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solemn
—solemnly, adv. —solemnness, n. /sol"euhm/, adj. 1. grave, sober, or mirthless, as a person, the face, speech, tone, or mood: solemn remarks. 2. gravely or somberly ...
Solemn (High) Mass
Solemn (High) Mass or Solemn Mass n. former term for a highly ceremonial Mass with parts of the text sung by the celebrant, with a deacon and subdeacon assisting at the ...
Solemn High Mass
a Mass sung with the assistance of a deacon and subdeacon. * * *
Solemn League and Covenant
an agreement (1643) between the parliaments of Scotland and England permitting the promotion of Presbyterianism in Scotland, England, and Ireland. Cf. National Covenant. * * ...
Solemn Mass.
See High Mass. * * *
solemn vow
Rom. Cath. Ch. a perpetual, irrevocable public vow taken by a religious, in which property may not be owned by the individual, and marriage is held invalid under canon law. Cf. ...
solemnify
/seuh lem"neuh fuy'/, v.t., solemnified, solemnifying. to make solemn: to solemnify an occasion with hymns and prayers. [1880-85; SOLEMN + -IFY] * * *
solemnity
/seuh lem"ni tee/, n., pl. solemnities. 1. the state or character of being solemn; earnestness; gravity; impressiveness: the solemnity of a state funeral. 2. Often, solemnities. ...
solemnization
See solemnize. * * *
solemnize
—solemnization, n. —solemnizer, n. /sol"euhm nuyz'/, v., solemnized, solemnizing. v.t. 1. to perform the ceremony of (marriage). 2. to hold or perform (ceremonies, rites, ...
solemnly
See solemn. * * *
solemnness
See solemnly. * * *
solenocyte
—solenocytic /seuh lee'neuh sit"ik, -len'euh-/, adj. /seuh lee"neuh suyt', -len"euh-/, n. Zool. a type of long, narrow, flagellated cell that functions in excretion of ...
solenodon
/seuh lee"neuh don', -len"euh-/, n. either of two insectivores of the genus Solenodon, resembling a large shrew and having small eyes, a long and pointy snout, and a scaly tail, ...
solenogaster
/seuh lee"neuh gas'teuhr, -len"euh-/, n. Zool. any of a group of wormlike mollusks, class Solenogastres (formerly Aplacophora), inhabiting deep ocean layers and having fine limy ...
solenoglyph
solenoglyph [sə lē′nəglif΄] n. 〚< ModL Solenoglypha < Gr sōlēn, a channel (in reference to the tubular fangs) + glyphein, to carve: for IE base see CLEAVE1〛 any ...
solenoid
/soh"leuh noyd', sol"euh-/, n. 1. Elect. an electric conductor wound as a helix with small pitch, or as two or more coaxial helices, so that current through the conductor ...
solenoidal
—solenoidally, adv. /soh'leuh noyd"l, sol'euh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a solenoid. 2. Math. (of a vector or vector function) having divergence equal to zero. [1870-75; ...
solenoidally
See solenoidal. * * *
Solent
/soh"leuhnt/, n. The a channel between the Isle of Wight and the mainland of S England. 2-5 mi. (3.2-8 km) wide. * * *
Solent, The
Strait of the English Channel. It extends 15 mi (24 km) between mainland England and the Isle of Wight and varies in width from 2 to 5 mi (3 to 8 km). The submerged valley of a ...
soleplate
/sohl"playt'/, n. Carpentry. a plate upon which studding is erected. Also called shoe, sole, solepiece /sohl"pees'/. [1835-45; SOLE2 + PLATE1] * * *
soleprint
/sohl"print'/, n. a print of the sole of a foot: often used in hospitals for identifying infants. [1930-35; SOLE2 + PRINT] * * *
Soler
/soh lair"/; Sp. /saw lerdd"/, n. Padre Antonio /ahn taw"nyaw/, 1729-83, Spanish organist and composer. * * *
Soler, Antonio
▪ Spanish composer in full  Antonio Francisco Javier José Soler Ramos  baptized Dec. 3, 1729, Olot, Spain died Dec. 20, 1783, El Escorial Monastery, near ...
solera
/soh lair"euh/; Sp. /saw le"rddah/, n. 1. (esp. in Spain) a series of casks, graded according to age, in which sherries and brandies are stored while maturing. 2. a ...
Soleri
/soh lair"ee/, n. Paolo /pow"loh/, born 1919, U.S. architect, born in Italy. * * *
Soleri, Paolo
born June 21, 1919, Turin, Italy Italian-born U.S. architect. After receiving a doctorate from Turin Polytechnic, he worked under Frank Lloyd Wright in Arizona (1947–49). In ...
soles
Sp. /saw"les/, n. a pl. of sol3. * * *
Solesmes
/saw lem"/, n. a Benedictine monastery in Solesmes, France, known esp. for the work of its monks in editing and performing Gregorian chant. * * * ▪ village, ...
