 8, 1925, Moscow, U.S.S.R.—d. Feb. 25, 1997, Fontenay-aux-Roses, near Paris, France), was imprisoned (1966) after ...
Fr. /syawonn/, n. a town in and the capital of Valais, in SW Switzerland. 23,100. /suy"euhn/, n. Zion. * * * ▪ Switzerland (French), German  Sitten,         capital ...
Siôn Cent
▪ Welsh poet also called  Siôn Gwent ,  Siôn y Cent ,  Siôn Kemp , or  Siôn Kempt   flourished c. 1400–30       Welsh religious poet who challenged the ...
/suy"op/, n. (formerly) the secret and central U.S. contingency plan for waging a nuclear war with the Soviet Union. [s(ingle) i(ntegrated) o(perations) p(lan)] * * *
/sooh"euhn/, n. 1. an American Indian language family formerly widespread from Saskatchewan to the lower Mississippi, also found in the Virginia and Carolina piedmont, and ...
Siouan languages
Family of North American Indian languages, spoken mainly west of the Mississippi River in the 17th and 18th centuries. The principal languages and language groups at this time ...
/sooh/, n., pl. Sioux /sooh, soohz/. Dakota (defs. 4, 6). [1755-65, Amer.; < North American F, shortening of earlier Nadouessioux < Ojibwa (Ottawa dial.) na·towe·ssiw(ak) pl. ( ...
Sioux City
a port in W Iowa, on the Missouri River. 82,003. * * * ▪ Iowa, United States  city, seat (1856) of Woodbury county, northwestern Iowa, U.S. It lies on the Missouri River ...
Sioux Falls
a city in SE South Dakota. 81,343. * * * City (pop., 2000: 123,975), southeastern South Dakota, U.S. Founded in 1857, the area was abandoned in 1862 following an Indian ...
Sioux State
a nickname of the state of North Dakota. * * *
Sioux War
U.S. Hist. any of a series of skirmishes or wars between the Sioux Indians and settlers or the U.S. Army from 1854 to 1890. * * *
Sioux City A city of northwest Iowa on the Missouri River near the South Dakota-Nebraska border. It is a shipping and processing center for an agricultural and livestock area. ...
Sioux Falls A city of southeast South Dakota near the Minnesota border. First settled c. 1856, it was abandoned in 1862 and reestablished as a military post in 1865. It is now ...
—sippingly, adv. /sip/, v., sipped, sipping, n. v.t. 1. to drink (a liquid) a little at a time; take small tastes of: He sipped the hot tea noisily. 2. to drink from a little ...
supplemental income plan. * * *
▪ village, Trinidad and Tobago       village, southwestern Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago, southeastern West Indies. Located 10 miles (16 km) south of the port of San ...
—siper, n. /suyp/, v.i., siped, siping. Scot. and North Eng. (of liquid) to drip, ooze, or soak through. [bef. 900; perh. continuing OE sipian; c. D zijpen, MLG sipen. See ...
/sif"nos, -naws/, n. a Greek island in the SW Aegean Sea, in the Cyclades group: gold and silver mines. 28 sq. mi. (75 sq. km). Also, Sifnos. * * *
▪ island, Greece Modern Greek  Sífnos,         Greek island of the Cyclades (q.v.) group, consisting of a limestone ridge whose principal peaks, Profíts Ilías ...
—siphonal, siphonic /suy fon"ik/, adj. —siphonless, adj. —siphonlike, adj. /suy"feuhn/, n. 1. a tube or conduit bent into legs of unequal length, for use in drawing a ...
siphon bottle
a bottle for aerated water, fitted with a bent tube through the neck, the water being forced out, when a valve is opened, by the pressure on its surface of the gas accumulating ...
/suy"feuh nij/, n. the action of a siphon. [1850-55; SIPHON + -AGE] * * *
See siphon. * * *
/suy'feuh nap"teuhr euhs/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the insect order Siphonaptera, comprising the fleas. [ < NL Siphonapter(a) ( < Gk siphon- SIPHONO- + a- A-6 + -ptera, ...
See siphonal. * * *
a combining form meaning "tube," "siphon," used in the formation of compound words: siphonostele. [comb. form repr. síphon SIPHON; see -O-] * * *
—siphonophorous /suy'feuh nof"euhr euhs/, adj. /suy"feuh neuh fawr', -fohr', suy fon"euh-/, n. any pelagic hydrozoan of the order Siphonophora, being a floating or swimming ...
