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Слова на букву schw-stag (15990)

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soft-land
—soft-lander, n. /sawf"land', soft"-/, v.t. 1. to cause to land slowly and without jarring impact: to soft-land the module on the planet's surface. v.i. 2. to land slowly and ...
soft-line
See soft line. * * *
soft-liner
See soft-line. * * *
soft-news
See soft news. * * *
soft-pedal
/sawft'ped"l, soft'-/, v., soft-pedaled, soft-pedaling or (esp. Brit.) soft-pedalled, soft-pedalling. v.i. 1. to use the soft pedal. v.t. 2. to soften the sound of by using the ...
soft-rock geology
/sawft"rok', soft"-/ geology dealing with sedimentary rocks. * * *
soft-sell
/sawft"sel", soft"-/, v., soft-sold, soft-selling, adj. v.t. 1. to promote (a product, service, etc.) using indirect or gentle persuasion: an advertising campaign to soft-sell a ...
soft-shell
/sawft"shel', soft"-/, adj. 1. Also, soft-shelled. having a soft, flexible, or fragile shell, as a crab that has recently molted. n. 2. a soft-shell animal, esp. a soft-shell ...
soft-shell clam
an edible clam, Mya arenaria, inhabiting waters along both coasts of North America, having an oval, relatively thin, whitish shell. Also called long clam, long-neck clam, soft ...
soft-shell crab
a crab, esp. the blue crab, that has recently molted and therefore has a soft, edible shell. [1835-45] * * *
soft-shellclam
soft-shell clam n. A common edible North American clam (Mya arenaria) having a thin, elongated shell, found especially along the Atlantic coast. Also called soft clam, steamer. * ...
soft-shellcrab
soft-shell crab n. A marine crab before its shell has hardened after molting, especially the edible species (Callinectes sapidus) of eastern North America in this stage. * * *
soft-shelled
soft-shelled (sôftʹshĕld', sŏftʹ-) adj. Variant of soft-shell. * * *
soft-shelled turtle
any of numerous aquatic turtles of the family Trionychidae, inhabiting North America, Asia, and Africa, having the shell covered with flexible, leathery skin instead of horny ...
soft-shelledturtle
soft-shelled turtle n. Any of various freshwater turtles of the family Trionychidae, having a flat carapace covered with leathery skin and a fleshy elongated snout. * * *
soft-shoe
/sawft"shooh", soft"-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of tap dancing done in soft-soled shoes, without taps. [1915-20] * * *
soft-soap
/sawft"sohp", soft"-/, v.t. 1. Informal. to cajole; flatter. 2. to apply soft soap to. v.i. 3. to use soft soap in washing. [1820-30] * * *
soft-soaper
/sawft"soh"peuhr, soft"-/, n. Informal. a person who flatters or cajoles, esp. for reasons of self-interest or personal advantage: a soft-soaper specializing in rich, elderly ...
soft-spoken
/sawft"spoh"keuhn, soft"-/, adj. 1. (of persons) speaking with a soft or gentle voice; mild. 2. (of words) softly or mildly spoken; persuasive. [1600-10] * * *
soft-top
/sawft"top', soft"-/, n. 1. the folding top of a convertible automobile. 2. an automobile having such a top; convertible. adj. 3. of or pertaining to such an automobile: soft-top ...
softa
/sawf"teuh, sof"-/, n. a Turkish Muslim theological student. [1605-15; < Turk < Pers sokhta lit., fired (by love of learning)] * * *
softback
/sawft"bak', soft'-/, n., adj. paperback. [1965-70; SOFT + BACK1] * * *
softball
/sawft"bawl', soft"-/, n. 1. a form of baseball played on a smaller diamond with a larger and softer ball. 2. the ball itself. 3. something that can be easily dealt with: The ...
softballer
/sawft"baw'leuhr, soft"-/, n. a person who plays or is an enthusiast of softball. [SOFTBALL + -ER1] * * *
softboard
/sawft"bawrd', -bohrd', soft"-/, n. a soft, porous particle board. [SOFT + BOARD] * * *
softbound
/sawft"bownd', soft"-/, n., adj. paperback (defs. 1, 2). [1950-55; SOFT + BOUND1] * * *
softchancre
soft chancre n. See chancroid. * * *
softclam
soft clam n. See soft-shell clam. * * *
softcoal
soft coal n. See bituminous coal. * * *
softcover
☆ softcover [sôftkuv΄ər, säftkuv΄ər ] adj. 1. designating any book bound in a flexible cover, as vinyl plastic or imitation leather 2. PAPERBACK n. a softcover book * * ...
softdrink
soft drink n. In both senses also called soda pop, also called regionally cold drink, drink, pop1, soda, soda water, tonic. 1. A nonalcoholic, flavored, carbonated beverage, ...
softdrug
soft drug n. A drug that is believed to be nonaddictive and less damaging to the health than a hard drug. * * *
soften
/saw"feuhn, sof"euhn/, v.t. 1. to make soft or softer. v.i. 2. to become soft or softer. [1325-75; ME; see SOFT, -EN1] Syn. 1. melt; mollify, mitigate, soothe, alleviate, calm, ...