Soleure
/saw luerdd"/, n. French name of Solothurn. * * *
soleus
/soh"lee euhs/, n., pl. solei /-lee uy'/, soleuses. a muscle in the calf of the leg, behind the gastrocnemius muscle, that helps extend the foot forward. [1670-80; < NL, masc. ...
soleus muscle
▪ anatomy       a flat, broad muscle of the calf of the leg lying just beneath the gastrocnemius muscle. It arises from the upper portions of the tibia and fibula, the ...
solfatara
—solfataric, adj. /sohl'feuh tahr"euh, sol'-/, n. Geol. a fumarole that gives off only sulfurous gases. [1770-80; < It (Neapolitan) solfatara, deriv. of solfo < L sulfur; see ...
solfataric
See solfatara. * * *
solfège
/sol fezh", -fej", sohl-/, n. Music. solfeggio. [ < F < It] * * *
solfeggio
/sol fej"oh, -fej"ee oh'/, n., pl. solfeggi /-fej"ee/, solfeggios. Music. 1. a vocal exercise in which the sol-fa syllables are used. 2. the use of the sol-fa syllables to name ...
Solferino
/sawl'fe rddee"naw/ for 1; /sol'feuh ree"noh/ for 2, 3, n. 1. a village in SE Lombardy, in N Italy: battle 1859. 1811. 2. (l.c.) a dye obtained from rosaniline. 3. (l.c.) vivid ...
Solferino, Battle of
(June 24, 1859) Engagement fought in Lombardy between Austria and an allied French and Piedmontese army. After its defeat at the Battle of Magenta, the Austrian army retreated ...
solgel
/sol"jel', sohl"-/, adj. pertaining to alternation between the sol and gel states, as in the pseudopodia of amebas. [1920-25; SOL4 + GEL] * * *
Solheim, Karsten
▪ 2001       Norwegian-born American golf-equipment designer (b. Sept. 15, 1911, Bergen, Nor.—d. Feb. 16, 2000, Phoenix, Ariz.), revolutionized golf equipment by ...
Soli
Ancient seaport, Anatolia. Located in what is now south-central Turkey, it was founded by Greek colonists from Rhodes and was a principle city of Cilicia. It was later conquered ...
soli-
soli-1 a combining form meaning "alone," "solitary," used in the formation of compound words: solifidian. [ < L soli-, comb. form of solus. See SOLE1] soli-2 a combining form ...
solicit
/seuh lis"it/, v.t. 1. to seek for (something) by entreaty, earnest or respectful request, formal application, etc.: He solicited aid from the minister. 2. to entreat or petition ...
solicitation
/seuh lis'i tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of soliciting. 2. entreaty, urging, or importunity; a petition or request. 3. enticement or allurement. 4. Law. a. the crime of asking ...
solicitor
—solicitorship, n. /seuh lis"i teuhr/, n. 1. a person who solicits. 2. a person whose business it is to solicit business, trade, etc. 3. an officer having charge of the legal ...
solicitor advocate
(in Scotland) a solicitor (= a lawyer) who can appear in the highest courts instead of an advocate. * * *
solicitor general
pl. solicitors general. 1. a law officer who maintains the rights of the state in suits affecting the public interest, next in rank to the attorney general. 2. the chief legal ...
solicitorgeneral
solicitor general n. pl. solicitors general Abbr. SG 1. A law officer assisting an attorney general. 2. The chief law officer in a state not having an attorney general. * * *
solicitous
—solicitously, adv. —solicitousness, n. /seuh lis"i teuhs/, adj. 1. anxious or concerned (usually fol. by about, for, etc., or a clause): solicitous about a person's ...
solicitously
See solicitous. * * *
solicitousness
See solicitously. * * *
solicitude
/seuh lis"i toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. 1. the state of being solicitous; anxiety or concern. 2. solicitudes, causes of anxiety or care. 3. an attitude expressing excessive ...
solid
—solidly, adv. —solidness, n. /sol"id/, adj. 1. having three dimensions (length, breadth, and thickness), as a geometrical body or figure. 2. of or pertaining to bodies or ...
solid angle
Geom. an angle formed by three or more planes intersecting in a common point or formed at the vertex of a cone. [1695-1705] * * *
solid fuel
solid fuel n. any of various rocket fuels and oxidizers that are mixed and solidified into a storable mass: also called solid propellant * * *
solid geometry
the geometry of solid figures; geometry of three dimensions. [1725-35] * * *
solid injection
injection of fuel into an internal-combustion engine without an air blast. Cf. air injection. * * *
solid of revolution
a three-dimensional figure formed by revolving a plane area about a given axis. [1810-20] * * *
solid propellant
a rocket propellant in solid form, usually containing a mixture or combination of fuel and oxidizer. Cf. liquid propellant. * * *
solid rocket
solid rocket n. any of various rockets using solid fuel * * *
solid rocket booster
a solid-propellant strap-on rocket used to accelerate a missile or launch vehicle during liftoff. Abbr.: SRB * * *
solid solution
1. a solid, homogeneous mixture of substances, as glass or certain alloys. 2. (in a crystal structure) the more or less complete substitution of one kind of atom, ion, or ...