—siphonostelic /suy'feuh neuh stee"lik/, adj. /suy fon"euh steel', suy"feuh neuh steel'/, n. Bot. a hollow tube of vascular tissue enclosing a pith and embedded in ground ...
See siphonostele. * * *
Siphrei Torah
Seph. /see frdday" taw rddah"/; Ashk. /si"frdday toh"rddeuh, toy"rddeuh/, Hebrew. a pl. of Sepher Torah. * * *
—siphuncular, siphunculate /suy fung"kyeuh lit/, siphunculated /suy fung"kyeuh lay'tid/, adj. /suy"fung keuhl/, n. 1. (in a nautilus) the connecting tube that passes from the ...
See siphuncle. * * *
See siphuncular. * * *
—sipidity /si pid"i tee/, n. /sip"id/, adj. 1. having a pleasing taste or flavor. 2. of agreeably distinctive character. [1615-25; back formation from INSIPID] * * *
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Ssu-p'ing        city, southwestern Jilin (Kirin) sheng (province), northeastern China. It is located near the border with ...
/suy"peuhl/, n. Mount, a mountain in Antarctica, on the E coast of Marie Byrd Land. 15,000 ft. (4570 m). * * *
/si pahr"/, n. an ancient Babylonian city on the Euphrates, in SE Iraq. * * * Ancient city, Babylonia. It is located southwest of modern Baghdad on the Euphrates River. From ...
/sip"euhr/, n. 1. a person who sips. 2. a paper tube through which to sip; drinking straw. [1605-15; SIP + -ER1] * * *
/sip"it/, n. 1. a small bit; fragment. 2. a small piece of bread or the like for dipping in liquid food, as in gravy or milk; a small sop. 3. a crouton. [1520-30; SIP + -ET] * * *
Sippy, G.P.
▪ 2008 Gopaldas Parmanand Sippy        Indian filmmaker born Sept. 14, 1914, Hyderabad, British India died Dec. 25, 2007, Mumbai [Bombay], India was responsible for ...
/suy pung"kyeuh lid/, n. 1. an invertebrate of the phylum Sipuncula, comprising the peanut worms. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the sipunculids. [1885-90; orig. a member of ...
Sipyagin, Dmitry Sergeyevich
▪ Russian minister Sipyagin also spelled  Sipiagin   born March 20 [March 28, Old Style], 1853, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now in Ukraine] died April 28 [April 15], ...
/see kay"rddaws/, n. David Alfaro /dah veedh" ahl fah"rddaw/, 1896-1974, Mexican painter. * * *
Siqueiros, David Alfaro
born Dec. 29, 1896, Chihuahua, Mex. died Jan. 6, 1974, Cuernavaca Mexican painter. A Marxist activist from his youth, he fought in the Mexican Revolution alongside Venustiano ...
Siqueiros,David Alfaro
Si·quei·ros (sĭ-kāʹrōs), David Alfaro. 1896?-1974. Mexican mural painter whose works depict political protest and revolution. His best-known painting is the mural The ...
▪ island, Philippines       island, south-central Philippines. Part of the central Visayas island group, it is located in the Bohol (Mindanao) Sea, 19 miles (30 km) ...
/serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of ...
Sir Ebenezer Howard
➡ garden city * * *
Sir Edward Pellew Group
▪ islands, Northern Territory, Australia       cluster of barren sandstone islands in the Gulf of Carpentaria, near the mouth of the McArthur River, in northeastern ...
Sir Galahad
➡ Galahad * * *
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
an English alliterative poem of unknown authorship, dating from the 14th century. * * *
Sir Gawayne and the Grene Knight
▪ Middle English poem also spelled  Sir Gawain And The Green Knight,         Middle English alliterative poem of unknown authorship, dating from the second half of ...
Sir John Falstaff
➡ Falstaff * * *
Sir Lancelot
➡ Lancelot * * *
Sir Roger de Coverley
an English country dance performed by two rows of dancers facing each other. [1680-90; earlier Roger of Coverly, appar. a fictional name] * * *
Sir Sandford,Mount
Sir Sand·ford (sănʹfərd), Mount A peak, 3,524.3 m (11,555 ft) high, in the Selkirk Mountains of southeast British Columbia, Canada. It is the highest elevation in the ...