softener
/saw"feuh neuhr, sof"euh-/, n. 1. Chem. a. any admixture to a substance for promoting or increasing its softness, smoothness, or plasticity. b. See water softener. 2. a person or ...
softening of the brain
Pathol. 1. a softening of the cerebrum, caused by impairment of the blood supply; encephalomalacia. 2. Informal. dementia associated with general paresis. [1825-35] * * *
softgoods
softgoods [sôft′goodz΄] pl.n. goods that last a relatively short time, esp. textile products: also soft goods * * * soft goods pl.n. See dry goods. * * *
softhail
soft hail n. See snow pellet. * * *
softhead
soft·head (sôftʹhĕd', sŏftʹ-) n. A foolish person. * * *
softheaded
softheaded [sôft′hed΄id] adj. stupid or foolish softheadedly adv. softheadedness n. * * * soft·head·ed (sôftʹhĕdʹĭd, sŏftʹ-) adj. Lacking judgment, realism, or ...
softheadedly
See softheaded. * * *
softheadedness
See softheadedly. * * *
softhearted
softhearted [sôft′härt΄id] adj. 1. full of compassion or tenderness 2. not strict or severe, as in discipline or authority softheartedly adv. softheartedness n. * * ...
softheartedly
See softhearted. * * *
softheartedness
See softheartedly. * * *
softie
/sawf"tee, sof"-/, n. softy. * * *
softish
/sawf"tish, sof"-/, adj. somewhat or relatively soft. [1580-90; SOFT + -ISH1] * * *
softkey
/sawft"kee', soft"-/, n. Computers. any key on a keyboard, as a function key, that can be programmed. Also, soft key. [SOFT + KEY1] * * *
softlanding
soft landing n. The landing of a space vehicle on a celestial body or on Earth in such a way as to prevent damage or destruction of the vehicle. * * *
softline
soft line n. A moderate or flexible policy or position, as on a political issue.   [soft + hard line.]   softʹ-lineʹ adj. softʹ-linʹer n. * * *
softly
See soft. * * *
softmoney
soft money n. Political donations made in such a way as to avoid federal regulations or limits, as by donating to a party organization rather than to a particular candidate or ...
softness
See softly. * * *
softnews
soft news n. News, as in a newspaper or television report, that does not deal with formal or serious topics and events.   softʹ-news' (sôftʹno͞oz', -nyo͞oz', sŏftʹ-) ...
softpalate
soft palate n. The movable fold, consisting of muscular fibers enclosed in a mucous membrane, that is suspended from the rear of the hard palate and closes off the nasal cavity ...
softpaste
soft paste also soft-paste (sôftʹpāst', sŏftʹ-) n. Any of various ceramics containing frit and refined clay. * * *
softpedal
soft pedal n. A pedal used to mute tone, as on a piano. * * *
softrock
soft rock n. A form of rock 'n' roll that is restrained in style and is characterized by the predominance of melody. * * *
softroe
soft roe n. The spermatozoa or testes of a fish; milt. * * *
softsculpture
soft sculpture n. A sculpture made of pliant materials, such as cloth or foam rubber. * * *
softsell
soft sell n. Informal A subtly persuasive, low-pressure method of selling or advertising. * * *
softshell turtle
Any of more than 20 species (family Trionychidae) of swift-moving, carnivorous turtles found in North American, African, and Asian freshwaters with soft, muddy bottoms. They ...
softshoulder
soft shoulder n. A border of soft earth running along the edge of a road. * * *
softsoap
soft soap n. 1. A fluid or semifluid soap. 2. Informal. Flattery; cajolery. * * *
softspot
soft spot n. 1. A tender or sentimental feeling: has a soft spot for stray animals. 2. A weak or vulnerable point: a soft spot in the nation's defense strategy. 3. See ...
softtouch
soft touch n. One who is easily persuaded or taken advantage of. * * *
software
/sawft"wair', soft"-/, n. 1. Computers. the programs used to direct the operation of a computer, as well as documentation giving instructions on how to use them. Cf. hardware ...
software platform
a major piece of software, as an operating system, an operating environment, or a database, under which various smaller application programs can be designed to run. * * *
softwater
soft water n. Water containing little or no dissolved salts of calcium or magnesium, especially water containing less than 85.5 parts per million of calcium carbonate. * * *
softwood
/sawft"wood', soft"-/, n. 1. any wood that is relatively soft or easily cut. 2. a tree yielding such a wood. 3. Forestry. a coniferous tree or its wood. adj. 4. of, pertaining ...
softy
/sawf"tee, sof"-/, n., pl. softies. Informal. 1. a person easily stirred to sentiment or tender emotion. 2. a person who lacks stamina or endurance. 3. a person who lacks ...
SOG
SOG abbr. Special Operations Group. * * *
Soga
▪ people also called  Basoga        an Interlacustrine Bantu-speaking people inhabiting the area east of the Nile River between Lakes Victoria and Kyoga. They are the ...