Solid South
the states of the southern U.S. that traditionally supported the Democratic party after the Civil War. * * *
solid-looking
/sol"id look'ing/, adj. reassuringly substantial or stable in appearance: They're a very solid-looking, intelligent couple. [1880-85] * * *
solid-state
/sol"id stayt"/, adj. Electronics. designating or pertaining to electronic devices, as transistors or crystals, that can control current without the use of moving parts, heated ...
solid-state detector
▪ radiation detector also called  Semiconductor Radiation Detector,         radiation detector in which a semiconductor material such as a silicon or germanium ...
solid-state device
Electronic device that operates on the basis of the electric, magnetic, or optical properties of a solid material, especially one that uses a solid crystal in which an orderly ...
solid-state physics
Branch of physics concerned with the physical properties of solid materials. It deals with the properties of crystal-lattice arrangements of atoms, and dislocations and defects ...
solid-statephysics
solid-state physics n. The branch of physics that deals with the physical properties of solid materials, especially the electromagnetic, thermodynamic, and structural properties ...
solidago
solidago [säl΄ə dā′gō] n. pl. solidagos 〚ModL < ML, goldenrod < L solidare, to strengthen (see SOLDER): in reference to its supposed healing powers〛 GOLDENROD * * *
solidangle
solid angle n. An angle formed by three or more planes intersecting at a common point. * * *
solidarity
/sol'i dar"i tee/, n., pl. solidarities. 1. union or fellowship arising from common responsibilities and interests, as between members of a group or between classes, peoples, ...
Solidarity
/sol'i dar"i tee/, n. a Polish organization of independent trade unions founded in 1980: outlawed by the government of Poland in 1982. Polish, Solidarnosc /saw lee ...
solidarize
/sol"i deuh ruyz'/, v.i., solidarized, solidarizing. to unite or come together; become solidified. Also, esp. Brit., solidarise. [1885-90; < F solidariser. See SOLIDARY, -IZE] * ...
solidary
—solidarily, adv. /sol"i der'ee/, adj. characterized by or involving community of responsibilities and interests. [1810-20; < F solidaire, MF; see SOLID, -ARY1] * * *
solidgeometry
solid geometry n. The branch of mathematics that deals with three-dimensional figures and surfaces. * * *
solidi
sol·i·di (sŏlʹĭ-dī') n. Plural of solidus. * * *
solidification
See solidify. * * *
solidify
—solidifiability, solidifiableness, n. —solidifiable, adj. —solidification, n. —solidifier, n. /seuh lid"euh fuy'/, v., solidified, solidifying. v.t. 1. to make solid; ...
solidity
/seuh lid"i tee/, n. 1. the state, property, or quality of being solid. 2. firmness and strength; substantialness: an argument with little solidity. 3. strength of mind, ...
solidly
See solid. * * *
solidness
See solidly. * * *
solidof revolution
solid of revolution n. A volume generated by the rotation of a plane figure about an axis in its plane. * * *
solidpropellant
solid propellant n. A rocket propellant in solid form, combining both fuel and oxidizer in the form of a compact, cohesive grain. * * *
solids, mechanics of
▪ physics Introduction       science concerned with the stressing (stress), deformation (deformation and flow), and failure of solid materials and ...
solidsolution
solid solution n. A homogeneous crystalline structure in which one or more types of atoms or molecules may be partly substituted for the original atoms and molecules without ...
solidungulate
/sol'i dung"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. Zool. 1. having a single, undivided hoof on each foot, as a horse. n. 2. Also called soliped. a solidungulate animal. [1830-40; < L solid(us) ...
solidus
solidus1 /sol"i deuhs/, n., pl. solidi /-duy'/. 1. a gold coin of ancient Rome, introduced by Constantine and continued in the Byzantine Empire; bezant. 2. (in medieval Europe) a ...
solifidian
—solifidianism, n. /sol'euh fid"ee euhn/, n. Theol. a person who maintains that faith alone, without the performance of good works, is all that is necessary for ...
solifluction
/soh'leuh fluk"sheuhn, sol'euh-/, n. Geol. creep (def. 17a). [1915-20; < L sol(um) soil + -i- -I- + fluction- a flowing (s. of fluctio), equiv. to fluct(us) (see FLUCTUATE) + ...
solifugid
/seuh lif"yeuh jid/, n. See sun spider. [var. of SOLPUGID (LL solifuga, by folk etym. from L salpuga] * * *
Soligorsk
▪ Belarus       city, administrative centre of Soligorsk rayon (sector), Minsk oblast (province), Belarus. The city was established as a consequence of the discovery in ...
Solihull
So·li·hull (sō'lĭ-hŭlʹ) A borough of central England, a residential suburb of Birmingham. Population: 200,393. * * * ▪ district, England, United ...
Solikamsk
▪ Russia       city, Perm oblast (province), northwestern Russia. The city lies along the Usolka River, just above the latter's confluence with the Kama. Founded in the ...
soliloquist
See soliloquize. * * *
soliloquize
—soliloquist /seuh lil"euh kwist/, soliloquizer, n. —soliloquizingly, adv. /seuh lil"euh kwuyz'/, v., soliloquized, soliloquizing. v.i. 1. to utter a soliloquy; talk to ...
soliloquizer
See soliloquist. * * *
soliloquy
/seuh lil"euh kwee/, n., pl. soliloquies. 1. an utterance or discourse by a person who is talking to himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious to any hearers present ...