Sir Wilfred Laurier,Mount
Sir Wil·fred Lau·ri·er (wĭlʹfrĭd lôrʹē-ā', lŏrʹ-), Mount A peak, 3,583.8 m (11,750 ft) high, in the Cariboo Mountains of southeast British Columbia, Canada. It is ...
/serr'rev"euhr euhns/, n. Obs. (used as an expression of apology, as before unseemly or indelicate words.) [1565-75; alter. of save your reverence] * * *
Sir. abbr. Bible Wisdom of Jesus, the Son of Sirach. * * *
/suy"rak/, n. Son of Jesus (def. 2). * * *
It. /see'rddah kooh"zah/, n. Syracuse (def. 2). * * *
/si rahj"ood dow"leuh/, n. 1728?-57, nawab of Bengal 1756-57. Also, Surajah Dowlah. * * *
▪ Indian ruler original name  Mīrzā Muḥammad   born c. 1729 died July 2/3, 1757       ruler, or nawab, of Bengal, India, under the nominal suzerainty of the ...
▪ Bangladesh       city in central Bangladesh. It lies just west of the Jamuna River (the name of the Brahmaputra (Brahmaputra River) in Bangladesh) and is about 70 ...
/seuhr dahr"/, n. 1. (in India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan) a military chief or leader. 2. (formerly) the British commander of the Egyptian army. Also, sardar. [1605-15; < Hindi ...
—sireless, adj. /suyeur/, n., v., sired, siring. n. 1. the male parent of a quadruped. 2. a respectful term of address, now used only to a male sovereign. 3. Archaic. a. a ...
/seuh ree"/, n. (sometimes cap.) sirree. * * *
—sirenlike, adj. /suy"reuhn/, n. 1. Class. Myth. one of several sea nymphs, part woman and part bird, who lure mariners to destruction by their seductive singing. 2. a ...
siren song
siren song n. 〚see SIREN, n. 1〛 a dangerously attractive, esp. seductive, proposal or offer * * *
/suy ree"neuh, seuh-/, n. a female given name. * * *
/suy ree"nee euhn/, n. an aquatic, herbivorous mammal of the order Sirenia, including the manatee and dugong. [1880-85; < NL Sireni(a) (see SIREN, -IA) + -AN] * * * ▪ ...
—sirenically, adv. /suy ren"ik/, adj. of or characteristic of a siren; melodious, tempting, or alluring. Also, sirenical. [1695-1705; SIREN + -IC] * * *
siren song n. An enticing plea or appeal, especially one that is deceptively alluring. * * *
/si ree"neuhm/, n. Mare. See Mare Sirenum. * * *
/si ret"/, n. a river in SE Europe, flowing SE from the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine, through E Rumania to the Danube. 270 mi. (435 km) long. German, Sereth. * * *
Siret River
▪ river, Europe       river, rising on the eastern slopes of the Carpathian Mountains in western Ukraine and flowing generally southward about 360 miles (575 km) across ...
(1944– ) the man who murdered Robert F Kennedy on 6 June 1968 in Los Angeles, as well as shooting and wounding eight other people. Sirhan was a Jordanian who had moved to the ...
Sirhan Sirhan
➡ Sirhan * * *
Sirhind Canal
▪ canal, India       canal in Punjab state, northwestern India. It opened in 1882 and consists of an extensive canal system that irrigates more than 2,000 square miles ...
/si ruy"euh sis/, n. Pathol. sunstroke. [1595-1605; < L siriasis < Gk seiríasis, equiv. to seiri(ân) to be hot, scorching (deriv. of Seírios SIRIUS) + -asis -ASIS] * * *
▪ king of Vientiane also called  Ong Bun   born c. 1730 died 1781, Vientiane, Laos       king of the Lao principality of Vientiane during whose reign Laos came to be ...
/seuh rik"euh/, n. John J(oseph), born 1904, U.S. jurist: chief judge, district court for District of Columbia 1971-74; tried Watergate cases 1973-74. * * *
Sirica, John
▪ United States judge in full  John Joseph Sirica   born March 19, 1904, Waterbury, Conn., U.S. died August 14, 1992, Washington, D.C.       U.S. district court judge ...