Soga Chokuan
▪ Japanese painter died after 1610, , Sakai?, Japan       Japanese painter who specialized in bird-and-flower pictures and founded the Soga family of artists. He is ...
Soga Emishi
▪ Japanese feudal lord died July 11, 645, Yamato, Japan       a leader of the great Soga family of Japan, whose assumption of imperial prerogatives provoked a coup ...
Soga family
Japanese aristocratic family preeminent in the 7th century and instrumental in introducing Buddhism to Japan. Soga Umako (d. 626) overcame the powerful Mononobe and Nakatomi ...
Soga Iruka
▪ Japanese feudal lord died July 10, 645, Yamato, Japan       a leader of the powerful Soga family of Japan, whose murder resulted in the return of governmental power ...
Soga Shōhaku
▪ Japanese painter original name  Miura Sakonjirō   born 1730, Ise or Kyōto, Japan died Jan. 30, 1781, Kyōto       Japanese painter of the mid-Tokugawa period ...
Soga Umako
▪ Japanese feudal lord died June 19, 626, Yamato, Japan       a leader of the Soga family of Japan, who was responsible for the destruction of the powerful Mononobe and ...
Soga, Tiyo
▪ South African author born 1829, Tyume, Cape Colony [now in South Africa] died Aug. 12, 1871, Tutura Mission, near Butterworth, South African Republic       Xhosa ...
Sogamoso
▪ Colombia       city, Boyacá departamento, east-central Colombia. It lies along the Chicamocha River in the Andean Cordillera (mountains) Oriental, at an elevation ...
Sogdian
/sog"dee euhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Sogdiana. 2. the extinct Iranian language of Sogdiana. [1770-80; < Gk Sogdianós. See SOGDIANA, -IAN] * * *
Sogdian art
      rich body of pre-Muslim Central Asian visual arts that was created between roughly the 5th and 9th centuries and is represented most notably by finds at Pendzhikent ...
Sogdiana
/sog'dee ay"neuh, -an"euh/, n. a province of the ancient Persian Empire between the Oxus and Jaxartes rivers: now in Uzbekistan. Cap.: Samarkand. * * * Province of ancient ...
Sōgetsu
▪ school of floral art       20th-century Japanese school of floral art that introduced the zen'ei (“avant-garde”) ikebana style in which freedom of expression is ...
soggily
See soggy. * * *
sogginess
See soggily. * * *
soggy
—soggily, adv. —sogginess, n. /sog"ee/, adj., soggier, soggiest. 1. soaked; thoroughly wet; sodden. 2. damp and heavy, as poorly baked bread. 3. spiritless, heavy, dull, or ...
Sogn Fjord
▪ fjord, Norway  fjord, western Norway. It is the longest and deepest fjord in Norway, and its mouth is located 45 miles (72 km) north of Bergen. Its length, from the ...
Sognafjord
Sog·na·fjord or Sog·ne Fjord (sôngʹnə-fyôr') An inlet of the Norwegian Sea in southwest Norway extending inland about 193 km (120 mi). It is the longest and deepest ...
Sogne Fjord
or Sognefjorden Longest and deepest fjord in Norway. It extends 127 mi (204 km) inland from the Norwegian Sea and has a maximum depth of 4,291 ft (1,308 m). The fjord and its ...
Sŏhak
▪ Korean history       (Korean: “Western Learning”), in Korean history, the study of Western culture, introduced into Korea from the Chinese Ming and Ch'ing ...
Sohlman, August
▪ Swedish journalist in full  Per August Ferdinand Sohlman   born May 24, 1824, Närke, Sweden died July 5, 1874, Stockholm       journalist and publicist who was a ...
Soho
/soh"hoh, soh hoh"/, n. 1. a district in London, England, including Soho Square: a predominantly foreign section since 1685; noted for its restaurants. 2. SoHo. * * * ▪ ...
SoHo
/soh"hoh/, n. a district in New York City, in lower Manhattan, south of Houston Street, where many of the old warehouses and buildings have been converted into studios, ...
Soho Square
a formerly fashionable residential district of London, England. * * *
Sōhyō
▪ labour organization, Japan in full  Nihon Rōdō Kumiai Sō Hyōgikai , English  General Council of Trade Unions        trade-union federation that was the ...
soi-disant
/swann dee zahonn"/, adj. French. 1. calling oneself thus; self-styled. 2. so-called or pretended. * * *
soigné
/swahn yay"/; Fr. /swann nyay"/, adj. 1. carefully or elegantly done, operated, or designed. 2. well-groomed. Also, soignée. [1915-20; < F, ptp. of soigner to take care of < Gmc ...
soignée
soignée [swȧ nyā′] adj. 〚Fr, fem. of soigné, pp. of soigner, to take care of, attend to < ML (Gallic) soniare < sonium, care < Frank * sunnja〛 dressed and groomed ...
soil
soil1 —soilless, adj. /soyl/, n. 1. the portion of the earth's surface consisting of disintegrated rock and humus. 2. a particular kind of earth: sandy soil. 3. the ground as ...