Soliman I
/sol"euh meuhn/. See Suleiman I. * * *
Solimena
/saw'lee me"nah/, n. Francesco /frddahn ches"kaw/, 1657-1747, Italian painter. * * *
Solimões
/saw'li moyonns"/, n. Brazilian name of the Amazon from its junction with the Río Negro to the border of Peru. * * *
Solimões River
▪ river, Brazil Portuguese  Rio Solimões   the section of the upper Amazon River in Amazonas estado (state), northwestern Brazil. The Solimões flows from the ...
soling
/soh"ling/, n. pitching. [SOLE2 + -ING1] * * *
Solingen
/zoh"ling euhn/, n. a city in W Germany, in the Ruhr region. 159,100. * * * ▪ Germany       city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), northwestern Germany. It lies ...
solion
/sol"uy'euhn, -on/, n. Chem., Elect. a low-frequency amplifying device that operates by controlling the flow of ions in solution: some types, as the micropump, accomplish this by ...
soliped
/sol"euh ped'/, n. solidungulate. [1640-50; < NL soliped- (s. of solipes), equiv. to L soli- SOLI-1 + ped-, s. of pes foot; see -PED] * * *
solipsism
—solipsismal, adj. —solipsist, n., adj. —solipsistic /sol'ip sis"tik/, adj. /sol"ip siz'euhm/, n. 1. Philos. the theory that only the self exists, or can be proved to ...
solipsist
See solipsism. * * *
solipsistic
See solipsist. * * *
solitaire
/sol"i tair'/, n. 1. Also called patience. any of various games played by one person with one or more regular 52-card packs, part or all of which are usually dealt out according ...
solitarily
See solitary. * * *
solitariness
See solitarily. * * *
solitary
—solitarily, adv. —solitariness, n. /sol"i ter'ee/, adj., n., pl. solitaries. adj. 1. alone; without companions; unattended: a solitary passer-by. 2. living alone; avoiding ...
solitary bee
any of numerous bees, as the leaf-cutting bees, that do not live in a community. Cf. social bee. [1820-30] * * *
solitary confinement
the confinement of a prisoner in a cell or other place in which he or she is completely isolated from others. [1775-85] * * *
solitary sandpiper
a North American sandpiper, Tringa solitaria, of inland wetlands, having a brownish-gray, white-spotted back and whitish underparts. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
solitary vireo
a vireo, Vireo solitarius, of North and Central America, having the top and sides of the head bluish-gray. Also called blue-headed vireo. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
solitary wasp
any of numerous wasps, as the sand wasps or mud wasps, that do not live in a community. Cf. social wasp. [1820-30] * * *
solitary wave
Math., Physics. a localized disturbance that propagates like a wave but resembles a particle in that it does not disperse, even if it collides with other such waves. * * *
solitaryconfinement
solitary confinement n. The confinement of a prisoner in isolation from all other prisoners. * * *
soliton
/sol"i ton'/, Math., Physics. 1. a solution of a certain type of partial differential equation that represents a solitary wave. 2. (loosely) a solitary wave. [1960-65; SOLIT(ARY) ...
solitude
—solitudinous /sol'i toohd"n euhs, -tyoohd"-/, adj. /sol"i toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. 1. the state of being or living alone; seclusion: to enjoy one's solitude. 2. remoteness from ...
solitudinarian
/sol'i toohd'n air"ee euhn, -tyoohd'-/, n. a person who seeks solitude; recluse. [1685-95; SOLITUDIN(OUS) + -ARIAN] * * *
sollar
/sol"euhr/, n. solar2. Also, soller. * * *
solleret
solleret [säl′ər et΄, säl΄ər et′] n. 〚MFr soleret, dim. of soler, shoe < ML subtelaris (calceus), (shoe) under the arch of the foot < LL subtel, the hollow of the ...
sollicker
/sol"i keuhr/, Brit., Australian Informal. n. 1. force; momentum. adj. Also sollicking. 2. very large. 3. remarkable; wonderful. [1915-20; orig. uncert.] * * *
solmization
/sol'meuh zay"sheuhn, sohl'-/, n. Music. the act, process, or system of using certain syllables, esp. the sol-fa syllables, to represent the tones of the scale. [1720-30; < F ...
soln.
solution. * * *
Solna
▪ Sweden       city, in the län (county) of Stockholm, east-central Sweden, just northwest of the city of Stockholm. An ancient settlement, it has runic stones and ...
Solnhofen Limestone
▪ geology  famous Jurassic Period limestone unit located near the town of Solnhofen, southern Germany, that contains exceptionally preserved fossils from the Tithonian Age ...
solo
/soh"loh/, n., pl. solos, soli /-lee/, adj., adv., v. n. 1. a musical composition or a passage or section in a musical composition written for performance by one singer or ...
Solo
/soh"loh/, n. former name of Surakarta. * * *
Solo man
an early human being of the upper Pleistocene, known from skull fragments found in Java. [after the Solo River, central Java, near which the fragments were found] * * * ▪ ...
Solo River
Longest river in Java, Indonesia. It rises on the slope of Mount Lawu volcano and flows 335 mi (539 km) north and east to discharge into the Java Sea. It is navigable for small ...
solo whist
Cards. a variety of whist in which each player can offer to play any of seven specified bids. [1890-95] * * *
Sologne
▪ region, France       region of north-central France. Sologne occupies a flat alluvial plain of about 200 square miles (520 square km) and extends over parts of the ...
soloist
—soloistic, adj. /soh"loh ist/, n. a person who performs a solo. [1860-65; SOLO + -IST] * * *
soloistic
so·lo·is·tic (sō'lō-ĭsʹtĭk) adj. 1. Of, relating to, or containing a solo or soloist. 2. Having elements or qualities of or appropriate to a solo or a soloist: a passage ...