/si rish"ee euhs/, n. Saint, died A.D. 399, pope 384-399. * * *
Siricius, Saint
▪ pope born c. 334, , Rome [Italy] died Nov. 26, 399, Rome; feast day November 26       pope from 384 to 399.       Ordained a deacon by Pope Liberius, he was ...
▪ people       South American Indian people of eastern Bolivia. They live in the dense tropical forests of the eastern and northern parts of the department of Beni. ...
/seuh rees"/, n. lebbek (def. 1). [1870-75; < Hindi siris, siras; cf. Skt sirisa] * * *
/sir"ee euhs/, n. 1. Astron. the Dog Star, the brightest-appearing star in the heavens, located in the constellation Canis Major. 2. Also, Seirios. Class. Myth. a. the dog of ...
Sirk, Douglas
orig. Claus Detlef Sierck born April 26, 1900, Hamburg, Ger. died Jan. 14, 1987, Lugano, Switz. German-U.S. film director. He was artistic director of theatres in Bremen ...
/serr"loyn/, n. the portion of the loin of beef in front of the rump. See diag. under beef. [1515-25; earlier surloyn < OF *surloigne, var. of surlonge (F surlonge). See SUR-1, ...
/seuh rok"oh/, n., pl. siroccos. 1. a hot, dry, dustladen wind blowing from northern Africa and affecting parts of southern Europe. 2. a warm, sultry south or southeast wind ...
▪ India       town, southwestern Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. It is situated in a tract broken by hills and rocky ranges and stands on the western ...
Sí·ros (sēʹrôs') See Syros. * * *
/sir"euh/, n. Archaic. a term of address used to inferiors or children to express impatience, contempt, etc. [1520-30; extended form of SIR; source of final vowel is unclear] * * ...
/seuh ree"/, n. (sometimes cap.) (used as an intensive with no or yes): Will I go there again? No, sirree! Also, siree. [1815-25; prob. a dial. continuation of SIRRAH] * * *
▪ India       city, extreme western Haryana (Haryāna) state, northwestern India, on the edge of the Great Indian (Thar) Desert (Thar Desert). Sirsa town and fort, ...
▪ region, Libya       sandy desert region that is essentially a northward extension of the Sahara (desert), north-central Libya; it is the site of one of the world's ...
/sir"euhp, serr"-/, n., v.t. syrup. * * *
/sir"euh pee, serr"-/, adj. syrupy. * * *
/seuhr vent"/; Fr. /seerdd vahonnt"/, n., pl. sirventes /-vents"/; Fr. /-vahonnt"/. a medieval poem or song of heroic or satirical character, as composed by a troubadour. Also, ...
sirventes [sir vent′; ] Fr [ sēr vänt′] n. pl. sirventes [sir vents′; ] Fr [ sēr vänt′] 〚Prov < sirvent, serving (< L serveint-, root of serveins, prp. of servire, ...
/sis/, n. Informal. sister. [1825-35, Amer.; shortened form; cf. D zus for zuster SISTER] * * *
▪ Thailand also spelled  Si Sa Ket, or Srisaket,         town, eastern Thailand. Sisaket lies on the railway between Nakhon Ratchasima and Udon Thani. The surrounding ...
/suy"seuhl, sis"euhl/, n. 1. Also called sisal hemp. a fiber yielded by an agave, Agave sisalana, of Yucatán, used for making rope, rugs, etc. 2. the plant itself. [1835-45; ...
Sisco, Joseph John
▪ 2005       American diplomat (b. Oct. 31, 1919, Chicago, Ill.—d. Nov. 23, 2004, Chevy Chase, Md.), shaped American foreign policy in the Middle East as the chief ...
/sis"keuh wet'/, n. a variety of lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush siscowet, inhabiting the deeper waters of Lake Superior. [1840-50, Amer.; shortening of Ojibwa ...
/sis"euhr euh/, n. the commander of the Canaanite army of King Jabin: killed by Jael. Judges 4:17-22. * * *
▪ Confucian texts Chinese“Four Books”Wade-Giles romanization  Ssu-shu        four ancient Confucian texts that were used as official subject matter for civil ...