Soil Association
a British organization, started in 1946, which encourages organic food and farming. Their symbol is used on organic products to show that they are produced and processed to ...
soil bank
—soil-bank, adj. a plan providing cash payments to farmers who cut production of certain surplus crops in favor of soil-enriching ones. [1950-55] * * *
soil binder
a plant that prevents or inhibits erosion by providing a ground cover and forming a dense network of roots that hold the soil. Also, soilbinder. * * *
soil chemistry
      discipline embracing all chemical and mineralogical compounds and reactions occurring in soils and soil-forming processes. The goals of soil chemistry are: (1) to ...
soil conditioner
any of various organic or inorganic materials added to soil to improve its structure. * * *
soil conservation
any of various methods to achieve the maximum utilization of the land and preserve its resources through such controls as crop rotation, prevention of soil erosion, etc. * * *
soil creep
Geol. creep of soil on even slopes; often accelerated by spring freeze-and-thaw or general periglacial conditions. Cf. creep (def. 17a). [1895-1900] * * *
soil group
one of a number of soil classes having the same kinds of horizons in the same sequence and under similar moisture and temperature regimes. [1920-25] * * *
Soil Horizon letter designations
▪ Table Soil horizon letter designations See as table: Base symbols for surface horizons O organic horizon containing litter and decomposed organic matter A mineral horizon ...
soil mechanics
the branch of civil engineering that deals with the mechanical behavior of soil and similar materials when they are compressed or sheared or when liquids flow through them. * * ...
soil organism
▪ biology  any organism inhabiting the soil during part or all of its life. Soil organisms, which range in size from microscopic cells that digest decaying organic material ...
soil pipe
a pipe carrying wastes from toilets and sometimes from waste pipes. Cf. waste pipe (def. 2). [1825-35] * * *
soil profile
1. a vertical succession of horizons, commonly lettered A, B, C (beginning at the surface), that have been subjected to soil-forming processes, chiefly leaching and oxidation. 2. ...
soil rot
Plant Pathol. pox (def. 3). * * *
soil science
—soil scientist. pedology1. [1935-40] * * * Scientific discipline that investigates soils as primary natural resources at the surface of the Earth. It includes the ...
soil stack
Plumbing. a vertical soil pipe. [1930-35] * * *
soilage
soilage1 /soy"lij/, n. grass or leafy plants raised as feed for fenced-in livestock. [SOIL3 + -AGE] soilage2 /soy"lij/, n. 1. an act or instance of soiling. 2. the condition of ...
soilpipe
soil pipe n. A drainpipe that carries off wastes from a plumbing fixture, especially from a toilet. * * *
soilure
/soyl"yeuhr/, n. a stain. [1250-1300; ME soylure < OF soilleure, equiv. to soill(ier) (see SOIL2) + -eure ( < L -atura; see -ATE1, -URE)] * * *
soiree
/swah ray"/, n. an evening party or social gathering, esp. one held for a particular purpose: a musical soiree. Also, soirée. [1810-20; < F, equiv. to OF soir evening ( < L sero ...
Soissons
/swann sawonn"/, n. a city in N France, on the Aisne River: battles A.D. 486, 1918, 1944. 32,112. * * * ▪ France       town, Aisne département, Picardy région, ...
Soissons, Charles de Bourbon, Count de
▪ French count and soldier byname  Monsieur Le Comte   born 1566, Nogent-le-Rotrou, Fr. died Nov. 1, 1612, Blandy-en-Brie       major figure in France's Wars of ...
Soissons, Louis de Bourbon, Count de
▪ French courtier and soldier byname  Monsieur Le Comte   born 1604, Paris, Fr. died July 6, 1641, La Marfée, near Sedan       courtier and soldier in the intrigues ...
soixante-neuf
/swah'sahnt nerrf", -nuf"/; Fr. /swann sahonnt nuef"/, n. sixty-nine (def. 4). [1915-20; < F] * * *
sojourn
—sojourner, n. n. /soh"jerrn/; v. /soh"jerrn, soh jerrn"/, n. 1. a temporary stay: during his sojourn in Paris. v.i. 2. to stay for a time in a place; live temporarily: to ...
sojourner
See sojourn. * * * the small vehicle sent by NASA on the Pathfinder space trip to Mars in 1997. It weighed 25 pounds (11 kilograms), had six wheels and was controlled from ...
Sojourner Truth
➡ Truth * * *
Sojourner Truth: What Time of Night It Is (1853)
▪ Primary Source       African American reformer and evangelist Sojourner Truth was involved in the abolitionist and women s rights movements. The following is a brief ...
Sōka
▪ Japan       city, Saitama ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the Ayase River, north of Tokyo. During the Tokugawa period (1603–1867) Sōka was a post station, ...
Soka-gakkai
Lay religious and political group associated with the Buddhist sect Nichiren-sho-shu (see Nichiren Buddhism). The most successful of Japan's new religious movements of the 20th ...