Sololá
▪ Guatemala  town, southwestern Guatemala. It lies in the central highlands at 6,932 feet (2,113 metres) above sea level. Sololá overlooks spectacular Lake Atitlán, a few ...
Soloman
So·lo man (sōʹlō) n. A fossil hominid specimen previously classed as a distinct species but now generally regarded as an archaic example of Homo sapiens.   [After theSolo ...
Solomon
/sol"euh meuhn/, n. 1. fl. 10th century B.C., king of Israel (son of David). 2. an extraordinarily wise man; a sage. 3. a male given name. * * * I flourished 10th century ...
Solomon Islands
—Solomon Islander. 1. an archipelago in the W Pacific Ocean, E of New Guinea; important World War II battles; politically divided between Papua New Guinea and the Solomon ...
Solomon Islands, flag of the
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of triangles of blue and green separated by a yellow diagonal stripe. In the upper hoist corner are five white stars. The ...
Solomon Sea
▪ Pacific Ocean       portion of the western South Pacific Ocean, bounded on the west by New Guinea, on the north by New Britain, and on the east by the Solomon Islands. ...
Solomon's seal
a mystic or talismanic symbol in the form of an interlaced outline of either a five-pointed or six-pointed star. [1535-45] * * * Any of about 25 species of herbaceous perennials ...
Solomon's-seal
/sol"euh meuhnz seel'/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genus Polygonatum, of the lily family, having a thick rootstock bearing seallike scars, greenish-yellow flowers, ...
Solomon'splume
Sol·o·mon's plume (sŏlʹə-mənz) n. See false Solomon's seal. * * *
Solomon'sseal
Solomon's seal n. 1. A six-pointed star or hexagram supposed to possess mystical powers. 2. Any of several plants of the genus Polygonatum, having paired, drooping, greenish or ...
Solomon, Hannah Greenebaum
▪ American clubwoman and welfare worker née  Hannah Greenebaum   born Jan. 14, 1858, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Dec. 7, 1942, Chicago       American clubwoman and ...
Solomon, Psalms of
▪ biblical literature       a pseudepigraphal work (not in any biblical canon) comprising 18 psalms that were originally written in Hebrew, although only Greek and ...
Solomon, Song of
▪ biblical canticle also called  Canticle of Canticles , or  Song of Songs        an Old Testament book that belongs to the third section of the biblical canon, ...
Solomon, Wisdom of
▪ biblical literature       an example of the “wisdom” genre of religious literature, which commends a life of introspection and reflection on human existence, ...
Solomonic
/sol'euh mon"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to King Solomon. 2. wise or reasonable in character: a Solomonic decision. Also, Solomonian /sol'euh moh"nee euhn, ...
Solomonid Dynasty
▪ Ethiopian history also called  Solomonic Dynasty,         line of Ethiopian emperors who, according to tradition, were descended from Menilek I, the son of Solomon ...
SolomonIslands
I. Solomon Islands1 An island group of the western Pacific Ocean east of New Guinea. Inhabited primarily by Melanesian peoples since at least 2000 B.C., these volcanic islands ...
SolomonSea
Solomon Sea The northern part of the Coral Sea between Papua New Guinea to the north and west and the Solomon Islands to the east. * * *
Solomós, Dhionísios, Count
▪ Greek poet (Komis) born April 8, 1798, Zante, Ionian Islands [now Zacynthus, Greece] died Nov. 21, 1857, Corfu [Greece]       first poet of modern Greece to show the ...
Solon
—Solonian /soh loh"nee euhn/, Solonic /soh lon"ik/, adj. /soh"leuhn/, n. 1. c638-c558 B.C., Athenian statesman. 2. (often l.c.) a wise lawgiver. 3. a town in N Ohio. 14,341. * ...
Solonchak
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Solonchaks are defined by high soluble salt ...
Solonetz
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Solonetz soils are defined by an accumulation ...
solong
so long interj. Informal Used to express goodbye. * * *
solong as
so long as conj. 1. During the time that; while: We will stay so long as you need us. 2. Inasmuch as; since: So long as you're driving into town, why not give me a ride? 3. ...
Solor Islands
▪ islands, Indonesia Indonesian  Kepulauan Solor        group of three major and several smaller islands, East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur) propinsi ...
Solorese
▪ people also called  Solor , or  Solot        tribe inhabiting the Lesser Sunda Islands in Indonesia, specifically Solor, Adonara, Lomblen, and eastern Flores. The ...
Solotaroff, Ted
▪ 2009 Theodore Solotaroff        American literary critic born Oct. 9, 1928, Elizabeth, N.J. died Aug. 8, 2008, East Quogue, N.Y. founded (1967) the New American ...
Solothurn
Ger. /zoh"law toorddn'/, n. 1. a city in NW Switzerland, on the Aar River: capital of canton of Solothurn. 16,200. 2. a canton in NW Switzerland. 224,800. French, Soleure. * * ...