▪ Greenland Danish  Holsteinsborg   town on the west-central coast of Greenland, near the mouth of Amerloq Fjord. The Danish settled the site in 1764, and a church (still ...
/si sin"ee euhs/, n. pope A.D. 708. * * * ▪ pope born , Syria died Feb. 4, 708, Rome [Italy]       pope from Jan. 15 to Feb. 4, 708. He was consecrated about Jan. 15, ...
Siskel, Eugene Kal
▪ 2000 “Gene”        American journalist (b. Jan. 26, 1946, Chicago, Ill.—d. Feb. 20, 1999, Evanston, Ill.), was a respected film critic for the Chicago Tribune ...
/sis"kin/, n. any of several small, cardueline finches, esp. Carduelis spinus, of Europe. Cf. pine siskin. [1555-65; < MD sijsken, equiv. to sijs ( < MLG czitze < Slavic; cf. ...
Siskind, Aaron
born Dec. 4, 1903, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 8, 1991, Providence, R.I. U.S. photographer, teacher, and editor. He began to photograph in 1932 while teaching English in a ...
/sis"leuhr/, n. George Harold, 1893-1973, U.S. baseball player. * * *
Sisler, George
▪ American athlete in full  George Harold Sisler  born March 24, 1893, Manchester, Ohio, U.S. died March 26, 1973, Richmond Heights, Missouri  American professional ...
Sisler,George Harold
Sis·ler (sĭsʹlər), George Harold. 1893-1973. American baseball player. In 15 seasons, mainly with the St. Louis Browns (1915-1927), he batted over.300 13 times and over.400 ...
/sis"lee/; Fr. /sees lay"/, n. Alfred /annl frdded"/, 1839-99, French painter. * * *
Sisley, Alfred
born Oct. 30, 1839, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 29, 1899, Moret-sur-Loing British-French landscape painter. Born in Paris to English parents, he began painting as an amateur. His ...
Sis·ley (sĭsʹlē, sĭzʹ-, sēs-lāʹ), Alfred. 1839-1899. British-born French impressionist painter noted for his outdoor scenes, including Boat During the Flood (1876). * * ...
/sis mon"dee/; Fr. /sees mawonn dee"/, n. Jean Charles Léonard Simonde de /zhahonn shannrddl lay aw nannrdd" see mawonnd" deuh/, 1773-1842, Swiss historian and economist. * * *
Sismondi, J(ean-) C(harles-) L(éonard) Simonde de
born May 9, 1773, Geneva, Switz. died June 25, 1842, Chêne, near Geneva Swiss economist and historian. He worked in a French bank from 1789, then moved to Tuscany in 1794 with ...
Sismondi, J.-C.-L. Simonde de
▪ Swiss economist in full  Jean-Charles-Léonard Simonde de Sismondi  born May 9, 1773, Geneva, Switzerland died June 25, 1842, Chêne, near Geneva       Swiss ...
▪ king of Cambodia also spelled  Sisovat, or Si Suvata   born Sept. 7, 1840, Bătdâmbâng province, Cambodia died 1927, Phnom Penh       king of Cambodia from 1904 ...
/sis"i teuhn, -tn/, n., pl. Sissetons, (esp. collectively) Sisseton. a member of a North American Indian people belonging to the Santee branch of the Dakota. * * *
/sis"euh fuyd'/, adj. sissy. [1900-05; SISSY + -FY + -ED2] * * *
See sissy. * * *
/si son", -sohn"/; Fr. /see sawn"/, n., pl. sissonnes /-sonz", -sohnz"/; Fr. /-sawn"/. Ballet. a jump in which the dancer lands on one foot, with the other extended to the back, ...
—sissyish, adj. —sissiness, sissyness, n. /sis"ee/, n., pl. sissies, adj. n. 1. an effeminate boy or man. 2. a timid or cowardly person. 3. a little girl. adj. 4. of, ...
sissy bar
a tall, looplike frame fitted to the rear of a bicycle or motorcycle saddle, functioning chiefly as a backrest. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
sissy bar n. Informal A narrow bar shaped like an inverted U that is attached behind the seat of a motorcycle or bicycle and supports the operator or a passenger. * * *
See sissiness. * * *
See sissiness. * * *
or Seistan Extensive border region, eastern Iran and southwestern Afghanistan. Most of its sparse population and about two-fifths of its area lie in Iran. It comprises a large ...