Sokch'o
▪ South Korea       city, Kangwŏn do (province), northeastern South Korea, on the Sea of Japan. Ch'ŏngch'o Lagoon is in the southern part of the city. The coastal ...
soke
/sohk/, n. Early Eng. Law. 1. the privilege of holding court, usually connected with the feudal rights of lordship. 2. a district over which local jurisdiction was ...
sokeman
/sohk"meuhn/, n., pl. sokemen. a tenant holding land in socage. Also, socman. [1250-1300; ME ( < AF) < ML sokemannus < OE socn SOKE + man MAN1] * * *
sokemanry
/sohk"meuhn ree/, n., pl. sokemanries. 1. tenure of land subject to the soke of someone else. 2. sokemen. [1250-1300; ME < AF sokemanerie, equiv. to sokeman SOKEMAN + -erie ...
soken
/soh"keuhn/, n. a district held by socage. [bef. 1000; ME socne, soken, OE socn an attack, visit, resort, soke. See SOKE] * * *
Sokhumi
So·khu·mi or Su·khu·mi (so͝okʹə-mē, so͝oKHʹ-) A city of western Georgia on the Black Sea west-northwest of Tbilisi. The administrative capital of the republic of ...
Sokodé
▪ Togo       town, central Togo. A historically important trading centre because of its location in a gap of the Togo Mountains, Sokodé is Togo's second largest town ...
sokol
sokol [sō′kôl΄] n. 〚Czech, lit., falcon〛 an international organization promoting physical health, esp. in gymnastics * * * ▪ Russia       city and river port, ...
Sokollu, Mehmed Paşa
▪ Ottoman vizier born 1505, Sokol, Bosnia, Ottoman Empire died Oct. 11/12, 1579, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Turkey]       Ottoman grand vizier (chief minister) from ...
Sokolof, Philip
▪ 2005       American businessman (b. Dec. 14, 1921, Omaha, Neb.—d. April 15, 2004, Omaha), launched a personal mission to combat high cholesterol. He had already ...
Sokolow, Anna
born Feb. 9, 1910, Hartford, Conn., U.S. died March 29, 2000, New York, N.Y. U.S. modern dancer, choreographer, and teacher. She studied with Martha Graham and danced with ...
Sokolow, Nahum
▪ British writer born Feb. 3, 1861, Wyszogród, Pol., Russian Empire [now in Poland] died May 17, 1936, London, Eng.       Jewish journalist and Zionist ...
Sokoto
/soh"koh toh', soh'koh toh", seuh koh"toh/, n. 1. a state in NW Nigeria; formerly a sultanate and province; empire in the 19th century. 4,500,000; 57,560 sq. mi. (149,066 sq. ...
Sokoto River
▪ river, Nigeria also called  Kebbi River,         river in northwestern Nigeria, rising just south of Funtua on the northern plateau. It flows northwestward in a ...
Sokotra
/soh koh"treuh, sok"euh treuh/, n. Socotra. * * *
sokutai
▪ Japanese dress       Japanese emperor's court dress, worn for coronations and other important ceremonies. The costume, which has many Chinese characteristics, has ...
sol
sol1 /sohl/, n. Music. 1. the syllable used for the fifth tone of a diatonic scale. 2. (in the fixed system of solmization) the tone G. Also, so. Cf. sol-fa (def. 1). [1275-1325; ...
Sol
/sol/, n. 1. an ancient Roman god personifying the sun. 2. the sun, personified by the Romans as a god. 3. a male given name, form of Solomon. * * * In Roman religion, the name ...
Sol, Isla del
▪ island, South America also called  Isla Titicaca,  or  Isla de Titicaca   island in the Bolivian (eastern) sector of Lake Titicaca (Titicaca, Lake), just northwest of ...
sol-
Whole. Also solə- (oldest form *solə₂-). Derivatives include solid, catholic, and salvo. I. Basic form *sol-. 1. Suffixed form *sol-ido-. solder, soldier, solid, sou; ...
sol-fa
—sol-faist, n. /sohl'fah", sohl"fah'/, n., v., sol-faed, sol-faing. n. 1. Music. the set of syllables, do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, and ti, sung to the respective tones of the ...
Sol.
1. Solicitor. 2. See Song of Solomon. * * *
sol.
1. soluble. 2. solution. * * *
sola
/soh"lah/, n. an Indian shrub, Aeschynomene aspera, of the legume family, the pith of which is used for making helmets. Cf. topee. [1835-45; < Hindi sola] /saw"lah/; Eng. ...
solace
—solacer, n. /sol"is/, n., v., solaced, solacing. n. Also called solacement. 1. comfort in sorrow, misfortune, or trouble; alleviation of distress or discomfort. 2. something ...
solacer
See solace. * * *
solan
/soh"leuhn/, n. a gannet. Also called solan goose. [1400-50; late ME soland < ON sula gannet + ond duck] * * *
solan (goose)
solan (goose) or solan [sō′lən] n. 〚Scot < ME soland < ON sūla, gannet + -and, -ǫnd, a duck, akin to OE ænid, Ger ente < IE * anet- > L anas〛 GANNET * * *
Solana Madariaga, Javier
▪ 2000       In March 1999 the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, in an effort to put a halt to atrocities committed by Serbian troops against ethnic Albanians in the ...