Soloukhin, Vladimir Alekseyevich
▪ 1998       Soviet writer who penned nonfiction and nostalgic novels, poetry, and short stories but was perhaps best known for his campaign to preserve prerevolutionary ...
Solovets Islands
▪ islands, Russia Russian  Solovetskiye Osstrova,         group of islands, Arkhangelsk oblast (province), northwestern Russia. The group lies in the White Sea at its ...
Solovyov, Anatoly Yakovlevich
▪ Soviet cosmonaut born Jan. 16, 1948, Riga, Latvia, U.S.S.R.    Soviet cosmonaut who flew into space five times and holds the record for the most time spent on space ...
Solovyov, Sergey Mikhaylovich
▪ Russian historian Solovyov also spelled  Soloviev   born May 5 [May 17, New Style], 1820, Moscow, Russia died April 4 [April 16], 1879, Moscow       one of the ...
Solovyov, Vladimir Sergeyevich
▪ Russian philosopher Solovyov also spelled  Soloviev   born Jan. 16 [Jan. 28, New Style], 1853, Moscow, Russia died July 31 [Aug. 13], 1900, Uzkoye, near ...
Solow, Robert M(erton)
born Aug. 23, 1924, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. economist. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University and began teaching at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1949. ...
Solow, Robert M.
▪ American economist in full  Robert Merton Solow  born August 23, 1924, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.       American economist who was awarded the 1987 Nobel Prize for ...
solpugid
/sol"pyeuh jid/, n. See sun spider. [1870-75; < NL Solpugidae name of the family, equiv. to Solpug(a) a genus (L salpuga a venomous ant) + -idae -ID2] * * *
Solstad, Dag
▪ Norwegian writer born July 16, 1941, Sandefjord, Nor.       novelist, short-story writer, and dramatist, one of the most significant Norwegian writers to emerge ...
solstice
/sol"stis, sohl"-/, n. 1. Astron. a. either of the two times a year when the sun is at its greatest distance from the celestial equator: about June 21, when the sun reaches its ...
solstitial
—solstitially, adv. /sol stish"euhl, sohl-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a solstice or the solstices: a solstitial point. 2. occurring at or about the time of a solstice. 3. ...
Solt, Mary Ellen
▪ 2008 Mary Ellen Bottom        American poet born July 8, 1920, Gilmore City, Iowa died June 21, 2007, Santa Clarita, Calif. was a leading figure in the concrete ...
Solti
/shohl"tee/, n. Sir Georg /gay"awrg, jawrj/, 1912-97, British orchestra conductor, born in Hungary. * * *
Solti, Sir Georg
orig. György Stern Solti born Oct. 21, 1912, Budapest, Hung. died Sept. 5, 1997, Antibes, France Hungarian-born British conductor. After making his piano debut at age 12, he ...
Solti,Sir Georg
Sol·ti (sōlʹtē, shōlʹ-), Sir Georg. 1912-1997. Hungarian-born British conductor. He directed the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (1969-1979) and in 1979 became principal ...
Solubilities of some gases
▪ Table Solubilities of some gases* (mole percent) heptane benzene water hydrogen 0.069 0.026 0.0015 nitrogen 0.12 0.45 0.0012 methane 0.47 0.21 0.0024 carbon ...
solubility
/sol'yeuh bil"i tee/, n. the quality or property of being soluble; relative capability of being dissolved. [1670-80; SOLUBLE + -ITY] * * * Degree to which a substance dissolves ...
Solubility of Naphthalene in Various Solvents*, Table
▪ Table solvent mole percent naphthalene Benzene 24.1 Carbon tetrachloride 20.5 ...
solubility product
Physical Chem. the maximum number of undissociated ions, of an electrolyte in a saturated solution, capable at a given temperature of remaining in equilibrium with the ...
solubilize
—solubilization, n. /sol"yeuh beuh luyz'/, v.t., solubilized, solubilizing. Chem. to make soluble, or to increase solubility. Also, esp. Brit., solubilise. [1925-30; SOLUBLE + ...
soluble
—solubleness, n. —solubly, adv. /sol"yeuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being dissolved or liquefied: a soluble powder. 2. capable of being solved or explained: a soluble ...
soluble glass
soluble glass n. WATER GLASS (sense 4) * * *
soluble glass.
See sodium silicate. [1870-75] * * *
solubleglass
soluble glass n. See sodium silicate. * * *
solubleness
See soluble. * * *
solubleRNA
soluble RNA n. Transfer RNA. * * *
solubly
See solubleness. * * *
solum
/soh"leuhm/, n., pl. sola /-leuh/, solums. the upper part of the soil profile, which is influenced by plant roots; the A horizon and the B horizon. [1820-30; < L: base, bottom; ...
solunar
/soh looh"neuhr, so-/, adj. pertaining to or listing the rising and setting times of the sun and moon, phases of the moon, eclipses, etc.: The newspaper gives a solunar table ...