Sistani, Ali al-
▪ 2005       In 2004 the leading power in war-torn Iraq may not have been anyone in the U.S. military or on the Iraqi Governing Council but the country's leading ...
—sisterless, adj. —sisterlike, adj. /sis"teuhr/, n. 1. a female offspring having both parents in common with another offspring; female sibling. 2. Also called half sister. a ...
Sister Carrie
a novel (1900) by Theodore Dreiser. * * *
Sister Emmanuelle
▪ 2009 Madeleine Cinquin        Belgian-born Roman Catholic nun and social activist born Nov. 16, 1908, Brussels, Belg. died Oct. 20, 2008, Callian, France lived for ...
Sister of Charity
Rom. Cath. Ch. 1. a member of one of several congregations of sisters founded in 1634 by St. Vincent de Paul. 2. any of several other orders of nuns devoted to teaching, care of ...
Sister of Loretto
/leuh ret"oh/, Rom. Cath. Ch. a member of a congregation of sisters founded at Loretto, Kentucky, in 1812 and engaged in educational and missionary works. * * *
Sister of Mercy
Rom. Cath. Ch. a member of a congregation of sisters founded in Dublin in 1827 by Catherine McAuley (1787-1841) and engaged chiefly in works of spiritual and corporal mercy. * * *
/sis"teuhr in law'/, n., pl. sisters-in-law. 1. the sister of one's husband or wife. 2. the wife of one's brother. 3. the wife of the brother of one's husband or wife. [1400-50; ...
/sis"teuhr hood'/, n. 1. the state of being a sister. 2. a group of sisters, esp. of nuns or of female members of a church. 3. an organization of women with a common interest, as ...
See sisterly. * * *
—sisterliness, n. /sis"teuhr lee/, adj. 1. of, like, or befitting a sister: sisterly affection. adv. 2. in the manner of a sister; as a sister. [1560-70; SISTER + -LY] * * *
/sis"teen, -tin, -tuyn/, adj. of or pertaining to any pope named Sixtus. Also, Sixtine. [1860-65; < It Sistino, pertaining to Sisto man's name ( < L Sextus (ML Sixtus), special ...
Sistine Chapel
the chapel of the pope in the Vatican at Rome, built for Pope Sixtus IV and decorated with frescoes by Michelangelo and others. * * * Papal chapel in the Vatican Palace, Rome, ...
Sistine Madonna
a Madonna painted by Raphael for the Church of St. Sixtus at Piacenza, Italy. * * *
sistroid [sis′troid΄] adj. 〚< ?〛 Math. designating the angle formed by the convex sides of two intersecting curves: opposed to CISSOID * * *
/sis"treuhm/, n., pl. sistrums, sistra /-treuh/. an ancient Egyptian percussion instrument consisting of a looped metal frame set in a handle and fitted with loose crossbars that ...
Sisulu, Walter Max Ulyate
▪ 2004       South African political activist (b. May 18, 1912, Engcobo, S.Af.—d. May 5, 2003, Johannesburg, S.Af.), was a political mentor of Nelson Mandela and a ...
/sis'euh fee"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Sisyphus. 2. endless and unavailing, as labor or a task. [1625-35; < Gk Sisýphe(ios) (Sísyph(os) SISYPHUS + -eios adj. suffix) + ...
/sis"euh feuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Aeolus and ruler of Corinth, noted for his trickery: he was punished in Tartarus by being compelled to roll a stone to the top of a ...
sit1 /sit/, v., sat or (Archaic) sate; sat or (Archaic) sitten; sitting. v.i. 1. to rest with the body supported by the buttocks or thighs; be seated. 2. to be located or ...
sit on
➡ juries * * *
sit spin
Figure Skating. a spin performed on one skate, in which the skater slowly squats down into a sitting position, with the other leg extended out in front. * * *
/sit"down'/, adj. 1. done or accomplished while sitting down: sit-down meetings between the two party leaders. 2. (of a meal or food) served to or intended for persons seated at ...
sit-down strike
a strike during which workers occupy their place of employment and refuse to work or allow others to work until the strike is settled. Also called sit-down, sit-in. [1930-35, ...