Solanaceae
▪ plant family       the nightshade, or potato, family of flowering plants (order Solanales), with 102 genera and nearly 2,500 species, many of considerable economic ...
solanaceous
/sol'euh nay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Solanaceae, the nightshade family of plants. Cf. nightshade family. [1795-1805; < NL Solanace(ae) name of the family (Solan(um) a ...
Solanales
▪ plant order Introduction   potato order of flowering plants, including 5 families with 165 genera and more than 4,000 species. Two of the families are large and contain ...
solander
/seuh lan"deuhr/, n. a case for maps, plates, etc., made to resemble a book and having the front cover and fore edge hinged. [1780-90; named after Daniel Charles Solander ...
solanine
solanine [sōl′ləninsō′lə nēn΄, sō′lənin] n. 〚Fr < L solanum, nightshade (see SOLANUM) + Fr -ine, -INE3〛 a complex glycosidic alkaloid, C45H73NO15, found in ...
solanum
solanum [sō lā′nəm] n. 〚L, nightshade, orig., sun plant < sol: see SOL1〛 any of a large genus (Solanum) of trees, vines, shrubs, and plants of the nightshade family: ...
Solapur
▪ India also called  Sholapur        city, Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India, on the Sina River. In early centuries the city belonged to the Hindu ...
solar
solar1 /soh"leuhr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the sun: solar phenomena. 2. determined by the sun: solar hour. 3. proceeding from the sun, as light or heat. 4. utilizing, ...
solar activity
Astron. the sum of all variable and short-lived disturbances on the sun, as sunspots, prominences, and solar flares. * * *
Solar and Heliospheric Observatory
▪ satellite  satellite managed jointly by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) that is equipped with a battery ...
solar apex
Astron. the point on the celestial sphere, near Vega, toward which the solar system is moving relative to the visible stars. [1870-75] * * *
solar battery
an array of solar cells, used as a source of electrical power. [1950-55] * * *
solar calendar
▪ chronology       any dating system based on the seasonal year of approximately 365 1/4 days, the time it takes the Earth to revolve once around the Sun. The Egyptians ...
solar cell
a photovoltaic cell that converts sunlight directly into electricity. * * * Any device that directly converts the energy in light into electrical energy through the process of ...
solar chariot
(in ancient Egypt) a chariot placed in the tomb of a king to transport him to the sun. * * *
solar collector
any of numerous devices or systems designed to capture and use solar radiation for heating air or water and for producing steam to generate electricity. Also called collector. * ...
solar compass
also called  Sun Compass,         type of navigational instrument that uses the position of the Sun to establish bearing. The solar compass operates somewhat like a ...
solar constant
the average rate at which radiant energy is received from the sun by the earth, equal to 1.94 small calories per minute per square centimeter of area perpendicular to the sun's ...
solar cooker
solar cooker n. a simple, low-cost device using focused sunshine to cook rice, boil water, etc. * * *
solar cycle
Astron. the variation of sunspots, prominences, flares, and other solar activity through an 11-year cycle. Also called solar activity cycle. Cf. sunspot cycle. * * * Period in ...
solar day
1. Astron. the time interval between two successive transits by the sun of the meridian directly opposite that of the observer; the 24-hour interval from one midnight to the ...
solar deity
      god or goddess conceived of as sovereign, steady, and all-seeing, often identified with the supreme deity of a culture or with the king or ruler. See sun worship. * ...
solar eclipse
solar eclipse n. see ECLIPSE (n. 1) * * *
solar eclipse.
See under eclipse (def. 1a). * * *
solar energy
energy derived from the sun in the form of solar radiation. Also called solar. * * * Radiation from the Sun that can produce heat, generate electricity, or cause chemical ...
solar flare
Astron. flare (def. 22). [1935-40] * * * Sudden intense brightening of a small part of the Sun's surface, often near a sunspot group. Flares develop in a few minutes and may ...
solar furnace
a furnace using sunlight concentrated by concave mirrors as the direct source of heat. * * *
solar heating
Use of solar radiation to heat water or air in buildings. There are two types: passive and active. Passive heating relies on architectural design; the building's siting, ...
solar house
a house designed to absorb and store solar heat. Also called solar home. * * *
solar mass
the unit, equivalent to the mass of the sun, in which the masses of stars and other celestial objects are given: a black hole of one million solar masses. * * *
solar month
month (def. 4). * * *
solar nebula
Gaseous cloud from which, in the nebular hypothesis of the origin of the solar system, the Sun and planets formed by condensation. In 1755 Immanuel Kant suggested that a nebula ...
solar panel
a bank of solar cells. * * *
solar plexus
1. Also called celiac plexus. Anat. a network of nerves situated at the upper part of the abdomen, behind the stomach and in front of the aorta. 2. a point on the stomach wall, ...