solus
/saw"loos/; Eng. /soh"leuhs/, adj. Latin. (referring to a man) alone; by oneself (used formerly in stage directions). Cf. sola. * * *
solute
/sol"yooht, soh"looht/, n. the substance dissolved in a given solution. [1400-50; late ME < L solutus, ptp. of solvere to loosen, dissolve. See SOLVE] * * *
solution
—solutional, adj. /seuh looh"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of solving a problem, question, etc.: The situation is approaching solution. 2. the state of being solved: a problem capable ...
solution mining
removal of a soluble mineral by dissolving it and leaching it out, as in the Frasch process. * * *
solution set
solution set n. Math. the roots or values satisfying a given equation or inequality, or a set of simultaneous equations or inequalities * * *
solutizer
/sol"yeuh tuy'zeuhr/, n. Chem. any admixture to a substance for promoting or increasing its solubility or that of one or more of its components. [SOLUT(ION) + -IZE + -ER1] * * *
Solutrean
/seuh looh"tree euhn/, adj. Archaeol. of or designating an Upper Paleolithic European culture c18,000-16,000 B.C., characterized by the making of stone projectile points and ...
Solutrean industry
Short-lived stone-tool industry that flourished 17,000–21,000 years ago in southwestern France (e.g., at La Solutré and Laugerie-Haute) and in nearby areas. The industry is ...
solvability
See solvable. * * *
solvable
—solvability, solvableness, n. /sol"veuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being solved, as a problem. 2. Math. (of a group) having a normal series of subgroups in which successive ...
solvableness
See solvability. * * *
solvate
—solvation, n. /sol"vayt/, n., v., solvated, solvating. Chem. n. 1. a compound formed by the interaction of a solvent and a solute. v.t. 2. to convert into a solvate. [1900-05; ...
solvation
sol·va·tion (sŏl-vāʹshən, sôl-) n. Any of a class of chemical reactions, such as the formation of hydrated copper sulfate in aqueous solution, in which solute and solvent ...
Solvay
/sol"vay/; Fr. /sawl vay"/, n. Ernest /err"nist/; Fr. /erdd nest"/, 1838-1922, Belgian chemist. * * *
Solvay process
a process for manufacturing sodium carbonate whereby a concentrated solution of sodium chloride is saturated with ammonia, carbon dioxide is passed through it, and the product is ...
Solvay, Ernest
▪ Belgian chemist born , April 16, 1838, Rebecqu-Rognon, near Brussels, Belg. died May 26, 1922, Brussels       Belgian industrial chemist, best known for his ...
Solvayprocess
Sol·vay process (sŏlʹvā, sôl-vāʹ) n. A process used to produce large quantities of sodium carbonate from sodium chloride, ammonia, and carbon dioxide.   [After ...
solve
—solver, n. /solv/, v.t., solved, solving. 1. to find the answer or explanation for; clear up; explain: to solve the mystery of the missing books. 2. to work out the answer or ...
solvency
/sol"veuhn see/, n. solvent condition; ability to pay all just debts. [1720-30; SOLV(ENT) + -ENCY] * * *
solvent
—solventless, adj. —solvently, adv. /sol"veuhnt/, adj. 1. able to pay all just debts. 2. having the power of dissolving; causing solution. n. 3. a substance that dissolves ...
solver
See solve. * * *
Solving
➡ crosswords * * *
solvolysis
—solvolytic /sol'veuh lit"ik/, adj. /sol vol"euh sis/, n. Chem. a chemical reaction in which the solvent and solute interact; lyolysis. [1920-25; < NL; see SOLVE, -O-, ...
solvolytic
See solvolysis. * * *
Solway Firth
/sol"way/ an arm of the Irish Sea between SW Scotland and NW England. 38 mi. (61 km) long. * * * Inlet of the Irish Sea. On the border between northwestern England and ...
SolwayFirth
Sol·way Firth (sŏlʹwā') An arm of the Irish Sea separating northwest England from southwest Scotland. * * *
Solyman
Solyman [säl′i mən] var. of SULEIMAN (I) * * *
Solyman I
/sol"euh meuhn/. See Suleiman I. * * *
Solzhenitsyn
/sohl'zheuh neet"sin, sawl'-/; Russ. /seuhl zhi nyee"tsin/, n. Alexander or Aleksandr (Isayevich) /al'ig zan"deuhr ee suy"euh vich, -zahn"-/; Russ. /u lyi ksahn"drdd ee sah"yi ...
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr (Isayevich)
born Dec. 11, 1918, Kislovodsk, Russia Russian novelist and historian. He fought in World War II but was arrested in 1945 for criticizing Joseph Stalin. He spent eight years in ...
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich
▪ 2009       Russian novelist and historian born Dec. 11, 1918, Kislovodsk, Russia died Aug. 3, 2008, Troitse-Lykovo, near Moscow, Russia was awarded the Nobel Prize ...
Solzhenitsyn,Aleksandr Isayevich
Sol·zhe·ni·tsyn (sōl'zhə-nētʹsĭn, səl-zhə-nyēʹtsĭn), Aleksandr Isayevich. Born 1918. Soviet writer and dissident whose works, including One Day in the Life of Ivan ...
solə-
See sol-. * * *
som
som [säm] n. 〚Kirghiz〛 the basic monetary unit of Kyrgyzstan: see the table of monetary units in the Reference Supplement * * * som (sōm) n. pl. som See table at ...
Som.