/sit"in'/, n. 1. an organized passive protest, esp. against racial segregation, in which the demonstrators occupy seats prohibited to them, as in restaurants and other public ...
/sit"up'/, n. an exercise in which a person lies flat on the back, lifts the torso to a sitting position, and then lies flat again without changing the position of the legs: ...
/sit"euh pon', -pawn'/, n. 1. a piece of waterproof fabric or other material carried by campers, hikers, etc., and used for sitting on wet surfaces. 2. Chiefly Brit. Informal. ...
/see"tah/, n. (in the Ramayana) the wife of Ramachandra, abducted by Ravana and later rescued. * * * In Hindu mythology, the consort of Rama. She sprang from a furrow when King ...
▪ India       town, extreme northern Bihar state, northeastern India. It lies on the western bank of the Lakhandai River in the fertile Middle Ganges (Ganga) Plain. ...
▪ India       city, north-central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It is situated north-northwest of Lucknow, along the Sarayan River. Sitapur was a military ...
—sitarist, n. /si tahr"/, n. a lute of India with a small, pear-shaped body and a long, broad, fretted neck. [1835-45; < Hindi sitar] * * * Long-necked stringed instrument of ...
See sitar. * * *
/sit'euh toong"euh/, n. an antelope, Tragelaphus spekei, inhabiting marshy regions of central and eastern Africa. Also, situtunga. Also called marsh buck. [1880-85; said to be < ...
/sit"kom'/, n. Informal. See situation comedy. [1960-65; by shortening] * * *
/suyt/, n., v., sited, siting. n. 1. the position or location of a town, building, etc., esp. as to its environment: the site of our summer cabin. 2. the area or exact plot of ...
site catchment analysis
Archaeol. the examination by survey, excavation, maps, and graphs of a contained area to evaluate the productivity of the resources customarily exploited by the inhabitants of a ...
site of special scientific interest
n (abbr SSSI) any of the places or areas of Britain in which the wild animals or plants are considered rare or of scientific importance. There are over 6 000 SSSIs in Britain, ...
/suyt"spi sif"ik/, adj. created, designed, or selected for a specific site: a site-specific sculpture. * * *
▪ bird also called  Treerunner,         any of about seven species of Australasian birds of the genus Neositta, usually placed in the nuthatch family, Sittidae, but ...
sites of special scientific interest
➡ nature reserves * * *
Sites of the modern Olympic Games
▪ Table Sites of the modern Olympic Games year Summer Games Winter Games 1896 Athens * 1900 Paris * 1904 St. Louis, Mo., ...
/sith/, adv., conj., prep. Archaic. since. [bef. 950; ME; OE siththa, dial. var. of siththan, orig., sith tham after that, subsequently to that, equiv. to sith subsequently (akin ...
Sithole, Ndabaningi
▪ 2001       Zimbabwean clergyman and nationalist leader (b. July 31, 1920, Nyamandhlovu, Matabeleland, Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe]—d. Dec. 12, 2000, Philadelphia, Pa.), ...
—Sitkan, n. /sit"keuh/, n. a town in SE Alaska, on an island in the Alexander Archipelago: the capital of former Russian America. 7803. * * * ▪ Alaska, United States  city ...
Sitka National Historical Park
Park, southeastern Alaska, U.S. Located on Baranof Island in the Gulf of Alaska, it was established in 1910 as a national monument; a national park since 1972, it covers 107 ac ...
Sitka spruce
1. a spruce, Picea sitchensis, of western North America, having long, silvery-white needles, grown as an ornamental. 2. the soft, pale-brown wood of this tree, used for making ...
Sitka spruce n. 1. A large spruce (Picea sitchensis) of coastal Pacific regions from southern Alaska to northern California, having flattened needles and drooping twigs and ...
a combining form meaning "grain," "food," used in the formation of compound words: sitomania; sitosterol. [ < Gk sito-, comb. form of sîtos grain] * * *
/suy tol"euh jee/, n. the branch of medicine dealing with nutrition and dietetics. [1860-65; SITO- + -LOGY] * * *
/suy'teuh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. Pathol. abnormal craving for food. [1880-85; SITO- + -MANIA] * * *
/suy'teuh foh"bee euh/, n. Pathol. abnormal aversion to food. [1880-85; SITO- + -PHOBIA] * * *

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