solar pond
a pool with a bottom layer of salt water and top layer of fresh water, designed to capture solar radiation as a source of energy for generating heat or electricity. * * *
solar prominence
Astron. prominence (def. 3). * * * Arched stream of hot gas projecting from the Sun's surface into the chromosphere or corona. Prominences can be hundreds of thousands of miles ...
solar radiation
       electromagnetic radiation, including X-rays (X-ray), ultraviolet (ultraviolet radiation) and infrared radiation, and radio emissions, as well as visible light, ...
solar radius
the unit, equivalent to the radius of the sun, in which the radii of stars and other celestial objects are given. * * *
solar sail
Aerospace. a design concept for spacecraft propulsion consisting of a very thin, very large sheet of highly polished material that would be driven by the pressure of ...
solar ship
(in ancient Egypt) a boat placed in or near the tomb of a king to transport him to the sun. * * *
solar still
an apparatus that uses solar radiation to distill salt or brackish water to produce drinkable water. * * *
solar system
the sun together with all the planets and other bodies that revolve around it. [1695-1705] * * * The Sun, its planets, and the small bodies (see asteroid, Centaur object, comet, ...
Solar Temple, Order of the
▪ New Religious Movement in full  International Order of Chivalry Solar Tradition        small New Religious Movement that was founded in Geneva in 1984 and is best ...
solar time
▪ chronology       time measured by Earth's rotation relative to the Sun. Apparent solar time is that measured by direct observation of the Sun or by a sundial. Mean ...
solar wind
an emanation from the sun's corona consisting of a flow of charged particles, mainly electrons and protons, that interacts with the magnetic field of the earth and other ...
solar year
year (def. 4b). * * *
solar-heat
/soh"leuhr heet"/, v.t. to heat (a building) by means of solar energy. * * *
solarbattery
solar battery n. A system consisting of a large number of connected solar cells. * * *
solarcell
solar cell n. A semiconductor device that converts the energy of sunlight into electric energy. Also called photovoltaic cell. * * *
solarconstant
solar constant n. The average density of solar radiation measured outside Earth's atmosphere and at Earth's mean distance from the sun, equal to 0.140 watt per square ...
solarday
solar day n. A mean solar day. * * *
solarflare
solar flare PhotoDisc, Inc. n. A sudden eruption of hydrogen gas on the surface of the sun, usually associated with sunspots and accompanied by a burst of ultraviolet radiation ...
solarfurnace
solar furnace n. A parabolic reflector that focuses solar radiation at a point to obtain temperatures as high as 4,000°C (7,200°F). * * *
solarhouse
solar house n. A house having heat-absorbing material behind large glass areas, designed to use solar radiation for heating. * * *
Solari, Andrea
▪ Italian painter Solari also spelled  Solario  born 1465, Milan died 1524, Milan       Renaissance painter of the Milanese school, one of the most important ...
solarimeter
so·lar·im·e·ter (sō'lə-rĭmʹĭ-tər) n. An instrument used to measure the flux of solar radiation through a surface. * * *
solarism
—solarist, n. /soh"leuh riz'euhm/, n. the interpretation of myths by reference to the sun, esp. such interpretation carried to an extreme. [1880-85; SOLAR1 + -ISM] * * *
solarium
/seuh lair"ee euhm, soh-/, n., pl. solariums, solaria /-lair"ee euh/. a glass-enclosed room, porch, or the like, exposed to the sun's rays, as at a seaside hotel or for ...
solarization
See solarize. * * *
solarize
—solarization, n. /soh"leuh ruyz'/, v., solarized, solarizing. v.t. 1. Photog. to reverse (an image) partially, as from negative to positive, by exposure to light during ...
solarmonth
solar month n. One twelfth of a solar year, totaling 30 days, 10 hours, 29 minutes, 3.8 seconds. * * *
Solaro della Margarita, Clemente, Count
▪ Piedmontese statesman (conte) born Nov. 21, 1792, Mondovì, Piedmont [Italy] died Nov. 12, 1869, Turin, Italy       Piedmontese statesman who supported the old order ...
solarpanel
solar panel n. A group of connected solar cells. * * *
solarplexus
solar plexus n. 1. The large network of sympathetic nerves and ganglia located in the peritoneal cavity behind the stomach and having branching tracts that supply nerves to the ...
solarsystem
solar system n. 1. often Solar System The sun together with the nine planets and all other celestial bodies that orbit the sun. See table at planet. 2. A system of planets or ...
solarwind
solar wind (wĭnd) n. A stream of high-speed, ionized particles ejected primarily from the sun's corona. * * *
solaryear
solar year n. The period of time required for the earth to make one complete revolution around the sun, measured from one vernal equinox to the next and equal to 365 days, 5 ...
Solas Borrego, Humberto
▪ 2009       Cuban film director and screenwriter born Dec. 4, 1941, Havana, Cuba died Sept. 17, 2008, Havana was a 14-year-old guerrilla in the Cuban Revolution ...
solate
—solation, n. /sol"ayt, soh"layt/, v.t., solated, solating. Chem. to change from a gel to a sol. [SOL4 + -ATE1] * * *
solatium
/soh lay"shee euhm/, n., pl. solatia /-shee euh/. 1. something given in compensation for inconvenience, loss, injury, or the like; recompense. 2. Law. damages awarded to a ...