Som. abbr. 1. Somalia. 2. Somalian. * * *
soma
soma1 /soh"meuh/, n., pl. somata /-meuh teuh/, somas. Biol. the body of an organism as contrasted with its germ cells. [1830-40; < NL < Gk sôma body] soma2 /soh"meuh/, n. haoma ...
Soma
/soh"meuh/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of carisoprodol. * * * In ancient Indian religion, an unidentified plant, the juice of which was an offering of the Vedic sacrifices. Its ...
Somadeva
▪ Hindu poet flourished 1070       Kashmiri Brahman of the Śaiva sect and Sanskrit writer who preserved much of India's ancient folklore in the form of a series of ...
Somali
/soh mah"lee, seuh-/, n., pl. Somalis, (esp. collectively) Somali, adj. n. 1. a member of a Hamitic population showing an admixture of Arab, black, and other ancestry, and ...
Somali Basin
▪ submarine basin, Arabian Sea       submarine basin on the floor of the southwestern Arabian Sea, an arm of the Indian Ocean, east of Somalia. The Carlsberg Ridge ...
Somali Current
a current of the Indian Ocean, flowing northward along the coast of Somalia in summer and southwestward the rest of the year. * * * ▪ current, Indian ...
Somalia
—Somalian, adj., n. /soh mah"lee euh, -mahl"yeuh/, n. an independent republic on the E coast of Africa, formed from the former British Somaliland and the former Italian ...
Somalia, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a light blue field with a central white star. It has a width-to-length ratio of 2 to 3.       Beginning in the ...
Somalian
See Somalia. * * *
Somaliland
/soh mah"lee land', seuh-/, n. a coastal region in E Africa, including Djibouti, Somalia, and the Ogaden part of Ethiopia. * * * I Historical name for the region of eastern ...
Somaliland Protectorate
official name of the former British Somaliland. * * *
Somapura Mahāvīra
▪ Buddhist monastery, Bangladesh Sanskrit:“Great Monastery”,   8th-century Buddhist monastery in the village of Pāhārpur, near Rājshāhi (Rajshahi), northwestern ...
somat-
var. of somato- before a vowel: somatist. * * *
somata
so·ma·ta (sōʹmə-tə) n. A plural of soma1. * * *
somatic
—somatically, adj. /soh mat"ik, seuh-/, adj. 1. of the body; bodily; physical. 2. Anat., Zool. pertaining to the body wall of an animal. 3. Cell Biol. pertaining to or ...
somatic cell
Cell Biol. 1. one of the cells that take part in the formation of the body, becoming differentiated into the various tissues, organs, etc. 2. any cell other than a germ ...
somatic therapy
Psychiatry. any of a group of treatments presumed to act on biological factors leading to mental illness. * * *
somatically
See somatic. * * *
somaticcell
somatic cell n. Any cell of a plant or an animal other than a germ cell. Also called body cell. * * *
somaticize
—somatization /seuh mat'euh zay"sheuhn, soh'meuh teuh-/, n. /seuh mat"euh suyz', soh"meuh teuh-/, v.t., somaticized, somaticizing. v.t. Psychiatry. to convert (anxiety) into ...
somatist
—somatism, n. /soh"meuh tist/, n. Psychiatry. a psychiatrist who considers all mental illnesses to have physical origins. [1670-80, in sense "materialist"; SOMAT- + -IST] * * *
somatization disorder
a mental illness, usually beginning before age 20, characterized by multiple physical complaints for which no physical causes can be found and often leading to unnecessary ...
somato-
a combining form meaning "body," used in the formation of compound words: somatotonia. Also, esp. before a vowel, somat-. [ < Gk somato-, comb. form equiv. to somat- (s. of sôma ...
somatoform
/seuh mat"euh fawrm', soh"meuh teuh-/, adj. characterized by symptoms suggesting a physical disorder but for which there are no demonstrable organic findings or known ...
somatogenic
/seuh mat'euh jen"ik, soh'meuh teuh-/, adj. Biol. developing from somatic cells. Also, somatogenetic /seuh mat'euh jeuh net"ik, soh'meuh teuh-/. [1900-05; SOMATO- + -GENIC] * * *
somatologic
See somatology. * * *
somatological
See somatologic. * * *
somatologist
See somatologic. * * *
somatology
—somatologic /seuh mat'l oj"ik, soh'meuh tl-/, somatological, adj. —somatologically, adv. —somatologist, n. /soh'meuh tol"euh jee/, n. the branch of anthropology that deals ...
somatomedin
/seuh mat'euh meed"n, soh'meuh teuh-/, n. Biochem. any of various liver hormones that enhance the activity of a variety of other hormones, as somatotropin. [1970-75; SOMATO- or ...
somatoplasm
—somatoplastic, adj. /seuh mat"euh plaz'euhm, soh"meuh teuh-/, n. Cell Biol. the cytoplasm of a somatic cell, esp. as distinguished from germ plasm. [SOMATO- + -PLASM] * * *
somatoplastic
See somatoplasm. * * *
somatopleural
See somatopleure. * * *
somatopleure
—somatopleural, somatopleuric, adj. /seuh mat"euh ploor', soh"meuh teuh-/, n. Embryol. the double layer formed by the association of the upper layer of the lateral plate of ...


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