Solbad Hall
▪ Austria also called  Solbad Hall in Tirol, Hall in Tirol, or Hall,         town, western Austria. It lies along the Inn River just east of Innsbruck. A settlement ...
sold
/sohld/, v. pt. and pp. of sell1. * * *
sold-out
/sohld"owt"/, adj. having all tickets sold, as for a performance or engagement. [1905-10] * * *
Soldan
/sol"deuhn, sohl"-, sohd"n/, n. 1. the ruler of an Islamic country. 2. Archaic. a sultan, esp. the sultan of Egypt. [1250-1300; ME < MF < Ar. See SULTAN] * * *
Soldati, Mario
▪ 2000       Italian writer and filmmaker who directed some 30 motion pictures as well as television documentaries and light opera, but he was equally admired as a ...
solder
—solderable, adj. —solderer, n. —solderless, adj. /sod"euhr/, n. 1. any of various alloys fused and applied to the joint between metal objects to unite them without heating ...
solderable
See solder. * * *
solderer
See solderable. * * *
soldering
Process that uses metal alloys with low melting points to join metallic surfaces without melting them. Tin-lead solders, once widely used in the electrical and plumbing ...
soldering iron
an instrument for melting and applying solder. [1680-90] * * *
solderingiron
sol·der·ing iron (sŏdʹər-ĭng) n. A usually rod-shaped metal implement with a pointed or wedge-shaped tip, used in soldering metallic parts. * * *
soldier
—soldiership, n. /sohl"jeuhr/, n. 1. a person who serves in an army; a person engaged in military service. 2. an enlisted man or woman, as distinguished from a commissioned ...
soldier beetle
▪ insect       any member of the approximately 3,500 species of the widely distributed insect family Cantharidae (order Coleoptera). These slender, soft-bodied beetles ...
soldier fly
any of several flies of the family Stratiomyidae, characterized by brightly colored abdominal stripes. [1850-55, Amer.] * * * ▪ insect       any member of the insect ...
soldier of fortune
1. a person who independently seeks pleasure, wealth, etc., through adventurous exploits. 2. a military adventurer, ready to serve anywhere for pay or for pleasure. [1655-65] * * ...
soldier's heart
Pathol. See cardiac neurosis. [1895-1900] * * *
Soldier's Medal
a medal awarded to any member of the Army of the United States, or of any military organization serving with it, who distinguishes himself or herself by heroism not involving ...
soldierfish
/sohl"jeuhr fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) soldierfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) soldierfishes. 1. any of several squirrelfishes of the family ...
soldiering
/sohl"jeuhr ing/, n. the activity or career of a person who soldiers. [1690-1700; SOLDIER + -ING1] * * *
soldierly
—soldierliness, n. /sohl"jeuhr lee/, adj. of, like, or befitting a soldier. [1570-80; SOLDIER + -LY] * * *
soldierof fortune
soldier of fortune n. pl. soldiers of fortune One who will serve in any army or undertake risky tasks for personal gain or love of adventure. * * *
soldiers' home
an institution that provides care and shelter for retired soldiers. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
soldiers'home
sol·diers' home (sōlʹjərz) n. A government-funded institution for the care of military veterans. * * *
soldiership
See soldier. * * *
soldiery
/sohl"jeuh ree/, n., pl. soldieries for 2. 1. soldiers collectively. 2. a body of soldiers. 3. military training or skill. [1560-70; SOLDIER + -RY] * * *
soldo
/sol"doh/; It. /sawl"daw/, n., pl. soldi /-dee/. a former copper coin of Italy, the twentieth part of a lira, equal to five centesimi. [1590-1600; < It < L solidum; see SOL2] * * ...
sole
sole1 —soleness, n. /sohl/, adj. 1. being the only one; only: the sole living relative. 2. being the only one of the kind; unique; unsurpassed; matchless: the sole brilliance ...
sole custody
custody, as of a child whose parents are separated, in which one person has sole responsibility. Cf. joint custody. * * *
sole proprietorship
➡ companies * * *
sole trader
Law. See feme-sole trader. * * *
sole-source
/sohl"sawrs", -sohrs"/, adj. designating a company contracted, without competition, to be the sole supplier of a product or service, as a firm having an exclusive contract for ...
solecism
—solecist, n. —solecistic, solecistical, adj. —solecistically, adv. /sol"euh siz'euhm, soh"leuh-/, n. 1. a nonstandard or ungrammatical usage, as unflammable and they ...
solecist
See solecism. * * *
solecistic
See solecist. * * *
Soledad
So·le·dad (sō'lĕ-dädʹ) A city of northern Colombia, a suburb of Barranquilla. Population: 168,291. * * * ▪ Colombia       city, Atlántico departamento, ...
solely
/sohl"lee/, adv. 1. as the only one or ones: solely responsible. 2. exclusively or only: plants found solely in the tropics. 3. merely: She wanted solely to get out of the house ...


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